Almost the entire production of India comes from two districts in upper
Burma, known as the Pakokku and Magwe provinces. The localities producing
the petroleum are known as the Yengenyat and the Yengenyoung fields.
There is also some production in the districts of Myngyan and Kyankpyu.
All these localities are close to the great Irawaddy River. Yengenyoung
is 300 miles northwest of Rangoon and Yengenyat is 50 miles north of Yengenyoung.
Upper Assam produces a small quantity. There is also a small production
of a very superior oil in the district of Akayab, on the islands of Cheduba
and Ramree. In past years there was considerable production in Punjab,
which is at present almost abandoned.
There are about 65 producing, cable-drilled wells in Yengenyat, and about 115 producing wells in Yengenyoung localities that range from 700 to 1,300 feet in depth. In the latter district about 750 barrels are produced daily from many dug wells or pits. This district is about 3i miles long in a general northwest and southeast direction, and half a mile in width, and is about 3 miles east of the Irawaddy River. The Yengenyat district is 50 miles farther north on the west side of the same river and within one-half to three-fourths of a mile of its bank.
The following table gives the production of petroleum in India from 1889 to 1903, in imperial gallons reduced to barrels of 42 gallons and in rupees reduced to dollars: