For more than 25 years, the "Gospa" has appeared daily in the quiet, rural village of Medjugorje
Mary Mother of GOD 15 Promises of the Virgin Mary to those who recite the Rosary
April 2 - Our Lady of the Highest Grace (Dominican Republic, 1506)
- John Paul II (d. 2005)    Our Lady in Bosnia-Herzegovina (I)

   In the history of the Roman Catholic Church, many apparitions of the Blessed Virgin Mary have been recorded throughout the ages. The most famous being Guadalupe (Mexico), La Salette, and Lourdes (France), Knock (Ireland) and Fatima (Portugal). But never in recorded Marian history has Our Lady appeared daily for so long a period of time, to so many chosen seers, with such a profound impact worldwide.
   For more than 25 years, the "Gospa" has appeared daily in the quiet, rural village of Medjugorje in Bosnia- Herzegovina. This unprecedented series of apparitions to six youths (two boys and four girls), and later by inner locution to two more young girls, began in June 1981. It continues to this day, with one overriding objective: to bring the world back to God. The messages are poignant and elevated in urgency as Mary reveals that these will be her final apparitions on earth, because, as she adds, "It will no longer be necessary."
Begins: 2006; updates, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011,
Ecumenical Impact of Marian Apparitions
Track Mother Mary's Approved Apparitions from the 16th through the 20th century.

Guadalupe, 1531 - Mary saves America from annihilation.
Paris,          1830 - Mary gives us the Miraculous Medal.
In the Chapel -- Daughters of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul;  Catherine Laboure
La Salette, 1846 - Our Lady never ceased weeping.
Lourdes,    1858 - Affirms dogma of Immaculate Conception.
Pontmain,  1871 - Mary appears and ends war in Europe.
Knock,      1879 - Her message more crucial now than ever.
China,        1900 Mary appears in the sky at Boxer Rebels
Fatima,      1917 - Mary prophesies World Wars.
Beauraing, 1932 - Mary prepares us for WWII.
Banneux, 1933 - Mary- "Whole nations will be annihilated."
233 St. Gregory Thaumaturgus (means the wonderworker)  first recorded vision of Our Lady
3rd Century July 11 - Consecration of Our Lady of the Puy-en-Velay, Queen of France
The Black Virgin of the Puy-en-Velay
7th C. March 29 - Apparition of Our Lady to St Bonnet Mary's Tears (I) 
692  St. Egwin English noble bishop of Worcester England vision of Mary
1095 May 29 - Our Lady of the Ardents (Arras, France)
1134 Our Lady of Liesse miracles have been countless a favorite pilgrimage destination of the kings of France.
13th C. Mary, Mother of Jesus   Apparition of Our Lady to Saint Herman (France, )
Marian shrine of Nyaunglebin Marian apparitions
recognized by ecclesiastical authorities
Apparitions of the Past: A Statistical Study Additional sites of Mary Apparitions off site
1233 St. Alexis Falconieri apparition Mother of God 15/Aug/
1311 Blessed Jordan of Pisa Our Lady came into the fathers' refectory and served at table He replaced Latin; worked to make Italian the beautiful tongue preaching as an apostolic tool; first to make a scientific study of it, OP (AC)
1336 The Madonna dei Fiori of Bra (I) Our Lady of Flowers (Bra, Italy, 1336) December 29
March 25, 1370 BONARIA, OUR LADY OF  a ship laden with merchandise ran ashore in a hurricane. Its jettisoned cargo included a heavy chest now preserved in the cathedral sanctuary. When the chest touched the sea, the storm abated; though heavy, it did not sink but drifted ashore near the church, where the priests found that it contained a beautiful figure of Our Lady carrying the Infant. The Child holds a ball in his left hand and reaches out to grasp a candle standing on a ship model held by his mother. It accurately records wind's direction although in a draftless room
1426 Mary Stopped the Plague in Monte Berico (II) March 08
 Our Lady of the Lily (Melun, France)
1489 Black Virgin Mary at Altoetting
2 apparitions
1519 Our Lady of Graces (Cotignac, France) Come Here in Procession  August 10 
1531 Guadalupe "birth to a new church on a new continent"
1591 Alphonsus de Orozco vision Virgin Mary
1798 Our Lady of Lavang


1830, Paris - In the chapel of the Daughters of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul
1846, La Salette, France Maximin Giraud 11; Melanie Calvat 14
Novena To Our Lady of Mount Carmel  July 16
1852, Our Lady of Last Agony  Mt. Carmel
1858, Lourdes, Massabielle 18 times to Bernadette
1870- 1871  Mary - Pontmain appeared to Eugene (10) Joseph Barbadette (12) Francoise Richer Jeanne-Marie Lebosse
1876 Estelle Faguette The Treasures of My Son 
 Sept 09 - Apparitions in Pellevoisin (France, 1876)
Devotion to the Sacred Heart was an especially dear and effective means to obtain grace. -- BVM
On the Feast of the Immaculate Conception, December 8, Mary also released 'raindrops' filled with the graces she could bestow from "His Heart" such as piety, salvation and health. The bishop and Pope Leo XIII heeded the Virgin's message through Estelle and a Confraternity was established in Pellevoisin in 1894 to promote the Sacred Heart devotion.
Messages/Prophecies  "One can be saved in every state. Where you are, you can do a great deal of good, and you can publish my glory." (February) This message foreshadowed message of Catholic Action and later Opus Dei on the role of a holy laity impacting the world around them from their station in life.
"I choose the little ones and weak for my glory.” (November) This message reveals the Virgin's motive for choosing those she has, particularly in modern times. “See the graces I will bestow on those who will wear it with confidence, and who will assist in propagating it.”

1879, Knock, County Mayo, Ireland - During a pouring rain, the figures of Mary, Joseph, John the Apostle and a lamb on a plain altar appeared over the gable of the village chapel,
1900  May 24 - Our Lady of China appears at the village of Tong Lu near Peiping
1917 Fatima Core Message Is Simple Portugal Lucia de Santos (10) and 2 cousins, Francisco ( 9)  Jacinta Marto (7) Reported six apparitions of Mary Fatima, Portugal " Our Lady of Fatima " October 13, 1917
1932-33, Beauraing, Belgium - Mary came 33 times to the playground of a convent school to five children (ages 9-15),
1933, Banneux, Belgium In a garden Beco family's cottage, Blessed Mother appeared to Mariette Beco (11) 8 times
1938 February 23 Apparition of OUR BELOVED LADY OF VICTORY (Wangen/Wigratzbad, Germany, 1938), (devotion authorized by the local bishop)  
1947 Apparitions to Pierina Gilli
Apparitions to Pierina Gilli, a nurse, are said to have taken place in 1947 (7/13; 10/28; 11/22; and 12/8).
On the first occasion, Mary was clothed in a purple dress, her heart pierced by three swords.
Her message can be summarized as: "Prayer, sacrifice, repentence".
I Am Your Mother, My Little One (I) September 12 - 1948
On September 12, 1948, around 5 o'clock PM, Teresita Castillo, a novice at the Carmel of Lipa (Philippines), was walking in the garden of her convent. Suddenly she noticed leaves shaking on a bush, and heard a sweet voice say to her: "Don't be afraid my daughter. Kiss the ground. What I am going to tell you, you will have to repeat each day for 15 days. You will come here to visit me. Eat a little grass." On Monday, September 13, 1948, at 5 o'clock PM, Teresita returned to the same spot. She knelt down to recite an Ave Maria and she saw the leaves on the bush shaking.

Suddenly, she saw a "beautiful woman" who was smiling with her hands together in prayer, holding a golden rosary around her right hand. She was wearing a white dress, tightly belted; her bare feet rested on a small cloud 20 inches off the ground. "Be faithful and come back here, whether it's raining or not," Teresita heard her say.
"Who are you, beautiful Lady?" Our Lady answered, "I am your Mother, my little one."
Egypt  1968 until Sept 1970; 1983 until 199 Apparition of the Pure Lady the Virgin in the church of Zeiton.
More recent apparitions include Akita, Japan, in 1984; Chontaleu, Nicaragua, in 1987; Kibeho, Rwanda, in 1988; and Betania, Venezuela.
23 May 1995 Mary Appears in China Just like Fatima

1995 Weeping Statue in Civitavecchia February 28
233 St. Gregory Thaumaturgus (means the wonderworker) first recorded vision of Our Lady
Gregory was of a distinguished pagan family. He was born at Neocaesarea, Pontus, and studied law there. About 233, he and his brother, Athenodorus, accompanied his sister, who was joining her husband in Caesarea, Palestine, while they continued on to Beirut to continue their law studies.
They met Origen and instead of going to Beirut, entered his school at Caesarea, studied theology, were converted to Christianity by Origen, and became his disciples. Gregory returned to Neocaesarea about 238, intending to practice law, but was elected bishop by the seventeen Christians of the city. It soon became apparent that he was gifted with remarkable powers. He preached eloquently, made so many converts he was able to build a church, and soon was so reknowned for his miracles that he was surnamed Thaumaturgus (the wonderworker).
He was a much-sought-after arbiter for his wisdom and legal knowledge and ability, advised his flock to go into hiding when Decius' persecution of the Christians broke out in 250, and fled to the desert with his deacon. On his return, he ministered to his flock when plague struck his See and when the Goths devastated Pontus, 252-254, which he described in his "Canonical Letter."
He participated in the synod of Antioch, 264-265, against Samosata, and fought sabellianism and Tritheism. It is reported that at his death at Neocaesarea, only seventeen unbelievers were left in the city. He is invoked against floods and earthquakes (at one time he reportedly stopped the flooding Lycus, and at another, he moved a mountain).
According to Gregory of Nyssa, Gregory Thaumaturgus experienced a vision of Our Lady, the first such recorded vision.

He wrote a panegyric to Origen, a treatise on the  Creed, and a dissertation addressed to Theopompus; St. Gregory of Nyssa wrote a panegyric to Gregory Thaumaturgus.

3rd Century July 11 - Consecration of Our Lady of the Puy-en-Velay, Queen of France
The Black Virgin of the Puy-en-Velay
According to the Canon Fayard, an historian, it was on July 11, in the third century A.D.,
that the Virgin appeared to a widow suffering from a high fever, on a dolmen in the Puy-en-Velay.
The Mother of God asked the woman to go to Mount Anis, also called Corneille Rock, and to lie down on a megalithic flagstone. The widow stood up cured. The Virgin asked her to have a church built on the spot, which has become one of the oldest sanctuaries dedicated to the Mother of God.
After a second miraculous intervention of the Virgin Mary, Saint Vosy, a missionary from the Velay, had the first church finally built, at the end of 5th century. Soon this sanctuary became very popular, as proved by a text of Gregory of Tours in 591. The Emperor Charlemagne and many kings of France went there to pray to the Black Virgin.
In 1051, Pope Leo IX wrote, "In this sanctuary on Mount Anis more than anywhere the Blessed Virgin Mary has received veneration, honor, and the love of a great many believers in the country."
7th C. March 29 - Apparition of Our Lady to St Bonnet Mary's Tears (I) 
The tears of the Mother of Sorrows fill the Scriptures and flow down across the centuries.  All of the weeping mothers, widows and virgins will add nothing to this copious outpouring that would suffice to cleanse the hearts of ten thousand desperate worlds.  All those who are hurt, destitute or oppressed, the sad tide of humanity that choke the fearful paths of life will find succor in the ample folds of the sky-blue cloak of Our Lady of the Seven Sorrows.  Each time that someone falls weeping, whether in a throng of people or alone, she is there weeping too, because all tears belong to her as the Empress of Beatitude and Love.  Mary's tears are the very Blood of Jesus Christ, but differently shed, just as her compassion was a sort of internal crucifixion for the divine humanity of her Son.  Léon Bloy (1846-1917)
 
The Great Return of Our Lady of Boulogne (II) March 29 - Our Lady of Hope (Italy, 1755)
Four copies of the statue were made to replace the miraculous original. The new statues have been lovingly called "Our Lady of the Great Return." In the 20th century, after a Marian congress in August 1938, one of the four copies of the Virgin of the Sea travelled across France on a great pilgrimage, arriving in Lourdes on September 8, 1942.

After the act of Consecration of the world to the Immaculate Heart of Mary, made by Pope Pius XII on October 31, 1942, the bishops of France consecrated all French parishes to the Immaculate Heart of Mary on March 28, 1943, and inaugurated the return of Our Lady of Boulogne. This also marked the beginning of the prodigious pilgrimage of Our Lady of the Great Return, which would last 5 years. The statue of Our Lady was so much in demand that the three other existing statues of Our Lady of Boulogne were called to the rescue. This quadruple pilgrimage covered the entire area of France, and the statues visited 16,000 parishes in 88 dioceses. Everywhere, there were unprecedented vibrant crowds, praying fervently. Conversions and miracles happened, and the people were in jubilation. The fruits of this huge, fervent, moving and very popular mission, which lasted until 1947, were innumerable. The Virgin gave hope to the people at the end of World War II and witnesses of her astonishing pilgrimage remain deeply moved to this day.
717 St. Egwin English noble bishop of Worcester England 692 A vision of Mary
Charged with being overly strict by his clergy, Egwin went to Rome. Upon his return to England, he founded Eversham Monastery with the aid of the kingdom of Mercia. A vision of Mary prompted this founding. In 709, Egwin returned to Rome, accompanied by King Cenred of Mercia and King Offa of the East Saxons.
 1095 May 29 - Our Lady of the Ardents Arras, France
Warn the People to Change Their Lives (II)
Our Lady of Celles Shrine

The apparition added that the four women responsible for the public disorder must do penance.
She asked John to leave his spade near the fountain where she assured him that the water would be good.
When he came back to recuperate it, he would find a "sign" on the end of the handle.
John ran quickly home to the farm and asked his brother and sister to go back and retrieve his spade.
The youngsters found it "standing straight up with three cross-shaped oak leaves coming out of the top of the handle."
The four women made reparation for their wrongs and people went in procession to the place of the miracle.

In early July, the Virgin appeared a second time to John, in his bedroom. "You did what I asked you to do well, and the fountain will be good; the people have corrected themselves well," she told him.

A commission of inquiry has identified twenty-eight cures from the water of the fountain. In October 1686, a second inquiry mentioned seven new cases. The chapel of Pla-Rouzaud was built by the poor villagers and blessed on September 8, 1695 by Monsignor de Verthamon. The renown of the shrine Our Lady of Celles spread widely and attracted believers from the entire region and even from Spain. The pilgrimage, which takes place to this day at the restored shrine on the third Sunday of July, is marked by evangelical simplicity and Marian humility.
According to Dictionnaire des Apparitions  Fr. Rene Laurentin, Fayard 2007
1134 Our Lady of Liesse miracles have been countless a favorite pilgrimage destination of the kings of France.
Aug 18 - Coronation of Our Lady of Liesse (France, 1857)
In 1134, three brothers, knights from the French region of Laon, left on a voyage. The sultan of Egypt captured them and took them prisoner. Hoping at all costs to make them apostatize, he went so far as to send his remarkably beautiful daughter to seduce them. But while discussing the Gospel with the prisoners, believing she would defeat them, Ismenia was defeated. She asked the knights to carve the image of Mary for her.
The knights prayed to the Blessed Virgin so that she would guide their hands.
During the night, the Virgin sent angels bearing her radiant image of piety. The next day, when Ismenia returned the dungeon was filled with dazzling light and a delicious perfume exuded from the statue. The princess believed immediately and took the statue to her apartments, never taking her eyes off the statue while the knights cried out: Our Lady of Liesse!

The following night, Ismenia heard the statue say: "Trust me, Ismenia! I have prayed to my Son for you. You will be his faithful servant. You will free my three beloved knights. You will be baptized and through you, France will be enriched by countless graces. Through you my name will become famous and later, I will receive you forever in paradise."

Ismenia helped the prisoners escape and fled with them. All four of them were overtaken by a deep sleep, and during their sleep angels transported them to France. When they awoke, the three knights were in their country, near their castle in Marchais. Ismenia was baptized and they all agreed to have a chapel built at the site where they had woken up, in honor of Our Lady of Liesse.
Since then miracles have been countless.
Louis VII came as a pilgrim in 1146 and Our Lady of Liesse became a favorite pilgrimage destination of the kings of France.
13th C. Mary, Mother of Jesus  - Apparition of Our Lady to Saint Herman (France, )
Mary, Mother of Jesus, give me your heart, so beautiful, so pure, so immaculate, that I may be able to receive Jesus in the Bread of Life, love Him as you loved Him in the distressing disguise of the poorest of poor.Amen. June 1
1310 St. Alexis Falconieri apparition Mother of God 15/Aug/1233
Born in Florence, 1200; died 17 February, 1310, at Mount Senario, near Florence. He was the son of Bernard Falconieri, a merchant prince of Florence, and one of the leaders of the Republic. His family belonged to the Guelph party, and opposed the Imperialists whenever they could consistently with their political principles. Alexis grew up in the practice of the most profound humility. He joined the Laudesi, a pious confraternity of the Blessed Virgin, and there met the six future companions of his life of sanctity. He was favoured with an apparition of the Mother of God, 15 August, 1233, as were these companions. The seven soon afterwards founded the Order of the Servites. With consistent loyalty and heroism Alexis at one abandoned all, and retired to La Camarzia, a house on the outskirts of the town, and the following year to Mt. Senario. With characteristic humility, he traversed, as a mendicant, in quest of alms for his brethren, the streets of the city through which he had lately moved as a prominent citizen. So deep and sincere was him humility that, though he lived to the great age of hundred and ten years, he always refused to enter the priesthood, of which he deemed himself unworthy. The duties of our Saint were confined principally to the material needs of the various communities in which he lived. In 1252 the new church at Cafaggio, on the outskirts of Florence, was completed under his care, with the financial assistance of Chiarissimo Falconieri. The miraculous image of the Annunciation, still highly venerated in Italy, had its origin here. St. Juliana Falconieri, his niece, was trained in sanctity under his personal direction. The influence exerted on his countrymen by Alexis and his companions may be gathered from the fact that in a few years ten thousand persons had enrolled themselves under the banner of the Blessed Virgin in the Servite Order. At his death he was visited by the Infant Jesus in visible form, as was attested by eye-witnesses. His body rests near the church of the Annunciation, in Florence. Clement XI declared Alexis worthy of the veneration of the faithful, 1 December, 1717, and accorded the same honour to his six companions, 3 July 1725.

1311 Blessed Jordan of Pisa Our Lady came into the fathers' refectory and served at table He replaced Latin worked to make Italian the beautiful tongue preaching as an apostolic tool first to make a scientific study of it, OP (AC)
Born in Pisa, Italy; (cultus approved in 1833), beatified in 1838. At a time when scholars believed that no colloquial tongue could ever replace Latin as a gentleman's language, Jordan worked to make Italian the beautiful tongue that it is today. That's not the reason he was beatified by the Church but it's interesting and sometimes overlooked.
Jordan attended the University of Paris where he first encountered the Dominican friars in 1276. Four years later, probably after obtaining his degrees, he returned to Italy and took the habit. He began a long teaching career there as soon as he was qualified to do so.

Because of the excellence of his preaching in Florence, Jordan was appointed first lector there in 1305. He seems to have been fascinated with the whole question of preaching as an apostolic tool, and to have been one of the first to make a scientific study of it. He pointed out that the Greek church was "invaded by a multitude of errors," because the Greeks had no preachers; he could never say enough in praise of Saint Dominic's farsightedness in establishing an order specifically for preaching.

Jordan studied methods of making sermons more effective, both by using examples that would reach the people, and by the use of the vernacular. This latter was a much-disputed subject in his day (they had Dan Amon's then, too); Jordan was considered a daring innovator. Because it was controversial, he strove to make Italian a beautiful instrument on which he could play the melodies of the Lord.
Blessed with an extraordinary memory, Jordan is supposed to have known the breviary by heart, as well as the missal, most of the Bible (with its marginal commentary), plus the second part of the Summa. This faculty of memory he used in his sermons, but he was quick to point out to young preachers that learning alone can never make a preacher. By the holiness of his own life he made this plain, and continually preached it to those he was training to preach.

Jordan of Pisa had two great devotions--to Our Blessed Mother and to Saint Dominic. Once he was favored with a vision of Our Lady; she came into the fathers' refectory and served at table. Jordan, who was the only one who could see her, could barely eat for excitement. He spoke often of her in his sermons, and also of Saint Dominic. He founded a number of confraternities in Pisa, one of which has lasted until now.

Jordan died on his way to Paris to teach at Saint Jacques. His body was returned from Piacenza, where death overtook him, to rest in the church at Pisa (Benedictines, Dorcy).

1336 The Madonna dei Fiori of Bra (I) Our Lady of Flowers (Bra, Italy, 1336) December 29
On the evening of December 29, 1336, in the small town of Bra, (province of Cuneo in the diocese of Turin), a young expecting mother was passing by a votive column consecrated to the Blessed Virgin Mary, on the outskirts of town. Two rough soldiers, from a band of mercenaries, were lying in wait. Egidia Mathis (that was the lady's name), seeing that she was going to be attacked by men who intended to rape her despite her condition, clung on desperately to the image of the Madonna painted on the column, calling for her help.

Without warning, a beam of light flashed from the image, blinding the two mercenaries who fled in a panic.
Then, the Madonna herself appeared to Egidia comforted her for several minutes and assured her that the danger over. Then Our Lady vanished. Due to such feelings of fear and emotion, Egidia gave birth at the foot of the column.
With her new-born child wrapped in her shawl, the young mother managed to reach the nearest house.

The news of the awful incident spread like wildfire all around town: although it was late, crowds flocked to the place where the attempted attack and the apparition of the Virgin had taken place. There, an extraordinary sight greeted them: the column was surrounded with thick blackthorn bushes which were unexpectedly covered in white flowers despite the harsh late December weather. Since this time, the bushes flower yearly over the same period of days.
Vittorio Messori  Ipotesi su Maria
March 25, 1370 BONARIA, OUR LADY OF  a ship laden with merchandise ran ashore in a hurricane. Its jettisoned cargo included a heavy chest now preserved in the cathedral sanctuary. When the chest touched the sea, the storm abated; though heavy, it did not sink but drifted ashore near the church, where the priests found that it contained a beautiful figure of Our Lady carrying the Infant. The Child holds a ball in his left hand and reaches out to grasp a candle standing on a ship model held by his mother. It accurately records the wind's direction though it is in a draftless room.
A shrine at Cagliari, Sardinia, dedicated to the Queen of All Sailors. According to tradition, Cagliari had been a malaria-infested region. An old monk foretold that the name of the city would be changed to Bon-aria instead of "bad-air," the designation it then had. The prophecy was fulfilled on March 25, 1370, when a ship laden with merchandise ran ashore in a hurricane. Its jettisoned cargo included a heavy chest now preserved in the cathedral sanctuary. When the chest touched the sea, the storm abated; though heavy, it did not sink but drifted ashore near the church, where the priests found that it contained a beautiful figure of Our Lady carrying the Infant. The Child holds a ball in his left hand and reaches out to grasp a candle standing on a ship model held by his mother. It accurately records the wind's direction though it is in a draftless room.
  Our Lady of Bonaria was proclaimed patroness of Sardinia by Pope Pius X, and the unfinished church was later raised to the rank of minor basilica by Pius XI. On April 24, 1970, Pope Paul VI visited this famous shrine and celebrated an open-air Mass addressing the pilgrims on the need of veneration of the Mother of God.
All items in this dictionary are from Fr. John Hardon's Modern Catholic Dictionary, © Eternal Life. Used with permission
1426 Mary Stopped the Plague in Monte Berico (II) March 08 - Our Lady of the Lily (Melun, France)
Two years later, the Virgin appeared again to Vincenza Parisi, on August 1, 1428. The city was in dire straits, and the Virgin repeated her request and her promises to the old woman. Vicenza went back down to the city and she was believed this time: the city officials, the Council of One Hundred and the Council of Five Hundred gathered in the Great Hall of Reason, and decided to build the church on Monte Berico in as short a time as possible. So the people started building twenty-four days later. The Virgin had told Vincenza about a water source that would flow out of a rock in the place where the shrine would be built, and this is exactly what happened. During the construction work, "a marvellous and incredible source of water flowed... to the point of flooding the area like an abundant river coming noisily down the mount."

Also, in reference to the Virgin's second promise, great quantities of money were received. "Construction was begun on August 25, the great plague partly disappeared, and the church was completed in three months. After that the region was completely freed from this great calamity, so much so that ever since that day, through God's protection, it has never again suffered from that disease. "

The busy shrine of Our Lady of Berico has now become one of largest shrines dedicated to Mary in Europe. "On the first Sunday of the month we have an average of twenty-two thousand confessions. Sometimes we stay until ten o'clock p.m. in the confessional," stated a member of the Servites of Mary, the congregation which has watched over this beautiful site and its magnificent panorama since 1435.
According to an article by Pina Baglioni, published in the magazine "30 Days" Quotation #1430, Bertoliana Vicenza Library
1489 Black Virgin Mary at Altoetting 2 apparitions in
Pope Gives His Cardinal's Ring to Presents It at 14th-Century Image of the Black Virgin

ALTOETTING, Germany, SEPT. 12, 2006 (Zenit.org).- Benedict XVI gave his cardinal's ring to the Black Virgin of Altoetting, at the most famous shrine of Germany and the "religious heart" of Bavaria.  The Holy Father made the gesture Monday. As Archbishop Joseph Ratzinger, he received the cardinal's ring in 1977 from Pope Paul VI, who named him cardinal of Munich.  Vatican sources said that the ring was kept by the Holy Father's brother Georg, 82, who is also a priest and who lives in Regensburg.  Monsignor Georg Ratzinger gave the Pope the ring on Monday, to give to the Blessed Virgin, to whom he is very devoted.  Benedict XVI feels very much linked to Altoetting, which is 20 kilometers (12 miles) from Marktl-am-Inn, his birthplace.
The Ratzinger family often visited the shrine, and the Pope once said that he had the good fortune to be able to visit the church regularly, especially the Chapel of Graces (Gnadenkapelle), where the Black Virgin is venerated.  The image of the Black Virgin is a small wood carving, so named because it has been blackened over the centuries by the smoke of the votive candles lit by the faithful.  The statue of the Blessed Virgin dates back to 1330. The shrine, visited annually by 1 million people, is famous for two apparitions of the Virgin in 1489.  The chapel at the shrine houses a silver urn with the hearts of all the Bavarian kings.  The first thing the Holy Father did when arriving in Altoetting was to prostrate himself at the foot of the Blessed Virgin.
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1519 Our Lady of Graces (Cotignac, France) Come Here in Procession  August 10 -
 On the 10th of August, a woodcutter, John de la Baume, went up to the Verdaille hill.
He was alone. As was his custom, he started his day in prayer.
When he stood up, he saw a cloud and the Blessed Virgin then appeared with the Baby Jesus in her arms,
surrounded by Saint Bernard of Clairvaux, Saint Catherine the martyr, and Saint Michael the Archangel.
Our Lady was standing with her feet on a crescent moon. She spoke to John in the following way,
 "I am the Blessed Virgin. Go and tell the clergy and the Consuls of Cotignac
to build a church right here on this spot in the name of Our Lady of Graces,
and have the faithful come here in procession to receive the gifts that I wish to bestow."
Then the vision disappeared.
Was it a hallucination? Whether he doubted or not, John kept the message to himself,
which entitled him to a second apparition of the Mother of God!
The following day, the 11th of August, standing in the same place to finish his wood cutting,
he had the same vision and received the same request.
This time, he decided to obey and went down to the village immediately.
John was known to be a sober man and both the authorities and the villagers supported him unanimously.
A chapel was erected at the site of the apparitions and has been witness to many graces and miraculous signs,
most notably the miraculous birth of King Louis XIV- a birth that was difficult to obtain for his royal parents had previously been unable to conceive.
1591 Bl. Alphonsus de Orozco vision of the Blessed Virgin Mary
born in 1500 in Oropesa, Spain. He studied at Talavera, Toledo, and Salamanca, and became an Augustinian at the age of twenty-two. St. Thomas of Villanova was one of his instructors, imbuing him with a spirit of recollection and prayer. Alphonsus, a popular preacher and confessor, served as prior of the Augustinians in Seville and then in 1554, at Valladolid. In 1556 he became a court preacher, and in 1561 accompanied King Philip II of Spain to Madrid. Throughout his court life, he did not engage in the pleasures or intrigues around him. His example of holiness made a great impression on the royal family and the nobles of Madrid. Alphonsus was given a vision of the Blessed Virgin Mary, and wrote treatises on prayer and penance as Our Lady instructed him. He was beatified in 1881.
Our Lady of Lavang Shrine; In August of 1962, Pope John XXIII elevated the church of Lavang to The Basilica of Lavang.

Our Lady of Lavang - La'Vang, Vietnam (1798)

During much of the 18th century, the nation of Vietnam was embattled in various struggles for power and domination. The northern regions of the kingdom fell under the authority of the lords of the Trinh family, while in the southern realm the Nguyen lords took power. As the eighteenth century drew toward its close, both of their rules were shaken and threatened by peasant uprisings and emerging rebel forces.

The strongest among the many uprisings was led by the three brothers from Tay Son. In short order, they overthrew the Nguyen lords and defeated the Trinh lords to restore national unity for the first time since the decline of the Le dynasty. A Tay Son brother was enthroned to be King Quang Trung. In 1792 he passed away and left the throne to his son who became King Canh Thinh.

Meanwhile, Nguyen Anh continued his insurgency in trying to reclaim his throne. Earlier in his run from the Tay Son rebels in 1777, he found refuge on Phu Quoc Island, where Monsignor Pierre Pigneau de Behaine of the Society of Foreign Missions directed a seminary for youths from neighboring countries. The bishop persuaded him to seek help from King Louis XVI of France.

King Canh Thinh knew that Nguyen Anh received support from the French missionary and worried that the Vietnamese Catholics would also endorse his reign. He began to restrict the practice of Catholicism in the country. On August 17, 1798, King Canh Thinh issued an anti-Catholic edict and an order to destroy all Catholic churches and seminaries. A most grievous persecution of Vietnamese Catholics and missionaries began and lasted until 1886. Even after Nguyen Anh succeeded in reclaiming his throne as King Gia Long (1802-1820), his successors, King Minh Mang (1820-1840), King Thieu Tri (1841-1847) and King Tu Duc (1847-1884), the last Nguyen emperor, continued the vehement campaign against Catholics, ordering punishments that ranged from branding their faces to death by various cruel methods for Vietnamese Catholics and missionary priests.

It was amidst this great suffering that the Lady of Lavang came to the people of Vietnam. The name Lavang was believed to be originated in the name of the deep forest in the central region of Vietnam (now known as Quang Tri City) where there was an abundance of a kind of trees named La' Vang. It was also said that its name came from the Vietnamese meaning of the word "Crying Out" to denote the cries for help of people being persecuted.

The first apparition of the Lady of Lavang was noted in 1798, when the persecution of Vietnamese Catholics began. Many Catholics from the nearby town of Quang Tri sought refuge in the deep forest of Lavang. A great number of these people suffered from the bitter cold weather, lurking wild beasts, jungle sickness and starvation. At night, they often gathered in small groups to say the rosary and to pray. Unexpectedly, one night they were visited by an apparition of a beautiful Lady in a long cape, holding a child in her arms, with two angels at her sides. The people recognized the Lady as Our Blessed Mother.

Our Blessed Mother comforted them and told them to boil the leaves from the surrounding trees to use as medicine. She also told them that from that day on, all those who came to this place to pray, would get their prayers heard and answered. This took place on the grass area near the big ancient banyan tree where the refugees were praying. All those who were present witnessed this miracle. After this first apparition, the Blessed Mother continued to appear to the people in this same place many times throughout the period of nearly one hundred years of religious persecution. Among many groups of Vietnamese Catholics that were burnt alive because of their faith was a group of 30 people who were seized after they came out of their hiding place in the forest of Lavang. At their request, they were taken back to the little chapel of Lavang and were immolated there on its ground.

From the time the Lady of Lavang first appeared, the people who took refuge there erected a small and desolate chapel in her honor. During the following years, her name was spread among the people in the region to other places. Despite its isolated location in the high mountains, groups of people continued to find ways to penetrate the deep and dangerous jungle to pray to the Lady of Lavang. Gradually, the pilgrims that came with axes, spears, canes, and drums to scare away wild animals were replaced by those holding flying flags, flowers and rosaries. The pilgrimages went on every year despite the continuous persecution campaigns.

In 1886, after the persecution had officially ended, Bishop Gaspar ordered a church to be built in honor of the Lady of Lavang. Because of its precarious location and limited funding, it took 15 years for the completion of the church of Lavang. It was inaugurated by Bishop Gaspar in a solemn ceremony that participated by over 12,000 people and lasted from August 6th to 8th, 1901. The bishop proclaimed the Lady of Lavang as the Protectorate of the Catholics. In 1928, a larger church was built to accommodate the increasing number of pilgrims. This church was destroyed in the summer of 1972 during the Vietnam war.

The history of the Lady of Lavang continues to gain greater significance as more claims from people whose prayers were answered were validated. In April of 1961, the Council of Vietnamese Bishops selected the holy church of Lavang as the National Sacred Marian Center . In August of 1962, Pope John XXIII elevated the church of Lavang to The Basilica of Lavang. On June 19, 1988, Pope John Paul II in the canonizing ceremony of the 117 Vietnamese martyrs, publicly and repeatedly recognized the importance and significance of the Lady of Lavang and expressed a desire for the rebuilding of the Lavang Basilica to commemorate the 200th anniversary of the first apparition of the Lady of Lavang in August of 1998.
Text provided courtesy of Kim-Oanh Nguyen-Lam

1876 Estelle Faguette The Treasures of My Son 
 Sept 09 - Apparitions in Pellevoisin (France, 1876)

In Pellevoisin, Estelle Faguette, who suffered from tuberculoses, received a series of apparitions of the Virgin Mary, which we can be divided in three parts. The first was to cure Estelle.
The second was to coach Estelle and prepare her for her task. The third was about the messages.

On the feast of the Visitation (July 2 on the old calendar), the Virgin said to her, "My Son's Heart has so much love for my own that it cannot refuse my requests. Through me, he will touch the even most hardened hearts." Since Estelle asked for a sign, she answered, "I particularly came for the conversion of sinners."

On Saturday, September 9, 1876, Estelle received a 9th visit from the Blessed Virgin who appeared to her at the end of her rosary prayers and gave her a sign. No doubt poor Estelle was ashamed when she heard the Virgin's reproaches. "You deprived yourself of my visit on August 15, because you were not calm enough. You have the true French attitude. You want to know everything before learning, and to understand everything before knowing. As recently as yesterday, I would have come, but you were deprived again. I was waiting for an act of submission and obedience." (...)

As she made these statements, the Virgin lifted up a small piece of white cloth which she wore on her chest. Estelle had already seen this small piece of cloth, without knowing what it was, because, hitherto, it had seemed all white. However, as Mary lifted the cloth, she saw that it had a red heart on it. Estelle thought it was a Sacred Heart scapular. The Virgin said to her as she lifted it up, "I like this devotion."
She was silent for a moment, and then she began again. "This is how I would like to be honored."

Pellevoisin, France; 1876 Witness Estelle Faguette
Summary
On February 14, 1876, the seriously ill Estelle Faguette saw the Blessed Virgin appear and rebuke a demon near her bed. She then promised Estelle five more days of suffering in honor of the wounds of Christ, and appeared to her each of those nights with words of wisdom, rebuke and comfort. Estelle was healed following the fifth day and was honored with more visits from Mary during the following months. In July, Mary emphasized that she wanted to convert sinners and in September revealed that Devotion to the Sacred Heart was an especially dear and effective means to obtain grace.

On the Feast of the Immaculate Conception, December 8, Mary also released 'raindrops' filled with the graces she could bestow from "His Heart" such as piety, salvation and health. The bishop and Pope Leo XIII heeded the Virgin's message through Estelle and a Confraternity was established in Pellevoisin in 1894 to promote the Sacred Heart devotion.

Messages/Prophecies
 "One can be saved in every state. Where you are, you can do a great deal of good, and you can publish my glory." (February)
This message foreshadowed message of Catholic Action and later Opus Dei on the role of a holy laity impacting the world around them from their station in life.

"I choose the little ones and weak for my glory.” (November)
This message reveals the Virgin's motive for choosing those she has, particularly in modern times.

“See the graces I will bestow on those who will wear it with confidence, and who will assist in propagating it.”
“These graces are from my Son; I take them from His Heart; He can refuse me nothing.” (December 8)
The promises given to Estelle have been echoed throughout Church history by many saints who have also been chosen to reveal the devotion to the Sacred Heart. Innumerable miracles have been recorded in addition to the indulgences granted by the Popes.
1900  May 24 - Our Lady of China appears at the village of Tong Lu near Peiping
Our Lady of China
In 1900 the village of Tong Lu near Peiping was attacked by about ten thousand rioters during the Boxer Rebellion. In their rage they started to shoot skyward where a woman dressed in white had appeared, but her apparition did not fade. The crazed mob was put to flight at the appearance of a strange horseman.
Father Wu, a Chinese priest, admitted having prayed to Mary for help. A church was built on the site, honoring a picture of Mary and the Christ Child which was placed over the main altar. During the progress of the Red Revolution, the people had the treasured painting copied, and when the Chinese Communists destroyed the Tong Lu church the copy was burned. But the original picture known as Our Lady of China had been hidden and is now thought to be in the possession of some faithful priests living in disguise.  By Father John A. Hardon, S.J.
1932 Beauraing in Belgium
the French-speaking town commemorates the apparition of Mary where she promises the conversion of sinners to the five children to whom she appeared.
November 29 - Apparition of Our Lady of the Golden Heart at Beauraing (Belgium, 1932)  Let us listen to Mary Our Mother
Five young children in Beauraing, Belgium had thirty-three apparitions of the Blessed Virgin Mary beginning on November 29, 1932. The children said that the Blessed Virgin wore a white gown with "blue reflections" and that her hair was covered with a white veil; very fine rays shone all around her head. On January 2nd the Mother of God told the children, "Tomorrow I shall say something to each one of you." The next day each of the children was given a secret. Along with the secret Our Lady said, "I will convert sinners." Our Blessed Mother added, "I am the Mother of God, the Queen of Heaven, pray always." To one child Our Lady asked, "Do you love my Son?" The child answered, "Yes". Then Our Lady asked, "Do you love me?" and the girl responded, "Yes". Our Blessed Mother said, "Then sacrifice yourself for me."
On July 2, 1949, the Church approved the apparitions of Beauraing and today it is the beautiful shrine of Our Lady of the Golden Heart. Adapted from www.monksofadoration.org

1938 February 23 - Apparition of OUR BELOVED LADY OF VICTORY (Wangen/Wigratzbad, Germany, 1938), (devotion authorized by the local bishop)   
Wigratzbad: I Shall Crush the Serpent's Head (I)
In 1919, after Antonie Radler (1899-1991) contracted the Spanish influenza, the Blessed Virgin appeared to her, laid her hands on her, and healed her. Between 1927 and 1936, Antonie worked as a manager in one of her father's butcher shops, in Lindau near Lake Constance. One day the Gestapo arrived and ordered her to replace the painting of the Virgin by that of the Führer. She was ordered to salute him in the Nazi fashion: "Heil Hitler" instead of the usual Bavarian greeting of "Grüss Gott." Antonie disobeyed those orders and as a result barely escaped several attempts to murder her, notably by drowning.
 She said that a mysterious cyclist protected her, whom she called her "guardian angel on a bike."
To express their gratitude, her parents erected a small Lourdes grotto in their garden, which was blessed by Father Basch, pastor of their parish, on October 11, 1936, feast day of the Maternity of Mary. The following month, the statue "smiled" at her. She received this prayer in a message:
"Our Beloved Lady of Victory, conceived without sin, pray for us!"
On December 15, 1936, the day in the octave of the Immaculate Conception, as she was reciting the third sorrowful mystery of the rosary in front of the Lourdes grotto, Antonie heard "angelic choirs" singing:
"O Mary! Immaculate, conceived without sin, Beloved Lady of Victory, pray for us."

Patrick Sbalchiero, Wigratzbad, in: René Laurentin and Patrick Sbalchiero,
Dictionnaire encyclopédique des apparitions de la Vierge. Fayard, Paris 2007.
www.mariedenazareth.com/index.php?id=8156&L=1
Wigratzbad: I Shall Crush the Serpent's Head (II) February 22, 1938
February 24 - OUR LADY OF GREBNEV - 8th Apparition in Lourdes (1858)

On February 22, 1938, around 6:30 a.m., the Virgin appeared to Cecilia Geyer: "I heard something like a slight murmur, and after this the Mother of God came out from a bright cloud that kept increasing in size, looking exactly like the Wigratzbad statue. Suddenly I found myself inside that grotto. The apparition told me:
"Build a chapel for me here (...) I shall crush the head of the infernal serpent with my feet (...). People will come to this place in large numbers, and I will pour a flowing of graces over them. Saint Joseph, Saint Anthony and the souls in Purgatory will assist Antonie."
The great lady ordered: "Now go adore my Divine Son in the Blessed Sacrament."
"Where can I do this? Right now, the Blessed Sacrament isn't exposed anywhere," Cecilia asked.
"So, before my astonished eyes, a chapel appeared at the place that had been designated to me (...). Inside, on the altar, Jesus had his throne in a magnificent monstrance that was projecting wonderful rays of light in all directions."

Patrick Sbalchiero, Wigratzbad, in: René Laurentin and Patrick Sbalchiero,
Dictionnaire encyclopédique des apparitions de la Vierge. Fayard, Paris 2007.
www.mariedenazareth.com/index.php?id=8156&L=1

Ecumenical Impact of Marian Apparitions
Volume 28, No. 9 of Ecumenical Trends, the Graymoor Ecumenical & Interreligious Institute's publication for October 1999, devotes a lead article on the impact of Marian apparitions by Fr. Paul D. Lee, S.T.D., Director of the Office for Ecumenical and Interreligious Affairs, Archdiocese of Washington, D.C. He begins his article by stating, "Of all mystical phenomena, apparition stories of Mary seem to have the most lasting and widespread influence."

The breakdown of the article covers:
Ecumenical discussion on Mary
Main topics in ecumenical dialogues on Mary
Significance of popular Marian piety
Silence about Mary?
Silence about Marian apparitions
Catholic Church's Discernment
Spiritual and theological understanding of apparitions
Desirable Mariological approach
To obtain a copy of this issue, contact: Graymoor Ecumenical & Interreligious Institute / PO Box 306 / Garrison, NY 10524-0306 (ISSN 0360 9073)

Our Lady of Lavang Shrine

During much of the 18th century, the nation of Vietnam was embattled in various struggles for power and domination. The northern regions of the kingdom fell under the authority of the lords of the Trinh family, while in the southern realm the Nguyen lords took power. As the eighteenth century drew toward its close, both of their rules were shaken and threatened by peasant uprisings and emerging rebel forces.

The strongest among the many uprisings was led by the three brothers from Tay Son. In short order, they overthrew the Nguyen lords and defeated the Trinh lords to restore national unity for the first time since the decline of the Le dynasty. A Tay Son brother was enthroned to be King Quang Trung. In 1792 he passed away and left the throne to his son who became King Canh Thinh.

Meanwhile, Nguyen Anh continued his insurgency in trying to reclaim his throne.
Earlier in his run from the Tay Son rebels in 1777, he found refuge on Phu Quoc Island, where Monsignor Pierre Pigneau de Behaine of the Society of Foreign Missions directed a seminary for youths from neighboring countries.
The bishop persuaded him to seek help from King Louis XVI of France.


King Canh Thinh knew that Nguyen Anh received support from the French missionary and worried that the Vietnamese Catholics would also endorse his reign. He began to restrict the practice of Catholicism in the country.
On August 17, 1798, King Canh Thinh issued an anti-Catholic edict and an order to destroy all Catholic churches and seminaries.
A most grievous persecution of Vietnamese Catholics and missionaries began and lasted until 1886.
Even after Nguyen Anh succeeded in reclaiming his throne as King Gia Long (1802-1820), his successors, King Minh Mang (1820-1840), King Thieu Tri (1841-1847) and King Tu Duc (1847-1884), the last Nguyen emperor, continued the vehement campaign against Catholics, ordering punishments that ranged from branding their faces to death by various cruel methods for Vietnamese Catholics and missionary priests.
The first apparition of the Lady of Lavang was noted in 1798
It was amidst this great suffering that the Lady of Lavang came to the people of Vietnam.
The name Lavang was believed to be originated in the name of the deep forest in the central region of Vietnam (now known as Quang Tri City) where there was an abundance of a kind of trees named La' Vang. It was also said that its name came from the Vietnamese meaning of the word "Crying Out" to denote the cries for help of people being persecuted.

The first apparition of the Lady of Lavang was noted in 1798, when the persecution of Vietnamese Catholics began. Many Catholics from the nearby town of Quang Tri sought refuge in the deep forest of Lavang. A great number of these people suffered from the bitter cold weather, lurking wild beasts, jungle sickness and starvation. At night, they often gathered in small groups to say the rosary and to pray.

Unexpectedly, one night they were visited by an apparition of a beautiful Lady in a long cape, holding a child in her arms, with two angels at her sides.
The people recognized the Lady as Our Blessed Mother.


Our Blessed Mother comforted them and told them to boil the leaves from the surrounding trees to use as medicine. She also told them that from that day on, all those who came to this place to pray, would get their prayers heard and answered. This took place on the grass area near the big ancient banyan tree where the refugees were praying. All those who were present witnessed this miracle. After this first apparition, the Blessed Mother continued to appear to the people in this same place many times throughout the period of nearly one hundred years of religious persecution. Among many groups of Vietnamese Catholics that were burnt alive because of their faith was a group of 30 people who were seized after they came out of their hiding place in the forest of Lavang. At their request, they were taken back to the little chapel of Lavang and were immolated there on its ground.

From the time the Lady of Lavang first appeared, the people who took refuge there erected a small and desolate chapel in her honor. During the following years, Her name was spread among the people in the region to other places. Despite its isolated location in the high mountains, groups of people continued to find ways to penetrate the deep and dangerous jungle to worship the Lady of Lavang. Gradually, the pilgrims that came with axes, spears, canes, and drums to scare away wild animals were replaced by those holding flying flags, flowers and rosaries. The pilgrimages went on every year despite the continuous persecution campaigns.

In 1886, after the persecution had officially ended, Bishop Gaspar ordered a church to be built in honor of the Lady of Lavang. Because of its precarious location and limited funding, it took 15 years for the completion of the church of Lavang. It was inaugurated by Bishop Gaspar in a solemn ceremony that participated by over 12,000 people and lasted from August 6th to 8th, 1901. The bishop proclaimed the Lady of Lavang as the Protectorate of the Catholics. In 1928, a larger church was built to accommodate the increasing number of pilgrims. This church was destroyed in the summer of 1972 during the Vietnam war.

The history of the Lady of Lavang continues to gain greater significance as more claims from people whose prayers were answered were validated. In April of 1961, the Council of Vietnamese Bishops selected the holy church of Lavang as the National Sacred Marian Center . In August of 1962, Pope John XXIII elevated the church of Lavang to The Basilica of Lavang. On June 19, 1988, Pope John Paul II in the canonizing ceremony of the 117 Vietnamese martyrs, publicly and repeatedly recognized the importance and significance of the Lady of Lavang and expressed a desire for the rebuilding of the Lavang Basilica to commemorate the 200th anniversary of the first apparition of the Lady of Lavang in August of 1998.

On 11/27/2000 the shrine of Our Lady of La Vang, on the front lawn of St John Vianney Church, was blessed by Archbishop Thomas C. Kelly. The marble figures of Mary and the dragon were sculpted in Vietnam. The statue of Mary will be placed on top of the dragon figure and the shrine also will include walkways and benches.

Marian shrine of Nyaunglebin
80,000 Attend Eucharistic Congress in Myanmar
Marks 50 Years Since Last Congress YANGON, Myanmar, FEB. 20, 2005 (Zenit.org).

A historic national Eucharistic Congress in Myanmar attracted more than 80,000 people to the Marian shrine of Nyaunglebin, the second in almost 50 years. Reflections, catechesis, meditations, prayers and liturgies gathered faithful from 12 dioceses Feb. 11-13. During the congress Masses were celebrated in the main local languages of Myanmar, and Eucharistic adoration provided the highlight of the day, reported Fides news agency.

Archbishop Salvatore Pennachio, apostolic nuncio in Thailand and apostolic delegate for Myanmar (also known as Burma) and other Asian countries, presided over the second day of the Eucharistic Congress, together with 12 bishops, 160 priests, and the participation of more than 80,000 faithful from all over the country.

Also present were numerous Christians of other denominations as well as non-Christians interested in the Christian faith and attracted by devotion to Our Lady of Lourdes, whose feast day was celebrated on the opening day.

In the context of the Year of the Eucharist, Archbishop Pennachio emphasized in his homily the importance of this sacrament as source, summit, and center of the life of the Church and of every Christian, inviting bishops, priests, religious, and faithful to a renewed love of the Eucharist. "May the Eucharist continue to be the center of our ministry," he said speaking to the bishops.
"To you, children, I say: may you remember always that Jesus loves you and waits for you in the Eucharist where you can meet Him and talk with Him," he said.

About 72% of Myanmar's 48 million inhabitants are Buddhists; 8% are Christians. ZE05022026

That Fatima's Core Message Is Simple
Sister Lucia Has Told All Details, Says Researcher Contends
COIMBRA, Portugal, FEB. 20, 2005 (Zenit.org).

Sister Lucia's writings will not reveal any new details of the Fatima apparitions, though they provide more insight into the 1917 events, says the head of a research panel.

 "Sister Lucia's experience is one of continuity and she was faithful. I think what the future holds in store is an even more profound development," Father Jacinto Farias, president of the Scientific Commission of the Fatima Congress, told the Portuguese news agency Ecclesia. "We should not find any novelties," he added. The "richness of the Fatima message is its extreme simplicity and, at the same time, great fruits at the pastoral and theological level."

Father Farias made his statements about the last witness of the Fatima apparitions shortly after her death Feb. 13. He said Sister Lucia's texts constitute a fundamental testimony for the Church. Her writings are categorized as "Fatima 1" and "Fatima 2," and reflect her testimony written at different stages in her life. Father Farias explained that the writings show an "internalization of the events."

"A 10-year-old girl and a woman of 40 have a different perception of things," he noted. But he added that the writings show continuity "in an interior rereading."

The evolution does not depend on the political, national or international events of the moment, as has been proposed, the priest said. This, in fact, would imply "extreme intellectual preparation on the part of Sister Lucia to be able to follow these events and make a critical reading of them -- something which does not seem likely to me," he continued.

"On the specific question of the Fatima message and Marxism's militant atheism and dialectical materialism, there are documents which state that Sister Lucia thought that Russia was a woman or a person who was being asked to convert. It was a message that was beyond the awareness of the visionary herself," Father Farias explained.

The fact that the message has now been interpreted and translated by the Church into a pastoral strategy is "perfectly legitimate," said Father Farias. "Cardinal Gonçalves Cerejeira himself said that it was not the Church that imposed Fatima, but Fatima that imposed itself on the Church," the priest added. Cardinal Manuel Gonçalves Cerejeira, the former patriarch of Lisbon, died in 1977.

Moreover, it was only at the beginning of the 1930s that the Church recognized the Fatima miracle "in virtue of the massive popular adherence not only in Portugal, but worldwide," he said. Analysis of the Fatima message "is now in the hermeneutic plane," as the "historical analysis is closed." "It is necessary to make a theological analysis, to take advantage of the potential latent in the content of the secret," he continued.

"In the beginning, Francisco did not hear or see; Jacinta saw and heard, but did not speak. Lucia was the voice, the leader, so her spirituality will always be the core of these experiences," said Father Farias, referring to the other two little shepherds present during the Virgin's apparitions.

There will be no "great novelties" from the theological point of view now that the last witness has died, he said, but Fatima will probably have a greater development "in terms of its spiritual and pastoral irradiation."
ZE05022021
Fatima, Portugal " Our Lady of Fatima " October 13, 1917
The Blessed Virgin Mary, the Mother of God, appeared 6 times to 3 sheperd children; Lucia, Francisco, and Jacinta; between May 13 and October 13, 1917. She came to the little village of Fatima which had remained faithful to the Catholic Church during the recent persecutions by the government. Our Lady came with a message from God to every man, woman, and child of our century. Our Lady of Fatima promised that the whole world would be in peace, and that many souls would go to Heaven if Her requests were listened to and obeyed. She told us that war is a punishment for sin; that God would punish the world for its sins in our time by means of war, hunger, persecution of the Church and persecution of the Holy Father, the Pope, unless we listened to and obeyed the command of God. At Fatima, Pope John Paul II said on May 13; " the message of Fatima is more relevant and more urgent " then when Our Lady first appeared. The message is an anguished appeal of our Heavenly Mother, Who sees us in great danger and Who comes to offer Her help and advice. Her message is also a prophesy, a clear indication of what was about to transpire in the 20th century, and what is still going to happen infallibly in the near future, depending on our response to Her requests.

THE MIRACLE

As a great sign of the whole message truly coming from God, a marvelous miracle was worked in the sky above Fatima before 70,000 witnesses on October 13, 1917 at the time, date and place that Lucy and the other two children had prophesised in the name of Our Lady of Fatima. The children were told by Our Lady that God would perform a miracle so that people would believe in the apparitions. The date the children was October 13, 1917, in Fatima. On that date, 70,000 people came to see the phenomenon. The miracle occured with the sun. All could stare perfectly at the sun without blinking, or even hurting heir eyes. While all were watching the sun, it rotated, got large and small, got close to the people, and got far away from them. The sun " danced ". Every single person who was there testified to seeing the sun dance, even non- believers who immediately dropped onto their knees and begged for forgiveness.

MIRACLES TODAY
Our Lady of Fatima continues to work miracles today through Fatima water which is sent from Fatima, Portugal around the world. This Fatima water sprang up in Fatima at the spot the Bishop told people to dig, very near where Our Lady appeared at the Cova de Iria (the Cove of Peace) in Fatima. The water is known to cure people with sicknesses and poor health. Still, other people are cured when they go on pilgrimage to Fatima, which is about 90 miles north of Lisbon, Portugal.

A MESSAGE OF WARNING AND HOPE

If we do not heed Our Lady's warnings soon, the Her horrible prophesy may well be realized in the near future, even in our own back yards. She told us that God had chosen to use Russia as the instrument of chastisement to punish the whole world if we did not, by our obedience, prayers, and sacrifices, obtain conversion of Russia to the Catholic faith. She promises us: " If my requests are granted, Russia will be converted and there will be peace. " But She also warned us: " If My requests are not granted, Russia will spread her errors throughout the world raising up wars and persecutions against the Church, the good will be martyred, the Holy Father will have much to suffer, various nations will be annihilated. " She has told us that the whole world (the part surviving) will be enslaved by the atheistic tyrants of Russia.
Apparitions of the Past: A Statistical Study
This graph of Marian apparitions covers three prominent phases of church history: the Patristic age, the Middle ages, and the Renaissance. The time periods denote not the occurrences of apparitions, but the dates they were recorded by historians and church officials. Therefore, "these figures are indicative and do not represent reality except in a global and approximate fashion" (Laurentin 76). The graph presented here is based on a similar one constructed by Canon Renè Laurentin for a theology class.Laurentin notes that the data is exclusively from Sylvie Barnay's study of 2460 texts for his doctoral dissertation in 1997.

Barnay used original information for his study of Marian apparitions during the Middle Ages. However, Barnay's study for the Patristic age and the Renaissance is based only on secondary references. Statistics from the secondary sources include many apparitions of "which nothing is known except that someone claimed to have had them" (Laurentin 77). We will now summarize Barnay's information about the Patristic age, the Middle ages, and the Renaissance.

Patristic Age : There is no recorded literature about apparitions for the early centuries of the Church. The first attestations of Marian apparitions are from the fourth century. For example, Gregory of Nyssa, who lived in the fourth century, recorded that Gregory the Wonder worker (213-270 A.D.) was the first beneficiary of a Marian apparition.

Middle Ages : Canon Laurentin notes that "we do not know much" about cases of Marian apparitions recorded from the Middle Ages. The two most interesting cases from the Middle Ages are the seers at the Cistercian Monastery of Helfta (13th century) and the visions of St. Bridget of Sweden (who lived 1303-1373).

Renaissance : During the sixteenth century, a new kind of apparition began. These apparitions had a public character and were intended to "re-animate faith" and to "surmount the world's crises" (Laurentin 88). The most significant case is Guadalupe (1531) which gave "birth to a new church on a new continent" (Laurentin 88).

I Am Your Mother, My Little One (I) September 12 - 1948
The Holy Name of Mary (Austria, 1683)

On September 12, 1948, around 5 o'clock PM, Teresita Castillo, a novice at the Carmel of Lipa (Philippines), was walking in the garden of her convent. Suddenly she noticed leaves shaking on a bush, and heard a sweet voice say to her: "Don't be afraid my daughter. Kiss the ground. What I am going to tell you, you will have to repeat each day for 15 days. You will come here to visit me. Eat a little grass." On Monday, September 13, 1948, at 5 o'clock PM, Teresita returned to the same spot. She knelt down to recite an Ave Maria and she saw the leaves on the bush shaking.

Suddenly, she saw a "beautiful woman" who was smiling with her hands together in prayer, holding a golden rosary around her right hand. She was wearing a white dress, tightly belted; her bare feet rested on a small cloud 20 inches off the ground. "Be faithful and come back here, whether it's raining or not," Teresita heard her say.
"Who are you, beautiful Lady?" Our Lady answered, "I am your Mother, my little one."


On September 14, 1948, the Virgin awaited her in the same place, with her arms wide open.
"I wish to have this place blessed tomorrow," she said and blessed the nun before she disappeared again.
The next day, around 3:00 PM, the auxiliary bishop of Lipa and the chaplain of the Carmel came to bless the place. Teresita saw the Virgin again with open arms. "Kiss the ground and eat a little grass. Take a piece of paper and a pencil, and write down the following," said the apparition. "My daughters, I ask you to believe in me, and to keep this message a secret for yourselves. Love one another like true sisters. Pay me visits here regularly; keep this place sacred and respected. Pick up the rose petals. I bless you all."


After this apparition, a rain of rose petals fell and was seen by all the people present. Toward the end of the afternoon, the Virgin appeared again: "I want you to put my statue in this garden and tidy up this part of the garden to make it a suitable place of prayer. Tell the other sisters that they must believe my words so as not to lose the grace.
I will always bless the whole community, my daughter."

From the Dictionary of Apparitions
By Fr. René Laurentin - Fayard 2006
Egypt recent 1968 until September 1970 1983 until, at least, 1990

A: Since 1968, two series of Marian apparitions reportedly took place in the suburbs of Cairo. The first series occurred in Zeitun from April 2, 1968 until September 1970. The second occurred in Shoubra on an ongoing basis from 1983 until, at least, 1990. These apparitions have certain characteristics in common:
1) They were both recognized by Shenouda III, Pope of the Coptic Church separated from Rome but currently engaged in positive dialogue with Rome.
2) Muslims also have seen the apparitions.
3) The apparition allowed itself to be photographed.
1968 The Apparition of the Pure Lady the Virgin in the church of Zeiton.

On the eve of this day of the year 1684 A.M. which coincide with tuesday the 2nd. of April 1968 A.D., during the papacy of Pope Kyrellos VI, the hundred sixteenth Pope of Alexandria, our Lady and the pride of our faith started to transfigure in luminous spiritual forms in and around the domes of the church dedicated to her immaculate name in Zeiton, a suburb of Cairo.

This transfiguration continued in following nights in a manner that was never known in the East or the West. This transfiguration in some nights was as long as many hours, without stop, in front of tens of thousands of people from every race and religion, with every one seeing her, pointing at her and interceding to her with songs, hymns, tears, prayers and hails and She was looking to them in a compassionate way raising her hand at times to bless them in all directions.

The first one to notice this transfiguration was the workmen at the garage of the Public Transit System which was across the street from the church. The watchman Abdel-Aziz Aly, who was in charge of guarding the garage at that night, saw a luminous body over the dome of the church. He started shouting: "light over the dome" and he called the other workers in the garage. They all came and saw the bright light over the large dome of the church. When they looked closely, they saw a young lady in white, kneeling by the cross at the top of the dome. Because the dome had a round, smooth, and very sloping surface, it held the men as though they were nailed in their places watching the fate of the lady. Few seconds passed then they saw the kneeling lady as she stood over the dome. They gave out a cry of fear that she might fall down. They thought she was a girl in despair trying to commit suicide and they cried warning that person not to jump down and some of them called the police. The pedestrians, men and women started to gather around. The view of the lady was getting more clear and she appeared as a beautiful girl in a bright gown of light and had branches of olive tree in her hand, and around her flew white doves. Then they realized that they were seeing a heavenly spiritual view. They directed flood light to the luminous picture to remove all doubt from their minds, but instead it became more clear and bright. They cut the electricity off all the area but the lady remained in her heavenly illumination and her bright gown of light became more clear. She started moving around in a circle of light radiating from her body to all the directions around her. All the people then realized that this lady in front of them, without no doubt is the Virgin Mary. They started to shout and cry saying: "She is the Virgin ... She is the Mother of Light ... " They prayed with songs, hymns and hails all the night until the next morning.

Since that night the pure Virgin had transfigured in different spiritual views in front of thousands and ten of thousands of masses, Egyptian and foreigners, Christians and non-christians, men, women and children. Spiritual beings formed like doves would appear before, during and after the transfiguration zooming through the sky in a way raising the human from a materialistic to a heavenly atmosphere.

This transfiguration was in different forms. One of the most significant ways this apparition took place was that; the head of St. Mary under the vail looking down as in the picture of the sad Virgin and she was looking toward the Cross and that view would stay like this at times or slowly bow before the Cross at other times. The Cross itself will shine and illuminate although it was made of concrete. And some times an angel would appear standing behind her spreading his wings. That view might stay as long as many hours.

Another view was the view of the Mother of Light standing as a great Queen in a beautiful spiritual portrait radiating dignity, elegance and beauty. On her head was a crown of a queen as if it were made of diamonds and some times there appeared on the top of the crown a small luminous cross. And some times she appeared in the same way but carrying Christ, to Him is the Glory, in the form of a child on her hand and on His head a crown. And on other times she raised her both hands as She was blessing the world moving to the right, to the front, and to the left in a dignified way.

Many spiritual signs appeared before, during, and after the apparition of the Virgin the mother of the Lord's transfiguration. The appearance of tongues of yellowish flame would flash over the church and then subside and that repeated several times. Another form of the signs were the spiritual beings formed like doves, larger than the doves that we know, appear about midnight or after, flying in the middle of darkness illuminating in a fast speed, appeared suddenly from no where, and also disappeared suddenly. These spiritual beings appeared in different formations and in varying numbers. A fact we should be aware of that pigeons do not fly during the night. Another sign was the shooting stars which were constantly falling and were seen very close to the apparition on many occasions as if coming down to glorify her from heaven. Another sign was the fragrance of incense. The smoke of the incense poured out of the domes in large quantities. Substance resembling clouds, thick fog or smoke would roll in toward the church and completely cover the church.

Also the illuminated cloud that appeared over the domes of the church in large volume and often proceeded the transfiguration of the Virgin or at times the cloud slowly formed in the shape of the virgin. Sometimes the apparition of the Virgin would appear from the clouds.

This transfiguration and all the spiritual signs were a forerunner and announcement for serious or important events to come in the near and far future. Or it might be a spiritual gesture from heaven to indicate the Lord's caring for His church and His people and our country.

May the mercy of God be upon us all. May the Lord keep His people and church in peace, with the intercession of Our Lady and the pride of our race the pure Virgin St. Mary. Amen.

Marian apparitions recognized by ecclesiastical authorities

There have been uncounted apparitions of Mary reported since the third century. Few have received recognition by the bishop of the diocese in which they occurred. Among those recognized are:

1531, Guadalupe, Mexico - On a hill outside Mexico City, the Blessed Mother appeared four times to a recent convert to Christianity, Juan Diego. Mary proclaimed herself "the Mother of the true God who gives life" and left her image permanently upon Diego's tilma or mantle.

1830, Paris, France - In the chapel of the Daughters of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul, Mary showed herself three times to novice Catherine Laboure (age 24). Laboure said she was commissioned by the Virgin to have the medal of the Immaculate Conception or "Miraculous Medal" made in order to spread devotion to Our Lady.

1846, La Salette, France - Six thousand feet up in the French Alps, Mary is believed to have come to Maximin Giraud (age 11) and Melanie Calvat (age 14) while they tended sheep. Her appearance in sorrow and tears called for conversion and penance for sins.

1858, Lourdes, France - At the Grotto of Massabielle, the Virgin showed herself 18 times to Bernadette Soubirous (age 14). Under the title "the Immaculate Conception," she called for penance and prayer for the conversion of sinners.

1871, Pontmain, France - Mary appeared on a farm to Eugene (age 10) and Joseph Barbadette (age 12) and Francoise Richer and Jeanne-Marie Lebosse, students at the nearby convent school. Mary's message was written on a banner that unfurled from her feet: "But pray my children. God will hear you in a short time. My Son allows Himself to be moved by compassion."

1879, Knock, County Mayo, Ireland - During a pouring rain, the figures of Mary, Joseph, John the Apostle and a lamb on a plain altar appeared over the gable of the village chapel, enveloped in a bright light. None of them spoke. At least 15 people, between the ages of 5 and 75, saw the apparition.

1917, Fatima, Portugal - While tending sheep, Lucia de Santos (age 10) and her two cousins, Francisco (age 9) and Jacinta Marto (age 7), reported six apparitions of Mary, who identified herself as "Our Lady of the Rosary." Mary urged prayer of the rosary, penance for the conversion of sinners and consecration of Russia to her Immaculate Heart.

1932-33, Beauraing, Belgium - Mary is believed to have come 33 times to the playground of a convent school to five children (ages 9-15), Andree and Gilberte Degeimbre and Albert, Fernande and Gilberte Voisin. Identifying herself as "the Immaculate Virgin" and "Mother of God, Queen of Heaven," she called for prayer for the conversion of sinners.

1933, Banneux, Belgium - In a garden behind the Beco family's cottage, the Blessed Mother is said to have appeared to Mariette Beco (age 11) eight times. Calling herself the "Virgin of the Poor," Mary promised to intercede for the poor, the sick and the suffering.

More recent apparitions include Akita, Japan, in 1984; Chontaleu, Nicaragua, in 1987; Kibeho, Rwanda, in 1988; and Betania, Venezuela.
1947  Apparitions to Pierina Gilli
Apparitions to Pierina Gilli, a nurse, are said to have taken place in 1947 (7/13; 10/28; 11/22; and 12/8). On the first occasion, Mary was clothed in a purple dress, her heart pierced by three swords. Her message can be summarized as: "Prayer, sacrifice, repentence".

During the subsequent appearances, Mary was dressed in white with three roses on her breast. On 7/13, she asked that the 13th of each month be commemorated as a Marian day. She called herself mysterious or mystical rose and asked people to repent for sins against faith and morals. She called the noon hour of Dec. 8, 1947 an "hour of grace."

Also, a statue of Mary as Rosa Mystica was alleged to have shed tears at St John of God parish in Chicago, IL from May, 1984 until, at least, 1992. The phenomenon started after some of the parishoners (including the pastor) visited the original shrine at Montichiari. However, the archdiocesan investigation could not rule out natural causes and decided there was "no evidence of a miracle" in 1987. Stephen Roszell released a film documentary on this phenomenon in 1992.

For more information, see Maria - "Rosa Mystica: Montichiari-Fontanelle" by Alfons Maria Weigl.

history of Our Lady's appearance at Pontmain? Where is the site located?
A: Pontmain is a sanctuary of Our Lady, invoked under the title of Hope. In the darkest hours of the Franco-Prussian War (1870- 1871), Mary appeared to two boys (Eugene and Joseph Barbedette) as a lady dressed in a dark blue robe, sprinkled with stars, a crown on her head over a dark blue veil, and in her hands a red cross. She was surrounded by a blue and oval mandorla. 1) At Pontmain, Mary is a sign of hope in the midst of War. She tells of her Son and renews our hope. She invites us to joy and simplicity. 2) She gathered the whole village/parish around her, not only the two boys, but also the pastor, the sisters and other inhabitants of the area. They said the evening prayer together and remained in prayer for over two hours.  3) On a banner, the following message was transmitted to the two seers: "Pray, my children, God will answer before long. My Son lets himself be moved."  4) The large red crucifix was surmounted by a placard bearing the name of Jesus Christ.

The sanctuary is situated in the North of France, specifically, West from Paris through Le Mans, then Laval, then Mayenne, then Fougere. It can be reached by car or train.  There is also a chapel dedicated to Our Lady of Hope of Pontmain at the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception in Washington, D.C. Funds for this chapel were donated by Bob Hope and his wife Dolores.

Pontmain Apparition - January 1871
http://www.sanctuaire-pontmain.com/en/index.html
At the time of the apparition Pontmain was a small village, inhabited by simple and hardworking country folk, who were guided by their parish priest Abbé Michel Guérin. The Barbadette family consisted of father César, his wife, Victoire, with their two sons Joseph and Eùgene, aged ten and twelve, and another older boy who was away in the army. On the evening of 17 January 1871, the two boys were helping their father in the barn when the eldest, Eùgene, walked over towards the door to look out.

As he gazed at the star studded sky he noticed one area practically free of stars above a neighbouring house. Suddenly he saw an apparition of a beautiful woman smiling at him; she was wearing a blue gown covered with golden stars, and a black veil under a golden crown.

His father, brother, and a neighbour came out to look and Joseph immediately said he too could see the apparition although the adults saw nothing. The mother, Victoire, came out but she too could see nothing, although she was puzzled because her boys were usually very truthful. She suggested that it might be the Blessed Virgin, and that they should all say five Our Fathers and five Hail Marys in her honour.

Children of Pontmain - Barbadette boys, and Françoise Richer and Jeanne-Marie Lebossé (Sr Olivereau/Pontmain Sanctuary) As it was now about a quarter past six, and time for supper, the boys were ordered inside but soon after allowed to go outside again. The Lady was still there and so the local schoolteacher, Sister Vitaline, was sent for. She couldn't see the Lady, and so she went to fetch three young children from the school to see their reactions.

Immediately they arrived the two older children, two girls aged nine and eleven, expressed their delight at the apparition, describing it as the boys had done, although the youngest child saw nothing.

The adults in the crowd, which had now grown to about sixty people including the priest, could still see nothing and began to say the rosary, as the children exclaimed that something new was happening. A blue oval frame with four candles, two at the level of the shoulders and two at the knees, was being formed around the Lady, and a short red cross had appeared over her heart.

As the rosary progressed the figure and its frame grew larger, until it was twice life size; the stars around her began to multiply and attach themselves to her dress until it was covered with them.

As the Magnificat was being said the four children cried out, "Something else is happening." A broad streamer on which letters were appearing unrolled beneath the feet of the Lady, so that eventually the phrase, "But pray, my children," could be read.

Fr. Guérin then ordered that the Litany of Our Lady should be sung, and as this progressed new letters appeared, making the message, "God will soon answer you." As they continued to sing, another message was formed, one that removed any doubt that it was the Blessed Virgin who was appearing to the children; "My Son allows Himself to be moved."

The children were beside themselves with joy at the beauty of the Lady and her smile, but her expression then changed to one of extreme sadness, as she now contemplated a large red cross that had suddenly appeared before her, with a figure of Jesus on it in an even darker shade of red.

One of the stars then lit the four candles that surrounded the figure, as the crucifix vanished and the group began night prayers. As these were being recited, the children reported that a white veil was rising from the Lady's feet and gradually blotting her out, until finally, at about nine o'clock, the apparition was over.

The following March a canonical inquiry into the apparition was held, and in May the local bishop questioned the children, the inquiry being continued later in the year with further questioning by theologians and a medical examination. The bishop was satisfied by these investigations, and in February 1872 declared his belief that it was the Blessed Virgin who had appeared to the children.

Joseph Barbadette became a priest, a member of the Congregation of the Oblates of Mary Immaculate, while his brother Eùgene became a secular priest. He was assisted by one of the girls who had seen Mary as his housekeeper, with the other, Jeanne-Marie Lebossé, becoming a nun. A large basilica was built at Pontmain and consecrated in 1900.

Father Michel Guérin

These few lines are not a biography of Michel Guérin but an outline of the portrait of one of our local priests. His faith, his confidence in the power of prayer and his love of his fellow-men transformed the parish which he had created and which he carried within his heart until his dying day. His last words, spoken on 29th May 1872, were : “For your own benefit, strive to be good Christians. Oh yes, may the parish always stay as it is !”

Difficult times
After the turmoil of the Revolution, the parishes of France found themselves beset with numerous difficulties. The churches were in ruins, the interiors were destroyed or run down. This was the situation facing the small rural chapel of Pontmain which was later to become a church. The roof leaked, the altar and the pews were worm eaten, there was no linen, no ornaments nor sacred vases.

The priest’s enthusiasm
Father Michel Guérin, one of the priests of Saint-Ellier du Maine, arrived on the evening of 24th November 1836. He already knew of the miseries of Pontmain. He went to Le Mans to beg his Bishop to give him this hamlet in the middle of the countryside. As there was no presbytery he had a furnished room arranged in a small cottage. In a letter to his Bishop this is how he described one of the first Masses he gave : “Yes, Your Excellency, I celebrated Mass on a sacred stone laid on a pile of wooden planks. My fellow-priests and I preached from a workbench”. (Letter of 15th October 1844).

A dynamic man
He got to work soon after arriving in Pontmain. With the help of his new parishioners he repaired the roof and made new pews. The women made linen for the altar and ornaments. Then came other projects ; new roads, the raising of a chapel, which was later to become the church of the parish and the building of a school. He even opened a shop selling tobacco (doubtless he wanted to be able to buy snuff somewhere close by). He was a practical man. He gave of himself everywhere ; by attending to the material needs of his parishioners he won them over to Jesus Christ. It did not take long for him to turn Pontmain into a lively and devout parish.

A man of prayer
He attached great importance to prayer and devotion to the Virgin Mary and had her statuette placed in every household. From this time onwards in each home the rosary was said by the families of the parish. He had numerous crosses built and put up at the roadsides. He had the statue of Mary put in the bell-tower. As from 8th December 1854 (definition of the Dogma of the Immaculate Conception) four candles were lit on the Virgin Mary’s altar at every parish service. In 1860, he had the church vault painted sky blue, with a sprinkling of stars.
Michel Guérin’s story is an unusual one. He was mischievously called by some people “the good Virgin’s priest”, the priest who made a present of the statue of the “good Virgin Mary” to each family in his parish. His actions left a lasting impression on this small corner of the Mayenne countryside which Mary, “the Madonna of the stars” would come to visit on 17th January 1871.

1995 Weeping Statue in Civitavecchia February 28 -
OUR LADY OF TEARS (Italy, 1522) - 11th Apparition in Lourdes 1858
In February 1995, a phenomenon occurred in Civitavecchia, Italy, that could be said to be paranormal:
a little five-year-old girl, named Jessica Gregori, noticed tears of blood on the face of a statue of the Virgin Mary, bought in a store at the Shrine of Medjugorje in Bosnia-Herzegovina. The statue cried 13 times in the presence of many people who have given sworn testimony before a theological Commission.

The city's bishop, Monsignor Grillo, admitted that he was initially skeptical when he first heard Gregori's story.
He took custody of it to clarify the case, and the statue wept while he held it in his hands.
Bishop Grillo reported that about 3,500 pilgrims visit the church that houses the statue every week and, at his request, the Vatican congregation is allowing the faithful to venerate the Madonna of Civitavecchia.

Marian apparitions have been recognized by ecclesiastical authorities
There have been uncounted apparitions of Mary reported since the third century. Few have received recognition by the bishop of the diocese in which they occurred. Among those recognized are:

1531, Guadalupe, Mexico - On a hill outside Mexico City, the Blessed Mother appeared four times to a recent convert to Christianity, Juan Diego. Mary proclaimed herself "the Mother of the true God who gives life" and left her image permanently upon Diego's tilma or mantle.

1830, Paris, France - In the chapel of the Daughters of Charity of St. Vincent de Paul, Mary showed herself three times to novice Catherine Laboure (age 24). Laboure said she was commissioned by the Virgin to have the medal of the Immaculate Conception or "Miraculous Medal" made in order to spread devotion to Our Lady.

1846, La Salette, France - Six thousand feet up in the French Alps, Mary is believed to have come to Maximin Giraud (age 11) and Melanie Calvat (age 14) while they tended sheep. Her appearance in sorrow and tears called for conversion and penance for sins.

1858, Lourdes, France - At the Grotto of Massabielle, the Virgin showed herself 18 times to Bernadette Soubirous (age 14). Under the title "the Immaculate Conception," she called for penance and prayer for the conversion of sinners.

1871, Pontmain, France - Mary appeared on a farm to Eugene (age 10) and Joseph Barbadette (age 12) and Francoise Richer and Jeanne-Marie Lebosse, students at the nearby convent school. Mary's message was written on a banner that unfurled from her feet: "But pray my children. God will hear you in a short time. My Son allows Himself to be moved by compassion."

1879, Knock, County Mayo, Ireland - During a pouring rain, the figures of Mary, Joseph, John the Apostle and a lamb on a plain altar appeared over the gable of the village chapel, enveloped in a bright light. None of them spoke. At least 15 people, between the ages of 5 and 75, saw the apparition.

1917, Fatima, Portugal - While tending sheep, Lucia de Santos (age 10) and her two cousins, Francisco (age 9) and Jacinta Marto (age 7), reported six apparitions of Mary, who identified herself as "Our Lady of the Rosary." Mary urged prayer of the rosary, penance for the conversion of sinners and consecration of Russia to her Immaculate Heart.

1932-33, Beauraing, Belgium - Mary is believed to have come 33 times to the playground of a convent school to five children (ages 9-15), Andree and Gilberte Degeimbre and Albert, Fernande and Gilberte Voisin. Identifying herself as "the Immaculate Virgin" and "Mother of God, Queen of Heaven," she called for prayer for the conversion of sinners.

1933, Banneux, Belgium - In a garden behind the Beco family's cottage, the Blessed Mother is said to have appeared to Mariette Beco (age 11) eight times. Calling herself the "Virgin of the Poor," Mary promised to intercede for the poor, the sick and the suffering.

More recent apparitions include Akita, Japan, in 1984; Chontaleu, Nicaragua, in 1987; Kibeho, Rwanda, in 1988; and Betania, Venezuela.


The graph and historical summary are based on the following sources:
Barnay, Sylvie. Les apparitions de la Vierge. Paris: Les Editions du Cerf, 1992.
Laurentin, René. Marian Spirituality In the Mystical Tradition. International Marian Research Institute. Dayton: Marian Library, July 21-24, 1997This page, maintained by The Marian Library/International Marian Research Institute, was last modified Thursday, 01-Mar-2001 14:42:31 EST by Jim Danis. Please send any comments to Johann.Roten@udayton.edu.