Popes of the Catholic Church
by Name and Date from First to last HERE

AUGUST  by month
June 30
Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 30
64 Saint Simon Peter or Cephas first pope, Prince of the Apostles, and founder, with Saint Paul, of the see of Rome
Simon Peter or Cephas, the first pope, Prince of the Apostles, and founder, with Saint Paul, of the see of Rome.    At Rome, the birthday of the holy apostles Peter and Paul, who suffered martyrdom on the same day, under Emperor Nero.  Within the city the former was crucified with his head downwards, and buried in the Vatican, near the Triumphal Way, where he is venerated by the whole world.  The latter was put to the sword and buried on the Ostian Way, where he received similar honours.the inscription set up by Pope St Damasus I (d. 384) at the place near St Sebastian's would then merely commemorate the institution of a festival in 258 which, for convenience or some other reason, was celebrated ad catacumbas.

Marytrs of Rome Pope St. Alexander I  -- The groups of Christians who perished during cruel persecutions in the Eternal City.  A group baptized by Pope St. Alexander I

 558 At Narni, St. Cassius, bishop of that city.  St. Gregory relates that he permitted scarcely any day of his life to pass without offering the Victim of propitiation to Almighty God.  It was in character with his life for he distributed in alms all he possessed, and his devotion was such that abundant tears flowed from his eyes during the holy Sacrifice.  At last, coming to Rome on the birthday of the apostles, as was his yearly custom, after having solemnly celebrated Mass and given the Lord's Body and the kiss of peace to all, he departed for heaven.

1066 Saint Theobald Camaldolese hermit and monk priest; sanctity attracted many disciples,  A little before his death he sent for an abbot of the Camaldolese hermits from whose hands he had already received the religious habit. To him he made his profession, recommended his mother and his disciples, and, having received viaticum, died in peace on the last day of June, 1066. He was canonized within less than seven years by Pope Alexander II.

1315 Bl. Raymond Lull Christ Visions  one of the military leaders who reconquered Majorca from the Moslems Further appeals to Popes Boniface VIII and Clement V for aid in his mission to the Mohammedans were fruitless, as was a visit to Cypress.  He wrote voluminously - more than 300 treatises (many in Arabic) on philosophy, music, navigation, law, astronomy, mathematics, and theology, chief among his writings being Arbre de philosophia de armor. He also wrote mystical poetry of the highest order and is considered the forerunner of Teresa of Avila and John of the Cross; his Blanquera is the first novel written in Catalan. His cult was confirmed in 1858 by Pope Pius IX.

1838 Saint Vincent Yen Dominican native Vietnamese martyr
Entered Dominicans in 1808; worked as missionary in the country. Seized in anti-Christian persecutions; he was beheaded after spending six years in hiding. Pope John Paul II canonized him in 1988.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 28
95  Departure of St. Cedron (Kardonos), the Fourth Patriarch of Alexandria This father was baptized by the hand of St. Mark the apostle, and the evangelist of the land of Egypt. He learned the doctrines and the books of the Church.
After the departure of Pope Melius, he was ordained a Pope for the See of St. Mark in the 7th day of Tute (September 5th, 95 A.D.).

202  Saint Irenaeus -- Pope St Eleutherius -- writings of Saint Irenaeus entitle him to a high place among the fathers of the Church, for they not only laid the foundations of Christian theology but, by exposing and refuting the errors of the gnostics, they delivered the Catholic Faith from the real danger of the doctrines of those heretics:  He was most influenced by Saint Polycarp who had known the apostles or their immediate disciples.  Their captivity, however, did not prevent them from continuing to take a deep interest in their fellow Christians in Asia Minor. Conscious of the sympathetic hearing to which they were entitled as confessors in imminent peril of death, they sent to Pope St Eleutherius, by the hands of Irenaeus, what is described by Eusebius as "a most religious and most orthodox" letter, in which they appealed to him-in the interest of the peace and unity of the Church to deal leniently with their Montanist brethren in Phrygia.  
Thirteen or fourteen years after his mission to Pope Eleutherius, Irenaeus again acted as mediator between a pope and a body of Christians in Asia Minor. Because the Quartodecimans refused to keep Easter in accordance with the Western use they had been excommunicated by Victor III, and there was in consequence a real danger of schism. Irenaeus intervened on their behalf. In a singularly beautiful letter addressed to the pope he pleaded with him to raise the ban, pointing out that they were only following their old tradition, and that a difference of opinion on that very point had not prevented Pope Anicetus and St Polycarp from remaining in communion.

6th century Saint Benignus -- 
Pope Pelagius II-- Bishop and martyr. He is mentioned in Pope Pelagius II's decretal concerning his resignation from his see. Benignus retired to Utrecht, in the Netherlands. He is listed in the Roman Martyrology, and his relics were found in Utrecht, in 996.

683 SAINT LEO II Pope he accomplished good works which have caused his name to be blessed by all succeeding generations
He built three churches in Rome, to honor Saint Paul the Apostle, Saint Sebastian, and Saint George. Saint Leo was highly gifted in the domain of music, and he renovated the Gregorian literature or library, then in a state of confusion; he also composed new hymns, still conserved by the Church. He took special care of widows and orphans and the poor in general, relieving their sufferings with a truly apostolic charity.  Saint Leo confirmed the Acts of the Sixth Ecumenical Council which his predecessor had convoked at Constantinople against the Monothelite heresy, and translated its acts into Latin for the benefit of the Occidentals.

767 Saint Paul I, Pope {Pope from 757-767}. The brother of Pope Stephen II and a Roman, he was educated in the Lateran Palace, became a deacon under Pope Zachary, and wielded considerable influence in his brother’s administration. Elected to succeed Stephen, he took as his primary concern the threat posed to Rome and the Papal States by the Lombards. THE immediate successor of Pope Stephen III in the chair of St Peter was his younger brother Paul. They had been educated together at the Lateran school, they had been made deacons together by Pope St Zachary, and Paul remained closely associated with his brother, whom he tenderly nursed in his last illness and whose policy he continued to pursue.

1654 Saint John -- Pope Paul VI -- Southworth became a priest in 1619 in Douai One of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales relics are in Westminster Cathedral in London, discovered there in 1927. Pope Paul VI canonized him in 1970.

1847 Saint Vincenza Gerosa Pope Pius XII  -- Co-foundress of the Sisters of Charity native of Lovere, Italy gave her life to aiding the poor , Pope Pius XII added to the list of holy virgins. canonized in 1975 by Pope Paul VI

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 27
444 St. Cyril of Alexandria Pope St Celestine I  -- Bishop Doctor of the Church (June 27) "Seal of the Fathers" in the East; feast day formerly on January 28 and February 9. Both parties appealed to Pope St Celestine I who, after examining the doctrine in a council at Rome, condemned it and pronounced a sentence of excommunication and deposition against Nestorius unless, within ten days of receiving notice of the sentence, he publicly retracted his errors. Pope Celestine described him as "the generous defender of the Catholic faith" and "an apostolic man".
He was declared a doctor of the Universal Church in 1882, and at the fifteenth centenary of his death in 1944 Pope Pius XII issued an encyclical letter, "Orientalis ecclesiae", on "this light of Christian wisdom and valiant hero of the apostolate ".

1066 St. Arialdus Pope Alexander II -- Martyr of Milan remains recovered ten months later uncorrupt and sweet smelling
Also called Arialdo. A noble of the Milan region and born in Cutiacum, Italy, Arialdus studied at Laon and Paris, France, before becoming a canon. He preached against the abuses in the city and was excommunicated by Bishop Guido, but was reinstated by Pope Stephen IX. Bishop Guido, who was finally suspended, was guilty of simony and immorality. His allies slew Arialdus and threw his body into Lake Maggiore. The remains were recovered ten months later, uncorrupt and sweet smelling, and carried to Milan Cathedral. There the remains were on public display before being interred in the cathedral. In 1067, Pope Alexander II declared Arialdus a martyr.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 26
362 St. John & Paul Pope Clement XIV -- Martyred brothers of Rome commemorated in the first Eucharistic Prayer. The present basilica of SS Giovanni e Paolo, with its twelfth-century Lombard Romanesque belfry and colonnaded apse, was bestowed by Pope Clement XIV upon St Paul - of-the-Cross, and is still served by the Passionists. Excavations made in 1887 revealed, beneath the church, rooms of the ancient dwelling-house, with remains of frescoes, some of which belong to the third century.
 684 Pope St. Benedict II distinguished knowledge of Scriptures his singing, a priest remarkable for humility, love of poor, generous
1095 Ladislaus I of Hungary, Pope Celestine III. -- King He fought just and successful wars against Poles, Russians, and the Tartars (RM) renowned for his miracles even to this day.   Born in Neustra, Hungary, July 29, 1040; died at Nitra, Bohemia, July 29, 1095; canonized in 1192 by Pope Celestine III.  Laszlo supported Pope Gregory VII in his investiture struggle against Emperor Henry IV, and Rupert of Swabia, Henry's rival.

1232 Blessed Benvenuto of Gubbio -- Pope Gregory IX. -- uncouth soldier; endowed with supernatural gifts of a high order: these spread his fame far and wide;  many miracles; received into Franciscan order by Saint Francis himself OFM (AC)
Cultus authorized by Pope Gregory IX.

canonized in 1988 by Pope John Paul II. 1840 Bl. Thomas Toan Vietnamese native Martyr in Vietnam.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 25
Pope Kyrillos the Sixth, -- Inauguration of the New St. Mark Cathedral in the Monastery of Anba Rowais. {Coptic}
On this day, of the year 1684 A.M., that coincided with Tuesday the 25th of June, 1968 A.D., and in the tenth year of the papacy of Pope Kyrillos the Sixth, 116th Pope of Alexandria, the holy church celebrates the inauguration of the new St. Mark Cathedral in Dair El-Anba Rowais, which was known also as Dair El-Khandaq.
65 Departure of St. Damianos, 35th Pope of Alexandria. {Coptic}
On this day also, of the year 321 A.M. (June 25th, 65 A.D.) St. Damianos, 35th Pope of Alexandria, departed.
  When Pope Peter (34) was enthroned on the See of St. Mark, he brought and appointed Damianos a private secretary. Damianos pursued a good course of life and everyone loved him. When Pope Peter departed, the bishop unanimously agreed to ordain him a patriarch. He was enthroned a patriarch on the second of Abib 285 A.M. (June 26th, 569 A.D.). He cared for his flock well and he wrote many epistles and discourses.
463 Saint Prosper of Aquitaine study of theological questions wrote poetry and treatises, notably his Chronicle, a universal history from creation to the Vandal capture of Rome in 455 (RM). Prosper and Hilary went to Rome, and returned with a letter from Pope St Celestine I to the bishops of Gaul, praising the zeal of the bearers and calling for peace. Prosper eventually went again to Rome, where he is said to have been secretary to Pope St Leo the Great. He died there some time after 463.
1838 Saint Dominic Henares Pope Leo XIII -- Bishop martyr of Viet­na; Spanish Dominican beheaded with Saint Francis Chien; canonized in 1988.beatified in 1900 by Pope Leo XIII; they may be included in the list of those canonized as Martyrs of Vietnam.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 24
776 St. Theodulphus Pope -- Stephen IV -- Abbot of the Benedictine monastery of Lobbes, near Liege, BelgiumTheodulf received the pallium, the symbol of episcopal authority, from Pope Stephen IV in 816.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 23
1194 Blessed Lanfranc Beccaria, Pope Clement III-- OSB Vall. B (AC) actively engaged in resisting the attempts of the civil authorities to lay hands on the property of the Church: made his way to Rome, where he laid his case before Pope Clement III, who threatened the rulers of Pavia with his censure.
1496 Blessed Peter James of Pesaro, Pope Pius IX-- OSA (AC) cultus approved by Pope Pius IX. Peter James was an Augustinian friar in Saint Nicholas's at Pesaro (Benedictines).
1608 Saint Thomas Garnet Pope Paul VI -- English Jesuit martyr nephew of the Jesuit Henry Garnet studied for the priesthood at Saint Omer, France, and Valladolid, Spain. Initially ordained as a secular priest, hejoined the Jesuits in 1604 and worked to advance the Catholic cause in Warwick until his arrest in 1606. He was exiled after months of torture but returned in 1607 and was soon arrested refused to take the Oath of Supremacy canonized in 1970 by Pope Paul VI as one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales.
1860   At Turin, St. Joseph Cafasso, Pope Pius XII-- priest, renowned for his piety and learning, and for his work with prisoners, reconciling to God those who were preparing for execution.  He was added to the number of the Saints by Pope Pius XII.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 22
96 St. Flavius Clemens Pope St. Clement-- Roman martyr brother of Emperor Vespasian  uncle of Emperors Titus and Domitia.  His body was found in the Basilica of Pope St. Clement, and buried there with great pomp.
 431 St. Paulinus Bishop of Nola Pope Pius X-- writer poet he gave away their property vast fortune to poor and the Church he & wife pursued a life of deep austerity and mortifications.  His body was translated to Benevento, and later to Rome, but was taken back to Nola by the order of Pope Pius X, 1909.
1277 Pope Innocent V Peter of Tarentaise simple, humble friar Blessed Pope Innocent V; masterly tutelage of Saint Albert the Great; visited on foot all Dominican houses under his care; sent to Paris to replace Thomas Aquinas at the University of Paris; succeeded solving questions of Greek schism establishing short-lived truce: OP Pope (RM). At Rome, blessed Pope Innocent V, who laboured with mildness and prudence to maintain liberty for the Church and harmony among the Christians.  The veneration paid to him was approved and confirmed by Pope Leo XIII.
1968 Relics of the Great St. Mark the Apostle by the hand of Pope Paul the Sixth, Pope of Rome for the opening of the new St. Mark Cathedral  {Coptic}

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 21
1591 St. Aloysius (Luigi, Louis) Gonzaga Pius XI -- Benedict XIII declared him patron of young students and Pius XI proclaimed him patron of Christian youth. SJ (RM).
1600 St. John Rigby  Martyr of England, a lay­man executed at Southwak one of the Forty Martyrs of England adn Wales and was canonized in 1970 by Pope Paul VI.
1942  Departure of Pope Yoannis the Nineteenth, 113th Patriarch of Alexandria. PCoptic}
Aphrodysios The Holy Martyr was beheaded with sword at Cilicia (Asia Minor) for faith in Christ the Saviour.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 20
537 Silverius Pope son of Pope Saint Hormisdas died a martyr's death after less than two years in office M (RM)  On the island of Pontia, the birthday of St. Silverius, pope and martyr.  For refusing to reinstate the heretical bishop Anthimus who had been deposed by his predecessor Agapitus, he was banished to the isle of Pontia by Belisarius, prompted by the wicked empress Theodora.  He died there, consumed by many tribulations for the Catholic faith.
 710 St. Bagne Pope St Sergius I -- Benedictine monk Bishop missionary disciple of St. Wandrille From a visit to Pope St Sergius I in Rome he returned with many gifts, including the reputed relics of St Silas, the companion of St Paul, which he placed in his cathedral church. He buried the bodies of SS. Luglius and Luglian, two Irish pilgrims who were murdered by robbers as they were on their way back from the Holy Land.
Alexander VI. -- 1505 BD OSANNA OF MANTUA, VIRGIN Professor R. W. Chambers described as "that beloved and saintly scholar ... Edmund Gardner", to quote somewhat at length from a privately printed essay of his entitled: "A Mystic of the Renaissance: Osanna Andreasi of Mantua". Speaking of the vision vouchsafed to her in her childhood, Professor Gardner tells how, in her own words, "she feared greatly because of the vision she had had, knowing herself not to be a true and perfect lover of God as she needs must be", and how her aspirations after this perfect state took articulate form in her simple prayer for divine guidance along the way of love. "Again and again", says Professor Gardner, " we find her foretelling the scourge overhanging Italy for the sins of her people, unless they repent; and more particularly in the opening years of the sixteenth century following with agonized apprehension the career of the pope, realizing ever more and more the awful corruption of the Church. Girolamo tells us that 'she feared greatly for the Church', and it is clear that prudential motives prevented him from recording more than the safer portions of her utterances on the subject." On the other hand, Osanna, while evidently believing in the imminent damnation of vast numbers of unrepentant souls, invariably sees individuals as saved-and, very frequently, their immediate passing into Paradise.
There is only one exception, and that is the sovereign pontiff, Alexander VI. In one of her revelations she tells Girolamo that she has prayed three times for the salvation of the pope. The first two times God seemed disposed to show mercy to him, the third time she received no reply. "And, my soul persevering in the demand, there appeared our Lady, the holy Mother of God, and standing before her Son she began to pray, and to help my soul that she might be consoled by the salvation of the pope, and by the renovation of Holy Church. And thereafter came all the Apostles, standing round the divine presence, and all prayed that mercy might be shown him. Alas, wretched sinner that I am! God ever kept motionless, with aspect and countenance of wrath; and He gave no reply to anyone who prayed; not to the Madonna, nor to the Apostles, nor to my sou!"
Finally Professor Gardner insists that Osanna was not one of those mystics who so turn their backs on the world that they are entirely absorbed in their own spiritual development and progress in perfection.
She was never happy, Girolamo tells us, on any day when she had done no temporal act of mercy, by visiting the sick, giving alms to the poor, nursing and consoling the afflicted. We find her ever protecting the weak and oppressed from the rigour of the law, using her influence to remedy injustice. High and low alike thronged to her house for advice and comfort, and we have many amusing passages in Girolamo's book in which their spiritual colloquies are interrupted by the sudden arrival of Browning's "certain people of importance". Her spirit of detachment does not prevent her from caring for the interests of her brothers, in the court and in the camp, and a charming little letter has been preserved in which on the occasion of a nephew of hers singing his first Mass, she tells the Marquis of Mantua that she is entertaining the friars afterwards, and invites him to form one of the party.
1626 Bl. Michael Tozo Pope Pius IX. -- -- Martyr of Japan. He was a native of Japan who became a catechist and aide to Blessed Balthasar Torres.  Loyal to the faith, Michael was bumed alive at Nagasaki. He was beatified in 1867 by Pope Pius IX.
Pope Pius XI -- 1678-1680 THE ENGLlSH MARTYRS OF THE OATES PLOT-- All the above martyrs were beatified by Pope Pius XI in 1929. Others who suffered in the Oates plot, and were beatified at the same time with so many others, will be found under the dates July 11, 22, and August 22, 27. Those noticed above are collected under this date of June 20 as that of the largest group, BB. Thomas Whitebread and his fellows.

DURING the seventeen years which followed the Stuart Restoration in 1660, the Catholics of England suffered little molestation: they had, in the past, given abundant evidence of their loyalty, and King Charles II was known to be well affected towards them. But in 1678 the pretended revelations of what came to be known as the Popish Plot roused the fears and fury of the nation to fever pitch and caused a renewal of persecution in its bitterest form.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 19
135 Departure of St. Justus, the Sixth Pope of the See of St. Mark.
On this day also, of the year 135 A.D., St. Justus, the Sixth Pope of the See of St. Mark, departed. This saint was an honorable and learned man before his ordination. He was baptized by St. Mark the Apostle, along with his father, his mother and others. St. Anianus, the second pope, ordained him a deacon, then a priest, and appointed him to preach, and teach the people. He was chosen for the papacy to succeed Pope Primus. He shepherded his people with the best of care for ten years. He departed at a pleasing good old age.  May his prayers be with us. Amen.
1092 Departure of St. Kyrillos the Second, the 67th Pope of Alexandria.
On this day also, the twelfth of Baounah, 808 A.M. (June 6th, 1092 A.D.), the great Pope, St. Kyrillos the Second, the 67th Pope of Alexandria, departed. He became a monk in Sawma'et (Cell) of Singar. Because of his knowledge and righteousness, they chose him a Patriarch, a successor to St. Christodolus, the 66th Pope. His enthronement was on 22nd of Baramhat, 794 A.M. (March 18th, 1078 A.D.).
Departure of St. Euphemia. Pope Alexandros
This day also, marks the martyrdom of St. Euphemia. She was the wife of a man who feared God, and gave much alms. He kept three festivals each month: the commemoration of the angel Michael, on the twelfth day(1); (1) The pagans in Alexandria worshipped the idol Zuhal, who had a statue and a temple, that was built by Cleopatra on the twelfth day of the month of Baounah.  During the reign of Emperor Constantine, Pope Alexandros preached to the people, explaining to them the error of worshipping the idols that do not move or reason, which are made by human hands, and the error of offering sacrifices to them. He changed the temple of this idol to a church in the name of Michael the Archangel, and destroyed that statue. He asked them to distribute these sacrifices to the poor that Christ had called His brothers, to receivethe intercession of the angel Michael. This church was called, at that time, the church of El-Kaisariah.
1009 Saint Bruno (Boniface) of Querfurt.   With the authorization of Pope Silvester II -- duly granted, he set out for Germany in the depth of a winter so severe that his boots sometimes froze tight to the stirrups.  1009 Saint Bruno (Boniface) of Querfurt received the habit of a Camaldolese monk from the founder Saint Romuald missionary to Germany  "the Second Apostle of the Prussians"OSB Cam. BM (RM).  Pope Clement VIII added his name to the general calendar in 1595.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 18
486 Sts. Gregory, probably 440 Pope Saint Sixtus III -- Deacon Demetrius, and Abbot Calogerus Greek hermit missionary called "the Anchoret."  received the monastic habit from the pope {probably 440 Pope Saint Sixtus III was pope from July 31, 432 to August 18,} in Rome
1505 Blessed Hosanna of Mantua Popes Leo X and Innocent XII.-- spent her fortune in the service of the poor stigmata OP Tert.  miraculously learned to read/write V (AC) (also known as Osanna) Born in Mantua, Lombardy, Italy, 1449; cultus confirmed by Popes Leo X and Innocent XII.
1697 Saint  Gregory Barbarigo Pope Alexander VII. -- first Bishop of Bergamo worked unceasingly in carrying out the reforms set forth by the Council of Trent; consecrated as the first Bishop of Bergamo by Pope Alexander VII.
1925 Venerable Matt Talbot; 1973 Pope Paul VI gave him the title venerable.-- patron people struggling with alcoholism Secular Franciscan Order began life of strict penance contributed generously to the missions.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 17
1250 St. Teresa of Portugal Her cult, with that of her sister Sanchia, was approved by Pope Clement XI in 1705. -- the eldest daughter of King Sancho I of Portugal and sister of SS. Mafalda and Sanchia; married her cousin, King Alfonso IX of Leon & had several children; the marriage was declared invalid because of consanguinity, she returned to Portugal and founded a Benedictine monastery on her estate at Lorvao. She replaced the monks with nuns following the Cistercian Rule, accounts of miracles are attributed to Teresa's intercession. She expanded a monastery to accommodate three hundred nuns, and lived there. In about 1231, at the request of Alfonso's second wife and widow, Berengaria, she settled a dispute among their children over the succession of the throne of Leon, and on her return to Lorvao, she probably became a nun.
1435 BD PETER OF PISA --Pope Clement IX -- His congregation, approved by Pope Martin V in 1421, soon established itself elsewhere in Italy. -- Many miracles were ascribed to him; THE founder of the Hermits, or Poor Brothers, of St Jerome was born in 1355 at Pisa, while his father, Peter Gambacorta, whose name he bore, was ruling that republic. At the age of twenty-five he secretly left the court in the disguise of a penitent, and retired to the Umbrian solitude of Monte Bello. Pope Clement IX united the community of St Jerome of Fiesole, which had been founded by Charles Montegranelli, to Bd Peter's order. But by 1933 its members had become so few that it was suppressed by the Holy See.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 16
540 St. Berthaldus Nicholas VI in 1451 and Paul II -- A hermit ordained by St. Remigius. Berthaldus, also called Bertaud, lived in the Ardennes region of France indulgences granted for pilgrimages to his shrine. Several popes, including Nicholas VI in 1451 and Paul II in 1466, have granted indulgences for pilgrimages to his shrine (Benedictines, Montague).
551 St. Aurelian Bishop and papal vicar of Gaul named bishop of Aries in 546; He founded a monastery and convent there enriched them with the relics of many saints, including a piece of the True Cross, and Saints Stephen, Peter and Paul, John, James, Andrew, Gennesius, Symphorianus, Victor, Hilary, Martin, Caesarius, and others; Pope Vigilius named him a papal vicar of Gaul.
551 St. Aurelian Pope Vigilius  -- Bishop and papal vicar of Gaul named bishop of Aries in 546; He founded a monastery and convent there enriched them with the relics of many saints, including a piece of the True Cross, and Saints Stephen, Peter and Paul, John, James, Andrew, Gennesius, Symphorianus, Victor, Hilary, Martin, Caesarius, and others; Pope Vigilius named him a papal vicar of Gaul.
1106 St. Benno Pope Gregory, Pope Urban II -- bishop educated in the abey of St. Michael, he bacame a canon at Gozlar in Hanover, chaplain to Emperor Henry III and in 1066 bishop of Meissen.   After St Benno's release he identified himself with the supporters of Pope Gregory, and in 1085 at the synod of Mainz he was deposed from his bishopric by the assembled German prelates, the greater part of whom were entirely subservient to the emperor.
He regained his see, however, three years later, through the good offices of the antipope Guibert, to whom he made submission. In 1097, when the star of the emperor had waned and that of Pope Urban II was in the ascendant, Benno again changed his allegiance and declared himself an adherent of the true pope.
He exerted himself particularly to combat the shameless simony which, together with the question of investitures, constituted the main grounds for the struggle between Henry IV and Pope Gregory VII.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 15
1053 Bardo of Mainz Pope Leo IX-- Bardo played an important part in two synods of Mainz which met under the presidency of Pope Leo IX to put down simony and to enforce clerical celibacy. helmet, a lamb, and a Psalter were gifts presented to Bardo as a child, and these symbolized courage, gentleness, and piety, each of which marked his later career education came at Fulda, where he also received the Benedictine habit and became the dean. Upon his ordination as a priest in 1029;  succeed the archbishop of Mainz;  to the end Bardo preserved the simple habits of a monk;  is noted for his love of the poor, the destitute, and animals; lover of birds, many rare specimens of which he collected and tamed, and taught to feed from his own plate; advocated, especially to young people, the virtues of self-discipline and temperance OSB B (AC)
1250 Pope Pius X in 1907 formally authorized her cultus under the title of Saint Aleydis. Her feast is kept in the Cistercian Order and in the diocese of Malines, on June 15. St. Aleydis or Adelaide, Virgin born at Shaerbeck, near Brussels entered a Cistercian convent at seven named Camera Sanctae Mariae, and she remained there for the rest of her life;  offered up her sufferings for the souls in purgatory and had visions of their being set free through her intercession.
1886 Bd Aloysius Palazolo founder of the brothers of the Holy Family and Sisters of the Poor; His charitable work was particularly concerned witht he reclaiming of prostitutes.
Born at Bergamo in 1827;  ordained priest, 1850. His charitable work was particularly concerned witht he reclaiming of prostitutes.  He died on 15 June, 1886 and was beatified in 1963.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 14
847 Methodius as representative of Patriarch Nicephorus, was exiled by Emperor Leo V the Armenian for refusing to yield to the imperial decrees on the destruction of icons. After the deposition and exile of St Nicephorus, however, he went to Rome, apparently charged to inform Pope St Paschal I of the condition of affairs; and he remained there until the death of Leo V.
1916 St. Albert Chmielowski  Pope John Paul II --  St. Albert Chmielowski  founded the Brothers of the Third Order of Saint Francis, Servants to the Poor
. Pope John Paul II beatified him in 1983 and canonized him six years later.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 13
At Padua, St. Anthony, a native of Portugal, priest of the Order of Friars Minor and confessor, illustrious for the sanctity of his life, his miracles, and his preaching.  Pope Gregory IX placed him on the canon of the saints within a year after his death.  He died in Padua in 1231 and was canonised by Pope Gregory IX in 1232.
1942 Pope Yoannis the Nineteenth 113th Patriarch of Alexandria Departure of; monk; priest; an example of, ambition, honesty, purity of conduct, firmness, godliness, and good management loved, since his young age, to read the biographies of saints. He longed to follow their example
On this day, of the year 1658 A.M. (1942 A.D.) Pope Yoannis the Nineteenth, 113th Patriarch of Alexandria, departed. He was born in the village of Dair Tasa, Asyiut governorate in the year 1571 A.M. (1855 A.D.).

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 12

Pope Saint Gelasius and Saint Gregory the Great -- 3rd V.-end  Sts Basilides, Cyrinus, Nabor, and Nazarius all soldiers martyrs At Rome, on the Aurelian Way The quartet is mentioned in the sacramentaries of Pope Saint Gelasius and Saint Gregory the Great as interred on the Aurelian road. Their unreliable acta states that they were four soldiers in the army of Maxentius. Sts Basilides, Cyrinus, Nabor, and Nazarius all soldiers martyrs At Rome, on the Aurelian Way, during the persecution of Diocletian and Maximian, and under the prefect Aurelius, the birthday of the holy martyrs Basilides, Cyrinus, Nabor, and Nazarius, all soldiers who were cast into prison for the confession of the Christian name, scourged with knotted whips, and finally beheaded.
683  Pope St. Leo II At Rome, in the Vatican basilica, to whom God miraculously restored his eyes and his tongue after they had been torn out by impious men.
ON the very day after the death of Pope Adrian I the electors proceeded to appoint his successor.
816 Pope Leo III, On Christmas Day Leo crowned Charlemagne as Holy Roman Emperor in Saint Peter's Basilica. beginning of the Holy Roman Empire, affected European history for many centuries

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 11
1320 Departure of Pope Yoannis the Eighth; last to reside in the church of Abu-Saifain in Cairo (80th Patriarch).  
On this day also, of the year 1036 A.M. (May 29th, 1320 A.D.) Pope Yoannis the Eighth (80th Patriarch), departed. He was from Meniat Bani-Khosaim, and was known as El Mo'ataman Ebn El-Kedees, and his name was Yohanna Ben-Ebsal. He became a monk in the monastery of El-Shahran, and was ordained Patriarch on the 19th day of Amshir, 1016 A.M. (February 14th, 1300 A.D.).
St. Gregory Nazianzen the translation of At Rome, whose revered body was brought from Constantinople to Rome, and kept for a long time in the Church of the Mother of God.  It was then transferred with great solemnity by Pope Gregory XIII to a chapel of the basilica of St. Peter, magnificently decorated by His Holiness, and the next day placed with due honour beneath the altar.
Pope Pius IX. confirmed his ancient cultus in 1856. 1450 Bd Stephen Bandelli; doctor of canon law, University of Pavia professor, honoured as saint and wonder-worker;
1971 Blessed Manuel Lozano Garrido, Venerated 17 December 2007 by Pope Benedict XVI (decree of heroic virtues) 1971 Blessed Manuel Lozano Garrido, Spanish layman, beatified Saturday 12, 2010 June in Linares, Spain.
Beatified 12 June 2010 by Pope Benedict XVI

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 10
During the Papacy of Pope Gabriel (88th Patriarch) the relics of the saint were relocated to his well-known church in Old Cairo. That was on the 16th day of Abib, 1240 A.M. (July 10, 1024 A.D.).
729  Departure of Pope Cosmas, the 44th Patriarch from the village of Abi-Sair monk in the monastery of St. Macarius. {Coptic}
1053 Pope St. Leo IX -- advised Bardo to lighten his duties and relax some of his personal austerities and mortifications.  1053 St. Bardo Benedictine archbishop official of the Holy Roman Empire.
Canonized 1251 by Pope Innocent IV -- 1093 MARGARET of Scotland Memorial 16 November; formerly 10 June; 16 June in Scotland  founded abbeys and used her position to work for justice and improved conditions for the poor
1315 Bd Henry of Treviso The cultus of Bd Henry was confirmed by Pope Benedict XIV. 1315 Bd Henry of Treviso; 276 miracles, wrought by his relics, recorded within days of death by notaries appointed by the magistrates: they occupy thirty-two closely printed columns of the Acta Sanctorum.
1386 Pope Innocent VI -- Bd Bonaventure of Peraga, Cardinal of The Holy Roman Church. when Pope Innocent VI established a theological faculty at the University of Bologna, Bonaventure was one of the earliest occupants of a chair.  On several occasions he acted as ambassador for Pope Urban VI during the Schism.
Pope Gregory XII -- 1419 Bd John Dominici, Archbishop of Ragusa and Cardinal; instrumental in helping to end the great schism,In 1406 he attended the conclave which elected Pope Gregory XII, and he afterwards became confessor and adviser to that pope, who created him archbishop of Ragusa and cardinal of San Sisto. By encouraging Pope Gregory to resign—as the only possible means of inducing the antipopes likewise to forego their claims—Bd John was instrumental in helping to end the great schism, and it was he who conveyed Gregory’s resignation to the Council of Constance.  The next pope, Martin V, appointed him legate to Bohemia and Hungary, charged especially with the duty of counteracting the influence of the Hussites.
1914 Pope Kyrillos the Fifth-- Departure of St. Abraam, bishop of El-Fayyoum ordained a monk and  priest; meek, humble, had a pure life, and he prayed much in seclusion; Many patients, of different religions, came to him, seeking the blessing of his prayers and were healed miracles were manifested through him after his departure, and his tomb became and still is a pilgrimage for many who have special needs or infirmities.. The abbot of the monastery of El-Baramous at that time was archpriest Youhanna the Scribe, who became later on Pope Kyrillos the fifth (112th Patriarch). In the year 1597 A.M. (1881 A.D.), Pope Kyrillos the Fifth chose and ordained him a bishop for the parish of El-Fayyoum and El-Giza. He replaced its reposed bishop, Anba Eisak, and was ordained with the name of Abba Abraam.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 09
Pope Theodore -- 297 Primus and Felician Roman patricians who had converted to Christianity relieving poor visiting prisoners refusing to sacrifice to the public gods MM first martyrs bodies later reburied within walls of Rome (RM) Pope Theodore  caused their relics to be brought to San Stefano Rotondo, and this translation is said to have been the first instance of the removal of the bodies of martyrs from a church dedicated to them outside the walls of Rome to a basilica within the city.

373;  -- Pope Benedict XV; Ephrem of Edessa, Deacon, Doctor (RM) (also known as Ephraem, Ephraim) Born c. 306 in Nisibis (Syria), Mesopotamia; died at Edessa (Iraq) on June 9, 373; declared Doctor of the Church in 1920 by Pope Benedict XV; feast day formerly June 18 and February 1.  Ephrem passed his entire life in his native Mesopotamia (Syria). He was long thought to be the son of a pagan priest, but it is now believed his parents were Christians. He was baptized at eighteen, served under Saint James of Nisibis, became head of his school, and probably accompanied him to the Council of Nicaea in 325.

444 Pope Celestine  -- Saint Cyril, Archbishop of Alexandria, a distinguished champion of Orthodoxy and a great teacher of the Church Then the saint sent out epistles against Nestorianism to the clergy of Constantinople and to the holy emperor Theodosius the Younger (408-450), denuncing the heresy. Cyril wrote also to other Churches, to Pope Celestine and to the other Patriarchs, and even to monks of several monasteries, warning of the emergence of a dangerous heresy.

594 St. Gregory I the Great -- St. Maximian of Syracuse Benedictine bihop, monk trained by St. Gregory I the Great at St. Andrew’s Abbey in Rome Aposcrisarius apostolic delegate in Sicily

1196 Pope St Gelasius I  -- St. Richard of Andria Bishop of Andria, Italy and patron of that see known for miracles and his extraordinary sanctity he was one of the three prelates commissioned by Pope St Gelasius I to dedicate the sanctuary on Monte Gargano after the famous vision of St Michael. He may possibly have owed his elevation to the episcopate to Pope Adrian IV, himself an Englishman. The remains of St Richard, which had been long lost, were discovered in 1434 with documents testifying to his ancient cultus, and Eugenius IV consented to its revival and continuance. St Richard, or Riccardo, is the principal patron of Andria.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 08
543 Pope Virgilius -- At Camerino, St. Victorinus, confessor, the twin brother of St. Severin, bishop of Septempeda.
Victorinus, brother of Saint Severinus, was made bishop of Camerino in 540 against his will by Pope Virgilius. Pope Vigilius forced both to become bishops in 540-- Severinus in Septempeda and Victorinus in Camerino. Severinus died shortly before Septempeda was destroyed by Totila the Ostrogoth (Benedictines)
1154 Pope Honorius III. --St. William of York, Bishop austere life of a monk, practicing much prayer and mortification; Following his death, many miracles were attributed to him.  He was placed in the calendar of the saints by Pope Honorius III.a new Pope, the Cistercian Eugene III, suspended William, and in 1147, he was deposed as archbishop of York.
William then retired to Winchester where he led the austere life of a monk, practicing much prayer and mortification. Upon the death of his accusers and Eugene III, Pope Anastastius IV restored William his See and made him archbishop.

Pope Sixtus IV -- 1482 Bl. Pacificus of Cerano Franciscan friar renowned preacher missionary especially respected for his knowledge of moral theology Summa Pacifica was popular   In 1480 came another summons to go to Sardinia, this time as visitor and commissary general for the convents of the strict observance, and also as apostolic nuncio charged by Pope Sixtus IV to proclaim a crusade against Mohammed II.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 06
Pope St Leo the Great  -- 441 St. Ceratius Bishop of Grenoble present at the Council of Orange in 441 We know that he was present at the Council of Orange in 441, also that he with two other Gaulish bishops wrote to Pope St Leo the Great in 450, and finally there is mention of him in a letter written to the same pope by Eusebius of Milan.
518 St. Eustorgius II Reportedly a Greek who lived in Rome spent vast amounts of money ransoming members of his flock. lived in Rome during the reigns of Popes Gelasius, Symmachus and Hormisdas.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 05

St Clement, Pope -- Lucian The Hieromartyr lived in Romes pagan name Lucius was converted to Christ by the Apostle Peter, and was baptized At the request of St Clement, Pope of Rome (November 25), he agreed to preach the Gospel in the West, and gathered companions and helpers for this task.

Pope Gregory II -- 754 St. Boniface {Winfrith } of Mainz missionary bishop; Pope Gregory II talked to Winfrith all winter long before finally sending him on a test mission to Thuringia in Germany known as the Apostle of Germany He not only brought the Christian faith but Roman Christian civilization to this portion of Europe.
In 731 Pope Gregory II died, and his successor, Gregory III, to whom St Boniface had written, sent him the pallium and constituted him metropolitan of Germany beyond the Rhine, with authority to found bishoprics wherever he thought fit. Several years later the saint went to Rome for the third time, in order to confer about the churches he had founded. He was then appointed legate of the Apostolic See; and at Monte Cassino he obtained another missionary for Germany in the person of St Walburga's brother, St Willibald.
Pope St Zachary created him primate of Germany as well as apostolic legate for Germany and Gaul.
ALTHOUGH his cultus appears never to have been formally confirmed, Bd Meinwerk was undoubtedly one of the greatest and most high-minded churchmen of his age. Of noble Saxon birth, he was educated for the priesthood, first at Halberstadt and afterwards in the cathedral school of Hildesheim, where he formed what was to prove a life-long friendship with his kinsman, the future sainted Emperor Henry II. These expeditions enabled the bishop to satisfy a passion for relic collecting, in which he found Pope Benedict VIII specially generous.
IT is as the hero of one of the finest plays of the great Spanish dramatist Calderon that Prince Ferdinand the Constant is best known to the world to-day.
Pope Eugenius IV sent a legate to offer the prince the cardinal's hat, but again Ferdinand's scruples stood in the way, and he declined the honour, on the plea that he could not take that burden upon his conscience.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 04

Pope Innocent II -- 1150 St. Walter Benedictine abbot English served as a monk and then abbot of Fontenelle, France, the famed Benedictine spiritual center. Pope Innocent II (r. 1130-1143) noted his zeal and holiness.
Pope Clement VIII -- 1608 St. Francis Caracciolo priest Founder of Minor Clerks Regular with St. John Augustine Adorno

When Pope Paul VI canonized these 22 martyrs on October 18, 1964, 1886 Charles Lwanga and Companions; One of 22 Ugandan martyrs, Charles Lwanga is the patron of youth and Catholic action in most of tropical Africa. he referred to the Anglican pages martyred for the same reason.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 03

Pope Benedict XIV.-- The cultus was approved by 1264 Blessed Andrew Caccioli 1/original 72 followers of Saint Francis, OFM (AC)
The apostolic letter of Pope Benedict XV, which includes a detailed statement of the names and of the more outrageous barbarities of which the martyrs were victims, may be read in the Acta Apostolicae Sedis, vol. xii (1920), pp. 272-281. 1885 St. Charles Lwanga Pope Paul VI in 1964; -- and Companions Martyrs of Uganda When the White Fathers were expelled from the country, the new Christians carried on their work, translating and printing the catechism into their natively language and giving secret instruction on the faith. Without priests, liturgy, and sacraments their faith, intelligence, courage, and wisdom kept the Catholic Church alive and growing in Uganda. When the White Fathers returned after King Mwanga's death, they found five hundred Christians and one thousand catchumens waiting for them. The twenty-two Catholic martyrs of the Uganda persecution were canonized.
1963 Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli ordination 1904 Secular Franciscan; canon law studies; worked as his bishop’s secretary; Church history teacher in the seminary; publisher of the diocesan paper; stretcher-bearer for the Italian army during World War I; 1921 national director of the Society for the Propagation of the Faith; taught patristics at Eternal City seminary; 1925 papal diplomat, first in Bulgaria, then Turkey finally in France (1944-53).  During World War II, became well acquainted with Orthodox Church leaders with the help of Germany’s ambassador to Turkey, Archbishop Roncalli helped save 24,000 Jewish people.
Pope John Paul II beatified him on September 3, 2000, and assigned as his feast day October 11, the day that Vatican II’s first session opened.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 02
304 Pope St. Damasus composed an epitaph in verse for their tomb. -- Sts. Marcellinus and Peter Martyrs respect in which they were held are the basilica Constantine built over their tombs and the presence of their names in the first eucharistic prayer.  The bodies of the saints were sent in 827 by Pope Gregory IV to Eginhard, Charlemagne’s former secretary, to enrich the monasteries he had built or restored, and were eventually deposited at Seligenstadt, fourteen miles from Frankfort-on-the-Main. Accounts are preserved to us recording every detail of the miracles which attended this very famous translation. That there was an active cultus of these two martyrs in Rome is proved by such inscriptions as, “Sancte Petr(e) Marcelline, suscipite vestnim alumnum”.
657 St. Eugene I a Roman priest who held various positions in the Church known for his charity and his sanctity
Romæ sancti Eugénii Primi, Papæ et Confessóris.    At Rome, Pope St. Eugene I, Confessor.
He was consecrated Pope on August 10, 654, while his predecessor, Pope St. Martin I, was still alive (he died on September 6), an exile and prisoner in the Crimea by order of Monothelite Emperor Constans II.
1094 --   At Trani in Apulia, St. Nicholas Peregrinus, confessor, whose miracles were recounted in the Roman Council under Pope Urban II.
1795  Departure of the most honored Layman Ibrahim El-Gohari;  transscribed the religion books, and distribute them to the church at his own expense.  He brought the books to Pope John (Youhanna) the Eighteenth, and 107th patriarch of Alexandria Who was enthroned from 1486-1512 A.M. (1769-1796 A.D.)  The many books presented to the church by Ibrahim El-Gohari got the attention of the pope, together with the high cost of transcribing the books and binding them. The pope asked Ibrahim about his resource, and Ibrahim revealed to them his zealously and his godly life. The pope blessed him saying:  “may the lord uplift your name and bless your work, and keep your memory forever.” The relation between Ibrahim El-Gohari and the pope became stronger from that time.
Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 01
Gregory XIII -- 304 542 ST PROCULUS, “THE SOLDIER “, AND ST PROCULUS, BISHOP OF BOLOGNA, MARTYRS: in 1584 Pope Gregory XIII sanctioned the keeping, on June 1, of an annual feast in honour of the translation.
Bonóniæ sancti Próculi Mártyris, qui sub Maximiáno Imperatóre passus est.
  At Bologna, St. Proculus, martyr, who suffered under Emperor Maximian.

Pope Benedict IX   -- 1035 ST SIMEON OF SYRACUSE spent two years as a solitary in a little cave near the Red Sea; long before his death, he was venerated as a saint and a wonder-worker
Tréviris sancti Simeónis Mónachi, qui a Benedícto Papa Nono in Sanctórum númerum relátus est.
    At Treves, St. Simeon, a monk, whom Pope Benedict IX numbered among the saints.

Pope Alexander IV -- 1057 ST ENECO, OR INIGO, ABBOT a great reputation for austerity and the working of miracles deeply lamented even by Jews and Moors; hermit then monk at San Juan de Pena elected Prior drawn to both the contemplative and the eremitical life
In monastério Onniénsi, apud Burgos, in Hispánia, sancti Enecónis, Abbátis Benedictíni, ob sanctitátis et miraculórum glóriam illústris.
    At Burgos in Spain, in the monastery of Onia, St. Eneco, Benedictine abbot, made illustrious by his sanctity and miracles.
There is some obscurity regarding the manner and time of the canonization, but it is certain that in 1259 Pope Alexander IV granted an indulgence to those who visited the church of Oña "on the feast of Blessed Eneco, confessor, formerly abbot of the said monastery" ; see further E. W. Kemp, Canonization and Authority (1948), pp. 83-85. It would seem to have been out of devotion to the organizing genius who made Oña famous that St Ignatius Loyola received in baptism the name of Iñigo. Several early signatures of his are preserved in this form.
Pope Pius IX 1451 BD HERCULANUS OF PIEGARO beatified the holy friar in 1860.  Franciscan; extraordinary powers in winning souls to God. Wherever he went he spoke of the sufferings of our Lord, frequently by his eloquence reducing his hearers to tears, and by his personal holiness inspiring them to reform their lives; he urged penance on others he set the example himself by his own great austerity.
Clement VII Pope Paul III -- 1540  St. Angela Merici, virgin of the Third Order of St. Francis.  She was the foundress of the Nuns of St. Ursula, and was called by her heavenly Spouse on the 27th of January in order to receive an incorruptible crown. suggested that she should stay in Rome to take charge of a congregation of nursing sisters, but a sense of her true vocation as well as a shrinking from publicity led her to decline the offer. Pope Paul III issued a bull confirming the Company of St Ursula and declaring it to be a recognized congregation, and in 1807 its foundress was canonized.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 31 2016
1240 St. Raymond Nonnatus.  Upon his return to Spain in 1239 he was nominated cardinal by Pope Gregory IX. But so little was he affected by unlooked-for honour that he neither changed his dress, nor his poor cell in the convent at Barcelona, nor his manner of living. The pope called him to Rome. St Rayrnund obeyed, but could not be persuaded to travel otherwise than as a poor religious. He got no farther than Cardona (Cerdagne), which is only six miles from Barcelona; he was seized with a violent fever and died there, being only about thirty-six years old. He was buried in the chapel of St Nicholas at Portello, and his name was inscribed in the Roman Martyrology in 1657. St Raymund Nonnatus is the patron-saint of midwives, from the circumstances of his birth.  In 1657 his name was placed in the Roman martyrology by Alexander VII. He is invoked by women in labour and by persons falsely accused. The appendix to the Roman ritual gives a formula for the blessing of water, in his honour, to be used by the sick, and another of candles.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 30 2016
384 Pope Saint Damasus I   commissioned Saint Jerome to translate Scriptures in Latin
    At Rome, St. Damasus, pope and confessor, who condemned the heresiarch Apollinaris, and restored to his See Peter, bishop of Alexandria, who had been driven from it.  He also discovered the bodies of many holy martyrs and composed verses in their honour.
"The answers to many of life's questions can be found by reading the Lives of the Saints. They teach us how to overcome obstacles and difficulties,
how to stand firm in our faith, and how to struggle against evil and emerge victorious." 

1913 Saint Barsanuphius of Optina
20 February, 1878; 20 July, 1903; Pope Leo XIII Gioacchino Vincenzo Raffaele Luigi Pecci  doctorate of theology;
Civilization owes much to Leo for his stand on the social question.

The ecclesiastical sciences found a generous patron in Pope Leo.
Even among the Copts his efforts at reunion made headway.
Under Leo the Catholic Faith made great progress; With regard to the Kingdom of Italy, Leo XIII maintained Pius IX's attitude of protest; in Portugal the Government ceased to support the Goan schism, and in 1886 a concordat was drawn up. 
The United States at all times attracted the attention and admiration of Pope Leo.
Throughout his entire pontificate he was able to keep on good terms with France; 1872 he introduced the government standards for studies of the secondary schools and colleges.
Bishop of Perugia;  1843, appointed nuncio to Brussels.

1588 Margaret Ward one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales M (RM)
Born at Congleton, Cheshire, England; died August 30, 1588; beatified in 1929; canonized in 1970 by Pope Paul VI as one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales. The gentlewoman Margaret was serving as a companion in the home of the Whittle family in London when she was arrested together with her servant, Blessed John Roche, for helping Father Richard (William?) Watson to escape from Bridewell Prison. She had smuggled a rope into the priest's cell so that he might climb down from the roof. He was injured, but did escape with the help of John Roche. The rope was traced back to Margaret, who was severely tortured. They were tried at the Old Bailey on August 29, and offered their freedom if they would reveal the whereabouts of Watson and convert to the Protestant faith. Upon refusing, they were hanged, drawn, and quartered at Tyburn, together with a priest and three other laymen (Benedictines, Delaney, Farmer, Kalberer)

1617 St. Rose of Lima patroness of Latin America and the Philippines miracles .  She was canonized by Pope Clement X in 1671, being the first canonized saint of the New World.

1879 St. Jeanne Jugan  (Sister Mary of the Cross) developed special love for aged, particularly poor widows; At 47 several other women moved into Jeanne’s home, they became an informal prayer community eventually elected Jeanne superior; supported themselves through domestic work; in free time they catechized children, aided the poor as best they could. Over time the community became known as congregation of the Little Sisters of the Poor. Their members, who begged for needs of the elderly in their care, vows of poverty, chastity, obedience and hospitality..  She lived to see Pope Leo XIII approve the constitutions for the Little Sisters of the Poor in 1879. But Jeanne Jugan was not officially recognized as the founder of the congregation until 14 years after her death.  Pope John Paul II beatified her in 1982.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 29 2016
     St. Candida A martyr of the Ostian Way Rome.  Long venerated in Rome, Saint Candida's remains were enshrined in Saint Praxedes church there by Pope Saint Paschal I in the 9th century. She was one of a group of martyrs executed for their faith on the Ostian Way outside the gates of Rome (Benedictines, Encyclopedia).

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 28 2016
John Paul I's Election Remembered
Cardinal Angelo Scola, patriarch of Venice, celebrated a Mass to mark the 30th anniversary of the election of "the smiling Pope," John Paul I.  The celebration took place at the Church of Canale d'Agordo, in the Venuto region of Italy, where Albino Luciani was born in 1912. He was the eldest of four siblings. His biographers say that he was a restless, strong and vivacious child.

entered the minor seminary of the town of Feltre, and then went on to the major seminary of Belluno, where he was ordained priest in 1935. He was appointed bishop of Vittorio Veneto in 1958, and was appointed patriarch of Venice in 1969. In 1973 he was elevated to cardinal.
John Paul I was the first Pope to have a composite name, a gesture to honor his two predecessors
-- John XXIII and Paul VI. His papal motto was "humilitas" (humility).
The "smiling Pope" died Sept. 28, 1978, 33 days after his election to the papacy.

 120 St. Hermes Martyr with companions in Rome. At Rome, the birthday of St. Hermes, an illustrious man, who, as we read in the Acts of blessed Pope Alexander, was first confined in prison, and afterwards fulfilled his martyrdom by the sword, at the time of the judge Aurelian.

 430 St. Augustine of Hippo is the patron of brewers; son of St. Monica. Thus, in the words of Pope Paschal II, "The regular mode of life recognized in the early Church as instituted by the Apostles was earnestly adopted by the blessed Augustine, who provided it with new regulations". 

1588 Bl. Hugh More Martyr of England.  He was a native of Lincolnshire, educated at Oxford. After converting while at Reims, Hugh was martyred at Lincoln’s Inn Fields by hanging. Pope Pius XI beatified him in 1929.

1628 St. Edmund Arrowsmith one of the Forty Martyrs. He was canonized as one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales by Pope Paul VI in 1970.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 27 2016
  JOHN PAUL I    ANGELUS   Sunday, 27 August 1978
    Yesterday morning I went to the Sistine Chapel to vote tranquilly. Never could I have imagined what was about to happen.
As soon as the danger for me had begun, the two colleagues who were beside me whispered words of encouragement. One said:
Courage! If the Lord gives a burden, he also gives the strength to carry it. The other colleague said: Don't be afraid; there are so many people in the whole world who are praying for the new Pope.
When the moment of decision came, I accepted.
Then there was the question of the name, for they also ask what name you wish to take, and I had thought little about it.
My thoughts ran along these lines: Pope John had decided to consecrate me himself in St Peter's Basilica, then, however unworthy, I succeeded him in Venice on the Chair of St Mark, in that Venice which is still full of Pope John.
He is remembered by the gondoliers, the Sisters, everyone.
Then Pope Paul not only made me a Cardinal, but some months earlier, on the wide footbridge in St Mark's Square, he made me blush to the roots of my hair in the presence of 20,000 people, because he removed his stole and placed it on my shoulders.
Never have I blushed so much!
Furthermore, during fifteen years of pontificate this Pope has shown, not only to me but to the whole world,
how to love, how to serve, how to labour and to suffer for the Church of Christ.
For that reason I said: I shall be called John Paul. I have neither the wisdom of the heart of Pope John, nor the preparation and culture of Pope Paul, but I am in their place.
I must seek to serve the Church. I hope that you will help me with your prayers. © Copyright 1978 - Libreria Editrice Vaticana
<Pope Clement VIII 1592-1605; made a grant towards the rent of The Clerks Regular of The Religious Schools, and people of consequence having begun to send their children to the school, the parish-schoolmasters and others began to criticize it with some vehemence; complaints of its disorders were made to the pope and he directed Cardinals Antoniani and Baronius to pay it a surprise visit of inspection. This was done and as a result of their report Clement took the institution under his immediate protection.

v St. Joseph Calasanctius Founder Clerks Regular

  In similar circumstances the same course was taken and the grant doubled in 1606 by Paul V 1605-1621 a canonist of marked ability; watched vigilantly over the interests of the Church in every nation.
Paul V>

Renewed efforts on the part of the malcontents, who had the support of an aggrieved female relative of the pope.  They were successful, and in <1646 Pope Innocent XSt. Joseph Calasanctius saw the apparent overturning of all his work by the authority to which he was so greatly devoted and the indirect disgrace of himself before the world when the news was brought to him he simply murmured,
"The Lord gave and the Lord hath taken away.  Blessed be the name of the Lord."

Sancti Joséphi Calasánctii, Presbyteri et Confessóris, qui Ordinis Clericórum Regulárium Páuperum Matris Dei Scholárum Piárum éxstitit Fundátor, atque octávo Kaléndas Septémbris obdormívit in Dómino.
St. Joseph Calasanctius, priest and confessor, who founded the Order of Poor Clerics Regular of the Mother of God of the Christian Schools.  He fell asleep in the Lord on the 25th of August.

  There is an obvious parallel between this history and that of St Alphonsus Liguori and the early days of the Redemptorists, and during the troubles of his young congregation St Alphonsus used to encourage and fortify himself by reading the life of St Joseph Calasanctius; he was canonized in 1767, six years before the death of Alban Butler, who only gives to him a brief notice, wherein he is referred to as  "a perpetual miracle of fortitude and another Job"-a comparison made
by Cardinal ^Lambertini (afterwards Pope Benedict XIV) before the Congregation of Sacred Rites in 1728.
The failure of St Joseph's foundation was only apparent.  Its suppression was strongly objected to in several places, and it was reconstituted with simple vows in 1656 and restored as a religious order in 1669.  Today the Clerks Regular of the Religious Schools (commonly called Piarists or Scolopi) flourish in various parts of the world.

366 Saint Liberius the Confessor, Bishop of Rome, became Bishop of Rome in the year 352, after the death of Pope Julius. St Liberius was a fervent proponent of Orthodoxy against the Arian heresy and a defender of St Athanasius of Alexandria (May 2). The emperor Constantius (337-361) was inclined to side with the Arians, but was not able to compel St Liberius to condemn St Athanasius. For such intransigence he was sent off to prison in Beroea (Thrace), but was soon returned to his see on the insistent petitions of the Roman people.

515  St. John, the Short Arrival of the Holy Relic from Al-Qulzum (Red Sea) to the Wilderness of Scetis. On this day also, in the year 515 A.D., the body of the great saint Anba John, the Short, was relocated from Al-Qulzum (Red Sea) to the wilderness of Scetis. When Pope John (Youhanna), 48th Pope of Alexandria, was in the wilderness of Scetis, some of the monks expressed their wish to relocate the relics of St. John, the Short, to his monastery. The Grace of God moved the Pope, and he wrote a letter by the hand of the Hegumen Kosman and Hegumen Boctor, from the elders, and sent them to Al-Qulzum.

542-543 St. Caesarius of Arles especially venerated:  "Let your souls be as pure as the text Beati immaculati in via.   When you sing the verse Confundantur superbi, hate pride and flee from it.  And so, while your ears are charmed with melody, you will realize what the Psalmist meant when he said, "Quam dulcia faucibus meis eloquia tua!" Pope St Symmachus confirmed the metropolitan rights of Arles, recognized him as apostolic delegate in Gaul, and conferred the pallium, which St Caesarius is said to have been the first bishop in western Europe to receive  pallium from a pope.

600 Syagrius (Siacre) of Autun hosted Saint Augustine of Canterbury on his way to England; though he was only a
bishop he was granted permission to wear the pallium by
Pope St Gregory the Great

1648 St. Joseph Calasanctius Founder of Scolopi or Piarists The Clerks Regular of The Religious Schools entered a holy rivalry with his friend St Camillus of Lellis as who should expend himself more freely in service of sick and dying.  Pope Clement VIII having made a grant towards the rent, and people of consequence having begun to send their children to the school, the parish-schoolmasters and others began to criticize it with some vehemence; complaints of its disorders were made to the pope and he directed Cardinals Antoniani and Baronius to pay it a surprise visit of inspection.   This was done and as a result of their report Clement took the institution under his immediate protection.
In similar circumstances the same course was taken and the grant doubled in 1606 by Paul V.

1679 St. David Lewis, SJ Priest Rome spiritual director for English college alias Charles Baker farmhouse at Cwm (Monnow Valley) headquarters for 31 years;  a handkerchief dipped in his blood had been the occasion of the cure of an epileptic child and of other miracles. Born at Abergavenny, Monmouthshire, Wales, in 1616; died at Usk, August 27, 1679; beatified in 1929; canonized in 1970 by Pope Paul VI as one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales.

1849 Blessed Dominic of the Mother of God, born Dominic Barberi (22 June 1792 - 27 August 1849) was an Italian theologian and a member of the Passionist Congregation. He was beatified by Pope Paul VI in 1963.
Dominic received an interior call which led him to believe that he was called to preach the Gospel in far off lands, later he would affirm that he had received a specific call to preach to the people of England Saint Paul of the Cross, founder of the Passionist Congregation, also had a great enthusiasm for the conversion of England.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 26 2016
217 St Zephyrinus called the principal defender of Christ's divinity; Pope And Martyr 199-217.  But it was his glory that they called him the principal defender of Christ's divinity.  During the later years of the Emperor Septimius Severus the toleration of Christians ceased, though it is not known what was the effect in Rome itself of the edict which laid heavy penalties upon conversion, except that there were many confessors of the faith.

1240 St Raymond Nonnatus the birthday of; Master-general of Mercedarian Order; St Raymond Nonnatus Created cardinal by Pope Gregory IX, Raymond continued to live as a mendicant monk. He died while en route to Rome to answer a papal summons. Born 1204 at Portella, diocese of Urgel, Catalonia, Spain. Died 31 August 1240 at Cardona, Spain of a fever; buried at the chapel of Saint Nicholas near his family farm he was supposed to manage.  Canonized 5 November 1625 by Pope Urban VIII (cultus confirmed); 1657 by Pope Alexander VII (canonized) Name Meaning not born (= non-natus) as he was delivered by ceasarian.

1504 Bd Timothy Of Montecchio; worked many miracles, visited by our Blessed Lady and St Francis and our Saviour spoke to him audibly from the sacramental species.  cultus was formally confirmed by Pope Pius IX in 1870.

1572 Bd Thomas Percy, Martyr;  born in 1528. Earl of Northumberland from 1537, Thomas initially enjoyed an excellent relationship with Queen Elizabeth I (r. 1558-1603). Thomas also served Queen Mary  (r. 1542-1587). Queen Elizabeth bestowed the Order of the Garter on him in 1563. He then became involved in the Rising of the North and fled to Scotland but was sold to Queen Elizabeth for two thousand pounds. For three years he languished in a prison, refusing fervently to abjure his faith in return for his freedom. Thomas was finally beheaded at York and was beatified in 1896. He, therefore, with the earl of Westmorland, Charles Neville, sent a letter to Pope St Pius V asking for his advice and direction, but they were forced into action before his reply could be received.*  The pope's eventual answer was approving and encouraging, and referred to the example of St Thomas Becket. It was dated three days before his bull of deposition of Elizabeth, "Regnans in excelsis".

1648 St. Joseph Calasanz  educating the poor; founded Clerks Regular of Religious Schools (Piarists or Scolopi).  Pope Clement VIII gave support to the school, and this aid continued under Pope Paul V. Other schools were opened; other men were attracted to the work and in 1621 the community (for so the teachers lived) was recognized as a religious community, the Clerks Regular of Religious Schools (Piarists or Scolopi). Not long after, Joseph was appointed superior for life.

1838 St Elizabeth Bichier Des Ages, Virgin, Co-Foundress of The Daughters of The Cross or Sisters of St Andrew; Louis Veuillot, whatever objections can be brought against some of his theology and politics, at any rate knew a saint when he saw one, and he said of her, " She is one of the finest-tempered characters ever seen, gentle, resolute, strict, intelligent, industrious, but above all contrite and humble.  No difficulty daunts her courage, no lack of strength stops her superhuman labours, no interior distress troubles her outward serenity, no success puffs her up.  Whatever happens, she remains undisturbed.  Hardships, setbacks, successes, respect, insults-they are all the same to the supreme tranquillity that is rooted in an understanding that sees God in everything, and so must obey." In the diocese of Poitiers, St. Joan-Elizabeth Bichier des Ages, virgin, who with St. André Hubert Fournet co-founded the Congregation of the Daughters of the Cross, and who was renowned for her spirit of mortification and life of innocence.  Pope Pius XII added her name to the list of holy virgins.

1897 St. Teresa of Jesus Jornet Ibars 1897 St. Teresa of Jesus Jornet Ibars Foundress Little Sisters of the Poor Beatified in 1958, she was canonized in 1974 by Pope VI.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 25 2016
2nd v. St. Nemesius and Lucilla Two Roman martyrs.  Their bodies were buried by blessed Pope Stephen, and afterwards more decently entombed on the 31st of October, by blessed Sixtus on the Appian Way.

 552 St. Menas Patriarch of Constantinople.  MENNAS, a native of Alexandria, was a priest in Constantinople until 536, he was appointed patriarch of that church and consecrated by Pope St Agapitus, who was then in Constantinople. The pope, Vigilius, was first on one side, then on the other, but eventually in 551 refused to accept Justinian's edict, and sought refuge in St Peter's church in Constantinople (whither he had been peremptorily summoned by the emperor), and then in St Euphemia's at Chalcedon, from whence he excommunicated St Mennas and others who had signed it.  Mennas assured Vigilius that he in no way deviated from the acts of the Council of Chaleedon, and the matter of the Three Chapters was referred to an oecumenical council.
  This council Mennas did not live to see, for he died on August 24, 552, and the fifth general council did not assemble till the following year.  It then condemned the Three Chapters, as the emperor had done, and Pope Vigilius approved and confirmed the condemnation.  We thus have the curious and unusual spectacle of a patriarch of Constantinople firmly supporting a policy which was to be eventually confirmed by a general council, as against a feeble pope who allowed his judgement and actions to be swayed from side to side by the conflicting views of Western bishops and Eastern emperor; it must be borne in mind that the matter at issue was concerned not with any definition of faith, but with the expediency and implications of the proposed condemnation.   St Mennas is named in the Roman Martyrology.

1282 St. Thomas of Hereford; relics were brought back to Hereford, where many miracles were wrought by his intercession and his shrine became second only to that of St. Thomas of Canterbury. He then went to Rome to plead his own cause before Pope Martin IV, who received him kindly. But his failing health succumbed to the fatigue of the journey and the summer heat. He was buried at Orvieto, but subsequently his relics were brought back to Hereford, where many miracles were wrought by his intercession and his shrine became second only to that of St. Thomas of Canterbury. He was canonized by John XXII (17 April, 1320), and his festival, formerly observed on 2 October, is now kept in England on 3 October.

1270 St. Louis, King of France the 9th of his name; patron of Tertiaries; In the person of St Louis (Lewis) IX were united the qualities which form a great king, a hero of romance, and a saint. He was endowed with qualifications for good government, he excelled in the arts of peace and of war, and his courage and greatness of mind received from his virtue the highest setting ambition had no share in his enterprises, his only motives in them was the glory of God and the good of his subjects.  Though the two crusades in which he was engaged were failures, he is certainly to be ranked among the most valiant of princes, and a perfect example of the good and great medieval nobleman.

1648 St. Joseph Calasanctius Founder of Scolopi or Piarists.   Pope Clement VIII having made a grant towards the rent, and people of consequence having begun to send their children to the school, the parish-schoolmasters and others began to criticize it with some vehemence; complaints of its disorders were made to the pope and he directed Cardinals Antoniani and Baronius to pay it a surprise visit of inspection.   This was done and as a result of their report Clement took the institution under his immediate protection.
  In similar circumstances the same course was taken and the grant doubled in 1606 by Paul V.
These difficulties were the beginning of trials and persecutions which beset St Joseph until the end of his life. Nevertheless during the succeeding five years the work prospered and grew in spite of all opposition, and in 1611 a palazzo was purchased to house it near the church of San Pantaleone; there were about a thousand pupils, including a number of Jews whom the founder himself invited to attend and encouraged by his kindness.
 They were successful, and in 1646 Pope Innocent X published a brief of which the effect was to make the Clerks Regular of the Religious Schools simply a society of priests subject to their respective bishops.  Thus in his ninetieth year St Joseph saw the apparent overturning of all his work by the authority to which he was so greatly devoted and the indirect disgrace of himself before the world when the news was brought to him he simply murmured,
"The Lord gave and the Lord hath taken away.  Blessed be the name of the Lord."
St Alphonsus used to encourage and fortify himself by reading the life of St Joseph Calasanctius; he was canonized in 1767, six years before the death of Alban Butler, who only gives to him a brief notice, wherein he is referred to as "a perpetual miracle of fortitude and another Job"-a comparison made by Cardinal Lambertini (afterwards Pope Benedict XIV) before the Congregation of Sacred Rites in 1728.
  The failure of
St Joseph's foundation was only apparent.  Its suppression was strongly objected to in several places, and it was reconstituted with simple vows in 1656 and restored as a religious order in 1669.  Today the Clerks Regular of the Religious Schools (commonly called Piarists or Scolopi) flourish in various parts of the world.

1826 St Joan Antide-Thouret, Virgin, Foundress of The Sisters of Charity Under St Vincent's Protection.  In 1821 she came to France and passed eighteen months in Paris, trying in vain to smooth out the difficulties.  As a last resort she presented herself at the mother-house in Besançon-and was refused admission. Both charity and facts incline us to the view that this action was prompted not by partizanship but by obedience to their archbishop.  Before the schism hardened many of the sisters of the Besançon diocese openly adhered to their foundress and to the directions of the Holy See. We therefore leave it to the mercy of God, in whose hands we long ago placed it.  May His will be done and everything be for His glory!"  Then she returned to Naples and, having spent three strenuous years in founding new convents in Italy, she died peacefully on August 24, 1826.  St Joan Antide-Thouret was canonized in 1934.

St. Macarius  Translocation of the Body of to His Monastery in Scetis. {Coptic}
    On this day, the church celebrates the return of the body of St. Macarius to his monastery in the desert of Sheahat (Scetis). After the departure of St. Macarius, some of the natives of the city of Shanshour (Shabsheer) came and stole his body. They built a large church for him, and placed the body in it. Later on, his body was moved to another town where he stayed for four hundred forty years, till the time of Pope Michael V (Anba Mikhail V), the 71st Pope. When Pope Michael went to the wilderness to observe the holy fast in the monastery, he sighed and said, "How much I yearn that God would help us so that the body of our father Anba Macarius be in our midst."

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 24 2016
At Valencia in Spain, the birthday of St. Mary Micaela, virgin, who founded the Institute of Religious Adorer-Slaves of the Blessed Sacrament and of Charity.  Burning with the desire to suffer and draw souls to God, she was numbered among the holy virgins by Pope Pius XI.

1865 St MARY_MICAELA Foundress of Sisters consecrated especially to the Blessed Sacrament (1809-1865.  St. Mary Micaela, virgin, founded Institute of Religious Adorer-Slaves of the Blessed Sacrament and of Charity. The Virgin of the Rosary (II) July 10 - Our Lady of the Star (Italy, 1491) Pope Pius VII declared Our Lady of Chiquinquirá patroness of Colombia in 1829, and granted a special liturgy. In 1897 a thick glass plate was placed over it for protection against the weather and the excessive touching of the faithful. The image canonically crowned 1919, in 1927 her sanctuary declared a Basilica. She was beatified in 1925 and canonized on March 4, 1934 by Pope Pius XI

1828 St. Jane Antide Thouret Foundress Daughters of Charity. At Naples in Campania, St. Joan Antide Thouret, virgin, who founded the Daughters of Saint Vincent de Paul, and whom Pope Pius XI added to the catalogue of holy virgins. 

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 23 2016
1285 St. Philip Benizi Servite cardinal preacher Miracle worker peace maker.  In 1274 he was summoned by Bd Gregory X to be present at the second general council of Lyons.   At it he made a profound impression and the gift of tongues was attributed to him, but his reputation did not serve to obtain for the Servites that formal papal approbation for which St Philip worked continually. Peregrine Laziosi, who was their ringleader and had himself struck the saint, was so moved by his meekness that he threw himself at his feet and begged his pardon. Being become a model penitent Peregrine was received by Philip into the order of Servites at Siena in 1283, and was canonized by Benedict XIII in 1726. St Philip Benizi was canonized in 1671, and his feast was extended to the whole Western church in 1694.

1301 Bd James Of Bevagna St Dominic appeared to him and said, "Do it! According to God's will I choose you, and will be ever with you ". Bd James was very strict in his observance of his vow of poverty, and when his mother gave him some money to buy a new habit, which he badly needed, he got permission from his superior to buy a crucifix for his cell instead.  When his mother saw the worn-out habit again, she remonstrated with him, but he answered with a smile, "I have done as you wished.  St Paul tells us to 'put on the Lord Jesus`, and that is the habit I have bought."  But that crucifix was to clothe him in a way he never thought of, for praying before it one day in great dryness and fear of spirit, almost despairing of his salvation, it is said that a spurt of blood miraculously sprang from the image over his face, and he heard a voice saying, "Behold the sign of your salvation".  Another marvel, reported at his death, is recounted in the notice of Bd Joan of Orvieto, under July 23.  Pope Boniface IX approved the cultus of Bd James of Bevagna.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 22 2016
The Immaculate Heart Of Mary The Immaculate Heart Of Mary; found in some early commentaries on the Song of Songs; first considerably fostered by St John Eudes 17th v.;  Pope Pius VII gave permission for a feast of the Pure Heart of Mary in 1805; words attributed to our Lady at Fatima had strong influence in popularizing devotion; Oct 31, 1942, Pope Pius XII consecrated the whole world to her immaculate heart; on May 4, 1944, he directed that the corresponding feast should be observed throughout the Western church on the octave day of the Assumption.

St. Philip Beniti, confessor, of Florence, the birthday of at Todi in Umbria. He was a zealous promoter of the Order of the Servants of the Blessed Virgin Mary, and was a man of great humility.  He was canonized by Pope Clement X; his feast, however, is observed on the day following.

1679 St. John Kemble Martyr of Wales at 80 Pope Paul VI canonized him in 1970. 1679 St. John Kemble 1/ 40 Martyrs of England and Wales; several miracles; annual pilgrimage uninterrupted since martyrdom; studied at Douai ordained 1625; falsely charged in the Titus Qates Plot and condemned for being Catholic.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 21 2016
1914  St. Pius X "I was born poor, I have lived in poverty, and I wish to die poor"
We know from experience that such prayer relying on the Virgin has never been vain

How bitterly and fiercely is Jesus Christ now being persecuted, and the most holy religion which he founded!  And how grave is the peril that threatens many of being drawn away by the errors that are afoot on all sides, to the abandonment of the faith!
"Then let him who thinks he stands take heed lest he fall" (I Cor. 10, 12).
 And let all, with humble prayer and entreaty, implore of God, through the intercession of Mary,
that those who have abandoned the truth may repent.
We know, indeed, from experience that such prayer, born of charity and relying on the Virgin, has never been vain.
True, even in the future the strife against the Church will never cease, "for there must be also heresies, that they also who are reproved may be made manifest among you" (I Cor. 11, 19).
But neither will the Virgin ever cease to succor us in our trials, however grave they be, and to carry on the fight fought by her since her conception, so that every day we may repeat:
 "Today the head of the serpent of old was crushed by her" (Office Immac. Con., 11. Vespers, Magnif.).
Saint Pius X, Encyclical letter Ad Diem Illum Laetissimum §25

1348 St. Bernard Tolomeo Italian monk, founder of Congregation of the Blessed Virgin of Mount Olivet His death was followed by many miracles and the congregation became a nursery of saints. Within a few years Bd Bernard had founded a second monastery at Siena, and others followed elsewhere; their penitential life continued to attract disciples and in 1344 the new congregation was confirmed by Pope Clement VI.

1840  St. Joseph Nien Vien Martyr of Vietnam refuse to deny Christ.   He was beheaded by anti-Christian officials for refusing to deny Christ. Pope John Paul II canonized him in 1988.

1914  St. Pius X "I was born poor, I have lived in poverty, and I wish to die poor"

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 20 2016
During Papacy of St. Theophilus. [COPTIC] Commemoration of the Great Sign, the Lord had Manifested When he pierced the honorable cross with his sinful hand, blood and water flowed forth, and ran down on the ground. Then this apostate dropped dead instantly, and dried up like a rock.  Great fear fell upon all those who were present, many of them believed and cried, saying, "One is the Lord God of the Christians, and we believe in Him." Then they took the blood, and anointed their faces and eyes with it. Philexinos took also some of the blood and sprinkled it on his daughter who was born blind, and she saw straightway.

1148 WILLIAM OF ST. THIERRY: CANTOR OF LOVE.  According to a contemporary annalist his death occurred about the time of the council held at Reims under Pope Eugenius; this council took place in 1148, and his death should be placed in this year or the preceding. The necrology of his abbey dates it 8 September., in any case it was prior to that of St. Bernard (20 August, 1153).   William, a friend and admirer of Bernard of Clairvaux, was born in Liege between the years 1075 and 1080. A member of a noble family, he was educated in the most famous schools of the time and later entered the Benedictine monastery of Saint-Nicaise in Reims. He subsequently became abbot of the monastery of Saint-Thierry where, however, he was unable to reform the community as he wished and abandoned the Benedictines to enter the Cistercian abbey of Signy. There he wrote a number of important works of monastic theology.   "De natura et dignitate amoris" (The nature and the dignity of love) contains, the Pope explained, one of William's fundamental ideas, which also holds true for us today: "The principal force that moves the human soul is love. ... The truth is that only one task is entrusted to each human being: learning to love sincerely, authentically and freely. But only at the school of God can this task be achieved and can man attain the end for which he was created". 

1153 St. Bernard of Clairvaux Abbot Doctor of the Church eminently endowed with the gift of miracles.  August 20, 2009 St. Bernard of Clairvaux (1091-1153)  
Man of the century! Woman of the century! You see such terms applied to so many today—“golfer of the century,” “composer of the century,” “right tackle of the century”—that the line no longer has any punch. But the “man of the twelfth century,” without doubt or controversy, has to be Bernard of Clairvaux. Adviser of popes, preacher of the Second Crusade, defender of the faith, healer of a schism, reformer of a monastic Order, Scripture scholar, theologian and eloquent preacher: any one of these titles would distinguish an ordinary man. Yet Bernard was all of these—and he still retained a burning desire to return to the hidden monastic life of his younger days.
   After the disputed papal election of 1130 the cause of Pope Innocent II took St Bernard up and down France, Germany and Italy.  On one of his returns to Clairvaux he took with him a new postulant, a canon of Pisa, Peter Bernard Paganelli, who was to become a beatified pope as Eugenius III; for the present he was put to stoke the fire in the monastery calefactory.  After the general acknowledgement of Innocent II Bernard was present at the tenth general council in Rome, the second of the Lateran, and it was at this period that he first met St Malachy of Armagh; the ensuing friendship between the two lasted until Malachy's death in Bemard's arms nine years later.  All this time Bernard had continued diligently to preach to his monks whenever he was able, notably those famous discourses on the Song of Songs.

1866 Bd Mary De Mattias, Virgin, Foundress of The Sisters Adorers of The Precious Blood . When Mary de Mattias began the work that was to develop into a congregation for adoration of the Precious Blood of Christ and the education of children she met a requirement of her time, which needed, in the words of Pope Pius XI, "a general reform, especially by way of better instruction of minds and a renewed purifying of habits".

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 19 2016
535 St. Mochta Bishop of Ireland last disciple of St. Patrick.  There he became a disciple of St. Patrick. During a visit to Rome, Mochta was made a bishop by Pope St. Leo I.

640 St. Bertulf Abbot famous for miracles.  Bertulf obtained exemption for this monastery from episcopal jurisdiction from Pope Honorius I; the first such case in history. This stemmed from his dispute with a local bishop, Probus. Bertuif was famous for miracles.

1297 St Louis of Anjou, Bishop of Toulouse; “Jesus Christ is my kingdom. If I possess Him alone, I shall have all     things if I have not Him, I lose all.”  The opposition of his family obliged the superiors of the Friars Minor to refuse for some time to admit him into their body, wherefore he retired to a castle near Naples, where he befriended a poor scholar of Cahors, James d’Euse, who afterwards became Pope John XXII and canonized his benefactor. Pope Boniface VIII gave him a dispensation to receive priestly orders in the twenty-third year of his age, and afterwards for the episcopate, together with his nomination to the bishopric of Toulouse, and a severe injunction in virtue of obedience to accept it. He first went to Rome to fulfil his vow, and made his religious profession among the Friars Minor, in their convent of Ara Caeli, on Christmas eve 1296, and received episcopal consecration in St Peter’s five days later.

1622 Bl. Paul Sanchiki Martyr of Japan.   He was a sailor on board the vessel owned by Blessed Joachim Firayama and was arrested for transporting Christian missionaries. Paul was beheaded at Nagasaki. He was beatified in 1867 by Pope Pius IX.

1670 St. John Eudes studied at Paris and Aubervilliers, ordained 1625; missionary;  shared with St. Mary Margaret Alacoque honor of initiating devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus (composed Mass for the Sacred Heart in 1668) and the Holy Heart of Mary, popularizing devotions with his "The Devotion to the Adorable Heart of Jesus" (1670) and "The Admirable Heart of the Most Holy Mother of God" . He was canonized by Pope Pius XI.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 18 2016
 272 St. Agapitus Martyr, deacon, companion of Pope Sixtus II in death

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 17 2016
 310 St. Eusebius Pope martyr; apostates should not be forever debarred from ecclesiastical communion, readmitted only after doing proper penance (Eusebius miseros docuit sua crimina flere); exiled by Emperor Maxentius feast is yet celebrated on 26 September
310 St. Eusebius Pope martyr; apostates should not be forever debarred from ecclesiastical communion, readmitted only after doing proper penance (Eusebius miseros docuit sua crimina flere); exiled by Emperor Maxentius feast is yet celebrated on 26 September
Romæ sancti Eusébii Papæ.      At Rome, Pope St. Eusebius.
Successor of Marcellus, 309 or 310. His reign was short. The Liberian Catalogue gives its duration as only four months, from 18 April to 17 August, 309 or 310. We learn some details of his career from an epitaph for his tomb which Pope Damasus ordered. This epitaph had come down to us through ancient transcripts. A few fragments of the original, together with a sixth-century marble copy made to replace the original, after its destruction were found by De Rossi in the Papal Chapel, in the catacombs of Callistus.

400 Icon of the Mother of God of Sven August 17 (the day of the repose of St Alypius), who painted the icon .  Alipius' name was placed in the Roman Martyrology by Pope Gregory XIII in 1584.

1094 St. John of Monte Marano Benedictine bishop.  1094 St. John of Monte Marano Benedictine bishop \
Appointed by Pope St. Gregory VII in 1074. He is the
patron saint of Monte Marano, Italy.

1185 St. Hyacinth Dominican missionary called "the Apostle of Poland".   1185-1257 St. Hyacinth  Dominican missionary called "the Apostle of Poland"
Cracóviæ, in Polónia, natális sancti Hyacínthi, ex Ordine Prædicatórum, Confessóris, quem Clemens Octávus, Póntifex Máximus, in Sanctórum númerum rétulit.  Ipsíus autem festum sextodécimo Kaléndas Septémbris celebrátur.
    At Cracow in Poland, St. Hyacinth, confessor of the Order of Preachers, whom Pope Clement VIII placed in the number of the saints.  His feast is observed on the 17th of August.

 1308 St. Clare of Montefalco devoted to the Passion of Christ and His Cross found imprinted on her heart, incorrupt.   At Montefalco in Umbria, St. Clare, a nun of the Order of Hermits of St. Augustine, virgin.  In her flesh were renewed the mysteries of the Lord's passion, which the faithful honour with great devotion.  Pope Leo XIII solemnly inscribed her in the list of the holy virgins.

1627 Bl. Michael Kiraiemon Martyr of Japan and a Franciscan tertiary.  1627 Bl. Michael Kiraiemon Martyr of Japan and a Franciscan tertiary.  Michael was beheaded at Nagasaki and was beatified in 1867 by Pope Pius IX.

1736 St. Joan of the Cross; Anjou, France; a shabby old woman many dismissed as insane prompted St. Joan to dedicate her life to the poor; founded Congregation of St. Anne of Providence. Pope John Paul II canonized her in 1982.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 16 2016
944 Not-Made-by-Hands Icon of our Lord Jesus Christ Transfer from Edessa to Constantinople.  In proof of the validity of Icon-Veneration, Pope Gregory II (715-731) sent a letter to the Byzantine emperor, in which he pointed out the healing of King Abgar and the sojourn of the Icon Not-Made-by-Hands at Edessa as a commonly known fact. The Icon Not-Made-by-Hands was put on the standards of the Russian army, defending them from the enemy. In the Russian Orthodox Church it is a pious custom for a believer, before entering the temple, to read the Troparion of the Not-Made-by-Hand icon of the Savior, together with other prayers.

1038 St. Stephen the Great.   By decree of Pope Innocent XI, his feast is kept on the 2nd of September, on which day the strong city of Buda, by the aid of the holy king, was recovered by the Christian army. . His tomb was the scene of miracle .  Stephen was soon engaged in wars with rival tribal leaders and others; and when he had consolidated his position he sent St Astrik, whom he designed to be the first archbishop, to Rome to obtain Pope Silvester II’s approval for a proper ecclesiastical organization for his country; and at the same time to ask his Holiness to confer upon him the title of king, which his nobles had long pressed him to assume and which he now asked that he might with more majesty and authority accomplish his designs for promoting the glory of God and the good of his people.

1243 Blessed Laurence Loricatus practiced the strictest poverty by giving away any offerings left by visitors to the poor OSB Hermit (AC). An account of him is given in the Acta Sanctorum, August, vol. iii, which possesses interest from the fact that it embodies documents compiled in 1244 during an investigation undertaken at the insistance of Pope Innocent IV.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 15 2016
Assumption of Saint Mary Mother of God. At the time that Alban Butler wrote, belief in our Lady's bodily assumption to Heaven was still, in the words of Pope Benedict XIV, "a probable opinion the denial of which would be impious and blasphemous"; and so it remained for another two hundred years.  Then, in 1950, after taking counsel with the whole Church through her bishops, Pope Pius XII solemnly declared this doctrine to be divinely revealed and an article of faith.  In the bull " Munificentissimus Deus" he declared that:
      The remarkable unanimity of the Catholic episcopacy and faithful in the matter of the definibility of our Lady's bodily assumption into Heaven as a dogma of faith showed us that the ordinary teaching authority of the Church and the belief of the faithful which it sustains and directs were in accord, and thereby proved with infallible certainty that privilege is a truth revealed by God and is contained in the divine deposit which Christ entrusted to His bride the Church, to be guarded faithfully and declared with infallible certainty.

255 Tarsicius of Rome acolyte or deacon refused to surrender the Eucharist M (RM).     Thus the Roman Martyrology sums up the later form of the story of St Tarsicius, "the boy martyr of the holy Eucharist ", which is derived from the fourth-century poem of Pope St Damasus, wherein it is stated that one Tarsicius, like another St Stephen stoned by the Jews, suffered a violent death at the hands of a mob rather than give up "the divine Body to raging dogs ".
Tarcisium sanctum Christi sacramenta gerentemCum male sana manus peteret vulgare profanis; 
Ipse animam potius voluit dimittere caerus  Prodere quam canibus rabidis caelestia membra

430 St. Alipius Bishop companion of St. Augustine baptized with Augustine in 387 or 394 by St. Ambrose.  Alipius' name was placed in the Roman Martyrology by Pope Gregory XIII in 1584. The evidence of Alipius' sanctity was clearly stated by Augustine's account of his life.

1078 St. Stephen, king of Hungary and confessor, who fell asleep in the Lord on the 15th of August.  By decree of Pope Innocent XI, his feast is kept on the 2nd of September, on which day the strong city of Buda, by the aid of the holy king, was recovered by the Christian army.  

Cracóviæ, in Polónia, natális sancti Hyacínthi, ex Ordine Prædicatórum, Confessóris, quem Clemens Octávus, Póntifex Máximus, in Sanctórum númerum rétulit.  Ipsíus autem festum sextodécimo Kaléndas Septémbris celebrátur.
    At Cracow in Poland, St. Hyacinth, confessor of the Order of Preachers, whom Pope Clement VIII placed in the number of the saints.  His feast is observed on the 17th of August.

1936 Blessed Maria Sagrario Spanish Civil War martyr OC VM (AC) .   Born at Lillo, Spain, January 8, 1881; died at San Isidro, Spain, on August 15, 1936; beatified by Pope John Paul II on April 8, 1997.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 14 2016
3rd v. Eusebius a priest of Palestine M (RM).   Usuard's ancient martyrology calls this priest who founded a church in Rome (now called titulis Eusebii) a confessor. The spurious acta, say that he was martyred under the Arian Emperor Constantius for having preached against Pope Liberus' signing of the confession of Sirmium. According to these, he was imprisoned for many months and died during confinement. He was beatified in 1971 and canonized in 1982.

1941 St. Maximilian Mary Kolbe Immaculata his inspiration  b. 1894
 "I don’t know what’s going to become of you!” How many parents have said that? Maximilian Mary Kolbe’s reaction was,
 “I prayed very hard to Our Lady to tell me what would happen to me.
She appeared, holding in her hands two crowns, one white, one red. She asked if I would like to have them—one was for purity, the other for martyrdom. I said, ‘I choose both.’ She smiled and disappeared.” After that he was not the same.

1490 Blessed Sanctes Brancasino  a Franciscan lay-brother at Scotameto, Italy OFM (AC) Born at Monte Fabri near Urbino, Italy; cultus approved by Pope Clement XIV. Sanctes was a Franciscan lay-brother at Scotameto, Italy (Benedictines).

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 13 2016
235 St  Hippolytus, Martyr, Concordia, his nurse, and nineteen others of his household, who were beheaded beyond the Tiburtine Gate, and buried with him in the Agro Verano.  Sts. Pontian and Hippolytus died for the faith after harsh treatment and exhaustion in the mines of Sardinia. One had been pope for five years, the other an antipope for 18. They died reconciled.  Pontian was a Roman who served as pope from 230 to 235.     He may have been a disciple of St Irenaeus, and St Jerome called him "a most holy and eloquent man".  Hippolytus censured Pope St Zephyrinus for being, in his opinion, not quick enough to detect and denounce heresy, and on the election of his successor, St Callistus I, he severed communion with the Roman church and permitted himself to be set up in opposition to the pope.

662 St. Maximus the Confessor Abbot  mystic Doctor of the Church called “the Theologian,”  noted for contributions to the theology of the Incarnation; who suffered persecution from Emperor Constans II and the Monothelitist heretics..  When Emperor Constans II favored Monothelitism, Maximus defended Pope Honorius and debated and converted Pyrrhus in 645. He then attended the Lateran Council in 649, convened by Pope St. Martin I, and he was taken prisoner and brought to Constantinople, where he was charged with treason. Exiled from the Empire, he spent six years at Perberis and was brought back to Constantinople with two companions - both named Anastasius - to be tortured and mutilated. Their tongues and right hands were cut off and they were sent to Skhemaris on the Black Sea, where Maximus died.

St. Nerses Glaietsi Armenian bishop His time as Catholicos was occupied with improving relations between the Armenian Church and Rome, and between the Armenian Church and the Greek Orthodox

and the uncle of St. Nerses Lambronazi, he studied under his uncle, the Catholicos Gregory II, and received ordination by his brother, Catholicos Gregory III.     Nerses, moreover, worked for the reconciliation of the Orthodox Greeks; and writing to the Emperor Manuel Comnenos he refers to the pope as “the first of all the archbishops and successor of the apostle Peter”.

   He is the most famous writer of the twelfth-century Armenian renaissance, both in prose and verse; he wrote a book of short prayers for every hour of the day, poems on religious and historical subjects, and liturgical hymns, in one of which the Roman church is apostrophized as “immovably built on the rock of Kephas, invincible by the gates of Hell, and seal of the guardian of the gates of Heaven”. St Nerses died on August 13, 1173, but his feast is kept on the 3rd, and he is named in the great intercession of the Armenian Mass both by Catholics and dissidents.

1297 St. Louis of Toulouse he died at 23 already a Franciscan, a bishop and a saint.  Comment: When Cardinal Hugolino, the future Pope Gregory IX, suggested to Francis that some of the friars would make fine bishops, Francis protested that they might lose some of their humility and simplicity if appointed to those positions. Those two virtues are needed everywhere in the Church, and Louis shows us how they can be lived out by bishops.

1350 St. Francis of Pesaro miracle worker known for his holiness. He founded the Confraternity of Mercy, a hospice.  Franciscan tertiary of Pesaro, Italy He lived in a community and was known for his holiness. He founded the Confraternity of Mercy, a hospice, and was a miracle worker. Pope Pius IX confirmed his cult.

1621 St. John Berchmans fervent, filial piety from early youth; bright intellect; a retentive memory Jesuit.  At Rome, the birthday of St. John Berchmans, a scholastic of the Society of Jesus, illustrious for his innocence and for his fidelity to the rules of the religious life.  He was canonized by Pope Leo XIII.  The Constitutions of the Society of Jesus lead those who observe them exactly to the highest degree of sanctity, as has been declared by Pope Julius III and his successors. The attainment of that ideal was what John proposed to himself. "If I do not become a saint when I am young", he used to say "I shall never become one". That is why he displayed such wisdom in conforming his will to that of his superiors and to the rules.

1862 St. Benilde Romançon, founded Saugues school.   Born at Thuret, France June 13, 1805 and christened Peter. He studied at the Christian Brothers school at Riom and joined them in 1820, taking the name Benilde, after he had been refused two years earlier. He headed the Brothers' school in Billom, and in 1841 he founded a school at Saugues, where he was to spend the rest of his life. Saugues became a model school, and Benilde was known for his dedication, his teaching ability and his sanctity. He died at Saugues on August 13, 1862 and was canonized by Pope Paul VI in 1967.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 12 2016
1297 St. Louis of Toulouse Bishop When he died at the age of 23, Louis was already a Franciscan, a bishop and a saint!.   Louis was canonized in 1317 by Pope John XXII, one of his former teachers.

1838 St. Anthony Peter Dich sheltered priest Martyr of Vietnam a native farmer who was beheaded for sheltering a priest, St. James Nam. Anthony was canonized in 1988.

1838 St. Michael My mayor Martyr of Vietnam mayor of a town in Vietnam when persecution of Christians started martyred with Blessed Anthony Dich, his son-in-law, and with St. James Nam; canonized in 1988 by Pope John Paul II.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 11 2016
 296 This story seems to be fictitious from beginning to end, but the germs of historic truth incorporated in it are of curious interest. The primitive Hieronymian Martyrology would seem to have contained a notice in this form: "In Rome, at the `Two Houses' beside the baths of Diocletian, the birthday of St Susanna."
These brief data are quite reliable, but they have probably provided the nucleus from which the story of Gabinius and Pope St Cajus in their two houses evolved. The Holy Martyr Susanna the Virgin was the daughter of Presbyter Gavinius and a niece of the Holy Bishop Caius of Rome (283-296); raised in strict Christian piety and in her youthful years dedicated herself to God. The family of the saint was related to the emperor Diocletian (284-305), who heard reports of her virtue and beauty.  St. Susanna Martyred for the faith The beautiful daughter of Gabinius, a priest, and niece of Pope Caius, Susanna refused Emperor's Diocletian request that she marry his son-in-law, Maximian and converted two of her uncles, Claudius and Maximus who were court officers sent by Diocletian to persuade her to marry, to Christianity. Diocletian was so enraged by what she had done that he sent one of his favorites, Julian, to deal with the matter. Julian had Maximus, Claudius and his wife, Praepedigna, and their two sons, burned to death at Cumae, and then had Susanna and her father beheaded.

412 St. Taurinus Bishop of Evreux, Normandy, France in a now discredited legend involving St. Denis of Paris.   At Evreux in France, St. Thaurinus, bishop.  Being made bishop of that city by blessed Pope Clement, he propagated the Christian faith by the preaching of the Gospel, and the many labours he sustained for it.  Celebrated for glorious miracles, he fell asleep in the Lord.

560 St Equitius, Abbot;  Zeal for the salvation of souls so burned in his heart that, in spite of his responsibility for so many monasteries, he travelled about diligently, visiting churches, towns, villages, and particularly men's houses, to stir up the hearts of those that heard him to a love of heavenly joys; St Equitius flourished in the Abruzzi at the time when St Benedict was establishing his rule at Monte Cassino, in youth suffered greatly from temptations of the flesh. In the province of Valeria, St. Equitius, abbot, whose sanctity is attested by blessed Pope Gregory.

1253 St. Clare Patron of sore eyes a beautiful Italian noblewoman who became the Foundress of an order of nuns now called "Poor Clares." At Assisi in Umbria, the birthday of St. Clare, virgin, the first of the Poor Ladies of the Order of Friars Minor.  Being celebrated for holiness of life and miracles, she was placed among the holy virgins by Pope Alexander IV.  Her feast, however, is observed on the day following.

1546  Bd Peter Favre; the senior of the first companions of St Ignatius Loyola and held the highest place in his master's estimation with St Francis Xavier; and he was the first among the Jesuits to come to grips with the Protestant Reformation.   At the time the Emperor Charles V was trying to compose the religious troubles of Germany by convoking a series of conferences, called "diets", of the Catholic and Protestant leaders, and Peter Favre was appointed by Pope Paul III to go to that of Worms, in 1540; from this abortive meeting he went on to assist at the equally useless diet of Ratisbon in the following year. Pope Paul III wished to have Father Peter as his theologian at the Council of Trent. He was not anxious to go, but
"I determined to fall in with the wish of the Archbishop of Mainz, who wanted me to go with him to the Council of Trent, which was to begin on the first day of November. Before I took that determination I had various feelings in my mind and some sadness, from which our Lord delivered me by virtue of holy and unquestioning obedience, which knows better than to consider either one's own insufficiency or the difficulty of the things which are commanded."
In 1546 the pope's summons to the same assembly confirmed his resolution of obedience, and he set out at once, though he was sick and the summer heat was overpowering. The effort was too much. Though only forty years old, Bd Peter was exhausted by his laborious journeys and the strain of his work, and soon after his arrival in Rome he died in the arms of St Ignatius.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 10 2016
 258 Saint Lawrence 1/7 deacons in charge giving help to the poor and needy; persecution broke out, Pope St. Sixtus condemned to death; led to execution, Lawrence followed him weeping, "Father, where are you going without your deacon?" he said. "I am not leaving you, my son," answered the Pope. "in three days you will follow me." Full of joy, Lawrence gave to the poor the rest of the money he had on hand and even sold expensive vessels to have more to give away."Turn me over," he said to the judge. "I'm done on this side!" And just before he died, he said, "It's cooked enough now."

6th v. St. Deusdedit Shoemaker in Rome in the era of Pope St. Gregory the Great . Every Saturday Deusdedit gave all his weekly earnings to the  poor. Pope St. Gregory I the Great praised Deusdedit.
Romæ sancti Deúsdedit Confessóris, qui quod in hebdómada mánibus suis operándo lucrabátur, die sábbati paupéribus erogábat.   At Rome, the holy confessor Deusdedit, a labouring man who gave to the poor every Saturday what he had earned during the week.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 09 2016
 116 Departure of Pope Abriamus (Primus), Fifth Patriarch of Alexandria.  {Coptic}

304 St Emygdius (Emidius) , Martyr beheaded together with three companions, SS. Eupolus, Germanus and Valentinus.. Full of zeal for the faith, Emygdius entered a heathen temple and dashed a statue of Aesculapius to the ground.  Pagans of Rome were so incensed by this action that Pope Marcellus, in order to protect Emygdius from their vengeance, ordained him, consecrated him a bishop, and sent him to evangelize the territory of Ascoli Piceno.  There he laboured with success, making many converts.

  606 St. Serenus Bishop Bishop of Marseilles, France. He is best known for having been a correspondent with Pope St. Gregory I the Great (r. 590-604) who sent him several letters. One endorsed the Roman missionanes who were then on their way to Britain.

1242 Bd John of Salerno; gift of reading minds and consciences.. Florence was troubled at this time by the Patarines, a sect which had penetrated into Italy from Bosnia; Pope Gregory IX. commissioned Bd John to deal with these heretics, whose tenets and life were similar to those of the Albigensians who had first exercised St Dominic.

1482 St. Amedeus  Franciscan founder Portugal He was born to a noble family 1420 and entered the Franciscans as a lay brother at Assisi, Italy. After some time as a hermit, Amedeus was ordained and founded Franciscan monasteries. He was revered by Pope Sixtus IV.

1942 Saint Teresa Benedicta of the Cross (Edith Stein). Beatified in the Cologne cathedral by Pope John Paul II; canonized on October 11, 1998.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 08 2016
308  SS Cyriacus, deacon, Largus, Smaragdus, translated with 20 others by Pope St. Marcellus The holy martyrs suffered on March 16; buried on the Salarian Way by the priest John translated to estate of Lucina, on the Ostian Way; then brought to the city and placed in the church of St. Mary in Via Lata.  On August 8 Pope St Marcellus I translated the bodies to a burial-place, which received the name of Cyriacus, on the road to Ostia. Delehaye shows that this Cyriacus has been confused with another Cyriacus, the founder of the titulus Cyriaci, and that a fictitious story was later evolved which is best known to us as an episode in the spurious Acts of Pope St Marcellus.

1091 St. Altman of Passau; Bishop apostolic delegate; studied in Paris, ordained, became the ranking priest at the Paderborn Cathedral School; went to Aachen royal chaplain of Emperor Henry II; 1064 pilgrimage to Jerusalem, captured by Muslim Saracens in Palestine; released journeyed home 1065; became involved in Pope Gregory VII's efforts to halt simony and clergy marriages; driven out of his diocese because of this controversy; founded Augustinian abbey at Gottweig, Austria; reformed religious institutions of the region; When in 1074 Pope St Gregory VII renewed the pontifical decrees against simony and married clergy, Altman read out the letter in his cathedral. It was very ill received, he had to escape from the ensuing uproar, and found himself opposed in the matter of celibacy by a strong party led by his own provost. The bishop's chief supporters were the Augustinian canons, but the rebels invoked the help of the emperor; Altman did his best to enforce the decree, excommunicated the provost, and, when in the following year the pope forbade lay investiture, definitely ranged himself against Henry. He was driven from his see, and went to Rome. He had some scruples as to whether he held his own see simoniacally, as he had received it by favour of the Empress Agnes; but St Gregory VII confirmed him in it and appointed him delegate apostolic for Germany. He died in 1091, and his cultus was approved by Pope Leo XIII.

1221 St. Dominic de Guzman, Astronomers Patron: studied at the Univ. at Palencia; ordained, appointed canon at Osma in 1199 became prior superior of the chapter, which was noted for its strict adherence to the rule of St. Benedict; founded an order devoted to the conversion of the Albigensians; the order was canonically approved by the bishop of Toulouse the following year. He failed to gain approval for his order of preachers at the fourth General Council of the Lateran in 1215 but received Pope Honorius III's approval in the following year, and the Order of Preachers (Dominicans) was founded; Dominic's concept of harmonizing the intellectual life with popular need. We are not surprised, therefore, that, after signing the Bull of canonization on 13 July, 1234, Gregory IX declared that he no more doubted the saintliness of Saint Dominic than he did that of Saint Peter and Saint Paul.

1570 Bl. John Felton  Martyr of England promoted the papacy in London. Born in Bermondsey, London, to a Norfolk line, John nailed a copy of the Bull of Pope St. Pius V excommunicating Queen Elizabeth I to the doors of the bishop of London’s residence. Arrested and imprisoned, he was racked three times before being martyred in St. Paul’s churchyard. Pope Leo XIII beatified him in 1886.  On February 25, 1569-70, Pope St Pius V published a bull, "Regnans in excelis ", directed against Queen Elizabeth, who was at the time ostensibly a Catholic.  By it she was declared excommunicate, deprived of the kingdom which she ruled and all her subjects discharged from their allegiance, because she claimed headship of the Church in England, sheltered heretics, oppressed Catholics, and coerced her subjects into heresy and repudiation of the Holy See, contrary to her coronation oath. On the following May 25 citizens of London woke up to find a copy of this bull of excommunication of their sovereign fastened to the door of the bishop of London's house, adjoining St Paul's cathedral; it had been put there late on the previous night by Mr John Felton, a gentleman of a Norfolk family who lived in Southwark.

1638 St. Agathangelo Noury Arabic scholar Martyr and reformer, a Franciscan missionary, also called Agathangelus;  sent to Aleppo, Syria, where he became known as an Arabic scholar, publishing Catholic works in Arabic; sent to Cairo -- worked to bring the Coptic Christians into communion with Rome. In 1905, Agathangelo of Vendome, one of the most remarkable missionaries of the seventeenth century, and his faithful companion, Cassian of Nantes, were declared blessed by Pope Pius X.

1909 Bl. Mary MacKillop  first native Australian to be beatified; Born in Melbourne of Scottish ancestry; Concerned with the poor and suffering founded the Sisters of St. Joseph and of the Sacred Heart; sisters were dedicated to educating children; became Mary of the Cross 1873, two years later elected mother general of her congregation; After many difficulties, Mother MacKillop received papal approval of her work in 1888 from Pope Leo XIII. When she died on August 8, 1909, in Sydney, there were one thousand women in her congregation. Pope John Paul II beatified her on January 19, 1995.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 07 2016
On the first day of the Afterfeast of the Transfiguration
1st v. St. Claudia mother of Linus, the second Pope. Tradition has her the daughter of British King Caractacus, who was sent to Rome with his family in chains when he was  defeated by Aulus Plautius. Released by Emperor Claudius, one of his daughters took the name Claudia, remained in Rome, was baptized, and is the Claudia  mentioned in St. Paul's second letter to Timothy.

258 Sixtus (Xystus) II, Pope M, and Companions a Greek philosopher who embraced the Christian faith, served as a deacon in Rome, reached this pinnacle of the church's offices on August 30, 257, and lasted in it no more than a year, suffering a brave martyr's death. His name is in the canon of the Roman Mass.  Nevertheless, he resumed relations with Saint Cyprian and the churches Africa and Asia Minor which had been ruptured by Pope Saint Stephen I, his predecessor.

361 St. Donatus bishop of Arizzo & Hilarinus a martyr of Ostia; Italy; cultus confined to local calendars.    At Arezzo in Tuscany, the birthday of St. Donatus, bishop and martyr, who among other miraculous deeds by his prayers (as is related by blessed Pope Gregory) made whole again a sacred chalice which had been broken by pagans.

407 St. Victricius missionary and Bishop; The son of a Roman legionnaire, he set out on a military career. After becoming a Christian, he refused to remain in the legions. Flogged and sentenced to death for remaining adamant in his refusal to return to the army, he somehow avoided execution and received a discharge. Victricius became a missionary among the tribes of Flanders, Hainault, and Brabant, Belgium, and later the bishop of Rouen, France (about 386).  Not only was he exonerated by Pope St. Innocent I (401-417), but he received from the pope the important decretal of the Liber Regularum.   He was also the author of the work The Praise of Saints St. Victricius.

1638 St. Agathangelo Noury Arabic scholar Martyr and reformer, a Franciscan missionary, also called Agathangelus;  sent to Aleppo, Syria, became known as an Arabic scholar, publishing Catholic works in Arabic; sent to Cairo -- worked to bring the Coptic Christians into communion with Rome.  In 1905, Agathangelo of Vendôme, one of the most remark­able missionaries of the seventeenth century, and his faithful companion, Cassian of Nantes, were declared blessed by Pope Pius X.

1547 St. Cajetan; at his birth his mother, a fervent Dominican tertiary, dedicated Cajetan to the Blessed Virgin; father died fighting for Venetians against King Ferdinand of Naples when Cajetan was only two, example of mother helped Cajetan to grow into a man of sweet temper, constant recollection, unwavering compassion, especially toward poor and afflicted; mystical experience; doctorate in both civil and canon law at Padua, Italy, he became a senator in Vicenza; Pope Julius II compelled him to accept the office of protonotary in his court. Although Julius II was one of the least inspiring examples of a pope, Cajetan saw through the lustful, simonious, indulgent, war-loving court to the essential holiness of the Church. He knew that despite the vices and follies of Her servants, Holy Mother Church still held the keys to the salvation of the world; resigned as protonotary upon Julius's death in 1513 and was ordained in 1516; founder of the blue-habited Theatines, beatified by Urban VIII in 1629; canonized by Clement X in 1671

1638 St. Agathangelo Noury Arabic scholar Martyr and reformer, a Franciscan missionary, also called Agathangelus;  sent to Aleppo, Syria, became known as an Arabic scholar, publishing Catholic works in Arabic; sent to Cairo -- worked to bring the Coptic Christians into communion with Rome.  In 1905, Agathangelo of Vendôme, one of the most remark­able missionaries of the seventeenth century, and his faithful companion, Cassian of Nantes, were declared blessed by Pope Pius X.

1927  Departure of St. Kyrillos V (Cyril), 112th Pope of Alexandria  {Coptic}.  The Pope gave the utmost of his efforts to lift his flock to the highest spiritual level, as he was prudent in printing the church books. He departed in peace, after spending fifty-two years, nine months and six days on the Patriarchal chair.  May his prayers be with us and Glory be to God forever. Amen.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 06 2016
The Transfiguration of Jesus an event reported by Synoptic Gospels in which Jesus is transfigured upon a mountain
        Feast of the Transfiguration of Christ  Given the importance to international politics at that time of such battles between Christian and Muslim nations, in celebration of the victory Pope Callixtus III elevated the Transfiguration to a Feast day to be celebrated in the entire Catholic Church.
In 2002, Pope John Paul II selected the Transfiguration as one of the five Luminous Mysteries of the rosary. 


258 Pope St. Sixtus II martyr  a good and peaceful priest (bonus et pacificus sacerdos) (XYSTUS).
Romæ, via Appia, in cœmetério Callísti, natális beáti Xysti Secúndi, Papæ et Mártyris, qui in persecutióne Valeriáni, gládio animadvérsus, martyrii corónam accépit.
    At Rome, on the Appian Way, in the cemetery of Callistus, the birthday of blessed Sixtus II, pope and martyr, who received the crown of martyrdom in the persecution of Valerian by being put to the sword.

258 St. Agapitus matyred and five other deacons-Felicissimus, Januarius, Magnus, Stephen, and Vincent.  With them suffered also blessed Quartus, as is related by St. Cyprian, Deacon, and companion of Pope Sixtus II in death. He was with the pope when seized during the persecutions of Emperor Valerian. Agapitus and five other deacons-Felicissimus, Januarius, Magnus, Stephen, and Vincent- were martyred.

514 St. Hormisdas Pope successor to St. Symmachus, ended Acacian Schism which had divided the Eastern and Western Churches since 484.

At Bologna, the birthday of St. Dominic, confessor, founder of the Order of Friars Preachers, most renowned for sanctity and learning.  He preserved his chastity unsullied to the end of his life, and by his great merits raised three persons from the dead.  After having repressed heresies by his preaching, and instructed many in the religious and godly life, he rested in peace.  His feast is celebrated on the 4th of August by decree of Pope Paul IV.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 05 2016
180 St. Addal Converted Turkey disciple of Christ sent by St. Thomas to court of King Abgar the Black, 2nd century Osroene ruler.  In due course St Aggai was martyred and Palut had to go to Antioch to be consecrated by Serapion, who in his turn had been made bishop by Pope St Zephyrinus at Rome. Quite apart from any other consideration, this last statement throws the whole of the legend into confusion, for it is known that there was a Serapion, Bishop of Antioch, who was at least contemporary with St Zephyrinus, and was, moreover, contemporary with another Abgar, who was a Christian king of Edessa between about 179 and 213, and probably the first; so Serapion could not have consecrated a convert of one of the Seventy-two.

235 The Martyr Pontius lived during the III Century, son of a pagan Roman senator named Marcus and wife Julia. 235 The Martyr Pontius lived during the III Century, the son of a pagan Roman senator named Marcus and his wife Julia. . Pope Pontian, who was making the service, invited Pontius and his companion Valerian to come in. After the service, the pope talked for a long while with the youths, revealing to them the Gospel teachings, and after a certain while he baptised them. Saint Pontius in turn likewise converted his father to Christ, whom Pope Pontian also baptised, together with his whole household.

Pope Saint Pontian finished his life as a martyr (+ 235).

257 SS Pope Antherus (Bishop of Rome in place of Pope Saint Pontian), and successor was Pope Saint Fabian (Fabius), as presbyter fearlessly gave burial to bodies of martyrs soon accepted suffering and death for Christ (+ 236).  257 SS Pope Antherus (Bishop of Rome in place of Pope Saint Pontian), and successor was Pope Saint Fabian (Fabius), who as a presbyter fearlessly gave burial to the bodies of martyrs.he too soon accepted suffering and death for Christ (+ 236). For 4 years the Church of Christ dwelt in peace and tranquility (emperor Philip and his son.).

303 St. Emygdius  patron against earthquakes  destroyed a pagan temple.       At Ascoli in Piceno, St. Emygdius, bishop and martyr, who was consecrated bishop by Pope St. Marcellus, and sent thither to preach the Gospel.  He received the crown of martyrdom for the confession of Christ under Diocletian.

435 Dedication of St. Mary Major first church in Rome dedicated to Mary the Mother of God.. It was founded by Pope Liberius in the 4th century, and dedicated to the Blessed Virgin by Pope Saint Sixtus III about 435.

751 St. Abel  Irish Archbishop and Benedictine abbot noted churchman, accompanying St. Boniface on his missions to the European Continent. He was chosen as archbishop of Remis by Pope St. Zachary, a nomination ratified by the Council of Soissons in 744.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 04 2016
  622 Molua educated at Bangor under Saint Comgall  founded over 100 monasteries in Ireland Abbot (AC);. He is said to have gone to Rome (“Unless I see Rome I shall soon die”), and taken the opportunity to submit to Pope St Gregory the Great the rule he had drawn up for his monasteries; it was, like all Celtic monastic rules, extremely arduous and the pope said of it that, “The holy man who drew up this rule has laid a hedge round his family which reaches to Heaven”

1869 St. John Vianney Patron of priests ordained 1815 incorupt . Pope Pius XI placed him in the number of the saints, ordered that his feast should be observed on the 9th day of this month, and appointed him as the heavenly patron of all parish priests.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 03 2016
  415 The Finding Of St StephePope Benedict XIV's commission proposed to suppress this feast.

  448 St Germanus, Bishop Of Auxerre; by his teaching and miracles Pelagianism was finally eradicated and its teachers banished, free from heresy the Church in these islands remained for a space of eleven hundred years, until the errors of Protestantism took root and were watered by royal corruption in the sixteenth century;  Pope St Celestine and the Gallic bishops nominated St Germanus to go in year 429, and appointed St Lupus, Bishop of Troyes, to accompany him on this mission. Pope Urban II sent him to Constantinople as papal legate to the Byzantine Empire. He was canonized in 1109 by Pope Paschal II, a mere four years after his death. 

1295 “ST” THOMAS OF DOVER Miracles were recorded at his tomb and Simon Simeon, an Irish friar who made a pilgrimage to the Holy Land about 1322, mentions the honour given to him as a martyr “at the Black Monks, under Dover Castle”. King Richard II asked Pope Urban VI to canonize Thomas, and a process was begun in 1382 but never carried out

1323 Blessed Augustine Gazotich of Lucera fought the Manichæen heresy; in Sicily, Islam; in Hungary charming miracles are related OP B (AC) Born in Trau, Dalmatia, c. 1260-1262; cultus reconfirmed by Pope Clement XI in 1702.

1105 St. Peter of Anagni 1st crusader Benedictine bishop papal legate. A native of Salerno, Italy, he entered the Benedictines and so distinguished himself as a monk that Pope St. Gregory VII appointed him bishop of Anagni.

1868 ST PETER JULIAN EYMARD, FOUNDER OF THE PRIESTS OF THE BLESSED SACRAMENT  During this time he received encouragement from Pope Pius IX and from the Ven. John Cohn, founder of the Marists, and he determined to sacrifice his vocation with the Society of Mary and to devote himself to a new society.  Peter Julian Eymard was beatified, and canonized in 1962 during the Second Vatican Council.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 02 2016
2nd v St. Maximus of Padua Bishop Bishop of Padua, Italy, successor to St. Prosdocimus there.  His relics were discovered in 1053 and enshrined by Pope St. Leo IX.
257 Stephen I, Pope the Novatian controversy M (RM)  257 Stephen I, Pope the Novatian controversy Christ is the principal minister in the Sacraments, whose validity and efficacy do not depend upon the grace of the human minister M (RM)

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 01 2016
SS. Hope Sofia Charity According to an Eastern allegory explaining the cult of Divine Wisdom, Faith, Hope, and Charity the daughters of Wisdom, a widow in Rome; The daughters suffered martyrdom; mentioned in the Acts of Pope St. Stephen.  The cult cannot be called ancient. No earlier evidence has been adduced than the Index oleorum, which dates only from the end of the sixth century .

  40 St. Peter in Chains.  Under the high altar, in a chasse of plate glass and silver-gilt, there are two ancient iron chains fastened together. Tradition has it that Pope Alexander I enshrined here as a precious relic the chain that bound St. Peter in the year 67, when he was imprisoned, prior to his Roman martyrdom in the Mamertine Prison, a dungeon still visitable in the Roman Forum. 

1787 St. Alphonsus Marie Liguori Bishop, Doctor of the Church, and the founder of the Redemptorist Congregation; St. Alphonsus Theologians Patron he experienced visions, performed miracles, and gave prophecies.  Noted for his zeal for souls, his writings, and his example, Pope Gregory XVI added him to the canon of saints, and Pius IX declared him to be a doctor of the Universal Church.  Pius XII established him as heavenly patron of all moral theologians and of those who hear Confession.  His feast, however, is observed on the day following.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 31
190 St. Calimerius Martyred bishop of Milan, Greek Rome educated disciple of Pope St. Telesphorus;
448 Germanus (Germain) of Auxerre; high Roman official before priesthood ordination in 418; consecrated bishop of Auxerre' relations with the church in Britain-429 and 447- succeeded completely eradicating Pelagianism; led the Britons to their great "Alleluia" victory over the Saxons.
1175 St. Helen of Skovde Widow; gave all her possessions to the poor; Like Jesus, the innocent Lamb, St. Helen was put to death; many miracles were reported at her tomb. Her body was brought from Gotene and interred in the church she had built at Skovde, and on the strength of the miracles of healing there reported Pope Alexander III authorized her cultus in 1164. 
1367 Blessed John (Giovanni) Colombini, Founded Gesuati lay brothers approved in 1367; rich Sienese merchant held position of 1st magistrate (gonfalionere); ambitious, avaricious, ill-tempered man converted while reading conversion story of Saint Mary of Egypt in the The Lives of the Saints (RM.) Born in Siena, Italy, c. 1300; beatified by Pope Gregory XIII. If John Colombini can win God's favor, there is hope for all of us.
1556 St. Ignatius Of Loyola founder of the Jesuits "Give me only your love and your grace. With this I am rich enough, and I have no more to ask."  Pope Pius XI declared him to be the heavenly patron of all spiritual retreats.   St. Ignatius died in Rome, on July 31, 1556. Pope Gregory XV proclaimed him a saint in 1622.  Cardinals appointed by the pope to examine the affair of this new order at first opposed it, thinking religious orders already too much multiplied, but after a year changed their opinions, and Paul III approved it by a bull, dated September 27, 1540.  In the words of Pope Pius XI, the Ignatian methods of prayer "lead a man by the safe paths of self-abnegation and the removal of bad habits up to the suprente heights of prayer and divine love ".

1859 St. Peter Quy Vietnamese martyr; native of Vietnam, Peter devoted Christian ordained  priest. Arrested for being a Christian priest by anti-Catholic forces,  beheaded. Pope John Paul II canonized him in 1988
1859 St. Emmanuel Phung Martyr of Vietnam; born in Dannuoc Vietnam became a Christian catechist. Emmanuel was strangled to death near Chaudoc. He was canonized in 1988.
1859 St. Peter Quy Vietnamese martyr; native of Vietnam, Peter devoted Christian ordained  priest. Arrested for being a Christian priest by anti-Catholic forces,  beheaded. Pope John Paul II canonized him in 1988
1860 St. Justin de Jacobis; first prefect and vicar apostolic to the new Catholic mission at Adua, Ethiopia; Vincentians. He was canonized by Pope Paul VI in 1975.  But some of them, including Gabra Mika'el, defied the patriarch & accompanied Father de Jacobis. They were warmly received by Pope Gregory XVI, assisted at Mass in St Peter's on the Assumption, and came away exceedingly impressed.   Only one of them had yet repudiated schism, on the way back at Jerusalem, but Father de Jacobis was sowing good seed.  And so the deputation returned home.  As Bd Justin said, "That visit to Rome altered the ideas of my poor Ethiopians: it was the best possible course of theology for them ".

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 20
450 St. Peter Chrysologus A man who vigorously pursues a goal may produce results far beyond his expectations and his intentions. Thus it was with Peter of the Golden Words, as he was called, who as a young man became bishop of Ravenna, the capital of the empire in the West. declared a doctor of the Church by Pope Benedict XIII

1460 Bd Archangelo of Calatafimi;  from childhood a religious and retiring disposition; withdrew himself to a cave, there to live in solitude many people invaded his retreat to seek his advice and conversation, and when miracles take place, they came in greater numbers; removed to Alcamo asked to revive and organize a decayed hospice for the poor, which he undertook; once more returned to the solitary life; Pope Martin V saw fit to order all the hermits in Sicily, of which there were many, to return to the world or religious order; Obedient received the habit of the Friars Minor of the Observance from Bd Matthew of Girgenti.  Worn out with penance and work for souls, Archangelo died in April, 1460, and Pope Gregory XVI confirmed his cultus in 1836.

1471 Bd John Soreth at 16 became a Carmelite; Ph.D, Univ Paris; unanimously elected prior general of the whole order in 1451; at this time Carmelites, in common with other mendicant friars, were in urgent need of reform, part because of the Black Death and of the "great schism of the West". John was a forerunner of St Teresa; deeply versed both in sacred science and in profane philosophy over and above such gifts, it was his religion and goodness that made him the glory and the most illustrious reformer of the Carmelite order.  Bd John's efforts at reform among the friars met with only a limited success; but his sanctity and abilities were recognized by Pope Callistus III, who wished to make him a bishop and a cardinal. John however had not taught humility to others at the expense of his own, and the Holy See accepted his refusal of these honours, leaving him free to persevere with his own task; in the service of his order he went up and down Europe, to Germany, to England, to Italy, to Sicily.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 29
1099 Blessed Urban II Pope, Odo of Lagery studied under Saint Bruno at Rheims, became archdeacon there, and, about 1070, became a Benedictine monk at Cluny. Saint Hugh named Odo prior; sent to Rome to assist Pope Gregory VII's reform of the Church, became chief adviser; named cardinal-bishop of Ostia in 1078; succeeded Blessed Pope Victor III
"The answers to many of life's questions can be found by reading the Lives of the Saints. They teach us how to overcome obstacles and difficulties, how to stand firm in our faith, and how to struggle against evil and emerge victorious." 

Pope Saint Leo (died 461) -- 303 Simplicius, Faustinus & Beatrice The record of these two brothers and their sister who were martyred in Rome under Diocletian is known from the Martyrology of Jerome. (Viatrix) MM (RM).   Lucina buried her body next to that of her brothers in the Ad Ursum Pileatum cemetery on the highway to Porto. Pope Saint Leo translated their relics to a church he built in their honor in Rome.  In 1868, the cemetery of Generosa was discovered beside this road; it had a small church dating from the time of Pope Saint Damasus (died 384), with contemporary frescoes and inscriptions.

1099 Blessed Urban II, Odo of Lagery studied under Saint Bruno at Rheims, became archdeacon there, and, about 1070, became a Benedictine monk at Cluny. Saint Hugh named Odo prior. Then he was sent to Rome to assist Pope Gregory VII's reform of the Church, became his chief adviser, and was named cardinal-bishop of Ostia in 1078; succeed Blessed Pope Victor III:  OSB Pope (RM)

1234 St. William of Saint-Brieuc, Bishop, also called William Pinchon. A native of Brittany, France, he entered the priesthood and was soon made a canon and then bishop of Saint-Bricuc  (in 1220). Known as a staunch defender of the poor and of ecclesiastical rights, he was banished for a time by the duke of Brittany, going to Poitiers and returning in 1230 body was deposited in his cathedral and taken up incorrupt in 1248. He was canonized in 1247 or 1253..  William Pinchon of Saint-Brieuc B (RM) Born in Brittany; canonized in 1253 by Pope Innocent IV. Although William was born into an illustrious Breton family, he possessed very admirable virtues: an innocence of manner, meekness, humility, chastity, charity, and devotion.

1861  Bl. Joseph Tshang Martyr of China; a native seminarian who, along with three companions, was beheaded. Pope St. Pius X beatified him in 1909.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 28
64 St. Nazarius and Celsus Martyrs supposedly beheaded at Milan during the reign of Emperor Nero. Their relics, however, were discovered in 395 by St. Ambrose of Milan. Nazarius’ blood was still liquid when his remains were found.  SS. Nazarius and Celsus are united in one feast with the holy popes Victor and Innocent (see below), and are named in the canon of the Milanese Mass.

199 Victor I, Pope African by birth, Victor succeeded Saint Eleutherius as pope c. 189 the first to use Latin in the celebration of the liturgy Until Victor's time, Rome celebrated the Mass in Greek. Pope Victor changed the language to Latin, which was used in his native North Africa. According to Jerome, he was the first Christian author to write about theology in Latin. Latin masses, however, did not become universal until the latter half of the 4th century. (RM)  Pope St Victor died before the persecution of Septimius Severus began, and there is no good reason to suppose he was martyred; but his energy and zeal exposed him to persecutions for which alone he might deserve the honours of a martyr which are accorded him liturgically.

417 St. Innocent I Pope, succeeding Pope St. Anastasius I, on December 22, 401; he emphasized papal supremacy, commending bishops of Africa for referring decrees of their councils at Carthage and Millevis in 416, condemning Pelagianism, to the Pope for confirmation. It was his confirmation of these decrees that caused Augustine to make a remark that was to echo through the centuries: "Roma locuta, causa finitas" (Rome has spoken, the matter is ended); matters of great importance were to be referred to Rome for settlement.

1459 Bl. Anthony della Chiesa Dominican superior; companion of St. Bernardino of Siena; one of the leaders opposing the last of the antipopes, Felix V; known miracle worker with an ability to read the consciences of men and women;  he conversed with Saint Mary, in ecstasy, several times.

1942 St. Leopold Mandic; Western Christians working for greater dialogue with Orthodox Christians may be reaping the fruits of Father Leopold’s prayers; taught patrology, the study of the Church Fathers, to the clerics of his province for several years, but he is best known for his work in the confessional, where he sometimes spent 13-15 hours a day. Several bishops sought out his spiritual advice
Western Christians who are working for greater dialogue with Orthodox Christians may be reaping the fruits of Father Leopold’s prayers..  At a time when Pope Pius XII said that the greatest sin of our time is "to have lost all sense of sin," Leopold had a profound sense of sin and an even firmer sense of God’s grace awaiting human cooperation.
Leopold, who lived most of his life in Padua, died on July 30, 1942, and was canonized in 1982.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 27
916 Saints Clement, Bishop of Ochrid, Equal of the Apostles, Naum, Sava, Gorazd and Angelar were Slavs, disciples of Sts Cyril and Methodius (May 11) These Enlighteners of the Slavs were opposed by German missionaries, who had the support of the Pope and the patronage of the Moravian prince Svyatopolk. The struggle centered around the questions of the need for divine services in Slavonic, the Filioque and Saturday fasting. Pope Stephen VI prohibited the use of Slavonic in church.  The proponents of the three-tongued heresy (who wanted to use only Hebrew, Greek, or Latin for Church purposes), after setting aside the ancestral language of the Slavic peoples, brought the disciples of St Methodius to trial, including St Clement. They subjected them to fierce torture: dragging them through thorns, and holding them in prison for a long time, just as they had done with their spiritual Father, St Methodius.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 26
Sts. Joachim and Anna
Orthodoxe Kirche: 9. September (mit Anna) Katholische und Anglikanische Kirche: 26. Juli (mit Anna) {Saint Gerontius founded the Skete of St Anna on Mount Athos this day}The early cultist of St Anne in Constantinople is attested by the fact that in the middle of the sixth century the Emperor Justinian I dedicated a shrine to her. The devotion was probably introduced into Rome by Pope Constantine (708-715). There are two eighth-century representations of St Anne in the frescoes of S. Maria Antiqua; she is mentioned conspicuously in a list of relics belonging to S. Angelo in Pescheria, and we know that Pope St Leo III (795-816) presented a vestment to St Mary Major which was embroidered with the Annunciation and St Joachim and St Anne.  The first papal pronouncement on the subject, enjoining the observance of an annual feast, was addressed by Urban VI in 1382, at the request, as the pope said, of certain English petitioners, to the bishops of England alone.  It is quite possible that it was occasioned by the marriage of King Richard II to Anne of Bohemia in that year.  The feast was extended to the whole Western church in 1584.

1583 Bl. Rudolf Acquaviva Jesuit martyr sent to India, going to the court of Mogul Akbar near Agra. He became superior of the Salsette mission. Rudolf was martyred at Salsette, near Goa, by Hindus, with four companions, including Alfonso Pacheco.  It was not till 1741 that Pope Benedict XIV declared the martyrdom proved, and even then the formal beatification did not take place till 1893 .

1752 Blessed Antonio Lucci; attended the local school run by the Conventual Franciscans and joined them at the age of 16. Antonio completed his studies for the priesthood in Assisi, where he was ordained in 1705. Further studies led to a doctorate in theology and appointments as a teacher in Agnone, Ravello and Naples. He also served as guardian in Naples; bishop of Bovino.  Elected minister provincial in 1718, the following year he was appointed professor at St. Bonaventure College in Rome, a position he held until Pope Benedict XIII chose him as bishop of Bovino (near Foggia) in 1729. The pope explained, "I have chosen as bishop of Bovino an eminent theologian and a great saint."

1942 Bl. Titus Brandsma Carmelite martyr who died at the hands of the Nazis; was sent to various concentration camps where he demonstrated charity and concern
Becoming a Carmelite as a young man, he displayed a dazzling intellect and scholarship, receiving ordination as a priest in 1905 and earning a doctorate in philosophy at Rome. Titus then taught in Dutch universities and lectured in many countries on Carmelite spirituality and mysticism. He also served as rector magnificus at the Catholic University of Nijmegen. In 1935 he became an ecclesiastical advisor to Catholic journalists. His academic and spiritual studies were also printed and widely read. He was born in 1881 at Bolsward in the Netherlands. When the Nazis occupied the Netherlands, Titus was singled out as an enemy because he fought against the spread of Nazism in Europe. Arrested, Titus was sent to various concentration camps where he demonstrated charity and concern. In 1942, he was martyred in Dachau.
Titus was beatified by Pope John Paul II on November 3, 1985 .

160 St. Pastor A priest of Rome who is reported to have been the brother of Pope St. Pius I.
Pastor of Rome (RM) Saint Pastor, brother to Pope Saint Pius I, was a Roman priest. It is believed that he left his name to the title (i.e., parish) of Saint Pudentiana in Rome--Titulus pastoris (Benedictines)

185 A.M. (July 13th, 1369 A.D.) Departure of Pope Youanis X, 85th Patriarch of Alexandria.

284 A.M. {1448} Martyrdom of Sts. Bidaba, Bishop of Qift, Anba Andrew, and Anba Christodoulas.     When it was Sunday and the people were gathered in the church, they brought the Saint to the bishop who promoted him to Hegumen (Archpriest). He stayed with the bishop for nine days then went back to the mountain. Later on, the bishop of Qift departed, so the people of the area gathered and unanimously decided to nominate Abba Bidaba to be ordained in his place. They decided to go to Pope Peter the First (The seal of martyrs and the 17th Patriarch) to ordain him a bishop for them. The angel of the Lord appeared to the Pope in a vision and told him, "Go to Upper Egypt and bring the Archpriest Bidaba and ordain him a bishop for the city of Qift, for the Lord has chosen him."  The Pope was amazed and looked at the saint and said, "Truly you are chosen from God." He asked the Pope to allow him to go to his parish. He embarked in a sailing boat, which had a handicapped man, that did not walk for twenty-two years. While he was getting aboard the boat the saint's leg slipped and stepped over the leg of that handicapped man. The man's legs were healed and he jumped up immediately praising God. All those in the ship praised God and asked the saint to remember them in his prayers and to bless them.
    Many miracles were wrought by his hands during his journey.

305 (as we read in the Acts of Pope St. Stephen) -- Hieromartyrs Hermolaus, Hermippus and Hermocrates of Nicomedia, were among the small number of those remaining alive after 20,000 Christians were burned alive in a church at Nicomedia in the year 303 (December 28), on the orders of the emperor Maximian (284-305). They in remote places and did not cease to preach Christianity to the pagans.  The Lord Jesus Christ appeared to St Hermolaus.  

1016 St Simeon The Armenian earned a reputation for miracles, and charity.  Here he was accused of being a heretic, and by order of Pope Benedict VII he was examined, and declared to be orthodox.  Miracles attributed to him caused notice to be taken at Rome, and Simeon's cultus was allowed by Pope Benedict VIII.

1833 At Lovere, in the diocese of Brescia, St. Bartholemea Capitanio, virgin, who founded the Sisters of Charity, dedicated to teaching the young.  Pope Pius XII added her name to the catalogue of holy virgins.

1946 The cause of Sister Alphonsa began on 2 December 1953 in the Syro-Malabar Catholic Diocese of Palai and she was declared a Servant of God. She was declared Venerable on 9 July 1985 by Pope John Paul II. Her beatification was declared 8 February 1986 by Pope John Paul II at Kottayam. 1946 Saint Alphonsa Muttathupadathu; "Grains of wheat, when ground in the mill, turn in to flour. With this flour we make the wafer of the holy Eucharist. Grapes, when crushed in the wine press, yield their juice. This juice turns into wine. Similarly, suffering so crushes us that we turn into better human beings." -Saint Alphonsa to novices

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 25
44 St. James the Greater Apostle. The relics still rest in the cathedral and were referred to as authentic in a bull of Pope Leo XIII in 1884. Their genuineness is seriously disputed, but it does not depend in any way on the truth or falseness of the story of St James's missionary visit to Spain.

553 The Fifth Ecumenical Council (Constantinople II) under the holy Emperor St Justinian I (527-565) in the year 553 to determine the Orthodoxy of three dead bishops: Theodore of Mopsuetia, Theodoret of Cyrrhus and Ibas of Edessa, who expressed Nestorian opinions in their writings in the time of the Third Ecumenical Council (September 9).  Pope Vigilius, though present in Constantinople, refused to participate in the Council, although he was asked three times to do so by official deputies in the name of the gathered bishops and the Emperor himself.  The Pope Vigilius afterwards concurred with the mind of the Fathers, and signed the Conciliar definition.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 24
75 Wulfhade and Ruffinus Martyrs of England; according to tradition they were two princes of Mercia who were baptized by St. Chad; martyred at Stone, Staffordshire.   The procurator of the Peterborough Abbey built at Stone travelled to Rome and prevailed upon the pope to enroll the martyrs among the saints.

1015 Boris and Gleb sons 1st Christian princes of Russia St Vladimir of Kiev and Anne of Constantinople the daughter of Emperor Basil II, the Bulgar slayer (Gleb)  Passion-Bearers, since they did not resist evil with violence  MM (AC)  (also known as Romanus and David).  It was a conception characteristically Russian, as it is characteristically Christian,*{*Non-violent resistance to evil has persisted throughout Christian history there were for instance, conscientious objectors to military service among the early saints, e.g. St Victricius, St Martin of Tours and the martyr St Maximilian.} and popular feeling was so strong that the Greek ecclesiastical authorities in Russia submitted to what they seem not to have understood, and Boris and Gleb were enrolled among the saints. This verdict was confirmed by Pope Benedict XIII in 1724.

1391 Bd Nicholas (Nils) Hermanssön son of Herman and Margaret of Skeninge, was raised to piety; led a life of abstinence; educated in Paris and Orléans, France, in civil and canon law; ordained priest, served as a canon in Sweden, tutor to the sons of Saint Bridget of Sweden to whom he was a devoted friend. In 1361, he was appointed archdeacon of Linköping. B (AC)  Until Uppsala was made a metropolitan see by Pope Alexander III, Linkoping was the principal ecclesiastical centre, and even afterwards its position was to a considerable extent maintained by a succession of capable and energetic bishops, of whom Bd Nicholas Hermansson was one of the most noteworthy.

1391 Bd Nicholas (Nils) Hermanssön son of Herman and Margaret of Skeninge, was raised to piety; led a life of abstinence; educated in Paris and Orléans, France, in civil and canon law; ordained priest, served as a canon in Sweden, tutor to the sons of Saint Bridget of Sweden to whom he was a devoted friend. In 1361, he was appointed archdeacon of Linköping. B (AC).  Nicholas's cult arose immediately thereafter; vita were written and cures described. An enquiry into his life and miracles began in 1417, and Pope Martin V confirmed his cultus. The translation of relics occurred in 1515, and eight years later his Office was authorized. His cultus ended with the Reformation.
The Benedictines note that this canonization cannot be proven; he might be better considered as a beatus.
In some places, his feast is given as May 2 (Benedictines, Farmer, Husenbeth).

1446 Blessed John Tavalli of Tossignano; best remembered as the translator of the Bible into Italian; he studied at the University of Bologna before joining the order of the Gesuati; In 1431, he was named bishop of Ferrara. (AC).  In 1431 he was chosen bishop of Ferrara, and seven years later welcomed to his cathedral city and assisted at the council, convoked by Pope Eugenius IV at the suggestion of the emperor, John VIII Palaiologos, to effect a union of the Western and Eastern churches against the encroachments of Islam; until the council was removed to Florence he was the host of the pope, the emperor and the patriarch of Constantinople.

1594 St. John Boste One of Forty Martyrs of England and Wales; born at Dufton, at Westmoreland, England; studied at Oxford. Becoming a Catholic in 1576, he went to Reims and received ordination in 1581. John went back to England where he worked in the northern parts of the kingdom.  John was canonized by Pope Paul VI in 1970 as a martyr of Durham.

1838 Bl. Joseph Fernandez Dominican martyr of Vietnam. He was sent there in 1805 as an ordained priest and appointed provincial vicar of the mission. He was beheaded. He was beatified in 1988 by Pope John Paul II.

Bl. Maria Pilar Martinez Garcia & Companions Carmelite nun, with Maria Ange­les Valtierra and Teresa Garcia y Garcia. They were killed in Guadalajara, Spain, by communists in the civil war. Maria Pilar Martinez was an older nun from Tarazona, Zaragoza. They were beatified in 1987 by Pope John Paul II.

1898 St. Sharbel Makhlouf  from the Monastery of St. Maron at Annaya, Lebanon; l lived as a hermit 23 years; Bishop Zayek wrote: “St. Sharbel is called the second St. Anthony of the Desert, the Perfume of Lebanon, the first Confessor of the East to be raised to the Altars according to the actual procedure of the Catholic Church, the honor of our Aramaic Antiochian Church, and the model of spiritual values and renewal."  Pope Paul VI beatified him in 1965 and canonized him in 1977.   Comment: Pope John Paul II has often said that the Church has two lungs (East and West) and it must learn to breathe using both of them. Remembering saints like Sharbel helps the Church to appreciate both the diversity and unity present in the Catholic Church.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 23
75  St. Apollinaris  first bishop of Ravenna, Italy martyr. Apollinaris's best memorials are the superb churches of Ravenna dedicated to name; however, Pope Honorius built one in Rome dedicated to him about 630.

390 St. Liborius second or third bishop of Le Mans Patron saint of Paderborn, Germany, and the bishop of Le Mans, France.  St Liborius is invoked against gravel and allied complaints, and this, curiously enough, accounts for his commemoration in the liturgy of the Western church on July 23: the observance was instituted by Pope Clement XI (d. 1721), who suffered from that painful disease.  

433 St. John Cassian Eastern monk and theological writer. He went to Palestine in 380 with a companion, Germanus, and became a monk in Egypt. In 400 he entered into the discipleship of St. John Chrysostom, going to Rome to defend the much-oppressed saint before Pope Innocent I. Ordained in Rome, John started monasteries in southern France, near Marseilles, thus helping to pioneer monasticism in Europe.  John also authored the work De Incarnatione Doniini, in seven books, at the. behest of Pope Leo I the Great so as to inform the Western Church of the details of the teachings of the heresiarch Nestorius. While never canonized officially in the West, John has long been considered a saint among the Eastern Churches.    His next work were the 24 Conferences on the Egyptian Monks, which were addressed to different people, among them Saint Honoratus, abbot and founder of Lérins. In them Cassian tells of the discussions or conferences that he had with the monks; however, the doctrine that he expressed in them was often unorthodox, and in the opinion of Saint Augustine gave too much importance to human free will in the virtuous act and not enough to divine grace. This whiff of heresy, which went under the name of 'semi-Pelagianism,' earned the author public reproof, and his Conferences were officially relegated to the ranks of the apocrypha by a decree attributed to Pope Saint Gelasius. Nevertheless, Saint Benedict prescribed the Conferences as one of the books to be read aloud to his monks after supper.
Though Cassian was in bad odor with the Holy Office, the success and popularity of his works in no way diminished, particularly among the monks of southern France, who were strongly anti-Augustinian. In about 430, Cassian was commissioned by the future Pope Saint Leo to write seven books entitled On the Incarnation of the Lord against the heretic Nestorius. This work was evidently written in haste and does not compare with the other two works. Nestorius, archbishop of Constantinople, was solemnly condemned by the Council of Ephesus in 431, whereas Cassian, the champion of semi- Pelagianism, was not condemned by a council until 529.
In many ways Cassian was the precursor of Saint Benedict, who drew on him heavily, though he also altered a great deal. Every generation has found in Cassian one of its best guides. His works, which have been endlessly republished and translated, have been quoted by a large number of spiritual writers, from Saint Bernard and Saint Thomas down to the Jesuit father Rodriguez.
 Cassian, in short, was and still is one of the great teachers of the religious life (Attwater, Benedictines, Chadwick, Delaney, Encyclopedia).

6th v. St. Romlua A virgin who lived with St. Redempta as a hermitess near the church of Mary Major, Rome. Redempta had been trained as a nun by St. Herundo in Palestine. They formed a small community in Rome, and they earned the praise of Pope St. Gregory I the Great. Romula was paralyzed for the last years of her life. St Redempta was brought up by St Herundo in the ways of virtue and the solitary life, and when she had grown old went from the hills near Palestrina to live with St Romula and another woman in a small house near the church of St Mary Major, about the year 575.  St Gregory, who knew them personally, says that they showed a perfect humility and obedience, and hardly opened their mouths to speak except in prayer.
580 Romula, Redempta, and Herundo  Three Roman maidens who lived lives of austerity and prayer in or near the church of Saint Mary Major. They were venerated by Saint Gregory the Great (Benedictines, Encyclopedia). VV (RM)
Romæ sanctárum Vírginum Rómulæ, Redémptæ et Herúndinis, de quibus scribit sanctus Gregórius Papa.
    At Rome, the saintly virgins Romula, Redempta, and Herundo, mentioned by Pope St. Gregory in his writings.

1373 Bridget (Birgitta) of Sweden, Religious visions were written in a book called Revelations.  In this house St Bridget provided for sixty nuns, and in a separate enclosure monks, to the number of thirteen priests, in honour of the twelve Apostles and St Paul, four deacons, representing the Doctors of the Church, and eight choir-brothers not in orders, making the number of our Lord’s apostles and disciples, eighty-five, in all. She prescribed them certain particular constitutions, which are said dictated to her by our Saviour in a vision. This circumstance is neither mentioned by Pope Boniface IX in the bull of her canonization, nor by Martin V when he ratified the privileges of Syon Abbey and reaffirmed the canonization; and the popes when they speak of this rule mention only the approbation of the Holy See, without making reference to any such private revelation. In this institute, as in the Order of Fontevrault, the men were subject to the abbess of the nuns in temporals, but in spirituals the women were subject to the superior of the monks, because the order was principally instituted for women and the men were admitted only to afford them spiritual ministrations. This rule had already been submitted to Urban when he arrived in Rome, and he had done nothing about it. So now Bridget set off to Montefiascone on her white mule, and as a result the pope gave a general approval to her religious foundation, prescribing for it the general Rule of St Augustine with the Bridgettine constitutions. Four months later Urban was dead, and St Bridget three times wrote to his successor at Avignon, Gregory XI, warning him to come back to the apostolic see, which he eventually did four years after her death.
Pope Benedict XIV referred specifically to the revelations of St Bridget, among others, when he wrote that, “Even though many of these revelations have been approved, we cannot and we ought not to give them the assent of divine faith, but only that of human faith, according to the dictates of prudence whenever these dictates enable us to decide that they are probable and worthy of pious credence”.

1408—1427 St. George, the Great Martyr Recovery of the Holy Relics of;  many signs were manifested from it to his church in Old Cairo {Coptic}.  Then, he went to Pope Gabrial, 88th Pope, and told him about the vision and the box. Immediately the Pope rose up and took with him the priests and the deacons, and went to where the box was. After they took the blessings of the holy relics and gave some money to the woman, they carried the box in a venerable celebration. They brought it to the church of St. George in Old Cairo where many signs were manifested from it.  May his prayers be with us and Glory be to God forever. Amen.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 22
{The identification of Mary Magdalen, the sister of Lazarus and the Sinner as one person is still by no means unchallenged in the West.  Though most Latin writers since the time of Pope St Gregory have supported the identity, St Ambrose, St Jerome, St Augustine, St Albert the Great and St Thomas leave the question undecided; most of the Greek fathers distinguish three, or at least two, different persons.  This is the common view in the East, not only among the dissidents but also among those in communion with the Holy See.  Thus the Catholic Byzantines keep the feast of Mary Magdalen the Myrrh-bearer on July 22, and of the other two on other dates.}

1088  Bd Benno, Bishop Of Osnabruck; noteworthy work as an architect "official architect" to the Emperor Henry III; sent more than once as imperial envoy to pope St Gregory; founded Iburg monastery

1619 Lawrence of Brindisi, Doctor of the Church by Pope John XXIII both a brilliant military tactician as well as a peacemaker; became a Capuchin Franciscan in Verona at 16 and took the name Lawrence excelled at Bible studies; main contributions are in the nine volumes of his sermons (RM) OFM Cap. (also known as Laurence, Lorenzo)

At Lisbon in Portugal, St. Lawrence of Brindisi, priest and confessor, superior general of the Order of Friars Minor Capuchin of St. Francis.  Illustrious for his preaching and his arduous labour for the glory of God, he was canonized by Pope Leo XIII.In 1596, he became a definitor general of the order in Rome, a position he was to hold five times. Pope Clement VIII commissioned him to evangelize the Jews; his facility with Hebrew contributed to his success at this task. He accompanied Blessed Benedict of Urbino to Germany to establish the Capuchins as a means of counteracting the spread of Lutheranism. They nursed plague victims and established monasteries at Prague, Vienna, and Gorizia, which were to develop into the provinces of Bohemia, Austria, and Styria. Lawrence then was elected minister general of the Capuchins.  During this time, the Turks were threatening to conquer Hungary. Emperor Rudolf II begged Lawrence to unite the German princes against them. As a result of his efforts, an army was mustered, and he was appointed chaplain general. Before the battle of Szekes-Fehervar in 1601, the generals consulted him on strategy. He advised an attack, rallied the troops, and rode before the army with a crucifix. The victory of Szekes-Fehervar was attributed to him.  In 1602, he was elected vicar general of the Capuchins but refused re-election in 1605.

1679 Bds. Philip Evans priest S.J. and John Lloyd a secular priest, missionary to minister in his own country; Martyred " as priests who had come unlawfully into the realm".  Philip Evans, SJ, and John Lloyd, Priests MM (RM) Died at Cardiff, Wales, on July 22, 1679; beatified in 1929; canonized by Pope Paul VI in 1970 as two of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales.

1927 Saint Marie Alphonsine saved a girl by lowering down her Rosary.  
 Saint Marie Alphonsine Ghattas (1843-1927), recently canonized by Pope Francis in Rome, was favored with several Marian apparitions.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 21
1st v.  St. Apollinaris St. Peter sent Apollinaris to Ravenna, Italy, as its first bishop exiled 4 times by pagans. Saint Fortunatus exhorted his friends to make pilgrimages to his tomb, and Saint Gregory the Great ordered parties in doubtful lawsuits to be sworn before it. Apollinaris's best memorials are the superb churches of Ravenna dedicated to name; however, Pope Honorius built one memorial in Rome dedicated to him about 630.

1537: St Jerome Emiliani, Founder Of The Somaschi; served in the armies of the republic; led a careless and irreligious life, but now he sanctified his sufferings by prayer and turning to God; resolved to devote himself and his property solely to others, founded orphanages at Brescia, Bergamo, and Como, shelter for penitent prostitutes, a hospital at Verona. He was canonized in 1767, and in 1928 was named patron-saint of orphans and abandoned children by Pope Pius XI.   After his death his congregation suffered considerable vicissitudes, but it had the approval of St Charles Borromeo and in 1540 was recognized by Pope Paul III; today, however, the Somaschi number but few members, who conduct schools and orphanages in Italy.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 20
450 St. Arsenius the Great, -- Pope St Damasus  -- Hermit 395 he abandoned the court and joined the monks in Alexandria, Egypt. On the death of Theodosius (c. 400), saddened and sickened by his pupils' weakness of character and quarrels--for which he felt some responsibility as their former teacher, he became a desert monk in the Wadi Natrun (Skete). There he was tutored in the eremitical customs by Saint John the Dwarf.  When the Emperor Theodosius the Great wanted a man to whom he might entrust the education of his children Pope St Damasus recommended Arsenius, a man of senatorial rank learned in both sacred and profane knowledge.

514 Symmachus a holy and able pope. He helped the African bishops exiled to Sardinia by the Arian Thrasimund, founded three hospices, aided the victims of the barbarian raids in northern Italy, and helped ransom captives. His generosity to the poor led to the well-deserved bestowal of the title "father of the poor" Pope (RM).  He was baptized at Rome, became archdeacon of the Roman church under Pope Anastasius II, and succeeded him in the Holy See in 498.

778 St. Ambrose Aut-pert Benedictine monk and tutor of Charlemagne;  monk there and, eventually, abbot. He was an able exegete and his works were considered as authoritative as those written by the greatest Latin Fathers.
In fact, though not in title, his is one of the Doctors of the Church
His talents did not lack admiration and appreciation: Charlemagne consulted him (Ambrose had been at one time his tutor) and Pope Stephen IV befriended him; nor was he without love and honour in his own monastery, for about the year 776, the abbacy becoming vacant, the Frankish element among the monks elected him.  But unhappily a Lombard clique opposed to Ambrose as their choice a certain Potho; the trouble reached Rome, and Pope Adrian I summoned the rivals to appear before him.  On the journey St Ambrose Autpert died.  He was buried in St Peter's, but his relicé were translated about the year 1044 to the abbey he had ruled for so short a time.

1660 St Vincent DePaul, Founder of The Congregation of The Mission And The Sisters Of Charity
  Sancti Vincénti a Paulo, Presbyteri et Confessóris, Congregatiónis Presbyterórum Missiónis et Puellárum Caritátis Fundatóris, cæléstis ómnium caritátis Societátum Patróni; qui in Dómino obdormívit quinto Kaléndas Octóbris.
    St. Vincent de Paul, priest and confessor, founder of the priests of the Congregation of the Mission and the Sisters of Charity, the heavenly patron of all charitable organizations.  He fell asleep in the Lord on the 27th of September.In the autumn of 1660 he died calmly in his chair, on September 27, being fourscore years old.  Monsieur Vincent, the peasant priest, was canonized by Pope Clement XII in 1737, and by Pope Leo XIII he was proclaimed patron of all charitable societies, outstanding among which is the society that bears his name and is infused by his spirit, founded by Frederic Ozanam in Paris in 1833.

1697 St. John Plessington son of a Royalist Catholic, John was educated at Saint Omer's in France and the English college at Valladolid, Spain. He was ordained in Segovia in 1662.  beatified in 1929 Pope Paul VI canonized him in 1970.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 2018
1123 St. Bruno of Segni Benedictine bishop Vatican librarian, cardinal legate theological work on the Holy Eucharist set the standard for centuries; abbot of Monte Cassino. Pope Gregory VII nominated him bishop of Segni in the following year, Bruno's humbleness prompting him to refuse a cardinalate.  He indeed took it upon himself to rebuke Pope Paschal II, who had been persuaded by the emperor elect, Henry V, to make concessions in the matter of ecclesiastical privileges and investiture in Germany. The pope retorted by ordering Bruno to resign his abbacy and return to his bishopric, and was at once obeyed.

1341 Blessed Robert of Salentinos a disciple of Saint Peter Celestine at Murrone, before he was elected pope. He founded 14 Celestine monasteries, OSB Cel. Abbot (AC)

1435 Bd Angelina Of Marsciano, Widow assumed the dress of a tertiary of St Francis and converted her household into what was in effect a body of secular tertiaries living in community   Angelina and her companions travelled about recalling sinners to penance, relieving distress, and putting before young women the call of a life of virginity for Christ's sake first convent of regular tertiaries with vows and enclosure, and its success was immediate.. Pope Paul VI wrote in 1971: "Without in any way undervaluing human love and marriage— is not the latter, according to faith, the image and sharing of the union of love joining Christ and the Church?— consecrated chastity evokes this union in a more immediate way and brings that surpassing excellence to which all human love should tend" (Apostolic Exhortation on the Renewal of Religious Life, #13).

1614 St. Camillus de Lellis; spirit of prophecy and the gift of miracles, fought for Venetians against Turks, addicted to gambling penniless by 1574; became director of St. Giacomo Hospital in Rome; received permission from his confessor (St. Philip Neri) to be ordained decided, with 2 companions, to found the Ministers of the Sick (the Camellians) he sent members of his order to minister wounded troops in Hungary and Croatia, first field medical unit. .  St Camillus de Lellis was canonized in 1746, and was, with St John-of-God, declared patron of the sick by Pope Leo XIII, and of nurses and nursing associations by Pope Pius XI

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 17
398 St. Marcellina sister of St. Ambrose consecrated to a religious life by Pope Liberius in 353.  The pope in a discourse on that occasion exhorted her to love only our Lord Jesus Christ, to live in continual recollection and mortification and always to behave herself in church with the utmost respect and awe: in reporting this address St Ambrose did not hesitate to heighten the eloquence of Liberius where he thought it insufficient. It was to his sister that St Ambrose addressed and dedicated his work on the excellence of virginity, and after he became bishop she several times visited him at Milan to confer with him on the spiritual life, helping him in his dealings with dedicated maidens.

417 St. Alexis charitable to the poor; in disguise traveled to Syria lived in great poverty near a Church of Our Lady; after seventeen years, a picture of our Blessed Mother spoke to tell the people that this beggar was very holy. She called him "The man of God." he wrought many miracles.  In 1216, his bones were discovered by Pope Honorius III and reverently placed under the high altar of the church.

521 St. Ennodius Bishop, poet, and papale missary, born Magnus Felix Ennodius in a Gallo Roman family of Arles, France. Educated in Milan, Italy, he married but then separated from his wife, who entered a convent. He was ordained and made the bishop of Pavia. Ennodius went on two missions to Emperor Anastasius I for the pope. He was also the biographer of St. Antoninus. Ennodius wrote poetry that gained considerable attention.  He  wrote an apology for Pope St Symmachus and the synod which had pronounced against the schism formed in favour of Laurence; "God", he says, "certainly ordained that men should settle the affairs of men; but the passing of judgement on the pontiff of the supreme see He reserved to Himself." He was made choice of by Pope St Hormisdas to go twice to Constantinople where the Emperor Anastasius II was favouring the monophysite heretics.

812-821 Kenelm (Cynehelm) highly honored in England during the Middle Ages as a saint and martyr, and still is venerated at Gloucester and Winchcombe, where his relics are enshrined, King M (AC). In 798 Pope St Leo III confirmed to him the ownership of Glastonbury, and he signed certain charters up to 811.

855 Leo IV studied at Saint Martin's Monastery in Rome, was made subdeacon of the Lateran Basilica by Pope Gregory IV, and soon after was named cardinal by Pope Sergius II; restored many churches in Rome. In fact, his benefactions to churches take up 28 pages in the Liber pontificalis. He tightened clerical discipline with a synod at Rome in 853  OSB Pope (RM)
ST LEO IV, POPE (A.D. 855)
Born in Rome, Italy; died in Rome on July 17, 855. Leo was probably of Lombard ancestry though born in Rome. He studied at Saint Martin's Monastery in Rome, was made subdeacon of the Lateran Basilica by Pope Gregory IV, and soon after was named cardinal by Pope Sergius II. In 853, King Ethelwulf of the West Saxons sent his son, Alfred, to Rome, where Pope Leo stood as god-father for him at his Confirmation.

916 St. Clement of Okhrida One of the Seven Apostles of Bulgaria. He became a bishop in the reign of Khan Simeon, the first Slav to become a bishop.  When in 869 Pope Adrian II had appointed St Methodius archbishop over Moravia and Pannonia he had deliberately extended his jurisdiction to the very borders of Bulgaria, not, as Pope John VIII later carefully explained to Boris, because the religion of Rome and Constantinople was not one and the same, but because, he said, the Byzantines were inclined to separation and schism. Methodius in fact had to keep an eye on the Bulgars, most of whom were still heathen; and for this reason he and his brother St Cyril (July 7) are reckoned the first two of their seven apostles. But it does not seem that either of them actually ever preached among the Bulgars.

1198 St. Nerses Lambronazi  a noted scholar, theologian, and linguist; hermit, became archbishop of Tarsus; promoting reunion Armenia with Western Church, first through the Council of Hromkla later through negotiations reunion in 1198; translated Western writings into Armenian including the Dialogues of Pope St. Gregory the Great.  Nerses and the bishops of Lesser Armenia now looked towards Rome once more, in which they were backed for political reasons by the prince of Cilicia, Leo II, and in the negotiations which led to reunion the saint was very active. As a public sealing of the return of so large a part of Armenia from schism Leo II was, on the feast of the Epiphany, 1198, crowned king of Little Armenia by the papal legate, Cardinal Conrad von Wittelsbach (the crown being sent by Pope Celestine III), and anointed by the Armenian katholikos of Sis, Gregory IV Abirad. Crowned also was the work of Nerses, and he died in peace six months later. Among the works which caused him to share his uncle's place of literary eminence was his translation into Armenian of the Rule of St Benedict and of the Dialogues of St Gregory.

1794 Bl. Antoinette Roussel One of the Carmelite nuns martyred in Paris by the French Revolution. Sixteen Cannelites were guillotined in Paris, ascending the scaffolds while singing Salve Regina. They had been arrested for living in a religious community. On July 12 the Carmelites were taken to Paris and martyred on July 17. In 1906, these nuns were beatified. They were beatified in 1906 by Pope St. Pius X. The Carmelites were: Marie Claude Brard; Madeleine Brideau, the superior; Maire Croissy, grand niece of Colbert Marie Dufour; Marie Hanisset; Marie Meunier, a novice; Rose de Neufville Annette Pebras; Anne Piedcourt: Madeleine Lidoine, the prioress; Angelique Roussel; Catherine Soiron and Therese Soiron, both extern sisters, natives of Compiegne and blood sisters: Anne Mary Thouret; Marie Trezelle; and Eliza beth Verolot.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 16
THE patronal feast of the Carmelite Order was originally the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary on August 15; but between 1376 and 1386 the custom arose of observing a special feast of our Lady, to celebrate the approbation of their rule by Pope Honorius III in 1226. This custom appears to have originated in England; and the observance was fixed for July 16, which is also the date that, according to Carmelite tradition, our Lady appeared to St Simon Stock and gave him the scapular. At the beginning of the seventeenth century it became definitely the "scapular feast" and soon began to be observed outside the order, and in 1726 it was extended to the whole Western church by Pope Benedict XIII.

166 St. Cladianus (Celadion) Departure of , the Ninth Pope of the See of St. Mark. {Coptic}
On this day also, in the year 166 A.D. St. Cladianus (Celadion), the ninth Pope of the See of St. Mark, departed. He was a knowledgeable man, and righteous in his life. He was chosen Patriarch in the 8th day of Tubah (January 16th, 152 A.D.), after the departure of his predecessor Pope Marcianus.

451 The Fourth Ecumenical Council, at which 630 bishops participated; convened 451 in the city of Chalcedon under the emperor Marcian (450-457).  On the basis of Letters Saint Cyril of Alexandria and Pope Saint Leo the Great, the fathers of the Council resolved:
"Following the holy fathers, we all with one accord teach to confess as one and the same the Son, our Lord Jesus Christ, perfect in Divinity and perfect in humanity, truly God, truly man, of Whom is a reasoned soul and a body, One in Essence with the Father through Divinity and that Same-One one-in-essence with us through humanity, in all things like unto us except for sin, begotten before the ages from the Father in Divinity, but in these latter days born for us and our salvation from Mary the Virgin Mother of God in humanity. This self-same Christ, Son and Lord, the Only-Begotten, is in two natures perceived without mingling, without change, without division, without separation [Greek: "asugkhutos, atreptos, adiairetos, akhoristos"; Slavic: "neslitno, neizmenno, nerazdel'no, nerazluchno"], such that by conjoining there be not infringement of the distinctions of the two natures, and by which is preserved the uniqueness of each nature conjoined in one Person and One Hypostasis, -- not split nor separated into two persons, but rather the One and Self-same Son, the Only-Begotten, the Word of God, the Lord Jesus Christ, as in antiquity the prophets taught of Him and as the Lord Jesus Christ Himself taught us, and as the Creed-Symbol of the fathers has passed down to us" .
784 St. Fulrad Abbot of St. Denis Abbey near Paris, France, and a counselor of King Pepin  and Charlemagne; guided the Franks in establishing close ties with the Holy See rather than Byzantium
Born in Alsace, Fulrad became abbot in 750. He served Pepin, Carloman, and Charlemagne. In 750, with St. Burchard, Fulrad secured the approval of Pope St. Zachary for the accession of Pepin as king of the Franks.

866 Bd Ermengard, Virgin daughter of King Louis the German, grandson of Charlemagne, and his queen Emma.  The nuns of the abbey and people of the neighbourhood at once began to venerate Ermengard as a saint, a veneration which has continued without interruption to this day. In 1928 Pope Pius XI confirmed the cultus, which had been established by the findings of the court of the Archbishop of Munich and Freising at the instance of the present Chiemsee community.  This Ermengard must not be confounded with Bd Irmgard or Ermengard honoured in the diocese of Cologne on September 4, who died about 1100.

1158 Bd Milo of Selincourt, Bishop of Therouanne; The title "Blessed" seems to have been accorded to Milo chiefly on account of the miracles reported at his tomb. Milo also showed himself very critical of the Cluniac monks, for which he was rebuked by Bd Peter the Venerable.  Nevertheless he is said to have been personally a humble man.   In the controversy about the teaching of Gilbert de Ia Porrée, Milo ranged himself on the side of St Bernard (they were also personal friends) and vigorously supported his attack; he appeared against Gilbert before Pope Eugenius III at the Council of Rheims in 1148. The English pope, Adrian IV, appointed Milo to be his delegate in 1157 to judge a dispute between the bishop of Amiens and the abbot of Corbie.  Cardinal Baronius highly praised the goodness and learning of Milo, but it is not decided which of the works attributed to him are authentic. Peter Cantor, a contemporary, in his Verbum Abbieviatum quotes a sermon said to be his in which the following passage occurs:
   "It is not decent that Christian women should trail at their heels long skirts which pick up filth off the roadway.  Surely you realize, dear ladies, that if a gown of this kind were necessary to you, Nature would have met the case by attaching to you something more suitable with which to sweep the ground."

1846 St. Mary Magdalen Postel opened a school for girls at Barfleur a leader in Barfleur against the constitutional priests and sheltered fugitive priests in her home venerated for her holiness and miracles.   At the abbey of our Most Holy Redeemer, in the diocese of Coutances in France, St. Mary Magdalene Postel, foundress of the Sisters of Mercy of the Christian Schools, who was added to the list of the holy virgins by Pope Pius XI.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 15
1024  St Henry The Emperor; Pope Benedict VIII -- by prayer maintained in his heart the necessary spirit of humility and fear, and was able without being spoiled to bear the tide of prosperity and honour;  founded the see of Bamberg and built a great cathedral there; miraculously cured at the intercession of St Benedict at Monte Cassino.  In 1014 he went in triumph to Rome, where he was crowned emperor by Pope Benedict VIII.

1122 St. Egino Camaldolese abbot involved in the many disputes of his era.  He was born in Augsburg, Bavaria, Germany, and was placed in the abbey of Sts. Ulric and Afra as a child. He became abbot of the abbey but was expelled when he supported Pope Callistus II against Emperor Henry V  in a dispute. Residing in St. Blaise Abbey, he retumed to Augsburg in 1106, resuming his office of abbot in 1109. In 1120, Egino fled to Rome because of his opposition to Bishop Hermann, who practiced simony. Retuming to Augsburg two years later, he died in Pisa.

1274 St. Bonaventure Franciscan, theologian, doctor of the Church, was both learned and holy;  contemporary of Saint Thomas Aquinas and Saint Albert the Great.  Bonaventure was nominated as archbishop of York in 1265, but refused the honor. In 1273, much against his will, Bonaventure was made cardinal and bishop of Albano by Pope Gregory X. His personal simplicity is illustrated by the story that when his cardinal's hat was brought to him at the friary in Mugello (near Florence), he told the legates to hang it on a nearby tree, as he was washing the dishes and his hands were wet and greasy.

1458 Blessed Bernard of Baden renounced his worldly power and possessions in order to organize a Crusade to the Holy Land died without having met his goal  (AC).  Bernard set out for Rome to get the support of Pope Callistus III, but just after leaving Turin he was attacked by the plague and died in the Franciscan monastery at Moncalieri, being less than thirty years old,   On account of his great reputation for sanctity, supported by miracles reported at his tomb, he was beatified in 1479 by Pope Sixtus IV, in the presence of his mother and brothers.

1550 Bd. Ignatius Azevedo and His Companions, Martyrs Missionaries to Brazil; martyred by Huguenot French privateer.  Bd Ignatius and his thirty-nine companions were then and there brutally massacred in cold blood, meeting their death with heroism and joy; their leader was thrown into the sea clasping a picture of our Lady given to him by Pope St Pius V. Of these martyrs nine were Spanisrds and the rest Portuguese.

1710-1756 St. Pompeius Maria Pirotti a renowned teacher and preacher.  He was registered among the saints by Pope Pius XI.

1838 St. Peter Tuan Vietnamese martyr native priest, he was arrested by Vietnamese authorities suffered such grievous tortures in prison died before they could carry out the order of execution by beheading. Pope John Paul II canonized him in 1988.

1851 Bl. Anne Jahouvey a vision of black children decided vocation to their needs; veil in Autun, France, and Congregation of St. Joseph of Cluny was founded; founded houses in Europe, South America, and Africa went to French Guyana educate six hundred slaves to be liberated; founded houses in Tahiti and Madagascar.  When Pope Pius VII passed through Chalon in 1805 he received the four young women and gave them every encouragement. 

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 14
1053 Procopius of Sazaba one of the patrons of Czechoslovakia, OSB Abbot (RM)
Born in Bohemia; died March 25, 1053; canonized by Pope Innocent III in 1204; feast day formerly July 4.

1217 Bd Hroznata, Pope Celestine III -- Martyr one of those men the course of whose blameless life was changed by a succession of misfortunes. But he changed his mind, going to Rome to get released from his vow, which Pope Celestine III commuted for the foundation of a monastery.  He therefore found a suitable site and built the abbey of Tepl, in western Bavaria, which he peopled with canons regular of Prémontré from Strabov, and founded two other religious houses, one to shelter his sister, who had been left a widow. These undertakings having been successfully carried through, Hroznata himself became a canon of TepI.

1263 Bl. Humbert studied at Paris; received doctorate in law joined Dominicans 224; Holy Land pilgrimage on return-1240 elected provincial Roman province of the Dominicans; elected provincial of France- 1244 - 1254 5th Dominican master general emerged briefly at the request of Pope Clement IV to settle a dispute among the Cistercians, and died at Valence on July 14.

1270 Blessed Boniface of Savoy entered Grande Chartreuse as youth, a Carthusian monk then prior of Mantua, served 7 years as administrator diocese of Belley serving bishop of Valence. In 1241 elected archbishop of Canterbury , O. Cart. B (AC) Pope Innocent IV indeed allowed him to continue his visitations, but subject to great restrictions, and he was compelled to withdraw the excommunications which he had launched.

Of it Pope Sixtus IV said that:
"he uttered such things on sacred science that the Holy Ghost would seem to have spoken by his mouth".  
1274 Sancti Bonaventúræ, ex Ordine Minórum, Cardinális et Epíscopi Albanénsis, Confessóris et Ecclésiæ Doctóris; qui sequénti die migrávit ad Dóminum.
    St. Bonaventure of the Order of Friars Minor, cardinal and bishop of Albano, confessor and doctor of the Church, who passed to the Lord on the day following this.  In 1265 Pope Clement IV nominated St Bonaventure to be archbishop of York in succession to Geoffrey of Ludham; he induced the pope to accept his refusal, but in 1273 Bd Gregory X created him cardinal-bishop of Albano, adding a command to accept that charge without alleging any pretext against it, and immediately to come to Rome.  Gregory X ordered him to prepare the matters to be dealt with in the general council which he had called to meet at Lyons for the reunion of the Greeks, the Emperor Michael Palaeologus having made proposals to Pope Clement IV for union.  All the best theologians were sent for: St Thomas Aquinas died on the way thither. But St Bonaventure was the outstanding figure in this great assembly.  Peter of Tarentaise, a Dominican friar, afterwards Pope Innocent V, preached his panegyric, in which he said:
"No one ever beheld Bonaventure who did not conceive a great regard and affection for him; and even strangers were desirous to follow his counsel and advice, simply from hearing him speak: for he was gentle, courteous, humble, pleasing to all, compassionate, prudent, chaste and adorned with all virtues."
VATICAN CITY, 10 MAR 2010 (VIS) - During today's general audience, celebrated in the Paul VI Hall, the Pope turned his attention to the written works and doctrine of St. Bonaventure of Bagnoregio.
  St. Bonaventure "authentically and faithfully interpreted the figure of St. Francis of Assisi", said the Holy Father. He reacted against the "Spirituals" in the Franciscan Order who, drawing on the ideas of Joachim of Fiore, held that "with St. Francis the final phase of history had begun", and looked to the creation of a new Church of the Holy Spirit, "no longer tied to the structures of old". St. Bonaventure dealt with this question in his last work, "Hexaemeron", in which he explained that "God is one throughout history. ... History is one, even if it is a journey, a journey of progression. ... Jesus is the last word of God" and "there is no other Gospel, no other Church to be awaited. Thus the Order of St. Francis must also insert itself into this Church, into her faith and her hierarchical order.

1614 Camillus de Lellis, Priest To him the only people that mattered were the sick, for in serving them he was serving God charity was the only thing that made life worth living, the surest way of bringing man closer to God, the only true life-blood of the Church for the first time the patients were separated into different wards according to the nature of their maladie RM. Pope Benedict XIV numbered him among the saints because of the fame of his miracles and virtues; Pope Leo XIII appointed him heavenly protector of hospitals and of the sick.  His feast is observed on the 18th of July.  After moving two or three times, he and his companions settled down in an establishment in the street called Botteghe Oscure. The short rules he prescribed for his order required going daily to the hospital of the Holy Ghost to serve.  Gradually the seed that he planted grew into a mighty tree. On March 18, 1586, Pope Sixtus V approved his congregation and in the same year the order received its distinctive habit--a black cloak with a red cross on the right shoulder. Soon afterwards they were given the hospice of the Magdalen near the Pantheon, and on September 21, 1591, Pope Gregory XIV raised them to the rank of an order, that of the "Ministers of the Sick."  [Note: In 1930, Pope Pius XI named St. Camillus de Lellis, together with St. John of God, principal Co-Patron of nurses and of nurses' associations.]

1610  At Lima in Peru, St. Francis Solano, a priest and confessor of the Order of Friars Minor.  He passed to the Lord in the West Indies, renowned for his preaching, miracles and virtues.  Pope Benedict XIII placed him on the canon of the saints.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 13
91 Romæ sancti Anacléti, Papæ et Mártyris, qui, post sanctum Cleméntem Ecclésiam Dei regens, eam glorióso martyrio decorávit.  At Rome, St. Anacletus, pope and martyr, who governed the Church of God after St. Clement, and shed lustre upon it by a glorious martyrdom. Pope St. Anacletus  The second successor of St. Peter.

1024 St. Henry son of Duke of Bavaria Pope Benedict VIII-- and Gisella, daughter of Conrad, King of Burgundy; made numerous pious foundations, gave liberally to pious institutions and built the Cathedral of Bamberg
Heinrich II. Orthodoxe, Katholische und Evangelische Kirche: 13. Juli.  In 1014, he went to Rome and received the imperial crown at the hands of Pope Benedict VIII.  Every believer in this world of ours must be a spark of light, a center of love, a vivifying leaven amidst his fellow men. And he will be this all the more perfectly, the more closely he lives in communion with God in the intimacy of his own soul” (Blessed Pope John XXIII, Peace on Earth, 146, 164).

1920 St. Teresa de los Andes Discalced Carmelite mystic;  first Chilean to be beatified or canonized; a model for young people
A model for young people, Teresa was beatified in 1987 in Santiago, Chile, and canonized by Pope John Paul II March 21, 1993.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 12
1st v. St. Veronica The woman of Jerusalem who wiped the face of Christ with a veil while he was on the way to Calvary  Thus in a widespread western version Veronica came to Rome and cured the Emperor Tiberius with the precious relic, which at her death she left to Pope St Clement.

1073 Saint John Gaulbert, Abbot entered the Order of St. Benedict laid the foundation of the Order of Vallombrosa founded several monasteries, reformed others eradicated simony no indigent person sent away without alms dedicated to poverty and humility. He never became a priest, in fact, he declined even to receive minor orders  known for his wisdom, miracles, and prophecies.  The saint was endowed with the spirit of prophecy, and by his prayers restored many sick persons to health.  Pope St Leo IX went to Passignano on purpose to converse with him and Stephen X had the greatest esteem for him. Pope Alexander II testified that the whole country where he lived owed to his zeal the extinction of simony, for John's enthusiasm for the purely contemplative life did not prevent him and his monks from taking an active part in putting down that disorder, which was rife at the time.  St John Gualbert died on July 12, 1073, the only certain date in his history, being eighty or more years old.
     Pope Celestine III enrolled him among the saints in 1193.

1088 Blessed Benno of Osnabrück educated and professed a Benedictine at Reichenau official architect to Henry III;  founded and retired to Iburg Abbey OSB B (AC) he always upheld the pope's cause.

1462 Bl. Andrew Oexner of Riun Martyred at age three, place of death was made into a shrine, and many miracles were reported there.  In 1750 Pope Benedict XIV allowed the cultus and granted a local office in honour of Andrew; but five years later the same pope refused the request of the bishop of Brixen for the canonization of the boy.  It may reasonably be held that be was not a victim of the Jews at all, but was killed by his mad uncle in an outburst of homicidal mania.

1841 St. Agnes De Vietnamese Christian martyr; born in Baiden and raised in a Christian family; arrested - died in prison at Namdinh  Agnes was canonized by Pope John Paul II in 1988.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 11
155? Romæ sancti Pii Primi, Papæ et Mártyris. At Rome, Pope Pius I, who was crowned with martyrdom in the persecution of Marcus Aurelius Antoninus. ST PIUS I, POPE AND MARTYR This Pius succeeded  Pope  St Hyginus in the see of Peter, and the Liber Pontificalis states that he was the son of one Rufinus and a native of Aquileia; some authorities add further that he was a brother of that Hernias who wrote the famous work called The Shepherd: if the account of himself given by the author of this book be not a pious fiction, and if his relationship to the pope be true, then St Pius will have been likewise born a slave.  Pius was the ninth successor of St. Peter
304 Saint Euphemia the All-Praised The Miracle of as though alive, raised her hand and gave the scroll to the patriarch of the Fourth Ecumenical Council.  In the year 451 in the city of Chalcedon, in the very church where the glorified relics of the holy Great Martyr Euphemia rested, the sessions of the Fourth Ecumenical Council (July 16) took place.  They opened the tomb of the holy Great Martyr Euphemia and placed both scrolls upon her bosom. Then, in the presence of the emperor Marcian (450-457), the participants of the Council sealed the tomb, putting on it the imperial seal and setting a guard to watch over it for three days. During these days both sides imposed upon themselves strict fast and made intense prayer. After three days the patriarch and the emperor in the presence of the Council opened the tomb with its relics: the scroll with the Orthodox confession was held by St Euphemia in her right hand, and the scroll of the heretics lay at her feet. St Euphemia, as though alive, raised her hand and gave the scroll to the patriarch. After this miracle many of the hesitant accepted the Orthodox confession, while those remaining obstinant in the heresy were consigned to the Council's condemnation and excommunication.

690 St. John of Bergamo Bishop in 656, John noted for Arian opposition holiness and learning. 690 St. John of Bergamo Bishop of Bergamo, Italy. Consecrated in 656, John was noted for his opposition to the Arian heretics and for his holiness and learning. It was originally reported that he was martyred by the Arians, but John died of natural causes.   This John, having been elected to the see of Bergamo because of his holiness and learning, set himself to get rid of the heresies, particularly the remnants of Arianism, which were polluting the faith of his diocese. He was present at the synod held by Pope St Agatho in 679 at Rome at which St Wilfrid of York appealed against the division of his diocese.

St. Oliver Plunkett born in Loughcrew in County Meath, ordained in Rome taught until 1669, appointed Archbishop of Armagh and Primate of Ireland a man of peace, religious fervor, visiting his people, establishing schools, ordaining priests, confirming thousands.  He himself was on friendly terms with the Protestant bishops and gentry of Ulster, who had great regard for him and for his sake were disposed not to oppress Catholics; the Synod of Clones expressed its gratitude to the Holy See for sending them "a pastor so assiduous in good works, so exemplary in life and conduct, that he has won for himself and his clergy the love and reverence even of the enemies of our faith ".  In 1645, when he was sixteen, he went to Rome with four other young men who had been chosen to be educated at his own expense for the priesthood by Father Pierfrancesco Scarampi, the Oratorian who had been sent in 1643 by Pope Urban VIII to assist at the supreme council of the Irish Confederate party.  In March 1669 died in exile in France Edmund O'Reilly, Archbishop of Armagh and Primate of All Ireland.   Pope Clement IX chose to succeed him Dr Oliver Plunket, "a man of tried virtue, long experience, and ripe learning ", and in November of that year he was consecrated at Ghent.  

1745-1840 The Martyrs Of Indo-China.  In 1900 Pope Leo XIII beatified seventy-seven of these martyrs, among the principal of whom were Bd. Ignatius Delgado Y Cebrian, vicar apostolic of Eastern Tongking, and Dominic Henarez, his coadjutor, both Dominicans of Spanish nationality who had worked in that mission for nearly fifty years.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 10
1727 St. Veronica Giuliani desire to be like Christ crucified was answered with the stigmata joined the Poor Clares directed by the Capuchins; abbess, an office she held for 11 years until her death [SEE ALSO JULY 09 HERE]      At Tiferno in Umbria, St. Veronica Giuliani, a nun of the second Order of St. Francis and abbess of the monastery in that town.  Born at Mercatello in the diocese of Urbania, she became illustrious by her great love for suffering and other virtues, and by her heavenly gifts.  She was inscribed among the holy virgins by Pope Gregory XVI.

1713-1784 July 1, 2010 Blessed Junipero Serra  Quote: During his homily at Serra’s beatification, Pope John Paul II said: “Relying on the divine power of the message he proclaimed, Father Serra led the native peoples to Christ. He was well aware of their heroic virtues—as exemplified in the life of Blessed Kateri Tekakwitha—and he sought to further their authentic human development on the basis of their new-found faith as persons created and redeemed by God. He also had to admonish the powerful, in the spirit of our second reading from James, not to abuse and exploit the poor and the weak.”

1840 Saint Peter Tu Vietnamese martyr who became a catechist arrested by authorities. He was beheaded. Pope John Paul II canonized him in 1988.

1860 Martyrs of Damascus 8 Franciscan and 3 Maronite martyrs slain in a Druse uprising in 1860 in Damascus, Syria refused to accept the Muslim faith, they were executed Pope Pius XI beatified them in 1926.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 09
751 St. Agilulfus martyr archbishop of Cologne tried to persuade King Pepin not to name his illegitimate son Charles Martel heir to the throne, and was slain as a result. His remains were taken to the Church of Our Lady of the Steps in Cologne where they were venerated. He also received a commendation from Pope Zacharius in 747.

1535 St. Thomas More Martyr (Patron of Lawyers) 1516 wrote "Utopia" refused to render allegiance to the King as the Head of the Church of England But the time was soon at hand. On March 30, 1534, the Act of Succession provided for the taking of an oath by the king's subjects recognizing succession to the throne in the offspring of Henry and Anne Boleyn; to which were later added particulars that his union with Catherine of Aragon had been no true marriage, that his union with Anne Boleyn was a true marriage, and repudiating the authority of "any foreign authority, prince or potentate". To oppose the act was high treason, and only a week before Pope Clement VII had pronounced the marriage of Henry and Catherine to be valid.
More was equivalently beatified with other English martyrs in 1886, and canonized in 1935. But, as has been pointed out more than once, had he never met his death as he did he would have been a good candidate for canonization as a confessor. Some saints have attained their honours by redeeming an indifferent or even sinful life by martyrdom; not so Thomas More. He was from first to last a holy man, living in the spirit of his own prayer: "Give me, good Lord, a longing to be with thee: not for the avoiding of the calamities of this wicked world, nor so much for the avoiding of the pains of Purgatory, nor of the pains of Hell neither, nor so much for the attaining of the joys of Heaven in respect of mine own commodity, as even for a very love of thee." And this when his ways were cast, not in the cloister, but in the ordinary places of the world-home and family, among scholars and lawyers, in tribunals, council-chambers, and royal courts.
Thomas More M (RM) Born in London, England, 1478; died there in 1535; canonized by Pope Pius XI in 1935 as the "Martyr of the Papacy"; feast day formerly on July 6.
By sending him the cardinal's hat, six months later, Pope Paul III infuriated Henry VIII and hastened the end.

Martyrs of Gorkum 19 martyrs put to death with great cruelty by Protestant Calvinists in Gorkum, Holland. There were ten Franciscans, two Premonstratensians, a Dominican, a Canon Regular, four secular priests, and one layman in the group. They were canonized in 1867.  Pope Pius IX included them in the number of holy martyrs

1727 St. Veronica Giuliani Capuchin mystic who had many spiritual gifts; recipient of a stigmata in 1697 and visions.  She was inscribed among the holy virgins by Pope Gregory XVI.

1648 to1930 St. Augustine Zhao Rong and 120 Companions  Christianity arrived in China by way of Syria in the 600s. Depending on China's relations with the outside world, Christianity over the centuries was free to grow or was forced to operate secretly. Quote: A year after these martyrs were canonized, Pope John Paul II addressed a group of Chinese and Western scholars, gathered in Rome for a symposium honoring the 400th anniversary of the arrival in Beijing of Matteo Ricci, a Jesuit scholar and Chinese intellectual.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 07
432 Palladius of Ireland Pope Saint Celestine I. -- a deacon at Rome, responsible for sending Saint Germanus of Auxerre to Britain in 429 to combat Pelagianism; in 431 consecrated bishop of the Irish; landed near Wicklow and worked in Leinster B (AC) feast day formerly celebrated on October 7. The story of Palladius, recorded by Saint Prosper of Aquitaine, is caught up in that of Pope Saint Celestine I.

869 & 884 St. Cyril And St. Methodius One source says that the pope, St Nicholas I, sent for the strangers.  In any case, to Rome they came, bringing with them the alleged relics of Pope St Clement, which St Cyril had recovered when in the Crimea on his way back from the Khazars. In Moravia, the birthday of St. Methodius, bishop and confessor.  Together with his brother, the bishop St. Cyril, whose birthday was the 14th of February, he converted many of the Slav races and their rulers to the faith of Christ.  Their feast is celebrated on the 7th day of July.
Pope Nicholas in the meantime had died, but his successor, Adrian II, warmly welcomed the bearers of so great a gift.

1122 St. Odo of Urgell Pope Urban II-- Spanish bishop; member of the family of the counts of Barcelona, Spain; a soldier but gave this up to enter the religious life; Named archdeacon of Urgell in the Pyrenees; ordained by Pope Urban II, he was appointed bishop of Urgell, and was celebrated for his concern for the poor.

1304 Blessed Benedict XI, OP Pope he had "a vast store of knowledge, a prodigious memory, a penetrating genius, and (that) everything about him endeared him to all." In 1295, he received the degree of master of theology As papal legate Nicholas travelled to Hungary to try to settle a civil war there He worked to reconcile warring parties in Europe and the Church and to increase spirituality. His reign, short though it was, was noted for its leniency and kindness Many miracles were performed at his tomb, and there were several cures even before his burial (RM)

1860 Blessed Emmanuel Ruiz and Companions Pope Pius XI.  -- a Franciscan priest; served as a missionary in Damascus Emmanuel, his brother Franciscans and the three Maronite laymen and thousands lost their livesEmmanuel, his brother Franciscans and the three Maronite laymen were beatified in 1926 by Pope Pius XI.

Blessed Peter To Rot lay catechist serving the people in his own village Rakunai New Guinea
; beatified by Blessed Pope John Paul II in 1995 in Papua New Guinea.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 06
288 St. Tranquillinus Pope St. Caius -- At Rome, the birthday of St. Tranquillinus, martyr, father of Saints Mark and Marcellianus, who had been converted to Christ by the preaching of the martyr St. Sebastian.  Baptized by the blessed priest Polycarp, he was ordained priest by Pope St. Caius.  As he prayed at the tomb of blessed Paul on the octave of the apostles, he was arrested and stoned to death by the pagans, and thus completed his martyrdom.

1902 St. Maria Goretti Devotion to the young martyr grew, miracles were worked, and in less than half a century she was canonized.  Pope Pius XII solemnly added to the catalogue of holy martyrs.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 05
1538 St. Anthony Mary Zaccaria Pope Clement VII  -- priest; Cofounder of the Barnabites a medical doctor; popularized the 40-hour prayer ceremony, promoted of altar sacraments, introduced ringing church bells on Friday.  They worked among the plague-stricken Milanese and infused such vigour into the spiritual life of their city that in 1533 the new congregation was approved by Pope Clement VII under the name of the Clerks Regular of St Paul.  He was canonized by Pope Leo XIII in 1897

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 04
973 St. Ulric of Augsburg His canonization by Pope John XV in 993 is the first recorded canonization by a Pope;  Miracles were recorded at his tomb.

BD WILLIAM OF HIRSCHAU, ABBOT (A.D. 1091) concern for the spiritual and material well-being of the serfs both of the monastery and of neighbouring manors; and by aggregating its servants to the monastic community he had a significant part in the development of the institution of fratres conversi (lay-brothers).

1336 St. Elizabeth of Portugal Pope Urban VIII, -- exercises of piety, including daily Mass, but also through her exercise of charity, by which she was able to befriend and help pilgrims, strangers, the sick, the poor—in a word, all those whose need came to her notice.  Pope Urban VIII, mindful of her virtues and miracles, placed among the number of the saints.  Pope Innocent XII ordered her feast to be kept on the 8th of July.

1597 St. Henry Abbot, Pope Pius XI -- Blessed Martyr of England. A native of Howden, England, Henry became a convert to the Church and was duly arrested and hanged at York. Pope Pius XI beatified him 1929.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 03
202  Saint Irenaeus Pope Eleutherius-- writings of Saint Irenaeus entitle him to a high place among the fathers of the Church, for they not only laid the foundations of Christian theology but, by exposing and refuting the errors of the gnostics, they delivered the Catholic Faith from the real danger of the doctrines of those heretics:  He was most influenced by Saint Polycarp who had known the apostles or their immediate disciples. Thirteen or fourteen years after his mission to Pope Eleutherius, Irenaeus again acted as mediator between a pope and a body of Christians in Asia Minor.

458 St. Anatolius Patriarch Pope St Leo -- and defender of the faith, known for his opposition to the heretic Dioscurus at the Council of Chalcedon. The patriarch of Constantinople, he is called a prophet and a miracle worker, despite the political turmoil that surrounded him. Anatolius also fought the Nestorian heresy at the Council of Ephesus.  Almost at once Anatolius held a synod at Constantinople, at which he formally accepted Pope St Leo's dogmatic letter ("The Tome") sent to St Flavian, and he sent copies of the letter, together with a condemnation of Nestorius and Eutyches, to be signed by all his metropolitans.

683 SAINT LEO II Pope he accomplished good works which have caused his name to be blessed by all succeeding generations

1838 St. Joseph Peter Uyen Dominican tertiary, martyr of Vietnam native catechist he died of abuse in prison for refusing to give up the faith and was canonized in 1988 by Pope John Paul II.

1853 St. Philip Minh Vietnamese martyr native he joined the Society for Foreign Missions of Paris and was ordained a priest with the purpose of working for the Church in Vietnam. Seized by anti-Catholic forces, he was beheaded. He was canonized by Pope John Paul II in 1988. 

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 02
SS. PROCESSUS AND MARTINIAN --Pope St Paschal I-- MARTYRS THESE martyrs were publicly venerated in Rome from at least the fourth century, but of their history and passion nothing is known; St Gregory the Great preached his thirty-second homily on their feast-day, in the course of which he said that at that place the sick were healed, the possessed were freed, and the forsworn were tormented.  In the beginning of the ninth century Pope St Paschal I translated their relics to St Peter's, where they still rest under the altar dedicated in their honour in the south transept.

Departure of St. Peter the Fourth, 34th Pope of Alexandria {Coptic} His predecessor Pope Theodosius was exiled by the orders of Emperor Vespasian because he did not agree with him on the resolutions of the Council of Chalcedon. When the Pope departed in exile, the Emperor did not permit the ordination of a new Patriarch. The lay leaders of the city of Alexandria went to its governor, who was an honorable and forthright man, and expressed to him their grief because of the vacancy of the Patriarchal chair. He advised them to go to the monastery of El-Zogag as if they were going to pray, there they could then ordain the patriarch of their choice. The bishops took Abba Peter to the monastery of El-Zogag and ordained him Patriarch on the 1st day of Mesra, 283 A.M. (July 25th,567 A.D.).

1062-1139 Saint Otto of Bamberg Bishop and Apostle of Pomerania a figure in the reconciliation of the pope and Emperor Henry V.  Thus, when Otto was appointed bishop of Bamberg in 1103, he refused to be consecrated until receiving approval from Pope Paschal II who consecrated him in 1106.

1387 BD PETER OF LUXEMBURG, -- Pope Clement VII, -- BISHOP OF METZ AND CARDINAL "Contempt of the world, contempt of yourself: rejoice in your own contempt, but despise no other person."  tomb soon became a place of pilgrimage, miracles were reported there, and he was eventually beatified, by the true Pope Clement VII, in 1527. Bd Peter was only eighteen at his death.

1681 St. Oliver Plunkett martyred for defending the faith in his native Ireland during a period of severe persecution. Pope Paul VI canonized Oliver Plunkett in 1975.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 01
THE PRECIOUS BLOOD OF OUR LORD JESUS CHRIST  Pope Pius IX extended it to the whole Western church in 1849, amid the trials of the revolution which had driven him from Rome. The feast was at first fixed for the first Sunday of July; this was altered by Pope Pius X to the first day of the month.

645 Saint Gall -- Pope Adrian I  -- Famous Irish missionary and companion of Saint Columban a noted scriptural scholar and helped in the founding of Luxeuil MonasteryThe abbey gave hospitality to numerous Anglo-Saxon and Irish monks who came to copy manuscripts for their own monasteries. Two distinguished guests of the abbey were Peter and Romanus, chanters from Rome, sent by Pope Adrian I at Charlemagne's request to propagate the use of the Gregorian chant.

1784 Bl. Junipero Serra --Pope John Paul II -- Miguel Jose Serra Franciscan Order. Ordained in 1737 taught philosophy and theology at the University of Padua At the age of thirty-seven, he landed in Mexico City on January 1, 1750, and spent the rest of his life working for the conversion of the peoples of the New World.  He was beatified by Pope John Paul II on September 25, 1988. His statue, representing the state of California, is in National Statuary Hall.

Saint Martin of Vienne Third bishop of Vienne, France. Pope Saint Alexander I sent him as an apostle to this region.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  May 31
 512 St. Paschasius Roman deacon who gave his support to an antipope during the reign of Pope Symmachus. Pope St. Gregory I the Great wrote about him.  
1839 St. Thomas Du Vietnamese martyr native entered the Dominicans as a tertiary and aided the Catholic cause in Vietnam until his arrest by authorities.
He was tortured and finally beheaded. Pope John Paul II canonized him in 1988.
1795  Layman Ibrahim El-Gohari The Departure of the most honored transscribed religion books and distributed them to the church at his own expense.  On this day also of the year 1511 A.M. (1795 A.D.), the great layman Ibrahim El-Gohari, departed. He was born in the eighteenth century, and his parents were poor. His fathers name was Yousef El-Gohari whose trade was making clothing in Kalube. They taught him writing and arithmetic, and he excelled in them. He used to transscribe the religion books, and distribute them to the church at his own expense. He brought the books to Pope John (Youhanna) the Eighteenth, and 107th patriarch of Alexandria Who was enthroned from 1486-1512 A.M. (1769-1796 A.D.)
1314 BD JAMES THE VENETIAN holy friar had many ecstasies, was endowed with the gift of prophecy, and miraculously healed a number of paralytics and other sick persons. Although he suffered for four years from cancer, he never complained, appearing always to be cheerful and calm.  cultus was sanctioned for Forli in 1526, for Venice by Pope Paul V, and for the Dominicans by Gregory XV.

Pope Anastasius IV enjoined 1160 St. Mechtildis nun and Benedictine abbess  mystical gifts and miracles to meet the challenge, she allowed herself to be installed as abbess. At first the young, noblewoman was well received, but when she began to enforce the rule, she met opposition. The bishop came to her assistance and expelled the worst malcontents.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  May 30
 274 St. Felix I Pope from 269-274
Pope Callistus III -- Benedict XV-- May 29, 1431 At Rouen, St. Joan of Arc, virgin, called the Maid of Orleans.  After fighting heroically for her fatherland, she was at the end delivered into the hands of the enemies, condemned by an unjust judge, and burned at the stake.  The supreme Pontiff Benedict XV placed her name on the canon of the saints. 1431 St. Joan of Arc the patroness of soldiers and of France voices "of St. Michael, St. Catherine, and St. Margaret" told Joan to go to the King of France and help him reconquer his kingdom. Joan’s mother and her two brothers appealed for a reopening of the case, and Pope Callistus III appointed a commission for the purpose. Its labours resulted, on July 7, 1456, in the quashing of the trial and verdict and the complete rehabilitation of the Maid. Over four hundred and fifty years later, on May 26, 1920, she was canonized with all the solemnity of the Church.
Pope Benedict XV -- 1401 Blessed Andrew Franchi bishop of Pistoia, an office he filled with distinction and holiness for 23 years good religious and an able administrator served as prior in three convents while still quite young, OP B (AC)
Pope Clement X in 1671.  1252 St. Ferdinand III of Castile extremely devoted to the Blessed Virgin Patron of engineers conquered the city of Cordoba from the Moors founded the Cathedral of Burgos University of Salamanca a great administrator and a man of deep faith. He founded hospitals and bishoprics, monasteries, chuches, and cathedrals during his reign. He also compiled and reformed a code of laws which were used until the modern era. Ferdinand rebuilt the Cathedral of Burgos and changed the mosque in Seville into a Cathedral. He was a just ruler, frequently pardoning former offenders to his throne; buried in the habit of his secular Franciscan Order

1085 Pope Leo IX -- St. Gregory VII Hildebrand directed his reformer’s attention, first as counselor to the popes and later (1073-1085) as pope The Gregorian Reform, a milestone in the history of Christ’s Church, was named after this man who tried to extricate the papacy and the whole Church from undue control by civil rulers. Against an unhealthy Church nationalism in some areas, Gregory reasserted the unity of the whole Church based on Christ and expressed in the bishop of Rome, the successor of St. Peter.
Pope Leo IX, a reformer, was elected. He brought a young monk named Hildebrand to Rome as his counselor and special representative on important missions. He was to become Gregory VII.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  May 29
Pope Pius XI. -- At Paris, St. Madeleine-Sophie Barat, foundress of the Congregation of the Sisters of the Sacred Heart, who devoted her labours for the Christian education of girls.  She was added to the list of holy virgins by Pope Pius XI.
In the December of 1826, in response to a memorandum drawn up by St Madeleine Sophie and presented by her to Pope Leo XII, the Society of the Sacred Heart received formal approbation.
Pope Leo XII in 1826. In 1830 the Society's novitiate at Poitiers was closed by the Revolution, and Madeleine founded a new novitiate in Switzerland. By the time of her death in Paris on May 21, she had opened more than 100 houses and schools in twelve countries. She was canonized in 1925.  Her feast is observed on the 29th of May.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  May 28
St Leo the Great --St. Senator Archbishop of Milan, Italy, and papal legate  to the Council of Chalcedon 451
Medioláni sancti Senatóris Epíscopi, virtútibus et eruditióne claríssimi.
At Milan, St. Senator, bishop, who was very well known for his virtues and his learning.

WHEN the Church in the East was threatened with schism or lapse into heresy as the result of the vindication of the monophysite Eutyches and the condemnation of St Flavian by the so-called "Robber Synod", St Leo the Great decided to send legates to Constantinople to urge upon the Emperor Theodosius II the calling of a general council at which the true doctrine of our Lord's two natures should be definitely and decisively enunciated. For this mission men of learning, tact and integrity were required, and the pope chose St Abundius, bishop of Como, and a distinguished priest called Senator as being suitable representatives. By the time these envoys reached Constantinople, Theodosius was dead, but their mission resulted in the summoning of the Council of Chalcedon under the Emperor Marcian. The year after his return to Italy, St Senator attended a synod at Milan in the same capacity of papal legate. Upon the death of St Benignus he succeeded to the bishopric of Milan, which he ruled for three years, dying probably in 475.

596; Pope St Gregory the Great -- May 27, 2010  St. Augustine of Canterbury  (d. 605?) WHEN Pope St Gregory the Great decided that the time had come for the evangelization of Anglo-Saxon England, he chose as missionaries some thirty or more monks from his monastery of St Andrew on the Coelian Hill. As their leader he gave them their own prior, Augustine, whom St Gregory must have esteemed highly to have made him responsible for a scheme so dear to his heart. The party set out from Rome in the year 596; but no sooner had they arrived in Provence than they were assailed with warnings about the ferocity of the Anglo-Saxons and the dangers of the Channel. Greatly discouraged, they persuaded Augustine to return to Rome and obtain leave to abandon the enterprise. St Gregory, however, had received definite assurance that the English were well disposed towards the Christian faith; he therefore sent Augustine back to his brethren with words of encouragement which gave them heart to proceed on their way. They landed in the Isle of Thanet in the territory of Ethelbert, king of Kent. How the missionaries sent messengers to Ethelbert, how he received them sitting under an oak and listened to their words, how he made over to them a dwelling-place in Canterbury with the use of the old church of St Martin, and how he gave them leave to preach among his subjects, has been already described on February 25, under the article on St. Ethelbert. 
[{616 Ethelbert of Kent, King Not since conversions of Constantine and Clovis
Christendom known an event so momentous}

Pope Pius XI appointed
1050 St. Bernard of Montjoux the heavenly patron not only of those who live in or travel across the Alps, but of all mountain climbers. In 1923 Pope Pius XI, in a Latin letter of singular eloquence, proclaimed St Bernard patron of all Alpinists and mountain climbers; the text is in the Acta Apostolicae Sedis, vol. xv (1923), pp. 437—442.
Pope Leo XIII beatified Bl. John Shert Priest English martyr Convert studied at Douai and Rome in 1886.

Pope Pius XII -- 1645 St. Mariana the lily of Quito  practiced great austerities ate hardly anything slept 3 hours a night for years gift of prophesy performed miracles offered herself publicly as a victim for the sins of the people; canonized by Pope Pius XII in 1950.
Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  May 27
A Tuscan by birth, John I joined the Roman clergy while still young and was archdeacon when, after the death of St Hormisdas in 523, he was chosen pope. Italy had been for some thirty years ruled by Theodoric the Goth who, though an Arian by birth and by conviction, treated his Catholic subjects with toleration and even with favour during the greater part of his reign. About this time, however, his policy changed—partly as the result of what he regarded as treasonable correspondence between leading members of the Roman Senate and Constantinople, partly in consequence of severe measures against Arians enacted by the Emperor Justin I.

Pope Gregory -- 735 Saint Bede a church historian who recorded the history of Christianity in England up to his own time
He was probably born around 673 in Northumbria. We do not know exactly where he was born, but it is likely that it was somewhere near Jarrow. When he was seven, Bede was sent to St Benedict Biscop (January 12) at the monastery of St Peter at Wearmouth to be educated and raised. Then he was sent to the new monastery of St Paul founded at Jarrow in 682, where he remained until his death. There he was guided by the abbot St Ceolfrith (September 25), who succeeded St Benedict in 690, ruling both Wearmouth and Jarrow.
My principal authority and aid in this work was the learned and reverend Abbot Albinus; who, educated in the Church of Canterbury by those venerable and learned men, Archbishop Theodore of blessed memory, and the Abbot Hadrian, transmitted to me by Nothhelm, the pious priest of the Church of London, either in writing, or by word of mouth of the same Nothhelm, all that he thought worthy of memory, that had been done in the province of Kent, or the adjacent parts, by the disciples of the blessed Pope Gregory, as he had learned the same either from written records, or the traditions of his ancestors.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  May 26
 2nd v.  St. Eleutherius, pope and martyr, who converted to the Christian faith many noble Romans
Pope Gregory, -- 1258 Blessed Eva of Liege enthusiastic purpose obtain the institution of a feast in honor of the Blessed Pope
Pope St. Eleutherius -- St. Dyfan He is also called Deruvianus and Damian Mssioary to the Britons sent by Pope St. Eleutherius when a local Briton king requested missionaries from the pope
Urban IV
-- Sacrament. --granted by Pope Urban IV At Canterbury in England, St. Augustine, bishop, who was sent there with others by blessed Pope Gregory, and who preached the Gospel of Christ to the English nation.  Celebrated for virtues and miracles, he went peacefully to his rest in the Lord.  The 28th of May is observed as his feast.
Pope Gregory XIII -- 1595 Saint Philip Neri Patron of Rome  showed the humorous side of holiness.  However, in 1575, new society received formal approbation of Pope Gregory XIII, who afterwards gave to it the ancient church of Sta Maria in Vallicella.
Pope Pius XII -- 1645  In the city of Quito in Ecuador, St. María Ana de Jesù de Paredes, a third order Franciscan, well known for her austerity and charity towards her neighbour.  Pope Pius XII numbered her in the book of Virgins.
Pope John Paul II  -- 1861 St. John Hoan  Martyr of Vietnam a Vietnamese priest beheaded during the anti-Christian persecutions. Pope John Paul II canonized him in 1988.
Pope John Paul II  -- 1861 St. Matthew Phuong Martyr of Vietnam A native catechist and an ardent Christian
 Matthew was arrested by government officials for his faith. He was tortured and then beheaded. Pope John Paul II canonized him in 1988.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  May 25
Pope Saint John Paul II beatified her on April 30, 1989.  Catholic missionaries in Madagascar there is a wall plaque indicating the presence of the bones of Victoire Rasoamanarivo. Alone, without a priest, despite receiving ridicule from some and contempt from her husband, she held out until the return of the missionaries.
Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  May 25
Assísii, in Umbria, item Translátio sancti Francísci Confessóris, témpore Gregórii Papæ Noni.
    At Assisi in Umbria, the translation of St. Francis, confessor, in the time of Pope Gregory IX.

At Rome, on the Via Nomentana, the birthday of blessed Urban, pope and martyr, by whose exhortation and teaching many persons, among whom were Tiburtius and Valerian, received the faith of Christ and suffered martyrdom for it.  He himself endured many afflictions for the Church of God, and was crowned with martyrdom by being beheaded in the persecution of Alexander Severus.
Pope Damasusb 384 St. Maximus & Victorinus
Pope St Damasus. --  Martyrs of France, brothers sent by Pope Damasus to preach in Gaul. They were martyred by pagans at Evreux.  The virtues and learning of Zenobius won him the friendship of St Ambrose of Milan, by whose advice he was called to Rome by Pope St Damasus.
Pope Sergius --  Although eagerly sought by kings and other notables, even Pope Sergius, Bede managed to remain in his own monastery till his death. Only once did he leave for a few months in order to teach in the school of the archbishop of York. Bede died in 735 praying his favorite prayer: “Glory be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Spirit. As in the beginning, so now, and forever.”
1085  Pope Gregory VII  At Salerno, the death of blessed, a most zealous protector and champion of Church liberty.  Pope St. Gregory VII (HILDEBRAND).
Salérni deposítio beáti Gregórii Séptimi, Papæ et Confessóris, ecclesiásticæ libertátis propugnatóris ac defensóris acérrimi.
    At Salerno, the death of blessed Pope Gregory VII, a most zealous protector and champion of Church liberty.

One of the greatest of the Roman pontiffs and one of the most remarkable men of all times; born between the years 1020 and 1025, at Soana, or Ravacum, in Tuscany; died 25 May, 1085, at Salerno.  His name was added to the Roman Martyrology (wherein he is called not Sanctus but Beatus) by Cardinal Baronius, and his feast was given to all the Western church by Pope Benedict XIII in 1728—much to the indignation of Gallican churchmen in France.

Pope Pius XI. -- At Paris, St. Madeleine-Sophie Barat, foundress of the Congregation of the Sisters of the Sacred Heart, who devoted her labours for the Christian education of girls.  She was added to the list of holy virgins by Pope Pius XI.
In the December of 1826, in response to a memorandum drawn up by St Madeleine Sophie and presented by her to Pope Leo XII, the Society of the Sacred Heart received formal approbation.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  May 24
624 St Mellitus of Canterbury Roman abbot 1 of 2nd band of monks sent by Pope Saint Gregory the Great to England in 601 in the wake of Saint Augustine; OSB B (RM)
In 604, after three years of mission work in Kent, Mellitus was consecrated the first bishop of the East Saxons, with his see in London. As bishop, St Mellitus of Canterbury travelled to Rome to consult with Pope Saint Boniface IV. While in Rome Mellitus participated in a synod of Italian bishops concerning the life of monks and their relationship to bishops. The decrees of the synod he carried back to England, together with letters from the pope to Archbishop Saint Laurence of Canterbury and King Ethelbert of Kent, who had built the first church of St. Paul in London.
Pope Leo IX  -- 1089 Blessed Lanfranc of Canterbury; taught law in Pavia, monk, prior archbishop of Canterbury in 1070 Lanfranc's De Sacramento Corporis et Sanguinis Christi became the classic statement of transubstantiation in the Middle Ages OSB B (PC) He became embroiled in the quarrel over the Eucharist with Berengarius and was brought by Pope Leo IX to the Councils of Rome and Vercelli in 1050, where Berengarius was condemned.
Benedict XIV and Pius VI.-- 1298 St. Gerard de Lunel Franciscan tertiary who made a pilgrimage to the Holy Land; patron of Monte Santo Patron saint of Monte Santo, near Ancona, Italy, also called Gerius. He was a Franciscan tertiary who made a pilgrimage to the Holy Land. He died in Monte Santo on his way back from his homeland of France. His cult was approved by popes Benedict XIV and Pius VI.
Pope Benedict XIV -- 1622 (Mark Rey) Fidelis of Sigmaringen example of religious devotion and goodness to the poor "the Poor Man's Lawyer." OFM Cap. M (RM) Born in Sigmaringen, Hohenzollern, Germany, in 1577; died at Grüsch, Grisons, Switzerland, on April 24, 1622; canonized by Pope Benedict XIV in 1746.
Pope Urban VIII-- 1636 St. John del Prado Franciscan martyr of Morocco zeal attracted attention Islamic authorities thrown into prison in chains patiently endured torture until death Bd John of Prado was beatified in 1728, and he is one of the few beati named in the Roman Martyrology. Bd John’s term of office had just expired and he begged to be sent to the relief of the Christians. Pope Urban VIII accordingly named him missionary apostolic with special powers. Accompanied by Father Matthias and Brother Genesius, he arrived in Morocco and immediately embarked upon the work of ministering to the Christian slaves.
Pope Pius XII-- 1837 Anne Mary Taigi; Endowed with the gift of prophecy, she read thoughts and described distant events incorruptible.
Born on Noirmoutier Island, Brittany, France, in 1796; died at Angers, France, on April 24, 1868; beatified in 1933; canonized in 1940 by Pope Pius XII.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  May 23
At Norcia, Saints Eutychius and Florentius, monks, mentioned by the blessed Pope Gregory.
Pope Gregory the Great -- Desiderius was born at Autun, Gaul, and also known as Didier. He became bishop of Vienne. His enforcement of strict clerical discipline, his attachs on simony, and his denunciation of the immorality of Queen Brunhildis' court made him many enemies. He was denounced by the queen for paganism to Pope Gregory the Great who completely exonerated him, but was banished by a synod controlled by Brunhildis. Desiderius returned four years later but was murdered by three followers of King Theodoric, whom he had publicly censured.

St. Michael of Synnadawas bishop of Synnada, Phrygia, in modem Turkey. He carried a synodal document from St. Tarasius to Pope St. Leo III in Rome. An enemy of the Iconoclast heretics in the Byzantine Empire, Michael was exiled to Galatia by Emperor Leo V the Armenian. 

Bd Urban II-- Ivo of Chartres people demanded Ivo for their bishop. He was very unwilling to emerge from his retirement, but Bd Urban II confirmed his election and Ivo set out for Capua, where he was consecrated by the pope, who subsequently checked the endeavours of Richerius, archbishop of Sens, to reinstate Geoffrey.

Pope Alexander IV -- St. William of Rochester alleged that William was canonized by Pope Alexander IV in 1256. What is certain is that before this time there was already a shrine of "St William" in Rochester Cathedral, which was a notable centre of popular devotion.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  May 22
Pope John Paul II -- 1857 St. Michael Ho-Dinh-Hy native Martyr of Vietnam arrested for his Christian activities
A native of Vietnam, he was born to Christian parents and was by profession a wealthy silk trader and superintendent of the royal silk mills. He did not practice the faith until late in life, becoming then protector of the Christian community. He was arrested for his Christian activities, suffering beheading. Pope John Paul II canonized him in 1988.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  May 20
Pope Martin V -- 1444 St. Bernardine of Siena He was called the "People's Preacher" They went so far as to denounce him to Pope Martin V, who for a time commanded him to keep silence. However, an examination of his doctrine and conduct led to a complete vindication and he received permission to preach wherever he liked. The same pope, in 1427, urged him to accept the bishopric of Siena, but he refused it, as he afterwards declined the sees of Ferrara and of Urbino. His excuse was that if he were confined to one diocese he could no longer minister to so many souls.
Pope Pius XII --  Bernardino was made the patron saint of advertisers and advertising in 1956 by Pope Pius XII because of his ability to illuminate the Catholic faith to audiences by the use of simple language and telling symbols. He is invoked against hoarseness, which he suffered in his early days of preaching, and is believed to have been cured by a prayer to the Blessed Virgin (White).
Pope Alexander VI -- 1501 Blessed Columba of Rieti pious mystics of the third order of Saint Dominic raising of a dead child to life especially devoted to Our Lady modeled after Saint Catherine of Siena to OP Tert. V (AC) when the pope he came to Perugia asked specially to see her, and was so impressed that at a later date he sent his treasurer to consult her on certain secret projects-only to receive reproaches and warnings the details of which were never made public.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  May 19
Born 1215 - D. 1296 St. Celestine V Pope -- 1294 St. Celestine V Pope Born 1212 The birthday of St. Peter of Moroni who, while leading the life of an anchoret, was created Sovereign Pontiff and called Celestine V.  He later abdicated the pontificate, and led a religious life in solitude, where, renowned for virtues and miracles, he went to the Lord.

Pope Paschal 1 (817—824)  Praxedes and Pudentiana stand together first in the list of the virgins whose bodies were transferred from the catacombs to the church of Praxedes by Pope Paschal 1 (817—824). 2nd v. Pudens Roman senator baptized by the Apostles father of the martyr Pudentiana M (RM) 2nd century
160 Pudentiana of Rome titulus Pudentis or ecclesia Pudentiana in Rome her father's palace considered most ancient in world
Pope John XII  -- 988 St. Dunstan Kyrie Rex splendens Cantuáriæ, in Anglia, sancti Dunstáni Epíscopi.  -- St Dunstan, upon whom he bestowed first the see of Worcester and afterwards that of London. Upon Edwy’s death in 959 the kingdom was reunited under Edgar, and St Dunstan became archbishop of Canterbury. Upon going to Rome to receive the pallium he was appointed by Pope John XII a legate of the Holy See.

Pope Innocent XII.  -- 1246 Blessed Humiliana de'Cerchi, OFM Tert. (AC) Born in Florence, Italy, in 1220; cultus approved by Pope Innocent XII.

1294 St. Celestine V Pope Born 1212 The birthday of St. Peter of Moroni Born 1215, in the Neapolitan province of Moline; elected at Perugia 5 July, 1294; consecrated and crowned at Aquila, 29 August; abdicated at Naples, 13 Dec., 1294; died in the castle of Fumone, 19 May, 1296.

Pope Nicholas IV appointed 1309 Blessed Augustine Novello, became prior general of the Augustinian friars, confessor to the pope, and legate. He spent the last nine years of his life as a hermit OSA (AC) penitentiary to the papal court, and Boniface VIII sent him as legate to Siena

Pope Pius XI. -- 1740 St. Theophilus of Corte Franciscan reformer. Born Biagio Arrighi at Corte, Corsica, Italy ordained at Naples, taught at Civitella, and then embarked upon a mission to promote the faith in Corsica and Italy At Fucecchio in Etruria, St. Theophilus of Curte, confessor and priest of the Order of Friars Minor, who was canonized by Pope Pius XI.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  May 18
526 St. Pope John I Martyr succeeded persuading Emperor Justin I mitigate treatment of Arians avoid reprisals against Catholics in Italy visit  brought reconciliation of Western and Eastern Churches plagued by a schism since 482 when Zeno's Henoticon had been published

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  May 16

Pope Lucius III -- 1100 Silaus of Lucca Irish monk abbot of Saint Brendan's monastery zealous and charitable bishop B (AC)
(also known as Silave, Silanus, Sillaeus, Sillao, Siollan) Born in Ireland; died at Lucca, Italy, in 1100; canonized by Pope Lucius III in 1183;

Pope Leo XIII -- 1592 St. Paschal Baylon Franciscan lay brother mystic  At Villareal in Spain, St. Paschal of the Order of Friars Minor, confessor.  He was a man remarkable for innocence of life and the spirit of penance, whom Pope Leo XIII declared to be the heavenly patron of Eucharistic Congresses and of societies formed to honour the Most Blessed Sacrament.

Pope Francis and Pope Benedict XVI -- { 2013 } Catholic Church In China { article here}
1648 to1930 St. Augustine Zhao Rong and 120 Companions Christianity arrived in China by way of Syria -- 600s.
        Depending on China's relations with outside world,
Christianity for centuries was free to grow or forced to operate secretly.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  May 16
Pope Sixtus II -- At Auxerre, the passion of St. Peregrinus, first bishop of that city.  He was sent into France with other clerics by the blessed Pope Sixtus II, and having accomplished his work of preaching the Gospel, he was condemned to capital punishment, and merited for himself an everlasting crown.

Pope Honorius II -- In 1126 St Ubald was chosen bishop of Perugia; but he hid himself so that the deputies from that city could not find him; then he went to Rome, threw himself at the feet of Pope Honorius II and begged that he might be excused. His request was granted but when, two years later, the see of Gubbio fell vacant, the pope himself directed that the clergy should elect Ubald.

Pope Innocent IV in the year 1247 -- St. Simon Stock Scapular of Mount Carmel the Virgin Mary appeared to him holding the brown scapular in one hand. Her words were: "Receive, my beloved son, this scapular of thy Order; it is the special sign of my favor, which I have obtained for thee and for thy children of Mount Carmel. We have every reason to believe that about the same time the rule, which was originally drafted for hermits primarily intent upon their own individual perfection, had to be substantially modified now that the members of the order were becoming mendicant friars, busied with preaching and the work of the ministry. This revision was carried through and a preliminary approval was granted by Pope Innocent IV in the year 1247 itself. In 1252 a letter of protection was obtained from the same pontiff to secure them from the molestations of certain of the clergy, for the success of the White Friars had provoked jealousy and hostility in many quarters.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  May 15
Pope Pius XII -- 1719 ST JOHN BAPTIST DE LA SALLE, FOUNDER OF THE BROTHERS OF THE CHRISTIAN SCHOOLS  in 1950 Pope Pius XII declared him the heavenly patron of all school-teachers.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  May 14
Pope Pius XII.  -- St. Maria Dominic Mazzarello was the first superior general in 1872 when St. John Bosco received approval from Pope Pius IX. The Salesian Sisters, as they are called, spread rapidly. By 1900, there were nearly eight hundred foundations. St. Maria Dominic Mazzarello died on April 27 at Nizza Monferrato and was canonized in 1951 by Pope Pius XII.
Pope St. Gregory the Great. -- 6th v St. Boniface Bishop of Ferentino, Italy, renowned for sanctity and miracles from his childhood, commemorated by Pope St. Gregory the Great.

Pope St Gregory VII -- 1835 BD MAGDALEN DI CANOSSA, VIRGIN, FOUNDRESS OF THE CANOSSIAN DAUGHTERS OF CHARITY: spent her time giving religious instruction, working in hospitals and looking after children.
IN the foothills of the Appenine mountains, some eighteen miles from Parma, stand the few remains of the once mighty castle of Canossa. It was here, while the guest of Matilda, Countess of Tuscany, in the winter of 1076-77, that Pope St Gregory VII received that ostensible submission of Henry IV of Germany whose circumstances have been so much exaggerated and significance misunderstood. And it was the family of this Countess Matilda that seven hundred years later produced Magdalen Gabriela, Marchioness of Canossa, a "valiant woman" of a somewhat different stamp.

Pope Pius XI said that "Many are charitable enough to help and even to serve the poor, but few are able deliberately to become poor with the poor", and that that is exactly what Bd Magdalen did. 1835 BD MAGDALEN DI CANOSSA, VIRGIN, FOUNDRESS OF THE CANOSSIAN DAUGHTERS OF CHARITY

Pope Pius XII added him to the roll of saints. 1863 Saint Michael Garicoits, priest, combat Jansenism by the custom of frequent communion & introducing Sacred Heart devotions; Society of Priests of the Sacred Heart of Bétharram was approved by the Holy See  14 years after his death

Pope Pius XII -- At Nizza Monferrato in Italy, St. Mary Dominica Mazzarello, co-founder of the Daughters of Mary Help of Christians, and renowned for her humility, prudence and charity.  She was added to the book of Virgins by Pope Pius XII.

Pope Pius IX -- on an autumn evening in 1865 Don Bosco himself with some of his boys came on a holiday excursion to Mornese. The Daughters of Mary Immaculate knelt for his blessing, and Mary Mazzarello said, “I feel that Don Bosco is a saint”.
On that saint’s advice, the parish priest, Don Pestarino, put up a building for a boys’ college in Mornese. But Don Bosco had been talking with Pope Pius IX about his project for a congregation of nuns to carry out among girls the educational work that the Salesians were doing for boys; and it so happened that the bishop of Acqui, Mgr Sciandra, for good reasons of his own, did not want a college in Mornese. Accordingly, on May 29, 1872, the people of Mornese woke up to find that the new building was occupied by a community of nuns. Its nucleus was drawn from among the local Daughters of Mary Immaculate; Mary Mazzarello, now thirty-five years old, was the superioress, and the convent was on the very site where, years before, she had had some sort of vision of a building filled with children being looked after by habited religious. Thus began the congregation of the Daughters of Our Lady Help of Christians, sometimes called Salesian Sisters.

Pope Pius XII. --  She was born near Genoa, Italy, and joined the Pious Union of Mary Immaculate while young. Her institute formed slowly, aided by St. John Bosco, despite her bout with typhoid. St. Maria Dominic Mazzarello was the first superior general in 1872 when St. John Bosco received approval from Pope Pius IX. The Salesian Sisters, as they are called, spread rapidly. By 1900, there were nearly eight hundred foundations. St. Maria Dominic Mazzarello died on April 27 at Nizza Monferrato and was canonized in 1951 by Pope Pius XII.
Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today; May 13
Pope Clement VIII -- 100 St. Nereus and Achilleus Martyrs of the Roman military baptized by St. Peterwere beheaded, and their revered remains, with those of Flavia Domitilla, were, by order of Pope Clement VIII, solemnly transferred the day before this, from the sacristy of St. Adrian to the church in which they had been kept in the first place, and which was now repaired. 
Pope St Damasus -- Nereus and Achilleus were pretorian soldiers—as we know from the inscription Pope St Damasus placed on their tomb.  The excavations of de Rossi in that catacomb in 1874 resulted in the discovery of their empty tomb in the underground church constructed by Pope St Siricius in 390.
All, therefore, that we can with any confidence affirm regarding SS. Nereus and Achilleus is what we can gather from the inscription which Pope Damasus wrote in their honour towards the close of the fourth century. The text is known from the reports of travellers who read it when the slab was still entire, but the broken fragments which de Rossi found in his excavation of the cemetery of Domitilla in the last century are sufficient to identify it beyond possible doubt.

Pope Symmachus.  -- Pancras was, it is said, in his fourteenth year when he was beheaded for the faith under Diocletian. He was buried in the cemetery of Calepodius, which afterwards took his name, and about the year 500 a basilica was built or rebuilt over his tomb by Pope Symmachus.

Pope St Gregory II, St Germanus 732 Germanus of Constantinople patriarch "When we show reverence to representations of Jesus Christ, we do not worship paint laid on wood: we worship the  invisible God in spirit and in truth."B (RM) received an answer, still preserved to us, in which the pope expresses his deep appreciation of the patriarch’s vindication of Catholic doctrine and tradition.
Pope Leo III -- Through the intervention of Blessed Alcuin (Born in York, England, c. 735; died at Saint Martin's in Tours, France, May 19, 804. Alcuin studied under Saint Edbert at the York cathedral school, was ordained a deacon there, and, in 767), Ethelhard was restored to Canterbury the following year. In 802, Pope Leo III re-established Canterbury to its former status, put aside the idea of moving the metropolitan see to London, and abolished the see of Lichfield.
Pope Pius X-- 1429 BD GEMMA OF SOLMONA, VIRGIN Born in Bologna, Italy, in 1322; died there on the Feast of the Ascension, May 13, 1333; cultus confirmed in 1826; named patron of first communicants by Pope Pius X.

The second secret was a vision of hell.
Pope John Paul II directed the Holy See's Secretary of State to reveal the third secret in 2000; it spoke of a 'bishop in white' who was shot by a group of soldiers who fired bullets and arrows into him.
Many people linked this to the assassination attempt against Pope John Paul II in St. Peter's Square on May 13, 1981.
Comment:  The message of Fatima is simple: Pray.

Pope Boniface IV Pope Gregory IV -- At Rome, in the time of Emperor Phocas, the dedication of the church of St. Mary of the Martyrs, formerly a temple of all the gods, called the Pantheon, which was purified and dedicated by the blessed Pope Boniface IV to the honour of the Blessed Mary ever Virgin, and of all the martyrs.  The solemn anniversary of this dedication was later ordered to be kept by Pope Gregory IV as the Feast of All Saints on the 1st of November.

Pope Julius-- Bishop Servatus of Tongres (Belgium) hosted Saint Athanasius, when the latter was an exile in the West because of the Arian persecutions. He strenuously defended his friend and the cause of orthodoxy, especially at the council of Sardica (Sofia  convoked by the Emperors Constans and Constantius at the urgent entreaty of Pope Julius  held most probably in 343).

Pope St Gregory the Great-- The work of predilection of St Euthymius was the translation of sacred books from Greek into Iberian, and George the Hagiorite names over sixty for which the Iberian church was indebted to him. Among them were biblical commentaries, writings of St Basil, St Gregory of Nyssa, St Ephrem and St John Damascene, the Institutes of St John Cassian, and the Dialogues of Pope St Gregory the Great.

Pope Clement VIII --St Robert Bellarmine taking the leading part on a papal commission appointed by Pope Clement VIII to edit and make ready for publication the new revision of the Vulgate Bible, which had been called for by the Council of Trent. An edition had indeed already been completed during the reign of Sixtus V and under that pope’s immediate supervision, but it contained many errors due to defective scholarship and to a fear of making important alterations in the current text.

Paul V, who was elected pope three years later, at once insisted upon retaining Cardinal Bellarmine by his side, and the archbishop accordingly resigned his see.
Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today; May 12

Pope St Leo III (795—816) 475 St Mamertius Archbishop of Vienne originator of the penitential practice of abrogation days known for his learning St Mamertus well known in ecclesiastical history is his institution of the penitential processions on what we now call the Rogation Days, the three days preceding the feast of the Ascension. These are the Litaniae Snores, which in the time of Pope St Leo III (795—816) were adopted in Rome itself, Frankish influence, under the Emperor Charlemagne, thus making itself felt throughout the whole of western Christendom.

Clement, Pope of Rome 885  885 Sts Cyril and Methodius, Equals Apostles, Slavs Enlighteners discovered relics Clement, Pope

1055-1057 Pope Victor II  granted ST WALTER OF L’ESTERP special faculties for dealing with penitents—including the right to excommunicate and to restore to communion so great was his reputation for converting sinners.
1055-157 Pope Victor II  With untiring zeal he combated, like his predecessor, against simony and clerical concubinage. Being well supported by the emperor, he often succeeded where Leo IX had failed. On Pentecost Sunday, June 4, 1055, he held a large synod at Florence, in presence of the emperor and 120 bishops, where former decrees against simony and incontinence were confirmed and several offending bishops deposed. To King Ferdinand of Spain he sent messengers with threats of excommunication if he should continue in his refusal to acknowledge Henry III as Roman Emperor. Ferdinand submitted to the papal demands. Before the emperor returned to Germany he transferred to the pope the duchies of Spoleto and Camerino. Early in 1056 Victor II sent Hildebrand back to France to resume his labours against simony and concubinage, which he had begun under Leo IX. He appointed the archbishops Raimbaud of Arles and Pontius of Aix papal legates to battle against the same vices in Southern France.

Pope Victor II --  So great was 1070 St. Walter Augustinian abbot for thirty-eight years of L'Esterp famed as confessor  had an ardent zeal for souls:  Walter is repeatedly referred to by the chroniclers of that age as a man of outstanding holiness, whose undertakings were marvellously blessed by Heaven reputation for converting sinners that Pope Victor II granted him special faculties for dealing with penitents—including the right to excommunicate and to restore to communion. For the last seven years of his life he was blind, but he continued his activities until his death.

Pope Benedict XIV -- In the Prato edition of the Opera Omnia of Pope Benedict XIV, vol. vi (1842), pp. 35—36, will be found a summary of the evidence presented to establish the fact of the immemorial cultus paid to Bd Albert of Bergamo. 1279 Bl Albert of Bergamo Dominican tertiary pious farmer miracle worker to benefit others

Pope Pius X -- The decree by which Pope Pius X confirmed  1300 Bl Vivaldus  who nursed Bartholomew, leper,  for twenty years, OFM Tert. (AC) cultus may be read in the Analecta Ecclesiastica for 1908, p. 145,

Pope Gregory XVI -- 1716 St. Francis Jerome famous Jesuit preacher credited with miracles, attributing numerous cures to the intercession of Saint Cyrus (Jan 31) From the outset his preaching attracted huge congregations and was rewarded by such excellent results that he was set to train other missionaries. canonized by Pope Gregory XVI.

Pope Pius XII -- 1781 Saint Ignatius of Laconi Capuchin questor for 40 years as a child  found daily at church doors before dawn waiting in prayer to be opened levitation in prayer gifts of prophecy and miracles of healing .  At Cagliari in Sardinia, St. Ignatius of Laconi, confessor, of the Minor Order of Capuchins, distinguished for his humility, charity and miracles.  He was accorded the honour of canonization by Pope Pius XII.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today; May 11
Pope Callistus -- Caleposius, who was killed with the sword by order of Emperor Alexander.  His body was dragged through the city and thrown into the Tiber.  It was afterwards found and buried by Pope Callistus.  The consul Palmatius was also beheaded with his wife, his sons, and forty-two of both sexes belonging to his household; likewise the senator Simplicius with his wife, and sixty-eight of his house; Felix also with his wife Blanda. 
Pope Damasus  -- 362 St. Gordian died in Rome a mere boy;   Gordian died in Rome in 362, and was described by Pope Damasus as a mere boy.  250 Epimachus Epimachus was a martyr of Alexandria, Egypt, in 250. His relics were brought to Rome, and those of Gordian were placed in his tomb. This cult is now confined to local calendars.
Pope Eugenius summoned Antoninus to Rome in order to receive the last sacraments from the holy bishop before dying in his arms on February 23, 1447.
Pope Nicholas V -- Because of his reputation for wisdom and ability, Antoninus was often called upon to help in public affairs civil & ecclesiastical. Pope Nicholas V sought his advice on matters of church and state, forbade any appeal to be made to Rome from the archbishop's judgements, and declared that Antonino in his lifetime was as worthy of canonization as the dead Bernardino of Siena (Born in Massa Marittima (near Siena), Tuscany, Italy, on September 8, 1380; died in Aquila, Italy, May 20, 1444;), whom he was about to raise to the altars.
Pope Pius II assisted at his funeral, when he was buried in San Marco's church. Pius eulogized Antoninus as one who "conquered avarice and pride, was outstandingly temperate in every way, was a brilliant theologian, and popular preacher."
the canonization of Saint Antoninus was decreed by the short-lived Pope Adrian VI (August 31, 1522, to September 14, 1523), whose ideas for church reform were radical and drastic. His body was found uncorrupted in 1559, when it was translated with pomp and solemnity into a chapel richly adorned by the two brothers Salviati

Pope John Paul II -- St. Peter Van native catechist Vietnamese martyr. He was arrested by authorities and beheaded. Pope John Paul II canonized him in 1988. 
Pope John Paul II -- He, Father Damen of Molokai, contracted leprosy and died in 1899. Pope John Paul II beatified him in 1995.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today; May 09
Pope Eugenius IV held Blessed Nicholas Albergati archbishop cardinal in the highest esteem; he consulted him in almost all things, made him chief penitentiary, and came to see him frequently when he was ill.
  1431 1447 Pope Eugenius IV Gabriello Condulmaro, or Condulmerio, b. at Venice, 1388; elected 4 March, 1431; d. at Rome, 23 Feb., 1447. He sprang from a wealthy Venetia family and was a nephew, on the mother's side, of Gregory XII. His personal presence was princely and imposing. He was tall, thin, with a remarkably winning countenance. Coming at an early age into the possession of great wealth, he distributed 20,000 ducats to the poor and, turning his back upon the world, entered the Augustinian monastery of St. George in his native city. At the age of twenty-four he was appointed by his uncle Bishop of Siena; but since the people of that city objected to the rule of a foreigner, he resigned the bishopric and, in 1408, was created Cardinal-Priest of St. Clement. He rendered signal service to Pope Martin V by his labours as legate in Picenum (March of Ancona) and later by quelling a sedition of the Bolognesi. In recognition of his abilities, the conclave, assembled at Rome in the church of the Minerva after the death of Martin V, elected Cardinal Condulmaro to the papacy on the first scrutiny.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today; May 07

Pope St. Sixtus I. -- 193 St. Dionysius Bishop of Vienne, in Dauphine, France, successor of St. Justus 1/of 10 missionaries sent with St. Peregrinus to Gaul, by Pope St. Sixtus I.
Pope Gelasius --  496 St Michael Archangel appeared on Mount Gargano {San Giovanni Rotondo is there} in Apulia, South Italy, in the days of Pope Gelasius to bishop of Siponto
615 Boniface IV, Pope student under Gregory the Great converted Roman temple of gods {Pantheon} into a Christian church dedicated to Our Lady and all saints corresponded with Saint Columba (RM)
685 St Benedict II, Pope Scripture scholar and an expert in sacred chants amended the process to speed approval of papal elections by having the exarch of Ravenna confirm Papal elections patron saint of Europe brought to orthodoxy Macarius, ex-patriarch of Antioch, from Monothelitism,  restored Roman churches upheld cause of Saint Wilfred of York

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today; May 07

Pope Pelagius I -- At Rome, the translation of the body of St. Stephen protomartyr, which was brought from Constantinople to Rome by Pope Pelagius I, and laid in the sepulchre of the martyr St. Lawrence in the Agro Verano, where it is honoured with great devotion by the pious faithful.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today; May 06

For it to be right and good, devotion to the Mother of God ought to spring from the heart;
acts of the body have here neither utility nor value if the acts of the soul have no part in them.
Now these latter can only have one object, which is that we should fully carry out what the divine Son of Mary commands. (…).
What this most prudent Virgin said to the servants at the marriage feast of Cana she addresses also to us:
"Whatsoever he shall say to you, do ye" (Jn 2:5). Now here is the word of Jesus Christ:
"If you would enter into life, keep the commandments" (Mt 19:17).
Let them each one fully convince himself of this, that if his piety towards the Blessed Virgin does not hinder him from sinning, or does not move his will to amend an evil life,  it is a piety deceptive and lying, wanting as it is in proper effect and its natural fruit.
 Saint Pius X
Encyclical Letter Ad Diem Illum Laetissimum, February 2, 1905

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today; May 05
1572 ST PIUS V. POPE MICHAEL GHISLIERI confessor of the Order of Preachers

1572 ST PIUS V. POPE Sancti Pii Quinti, ex Ordine Prædicatórum, Papæ et Confessóris, qui Kaléndis mensis hujus obdormívit in Dómino.Pope St. Pius V, confessor of the Order of Preachers, who went to sleep in the Lord on the 1st of May.

The more "extravagant" graces are bestowed NOT for the benefit of the recipients so much as FOR benefit of others.
Non est inventus similis illis


Hail, Holy Mother of God -- Pope Francis
Jesus Christ is the blessing for every man and woman ... The Church, in giving us Jesus, offers us the fullness of the Lord’s blessing. This is precisely the mission of the people of God: to spread to all peoples God’s blessing made flesh in Jesus Christ. And Mary, the first and most perfect disciple of Jesus, the first and most perfect believer, the model of the pilgrim Church, is the one who opens the way to the Church’s motherhood and constantly sustains her maternal mission to all mankind. Mary’s tactful maternal witness has accompanied the Church from the beginning. She, the Mother of God, is also the Mother of the Church, and through the Church, the mother of all men and women, and of every people. …

Let us look to Mary, let us contemplate the Holy Mother of God. I suggest that you all greet her together, just like those courageous people of Ephesus, who cried out before their pastors when they entered Church: “Hail, Holy Mother of God!” What a beautiful greeting for our Mother. There is a story – I do not know if it is true – that some among those people had clubs in their hands, perhaps to make the Bishops understand what would happen if they did not have the courage to proclaim Mary “Mother of God”! I invite all of you, without clubs, to stand up and to greet her three times with this greeting of the early Church: “Hail, Holy Mother of God!”  Pope Francis; Homily, Holy Mass on the Solemnity of Mary, Mother of God
Vatican Basilica, January 1, 2015
 Pope’s Prayer in Pompeii
Saturday, March 21, 2015
Virgin of the Holy Rosary, Mother of the Redeemer, our earthly Lady raised above the heavens, humble servant of the Lord, proclaimed Queen of the world, from the depth of our miseries we turn to you. With the faithfulness of children we look to your sweet gaze.

Crowned with twelve stars, you bring us to the mystery of the Father, you shine the splendor of the Holy Spirit, you give us our Divine Child, Jesus, our hope, our only salvation in the world. Comforted by your Rosary, you invite us to be fixed to his gaze. You open to us His heart, abyss of joy and sorry, of light and glory, mystery of the son of God, made man for us. At your feet in the footsteps of the saints, we feel as God’s family.

Mother and model of the Church, you are our guide and secure support. Make us one heart and one mind, a strong people on the way towards the heavenly homeland. We entrust our miseries, the many streets of hate and blood, the thousands of ancient and new poverties and above all, our sins. To you we entrust ourselves, Mother of Mercy: grant us the forgiveness of God, help us to build a world according to your heart.

O Blessed Rosary of Mary, sweet chain that ties us to God, chain of love that makes us brothers, we will not leave you again. You will be in our hands a weapon of peace and forgiveness, star that guides our path. And the kiss to you with our last breath, we plunge into a wave of light, in the vision of the beloved Mother and the Son of God, the desire and joy of our heart, with the Father and the Holy Spirit.  Amen.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today; May 04
105 Romæ, via Nomentána, pássio sanctórum Mártyrum Alexándri Papæ Primi,
Pope Anastasius When the bishops of Africa, assembled at Carthage in 401, appealed for the support of Pope Anastasius, they also addressed a similar appeal to Bishop Venerius.

Pope Clement XIV -- 1343 Blessed Gregory Celli monk  received by the Franciscans of Monte Carnerio, near Rieti, OSA signalized by many miraculous cures, was formally confirmed by Pope Clement XIV in 1769.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today; May 03
Pope Pelagius I -- And in the sixth century, under Pope Pelagius I, it was taken to Rome and buried, next to the Apostle James, in a church built specifically for them. The Byzantine-style church, which was called “of Sts. James and Philip,” was transformed in 1500 into a magnificent Renaissance church, which is the present one called “Of the Holy Apostles.”
Pope Eusebius -- The Emperor Constantine, in conflict with hordes of barbarians on the Danube, was in grave danger of defeat. There appeared to him, however, a vision of a brilliant cross in the sky, with the legend “In this sign thou shalt conquer”. He was thereupon victorious, was instructed and baptized by Pope Eusebius in Rome, and out of gratitude despatched his mother, St Helen, to Jerusalem, to search for the relics of the holy cross.
Pope Damasus  -- At the request of the Christian inhabitants, Pope Damasus made Narni into a separate diocese and consecrated St Juvenal to be its bishop.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today May 03
105 Romæ, via Nomentána, pássio sanctórum Mártyrum Alexándri Papæ Primi,

Pope Eusebius 309 or 310 short reign four months, from 18 April to 17 August, 309 or 310 baptized The Emperor Constantine; a martyr, and in his epitaph Pope Damasus honours Eusebius with this title. His feast is yet celebrated on 26 September.
Successor of Marcellus, 309 or 310.

  Mother of God
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Popes of the Catholic Church

Ubi Petrus, ibi ecclesia, et ubi ecclesia vita eterna

Where Peter is, there is the Church,
where the Church is there is Eternal Life
St. Albert 11/15 St. Alphonsus Liguori 8/1 St. Ambrose 12/7 St. Anselm 4/21 St. Anthony of Padua 6/13 St. Athanasius 5/2 St. Augustine 8/28 St. Basil 1/2 St. Bede, the Venerable 5/25 St. Bernard of Clairvaux 8/20 St. Bonaventure 7/15 St. Catherine of Siena 4/29 St. Cyril of Alexandria 6/27 St. Cyril of Jerusalem 3/18 St. Ephraem 6/9 St. Francis de Sales 1/24 St. Gregory Nazianzus 1/2 St. Gregory the Great 9/3 St. Hilary of Poitiers 1/13 St. Isidore 4/4 St. Jerome 9/30 St. John Chrysostom 9/13 St. John Damascene 12/4 St. John of the Cross 12/14 St. Lawrence of Brindisi 7/21 St. Leo the Great 11/10 St. Peter Canisius 12/21 St. Peter Chrysologus 7/30 St. Peter Damian 2/21 St. Robert Bellarmine 9/17 St. Teresa of Avila 10/15 St. Therese of Lisieux 10/1 St. Thomas Aquinas 1/28
91 St. Anacletus Romæ sancti Anacléti, Papæ et Mártyris, qui, post sanctum Cleméntem Ecclésiam Dei regens, eam glorióso martyrio decorávit.
    At Rome, St. Anacletus, pope and martyr, who governed the Church of God after St. Clement, and shed lustre upon it by a glorious martyrdom.
Pope St. Anacletus
The second successor of St. Peter.
92-101 Pope St. Clement I  the first of the "Apostolic Fathers".
98-107 St. Evaristus Pope Evaristus; came of a Hellenic family, and was the son of a Bethlehem Jew; laid to rest in Vaticano, near the tomb of St. Peter; succeeded Clement in the episcopate of the Roman Church
105-116 Pope St. Alexander I Roman by birth ruled the Church in reign of Trajan (98-117). attributes to him, but scarcely with accuracy, insertion in the canon of the Qui Pridie, or words commemorative of the institution of the Eucharist, such being certainly primitive and original in the Mass. He is also said to have introduced the use of blessing water mixed with salt for the purification of Christian homes from evil influences (constituit aquam sparsionis cum sale benedici in habitaculis hominum). Duchesne (Lib. Pont., I, 127) calls attention to the persistence of this early Roman custom by way of a blessing in the Gelasian Sacramentary that recalls very forcibly the actual Asperges prayer at the beginning of Mass.
127 Sixtus I 115-125  , Pope survived as pope for about 10 years before being killed by the Roman authorities M (RM)
 Romæ natális beáti Xysti Primi, Papæ et Mártyris; qui, tempóribus Hadriáni Imperatóris, summa cum laude rexit Ecclésiam, ac demum, sub Antoníno Pio, ut sibi Christum lucrifáceret, libénter mortem sustínuit temporálem.
      At Rome, the birthday of blessed Pope Sixtus the First, martyr, who ruled the Church with distinction during the reign of Emperor Hadrian, and finally in the reign of Antoninus Pius he gladly accepted temporal death in order to gain Christ for himself. 
(also known as Xystus)

125-136 pope St. Telesphorus
St. Telesphorus was the seventh Roman bishop in succession from the Apostles,  Martyr
140-155 ST PIUS I, POPE AND MARTYR succeeded St Hyginus in the see of Peter, and the Liber Pontificalis states that he was the son of one Rufinus and a native of Aquileia
Romæ sancti Pii Primi, Papæ et Mártyris; qui martyrio coronátus est in persecutióne Marci Aurélii Antoníni.
    At Rome, Pope Pius I, who was crowned with martyrdom in the persecution of Marcus Aurelius Antoninus.

   This Pius succeeded St Hyginus in the see of Peter, and the Liber Pontificalis states that he was the son of one Rufinus and a native of Aquileia; some authorities add further that he was a brother of that Hernias who wrote the famous work called The Shepherd: if the account of himself given by the author of this book be not a pious fiction, and if his relationship to the pope be true, then St Pius will have been likewise born a slave.
  During his pontificate the Roman church was troubled by the allied heresies of the Valentinians and Marcionites; Pius accordingly had energetically to oppose these heresies, and in these controversies the true faith had a great champion in the Jewish convert St Justin Martyr, who was in Rome at that time.
   St Pius ordained twelve bishops and eighteen priests and is said to have turned the Baths of Novatus into a place for worship.  That he is venerated liturgically as a martyr seems to be due to Cardinal
Baronius: there is no early reference to his martyrdom.  Nearly all that is known concerning St Pius will be found in the text and notes of Mgr. Duchesne's edition of the Liber Pontificalis, vol. i, pp. 132 seq., and in his Histoire ancienne de I'Eglise, vol. i, pp. 236 seq.   For the historical situation cf. G. Bardy, "L'Eglise romaine sous Le pontificat de S. Anicet" in Recherches de science rellgieuse, vol. xvii (1927), pp. 481-511.
155-166 St. Anicetus pope a Syrian from Emesa actively opposed Marcionism and Gnosticism
Pope St. Anicetus

The Roman Pontiff who succeeded Pius towards the year 157, and reigned till about 168. According to Duchesne (Origins) the confusion of dates about this period is such that more exact verification is impossible. While Anicetus was Pope, St. Polycarp, then in extreme old age, came to confer with him (160-162) about the Paschal controversy; Polycarp and others in the East celebrating the feast on the fourteenth of the month of Nisan, no matter on what day of the week it fell; whereas in Rome it was always observed on Sunday, and the day of the Lord's death on Friday. The matter was discussed but nothing was decided. According to Eusebius: "Polycarp could not persuade the Pope, nor the Pope, Polycarp. The controversy was not ended but the bonds of charity were not broken"; the Pope permitting the aged saint to celebrate on the day he had been accustomed to in the Church of Smyrna.
Hegesippus, the first Christian historian whose writings are of great value, because he lived so near the time of the Apostles, also came to Rome at this time. His visit is recorded by most ecclesiastical authors as noteworthy, inasmuch as it calls attention to the fact that many illustrious men repaired to Rome at that period, thus emphasizing very early the supreme dignity and authority of the Roman Pontiffs. Marcion, Marcellinus, Valentine, and Cordo were also at Rome, disturbing the Church by their Manichæism. Anicetus suffered martyrdom in 161, but the dates vary between 16, 17, and 20 April.
167 to 175 Pope Soter
fragment of an interesting letter addressed to him by St. Dionysius of Corinth, who writes: "From the beginning it has been your custom to do good to all the brethren in many ways, and to send alms to many churches in every city, refreshing the poverty of those who sent requests, or giving aid to the brethren in the mines, by the alms which you have had the habit of giving from old, Romans keeping up the traditional custom of the Romans; which your blessed Bishop Soter has not only preserved, but has even increased, by providing the abundance which he has sent to the saints, and by further consoling with blessed words with brethren who came to him, as a loving father his children."
189 -199 Victor I, Pope African by birth, Victor succeeded Saint Eleutherius as pope c. 189 the first to use Latin in the celebration of the liturgy  Until Victor's time, Rome celebrated the Mass in Greek. Pope Victor changed the language to Latin, which was used in his native North Africa. According to Jerome, he was the first Christian author to write about theology in Latin. Latin masses, however, did not become universal until the latter half of the fourth century.[(RM)
Probably an African by birth, Victor succeeded Saint Eleutherius as pope c. 189. During his pontificate Victor was embroiled in a dispute with a group of Christians from the province of Asia who were in Rome. They celebrated Easter on a date of their own choosing. Victor threatened Asiatics with excommunication in a Roman synod. He was also faced with the arrival of Theodotus from Constantinople and his teaching that Christ was only a man endowed with supernatural powers by the Holy Spirit. He is reputed to have been the first to use Latin in the celebration of the liturgy. It is not certain that he died a martyr's death (Benedictines, Delaney, Encyclopedia).
217 Pope Saint Zephyrinus was pope from 199-217 Pope Saint Zephyrinus was pope from 199 .
He was a Roman who had ruled as head bishop for close to 20 years, and was elected to the Papacy upon the death of the previous pope, Victor. Zephyrinus was succeeded, upon his death on December 20, 217, by his principal advisor, Callixtus.
Pope St. Zephyrinus
(Reigned 198-217).

 Pope St Callistus (Calixtus) I 218 - 223
If we knew more of St. Callistus from Catholic sources, he would probably appear as one of the greatest of the popes.
230  Pope Saint Pontian or Pontianus, was pope from July 21, to September 28, 235
PONTIAN, who is said to have been Roman, followed St Urban I as bishop of Rome about the year 230. The only known event of his pontificate is the synod held at Rome that confirmed the condemnation already pronounced at Alexandria of certain doctrines attributed to Origen. At the beginning of the persecution by the Emperor Maximinus the pope was exiled to Sardinia, an island described as nociva, "unhealthy“, whereby perhaps the mines were meant; here he resigned his office. How much longer he lived and the manner of his death are not known: traditionally life was beaten out of him with sticks. Some years later Pope St Fabian translated his body to the cemetery of St Callistus in Rome, where in 1909 his original epitaph was found: PONTIANOC EPICK MPT, the last word having been added later. 
236, Pope Saint Fabian succeeded Saint Antheros governed as bishop of Rome 14 peaceful years;  Died 250. On January 10, his martyrdom under Decius. He was a layman, who, according to Eusebius, was chosen because a dove flew in through a window during the election and settled on his head.
This 'sign' united the votes of the clergy and people for this layman and stranger.
253 Pope Cornelius; predecessor, Fabian, put to death by Decius, 250. March, 251 persecution slackened, owing to absence of the emperor, (two rivals had arisen); 16 bishops at Rome elected Cornelius against his will was; "What fortitude in his acceptance of the episcopate, what strength of mind, what firmness of faith, that he took his seat intrepid in the sacerdotal chair, at a time when the tyrant in his hatred of bishops was making unspeakable threats, when he heard with far more patience that a rival prince was arising against him, than that a bishop of God was appointed at Rome" (Cyprian, Ep. lv, 24). Is he not, asks St. Cyprian, to be numbered among the glorious confessors and martyrs who sat so long awaiting the sword or the cross or the stake and every other torture?
254-257 Pope St. Stephen I; defence of the validity of heretical baptism against the mistaken opinion of St. Cyprian and other bishops of Africa and Asia; In his days the vestments worn by the clergy at Mass and other church services did not differ in shape or material from those ordinarily worn by the laity. Stephen, however, is said by the "Liber Pontificalis" to have ordained that the vestments which had been used for ecclesiastical purposes were not to be employed for daily wear; An assembly of African bishops which he convoked renewed the condemnation of Basilides and Martial, and exhorted the people to enter into communion with their successors. At the same time they were at pains to point out that Stephen had acted as he had done because "situated at a distance, and ignorant of the true facts of the case" he had been deceived by Basilides. Anxious to preserve the tradition of his predecessors in matters of practical charity, as well as of faith, Stephen, we are told, relieved in their necessities "all the provinces of Syria and Arabia".
258 Pope St. Sixtus II Elected 31 Aug., 257, martyred at Rome, 6 Aug., 258 Sixtus was more conciliatory than his predecessor, Stephen I, who had broken off relations witih Cyprian over the question of whether Lapsed Christians should be re-baptized before being allowed back into the Church. Sixtus was willing to let bishops decide what to do in their own areas of control and accepted the existence of both practices.
259-268 St. Dionysius of Alexandria (Bishop from 247-8 to 264-5.)
275 283 Pope St. Eutychianus January, 275, until 7 December, 283 the last pope buried in the catacombs of St. Callixtus  He succeeded Pope Felix I a few days after the latter's death, and governed the Church from January, 275, until 7 December, 283. We know no details of his pontificate. The rite for blessing the produce of the fields, ascribed to him by the "Liber Pontificalis", undoubtedly belongs to a later period. The statement also that he promulgated rules for the burial of martyrs and buried many of them with his own hands, has but slight claim to acceptance, since after the death of Aurelian (275) the Church enjoyed a long respite from persecution. It is highly probable that Eutychianus died not die a martyr. The fourth-century Roman Calendar mentions him (8 December) in the "Depositio Episcoporum", but not in its list of martyrs. His remains were placed in the papal chapel in the Catacomb of Callistus. When this famous crypt was discovered the fragments of the epitaph of Eutychianus were found, i.e. his name (in Greek letters): EUTYCHIANOS EPIS(KOPOS). His feast is celebrated on 8 December.
283, to 22 April, 296 Pope Caius lived in the time of peace before the last great persecution.
308-309 Pope St. Marcellus I; a clear historical tradition in support of his declaration that the ecclesiastical administration in Rome was reorganized by this pope after the great persecution;
308-309 Pope St. Marcellus I
Romæ, via Salária, natális sancti Marcélli Primi, Papæ et Mártyris; qui, ob cathólicæ fídei confessiónem, jubénte Maxéntio tyránno, primo cæsus est fústibus, deínde ad servítium animálium cum custódia pública deputátus, et ibídem, serviéndo indútus amíctu cilícino, defúnctus est.
       At Rome, on the Salarian Way, the birthday of Pope St. Marcellus I, a martyr for the confession of the Catholic faith.  By command of the tyrant Maxentius he was beaten with clubs, then sent to take care of animals, with a guard to watch him.  In this servile office, dressed in haircloth, he departed this life.

Eusebius 309 or 310 short reign four months, from 18 April to 17 August, 309 or 310 baptized The Emperor Constantine; a martyr, and in his epitaph Pope Damasus honours Eusebius with this title. His feast is yet celebrated on 26 September.
Successor of Marcellus, 309 or 310.
314 Pope St. Miltiades { also written Melchiades), a native of Africa} 310 or 311 .Miltiades caused the remains of his predecessor, Eusebius, to be brought back from Sicily to Rome, and had them interred in a crypt in the Catacombs of St. Callistus. In the following year the pope witnessed the final triumph of the Cross, through the defeat of Maxentius, and the entry into Rome of the Emperor Constantine (now converted to Christianity), after the victory at the Milvian Bridge (27 October, 312). Later the emperor presented the Roman Church with the Lateran Palace, which then became the residence of the pope, and consequently also the seat of the seat of the central administration of the Roman Church. The basilica which adjoined the palace or was afterwards built there became the principal church of Rome.
335 St. Sylvester Pope (25 yrs) council of Arles and Nice
stand aside and let events take their course, when asserting one’s authority would only lead to useless tension and strife.


336 Pope St. Mark; Constantine the Great's letter, which summoned a conference of bishops for the investigation of the Donatist dispute, is directed to Pope Miltiades and one Mark (Eusebius, Church History X.5). This Mark was evidently a member of the Roman clergy, either priest or first deacon, and is perhaps identical with the pope. The date of Mark's election (18 Jan., 336) is given in the Liberian Catalogue of popes (Duchesne, "Liber Pontificalis", I, 9), and is historically certain; so is the day of his death (7 Oct.), which is specified in the same way in the "Depositio episcoporum" of Philocalus's "Chronography", the first edition of which appeared also in 336.
336 St. Julius elected Pope to succeed Pope St. Mark on February 6, 337 built several basilicas and churches in Rome declared that Athanasius was the rightful bishop of Alexandria and reinstated him
366-384 Pope Saint Damasus I 384 Pope Saint Damasus I Dec 11 commissioned Saint Jerome translate Scriptures in Latin. At Rome, St. Damasus, pope and confessor, condemned the heresiarch Apollinaris, and restored to his See Peter, bishop of Alexandria, who had been driven from it.  He also discovered the bodies of many holy martyrs and composed verses in their honour.
384-399 Pope St. Siricius; lector then Roman Church deacon during Liberius (352-66) pontificate; After death of Damasus, Siricius unanimously elected successor.  Pope Benedict XIV added the name of St Siricius to the Roman Martyrology, with the statement that he was “distinguished for his learning, piety and zeal for religion, condemning various heretics and strengthening ecclesiastical discipline by very salutary decrees”.
 A letter, questions asked on 15 different points concerning baptism, penance, church discipline, and the celibacy of the clergy, came to Rome addressed to Pope Damasus by Bishop Himerius of Tarragona, Spain. Siricius answered this letter on 10 February, 385, and gave decisions, exercising full consciousness his supreme power of authority in the Church (Coustant, "Epist. Rom. Pont.", 625 sq.). This letter of Siricius is of special importance because it is the oldest completely preserved papal decretal (edict for the authoritative decision of questions of discipline and canon law).   In all his decrees the pope speaks with the consciousness of his supreme ecclesiastical authority and of his pastoral care over all the churches.  Siricius was also obliged to take a stand against heretical movements; Jovinian & 8 followers condemned /excluded from communion with the Church; Bishop Bonosus of Sardica (390), accused of errors in the Trinity dogma & false doctrine that Mary was not always a virgin; He sharply condemned episcopal accusers of Priscillian because of that execution; took severe measures against Manichæans at Rome; In the East Siricius interposed to settle the Meletian schism at Antioch; At Rome Siricius with basilica over the grave of St. Paul on Via Ostiensis rebuilt by the emperor as a basilica of five aisles during pontificate of Siricius dedicated by in him 390; Siricius's name is still to be found on a pillar not destroyed in the fire of 1823, and now stands in the vestibule of the side entrance to the transept.
399-401  Anastasius I, Pope condemnation of Origen
Saint Jerome helped him in his own way Saints Augustine
and Paulinus of Nola praised his model of sanctity

401-417 St. Innocent I  401-417
St. Zosimus 417-418 
418-422  St. Boniface I   Boniface ardently supported St. Augustine in combating Pelagianism. Having received two Pelagian letters calumniating Augustine, he sent them to him. In recognition of this solicitude Augustine dedicated to Boniface his rejoinder contained in "Contra duas Epistolas Pelagianoruin Libri quatuor".
422-432 Celestine I Pope treatise against semi-Pelagianism
Romæ sancti Cælestíni Papæ Primi, qui damnávit Constantinopolitánum Epíscopum Nestórium, Pelagiúmque fugávit; cujus étiam auctoritáte universális sancta Synodus Ephesína advérsus eúndem Nestórium celebráta est.

    At Rome, Pope St. Celestine I, who had condemned Nestorius, bishop of Constantinople, and put Pelagius to flight.  By his command the holy universal Council of Ephesus was also held against the same Nestorius.(RM)
432 - 440 Pope Saint Sixtus III was pope from July 31, 432 to August 18 440 ST SIXTUS, OR XYSTUS, III, POPE St. Leo the First, pope and confessor, who was surnamed the Great.  His birthday falls on the 10th of November.

 In the Latin Church the feast day of the great pope is held on 11 April, and in the Eastern Church on 18 February.
Leo's pontificate, next to that of St. Gregory I, is the most significant and important in Christian antiquity.

Sixtus was one of the principal clergy of the Roman church before his pontificate, and when he succeeded Pope St Celestine I in 432 St Prosper of Aquitaine wrote that, “We trust in the protection of the Lord, and that what He has done for us in Innocent, Zosimus, Boniface and Celestine He will do also in Sixtus; and as they guarded the flock against declared and openly professed wolves, so he may drive off the hidden ones”, referring to the teachers of Semi-Pelagianism. He was not disappointed; but St Sixtus was of a peace-loving nature and conciliatory in his policy, so that some of the hot-heads of orthodoxy were dissatisfied and did not scruple to accuse the pope of Pelagian and Nestorian leanings.

Among other buildings in the City, St Sixtus III restored the Liberian basilica, now called St Mary Major, and in it he set up this noble inscription “0 Virgin Mary, I, Sixtus, have dedicated a new temple to thee, an offering worthy of the womb that brought to us salvation. Thou, a maiden knowing not man, didst bear and bring forth our Salvation. Behold! These martyrs, witnesses to Him who was the fruit of thy womb, bear to thee their crowns of victory, and beneath their feet lie the instruments of their passion—sword, flame, wild beast, water and cruel poison: one crown alike awaits these divers deaths.” Over the arch of the apse can still be read the words in mosaic: “Sixtus the bishop for the people of God.”
440-461 Sancti Leónis Papæ Primi, cognoménto Magni, Confessóris et Ecclésiæ Doctóris, cujus dies natális recólitur quarto Idus Novémbris.
29 September 440 to his death on 10 November 461
468  St. Hilarius 461-468 St. Hilary, Pope from 461-468 guardian of Church unity sent decree to Eastern bishops validating decisions of  General Councils Nicaea Ephesus and Chalcedon.  Hilary consolidated the Church in Sandi, Africa, and Gaul.  468  St. Hilary, Pope from 461-468 guardian of Church unity sent decree to Eastern bishops validating decisions of General Councils Nicaea Ephesus and Chalcedon. Hilary consolidated the Church in Sandi, Africa, and Gaul
Rom æ sancti Hílari, Papæ et Confessóris. At Rome, St. Hilary, pope and confessor.
483 - 492 492 ST. FELIX III Pope helped to get the Church in Africa on its feet

492 496 Pope St. Gelasius I feast Nov 21 conspicuous for his spirit of prayer, penance, and study. He took great delight in the company of monks, and was a true father to the poor.

Pope Anastasius II 496-498
A native of Rome, elected 24 Nov., 496; d. 16 Nov., 498. His congratulatory letter to Clovis, on the occasion of the latter's conversion is now deemed a forgery of the seventeenth century (J. Kavet, Bibl. de l ec. des Chartres, 1885, XLVI, 258-59). He insisted in the removal from the diptychs of the name of Acacius, Patriarch of Constantinople, but recognized the validity of his sacramental acts, an attitude that displeased the Romans. He also condemned Traducianism.

498-514 Pope St. Symmachus. In the city of Rome, according to the "Liber pontificalis", the pope took severe measures against the Manichæans, ordered the burning of their books, and expelled them from the city. He erected or restored and adorned various churches. Thus he built a Church of St. Andrew near St. Peter's, a Basilica of St. Agnes on the Via Aurelia, adorned the Church of St. Peter's, completely rebuilt the Basilica of Sts. Sylvester and Martinus, and made improvements over the Catacomb of the Jordani on the Via Salaria. He built episcopal houses (episcopia) to the right and left of the parvis of St. Peter's. These buildings were evidently connected with the residence of the pope for several years near St. Peter's during the disorders of the Laurentian schism. He also built asylums for the poor near the three churches of St. Peter, St. Paul, and St. Laurence that were outside the city walls. The pope contributed large sums for the support of the Catholic bishops of Africa who were persecuted by the rulers of the Arian Vandals. He also aided the inhabitants of the provinces of upper Italy who suffered so sorely from the invasion of the barbarians. After his death he was buried at St. Peter's. Symmachus is venerated in the Roman Church as a saint.
523-526 Pope St. John I inherited the Arian heresy, which denied the divinity of Christ. Italy had been ruled for 30 years by an emperor who espoused the heresy, though he treated the empire’s Catholics with toleration. His policy changed at about the time the young John was elected pope.
526-530 Pope St. Felix IV; On 18 May, 526, Pope John I died in prison at Ravenna, a victim of the angry suspicions of Theodoric, the Arian king of the Goths. When, through the powerful influence of this ruler, the cardinal-priest, Felix of Samnium, son of Castorius, was brought forward in Rome as John's successor, the clergy and laity yielded to the wish of the Gothic king and chose Felix pope. He was consecrated Bishop of Rome 12 July, 526, and took advantage of the favor he enjoyed at the court of Theodoric to further the interests of the Roman Church, discharging the duties of his office in a most worthy manner. Felix also took part in the so-called Semipelagian conflict in Southern Gaul concerning the nature and efficiency of grace. He sent to the bishops of those parts a series of "Capitula", regarding grace and free will, compiled from Scripture and the Fathers. These capitula were published as canons at the Synod of Orange (529). In addition Felix approved the work of Caesarius of Arles against Faustus of Riez on grace and free will (De gratia et libero arbitrio).

533-535 John II first who changed his name on being raised to the papacy "Johannes surnamed Mercurius" (2 Jan., 533).  John  always remained on good terms with Athalaric, who referred to his tribunal all actions brought against the Roman clergy. Justinian also showed his good will to the See of Rome in John's person. He sent him his profession of faith and many valuable presents.

536 Pope Agapitus I archdeacon opposed Monophysites Pope (RM)
Constantinópoli sancti Agapíti Papæ Primi, cujus sánctitas a beáto Gregório Magno commendátur.  Ipsíus autem corpus, póstea Romam relátum, in Vaticáno cónditum est.
    At Constantinople, Pope St. Agapitus the First, whose sanctity was praised by St. Gregory the Great.  His body was afterwards taken to Rome and buried in the Vatican.
535-537 Silverius Pope son of Pope Saint Hormisdas died a martyr's death after less than two years in office M (RM)
537-555 Pope Vigilius
590-604 Pope St. Gregory I ("the Great")
Doctor of the Church; born at Rome about 540; died 12 March 604. Gregory is certainly one of the most notable figures in Ecclesiastical History. He has exercised in many respects a momentous influence on the doctrine, the organization, and the discipline of the Catholic Church. To him we must look for an explanation of the religious situation of the Middle Ages; indeed, if no account were taken of his work, the evolution of the form of medieval Christianity would be almost inexplicable. And further, in so far as the modern Catholic system is a legitimate development of medieval Catholicism, of this too Gregory may not unreasonably be termed the Father. Almost all the leading principles of the later Catholicism are found, at any rate in germ, in Gregory the Great. (F.H. Dudden, "Gregory the Great", 1, p. v).

He is also known as Gregory Dialogus (the Dialogist) in Eastern Orthodoxy because of the Dialogues he wrote. He was the first of the Popes from a monastic background. Gregory is a Doctor of the Church and one of the four great Latin Fathers of the Church (the others being Ambrose, Augustine, and Jerome). Of all popes, Gregory I had the most influence on the early medieval church.

St. Boniface IV  608-615  25 May converted Pantheon into a Christian Church, the temple by Agrippa to Jupiter the Avenger, to Venus, and to Mars consecrated by the pope to the Virgin Mary and all the Martyrs. (Hence the title S. Maria Rotunda.) the first instance at Rome of a pagan temple into a place of Christian worship.
615 618 Pope St. Deusdedit (Adeodatus I).
Date of birth unknown; consecrated pope, 19 October (13 November), 615; d. 8 November (3 December), 618;  
He was born in Rome, the son of a subdeacon.  He is the first priest to be elected pope since John II in 533. He was a priest for 40 years prior and represents the second wave of anti-Gregorian challenge to the papacy, the first being that of Sabinian. He reversed the practice of his predecessor, Boniface IV, of filling the papal adminstative ranks with monks by recalling the clergy to such positions and by ordaining some 14 priests (the first ordinations in Rome since Pope Saint Gregory). distinguished for his charity and zeal. He encouraged and supported the clergy, who were impoverished in consequence of the political troubles of the time; and when his diocese was visited by a violent earthquake and the terrible scourge of leprosy he set an heroic example by his efforts to relieve the suffering. The few decretals ascribed to him are unauthenticated.
One dating from his reign is still preserved, the obverse of which represents the Good Shepherd in the midst of His sheep, with the letters Alpha and Omega underneath, while the reverse bears the inscription: Deusdedit Papæ. His feast occurs 8 November.
Pope Saint Adeodatus I or Deodatus I (which is Given by God in Latin, also called Deusdedit, which is God Has Given; both are now considered variants of the same name) (died November 8, 618) was pope from 615 to 618.
According to tradition, he was the first pope to use lead seals (bullae) on papal documents, which in time came to be called "papal bulls".
One bulla dating from his reign is still preserved, the obverse of which represents the Good Shepherd in the midst of His sheep, with the letters Alpha and Omega underneath, while the reverse bears the inscription: Deusdedit Papæ.
625-638 Pope Honorius
Character and work of Honorius
Pope Honorius was much respected and died with an untarnished reputation. Few popes did more for the restoration and beautifying of churches of Rome, and he has left us his portrait in the apsidal mosaic of Sant Agnese fueri le mura. He cared also for the temporal needs of the Romans by repairing the aqueduct of Trajan. His extant letters show him engaged in much business. He supported the Lombard King Adalwald, who had been set aside as mad by an Arian rival. He succeeded, to some extent, with the emperor's assistance, in reuniting the schismatic metropolitan See of Aquileia to the Roman Church. He wrote to stir up the zeal of the bishops of Spain, and St. Braulio of Saragossa replied. His connexion with the British Isles is of interest. He sent St. Birinus to convert the West Saxons. In 634 he gave the pallium to St. Paulinus of York, as well as to Honorius of Canterbury, and he wrote a letter to King Edwin of Northumbria, which Bede has preserved. In 630 he urged the Irish bishops to keep Easter with the rest of Christendom, in consequence of which the Council of Magh Lene (Old Leighlin) was held; the Irish testified to their traditional devotion to the See of Peter, and sent a deputation to Rome "as children to their mother". On the return of these envoys, all Southern Ireland adopted the Roman use (633).
640-642 Pope John IV Saint Venantius a Dalmatian bishop whose body was brought to the Lateran at Spalato by Pope John IV in 641
 In the Latin Church the feast day of the great pope is held on 11 April, and in the Eastern Church on 18 February.

While still only pope-elect, John, with the other rulers of the Roman Church, wrote to the clergy of the North of Ireland to tell them of the mistakes they were making with regard to the time of keeping Easter, and exhorting them to be on their guard against the Pelagian heresy. About the same time he condemned Monothelism. Emperor Heraclius immediately disowned the Monothelite document known as the "Ecthesis". To Heraclius' son, Constantine III, John addressed his apology for Pope Honorius I, in which he deprecated the attempt to connect the name of Honorius with Monothelism.
Honorius, he declared, in speaking of one will in Jesus, only meant to assert that there were not two contrary wills in Him.

655 Pope St. Martin I of noble birth, great student, commanding intelligence, profound learning, great charity to the poor Saint Martin the Confessor, Pope of Rome native of the Tuscany convened Lateran Council at Rome condemn Monothelite heresy last martyred Pope.

681  Pope St. Agatho  678-681 a holy death, concluded a life remarkable for sanctity and learning.
 Romæ sancti Agathónis Papæ, qui, sanctitáte et doctrína conspícuus, quiévit in pace.
       At Rome, Pope St. Agatho, who, by a holy death, concluded a life remarkable for sanctity and learning.
AGATHO, a Sicilian Greek by birth, was remarkable for his benevolence and an engaging sweetness of temper. He had been married and engaged in secular pursuits for twenty years before he became a monk at Palermo; and was treasurer of the Church at Rome when he succeeded Donus in the pontificate in 678. He presided by his three legates at the sixth general council (the third of Constantin­ople) in 680 against the monothelite heresy, which he confuted in a learned letter by the tradition of the apostolic church of Rome “acknowledged”, says he, “by the whole Catholic Church to be the mother and mistress of all churches, and to derive her superior authority from St Peter, the prince of the apostles, to whom Christ committed His whole flock, with a promise that his faith should never fail”. This epistle was approved as a rule of faith by the same council, which declared, “Peter spoke by Agatho”.
683 Pope St. Leo II At Rome, in the Vatican basilica, to whom God miraculously restored his eyes and his tongue after they had been torn out by impious men.  June 12
684-685 Pope St. Benedict II distinguished knowledge of the Scriptures and by his singing, and as a priest was remarkable for his humility, love of the poor, and generosity; Many of the churches of Rome were restored by him; and its clergy, its deaconries for the care of the poor, and its lay sacristans all benefited by his liberality.
685-686 Pope John V; energy, learning, and moderation are highly praised by his biographer generosity showed itself in his liberal donations.
687 to 701 Pope Saint Sergius I; On April 10, 689, Sergius I baptised King Caedwalla of Wessex in Rome. He also ordained Saint Willibrord as bishop of the Frisians, and the Liber Pontificalis states he also ordained Berhtwald as Archbishop of Canterbury.
Pope Saint Sergius I (c. 650 – September 8, 701) was pope from 687 to 701. Selected to end a schism between Antipope Paschal and Antipope Theodore, Sergius I ended the last disputed sede vacante of the Byzantine Papacy.

His papacy was dominated by his response to the Quinisext Council, whose canons he refused to accept. As a result of the dispute Justinian II ordered Sergius I's abduction (as his predecessor Constans II had done with Pope Martin I), but with the assistance of the exarch of Ravenna, Sergius I was able to avoid trial in Constantinople.
Early life
Sergius I came from an Antiochene Syrian family which had settled at Palermo in Sicily. Sergius left Sicily and arrived in Rome during the pontificate of Pope Adeodatus. A fellow Sicilian Pope Leo II ordained him cardinal-priest of Santa Susanna on June 27, 683 and he rose through the ranks of the clergy. He remained cardinal-priest of S. Susanna until his selection as pope.
Popes in the 8th Century {off site}
poor, and its lay sacristans all benefited by his liberality
715 731 Gregory II, Perhaps the greatest of the great popes who occupied the chair of Peter during the eighth century; 89th Pope educated at the Lateran  restore clerical discipline, fought heresies  helped restore and rebuild churches (including Saint Paul-Outside-the-Walls), hospitals, and monasteries, including Monte Cassino under Petrona outstanding concern of pontificate -difficulties with Emperor Leo III the Isaurian 
731-741 Pope St. Gregory III; Nov 28: held two synods in Rome (731) in which the image-breaking heresy was condemned. By way of a practical protest against the emperor's action he made it a point of paying special honour to images and relics, giving particular attention to the subject of St. Peter's; Gregory III extended to St. Boniface the same support and encouragement which had been afforded him by Gregory II. "Strengthened exceedingly by the help of the affection of the Apostolic See", the saint joyfully continued his glorious work for the conversion of Germany. About 737 Boniface came to Rome for the third time to give an account of his stewardship, and to enjoy the pope's "life-giving conversation", At Gregory's order the monk and great traveller, St. Willibald, went to assist his cousin St. Boniface in his labours; got help from Charles Martel against the Lombards.
741 - 752 Zachary I, Pope known for his learning & sanctity chosen pope in 741 to succeed Saint Gregory III a peace-maker and judged no man without a hearing.
Zachary was also responsible for restoring Montecassino under Saint Petronax and himself consecrated its abbey church in 748. The saint was known for aiding poor, provided refuge to nuns driven from Constantinople by iconoclasts, ransomed slaves from Venetians, forbade selling of Christian slaves to Moors of Africa, translated Saint Gregory the Great's Dialogues into Greek. Since "Zacharias embraced and cherished all people like a father and a good shepherd, and never allowed even the smallest injustice to happen to anyone," was venerated as a saint immediately after death
795-816  Leo III  The large sums of money which Charlemagne gave to the papal treasury enabled Leo to become an efficient helper of the poor and a patron of art, and to renovate the churches, not only of Rome, but even of Ravenna. He employed the imperishable art of mosaic not merely to portray the political relationship between Charlemagne and himself, but chiefly to decorate the churches, especially his titular church of St. Susanna. Up to the end of the sixteenth century a figure of Leo in mosaic was to be seen in that ancient church; after Michael I came to the Byzantine throne, he ratified the treaty between him and Charlemagne which was to secure peace for East and West;
817 St. Paschal I elected as the 94th pope on the day Pope Stephen IV (V) died, January 25, 817  unsuccessful in attempts to end the iconoclast heresy of Emperor Leo V, encouraged SS. Nicephorous and Theodore Studites in Constantinople to resist iconoclasm, and gave refuge to the many Greek monks who fled to Rome to escape persecution from the iconoclasts.
820 867 Pope St. Nicholas I; Nov 13; One of the great popes of the Middle Ages, who exerted decisive influence upon the historical development of the papacy and its position among the Christian nations of Western Europe; At Rome, Nicholas rebuilt and endowed several churches, and constantly sought to encourage religious life.
His own personal life was guided by a spirit of earnest Christian asceticism and profound piety.
He was very highly esteemed by the citizens of Rome, as he was by his contemporaries generally;
and after death was regarded as a saint.
885 St. Adrian III Pope worked to mitigate the rigors of a famine in Rome:  Miracles Here
John XII reigned 955-64 a coarse, immoral man, whose life was such that the Lateran was spoken of as a brothel, and the moral corruption in Rome became the subject of general odium. War and the chase were more congenial to this pope than church government.
1048 1054 Leo IX "the pilgrim pope" reformer deacon a stern bishop holy man & army officer attempted stopping the schism  (RM) During 20 years as prelate of Toul, known as stern bishop, disciplined lax priests brought order into the monasteries of his diocese. He took his spiritual advisor, Hildebrand (later Pope Saint Gregory VII), with him to Rome.  What he had done formerly on a small scale he attempted to apply to the whole Church.  First began earnest reform of curia. Leo combatted simony, enforced celibacy among clergy, encouraged development of chant and liturgy, condemned Berengarius, strove to prevent schism between Eastern and Western churches engineered by Emperor Michael Coerularius. Tirelessly travelled throughout western Europe to enforce reforms, became known as the pilgrim pope.  Wherever he went he called together bishops and clergy in councils, inspiring them follow his lead.
1055-157 Pope Victor II  With untiring zeal he combated, like his predecessor, against simony and clerical concubinage. Being well supported by the emperor, he often succeeded where Leo IX had failed. On Pentecost Sunday, June 4, 1055, he held a large synod at Florence, in presence of the emperor and 120 bishops, where former decrees against simony and incontinence were confirmed and several offending bishops deposed. To King Ferdinand of Spain he sent messengers with threats of excommunication if he should continue in his refusal to acknowledge Henry III as Roman Emperor. Ferdinand submitted to the papal demands. Before the emperor returned to Germany he transferred to the pope the duchies of Spoleto and Camerino. Early in 1056 Victor II sent Hildebrand back to France to resume his labours against simony and concubinage, which he had begun under Leo IX. He appointed the archbishops Raimbaud of Arles and Pontius of Aix papal legates to battle against the same vices in Southern France.
1058 1061 Pope Nicholas II The papal electoral decree was issued in Pope Nicholas II’s bull, In nominee Domini on April 13, 1059, and was renewed in 1061.  Simony, the purchase or sale of sacred or spiritual things, was halted, and the entire voting process was revised so that only cardinal-bishops (not simply cardinals) would have the right to vote with further affirmation of the Roman clergy and laity.
The pope should normally be a member of the Roman clergy but in case of necessity could come from outside Rome. (Pope Nicholas II was French clergy.) The election, if possible, was to be held at Rome, but it could be held elsewhere. The pope-elect would exercise full authority even if he was incapable of reaching Rome. The synod also legislated against clerical marriage and concubinage as well as prohibiting lay investiture. Pope Nicholas II, a reformer named Cardinal Hildebrand, future Pope Gregory VII reform’s greatest champion, Archdeacon of the Roman Church.
1061-1073 Alexander II Anselm of Lucca, leader of the reform party especially in the Milanese territory, where he was born at Baggio, of noble parentage.
Together with Hildebrand, he had imbibed in Cluny (q.v.) the zeal for reformation. The first theatre of his activity was Milan, where he was one of the founders of the Pataria, and lent to that great agitation against simony and clerical incontinency the weight of his eloquence and noble birth. The device of silencing him, contrived by Archbishop Guido and other episcopal foes of reform in Lombardy, viz. sending him to the court of the Emperor Henry III, had the contrary effect of enabling him to spread the propaganda in Germany. In 1057 the Emperor appointed him to the bishopric of Lucca. With increased prestige, he reappeared twice in Milan as legate of the Holy See, in 1057 in the company of Hildebrand, and in 1059 with St. Peter Damiani. Under the able generalship of this saintly triumvirate the reform forces were held well in hand, in preparation for the inevitable conflict. The decree of Nicholas II (1059) by which the right of papal elections was virtually vested in the College of Cardinals, formed the issue to be fought and decided at the next vacancy of the Apostolic Throne. The death of Pope Nicholas two years later found both parties in battle array. The candidate of the Hildebrandists, endorsed by the cardinals, was the Bishop of Lucca -- the other side put forward the name of Cadalus, Bishop of Parma, a protector and example of the prevailing vices of the age. The cardinals met in legal form and elected Anselm, who took the name of Alexander II. Before proceeding to his enthronization, the Sacred College notified the German Court of their action. The Germans were considered to have forfeited the privilege of confirming the election reserved to their king with studied vagueness in the decree of Nicholas II, when they contemptuously dismissed the ambassador of the cardinals without a hearing. Foreseeing a civil war, the cardinals on 30 September completed the election by the ceremony of enthronization. Meanwhile a deputation of the Roman nobles, who were enraged at their elimination as a dominant factor in the papal elections, joined by deputies of the unreformed episcopate of Lombardy, had proceeded to the German Court with a request for the royal sanction to a new election. The Empress Agnes, as regent for her ten-year-old son, Henry IV, convoked an assembly of lay and clerical magnates at Basle; and here, without any legal right, and without the presence of a single cardinal, the Bishop of Parma was declared Pope, and took the name of Honorius II (28 October). In the contest which ensued, Pope Alexander was supported by the consciousness of the sanctity of his cause, by public opinion clamouring for reform, by the aid of the allied Normans of southern Italy, and by the benevolence of Beatrice and Matilda of Tuscany. Even in Germany things took a favourable turn for him, when Anno of Cologne seized the regency, and the repentant Empress withdrew to a convent. In a new diet, at Augsburg (Oct., 1062), it was decided that Burchard, Bishop of Halberstadt should proceed to Rome and, after investigating the election of Alexander on the spot, make a report to a later assemblage of the bishops of Germany and Italy. Burchard's report was entirely in favour of Alexander. The latter defended his cause with eloquence and spirit in a council held at Mantua, at Pentecost, 1064 (C. Wile, Benzos Panegyricus, Marburg, 1856), and was formally recognized as legitimate Pope.
1073-1085 Pope St. Gregory VII; One of the greatest of the Roman pontiffs and one of the most remarkable men of all times (HILDEBRAND);
Pope Saint Gregory VII (c. 1020/1025 – May 25, 1085), born Hildebrand of Soana (Italian: Ildebrando di Soana), was pope from April 22, 1073, until his death. One of the great reforming popes, he is perhaps best known for the part he played in the Investiture Controversy, his dispute with Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor affirming the primacy of the papal authority and the new canon law governing the election of the pope by the college of cardinals. He was at the forefront of both evolutionary developments in the relationship between the Emperor and the papacy during the years before becoming pope. He was beatified by Gregory XIII in 1584, and canonized in 1728 by Benedict XIII as Pope St. Gregory VII. He twice excommunicated Henry IV, who in the end appointed the Antipope Clement III to oppose him in the hardball political power struggles between church and Empire. Hailed as one of the greatest of the Roman pontiffs and one of the most remarkable men of all times, Gregory was contrastingly described by the atheist anti-Catholic English writer Joseph McCabe as "a rough and violent peasant, enlisting his brute strength in the service of the monastic ideal which he embraced."

  The tenth century, the saddest, perhaps, in Christian annals, characterized by the vivid remark of Baronius that Christ was as if asleep in the vessel of the Church. At the time of Leo IX's election in 1049, according to the testimony of St. Bruno, Bishop of Sengi, the whole world lay in wickedness, holiness had disappeared, justice had perished and truth had been buried; Simon Magus lording it over the Church, whose bishops and priests were given to luxury and fornication" (Vita S. Leonis PP. IX in Watterich, Pont. Roman, Vitae, I, 96). St. Peter Damian, the fiercest censor of his age, unrolls a frightful picture of the decay of clerical morality in the lurid pages of his "Liber Gomorrhianus" (Book of Gomorrha). Though allowance must no doubt be made for the writer's exaggerated and rhetorical style--a style common to all moral censors-- yet the evidence derived from other sources justifies us in believing that the corruption was widespread. In writing to his venerated friend, Abbot Hugh of Cluny (Jan., 1075), Gregory himself laments the unhappy state of the Church in the following terms: "The Eastern Church has fallen away from the Faith and is now assailed on every side by infidels. Wherever I turn my eyes--to the west, to the north, or to the south--I find everywhere bishops who have obtained their office in an irregular way, whose lives and conversation are strangely at variance with their sacred calling; who go through their duties not for the love of Christ but from motives of worldly gain. There are no longer princes who set God's honour before their own selfish ends, or who allow justice to stand in the way of their ambition...
With admirable discernment, Gregory began his great work of purifying the Church by a reformation of the clergy. At his first Lenten Synod (March, 1074) he enacted the following decrees:  That clerics who had obtained any grade or office of sacred orders by payment should cease to minister in the Church. That no one who had purchased any church should retain it, and that no one for the future should be permitted to buy or sell ecclesiastical rights. That all who were guilty of incontinence should cease to exercise their sacred ministry. That the people should reject the ministrations of clerics who failed to obey these injunctions.
1086-1087 Pope Blessed Victor III; enter the monastery of S. Sophia at Benevento where he received the name of Desiderius; the greatest of all the abbots of Monte Cassino with the exception of the founder, and as such won for himself "imperishable fame" (Gregorovius); Peter the Deacon gives (op. cit., III, 63) a list of some seventy books which Desiderius caused to be copied at Monte Cassino; they include works of Sts. Augustine, Ambrose, Bede, Basil, Jerome, Gregory of Nazianzus, and Cassian, the registers of Popes Feliz and Leo, the histories of Josephus, Paul Warnfrid, Jordanus, and Gregory of Tours, the "Institutes" and "Novels" of Justinian, the works of Terence, Virgil, and Seneca, Cicero's "De natura deorum", and Ovid's "Fasti"; Undoubtedly the chief importance of Desiderius in papal history lies in his influence with the Normans, an influence which he was able repeatedly to exert in favour of the Holy See; refused the Papacy several times due to his ill health.
1088-1099 Pope Bl. Urban II Under St. Bruno (afterwards founder of the Carthusians) Otho studied at Reims, where he later became canon and archdeacon. About 1070 he retired to Cluny and was professed there under the great abbot St. Hugh. After holding the office of prior he was sent by St. Hugh to Rome as one of the monks asked for by Gregory VII, and he was of great assistance to Gregory in the difficult task of reforming the Church. In 1078 he became Cardinal Bishop of Ostia and Gregory's chief adviser and helper. During the years 1082 to 1085 he was legate in France and Germany. While returning to Rome in 1083 he was made prisoner by the Emperor Henry IV, but was soon liberated. Whilst in Saxony (1084-5) he filled many of the vacant sees with men faithful to Gregory and deposed those whom the pope had condemned. He held a great synod at Quedlinburg in Saxony in which the antipope Guibert of Ravenna and his adherents were anathematized by name. Victor III had already been elected when Otho returned to Rome in 1085. Otho appears to have opposed Victor at first, not through any animosity or want of good will, but because he judged it better, at so critical a time, that Victor should resign the honour he was unwilling to retain. After Victor's death a summons was sent to as many bishops of the Gregorian party as possible to attend a meeting at Terracina. It was made known at this meeting that Otho had been suggested by Gregory and Victor as their successor. Accordingly, on 12 March, 1088, he was unanimously elected, taking the title of Urban II.
Pope Paschal II Succeeded Urban II, and reigned from 13 Aug., 1099, till he died at Rome, 21 Jan., 1118.  He gave his approval to the new orders of Cîteaux and Fontevrauld. On his numerous journeys he brought the papacy into direct contact with the people and dedicated a large number of churches. If it was not given to him to solve the problem of Investitures, he cleared the way for his more fortunate successor.
1145-1153 Bd Eugenius III, Pope Cistercian monk at Clairvaux; he took in religion the name of Bernard, his great namesake being his superior at Clairvaux
1145-1153 EUGENIUS III. (Bernardo Paganelli), pope from the 15th of February 1145 to the 8th of July 1153, a native of Pisa, was abbot of the Cistercian monastery of St Anastasius at Rome when suddenly elected to succeed Lucius II.
His friend and instructor, Bernard of Clairvaux, the most influential ecclesiastic of the time, remonstrated against his election on account of his "innocence and simplicity," but Bernard soon acquiesced and continued to be the mainstay of the papacy throughout Eugenius's pontificate.
Eugene is said to have gained the affection