Popes of the Catholic Church
by Name and Date from First to last HERE

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  October 31 2016
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June 30
Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  October 31 2016
994 St. Wolfgang Benedictine Bishop and reformer of Regensburg  renowned for his charity and aid to the poor.  He brought the clergy of the diocese into his reforms, restored monasteries, promoted education, preached enthusiastically, and was renowned for his charity and aid to the poor, receiving the title Eleemosynarius Major (Grand Almoner). He also served as tutor to Emperor Henry II (r. 1014-1024) while he was still king. Wolfgang died at Puppingen near Linz, Austria. He was canonized in 1052 by Pope St. Leo IX (r. 1049-1054).

1617 St. Alphonsus Rodriguez a Jesuit lay-brother porter forty-six years; influenced St. Peter Clavier; left considerable number of manuscripts some published as Obras Espirituales del B. Alonso Rodriguez ;  At Palma, in the island of Majorca, St. Alphonsus Rodriguez, a lay brother of the Society of Jesus, whom Leo XIII canonized because of his remarkable humility and constant love of mortification.

1917 The Life of St John Kochurov, Hieromartyr Missionary in America First Clergy Martyr of the Russian Revolution
On October 31, 1917, in Tsarskoye Selo, a bright new chapter, full of earthly grief and heavenly joy, was opened in the history of sanctity in the Russian Church: the holiness of the New Martyrs of the twentieth century. The opening of this chapter is linked to the name of the Russian Orthodox pastor who became one of the first to give his soul for his flock during this twentieth century of fighters against God: Archpriest John Kochurov.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  October 30 2016
235  In Sardínia natális sancti Pontiáni, Papæ et Mártyris;  In Sardinia, the birthday of St. Pontian, pope and martyr.  In the company of the priest Hippolytus, he was exiled by Emperor Alexander, and achieved martyrdom by being scourged.  His body was brought to Rome by blessed Pope Fabian and buried in the cemetery of Callistus.  His feast, however, is celebrated on the 19th of November.  235 Pope Saint Pontian or Pontianus, was pope from July 21, 230 to September 28.

  425 St. Theonestus martyr Bishop supposedly of Philippi;   At Altino, in the neighbourhood of Venice, St. Theonestus, bishop and martyr, who was slain by the Arians.  Macedonia:  was forced to leave his see because of the threats and savagery of the Arians. Sent by the pope ( Celestine I 422-432  ) to help evangelize a part of Germany, he was again compelled to flee because of the peril of the invading Vandals. He may have been martyred on his return journey, in Veneto, northern Italy. It is possible that another saint, Theonestus of Veneto, may have been a local martyr merely confused with the bishop.

  545 Bishop Saint Germanus of Capua Saint Benedict saw his soul being carried to heaven;  THIS holy prelate was sent by Pope St Hormisdas with other legates to the Emperor Justin in 519 to persuade the Byzantines to put an end to the “Acacian schism” which had continued thirty-five years. The embassy was attended with success; and the signature of the pope’s famous “Formula” ended the schism.  St Gregory the Great relates on the authority of  “his elders” that Germanus saw Paschasius, deacon of Rome, in Purgatory long after his death for having adhered to the schism of Laurence against Pope St Symmachus, and that he was purging his fault as an attendant at the hot springs, whither Germanus had been sent to bathe for the good of his health. Within a few days the bishop’s prayers released Paschasius. St Germanus was a personal friend of St Benedict who, again according to the account of St Gregory, when he was at Monte Cassino saw in a vision the soul of Germanus, at the hour of his departure, carried by the ministry of angels to eternal bliss. His death happened about the year 540.

1038 Saint Egelnoth the Good  archbishop of Canterbury;   1038 ST ETHELNOTH, ARCHBISHOP of CANTERBURY
WHILE dean of the cathedral church of Christ at Canterbury his learning and holi­ness caused Ethelnoth to be known as “the Good”, and on the death of the metropolitan Living in 1020 he was appointed in his place. Two years later Ethelnoth was in Rome, where Pope Benedict VIII received him “with great worship and very honorably hallowed him archbishop”, by which may be under­stood that he invested him with the pallium. In the following year Ethelnoth translated the relics of his predecessor St Alphege, martyred by the Danes in 1012, from London to Canterbury. The cost of a worthy shrine was defrayed by King Canute, at the instance of his wife and the archbishop, his father’s men having been guilty of the murder. St Ethelnoth enjoyed the favour of Canute, and he encouraged the king’s liberality to promote several other religious undertakings, among them the rebuilding of Chartres cathedral.

1119 Saint Gerard of Potenza B;  Poténtiæ, in Lucánia, sancti Gerárdi Epíscopi.    At Potenza in Lucania, St. Gerard, bishop.  Born in Piacenza, Italy; canonized by Pope Callistus II. Gerard was enrolled among the clergy of Potenza and elected bishop there at an advanced age (Benedictines).

1583 Bl. John Slade  Martyr of England;   Blessed John Slade M (AC) Born in Manston, Dorset, England; died 1583; beatified in 1929. John Slade was a student at New College, Oxford. He became a schoolmaster, and was martyred at Winchester for denying the royal supremacy in spiritual matters (Benedictines).

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  October 29 2016
  St. Donatus of Corfu   At Cassiope, in the island of Corfu, Bishop St. Donatus, mentioned by blessed Pope Gregory.
Saint whose relics were brought to Corfu, Greece, and enshrined there by Pope St. Gregory the Great.

16th & 17th v. MARTYRS OF DOUAY; More than 160 priests execution by English authorities.   Trained in the English College of Douai, France, returned to England and Wales and faced arrest, torture. A large group - more than eighty- were beatified in 1929, and English dioceses celebrate the feasts of these martyrs.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  October 28 2016
1798  St. John Dat Martyred native priest of Vietnam:   ordained in 1798, and arrested in that same year and imprisoned for three months before being beheaded.  He was canonized in 1988 by Pope John Paul II.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  October 27 2016
1271 Blessed Bartholomew of Vicenza Dominican Cyprus bishop:  See also Butlers October 23 .   During his years as bishop in Cyprus, Bartholomew befriended King Louis the Ninth of France, who is said to have given the holy bishop a relic of Christ’s Crown of Thorns.  Bartholomew died in 1271. He was beatified in 1793.

1902 Bd Contardo Ferrini; Ferrini was concerned with the whole vast field of law, but it was above all in Roman law (and especially its Byzantine aspect) that he made his mark.  When Professor von Ligenthal died in 1894 Ferrini, his favourite pupil, inherited not only his master’s manuscripts but also his acknowledged leadership in these studies. Among those who in one way or another contributed to the success of his work were Don Achille Ratti, afterwards Pope Pius XI, and Dr John Mercati, later cardinal and librarian and archivist of the Holy Roman Church.  Contardo wanted to read the Bible in its original languages, and it was to Mgr Ceriani that he turned to teach him Hebrew. Here, too, he found his father’s insistence on a scientific approach reinforced: “Don’t trust too much in second-hand information, even from the learned”, Mgr Ceriani would say. “Go directly to the sources of the truth.”
   A third priest to whom Contardo owed much was a colleague of his father’s, Don Antony Stoppani, whose geological and other learning chimed with that love of nature that distinguished Contardo throughout his life.  

Ferrini was concerned with the whole vast field of law, but it was above all in Roman law (and especially its Byzantine aspect) that he made his mark.  When Professor von Ligenthal died in 1894 Ferrini, his favourite pupil, inherited not only his master’s manuscripts but also his acknowledged leadership in these studies. Among those who in one way or another contributed to the success of his work were Don Achille Ratti, afterwards Pope Pius XI, and Dr John Mercati, later cardinal and librarian and archivist of the Holy Roman Church.  

 His output was very large during his short life he was responsible for over two hundred monographs, which make five stout volumes, as well as several text books.

Addressing an audience of professors, lecturers and other pilgrims at this time, Pope Pius XII referred to Bd Contardo as a man who “gave an emphatic ‘Yes’ to the possibility of holiness in these days”. “The history and development of law and law-making”, he declared, “were for Ferrini simply an application of the moral and divine law, without which human legislation is useless for if they are separated from God, it is only a matter of time before social organization and its juridical enactments degenerate into tyranny and despotism…It should give us comfort that in Bd Contardo the Lord has given the Church a beatus who was a master in the field of law and at the same time a man of God, one whose exalted spirit and supremely righteous life is a model for us all.”
Giving evidence in the course of the process, the previous pope, Pius XI, had said, “My relations with him were purely scientific or were concerned with the beauties of high mountains. For him these were an inspiration to holiness and almost a natural revelation of God.”

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  October 26 2016
  107 Pope St. Evaristus succeeded St. Clement in Rome 4th successor of St. Peter.  At Rome, St. Evaristus, pope and martyr, who enriched the Church of God with his blood under Emperor Hadrian.
98-107 Evaristus Pope St. Evaristus; Evaristus came of a Hellenic family, and was the son of a Bethlehem Jew; laid to rest in Vaticano, near the tomb of St. Peter; succeeded Clement in the episcopate of the Roman Church

  462 St. Rusticus Bishop of Narbonne gifted preacher in Rome Council of Ephesus 431.  RUSTICUS was a native of southern Gaul and the son of a bishop named Bonosus. A letter written by St Jerome about the year 411 is supposed to be addressed to him: the recipient is given wise counsel about the solitary life. In 427 Rusticus was elevated to the bishopric of Narbonne. His diocese was in a very unsatis­factory state: invading Goths were spreading Arianism and orthodox were quarrelling among themselves.  Eventually St Rusticus wrote to Pope St Leo I, setting forth his difficulties (which seem to have arisen out of a synod convoked by him in 458), and asking to be allowed to resign. The pope dissuaded him from this and sent him an important letter about the government of the diocese. St Rusticus built a cathedral at Narbonne and the inscription he put up recording its foundation is still in existence. His brother bishops held him in high regard, but of his activities little is known, except that he attended the synod at Arles that approved St Leo’s “tome” condemning Monophysism.

  590 St. Quadragesimus shepherd raising a man from the dead.  Confessor and a shepherd known for miracles. He lived at Policastro, Italy, and served as a subdeacon. According to Pope St. Gregory I the Great, he was responsible for remarkable achievement of raising a man from the dead.

Pope Saint Gregory's plan was to send a properly organized group to England, rather than rely on the isolated efforts of the northern missionaries. The man he chose was the prior of a monastery that he had founded in Rome, Saint Augustine of Canterbury. In 596, he landed in Kent with a group of 40 monks.

  686 Saint Eata of Hexham effect a union between the Celtic and Roman Christians.  They had to start from nothing, but fortunately they quickly enlisted the support of Bertha, the wife of King Saint Ethelbert--just as Saint Paulinus won the support of Saint Ethelburga, sister of Eadbald, and Saint Remigius won that of Saint Clotilde, wife of Clovis. Augustine received the 'pallium' and became the first archbishop of England, establishing his see at Canterbury.

 899 St. Alfred the Great King of Wessex, scholar renowned Christian monarch.  Alfred was the fifth son of the Wessex king. During a journey to Rome in 853, he was accepted as a godson by Pope Leo IV
 He was a great scholar, translating classics for his people, and early on seemed destined for a career in the Church. Instead, he became king and was forced to spend most of his reign in conflict with the Danes who were then threatening England. His work as a patron of the arts, literature, and especially the Church made him a beloved figure in England.

1020 St. Bean made bishop by Pope Benedict VIII.  The fourteenth century chronicler Fordun, states that he was made bishop by Pope Benedict VIII, at the request of Malcolm Canmore, who is said to have founded an episcopal monastery at Mortlach. If true, this would be between 1012 and 1024; but the See of Mortlach is generally said to date from 1063. St. Bean's dwelling place is supposed to have been at Balvanie, near Mortlach (Bal-beni-mor, "the dwelling of Bean the Great").

1229 St. Fulk Scottish Bishop of Pavia.  Fulk of Pavia B (RM) Born at Piacenza, Italy, 1164; died 1229. Fulk's parents were Scottish. He was appointed to a canonry in Piacenza. Then, after his studies in Paris, he became archpriest and bishop of Piacenza. Six years later he was transferred by Honorius III to the see of Pavia, which he occupied for 13 years (Benedictines).

1902 Blessed Contardo Ferrini patron of universities. Lifelong layman in the archdiocese of Milan, Italy. Civil and canon lawyer. Teacher. Secular Franciscan tertiary. Friend of Pope Pius XI.

Contardo Ferrini was the son of a teacher who went on to become a learned man himself, one acquainted with some dozen languages. Today he is known as the patron of universities. Born in Milan b. 1859, he received a doctorate in law in Italy and then earned a scholarship that enabled him to study Roman-Byzantine law in Berlin. As a renowned legal expert, he taught in various schools of higher education until he joined the faculty of the University of Pavia, where he was considered an outstanding authority on Roman law. His death in 1902 at the age of 43 occasioned letters from his fellow professors that praised him as a saint; the people of Suna where he lived insisted that he be declared a saint. Pope Pius XII beatified Contardo in 1947.  
Comment:  Thanks to people like Contardo, our Church long ago laid to rest the idea that science and faith are incompatible. We thank God for the many ways science has made our lives better. All that remains to us is to help ensure that the rest of the world, especially impoverished nations, gets to enjoy the fruits of scientific advance.

1926 Bartolo Longo lay Dominican 'Brother Rosario' in honor of the Rosary; beatified by Pope John Paul II, who would call him the "Apostle of the Rosary" and mentioned him specifically in his apostolic letter "Rosarium Virginis Mariae" Conversion
In  the following years, Longo's life became one of depression, nervousness, and confusion. Bothered by diabolical visions and ill health brought on by inordinate fasting, he turned to a hometown friend, Vincenzo Pepe, for guidance. It was Pepe who convinced him to abandon Satanism and introduced him to the Dominican Father Alberto Radente - who heard his confession and guided him further throughout his life.

After a long period of repentance, Longo made his profession as a lay Dominican. He took the name Brother Rosario in honor of the Rosary. The date of his conversion was October 7, 1871.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  October 25 2016
34 St. Tabitha  good deeds and almsgiving raised from the dead by St. Peter.
Widow of Joppa (in modern Israel), who was mentioned in the Acts of the Apostles (9:36-42) as one who was completely occupied with good deeds and almsgiving. She fell ill and died and was raised from the dead by St. Peter.

75 St. Fronto and George:  Bishops and apostles of Perigreux and Le Puy  Many miracles attribute Petragóricis, in Gállia,
 At Perigueux in France, St. Fronto, who was made bishop by the blessed apostle Peter.  Along with a priest named George, he converted to Christ a large number of people of that place, and, renowned for miracles, rested in peace.
 THOUGH no doubt these two saints really existed and were early apostles of Périgord, their legends seem to have been fabricated or altered with the object of giving an apostolic origin to the see of Périgueux. Pronto, it is said, was of the tribe of Juda and was born in Lycaonia. He was converted by the testimony of our Lord’s miracles, was baptized by St Peter, and became one of the Seventy-two. He accompanied St Peter to Antioch and Rome, and was sent thence with the priest George to preach to the Gauls. On the way George died, but, like St Maternus of Trier and St Martial of Limoges, he was brought to life again by the touch of St Peter’s staff.

269 Saints Theodosius, Lucius, Mark & Peter & 50 martyred soldiers MM (RM).  Also at Rome, the birthday of forty-six holy soldiers, who were baptized at the same time by Pope Denis, and soon after beheaded by order of Emperor Claudius.  They were buried on the Salarian Way with one hundred and twenty-one other martyrs.  Among them are named four soldiers of Christ: Theodosius, Lucius, Mark, and Peter.
They belonged to a group of fifty soldiers martyred in Rome under Claudius (Benedictines).

3rd v. St. Cyrinus Roman martyr; mentioned in the acta of Saint Marcellinus, pope and martyr

283 St. Daria Chrysanthus & others martyred converted a number of Romans.  At Rome, the holy martyrs Chrysanthus and his wife Daria.  After many sufferings endured for Christ under the prefect Celerinus, they were ordered by Emperor Numerian to be thrown into a sandpit on the Salarian Way, where, being still alive, were covered with earth and stones.  
There is both a Latin and a Greek text of this legend. Both are printed in the Acta Sanctorum, October, vol. xi. An exceptionally full discussion of the historical data will be found in Delehaye’s CMH., under August 12, on which day these martyrs are there specially commemorated, but their names also recur on December 20, and in this connection Delehaye points out that the assignment of their feast in the Roman Martyrology to October 25 seems to be due to a statement made in an account of a translation of their relics that October 25 was not only the date of the translation but the actual day of their martyrdom. The marble calendar of Naples (c. 850) seems to confirm this. Pope St Damasus is recorded to have written an inscription for their tomb, but that which was at one time attributed to him must certainly be of later date. See further, J. P. Kirsch, Festkalender (1924), pp. 90-93 and DAC., vol. iii, cc. 1560-1568.

410 Saint Gaudentius of Brescia 387 consecrated by Saint Ambrose 10 sermons survive friend of John Chrysostom B (RM).  In 405, St Gaudentius was deputed with two others by Pope St Innocent I and the Emperor Honorius to go into the East to defend the cause of St John Chrysostom before Arcadius, for which Chrysostom sent him a letter of thanks.
The deputies were ill received, and imprisoned in Thrace their papers were forcibly taken from them, and bribes were offered if they would declare themselves in communion with the bishop who had supplanted St John Chrysostom. St Paul is said to have appeared in a vision to one of their deacons to encourage them. They eventually arrived back safely in Italy, though it is supposed their enemies intended them to be cast away at sea, for they were put on a most unseaworthy vessel. St Gaudentius seems to have died about the year 410, and Rufinus styled him “the glory of the doctors of the age wherein he lives”. He is honoured on this day in the Roman Martyrology, which mentions on October 14 another ST Gaudentius. He was the first bishop of Rimini, and may have been martyred by the Arians in the year 359. The Canons Regular of the Lateran keeps his feast.

1447 BD THOMAS OF FLORENCE; a Franciscan lay brother; the gift of miracles;   When in 1414 Friar John of Stroncone went to spread the reform in the kingdom of Naples he took Bd Thomas with him. He laboured there for some six years, strengthened with the gift of miracles, and then, authorized by Pope Martin V, he undertook, in company with Bd Antony of Stron­cone, to oppose the heretical Fraticelli in Tuscany. While engaged in this cam­paign he made a number of new foundations, over which St Bernardino gave him authority, his own headquarters being at the friary of Scarlino. Here he established a custom of going in procession after the night office to a neighbouring wood, where each friar had a little shelter of boughs and shrubs wherein they remained for a time in prayer.

1447 BD THOMAS OF FLORENCE; a Franciscan lay brother; the gift of miracles;  OF the early life of this bishop, the only Irishman beatified between the canonization of Lorcan O’Toole in 1228 and the beatification of Oliver Plunket in 1920, very little is known. He belonged to the royal MacCarthys in the part of Munster later known as the Desmond country, his father being lord of Muskerry and his mother a daughter of FitzMaurice, lord of Kerry; Thaddeus (Tadhg) was a baptismal name in this house for seven hundred years. He is said to have begun his studies with the Friars Minor of Kilcrea and to have then gone abroad, and he seems to have been in Rome when, in 1482 at the age of twenty-seven, he was appointed bishop of Ross by Pope Sixtus IV. Three years later when Henry Tudor became ruler of the three kingdoms, the Yorkist Geraldines made a determined effort to have their own representative in the see of Ross. Ever since the appointment of Thaddeus MacCarthy there had been a rival claimant in the person of Hugh O’Driscoll, his predecessor’s auxiliary, and it was now alleged that Thaddeus had intruded himself under false pretences, with other charges added. The earl of Desmond seized the temporalities of the see, and its bishop took refuge at the Cistercian abbey near Parma, which was given him in commendam by the bishop of Clogher. By the machinations of the FitzGeralds Thaddeus was in 1488 declared suspended by the Holy See, and he set off to Rome to plead his cause in person. After two years of investigation and delay Pope Innocent VIII confirmed the bishopric of Ross to Hugh, but nominated Thaddeus to the united dioceses of Cork and Cloyne, then vacant.

1584 BD RICHARD GWYN, MARTYR;  During his four years of imprisonment Gwyn wrote in Welsh a number of religious poems (not “carols”, as they are generally called), calling on his country­men to keep to “yr hen Fam”, the old Mother Church, and describing with a bitterness that was unhappily excusable the new religion and its ministers. He was beatified in 1929, and his feast is kept in the diocese of Menevia on this date.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  October 24 2016
Pius X 1903-1914 Don Guanella while in 1913 from the Vicariate of Rome, obtained recognition of the Pious Union of Transit of St. Joseph for the dying, an association of priests and faithful in union of prayer for the dying:
St. Pius X
was the first to enroll and the following year he raised the association to a union for the whole of Christianity.

  He was a fighter priest, known, in fact as an intense priest, with whom it was advisable to tread lightly.
 He was a courageous priest and knew no political compromises. He gave speeches and wrote articles and books against the liberal authorities that were trying to demolish the Church with ideas and expropriations.
  Don Luigi never hid and, proud of priesthood, he always defended the 
Pius IX 1846--1878, who at the time was the victim of so much envy, with a very heavy press campaign. He also suffered dramatic persecutions by the civil and government authorities.

Of the seven archangels, who in both Jewish and Christian tradition are venerated as pre-eminently standing before the throne of God, three only are mentioned by name in the Bible, Michael, Gabriel and Raphael.  These have been venerated in the Church from early times, especially in the East, but it was not untill the pontificate of Pope Benedict XV that the liturgical feasts of the two last were made obligatory throughout the Western church.  In Tobias xii 12 and 15, the archangel directly speaks of himself as “one of the seven who stand before the Lord”, and says that he continually offered the prayers of young Tobias up to God.

  580 St Martin, or Mark: St Gregory says that many of his friends knew Martin personally and had been present at his miracles, and that he had heard much of him from his predecessor, Pope Pelagius II.   Marcius (Mark, Martin, Marcus) OSB, Hermit (RM). He is an Italian hermit at Monte Cassino, mentioned by St. Gregory the Great in the life of Saint Benedict. The Cassinese tradition adds the Marcius (or Martin) became a monk at the abbey and then retired to a cave on Mount Massicus (Mondragone) where he died.

1492 Blessed Tadhg MacCarthy Many cures have been reported at his under the high altar of the cathedral of Ivrea B.  Born 1455; died in Ivrea, Savoy, Italy; beatified by Pope Leo XIII in 1895. When Pope Sixtus IV consecrated Tadhg MacCarthy as bishop of Ross, the Fitzgeralds reacted by contriving to place a rival claimant in the office. When Tadhg returned from his consecration in Rome he found the see occupied. About that same time Sixtus died and Tadhg's enemies seized the opportunity to vehemently denounce him to the new Pope Innocent VIII. The charges were so outrageous that the holy father immediately excommunicated the lawful bishop. An investigation, however, revealed that Tadhg was innocent of the charges whereupon Innocent issued three bulls that totally exonerated Tadhg and appointed him to the bishopric of Cork and Cloyne.

The Fitzgeralds still opposed him and refused to surrender the property of the see or to allow him to occupy it. Innocent intervened by issuing such a strong decree that the Fitzgeralds finally relented. Tadhg set out from Rome to assume the leadership of his see. He travelled as a humble pilgrim and stayed overnight in the hospice of Ivrea. The next morning he was found dead.
Tradition says that the bishop of Ivrea was unable to sleep that night, disturbed by a vivid dream of a bishop, unknown to him, being taken into heaven. When it was discovered that Tadhg was a bishop, this dream was considered the first of numerous miracles connected with him. Many cures have been reported at his under the high altar of the cathedral of Ivrea, where he continues to be the subject of veneration (Montague).

 in the service of the king of Vietnam and was strangled to death for being a Christian.
Pope John Paul II canonized him in 1988.

1860 St. Joseph Lê Dang Thi of Ke Van Vietnamese, army captain Martyr;   Blessed Joseph Thi M (AC); beatified in 1909. A native captain in the army of King Tu-duc of Cochin-China. He was garroted at An-hoa (Benedictines) .

1870 St. Anthony Mary Claret archbishop Cuba prophet many supernatural graces not only in the way of ecstasies and the gift of prophecy, but also by the miraculous cure of bodily diseases.   In the monastery of Fontfroide in the diocese of Carcassonne in France, St. Anthony Mary Claret, formerly Archbishop of Cuba, and founder of the Missionary Sons of the Immaculate Heart of the Blessed Virgin Mary.  He was renowned for his meekness and zeal for souls, and was canonized by the Supreme Pontiff, Pius XII.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  October 23 2016

St. Ignatius, bishop at Constantinople; He rebuked Bardas Caesar for putting away his wife; for this reason, he was subjected to many sufferings by the Emperor and driven into exile. However, he was restored to his see by the Roman Pontiff St. Nicholas, and at last died a peaceful death.

   524 St. Severinus Boethius Roman philosopher theologian statesman;  “the last of the Roman philosophers, and the first of the scholastic theologians”  He set himself to translate the whole of Plato and Aristotle into Latin and to show their fundamental agreement this task he was not destined to finish, but Cassiodorus remarks that through his translations the people of Italy were able to know, as well as Plato and Aristotle, “Pythagoras the musician, Ptolemy the astronomer, Nichomachus the arithmetician, Euclid the geometer and Archimedes the mechanician”. This gives an idea of the many-sided-ness of Boethius’s interests, and he made his own contributions to logic, mathematics, geometry and music: moreover he was skilled in practice as well, for a well-known letter of Cassiodorus asks him to make a water-clock and a sundial for the king of the Burgundians. He was also a theological writer (the Anician family had been Christian since Constantine), and several of his treatises survive, including one on the Holy Trinity.
   The works of Boethius were exceedingly influential in the Middle Ages, especially in the development of logic, and it is not for nothing that he has been called “the last of the Roman philosophers, and the first of the scholastic theologians”. His translations were for long the only means for the study of Greek philosophy in the West.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  October 22 2016
  314 St. Mellon First bishop of Rouen ordained by Pope St. Stephen and sent there to preach the Gospel.  A native of Cardiff, Wales, he is listed as Mallonous, Mellouns, and Melanius. He was converted while in Rome and sent to France as a missionary by Pope St. Stephen.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  October 21 2016
1087 St. Gebizo Benedictine monk who crowned the king of Croatia; a monk at Monte Cassino, Italy under  St. Desiderius, who became Pope Victor III; 1086-1087 Pope Blessed Victor III; enter the monastery of S. Sophia at Benevento where he received the name of Desiderius; the greatest of all the abbots of Monte Cassino with the exception of the founder, and as such won for himself "imperishable fame" (Gregorovius); Peter the Deacon gives (op. cit., III, 63) a list of some seventy books which Desiderius caused to be copied at Monte Cassino; they include works of Sts. Augustine, Ambrose, Bede, Basil, Jerome, Gregory of Nazianzus, and Cassian, the registers of Popes Feliz and Leo, the histories of Josephus, Paul Warnfrid, Jordanus, and Gregory of Tours, the "Institutes" and "Novels" of Justinian, the works of Terence, Virgil, and Seneca, Cicero's "De natura deorum", and Ovid's "Fasti"; Undoubtedly the chief importance of Desiderius in papal history lies in his influence with the Normans, an influence which he was able repeatedly to exert in favour of the Holy See; refused the Papacy several times due to his ill health

1087 St. Gebizo sent by Pope St. Gregory VII to the coronation in Croatia 1073-1085 Pope St. Gregory VII; One of the greatest of the Roman pontiffs and one of the most remarkable men of all times (HILDEBRAND);
Pope Saint Gregory VII (c. 1020/1025 – May 25, 1085), born Hildebrand of Soana (Italian: Ildebrando di Soana), was pope from April 22, 1073, until his death. One of the great reforming popes, he is perhaps best known for the part he played in the Investiture Controversy, his dispute with Henry IV, Holy Roman Emperor affirming the primacy of the papal authority and the new canon law governing the election of the pope by the college of cardinals. He was at the forefront of both evolutionary developments in the relationship between the Emperor and the papacy during the years before becoming pope. He was beatified by Gregory XIII in 1584, and canonized in 1728 by Benedict XIII as Pope St. Gregory VII. He twice excommunicated Henry IV, who in the end appointed the Antipope Clement III to oppose him in the hardball political power struggles between church and Empire. Hailed as one of the greatest of the Roman pontiffs and one of the most remarkable men of all times, Gregory was contrastingly described by the atheist anti-Catholic English writer Joseph McCabe as "a rough and violent peasant, enlisting his brute strength in the service of the monastic ideal which he embraced."
Pope Honorius I 625-638
Character and work of Honorius
Pope Honorius was much respected and died with an untarnished reputation. Few popes did more for the restoration and beautifying of churches of Rome, and he has left us his portrait in the apsidal mosaic of Sant Agnese fueri le mura. He cared also for the temporal needs of the Romans by repairing the aqueduct of Trajan. His extant letters show him engaged in much business. He supported the Lombard King Adalwald, who had been set aside as mad by an Arian rival. He succeeded, to some extent, with the emperor's assistance, in reuniting the schismatic metropolitan See of Aquileia to the Roman Church. He wrote to stir up the zeal of the bishops of Spain, and St. Braulio of Saragossa replied. His connexion with the British Isles is of interest. He sent St. Birinus to convert the West Saxons. In 634 he gave the pallium to St. Paulinus of York, as well as to Honorius of Canterbury, and he wrote a letter to King Edwin of Northumbria, which Bede has preserved. In 630 he urged the Irish bishops to keep Easter with the rest of Christendom, in consequence of which the Council of Magh Lene (Old Leighlin) was held; the Irish testified to their traditional devotion to the See of Peter, and sent a deputation to Rome "as children to their mother". On the return of these envoys, all Southern Ireland adopted the Roman use (633).

  1389-1404 Pope Boniface IX; He lacked good theological training and skill in the conduct of curial business, but was by nature tactful and prudent. His firm charater and mild manner did much to restore respect for the papacy in the countries of his own obedience (Germany, England, Hungary, Poland, and the greater part of Italy);  In the course of his reign Boniface extinguished the municipal independence of Rome and established the supremacy of the pope. He secured the final adhesion of the Romans (1398) by fortifying anew the Castle of Sant' Angelo, the bridges, and other points of vantage. He also took over the port of Ostia from its cardinal-bishop. In the Papal States Boniface gradually regained control of the chief strongholds and cities, and is the true founder of these States as they appear in the fifteenth century. Owing to the faithlessness and violence of the Romans he resided frequently at Perugia, Assisi, and elsewhere. Clement VII, the Avignon pope, died 16 September, 1394. Boniface had excommunicated him shortly after his own election, and in turn had been excommunicated by Clement. In 1392 Boniface attempted, but in vain, to enter into closer relations with Clement for the re-establishment of ecclesiastical unity, whereupon Boniface reasserted with vigour his own legitimacy. Clement was succeeded at Avignon, 28 September, 1394, by Cardinal Pedro de Luna, as Benedict XIII. Suffice it to say here that Boniface always claimed to be the true pope, and at all times rejected the proposal to abdicate even when it was supported by the principal members of his own obedience, e.g. Richard II of England (1396), the Diet of Frankfort (1397), and King Wenceslaus of Germany (Reims, 1398); Contemporary and later chroniclers praise the political virtues of Boniface, also the purity of his life, and the grandeur of his spirit.
St. Margaret Clitherow was canonized in 1970 by Pope Paul VI
"The answers to many of life's questions can be found by reading the Lives of the Saints. They teach us how to overcome obstacles and difficulties, how to stand firm in our faith, and how to struggle against evil and emerge victorious."

  223 St. Asterius Martyr priest who buried the remains of Pope St. Callistus.  Asterius of Ostia M (RM). Asterius secretly buried the body of Pope Saint Callistus, under whom he served as a Roman priest. For this act of Christian charity, Asterius was himself cast into the Tiber River at Ostia by order of Emperor Alexander.
Christians recovered and buried his body at Ostia, where it is now enshrined in the cathedral (Benedictines, Encyclopedia).

635 ST FINTAN, OR MUNNU, OF TAGHMON, Abbot    At the synod held at Magh Lene in 630, and others, he strongly opposed on this matter St Laserian and those who wished to comply with the wish of Pope Honorius I that Ireland should come into line with the rest of Christendom.
   The monastery of Taghmon soon became famous, and there are references to its founder in the Lives of St Canice, St Mochua and St Molua.

1087 St. Gebizo Benedictine monk who crowned the king of Croatia;  a monk at Monte Cassino, Italy under  St. Desiderius, who became Pope Victor III; sent by Pope St. Gregory VII to the coronation in Croatia   Also called Gerizo, he was a native of Colonge, Germany, and a monk at Monte Cassino, Italy under St. Desiderius, who became Pope Victor III. Gebizo was sent by Pope St. Gregory VII to the coronation in Croatia.

1379 ST JOHN OF BRIDLINGTON Miracles;   THOUGH it has been often said that St Thomas of Hereford was the last English saint of the middle ages to be formally canonized (Osmund, in 1457, was a Norman), there is a bull of Pope Boniface IX that canonized John of Bridlington in 1401 his feast is now celebrated in the diocese of Middlesbrough and by the Canons Regular of the Lateran (on October to). He was surnamed Thwing, from the place of his birth near Bridlington, on the coast of Yorkshire, and the little which is known of his life presents nothing of unusual interest.

1556-1597 St. Margaret Clitherow; the "Pearl of York"; continually risking her life by harbouring and maintaining priests, was frequently imprisoned, sometimes for two years at a time, yet never daunted, and was a model of all virtues; she kept priests hidden and had Mass continually celebrated through the thick of the persecution. Some of her priests were martyred, and Margaret who desired the same grace above all things, used to make secret pilgrimages by night to York Tyburn to pray beneath the gibbet for this intention; Her indictment - harboured priests, heard Mass, and the like; she refused to plead, since the only witnesses against her would be her own little children and servants, whom she could not bear to involve in the guilt of her death. She was therefore condemned to the peine forte et dure, i.e. to be pressed to death. "God be thanked, I am not worthy of so good a death as this", she said. Although she was probably with child, this horrible sentence was carried out on Lady Day, 1586 (Good Friday according to New Style); sons Henry and William became priests, and daughter Anne a nun at St. Ursula's, Louvain.
Her life, written by her confessor, John Mush, exists in two versions. The earlier has been edited by Father John Morris, S.J., in his "Troubles of our Catholic Forefathers", third series (London, 1877). The later manuscript, now at York Convent, was published by W. Nicholson, of Thelwall Hall, Cheshire (London, Derby, 1849), with portrait: "Life and Death of Margaret Clitherow the martyr of York". It also contains the "History of Mr. Margaret Ward and Mrs. Anne Line, Martyrs".
 St. Margaret Clitherow was canonized by Pope Paul VI in 1970.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  October 20 2016

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  October 19 2016

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  October 18 2016

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  October 17 2016
  780 St. Nothlem Archbishop of CanterburyOriginally a priest in London, he was named archbishop in 734. Nothelm conducted research on the history of Kent which was collected by Abbot Albinus and in turn utilized by the Venerable Bede in the writing of his Ecclesiastical History.  740 St Nothelm, Archbishop Of Canterbury, whom St Bede refers to as “a devout priest of the church of London, succeeded St Tatwin in the see of Canterbury in the year 734. Two years later he received the pallium from Pope St Gregory III. He was consulted by St Boniface from Germany and furnished him with a copy of the famous letter of instruction from Pope St Gregory I to St Augustine of Canterbury about how to deal with the English converts. But St Nothelm’s name is principally remembered for his part in the composition of St Bede’s Ecclesiastical History.
     In the preface thereto, addressed to King Ceolwulf, Bede says that his chief aid and authority for his work had been the learned abbot Albinus at Canterbury, who transmitted to him
“either by writing or by word of mouth of the same Nothelm, all that he thought worthy of memory that had been done in the province of Kent, or the adjacent parts, by the disciples of the blessed Pope Gregory, as he had learned them either from written records or the traditions of his ancestors. The said Nothelm afterwards went to Rome and, having with leave of the present Pope Gregory [III] searched into the archives of the holy Roman church, found there some letters of the blessed Pope Gregory and other popes. When he returned home he brought them to me, by the advice of the aforesaid most reverend father Albinus, to be inserted in my history. Thus . . . what was transacted in the church of Canterbury by the disciples of St Gregory or their successors, and under which kings they happened, has been conveyed to us by Nothelm through the industry of abbot Albinus. They also partly informed me by what bishops and under what kings the provinces of the East and West Saxons, as well as of the East Angles and the Northumbrians, received the faith of Christ.”

1584 St. Richard Gwyn  One of Forty Martyrs of England and Wales first Welsh martyr of Queen Elizabeth I's reign  Also called Richard White, he was born in Montgomeryshire, Wales, in 1547, and stud­ied at Cambridge University, England. Converted from Protestantism, he returned to Wales in 1562, married, had six children, and opened a school. Arrested in 1579, he spent four years in prison before his execution by being hanged, drawn, and quartered at Wrexham on October 15, for being a Catholic. While jailed, he com­posed many religious poems in Welsh. He is considered the protomartyr of Wales and was included among the canonized martyrs of England and Wales by Pope Paul VI in 1970.

1690 St. Margaret Mary Alacoque Apostle of the Devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus; France of the seventeenth century, love of God had gone cold, on the one hand because of widespread rebellion and sinfulness, on the other the numbing influence of Jansenism, which presented God as not loving all mankind alike. To rekindle that love there flourished, between 1625 and 1690, three saints, John Eudes, Claud La Colombière, and Margaret-Mary Alacoque, who between them brought and taught to the Church, in the form that we have had it ever since, devotion to our divine Lord in His Sacred Heart, “the symbol of that boundless love which moved the Word to take flesh, to institute the Holy Eucharist, to take our sins upon Himself, and, dying on the cross, to offer Himself as a victim and a sacrifice to the eternal Father.”  At Paray, in the diocese of Autun, St. Margaret Mary Alacoque.  She made her profession in the Order of the Visitation of Blessed Mary the Virgin, and she excelled with great merit in spreading devotion to the Most Sacred Heart of Jesus and in furthering its public veneration.  Pope Benedict XV added her name to the list of holy virgins.    While serving a second term as assistant superior St Margaret-Mary was taken ill in October 1690. “I shall not live”, she said, “for I have nothing left to suffer”, but the doctor did not think anything was very seriously wrong. A week later she asked for the last sacraments, saying, “I need nothing but God, and to lose myself in the heart of Jesus”. The priest came and began to administer the last rites; at the fourth anointing, of the lips, she died. St Margaret-Mary Alacoque was canonized in 1920.

1794 Bl. Marie Magdalen Desjardin Ursuline martyr of the French Revolution.  1794 The Ursuline Martyrs Of Valenciennes.
Ursuline nuns established themselves at Valenciennes in the year 1654; nearly a hundred and forty years later, after devoting themselves throughout that time to the interests of their fellow-citizens by teaching their children and looking after the poor, their convent was suppressed under the Revolution and the nuns took refuge in the house of their order at Mons. When the Austrians occupied Valenciennes in 1793 they returned, reopened their school, and remained in the town after the French had recaptured it. In September 1794 they were arrested at the instance of Citizen Lacoste’s commission, on the charge of being émigrées who had unlawfully returned and reopened their convent, and confined in the public prison. On October 17 five of them were brought up for trial, and on their stating openly that they had come back to Valenciennes to teach the Catholic faith they were sentenced to death. They were led to the guillotine in the great marketplace amid the tears of their sisters. “Mother, you taught us to be valiant, and now we are going to be crowned you weep!” exclaimed Bd Mary Augustine (Mother Dejardin) to the mother superior. Five days later the superior herself, Bd Mary Clotilde (Mother Paillot) and the other five nuns suffered in the same place, among the last victims of the Revolution. “We die for the faith of the Catholic, Apostolic and Roman Church”, said Bd Mary Clotilde.

1794  BB. JOHN BAPTIST TURPAN DU CORMIER, MARY L’HUILIER and their companions. Fourteen priests, three nuns and a lay woman martyred at Laval in 1794 during the French Revolution. They were beatified in 1955.

1833 St. Francis Isidore Gagelin Martyr of Vietnam Born in Montperreux France  in 1799, he entered the Society of Foreign Missions of Paris. He was sent to Vietnam in 1822, where he was ordained a priest. In 1833, Francis was seized by anti-Christian forces and was martyred by strangulation. He was canonized in 1988. Blessed Francis Isidore Gagelin M (AC) Born Montperreux (diocese of Besançon), France, 1799; died in Cochin-China, 1833; beatified in 1900. Blessed Francis was sent by the Society of Foreign Missions of Paris to Cochin-China in 1822. Upon his arrival he was ordained a priest. He worked zealously until the persecution broke out, when he gave himself up to the mandarin of Bongson and was strangled (Benedictines) .

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  October 16 2016
439 St. Maxima Africa slaves.  Martinian, his brother Saturian and their two brothers were slaves in Africa at the time of Arian King Jenseric's persecution of Catholics. They were converted to Christianity by another slave, Maxima. When their master insisted that Martinian marry Maxima, who had taken a vow of virginity, they fled to a monastery but were brought back and beaten for their attempt to escape. When their master died, his widow gave them to a Vandal, who freed Maxima (she later entered a monastery) and sold the men to a Berber chief. They converted many, petitioned the Pope Leo I to send them a priest, and were then tortured and dragged to their deaths by horses for their Faith.

 787 St. Lull Benedictine bishop relative of St. Boniface.  786 ST LULL, BISHOP of MAINZ
LULL was an Englishman, doubtless a native of the kingdom of the West Saxons. The foundation of his education was laid in the monastery of Malmesbury, where he remained as a young man and was ordained deacon. Hearing the call of the foreign missions when he was about twenty years old, he passed into Germany, and was received with joy by St Boniface, who is thought to have been related to him. From this time Lull shared with that great saint the labours of his apostleship, and the persecutions which were raised against him. St Boniface promoted him to priest’s orders and in 751 sent him to Rome to consult Pope St Zachary on certain matters which he did not care to commit to writing. Upon his return, St Boniface selected him for his successor he was consecrated as coadjutor, and when Boniface departed on his last missionary journey into Frisia St Lull took over the see of Mama.

1085 St. Anastasius Hermit papal legate.   This Anastasius was a native of Venice and a man of considerable learning who, by the middle of the eleventh century, was a monk at Mont-Saint-Michel. The abbot there was not a satisfactory person—he was accused of simony—and Anas­tasius eventually left the monastery in order to live as a hermit on Tombelaine off Normandy. About the year 1066 St Hugh of Cluny induced him to join the community at Cluny. After seven years there he was ordered by Pope St Gregory VII to go into Spain, perhaps to help in inducing the Spaniards to give up their Mozarabic liturgy for the Roman, an undertaking begun by Cardinal Hugh of Remiremont (rather inappropriately called Candidus), who was then legate in France and Spain. St Anastasius was soon back at Cluny, where he lived quietly for another seven years, and then went to be a hermit in the neighbourhood of Toulouse. Here he preached to the people of the countryside (and is said to have shared his solitude with Hugh of Remiremont, who had been deposed and excommunicated for repeated acts of simony) and lived in contemplation until he was recalled to his monastery in 1085. On his way he died and was buried at Doydes.

1123 St. Bertrand of Comminges Bishop.  This happening is commemor­ated locally on May 2 every year, and Pope Clement V, who had been bishop of Comminges, granted a plenary indulgence to be gained at the then cathedral church of St Bertrand every year that the feast of the finding of the Holy Cross falls on a Friday. St Bertrand was canonized some time before 1309, probably by Pope Honorius III.

1243 St. Hedwig Duchess widow Cistercain patroness of Silesia   At Cracow in Poland, St. Hedwig, duchess of Poland, who devoted herself to the service of the poor, and was renowned for miracles.  She was inscribed among the saints by Pope Clement IV.

1399 Queen St. Jadwiga of Poland cultural institutions to both state and church Pope John Paul II canonized Blessed Jadwiga
Sanctæ Hedwígis Víduæ, Polonórum Ducíssæ, quæ prídie hujus diéi obdormívit in Dómino.
      St. Hedwig, widow, duchess of Poland, who went to her rest in the Lord on the day previous.
There are two Polish women of royal blood who have long been venerated by Polish Catholics.  Up to 1997 they were referred to as Saint Jadwiga and Blessed Jadwiga.  (Hedwig is the form of their name in German.)  Now both are called saints, for in June 1997, on a solemn visit to Krakow, where he had formerly been archbishop, Pope John Paul II canonized Blessed Jadwiga. 

1771 St. Marguerite d'Youville Canada "Mother of Universal Charity." O our sweet hope let us feel your power over the loveable Heart of Jesus, and use your credit so as to make a place for us there forever!  Ask Him to exert his sovereignty on our hearts, making his love reign in our heart, that He may consume us and change everything into Himself.  May He be our Father, our Husband, our guard, our treasure, our delight, our love and our everything; destroying and annihilating in us all that there is of ourselves to fill us only with all that is of Him, so that we may be pleasing to Him!  May He be the support of our impotence, the force of our weakness, the joy of all our sadness! Amen.  The General Hospital in Montreal became known as the Hotel Dieu (House of God) and set a standard for medical care and Christian compassion. When the hospital was destroyed by fire in 1766, she knelt in the ashes, led the Te Deum (a hymn to God's providence in all circumstances) and began the rebuilding process. She fought the attempts of government officials to restrain her charity and established the first foundling home in North America.
Pope John XXIII, who beatified her in 1959, called her
the Mother of Universal Charity. She was canonized in 1990.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  October 15 2016
1243 St. Hedwig Duchess widow Cistercain patroness of Silesia Miracles;  Her feast is celebrated on the following day.       At Cracow in Poland, St. Hedwig, duchess of Poland, who devoted herself to the service of the poor, and was renowned for miracles.  She was inscribed among the saints by Pope Clement IV.

1582 St. Teresa of Avila Doctor of the Church miracles levitated     At Avila in Spain, the virgin St. Teresa, mother and mistress of the Brothers and Sisters of the Carmelite Order of the Strict Observance.  (also known as Teresa of Jesus);  At this time Pope St Pius V appointed visitors apostolic to inquire into relaxa­tions in religious orders with a view to reform, and he named a well-known Domin­ican, Peter Fernandez, to be visitor to the Carmelites of Castile. At Avila he not surprisingly found great fault with the convent of the Incarnation, and to remedy its abuses he sent for St Teresa and told her she was to take charge of it as prioress. It was doubly distasteful to her to be separated from her own daughters and to be put from outside at the head of a house which opposed her activities with jealousy and warmth. The nuns’ at first refused to obey her; some of them went into hysterics at the very idea. She told them that she came not to coerce or instruct but to serve, and to learn from the least among them.

“My mothers and sisters, our Lord has sent me to this house by the voice of obedience, to fill an office of which I was far from thinking and for which I am quite unfitted...I come solely to serve you...Do not fear my rule. Though I have lived among and exercised authority over those Carmelites who are discalced, by God’s mercy I know how to rule those who are not of their number.”

St. Teresa of Avila (1515-1582)  Teresa lived in an age of exploration as well as political, social and religious upheaval. It was the 16th century, a time of turmoil and reform. Her life began with the culmination of the Protestant Reformation, and ended shortly after the Council of Trent.

1617  Blessed Victoria Strata Blue Nuns Religious vision of Our Lady Pope Clement VIII approved the order's constitutions in 1604 and Maria Victoria and ten companions made their solemn vows in the late summer of 1605.1617 Mary Victoria Fornari  a vision of Mary established "Le Turchine", i.e. the "Turquoise Annunziate", or "Blue Nuns"  sky-blue scapulars and cloaks.  (1562-1617).  Mary Victoria Fornari was a native of Genoa Italy.  When seventeen she desired to enter the convent, but out of respect for her father's wishes she married Angelo Strata.
It was a happy marriage.  Angelo encouraged his wife in her charitable works and defended her against those who said she should take more part in social events.  Mary Victoria bore him six children, four boys and two girls.  Unfortunately, Signor Strata died after only nine years of married life.
His death was traumatic to Victoria.  She worried that she could not raise so large a family alone.  When a local nobleman asked her to marry him, she thought at first that it might be wise to accept, for the sake of her own boys and girls.  But then she had a vision of Mary (which she wrote up at the request of her confessor) in which Our Lady told her, “My child Victoria, be brave and confident, for it is my wish to take both the mother and the children under my protection.  I will care for your household.  Live quietly and without worrying.  All I ask is that you trust yourself to me and henceforth devote yourself to the love of God above all things.
Mary's words settled Victoria's mind completely.  She took a vow of chastity, and lived in retirement, giving all her time to prayer, the care of her family, and the needs of the poor.
When eventually her children were raised (five of the six entered religious orders), Signora Strata revealed to the archbishop of Genoa a proposal that she had long been considering.  It was to found a strict new religious order of contemplative nuns.  Dedicated to Mary's Annunciation, the sisters would imitate her hidden life at Nazareth, devoting themselves to prayer and making vestments and altar linens for poor churches.  Each member would add the names Maria Annunziata to her baptismal name.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  October 14 2016

  222 St. Calixtus (Callistus) Pope; a slave with power behind the Church, mercy, equality embrace sinners.     At Rome, on the Aurelian Way, the birthday of blessed Callistus I, pope and martyr.  By order of Emperor Alexander, he was kept in prison for a long time without food, and was daily scourged with rods.  He was finally hurled from a window of the house in which he had been shut up, and was cast into a well, and thus merited the triumph of victory.

Pope Paul I. and his successors, seeing the cemeteries without walls, and neglected after the devastations of the barbarians, withdrew from thence the bodies of the most illustrious martyrs, and had them carried to the principal churches of the city. Those of SS. Callistus and Calepodius were translated to the church of St. Mary, beyond the Tiber. Count Everard, lord of Cisoin or Chisoing, four leagues from Tournay, obtained of Leo IV., about the year 854, the body of St. Callistus, pope and martyr, which he placed in the abbey of Canon Regulars which he had founded at Cisoin fourteen years before; the church of which place was on this account dedicated in honor of St. Callistus.
These circumstances are mentioned by Fulco, archbishop of Rheims, in a letter which he wrote to pope Formosus in 890. The relics were removed soon after to Rheims for fear of the Normans, and never restored to the abbey of Cisoin. They remain behind the altar of our Lady at Rheims. Some of the relics, however, of this pope are kept with those of St. Calepodius martyr, in the church of St. Mary Trastevere at Rome.
A portion was formerly possessed at Glastenbury.
Among the sacred edifices which, upon the first transient glimpse of favor, or at least tranquillity that the church enjoyed at Rome, this holy pope erected, the most celebrated was the cemetery which he enlarged and adorned on the Appian road, the entrance of which is at St. Sebastian's, a monastery founded by Nicholas I., now inhabited by reformed Cistercian monks.
In it the bodies of SS. Peter and Paul lay for some time, according to Anastasius, who says that the devout lady Lucina buried St. Cornelius in her own farm near this place; whence it for some time took her name, though she is not to be confounded with Lucina who buried St. Paul's body on the Ostian way, and built a famous cemetery on the Aurelian way.
Among many thousand martyrs deposited in this place were St. Sebastian, whom the lady Lucina interred, St. Cecily, and several whose tombs pope Damasus adorned with verses.
In the assured faith of the resurrection of the flesh, the saints, in all ages down from Adam, were careful to treat their dead with religious respect, and to give them a modest and decent burial. The commendations which our Lord bestowed on the woman who poured precious ointments upon him a little before his death, and the devotion of those pious persons who took so much care of our Lord's funeral, recommended this office of charity; and the practice of the primitive Christians in this respect was most remarkable.
Julian the Apostate, writing to a chief priest of the idolaters, desires him to observe three things, by which he thought Atheism (so he called Christianity) had gained most upon the world, namely, "Their kindness and charity to strangers, their care for the burial of their dead, and the gravity of their carriage."
Their care of their dead consisted not in any extravagant pomp, in which the pagans far outdid them, but in a modest religious gravity and respect which was most pathetically expressive of their firm hope of a future resurrection, in which they regarded the mortal remains of their dead precious in the eyes of God, who watches over them, regarding them as the apple of his eye, to be raised one day in the brightest glory, and made shining lusters in the heavenly Jerusalem.

  754 St. Burkard or Buchard,  Bishop, Benedictine.  In 749 he was appointed by Pepin the Short to go with St Fulrad, Abbot of Saint Denis, to lay before Pope St Zachary the question of the succession to the throne of the Franks, and brought back a reply favourable to the ambitions of Pepin.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  October 13 2016

  909 St. Gerald of Aurillac Confessor gave much time to meditation, study, and prayer piety generosity to the poor a layman who devoted himself to his neighbors and dependents founded the monastery at Aurillac. Saint Odo of Cluny wrote a Life of Saint Gerald that made him celebrated in medieval France. A later member of Saint Gerald of Aurillac's family was Saint Robert of Chaise-Dieu (d. 1087; canonized c. 1095) who founded the great abbey of that name in Auvergne (Attwater, Encyclopedia, Sitwell, White).

1066 St. Edward the Confessor built St. Peter's Abbey at Westminster; son of King Ethelred III     St. Edward, king of England and confessor, who died on the 5th day of January.  He is specially honoured on this day because of the translation of his body. Son of King Ethelred III and his Norman wife, Emma, daughter of Duke Richard I of Normandy; born at Islip, England, and sent to Normandy with his mother in the year 1013 when Danes under Sweyn and his son Canute invaded England.    Canute remained in England and the year after Ethelred's death in 1016, married Emma, who had returned to England, and became King of England.
EDWARD(US) REX. Edward the Confessor enthroned , opening scene of the Bayeux Tapestry King of England; He died in London on January 5, and he was canonized in 1161 by Pope Alexander III.
   St Edward during exile in Normandy had made a vow to go on pilgrimage to St Peter’s tomb at Rome if God should be pleased to put an end to the misfortunes of his family. When he was settled on the throne he held a council, in which he declared the obligation he lay under. The assembly commended his devotion, but represented that the kingdom would be left exposed to domestic divisions and to foreign enemies. The king was moved by their reasons, and consented that the matter should be referred to Pope St Leo IX.
He, considering the impossibility of the king’s leaving his dominions, dispensed his vow upon condition that by way of commutation he should give to the poor the sum he would have expended in his journey and should build or repair and endow a monastery in honour of St Peter. King Edward selected for his benefaction an abbey already existing close to London, in a spot called Thorney. He rebuilt and endowed it in a magnificent manner out of his own patrimony, and obtained of Pope Nicholas II ample exemptions and privileges for it. From its situation it had come to be called West Minster in distinction from the church of St Paul in the east of the city. The new monastery was designed to house seventy monks, and, though the abbey was finally dissolved and its church made collegiate and a “royal peculiar” by Queen Elizabeth, the ancient community is now juridically represented by the monks of St Laurence’s Abbey at Ampleforth. The present church called Westminster Abbey, on the site of St Edward’s building, was built in the thirteenth century and later.
   Some years afterwards two English pilgrims, having lost their way as they were travelling in the Holy Land, “were succoured and put in the right way by an old man, who at parting told them he was John the Evangelist, adding, as the legend proceeds, “Say ye unto Edwarde your Kying that I grete hym well by the token that he gaaf to me this Ryng wyth his own handes at the halowyng of my Chirche, whych Rynge ye shall deliver to hym agayn: and say ye to hym, that he dyspose his goodes, for wythin six monethes he shall be in the joye of Heven wyth me, where he shall have his rewarde for his chastitie and his good lyvinge. At their return home, the two pilgrims waited upon the king, who was then at this Bower, and delivered to him the message and the ring; from which circumstance this place is said to have received the name of Have-Ring. Havering is really Haefer’s people”.
In 1161 he was canonized, and two years later his incorrupt body was translated to a shrine in the choir by St Thomas Becket, on October 13, the day now fixed for his feast; the day of his death, January 5, is also mentioned in the Roman Martyrology. There was a further translation, in the thirteenth century, to a shrine behind the high altar, and there the body of the Confessor still lies, the only relics of a saint (except those of the unidentified St With at Whitchurch Canonicorum in Dorsetshire) remaining in situ after the violence and impiety of Henry VIII and those who followed him.

1191 St. Maurice of Carnoët Sistercian abbot and reformer;  St Maurice has always had a cultus in his order and in the dioceses of Quimper, Vannes and Saint-Brieuc, and Pope Clement XI permitted the Cistercians to observe his feast liturgically, as is done in those dioceses.

1503 Bd Magdalen Panattieri, Virgin; she seems to have been spared all external contradiction and persecution, soon becoming a force in her town of Trino. Her care for the poor and young children (in whose favour she seems several times to have acted miraculously) paved the way for her work for the conversion of sinners; she prayed and suffered for them and supplemented her austerities with exhortation and reprimands, especially against the sin of usury; She seems to have foreseen the calamities that overtook northern Italy during the invasions of the sixteenth century and made several covert references to them; it was afterwards noticed and attributed to her prayers that, when all around was rapine and desolation, Trino was for no obvious reason spared;  When she knew that she was dying she sent for all her tertiary sisters, and many others pressed into her room. She made her last loving exhortation to them, promising to intercede for them all in eternity, adding, “I could not be happy in Heaven if you were not there too”. Then she peacefully made an end, while the bystanders were singing the thirtieth psalm. From before the day of her death, October 13, 1503, the grateful people of Trino had venerated Bd Magdalen Panattieri as a saint, a cultus that was confirmed by Pope Leo XII.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  October 12 2016
284 St. Maximilian of Lorch Martyred bishop of Lorch Pope Sixtus II sent him to Lorch, near Passau, where he served two decades as a missionary bishop.

304 St. Pantalus first bishop of Basel;  The scull is preserved today in the historical museum in Basel. Pantalus' stature as a saint predates the practice of canonization by a Pope.

 484 St. Felix and Cyprian Martyred bishops of Africa -- THE DECIAN PERSECUTION
The prosperity of the Church during a peace of thirty-eight years had produced great disorders. Many even of the bishops were given up to worldliness and gain, and we hear of worse scandals. In October, 249, Decius became emperor with the ambition of restoring the ancient virtue of Rome. In January, 250, he published an edict against Christians. Bishops were to be put to death, other persons to be punished and tortured till they recanted. On 20 January Pope Fabian was martyred, and about the same time St. Cyprian retired to a safe place of hiding. His enemies continually reproached him with this. But to remain at Carthage was to court death, to cause greater danger to others, and to leave the Church without government; for to elect a new bishop would have been as impossible as it was at Rome.

Saint Eustace The Vision of about 1438-42  or see below;  As with many early saints, there is little evidence for Eustace's existence; elements of his story have been attributed to other saints (notably the French Saint Hubert). His feast day in the Roman Catholic Church was September 20, but this date has not been officially observed since Pope Paul VI removed many of the less well documented saints from the calendar in 1969. He is one of the patron saints of Madrid, Spain.

 633 St. Edwin a martyr king of Northumbria    St Edwin was certainly venerated in England as a martyr, but though his claims to sanctity are less doubtful than those of some other royal saints, English and other, he has had no liturgical cultus so far as is known. His relics were held in veneration; Speed says that churches were dedicated in his honour in London and at Brean in Somerset; and Pope Gregory XIII permitted him to be represented among the English martyrs on the walls of the chapel of the Venerabile at Rome.

 709 St. Wilfrid abbot of Ripon in 658 founded many monasteries of the Benedictine Order;   At Rome he put himself under Boniface the archdeacon, a pious and learned man; he was secretary to Pope St Martin, and took much delight in instructing young Wilfrid. After this, Wilfrid returned to Lyons. He stayed three years there and received the tonsure after the Roman manner, thus adopting an outward and visible sign of his dissent from Celtic customs. St Annemund desired to make him his heir, but his own life was suddenly cut short by murder, and Wilfrid himself was spared only because he was a foreigner. He returned to England, where King Alcfrid of Deira, hearing that Wilfrid had been instructed in the discipline of the Roman church, asked him to instruct him and his people accordingly. Alcfrid had recently founded a monastery at Ripon and peopled it with monks from Melrose, among whom was St Cuthbert. These the king required to abandon their Celtic usages, whereupon the abbot Eata, Cuthbert and others, elected to return to Melrose. So St Wilfrid was made abbot of Ripon, where he introduced the Rule of St Benedict, and shortly after he was ordained priest by St Agilbert, the Frankish bishop of the West Saxons.

1604 St. Seraphin of Montegranaro Capuchin Franciscan ordinary work; At Ascoli in Piceno, St. Seraphinus, confessor, of the Order of Friars Minor Capuchin, distinguished by his humility and holiness of life.  He was enrolled among the saints by the Sovereign Pontiff Clement XIII.

1622 Bl. Camillus Constanzi Jesuit martyr of Japan Originally from Italy;  Blessed Camillus Costanzi, SJ (AC) Born in Italy, 1572; died at Firando, Japan, September 15, 1622; beatified in 1867.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  October 11 2016
The Motherhood of Our Lady
Pope Pius XI enjoined the celebration on this day throughout the Western church of a feast in honour of the Motherhood of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Mother of God, in the encyclical “Lux veritatis”, published on December 25, 1931, in view of the fifteenth centenary of the Council of Ephesus.

1379 St. John of Bridlington; Augustinian prior;  Born at Thwing, Yorkshire, England, in 1319; died October 10, 1379; canonized by Pope Boniface IX in 1401 or 1403. At the age of 19, while still a student at Oxford, John joined the community of Augustinian canons at Bridlington near his hometown. He filled various offices until he was elected its prior and held that position for 17 years--until his death. Saint John is the patron of women in difficult labor (Benedictines, Delaney).

1592 St. Alexander Sauli The Apostle of Corsica; bishop; miracles of prophecy healing calming of storms; during his life and death; spiritual advisor to St. Charles Borromeo to Cardinal Sfondrato -- Pope Gregory XIV The order the congregation of Clerks Regular of Saint Paul became known as the Barnabites.   At Calozzo, in the diocese of Asti, formerly that of Pavia, St. Alexander Sauli, bishop and confessor of the Clerics Regular of St. Paul.  He was of noble birth and renowned for virtues, learning, and miracles.  Pope Pius X placed him in the canon of the saints.
He came from a prominent family of Lombard, Italy, born in Milan in 1533. At an early age he entered the Barnabite Congregation {Anthony Mary Zaccaria, Priest Born in Cremona, Italy, 1502; died there, July 15, 1539; canonized by Pope Leo XIII in 1897.  Alexander was a noted miracle worker. He was also spiritual advisor to St. Charles Borromeo and to Cardinal Sfondrato, who became Pope Gregory XIV. He was canonized in 1904 by Pope St. Pius X.

1833 St. Peter Tuy Vietnamese martyr native priest he was beheaded by Vietnamese authorities. Peter was canonized in 1988 by Pope John Paul II. 

1867 St Francis Xavier Seelos  mission preaching Miracle worker.  He was considered an expert confessor, a watchful and prudent spiritual director and a pastor always joyfully available and attentive to the needs of the poor and the abandoned. In 1860, he was a candidate for the office of Bishop of Pittsburgh. Having been excused from this responsibility by Pope Pius IX, from 1863 until 1866 he became a full-time itinerant missionary preacher. He preached in English and German in the states of Connecticut, Illinois, Michigan, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Wisconsin. He was named pastor of the Church of St. Mary of the Assumption in New Orleans, Louisiana, where he died of the yellow fever epidemic caring for the sick and the poor of New Orleans on October 4, 1867, at the age of 48 years and nine months. The enduring renown for his holiness which the Servant of God enjoyed occasioned his Cause for Canonization to be introduced in 1900 with the initiation of the Processo Informativo. On January 27, Your Holiness declared him Venerable, decreeing the heroism of his virtues.

1887 SS Maria- Desolata (Emmanuela) Torres Acosta Handmaids of Mary V (RM).  Born at Madrid, Spain, in 1826; died there in 1887; beatified in 1950; canonized in 1970. Emmanuela, a truly great woman who overcame many obstacles, was the daughter of Francis Torres and Antonia Acosta, who earned their living by running a little business in Madrid. Born into poverty, she tried unsuccessfully to become a Dominican in the convent she frequented. But she did not despair. Instead she waited patiently for God to demonstrate his will for her.
His will became apparent in 1848, and she responded to the call of a Servite tertiary priest, Michael Martinez y Sanz, to found an institute for the care of the neglected sick of his parish in their own homes. In 1851, he gathered together seven women for agreed to devote themselves to service in a religious community. Among them was the 25-year-old Emmanuela, who took the name Maria-Desolata (after Our Lady of Sorrows) together with the religious habit. In 1856, Father Martinez took half the members with him to found a new house in Fernando Po, while leaving Maria-Desolata as superioress in Madrid.

1899 Blessed Angela Truszkowska the Felician Sisters Pope John Paul II beatified her in 1993;  Today we honor a woman who submitted to God's will throughout her life—a life filled with pain and suffering.
Born in 1825 in central Poland and baptized Sophia, she contracted tuberculosis as a young girl. The forced period of convalescence gave her ample time for reflection. Sophia felt called to serve God by working with the poor, including street children and the elderly homeless in Warsaw's slums. In time, her cousin joined her in the work.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  October 10 2016
  644 St. Paulinus bishop of York; Missionary; Eboráci, in Anglia, sancti Paulíni Epíscopi, qui fuit beáti Gregórii Papæ discípulus; et, una cum áliis, ad prædicándum Evangélium illuc ab eo missus, Edwínum Regem ejúsque pópulum ad Christi fidem convértit.
    At York in England, the holy bishop Paulinus, disciple of the blessed pope Gregory.  He was sent there by that pope along with others to preach the Gospel, and he converted King Edwin and his people to the faith of Christ. Born 584. A Roman monk, in 600 he was named by Pope St. Gregory I the Great to accompany Sts. Justus and Mellitus on their mission to England to advance the cause of evangelization undertaken by St. Augustine of Canterbury Paulinus labored for some twenty four years in Kent and, in 625, was ordained bishop of Kent. He was also responsible for bringing Christianity to Northumbria, baptizing the pagan king Edwin of Northumbria on Easter 627, and then converting thousands of other Northumbrians. Following the defeat and death of Edwin by pagan Mercians at the Battle of Hatfield in 633, Paulinus was driven from his see, and he returned to Kent with Edwin’s widow Ethelburga, her two children, and Edwin’s grandson Osfrid. Paulinus then took up the see of Rochester, which he headed until his death. 

1227 Ss. Daniel Samuel, Angelus, Leo, Nicholas, Ugolino, and Domnus, all of whom were priests except Domnus; Franciscan martyrs of Morocco. Neither threats nor bribes could move them, they continued to affirm Christ and to deny Mohammed, so they were ordered put to death. Each one of the martyrs went up to Brother Daniel, knelt for his blessing, and asked permission to give his life for Christ; and they were all beheaded outside the walls of Ceuta. Their bodies were mangled by the infuriated people, but the local Christians managed to rescue and bury them. Later on the relics were carried into Spain, and in 1516 Pope Leo X permitted the Friars Minor to observe the martyrs’ feast liturgically.

1572 St. Francis Borgia humble Jesuit priest  Born at Gandia, Valencia, Spain in 1510; died shortly after midnight on September 30, 1572, in Rome; canonized 1671.
The name of Borgia (Borja) is understandably ill-sounding; however, Saint Francis was outstanding among those who brought honor to it. He was the scion of the family that produced Pope Callistus III (1455-1458) and a great-grandson of the man who became Pope Alexander VI of unhappy memory (who had fathered four children at the time of his elevation).

October 10 - Canonization of Father Kolbe, Saint of Auschwitz (1982)
1941 Saint Maximilian Kolbe Apostle of Consecration to MaryCanonized 10 October 1982 by Pope John Paul II; declared a martyr of charity
Profile Second of three sons born to a poor but pious Catholic family in Russian occupied Poland. His parents, both Franciscan lay tertiaries, worked at home as weavers. His father, Julius, later ran a religious book store, then enlisted in Pilsudski's army, fought for Polish independence from Russia, and was hanged by the Russians as a traitor in 1914. His mother, Marianne Dabrowska, later became a Benedictine nun. His brother Alphonse became a priest.

Raymond was known as a mischievous child, sometimes considered wild, and a trial to his parents. However, in 1906 at Pabianice, at age twelve and around the time of his first Communion, he received a vision of the Virgin Mary that changed his life.
I asked the Mother of God what was to become of me. Then she came to me holding two crowns, one white, the other red. She asked if I was willing to accept either of these crowns. The white one meant that I should persevere in purity, and the red that I should become a martyr. I said that I would accept them both. -Saint Maximilian Kolbe

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  October 09 2016
 258 Sts Denis patron saint of France, Rusticus, and Eleutherius; The Martyrology of Jerome mentions St. Dionysius on October 9, together with Rusticus and Eleutherius, assumed by later writers to be Denis's priest and deacon. The Denis is presumed to be the bishop-martyr of Paris, one of the seven missionary bishops sent from Rome to convert Gaul. He was martyred between 250-258 AD.
Writing in the 6th century, St. Gregory of Tours tells the story of these three martyrs. Born in Italy, Denis was sent with six other bishops to Gaul in 250 as missionaries and became the first bishop of Paris. He was so effective in converting the inhabitants around Paris that he was arrested with his priest, St. Rusticus, and deacon, St. Eleutherius, and imprisoned. The three of them were beheaded on October 9 in Montmartre (Martyrs' Hill) near Paris during Decius's persecution. Their bodies were rescued from the River Seine, and a chapel built over their tomb later became the Benedictine Abbey of Saint-Denis (Delaney).
Roeder claims that the deacon Eleutherius was beheaded in 286 and is shown as a deacon carrying his head. He is invoked against headache, frenzy, and strife. Venerated in Salzburg and Paris (Roeder).
In 1215 Pope Innocent III translated the presumed relics of the Areopagite to the popular Basilica of St. Denis in Paris. This also added additional confusion to the stories of the three saints .

1085 St. Alfanus Benedictine archbishop; a monk at Monte Cassino until appointed archbishop of Salerno; assisted Pope St. Gregory VII on his deathbed.

1609 St. John Leonardi miracles and religious fervor founder;  John Leonardi was born at Diecimo, Italy. He became a pharmacist's assistant at Lucca, studied for the priesthood, and was ordained in 1572. He gathered a group of laymen about him to work in hospitals and prisons, became interested in the reforms proposed by the Council of Trent, and proposed a new congregation of secular priests. Great opposition to his proposal developed, but in 1583, his association (formally designated Clerks Regular of the Mother of God in 1621) was recognized by the bishop of Lucca with the approval of Pope Gregory XIII.   John was aided by St. Philip Neri and St. Joseph Calasanctius, and in 1595, the congregation was confirmed by Pope Clement VIII, who appointed John to reform the monks of Vallombrosa and Monte Vergine. He died in Rome on October 9th of plague contracted while he was ministering to the stricken. He was venerated for his miracles and religious fervor and is considered one of the founders of the College for the Propagation of the Faith. He was canonized in 1938 by Pope Pius XI.

1890 Blessed John Henry Newman; Pope Benedict XVI beatified Newman on September 19, 2010, at Crofton Park (near Birmingham). The pope noted Newman's emphasis on the vital place of revealed religion in civilized society but also praised his pastoral zeal for the sick, the poor, the bereaved and those in prison.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  October 08 2016
  1287  Ambrose Sansedoni of Siena unknown pilgrim said, “Do not cover that child's face. He will one day be the glory of this city. A few days later the child suddenly stretch out his twisted limbs, pronounced the name “Jesus”, and all deformity left him. Mystic with deep contemplative prayer life. Received ecstacies. Visionary. Known to levitate when preaching, and was seen circled in a mystic light in which flew bright birds; Studied in Paris, France, and Cologne, Germany with Saint Thomas Aquinas and Blessed Pope Innocent V under Saint Albert the Great.   Beatified 8 October 1622 by Pope Gregory XV (cultus confirmed)

1609 St. John Leonardi; formed Confraternity of Christian Doctrine; congregation confirmed by Pope Clement in 1595; deliberate policy of the founder, the Clerks Regular of the Mother of God never had more than 15 churches and today form only a very small congregation

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  October 07 2016
Our Lady of the Rosary Pope St. Pius V established this feast in 1573. The purpose was to thank God for the victory of Christians over the Turks at Lepanto—a victory attributed to the praying of the rosary. Clement XI extended the feast to the universal Church in 1716.
336 Pope Mark successor to St. Sylvester I; elected January 18, 336; During pontificate erected two basilicas on land donated by Emperor Constantine I. He died in Rome on October 7 after only eight months. Pope St. Mark; Constantine the Great's letter, which summoned a conference of bishops for the investigation of the Donatist dispute, is directed to Pope Miltiades and one Mark (Eusebius, Church History X.5). This Mark was evidently a member of the Roman clergy, either priest or first deacon, and is perhaps identical with the pope. The date of Mark's election (18 Jan., 336) is given in the Liberian Catalogue of popes (Duchesne, “Liber Pontificalis”, I, 9), and is historically certain; so is the day of his death (7 Oct.), which is specified in the same way in the “Depositio episcoporum” of Philocalus's “Chronography”, the first edition of which appeared also in 336.
1101-1206 St. Artaldus; cultus of St. Artaldus, called simply “Blessed by the Carthusians”, was confirmed for the diocese of Belley in 1134;  like his master St. Bruno, he was consulted by the Pope, and when he was well over eighty, he was called from his monastery to be bishop of Belley, in spite of his vehement and reasonable protest. However, after less than two years of episcopate, his resignation was accepted, and he thankfully returned to Arvieres, where he lived in peace for the rest of his days. During his last years, he was visited by St. Hugh of Lincoln, who had come into France, and who, while he was prior of the charterhouse of Witham, had induced Henry II to become a benefactor of Arvieres.

1470 BD MATTHEW OF MANTUA; OP successful preacher, preparing himself for that ministry by long periods of recollection, and an upholder of strict observance in his order; pirates set free the friar but when he saw that among the other prisoners were a woman and her young daughter, he went back to the pirate captain and offered himself in their place. The ruffian was so astonished at the request that he let all three of them go; Bd Matthew died (after having asked his prior’s permission to do so) twelve years later Pope Sixtus IV allowed his solemn translation and a liturgical commemoration.
Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  October 06 2016
1090 Bl. Adalbero bishop and defender of papal authority of Pope Gregory VII who endured trials for his loyalty. Adalbero was the son of an Austrian count of Lambach and studied in Paris. He was named the bishop of Wurzberg, Germany, but was forced into exile after defending Pope Gregory VII against King Henry IV. He retired to the Benedictine abbey in Lambach, where he remained until his death.

1101 St. Bruno hermit confessor to  Bishop St. Hugh of Grenoble,  began the Carthusian Order  Many eminent scholars in philosophy and divinity did him honour by their proficiency and abilities, and carried his reputation into distant parts; among these, Eudes de Châtillon became afterwards a beatified pope under the name of Urban II.

1791 St. Maria Francesca Gallo Mystic and stigmatic, a Franciscan tertiary; MARY FRANCES OF NAPLES  She was born in Naples became a Franciscan tertiary at the age of sixteen. Maria lived at home where she was abused until she became a priest's housekeeper in 1753. She had visions, bore the wounds of Christ's Passion, and was a known prophetess; among her predictions was the coming of the French Revolution. Maria was canonized in 1867 by Pope Pius IX.

1849 Bl. Marie Rose Durocher founded Sisters of the Holy Names of Jesus and Mary   At Naples in Campania, the death of St. Mary Frances of the Five Wounds of Our Lord Jesus Christ, a nun of the Third Order of St. Francis.  Because of her reputation for virtues and the working of miracles, she was placed among the holy virgins by Pope Pius IX.  Worn out by her many labors, Marie Rose was called to her heavenly reward on October 6, 1849, at the age of thirty-eight. She was declared Blessed by Pope John Paul II on May 23, 1982.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  October 05 2016
1938 Saint Faustina Divine Mercy in my Soul, has become the handbook for devotion to the Divine Mercy  “Neither graces, nor revelations, nor raptures, nor gifts granted to a soul make it perfect, but rather the intimate union of the soul with God. These gifts are merely ornaments of the soul, but constitute neither its essence nor its perfection.
My sanctity and perfection consist in the close union of my will with the will of God” (Diary 1107). Pope John Paul II beatified her in 1993 and canonized her in 2000.

6th v. St. Placid Disciple of St. Benedict at Subiaco and Monte Cassino
Messánæ, in Sicília, natális sanctórum Mártyrum Plácidi Mónachi, e beáti Benedícti Abbátis discípulis, et ejus fratrum Eutychii et Victoríni, ac soróris eórum Fláviæ Vírginis, itémque Donáti, Firmáti Diáconi, Fausti et aliórum trigínta Monachórum, qui omnes a Manúcha piráta, pro Christi fide, necáti sunt.
    At Messina in Sicily, the birthday of the holy martyrs Placidus, a monk who was a disciple of the blessed Abbot Benedict, and of his brothers Eutychius and Victorinus, and the virgin Flavia, their sister; also of Donatus, Firmatus, a deacon, Faustus, and thirty other monks, who were murdered for the faith of Christ by the pirate Manuchas.
It was not till 1588 that the veneration of St Placid spread to the faithful at large. In that year the church of St John at Messina was rebuilt, and during the work a number of skeletons were found. These were hailed as the remains of St Placid and his martyred companions, and Pope Sixtus V approved their veneration as those of martyrs.

550 St. Galla Widowed Roman noblewoman caring for sick and poor; Her church in Rome, near the Piazza Montanara, once held a picture of Our Lady, which according to tradition represents a vision vouchsafed to St. Galla. It is considered miraculous and was carried in recession in times of pestilence, now over high altar Santa Maria in Campitelli.  The letter of St Fulgentius, Bishop of Ruspe, “Concerning the State of Widowhood, is supposed to have been addressed to St Galla; her relics are said to rest in the church of Santa Maria in Portico.  590-604 Pope St. Gregory I ("the Great") wrote about her, and St. Fulgentius of Ruspe delivered a treatise, in her honor.

1009 St. Attilanus Benedictine bishop; Mozarabic saints, St. Attilanus, Bishop of Zamora and St. Iñigo of Calatayud; ranked among the saints by Pope Urban II. When the Moors took Tarazona they were able to hold it for a long time on account of its fortified position near the Moncaya, between the Douro and the Ebro. The names of its Mozarabic bishops have not come down to us, although it is very probable there were such; on the other hand we know of the Mozarabic saints, St. Attilanus, Bishop of Zamora and St. Iñigo of Calatayud.

 1399 Bl. Raymond of Capua second founder of the Dominican Order; made acquaintance of St. Catherine of Siena, serving as spiritual director 1376; became her closest advisor    When in 1378 Gregory XI died, Urban VI succeeded him, the opposition party elected Clement VII, and the Schism of the West began. St Catherine and Bd Raymund had no doubt as to which was the legitimate pope, and Urban sent him to France to preach against Clement and to win over King Charles V.  Catherine was in Rome and had a long farewell talk with this faithful friar who had been active in all her missions for God’s glory and had sometimes sat from dawn till dark hearing the confessions of those whom she had brought to repentance; “We shall never again talk like that, she said on the quayside, and fell on her knees in tears. For the six last and most important years of her life Raymund of Capua was the spiritual guide and right-hand man of Catherine of Siena, and would be remembered for that if he had done and been nothing else of note.
     Their first work in common was to care for the sufferers from the plague by which Siena was then devastated. Father Raymund became a victim and had symptoms of death: Catherine prayed by him for an hour and a half without intermission, and on the morrow he was well. Thenceforward he began to believe’ in her miraculous powers and divine mission, and when the pestilence was stayed he co-operated in her efforts to launch a new crusade to the East, preaching it at Pisa and elsewhere and personally delivering Catherine’s famous letter to that ferocious freebooter from Essex, John Hawkwood. This was interrupted by the revolt of Florence and the Tuscan League against the pope in France, and they turned their efforts to securing peace at home and working for Gregory’s return to Rome.  Bd Raymund of Capua died on October 5, 1399, at Nuremberg, while working for Dominican reform in Germany. Beatified in 1899 20 February, 1878; 20 July, 1903; Pope Leo XIII .

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  October 04 2016
445 St. Petronius  Bishop of Bologna Sent by Byzantine emperor Theodosius to Pope re: Nestorius

1226 St. Francis of Assisi; Founder: Animals, Merchants & indulgences Ecology; The Christmas crèche first popularized  St. Francis of Assisi (1182-1226)  Francis of Assisi was a poor little man who astounded and inspired the Church by taking the gospel literally—not in a narrow fundamentalist sense, but by actually following all that Jesus said and did, joyfully, without limit and without a mite of self-importance. Serious illness brought the young Francis to see the emptiness of his frolicking life as leader of Assisi's youth. Prayer—lengthy and difficult—led him to a self- emptying like that of Christ, climaxed by embracing a leper he met on the road. It symbolized his complete obedience to what he had heard in prayer: “Francis! Everything you have loved and desired in the flesh it is your duty to despise and hate, if you wish to know my will. And when you have begun this, all that now seems sweet and lovely to you will become intolerable and bitter, but all that you used to avoid will turn itself to great sweetness and exceeding joy.”
From the cross in the neglected field-chapel of San Damiano, Christ told him, “Francis, go out and build up my house, for it is nearly falling down.” Francis became the totally poor and humble workman.  He must have suspected a deeper meaning to “build up my house.” But he would have been content to be for the rest of his life the poor “nothing” man actually putting brick on brick in abandoned chapels. He gave up every material thing he had, piling even his clothes before his earthly father (who was demanding restitution for Francis' “gifts” to the poor) so that he would be totally free to say, “Our Father in heaven.”  Francis was a man of action. His simplicity of life extended to ideas and deeds. If there was a simple way, no matter how impossible it seemed, Francis would take it. So when Francis wanted approval for his brotherhood, he went straight to Rome to see Pope Innocent III. You can imagine what the pope thought when this beggar approached him! As a matter of fact he threw Francis out. But when he had a dream that this tiny man in rags held up the tilting Lateran basilica, he quickly called Francis back and gave him permission to preach. In the following year he was in Rome, where he probably met his fellow friar St Dominic, who had been preaching faith and penance in southern France while Francis was still a “young man about town” in Assisi. St Francis also wanted to preach in France, but was dissuaded by Cardinal Ugolino (afterwards Pope Gregory IX); so he sent instead Brother Pacifico and Brother Agnello, who was afterwards to bring the Franciscans to England. The good and prudent Ugolino considerably influenced the development of the brotherhood. The members were so numerous that some organization and systematic control was imperatively necessary. The order was therefore divided into provinces, each in charge of a minister to whom was committed “the care of the souls of the brethren, and should anyone be lost through the minister’s fault and bad example, that minister will have to give an account before our Lord Jesus Christ”. The friars now extended beyond the Alps, missions being sent to Spain, Germany and Hungary.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  October 03 2016
1282 St Thomas Cantelupe, Bishop Of Hereford; in Oxford lectured in canon law; in 1262 chosen chancellor of the university. Thomas was always noted for his charity to poor students; he was also a strict disciplinarian; went to confession every day; buried at Orvieto; soon his relics were conveyed to Hereford, where his shrine in the cathedral became the most frequented in the west of England; Miracles were soon reported (four hundred and twenty-nine are given in the acts of canonization) and the process was begun at the request of King Edward I it was achieved in the year 1320. He is named in the Roman Martyrology on the day of his death, but his feast is kept by the Canons Regular of the Lateran and the dioceses of Birmingham (commemoration only) and Shrewsbury on this October 3, by Cardiff and Salford on the 5th, and Westminster on the 22nd.  Here Thomas was probably ordained, and received from Pope Innocent IV dispensation to hold a plurality of benefices, a permission of which he afterwards freely availed himself.   Miracles were soon reported (four hundred and twenty-nine are given in the acts of canonization) and the process was begun at the request of King Edward I it was achieved in the year 1320. He is named in the Roman Martyrology on the day of his death, but his feast is kept by the Canons Regular of the Lateran and the dioceses of Birmingham (commemoration only) and Shrewsbury on this October 3, by Cardiff and Salford on the 5th, and Westminster on the 22nd.  Some bishops refused to publish the sentence, and St Thomas publicly announced his appeal to Pope Martin IV, whom he set out to see in person. Some of Peckham’s letters to his procurators at Rome are extant, but in spite of their fulminations the pope at Orvieto very kindly received St Thomas. Pending the consideration of his cause he withdrew to Montefiascone, but the fatigues and heat of the journey had been too much for him and he was taken mortally sick. It is related that, seeing his condition, one of his chaplains said to him, “My lord, would you not like to go to confession?” Thomas looked at him, and only replied, “Foolish man”. Twice more he was invited, and each time he made the same reply. The chaplain was not aware that his master went to confession every day.

1645 Saint John Masias Marvelous Dominican Gatekeeper of Lima, Peru truly a "child of God."  saint of simplicity and charity Many miracles saved souls in purgatory  Historians have often criticized the Spaniards who colonized Peru and other parts of Latin America for greed and harshness.  But we must not forget the bright side, the holy side of their colonial efforts.
Thus, Lima itself could boast of two saints early canonized: St. Rose of Lima and Archbishop St. Toribio de Mogrovejo.  More recent popes have added to that calendar two more, saints of simplicity and charity: St. Martin de Porres (canonized in 1962 by Pope John XXIII) and St. John Masias (canonized in 1975 by Pope Paul VI).  Of such is the kingdom of heaven.
--Father Robert F. McNamara

1888 St. Maria Giuseppe Rossello Foundress of the Daughters of Our Lady of Mercy
“The saints must be honored as friends of Christ and children and heirs of God, as John the theologian and evangelist says: ‘But as many as received him, he gave them the power to be made the sons of God....’ Let us carefully observe the manner of life of all the apostles, martyrs, ascetics and just men who announced the coming of the Lord. And let us emulate their faith, charity, hope, zeal, life, patience under suffering, and perseverance unto death, so that we may also share their crowns of glory” Exposition of the Orthodox Faith.  When Pope John Paul II beatified this remarkable religious in Rome on October 25, 1998, he gave a Christian model not only to the Hoosiers (Indianans) but to all Americans who appreciate greatness of character; --Father Robert F. McNamara

St. Maria Giuseppe Rossello Foundress of the Daughters of Our Lady of Mercy
“The saints must be honored as friends of Christ and children and heirs of God, as John the theologian and evangelist says: ‘But as many as received him, he gave them the power to be made the sons of God....’ Let us carefully observe the manner of life of all the apostles, martyrs, ascetics and just men who announced the coming of the Lord. And let us emulate their faith, charity, hope, zeal, life, patience under suffering, and perseverance unto death, so that we may also share their crowns of glory” Exposition of the Orthodox Faith.
  The congregation was devoted to charitable works, hospitals, and educating poor young women. In 1840, Maria Giuseppe, also called Josepha, was made superior. By the time she died on December 7, 1888, she had made sixty-eight foundations. She was canonized in 1949.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  October 02 2016
    Guardian Angels  In Spain it became customary to honour the Guardian Angels not only of persons, but of cities and provinces. An office of this sort was composed for Valencia in 1411. Outside of Spain, Francis of Estaing, Bishop of Rodez, obtained from Pope Leo X a bull in 1518 which approved a special office for an annual commemoration of the Guardian Angels on March 1. In England also there seems to have been much devotion to them. Herbert Losinga, Bishop of Norwich, who died in 1119, speaks eloquently on the subject; and the well-known invocation beginning Angele Dei qui custos es mei is apparently traceable to the verse-writer Reginald of Canterbury, at about the same period. Pope Paul V authorized a special Mass and Office and at the request of Ferdinand II of Austria granted the feast to the whole empire. Pope Clement X extended it to the Western church at large as of obligation in 1670 and fixed it for the present date, being the first free day after the feast of St Michael.

1817 St Theodore,  one of Russia's greatest naval heroes of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries; frequently gave alms to the poor and needy. He never sought earthly glory or riches, but spent his life in serving God and his neighbor; The unvanquished Admiral was the terror of his country's enemies, and the deliverer of those whom the barbarians had taken captive. He served during the Russo-Turkish War (1787 - 1791), and also fought against the French. Although he fought many naval battles in the Black Sea and in the Mediterranean, he never lost a single one, and he was never wounded.
He was born in 1745.  St Theodore was glorified by the Orthodox Church of Russia in 2004, and a reliquary in the shape of a naval vessel was made to enshrine his holy relics.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  October 01 2016
217 Pope Saint Zephyrinus was pope from 199 .
He was a Roman who had ruled as head bishop for close to 20 years, and was elected to the Papacy upon the death of the previous pope, Victor. Zephyrinus was succeeded, upon his death on December 20, 217, by his principal advisor, Callixtus.

286 St. Piaton Martyr, also called Piat sent by the pope (283, to 22 April, 296 Pope Caius), to evangelize Chartres and the Tournai district of Belgium
1350 BD FRANCIS OF PESARO became known and loved far and wide for his goodness and benevolence; number of remarkable occurrences cultus confirmed by Pope Pius IX
1897 Saint Thérèse  of Lisieux; Dr. of the Church Since death she worked innumerable miracles; one of the patron saints of the missions; She was beatified by Pope Pius XI in 1923, and in 1925 the same pope declared Teresa-of-the-Child-Jesus to have been a saint. Her feast was made obligatory for the whole Western church, and in 1927 she was named the heavenly patroness of all foreign missions, with St Francis Xavier, and of all works for Russia. A few months later she was in Rome with her father and a French pilgrimage on the occasion of the sacerdotal jubilee of Pope Leo XIII. At the public audience, when her turn came to kneel for the pope’s blessing, Teresa boldly broke the rule of silence on such occasions and asked him, “In honour of your jubilee, allow me to enter Carmel at fifteen.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  September 30  2016
420 ST JEROME, DOCTOR OF THE CHURCH JEROME (EUSEBIUS HIERONYMUS SOPHRONIUS) Born at Stridon, Hungary;  Upon St Gregory’s leaving Constantinople in 382, St Jerome went to Rome with Paulinus of Antioch and St Epiphanius to attend a council which St Damasus held about the schism at Antioch. When the council was over, Pope Damasus detained him and employed him as his secretary; Jerome, indeed, claimed that he spoke through the mouth of Damasus.

653 ST HONORIUS, ARCHBISHOP OF CANTERBURY;  He was consecrated at Lincoln by St Paulinus, Bishop of York, and received the pallium sent by Pope Honorius I together with a letter, in which his Holiness ordained that whenever either the see of Canter­bury or York should become vacant, the other bishop should ordain the person that should be duty elected, “because of the long distance of sea and land that lies between us and you. And to confirm this delegation of the patriarchal power of consecrating all bishops under him, a pallium was sent also to the bishop of York.

1082 ST SIMON OF CREPY helped reconcile kings and subjects; great negotiator for Pope St Gregory VII;  When Pope St Gregory VII, in view of his conflict with the emperor, determined to come to terms with Robert Guiscard and his Normans in Italy, he sent for St Simon to help him in the negotiations. These were brought to a successful conclusion at Aquino in 1080, and the pope kept Simon by his side.

1872  Quarto Nonas Januárii 1873 Lexóvii, in Gállia, item natális sanctæ Terésiæ a Jesu Infánte, ex Ordine Carmelitárum Excalceatórum; quam, vitæ innocéntia et simplicitáte claríssimam, Pius Undécimus, Póntifex Máximus, sanctárum Vírginum albo adscrípsit, peculiárem ómnium Missiónum Patrónam declarávit, ejúsque festum quinto Nonas Octóbris recoléndum esse decrévit.
    At Lisieux in France, the birthday of St. Theresa of the Child Jesus, of the Order of Discalced Carmelites.  Seeing her to be most wonderful for her innocence of life and simplicity, Pope Pius XI placed her name among the holy virgins and appointed her as special patron before God of all missions, decreeing that her feast should be observed on the 3rd of October.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  September 29  2016
Apart from the veneration of St Michael, the earliest liturgical recognition of the other great archangels seems to be found in the primitive Greek form of the Litany of the Saints. Edmund Bishop was of opinion (Liturgica Historica, pp. 142—151) that this may be traced back to the time of Pope Sergius (687—701). In it St Michael, St Gabriel and St Raphael are invoked in succession just as they are today, the only difference being that they there take precedence, not only of St John the Baptist, but also of the Blessed Virgin herself. See Dictionnaire de la Bible, vol. iv, cc. 1067—1075 DAC., vol. xi, CC. 903—907 DTC., vol. i, cc. 1189—1271; Acta Sanctorum, September, vol. vii; K. A. Kellner, Heortology (1908), pp. 328—333; and on the archangels in art it is sufficient to give a reference to Kunstle, Ikonographie, vol. i, pp. 239—264, though the subject has also been fully treated by A. Didron, van Drival, and others. For the angels in the church fathers, see J. Danie!ou, Les anges et leur, mission (1952).

1364 BD CHARLES OF BLOIS  would always rather been Franciscan friar than prince;  provided for poor /suffering.; Charles, the man who would always rather have been a Franciscan friar than a prince, was killed on the field. Numerous and remarkable miracles were reported at his tomb at Guingamp, and there was a strong movement for his canonization in spite of the opposition of John IV de Montfort, whose cause in Brittany might suffer were his late rival to be canonized. Pope Gregory XI seems in fact to have decreed it, but in the turmoil of his departure from Avignon in 1376 the bull was never drawn up. The people nevertheless continued to venerate Bd Charles, his feast was celebrated in some places, and finally in 1904 this ancient cultus was confirmed by St Pius X.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  September 28  2016
220s St. Privatus, martyr
Romæ sancti Priváti Mártyris, qui, ulcéribus plenus, a beáto Callísto Papa est sanátus; inde, sub Alexándro Imperatóre, ob Christi fidem plumbátis cæsus est usque ad mortem.
St. Privatus, martyr, who was cured of ulcers by blessed Pope Callistus At Rome.  In the time of Emperor Alexander he was scourged to death with leaded whips for the faith of Christ.

404 Saint Eustochium addressee of one of Jerome's most famous letter (Ep. 22)--a lengthy treatise on virginity V (RM)
In Béthlehem Judæ sanctæ Eustóchii Vírginis, quæ cum beáta Paula, matre sua, ex urbe Roma in Palæstínam profécta est; ibíque, ad Præsépe Dómini cum áliis Virgínibus enutríta, præcláris méritis fulgens migrávit ad Dóminum.
    At Bethlehem of Juda, the holy virgin  Eustochium, daughter of blessed Paula, who was brought up at the manger of our Lord with other virgins, and being celebrated for her merits, went to our Lord.

412 St Exsuperius, Bishop Of Toulouse earning the thanks and commendation of St Jerome, who dedicated to him his commentary on Zacharias and wrote of him
“To relieve the hunger of the poor he suffers it himself. The paleness of his face shows the rigour of his fasts, but he is grieved by the hunger of others. He gives his all to the poor of Christ but rich is he who carries the Body of the Lord in an osier-basket and His Blood in a glass vessel. His charity knew no bounds, it sought for objects in the most distant parts, and the solitaries of Egypt felt its beneficial effects.” At home as well as abroad there was ample scope for his benefactions, for in his time Gaul was overrun by the Vandals.
St Exsuperius wrote to Pope St Innocent I for instruction on several matters of discipline and enquiring about the canon of Holy Scripture. In reply the pope sent him a list of the authentic books of the Bible as they were then received at Rome, and that list was the same as today, including the deuterocanonical books. The place and year of the death of Exsuperius are not known, but he seems to have suffered exile before the end. St Paulinus of Nola referred to him as one of the most illustrious bishops of the Church in Gaul, and by the middle of the sixth century he was held in equal honour with St Saturninus in the church of Toulouse.

782 Saint Lioba an Anglo-Saxon nun who was part of Boniface's mission to the Germans; credited with quelling a storm with her command; Several miracles were attributed to her gravesite 782 saint Lioba an Anglo-Saxon nun who was part of Boniface's mission to the Germans; credited with quelling a storm with her command; Several miracles were attributed to her gravesite
Schorneshémii, prope Mogúntiam, sanctæ Líobæ Vírginis, miráculis claræ.
    At Fulda near Mayence, St. Lioba, virgin, renowned for miracles
Also Leoba and Leofgyth born .;   In the year 722 St Boniface was consecrated bishop by Pope St Gregory II and sent to preach the gospel in Saxony, Thuringia and Hesse. He was a native of Crediton, not very far from Wimborne

 929 St. Wenceslaus martyred patron saint of Bohemia patron saint of Bohemia  Miracles  reported at his tomb
Comment:  Good King Wenceslaus was able to incarnate his Christianity in a world filled with political unrest. While we are often victims of violence of a different sort, we can easily identify with his struggle to bring harmony to society. The call to become involved in social change and in political activity is addressed to Christians; the values of the gospel are sorely needed today.
Quote: While recognizing the autonomy of the reality of politics, Christians who are invited to take up political activity should try to make their choices consistent with the gospel and, in the framework of a legitimate plurality, to give both personal and collective witness to the seriousness of their faith by effective and disinterested service of men (Pope Paul VI, A Call to Action, 46).

1102 St. Thiemo Benedictine bishop; martyr at Ascalon (modern Israel); Journeying to Palestine to aid crusading movement, he was captured by Muslims and murdered for refusing to abjure the faith. His office brought him into conflict with the German King Henry IV (r. 1056-1106) during the Investiture Controversy and, as Thiemo sided with Pope St. Gregory VII (r.1073-1085) in the struggle, Henry exiled him.

1102 St. Thiemo Benedictine bishop; martyr at Ascalon (modern Israel); Journeying to Palestine to aid crusading movement, he was captured by Muslims and murdered for refusing to abjure the faith.  

1484 BD JOHN OF DUKLA by preaching and example brought back many to the Church from Ruthenians Hussite and other sects;  He died on September 29, 1484, and the devotion of his people was answered with miracles; in 1739 Pope Clement XII approved his cultus as a principal patron of Poland and Lithuania.

1494 Blessed Bernardine of Feltre; Franciscan priest missionary labors throughout the larger cities of Italy; “Prayer”, he said, “is a better preparation than study: it is both more efficacious and quicker.”; Hitherto Friar Bernardino had done no public preaching, and when in 1469 a chapter at Venice appointed him a preacher he was much troubled. He was nervous, lacked confidence in himself, and seemed physically ill-equipped, for he was very short in stature. This was sufficiently noticeable to earn him the nick­name of Parvulus from Pope Innocent VIII, and he used to sign himself piccolino e poverello.

1457 BD LAURENCE OF RIPAFRATTA “The most persuasive tongue becomes silent in death, but your heavenly pictures will go on speaking of religion and virtue throughout the ages.” “How many souls have been snatched from Hell by his words and example and led from depravity to a high perfection; how many enemies he reconciled and what disagreements he adjusted; to how many scandals did he put an end. I weep also for my own loss, for never again shall I receive those tender letters wherewith he used to stir up my fervour in the duties of this pastoral office.” His tomb was the scene of many miracles, and in 1851 Pope Pius IX confirmed his cultus.

1507 BD FRANCIS OF CALDEROLA  a great missioner, with an unwearying zeal for the reform of sinners.  He was active with Bd Bernardino of Feltre in the establishment of charitable pawnshops. Francis died at the friary of Colfano on September 12, 1507, and the cultus that at once manifested itself was confirmed by Pope Gregory XVI.

1624 BD SIMON DE ROJAS: Rojas exercised strong influence in royal entourage contributed much to high standard of religion and morality;  Several references to the beatification process of this friar occur in the great work of Benedict XIV, De...beatificatione, bk ii. When Bd Simon was beatified there was published in Rome a Compendio della Vita del B. Simone de Roxas (1767). See also P. Deslandres, L’Ordre des Trinitaires (i9o3), vol. i, p. 6s8, etc.

1624 BD SIMON DE ROJAS: Rojas exercised strong influence in royal entourage contributed much to high standard of religion and morality beatified in 1766..
1630 Bl. Peter Kufioji Martyr in Japan native Japanese
; for giving aid and shelter to Augustinian missionaries.
1630 Bl. Michael Kinoshi Martyr of Japan
; for sheltering Catholic missionaries. beatified in 1867.
1630 Bl. Lawrence Shizu Martyr of Japan native Augustinian tertiary; for sheltering priests beatified in 1867.
1630 St. Lawrence Ruiz Martyr in Japan Philipino
; Layman; he told his executioner that he was "ready to die for God
        and give himself for many thousands of lives if he had them!"
canonized in 1987.
1630 St. John Kokumbuko Martyr of Japan Augustinian tertiary
beatified in 1867.
1630 Bl. Thomas Kufioji Japanese martyr

1637 St. Lorenzo Ruiz first Filipino saint & martyred in Japan; He and fifteen companions, martyred in the same persecution, were beatified by Pope John Paul II in Manila on February 18, 1981 and elevated to full honors of the altar by canonization on October 18, 1987 in Rome.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  September 27  2016
1323 St. Elzear; He managed his estate with firmness, prudence, and ability; Elzear and Delphina were regarded as an ideal married couple, known for their holiness and piety.   About the year 1309 St Elzear had assisted as godfather at the baptism of William of Grimoard, his nephew, a sickly child whose health was restored at the prayers of his sponsor. Fifty-three years later this William became pope as Urban V, and in 1369 he signed the decree of canonization of his godfather Elzear, who is named in the Roman Martyrology on this day.
Lutétiæ Parisiórum sancti Elzeárii Cómitis.    At Paris, St. Eleazar, a count.

1392 Saint Sergius of Radonezh named Bartholomew by parents the pious and illustrious nobles Cyril and Maria (September 28); For his angelic manner of life St Sergius was granted an heavenly vision by God. One time by night Abba Sergius was reading the rule of prayer beneath an icon of the Most Holy Theotokos. Having completed the reading of the canon to the Mother of God, he sat down to rest, but suddenly he said to his disciple, St Mikhei (May 6), that there awaited them a wondrous visitation. After a moment the Mother of God appeared accompanied by the holy Apostles Peter and John the Theologian. Due to the extraordinary bright light St Sergius fell down, but the Most Holy Theotokos touched Her hands to him, and in blessing him promised always to be Protectress of his holy monastery.

1660  St. Vincent de Paul, priest and confessor; At Paris, the birthday of
Lutétiæ Parisiórum item natális sancti Vincéntii a Paulo, Presbyteri et Confessóris, Congregatiónis Presbyterórum Missiónis et Puellárum Caritátis Fundatóris, viri apostólici et páuperum patris; quem Leo Décimus tértius, Póntifex Máximus, ómnium Societátum caritátis, in toto cathólico Orbe exsisténtium et ab eódem Sancto quomodólibet promanántium, cæléstium Patrónum apud Deum constítuit.  Ipsíus tamen festívitas quartodécimo Kaléndas Augústi celebrátur.
    At Paris, the birthday of St. Vincent de Paul, priest and confessor, founder of the Congregation of the Mission and of the Sisters of Charity, an apostolic man and father to the poor.  Pope Leo XIII appointed this saint as the heavenly patron before God of all charitable societies in the world which in any way whatever draw their origin from him.  His feast is celebrated on the 19th of July.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  September 26  2016
September 26 - Our Lady of Victory (Tourney, 1340)

Mrs Adjoubei’s Rosary        Bishop Roncalli, the future Pope John XXIII
As he left Bulgaria in 1934, Bishop Roncalli, the future Pope John XXIII, stated,
"If a Slavic, catholic or not, knocks on my door, it will be opened and he will be greeted like a true friend." Later, a Slavic arrived one day at the airport of Fiumicino who asked to see Pope John XXIII. His reply was immediate, "Let him come!"
The meeting was set for March 7th.

After the general audience, the Pope called for Mr. Adjoubei and his wife, Rada, a young woman from Khrushchev. He received them in his library and asked them to be seated.
They spoke about many things including the Saints of Russia and the beauty of Orthodox liturgy.

Then John XXIII picked up a string of rosary beads that was laid on his table.
"Madam, this is for you. My entourage taught me that I should give currencies or stamps to a non-Catholic princess; but I still give you a Rosary because priests, in addition to the biblical prayer of the psalms, also have this popular form of prayer. For me, the Pope, it is like fifteen open windows - fifteen mysteries - through which I contemplate, in the light of the Lord, the events of the world. I say a rosary in the morning, another at the beginning of the afternoon, and another in the evening.
Look, I made a great impression by telling the journalists that in the fifth joyful mystery - "he listened and questioned them" - I was really praying for... I made an impression on those people when I said that, in the third joyful mystery - the Birth of Jesus - I prayed for all the babies who are born in the past twenty-four hours, because, Catholics or not, they will find the wishes of the Pope upon their entry into life.
When I recite the third mystery, I will also remember your children, Madam."

Mrs Adjoubei, who held the Rosary in her hands, answered,
"Thank you, Holy Father, how grateful I am to you! I will tell my children what you said...

" The Pope looked at her smiling, "I know the name of your sons... the third is called Yan, or John like me...
When you are back home, give him a special hug from me... " 
Rosary for the Church, #14 - 1973

 600 St. Amantius Patron saint of Cittá di Castello; At Tiferno in Umbria, St. Amantius, a priest distinguished for the gift of miracles; Italy. Amantius was a parish priest in the city, venerated by Pope St. Gregory I the Great because of his sanctity.

1004 St. Nilus the Younger Abbot Born in Calabria     In the Tuscan plain, the blessed Abbot Nilus, founder of the monastery of Grottaferrata, a man of eminent sanctity.
ST NILUS OF ROSSANO, ABBOT (A.D. 1004); When in the year 998 the Emperor Otto III came to Rome to expel Philagathos, Bishop of Piacenza, whom the senator Crescentius had set up as antipope against Gregory V, St Nilus went to intercede with the pope and emperor that the antipope might be treated with mildness. Philagathos (John XVI) was a Calabrian like himself, and Nilus had tried in vain to dissuade him from his schism and treason. The abbot was listened to with respect, but he was not able to do much to modify the atrocious cruelty with which the aged antipope was treated.  When a prelate was sent to make an explanation to Nilus, who had protested vigorously against the injuries done to the helpless Philagathos, he pretended to fall asleep in order to avoid an argument about it. Some time after Otto paid a visit to the laura of St Nilus; he was surprised to see his monastery consisting of poor scattered huts, and said, These men who live in tents as strangers on earth are truly citizens of Heaven. Nilus conducted the emperor first to the church, and after praying there entertained him in his cell. Otto pressed the saint to accept some spot of ground in his dominions, promising to endow it. Nilus thanked him and answered, If my brethren arc truly monks our divine Master will not forsake them when I am gone.
     In taking leave the emperor vainly asked him to accept some gift: St Nilus, laying
his hand upon Otto's breast, said, The only thing I ask of you is that you would save your soul. Though emperor, you must die and give an account to God, like other men.

1159 St. John of Meda abbot Rule of St. Benedict to Milan; A secular priest from Como, Italy, John joined the Humiliati, a penitential institute of laymen; A secular priest from Como, Italy, John joined the Humiliati, a penitential institute of laymen who brought the Rule of St. Benedict to the Humiliati in Milan, Italy.
A secular priest from Como, Italy, John joined the Humiliati, a penitential institute of laymen. He introduced the Little Office of Our Lady and the rule of St. Benedict. Pope Alexander III canonized him

13th v. BD LUCY OF CALTAGIRONE, VIRGIN; 13th v. BD LUCY OF CALTAGIRONE, VIRGIN special devotion to the Five Wounds; and miracles were attributed to her both before and after her death
CALTAGIRONE, a town in Sicily well-known in later times as the home of Don Luigi Sturzo, was the birthplace of this beata, but she seems to have spent her life in a convent of Franciscan regular tertiaries at Salerno. Very little is known about her. She became mistress of novices, and instilled into her charges her own, the date of which is not known. Bd Lucy's cultus seems to have been approved by Popes Callistus III and Leo X.

1649 St. Noel Chabanel Jesuit missionary to Hurons in Canada;  Jogues remained a slave among the Mohawks, one of the Iroquois tribes, who, however, had decided to kill him. He owed his escape to the Dutch, who, ever since they had heard of the sufferings he and his friends were enduring, had been trying to obtain his release. Through the efforts of the governor of Fort Orange and of the governor of New Netherlands he was taken on board a vessel and, by way of England, got back to France, where his arrival roused the keenest interest. With mutilated fingers he was debarred from celebrating Mass, but Pope Urban VII granted him special permission to do so, saying, It would be unjust that a martyr for Christ should not drink the blood of Christ.

1885 St. Theresa Coudere Foundress Our Lady of Retreat  Society of Our lady of the Cenacle at La Louvesc, France. She was born on February 1, at Masle, France. Joining Father J. Terme in his parish work in Aps, she founded the Daughters of St. Regis, the original group that became the Society. She served as superior until 1838 and then resumed the role of a simple member of the com­munity until her death on September 26. Murió el 26 de septiembre de 1885.
By the time of her death, her congregation spread rapidly. Pope Paul VI canonized her in 1970.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  September 25  2016
2nd v. St. Herculafilis Martyred Roman soldier
Eódem die, via Cláudia, sancti Herculáni, mílitis et Mártyris; qui, sub Antoníno Imperatóre, miráculis in passióne beáti Alexándri Epíscopi ad Christum convérsus, atque ob fídei confessiónem, post multa torménta, gládio cæsus est.
    At Rome, on the Claudian Way, under Emperor Antoninus, St. Herculanus, soldier and martyr, who was converted to Christ by the miracle wrought during the martyrdom of the blessed bishop Alexander.  After enduring many torments he was put to the sword.
Martyred Roman soldier reportedly converted by Pope St. Alexander I

633 St. Finbar Bishop founded monastery developed into city of Cork Many extravagant miracles
FINBAR, or Bairre, founder of the city and see of Cork, is said to have been the natural son of a royal lady and of a master smith. He was baptized Lochan, but the monks who educated him at Kilmacahill in Kilkenny changed his name to Fionnbharr, Whitehead, because of his fair hair. Legends say that he went to Rome on pilgrimage with one of his preceptors, and on his way back passed through Wales and visited St David in Pembrokeshire. As he had no means of getting to Ireland, David lent him a horse for the crossing, and in the channel he sighted and signalled St Brendan the Navigator, voyaging eastward. St Finbar is fabled to have gone again to Rome, in company with St David and others, when Pope St Gregory would have made him a bishop but was deterred hy a vision in which he learned that Heaven had reserved this prerogative for itself.

7th v. St. Fymbert Bishop of western Scotland; He was ordained by Pope St. Gregory the Great.

716 St. CEOLFRID, ABBOT OF WEARMOUTH Ceolfrid Benedictine abbot St. Paul Monastery produced oldest Vulgate Bible at Wearmouth-Jarrow, England;  St Bede, who had the happiness to live under this great man, has left authentic testimonies of his learning, abilities and sanctity. He was a great lover of sacred literature, and enriched the libraries of his two monasteries with a large number of books. To how high a pitch he carried the sacred sciences in his monasteries St Bede himself is the foremost example. He says of St Ceolfrid that:
“Whatever good works his predecessor had begun he with no less energy took pains to finish.
It is now established beyond doubt that Codex Amiatinus was written (not necessarily by an Englishman) in the abbey of Wearmouth or Jarrow at the beginning of the eighth century and is the very book which St Ceolfrid carried with him to give to Pope St Gregory II.

1215 St. Albert of Jerusalem Patriarch of Jerusalem and the Carmelite Order   When therefore the Patriarch Michael died in the year 1203 the canons regular of the Holy Sepulchre, supported by King Amaury II de Lusignan, petitioned Pope Innocent III to send to succeed him a prelate whose holiness and abilities were well known even in Palestine. This was Albert, Bishop of Vercelli. He belonged to a distinguished family of Parma, and after brilliant theological and legal studies had become a canon regular in the abbey of the Holy Cross at Mortara in Lombardy. When he was about thirty-five years old, namely in 1184, he was made bishop of Bobbio and almost at once translated to Vercelli. His diplomatic ability and trustworthiness caused him to be chosen as a mediator between Pope Clement Ill and Frederick Barbarossa. By Innocent III he was made legate in the north of Italy, and in that capacity he brought about peace between Parma and Piacenza in 1199. Innocent did not want to spare him for Jerusalem, but approved the choice of the canons; he invested him with the pallium and created him his legate in Palestine, and in 1205 St Albert set out.

1523-1534 Clement VII (GIULIO DE’ MEDICI). Cardinal, Pope 1523-1534. Born 1478; died 25 September, 1534. Giulio de' Medici was born a few months after the death of his father, Giuliano, who was slain at Florence in the disturbances which followed the Pazzi conspiracy. Although his parents had not been properly married, they had, it was alleged, been betrothed per sponsalia de presenti, and Giulio, in virtue of a well-known principle of canon law, was subsequently declared legitimate. The youth was educated by his uncle, Lorenzo the Magnificent. He was made a Knight of Rhodes and Grand Prior of Capua, and, upon the election of his cousin Giovanni de' Medici to the papacy as Leo X, he at once became a person of great consequence. On 28 September, 1513, he was made cardinal, and he had the credit of being the prime mover of the papal policy during the whole of Leo's pontificate. He was one of the most favoured candidates in the protracted conclave which resulted in the election of Adrian VI; neither did the Cardinal de' Medici, in spite of his close connection with the luxurious regime of Leo X, altogether lose influence under his austere successor. Giulio, in the words of a modern historian, was "learned, clever, respectable and industrious, though he had little enterprise and less decision" (Armstrong, Charles V, I, 166).

1569 Bl. Mark Criado Trinitarian martyr
He was born in Andujar, Spain, in 1522, and joined the Trinitarians in 1536 . Mark was martyred by the Moors in Almeria. Mark joined the Order of the Holy Trinity and was later assigned to the apostolate of preaching.  He set out for the provinces of Almeria and Granada, where he zealously proclaimed the Gospel to the Moors as well as to the Christians.  Captured by the Moors, he died a martyr near the town of La Peza in 1569.  Mark Criado was beatified by Pope Leo XIII on 24 July 1899

1622 Bl. Mancius Shisisoiemon Martyr native Japan His beatification was declared in 1867.
1622 Bl. Augustine Ota native martyr of Japan His beatification was declared in 1867.

1824 St. Vincent Strambi Passionist after attending a retreat given by St. Paul of the Cross;  became a professor of theology, was made provincial in 1781, and in 1801, was appointed bishop of Macera and Tolentino. He was expelled from his See when he refused to take an oath of alliance to Napoleon in 1808,
Later there was an outbreak of typhus and a dearth of provisions which bordered on famine, but in all these emergencies the bishop set an heroic example. In the fierce resentment excited by some of his reforms his life is said to have been more than once attempted. On the death of Pope Pius VII he resigned his see, and at the instance of Leo XII, who was Strambi's devoted friend, he took up his quarters at the Quirinal, where he acted as the pope's confidential adviser. During all these vicissitudes he had never relaxed anything of the austerity of his private life; but his strength was now exhausted, and, as Bd Anna Maria Taigi, his penitent, had prophesied, he received holy communion for the last time on December 31, and passed away on his seventy-ninth birthday, on January 1, 1824. St Vincent Strambi was canonized in 1950

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  September 24  2016
  JOHN PAUL I  ANGELUS Sunday, 24 September 1978
Yesterday afternoon I went to St. John Lateran. Thanks to the Romans, to the kindness of the Mayor and some authorities of the Italian Government, it was a joyful moment for me.

On the contrary, it was not joyful but painful to learn from the newspapers a few days ago that a Roman student had been killed for a trivial reason, in cold blood. It is one of the many cases of violence which are continually afflicting this poor and restless society of ours.

The case of Luca Locci, a seven-year-old boy kidnapped three months ago, has come up again in the last few days. People sometimes say: "we are in a society that is all rotten, all dishonest." That is not true. There are still so many good people, so many honest people. Rather, what can be done to improve society? I would say: let each of us try to be good and to infect others with a goodness imbued with the meekness and love taught by Christ. Christ's golden rule was: "do not do to others what you do not want done to yourself. Do to others what you want done to yourself." 'And he always gave. Put on the cross, not only did he forgive those who crucified him, but he excused them. He said: "Father, forgive them for they know not what they do." This is Christianity, these are sentiments which, if put into practice would help society so much.

This year is the thirtieth anniversary of the death of Georges Bernanos, a great Catholic writer. One of his best-known works is "Dialogues of the Carmelites". It was published year after his death. He had prepared it working on a story of the German authoress, Gertrud von Le Fort. He had prepared it for the theatre.

It went on the stage. It was set to music and then shown on the screens of the whole world. It became extremely well known. The fact, however, was a historical one.
   Pius X, in 1906, right here in Rome, had beatified the sixteen Carmelites of Compiègne, martyrs during the French revolution. During the trial they were condemned "to death for fanaticism". And one of them asked in her simplicity:

 "Your Honour, what does fanaticism mean?" And the judge: "It is your foolish membership of religion." "Oh, Sisters, she then said, did you hear, we are condemned for our attachment to faith. What happiness to die for Jesus Christ!"

They were brought out of the prison of the Conciergerie, and made to climb into the fatal cart. On the way they sang hymns; when they reached the guillotine, one after the other knelt before the Prioress and renewed the vow of obedience. Then they struck up "Veni Creator"; the song, however, became weaker and weaker, as the heads of the poor Sisters fell, one by one, under the guillotine. The Prioress, Sister Theresa of St Augustine, was the last, and her last words were the following: "Love will always be victorious, love can do everything." That was the right word, not violence, but love, can do everything. Let us ask the Lord for the grace that a new wave of love for our neighbour may sweep over this poor world. © Copyright 1978 - Libreria Editrice Vaticana

Feast of Our Lady of Ransom
Festum beátæ Maríæ Vírginis de Mercéde nuncupátæ, Ordinis redemptiónis captivórum sub ejus nómine Institutrícis, de cujus Apparitióne ágitur quarto Idus Augústi.
    The feast of our Lady of Ransom, Foundress of the Order for the Redemption of Captives.  The apparition of the same Blessed Virgin occurred on the 10th of August.
24 September, a double major, commemorates the foundation of the Mercedarians.

1721 ST PACIFICO OF SAN SEVERINO At Mass he was often rapt in ecstasy; gift of prophecy ability to read the consciences of his penitents Miracles took place at his tomb, as they had done in his lifetime; "Moreover, I advise and admonish the friars that in their preaching, their words should be examined and chaste. They should aim only at the advantage and spiritual good of their listeners, telling them briefly about vice and virtue, punishment and glory, because our Lord himself kept his words short on earth" (St. Francis, Rule of 1223, Ch. 9). Septémpedæ, in Picéno, deposítio sancti Pacífici, Sacerdótis ex Ordine Minórum et Confessóris, exímiæ patiéntiæ viri et solitúdinis amóre præclári, quem Gregórius Papa Décimus sextus in Sanctórum cánonem rétulit.
    At San Severino in Piceno, the death of St. Pacificus, priest and confessor of the Order of Friars Minor of St. Francis of the Reformed Observance.  Illustrious for his great patience and his love of solitude, he was enrolled in the canon of the saints by Pope Gregory XVI.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  September 23  2016
67 Saint Linus a native of Tuscany succeeded St. Peter as Pope; Romæ sancti Lini, Papæ et Mártyris, qui, primus post beátum Petrum Apóstolum, Romanum Ecclésiam gubernávit, et, martyrio coronátus, sepúltus est in Vaticano, prope eundem Apóstolum.  At Rome, St. Linus, pope and martyr, who governed the Roman Church next after the blessed apostle Peter.  He was crowned with martyrdom and was buried on the Vatican Hill beside the same apostle.  IT is now not disputed that St Linus was the first successor of St Peter in the see of Rome, but practically nothing is known about him. St Irenaeus, writing about the year 189, identifies him with the Linus mentioned by St Paul in his second letter to Timothy (iv zi), and implies that he was appointed bishop before the death of Peter. St Linus is named among the martyrs in the canon of the Mass and his feast as a martyr is kept throughout the Western church today, but his martyrdom is very doubtful as no persecution is recorded in his time moreover, Irenaeus names only St Telesphorus as a martyr among the earliest popes after Peter.

1520 Bd Helen Of Bologna, Widow;   BD HELEN DUGLIOLI has been selected by popular acclamation from among the unknown numbers of those who have served God heroically "in the world" to be exalted at the altars of the Church.  She was born at Bologna, and when she was about seventeen years old married Benedict dali' Oglie.  Husband and wife lived together for thirty years in amity and happiness, supporting and encouraging one another in the life of Christians, and when Benedict died, Helen shortly after followed him to the grave.  The common people, who have an almost unerring instinct for detecting true holiness, knew she was a saint, and the continual cultus they had given her was confirmed in 1828.
  The most important part of the notice devoted to her by the Bollandists consists of an extract from the De Servorum Dei beatificatione of Prosper Lambertini (afterwards Pope Benedict XIV), written when he was archbishop of Bologna.  In this he quotes the tributes paid to Bd Helen at Bologna as an almost typical case of a spontaneous and immemorial cultus, and refers to sundry local publications which bore witness to the devotion of the citizens.  Among other evidence cited by the Bollandists it is curious to find a passage from the Ragionamenti of Pietro Aretino, of all people, a contemporary of the beata, who refers satirically to the crowds of candles, pictures and ex votos deposited " alla sapoltura di santa Beata Lena dalI' Olio a Bologna."
  See the Acta Sanctorum, September, vol. vi .

1968 St. Padre Pio da Pietrelcina  b.1887; Born Francesco Forgione, Padre Pio grew up in a family of farmers in southern Italy. Twice (1898-1903 and 1910-17) his father worked in Jamaica, New York, to provide the family income.
September 23, 2005

In one of the largest such ceremonies in history, Pope John Paul II canonized Padre Pio of Pietrelcina on June 16, 2002. It was the 45th canonization ceremony in Pope John Paul's pontificate. More than 300,000 people braved blistering heat as they filled St. Peter's Square and nearby streets. They heard the Holy Father praise the new saint for his prayer and charity. "This is the most concrete synthesis of Padre Pio's teaching," said the pope. He also stressed Padre Pio's witness to the power of suffering. If accepted with love, the Holy Father stressed, such suffering can lead to "a privileged path of sanctity."

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  September 22  2016
 530 ST FELIX III (IV), POPE revered in his day as a man of great simplicity, humility and kindness to the poor.  Having been given two ancient buildings in the Roman Forum, Felix built on their site the basilica of SS. Cosmas and Damian the mosaics to be seen today in the apse and on the trium­phal arch of that church are those made at his direction

1637 St. Lawrence Ruiz and Companions; Lorenzo: "That I will never do, because I am a Christian, and I shall die for God, and for him I will give many thousands of lives if I had them. And so, do with me as you please."   Pope John Paul II canonized these six and 10 others, Asians and Europeans, men and women, who spread the faith in the Philippines, Formosa and Japan. Lorenzo Ruiz is the first canonized Filipino martyr.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  September 21  2016
The martyrdom of St. Alexander, bishop.   His body was afterwards carried into the city by blessed Pope Damasus on the 26th of November.

13th v. In July of 1274, the Byzantine Emperor Michael VIII accepted a union with the Roman Church at Lyons, France. Faced with dangers from Charles of An cojou, the Ottoman Turks, and other enemies, the emperor found such an alliance with Rome expedient. The Union of Lyons required the Orthodox to recognize the authority of the Pope, the use of the Filioque in the Creed, and the use of azymes (unleavened bread) in the Liturgy. Patriarch Joseph was deposed because he would not agree to thesenditions. The monastic clergy and many of the laity, both at home and in other Orthodox countries, vigorously opposed the Union, denouncing the emperor for his political schemes and for his betrayal of Orthodoxy.

1838 St. Thomas Dien Vietnamese martyr native.   He entered the seminary program of the Paris Foreign Missions but was put to death before he could complete his studies.Thomas was flogged and strangled. Pope John Paul 11 canonized him in 1988.

1839 Sts. Chastan & Imbert beatified as the Martyrs of Korea;  A letter is extant written by the Koreans to Pope Pius VII, imploring him to send them priests at once; their little flock had already given martyrs to the Church. In 1831 the vicariate apostolic of Korea was created, but the first vicar never reached there. His successor, Mgr Laurence Joseph Mary Imbert, Titular Bishop of Capsa and a member of the Paris Foreign Missions, who had been in China for twelve years, entered the country in disguise at the end of 1837, having been preceded by Bd PETER PHILIBERT MAUBANT and BD JAMES HONORÉ CHASTAN, priests of the same missionary society.  1925 Bd Laurence and his companions were beatified. The first Korean priest martyr was BD ANDREW KIM in 1846.  They were canonized by Pope John Paul II in 1984.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  September 20  2016
  536  St. Pope Agapitus I Pope from 535-536 and apologist; translation of the body;  able to put down a religious revolt spearheaded by a bishop named Anthemius and Empress Theodora.

1713 BD FRANCIS DE POSADAS;  gave missions all over the southwest of Spain, adding to the fatigues of preaching, hearing confessions, and travelling on foot voluntary mortifications of a most rigorous kind. His combination of example and precept won him a great influence over all with whom he came in contact, and in his native city he brought about a much-needed reform and improvement in public and private morals; disorderly places of amusement shut up for lack of business. He was always at the service of the poor and learned from them a humility that made him avoid not only the offices of his order but also bishoprics that were offered to him. Bd Francis wrote several books—The Triumph of Chastity, lives of St Dominic and other holy ones of his order, moral exhortations—and died at Scala Caeli after forty years of uninterrupted work for souls on September 20, 1713. He was beatified in 1818. interesting account of his levitations when he was celebrating Mass (pp. 42—45), and of his sensations in endeavouring to resist this lifting of his body into the air

1839 Sts. Andrew Kim Taegon, Paul Chong Hasang, and Companions
Martyrs of Korea of 1839, 1846, and 1867; intellectuals of that land, eager to learn about the world, discovered some Christian books procured through Korea’s embassy to the Chinese capital. One Korean, Ni-seung-houn, went to Beijing in 1784 to study Catholicism and was baptized Peter Ri. Returning to Korea, he converted many others. In 1791, when these Christians were suddenly viewed as foreign traitors, two of Peter Ri’s converts were martyred, men named Paul Youn and Jacques Kuen.  The faith endured, however, and when Father James Tsiou, a Chinese, entered Korea three years later, he was greeted by four thousand Catholics. Father Tsiou worked in Korea until 1801 when he was slain by authorities. were canonized in Korea in 1984 by Pope John Paul II.

Quote  "The Korean Church is unique because it was founded entirely by lay people. This fledgling Church, so young and yet so strong in faith, withstood wave after wave of fierce persecution. Thus, in less than a century, it could boast of 10,000 martyrs. The death of these martyrs became the leaven of the Church and led to today's splendid flowering of the Church in Korea. Even today their undying spirit sustains the Christians in the Church of silence in the north of this tragically divided land" (Pope John Paul II, speaking at the canonization).

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  September 19  2016
 690 St. Theodore of Tarsus united all of Catholic England one of the greatest; St Theodore was the first bishop whom the whole English church obeyed, the first metropolitan of all England, and his fame penetrated into the remotest corners of the land. Many students gathered round these two foreign prelates who knew Greek as well as Latin, for Theodore and Adrian themselves expounded the Scriptures and taught the sciences, particularly astronomy and arithmetic (for calculating Easter), and to compose Latin verse. Many under them became as proficient in Latin and Greek as they were in their own tongue. Britain had never been in so happy a condition as at this time since the English first set foot in the island. The kings were so brave, says Bede, that the barbarous nations dreaded their power; and men such good Christians that they aspired only after the joys of the kingdom of Heaven which had been but lately preached to them. All who desired to learn could find instructors.  Pope St Vitalian, who then sat in St Peter’s chair, chose Adrian, abbot of a monastery near Naples, to be raised to that dignity. This abbot was by birth an African, understood Greek and Latin perfectly, was thoroughly versed in theology and in the monastic and ecclesiastical discipline. But so great were his fears of the office that the pope was compelled to yield to his excuses. He insisted, however, that Adrian should find a person equal to the charge, and Adrian first named a monk called Andrew; but he was judged incapable on account of his bodily infirmities. Adrian then suggested another monk, Theodore of Tarsus. He was accepted, but on condition that Adrian should accompany him to Britain, because he had already travelled twice through France and also to watch over Theodore lest he introduce into his church anything contrary to the faith (“as the Greeks have a habit of doing”, comments St Bede).

1299, 1321 SS Theodore, David and Constantine They died in 1321 and were buried with their father, and were equally with him venerated as saints, the relics of all three being solemnly enshrined in 1464. Throughout their lives Theodore and his sons walked worthily of their calling, both as Christians and as noblemen; they were forgiving of injuries, more mindful of their own obligations than delinquencies of others.     At Canterbury, the holy bishop Theodore, who was sent to England by Pope Vitalian, and who was renowned for learning and holiness.
ST THEODORE, called “the Black
, duke of Yaroslavl and Smolensk, was a great-grandson of that Kievan prince, Vladimir Monomakh, whose “Charge to my Children” is one of the most precious documents of early Russian Christianity. As a ruler Theodore was sincerely concerned for the poor and the uncared-for.  He defended his people against the Tartars, and did all he could for the promotion of religion, building a church in honour of St Michael and several others. A few days before his death, which happened on September 19, 1299, he was clothed with the monastic habit, and buried in the monastery of the Transfiguration at Yaroslavl. On the death of his first wife, mother of his son Michael, Theodore married again, and of this second wife his sons David and Constantine were born.

1591 Bl. Alphonsus de Orozco St. Thomas of Villanova, his instructor, imbuing him with a spirit of recollection and prayer. Alphonsus, a popular preacher and confessor, served as prior of the Augustinians in Seville then in 1554, at Valladolid. In 1556 he became a court preacher, in 1561 accompanied King Philip II of Spain to Madrid. Throughout his court life, he did not engage in the pleasures or intrigues around him. His example of holiness made a great impression on the royal family and the nobles of Madrid. Alphonsus was given a vision of the Blessed Virgin Mary, and wrote treatises on prayer and penance as Our Lady instructed him. He was beatified in 1881.  He was beatified by Pope Leo XIII on January 15, 1882.

1852 St. St. Emily De Rodat, Virgin, Foundress of the Congregation of the Holy Family of VillefrancheIRGIN, FOUNDRESS OF THE CONGREGATION OF THE HOLY FAMILY OF VILLEFRANCHE: “It is good to be an object of contempt”, St Emily declares; “Don’t you know that we are the scum of the earth, and that anyone is entitled to tread on us?”  Such abnegation can be sustained by no ordinary means, and it is not surprising to learn that it was often impossible to interrupt St Emily at prayer until her state of ecstasy had passed.   Pope Pius XII canonized her during the Holy Year of 1950.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  September 18  2016
 895 St. Richardis Empress and wife of Emperor Charles the Fat.  The daughter of the count of Alsace, she wed the future emperor and served him faithfully for nineteen years until accused of infidelity with Bishop Liutword of Vercelli. To prove her innocence, she successfully endured the painful ordeal of fire, but she left Charles and lived as a nun, first at Hohenburg, Germany, and then Andlau Abbey. She remained at Andlau until her death.

1645 St. John de Massias  Dominican monk at Lima austerities, miracles, and visions; He was born in Ribera, Spain, to a noble family and was orphaned at a young age. John went to Peru to work on a cattle ranch before entering the Dominicans at Lima as a lay brother, assigned to serve as a doorkeeper, or porter. He was known for his austerities, miracles, and visions. John cared for all the poor of Lima, dying there on September 16. Pope Paul VI canonized him in 1975 .

1663 St. Joseph of Cupertino Franciscan mystic patron saint of pilots /air passengers; From time of his ordination St Joseph’s life was one long succession of ecstasies, miracles of healing and supernatural happenings on a scale not paralleled in the reasonably authenticated life of any other saint.  When Cardinal Lauria asked him what souls in ecstasy saw during their raptures he replied: “They feel as though they were taken into a wonderful gallery, shining with never-ending beauty, where in a glass, with a single look, they apprehend the marvellous vision which God is pleased to show them.”
Anything that in any way could be particularly referred to God or the mysteries of religion was liable to ravish him from his senses and make him oblivious to what was going on around him; the absent-mindedness and abstraction of his childhood now had an end and a purpose clearly seen. The sight of a lamb in the garden of Capuchins at Fossombrone caused him to be lost in contemplation of the spotless Lamb of God and, it is said, be caught up into the air with the animal in his arms.
At Osimo in Piceno, St. Joseph of Cupertino, priest and confessor of the Order of Friars Minor Conventual, who was placed among the saints by Clement XIII.

1842 St. Dominic Trach Vietnamese martyr and a priest; member of the Dominican Third Order. Caught up in the persecution against Christians, Dominic was beheaded. He was canonized in 1988.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  September 17  2016
1145-1153 Bd Eugenius III, Pope Cistercian monk at Clairvaux; he took in religion the name of Bernard, his great namesake being his superior at Clairvaux
1145-1153 EUGENIUS III. (Bernardo Paganelli), pope from the 15th of February 1145 to the 8th of July 1153, a native of Pisa, was abbot of the Cistercian monastery of St Anastasius at Rome when suddenly elected to succeed Lucius II.
   St Hildegards visions recorded in the Scivias received the guarded approbation of Pope Eugenius III, but this and similar approvals of private revelations impose no obligation of belief. The Church receives them only as probable, and even those most worthy of faith may be prudently rejected by individuals.

His friend and instructor, Bernard of Clairvaux, the most influential ecclesiastic of the time, remonstrated against his election on account of his "innocence and simplicity," but Bernard soon acquiesced and continued to be the mainstay of the papacy throughout Eugenius's pontificate.
Eugene is said to have gained the affection of the people by his affability and generosity. He died at Tivoli, whither he had gone to avoid the summer heats, and was buried in front of the high altar in St. Peters, Rome. St. Bernard followed him to the grave (20 Aug.). "The unassuming but astute pupil of St. Bernard", says Gregorovius, "had always continued to wear the coarse habit of Clairvaux beneath the purple; the stoic virtues of monasticism accompanied him through his stormy career, and invested him with that power of passive resistance which has always remained the most effectual weapon of the popes."

St. Antoninus pronounces Eugene III "one of the greatest and most afflicted of the popes". Pius IX by a decreed of 28 Dec., 1872, approved the cult which from time immemorial the Pisans have rendered to their countryman, and ordered him to be honoured with Mass and Office ritu duplici on the anniversary of his death

1179 St. Hildegarde visions and prophecies works written called Scivias; the first of the great German mystics a poet, a physician, and a prophetess.  Hildegarde was known for visions and prophecies, which at her spiritual directors request, she recorded. They were set down in a work called Scivias {written between 1141 and 1151, relating twenty six of her visions} and approved by the archbishop of Mainz and Pope Eugenius III at the recommendation of St. Bernard of Clairvaux.

1485 St. Peter Arbues; Augustinian inquisitor; a master of Canon Law at the University of Bologna.  At Saragossa in Spain, St. Peter of Arbues, first inquisitor of the faith in the kingdom of Aragon, who received the palm of martyrdom by being barbarously massacred by apostate Jews for courageously defending the Catholic faith, according to the duties of his office.  He was added to the list of martyr saints by Pius IX.     In the year 1478 Pope Sixtus IV, at the urgent request of King Ferdinand of Aragon and Queen Isabella of Castile, issued a bull empowering them to appoint a tribunal to deal with Jewish and other apostates and sham converts. Thus was established the institution known in history as the Spanish Inquisition. It may be noted in passing that, though primarily an ecclesiastical tribunal, it acted, independently and often in defiance of the Holy See;

1621 St. Robert Bellarmine; important writings works of devotion and instruction; spiritual father of St. Aloysius Gonzaga, helped St. Francis de Sales obtain formal approval of the Visitation Order, and in his prudence opposed severe action in the case of Galileo; Pope Pius XI bestowed honours of the Saints, declared him Doctor of the Universal Church, and appointed May 13 as his festival day. Born 1542 at Montepulciano, Italy, October 4, the third of ten children. His mother, Cinzia Cervini, a niece of Pope Marcellus II, was dedicated to almsgiving, prayer, meditation, fasting, and mortification of the body.   Bellarmine was made a cardinal by Pope Clement VIII on the grounds that "he had not his equal for learning."   Among many activities, he became theologian to Pope Clement VIII, preparing two catechisms which have had great influence in the Church.  In 1931 Pius XI declared him a Doctor of the Church.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  September 16  2016
255 St. Cornelius elected Pope to succeed Fabian;   There was no pope for 14 months after the martyrdom of St. Fabian because of the intensity of the persecution of the Church. During the interval, the Church was governed by a college of priests.
St. Cyprian, a friend of Cornelius, writes that Cornelius was elected pope "by the judgment of God and of Christ, by the testimony of most of the clergy, by the vote of the people, with the consent of aged priests and of good men."
  A document from Cornelius shows the extent of organization in the Church of Rome in the mid-third century: 46 priests, seven deacons, seven subdeacons. It is estimated that the number of Christians totaled about 50,000.  The story of St Cornelius forms an important episode in ecclesiastical history, and from Eusebius downwards it has engaged the attention of all writers who deal with the Christian Church in the early centuries.
Cornelius died as a result of the hardships of his exile in what is now Civitavecchia (near Rome).

258 ST CYPRIAN, BISHOP OF CARTHAGE, MARTYR  ;  The leaders of the schematics were excommunicated, and Novatus departed to Rome to help stir up trouble there, where Novatian had set himself up as antipope. Cyprian recognized Cornelius as the true pope and was active in his support both in Italy and Africa during the ensuing schism; with St Dionysius, Bishop of Alexandria, he rallied the bishops of the East to Cornelius, making it clear to them that to adhere to a false bishop of Rome was to be out of communion with the Church. In connection with these disturbances he added to his treatise on Unity one on the question of the Lapsed.

 303  ST EUPHEMIA, VIRGIN AND MARTYR; miracles during persecution with  soldiers Victor and Sosthenes    Evagrius, the historian, testifies that emperors, patriarchs and all ranks of people resorted to Chalcedon to be partakers of the blessings which God conferred on men through her patronage, and that manifest miracles were wrought. A great church was erected there in her honour and in it was held in the year 451 the fourth general council, which condemned Monophysism. A legend says that at this council the Catholic fathers agreed with their opponents that each side should write down its views in a book, lay them down, and ask Almighty God to show by a sign which expressed the truth. This was done and the two books were sealed up in the shrine of St Euphemia. After three days of prayer the shrine was opened the monophysite hook lay at the feet of the martyr but the Catholic book was held in her right hand. It is hardly necessary to say that this great council reached its conclusions by no such methods; but it seems that the fact that this epoch-making synod was held in the church of St Euphemia accounts for some of the remarkable prestige that she formerly enjoyed, and Pope Pius XII invoked her name in his encyclical letter “Sempiternus Christus rex on the fifteen hundredth anniversary of the council in 1951. The martyr is often referred to in the East as Euphemia the Far-renowned, and she is among the saints named in the canon of the Milanese Mass and in the preparation according to Russian usage of the Byzantine rite.

 649-655 St. Martin I, pope and martyr The birthday of feast, however, is observed on the 12th of November
He had called together a council at Rome and condemned the heretics Sergius, Paul and Pyrrhus.  By order of the heretical Emperor Constantius he was taken prisoner through a deceit, brought to Constantinople, and exiled to the Chersonese.  There he ended his life, worn out with his labours for the Catholic faith and favoured with many virtues.  His body was afterwards brought to Rome and buried in the church of Saints Sylvester and Martin.  His feast, however, is observed on the 12th of November.

1087 BD VICTOR III, POPE -- Desiderius, one of the greatest abbots of Monte Cassino;  He had attracted the favourable notice of Pope St Leo IX, and about 1054 he was at the court of Victor II.
  Here he met monks from Monte Cassino, went on a pilgrimage to that cradle of Benedictine monasticism, and joined the community. In the year 1057 Pope Stephen X summoned Desiderius to Rome, intending to send him as his legate to Constantinople.  Stephen had been abbot of Monte Cassino and retained the office on his elevation to the papacy, but now, believing himself to be dying, he ordered the election of a successor.  The choice fell on Desiderius, and he had got to Bari on his way to the East when he learned of the pope’s death and was told to return. There was a disputed succession to Stephen X, in which Desiderius supported Pope Nicholas II, who made him a cardinal before he was permitted to go and take up his duties at his monastery.

1628 Bl. Michael Fimonaya Martyr of Japan Dominican tertiary native;  Michael was beatified in 1867 by Pope Pius IX.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  September 15  2016
90 St. Nicomedes of Rome priest refused to aposate M (RM).  At Rome, on the Via Nomentana, the birthday of blessed Nicomedes, priest and martyr.  Because he said to those who would compel him to sacrifice: "I offer sacrifice only to the omnipotent God who reigneth in heaven," he was for a long time scourged with leaded whips, and thus passed to the Lord.
The Emperor Constantine Copronymus thought that the relics of the saints and martyrs were worthless objects, and that anyone who collected the bones of the holy ones was a fool. He therefore set about finding as many of these sacred remains as he could and throwing them into the sea.  
Pope Saint Paschal I, who was elected in 817, 32 years after the emperor's death, disagreed. Whereas Constantine Copronymus had got rid of saintly bones, Paschal I conceived it as his duty to find as many replacements as possible. The church of Santa Prassede in Rome is filled with all that he collected, their names inscribed on marble tablets close by the sanctuary.

 1510 St. Catherine (Caterinetta) of Genoa, Widow; "He who purifies himself from his faults in the present life, satisfies with a penny a debt of a thousand ducats; and he who waits until the other life to discharge his debts, consents to pay a thousand ducats for that which he might before have paid with a penny." Saint Catherine, Treatise on purgatory. (RM)
16th v. Saint Bessarion, Archbishop of Larissa, founded the Dusika monastery in Thessaly.
   In Genoa, St. Catherine, a widow, renowned for her contempt of the world and her love of God.
Born in Genoa, Italy, 1447; died there, September 14, 1510; beatified in 1737 and equipollently canonized by Pope Benedict XIV a few years later (others say she was canonized in 1737); feast day formerly on March 22.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  September 14  2016
Triumph of the Cross 
Although believers spoke of the cross as the instrument of salvation, it seldom appeared in Christian art
 unless disguised as an anchor or the Chi-Rho until after Constantine's edict of toleration.

258 Pope St. Sixtus II Elected 31 Aug., 257, martyred at Rome, 6 Aug., 258
  During the pontificate of his predecessor, St. Stephen, a sharp dispute had arisen between Rome and the African and Asiatic Churches, concerning the rebaptism of heretics, which had threatened to end in a complete rupture between Rome and the Churches of Africa and Asia Minor (see SAINT CYPRIAN OF CARTHAGE). Sixtus II, whom Pontius (Vita Cyprian, cap. xiv) styles a good and peaceful priest (bonus et pacificus sacerdos), was more conciliatory than St. Stephen and restored friendly relations with these Churches, though, like his predecessor, he upheld the Roman usage of not rebaptizing heretics.  
253 Pope Cornelius; predecessor, Fabian, put to death by Decius, 250. March, 251 persecution slackened, owing to absence of the emperor, (two rivals had arisen); 16 bishops at Rome elected Cornelius against his will was; "What fortitude in his acceptance of the episcopate, what strength of mind, what firmness of faith, that he took his seat intrepid in the sacerdotal chair, at a time when the tyrant in his hatred of bishops was making unspeakable threats, when he heard with far more patience that a rival prince was arising against him, than that a bishop of God was appointed at Rome" (Cyprian, Ep. lv, 24). Is he not, asks St. Cyprian, to be numbered among the glorious confessors and martyrs who sat so long awaiting the sword or the cross or the stake and every other torture?
Cornelius Martyr (251 to 253).
236-250, Pope Saint Fabian succeeded Saint Antheros governed as bishop of Rome 14 peaceful years
Died 250. On January 10, his martyrdom under Decius. He was a layman, who, according to Eusebius, was chosen because a dove flew in through a window during the election and settled on his head. This 'sign' united the votes of the clergy and people for this layman and stranger.

Pope St. Fabian (FABIANUS) Pope (236-250),
extraordinary circumstances of whose election is related by Eusebius (Hist. Eccl., VI, 29). After the death of Anterus he had come to Rome, with some others, from his farm and was in the city when the new election began. While the names of several illustrious and noble persons were being considered, a dove suddenly descended upon the head of Fabian, of whom no one had even thought. To the assembled brethren the sight recalled the Gospel scene of the descent of the Holy Spirit upon the Saviour of mankind, and so, divinely inspired, as it were, they chose Fabian with joyous unanimity and placed him in the Chair of Peter.  
On 20 January Pope Fabian was martyred, and about the same time St. Cyprian retired to a safe place of hiding. His enemies continually reproached him with this. But to remain at Carthage was to court death, to cause greater danger to others, and to leave the Church without government; for to elect a new bishop would have been as impossible as it was at Rome.

At Comana in Pontus, the birthday of St. John, bishop of Constantinople, confessor and doctor of the Church, surnamed Chrysostom because of his golden eloquence.  He was cast into exile by a faction of his enemies, but was recalled by a decree of Pope Innocent I.  However, he suffered many evils on the journey at the hands of the soldiers who guarded him, and he rendered up his soul unto God.  His feast is kept on the 27th of January, on which day his holy body was translated to Constantinople by Theodosius the Younger.  Pope Pius X declared and appointed this glorious preacher of the divine Word as heavenly patron of those preaching of holy things.

629 The Exaltation Of The Holy Cross, Commonly Called Holy Cross Day;  On this day the Western church celebrates, as we learn from the Roman Martyrology and lessons at Matins, the veneration of the great relics of Christ’s cross at Jerusalem after the Emperor Heraclius had recovered them from the hands of the Persians, who had carried them off in 614, fifteen years before. According to the story, the emperor determined to carry the precious burden upon his own shoulders into the city, with the utmost pomp; but stopped suddenly at the entrance to the Holy Places and found he was not able to go forward. The patriarch Zachary, who walked by his side, suggested to him that his imperial splendour was hardly in agreement with the humble appearance of Christ when He bore His cross through the streets of that city. Thereupon the emperor laid aside his purple and his crown, put on simple clothes, went along barefoot with the procession, and devoutly replaced the cross where it was before. It was still in the silver case in which it had been carried away.  The patriarch and clergy, finding the seals whole, opened the case with the key and venerated its contents. The original writers always speak of this portion of the cross in the plural number, calling it the pieces of the wood of the true cross. This solemnity was carried out with the most devout thanksgiving, the relics were lifted up for the veneration of the people, and many sick were miraculously cured.

1313 St. Notburga Patroness of poor peasants servants in Tyrol; famous for her miracles and concern for the poor.  Before she died she particularly recommended her beloved poor to her master, and asked him to lay her body on a farm-wagon and bury it wherever the oxen should finally rest. This was done, and after a journey of which the usual miraculous accompaniments are recorded, the oxen brought the burden to a halt before the door of the church of St Rupert at Eben. Here accordingly St Notburga was buried. In 1862. Pope Pius IX confirmed her local cultus as patroness of poor peasants and hired servants.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  September 13  2016
 407 St. John Chrysostom "golden-mouthed" When it came to justice and charity, John acknowledged no double standards. The ambiguity and intrigue surrounding John, the great preacher (his name means "golden-mouthed") from Antioch, are characteristic of the life of any great man in a capital city. Brought to Constantinople after a dozen years of priestly service in Syria, John found himself the reluctant victim of an imperial ruse to make him bishop in the greatest city of the empire. Ascetic, unimposing but dignified, and troubled by stomach ailments from his desert days as a monk, John began his episcopate under the cloud of imperial politics.  If his body was weak, his tongue was powerful. The content of his sermons, his exegesis of Scripture, were never without a point. Sometimes the point stung the high and mighty. Some sermons lasted up to two hours.

His life-style at the imperial court was not appreciated by some courtiers. He offered a modest table to episcopal sycophants hanging around for imperial and ecclesiastical favors. John deplored the court protocol that accorded him precedence before the highest state officials. He would not be a kept man.
;   Two prominent personages who personally undertook to discredit John were Theophilus, Archbishop of Alexandria, and Empress Eudoxia. Theophilus feared the growth in importance of the Bishop of Constantinople and took occasion to charge John with fostering heresy. Theophilus and other angered bishops were supported by Eudoxia. The empress resented his sermons contrasting gospel values with the excesses of imperial court life. Whether intended or not, sermons mentioning the lurid Jezebel and impious Herodias were associated with the empress, who finally did manage to have John exiled. He died in exile in 407.
The saint wrote to Pope St Innocent I, begging him to invalidate all that had been done, for the miscarriage of justice had been notorious. So the cabal proceeded to a sentence of deposition against him, which they sent to the Emperor Arcadius, accusing him at the same time of treason, apparently in having called the empress “Jezebel “. Thereupon the emperor issued an order for his banishment.  For three days Constantinople was in an uproar, and Chrysostom delivered a vigorous manifesto from his pulpit.
“Violent storms encompass me on all sides:  yet I am without fear, because I stand upon a rock. Though the sea roar and the waves rise high, they cannot overwhelm the ship of Jesus Christ. I fear not death, which is my gain; nor banishment, for the whole earth is the Lord’s; nor the loss of goods, for I came naked into the world, and I can carry nothing out of it.”
He declared that he was ready to lay down his life for his flock, and that if he suffered now, it was only because he had neglected nothing that would help towards the salvation of their souls. Then he surrendered himself, unknown to the people, and an official conducted him to Praenetum in Bithynia. But his first exile was short. The city was slightly shaken by an earthquake. This terrified the superstitious Eudoxia, and she implored Arcadius to recall John; she got leave to send a letter the same day, asking him to return and protesting her own innocence of his banishment. All the city went out to meet him, and the Bosphorus blazed with torches. Theophilus and his party fled by night.

607  St Eulogius, Patriarch Of Alexandria celebrated for learning and sanctity;     Of the numerous writings of St Eulogius, chiefly against heresies, only a sermon and a few fragments remain one treatise was submitted to St Gregory before publica­tion, and he approved it with the words, “I find nothing in your writings but what is admirable”. St Eulogius did not long survive his friend, dying at Alexandria about the year 607.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  September 12  2016
Holy Name of Mary: The feast of the Most Holy Name of Mary began in Spain in 1513 and in 1671 was extended to all of Spain and the Kingdom of Naples. In 1683, John Sobieski, king of Poland, brought an army to the outskirts of Vienna to stop the advance of Muslim armies loyal to Mohammed IV in Constantinople.
After Sobieski entrusted himself to the Blessed Virgin Mary, he and his soldiers thoroughly defeated the Muslims.
Pope Innocent XI extended this feast to the entire Church to commemorate victory at the Battle of Vienna in 1683.
At Pavia, St. Juventius, bishop, mentioned on the 8th of February.  The blessed Hermagoras, disciple of the evangelist St. Mark, sent him to that city along with St. Cyrus, who is mentioned on the 9th of December.  They both preached the Gospel of Christ there, and being renowned for great virtues and miracles, enlightened the neighbouring cities by divine works.  They closed their glorious careers in peace, invested with the episcopal office.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  September 11  2016
 258 St. Cyprian development of Christian thought and practice northern Africa: see Saint_of_the_Day September16. html Butler Lives - Thurston ; During a plague in Carthage, he urged Christians to help everyone, including their enemies and persecutors. A friend of Pope Cornelius, Cyprian opposed the following pope, Stephen. He and the other African bishops would not recognize the validity of Baptism conferred by heretics and schismatics. This was not the universal view of the Church, but Cyprian was not intimidated even by Stephen's threat of excommunication.  He was exiled by the emperor and then recalled for trial. He refused to leave the city, insisting that his people should have the witness of his martyrdom.

253-268 SS. PROTUS AND HYACINTH, MARTYRS; The relics of St Protus are supposed to have been removed into the city by Pope St Leo IV in the middle of the ninth century, and parts thereof have been translated several times since. In an epitaph by Pope St Damasus, these martyrs are referred to as brothers.

1840 Bl. John-Gabriel Perboyre Martyr of China Vincentian from Puech;  Pope Leo XIII beatified him in 1889, making him the first martyr in China to be so honored. Pope John Paul II canonized him in 1996.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  September 10  2016
 453 St. Pulcheria Empress of the Eastern Roman Empire, eldest daughter of the Emperor Arcadius; opposition to the doctines of Nestorius and Eutyches; she built churches, hospitals, houses for pilgrims, and gave rich gifts to churches . In 449 Pope St Leo the Great appealed to St Pulcheria and to the emperor to reject Monophysism, and the answer of Theodosius was to approve the acts of the “Robber Synod” of Ephesus, and to drive St Flavian from the see of Constantinople. Puicheria was firmly orthodox, but her influence with her brother had been weakened. The pope wrote again, and the archdeacon of Rome, Hilarus, wrote, and the Western emperor, Valentinian III, with Eudoxia his wife (Theodosius’s daughter) and Galla Placidia, his mother—and amid all these appeals Theodosius suddenly died, killed by a fall from his horse while hunting.

584 St. Salvius Bishop of Albi friend of Pope St. Gregory I the Great; ransomed prisoners and brought King Chilperic back to orthodox teachings.  

1160 St. Cosmas bishop and martyr.  He was named bishop of Aphrodisia, ordained by Pope Eugene III. When the Saracens captured his see, Cosmas was seized and died as a result of harsh abuse. His cult was approved by Pope Leo XIII.

1305 Saint Nicholas of Tolentino Patron of Holy Souls in Purgatory, and, with St. Joseph, Patron of the Universal Church hundreds of miracles.  Born 1245 at Sant'Angelo, March of Ancona, diocese of Fermo, Italy Died 10 September 1305 at Tolentino, Italy following a long illness; relics rediscovered at Tolentino in 1926; in previous times they were known exude blood when the Church was in danger Canonized 5 June (Pentecost) 1446 by Pope Eugene IV; over 300 miracles were recognized by the Congregation.

1622 Bb. Apollinaris Franco, Charles Spinola and Their Companions, Martyrs In The Great Martyrdom In Japan. IN 1867, the same year in which persecution began again in Urakami, though not to blood, Pope Pius IX beatified 295 of the martyrs of Japan, of whom the Fran­ciscan Martyrology today refers to eighteen members of its first order and twenty-two tertiaries. Owing to various causes—among them it seems we must sadly recognize national jealousies and even religious rivalries between the missionaries of various orders—the shogun Ieyasu Tokugawa in 1614 decreed that Christianity should be abolished, and these Franciscan beati suffered between the years 1617 and 1632.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  September 09  2016
  556 Saint Ciaran of Clonmacnoise 1/12 Apostles of Ireland his holiness spread abroad: miraculous events.  When Pope John Paul II visited Ireland, it was the only school that he visited. The monastery survived many invasions and raids until 1552, and there are still many notable ruins remaining from its early days. Although Ciaran's shrine was plundered several times during the medieval period, the Clonmacnoise crozier remains in the National Museum in Dublin.

1478 Blessed Seraphina Sforza, Poor Clare V (AC);  But Sueva entered the convent in 1457, when she was twenty-five years old, and whatever she may have had to repent of she had more than twenty years in which to grow holy in the living of a most austere religious rule. This she did, and the local cultus of Bd Seraphina was approved by Pope Benedict XIV in 1754.

1654 Saint  Peter Claver, SJ Priest unable to abolish the slave trade Though Father Claver's activities were not confined
to the Negroes, the "slave of the slaves" regarded himself as, above all, consecrated to their service.(RM) Sometimes St Peter would spend almost the whole day in the great square of the city, where the four principal streets met, preaching to all who would stop to listen, he became the apostle of Cartagena as well as of the Negroes, and in so huge a work was aided by God with those gifts that particularly pertain to apostles, of miracles, of prophecy, and of reading hearts.
The conditions under which they were conveyed across the Atlantic were so foul and inhuman as to be beyond belief, and it was reckoned that there would be a loss in each cargo by death during the six or seven weeks’ voyage of at least a third; but in spite of this an average of ten thousand living slaves was landed in Cartagena every year. In spite of the condemnation of this great crime by Pope Paul III and by many lesser authorities, this “supreme villainy”, as slave-trading was designated by Pius IX, continued to flourish; all that most of the owners did in response to the voice of the Church was to have their slaves baptized. They received no religious instruc­tion or ministration, no alleviation of their physical condition, so that the sacrament of baptism became to them a very sign and symbol of their oppression and wretched­ness. The clergy were practically powerless; all they could do was to protest and to devote themselves to the utmost to individual ministration, corporal and material, among the tens of thousands of suffering human beings. They had no charitable funds at their disposal, no plaudits from well-disposed audiences; they were ham­pered and discouraged by the owners and often rebuffed by the Negroes themselves.  St Peter Claver was never again forgotten and his fame spread throughout the world: he was canonized at the same time as his friend St Alphonsus Rodriguez in 1888, and he was declared by Pope Leo XIII patron of all missionary enterprises among Negroes, in whatever part of the world. His feast is observed throughout the United States.

1853 Blessed Frédèric Ozanam Both mystical and practical; humble no pride of intellect; faught secularism and anti-clericalism in Europe; Born in Lyons, France, in 1813; beatified in 1997 by Pope John Paul II.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  September 08  2016

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  September 08  2016
701 St Sergius I, Pope; Sergius was an alumnus of the Roman schola cantorum, and he seems to have been actively concerned with the liturgy and its music  in particular, the Liber pontificalis states that he directed that the Agnus Dei "should be sung by clergy and people at the breaking of the Lord's body" at Mass, and he ordained that the Roman church should observe the four feasts of our Lady already kept at Constantinople, namely, her birthday, her purification, the Annunciation and her "falling alseep"... In the words of Alcuin, "a holy and most worthy successor of St Peter, second to none in piety".

730 St. Corbinian "bear" A bishop ordained by Pope St. Gregory II

1071 St. Adela Benedictine noblewoman;  Adela was the wife of Count Baldwin IV of Flanders. When the count died, she entered the Benedictines, receiving the habit from Pope Alexander II. Retiring to the Benedictine convent near Ypres, Adela served as a nun until her death.

1628 Bl. Michael Jamada Japan native martyr Dominican tertiary of Japan.
Michael converted and became an outstanding Catholic. He was arrested for aiding foreign missionaries and was beheaded at Nagasaki. Pope Pius IX beatified all these martyrs in 1867.

1622 Bl. John Inamura Japanese martyr
1628 Bl. Anthony of St. Bonaventure Franciscan Spanish martyr of Japan
1628 Bl. Thomas of St. Hyacinth Japanese martyr native catechist
1628 Bl. Thomas Tomaki Japanese martyr young boy
1628 Bl. John Tomaki Japanese martyr and Dominican tertiary
1628 Bl. Dominic of Nagasaki Japanese martyr native
1628 St. James Fayashida, Blessed  Japanese martyr native
1628 Bl. Lawrence Jamada Martyr of Japan
1628 Bl. Leo Kombiogi Martyr of Japan Dominican tertiary
1628 Bl. Louis Nifaki Martyred Japanese Dominican tertiary
1628 St. Louis of Omura She Martyr of Japan
1628 St. Romanus Aybara Father of Blessed Paul Aybara and martyr
1628 Bl. Matthew Alvarez Japanese martyr native Dominican tertiary
1628 Bl. Michael Jamada Japan native martyr Dominican tertiary
1626 Bl. Michael Tomaki A thirteen-year-old Japan martyr
1628 St. Paul Aybara  Japanese martyr
1628 Bl. Paul Tomaki  young Japanese martyr

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  September 07  2016
400 St. Pamphilus  Bishop of Capua A Greek, consecrated bishop by Pope Siricius. Pamphilus’ relics are in Benevento

450 Augustalis as the first historical bishop of Gaul;   Duchesne saya assisted at councils in 441 and 442 and signed in 449 and 450 the letters addressed to Pope Leo I from the province of Arles France.

1211 Eustace of Flay, OSB Cist. Abbot  apostolic legate of Pope Innocent III to England and represented the holy father against the Albigensians (PC)  St. Eustace abbot, was apostolic legate to England
St. Eustace was born at Beauvais, France. He was ordained and served as a priest in his native diocese until he joined the Cistercians at Flay (St. Germer). He later was elected abbot, was apostolic legate to England for Pope Innocent III {
1161  1216}, and was later sent by Innocent as his legate to combat Albigensianism in southern France.

1619 Bb. Mark, Stephen And Melchior, Martyrs at the instigation of the Calvinists;   They were canonized in 1995 as the Martyrs of Kosice by Pope John Paul II.

1627 Bl. Louis Maki Martyr of Japan layman The adopted son of Blessed Louis Maki. A Christian, he refused to abjure the faith when arrested and was burned alive at Nagasaki. Pope Pius IX beatified him in 1867.

1644 Bl. John Duckett  Martyr of England
1644 Bl. Ralph Corby Jesuit martyr of England
; Both were beatified in 1929 and also 1644 Bl. Ralph Corby Jesuit martyr of England

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  September 06  2016
 585-590 Eleutherius of Spoleto, OSB Abbot  one favored by God with the gift of miracles (RM);  At Rome, the holy abbot Eleutherius, a servant of God, who, according to the testimony of Pope St. Gregory, raised a dead man to life by his prayers and tears.

7th v. St. Felix and Augebert 2 martyred English who were captured and sold into slavery in France. Ransomed by Pope St. Gregory I the Great, Felix became a priest and Augebert a deacon.

1258 Liberatus of Loro, OFM introduced initial austerity of Friars Minor with help of Blesseds Humilis and Pacificus(AC); The cultus of this beato was approved by Pope Pius IX in 1868, but his history is involved in a good deal of obscurity. 

1997 Blessed Mother Teresa of Calcutta Albania now Skopje, Macedonia Ottoman
Mother Teresa of Calcutta, the tiny woman recognized throughout the world for her work among the poorest of the poor, was beatified October 19, 2003. Among those present were hundreds of Missionaries of Charity, the Order she founded in 1950 as a diocesan religious community. Today the congregation also includes contemplative sisters and brothers and an order of priests.
Speaking in a strained, weary voice at the beatification Mass, Pope John Paul II declared her blessed, prompting waves of applause before the 300,000 pilgrims in St. Peter's Square. In his homily, read by an aide for the aging pope, the Holy Father called Mother Teresa “one of the most relevant personalities of our age” and “an icon of the Good Samaritan.”

1947 Blessed Claudio Granzotto  Friars Minor sculptur;  Pope John Paul II said that Claudio made his sculpture "the privileged instrument" of his apostolate and evangelization. "His holiness was especially radiant in his acceptance of suffering and death in union with Christ’s Cross. Thus by consecrating himself totally to the Lord’s love, he became a model for religious, for artists in their search for God’s beauty and for the sick in his loving devotion to the Crucified" (L’Osservatore Romano, Vol. 47, No. 1, 1994).

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  September 05  2016
1316 BD RAYMUND LULL, MARTYR; Although Ramón’s whole life was a record of disappointment, his literary activity was incredible. Three hundred and thirteen different treatises are attri­buted to him, most of them in Latin or Catalan, but not a few are in Arabic. Some of his writings have been thought to deserve a note of theological censure, but there is also difficulty in determining in certain cases what is authentically his composi­tion. Nearly all of it gives proof of a tender piety, but he speaks fearlessly of the abuses then prevalent in the Church. Lull is celebrated liturgically by the Friars Minor and others, and Pope Pius XI speaks highly of him in his encyclical letter Orientalium rerum” (1928), but without according him the title Blessed.

1340 Blessed Gentilis (Gentil) of Matelica sowed faith in Italy, Islamics of Egypt, Arabia, finally martyrd in Persia OFM M.  In 1433 Pope Eugenius IV appointed St Laurence to the bishopric of Castello, a diocese which included part of Venice. He tried hard to avoid this dignity and responsibility, and he took possession of his cathedral-church so privately that his own friends knew nothing of the matter till the ceremony was over. As a religious so as a prelate he was admirable for his sincere piety towards God and the greatness of his charity to the poor. He remitted nothing of the austerities which he had practised in the cloister, and from his prayer drew a light, courage and vigour which directed and animated him in his whole conduct; he pacified dissensions in the state and governed a diocese in most difficult times with as much ease as if it had been a single well-regulated convent.

1455 St. Lawrence Giustiniani Bishop of Venice; prior of San Giorgios; deep prayer life; raptures; penance provided him experiential knowledge  paths of  interior life ability to direct souls; tears shed offering Mass affected all who assisted awakened in them renewed faith.  In 1433 Pope Eugenius IV appointed St Laurence to the bishopric of Castello, a diocese which included part of Venice. He tried hard to avoid this dignity and responsibility, and he took possession of his cathedral-church so privately that his own friends knew nothing of the matter till the ceremony was over. As a religious so as a prelate he was admirable for his sincere piety towards God and the greatness of his charity to the poor. He remitted nothing of the austerities which he had practised in the cloister, and from his prayer drew a light, courage and vigour which directed and animated him in his whole conduct; he pacified dissensions in the state and governed a diocese in most difficult times with as much ease as if it had been a single well-regulated convent.  The popes of his time held St Laurence in great veneration. Eugenius IV, meeting him once at Bologna, saluted him with the words, “Welcome, ornament of bishops!” His successor, Nicholas V, equally esteemed him and in 1451 recognized his worth in no uncertain fashion.

1838 St. Joseph Canh native Martyr of Vietnam physician.   He was a native physician of Vietnam, a Dominican tertiary, and was beheaded by the Japanese authorities because of his refusal to deny Christ. Joseph was canonized in 1988 by Pope John Paul II.

1838 St. Peter Tu Vietnamese martyr native priest; Vietnamese, joined became a priest in his own country. He was beheaded. Pope John Paul II canonized him in 1988.

Saint Mother Teresa of Calcutta September 5, 2006 1910-1997

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  September 04  2016

   78 St. Candida the Elder cured of an illness by St. Peter. In the 9th century, her relics were enshrined in Saint Praxedes church by Pope Saint Paschal I (Benedictines, Encyclopedia) .

423 Pope St. Boniface I;  gently, but firmly, defended the rights of the Holy See;  a strong supporter of St Augustine in his opposition to Pelagianism (RM)

  515  St. John, the Short, Arrival of the Holy Relic to the Wilderness of Scetis.  On this day also, in the year 515 A.D., the body of the great saint Anba John, the Short, was relocated from Al-Qulzum (Red Sea) to the wilderness of Scetis. When Pope John (Youhanna), 48th Pope of Alexandria, was in the wilderness of Scetis, some of the monks expressed their wish to relocate the relics of St. John, the Short, to his monastery. The Grace of God moved the Pope, and he wrote a letter by the hand of the Hegumen Kosman and Hegumen Boctor, from the elders, and sent them to Al-Qulzum.

1160  St. Rosalia hermit; descendant great Charlemagne; Pope Urban VIII entered her name in the Roman Martyrology, wherein she is mentioned twice, on this date (said to be of her death) and on July 15, the anniversary of the finding of her relics. With the bones were found a crucifix of terra-cotta, a Greek cross of silver, and a string of beads, twelve small and a large one, which was doubtless a rosary in one of its many early forms. The feast of St Rosalia on September 4 is still the principal popular festa among the Panormitans, who always look for a cleansing rain on the preceding days.
Her body was discovered several centuries later, in 1625, during the pontificate of Pope Urban VIII.

1251 St. Rose of Viterbo; At Viterbo, the translation of St. Rose the Virgin, of the Third Order of St. Francis, during the pontificate of Pope Alexander IV.  St Rose therefore returned to her parents' house, where she died on March 6 1252, about the age of seventeen. She was buried in the church of Santa Maria in Podio, but her body was on September 4 in 1258 translated to the church of the convent of St Mary of the Roses, as she had foretold. This church was burnt down in 1357 but her body was preserved and is annually carried in procession through the streets of Viterbo. Pope Innocent IV immediately after her death ordered an inquiry into the virtues of St Rose, but her canonization was not achieved until 1457.

1711 Blessed Joseph Vaz, the "Apostle of Sri Lanka several miracles attributed registered in Sri Lanka. "These records are regularly sent to Rome,"  few pilgrims from Goa visit his country, because "we don't have anything of Blessed Vaz." By Vatican proclamation, the venerated native son was declared patron of Goa in 2000.  Blessed Vaz died in Kandy, central Sri Lanka, which remained an independent kingdom during the time of Dutch rule over the rest of the island. The late Pope John Paul II beatified him, declaring him blessed, in Colombo in 1995.

1926 Blessed Dina Bélanger her devotion to the Blessed Sacrament transformed her into a woman of infectious joy despite illness;  Born in Québec, Canada, 1897; died 1929; beatified by Pope John Paul II in 1993. When Dina joined the Sisters of Jesus-Marie in Rome (founded by Saint Claudine Thevenet), she took the name Marie Sainte-Cecile of Rome to honor the patron of musicians because she was herself an accomplished pianist. During the course of her life as a sister, her devotion to the Blessed Sacrament transformed her into a woman of infectious joy despite illness. Her autobiography was published in Québec in 1984 (Catholic World News, May 1, 1997).

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  September 03  2016
 604  Saint Gregory, the raising to the Sovereign Pontificate of  Great Pope and Doctor of the Church.  After the death of Pelagius, St. Gregory was chosen Pope by the unanimous consent of priests and people. Now began those labors which merited for him the title of Great. His zeal extended over the entire known world, he was in contact with all the Churches of Christendom and, in spite of his bodily sufferings, and innumerable labors, he found time to compose a great number of works. He is known above all for his magnificent contributions to the Liturgy of the Mass and Office. He is one of the four great Doctors of the Latin Church. He died March 12, 604. He is the patron of teachers.

1315 St. Andrew Dotti mystic granted visions Servite missionary.  He was buried in the church at Borgo San Sepolcro, where the popular veneration for his holiness was confirmed by miracles, and in 1806 Pope Pius VII approved the ancient cultus.

   Pope St. Pius X, whose birthday is mentioned on the 20th of August.
Sancti Pii Papæ Décimi, cujus natális dies tertiodécimo Kaléndas Septémbris recensétur.  THAT distinguished historian of earlier popes, Baron von Pastor, has written of Pope Pius X:

He was one of those chosen few men whose personality is irresistible. Everyone was moved by his simplicity and his angelic kindness. Yet it was something more that carried him into all hearts: and that “something” is best defined by saying that all who were ever admitted to his presence had a deep conviction of being face to face with a saint. And the more one knows about him the stronger this Conviction becomes.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  September 01  2016

520 St. Constantius Bishop of Aquino; renowned for the gift of prophecy. many virtues; mentioned by Pope St. Gregory the Great in his Dialogues.

543-615 'St Columbanus Was a 'Privileged Channel of God’s Grace' .   “Saint Columbanus, who according to Benedict XVI we can truly consider one of the ‘Fathers of Europe,’ was convinced that there can be fraternity in the heart of Europe between people only if a civilization exists that is open to God.”
  This statement was made by Pope Francis in a letter that Vatican Secretary of State, Cardinal Pietro Parolin, sent on Francis' behalf for the 18th International Meeting of the Columbanus Community, on the 1400th anniversary of the death of the saint. It was sent to Bishop Gianni Ambrosio of Piacenza-Bobbio, Italy.

1490 St. Beatrice da Silva Meneses foundress.  canonized by Pope Paul VI in 1976.   In 1484, Beatrice founded the Congregation of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary. The groups first house was the castle of Galliana, a gift from Queen Isabel. Beatrice died at Toledo on September 1, 1490

1367 BD JOAN SODERINI, VIRGIN her tomb at once became a place of pilgrimage.. In 1828 Count Soderini, a relative of Joan, petitioned Pope Leo XII for confirmation of this cultus, which was duly granted.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 30
64 Saint Simon Peter or Cephas first pope, Prince of the Apostles, and founder, with Saint Paul, of the see of Rome
Simon Peter or Cephas, the first pope, Prince of the Apostles, and founder, with Saint Paul, of the see of Rome.    At Rome, the birthday of the holy apostles Peter and Paul, who suffered martyrdom on the same day, under Emperor Nero.  Within the city the former was crucified with his head downwards, and buried in the Vatican, near the Triumphal Way, where he is venerated by the whole world.  The latter was put to the sword and buried on the Ostian Way, where he received similar honours.the inscription set up by Pope St Damasus I (d. 384) at the place near St Sebastian's would then merely commemorate the institution of a festival in 258 which, for convenience or some other reason, was celebrated ad catacumbas.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 30
From Pope Clement I, successor of St. Peter: “It was through envy and jealousy that the greatest and most upright pillars of the Church were persecuted and struggled unto death.... First of all, Peter, who because of unreasonable jealousy suffered not merely once or twice but many times, and, having thus given his witness, went to the place of glory that he deserved. It was through jealousy and conflict that Paul showed the way to the prize for perseverance. He was put in chains seven times, sent into exile, and stoned; a herald both in the east and the west, he achieved a noble fame by his faith....”
250 Saint Martial Bishop of Limoges one of the first apostles of France; It is stated that Pope John XIX gave permission for the term “apostle" to be applied to St Martial, but the Congregation of Rites in 1854 refused to ratify this, deciding that he was to be venerated in the Mass, the litanies, and office as an ordinary bishop and confessor. It would seem, however, that the bishop of Limoges, in answer to a remonstrance and appeal addressed to Pius IX in the same year, was gratified with a favourable answer permitting that in that diocese St Martial should enjoy the style and precedence of an apostle.

Marytrs of Rome Pope St. Alexander I  -- The groups of Christians who perished during cruel persecutions in the Eternal City.  A group baptized by Pope St. Alexander I

 558 At Narni, St. Cassius, bishop of that city.  St. Gregory relates that he permitted scarcely any day of his life to pass without offering the Victim of propitiation to Almighty God.  It was in character with his life for he distributed in alms all he possessed, and his devotion was such that abundant tears flowed from his eyes during the holy Sacrifice.  At last, coming to Rome on the birthday of the apostles, as was his yearly custom, after having solemnly celebrated Mass and given the Lord's Body and the kiss of peace to all, he departed for heaven.

1066 Saint Theobald Camaldolese hermit and monk priest; sanctity attracted many disciples,  A little before his death he sent for an abbot of the Camaldolese hermits from whose hands he had already received the religious habit. To him he made his profession, recommended his mother and his disciples, and, having received viaticum, died in peace on the last day of June, 1066. He was canonized within less than seven years by Pope Alexander II.

1315 Bl. Raymond Lull Christ Visions  one of the military leaders who reconquered Majorca from the Moslems Further appeals to Popes Boniface VIII and Clement V for aid in his mission to the Mohammedans were fruitless, as was a visit to Cypress.  He wrote voluminously - more than 300 treatises (many in Arabic) on philosophy, music, navigation, law, astronomy, mathematics, and theology, chief among his writings being Arbre de philosophia de armor. He also wrote mystical poetry of the highest order and is considered the forerunner of Teresa of Avila and John of the Cross; his Blanquera is the first novel written in Catalan. His cult was confirmed in 1858 by Pope Pius IX.

1838 Saint Vincent Yen Dominican native Vietnamese martyr
Entered Dominicans in 1808; worked as missionary in the country. Seized in anti-Christian persecutions; he was beheaded after spending six years in hiding. Pope John Paul II canonized him in 1988.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 28
95  Departure of St. Cedron (Kardonos), the Fourth Patriarch of Alexandria This father was baptized by the hand of St. Mark the apostle, and the evangelist of the land of Egypt. He learned the doctrines and the books of the Church.
After the departure of Pope Melius, he was ordained a Pope for the See of St. Mark in the 7th day of Tute (September 5th, 95 A.D.).

202  Saint Irenaeus -- Pope St Eleutherius -- writings of Saint Irenaeus entitle him to a high place among the fathers of the Church, for they not only laid the foundations of Christian theology but, by exposing and refuting the errors of the gnostics, they delivered the Catholic Faith from the real danger of the doctrines of those heretics:  He was most influenced by Saint Polycarp who had known the apostles or their immediate disciples.  Their captivity, however, did not prevent them from continuing to take a deep interest in their fellow Christians in Asia Minor. Conscious of the sympathetic hearing to which they were entitled as confessors in imminent peril of death, they sent to Pope St Eleutherius, by the hands of Irenaeus, what is described by Eusebius as "a most religious and most orthodox" letter, in which they appealed to him-in the interest of the peace and unity of the Church to deal leniently with their Montanist brethren in Phrygia.  
Thirteen or fourteen years after his mission to Pope Eleutherius, Irenaeus again acted as mediator between a pope and a body of Christians in Asia Minor. Because the Quartodecimans refused to keep Easter in accordance with the Western use they had been excommunicated by Victor III, and there was in consequence a real danger of schism. Irenaeus intervened on their behalf. In a singularly beautiful letter addressed to the pope he pleaded with him to raise the ban, pointing out that they were only following their old tradition, and that a difference of opinion on that very point had not prevented Pope Anicetus and St Polycarp from remaining in communion.

6th century Saint Benignus -- 
Pope Pelagius II-- Bishop and martyr. He is mentioned in Pope Pelagius II's decretal concerning his resignation from his see. Benignus retired to Utrecht, in the Netherlands. He is listed in the Roman Martyrology, and his relics were found in Utrecht, in 996.

683 SAINT LEO II Pope he accomplished good works which have caused his name to be blessed by all succeeding generations
He built three churches in Rome, to honor Saint Paul the Apostle, Saint Sebastian, and Saint George. Saint Leo was highly gifted in the domain of music, and he renovated the Gregorian literature or library, then in a state of confusion; he also composed new hymns, still conserved by the Church. He took special care of widows and orphans and the poor in general, relieving their sufferings with a truly apostolic charity.  Saint Leo confirmed the Acts of the Sixth Ecumenical Council which his predecessor had convoked at Constantinople against the Monothelite heresy, and translated its acts into Latin for the benefit of the Occidentals.

767 Saint Paul I, Pope {Pope from 757-767}. The brother of Pope Stephen II and a Roman, he was educated in the Lateran Palace, became a deacon under Pope Zachary, and wielded considerable influence in his brother’s administration. Elected to succeed Stephen, he took as his primary concern the threat posed to Rome and the Papal States by the Lombards. THE immediate successor of Pope Stephen III in the chair of St Peter was his younger brother Paul. They had been educated together at the Lateran school, they had been made deacons together by Pope St Zachary, and Paul remained closely associated with his brother, whom he tenderly nursed in his last illness and whose policy he continued to pursue.

1654 Saint John -- Pope Paul VI -- Southworth became a priest in 1619 in Douai One of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales relics are in Westminster Cathedral in London, discovered there in 1927. Pope Paul VI canonized him in 1970.

1847 Saint Vincenza Gerosa Pope Pius XII  -- Co-foundress of the Sisters of Charity native of Lovere, Italy gave her life to aiding the poor , Pope Pius XII added to the list of holy virgins. canonized in 1975 by Pope Paul VI

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 27
444 St. Cyril of Alexandria Pope St Celestine I  -- Bishop Doctor of the Church (June 27) "Seal of the Fathers" in the East; feast day formerly on January 28 and February 9. Both parties appealed to Pope St Celestine I who, after examining the doctrine in a council at Rome, condemned it and pronounced a sentence of excommunication and deposition against Nestorius unless, within ten days of receiving notice of the sentence, he publicly retracted his errors. Pope Celestine described him as "the generous defender of the Catholic faith" and "an apostolic man".
He was declared a doctor of the Universal Church in 1882, and at the fifteenth centenary of his death in 1944 Pope Pius XII issued an encyclical letter, "Orientalis ecclesiae", on "this light of Christian wisdom and valiant hero of the apostolate ".

1066 St. Arialdus Pope Alexander II -- Martyr of Milan remains recovered ten months later uncorrupt and sweet smelling
Also called Arialdo. A noble of the Milan region and born in Cutiacum, Italy, Arialdus studied at Laon and Paris, France, before becoming a canon. He preached against the abuses in the city and was excommunicated by Bishop Guido, but was reinstated by Pope Stephen IX. Bishop Guido, who was finally suspended, was guilty of simony and immorality. His allies slew Arialdus and threw his body into Lake Maggiore. The remains were recovered ten months later, uncorrupt and sweet smelling, and carried to Milan Cathedral. There the remains were on public display before being interred in the cathedral. In 1067, Pope Alexander II declared Arialdus a martyr.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 26
362 St. John & Paul Pope Clement XIV -- Martyred brothers of Rome commemorated in the first Eucharistic Prayer. The present basilica of SS Giovanni e Paolo, with its twelfth-century Lombard Romanesque belfry and colonnaded apse, was bestowed by Pope Clement XIV upon St Paul - of-the-Cross, and is still served by the Passionists. Excavations made in 1887 revealed, beneath the church, rooms of the ancient dwelling-house, with remains of frescoes, some of which belong to the third century.
 684 Pope St. Benedict II distinguished knowledge of Scriptures his singing, a priest remarkable for humility, love of poor, generous
1095 Ladislaus I of Hungary, Pope Celestine III. -- King He fought just and successful wars against Poles, Russians, and the Tartars (RM) renowned for his miracles even to this day.   Born in Neustra, Hungary, July 29, 1040; died at Nitra, Bohemia, July 29, 1095; canonized in 1192 by Pope Celestine III.  Laszlo supported Pope Gregory VII in his investiture struggle against Emperor Henry IV, and Rupert of Swabia, Henry's rival.

1232 Blessed Benvenuto of Gubbio -- Pope Gregory IX. -- uncouth soldier; endowed with supernatural gifts of a high order: these spread his fame far and wide;  many miracles; received into Franciscan order by Saint Francis himself OFM (AC)
Cultus authorized by Pope Gregory IX.

canonized in 1988 by Pope John Paul II. 1840 Bl. Thomas Toan Vietnamese native Martyr in Vietnam.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 25
Pope Kyrillos the Sixth, -- Inauguration of the New St. Mark Cathedral in the Monastery of Anba Rowais. {Coptic}
On this day, of the year 1684 A.M., that coincided with Tuesday the 25th of June, 1968 A.D., and in the tenth year of the papacy of Pope Kyrillos the Sixth, 116th Pope of Alexandria, the holy church celebrates the inauguration of the new St. Mark Cathedral in Dair El-Anba Rowais, which was known also as Dair El-Khandaq.
65 Departure of St. Damianos, 35th Pope of Alexandria. {Coptic}
On this day also, of the year 321 A.M. (June 25th, 65 A.D.) St. Damianos, 35th Pope of Alexandria, departed.
  When Pope Peter (34) was enthroned on the See of St. Mark, he brought and appointed Damianos a private secretary. Damianos pursued a good course of life and everyone loved him. When Pope Peter departed, the bishop unanimously agreed to ordain him a patriarch. He was enthroned a patriarch on the second of Abib 285 A.M. (June 26th, 569 A.D.). He cared for his flock well and he wrote many epistles and discourses.
463 Saint Prosper of Aquitaine study of theological questions wrote poetry and treatises, notably his Chronicle, a universal history from creation to the Vandal capture of Rome in 455 (RM). Prosper and Hilary went to Rome, and returned with a letter from Pope St Celestine I to the bishops of Gaul, praising the zeal of the bearers and calling for peace. Prosper eventually went again to Rome, where he is said to have been secretary to Pope St Leo the Great. He died there some time after 463.
1838 Saint Dominic Henares Pope Leo XIII -- Bishop martyr of Viet­na; Spanish Dominican beheaded with Saint Francis Chien; canonized in 1988.beatified in 1900 by Pope Leo XIII; they may be included in the list of those canonized as Martyrs of Vietnam.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 24
776 St. Theodulphus Pope -- Stephen IV -- Abbot of the Benedictine monastery of Lobbes, near Liege, BelgiumTheodulf received the pallium, the symbol of episcopal authority, from Pope Stephen IV in 816.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 23
1194 Blessed Lanfranc Beccaria, Pope Clement III-- OSB Vall. B (AC) actively engaged in resisting the attempts of the civil authorities to lay hands on the property of the Church: made his way to Rome, where he laid his case before Pope Clement III, who threatened the rulers of Pavia with his censure.
1496 Blessed Peter James of Pesaro, Pope Pius IX-- OSA (AC) cultus approved by Pope Pius IX. Peter James was an Augustinian friar in Saint Nicholas's at Pesaro (Benedictines).
1608 Saint Thomas Garnet Pope Paul VI -- English Jesuit martyr nephew of the Jesuit Henry Garnet studied for the priesthood at Saint Omer, France, and Valladolid, Spain. Initially ordained as a secular priest, hejoined the Jesuits in 1604 and worked to advance the Catholic cause in Warwick until his arrest in 1606. He was exiled after months of torture but returned in 1607 and was soon arrested refused to take the Oath of Supremacy canonized in 1970 by Pope Paul VI as one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales.
1860   At Turin, St. Joseph Cafasso, Pope Pius XII-- priest, renowned for his piety and learning, and for his work with prisoners, reconciling to God those who were preparing for execution.  He was added to the number of the Saints by Pope Pius XII.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 22
96 St. Flavius Clemens Pope St. Clement-- Roman martyr brother of Emperor Vespasian  uncle of Emperors Titus and Domitia.  His body was found in the Basilica of Pope St. Clement, and buried there with great pomp.
 431 St. Paulinus Bishop of Nola Pope Pius X-- writer poet he gave away their property vast fortune to poor and the Church he & wife pursued a life of deep austerity and mortifications.  His body was translated to Benevento, and later to Rome, but was taken back to Nola by the order of Pope Pius X, 1909.
1277 Pope Innocent V Peter of Tarentaise simple, humble friar Blessed Pope Innocent V; masterly tutelage of Saint Albert the Great; visited on foot all Dominican houses under his care; sent to Paris to replace Thomas Aquinas at the University of Paris; succeeded solving questions of Greek schism establishing short-lived truce: OP Pope (RM). At Rome, blessed Pope Innocent V, who laboured with mildness and prudence to maintain liberty for the Church and harmony among the Christians.  The veneration paid to him was approved and confirmed by Pope Leo XIII.
1968 Relics of the Great St. Mark the Apostle by the hand of Pope Paul the Sixth, Pope of Rome for the opening of the new St. Mark Cathedral  {Coptic}

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 21
1591 St. Aloysius (Luigi, Louis) Gonzaga Pius XI -- Benedict XIII declared him patron of young students and Pius XI proclaimed him patron of Christian youth. SJ (RM).
1600 St. John Rigby  Martyr of England, a lay­man executed at Southwak one of the Forty Martyrs of England adn Wales and was canonized in 1970 by Pope Paul VI.
1942  Departure of Pope Yoannis the Nineteenth, 113th Patriarch of Alexandria. PCoptic}
Aphrodysios The Holy Martyr was beheaded with sword at Cilicia (Asia Minor) for faith in Christ the Saviour.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 20
537 Silverius Pope son of Pope Saint Hormisdas died a martyr's death after less than two years in office M (RM)  On the island of Pontia, the birthday of St. Silverius, pope and martyr.  For refusing to reinstate the heretical bishop Anthimus who had been deposed by his predecessor Agapitus, he was banished to the isle of Pontia by Belisarius, prompted by the wicked empress Theodora.  He died there, consumed by many tribulations for the Catholic faith.
 710 St. Bagne Pope St Sergius I -- Benedictine monk Bishop missionary disciple of St. Wandrille From a visit to Pope St Sergius I in Rome he returned with many gifts, including the reputed relics of St Silas, the companion of St Paul, which he placed in his cathedral church. He buried the bodies of SS. Luglius and Luglian, two Irish pilgrims who were murdered by robbers as they were on their way back from the Holy Land.
Alexander VI. -- 1505 BD OSANNA OF MANTUA, VIRGIN Professor R. W. Chambers described as "that beloved and saintly scholar ... Edmund Gardner", to quote somewhat at length from a privately printed essay of his entitled: "A Mystic of the Renaissance: Osanna Andreasi of Mantua". Speaking of the vision vouchsafed to her in her childhood, Professor Gardner tells how, in her own words, "she feared greatly because of the vision she had had, knowing herself not to be a true and perfect lover of God as she needs must be", and how her aspirations after this perfect state took articulate form in her simple prayer for divine guidance along the way of love. "Again and again", says Professor Gardner, " we find her foretelling the scourge overhanging Italy for the sins of her people, unless they repent; and more particularly in the opening years of the sixteenth century following with agonized apprehension the career of the pope, realizing ever more and more the awful corruption of the Church. Girolamo tells us that 'she feared greatly for the Church', and it is clear that prudential motives prevented him from recording more than the safer portions of her utterances on the subject." On the other hand, Osanna, while evidently believing in the imminent damnation of vast numbers of unrepentant souls, invariably sees individuals as saved-and, very frequently, their immediate passing into Paradise.
There is only one exception, and that is the sovereign pontiff, Alexander VI. In one of her revelations she tells Girolamo that she has prayed three times for the salvation of the pope. The first two times God seemed disposed to show mercy to him, the third time she received no reply. "And, my soul persevering in the demand, there appeared our Lady, the holy Mother of God, and standing before her Son she began to pray, and to help my soul that she might be consoled by the salvation of the pope, and by the renovation of Holy Church. And thereafter came all the Apostles, standing round the divine presence, and all prayed that mercy might be shown him. Alas, wretched sinner that I am! God ever kept motionless, with aspect and countenance of wrath; and He gave no reply to anyone who prayed; not to the Madonna, nor to the Apostles, nor to my sou!"
Finally Professor Gardner insists that Osanna was not one of those mystics who so turn their backs on the world that they are entirely absorbed in their own spiritual development and progress in perfection.
She was never happy, Girolamo tells us, on any day when she had done no temporal act of mercy, by visiting the sick, giving alms to the poor, nursing and consoling the afflicted. We find her ever protecting the weak and oppressed from the rigour of the law, using her influence to remedy injustice. High and low alike thronged to her house for advice and comfort, and we have many amusing passages in Girolamo's book in which their spiritual colloquies are interrupted by the sudden arrival of Browning's "certain people of importance". Her spirit of detachment does not prevent her from caring for the interests of her brothers, in the court and in the camp, and a charming little letter has been preserved in which on the occasion of a nephew of hers singing his first Mass, she tells the Marquis of Mantua that she is entertaining the friars afterwards, and invites him to form one of the party.
1626 Bl. Michael Tozo Pope Pius IX. -- -- Martyr of Japan. He was a native of Japan who became a catechist and aide to Blessed Balthasar Torres.  Loyal to the faith, Michael was bumed alive at Nagasaki. He was beatified in 1867 by Pope Pius IX.
Pope Pius XI -- 1678-1680 THE ENGLlSH MARTYRS OF THE OATES PLOT-- All the above martyrs were beatified by Pope Pius XI in 1929. Others who suffered in the Oates plot, and were beatified at the same time with so many others, will be found under the dates July 11, 22, and August 22, 27. Those noticed above are collected under this date of June 20 as that of the largest group, BB. Thomas Whitebread and his fellows.

DURING the seventeen years which followed the Stuart Restoration in 1660, the Catholics of England suffered little molestation: they had, in the past, given abundant evidence of their loyalty, and King Charles II was known to be well affected towards them. But in 1678 the pretended revelations of what came to be known as the Popish Plot roused the fears and fury of the nation to fever pitch and caused a renewal of persecution in its bitterest form.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 19
135 Departure of St. Justus, the Sixth Pope of the See of St. Mark.
On this day also, of the year 135 A.D., St. Justus, the Sixth Pope of the See of St. Mark, departed. This saint was an honorable and learned man before his ordination. He was baptized by St. Mark the Apostle, along with his father, his mother and others. St. Anianus, the second pope, ordained him a deacon, then a priest, and appointed him to preach, and teach the people. He was chosen for the papacy to succeed Pope Primus. He shepherded his people with the best of care for ten years. He departed at a pleasing good old age.  May his prayers be with us. Amen.
1092 Departure of St. Kyrillos the Second, the 67th Pope of Alexandria.
On this day also, the twelfth of Baounah, 808 A.M. (June 6th, 1092 A.D.), the great Pope, St. Kyrillos the Second, the 67th Pope of Alexandria, departed. He became a monk in Sawma'et (Cell) of Singar. Because of his knowledge and righteousness, they chose him a Patriarch, a successor to St. Christodolus, the 66th Pope. His enthronement was on 22nd of Baramhat, 794 A.M. (March 18th, 1078 A.D.).
Departure of St. Euphemia. Pope Alexandros
This day also, marks the martyrdom of St. Euphemia. She was the wife of a man who feared God, and gave much alms. He kept three festivals each month: the commemoration of the angel Michael, on the twelfth day(1); (1) The pagans in Alexandria worshipped the idol Zuhal, who had a statue and a temple, that was built by Cleopatra on the twelfth day of the month of Baounah.  During the reign of Emperor Constantine, Pope Alexandros preached to the people, explaining to them the error of worshipping the idols that do not move or reason, which are made by human hands, and the error of offering sacrifices to them. He changed the temple of this idol to a church in the name of Michael the Archangel, and destroyed that statue. He asked them to distribute these sacrifices to the poor that Christ had called His brothers, to receivethe intercession of the angel Michael. This church was called, at that time, the church of El-Kaisariah.
1009 Saint Bruno (Boniface) of Querfurt.   With the authorization of Pope Silvester II -- duly granted, he set out for Germany in the depth of a winter so severe that his boots sometimes froze tight to the stirrups.  1009 Saint Bruno (Boniface) of Querfurt received the habit of a Camaldolese monk from the founder Saint Romuald missionary to Germany  "the Second Apostle of the Prussians"OSB Cam. BM (RM).  Pope Clement VIII added his name to the general calendar in 1595.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 18
486 Sts. Gregory, probably 440 Pope Saint Sixtus III -- Deacon Demetrius, and Abbot Calogerus Greek hermit missionary called "the Anchoret."  received the monastic habit from the pope {probably 440 Pope Saint Sixtus III was pope from July 31, 432 to August 18,} in Rome
1505 Blessed Hosanna of Mantua Popes Leo X and Innocent XII.-- spent her fortune in the service of the poor stigmata OP Tert.  miraculously learned to read/write V (AC) (also known as Osanna) Born in Mantua, Lombardy, Italy, 1449; cultus confirmed by Popes Leo X and Innocent XII.
1697 Saint  Gregory Barbarigo Pope Alexander VII. -- first Bishop of Bergamo worked unceasingly in carrying out the reforms set forth by the Council of Trent; consecrated as the first Bishop of Bergamo by Pope Alexander VII.
1925 Venerable Matt Talbot; 1973 Pope Paul VI gave him the title venerable.-- patron people struggling with alcoholism Secular Franciscan Order began life of strict penance contributed generously to the missions.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 17
1250 St. Teresa of Portugal Her cult, with that of her sister Sanchia, was approved by Pope Clement XI in 1705. -- the eldest daughter of King Sancho I of Portugal and sister of SS. Mafalda and Sanchia; married her cousin, King Alfonso IX of Leon & had several children; the marriage was declared invalid because of consanguinity, she returned to Portugal and founded a Benedictine monastery on her estate at Lorvao. She replaced the monks with nuns following the Cistercian Rule, accounts of miracles are attributed to Teresa's intercession. She expanded a monastery to accommodate three hundred nuns, and lived there. In about 1231, at the request of Alfonso's second wife and widow, Berengaria, she settled a dispute among their children over the succession of the throne of Leon, and on her return to Lorvao, she probably became a nun.
1435 BD PETER OF PISA --Pope Clement IX -- His congregation, approved by Pope Martin V in 1421, soon established itself elsewhere in Italy. -- Many miracles were ascribed to him; THE founder of the Hermits, or Poor Brothers, of St Jerome was born in 1355 at Pisa, while his father, Peter Gambacorta, whose name he bore, was ruling that republic. At the age of twenty-five he secretly left the court in the disguise of a penitent, and retired to the Umbrian solitude of Monte Bello. Pope Clement IX united the community of St Jerome of Fiesole, which had been founded by Charles Montegranelli, to Bd Peter's order. But by 1933 its members had become so few that it was suppressed by the Holy See.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 16
540 St. Berthaldus Nicholas VI in 1451 and Paul II -- A hermit ordained by St. Remigius. Berthaldus, also called Bertaud, lived in the Ardennes region of France indulgences granted for pilgrimages to his shrine. Several popes, including Nicholas VI in 1451 and Paul II in 1466, have granted indulgences for pilgrimages to his shrine (Benedictines, Montague).
551 St. Aurelian Bishop and papal vicar of Gaul named bishop of Aries in 546; He founded a monastery and convent there enriched them with the relics of many saints, including a piece of the True Cross, and Saints Stephen, Peter and Paul, John, James, Andrew, Gennesius, Symphorianus, Victor, Hilary, Martin, Caesarius, and others; Pope Vigilius named him a papal vicar of Gaul.
551 St. Aurelian Pope Vigilius  -- Bishop and papal vicar of Gaul named bishop of Aries in 546; He founded a monastery and convent there enriched them with the relics of many saints, including a piece of the True Cross, and Saints Stephen, Peter and Paul, John, James, Andrew, Gennesius, Symphorianus, Victor, Hilary, Martin, Caesarius, and others; Pope Vigilius named him a papal vicar of Gaul.
1106 St. Benno Pope Gregory, Pope Urban II -- bishop educated in the abey of St. Michael, he bacame a canon at Gozlar in Hanover, chaplain to Emperor Henry III and in 1066 bishop of Meissen.   After St Benno's release he identified himself with the supporters of Pope Gregory, and in 1085 at the synod of Mainz he was deposed from his bishopric by the assembled German prelates, the greater part of whom were entirely subservient to the emperor.
He regained his see, however, three years later, through the good offices of the antipope Guibert, to whom he made submission. In 1097, when the star of the emperor had waned and that of Pope Urban II was in the ascendant, Benno again changed his allegiance and declared himself an adherent of the true pope.
He exerted himself particularly to combat the shameless simony which, together with the question of investitures, constituted the main grounds for the struggle between Henry IV and Pope Gregory VII.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 15
1053 Bardo of Mainz Pope Leo IX-- Bardo played an important part in two synods of Mainz which met under the presidency of Pope Leo IX to put down simony and to enforce clerical celibacy. helmet, a lamb, and a Psalter were gifts presented to Bardo as a child, and these symbolized courage, gentleness, and piety, each of which marked his later career education came at Fulda, where he also received the Benedictine habit and became the dean. Upon his ordination as a priest in 1029;  succeed the archbishop of Mainz;  to the end Bardo preserved the simple habits of a monk;  is noted for his love of the poor, the destitute, and animals; lover of birds, many rare specimens of which he collected and tamed, and taught to feed from his own plate; advocated, especially to young people, the virtues of self-discipline and temperance OSB B (AC)
1250 Pope Pius X in 1907 formally authorized her cultus under the title of Saint Aleydis. Her feast is kept in the Cistercian Order and in the diocese of Malines, on June 15. St. Aleydis or Adelaide, Virgin born at Shaerbeck, near Brussels entered a Cistercian convent at seven named Camera Sanctae Mariae, and she remained there for the rest of her life;  offered up her sufferings for the souls in purgatory and had visions of their being set free through her intercession.
1886 Bd Aloysius Palazolo founder of the brothers of the Holy Family and Sisters of the Poor; His charitable work was particularly concerned witht he reclaiming of prostitutes.
Born at Bergamo in 1827;  ordained priest, 1850. His charitable work was particularly concerned witht he reclaiming of prostitutes.  He died on 15 June, 1886 and was beatified in 1963.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 14
847 Methodius as representative of Patriarch Nicephorus, was exiled by Emperor Leo V the Armenian for refusing to yield to the imperial decrees on the destruction of icons. After the deposition and exile of St Nicephorus, however, he went to Rome, apparently charged to inform Pope St Paschal I of the condition of affairs; and he remained there until the death of Leo V.
1916 St. Albert Chmielowski  Pope John Paul II --  St. Albert Chmielowski  founded the Brothers of the Third Order of Saint Francis, Servants to the Poor
. Pope John Paul II beatified him in 1983 and canonized him six years later.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 13
At Padua, St. Anthony, a native of Portugal, priest of the Order of Friars Minor and confessor, illustrious for the sanctity of his life, his miracles, and his preaching.  Pope Gregory IX placed him on the canon of the saints within a year after his death.  He died in Padua in 1231 and was canonised by Pope Gregory IX in 1232.
1942 Pope Yoannis the Nineteenth 113th Patriarch of Alexandria Departure of; monk; priest; an example of, ambition, honesty, purity of conduct, firmness, godliness, and good management loved, since his young age, to read the biographies of saints. He longed to follow their example
On this day, of the year 1658 A.M. (1942 A.D.) Pope Yoannis the Nineteenth, 113th Patriarch of Alexandria, departed. He was born in the village of Dair Tasa, Asyiut governorate in the year 1571 A.M. (1855 A.D.).

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 12

Pope Saint Gelasius and Saint Gregory the Great -- 3rd V.-end  Sts Basilides, Cyrinus, Nabor, and Nazarius all soldiers martyrs At Rome, on the Aurelian Way The quartet is mentioned in the sacramentaries of Pope Saint Gelasius and Saint Gregory the Great as interred on the Aurelian road. Their unreliable acta states that they were four soldiers in the army of Maxentius. Sts Basilides, Cyrinus, Nabor, and Nazarius all soldiers martyrs At Rome, on the Aurelian Way, during the persecution of Diocletian and Maximian, and under the prefect Aurelius, the birthday of the holy martyrs Basilides, Cyrinus, Nabor, and Nazarius, all soldiers who were cast into prison for the confession of the Christian name, scourged with knotted whips, and finally beheaded.
683  Pope St. Leo II At Rome, in the Vatican basilica, to whom God miraculously restored his eyes and his tongue after they had been torn out by impious men.
ON the very day after the death of Pope Adrian I the electors proceeded to appoint his successor.
816 Pope Leo III, On Christmas Day Leo crowned Charlemagne as Holy Roman Emperor in Saint Peter's Basilica. beginning of the Holy Roman Empire, affected European history for many centuries

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 11
1320 Departure of Pope Yoannis the Eighth; last to reside in the church of Abu-Saifain in Cairo (80th Patriarch).  
On this day also, of the year 1036 A.M. (May 29th, 1320 A.D.) Pope Yoannis the Eighth (80th Patriarch), departed. He was from Meniat Bani-Khosaim, and was known as El Mo'ataman Ebn El-Kedees, and his name was Yohanna Ben-Ebsal. He became a monk in the monastery of El-Shahran, and was ordained Patriarch on the 19th day of Amshir, 1016 A.M. (February 14th, 1300 A.D.).
St. Gregory Nazianzen the translation of At Rome, whose revered body was brought from Constantinople to Rome, and kept for a long time in the Church of the Mother of God.  It was then transferred with great solemnity by Pope Gregory XIII to a chapel of the basilica of St. Peter, magnificently decorated by His Holiness, and the next day placed with due honour beneath the altar.
Pope Pius IX. confirmed his ancient cultus in 1856. 1450 Bd Stephen Bandelli; doctor of canon law, University of Pavia professor, honoured as saint and wonder-worker;
1971 Blessed Manuel Lozano Garrido, Venerated 17 December 2007 by Pope Benedict XVI (decree of heroic virtues) 1971 Blessed Manuel Lozano Garrido, Spanish layman, beatified Saturday 12, 2010 June in Linares, Spain.
Beatified 12 June 2010 by Pope Benedict XVI

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 10
During the Papacy of Pope Gabriel (88th Patriarch) the relics of the saint were relocated to his well-known church in Old Cairo. That was on the 16th day of Abib, 1240 A.M. (July 10, 1024 A.D.).
729  Departure of Pope Cosmas, the 44th Patriarch from the village of Abi-Sair monk in the monastery of St. Macarius. {Coptic}
1053 Pope St. Leo IX -- advised Bardo to lighten his duties and relax some of his personal austerities and mortifications.  1053 St. Bardo Benedictine archbishop official of the Holy Roman Empire.
Canonized 1251 by Pope Innocent IV -- 1093 MARGARET of Scotland Memorial 16 November; formerly 10 June; 16 June in Scotland  founded abbeys and used her position to work for justice and improved conditions for the poor
1315 Bd Henry of Treviso The cultus of Bd Henry was confirmed by Pope Benedict XIV. 1315 Bd Henry of Treviso; 276 miracles, wrought by his relics, recorded within days of death by notaries appointed by the magistrates: they occupy thirty-two closely printed columns of the Acta Sanctorum.
1386 Pope Innocent VI -- Bd Bonaventure of Peraga, Cardinal of The Holy Roman Church. when Pope Innocent VI established a theological faculty at the University of Bologna, Bonaventure was one of the earliest occupants of a chair.  On several occasions he acted as ambassador for Pope Urban VI during the Schism.
Pope Gregory XII -- 1419 Bd John Dominici, Archbishop of Ragusa and Cardinal; instrumental in helping to end the great schism,In 1406 he attended the conclave which elected Pope Gregory XII, and he afterwards became confessor and adviser to that pope, who created him archbishop of Ragusa and cardinal of San Sisto. By encouraging Pope Gregory to resign—as the only possible means of inducing the antipopes likewise to forego their claims—Bd John was instrumental in helping to end the great schism, and it was he who conveyed Gregory’s resignation to the Council of Constance.  The next pope, Martin V, appointed him legate to Bohemia and Hungary, charged especially with the duty of counteracting the influence of the Hussites.
1914 Pope Kyrillos the Fifth-- Departure of St. Abraam, bishop of El-Fayyoum ordained a monk and  priest; meek, humble, had a pure life, and he prayed much in seclusion; Many patients, of different religions, came to him, seeking the blessing of his prayers and were healed miracles were manifested through him after his departure, and his tomb became and still is a pilgrimage for many who have special needs or infirmities.. The abbot of the monastery of El-Baramous at that time was archpriest Youhanna the Scribe, who became later on Pope Kyrillos the fifth (112th Patriarch). In the year 1597 A.M. (1881 A.D.), Pope Kyrillos the Fifth chose and ordained him a bishop for the parish of El-Fayyoum and El-Giza. He replaced its reposed bishop, Anba Eisak, and was ordained with the name of Abba Abraam.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 09
Pope Theodore -- 297 Primus and Felician Roman patricians who had converted to Christianity relieving poor visiting prisoners refusing to sacrifice to the public gods MM first martyrs bodies later reburied within walls of Rome (RM) Pope Theodore  caused their relics to be brought to San Stefano Rotondo, and this translation is said to have been the first instance of the removal of the bodies of martyrs from a church dedicated to them outside the walls of Rome to a basilica within the city.

373;  -- Pope Benedict XV; Ephrem of Edessa, Deacon, Doctor (RM) (also known as Ephraem, Ephraim) Born c. 306 in Nisibis (Syria), Mesopotamia; died at Edessa (Iraq) on June 9, 373; declared Doctor of the Church in 1920 by Pope Benedict XV; feast day formerly June 18 and February 1.  Ephrem passed his entire life in his native Mesopotamia (Syria). He was long thought to be the son of a pagan priest, but it is now believed his parents were Christians. He was baptized at eighteen, served under Saint James of Nisibis, became head of his school, and probably accompanied him to the Council of Nicaea in 325.

444 Pope Celestine  -- Saint Cyril, Archbishop of Alexandria, a distinguished champion of Orthodoxy and a great teacher of the Church Then the saint sent out epistles against Nestorianism to the clergy of Constantinople and to the holy emperor Theodosius the Younger (408-450), denuncing the heresy. Cyril wrote also to other Churches, to Pope Celestine and to the other Patriarchs, and even to monks of several monasteries, warning of the emergence of a dangerous heresy.

594 St. Gregory I the Great -- St. Maximian of Syracuse Benedictine bihop, monk trained by St. Gregory I the Great at St. Andrew’s Abbey in Rome Aposcrisarius apostolic delegate in Sicily

1196 Pope St Gelasius I  -- St. Richard of Andria Bishop of Andria, Italy and patron of that see known for miracles and his extraordinary sanctity he was one of the three prelates commissioned by Pope St Gelasius I to dedicate the sanctuary on Monte Gargano after the famous vision of St Michael. He may possibly have owed his elevation to the episcopate to Pope Adrian IV, himself an Englishman. The remains of St Richard, which had been long lost, were discovered in 1434 with documents testifying to his ancient cultus, and Eugenius IV consented to its revival and continuance. St Richard, or Riccardo, is the principal patron of Andria.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 08
543 Pope Virgilius -- At Camerino, St. Victorinus, confessor, the twin brother of St. Severin, bishop of Septempeda.
Victorinus, brother of Saint Severinus, was made bishop of Camerino in 540 against his will by Pope Virgilius. Pope Vigilius forced both to become bishops in 540-- Severinus in Septempeda and Victorinus in Camerino. Severinus died shortly before Septempeda was destroyed by Totila the Ostrogoth (Benedictines)
1154 Pope Honorius III. --St. William of York, Bishop austere life of a monk, practicing much prayer and mortification; Following his death, many miracles were attributed to him.  He was placed in the calendar of the saints by Pope Honorius III.a new Pope, the Cistercian Eugene III, suspended William, and in 1147, he was deposed as archbishop of York.
William then retired to Winchester where he led the austere life of a monk, practicing much prayer and mortification. Upon the death of his accusers and Eugene III, Pope Anastastius IV restored William his See and made him archbishop.

Pope Sixtus IV -- 1482 Bl. Pacificus of Cerano Franciscan friar renowned preacher missionary especially respected for his knowledge of moral theology Summa Pacifica was popular   In 1480 came another summons to go to Sardinia, this time as visitor and commissary general for the convents of the strict observance, and also as apostolic nuncio charged by Pope Sixtus IV to proclaim a crusade against Mohammed II.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 06
Pope St Leo the Great  -- 441 St. Ceratius Bishop of Grenoble present at the Council of Orange in 441 We know that he was present at the Council of Orange in 441, also that he with two other Gaulish bishops wrote to Pope St Leo the Great in 450, and finally there is mention of him in a letter written to the same pope by Eusebius of Milan.
518 St. Eustorgius II Reportedly a Greek who lived in Rome spent vast amounts of money ransoming members of his flock. lived in Rome during the reigns of Popes Gelasius, Symmachus and Hormisdas.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 05

St Clement, Pope -- Lucian The Hieromartyr lived in Romes pagan name Lucius was converted to Christ by the Apostle Peter, and was baptized At the request of St Clement, Pope of Rome (November 25), he agreed to preach the Gospel in the West, and gathered companions and helpers for this task.

Pope Gregory II -- 754 St. Boniface {Winfrith } of Mainz missionary bishop; Pope Gregory II talked to Winfrith all winter long before finally sending him on a test mission to Thuringia in Germany known as the Apostle of Germany He not only brought the Christian faith but Roman Christian civilization to this portion of Europe.
In 731 Pope Gregory II died, and his successor, Gregory III, to whom St Boniface had written, sent him the pallium and constituted him metropolitan of Germany beyond the Rhine, with authority to found bishoprics wherever he thought fit. Several years later the saint went to Rome for the third time, in order to confer about the churches he had founded. He was then appointed legate of the Apostolic See; and at Monte Cassino he obtained another missionary for Germany in the person of St Walburga's brother, St Willibald.
Pope St Zachary created him primate of Germany as well as apostolic legate for Germany and Gaul.
ALTHOUGH his cultus appears never to have been formally confirmed, Bd Meinwerk was undoubtedly one of the greatest and most high-minded churchmen of his age. Of noble Saxon birth, he was educated for the priesthood, first at Halberstadt and afterwards in the cathedral school of Hildesheim, where he formed what was to prove a life-long friendship with his kinsman, the future sainted Emperor Henry II. These expeditions enabled the bishop to satisfy a passion for relic collecting, in which he found Pope Benedict VIII specially generous.
IT is as the hero of one of the finest plays of the great Spanish dramatist Calderon that Prince Ferdinand the Constant is best known to the world to-day.
Pope Eugenius IV sent a legate to offer the prince the cardinal's hat, but again Ferdinand's scruples stood in the way, and he declined the honour, on the plea that he could not take that burden upon his conscience.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 04

Pope Innocent II -- 1150 St. Walter Benedictine abbot English served as a monk and then abbot of Fontenelle, France, the famed Benedictine spiritual center. Pope Innocent II (r. 1130-1143) noted his zeal and holiness.
Pope Clement VIII -- 1608 St. Francis Caracciolo priest Founder of Minor Clerks Regular with St. John Augustine Adorno

When Pope Paul VI canonized these 22 martyrs on October 18, 1964, 1886 Charles Lwanga and Companions; One of 22 Ugandan martyrs, Charles Lwanga is the patron of youth and Catholic action in most of tropical Africa. he referred to the Anglican pages martyred for the same reason.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 03

Pope Benedict XIV.-- The cultus was approved by 1264 Blessed Andrew Caccioli 1/original 72 followers of Saint Francis, OFM (AC)
The apostolic letter of Pope Benedict XV, which includes a detailed statement of the names and of the more outrageous barbarities of which the martyrs were victims, may be read in the Acta Apostolicae Sedis, vol. xii (1920), pp. 272-281. 1885 St. Charles Lwanga Pope Paul VI in 1964; -- and Companions Martyrs of Uganda When the White Fathers were expelled from the country, the new Christians carried on their work, translating and printing the catechism into their natively language and giving secret instruction on the faith. Without priests, liturgy, and sacraments their faith, intelligence, courage, and wisdom kept the Catholic Church alive and growing in Uganda. When the White Fathers returned after King Mwanga's death, they found five hundred Christians and one thousand catchumens waiting for them. The twenty-two Catholic martyrs of the Uganda persecution were canonized.
1963 Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli ordination 1904 Secular Franciscan; canon law studies; worked as his bishop’s secretary; Church history teacher in the seminary; publisher of the diocesan paper; stretcher-bearer for the Italian army during World War I; 1921 national director of the Society for the Propagation of the Faith; taught patristics at Eternal City seminary; 1925 papal diplomat, first in Bulgaria, then Turkey finally in France (1944-53).  During World War II, became well acquainted with Orthodox Church leaders with the help of Germany’s ambassador to Turkey, Archbishop Roncalli helped save 24,000 Jewish people.
Pope John Paul II beatified him on September 3, 2000, and assigned as his feast day October 11, the day that Vatican II’s first session opened.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 02
304 Pope St. Damasus composed an epitaph in verse for their tomb. -- Sts. Marcellinus and Peter Martyrs respect in which they were held are the basilica Constantine built over their tombs and the presence of their names in the first eucharistic prayer.  The bodies of the saints were sent in 827 by Pope Gregory IV to Eginhard, Charlemagne’s former secretary, to enrich the monasteries he had built or restored, and were eventually deposited at Seligenstadt, fourteen miles from Frankfort-on-the-Main. Accounts are preserved to us recording every detail of the miracles which attended this very famous translation. That there was an active cultus of these two martyrs in Rome is proved by such inscriptions as, “Sancte Petr(e) Marcelline, suscipite vestnim alumnum”.
657 St. Eugene I a Roman priest who held various positions in the Church known for his charity and his sanctity
Romæ sancti Eugénii Primi, Papæ et Confessóris.    At Rome, Pope St. Eugene I, Confessor.
He was consecrated Pope on August 10, 654, while his predecessor, Pope St. Martin I, was still alive (he died on September 6), an exile and prisoner in the Crimea by order of Monothelite Emperor Constans II.
1094 --   At Trani in Apulia, St. Nicholas Peregrinus, confessor, whose miracles were recounted in the Roman Council under Pope Urban II.
1795  Departure of the most honored Layman Ibrahim El-Gohari;  transscribed the religion books, and distribute them to the church at his own expense.  He brought the books to Pope John (Youhanna) the Eighteenth, and 107th patriarch of Alexandria Who was enthroned from 1486-1512 A.M. (1769-1796 A.D.)  The many books presented to the church by Ibrahim El-Gohari got the attention of the pope, together with the high cost of transcribing the books and binding them. The pope asked Ibrahim about his resource, and Ibrahim revealed to them his zealously and his godly life. The pope blessed him saying:  “may the lord uplift your name and bless your work, and keep your memory forever.” The relation between Ibrahim El-Gohari and the pope became stronger from that time.
Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 01
Gregory XIII -- 304 542 ST PROCULUS, “THE SOLDIER “, AND ST PROCULUS, BISHOP OF BOLOGNA, MARTYRS: in 1584 Pope Gregory XIII sanctioned the keeping, on June 1, of an annual feast in honour of the translation.
Bonóniæ sancti Próculi Mártyris, qui sub Maximiáno Imperatóre passus est.
  At Bologna, St. Proculus, martyr, who suffered under Emperor Maximian.

Pope Benedict IX   -- 1035 ST SIMEON OF SYRACUSE spent two years as a solitary in a little cave near the Red Sea; long before his death, he was venerated as a saint and a wonder-worker
Tréviris sancti Simeónis Mónachi, qui a Benedícto Papa Nono in Sanctórum númerum relátus est.
    At Treves, St. Simeon, a monk, whom Pope Benedict IX numbered among the saints.

Pope Alexander IV -- 1057 ST ENECO, OR INIGO, ABBOT a great reputation for austerity and the working of miracles deeply lamented even by Jews and Moors; hermit then monk at San Juan de Pena elected Prior drawn to both the contemplative and the eremitical life
In monastério Onniénsi, apud Burgos, in Hispánia, sancti Enecónis, Abbátis Benedictíni, ob sanctitátis et miraculórum glóriam illústris.
    At Burgos in Spain, in the monastery of Onia, St. Eneco, Benedictine abbot, made illustrious by his sanctity and miracles.
There is some obscurity regarding the manner and time of the canonization, but it is certain that in 1259 Pope Alexander IV granted an indulgence to those who visited the church of Oña "on the feast of Blessed Eneco, confessor, formerly abbot of the said monastery" ; see further E. W. Kemp, Canonization and Authority (1948), pp. 83-85. It would seem to have been out of devotion to the organizing genius who made Oña famous that St Ignatius Loyola received in baptism the name of Iñigo. Several early signatures of his are preserved in this form.
Pope Pius IX 1451 BD HERCULANUS OF PIEGARO beatified the holy friar in 1860.  Franciscan; extraordinary powers in winning souls to God. Wherever he went he spoke of the sufferings of our Lord, frequently by his eloquence reducing his hearers to tears, and by his personal holiness inspiring them to reform their lives; he urged penance on others he set the example himself by his own great austerity.
Clement VII Pope Paul III -- 1540  St. Angela Merici, virgin of the Third Order of St. Francis.  She was the foundress of the Nuns of St. Ursula, and was called by her heavenly Spouse on the 27th of January in order to receive an incorruptible crown. suggested that she should stay in Rome to take charge of a congregation of nursing sisters, but a sense of her true vocation as well as a shrinking from publicity led her to decline the offer. Pope Paul III issued a bull confirming the Company of St Ursula and declaring it to be a recognized congregation, and in 1807 its foundress was canonized.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 31 2016
1240 St. Raymond Nonnatus.  Upon his return to Spain in 1239 he was nominated cardinal by Pope Gregory IX. But so little was he affected by unlooked-for honour that he neither changed his dress, nor his poor cell in the convent at Barcelona, nor his manner of living. The pope called him to Rome. St Rayrnund obeyed, but could not be persuaded to travel otherwise than as a poor religious. He got no farther than Cardona (Cerdagne), which is only six miles from Barcelona; he was seized with a violent fever and died there, being only about thirty-six years old. He was buried in the chapel of St Nicholas at Portello, and his name was inscribed in the Roman Martyrology in 1657. St Raymund Nonnatus is the patron-saint of midwives, from the circumstances of his birth.  In 1657 his name was placed in the Roman martyrology by Alexander VII. He is invoked by women in labour and by persons falsely accused. The appendix to the Roman ritual gives a formula for the blessing of water, in his honour, to be used by the sick, and another of candles.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 30 2016
384 Pope Saint Damasus I   commissioned Saint Jerome to translate Scriptures in Latin
    At Rome, St. Damasus, pope and confessor, who condemned the heresiarch Apollinaris, and restored to his See Peter, bishop of Alexandria, who had been driven from it.  He also discovered the bodies of many holy martyrs and composed verses in their honour.
"The answers to many of life's questions can be found by reading the Lives of the Saints. They teach us how to overcome obstacles and difficulties,
how to stand firm in our faith, and how to struggle against evil and emerge victorious." 

1913 Saint Barsanuphius of Optina
20 February, 1878; 20 July, 1903; Pope Leo XIII Gioacchino Vincenzo Raffaele Luigi Pecci  doctorate of theology;
Civilization owes much to Leo for his stand on the social question.

The ecclesiastical sciences found a generous patron in Pope Leo.
Even among the Copts his efforts at reunion made headway.
Under Leo the Catholic Faith made great progress; With regard to the Kingdom of Italy, Leo XIII maintained Pius IX's attitude of protest; in Portugal the Government ceased to support the Goan schism, and in 1886 a concordat was drawn up. 
The United States at all times attracted the attention and admiration of Pope Leo.
Throughout his entire pontificate he was able to keep on good terms with France; 1872 he introduced the government standards for studies of the secondary schools and colleges.
Bishop of Perugia;  1843, appointed nuncio to Brussels.

1588 Margaret Ward one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales M (RM)
Born at Congleton, Cheshire, England; died August 30, 1588; beatified in 1929; canonized in 1970 by Pope Paul VI as one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales. The gentlewoman Margaret was serving as a companion in the home of the Whittle family in London when she was arrested together with her servant, Blessed John Roche, for helping Father Richard (William?) Watson to escape from Bridewell Prison. She had smuggled a rope into the priest's cell so that he might climb down from the roof. He was injured, but did escape with the help of John Roche. The rope was traced back to Margaret, who was severely tortured. They were tried at the Old Bailey on August 29, and offered their freedom if they would reveal the whereabouts of Watson and convert to the Protestant faith. Upon refusing, they were hanged, drawn, and quartered at Tyburn, together with a priest and three other laymen (Benedictines, Delaney, Farmer, Kalberer)

1617 St. Rose of Lima patroness of Latin America and the Philippines miracles .  She was canonized by Pope Clement X in 1671, being the first canonized saint of the New World.

1879 St. Jeanne Jugan  (Sister Mary of the Cross) developed special love for aged, particularly poor widows; At 47 several other women moved into Jeanne’s home, they became an informal prayer community eventually elected Jeanne superior; supported themselves through domestic work; in free time they catechized children, aided the poor as best they could. Over time the community became known as congregation of the Little Sisters of the Poor. Their members, who begged for needs of the elderly in their care, vows of poverty, chastity, obedience and hospitality..  She lived to see Pope Leo XIII approve the constitutions for the Little Sisters of the Poor in 1879. But Jeanne Jugan was not officially recognized as the founder of the congregation until 14 years after her death.  Pope John Paul II beatified her in 1982.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 29 2016
     St. Candida A martyr of the Ostian Way Rome.  Long venerated in Rome, Saint Candida's remains were enshrined in Saint Praxedes church there by Pope Saint Paschal I in the 9th century. She was one of a group of martyrs executed for their faith on the Ostian Way outside the gates of Rome (Benedictines, Encyclopedia).

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 28 2016
John Paul I's Election Remembered
Cardinal Angelo Scola, patriarch of Venice, celebrated a Mass to mark the 30th anniversary of the election of "the smiling Pope," John Paul I.  The celebration took place at the Church of Canale d'Agordo, in the Venuto region of Italy, where Albino Luciani was born in 1912. He was the eldest of four siblings. His biographers say that he was a restless, strong and vivacious child.

entered the minor seminary of the town of Feltre, and then went on to the major seminary of Belluno, where he was ordained priest in 1935. He was appointed bishop of Vittorio Veneto in 1958, and was appointed patriarch of Venice in 1969. In 1973 he was elevated to cardinal.
John Paul I was the first Pope to have a composite name, a gesture to honor his two predecessors
-- John XXIII and Paul VI. His papal motto was "humilitas" (humility).
The "smiling Pope" died Sept. 28, 1978, 33 days after his election to the papacy.

 120 St. Hermes Martyr with companions in Rome. At Rome, the birthday of St. Hermes, an illustrious man, who, as we read in the Acts of blessed Pope Alexander, was first confined in prison, and afterwards fulfilled his martyrdom by the sword, at the time of the judge Aurelian.

 430 St. Augustine of Hippo is the patron of brewers; son of St. Monica. Thus, in the words of Pope Paschal II, "The regular mode of life recognized in the early Church as instituted by the Apostles was earnestly adopted by the blessed Augustine, who provided it with new regulations". 

1588 Bl. Hugh More Martyr of England.  He was a native of Lincolnshire, educated at Oxford. After converting while at Reims, Hugh was martyred at Lincoln’s Inn Fields by hanging. Pope Pius XI beatified him in 1929.

1628 St. Edmund Arrowsmith one of the Forty Martyrs. He was canonized as one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales by Pope Paul VI in 1970.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 27 2016
  JOHN PAUL I    ANGELUS   Sunday, 27 August 1978
    Yesterday morning I went to the Sistine Chapel to vote tranquilly. Never could I have imagined what was about to happen.
As soon as the danger for me had begun, the two colleagues who were beside me whispered words of encouragement. One said:
Courage! If the Lord gives a burden, he also gives the strength to carry it. The other colleague said: Don't be afraid; there are so many people in the whole world who are praying for the new Pope.
When the moment of decision came, I accepted.
Then there was the question of the name, for they also ask what name you wish to take, and I had thought little about it.
My thoughts ran along these lines: Pope John had decided to consecrate me himself in St Peter's Basilica, then, however unworthy, I succeeded him in Venice on the Chair of St Mark, in that Venice which is still full of Pope John.
He is remembered by the gondoliers, the Sisters, everyone.
Then Pope Paul not only made me a Cardinal, but some months earlier, on the wide footbridge in St Mark's Square, he made me blush to the roots of my hair in the presence of 20,000 people, because he removed his stole and placed it on my shoulders.
Never have I blushed so much!
Furthermore, during fifteen years of pontificate this Pope has shown, not only to me but to the whole world,
how to love, how to serve, how to labour and to suffer for the Church of Christ.
For that reason I said: I shall be called John Paul. I have neither the wisdom of the heart of Pope John, nor the preparation and culture of Pope Paul, but I am in their place.
I must seek to serve the Church. I hope that you will help me with your prayers. © Copyright 1978 - Libreria Editrice Vaticana
<Pope Clement VIII 1592-1605; made a grant towards the rent of The Clerks Regular of The Religious Schools, and people of consequence having begun to send their children to the school, the parish-schoolmasters and others began to criticize it with some vehemence; complaints of its disorders were made to the pope and he directed Cardinals Antoniani and Baronius to pay it a surprise visit of inspection. This was done and as a result of their report Clement took the institution under his immediate protection.

v St. Joseph Calasanctius Founder Clerks Regular

  In similar circumstances the same course was taken and the grant doubled in 1606 by Paul V 1605-1621 a canonist of marked ability; watched vigilantly over the interests of the Church in every nation.
Paul V>

Renewed efforts on the part of the malcontents, who had the support of an aggrieved female relative of the pope.  They were successful, and in <1646 Pope Innocent XSt. Joseph Calasanctius saw the apparent overturning of all his work by the authority to which he was so greatly devoted and the indirect disgrace of himself before the world when the news was brought to him he simply murmured,
"The Lord gave and the Lord hath taken away.  Blessed be the name of the Lord."

Sancti Joséphi Calasánctii, Presbyteri et Confessóris, qui Ordinis Clericórum Regulárium Páuperum Matris Dei Scholárum Piárum éxstitit Fundátor, atque octávo Kaléndas Septémbris obdormívit in Dómino.
St. Joseph Calasanctius, priest and confessor, who founded the Order of Poor Clerics Regular of the Mother of God of the Christian Schools.  He fell asleep in the Lord on the 25th of August.

  There is an obvious parallel between this history and that of St Alphonsus Liguori and the early days of the Redemptorists, and during the troubles of his young congregation St Alphonsus used to encourage and fortify himself by reading the life of St Joseph Calasanctius; he was canonized in 1767, six years before the death of Alban Butler, who only gives to him a brief notice, wherein he is referred to as  "a perpetual miracle of fortitude and another Job"-a comparison made
by Cardinal ^Lambertini (afterwards Pope Benedict XIV) before the Congregation of Sacred Rites in 1728.
The failure of St Joseph's foundation was only apparent.  Its suppression was strongly objected to in several places, and it was reconstituted with simple vows in 1656 and restored as a religious order in 1669.  Today the Clerks Regular of the Religious Schools (commonly called Piarists or Scolopi) flourish in various parts of the world.

366 Saint Liberius the Confessor, Bishop of Rome, became Bishop of Rome in the year 352, after the death of Pope Julius. St Liberius was a fervent proponent of Orthodoxy against the Arian heresy and a defender of St Athanasius of Alexandria (May 2). The emperor Constantius (337-361) was inclined to side with the Arians, but was not able to compel St Liberius to condemn St Athanasius. For such intransigence he was sent off to prison in Beroea (Thrace), but was soon returned to his see on the insistent petitions of the Roman people.

515  St. John, the Short Arrival of the Holy Relic from Al-Qulzum (Red Sea) to the Wilderness of Scetis. On this day also, in the year 515 A.D., the body of the great saint Anba John, the Short, was relocated from Al-Qulzum (Red Sea) to the wilderness of Scetis. When Pope John (Youhanna), 48th Pope of Alexandria, was in the wilderness of Scetis, some of the monks expressed their wish to relocate the relics of St. John, the Short, to his monastery. The Grace of God moved the Pope, and he wrote a letter by the hand of the Hegumen Kosman and Hegumen Boctor, from the elders, and sent them to Al-Qulzum.

542-543 St. Caesarius of Arles especially venerated:  "Let your souls be as pure as the text Beati immaculati in via.   When you sing the verse Confundantur superbi, hate pride and flee from it.  And so, while your ears are charmed with melody, you will realize what the Psalmist meant when he said, "Quam dulcia faucibus meis eloquia tua!" Pope St Symmachus confirmed the metropolitan rights of Arles, recognized him as apostolic delegate in Gaul, and conferred the pallium, which St Caesarius is said to have been the first bishop in western Europe to receive  pallium from a pope.

600 Syagrius (Siacre) of Autun hosted Saint Augustine of Canterbury on his way to England; though he was only a
bishop he was granted permission to wear the pallium by
Pope St Gregory the Great

1648 St. Joseph Calasanctius Founder of Scolopi or Piarists The Clerks Regular of The Religious Schools entered a holy rivalry with his friend St Camillus of Lellis as who should expend himself more freely in service of sick and dying.  Pope Clement VIII having made a grant towards the rent, and people of consequence having begun to send their children to the school, the parish-schoolmasters and others began to criticize it with some vehemence; complaints of its disorders were made to the pope and he directed Cardinals Antoniani and Baronius to pay it a surprise visit of inspection.   This was done and as a result of their report Clement took the institution under his immediate protection.
In similar circumstances the same course was taken and the grant doubled in 1606 by Paul V.

1679 St. David Lewis, SJ Priest Rome spiritual director for English college alias Charles Baker farmhouse at Cwm (Monnow Valley) headquarters for 31 years;  a handkerchief dipped in his blood had been the occasion of the cure of an epileptic child and of other miracles. Born at Abergavenny, Monmouthshire, Wales, in 1616; died at Usk, August 27, 1679; beatified in 1929; canonized in 1970 by Pope Paul VI as one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales.

1849 Blessed Dominic of the Mother of God, born Dominic Barberi (22 June 1792 - 27 August 1849) was an Italian theologian and a member of the Passionist Congregation. He was beatified by Pope Paul VI in 1963.
Dominic received an interior call which led him to believe that he was called to preach the Gospel in far off lands, later he would affirm that he had received a specific call to preach to the people of England Saint Paul of the Cross, founder of the Passionist Congregation, also had a great enthusiasm for the conversion of England.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 26 2016
217 St Zephyrinus called the principal defender of Christ's divinity; Pope And Martyr 199-217.  But it was his glory that they called him the principal defender of Christ's divinity.  During the later years of the Emperor Septimius Severus the toleration of Christians ceased, though it is not known what was the effect in Rome itself of the edict which laid heavy penalties upon conversion, except that there were many confessors of the faith.

1240 St Raymond Nonnatus the birthday of; Master-general of Mercedarian Order; St Raymond Nonnatus Created cardinal by Pope Gregory IX, Raymond continued to live as a mendicant monk. He died while en route to Rome to answer a papal summons. Born 1204 at Portella, diocese of Urgel, Catalonia, Spain. Died 31 August 1240 at Cardona, Spain of a fever; buried at the chapel of Saint Nicholas near his family farm he was supposed to manage.  Canonized 5 November 1625 by Pope Urban VIII (cultus confirmed); 1657 by Pope Alexander VII (canonized) Name Meaning not born (= non-natus) as he was delivered by ceasarian.

1504 Bd Timothy Of Montecchio; worked many miracles, visited by our Blessed Lady and St Francis and our Saviour spoke to him audibly from the sacramental species.  cultus was formally confirmed by Pope Pius IX in 1870.

1572 Bd Thomas Percy, Martyr;  born in 1528. Earl of Northumberland from 1537, Thomas initially enjoyed an excellent relationship with Queen Elizabeth I (r. 1558-1603). Thomas also served Queen Mary  (r. 1542-1587). Queen Elizabeth bestowed the Order of the Garter on him in 1563. He then became involved in the Rising of the North and fled to Scotland but was sold to Queen Elizabeth for two thousand pounds. For three years he languished in a prison, refusing fervently to abjure his faith in return for his freedom. Thomas was finally beheaded at York and was beatified in 1896. He, therefore, with the earl of Westmorland, Charles Neville, sent a letter to Pope St Pius V asking for his advice and direction, but they were forced into action before his reply could be received.*  The pope's eventual answer was approving and encouraging, and referred to the example of St Thomas Becket. It was dated three days before his bull of deposition of Elizabeth, "Regnans in excelsis".

1648 St. Joseph Calasanz  educating the poor; founded Clerks Regular of Religious Schools (Piarists or Scolopi).  Pope Clement VIII gave support to the school, and this aid continued under Pope Paul V. Other schools were opened; other men were attracted to the work and in 1621 the community (for so the teachers lived) was recognized as a religious community, the Clerks Regular of Religious Schools (Piarists or Scolopi). Not long after, Joseph was appointed superior for life.

1838 St Elizabeth Bichier Des Ages, Virgin, Co-Foundress of The Daughters of The Cross or Sisters of St Andrew; Louis Veuillot, whatever objections can be brought against some of his theology and politics, at any rate knew a saint when he saw one, and he said of her, " She is one of the finest-tempered characters ever seen, gentle, resolute, strict, intelligent, industrious, but above all contrite and humble.  No difficulty daunts her courage, no lack of strength stops her superhuman labours, no interior distress troubles her outward serenity, no success puffs her up.  Whatever happens, she remains undisturbed.  Hardships, setbacks, successes, respect, insults-they are all the same to the supreme tranquillity that is rooted in an understanding that sees God in everything, and so must obey." In the diocese of Poitiers, St. Joan-Elizabeth Bichier des Ages, virgin, who with St. André Hubert Fournet co-founded the Congregation of the Daughters of the Cross, and who was renowned for her spirit of mortification and life of innocence.  Pope Pius XII added her name to the list of holy virgins.

1897 St. Teresa of Jesus Jornet Ibars 1897 St. Teresa of Jesus Jornet Ibars Foundress Little Sisters of the Poor Beatified in 1958, she was canonized in 1974 by Pope VI.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 25 2016
2nd v. St. Nemesius and Lucilla Two Roman martyrs.  Their bodies were buried by blessed Pope Stephen, and afterwards more decently entombed on the 31st of October, by blessed Sixtus on the Appian Way.

 552 St. Menas Patriarch of Constantinople.  MENNAS, a native of Alexandria, was a priest in Constantinople until 536, he was appointed patriarch of that church and consecrated by Pope St Agapitus, who was then in Constantinople. The pope, Vigilius, was first on one side, then on the other, but eventually in 551 refused to accept Justinian's edict, and sought refuge in St Peter's church in Constantinople (whither he had been peremptorily summoned by the emperor), and then in St Euphemia's at Chalcedon, from whence he excommunicated St Mennas and others who had signed it.  Mennas assured Vigilius that he in no way deviated from the acts of the Council of Chaleedon, and the matter of the Three Chapters was referred to an oecumenical council.
  This council Mennas did not live to see, for he died on August 24, 552, and the fifth general council did not assemble till the following year.  It then condemned the Three Chapters, as the emperor had done, and Pope Vigilius approved and confirmed the condemnation.  We thus have the curious and unusual spectacle of a patriarch of Constantinople firmly supporting a policy which was to be eventually confirmed by a general council, as against a feeble pope who allowed his judgement and actions to be swayed from side to side by the conflicting views of Western bishops and Eastern emperor; it must be borne in mind that the matter at issue was concerned not with any definition of faith, but with the expediency and implications of the proposed condemnation.   St Mennas is named in the Roman Martyrology.

1282 St. Thomas of Hereford; relics were brought back to Hereford, where many miracles were wrought by his intercession and his shrine became second only to that of St. Thomas of Canterbury. He then went to Rome to plead his own cause before Pope Martin IV, who received him kindly. But his failing health succumbed to the fatigue of the journey and the summer heat. He was buried at Orvieto, but subsequently his relics were brought back to Hereford, where many miracles were wrought by his intercession and his shrine became second only to that of St. Thomas of Canterbury. He was canonized by John XXII (17 April, 1320), and his festival, formerly observed on 2 October, is now kept in England on 3 October.

1270 St. Louis, King of France the 9th of his name; patron of Tertiaries; In the person of St Louis (Lewis) IX were united the qualities which form a great king, a hero of romance, and a saint. He was endowed with qualifications for good government, he excelled in the arts of peace and of war, and his courage and greatness of mind received from his virtue the highest setting ambition had no share in his enterprises, his only motives in them was the glory of God and the good of his subjects.  Though the two crusades in which he was engaged were failures, he is certainly to be ranked among the most valiant of princes, and a perfect example of the good and great medieval nobleman.

1648 St. Joseph Calasanctius Founder of Scolopi or Piarists.   Pope Clement VIII having made a grant towards the rent, and people of consequence having begun to send their children to the school, the parish-schoolmasters and others began to criticize it with some vehemence; complaints of its disorders were made to the pope and he directed Cardinals Antoniani and Baronius to pay it a surprise visit of inspection.   This was done and as a result of their report Clement took the institution under his immediate protection.
  In similar circumstances the same course was taken and the grant doubled in 1606 by Paul V.
These difficulties were the beginning of trials and persecutions which beset St Joseph until the end of his life. Nevertheless during the succeeding five years the work prospered and grew in spite of all opposition, and in 1611 a palazzo was purchased to house it near the church of San Pantaleone; there were about a thousand pupils, including a number of Jews whom the founder himself invited to attend and encouraged by his kindness.
 They were successful, and in 1646 Pope Innocent X published a brief of which the effect was to make the Clerks Regular of the Religious Schools simply a society of priests subject to their respective bishops.  Thus in his ninetieth year St Joseph saw the apparent overturning of all his work by the authority to which he was so greatly devoted and the indirect disgrace of himself before the world when the news was brought to him he simply murmured,
"The Lord gave and the Lord hath taken away.  Blessed be the name of the Lord."
St Alphonsus used to encourage and fortify himself by reading the life of St Joseph Calasanctius; he was canonized in 1767, six years before the death of Alban Butler, who only gives to him a brief notice, wherein he is referred to as "a perpetual miracle of fortitude and another Job"-a comparison made by Cardinal Lambertini (afterwards Pope Benedict XIV) before the Congregation of Sacred Rites in 1728.
  The failure of
St Joseph's foundation was only apparent.  Its suppression was strongly objected to in several places, and it was reconstituted with simple vows in 1656 and restored as a religious order in 1669.  Today the Clerks Regular of the Religious Schools (commonly called Piarists or Scolopi) flourish in various parts of the world.

1826 St Joan Antide-Thouret, Virgin, Foundress of The Sisters of Charity Under St Vincent's Protection.  In 1821 she came to France and passed eighteen months in Paris, trying in vain to smooth out the difficulties.  As a last resort she presented herself at the mother-house in Besançon-and was refused admission. Both charity and facts incline us to the view that this action was prompted not by partizanship but by obedience to their archbishop.  Before the schism hardened many of the sisters of the Besançon diocese openly adhered to their foundress and to the directions of the Holy See. We therefore leave it to the mercy of God, in whose hands we long ago placed it.  May His will be done and everything be for His glory!"  Then she returned to Naples and, having spent three strenuous years in founding new convents in Italy, she died peacefully on August 24, 1826.  St Joan Antide-Thouret was canonized in 1934.

St. Macarius  Translocation of the Body of to His Monastery in Scetis. {Coptic}
    On this day, the church celebrates the return of the body of St. Macarius to his monastery in the desert of Sheahat (Scetis). After the departure of St. Macarius, some of the natives of the city of Shanshour (Shabsheer) came and stole his body. They built a large church for him, and placed the body in it. Later on, his body was moved to another town where he stayed for four hundred forty years, till the time of Pope Michael V (Anba Mikhail V), the 71st Pope. When Pope Michael went to the wilderness to observe the holy fast in the monastery, he sighed and said, "How much I yearn that God would help us so that the body of our father Anba Macarius be in our midst."

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 24 2016
At Valencia in Spain, the birthday of St. Mary Micaela, virgin, who founded the Institute of Religious Adorer-Slaves of the Blessed Sacrament and of Charity.  Burning with the desire to suffer and draw souls to God, she was numbered among the holy virgins by Pope Pius XI.

1865 St MARY_MICAELA Foundress of Sisters consecrated especially to the Blessed Sacrament (1809-1865.  St. Mary Micaela, virgin, founded Institute of Religious Adorer-Slaves of the Blessed Sacrament and of Charity. The Virgin of the Rosary (II) July 10 - Our Lady of the Star (Italy, 1491) Pope Pius VII declared Our Lady of Chiquinquirá patroness of Colombia in 1829, and granted a special liturgy. In 1897 a thick glass plate was placed over it for protection against the weather and the excessive touching of the faithful. The image canonically crowned 1919, in 1927 her sanctuary declared a Basilica. She was beatified in 1925 and canonized on March 4, 1934 by Pope Pius XI

1828 St. Jane Antide Thouret Foundress Daughters of Charity. At Naples in Campania, St. Joan Antide Thouret, virgin, who founded the Daughters of Saint Vincent de Paul, and whom Pope Pius XI added to the catalogue of holy virgins. 

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 23 2016
1285 St. Philip Benizi Servite cardinal preacher Miracle worker peace maker.  In 1274 he was summoned by Bd Gregory X to be present at the second general council of Lyons.   At it he made a profound impression and the gift of tongues was attributed to him, but his reputation did not serve to obtain for the Servites that formal papal approbation for which St Philip worked continually. Peregrine Laziosi, who was their ringleader and had himself struck the saint, was so moved by his meekness that he threw himself at his feet and begged his pardon. Being become a model penitent Peregrine was received by Philip into the order of Servites at Siena in 1283, and was canonized by Benedict XIII in 1726. St Philip Benizi was canonized in 1671, and his feast was extended to the whole Western church in 1694.

1301 Bd James Of Bevagna St Dominic appeared to him and said, "Do it! According to God's will I choose you, and will be ever with you ". Bd James was very strict in his observance of his vow of poverty, and when his mother gave him some money to buy a new habit, which he badly needed, he got permission from his superior to buy a crucifix for his cell instead.  When his mother saw the worn-out habit again, she remonstrated with him, but he answered with a smile, "I have done as you wished.  St Paul tells us to 'put on the Lord Jesus`, and that is the habit I have bought."  But that crucifix was to clothe him in a way he never thought of, for praying before it one day in great dryness and fear of spirit, almost despairing of his salvation, it is said that a spurt of blood miraculously sprang from the image over his face, and he heard a voice saying, "Behold the sign of your salvation".  Another marvel, reported at his death, is recounted in the notice of Bd Joan of Orvieto, under July 23.  Pope Boniface IX approved the cultus of Bd James of Bevagna.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 22 2016
The Immaculate Heart Of Mary The Immaculate Heart Of Mary; found in some early commentaries on the Song of Songs; first considerably fostered by St John Eudes 17th v.;  Pope Pius VII gave permission for a feast of the Pure Heart of Mary in 1805; words attributed to our Lady at Fatima had strong influence in popularizing devotion; Oct 31, 1942, Pope Pius XII consecrated the whole world to her immaculate heart; on May 4, 1944, he directed that the corresponding feast should be observed throughout the Western church on the octave day of the Assumption.

St. Philip Beniti, confessor, of Florence, the birthday of at Todi in Umbria. He was a zealous promoter of the Order of the Servants of the Blessed Virgin Mary, and was a man of great humility.  He was canonized by Pope Clement X; his feast, however, is observed on the day following.

1679 St. John Kemble Martyr of Wales at 80 Pope Paul VI canonized him in 1970. 1679 St. John Kemble 1/ 40 Martyrs of England and Wales; several miracles; annual pilgrimage uninterrupted since martyrdom; studied at Douai ordained 1625; falsely charged in the Titus Qates Plot and condemned for being Catholic.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 21 2016
1914  St. Pius X "I was born poor, I have lived in poverty, and I wish to die poor"
We know from experience that such prayer relying on the Virgin has never been vain

How bitterly and fiercely is Jesus Christ now being persecuted, and the most holy religion which he founded!  And how grave is the peril that threatens many of being drawn away by the errors that are afoot on all sides, to the abandonment of the faith!
"Then let him who thinks he stands take heed lest he fall" (I Cor. 10, 12).
 And let all, with humble prayer and entreaty, implore of God, through the intercession of Mary,
that those who have abandoned the truth may repent.
We know, indeed, from experience that such prayer, born of charity and relying on the Virgin, has never been vain.
True, even in the future the strife against the Church will never cease, "for there must be also heresies, that they also who are reproved may be made manifest among you" (I Cor. 11, 19).
But neither will the Virgin ever cease to succor us in our trials, however grave they be, and to carry on the fight fought by her since her conception, so that every day we may repeat:
 "Today the head of the serpent of old was crushed by her" (Office Immac. Con., 11. Vespers, Magnif.).
Saint Pius X, Encyclical letter Ad Diem Illum Laetissimum §25

1348 St. Bernard Tolomeo Italian monk, founder of Congregation of the Blessed Virgin of Mount Olivet His death was followed by many miracles and the congregation became a nursery of saints. Within a few years Bd Bernard had founded a second monastery at Siena, and others followed elsewhere; their penitential life continued to attract disciples and in 1344 the new congregation was confirmed by Pope Clement VI.

1840  St. Joseph Nien Vien Martyr of Vietnam refuse to deny Christ.   He was beheaded by anti-Christian officials for refusing to deny Christ. Pope John Paul II canonized him in 1988.

1914  St. Pius X "I was born poor, I have lived in poverty, and I wish to die poor"

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 20 2016
During Papacy of St. Theophilus. [COPTIC] Commemoration of the Great Sign, the Lord had Manifested When he pierced the honorable cross with his sinful hand, blood and water flowed forth, and ran down on the ground. Then this apostate dropped dead instantly, and dried up like a rock.  Great fear fell upon all those who were present, many of them believed and cried, saying, "One is the Lord God of the Christians, and we believe in Him." Then they took the blood, and anointed their faces and eyes with it. Philexinos took also some of the blood and sprinkled it on his daughter who was born blind, and she saw straightway.

1148 WILLIAM OF ST. THIERRY: CANTOR OF LOVE.  According to a contemporary annalist his death occurred about the time of the council held at Reims under Pope Eugenius; this council took place in 1148, and his death should be placed in this year or the preceding. The necrology of his abbey dates it 8 September., in any case it was prior to that of St. Bernard (20 August, 1153).   William, a friend and admirer of Bernard of Clairvaux, was born in Liege between the years 1075 and 1080. A member of a noble family, he was educated in the most famous schools of the time and later entered the Benedictine monastery of Saint-Nicaise in Reims. He subsequently became abbot of the monastery of Saint-Thierry where, however, he was unable to reform the community as he wished and abandoned the Benedictines to enter the Cistercian abbey of Signy. There he wrote a number of important works of monastic theology.   "De natura et dignitate amoris" (The nature and the dignity of love) contains, the Pope explained, one of William's fundamental ideas, which also holds true for us today: "The principal force that moves the human soul is love. ... The truth is that only one task is entrusted to each human being: learning to love sincerely, authentically and freely. But only at the school of God can this task be achieved and can man attain the end for which he was created". 

1153 St. Bernard of Clairvaux Abbot Doctor of the Church eminently endowed with the gift of miracles.  August 20, 2009 St. Bernard of Clairvaux (1091-1153)  
Man of the century! Woman of the century! You see such terms applied to so many today—“golfer of the century,” “composer of the century,” “right tackle of the century”—that the line no longer has any punch. But the “man of the twelfth century,” without doubt or controversy, has to be Bernard of Clairvaux. Adviser of popes, preacher of the Second Crusade, defender of the faith, healer of a schism, reformer of a monastic Order, Scripture scholar, theologian and eloquent preacher: any one of these titles would distinguish an ordinary man. Yet Bernard was all of these—and he still retained a burning desire to return to the hidden monastic life of his younger days.
   After the disputed papal election of 1130 the cause of Pope Innocent II took St Bernard up and down France, Germany and Italy.  On one of his returns to Clairvaux he took with him a new postulant, a canon of Pisa, Peter Bernard Paganelli, who was to become a beatified pope as Eugenius III; for the present he was put to stoke the fire in the monastery calefactory.  After the general acknowledgement of Innocent II Bernard was present at the tenth general council in Rome, the second of the Lateran, and it was at this period that he first met St Malachy of Armagh; the ensuing friendship between the two lasted until Malachy's death in Bemard's arms nine years later.  All this time Bernard had continued diligently to preach to his monks whenever he was able, notably those famous discourses on the Song of Songs.

1866 Bd Mary De Mattias, Virgin, Foundress of The Sisters Adorers of The Precious Blood . When Mary de Mattias began the work that was to develop into a congregation for adoration of the Precious Blood of Christ and the education of children she met a requirement of her time, which needed, in the words of Pope Pius XI, "a general reform, especially by way of better instruction of minds and a renewed purifying of habits".

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 19 2016
535 St. Mochta Bishop of Ireland last disciple of St. Patrick.  There he became a disciple of St. Patrick. During a visit to Rome, Mochta was made a bishop by Pope St. Leo I.

640 St. Bertulf Abbot famous for miracles.  Bertulf obtained exemption for this monastery from episcopal jurisdiction from Pope Honorius I; the first such case in history. This stemmed from his dispute with a local bishop, Probus. Bertuif was famous for miracles.

1297 St Louis of Anjou, Bishop of Toulouse; “Jesus Christ is my kingdom. If I possess Him alone, I shall have all     things if I have not Him, I lose all.”  The opposition of his family obliged the superiors of the Friars Minor to refuse for some time to admit him into their body, wherefore he retired to a castle near Naples, where he befriended a poor scholar of Cahors, James d’Euse, who afterwards became Pope John XXII and canonized his benefactor. Pope Boniface VIII gave him a dispensation to receive priestly orders in the twenty-third year of his age, and afterwards for the episcopate, together with his nomination to the bishopric of Toulouse, and a severe injunction in virtue of obedience to accept it. He first went to Rome to fulfil his vow, and made his religious profession among the Friars Minor, in their convent of Ara Caeli, on Christmas eve 1296, and received episcopal consecration in St Peter’s five days later.

1622 Bl. Paul Sanchiki Martyr of Japan.   He was a sailor on board the vessel owned by Blessed Joachim Firayama and was arrested for transporting Christian missionaries. Paul was beheaded at Nagasaki. He was beatified in 1867 by Pope Pius IX.

1670 St. John Eudes studied at Paris and Aubervilliers, ordained 1625; missionary;  shared with St. Mary Margaret Alacoque honor of initiating devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus (composed Mass for the Sacred Heart in 1668) and the Holy Heart of Mary, popularizing devotions with his "The Devotion to the Adorable Heart of Jesus" (1670) and "The Admirable Heart of the Most Holy Mother of God" . He was canonized by Pope Pius XI.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 18 2016
 272 St. Agapitus Martyr, deacon, companion of Pope Sixtus II in death

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 17 2016
 310 St. Eusebius Pope martyr; apostates should not be forever debarred from ecclesiastical communion, readmitted only after doing proper penance (Eusebius miseros docuit sua crimina flere); exiled by Emperor Maxentius feast is yet celebrated on 26 September
310 St. Eusebius Pope martyr; apostates should not be forever debarred from ecclesiastical communion, readmitted only after doing proper penance (Eusebius miseros docuit sua crimina flere); exiled by Emperor Maxentius feast is yet celebrated on 26 September
Romæ sancti Eusébii Papæ.      At Rome, Pope St. Eusebius.
Successor of Marcellus, 309 or 310. His reign was short. The Liberian Catalogue gives its duration as only four months, from 18 April to 17 August, 309 or 310. We learn some details of his career from an epitaph for his tomb which Pope Damasus ordered. This epitaph had come down to us through ancient transcripts. A few fragments of the original, together with a sixth-century marble copy made to replace the original, after its destruction were found by De Rossi in the Papal Chapel, in the catacombs of Callistus.

400 Icon of the Mother of God of Sven August 17 (the day of the repose of St Alypius), who painted the icon .  Alipius' name was placed in the Roman Martyrology by Pope Gregory XIII in 1584.

1094 St. John of Monte Marano Benedictine bishop.  1094 St. John of Monte Marano Benedictine bishop \
Appointed by Pope St. Gregory VII in 1074. He is the
patron saint of Monte Marano, Italy.

1185 St. Hyacinth Dominican missionary called "the Apostle of Poland".   1185-1257 St. Hyacinth  Dominican missionary called "the Apostle of Poland"
Cracóviæ, in Polónia, natális sancti Hyacínthi, ex Ordine Prædicatórum, Confessóris, quem Clemens Octávus, Póntifex Máximus, in Sanctórum númerum rétulit.  Ipsíus autem festum sextodécimo Kaléndas Septémbris celebrátur.
    At Cracow in Poland, St. Hyacinth, confessor of the Order of Preachers, whom Pope Clement VIII placed in the number of the saints.  His feast is observed on the 17th of August.

 1308 St. Clare of Montefalco devoted to the Passion of Christ and His Cross found imprinted on her heart, incorrupt.   At Montefalco in Umbria, St. Clare, a nun of the Order of Hermits of St. Augustine, virgin.  In her flesh were renewed the mysteries of the Lord's passion, which the faithful honour with great devotion.  Pope Leo XIII solemnly inscribed her in the list of the holy virgins.

1627 Bl. Michael Kiraiemon Martyr of Japan and a Franciscan tertiary.  1627 Bl. Michael Kiraiemon Martyr of Japan and a Franciscan tertiary.  Michael was beheaded at Nagasaki and was beatified in 1867 by Pope Pius IX.

1736 St. Joan of the Cross; Anjou, France; a shabby old woman many dismissed as insane prompted St. Joan to dedicate her life to the poor; founded Congregation of St. Anne of Providence. Pope John Paul II canonized her in 1982.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 16 2016
944 Not-Made-by-Hands Icon of our Lord Jesus Christ Transfer from Edessa to Constantinople.  In proof of the validity of Icon-Veneration, Pope Gregory II (715-731) sent a letter to the Byzantine emperor, in which he pointed out the healing of King Abgar and the sojourn of the Icon Not-Made-by-Hands at Edessa as a commonly known fact. The Icon Not-Made-by-Hands was put on the standards of the Russian army, defending them from the enemy. In the Russian Orthodox Church it is a pious custom for a believer, before entering the temple, to read the Troparion of the Not-Made-by-Hand icon of the Savior, together with other prayers.

1038 St. Stephen the Great.   By decree of Pope Innocent XI, his feast is kept on the 2nd of September, on which day the strong city of Buda, by the aid of the holy king, was recovered by the Christian army. . His tomb was the scene of miracle .  Stephen was soon engaged in wars with rival tribal leaders and others; and when he had consolidated his position he sent St Astrik, whom he designed to be the first archbishop, to Rome to obtain Pope Silvester II’s approval for a proper ecclesiastical organization for his country; and at the same time to ask his Holiness to confer upon him the title of king, which his nobles had long pressed him to assume and which he now asked that he might with more majesty and authority accomplish his designs for promoting the glory of God and the good of his people.

1243 Blessed Laurence Loricatus practiced the strictest poverty by giving away any offerings left by visitors to the poor OSB Hermit (AC). An account of him is given in the Acta Sanctorum, August, vol. iii, which possesses interest from the fact that it embodies documents compiled in 1244 during an investigation undertaken at the insistance of Pope Innocent IV.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 15 2016
Assumption of Saint Mary Mother of God. At the time that Alban Butler wrote, belief in our Lady's bodily assumption to Heaven was still, in the words of Pope Benedict XIV, "a probable opinion the denial of which would be impious and blasphemous"; and so it remained for another two hundred years.  Then, in 1950, after taking counsel with the whole Church through her bishops, Pope Pius XII solemnly declared this doctrine to be divinely revealed and an article of faith.  In the bull " Munificentissimus Deus" he declared that:
      The remarkable unanimity of the Catholic episcopacy and faithful in the matter of the definibility of our Lady's bodily assumption into Heaven as a dogma of faith showed us that the ordinary teaching authority of the Church and the belief of the faithful which it sustains and directs were in accord, and thereby proved with infallible certainty that privilege is a truth revealed by God and is contained in the divine deposit which Christ entrusted to His bride the Church, to be guarded faithfully and declared with infallible certainty.

255 Tarsicius of Rome acolyte or deacon refused to surrender the Eucharist M (RM).     Thus the Roman Martyrology sums up the later form of the story of St Tarsicius, "the boy martyr of the holy Eucharist ", which is derived from the fourth-century poem of Pope St Damasus, wherein it is stated that one Tarsicius, like another St Stephen stoned by the Jews, suffered a violent death at the hands of a mob rather than give up "the divine Body to raging dogs ".
Tarcisium sanctum Christi sacramenta gerentemCum male sana manus peteret vulgare profanis; 
Ipse animam potius voluit dimittere caerus  Prodere quam canibus rabidis caelestia membra

430 St. Alipius Bishop companion of St. Augustine baptized with Augustine in 387 or 394 by St. Ambrose.  Alipius' name was placed in the Roman Martyrology by Pope Gregory XIII in 1584. The evidence of Alipius' sanctity was clearly stated by Augustine's account of his life.

1078 St. Stephen, king of Hungary and confessor, who fell asleep in the Lord on the 15th of August.  By decree of Pope Innocent XI, his feast is kept on the 2nd of September, on which day the strong city of Buda, by the aid of the holy king, was recovered by the Christian army.  

Cracóviæ, in Polónia, natális sancti Hyacínthi, ex Ordine Prædicatórum, Confessóris, quem Clemens Octávus, Póntifex Máximus, in Sanctórum númerum rétulit.  Ipsíus autem festum sextodécimo Kaléndas Septémbris celebrátur.
    At Cracow in Poland, St. Hyacinth, confessor of the Order of Preachers, whom Pope Clement VIII placed in the number of the saints.  His feast is observed on the 17th of August.

1936 Blessed Maria Sagrario Spanish Civil War martyr OC VM (AC) .   Born at Lillo, Spain, January 8, 1881; died at San Isidro, Spain, on August 15, 1936; beatified by Pope John Paul II on April 8, 1997.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 14 2016
3rd v. Eusebius a priest of Palestine M (RM).   Usuard's ancient martyrology calls this priest who founded a church in Rome (now called titulis Eusebii) a confessor. The spurious acta, say that he was martyred under the Arian Emperor Constantius for having preached against Pope Liberus' signing of the confession of Sirmium. According to these, he was imprisoned for many months and died during confinement. He was beatified in 1971 and canonized in 1982.

1941 St. Maximilian Mary Kolbe Immaculata his inspiration  b. 1894
 "I don’t know what’s going to become of you!” How many parents have said that? Maximilian Mary Kolbe’s reaction was,
 “I prayed very hard to Our Lady to tell me what would happen to me.
She appeared, holding in her hands two crowns, one white, one red. She asked if I would like to have them—one was for purity, the other for martyrdom. I said, ‘I choose both.’ She smiled and disappeared.” After that he was not the same.

1490 Blessed Sanctes Brancasino  a Franciscan lay-brother at Scotameto, Italy OFM (AC) Born at Monte Fabri near Urbino, Italy; cultus approved by Pope Clement XIV. Sanctes was a Franciscan lay-brother at Scotameto, Italy (Benedictines).

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 13 2016
235 St  Hippolytus, Martyr, Concordia, his nurse, and nineteen others of his household, who were beheaded beyond the Tiburtine Gate, and buried with him in the Agro Verano.  Sts. Pontian and Hippolytus died for the faith after harsh treatment and exhaustion in the mines of Sardinia. One had been pope for five years, the other an antipope for 18. They died reconciled.  Pontian was a Roman who served as pope from 230 to 235.     He may have been a disciple of St Irenaeus, and St Jerome called him "a most holy and eloquent man".  Hippolytus censured Pope St Zephyrinus for being, in his opinion, not quick enough to detect and denounce heresy, and on the election of his successor, St Callistus I, he severed communion with the Roman church and permitted himself to be set up in opposition to the pope.

662 St. Maximus the Confessor Abbot  mystic Doctor of the Church called “the Theologian,”  noted for contributions to the theology of the Incarnation; who suffered persecution from Emperor Constans II and the Monothelitist heretics..  When Emperor Constans II favored Monothelitism, Maximus defended Pope Honorius and debated and converted Pyrrhus in 645. He then attended the Lateran Council in 649, convened by Pope St. Martin I, and he was taken prisoner and brought to Constantinople, where he was charged with treason. Exiled from the Empire, he spent six years at Perberis and was brought back to Constantinople with two companions - both named Anastasius - to be tortured and mutilated. Their tongues and right hands were cut off and they were sent to Skhemaris on the Black Sea, where Maximus died.

St. Nerses Glaietsi Armenian bishop His time as Catholicos was occupied with improving relations between the Armenian Church and Rome, and between the Armenian Church and the Greek Orthodox

and the uncle of St. Nerses Lambronazi, he studied under his uncle, the Catholicos Gregory II, and received ordination by his brother, Catholicos Gregory III.     Nerses, moreover, worked for the reconciliation of the Orthodox Greeks; and writing to the Emperor Manuel Comnenos he refers to the pope as “the first of all the archbishops and successor of the apostle Peter”.

   He is the most famous writer of the twelfth-century Armenian renaissance, both in prose and verse; he wrote a book of short prayers for every hour of the day, poems on religious and historical subjects, and liturgical hymns, in one of which the Roman church is apostrophized as “immovably built on the rock of Kephas, invincible by the gates of Hell, and seal of the guardian of the gates of Heaven”. St Nerses died on August 13, 1173, but his feast is kept on the 3rd, and he is named in the great intercession of the Armenian Mass both by Catholics and dissidents.

1297 St. Louis of Toulouse he died at 23 already a Franciscan, a bishop and a saint.  Comment: When Cardinal Hugolino, the future Pope Gregory IX, suggested to Francis that some of the friars would make fine bishops, Francis protested that they might lose some of their humility and simplicity if appointed to those positions. Those two virtues are needed everywhere in the Church, and Louis shows us how they can be lived out by bishops.

1350 St. Francis of Pesaro miracle worker known for his holiness. He founded the Confraternity of Mercy, a hospice.  Franciscan tertiary of Pesaro, Italy He lived in a community and was known for his holiness. He founded the Confraternity of Mercy, a hospice, and was a miracle worker. Pope Pius IX confirmed his cult.

1621 St. John Berchmans fervent, filial piety from early youth; bright intellect; a retentive memory Jesuit.  At Rome, the birthday of St. John Berchmans, a scholastic of the Society of Jesus, illustrious for his innocence and for his fidelity to the rules of the religious life.  He was canonized by Pope Leo XIII.  The Constitutions of the Society of Jesus lead those who observe them exactly to the highest degree of sanctity, as has been declared by Pope Julius III and his successors. The attainment of that ideal was what John proposed to himself. "If I do not become a saint when I am young", he used to say "I shall never become one". That is why he displayed such wisdom in conforming his will to that of his superiors and to the rules.

1862 St. Benilde Romançon, founded Saugues school.   Born at Thuret, France June 13, 1805 and christened Peter. He studied at the Christian Brothers school at Riom and joined them in 1820, taking the name Benilde, after he had been refused two years earlier. He headed the Brothers' school in Billom, and in 1841 he founded a school at Saugues, where he was to spend the rest of his life. Saugues became a model school, and Benilde was known for his dedication, his teaching ability and his sanctity. He died at Saugues on August 13, 1862 and was canonized by Pope Paul VI in 1967.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 12 2016
1297 St. Louis of Toulouse Bishop When he died at the age of 23, Louis was already a Franciscan, a bishop and a saint!.   Louis was canonized in 1317 by Pope John XXII, one of his former teachers.

1838 St. Anthony Peter Dich sheltered priest Martyr of Vietnam a native farmer who was beheaded for sheltering a priest, St. James Nam. Anthony was canonized in 1988.

1838 St. Michael My mayor Martyr of Vietnam mayor of a town in Vietnam when persecution of Christians started martyred with Blessed Anthony Dich, his son-in-law, and with St. James Nam; canonized in 1988 by Pope John Paul II.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 11 2016
 296 This story seems to be fictitious from beginning to end, but the germs of historic truth incorporated in it are of curious interest. The primitive Hieronymian Martyrology would seem to have contained a notice in this form: "In Rome, at the `Two Houses' beside the baths of Diocletian, the birthday of St Susanna."
These brief data are quite reliable, but they have probably provided the nucleus from which the story of Gabinius and Pope St Cajus in their two houses evolved. The Holy Martyr Susanna the Virgin was the daughter of Presbyter Gavinius and a niece of the Holy Bishop Caius of Rome (283-296); raised in strict Christian piety and in her youthful years dedicated herself to God. The family of the saint was related to the emperor Diocletian (284-305), who heard reports of her virtue and beauty.  St. Susanna Martyred for the faith The beautiful daughter of Gabinius, a priest, and niece of Pope Caius, Susanna refused Emperor's Diocletian request that she marry his son-in-law, Maximian and converted two of her uncles, Claudius and Maximus who were court officers sent by Diocletian to persuade her to marry, to Christianity. Diocletian was so enraged by what she had done that he sent one of his favorites, Julian, to deal with the matter. Julian had Maximus, Claudius and his wife, Praepedigna, and their two sons, burned to death at Cumae, and then had Susanna and her father beheaded.

412 St. Taurinus Bishop of Evreux, Normandy, France in a now discredited legend involving St. Denis of Paris.   At Evreux in France, St. Thaurinus, bishop.  Being made bishop of that city by blessed Pope Clement, he propagated the Christian faith by the preaching of the Gospel, and the many labours he sustained for it.  Celebrated for glorious miracles, he fell asleep in the Lord.

560 St Equitius, Abbot;  Zeal for the salvation of souls so burned in his heart that, in spite of his responsibility for so many monasteries, he travelled about diligently, visiting churches, towns, villages, and particularly men's houses, to stir up the hearts of those that heard him to a love of heavenly joys; St Equitius flourished in the Abruzzi at the time when St Benedict was establishing his rule at Monte Cassino, in youth suffered greatly from temptations of the flesh. In the province of Valeria, St. Equitius, abbot, whose sanctity is attested by blessed Pope Gregory.

1253 St. Clare Patron of sore eyes a beautiful Italian noblewoman who became the Foundress of an order of nuns now called "Poor Clares." At Assisi in Umbria, the birthday of St. Clare, virgin, the first of the Poor Ladies of the Order of Friars Minor.  Being celebrated for holiness of life and miracles, she was placed among the holy virgins by Pope Alexander IV.  Her feast, however, is observed on the day following.

1546  Bd Peter Favre; the senior of the first companions of St Ignatius Loyola and held the highest place in his master's estimation with St Francis Xavier; and he was the first among the Jesuits to come to grips with the Protestant Reformation.   At the time the Emperor Charles V was trying to compose the religious troubles of Germany by convoking a series of conferences, called "diets", of the Catholic and Protestant leaders, and Peter Favre was appointed by Pope Paul III to go to that of Worms, in 1540; from this abortive meeting he went on to assist at the equally useless diet of Ratisbon in the following year. Pope Paul III wished to have Father Peter as his theologian at the Council of Trent. He was not anxious to go, but
"I determined to fall in with the wish of the Archbishop of Mainz, who wanted me to go with him to the Council of Trent, which was to begin on the first day of November. Before I took that determination I had various feelings in my mind and some sadness, from which our Lord delivered me by virtue of holy and unquestioning obedience, which knows better than to consider either one's own insufficiency or the difficulty of the things which are commanded."
In 1546 the pope's summons to the same assembly confirmed his resolution of obedience, and he set out at once, though he was sick and the summer heat was overpowering. The effort was too much. Though only forty years old, Bd Peter was exhausted by his laborious journeys and the strain of his work, and soon after his arrival in Rome he died in the arms of St Ignatius.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 10 2016
 258 Saint Lawrence 1/7 deacons in charge giving help to the poor and needy; persecution broke out, Pope St. Sixtus condemned to death; led to execution, Lawrence followed him weeping, "Father, where are you going without your deacon?" he said. "I am not leaving you, my son," answered the Pope. "in three days you will follow me." Full of joy, Lawrence gave to the poor the rest of the money he had on hand and even sold expensive vessels to have more to give away."Turn me over," he said to the judge. "I'm done on this side!" And just before he died, he said, "It's cooked enough now."

6th v. St. Deusdedit Shoemaker in Rome in the era of Pope St. Gregory the Great . Every Saturday Deusdedit gave all his weekly earnings to the  poor. Pope St. Gregory I the Great praised Deusdedit.
Romæ sancti Deúsdedit Confessóris, qui quod in hebdómada mánibus suis operándo lucrabátur, die sábbati paupéribus erogábat.   At Rome, the holy confessor Deusdedit, a labouring man who gave to the poor every Saturday what he had earned during the week.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 09 2016
 116 Departure of Pope Abriamus (Primus), Fifth Patriarch of Alexandria.  {Coptic}

304 St Emygdius (Emidius) , Martyr beheaded together with three companions, SS. Eupolus, Germanus and Valentinus.. Full of zeal for the faith, Emygdius entered a heathen temple and dashed a statue of Aesculapius to the ground.  Pagans of Rome were so incensed by this action that Pope Marcellus, in order to protect Emygdius from their vengeance, ordained him, consecrated him a bishop, and sent him to evangelize the territory of Ascoli Piceno.  There he laboured with success, making many converts.

  606 St. Serenus Bishop Bishop of Marseilles, France. He is best known for having been a correspondent with Pope St. Gregory I the Great (r. 590-604) who sent him several letters. One endorsed the Roman missionanes who were then on their way to Britain.

1242 Bd John of Salerno; gift of reading minds and consciences.. Florence was troubled at this time by the Patarines, a sect which had penetrated into Italy from Bosnia; Pope Gregory IX. commissioned Bd John to deal with these heretics, whose tenets and life were similar to those of the Albigensians who had first exercised St Dominic.

1482 St. Amedeus  Franciscan founder Portugal He was born to a noble family 1420 and entered the Franciscans as a lay brother at Assisi, Italy. After some time as a hermit, Amedeus was ordained and founded Franciscan monasteries. He was revered by Pope Sixtus IV.

1942 Saint Teresa Benedicta of the Cross (Edith Stein). Beatified in the Cologne cathedral by Pope John Paul II; canonized on October 11, 1998.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 08 2016
308  SS Cyriacus, deacon, Largus, Smaragdus, translated with 20 others by Pope St. Marcellus The holy martyrs suffered on March 16; buried on the Salarian Way by the priest John translated to estate of Lucina, on the Ostian Way; then brought to the city and placed in the church of St. Mary in Via Lata.  On August 8 Pope St Marcellus I translated the bodies to a burial-place, which received the name of Cyriacus, on the road to Ostia. Delehaye shows that this Cyriacus has been confused with another Cyriacus, the founder of the titulus Cyriaci, and that a fictitious story was later evolved which is best known to us as an episode in the spurious Acts of Pope St Marcellus.

1091 St. Altman of Passau; Bishop apostolic delegate; studied in Paris, ordained, became the ranking priest at the Paderborn Cathedral School; went to Aachen royal chaplain of Emperor Henry II; 1064 pilgrimage to Jerusalem, captured by Muslim Saracens in Palestine; released journeyed home 1065; became involved in Pope Gregory VII's efforts to halt simony and clergy marriages; driven out of his diocese because of this controversy; founded Augustinian abbey at Gottweig, Austria; reformed religious institutions of the region; When in 1074 Pope St Gregory VII renewed the pontifical decrees against simony and married clergy, Altman read out the letter in his cathedral. It was very ill received, he had to escape from the ensuing uproar, and found himself opposed in the matter of celibacy by a strong party led by his own provost. The bishop's chief supporters were the Augustinian canons, but the rebels invoked the help of the emperor; Altman did his best to enforce the decree, excommunicated the provost, and, when in the following year the pope forbade lay investiture, definitely ranged himself against Henry. He was driven from his see, and went to Rome. He had some scruples as to whether he held his own see simoniacally, as he had received it by favour of the Empress Agnes; but St Gregory VII confirmed him in it and appointed him delegate apostolic for Germany. He died in 1091, and his cultus was approved by Pope Leo XIII.

1221 St. Dominic de Guzman, Astronomers Patron: studied at the Univ. at Palencia; ordained, appointed canon at Osma in 1199 became prior superior of the chapter, which was noted for its strict adherence to the rule of St. Benedict; founded an order devoted to the conversion of the Albigensians; the order was canonically approved by the bishop of Toulouse the following year. He failed to gain approval for his order of preachers at the fourth General Council of the Lateran in 1215 but received Pope Honorius III's approval in the following year, and the Order of Preachers (Dominicans) was founded; Dominic's concept of harmonizing the intellectual life with popular need. We are not surprised, therefore, that, after signing the Bull of canonization on 13 July, 1234, Gregory IX declared that he no more doubted the saintliness of Saint Dominic than he did that of Saint Peter and Saint Paul.

1570 Bl. John Felton  Martyr of England promoted the papacy in London. Born in Bermondsey, London, to a Norfolk line, John nailed a copy of the Bull of Pope St. Pius V excommunicating Queen Elizabeth I to the doors of the bishop of London’s residence. Arrested and imprisoned, he was racked three times before being martyred in St. Paul’s churchyard. Pope Leo XIII beatified him in 1886.  On February 25, 1569-70, Pope St Pius V published a bull, "Regnans in excelis ", directed against Queen Elizabeth, who was at the time ostensibly a Catholic.  By it she was declared excommunicate, deprived of the kingdom which she ruled and all her subjects discharged from their allegiance, because she claimed headship of the Church in England, sheltered heretics, oppressed Catholics, and coerced her subjects into heresy and repudiation of the Holy See, contrary to her coronation oath. On the following May 25 citizens of London woke up to find a copy of this bull of excommunication of their sovereign fastened to the door of the bishop of London's house, adjoining St Paul's cathedral; it had been put there late on the previous night by Mr John Felton, a gentleman of a Norfolk family who lived in Southwark.

1638 St. Agathangelo Noury Arabic scholar Martyr and reformer, a Franciscan missionary, also called Agathangelus;  sent to Aleppo, Syria, where he became known as an Arabic scholar, publishing Catholic works in Arabic; sent to Cairo -- worked to bring the Coptic Christians into communion with Rome. In 1905, Agathangelo of Vendome, one of the most remarkable missionaries of the seventeenth century, and his faithful companion, Cassian of Nantes, were declared blessed by Pope Pius X.

1909 Bl. Mary MacKillop  first native Australian to be beatified; Born in Melbourne of Scottish ancestry; Concerned with the poor and suffering founded the Sisters of St. Joseph and of the Sacred Heart; sisters were dedicated to educating children; became Mary of the Cross 1873, two years later elected mother general of her congregation; After many difficulties, Mother MacKillop received papal approval of her work in 1888 from Pope Leo XIII. When she died on August 8, 1909, in Sydney, there were one thousand women in her congregation. Pope John Paul II beatified her on January 19, 1995.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 07 2016
On the first day of the Afterfeast of the Transfiguration
1st v. St. Claudia mother of Linus, the second Pope. Tradition has her the daughter of British King Caractacus, who was sent to Rome with his family in chains when he was  defeated by Aulus Plautius. Released by Emperor Claudius, one of his daughters took the name Claudia, remained in Rome, was baptized, and is the Claudia  mentioned in St. Paul's second letter to Timothy.

258 Sixtus (Xystus) II, Pope M, and Companions a Greek philosopher who embraced the Christian faith, served as a deacon in Rome, reached this pinnacle of the church's offices on August 30, 257, and lasted in it no more than a year, suffering a brave martyr's death. His name is in the canon of the Roman Mass.  Nevertheless, he resumed relations with Saint Cyprian and the churches Africa and Asia Minor which had been ruptured by Pope Saint Stephen I, his predecessor.

361 St. Donatus bishop of Arizzo & Hilarinus a martyr of Ostia; Italy; cultus confined to local calendars.    At Arezzo in Tuscany, the birthday of St. Donatus, bishop and martyr, who among other miraculous deeds by his prayers (as is related by blessed Pope Gregory) made whole again a sacred chalice which had been broken by pagans.

407 St. Victricius missionary and Bishop; The son of a Roman legionnaire, he set out on a military career. After becoming a Christian, he refused to remain in the legions. Flogged and sentenced to death for remaining adamant in his refusal to return to the army, he somehow avoided execution and received a discharge. Victricius became a missionary among the tribes of Flanders, Hainault, and Brabant, Belgium, and later the bishop of Rouen, France (about 386).  Not only was he exonerated by Pope St. Innocent I (401-417), but he received from the pope the important decretal of the Liber Regularum.   He was also the author of the work The Praise of Saints St. Victricius.

1638 St. Agathangelo Noury Arabic scholar Martyr and reformer, a Franciscan missionary, also called Agathangelus;  sent to Aleppo, Syria, became known as an Arabic scholar, publishing Catholic works in Arabic; sent to Cairo -- worked to bring the Coptic Christians into communion with Rome.  In 1905, Agathangelo of Vendôme, one of the most remark­able missionaries of the seventeenth century, and his faithful companion, Cassian of Nantes, were declared blessed by Pope Pius X.

1547 St. Cajetan; at his birth his mother, a fervent Dominican tertiary, dedicated Cajetan to the Blessed Virgin; father died fighting for Venetians against King Ferdinand of Naples when Cajetan was only two, example of mother helped Cajetan to grow into a man of sweet temper, constant recollection, unwavering compassion, especially toward poor and afflicted; mystical experience; doctorate in both civil and canon law at Padua, Italy, he became a senator in Vicenza; Pope Julius II compelled him to accept the office of protonotary in his court. Although Julius II was one of the least inspiring examples of a pope, Cajetan saw through the lustful, simonious, indulgent, war-loving court to the essential holiness of the Church. He knew that despite the vices and follies of Her servants, Holy Mother Church still held the keys to the salvation of the world; resigned as protonotary upon Julius's death in 1513 and was ordained in 1516; founder of the blue-habited Theatines, beatified by Urban VIII in 1629; canonized by Clement X in 1671

1638 St. Agathangelo Noury Arabic scholar Martyr and reformer, a Franciscan missionary, also called Agathangelus;  sent to Aleppo, Syria, became known as an Arabic scholar, publishing Catholic works in Arabic; sent to Cairo -- worked to bring the Coptic Christians into communion with Rome.  In 1905, Agathangelo of Vendôme, one of the most remark­able missionaries of the seventeenth century, and his faithful companion, Cassian of Nantes, were declared blessed by Pope Pius X.

1927  Departure of St. Kyrillos V (Cyril), 112th Pope of Alexandria  {Coptic}.  The Pope gave the utmost of his efforts to lift his flock to the highest spiritual level, as he was prudent in printing the church books. He departed in peace, after spending fifty-two years, nine months and six days on the Patriarchal chair.  May his prayers be with us and Glory be to God forever. Amen.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 06 2016
The Transfiguration of Jesus an event reported by Synoptic Gospels in which Jesus is transfigured upon a mountain
        Feast of the Transfiguration of Christ  Given the importance to international politics at that time of such battles between Christian and Muslim nations, in celebration of the victory Pope Callixtus III elevated the Transfiguration to a Feast day to be celebrated in the entire Catholic Church.
In 2002, Pope John Paul II selected the Transfiguration as one of the five Luminous Mysteries of the rosary. 


258 Pope St. Sixtus II martyr  a good and peaceful priest (bonus et pacificus sacerdos) (XYSTUS).
Romæ, via Appia, in cœmetério Callísti, natális beáti Xysti Secúndi, Papæ et Mártyris, qui in persecutióne Valeriáni, gládio animadvérsus, martyrii corónam accépit.
    At Rome, on the Appian Way, in the cemetery of Callistus, the birthday of blessed Sixtus II, pope and martyr, who received the crown of martyrdom in the persecution of Valerian by being put to the sword.

258 St. Agapitus matyred and five other deacons-Felicissimus, Januarius, Magnus, Stephen, and Vincent.  With them suffered also blessed Quartus, as is related by St. Cyprian, Deacon, and companion of Pope Sixtus II in death. He was with the pope when seized during the persecutions of Emperor Valerian. Agapitus and five other deacons-Felicissimus, Januarius, Magnus, Stephen, and Vincent- were martyred.

514 St. Hormisdas Pope successor to St. Symmachus, ended Acacian Schism which had divided the Eastern and Western Churches since 484.

At Bologna, the birthday of St. Dominic, confessor, founder of the Order of Friars Preachers, most renowned for sanctity and learning.  He preserved his chastity unsullied to the end of his life, and by his great merits raised three persons from the dead.  After having repressed heresies by his preaching, and instructed many in the religious and godly life, he rested in peace.  His feast is celebrated on the 4th of August by decree of Pope Paul IV.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 05 2016
180 St. Addal Converted Turkey disciple of Christ sent by St. Thomas to court of King Abgar the Black, 2nd century Osroene ruler.  In due course St Aggai was martyred and Palut had to go to Antioch to be consecrated by Serapion, who in his turn had been made bishop by Pope St Zephyrinus at Rome. Quite apart from any other consideration, this last statement throws the whole of the legend into confusion, for it is known that there was a Serapion, Bishop of Antioch, who was at least contemporary with St Zephyrinus, and was, moreover, contemporary with another Abgar, who was a Christian king of Edessa between about 179 and 213, and probably the first; so Serapion could not have consecrated a convert of one of the Seventy-two.

235 The Martyr Pontius lived during the III Century, son of a pagan Roman senator named Marcus and wife Julia. 235 The Martyr Pontius lived during the III Century, the son of a pagan Roman senator named Marcus and his wife Julia. . Pope Pontian, who was making the service, invited Pontius and his companion Valerian to come in. After the service, the pope talked for a long while with the youths, revealing to them the Gospel teachings, and after a certain while he baptised them. Saint Pontius in turn likewise converted his father to Christ, whom Pope Pontian also baptised, together with his whole household.

Pope Saint Pontian finished his life as a martyr (+ 235).

257 SS Pope Antherus (Bishop of Rome in place of Pope Saint Pontian), and successor was Pope Saint Fabian (Fabius), as presbyter fearlessly gave burial to bodies of martyrs soon accepted suffering and death for Christ (+ 236).  257 SS Pope Antherus (Bishop of Rome in place of Pope Saint Pontian), and successor was Pope Saint Fabian (Fabius), who as a presbyter fearlessly gave burial to the bodies of martyrs.he too soon accepted suffering and death for Christ (+ 236). For 4 years the Church of Christ dwelt in peace and tranquility (emperor Philip and his son.).

303 St. Emygdius  patron against earthquakes  destroyed a pagan temple.       At Ascoli in Piceno, St. Emygdius, bishop and martyr, who was consecrated bishop by Pope St. Marcellus, and sent thither to preach the Gospel.  He received the crown of martyrdom for the confession of Christ under Diocletian.

435 Dedication of St. Mary Major first church in Rome dedicated to Mary the Mother of God.. It was founded by Pope Liberius in the 4th century, and dedicated to the Blessed Virgin by Pope Saint Sixtus III about 435.

751 St. Abel  Irish Archbishop and Benedictine abbot noted churchman, accompanying St. Boniface on his missions to the European Continent. He was chosen as archbishop of Remis by Pope St. Zachary, a nomination ratified by the Council of Soissons in 744.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 04 2016
  622 Molua educated at Bangor under Saint Comgall  founded over 100 monasteries in Ireland Abbot (AC);. He is said to have gone to Rome (“Unless I see Rome I shall soon die”), and taken the opportunity to submit to Pope St Gregory the Great the rule he had drawn up for his monasteries; it was, like all Celtic monastic rules, extremely arduous and the pope said of it that, “The holy man who drew up this rule has laid a hedge round his family which reaches to Heaven”

1869 St. John Vianney Patron of priests ordained 1815 incorupt . Pope Pius XI placed him in the number of the saints, ordered that his feast should be observed on the 9th day of this month, and appointed him as the heavenly patron of all parish priests.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 03 2016
  415 The Finding Of St StephePope Benedict XIV's commission proposed to suppress this feast.

  448 St Germanus, Bishop Of Auxerre; by his teaching and miracles Pelagianism was finally eradicated and its teachers banished, free from heresy the Church in these islands remained for a space of eleven hundred years, until the errors of Protestantism took root and were watered by royal corruption in the sixteenth century;  Pope St Celestine and the Gallic bishops nominated St Germanus to go in year 429, and appointed St Lupus, Bishop of Troyes, to accompany him on this mission. Pope Urban II sent him to Constantinople as papal legate to the Byzantine Empire. He was canonized in 1109 by Pope Paschal II, a mere four years after his death. 

1295 “ST” THOMAS OF DOVER Miracles were recorded at his tomb and Simon Simeon, an Irish friar who made a pilgrimage to the Holy Land about 1322, mentions the honour given to him as a martyr “at the Black Monks, under Dover Castle”. King Richard II asked Pope Urban VI to canonize Thomas, and a process was begun in 1382 but never carried out

1323 Blessed Augustine Gazotich of Lucera fought the Manichæen heresy; in Sicily, Islam; in Hungary charming miracles are related OP B (AC) Born in Trau, Dalmatia, c. 1260-1262; cultus reconfirmed by Pope Clement XI in 1702.

1105 St. Peter of Anagni 1st crusader Benedictine bishop papal legate. A native of Salerno, Italy, he entered the Benedictines and so distinguished himself as a monk that Pope St. Gregory VII appointed him bishop of Anagni.

1868 ST PETER JULIAN EYMARD, FOUNDER OF THE PRIESTS OF THE BLESSED SACRAMENT  During this time he received encouragement from Pope Pius IX and from the Ven. John Cohn, founder of the Marists, and he determined to sacrifice his vocation with the Society of Mary and to devote himself to a new society.  Peter Julian Eymard was beatified, and canonized in 1962 during the Second Vatican Council.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 02 2016
2nd v St. Maximus of Padua Bishop Bishop of Padua, Italy, successor to St. Prosdocimus there.  His relics were discovered in 1053 and enshrined by Pope St. Leo IX.
257 Stephen I, Pope the Novatian controversy M (RM)  257 Stephen I, Pope the Novatian controversy Christ is the principal minister in the Sacraments, whose validity and efficacy do not depend upon the grace of the human minister M (RM)

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  August 01 2016
SS. Hope Sofia Charity According to an Eastern allegory explaining the cult of Divine Wisdom, Faith, Hope, and Charity the daughters of Wisdom, a widow in Rome; The daughters suffered martyrdom; mentioned in the Acts of Pope St. Stephen.  The cult cannot be called ancient. No earlier evidence has been adduced than the Index oleorum, which dates only from the end of the sixth century .

  40 St. Peter in Chains.  Under the high altar, in a chasse of plate glass and silver-gilt, there are two ancient iron chains fastened together. Tradition has it that Pope Alexander I enshrined here as a precious relic the chain that bound St. Peter in the year 67, when he was imprisoned, prior to his Roman martyrdom in the Mamertine Prison, a dungeon still visitable in the Roman Forum. 

1787 St. Alphonsus Marie Liguori Bishop, Doctor of the Church, and the founder of the Redemptorist Congregation; St. Alphonsus Theologians Patron he experienced visions, performed miracles, and gave prophecies.  Noted for his zeal for souls, his writings, and his example, Pope Gregory XVI added him to the canon of saints, and Pius IX declared him to be a doctor of the Universal Church.  Pius XII established him as heavenly patron of all moral theologians and of those who hear Confession.  His feast, however, is observed on the day following.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 31
190 St. Calimerius Martyred bishop of Milan, Greek Rome educated disciple of Pope St. Telesphorus;
448 Germanus (Germain) of Auxerre; high Roman official before priesthood ordination in 418; consecrated bishop of Auxerre' relations with the church in Britain-429 and 447- succeeded completely eradicating Pelagianism; led the Britons to their great "Alleluia" victory over the Saxons.
1175 St. Helen of Skovde Widow; gave all her possessions to the poor; Like Jesus, the innocent Lamb, St. Helen was put to death; many miracles were reported at her tomb. Her body was brought from Gotene and interred in the church she had built at Skovde, and on the strength of the miracles of healing there reported Pope Alexander III authorized her cultus in 1164. 
1367 Blessed John (Giovanni) Colombini, Founded Gesuati lay brothers approved in 1367; rich Sienese merchant held position of 1st magistrate (gonfalionere); ambitious, avaricious, ill-tempered man converted while reading conversion story of Saint Mary of Egypt in the The Lives of the Saints (RM.) Born in Siena, Italy, c. 1300; beatified by Pope Gregory XIII. If John Colombini can win God's favor, there is hope for all of us.
1556 St. Ignatius Of Loyola founder of the Jesuits "Give me only your love and your grace. With this I am rich enough, and I have no more to ask."  Pope Pius XI declared him to be the heavenly patron of all spiritual retreats.   St. Ignatius died in Rome, on July 31, 1556. Pope Gregory XV proclaimed him a saint in 1622.  Cardinals appointed by the pope to examine the affair of this new order at first opposed it, thinking religious orders already too much multiplied, but after a year changed their opinions, and Paul III approved it by a bull, dated September 27, 1540.  In the words of Pope Pius XI, the Ignatian methods of prayer "lead a man by the safe paths of self-abnegation and the removal of bad habits up to the suprente heights of prayer and divine love ".

1859 St. Peter Quy Vietnamese martyr; native of Vietnam, Peter devoted Christian ordained  priest. Arrested for being a Christian priest by anti-Catholic forces,  beheaded. Pope John Paul II canonized him in 1988
1859 St. Emmanuel Phung Martyr of Vietnam; born in Dannuoc Vietnam became a Christian catechist. Emmanuel was strangled to death near Chaudoc. He was canonized in 1988.
1859 St. Peter Quy Vietnamese martyr; native of Vietnam, Peter devoted Christian ordained  priest. Arrested for being a Christian priest by anti-Catholic forces,  beheaded. Pope John Paul II canonized him in 1988
1860 St. Justin de Jacobis; first prefect and vicar apostolic to the new Catholic mission at Adua, Ethiopia; Vincentians. He was canonized by Pope Paul VI in 1975.  But some of them, including Gabra Mika'el, defied the patriarch & accompanied Father de Jacobis. They were warmly received by Pope Gregory XVI, assisted at Mass in St Peter's on the Assumption, and came away exceedingly impressed.   Only one of them had yet repudiated schism, on the way back at Jerusalem, but Father de Jacobis was sowing good seed.  And so the deputation returned home.  As Bd Justin said, "That visit to Rome altered the ideas of my poor Ethiopians: it was the best possible course of theology for them ".

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 20
450 St. Peter Chrysologus A man who vigorously pursues a goal may produce results far beyond his expectations and his intentions. Thus it was with Peter of the Golden Words, as he was called, who as a young man became bishop of Ravenna, the capital of the empire in the West. declared a doctor of the Church by Pope Benedict XIII

1460 Bd Archangelo of Calatafimi;  from childhood a religious and retiring disposition; withdrew himself to a cave, there to live in solitude many people invaded his retreat to seek his advice and conversation, and when miracles take place, they came in greater numbers; removed to Alcamo asked to revive and organize a decayed hospice for the poor, which he undertook; once more returned to the solitary life; Pope Martin V saw fit to order all the hermits in Sicily, of which there were many, to return to the world or religious order; Obedient received the habit of the Friars Minor of the Observance from Bd Matthew of Girgenti.  Worn out with penance and work for souls, Archangelo died in April, 1460, and Pope Gregory XVI confirmed his cultus in 1836.

1471 Bd John Soreth at 16 became a Carmelite; Ph.D, Univ Paris; unanimously elected prior general of the whole order in 1451; at this time Carmelites, in common with other mendicant friars, were in urgent need of reform, part because of the Black Death and of the "great schism of the West". John was a forerunner of St Teresa; deeply versed both in sacred science and in profane philosophy over and above such gifts, it was his religion and goodness that made him the glory and the most illustrious reformer of the Carmelite order.  Bd John's efforts at reform among the friars met with only a limited success; but his sanctity and abilities were recognized by Pope Callistus III, who wished to make him a bishop and a cardinal. John however had not taught humility to others at the expense of his own, and the Holy See accepted his refusal of these honours, leaving him free to persevere with his own task; in the service of his order he went up and down Europe, to Germany, to England, to Italy, to Sicily.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 29
1099 Blessed Urban II Pope, Odo of Lagery studied under Saint Bruno at Rheims, became archdeacon there, and, about 1070, became a Benedictine monk at Cluny. Saint Hugh named Odo prior; sent to Rome to assist Pope Gregory VII's reform of the Church, became chief adviser; named cardinal-bishop of Ostia in 1078; succeeded Blessed Pope Victor III
"The answers to many of life's questions can be found by reading the Lives of the Saints. They teach us how to overcome obstacles and difficulties, how to stand firm in our faith, and how to struggle against evil and emerge victorious." 

Pope Saint Leo (died 461) -- 303 Simplicius, Faustinus & Beatrice The record of these two brothers and their sister who were martyred in Rome under Diocletian is known from the Martyrology of Jerome. (Viatrix) MM (RM).   Lucina buried her body next to that of her brothers in the Ad Ursum Pileatum cemetery on the highway to Porto. Pope Saint Leo translated their relics to a church he built in their honor in Rome.  In 1868, the cemetery of Generosa was discovered beside this road; it had a small church dating from the time of Pope Saint Damasus (died 384), with contemporary frescoes and inscriptions.

1099 Blessed Urban II, Odo of Lagery studied under Saint Bruno at Rheims, became archdeacon there, and, about 1070, became a Benedictine monk at Cluny. Saint Hugh named Odo prior. Then he was sent to Rome to assist Pope Gregory VII's reform of the Church, became his chief adviser, and was named cardinal-bishop of Ostia in 1078; succeed Blessed Pope Victor III:  OSB Pope (RM)

1234 St. William of Saint-Brieuc, Bishop, also called William Pinchon. A native of Brittany, France, he entered the priesthood and was soon made a canon and then bishop of Saint-Bricuc  (in 1220). Known as a staunch defender of the poor and of ecclesiastical rights, he was banished for a time by the duke of Brittany, going to Poitiers and returning in 1230 body was deposited in his cathedral and taken up incorrupt in 1248. He was canonized in 1247 or 1253..  William Pinchon of Saint-Brieuc B (RM) Born in Brittany; canonized in 1253 by Pope Innocent IV. Although William was born into an illustrious Breton family, he possessed very admirable virtues: an innocence of manner, meekness, humility, chastity, charity, and devotion.

1861  Bl. Joseph Tshang Martyr of China; a native seminarian who, along with three companions, was beheaded. Pope St. Pius X beatified him in 1909.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 28
64 St. Nazarius and Celsus Martyrs supposedly beheaded at Milan during the reign of Emperor Nero. Their relics, however, were discovered in 395 by St. Ambrose of Milan. Nazarius’ blood was still liquid when his remains were found.  SS. Nazarius and Celsus are united in one feast with the holy popes Victor and Innocent (see below), and are named in the canon of the Milanese Mass.

199 Victor I, Pope African by birth, Victor succeeded Saint Eleutherius as pope c. 189 the first to use Latin in the celebration of the liturgy Until Victor's time, Rome celebrated the Mass in Greek. Pope Victor changed the language to Latin, which was used in his native North Africa. According to Jerome, he was the first Christian author to write about theology in Latin. Latin masses, however, did not become universal until the latter half of the 4th century. (RM)  Pope St Victor died before the persecution of Septimius Severus began, and there is no good reason to suppose he was martyred; but his energy and zeal exposed him to persecutions for which alone he might deserve the honours of a martyr which are accorded him liturgically.

417 St. Innocent I Pope, succeeding Pope St. Anastasius I, on December 22, 401; he emphasized papal supremacy, commending bishops of Africa for referring decrees of their councils at Carthage and Millevis in 416, condemning Pelagianism, to the Pope for confirmation. It was his confirmation of these decrees that caused Augustine to make a remark that was to echo through the centuries: "Roma locuta, causa finitas" (Rome has spoken, the matter is ended); matters of great importance were to be referred to Rome for settlement.

1459 Bl. Anthony della Chiesa Dominican superior; companion of St. Bernardino of Siena; one of the leaders opposing the last of the antipopes, Felix V; known miracle worker with an ability to read the consciences of men and women;  he conversed with Saint Mary, in ecstasy, several times.

1942 St. Leopold Mandic; Western Christians working for greater dialogue with Orthodox Christians may be reaping the fruits of Father Leopold’s prayers; taught patrology, the study of the Church Fathers, to the clerics of his province for several years, but he is best known for his work in the confessional, where he sometimes spent 13-15 hours a day. Several bishops sought out his spiritual advice
Western Christians who are working for greater dialogue with Orthodox Christians may be reaping the fruits of Father Leopold’s prayers..  At a time when Pope Pius XII said that the greatest sin of our time is "to have lost all sense of sin," Leopold had a profound sense of sin and an even firmer sense of God’s grace awaiting human cooperation.
Leopold, who lived most of his life in Padua, died on July 30, 1942, and was canonized in 1982.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 27
916 Saints Clement, Bishop of Ochrid, Equal of the Apostles, Naum, Sava, Gorazd and Angelar were Slavs, disciples of Sts Cyril and Methodius (May 11) These Enlighteners of the Slavs were opposed by German missionaries, who had the support of the Pope and the patronage of the Moravian prince Svyatopolk. The struggle centered around the questions of the need for divine services in Slavonic, the Filioque and Saturday fasting. Pope Stephen VI prohibited the use of Slavonic in church.  The proponents of the three-tongued heresy (who wanted to use only Hebrew, Greek, or Latin for Church purposes), after setting aside the ancestral language of the Slavic peoples, brought the disciples of St Methodius to trial, including St Clement. They subjected them to fierce torture: dragging them through thorns, and holding them in prison for a long time, just as they had done with their spiritual Father, St Methodius.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 26
Sts. Joachim and Anna
Orthodoxe Kirche: 9. September (mit Anna) Katholische und Anglikanische Kirche: 26. Juli (mit Anna) {Saint Gerontius founded the Skete of St Anna on Mount Athos this day}The early cultist of St Anne in Constantinople is attested by the fact that in the middle of the sixth century the Emperor Justinian I dedicated a shrine to her. The devotion was probably introduced into Rome by Pope Constantine (708-715). There are two eighth-century representations of St Anne in the frescoes of S. Maria Antiqua; she is mentioned conspicuously in a list of relics belonging to S. Angelo in Pescheria, and we know that Pope St Leo III (795-816) presented a vestment to St Mary Major which was embroidered with the Annunciation and St Joachim and St Anne.  The first papal pronouncement on the subject, enjoining the observance of an annual feast, was addressed by Urban VI in 1382, at the request, as the pope said, of certain English petitioners, to the bishops of England alone.  It is quite possible that it was occasioned by the marriage of King Richard II to Anne of Bohemia in that year.  The feast was extended to the whole Western church in 1584.

1583 Bl. Rudolf Acquaviva Jesuit martyr sent to India, going to the court of Mogul Akbar near Agra. He became superior of the Salsette mission. Rudolf was martyred at Salsette, near Goa, by Hindus, with four companions, including Alfonso Pacheco.  It was not till 1741 that Pope Benedict XIV declared the martyrdom proved, and even then the formal beatification did not take place till 1893 .

1752 Blessed Antonio Lucci; attended the local school run by the Conventual Franciscans and joined them at the age of 16. Antonio completed his studies for the priesthood in Assisi, where he was ordained in 1705. Further studies led to a doctorate in theology and appointments as a teacher in Agnone, Ravello and Naples. He also served as guardian in Naples; bishop of Bovino.  Elected minister provincial in 1718, the following year he was appointed professor at St. Bonaventure College in Rome, a position he held until Pope Benedict XIII chose him as bishop of Bovino (near Foggia) in 1729. The pope explained, "I have chosen as bishop of Bovino an eminent theologian and a great saint."

1942 Bl. Titus Brandsma Carmelite martyr who died at the hands of the Nazis; was sent to various concentration camps where he demonstrated charity and concern
Becoming a Carmelite as a young man, he displayed a dazzling intellect and scholarship, receiving ordination as a priest in 1905 and earning a doctorate in philosophy at Rome. Titus then taught in Dutch universities and lectured in many countries on Carmelite spirituality and mysticism. He also served as rector magnificus at the Catholic University of Nijmegen. In 1935 he became an ecclesiastical advisor to Catholic journalists. His academic and spiritual studies were also printed and widely read. He was born in 1881 at Bolsward in the Netherlands. When the Nazis occupied the Netherlands, Titus was singled out as an enemy because he fought against the spread of Nazism in Europe. Arrested, Titus was sent to various concentration camps where he demonstrated charity and concern. In 1942, he was martyred in Dachau.
Titus was beatified by Pope John Paul II on November 3, 1985 .

160 St. Pastor A priest of Rome who is reported to have been the brother of Pope St. Pius I.
Pastor of Rome (RM) Saint Pastor, brother to Pope Saint Pius I, was a Roman priest. It is believed that he left his name to the title (i.e., parish) of Saint Pudentiana in Rome--Titulus pastoris (Benedictines)

185 A.M. (July 13th, 1369 A.D.) Departure of Pope Youanis X, 85th Patriarch of Alexandria.

284 A.M. {1448} Martyrdom of Sts. Bidaba, Bishop of Qift, Anba Andrew, and Anba Christodoulas.     When it was Sunday and the people were gathered in the church, they brought the Saint to the bishop who promoted him to Hegumen (Archpriest). He stayed with the bishop for nine days then went back to the mountain. Later on, the bishop of Qift departed, so the people of the area gathered and unanimously decided to nominate Abba Bidaba to be ordained in his place. They decided to go to Pope Peter the First (The seal of martyrs and the 17th Patriarch) to ordain him a bishop for them. The angel of the Lord appeared to the Pope in a vision and told him, "Go to Upper Egypt and bring the Archpriest Bidaba and ordain him a bishop for the city of Qift, for the Lord has chosen him."  The Pope was amazed and looked at the saint and said, "Truly you are chosen from God." He asked the Pope to allow him to go to his parish. He embarked in a sailing boat, which had a handicapped man, that did not walk for twenty-two years. While he was getting aboard the boat the saint's leg slipped and stepped over the leg of that handicapped man. The man's legs were healed and he jumped up immediately praising God. All those in the ship praised God and asked the saint to remember them in his prayers and to bless them.
    Many miracles were wrought by his hands during his journey.

305 (as we read in the Acts of Pope St. Stephen) -- Hieromartyrs Hermolaus, Hermippus and Hermocrates of Nicomedia, were among the small number of those remaining alive after 20,000 Christians were burned alive in a church at Nicomedia in the year 303 (December 28), on the orders of the emperor Maximian (284-305). They in remote places and did not cease to preach Christianity to the pagans.  The Lord Jesus Christ appeared to St Hermolaus.  

1016 St Simeon The Armenian earned a reputation for miracles, and charity.  Here he was accused of being a heretic, and by order of Pope Benedict VII he was examined, and declared to be orthodox.  Miracles attributed to him caused notice to be taken at Rome, and Simeon's cultus was allowed by Pope Benedict VIII.

1833 At Lovere, in the diocese of Brescia, St. Bartholemea Capitanio, virgin, who founded the Sisters of Charity, dedicated to teaching the young.  Pope Pius XII added her name to the catalogue of holy virgins.

1946 The cause of Sister Alphonsa began on 2 December 1953 in the Syro-Malabar Catholic Diocese of Palai and she was declared a Servant of God. She was declared Venerable on 9 July 1985 by Pope John Paul II. Her beatification was declared 8 February 1986 by Pope John Paul II at Kottayam. 1946 Saint Alphonsa Muttathupadathu; "Grains of wheat, when ground in the mill, turn in to flour. With this flour we make the wafer of the holy Eucharist. Grapes, when crushed in the wine press, yield their juice. This juice turns into wine. Similarly, suffering so crushes us that we turn into better human beings." -Saint Alphonsa to novices

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 25
44 St. James the Greater Apostle. The relics still rest in the cathedral and were referred to as authentic in a bull of Pope Leo XIII in 1884. Their genuineness is seriously disputed, but it does not depend in any way on the truth or falseness of the story of St James's missionary visit to Spain.

553 The Fifth Ecumenical Council (Constantinople II) under the holy Emperor St Justinian I (527-565) in the year 553 to determine the Orthodoxy of three dead bishops: Theodore of Mopsuetia, Theodoret of Cyrrhus and Ibas of Edessa, who expressed Nestorian opinions in their writings in the time of the Third Ecumenical Council (September 9).  Pope Vigilius, though present in Constantinople, refused to participate in the Council, although he was asked three times to do so by official deputies in the name of the gathered bishops and the Emperor himself.  The Pope Vigilius afterwards concurred with the mind of the Fathers, and signed the Conciliar definition.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 24
75 Wulfhade and Ruffinus Martyrs of England; according to tradition they were two princes of Mercia who were baptized by St. Chad; martyred at Stone, Staffordshire.   The procurator of the Peterborough Abbey built at Stone travelled to Rome and prevailed upon the pope to enroll the martyrs among the saints.

1015 Boris and Gleb sons 1st Christian princes of Russia St Vladimir of Kiev and Anne of Constantinople the daughter of Emperor Basil II, the Bulgar slayer (Gleb)  Passion-Bearers, since they did not resist evil with violence  MM (AC)  (also known as Romanus and David).  It was a conception characteristically Russian, as it is characteristically Christian,*{*Non-violent resistance to evil has persisted throughout Christian history there were for instance, conscientious objectors to military service among the early saints, e.g. St Victricius, St Martin of Tours and the martyr St Maximilian.} and popular feeling was so strong that the Greek ecclesiastical authorities in Russia submitted to what they seem not to have understood, and Boris and Gleb were enrolled among the saints. This verdict was confirmed by Pope Benedict XIII in 1724.

1391 Bd Nicholas (Nils) Hermanssön son of Herman and Margaret of Skeninge, was raised to piety; led a life of abstinence; educated in Paris and Orléans, France, in civil and canon law; ordained priest, served as a canon in Sweden, tutor to the sons of Saint Bridget of Sweden to whom he was a devoted friend. In 1361, he was appointed archdeacon of Linköping. B (AC)  Until Uppsala was made a metropolitan see by Pope Alexander III, Linkoping was the principal ecclesiastical centre, and even afterwards its position was to a considerable extent maintained by a succession of capable and energetic bishops, of whom Bd Nicholas Hermansson was one of the most noteworthy.

1391 Bd Nicholas (Nils) Hermanssön son of Herman and Margaret of Skeninge, was raised to piety; led a life of abstinence; educated in Paris and Orléans, France, in civil and canon law; ordained priest, served as a canon in Sweden, tutor to the sons of Saint Bridget of Sweden to whom he was a devoted friend. In 1361, he was appointed archdeacon of Linköping. B (AC).  Nicholas's cult arose immediately thereafter; vita were written and cures described. An enquiry into his life and miracles began in 1417, and Pope Martin V confirmed his cultus. The translation of relics occurred in 1515, and eight years later his Office was authorized. His cultus ended with the Reformation.
The Benedictines note that this canonization cannot be proven; he might be better considered as a beatus.
In some places, his feast is given as May 2 (Benedictines, Farmer, Husenbeth).

1446 Blessed John Tavalli of Tossignano; best remembered as the translator of the Bible into Italian; he studied at the University of Bologna before joining the order of the Gesuati; In 1431, he was named bishop of Ferrara. (AC).  In 1431 he was chosen bishop of Ferrara, and seven years later welcomed to his cathedral city and assisted at the council, convoked by Pope Eugenius IV at the suggestion of the emperor, John VIII Palaiologos, to effect a union of the Western and Eastern churches against the encroachments of Islam; until the council was removed to Florence he was the host of the pope, the emperor and the patriarch of Constantinople.

1594 St. John Boste One of Forty Martyrs of England and Wales; born at Dufton, at Westmoreland, England; studied at Oxford. Becoming a Catholic in 1576, he went to Reims and received ordination in 1581. John went back to England where he worked in the northern parts of the kingdom.  John was canonized by Pope Paul VI in 1970 as a martyr of Durham.

1838 Bl. Joseph Fernandez Dominican martyr of Vietnam. He was sent there in 1805 as an ordained priest and appointed provincial vicar of the mission. He was beheaded. He was beatified in 1988 by Pope John Paul II.

Bl. Maria Pilar Martinez Garcia & Companions Carmelite nun, with Maria Ange­les Valtierra and Teresa Garcia y Garcia. They were killed in Guadalajara, Spain, by communists in the civil war. Maria Pilar Martinez was an older nun from Tarazona, Zaragoza. They were beatified in 1987 by Pope John Paul II.

1898 St. Sharbel Makhlouf  from the Monastery of St. Maron at Annaya, Lebanon; l lived as a hermit 23 years; Bishop Zayek wrote: “St. Sharbel is called the second St. Anthony of the Desert, the Perfume of Lebanon, the first Confessor of the East to be raised to the Altars according to the actual procedure of the Catholic Church, the honor of our Aramaic Antiochian Church, and the model of spiritual values and renewal."  Pope Paul VI beatified him in 1965 and canonized him in 1977.   Comment: Pope John Paul II has often said that the Church has two lungs (East and West) and it must learn to breathe using both of them. Remembering saints like Sharbel helps the Church to appreciate both the diversity and unity present in the Catholic Church.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 23
75  St. Apollinaris  first bishop of Ravenna, Italy martyr. Apollinaris's best memorials are the superb churches of Ravenna dedicated to name; however, Pope Honorius built one in Rome dedicated to him about 630.

390 St. Liborius second or third bishop of Le Mans Patron saint of Paderborn, Germany, and the bishop of Le Mans, France.  St Liborius is invoked against gravel and allied complaints, and this, curiously enough, accounts for his commemoration in the liturgy of the Western church on July 23: the observance was instituted by Pope Clement XI (d. 1721), who suffered from that painful disease.  

433 St. John Cassian Eastern monk and theological writer. He went to Palestine in 380 with a companion, Germanus, and became a monk in Egypt. In 400 he entered into the discipleship of St. John Chrysostom, going to Rome to defend the much-oppressed saint before Pope Innocent I. Ordained in Rome, John started monasteries in southern France, near Marseilles, thus helping to pioneer monasticism in Europe.  John also authored the work De Incarnatione Doniini, in seven books, at the. behest of Pope Leo I the Great so as to inform the Western Church of the details of the teachings of the heresiarch Nestorius. While never canonized officially in the West, John has long been considered a saint among the Eastern Churches.    His next work were the 24 Conferences on the Egyptian Monks, which were addressed to different people, among them Saint Honoratus, abbot and founder of Lérins. In them Cassian tells of the discussions or conferences that he had with the monks; however, the doctrine that he expressed in them was often unorthodox, and in the opinion of Saint Augustine gave too much importance to human free will in the virtuous act and not enough to divine grace. This whiff of heresy, which went under the name of 'semi-Pelagianism,' earned the author public reproof, and his Conferences were officially relegated to the ranks of the apocrypha by a decree attributed to Pope Saint Gelasius. Nevertheless, Saint Benedict prescribed the Conferences as one of the books to be read aloud to his monks after supper.
Though Cassian was in bad odor with the Holy Office, the success and popularity of his works in no way diminished, particularly among the monks of southern France, who were strongly anti-Augustinian. In about 430, Cassian was commissioned by the future Pope Saint Leo to write seven books entitled On the Incarnation of the Lord against the heretic Nestorius. This work was evidently written in haste and does not compare with the other two works. Nestorius, archbishop of Constantinople, was solemnly condemned by the Council of Ephesus in 431, whereas Cassian, the champion of semi- Pelagianism, was not condemned by a council until 529.
In many ways Cassian was the precursor of Saint Benedict, who drew on him heavily, though he also altered a great deal. Every generation has found in Cassian one of its best guides. His works, which have been endlessly republished and translated, have been quoted by a large number of spiritual writers, from Saint Bernard and Saint Thomas down to the Jesuit father Rodriguez.
 Cassian, in short, was and still is one of the great teachers of the religious life (Attwater, Benedictines, Chadwick, Delaney, Encyclopedia).

6th v. St. Romlua A virgin who lived with St. Redempta as a hermitess near the church of Mary Major, Rome. Redempta had been trained as a nun by St. Herundo in Palestine. They formed a small community in Rome, and they earned the praise of Pope St. Gregory I the Great. Romula was paralyzed for the last years of her life. St Redempta was brought up by St Herundo in the ways of virtue and the solitary life, and when she had grown old went from the hills near Palestrina to live with St Romula and another woman in a small house near the church of St Mary Major, about the year 575.  St Gregory, who knew them personally, says that they showed a perfect humility and obedience, and hardly opened their mouths to speak except in prayer.
580 Romula, Redempta, and Herundo  Three Roman maidens who lived lives of austerity and prayer in or near the church of Saint Mary Major. They were venerated by Saint Gregory the Great (Benedictines, Encyclopedia). VV (RM)
Romæ sanctárum Vírginum Rómulæ, Redémptæ et Herúndinis, de quibus scribit sanctus Gregórius Papa.
    At Rome, the saintly virgins Romula, Redempta, and Herundo, mentioned by Pope St. Gregory in his writings.

1373 Bridget (Birgitta) of Sweden, Religious visions were written in a book called Revelations.  In this house St Bridget provided for sixty nuns, and in a separate enclosure monks, to the number of thirteen priests, in honour of the twelve Apostles and St Paul, four deacons, representing the Doctors of the Church, and eight choir-brothers not in orders, making the number of our Lord’s apostles and disciples, eighty-five, in all. She prescribed them certain particular constitutions, which are said dictated to her by our Saviour in a vision. This circumstance is neither mentioned by Pope Boniface IX in the bull of her canonization, nor by Martin V when he ratified the privileges of Syon Abbey and reaffirmed the canonization; and the popes when they speak of this rule mention only the approbation of the Holy See, without making reference to any such private revelation. In this institute, as in the Order of Fontevrault, the men were subject to the abbess of the nuns in temporals, but in spirituals the women were subject to the superior of the monks, because the order was principally instituted for women and the men were admitted only to afford them spiritual ministrations. This rule had already been submitted to Urban when he arrived in Rome, and he had done nothing about it. So now Bridget set off to Montefiascone on her white mule, and as a result the pope gave a general approval to her religious foundation, prescribing for it the general Rule of St Augustine with the Bridgettine constitutions. Four months later Urban was dead, and St Bridget three times wrote to his successor at Avignon, Gregory XI, warning him to come back to the apostolic see, which he eventually did four years after her death.
Pope Benedict XIV referred specifically to the revelations of St Bridget, among others, when he wrote that, “Even though many of these revelations have been approved, we cannot and we ought not to give them the assent of divine faith, but only that of human faith, according to the dictates of prudence whenever these dictates enable us to decide that they are probable and worthy of pious credence”.

1408—1427 St. George, the Great Martyr Recovery of the Holy Relics of;  many signs were manifested from it to his church in Old Cairo {Coptic}.  Then, he went to Pope Gabrial, 88th Pope, and told him about the vision and the box. Immediately the Pope rose up and took with him the priests and the deacons, and went to where the box was. After they took the blessings of the holy relics and gave some money to the woman, they carried the box in a venerable celebration. They brought it to the church of St. George in Old Cairo where many signs were manifested from it.  May his prayers be with us and Glory be to God forever. Amen.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 22
{The identification of Mary Magdalen, the sister of Lazarus and the Sinner as one person is still by no means unchallenged in the West.  Though most Latin writers since the time of Pope St Gregory have supported the identity, St Ambrose, St Jerome, St Augustine, St Albert the Great and St Thomas leave the question undecided; most of the Greek fathers distinguish three, or at least two, different persons.  This is the common view in the East, not only among the dissidents but also among those in communion with the Holy See.  Thus the Catholic Byzantines keep the feast of Mary Magdalen the Myrrh-bearer on July 22, and of the other two on other dates.}

1088  Bd Benno, Bishop Of Osnabruck; noteworthy work as an architect "official architect" to the Emperor Henry III; sent more than once as imperial envoy to pope St Gregory; founded Iburg monastery

1619 Lawrence of Brindisi, Doctor of the Church by Pope John XXIII both a brilliant military tactician as well as a peacemaker; became a Capuchin Franciscan in Verona at 16 and took the name Lawrence excelled at Bible studies; main contributions are in the nine volumes of his sermons (RM) OFM Cap. (also known as Laurence, Lorenzo)

At Lisbon in Portugal, St. Lawrence of Brindisi, priest and confessor, superior general of the Order of Friars Minor Capuchin of St. Francis.  Illustrious for his preaching and his arduous labour for the glory of God, he was canonized by Pope Leo XIII.In 1596, he became a definitor general of the order in Rome, a position he was to hold five times. Pope Clement VIII commissioned him to evangelize the Jews; his facility with Hebrew contributed to his success at this task. He accompanied Blessed Benedict of Urbino to Germany to establish the Capuchins as a means of counteracting the spread of Lutheranism. They nursed plague victims and established monasteries at Prague, Vienna, and Gorizia, which were to develop into the provinces of Bohemia, Austria, and Styria. Lawrence then was elected minister general of the Capuchins.  During this time, the Turks were threatening to conquer Hungary. Emperor Rudolf II begged Lawrence to unite the German princes against them. As a result of his efforts, an army was mustered, and he was appointed chaplain general. Before the battle of Szekes-Fehervar in 1601, the generals consulted him on strategy. He advised an attack, rallied the troops, and rode before the army with a crucifix. The victory of Szekes-Fehervar was attributed to him.  In 1602, he was elected vicar general of the Capuchins but refused re-election in 1605.

1679 Bds. Philip Evans priest S.J. and John Lloyd a secular priest, missionary to minister in his own country; Martyred " as priests who had come unlawfully into the realm".  Philip Evans, SJ, and John Lloyd, Priests MM (RM) Died at Cardiff, Wales, on July 22, 1679; beatified in 1929; canonized by Pope Paul VI in 1970 as two of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales.

1927 Saint Marie Alphonsine saved a girl by lowering down her Rosary.  
 Saint Marie Alphonsine Ghattas (1843-1927), recently canonized by Pope Francis in Rome, was favored with several Marian apparitions.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 21
1st v.  St. Apollinaris St. Peter sent Apollinaris to Ravenna, Italy, as its first bishop exiled 4 times by pagans. Saint Fortunatus exhorted his friends to make pilgrimages to his tomb, and Saint Gregory the Great ordered parties in doubtful lawsuits to be sworn before it. Apollinaris's best memorials are the superb churches of Ravenna dedicated to name; however, Pope Honorius built one memorial in Rome dedicated to him about 630.

1537: St Jerome Emiliani, Founder Of The Somaschi; served in the armies of the republic; led a careless and irreligious life, but now he sanctified his sufferings by prayer and turning to God; resolved to devote himself and his property solely to others, founded orphanages at Brescia, Bergamo, and Como, shelter for penitent prostitutes, a hospital at Verona. He was canonized in 1767, and in 1928 was named patron-saint of orphans and abandoned children by Pope Pius XI.   After his death his congregation suffered considerable vicissitudes, but it had the approval of St Charles Borromeo and in 1540 was recognized by Pope Paul III; today, however, the Somaschi number but few members, who conduct schools and orphanages in Italy.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 20
450 St. Arsenius the Great, -- Pope St Damasus  -- Hermit 395 he abandoned the court and joined the monks in Alexandria, Egypt. On the death of Theodosius (c. 400), saddened and sickened by his pupils' weakness of character and quarrels--for which he felt some responsibility as their former teacher, he became a desert monk in the Wadi Natrun (Skete). There he was tutored in the eremitical customs by Saint John the Dwarf.  When the Emperor Theodosius the Great wanted a man to whom he might entrust the education of his children Pope St Damasus recommended Arsenius, a man of senatorial rank learned in both sacred and profane knowledge.

514 Symmachus a holy and able pope. He helped the African bishops exiled to Sardinia by the Arian Thrasimund, founded three hospices, aided the victims of the barbarian raids in northern Italy, and helped ransom captives. His generosity to the poor led to the well-deserved bestowal of the title "father of the poor" Pope (RM).  He was baptized at Rome, became archdeacon of the Roman church under Pope Anastasius II, and succeeded him in the Holy See in 498.

778 St. Ambrose Aut-pert Benedictine monk and tutor of Charlemagne;  monk there and, eventually, abbot. He was an able exegete and his works were considered as authoritative as those written by the greatest Latin Fathers.
In fact, though not in title, his is one of the Doctors of the Church
His talents did not lack admiration and appreciation: Charlemagne consulted him (Ambrose had been at one time his tutor) and Pope Stephen IV befriended him; nor was he without love and honour in his own monastery, for about the year 776, the abbacy becoming vacant, the Frankish element among the monks elected him.  But unhappily a Lombard clique opposed to Ambrose as their choice a certain Potho; the trouble reached Rome, and Pope Adrian I summoned the rivals to appear before him.  On the journey St Ambrose Autpert died.  He was buried in St Peter's, but his relicé were translated about the year 1044 to the abbey he had ruled for so short a time.

1660 St Vincent DePaul, Founder of The Congregation of The Mission And The Sisters Of Charity
  Sancti Vincénti a Paulo, Presbyteri et Confessóris, Congregatiónis Presbyterórum Missiónis et Puellárum Caritátis Fundatóris, cæléstis ómnium caritátis Societátum Patróni; qui in Dómino obdormívit quinto Kaléndas Octóbris.
    St. Vincent de Paul, priest and confessor, founder of the priests of the Congregation of the Mission and the Sisters of Charity, the heavenly patron of all charitable organizations.  He fell asleep in the Lord on the 27th of September.In the autumn of 1660 he died calmly in his chair, on September 27, being fourscore years old.  Monsieur Vincent, the peasant priest, was canonized by Pope Clement XII in 1737, and by Pope Leo XIII he was proclaimed patron of all charitable societies, outstanding among which is the society that bears his name and is infused by his spirit, founded by Frederic Ozanam in Paris in 1833.

1697 St. John Plessington son of a Royalist Catholic, John was educated at Saint Omer's in France and the English college at Valladolid, Spain. He was ordained in Segovia in 1662.  beatified in 1929 Pope Paul VI canonized him in 1970.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 2018
1123 St. Bruno of Segni Benedictine bishop Vatican librarian, cardinal legate theological work on the Holy Eucharist set the standard for centuries; abbot of Monte Cassino. Pope Gregory VII nominated him bishop of Segni in the following year, Bruno's humbleness prompting him to refuse a cardinalate.  He indeed took it upon himself to rebuke Pope Paschal II, who had been persuaded by the emperor elect, Henry V, to make concessions in the matter of ecclesiastical privileges and investiture in Germany. The pope retorted by ordering Bruno to resign his abbacy and return to his bishopric, and was at once obeyed.

1341 Blessed Robert of Salentinos a disciple of Saint Peter Celestine at Murrone, before he was elected pope. He founded 14 Celestine monasteries, OSB Cel. Abbot (AC)

1435 Bd Angelina Of Marsciano, Widow assumed the dress of a tertiary of St Francis and converted her household into what was in effect a body of secular tertiaries living in community   Angelina and her companions travelled about recalling sinners to penance, relieving distress, and putting before young women the call of a life of virginity for Christ's sake first convent of regular tertiaries with vows and enclosure, and its success was immediate.. Pope Paul VI wrote in 1971: "Without in any way undervaluing human love and marriage— is not the latter, according to faith, the image and sharing of the union of love joining Christ and the Church?— consecrated chastity evokes this union in a more immediate way and brings that surpassing excellence to which all human love should tend" (Apostolic Exhortation on the Renewal of Religious Life, #13).

1614 St. Camillus de Lellis; spirit of prophecy and the gift of miracles, fought for Venetians against Turks, addicted to gambling penniless by 1574; became director of St. Giacomo Hospital in Rome; received permission from his confessor (St. Philip Neri) to be ordained decided, with 2 companions, to found the Ministers of the Sick (the Camellians) he sent members of his order to minister wounded troops in Hungary and Croatia, first field medical unit. .  St Camillus de Lellis was canonized in 1746, and was, with St John-of-God, declared patron of the sick by Pope Leo XIII, and of nurses and nursing associations by Pope Pius XI

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 17
398 St. Marcellina sister of St. Ambrose consecrated to a religious life by Pope Liberius in 353.  The pope in a discourse on that occasion exhorted her to love only our Lord Jesus Christ, to live in continual recollection and mortification and always to behave herself in church with the utmost respect and awe: in reporting this address St Ambrose did not hesitate to heighten the eloquence of Liberius where he thought it insufficient. It was to his sister that St Ambrose addressed and dedicated his work on the excellence of virginity, and after he became bishop she several times visited him at Milan to confer with him on the spiritual life, helping him in his dealings with dedicated maidens.

417 St. Alexis charitable to the poor; in disguise traveled to Syria lived in great poverty near a Church of Our Lady; after seventeen years, a picture of our Blessed Mother spoke to tell the people that this beggar was very holy. She called him "The man of God." he wrought many miracles.  In 1216, his bones were discovered by Pope Honorius III and reverently placed under the high altar of the church.

521 St. Ennodius Bishop, poet, and papale missary, born Magnus Felix Ennodius in a Gallo Roman family of Arles, France. Educated in Milan, Italy, he married but then separated from his wife, who entered a convent. He was ordained and made the bishop of Pavia. Ennodius went on two missions to Emperor Anastasius I for the pope. He was also the biographer of St. Antoninus. Ennodius wrote poetry that gained considerable attention.  He  wrote an apology for Pope St Symmachus and the synod which had pronounced against the schism formed in favour of Laurence; "God", he says, "certainly ordained that men should settle the affairs of men; but the passing of judgement on the pontiff of the supreme see He reserved to Himself." He was made choice of by Pope St Hormisdas to go twice to Constantinople where the Emperor Anastasius II was favouring the monophysite heretics.

812-821 Kenelm (Cynehelm) highly honored in England during the Middle Ages as a saint and martyr, and still is venerated at Gloucester and Winchcombe, where his relics are enshrined, King M (AC). In 798 Pope St Leo III confirmed to him the ownership of Glastonbury, and he signed certain charters up to 811.

855 Leo IV studied at Saint Martin's Monastery in Rome, was made subdeacon of the Lateran Basilica by Pope Gregory IV, and soon after was named cardinal by Pope Sergius II; restored many churches in Rome. In fact, his benefactions to churches take up 28 pages in the Liber pontificalis. He tightened clerical discipline with a synod at Rome in 853  OSB Pope (RM)
ST LEO IV, POPE (A.D. 855)
Born in Rome, Italy; died in Rome on July 17, 855. Leo was probably of Lombard ancestry though born in Rome. He studied at Saint Martin's Monastery in Rome, was made subdeacon of the Lateran Basilica by Pope Gregory IV, and soon after was named cardinal by Pope Sergius II. In 853, King Ethelwulf of the West Saxons sent his son, Alfred, to Rome, where Pope Leo stood as god-father for him at his Confirmation.

916 St. Clement of Okhrida One of the Seven Apostles of Bulgaria. He became a bishop in the reign of Khan Simeon, the first Slav to become a bishop.  When in 869 Pope Adrian II had appointed St Methodius archbishop over Moravia and Pannonia he had deliberately extended his jurisdiction to the very borders of Bulgaria, not, as Pope John VIII later carefully explained to Boris, because the religion of Rome and Constantinople was not one and the same, but because, he said, the Byzantines were inclined to separation and schism. Methodius in fact had to keep an eye on the Bulgars, most of whom were still heathen; and for this reason he and his brother St Cyril (July 7) are reckoned the first two of their seven apostles. But it does not seem that either of them actually ever preached among the Bulgars.

1198 St. Nerses Lambronazi  a noted scholar, theologian, and linguist; hermit, became archbishop of Tarsus; promoting reunion Armenia with Western Church, first through the Council of Hromkla later through negotiations reunion in 1198; translated Western writings into Armenian including the Dialogues of Pope St. Gregory the Great.  Nerses and the bishops of Lesser Armenia now looked towards Rome once more, in which they were backed for political reasons by the prince of Cilicia, Leo II, and in the negotiations which led to reunion the saint was very active. As a public sealing of the return of so large a part of Armenia from schism Leo II was, on the feast of the Epiphany, 1198, crowned king of Little Armenia by the papal legate, Cardinal Conrad von Wittelsbach (the crown being sent by Pope Celestine III), and anointed by the Armenian katholikos of Sis, Gregory IV Abirad. Crowned also was the work of Nerses, and he died in peace six months later. Among the works which caused him to share his uncle's place of literary eminence was his translation into Armenian of the Rule of St Benedict and of the Dialogues of St Gregory.

1794 Bl. Antoinette Roussel One of the Carmelite nuns martyred in Paris by the French Revolution. Sixteen Cannelites were guillotined in Paris, ascending the scaffolds while singing Salve Regina. They had been arrested for living in a religious community. On July 12 the Carmelites were taken to Paris and martyred on July 17. In 1906, these nuns were beatified. They were beatified in 1906 by Pope St. Pius X. The Carmelites were: Marie Claude Brard; Madeleine Brideau, the superior; Maire Croissy, grand niece of Colbert Marie Dufour; Marie Hanisset; Marie Meunier, a novice; Rose de Neufville Annette Pebras; Anne Piedcourt: Madeleine Lidoine, the prioress; Angelique Roussel; Catherine Soiron and Therese Soiron, both extern sisters, natives of Compiegne and blood sisters: Anne Mary Thouret; Marie Trezelle; and Eliza beth Verolot.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 16
THE patronal feast of the Carmelite Order was originally the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary on August 15; but between 1376 and 1386 the custom arose of observing a special feast of our Lady, to celebrate the approbation of their rule by Pope Honorius III in 1226. This custom appears to have originated in England; and the observance was fixed for July 16, which is also the date that, according to Carmelite tradition, our Lady appeared to St Simon Stock and gave him the scapular. At the beginning of the seventeenth century it became definitely the "scapular feast" and soon began to be observed outside the order, and in 1726 it was extended to the whole Western church by Pope Benedict XIII.

166 St. Cladianus (Celadion) Departure of , the Ninth Pope of the See of St. Mark. {Coptic}
On this day also, in the year 166 A.D. St. Cladianus (Celadion), the ninth Pope of the See of St. Mark, departed. He was a knowledgeable man, and righteous in his life. He was chosen Patriarch in the 8th day of Tubah (January 16th, 152 A.D.), after the departure of his predecessor Pope Marcianus.

451 The Fourth Ecumenical Council, at which 630 bishops participated; convened 451 in the city of Chalcedon under the emperor Marcian (450-457).  On the basis of Letters Saint Cyril of Alexandria and Pope Saint Leo the Great, the fathers of the Council resolved:
"Following the holy fathers, we all with one accord teach to confess as one and the same the Son, our Lord Jesus Christ, perfect in Divinity and perfect in humanity, truly God, truly man, of Whom is a reasoned soul and a body, One in Essence with the Father through Divinity and that Same-One one-in-essence with us through humanity, in all things like unto us except for sin, begotten before the ages from the Father in Divinity, but in these latter days born for us and our salvation from Mary the Virgin Mother of God in humanity. This self-same Christ, Son and Lord, the Only-Begotten, is in two natures perceived without mingling, without change, without division, without separation [Greek: "asugkhutos, atreptos, adiairetos, akhoristos"; Slavic: "neslitno, neizmenno, nerazdel'no, nerazluchno"], such that by conjoining there be not infringement of the distinctions of the two natures, and by which is preserved the uniqueness of each nature conjoined in one Person and One Hypostasis, -- not split nor separated into two persons, but rather the One and Self-same Son, the Only-Begotten, the Word of God, the Lord Jesus Christ, as in antiquity the prophets taught of Him and as the Lord Jesus Christ Himself taught us, and as the Creed-Symbol of the fathers has passed down to us" .
784 St. Fulrad Abbot of St. Denis Abbey near Paris, France, and a counselor of King Pepin  and Charlemagne; guided the Franks in establishing close ties with the Holy See rather than Byzantium
Born in Alsace, Fulrad became abbot in 750. He served Pepin, Carloman, and Charlemagne. In 750, with St. Burchard, Fulrad secured the approval of Pope St. Zachary for the accession of Pepin as king of the Franks.

866 Bd Ermengard, Virgin daughter of King Louis the German, grandson of Charlemagne, and his queen Emma.  The nuns of the abbey and people of the neighbourhood at once began to venerate Ermengard as a saint, a veneration which has continued without interruption to this day. In 1928 Pope Pius XI confirmed the cultus, which had been established by the findings of the court of the Archbishop of Munich and Freising at the instance of the present Chiemsee community.  This Ermengard must not be confounded with Bd Irmgard or Ermengard honoured in the diocese of Cologne on September 4, who died about 1100.

1158 Bd Milo of Selincourt, Bishop of Therouanne; The title "Blessed" seems to have been accorded to Milo chiefly on account of the miracles reported at his tomb. Milo also showed himself very critical of the Cluniac monks, for which he was rebuked by Bd Peter the Venerable.  Nevertheless he is said to have been personally a humble man.   In the controversy about the teaching of Gilbert de Ia Porrée, Milo ranged himself on the side of St Bernard (they were also personal friends) and vigorously supported his attack; he appeared against Gilbert before Pope Eugenius III at the Council of Rheims in 1148. The English pope, Adrian IV, appointed Milo to be his delegate in 1157 to judge a dispute between the bishop of Amiens and the abbot of Corbie.  Cardinal Baronius highly praised the goodness and learning of Milo, but it is not decided which of the works attributed to him are authentic. Peter Cantor, a contemporary, in his Verbum Abbieviatum quotes a sermon said to be his in which the following passage occurs:
   "It is not decent that Christian women should trail at their heels long skirts which pick up filth off the roadway.  Surely you realize, dear ladies, that if a gown of this kind were necessary to you, Nature would have met the case by attaching to you something more suitable with which to sweep the ground."

1846 St. Mary Magdalen Postel opened a school for girls at Barfleur a leader in Barfleur against the constitutional priests and sheltered fugitive priests in her home venerated for her holiness and miracles.   At the abbey of our Most Holy Redeemer, in the diocese of Coutances in France, St. Mary Magdalene Postel, foundress of the Sisters of Mercy of the Christian Schools, who was added to the list of the holy virgins by Pope Pius XI.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 15
1024  St Henry The Emperor; Pope Benedict VIII -- by prayer maintained in his heart the necessary spirit of humility and fear, and was able without being spoiled to bear the tide of prosperity and honour;  founded the see of Bamberg and built a great cathedral there; miraculously cured at the intercession of St Benedict at Monte Cassino.  In 1014 he went in triumph to Rome, where he was crowned emperor by Pope Benedict VIII.

1122 St. Egino Camaldolese abbot involved in the many disputes of his era.  He was born in Augsburg, Bavaria, Germany, and was placed in the abbey of Sts. Ulric and Afra as a child. He became abbot of the abbey but was expelled when he supported Pope Callistus II against Emperor Henry V  in a dispute. Residing in St. Blaise Abbey, he retumed to Augsburg in 1106, resuming his office of abbot in 1109. In 1120, Egino fled to Rome because of his opposition to Bishop Hermann, who practiced simony. Retuming to Augsburg two years later, he died in Pisa.

1274 St. Bonaventure Franciscan, theologian, doctor of the Church, was both learned and holy;  contemporary of Saint Thomas Aquinas and Saint Albert the Great.  Bonaventure was nominated as archbishop of York in 1265, but refused the honor. In 1273, much against his will, Bonaventure was made cardinal and bishop of Albano by Pope Gregory X. His personal simplicity is illustrated by the story that when his cardinal's hat was brought to him at the friary in Mugello (near Florence), he told the legates to hang it on a nearby tree, as he was washing the dishes and his hands were wet and greasy.

1458 Blessed Bernard of Baden renounced his worldly power and possessions in order to organize a Crusade to the Holy Land died without having met his goal  (AC).  Bernard set out for Rome to get the support of Pope Callistus III, but just after leaving Turin he was attacked by the plague and died in the Franciscan monastery at Moncalieri, being less than thirty years old,   On account of his great reputation for sanctity, supported by miracles reported at his tomb, he was beatified in 1479 by Pope Sixtus IV, in the presence of his mother and brothers.

1550 Bd. Ignatius Azevedo and His Companions, Martyrs Missionaries to Brazil; martyred by Huguenot French privateer.  Bd Ignatius and his thirty-nine companions were then and there brutally massacred in cold blood, meeting their death with heroism and joy; their leader was thrown into the sea clasping a picture of our Lady given to him by Pope St Pius V. Of these martyrs nine were Spanisrds and the rest Portuguese.

1710-1756 St. Pompeius Maria Pirotti a renowned teacher and preacher.  He was registered among the saints by Pope Pius XI.

1838 St. Peter Tuan Vietnamese martyr native priest, he was arrested by Vietnamese authorities suffered such grievous tortures in prison died before they could carry out the order of execution by beheading. Pope John Paul II canonized him in 1988.

1851 Bl. Anne Jahouvey a vision of black children decided vocation to their needs; veil in Autun, France, and Congregation of St. Joseph of Cluny was founded; founded houses in Europe, South America, and Africa went to French Guyana educate six hundred slaves to be liberated; founded houses in Tahiti and Madagascar.  When Pope Pius VII passed through Chalon in 1805 he received the four young women and gave them every encouragement. 

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 14
1053 Procopius of Sazaba one of the patrons of Czechoslovakia, OSB Abbot (RM)
Born in Bohemia; died March 25, 1053; canonized by Pope Innocent III in 1204; feast day formerly July 4.

1217 Bd Hroznata, Pope Celestine III -- Martyr one of those men the course of whose blameless life was changed by a succession of misfortunes. But he changed his mind, going to Rome to get released from his vow, which Pope Celestine III commuted for the foundation of a monastery.  He therefore found a suitable site and built the abbey of Tepl, in western Bavaria, which he peopled with canons regular of Prémontré from Strabov, and founded two other religious houses, one to shelter his sister, who had been left a widow. These undertakings having been successfully carried through, Hroznata himself became a canon of TepI.

1263 Bl. Humbert studied at Paris; received doctorate in law joined Dominicans 224; Holy Land pilgrimage on return-1240 elected provincial Roman province of the Dominicans; elected provincial of France- 1244 - 1254 5th Dominican master general emerged briefly at the request of Pope Clement IV to settle a dispute among the Cistercians, and died at Valence on July 14.

1270 Blessed Boniface of Savoy entered Grande Chartreuse as youth, a Carthusian monk then prior of Mantua, served 7 years as administrator diocese of Belley serving bishop of Valence. In 1241 elected archbishop of Canterbury , O. Cart. B (AC) Pope Innocent IV indeed allowed him to continue his visitations, but subject to great restrictions, and he was compelled to withdraw the excommunications which he had launched.

Of it Pope Sixtus IV said that:
"he uttered such things on sacred science that the Holy Ghost would seem to have spoken by his mouth".  
1274 Sancti Bonaventúræ, ex Ordine Minórum, Cardinális et Epíscopi Albanénsis, Confessóris et Ecclésiæ Doctóris; qui sequénti die migrávit ad Dóminum.
    St. Bonaventure of the Order of Friars Minor, cardinal and bishop of Albano, confessor and doctor of the Church, who passed to the Lord on the day following this.  In 1265 Pope Clement IV nominated St Bonaventure to be archbishop of York in succession to Geoffrey of Ludham; he induced the pope to accept his refusal, but in 1273 Bd Gregory X created him cardinal-bishop of Albano, adding a command to accept that charge without alleging any pretext against it, and immediately to come to Rome.  Gregory X ordered him to prepare the matters to be dealt with in the general council which he had called to meet at Lyons for the reunion of the Greeks, the Emperor Michael Palaeologus having made proposals to Pope Clement IV for union.  All the best theologians were sent for: St Thomas Aquinas died on the way thither. But St Bonaventure was the outstanding figure in this great assembly.  Peter of Tarentaise, a Dominican friar, afterwards Pope Innocent V, preached his panegyric, in which he said:
"No one ever beheld Bonaventure who did not conceive a great regard and affection for him; and even strangers were desirous to follow his counsel and advice, simply from hearing him speak: for he was gentle, courteous, humble, pleasing to all, compassionate, prudent, chaste and adorned with all virtues."
VATICAN CITY, 10 MAR 2010 (VIS) - During today's general audience, celebrated in the Paul VI Hall, the Pope turned his attention to the written works and doctrine of St. Bonaventure of Bagnoregio.
  St. Bonaventure "authentically and faithfully interpreted the figure of St. Francis of Assisi", said the Holy Father. He reacted against the "Spirituals" in the Franciscan Order who, drawing on the ideas of Joachim of Fiore, held that "with St. Francis the final phase of history had begun", and looked to the creation of a new Church of the Holy Spirit, "no longer tied to the structures of old". St. Bonaventure dealt with this question in his last work, "Hexaemeron", in which he explained that "God is one throughout history. ... History is one, even if it is a journey, a journey of progression. ... Jesus is the last word of God" and "there is no other Gospel, no other Church to be awaited. Thus the Order of St. Francis must also insert itself into this Church, into her faith and her hierarchical order.

1614 Camillus de Lellis, Priest To him the only people that mattered were the sick, for in serving them he was serving God charity was the only thing that made life worth living, the surest way of bringing man closer to God, the only true life-blood of the Church for the first time the patients were separated into different wards according to the nature of their maladie RM. Pope Benedict XIV numbered him among the saints because of the fame of his miracles and virtues; Pope Leo XIII appointed him heavenly protector of hospitals and of the sick.  His feast is observed on the 18th of July.  After moving two or three times, he and his companions settled down in an establishment in the street called Botteghe Oscure. The short rules he prescribed for his order required going daily to the hospital of the Holy Ghost to serve.  Gradually the seed that he planted grew into a mighty tree. On March 18, 1586, Pope Sixtus V approved his congregation and in the same year the order received its distinctive habit--a black cloak with a red cross on the right shoulder. Soon afterwards they were given the hospice of the Magdalen near the Pantheon, and on September 21, 1591, Pope Gregory XIV raised them to the rank of an order, that of the "Ministers of the Sick."  [Note: In 1930, Pope Pius XI named St. Camillus de Lellis, together with St. John of God, principal Co-Patron of nurses and of nurses' associations.]

1610  At Lima in Peru, St. Francis Solano, a priest and confessor of the Order of Friars Minor.  He passed to the Lord in the West Indies, renowned for his preaching, miracles and virtues.  Pope Benedict XIII placed him on the canon of the saints.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 13
91 Romæ sancti Anacléti, Papæ et Mártyris, qui, post sanctum Cleméntem Ecclésiam Dei regens, eam glorióso martyrio decorávit.  At Rome, St. Anacletus, pope and martyr, who governed the Church of God after St. Clement, and shed lustre upon it by a glorious martyrdom. Pope St. Anacletus  The second successor of St. Peter.

1024 St. Henry son of Duke of Bavaria Pope Benedict VIII-- and Gisella, daughter of Conrad, King of Burgundy; made numerous pious foundations, gave liberally to pious institutions and built the Cathedral of Bamberg
Heinrich II. Orthodoxe, Katholische und Evangelische Kirche: 13. Juli.  In 1014, he went to Rome and received the imperial crown at the hands of Pope Benedict VIII.  Every believer in this world of ours must be a spark of light, a center of love, a vivifying leaven amidst his fellow men. And he will be this all the more perfectly, the more closely he lives in communion with God in the intimacy of his own soul” (Blessed Pope John XXIII, Peace on Earth, 146, 164).

1920 St. Teresa de los Andes Discalced Carmelite mystic;  first Chilean to be beatified or canonized; a model for young people
A model for young people, Teresa was beatified in 1987 in Santiago, Chile, and canonized by Pope John Paul II March 21, 1993.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 12
1st v. St. Veronica The woman of Jerusalem who wiped the face of Christ with a veil while he was on the way to Calvary  Thus in a widespread western version Veronica came to Rome and cured the Emperor Tiberius with the precious relic, which at her death she left to Pope St Clement.

1073 Saint John Gaulbert, Abbot entered the Order of St. Benedict laid the foundation of the Order of Vallombrosa founded several monasteries, reformed others eradicated simony no indigent person sent away without alms dedicated to poverty and humility. He never became a priest, in fact, he declined even to receive minor orders  known for his wisdom, miracles, and prophecies.  The saint was endowed with the spirit of prophecy, and by his prayers restored many sick persons to health.  Pope St Leo IX went to Passignano on purpose to converse with him and Stephen X had the greatest esteem for him. Pope Alexander II testified that the whole country where he lived owed to his zeal the extinction of simony, for John's enthusiasm for the purely contemplative life did not prevent him and his monks from taking an active part in putting down that disorder, which was rife at the time.  St John Gualbert died on July 12, 1073, the only certain date in his history, being eighty or more years old.
     Pope Celestine III enrolled him among the saints in 1193.

1088 Blessed Benno of Osnabrück educated and professed a Benedictine at Reichenau official architect to Henry III;  founded and retired to Iburg Abbey OSB B (AC) he always upheld the pope's cause.

1462 Bl. Andrew Oexner of Riun Martyred at age three, place of death was made into a shrine, and many miracles were reported there.  In 1750 Pope Benedict XIV allowed the cultus and granted a local office in honour of Andrew; but five years later the same pope refused the request of the bishop of Brixen for the canonization of the boy.  It may reasonably be held that be was not a victim of the Jews at all, but was killed by his mad uncle in an outburst of homicidal mania.

1841 St. Agnes De Vietnamese Christian martyr; born in Baiden and raised in a Christian family; arrested - died in prison at Namdinh  Agnes was canonized by Pope John Paul II in 1988.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 11
155? Romæ sancti Pii Primi, Papæ et Mártyris. At Rome, Pope Pius I, who was crowned with martyrdom in the persecution of Marcus Aurelius Antoninus. ST PIUS I, POPE AND MARTYR This Pius succeeded  Pope  St Hyginus in the see of Peter, and the Liber Pontificalis states that he was the son of one Rufinus and a native of Aquileia; some authorities add further that he was a brother of that Hernias who wrote the famous work called The Shepherd: if the account of himself given by the author of this book be not a pious fiction, and if his relationship to the pope be true, then St Pius will have been likewise born a slave.  Pius was the ninth successor of St. Peter
304 Saint Euphemia the All-Praised The Miracle of as though alive, raised her hand and gave the scroll to the patriarch of the Fourth Ecumenical Council.  In the year 451 in the city of Chalcedon, in the very church where the glorified relics of the holy Great Martyr Euphemia rested, the sessions of the Fourth Ecumenical Council (July 16) took place.  They opened the tomb of the holy Great Martyr Euphemia and placed both scrolls upon her bosom. Then, in the presence of the emperor Marcian (450-457), the participants of the Council sealed the tomb, putting on it the imperial seal and setting a guard to watch over it for three days. During these days both sides imposed upon themselves strict fast and made intense prayer. After three days the patriarch and the emperor in the presence of the Council opened the tomb with its relics: the scroll with the Orthodox confession was held by St Euphemia in her right hand, and the scroll of the heretics lay at her feet. St Euphemia, as though alive, raised her hand and gave the scroll to the patriarch. After this miracle many of the hesitant accepted the Orthodox confession, while those remaining obstinant in the heresy were consigned to the Council's condemnation and excommunication.

690 St. John of Bergamo Bishop in 656, John noted for Arian opposition holiness and learning. 690 St. John of Bergamo Bishop of Bergamo, Italy. Consecrated in 656, John was noted for his opposition to the Arian heretics and for his holiness and learning. It was originally reported that he was martyred by the Arians, but John died of natural causes.   This John, having been elected to the see of Bergamo because of his holiness and learning, set himself to get rid of the heresies, particularly the remnants of Arianism, which were polluting the faith of his diocese. He was present at the synod held by Pope St Agatho in 679 at Rome at which St Wilfrid of York appealed against the division of his diocese.

St. Oliver Plunkett born in Loughcrew in County Meath, ordained in Rome taught until 1669, appointed Archbishop of Armagh and Primate of Ireland a man of peace, religious fervor, visiting his people, establishing schools, ordaining priests, confirming thousands.  He himself was on friendly terms with the Protestant bishops and gentry of Ulster, who had great regard for him and for his sake were disposed not to oppress Catholics; the Synod of Clones expressed its gratitude to the Holy See for sending them "a pastor so assiduous in good works, so exemplary in life and conduct, that he has won for himself and his clergy the love and reverence even of the enemies of our faith ".  In 1645, when he was sixteen, he went to Rome with four other young men who had been chosen to be educated at his own expense for the priesthood by Father Pierfrancesco Scarampi, the Oratorian who had been sent in 1643 by Pope Urban VIII to assist at the supreme council of the Irish Confederate party.  In March 1669 died in exile in France Edmund O'Reilly, Archbishop of Armagh and Primate of All Ireland.   Pope Clement IX chose to succeed him Dr Oliver Plunket, "a man of tried virtue, long experience, and ripe learning ", and in November of that year he was consecrated at Ghent.  

1745-1840 The Martyrs Of Indo-China.  In 1900 Pope Leo XIII beatified seventy-seven of these martyrs, among the principal of whom were Bd. Ignatius Delgado Y Cebrian, vicar apostolic of Eastern Tongking, and Dominic Henarez, his coadjutor, both Dominicans of Spanish nationality who had worked in that mission for nearly fifty years.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 10
1727 St. Veronica Giuliani desire to be like Christ crucified was answered with the stigmata joined the Poor Clares directed by the Capuchins; abbess, an office she held for 11 years until her death [SEE ALSO JULY 09 HERE]      At Tiferno in Umbria, St. Veronica Giuliani, a nun of the second Order of St. Francis and abbess of the monastery in that town.  Born at Mercatello in the diocese of Urbania, she became illustrious by her great love for suffering and other virtues, and by her heavenly gifts.  She was inscribed among the holy virgins by Pope Gregory XVI.

1713-1784 July 1, 2010 Blessed Junipero Serra  Quote: During his homily at Serra’s beatification, Pope John Paul II said: “Relying on the divine power of the message he proclaimed, Father Serra led the native peoples to Christ. He was well aware of their heroic virtues—as exemplified in the life of Blessed Kateri Tekakwitha—and he sought to further their authentic human development on the basis of their new-found faith as persons created and redeemed by God. He also had to admonish the powerful, in the spirit of our second reading from James, not to abuse and exploit the poor and the weak.”

1840 Saint Peter Tu Vietnamese martyr who became a catechist arrested by authorities. He was beheaded. Pope John Paul II canonized him in 1988.

1860 Martyrs of Damascus 8 Franciscan and 3 Maronite martyrs slain in a Druse uprising in 1860 in Damascus, Syria refused to accept the Muslim faith, they were executed Pope Pius XI beatified them in 1926.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 09
751 St. Agilulfus martyr archbishop of Cologne tried to persuade King Pepin not to name his illegitimate son Charles Martel heir to the throne, and was slain as a result. His remains were taken to the Church of Our Lady of the Steps in Cologne where they were venerated. He also received a commendation from Pope Zacharius in 747.

1535 St. Thomas More Martyr (Patron of Lawyers) 1516 wrote "Utopia" refused to render allegiance to the King as the Head of the Church of England But the time was soon at hand. On March 30, 1534, the Act of Succession provided for the taking of an oath by the king's subjects recognizing succession to the throne in the offspring of Henry and Anne Boleyn; to which were later added particulars that his union with Catherine of Aragon had been no true marriage, that his union with Anne Boleyn was a true marriage, and repudiating the authority of "any foreign authority, prince or potentate". To oppose the act was high treason, and only a week before Pope Clement VII had pronounced the marriage of Henry and Catherine to be valid.
More was equivalently beatified with other English martyrs in 1886, and canonized in 1935. But, as has been pointed out more than once, had he never met his death as he did he would have been a good candidate for canonization as a confessor. Some saints have attained their honours by redeeming an indifferent or even sinful life by martyrdom; not so Thomas More. He was from first to last a holy man, living in the spirit of his own prayer: "Give me, good Lord, a longing to be with thee: not for the avoiding of the calamities of this wicked world, nor so much for the avoiding of the pains of Purgatory, nor of the pains of Hell neither, nor so much for the attaining of the joys of Heaven in respect of mine own commodity, as even for a very love of thee." And this when his ways were cast, not in the cloister, but in the ordinary places of the world-home and family, among scholars and lawyers, in tribunals, council-chambers, and royal courts.
Thomas More M (RM) Born in London, England, 1478; died there in 1535; canonized by Pope Pius XI in 1935 as the "Martyr of the Papacy"; feast day formerly on July 6.
By sending him the cardinal's hat, six months later, Pope Paul III infuriated Henry VIII and hastened the end.

Martyrs of Gorkum 19 martyrs put to death with great cruelty by Protestant Calvinists in Gorkum, Holland. There were ten Franciscans, two Premonstratensians, a Dominican, a Canon Regular, four secular priests, and one layman in the group. They were canonized in 1867.  Pope Pius IX included them in the number of holy martyrs

1727 St. Veronica Giuliani Capuchin mystic who had many spiritual gifts; recipient of a stigmata in 1697 and visions.  She was inscribed among the holy virgins by Pope Gregory XVI.

1648 to1930 St. Augustine Zhao Rong and 120 Companions  Christianity arrived in China by way of Syria in the 600s. Depending on China's relations with the outside world, Christianity over the centuries was free to grow or was forced to operate secretly. Quote: A year after these martyrs were canonized, Pope John Paul II addressed a group of Chinese and Western scholars, gathered in Rome for a symposium honoring the 400th anniversary of the arrival in Beijing of Matteo Ricci, a Jesuit scholar and Chinese intellectual.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 07
432 Palladius of Ireland Pope Saint Celestine I. -- a deacon at Rome, responsible for sending Saint Germanus of Auxerre to Britain in 429 to combat Pelagianism; in 431 consecrated bishop of the Irish; landed near Wicklow and worked in Leinster B (AC) feast day formerly celebrated on October 7. The story of Palladius, recorded by Saint Prosper of Aquitaine, is caught up in that of Pope Saint Celestine I.

869 & 884 St. Cyril And St. Methodius One source says that the pope, St Nicholas I, sent for the strangers.  In any case, to Rome they came, bringing with them the alleged relics of Pope St Clement, which St Cyril had recovered when in the Crimea on his way back from the Khazars. In Moravia, the birthday of St. Methodius, bishop and confessor.  Together with his brother, the bishop St. Cyril, whose birthday was the 14th of February, he converted many of the Slav races and their rulers to the faith of Christ.  Their feast is celebrated on the 7th day of July.
Pope Nicholas in the meantime had died, but his successor, Adrian II, warmly welcomed the bearers of so great a gift.

1122 St. Odo of Urgell Pope Urban II-- Spanish bishop; member of the family of the counts of Barcelona, Spain; a soldier but gave this up to enter the religious life; Named archdeacon of Urgell in the Pyrenees; ordained by Pope Urban II, he was appointed bishop of Urgell, and was celebrated for his concern for the poor.

1304 Blessed Benedict XI, OP Pope he had "a vast store of knowledge, a prodigious memory, a penetrating genius, and (that) everything about him endeared him to all." In 1295, he received the degree of master of theology As papal legate Nicholas travelled to Hungary to try to settle a civil war there He worked to reconcile warring parties in Europe and the Church and to increase spirituality. His reign, short though it was, was noted for its leniency and kindness Many miracles were performed at his tomb, and there were several cures even before his burial (RM)

1860 Blessed Emmanuel Ruiz and Companions Pope Pius XI.  -- a Franciscan priest; served as a missionary in Damascus Emmanuel, his brother Franciscans and the three Maronite laymen and thousands lost their livesEmmanuel, his brother Franciscans and the three Maronite laymen were beatified in 1926 by Pope Pius XI.

Blessed Peter To Rot lay catechist serving the people in his own village Rakunai New Guinea
; beatified by Blessed Pope John Paul II in 1995 in Papua New Guinea.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 06
288 St. Tranquillinus Pope St. Caius -- At Rome, the birthday of St. Tranquillinus, martyr, father of Saints Mark and Marcellianus, who had been converted to Christ by the preaching of the martyr St. Sebastian.  Baptized by the blessed priest Polycarp, he was ordained priest by Pope St. Caius.  As he prayed at the tomb of blessed Paul on the octave of the apostles, he was arrested and stoned to death by the pagans, and thus completed his martyrdom.

1902 St. Maria Goretti Devotion to the young martyr grew, miracles were worked, and in less than half a century she was canonized.  Pope Pius XII solemnly added to the catalogue of holy martyrs.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 05
1538 St. Anthony Mary Zaccaria Pope Clement VII  -- priest; Cofounder of the Barnabites a medical doctor; popularized the 40-hour prayer ceremony, promoted of altar sacraments, introduced ringing church bells on Friday.  They worked among the plague-stricken Milanese and infused such vigour into the spiritual life of their city that in 1533 the new congregation was approved by Pope Clement VII under the name of the Clerks Regular of St Paul.  He was canonized by Pope Leo XIII in 1897

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 04
973 St. Ulric of Augsburg His canonization by Pope John XV in 993 is the first recorded canonization by a Pope;  Miracles were recorded at his tomb.

BD WILLIAM OF HIRSCHAU, ABBOT (A.D. 1091) concern for the spiritual and material well-being of the serfs both of the monastery and of neighbouring manors; and by aggregating its servants to the monastic community he had a significant part in the development of the institution of fratres conversi (lay-brothers).

1336 St. Elizabeth of Portugal Pope Urban VIII, -- exercises of piety, including daily Mass, but also through her exercise of charity, by which she was able to befriend and help pilgrims, strangers, the sick, the poor—in a word, all those whose need came to her notice.  Pope Urban VIII, mindful of her virtues and miracles, placed among the number of the saints.  Pope Innocent XII ordered her feast to be kept on the 8th of July.

1597 St. Henry Abbot, Pope Pius XI -- Blessed Martyr of England. A native of Howden, England, Henry became a convert to the Church and was duly arrested and hanged at York. Pope Pius XI beatified him 1929.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 03
202  Saint Irenaeus Pope Eleutherius-- writings of Saint Irenaeus entitle him to a high place among the fathers of the Church, for they not only laid the foundations of Christian theology but, by exposing and refuting the errors of the gnostics, they delivered the Catholic Faith from the real danger of the doctrines of those heretics:  He was most influenced by Saint Polycarp who had known the apostles or their immediate disciples. Thirteen or fourteen years after his mission to Pope Eleutherius, Irenaeus again acted as mediator between a pope and a body of Christians in Asia Minor.

458 St. Anatolius Patriarch Pope St Leo -- and defender of the faith, known for his opposition to the heretic Dioscurus at the Council of Chalcedon. The patriarch of Constantinople, he is called a prophet and a miracle worker, despite the political turmoil that surrounded him. Anatolius also fought the Nestorian heresy at the Council of Ephesus.  Almost at once Anatolius held a synod at Constantinople, at which he formally accepted Pope St Leo's dogmatic letter ("The Tome") sent to St Flavian, and he sent copies of the letter, together with a condemnation of Nestorius and Eutyches, to be signed by all his metropolitans.

683 SAINT LEO II Pope he accomplished good works which have caused his name to be blessed by all succeeding generations

1838 St. Joseph Peter Uyen Dominican tertiary, martyr of Vietnam native catechist he died of abuse in prison for refusing to give up the faith and was canonized in 1988 by Pope John Paul II.

1853 St. Philip Minh Vietnamese martyr native he joined the Society for Foreign Missions of Paris and was ordained a priest with the purpose of working for the Church in Vietnam. Seized by anti-Catholic forces, he was beheaded. He was canonized by Pope John Paul II in 1988. 

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 02
SS. PROCESSUS AND MARTINIAN --Pope St Paschal I-- MARTYRS THESE martyrs were publicly venerated in Rome from at least the fourth century, but of their history and passion nothing is known; St Gregory the Great preached his thirty-second homily on their feast-day, in the course of which he said that at that place the sick were healed, the possessed were freed, and the forsworn were tormented.  In the beginning of the ninth century Pope St Paschal I translated their relics to St Peter's, where they still rest under the altar dedicated in their honour in the south transept.

Departure of St. Peter the Fourth, 34th Pope of Alexandria {Coptic} His predecessor Pope Theodosius was exiled by the orders of Emperor Vespasian because he did not agree with him on the resolutions of the Council of Chalcedon. When the Pope departed in exile, the Emperor did not permit the ordination of a new Patriarch. The lay leaders of the city of Alexandria went to its governor, who was an honorable and forthright man, and expressed to him their grief because of the vacancy of the Patriarchal chair. He advised them to go to the monastery of El-Zogag as if they were going to pray, there they could then ordain the patriarch of their choice. The bishops took Abba Peter to the monastery of El-Zogag and ordained him Patriarch on the 1st day of Mesra, 283 A.M. (July 25th,567 A.D.).

1062-1139 Saint Otto of Bamberg Bishop and Apostle of Pomerania a figure in the reconciliation of the pope and Emperor Henry V.  Thus, when Otto was appointed bishop of Bamberg in 1103, he refused to be consecrated until receiving approval from Pope Paschal II who consecrated him in 1106.

1387 BD PETER OF LUXEMBURG, -- Pope Clement VII, -- BISHOP OF METZ AND CARDINAL "Contempt of the world, contempt of yourself: rejoice in your own contempt, but despise no other person."  tomb soon became a place of pilgrimage, miracles were reported there, and he was eventually beatified, by the true Pope Clement VII, in 1527. Bd Peter was only eighteen at his death.

1681 St. Oliver Plunkett martyred for defending the faith in his native Ireland during a period of severe persecution. Pope Paul VI canonized Oliver Plunkett in 1975.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  July 01
THE PRECIOUS BLOOD OF OUR LORD JESUS CHRIST  Pope Pius IX extended it to the whole Western church in 1849, amid the trials of the revolution which had driven him from Rome. The feast was at first fixed for the first Sunday of July; this was altered by Pope Pius X to the first day of the month.

645 Saint Gall -- Pope Adrian I  -- Famous Irish missionary and companion of Saint Columban a noted scriptural scholar and helped in the founding of Luxeuil MonasteryThe abbey gave hospitality to numerous Anglo-Saxon and Irish monks who came to copy manuscripts for their own monasteries. Two distinguished guests of the abbey were Peter and Romanus, chanters from Rome, sent by Pope Adrian I at Charlemagne's request to propagate the use of the Gregorian chant.

1784 Bl. Junipero Serra --Pope John Paul II -- Miguel Jose Serra Franciscan Order. Ordained in 1737 taught philosophy and theology at the University of Padua At the age of thirty-seven, he landed in Mexico City on January 1, 1750, and spent the rest of his life working for the conversion of the peoples of the New World.  He was beatified by Pope John Paul II on September 25, 1988. His statue, representing the state of California, is in National Statuary Hall.

Saint Martin of Vienne Third bishop of Vienne, France. Pope Saint Alexander I sent him as an apostle to this region.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  May 31
 512 St. Paschasius Roman deacon who gave his support to an antipope during the reign of Pope Symmachus. Pope St. Gregory I the Great wrote about him.  
1839 St. Thomas Du Vietnamese martyr native entered the Dominicans as a tertiary and aided the Catholic cause in Vietnam until his arrest by authorities.
He was tortured and finally beheaded. Pope John Paul II canonized him in 1988.
1795  Layman Ibrahim El-Gohari The Departure of the most honored transscribed religion books and distributed them to the church at his own expense.  On this day also of the year 1511 A.M. (1795 A.D.), the great layman Ibrahim El-Gohari, departed. He was born in the eighteenth century, and his parents were poor. His fathers name was Yousef El-Gohari whose trade was making clothing in Kalube. They taught him writing and arithmetic, and he excelled in them. He used to transscribe the religion books, and distribute them to the church at his own expense. He brought the books to Pope John (Youhanna) the Eighteenth, and 107th patriarch of Alexandria Who was enthroned from 1486-1512 A.M. (1769-1796 A.D.)
1314 BD JAMES THE VENETIAN holy friar had many ecstasies, was endowed with the gift of prophecy, and miraculously healed a number of paralytics and other sick persons. Although he suffered for four years from cancer, he never complained, appearing always to be cheerful and calm.  cultus was sanctioned for Forli in 1526, for Venice by Pope Paul V, and for the Dominicans by Gregory XV.

Pope Anastasius IV enjoined 1160 St. Mechtildis nun and Benedictine abbess  mystical gifts and miracles to meet the challenge, she allowed herself to be installed as abbess. At first the young, noblewoman was well received, but when she began to enforce the rule, she met opposition. The bishop came to her assistance and expelled the worst malcontents.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  May 30
 274 St. Felix I Pope from 269-274
Pope Callistus III -- Benedict XV-- May 29, 1431 At Rouen, St. Joan of Arc, virgin, called the Maid of Orleans.  After fighting heroically for her fatherland, she was at the end delivered into the hands of the enemies, condemned by an unjust judge, and burned at the stake.  The supreme Pontiff Benedict XV placed her name on the canon of the saints. 1431 St. Joan of Arc the patroness of soldiers and of France voices "of St. Michael, St. Catherine, and St. Margaret" told Joan to go to the King of France and help him reconquer his kingdom. Joan’s mother and her two brothers appealed for a reopening of the case, and Pope Callistus III appointed a commission for the purpose. Its labours resulted, on July 7, 1456, in the quashing of the trial and verdict and the complete rehabilitation of the Maid. Over four hundred and fifty years later, on May 26, 1920, she was canonized with all the solemnity of the Church.
Pope Benedict XV -- 1401 Blessed Andrew Franchi bishop of Pistoia, an office he filled with distinction and holiness for 23 years good religious and an able administrator served as prior in three convents while still quite young, OP B (AC)
Pope Clement X in 1671.  1252 St. Ferdinand III of Castile extremely devoted to the Blessed Virgin Patron of engineers conquered the city of Cordoba from the Moors founded the Cathedral of Burgos University of Salamanca a great administrator and a man of deep faith. He founded hospitals and bishoprics, monasteries, chuches, and cathedrals during his reign. He also compiled and reformed a code of laws which were used until the modern era. Ferdinand rebuilt the Cathedral of Burgos and changed the mosque in Seville into a Cathedral. He was a just ruler, frequently pardoning former offenders to his throne; buried in the habit of his secular Franciscan Order

1085 Pope Leo IX -- St. Gregory VII Hildebrand directed his reformer’s attention, first as counselor to the popes and later (1073-1085) as pope The Gregorian Reform, a milestone in the history of Christ’s Church, was named after this man who tried to extricate the papacy and the whole Church from undue control by civil rulers. Against an unhealthy Church nationalism in some areas, Gregory reasserted the unity of the whole Church based on Christ and expressed in the bishop of Rome, the successor of St. Peter.
Pope Leo IX, a reformer, was elected. He brought a young monk named Hildebrand to Rome as his counselor and special representative on important missions. He was to become Gregory VII.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  May 29
Pope Pius XI. -- At Paris, St. Madeleine-Sophie Barat, foundress of the Congregation of the Sisters of the Sacred Heart, who devoted her labours for the Christian education of girls.  She was added to the list of holy virgins by Pope Pius XI.
In the December of 1826, in response to a memorandum drawn up by St Madeleine Sophie and presented by her to Pope Leo XII, the Society of the Sacred Heart received formal approbation.
Pope Leo XII in 1826. In 1830 the Society's novitiate at Poitiers was closed by the Revolution, and Madeleine founded a new novitiate in Switzerland. By the time of her death in Paris on May 21, she had opened more than 100 houses and schools in twelve countries. She was canonized in 1925.  Her feast is observed on the 29th of May.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  May 28
St Leo the Great --St. Senator Archbishop of Milan, Italy, and papal legate  to the Council of Chalcedon 451
Medioláni sancti Senatóris Epíscopi, virtútibus et eruditióne claríssimi.
At Milan, St. Senator, bishop, who was very well known for his virtues and his learning.

WHEN the Church in the East was threatened with schism or lapse into heresy as the result of the vindication of the monophysite Eutyches and the condemnation of St Flavian by the so-called "Robber Synod", St Leo the Great decided to send legates to Constantinople to urge upon the Emperor Theodosius II the calling of a general council at which the true doctrine of our Lord's two natures should be definitely and decisively enunciated. For this mission men of learning, tact and integrity were required, and the pope chose St Abundius, bishop of Como, and a distinguished priest called Senator as being suitable representatives. By the time these envoys reached Constantinople, Theodosius was dead, but their mission resulted in the summoning of the Council of Chalcedon under the Emperor Marcian. The year after his return to Italy, St Senator attended a synod at Milan in the same capacity of papal legate. Upon the death of St Benignus he succeeded to the bishopric of Milan, which he ruled for three years, dying probably in 475.

596; Pope St Gregory the Great -- May 27, 2010  St. Augustine of Canterbury  (d. 605?) WHEN Pope St Gregory the Great decided that the time had come for the evangelization of Anglo-Saxon England, he chose as missionaries some thirty or more monks from his monastery of St Andrew on the Coelian Hill. As their leader he gave them their own prior, Augustine, whom St Gregory must have esteemed highly to have made him responsible for a scheme so dear to his heart. The party set out from Rome in the year 596; but no sooner had they arrived in Provence than they were assailed with warnings about the ferocity of the Anglo-Saxons and the dangers of the Channel. Greatly discouraged, they persuaded Augustine to return to Rome and obtain leave to abandon the enterprise. St Gregory, however, had received definite assurance that the English were well disposed towards the Christian faith; he therefore sent Augustine back to his brethren with words of encouragement which gave them heart to proceed on their way. They landed in the Isle of Thanet in the territory of Ethelbert, king of Kent. How the missionaries sent messengers to Ethelbert, how he received them sitting under an oak and listened to their words, how he made over to them a dwelling-place in Canterbury with the use of the old church of St Martin, and how he gave them leave to preach among his subjects, has been already described on February 25, under the article on St. Ethelbert. 
[{616 Ethelbert of Kent, King Not since conversions of Constantine and Clovis
Christendom known an event so momentous}

Pope Pius XI appointed
1050 St. Bernard of Montjoux the heavenly patron not only of those who live in or travel across the Alps, but of all mountain climbers. In 1923 Pope Pius XI, in a Latin letter of singular eloquence, proclaimed St Bernard patron of all Alpinists and mountain climbers; the text is in the Acta Apostolicae Sedis, vol. xv (1923), pp. 437—442.
Pope Leo XIII beatified Bl. John Shert Priest English martyr Convert studied at Douai and Rome in 1886.

Pope Pius XII -- 1645 St. Mariana the lily of Quito  practiced great austerities ate hardly anything slept 3 hours a night for years gift of prophesy performed miracles offered herself publicly as a victim for the sins of the people; canonized by Pope Pius XII in 1950.
Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  May 27
A Tuscan by birth, John I joined the Roman clergy while still young and was archdeacon when, after the death of St Hormisdas in 523, he was chosen pope. Italy had been for some thirty years ruled by Theodoric the Goth who, though an Arian by birth and by conviction, treated his Catholic subjects with toleration and even with favour during the greater part of his reign. About this time, however, his policy changed—partly as the result of what he regarded as treasonable correspondence between leading members of the Roman Senate and Constantinople, partly in consequence of severe measures against Arians enacted by the Emperor Justin I.

Pope Gregory -- 735 Saint Bede a church historian who recorded the history of Christianity in England up to his own time
He was probably born around 673 in Northumbria. We do not know exactly where he was born, but it is likely that it was somewhere near Jarrow. When he was seven, Bede was sent to St Benedict Biscop (January 12) at the monastery of St Peter at Wearmouth to be educated and raised. Then he was sent to the new monastery of St Paul founded at Jarrow in 682, where he remained until his death. There he was guided by the abbot St Ceolfrith (September 25), who succeeded St Benedict in 690, ruling both Wearmouth and Jarrow.
My principal authority and aid in this work was the learned and reverend Abbot Albinus; who, educated in the Church of Canterbury by those venerable and learned men, Archbishop Theodore of blessed memory, and the Abbot Hadrian, transmitted to me by Nothhelm, the pious priest of the Church of London, either in writing, or by word of mouth of the same Nothhelm, all that he thought worthy of memory, that had been done in the province of Kent, or the adjacent parts, by the disciples of the blessed Pope Gregory, as he had learned the same either from written records, or the traditions of his ancestors.