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Saul was born in a Jewiah faznily (Rim 11:1; Philem 3:5) at Tarsus in Cilicia (present day Turkey), between 5-10 AD (Acts 22:3). His name Saul was derived from the only King of the tribe of Benjamin: Saul. As a civis Romanus (i.e., Roman citizen) he was given the name, Paul ~Acts 13:9). He grew up in the typical environment of a Hellenistic city of culture but with a perfect Jewish education which he received in Jerusalem. He studied Hebrew from his parents and Greek at school (Acts 21:40; 26:14). He was a weaver of tents by profession. Having the right to vote in the Hebrew Sanhedrin (Acts 26:10), which governed issues of great juridical relevance, he instantly received the duly to go to Damascus and imprison the Christians of that city (Acts 9:2). Along the way to Damascus he fell to the ground blinded by an intense light; he was converted after hearing the voice of Jesus asking him why he was persecuting the Christians (Gal 1:13; 1 Tim 1:12-13).  In 44 AD, Herod Agrippa I was proclaimed a god by the Greeks of Caesarea Maritima, which was an important Hebrew colony at that time. Because of this, Paul decided to initiate a work of evangelization, which he completed with three voyages during a span of 12 years from 45 AD to 57 AD.  On the first voyage (45-49 AD) Paul went to the island of Cyprus and to Asia Minor, where various Christian communities were founded in the cities of Antioch in Pisidia, Iconium, Lystra, and Derbe. At Lystra, Paul was stoned until he was believed to be dead. On his return, Paul passed through Perga to Attalia, and from there he returned to Antioch in Syria (Acts 13:13-14:28). A year later after the First Ecumenical Council of Jerusalem in 49 AD {Acts 15; Gal
2: 6-10}, Paul began his second great voyage (49-52 AD). He returned to the communities of Asia Minor and successively, he founded the communities of Galatia. After this, he passed through Macedonia in order to establish the communities of Philippi and of Thessalonica (Acts 16:6-10). At this point he was forced to flee and to take refuge in Athens (Acts 17:22-34). Then, he returned to Corinth, where he wrote two letters to the Thessalonians, and finally, he returned to Antioch the following year.  During his third voyage (53-58 AD) Paul stopped at Ephesus, where his preaching against idols provoked unrest among the sculptors who received great income from the sale of precious idols. He was also imprisoned (2 Got 1:8-10). From Ephesus he wrote his first, second and third
letters to the Corinthians (2 Cor 2:l1-7:4) and, from 53 - 56 AD, he wrote the letters to the Galatians, Philippians, and to Philemon. In Macedonia he wrote his fourth letter to the Corinthians (2 Cor 1:1-2:13; 7:5-16). Having visited Philippi and Thessalonica. Paul went to Corinth, from which he wrote the letter to the Romans (Rm 15:22-24). The second letter to Timothy was written when he was imprisoned in Rome, where he was martyred by decapitation in 67 AD).
                                  Edited by Domitia Caramazza Totus Tuus 6/2007
FIRST JOURNEY    Introduction  (1, 1-14) First Letter of Paul to Timothy (4, 1-8)
From St Paul's Second Letter to Timothy Second Letter to Timothy (4, 9.22) Second Letter to Timothy (3, 10-17)
Saint Paul Letter_to_the_Phillippians

{From La Chiesa Delle Origini Negli Atti degli Apostoli E nei Loro Scritti
“The Early Church in the Acts of the Apostles and in their Writings” By the MIMEP 1972}
The rapid expansion of Christianity among the pagans at Antioch and the special revelation which he had personally, received, brought home to Paul the vastness of the field of labor presented by the pagan world.  In this, his first missionary activity of wide range, Paul was not satisfied with limiting his efforts to pagans who lived in the area of Jewish influence, but went directly to seek them out. The wonderful results, which he achieved among them, again brought to a head the problem of the way in which they were to be received into the new Christian community. That problem was to be finally resolved by the Council of Jerusalem that, in the plan of the Acts, represents the conclusion of Paul's first missionary journey.
Paul and Barnabas receive their commission
Now in the church at Antioch there were prophets and teachers, Barnabas, Symeon who was called Niger, Lucius of Cyrene, Manaen a member of the court of Herod the tetrarch, and Saul.  While they were worshipping the Lord and fasting, The Holy Spirit said, "Set apart for me Barnabas and Saul for the work to which I have called them."  Then after fasting and praying they laid their hands on them and sent them off.

So, being sent out by the Holy Spirit, they went down to Seleucia; and from there they sailed to Cyprus.  When they arrived at Salamis, they proclaimed the word of God in the synagogues of the Jews.  And they had John to assist them.
When they had gone through the whole island as far as Paphos, they came upon a certain magician, a Jewish false prophet, named Bar-Jesus.  He was with the proconsul, Sergius Paulus, a man of intelligence, who summoned Barnabas and Saul and sought to hear the word of God.  But Elymas the magician (for that is the meaning of his name) withstood them, seeking to turn away the proconsul from the faith. 
But Saul, who is also called Paul, filled with The Holy Spirit, looked intently at him " and said, "You son of the devil, you enemy of all righteousness, full of all deceit and villainy, will you not stop making crooked the straight paths of the Lord?  "And now, behold, the- hand of the Lord is upon you, and you shall be blind and unable to see the sun for a time."
Immediately mist and darkness fell upon him and he went about seeking people to lead him by the hand.  "
Then the proconsul believed, when he saw what had occurred, for he was astonished at the teaching of the Lord }
She lived as a hermitess there for the next seventy-two years and died there (or in Rome, where she was miraculously transported when she found that Paul had died and was later buried near his tomb). The tale had tremendous popularity in the early Church but is undoubtedly a pious fiction and was labeled apocryphal by St. Jerome.
From St Paul's Second Letter to Timothy
The Neronian persecution of the Christians was raging.
Beginning in Rome in 64 it spread with varying degrees of speed and violence in the Eastern provinces of the Empire.
  St Paul had been arrested while he was at Troas, probably in the summer of the year 66.

Taken to Rome by virtue of his status as a Roman citizen, he had the benefit of a regular trial that went on for a long time.  But he had no illusions: this time he felt he was near the end. In these circumstances he wanted to have the company of Timothy, his faithful disciple from the first years of his apostleship, and wrote this letter in which he does not fail to include valuable advice but in which he frankly opens his heart in a retrospective survey of his long and arduous apostolic work. Worthy of note is the exhortation at the end of the Introduction: 'Guard the truth that has been entrusted to you': now the apostolic teaching has been completed and constitutes a 'deposit', that is a treasure entrusted to the successors of the Apostles, which must be preserved by them and handed on to future generations.  Revelation is thus not entrusted solely to the written word (Holy Scripture) but also to oral teaching (Tradition) handed on by the Apostles to those who carry on their work.

Introduction Second Letter to Timothy (1, 1-14)

Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God according to the promise of the life that is in Christ Jesus, To Timothy, my beloved child: Grace, mercy, and peace from God the Father and Christ Jesus our Lord.

I thank God whom I serve with a clear conscience, as did my fathers, when I remember you constantly in my prayers.  As I remember your tears, I long night and day to see you that I may be filled with joy.  I am reminded of your sincere faith, a faith that dwelt first in your grandmother Lois and your mother Eunice and now, I am sure, dwells in you.  Hence I remind you to rekindle the gift of God that is within you through the laying on of my hands; for God did not give us a spirit of timidity but a spirit of power and love and self control. Do not be ashamed then of testifying to our Lord, nor of me his prisoner, but take your share of suffering for the gospel in the power of God, I who saved us and called us with a holy calling, not in virtue (A our works but in virtue of his own purpose and the grace which he gave us in Christ Jesus ages ago, land now has manifested through the appearing of our Savior Christ Jesus, who abolished death and brought life and immortality to light through the gospel.  For this gospel I was appointed a preacher and apostle and teacher, and therefore I suffer as I do.  But I am not ashamed, for I know whom I have believed, and I am sure that he is able to guard until that Day what has been entrusted to me.  "Follow the pattern of the sound words which you have heard from me, in the faith and love which are in Christ Jesus; "guard the truth that has been entrusted to you by The Holy Spirit who dwells within us.

Tradition and Holy Scripture

Second Letter to Timothy (3, 10-17)

            Now you have observed my teaching, my conduct, my aim in life, my faith, my patience, my love, my steadfastness, my persecutions, my sufferings, what befell me at Antioch, at Iconium, and at Lystra, what persecutions I endured; yet from them all the Lord rescued me.  Indeed all who desire to live a godly life in Christ Jesus will be persecuted, while evil men and imposters will go on from bad to worse, deceivers and deceived.  "But as for you, continue in what you have learned and have firmly believed, knowing from whom you learned it " and how from childhood you have been acquainted with the sacred writings which are able to instruct you for salvation through faith in Christ Jesus.  "All scripture is inspired by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness, "'that the man of God may be complete, equipped for every good work.

Timothy was the son of a Jewess who had become a Christian (see No. 45) In the previous section, 136; St Paul praises his mother, Eunice, and also his grandmother, Lois.  From them Timothy had learnt from his earliest years the Sacred History of the Old Testament.

Here St Paul records the common teaching of all the Apostles, based on Jesus' attitude to the Sacred Books of the Jews: they are 'inspired' by God and intended to lead men to salvation. St Peter too gives the same teaching (see No. 156).  The 'inspiration, of the Sacred Books implies that their human writers (prophets, wise men, historians) were God's instruments to make known to the religious community (Israel and later the Church) his will and his Plans for salvation.

The sacred writers did not write in ecstasy or under divine dictation but were inspired by God in conceiving and writing their works.  Therefore Holy Scripture is 'veracious', that is, it contains without error those truths, which God wished to convey for the salvation of men.

Holy Scripture attains its maximum value when it is read in the milieu of the Church, in the light of the apostolic teaching handed on by the Tradition (see No. 137 above) to which St Paul refers in the words 'continue in what you have learned and firmly believed, knowing from whom you have learned it'.

Spiritual testament
Letter to Timothy (4, 1-8)
I charge you in the presence of God and of Christ Jesus who is to judge the living and the dead, and by his appearing and his kingdom: preach the word, be urgent in season and out of season, convince, rebuke, and exhort, be unfailing in patience and in teaching.   For the time is coming when people will not endure sound teaching, but having itching ears they will accumulate for themselves teachers to suit their own likings, and will turn away from listening to the truth and wander into myths.  As for you, always be steady, endure suffering, do the work of an evangelist, fulfill your ministry.  For I am already on the point of being sacrificed; the time of my departure has come. I have fought the good fight, I have finished the race, I have kept the faith.  Henceforth there is laid up for me the crown of righteousness, which the Lord, the righteous judge, will award to men on that Day, and not only to me but also to all who have loved his appearing.

As in the first letter so also in the last, the thought of Christ's 'glorious coming' or 'Parousia' at the end of time is present and paramount (see Nos. 55 -and 58).

St Paul feels that death is near and thinks of it as the last act of a sacrifice.  Libation consisted of pourino wine from a goblet on to the altar: similarly St Paul thinks of his life as being poured out in fighting and striving entirely and solely for the Lord.  He fears neither death nor his meeting with Christ as Judge, for he looks for his reward as the ‘crown’, which is awarded to victors.

Latest news 139 Second Letter to Timothy (4, 9.22)

Do your best to come to me soon.  For Demas, in love with this present world, has deserted me and gone to Thessalonica; Crescens has gone to Galatia, Titus to Dalmatia. Luke alone is with me.  Get Mark and bring him with you; for he is very useful in serving me. Tychicus I have sent to Ephesus.  When you come, bring the cloak that I left with Carpus at Troas, also the books, and above all the parchments.  Alexander the coppersmith did me great harm; the Lord will requite him for his deeds.  Beware of him yourself, for he strongly opposed our message.  At my first defense no one took my part; all deserted me.  May it not be charged against them!  But the Lord stood by me and gave me strength to proclaim the word fully, that all the Gentiles might hear it.  So I was rescued from the lion's mouth.  The Lord will rescue me from every evil and save me for his heavenly kingdom.  To him be the glory for ever and ever.  Amen.
Greet Prisca and Aquila, and the household of Onesiphorus. Erastus remained at Corinth: Trophimus I left ill at Miletus. Do your best to come before winter.  Eubulus sends greetings to you, as do Pudens and Linus and Claudia and all the brethren.
The Lord be with your spirit.  Grace be with you.

St Paul had been arrested at Troas; in his unforeseen forced departure he had not been able to take his few possessions with him.  He wants his books and above all his precious 'parchments' on which the Bible was written- he also thinks of his cloak, for winter is approaching. The lawsuit against Paul has already begun; the people who have not come forward to take his part are not his disciples, who indeed are all far away, but influential     people, powerful friends who have feared to compromise themselves.  St Paul knows that only the Lord can save him: yet he will not save him in this world, but rather “in his heavenly kingdom".