|On Bright Monday
the Church commemorates the Sweet-Kissing (Glykophilousa) Icon of the
Most Holy Theotokos worked many miracles.
Russian icon of the Mother of God Sweet Kissing (Greek : Glykophilousa.)
Like the Iveron Icon (March 31), the Sweet-Kissing Icon was also
saved from the iconoclasts by a pious woman in the ninth century. It also
traveled miraculously upon the sea, arriving at Mt. Athos, the "Garden
of the Theotokos," where it was honored by the monks.
A nobleman named Simeon was an iconoclast who shared the emperor
Theophilus's hatred for the holy icons. Simeon's wife Victoria, on the
other hand, venerated icons, especially a certain icon of the Mother of
God before which she prayed each day. Simeon could not tolerate his wife's
piety, so he demanded that she give him the icon so he could burn it. Victoria
threw the icon into the sea, hoping that it would be preserved through
God's providence. Years later, the icon appeared on the shores of
Mt. Athos near the monastery of Philotheou.
The igumen and the brethren of the monastery retrieved
the icon and placed it in the church, where it worked many miracles.
In 1830 a pilgrim came to the monastery from Adrianopolis.
He listened to the history of the icon and the miracles associated with
it, but regarded such things as childish fables. The monk who had related
all this was surprised and grieved by the pilgrim's disbelief, fearing
that such doubts indicated an unhealthy spiritual state. He did all that
he could to remove the pilgrim's skepticism, but the man stubbornly adhered
to his opinion.
The Mother of God, in her compassion, finally healed the pilgrim's
soul in a rather dramatic way. On the very day that he had his discussion
with the monk, the pilgrim was walking on an upper balcony. Suddenly, he
lost his footing and began to fall. In his distress he called out, "Most
Holy Theotokos, help me!" The Mother of God heard him, and he landed on the
ground completely unharmed.
The icon is one of the Eleusa (Tenderness) type. It is
unusual in that it shows the Virgin kissing her Child. Christ raises
His hand as if to repulse His mother's caress.
Other Sweet-Kissing (Tenderness) icons are: Lubyatov
(March 19) Novgorod (July 28) Pskov (May 21, June 23, August
26, October 7) Smolensk (March 19) Sviatogorsk (July 17)
Yaroslavl (May 14)
v. St. Mary Cleophas Mother of St. James the Less and Joseph, wife of Cleophas.
She was one of the “Three Marys” who served Jesus and was present at the
Crucifixion, and accompanied Mary Magdalen to the tomb of Christ.
In Judǽa sanctæ Maríæ Cléophæ, quam
beátus Joánnes Evangelísta sorórem sanctíssimæ
Dei Genitrícis Maríæ núncupat, et cum hac
simul juxta crucem Jesu stetísse narrat.
In Judea, St. Mary Cleophas, whom St. John the
Evangelist calls the sister of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Mother of God,
and says that she stood at her side beneath the Cross of Jesus.
1st v. ST MARY OF CLEOPHAS, MATRON
TO Mary of Cleophas whose name stands first in the Roman Martyrology
on this day no general liturgical recognition is accorded, though her feast
is kept by the Passionists, and by the Latins in Palestine. She seems to
have been the wife of one Cleophas, who may or may not be identical with
the Cleophas who is named as one of the two disciples who went to Emmaus
on the day of our Lord’s resurrection.
Her identity among the various Marys mentioned by the evangelists
is a matter of discussion among biblical commentators. The martyrology
contents itself with saying that “Blessed John the Evangelist calls [her]
sister of the most holy Mary, Mother of God, and relates that she stood
with her by the cross of Jesus”. But it is possible that the sister of the
mother of Jesus mentioned (John xix 25) was in fact a fourth, unnamed, woman.
Round the name of Mary of Cleophas all sorts of legendary excrescences
gathered in later days. She was said to have travelled to Spain with St
James the Greater, to have died at Ciudad Rodrigo, and to have been venerated
with great honour at Compostela. On the other hand another extravagant legend
connects her with the coming of SS. Lazarus, Mary Magdalen and Martha to
Provence, and her body was believed to repose at Saintes-Maries near the
mouth of the Rhone.
See the Acta Sanctorum, April, vol. i Moroni, Dizionario
di Erudizione, vol. xciv, pp. 10—60 Vigouroux, Dictionnaire
de la Bible, vol. iv, cc. 818—819 Durand, L’Enfance de
Jésus Christ (1908).
Tradition reports that she went to Spain as a missionary. Mary reportedly
died at Ciudad Rodrigo. Another tradition states that she went to France
with St. Lazarus and his sisters.
Mary of Cleophas, Matron (RM) (also known as Mary of Alpheus or
1st century. Mary of Cleophas, the 'other Mary,' followed our Lord
to Calvary (Matt. 27:56; Mark 15:40; John 19:25) and saw Him after His
Resurrection (Mark 16:1; Luke 24:10). She was the mother of James the Younger,
Joseph (Matt. 27:56; Mark 15:40), Simon, and Jude; wife of Cleophas (John
19:25); and sister of the Blessed Virgin (John 19:25).
Later legend says that Mary went to Spain, where she died at Ciudad
Rodrigo. Another legend had her accompanying Lazarus, Mary Magdalene,
and Martha to Provence. Both these stories are unreliable (Benedictines,
Delaney, Encyclopedia, Gill).
Mary Cleophas is normally portrayed with all four of her children.
Occasionally the sons carry the following emblems: Jude, a boat; Simeon,
a fish; James, a palm branch or a mill (probably a fuller's mill); and
Joseph Barsabas, three leaves or a cup. Mary Cleophas may also be portrayed
with Mary Salome who together support the Virgin during the Crucifixion or
are present with Mary Magdalene at the Resurrection (Roeder).
|1st v. Prochorus
of Nicomedia One of the seven deacons ordained the by Apostles martyred
at Antioch BM (RM)
Antiochíæ sancti Próchori, qui fuit unus de
septem primis Diáconis; et, fide ac miráculis clarus, martyrio
At Antioch, St. Prochorus who was one of the
first seven deacons. Renowned for faith and miracles, he received
the crown of martyrdom.
One of the seven deacons ordained the by
Apostles. Tradition says that he afterwards became bishop of Nicomedia
and was martyred at Antioch (Benedictines).
Nikanor, Parmenas, Prochorus und Timon Orthodoxe Kirche: 28.
Juli Katholische Kirche: Nikanor 10. Januar Katholische Kirche:
Parmenas 23. Januar Katholische Kirche: Prochorus 9. April
Katholische Kirche: Timon 19. April
Nach dem Bericht in Apg. 6, 1-7 setzten die Apostel sieben Diakone
in der Jerusalemer Gemeinde ein. Neben den vier hier genannten Nikolaus,
Philippus und Stephanus.
Von Nikanor wird berichtet, nachdem Stephanus gesteinigt worden
war, sei auch er gesteinigt worden. Andere Quellen berichten, er sei auf
Zypern gefoltert worden und gestorben.
Über Parmenas gibt es widersprüchliche Berichte. Er soll
nach Dorotheus während seines Diakonendienstes verstorben sein. In
der Hippolyt zugeschriebenen Liste wird er als Bischof von Soli angegeben.
Andere Quellen berichten, er sei nach Makedonien gegangen und sei dort
(98 oder 117) unter Trajan als Märtyrer gestorben.
Prochorus soll Petrus begleitet haben und von diesem zum Bischof
von Nikomedia eingesetzt worden sein. Später schloß er sich
dem Apostel Johannes an und wurde mit diesem nach Patmos verbannt. Hier
soll er dann die Schau des Johannes niedergeschrieben haben. Später
kam er nach Nikomedien zurück und wurde in Antiochia hingerichtet.
Auch über Timon gibt es widersprüchliche BErichte. Er
soll Bischof von Bastoria (Arabien) gewesen sein und (in Korinth) am Kreuz
|303 Martyrs of Sirmium
modern Mitrovica, in the Balkans
Feastday: February 23 & April 9
Two groups of martyrs who suffered at Sirmium, modem Mitrovica,
in the Balkans. One group was slain probably in 303 and was seventy in
The second group was composed of seven virgins probably martyred
Martyrs of Sirmium (RM). A group of seven aonymous virgin
martyrs who suffered under Diocletian at Sirmium (Mitrovica) in the Balkans
Martyrs of Pannonia (RM). This group may possibly be
the same as the one above.
The Roman Martyrology states: "At Sirmium in Pannonia the passion
of seven holy virgins and martyrs." Modern research has found no further
particulars about them (Benedictines).
Bishop Desan, Presbyter Mariabus,
Abdiesus, and 270 Others Holy Martyrs
Put to death under
the Persian emperor Sapor II
Imprisoned, they refused to turn away from the Christian Faith.
In their number also was the Martyr Ia, who is commemorated also on September
The Martyrdom of the Holy Virgins: Agape, Eirene, and Shiona.
On this day the three holy virgins: Agape, Eirene, and Shiona (Susinia)
were martyred. They were from Thessalonica, and worshipped Christ as their
parents. They chose the life of chastity and they agreed to devote themselves
to the ascetic life. They fasted and prayed unceasingly, visited the convents
often and participated with the virgins in their prayers and asceticism.
When Maximianus the infidel, reigned, he restored the worship of the idols
and shed the blood of many Christians. These saints were afraid and they
fled to the mountain and hid themselves in a cave devoting themselves to
their worship and asceticism.
Every week, an aged Christian woman visited them bringing all things
needed and took the work of their hands to sell it, and distributed the
remainder as alms to the poor. One day a malicious person observed the frequent
visits of this old woman to the mountain, he followed her secretly until
he knew the cave that she entered. He hid himself so she did not see him
on her way back, and he thought that she was hiding precious things in
it. After she left the cave by a distance he entered the cave and he found
the precious pearls the prides of the Christ standing praying. He bound
them, dragged them away, and brought them to the Governor of Thessalonica.
He asked them about their faith, they confessed that they were Christians
worshipping that Who was Crucified. The Governor became wrath with them,
tortured them much, then cast them into the fire, and they delivered up their
souls and received the crown of martyrdom. May their prayers be with
The Martyrdom of the One Hundred and Fifty believers by the hand
of king of Persia.
On this day also is the commemoration of the incident of the martyrdom
of one hundred and fifty believers by the king of Persia. This king besieged
Christian cities which were near the borders of his country, and captured
many of them. When they refused to worship the sun and the stars, he
commanded to cut off their heads, and they received the crowns of martyrdom.
May their prayers be with us and glory be to God forever. Amen.
Monk Martyr Archimandrite
Bademus (Vadim) was born in the fourth century in the Persian city of
Bithlapata, and was descended from a rich and illustrious
family. In his youth, he was enlightened with the Christian teaching. The
saint gave away all his wealth to the poor and withdrew into the wilderness,
where he founded a monastery. He would go up on a mountain for solitary prayer,
and once was permitted to behold the Glory of God.
During this period the Persian emperor Sapor (310-381)
began to persecute Christians. They arrested St Bademus and his seven
disciples, and tortured them in prison, hoping that they would renounce
Christ and worship the sun and fire. But St Bademus and his disciples held
firmly to the Christian Faith. The confessors spent four months in jail.
All this time St Bademus was a spiritual leader and support for the Christians
living in Persia.
One of the associates of the emperor Sapor, Nirsanes,
was a Christian and suffered imprisonment for this. He did not hold up
under torture and denied Christ, promising to fulfill whatever the emperor
commanded. Sapor demanded that Nirsanes personally cut off the head of
St Bademus. For this he was promised a reprieve and great rewards. Nirsanes
was not able to overcome his fear of new tortures, and he agreed to follow
the path of betrayal walked by Judas.
When they brought St Bademus to him, he took the sword
and turned toward him, but overcome by conscience, he trembled and stood
petrified. St Bademus said to him, "Has your wickedness now reached this
point, Nirsanes, that you should not only renounce God, but also murder
His servants? Woe to you, accursed one! What will you do on that day when
you stand before the Dread Judgment Seat? What answer will you give to
God? I am prepared to die for Christ, but I don't want to receive death
at your hands."
Nirsanes struck with the sword, but his hands shook,
and he could not behead the saint immediately, and the fire-worshippers
began to call him a coward. The holy martyr Bademus stood motionless,
enduring many terrible blows, until the murderer succeeded in cutting
off his head.
The just punishment for his misdeeds were not slow in
overtaking the hapless fellow. Tormented by his conscience, he did away
with himself, throwing himself on a sword. After the death of the emperor
Sapor, the seven disciples of St Bademus were released from prison.
St. Eupsychius Martyr of Caesarea, in Cappadocia destruction of the temple
of the goddess Fortuna
Cæsarǽæ, in Cappadócia, sancti Eupsychii Mártyris,
qui ob evérsum Fortúnæ fanum, sub Juliáno
Apóstata, martyrium consummávit.
At Caesarea in Cappadocia, St. Eupsychius, martyr,
who was persecuted under Julian the Apostate for having overthrown the
temple of Fortune.
A young man, Eupsychius led a group of Christians who
were charged with the destruction of the temple of the goddess Fortuna
in that city. They were martyred as a result.
The Holy Martyr Eupsychius was born in the city of Caesarea
in Cappadocia and received a Christian upbringing by his illustrious parents.
During the reign of Julian the Apostate (361-363), St Eupsychius entered
into a Christian marriage. At Caesarea there was a pagan temple to the
goddess Fortuna, whom Julian the Apostate revered. As Eupsychius was going
to his wedding, the pagans were offering sacrifice to the goddess Fortuna.
St Eupsychius was filled with zeal for the Lord, and he destroyed the
temple. He knew that this would inevitably result in his punishment. St
Eupsychius distributed all his possessions to the poor and prepared himself
The enraged emperor Julian loosed his wrath not only
upon St Eupsychius, but against all the inhabitants of this city. Some
of the citizens were executed, while the more respectable were sent into
exile. Christian clergy were drafted into military service, and he looted
the churches of anything valuable. The city was deprived of its title Caesarea
[i.e. "Imperial"] and resumed its original name of Maza. He also imposed
a severe tax on the inhabitants. The emperor threatened to annihilate the
city altogether, if the people did not build a new pagan temple in place
of the one destroyed.
Julian tried to compel St Eupsychius to offer sacrifice
to idols. For many days they tormented the saint on a rack, and also with
iron claws. But his faith was firm, and the judge sentenced the martyr
to be beheaded with a sword.
Then Julian embarked on a campaign against the Persians,
marching through Cappadocia and approaching Caesarea. Danger threatened
the city, since the emperor intended to raze it to its foundations. But
then St Basil the Great (January 1), showing Julian the proper respect
as sovereign authority, came out to meet him carrying with him three loaves
of barley bread, which he ate. The emperor ordered his retainers to take
the loaves, and to give St Basil a pinch of hay saying, "You have given
us barley, cattle fodder. Now receive hay from us in return."
The saint answered, "O Emperor,
we bring you that which we ourselves eat, and you give us cattle feed.
You mock us, since you, by your might, are not able to transform hay into
bread, the essential food of mankind."
Julian angrily retorted, "I'll shove this hay down your
throat when I return here from Persia. I shall raze this city to its very
foundations, and plow over this ground and turn it into a field. I know
that it was on your advice that the people dared to destroy the statues
and temple of Fortuna."
After this the emperor continued on his way, but soon
perished in his campaign against the Persians. He was struck down in the
year 363 by the holy Great Martyr Mercurius (November 24).
After the emperor's demise, the Christians of the city
of Caesarea built a splendid church over the grave of St Eupsychius,
and from his holy relics they received help and healing.
Eupsychios von Caesarea Orthodoxe und Katholische Kirche:
Eupsychios wurde in Caesarea in Kappadozien unter Kaiser
Julian (361-363) geboren. Als er sich christlich trauen ließ, fand
gleichzeitig ein Opferfest im Tempel der Götti Fortuna statt. Eupsychios
beschloß, obwohl gerade getraut, den Tempel zu zerstören.
Er sammelte einige Helfer, mit denen er den Tempel einriß, verteilte
anschließend seine Habe an die Armen und bereitete sich auf das Martyrium
vor. Kaiser Julian aber bestrafte die ganze Stadt. Vornehme Bürger
wurden ins Exil geschickt, die Priester und Diakone wurden zum Militärdienst
verpflichtet, die Kirchen geplündert und den Einwohnern eine hohe Sondersteuer
auferlegt. Außerdem erhielt die Stadt wieder ihren alten Namen Maza
und Julian drohte, die Stadt völlig zu zerstören, wenn die Bürger
nicht umgehend einen neuen Tempel bauten. Eupsychios selber wurde gefoltert
und 362 geköpft.
Kaiser Julian zog auf dem Feldzug gegen die Perser durch
Maza und verkündete, er werde den Ort nach seiner Rückkehr
zerstören. Julian wurde aber auf dem Feldzug (nach der Legende durch
Merkurius) getötet. Die Christen erbauten auf dem Platz, auf dem
der Tempel gestanden hatte, eine Kirche. Basilius feierte hier mit allen
Bischöfen des Pontus am 8.4.380 eine Gedächtnismesse für
Eupsychius of Caesarea M (RM) (also known as Eupsyque)
Died 362. Before he was martyred under Julian the Apostate, Saint Eupsychius
was a newly-wed in Caesarea, Cappadocia, and the leader of a group of
Christians accused of attacking the pagan god Fortuna by destroying her
temple, the last in the area. In addition to the physical persecution of
Christians here during his march to Antioch, Julian confiscated all the goods
of the Christian churches, including books and sacred vessels. The clergy
were forced into hard labor and Christians heavily taxed. Upon his departure,
Julian ordered the Christians to rebuild the pagan temples; instead, they
built a church on the site of the temple of Fortuna, where Saint Basil celebrated
the feast of Eupsychius on April 8, 370, to which he invited all the bishops
of Pontus (Benedictines, Encyclopedia, Husenbeth).
Roman Captives Nine thousand Christians, including Bishop Heliodorus,
the ancient priests Dausas and Mariabus, and many other priests and nuns,
were captured by Persians who besieged Bethzarbe Castle on the Tigris (RM)
Died in Persia, 362. Nine thousand Christians, including Bishop
Heliodorus, the ancient priests Dausas and Mariabus, and many other priests
and nuns, were captured by Persians who besieged Bethzarbe Castle on
the Tigris. The bishop died on the road after ordaining Dausas as his
successor, even though canon law requires three bishop for episcopal consecration
except in necessity. Daily the captives celebrated the Eucharist with
Dausas. When they arrived in Assyria, 300 were given the option of worshipping
the sun or dying. Twenty-five apostatized and were rewarded with gifts
of land. The others remained constant and were all massacred together.
Details can be found in Sozomen (Ecclesiastical History 2) and their original
Chaldaic acts (Husenbeth).
|Hermogenes, Caius &
Companions Armenian martyrs who are believed to have suffered at Melitene
Hermogenes, Caius, Expeditus, Aristonicus, Rufus and Galata are
Armenian martyrs who are believed to have suffered at Melitene (Benedictines).
|St. Demetrius Martyr with
Concessus, Hilary, and companions.
Romæ natális sanctórum Mártyrum Demétrii,
Concéssi, Hilárii et Sociórum.
At Rome, the birthday of the holy martyrs Demetrius,
Concessus, Hilary, and their companions.
Martyrs African martyrs, although they are mentioned by Saint Bede, by
Saint Augustine and in ancient calendars (RM)
In Africa sanctórum Mártyrum Massylitanórum,
in quorum die natáli sanctus Augustínus tractátum
In Africa the holy Massylitan Martyrs, on whose
birthday was written a tract by St. Augustine.
Little is known of these African martyrs,
although they are mentioned by Saint Bede and in ancient calendars. We
have a sermon that was preached by Saint Augustine on their festivals.
They probably suffered a Massyla, or the adjacent country, on the sea-coast
of Africa (Husenbeth).
|421 St. Acacius Acacius
was bishop of Amida (Diarbekir), Mesopotamia. He sold the sacred vessels
of his church to aid victims of the Persian persecution.
Amidæ, in Mesopotámia, sancti Acátii Epíscopi,
qui pro rediméndis captívis étiam vasa Ecclésiæ
conflávit ac véndidit.
At Amida in Mesopotamia, St. Acatius, bishop,
who even melted down and sold the sacred vessels in order to ransom captives.
His actions so impressed King Bahram V
that he is reported to have ordered an end to the persecution of the Christians.
Bahram V, King of Persia (421–438), also called "Bahram
Gur", son of Yazdegerd I of Persia (399–421), after whose sudden death
(or assassination... ) he gained the crown against the opposition of the
grandees by the help of Mundhir, the Arabic dynast of al-Hirah. Bahram V's
mother was Soshandukht, the daughter of the Jewish Exilarch. He promised
to rule otherwise than his father, who had been very energetic and at the
same time tolerant in religion. So Bahram V began a systematic persecution
of the Christians (one such persecuted figure was traditionally James Intercisus),
which led to a war with the Roman Empire. But he had little success, and
soon concluded a treaty by which both empires promised toleration to the
worshippers of the two rival religions, Christianity and Zoroastrianism.
In 427 Bahram V crushed an invasion in the east by the nomadic Hephthalites,
extending his influence into Central Asia, where his portrait survived for
centuries on the coinage of Bukhara (in contemporary Uzbekistan).
Bahram V deposed the last vassal Arsacid king of the Persian part of Armenia
and made of it a province. He is a great favourite in Persian tradition,
which relates many stories of his valour and beauty, of his victories over
the Romans, Turks, Indians and Africans, and of his adventures in hunting
and in love; he is called Bahram Gur, "Onager," on account of his love for
hunting, and in particular, hunting onagers. Some have judged Bahram
V to have been rather a weak monarch, after the heart of the grandees and
the priests. He is said to have built many great "fire-temples", with large
gardens and villages (Tabari).
Acacius of Amida B (RM) (also known as Agace) Died after 421. Bishop
Acacius of Amida (Diarbekir) in Mesopotamia is distinguished for his heroic
charity to Persian prisoners. In order to ransom them, Acacius melted down
and sold the sacred vessels of the church. This won for him the friendship
of King Bahram V (Varannes) of Persia, who is said to have forthwith ceased
to persecute his Christian subjects (Benedictines, Encyclopedia).
|5th v. St. Madrun A
Welsh or Cornish widow. No details of her life are extant, but some Welsh
churches bear her name.
Madrun, Widow (AC) (also known as Materiana)
A second feast is celebrated on October 19. According to a dubious
vita, Madrun was the daughter of Vortimer and wife of Ynyr Gwent, ruler
of the area around Caerwent (Monmouthshire). Following the battle described
by Nennius in which Vortigern was killed, Madrun fled with the youngest
of her three children, Ceidio, first to Carn Fadryn and then to Cornwall.
She was either Welsh or Cornish, and churches are dedicated to her honor
in Tintagel and Minster (near Boscastle), where she was buried (Benedictines,
|474 Marcellus of Avignon
suffered much from the Arians and died after a long episcopate B (RM)
In civitáte Diénsi, in Gállia, sancti Marcélli
Epíscopi, miráculis clari.
In the city of Die, in France, St. Marcellus,
bishop, celebrated for miracles.
Born in Avignon, France. Saint Marcellus
was educated by his own brother Saint
Petronius, bishop of Die (not of Saint-Dié), and later succeeded
him. Marcellus was consecrated by Bishop Saint Mamertius of Vienne. Marcellus
suffered much from the Arians and died after a long episcopate. Meanwhile,
Mamertius was censured by the Holy See for the consecration without the
proper authority (Benedictines). Saint Marcellus is portrayed as a bishop
leading a dragon with his stole around its neck. (This is typical of several
saints because casting the stole round the creature's neck was the accepted
way of subduing dragons or devils.) Marcellus is venerated at Avignon (Roeder).
|6th v. St. Dotto
Abbot of a monastery of the Orkney Islands of Scotland.
Dotto, Abbot (AC) 6th century. Saint Dotto is said to
have been the abbot of a monastery in the Orkney Islands that is named
after him and to have lived to a very venerable age (Benedictines, Husenbeth).
|Martyrs of Pannonia A
group of seven Christian men and women who died at Sirmium in Pannonia,
on the Danube.
|688 St. Waldetrudis
ist Patronin von Mons 7 saints in family became celebrated for the miracles of healing
which were wrought through her both before and after her death
Hannónia, beátæ Waldetrúdis, vitæ sanctimónia
et miráculis claræ.
At Mons in Hainaut, blessed Waltrude, renowned
for holiness and miracles.
688 ST WALDETRUDIS, or WAUDRU, WIDOW
ST WALDETRUDIS, called in French Waltrude or Waudru, who is venerated
in Belgium, especially at Mons of which she is patron, belonged to a
family of remarkable holiness. Her parents were St Walbert and St Bertilia,
her sister St Aldegundis of Maubeuge, her husband St Vincent Madelgar,
and their four children St Landericus, St Dentelinus, St Aldetrudis and
St Madelberta, the last two named both being abbess of Maubeuge.
She married a young nobleman called Madelgar, with whom she led
a happy life of devotion and good works. Some time after the birth of
the last of their children, Madelgar withdrew into the abbey of Haumont
which he had founded, taking the name of Vincent. Waldetrudis remained
in the world two years longer than her husband and then she also withdrew,
retiring into a very humble little house, built in accordance with her instructions,
where she lived in poverty and simplicity. Her sister repeatedly invited
her to join her at Maubeuge, but she wished for greater austerity than she
could have at the abbey. Her solitude was so often broken in upon by those
who centre of what is now the town of Mons. Throughout her life St Waldetrudis
was greatly given to works of mercy, and she became celebrated for the miracles
of healing which were wrought through her both before and after her death.
two Latin lives of St Waldetrudis the first, written in the ninth century,
has only been printed in Analectes pour servir a l’histoire ecclésiastique
déjà Belgique, vol. iv, pp. 218—231 the second, at
one time wrongly attributed to Philip de Harveng, is in fact a later adaptation
of the former. It has been printed in the Acta Sanctorum,
April, vol. i, and by Mabillon. See especially L. Van der Essen,
Saints Mérovingiens de Belgique, pp. 231—237,
and Berlière, Monasticon Beige, vol. i, pp.
Also known as Waltrude or Waudru, she was the daughter of Saints Walbert and Bertilia and sister
of St. Aldegunus of Maubeuge.
Marrying St. Vincent Madelgarius,
she became the mother of saints Landericus,
Madalberta, Adeltrudis, and Dentelin. When her husband chose to
become a monk about 643 in the monastery of Hautrnont, France, he
had founded, she established a convent at Chateaulieu, around which grew
up the town of Mons, Belgium.
688 Waltraud Orthodoxe und Katholische Kirche: 9. April
Waltraud (Waldetrudis = kraftvolle Herrscherin oder starke Göttliche)
stammte aus einem adligen Geschlecht. Ihre Mutter Bertila (Berthild)
wurde ebenso als Heilige verehrt wie ihre Schwester Adelgundis (Gedenktag
30.1.), die das Kloster Maubeuge gründete. Waltraud heiratete den
Grafen des Hennegau Vinzenz Madelgar (Gedenktag 14.7.) und gebar 4 Kinder,
von denen drei (Landicus, Madelberta und Adeltrud) ebenfalls Heilige wurden.
Ihr Ehemann und ihre Kinder gingen auf ihren Wunsch in Klöster, sie
selber erbaute das Kloster Mons in Castrilocus und wurde dessen Äbtissin.
Sie starb am 9.4. um das Jahr 688 und wurde in der Kathedrale von Mons
bestattet. Waltraud ist Patronin von Mons.
Waldetrudis of Mons, OSB Widow (RM) (also known as Vaudru, Waltrude,
Waudru) Died April 9, c. 686-688. The family of Saint Waudru, patroness
of Mons (Belgium), was amazingly holy, too. Both her parents (Walbert and
Bertille) and her sister (Aldegund) were canonized. Her four children were
also declared saints (Landericus, Dentelin, Aldetrude, and Madelberte) and
so was her husband (Madelgaire).
Madelgaire was the count of Hennegau (Hainault), and one of the
courtiers of King Dagobert I. After their children were born both he
and Waudru longed to live lives totally devoted to meditation and prayer.
He retired to an abbey he had founded at Haumont near Maubeuge, where he
took the name Vincent. For two additional years, Waudru remained in the
world, devoting herself to the care of the poor and the sick under the
direction of Saint Gislenus.
After Madelgaire's death, Waudru received the religious veil from
Saint Autbert in 656, built a tiny home for herself near Castriloc (Châteaulieu),
and, giving away her possessions, lived there alone. Though she clung
to her solitude, her great wisdom and piety meant that countless men and
women pressed on her for advice. Eventually Waudru had so many followers
that she was obliged to found her own convent at Châteaulieu. She
dedicated this convent to the Mother of Jesus, and around it grew the present
town of Mons. By the time of Waudru's death she had become famous not only
for her charity but also for her miraculous powers of healing, her patience
in the face of trials, continual fasting, and prayer. Her relics are considered
the most precious treasure of the church that bears her name in Mons (Attwater,
Benedictines, Bentley, Encyclopedia, Husenbeth, Walsh).
In art, Saint Waudru is depicted protecting her children under her
mantle, offering her husband a crucifix, and refusing a crown of roses
(Roeder). She is venerated in Mons (Roeder).
|730 St. Hugh of
Rouen Benedictine bishop of Rouen, Paris, and Bayeux, France, a nephew
of Charles Martel
At the same time he was abbot of Fontenelles and Jumieges
At the close of his life, Hugh retired to Jumieges and died as a simple
sancti Hugónis, Epíscopi et Confessóris.
At Rouen, St. Hugh, bishop and confessor.
730 ST HUGH, BISHOP OF ROUEN
HISTORY has preserved few details about St Hugh of Rouen, who owed
much of the fame he enjoyed among his contemporaries to his family connections.
The son of Drogo, Duke of Burgundy, he was the grandson on the paternal
side of Pepin de Herstal and nephew of Charles Martel. He was made primicerius
of the church of Metz, and subsequently, no doubt through the influence
of his uncle Charles, bishop of Rouen, Paris and Bayeux, and abbot of
Fontenelle and Jumièges.
To be a pluralist in those days was unfortunately only too common,
but Hugh, far from profiting by the revenues to which he became entitled,
expended his own considerable wealth for the benefit of the churches which
he governed. The Chronicle of Fontenelle, which is our chief source of
information, expatiates upon the generous gifts with which he endowed that
abbey alone. He died in the abbey of Jumièges in 730.
source of information is the Gesta Abbatum of the abbey of
Fontenelle. The biography written by Bishop Baudri of Dol four hundred years
after the death of the saint is of little worth. See the Acta
Sanctorum, April, vol. i. The life by Baudri is printed in Migne,
PL., vol. clxvi, cc. 1163—1172. See also Duchesne, Fastes Épiscopaux,
vol. ii, pp. 208 and 460.
The son of Duke Drogo of Burgundy, he was named the bishop
of Rouen in 722. He then moved to Paris and later to Bayeux.
Hugh of Rouen, OSB B (RM) . Saint Hugh became a monk
at either Fontenelle or Jumièges at a very early age. Then he
was called to be primicerius of Metz and, shortly thereafter, in 722, bishop
of Rouen and Paris while still abbot of Fontenelle and Jumièges. During
his tenure in these offices Hugh fostered piety and learning. Before his
death, however, he resigned them all and died at Jumièges as a simple
monk (Benedictines). In art, Saint Hugh is a bishop with a monstrance
that the devil tries to wrest from him (Roeder). He is venerated at Fontenelle,
|870 St. Hedda Martyred
Benedictine abbot of Peterborough, England. He and eighty four monks were
slain by Danes marauding along the English coast.
Hedda and Companions, OSB MM (AD) (also known as Haeddi). Hedda
was the abbot of Peterborough (Medehampstead). He and 84 monks of his
community were slain by the Danes, who that same year killed Saint Edmund
of East Anglia. Hedda and his monks are venerated as martyrs, even though
modern scholars believe that the motivation for the murders was booty and
not the hatred of Christianity. In the later Middle Ages the "Hedda stone"
stood in the cemetery over the grave of the martyrs. Holes were cut into
the slab to hold candles for using it as an altar at which to say Mass--a
custom started by abbot Godric. In the 17th century, pilgrims would put
their fingers into the holes, perhaps to take dust as a souvenir (Benedictines,
870 Martyrs of Croyland Benedictine monks who were slain by the
Danes during an invasion of Croyland Abbey, England
And the surrounding area. The abbot was Theodore. Others suffering
included Askega, the prior; Swethin, the subprior; and Elfgete, Savinus,
Egdred, Agamund, Grimkeld, and Ulrick.
870 Theodore and Companions martyred by the invading Danes OSB MM
This is another group martyred by the invading Danes. Theodore,
abbot of Croyland, and several others of his large community were mentioned
by name: Askega, prior; Swethin, subprior; Elfgete, deacon; Savinus, subdeacon;
Egdred and Ulrick, acolytes; Grimkeld and Agamund (Argamund), both centenarians
St. Casilda Spanish martyr native of Toledo of Moorish parentage became
a Christian and a hermitess near Briviesca, Burgos venerated in Burgos
Casilda of Briviesca V (AC)
Born in Toledo, Spain; died c. 1050. Saint Casilda
was the daughter of a Moorish king of Toledo, who hated everything connected
with Jesus Christ. Casilda secretly visited and fed Christian captives,
which made her father angry. She escaped her father, illness, other horrors,
and died as an anchorite near Briviesca in Burgos but with joy because she
had been baptized (Benedictines, Encyclopedia, Gill).
In art, Saint Casilda is a Saracen maiden carrying roses
in her lap. Sometimes she is pictured as a Saracen princess with roses
or as bread changes to roses--a story that is also told of Elizabeth of
Hungary and Elizabeth of Portugal (Roeder). Casilda is still especially
venerated at Saragossa, Toledo, and Burgos. She is invoked in time of war
Saint Casilda by Francisco de Zurbarán Museo del
Prado, Madrid Courtesy of the Web Gallery of Art
|1140 St. Gaucherius hermit in the forest of Limoges
with a companion founded St. John’s Monastery at Aureilfor and a convent
1140 ST GAUCHERIUS, ABBOT
St Gaucherius was only eighteen when he abandoned the world to live
the solitary life. He was born at Meulan-sur-Seine, where he received
a good and religious education. His director sent him to his own master,
Humbert, one of the canons of Limoges, who happened to be staying in the
neighbourhood. That wise man not only encouraged the youth, but offered
to assist him in carrying out his heart’s desire by taking him back to
the Limousin district which was suitable for the life of retirement which
he was contemplating. After spending a night in prayer at the tomb of
St Leonard of Limoges, Gaucherius and a friend called Germond struck out
into the wild forest region which stretched away for miles without any human
habitation. In a particularly remote and inaccessible spot, they constructed
a hermitage, and there they lived for several years unknown and forgotten.
But gradually, as knowledge of the hermits’ holy life spread, cells sprang
up round about to accommodate disciples and visitors. Many holy men were
trained in this community, which became known as Aureil. To them, and to
a convent he founded for women, Gaucherius gave the rule of the canons and
canonesses of St Augustine. St Lambert of Angouléme, and St Faucherus
were amongst the disciples of St Gaucherius, and it was he who gave St Stephen
of Grandmont his hermitage of Muret. The saint’s death took place as the
result of a fall from his horse when, as an old man of eighty, he was returning
to Aureil from a visit to Limoges. He was canonized in 1194.
There is an
earlier and fuller Latin life than that printed in the Acta
Sanctorum, April, vol. i, but it only exists in manuscript and
in a fragmentary condition. See the Catalogue of Paris Hagiographical
MSS., vol. ii, p. 626.
Born 1060. Also known as Walter, abbot founder and friend
of St. Stephen of Grandmont. He was born in Meulan sur Seine, France,
and became a hermit in the forest of Limoges with a companion, Germond.
Attracting disciples even though he was only eighteen, Gaucherius founded
St. John’s Monastery at Aureilfor and a convent for women. He died from
a fall from a horse. He was canonized in 1194.
Gaucherius of Aureil, OSA Abbot (AC) (also known as Gaultier, Walter)
Died April 9, 1140; canonized by Pope Celestine III. His spiritual
vocation led him to found and govern two monasteries in the Limousin region:
Saint John at Aureil for Augustinian canons regular and Saint Stephen of
Grandmont at Muret. He fell from a horse and died at the age of 80 (Benedictines,
|1315 Blessed Ubald
Adimari converted by Saint Philip Benizi, who admitted him to the Servite
institute model to penitent souls OSM (AC)
1315 BD UBALD OF FLORENCE He had the gift of miracles
ONE of the most prominent leaders of the Ghibelline party in Florence
in the year 1276 was the young Ubald Adimari. Well favoured by nature
and fortune and belonging to a distinguished family, he had up to the
age of thirty led a turbulent life with dissipated companions. One day,
however, as he was listening to the preaching of St Philip Benizi, he was
struck to the heart with shame for the past, and, with one of those sudden
impulses to which generous souls are prone, he then and there vowed that
he would never again bear arms. Attaching himself to St Philip, who admitted
him into the Servite Order, he undertook severe penances to atone for his
sins and to tame his proud and haughty spirit.
In after years those about him noted that he had grown so gentle
that when he appeared in the garden of the monastery of Monte Senario the
birds would perch upon his head and hands and shoulders. He had the gift
of miracles, and it is recorded that once, when it was his turn to fetch
water from the spring to serve to the brethren in the refectory and accidentally
broke the pitcher, he filled his scapular with water and carried it safely
home. There was enough, we are told, to satisfy the thirst of all.
St Philip dearly loved his devoted disciple. Not only did he make
him for several years the companion of his journeys, but he chose him
for his confessor. As Philip lay sick at Todi, Ubald was warned by a supernatural
premonition that his master was dying and hastened to his bedside. When
the saint asked for his “book”, eager hands offered the Bible, the Breviary
and the rosary; but Ubald knew better, and gave him the book from which
he had learnt all his wisdom—the crucifix and on that “book” he fixed his
failing eyes until they finally closed in death. Ubald survived him for
thirty years at Monte Senario. His cultus was confirmed in 1821.
Annales Ordinis Servorum B.V.M., vol. i, pp. 228—229
Spörr, Lebensbilder aus dem Servitenorden, pp. 437
seq. Most of the lives of St Philip Benizi (e.g. that of P. Soulier) also contain some mention
of Bd Ubald.
Born in Florence, Italy, in 1246; cultus confirmed in 1821. Born
into Ghebelline nobility, Ubald was notorious for his wild and dissolute
life. In 1276, he was converted by Saint Philip Benizi, who admitted him
to the Servite institute. Ubald spent the rest of his life on Mount Senario,
a model to penitent souls (Benedictines).
|1322 Bl. Thomas of
Tolentino preach in the difficult regions of Armenia and Persia (modern
Iran) set out for China beheaded at Thame in Hindustan
1321 BD THOMAS OF TOLENTINO, MARTYR
AMONG the missionary pioneers who in the early fourteenth century
strove to spread Christianity in the Far East was the Franciscan, Thomas
of Tolentino, whose memory is still venerated by the faithful in India,
the country in which he received the crown of martyrdom.
From the time he had entered, the Order of Friars Minor in early
youth, Thomas had been known as a truly apostolic man, and when the ruler
of Armenia sent to ask the Minorite minister-general for some priests to
fortify true religion in his realm, Thomas was chosen for the mission with
four of his brethren. Their labours were blessed with success, many schismatics
being reconciled and infidels converted. Armenia, however, was being seriously
threatened by the Saracens, and Thomas came back to Europe to solicit help
from Pope Nicholas IV and the kings of England and France.
Although he duly returned to the Armenian mission with twelve other
Franciscans, Thomas subsequently travelled farther afield to Persia.
Again he was recalled or sent back to Italy, but this time it was to
report to Pope Clement V with a view to a further advance into Tartary
and China. His embassy resulted in the nomination of an ecclesiastical
hierarchy consisting of John of Monte Corvino as archbishop and papal
legate for the East, with seven Franciscans as suffragans. In the meantime
Bd Thomas had returned to the field of his labours, full of zeal for
the conversion of India and China. He appears to have been making for Ceylon
and Cathay, but the ship was driven by contrary winds to Salsette Island,
near Bombay. Thomas was seized by the Saracens with several of his brethren
and imprisoned. After being scourged and exposed to the burning rays of
the sun, the holy man was beheaded. Bd Odoric of Pordenone afterwards recovered
his body and translated it to Xaitou. The cultus was approved in
various letters of Jordan de Severac, and others, which supply information
concerning Bd Thomas see BHL., nn. 8257—8268. Some portion of these is printed
in the Acta Sanctorum, April, vol. i (under April 1),
and others in the Analecta Franciscana, vol. iii. Further
materials are available in the volumes of Fr Jerome Golubovich, Bibliotheca bio-bibliographica della Terra Santa e deli’ Oriente
Francescano. See also Léon, Auréole Séraphique (Eng. trans.),
vol. ii, pp. 61—64. On Bd Odoric of Pordenone, see under January 28 and
the bibliography thereto appended, much of which has also a bearing upon
the subject of the present notice.
Franciscan martyr. Born in Tolentino, Italy, he entered the Franciscans
and was sent to preach in the difficult regions of Armenia and Persia (modern
Iran). Convinced to head further East, he set out for China with three
companions Blesseds James of Padua, Peter of Siena (both Franciscans),
and a layman, Demetrius of Triflis. While traveling through Hindustan
(modem northern India) they were beheaded at Thame.
Blessed Thomas of Tolentino & Comp., OFM MM (AC) Born in Tolentino,
Italy; died 1321; cultus approved in 1894. Thomas became a Franciscan and
went into the mission fields in Armenia and Persia. He was on his way
to Ceylon (Sri Lanka), with a view to proceeding to China, when he was
seized and beheaded by the Islamics in the East Indies. Three companions
Blessed James of Padua (cultus approved 1809) and Peter of Siena, Franciscans,
and Demetrius of Tiflis, layman, suffered with him (Benedictines).
|1331 Blessed John
of Vespignano devoted himself to works of charity among the refugees
who flocked to Florence (AC)
Born at Vespignano (diocese of Florence), Italy; cultus approved
by Pius VII. During the civil wars, John devoted himself to works of charity
among the refugees who flocked to Florence (Benedictines).
|1348 Blessed Reginald
Montesmarti, OP (AC)
Born in Montesmarti (near Orvieto), Italy, in 1292; died at Piperno,
Italy; cultus approved in 1877 (Benedictines, Encyclopedia).
|1374 Blessed Antony of Pavoni
consistent poverty of Antony's life & example of Christian virtue
combatting heresies of Lombards OP M (AC) His
tomb was the scene of miracles
Oddly enough, this Dominican Antony takes after his Franciscan
namesake. He is also invoked to find lost articles (Dorcy).
1374 BD ANTONY PAVONI, MARTYR
ANTONY Pavoni was born at Savigliano in Piedmont and entered, while
still young, the Dominican priory there. His reputation for fervour and
learning caused him to be appointed inquisitor general over Piedmont
and Liguria: as such he was called upon to refute and pass judgement on
the opponents of the faith, notably the Vaudois. In the zealous performance
of his office he made many enemies, as he himself knew full well. At Easter
1374, in the little town of Bricherasio he prophesied his own approaching
death. He bade the barber who was shaving him give him a fine tonsure because
he was invited to a marriage feast. The man who, like all those of his
trade, was well up in the local news, exclaimed in surprise that no wedding
was about to take place in the neighbourhood. “All the same I can assure
you that I am telling you the truth”, was Antony’s reply. A few days later,
on Low Sunday, as he left the church in which he had just offered Mass and
preached, he was set upon by seven armed men, who killed him. His tomb was
the scene of miracles (one of the beneficiaries being Bd Haymo Taparelli);
and the cultus was authorized in 1856.
See the Acta Sanctorum, April, vol. i, and Archivio storico italiano, 3rd series,
vol. xii, pp. 29 seq. A fuller bibliography in Taurisano,
Catalogus hagiographicus OP. There is a short English
account in Procter, Lives of the Dominican Saints, pp. 85—87.
Born in Savigliano, Italy, in 1326; died in Turino, Italy, in 1374;
beatified in 1868. Antony was obviously martyred for the faith, yet it
took more than 500 years before he was even beatified. He is still not
canonized. Antony grew up to be a pious, intelligent youth. At 15, he was
received into the monastery of Savigliano, was ordained in 1351, and almost
immediately was engaged in combatting the heresies of the Lombards.
Pope Urban V,
in 1360, appointed him inquisitor-general of Lombardy and Genoa, making
him one of the youngest men ever to hold that office. It was a difficult
and dangerous job for a young priest of 34. Besides being practically a
death sentence to any man who held the office, it carried with it the necessity
of arguing with the men most learned in a twisted and subtle heresy.
Antony worked untiringly in his native city, and his apostolate lasted
14 years. During this time, he accomplished a great deal by his preaching,
and even more by his example of Christian virtue. He was elected prior of
Savigliano, in 1368, and given the task of building a new abbey. This he
accomplished without any criticism of its luxury--a charge that heretics
were always anxious to make against any Catholic builders.
The consistent poverty of Antony's life was a reproach
to the heretics, who had always been able to gain ground with the poor
by pointing out the wealth of religious houses. He went among the poor
and let them see that he was one of them. This so discomfited the heretics
that they decided they must kill him. He was preaching in a little village
near Turin when they caught him.
The martyrdom occurred in the Easter octave. On the Saturday
after Easter, he asked the barber to do a good job on his tonsure because
he was going to a wedding. Puzzled, the barber complied. On the Sunday
after Easter, as he finished preaching a vigorous sermon against heresy
at Brichera, seven heretics fell upon him with their daggers, and he hurried
off to the promised "wedding." He was buried in the Dominican church at
Savigliano, where his tomb was a place of pilgrimage until 1827. At that
time the relics were transferred to the Dominican church of Racconigi (Benedictines,
|Romæ Translátio córporis
sanctæ Mónicæ, matris beáti Augustíni Epíscopi;
quod, ex Ostiis Tiberínis, Martíno Quinto Summo Pontífice,
in Urbem delátum, in Ecclésia ejúsdem beáti
Augustíni honorífice recónditum fuit.
At Rome, the transferring
of the body of St. Monica, mother of the bishop St. Augustine. It
was brought from Ostia to Rome, under the Sovereign Pontiff, Martin V,
and buried with due honours in the church of St. Augustine.
1463 Saint Eleni (who
was also called Susanna) is one of the New Martyrs of Lesbos who are commemorated
on Bright Tuesday
She was St. Irene's older cousin, and suffered along
with Sts Raphael, Nicholas, and Irene on April 9, 1463 (Bright Tuesday).
On November 12, 1961 Mrs Basilike Rallis had a dream
in which she saw herself by the church at Karyes near the town of Thermi
on the Greek island of Lesbos. As she looked inside the church, she saw
a young girl about fourteen or fifteen years old, with a dark complexion and
dark hair. Since the girl was praying, Mrs Rallis also began to pray. The
girl turned to her and said, "Do you know who I am? I am a martyr. Not like
Renoula (a diminutive form of Irene), of course, but if you only knew what
I endured! I lived with the mayor's family, and I was also with them when
the Turks tortured them here. They mistreated me and gave me such a horrib
le beating that I died from the pains. My name is Eleni."
The saint also told Mrs Rallis about an icon of the Mother
of God that she had been asking about, revealing to her the place where
it would be found.
When she awoke, Mrs Rallis was reluctant to mention this
dream to anyone. She said to herself, "If there really is another martyr
named Eleni, I'll see her again. Maybe someone else will see her, too,
then I'll tell. But who was this Eleni who lived with the mayor's family?
Perhaps she was thei r servant."
The next night, she dreamed
that she was in the village church. She saw three clerics coming out through
the left door of the altar. She made the Sign of the Cross at once, for she
thought that Satan might be tempting her. Then ;she saw the three clerics
make the Sign of the Cross, too. They looked at her and smiled as they slowly
proceeded to the center of the church.
"I recognized St. Raphael and St. Nicholas right away,"
Mrs Rallis recalled, "but did not know the other saint. He was tall, middle-aged
with a long grey beard and a lordly air about him."
At that moment, a girl with a round face came out by
the same door. She was beautiful, and she wore a rose-colored dress.
Mrs Rallis approached her and, kneeling before her, she asked, "Are you
also a saint?"
"Yes," the girl replied. "Sit down beside me, watch quietly
and I will explain some things to you."
Then other people began to come out from the same door
and approached the saints. First, a man of medium height with civilian
clothes and a long grey jacket. The girl said to Mrs Rallis, "The teacher,
Theodore." He was followed by another well-formed man. The saint said,
"The mayor, Basil (St Irene's father)." Then a tall, stout woman of about
forty came forth with two girls whom Mrs Rallis recognized at once.They
were Sts Irene and Eleni, of whom she had dreamt the night before.
The unknown saint who had appeared with Sts Raphael and
Nicholas identified the tall woman as Maria, the mayor's wife, and the
two girls as Renoula and Eleni. He asked Mrs Rallis, "Why, when you dreamed
abou t her last evening, did you say that you would not say anything about
it to anyone? Eleni is also a martyr, and she wishes to be remembered. She
was not the mayor's servant, but his orphaned niece who lived with them.
Her proper name, which she signed on papers, was Eleni. However, they also
called her Susanna. She also had that name."
Mrs Rallis slowly approached St Irene. She embraced her
and began to weep, saying, "O Renoula, my tortured little girl, how could
these heartless evil-doers burn you?" Then St Irene also started to cry.
When Mrs Rallis woke up, her eyes were filled with tears,
and she thought that she would faint. So powerful was the dream that she
later said, "Ah, that tortured child! How I ached for her! Every time
I go to Karyes I will sit by her little tomb and I will mourn as if she were
my own child. Just think, they tortured the child in front of her father,
in front of her mother who bore her. It seems to me that there does not
exist a more terrible martyrdom for parents."
The Newly-Appeared Martyrs of Lesbos are also commemorated
on April 9. Detailed accounts of these saints may be found in A GREAT
SIGN (in Greek) by Photios Kontoglou (Astir, 1964).
Newly-Appeared Martyrs of Lesbos, Sts Raphael, Nicholas and Irene
were martyred by the Turks on Bright Tuesday (April 9, 1463) ten years
after the Fall of Constantinople. They began appearing to various inhabitants
of Lesbos in 1959 and revealed the details of their lives and martyrdom.
These accounts form the basis of Photios Kontoglou's 1962 book A GREAT
SIGN (in Greek).
In 1453, St Nicholas was living in Macedonia with his
fellow monastic, St Raphael. Deacon Nicholas was a native of Thessalonica.
In 1454, the Turks invaded Thrace, so the two monks fled to the island of
Lesbos. They settled in the Monastery of the Nativity of the Theotokos near
Thermi, where St Raphael became the igumen.
In the spring of 1463, the Turks raided the monastery
and captured the monks. They were tortured from Holy Thursday until Bright
Tuesday. St Raphael was tied to a tree, and the ferocious Turks sawed through
his jaw, killing him. St Nicholas was also tortured, and he died while
witnessing his Elder's martyrdom. He appeared to people and indicated the
spot where his relics were uncovered on June 13, 1960.
St Nicholas is short and thin, with a small blond beard.
He stands before St Raphael with great respect. St Irene usually appears
with a long yellow dress reaching to her feet. Her blonde hair is divided
into two braids which rest on either side of her chest.
Sts Raphael, Nicholas, and Irene (and those with them)
are also commemorated on Bright Tuesday. Dr. Constantine Cavarnos has
given a detailed account of their life, miracles, and spiritual counsels
in Volume 10 of his inspirational series MODERN ORTHODOX SAINTS (Belmont,
1945 Lektor an der Berliner Universität für aktiven Widerstand
gegen das Unrechtsregime ein ermordet in das Konzentrationslager Flossenbürg
Anglikanische und Evangelische Kirche: 9. April
Dietrich Bonhoeffer wurde am 4.2.1906 in Breslau geboren. Schon
1933, Bonhoeffer war Lektor an der Berliner Universität, setzte
er sich für aktiven Widerstand gegen das Unrechtsregime ein. Er wurde
als Pfarrer an die deutsche evangelische Gemeinde in London berufen, kehrte
aber 1935 nach Deutschland zurück, um in der Heimat gegen die Unterdrückung
des Evangeliums anzugehen. Er wurde zum Leiter des Predigerseminars der
Bekennenden Kirche in Finkenwalde berufen. 1936 verlor er seinen Lehrauftrag
an der Berliner Universität, auch das Predigerseminar wurde geschlossen.
1937 erschien sein Buch 'Nachfolge', das großes Aufsehen erregte.
Kurze Zeit später erhielt Bonhoeffer nach dem Lehrverbot auch Predigtverbot.
Im Sommer 1942 reiste er unter Lebensgefahr nach Stockholm um dem
schwedischen Bischof Bell über die Lage in Deutschland zu berichten.
Auch von dieser Reise kehrte er nach Deutschland zurück. Am 5. April
1943 wurde er von der Gestapo verhaftet und in Berlin gefangengesetzt.
Ende März 1945 wurde er mit anderen Leidensgenossen aus Berlin in das
Konzentrationslager Flossenbürg gebracht und hier am 9. April 1945
auf Befehl Himmlers ermordet. Seine Verse 'Von guten Mächten wunderbar
geborgen' (EG 65) hat er vermutlich zu Sylvester 1944 geschrieben.
Umfangreiches Material zu Bonhoeffer bieten die Seiten der ESH der
Weitere Informationen zu den Märtyrern im Nationalsozialismus
unter Werner Sylten