Mary Mother of GOD 15 Promises of the Virgin Mary to those who recite the Rosary 

 Saturday  Saints of this Day December  10 Quarto Idus Decémbris  
Et álibi aliórum plurimórum sanctórum Mártyrum et Confessórum, atque sanctárum Vírginum.
And elsewhere in divers places, many other holy martyrs, confessors, and holy virgins.
Пресвятая Богородице спаси нас! (Santíssima Mãe de Deus, salva-nos!)

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Mary Mother of GOD 15 Promises of the Virgin Mary to those who recite the Rosary

Lauréti, in Picéno, Translátio sacræ Domus Genitrícis Dei Maríæ, qua in domo Verbum caro factum est.  Ipsam vero beatíssimam Vírginem, Lauretánæ título nuncupátam, Benedíctus Papa Décimus quintus ómnibus aereonáutis præcípuam apud Deum Patrónam attríbuit.

At Loreto in Piceno, the Translation of the Holy House of Mary the Mother of God,
wherein the Word was made flesh. 
Pope Benedict XV declared the same Blessed Virgin Mary, under the title of Loreto,
to be the chief Patroness before God of all airmen.

December 10, 2015
No my dear children, we need never fear that the Mass hinders us in the fulfillment of our temporal affairs; it is altogether the other way around. We may be sure that all will go better and that even our business will succeed better than if we have the misfortune not to assist at Mass. -- St. John Vianney

  741 Pope Saint Gregory III ( 731-741) protected images of Jesus Mary & the saints
1169 The Novgorod Icon of the Mother of God
December 10 - Transfer of the Holy House of Loreto (1294)
  Mary is our best protection against the culture of death

In Mary, God put a radical stop to this monstrosity of a person separated from God—decapitated, disoriented, without a future.  In Mary, God shows us what we will become in the end if we are open to accepting his own life.
Yes, God is Life; God is the creator of human life. He does not despise it—far from it! In Mary, through the Holy Spirit, he becomes the procreator of Christ's humanity. (…) As the Mother of the author of Life, fulfilled by God's life, Mary is our best protection against the onslaught of the forces of death and destruction. She is also our best protection against the culture of death that afflicts our society and mainstream culture.

Msgr Centène, Bishop of Vannes, France
Homily given on December 7, 2012, for the anticipated Mass of the Immaculate Conception

Mary is Everyone’s Consoler
At the foot of Jesus' cross stood Mary his mother. She was a beautiful image of fidelity
and comfort for the One who was dying, seemingly abandoned by God and men.
By entrusting the disciple whom he loved to her, Jesus was at the same time entrusting to her
the nascent Church and, through her, the whole human race.
As she offered herself to console her Son, Mary was given to all people as their consoler.
In celebrating her as consoler of the afflicted today, we receive her from Jesus’ lips as the mother of all believers and mother of all humanity. With faith and trust, we turn to her and pray to her for all people.
André Cardinal Vingt-Trois, Archbishop of Paris
Homily for the Pontifical Mass to solemnly reelect Our Lady Consoler of the Afflicted
as Patroness of Luxembourg, May 5, 2013

Pope Benedict XVI to The Catholic Church In China {whole article here }
The saints “a cloud of witnesses over our head”, showing us life of Christian perfection is possible.

No my dear children, we need never fear that the Mass hinders us in the fulfillment of our temporal affairs; it is altogether the other way around.
We may be sure that all will go better and that even our business will succeed better
than if we have the misfortune not to assist at Mass. -- St. John Vianney

At Loretto in Piceno, the Translation of the Holy House of Mary the Mother of God, wherein the Word was made flesh.  Pope Benedict XV declared the same Blessed Virgin Mary, under the title of Loretto, to be the chief Patroness before God of all airmen.
Lauréti, in Picéno, Translátio sacræ Domus Genitrícis Dei Maríæ, qua in domo Verbum caro factum est.  Ipsam vero beatíssimam Vírginem, Lauretánæ título nuncupátam, Benedíctus Papa Décimus quintus ómnibus aereonáutis præcípuam apud Deum Patrónam attríbuit.
December 10 - Transition of the Holy House of Loreto (Italy, 1291)
Mary in the Midst of Israel's Waiting (I) "She will crush your head and you will strike her heel" (Gen 3:15)
The Virgin Mary certainly understood, better than any other, the promises of God to his people, because she was capable within herself of deeply penetrating God's mystery.

She was first and foremost attentive and fully turned to God, following the First Commandment: "Listen Israel, the Lord our God is One" (Deut 6:4). She sought the Lord by praying the psalms: "I thirst for God, the living God" (Ps 42:2). She was also humble, as "God opposes the proud but He lends his favor to the humble" (Jas 4:6). And He especially revealed himself to the Blessed Virgin because her heart was totally free and immaculate, making heaven even more transparent: "Blessed are the pure in heart: they shall see God" (Mt 5:8).

She then waited, seeking with love and praying in silence or reading the word of God and "pondering in her heart" (Lk 2:19) all of God's promises to his people, beginning with the first announcement of salvation, in Genesis, shortly after the fall, when God told the serpent,
"I shall put enmity between you and the woman; she will crush your head and you will strike her heel" (Gen 3:15).

Romæ, via Ostiénsi, Dedicátio Basílicæ sancti Pauli Apóstoli; quæ, simul cum Dedicatióne Basílicæ sancti Petri, Apostolórum Príncipis, ánnua celebritáte recólitur quartodécimo Kaléndas Decémbris.
At Rome, on the Ostian Way, the Dedication of the Basilica of St. Paul the Apostle.  The yearly commemoration of this Dedication, together with St. Peter, prince of the apostles, is observed on 18th of November.
 I am the Mother of Ipalnemohuani (II) December 10 - Transition of the Holy House of Loreto (Italy, 1294)
Juan Diego went immediately on his way to put the Blessed Virgin's errand into action: he went straight to the bishop's palace, but the bishop didn't believe his take. So he returned to the top of the little hill where the Queen of Heaven was waiting for him, and begged her to find someone else to carry her message, "someone nobler, someone who is held in esteem, respected and honored, one whom the bishop will believe."
But she answered him, "Listen, my most humble son, understand and know for certain in your heart that I do not lack servants or messengers to whom I can offer the responsibility of delivering my thoughts and words in order to achieve my will. But it is truly necessary that you, personally, go and plead, and that thanks to you my wishes be carried out by your intercession. Also I beg you, my humblest and dearest son, and I insist that you go tomorrow to see the bishop once again. In my name, make him hear and understand my will and desire, so that my House of God may be built. Tell him again very carefully how I, personally, the ever-virgin Saint Mary, Mother of God, am sending you."
Excerpt and adapted from La Dame du Ciel (The Lady from Heaven),
by Jean-Pierre Rousselle and Jean Mathiot, Editions Téqui 2004
Romæ, via Ostiénsi, Dedicátio Basílicæ sancti Pauli Apóstoli; quæ, simul cum Dedicatióne Basílicæ sancti Petri, Apostolórum Príncipis, ánnua celebritáte recólitur quartodécimo Kaléndas Decémbris.
At Rome, on the Ostian Way, the Dedication of the Basilica of St. Paul the Apostle.  The yearly commemoration of this Dedication, together with that of St. Peter, prince of the apostles, is observed on the 18th of November.

December 10 – Transfer of the Holy House of Loreto (1294) 
In a forest, there appeared a strange looking house 
 The Holy House of Loreto is the house where, according to Christian tradition, Jesus Christ was conceived of the Holy Spirit in the Virgin Mary and where Saint Joseph worked with the Divine Child Jesus. Sometimes called the Shrine of the Holy House of Nazareth, it is revered in the city of Loreto, in the Italian province of Ancona.

When the terrible news of the loss of the Holy Land to non-Christians spread abroad, a deep sadness captured all minds and hearts. At the same time, better news came that uplifted Christian spirits: On May 10, 1291, the Holy House of Nazareth, where the Word made flesh was conceived, was transported by angels to Dalmatia
(the coastal region of Croatia and Montenegro).

But after three years and seven months, in 1294, the Holy House rose again in the air and left the region, leaving a big void in the hearts of the local population. The next day, on December 10th, the residents of Recanati, Italy, saw a strange looking house that was set down in a forest owned by a certain lady of Loreto. They soon discovered that it was the same Holy House of Nazareth that the population of Dalmatia had seen suddenly disappear around the same time.

 300 St. Carpophorus priest & Abundius deacon Martyrs
 300 St. Mercurius Martyred soldiers /companions slain at Lentini Sicily
 304 St. Eulalia of Merida Virgin Martyr;
Also, in the same city, St. Julia, virgin and martyr, the companion of the
            blessed Eulalia, who would not be separated from her when the latter went to suffer.

 312 St. Mennas Martyr /Eugraphus /Hermogenes beheaded Alexandria
 314 Miltiades or Melchiades, pope and martyr
 362 St. Gemellus Martyr Ancyra Turkey priest baptized him and when emerged from water his wounds were all healed
6th v. Viénnæ, in Gállia, sancti Sindúlphi, Epíscopi et Confessóris.
    At Vienne in France, St. Sindulph, bishop and confessor.
 700 St. Deusdedit Bishop of Brescia
 720 St. Thomas of Farfa Benedictine abbot native of Savoy
 739 St. Lucerius Benedictine abbot successor of St. Thomas of Maurienne
 741 Pope Saint Gregory III
( 731-741) protected images of Jesus Mary & the saints
 765 St. Guitmarus 4th Benedictine abbot of Saint Riquier Abbey France
 844 St. Hildemar Benedictine bishop Beauvais
 900 Saint Thomas Dephourkinos The Lord glorified him with the gift of healing and prophecy;
Emperor Leo the Wise (886-911) came to the monastery to St Thomas for advice. Not finding the monk at the monastery, the emperor sent his messenger with a letter for him. And just as the messenger arrived at the the Elder's hut, the saint carried out to him a sealed answer, resolving the emperor's question.
1156 St. Florentius of Carracedo Benedictine abbot Cistercian rule
1169 The Novgorod Icon of the Mother of God
1287 Bl. Peter Tecelano Franciscan mystic miracles at his tomb
1591 St. Polydore Plasden 1/40 Martyrs of England
1591 Bl. John Mason  England Martyr layman arrested for harboring St. Edmund Gennings priest
1591 St. Edmund Genings 1/40 Martyrs of England /Wales
1610 Bls. Thomas Somers
And John Roberts English martyrs
1616 Bl. Sebastian Montanol Spanish Dominican missionary possible martyr
1754 Saint Joasaph Archimandrite several times Athanasius appeared to Igumen Joasaph sign of patronal protection
1838 St. Peter Duong  Vietnamese martyr native
1865 Blessed Father Adolph Kolping - Kolping Society, emphasizes the sanctification of family life and dignity of labor

<741 Pope Saint Gregory III (
731-741) protected images of Jesus Mary & the saints
310 314 Miltiades or Melchiades, pope and martyr>
Sancti Melchíadis, Papæ et Mártyris, cujus dies natális recensétur tértio Idus Januárii.
    St. Melchiades, pope and martyr, whose birthday  mentioned on 11 January.

Gregory's reign, toleration was granted to Christians by Constantine; labelled a martyr due to his sufferings during the persecution of Maximian.

Pope Miltiades, or Melchiades, decreed absolutely forbiding Christians to fast on Sundays or Thursdays, "because these days were observed by the heathen as a holy fast". This reason is remarkable; it comes most likely from the author of the "Liber Pontificalis" who with this alleged decree traces back a Roman custom of his own time to an ordinance of Miltiades. The "Liber Pontificalis" is probably no less arbitrary in crediting this pope with a decree to the effect that the Oblation consecrated at the Solemn Mass of the pope (by which is meant the Eucharistic Bread) should be taken to different churches in Rome. Such a custom actually existed in Rome.

Pope Clement VIII 1592-1605
Pope Pius XI on December 15, 1929 one hundred and thirty-six martyrs declared blessed by.

Saint Joasaph_of_belgorod 1754
  Saint Eugraphos
God loves variety. He doesn't mass-produce his saints.
Every saint is unique, for each is the result of a new idea.

As the liturgy says:
Non est inventus similis illis--there are no two exactly alike.

It is we with our lack of imagination, who paint the same haloes on all the saints.
Dear Lord, grant us a spirit that is not bound by our own ideas and preferences.
Grant that we may be able to appreciate in others what we lack in ourselves.
O Lord, grant that we may understand that every saint must be a unique praise of Your glory.

Catholic saints are holy people and human people who lived extraordinary lives.
Each saint the Church honors responded to God's invitation to use his or her unique gifts.
God calls each one of us to be a saint in order to get into heaven:  saints are allowed into heaven.

The more "extravagant" graces are bestowed NOT for the benefit of the recipients so much
as FOR the benefit of others.
300 St. Carpophorus priest & Abundius deacon Martyrs.
Eódem die sanctórum Mártyrum Carpóphori Presbyteri, et Abúndii Diáconi; qui, in Diocletiáni persecutióne, primo fústibus crudelíssime cæsi, deínde in cárcerem, negátio cibo et potu, retrúsi, et rursum in equúleo torti, et post hæc diu in cárcere maceráti, novíssime gládio percússi sunt.
    Also, the holy martyrs Carpophorus, a priest, and Abundius, a deacon, in the persecution of Diocletian.  They were first cruelly beaten with rods, then imprisoned and denied food and drink; being placed on the rack a second time and again thrown into prison, they were finally beheaded.
They are listed as dying in Spoleto, Italy, or in Seville, Spain under Diocletian
300 St. Mercurius Martyred soldiers /companions slain at Lentini Sicily
Apud Leontínos, in Sicília, sanctórum Mártyrum Mercúrii et Sociórum mílitum; qui, sub Tertyllo Præside, témpore Licínii Imperatóris, gládio cæsi sunt.
    At Lentini in Sicily, the holy martyrs Mercurius and his soldier companions, who were slain by the sword under the governor Tertyllus, in the reign of Emperor Licinius.
Mercurius and the others were soldiers assigned to escort Christians to their deaths during the persecutions launched by Emperor Diocletian.
Converted to Christianity by the heroic example of their prisoners, Mercurius and his troops surrendered themselves up to suffer the same beheading inflicted upon their newfound Christian friends

304 St. Eulalia of Merida; Virgin Martyr; Also, in the same city, St. Julia, virgin and martyr, the companion of the blessed Eulalia, who would not be separated from her when the latter went to suffer.
Eméritæ, in Hispánia, pássio sanctæ Euláliæ Vírginis, quæ, sub Maximiáno Imperatóre, cum esset annórum duódecim, ibi, jussu Daciáni Præsidis, pro confessióne Christi, plúrima torménta est perpéssa; novíssime, in equúleo suspénsa et exunguláta, fáculis ardéntibus ex utróque látere appósitis, hausto igne, spíritum réddidit.
    At Merida in Spain, in the time of Maximian, the martyrdom of the holy virgin Eulalia, who at twelve years of age suffered many torments for the confession of Christ by order of the governor Dacian.  She was stretched on the rack, torn with iron claws, had her sides burned with flaming torches, and swallowing the fire she expired.
   Item ibídem sanctæ Júliæ, Vírginis et Mártyris; quæ beátæ Euláliæ sócia fuit, et illi ad passiónem properánti indivídua comes adhæsit.
   Eulalia of Merida was born in
Spain in the last decade of the third century. It is almost universally accepted that she suffered martyrdom for the Faith. What little else is known of her to date is based mostly on legend. It is believed that Eulalia, as a twelve year old girl, tried to remonstrate with Judge Dacian of Merida for forcing Christians to worship false gods in accord with the edict of Diocletian. Even though Dacian was at first amused and tried to flatter her, Eulalia would not deny Christ. Finally, Dacian ordered that her body be torn by iron hooks. Fire was applied to her wounds to increase her sufferings, and in the process her hair caught fire. She was asphyxiated by the smoke and flames, gaining the crown of martyrdom around the year 304.
304? St Eulalia of Mérida, Virgin and Martyr   
For particulars of the passion of St Eulalia, the most celebrated virgin martyr of Spain, we have a hymn written in her honour by Prudentius at the end of the fourth century and her passio of a much later date. *{* Alban Butler accords two and a half pages of text to St Eulalia and four and a half pages of small-print footnote (including a paragraph on Sedulius) to Prudentius, “the glory of the ancient Christian poets”.}
She was only twelve when edicts of Diocletian were issued by which it was ordered all should offer sacrifice to the gods of the empire. Eulalia’s mother, observing her ardour for martyrdom, took her into the country. But she found means to make her escape by night, and arrived at Mérida before daybreak. As soon as the court sat the same morning she presented herself before the judge, Dacian, and reproached him with attempting to destroy souls by compelling them to renounce the only true God. Dacian at first tried to flatter and bribe her into withdrawing her words and observing the edicts. Then he threatened and showed the instruments of torture, saying, “These you shall escape if you will but touch a little salt and incense with the tip of your finger”. But she trampled on the cake that was laid for the sacrifice, and spat at the judge. Thereupon two executioners began to tear her body with iron hooks, and lighted torches were applied to the wounds. The fire then caught her hair, and Eulalia was stifled by the smoke and flame. Prudentius tells us that a white dove seemed to come out of her mouth and fly away upward, at which the executioners were so terrified that they fled.

Snow fell and covered the body and the whole forum where it lay, till her relics were entombed by the Christians near the place of her martyrdom. A church was built on the spot and the altar raised over them before Prudentius wrote his hymn; he says that “pilgrims come to venerate her bones, and she, near the throne of God, beholds them and protects those that sing hymns to her”.
The veneration of St Eulalia spread to Africa, and there is a homily of St Augustine for her feast day; the oldest existing French poem, the “Cantilène de Sainte Eulalie”, of the later ninth century, relates her story; and she is among the martyrs mentioned by Bede in his hymn in honour of St Etheldreda and by St Aldhelm.
  St Eulalia of Barcelona, named separately in the Roman Martyrology on February 12, is greatly venerated throughout Catalonia, under the names Aulaire, Aulazie, Olalla and other forms; but she is now generally recognized as a double of St Eulalia of Mérida. The fact that Prudentius and Venantius pay tribute to the heroism of one Spanish martyr named Eulalia, making especial mention of Mérida, seems to constitute proof of the genuineness of the cult in
her case, but it constantly happens that fictitious stories are afterwards written which cause a duplication of the subject so honoured.

The passio printed by Florez (España Sagrada, vol. xiii, pp. 392-398) must be as old as the sixth century because it was known to St Gregory of Tours, but no dependence can be placed upon the story it contains. Even the few details provided in the poem of Prudentius are probably not much more reliable, but he mentions Mérida as also does Fortunatus, though St Augustine in his sermon says nothing more than that she suffered in Spain. Competent opinion is now definitely satisfied that there was only one St Eulalia, the martyr of Mends. The Barcelona story is a much later development, incorporating many features of the earlier legend. See on this the convincing essay of H. Moretus in the Revue des questions historiques, vol. lxxxix (1911), pp. 85-119; which investigation is endorsed by Poncelet, Delehaye (CMH., p. 642), and Leclercq, in DAC., vol. v, cc. 705—732. In this last article the greater part of Moretus’ essay is reprinted. The attempt of Z. Garcia Villada (Historia ecclesiastica de España, vol. i, 1929, pp. 283—300) to vindicate the independent existence of the Barcelona martyr is too plainly biased by patriotic conservatism. The question of the notices of Eulalia in the early martyrologies has been very fully dealt with by Dom Quentin in his Les martyrologes historiques, pp. 75, 162—164, etc. See also the Acta Sanctorum, February, vol. ii, and BHL., nn. 2693—2698. There was a Eulalia abbess of Shaftesbury c. 1074.
312 St. Mennas Martyr /Eugraphus /Hermogenes beheaded Alexandria most probably hagiographical fiction
Alexandríæ sanctórum Mártyrum Mennæ, Hermógenis et Eugraphi; qui sub Galério Maximiáno passi sunt.
    At Alexandria, the holy martyrs Mennas, Hermogenes, and Eugraphus, who suffered under Galerius Maximian.

Mennas was an Athenian from Greece, sent to Alexandria on an imperial commission by Emperor Galerius. Working successfully, he announced that he and his assistant, Eugraphus, were Christians. They were taken before Hermogenes, a judge, where Mennas sang a four-hour musical defense of Christianity. His eyes were gouged out and his tongue cut off when he ended his defense. According to a highly doubtful legend, Mennas’ eyes and tongue were miraculously restored, an event that brought about the conversion of Hermogenes.

The Holy Martyrs Menas, Hermogenes, and Eugraphus suffered for their faith in Christ under the emperor Maximian (305-313).

St Menas was sent by the emperor from Athens to Alexandria to suppress the riots that had arisen between the Christians and the pagans. Distinguished for his gift of eloquence, Menas instead openly began to preach the Christian Faith and he converted many pagans to Christ. Learning of this, Maximian sent Hermogenes to Alexandria to place the saints on trial. Moreover, he gave orders to purge the city of Christians.
Hermogenes, although he was a pagan, was distinguished by his reverent bearing. Struck by the endurance of St Menas under torture and by his miraculous healing after the cruel torments, he also came to believe in Christ. Maximian himself then arrived in Alexandria. Neither the astonishing stoic endurance of Sts Menas and Hermogenes under torture, nor even the miracles manifested by God in this city, mollified the emperor. Instead, they vexed him all the more. The emperor personally stabbed St Eugraphus, the secretary of St Menas, and then gave orders to behead the holy Martyrs Menas and Hermogenes.

The relics of the holy martyrs, cast into the sea in an iron chest, were afterwards found (see February 17) and transferred to Constantinople in the ninth century. The emperor Justinian built a church in the name of the holy Martyr Menas of Alexandria. St Joseph the Hymnographer (April 4) composed a Canon in honor of these holy martyrs.

MENNAS (Menas), an Athenian, called “of the beautiful voice
, was sent by the Emperor Galerius to Alexandria to use his learning and eloquence for the pacification of troubles among the citizens. Having carried out his commission he publicly declared himself a Christian, and together with his subordinate, Eugraphus, began to make many converts. The judge, Hermogenes, who on his way to Alexandria had been assured in a vision that the voyage would turn out for his own benefit, summoned the offenders before his tribunal; whereupon, as the worthless passio of these martyrs, falsely ascribed to St Athanasius, informs us, Mennas used his beautiful voice to make an address to the court which lasted for four hours. Although this oration made a great impression, it was ordered that his eyes and tongue should be plucked out and his feet flayed. But the next day he was found fully recovered from these outrages, at which miracle Hermogenes himself and many others were converted. Galerius ordered that further tortures should be inflicted on them, from all of which they immediately recovered, and all three were eventually beheaded.

This hagiographical fiction is printed in Migne, PG., vol. cxv, pp. 368—416, and there is at least one other redaction of the same story still unpublished. Delehaye inclines to the belief that the whole is a pure invention founded on the popularity of the authentic St Mennas (November 11). The names of the two companions, Hermogenes and Eugraphus, oddly enough, recur at Salona in Dalmatia, a place that was especially connected with the veneration of the Egyptian St Mennas. See the Analecta Bollandiana, vol. xviii (1899), pp. 406—407; vol. xxiii (1904), pp. 14—15; vol. xxix (1950), pp. 144—145. There is a summary of the same legend in the Constantinople Synaxary, December 10, CC. 293—294. 
310 314 Miltiades or Melchiades, pope and martyr
Sancti Melchíadis, Papæ et Mártyris, cujus dies natális recensétur tértio Idus Januárii.
    St. Melchiades, pope and martyr, whose birthday is mentioned on the 11th of January.
During his reign, toleration was granted to Christians by Constantine; labelled a martyr due to his sufferings during the persecution of Maximian.

314 St Miltiades, Pope And Martyr
So little is known about St Miltiades (sometimes written Meichiades) that he is now chiefly remembered on account of its having been during his pontificate that the era of the general persecutions came to an end and the Emperor Constantine gave peace to the Church. He was said native of Africa and elected to the papacy on July 2, probably in 312. After the battle at the Milvian Bridge, where Constantine defeated Maxentius on October 28, 312, the victorious emperor marched into Rome, and early in 313 toleration was granted to Christians (and other religions) throughout the empire; this was followed by the bestowal of privileges on the Church and the removal of legal disabilities.*{*There has been no little debate among the learned about the circumstances of this victory and what followed it.}
 Christian captives were released from the prisons and mines, and all celebrated the victory of Christ with hymns of praise, honouring God day and night with prayer that the peace, which had been granted after ten years of violent persecution, might not be taken away.
But amidst these rejoicings the Church was disturbed by the beginnings of the Donatist schism in Africa. It arose out of the appointment of Caecilian as bishop of Carthage, whom the party of Donatus alleged to be invalidly consecrated because (as was said) he had delivered up the sacred books under persecution.*{*The Donatists held the erroneous doctrines that sacraments given by an unworthy minister are invalid and that sinners cannot be members of the Church.}
 At the request of Constantine the pope called a synod of Italian and Gaulish bishops at Rome, which decided that Caecilian’s election and consecration were good and valid. St Augustine, speaking of the moderation, which the pope used in this connection, calls Miltiades an excellent man, a true son of peace and father of Christians. A commemoration is made of him in the liturgy of December 10 as a martyr, because, says the Roman Martyrology, he suffered many things during the persecution of Maximian (before he was bishop of Rome).
   This holy pope saw a door opened by the peace of the Church to the conversion of many, and rejoiced at the triumph of the cross of Christ. But with worldly prosperity a worldly spirit too often broke into the sanctuary itself; insomuch that there was sometimes reason to complain with Isaias, “Thou hast multiplied the nation, and hast not increased the joy”.
   Under the pressure of persecution the true spirit of religion was maintained in many during the first ages; yet, amidst the most holy examples and under the influence of strong motives and helps, sin corrupted the hearts of some, who by abuse of grace became abandoned to wickedness. With temporal honours and security love of the world gained the hearts of many more, and they were by ignorance persuaded that they could serve both God and mammon.
Though material goods and prosperity are a blessing, they are also a danger.
There is a short account of Pope Miltiades in the Liber Pontificalis, but it tells us little that is trustworthy. A letter of the Emperor Constantine to the pope as well as two other letters connected with the trouble of Bishop Caecilian are preserved by Eusebius, Eccles. Hist. bk x, ch. 5. But the beginnings of the Donatist schism belong rather to general church history. It may suffice here to recommend the treatment of the subject by J. R. Palanque in vol. iii of the Histoire de l’Eglise, ed. Fliche et Martin. St Miltiades’ true date is January 10: cf. CMH., pp. 34 and 428. On the pope’s alleged burial place in the cemetery of Callistus, see Leclercq in DAC., vol. xi, cc. 1199—1203; and on the Roman synod, E. Caspar in the Zeitschrift für Kirchengeschichte, vol. xlvi (1927), pp. 333—346. For the Constantinian problems see N. H. Baynes, Constantine the Great and the Christian Church (1929).  
362 St. Gemellus Martyr Ancyra Turkey; priest baptized him and when emerged from water his wounds were all healed
Ancyræ, in Galátia, sancti Gemélli Mártyris, qui, post dira torménta, sub Juliáno Apóstata, crucis supplício martyrium consummávit.
    At Ancyra in Galatia, St. Gemellus, martyr, who, after severe torments, fulfilled his martyrdom by being crucified in the time of Julian the Apostate.
Gemellus was crucified in the reign of Emperor Julian the Apostate.
The Holy Martyr Gemellus of Paphlagonia was subjected to cruel tortures for his staunch denunciation of the emperor Juilan the Apostate (361-363) in the city of Ancyra (Galatia). A red-hot iron belt was placed around his waist. Then he was ordered to accompany the impious Julian on his journey. When they reached Edessa in Mesopotamia, he was stretched out on the ground and his limbs were pierced with wooden stakes. Then he was hung on a post and mutilated.

Enduring the tortures, the saint continued to revile the emperor. After being subjected to even more horrible torments, they let him go. He was still able to walk and speak, so he went on his way until he met a priest. He entreated the priest to baptize him, and when he emerged from the water, his wounds were all healed.

Hearing of this miracle, Julian ordered that St Gemellus be crucified. The victorious athlete of Christ gave up his soul to God, and his body was secretly taken down and buried by Christians.

700 St. Deusdedit Bishop of Brescia.
Bríxiæ sancti Deúsdedit Epíscopi.    At Brescia, St. Deusdedit, bishop.
Italy; an avid foe of the Monothelite heresy, popular in some areas at that time.
720 St. Thomas of Farfa Benedictine abbot native of Savoy.
France, he entered the Benedictines and embarked upon a pilgrimage to the Holy Land. Upon his return, he embraced the life of a hermit, living near Farfa, Italy. Thomas is also credited with restoring Farfa Abbey.
741 Pope Saint Gregory III ( 731-741) protected images of Jesus Mary & the saints
Romæ beáti Gregórii Papæ Tértii, qui sanctitáte meritísque præclárus migrávit in cælum.
    At Rome, Pope St. Gregory III, who departed for heaven renowned for his sanctity and good works.
He was just standing there, not doing anything special. As a Syrian priest he must have felt a little out of place among the Roman people mourning that day for the dead Pope. As a good preacher, he must have wanted to speak to the funeral procession about Christ's promise of resurrection. As a learned man, he must have wondered who would follow the holy Saint Gregory II as Pope and where he would take the Church. As a holy man, he must have been praying for Gregory II and for all the people around him to find their place after death in God's arms. But he was just one of the crowd.
Not to God. And not to the people who recognized the well-known holy man in their midst. Right in the middle of the funeral procession they singled him out. They swept him away and clamored for him to be named the next bishop of Rome. Then suddenly, unexpectedly, without his even lifting a finger, his whole life changed and he could no longer just stand there and do nothing.

After he was proclaimed Pope Gregory III, Emperor Leo II attacked the veneration of holy images.
   Because Leo II thought the honor paid to Jesus, Mary, and the saints by keeping statues and icons was idolatry, he condemned them and wanted them destroyed. Gregory III didn't just stand there but immediately sent a letter to Leo II. He couldn't get the letter through because the priest-messenger was afraid to deliver it. So instead, Gregory called a synod that approved strong measures against anyone who would try to destroy images of Jesus, Mary, or the saints.

Gregory took his stand and Leo II apparently thought the only way to move him was through physical force. So Leo sent ships to kidnap Gregory and bring him to Constantinople. Many people in Rome must have tried to get Gregory to move -- but he just stood there.  Once again God intervened. A storm destroyed Leo's ships. The only thing Leo could do was capture some of the papal lands.  So Leo got a few acres of land and we kept our wonderful reminders of the love of God, the protection of Jesus, the prayers of Mary, and the examples of the saints. All because Gregory knew when to take a stand -- and when to stand there and let God work.  Gregory III was Pope from 731-741.
In His Footsteps: Where in your life do you need to take a stand? Take a stand: The next time you here someone say something that indicates religious, racial, gender, or any other kind of prejudice, take a stand and make it clear that such prejudice is not tolerated by God or God's people.
Prayer: Saint Gregory III, it's hard to stand still and wait for God to do his work. Sometimes I doubt God's providence. I'm afraid that God's plan won't work out unless I push it along. Help me, when I'm confused, to stop, pray, and wait for God. Amen

AMONG the clergy at the funeral of Pope St Gregory II, in the year 731, there was a priest of Syrian nationality who was so well known for his holiness, learning and ability that the people spontaneously carried him off from the procession and elected him by acclamation to the vacant see; he accordingly became pope as Gregory III.
   He inherited from his predecessor the problem of dealing with the Emperor Leo III the Isaurian, who had begun a campaign against veneration of holy images. One of Gregory’s first acts was to send a letter of protest. But the bearer, George, a priest, got frightened and returned to Rome without delivering it, to the indignation of the pope, who threatened to degrade him. So George set out again, but was seized by the imperial officers in Sicily and banished. Thereupon Gregory summoned a synod at Rome, wherein bishops, lower clergy and lay-people approved the excommunication of any who should condemn the veneration of images or destroy them.

   Leo retorted as some of his predecessors had done in similar circumstances: he sent ships to bring Gregory to Constantinople; but they were lost in a storm, so the emperor contented himself with seizing the papal estates in Calabria and Sicily and recognizing the jurisdiction of the patriarch of Constantinople over eastern Illyricum.
   After this inauspicious beginning of his pontificate there was a period of peace, during which St Gregory rebuilt and decorated a number of churches; in particular he set up a row of pillars before the confessio of St Peter, with images of our Lord and the saints thereon and lamps burning around them, a mute but solid protest against Iconoclasm.
 He sent the pallium to St Boniface in Germany, and when the English missionary made his third visit to Rome, in 738, Gregory wrote an appeal to the “Old Saxons”: the letter consisted chiefly of quotations from the Bible, which perhaps were not very meaningful to its heathen recipients.

   It was pope Gregory III who sent the English monk St Willibald to help Boniface.
Towards the end of St Gregory’s life Lombards again threatened Rome. The pope sent a famous appeal for help to Charles Martel and the Franks of the West, rather than to the emperor in the East, but it was long before they could be induced to act. To the bishops of Tuscany Gregory wrote urging them to work for the recovery of four cities captured by the Lombards: if they did not, “I myself, ill as I am, will make the journey, and save you from the responsibility of being unfaithful to your duty”. Then, on October 22, 741, Charles Martel died, and a few weeks later, on December 10, St Gregory III followed him to the grave. “He was”, says the Liber Pontificalis, “a man of deep humility and true wisdom. He had a good knowledge of the Sacred Scriptures and their meaning, and knew the psalms by heart. He was a polished and successful preacher, skilled in both Latin and Greek, and a stout upholder of the Catholic faith; a lover of poverty and the poor, a protector of the widowed and the orphaned, a friend to monks and nuns.”

There is nothing that can be called an early biography of St Gregory III; the account in the Liber Pontificalis is meagre. What we know of him is gathered from the chroniclers and from the remnants of his correspondence. See Mann, History of the Popes, vol. i, Pt 2, pp. 204—224, and Hartmann, Geschichte Italiens im Mittelalter, vol. ii Pt 2, pp. 169 seq.  
Pope Gregory III (RM)The son of a Syrian named John, he became a priest in Rome, and his reputation for learning and holiness was so great that he was acclaimed pope on February 11, 731, while accompanying the funeral cortege of his predecessor, Saint Gregory II.
He continued Gregory II's opposition to iconoclasm and convoked two synods in Rome in 731, which condemned the heresy. In response, Emperor Leo the Iconoclast seized papal patrimonies in Calabria and Sicily and transferred ecclesiastical jurisdiction of those two provinces and Illyrium to the patriarch of Constantinople.
   Gregory supported the missionary activities of Saint Boniface in Germany and sent Saint Willibald to assist him. Gregory completed rebuilding the walls around Rome begun by Gregory II and sought the assistance of Charles Martel against the attacks of Liutprand and his Lombards on the exarchate of Ravenna, the dukes of Spoleto and Benevento, and the duchy of Rome rather than from the Eastern Emperor, an appeal that was to have far-reaching historical implications for the meddling of the state in Church affairs, and by establishing a connection with the Franks. In the midst of this turmoil, Gregory died (Benedictines, Delaney).
739 St. Lucerius Benedictine abbot successor of St. Thomas of Maurienne.
France. He was young when he joined the Benedictines at Farfa, Italy.

765 St. Guitmarus 4th Benedictine abbot of Saint Riquier Abbey France.
844 St. Hildemar Benedictine bishop Beauvais.
France, consecrated in 821. He had served as a monk at Corbie.

900 Saint Thomas Dephourkinos The Lord glorified him with the gift of healing and prophecy.
Born in Bithynia. From his youth he was fond of monastic life and entered one of the area monasteries. Later in life, when the Byzantine official Galoliktos had founded a monastery at the River Sagarisa, St Thomas was already an experienced monk, and the brethren chose him as head of the new monastery.

From there St Thomas withdrew into the wilderness, where for a long time he labored in solitude. The monk overcame many snares of the devil in the wilderness. The Lord glorified him with the gift of healing and prophecy.

Once, the emperor Leo the Wise (886-911) came to the monastery to St Thomas for advice. Not finding the monk at the monastery, the emperor sent his messenger with a letter for him. And just as the messenger arrived at the the Elder's hut, the saint carried out to him a sealed answer, resolving the emperor's question. It is not known when St Thomas reposed.

1156 St. Florentius of Carracedo Benedictine abbot Cistercian rule.
esteemed by King Aiphonsus VII of Leon and Castile, Spain.  The abbey adopted the Cistercian rule after Florentius’ death.

1169 The Novgorod Icon of the Mother of God.
Written by St Peter, Metropolitan of Moscow (December 21), during his stay as igumen of a monastery on the River Rata at the boundary of the Malyi Dvorets. During a time of persecution, the Uniates plundered the Novgorod monastery, and the icon was transferred by the hieromonk James to the Eletsk Chernigov monastery.
Bishop Anthony (Stakovsky) of Chernigov later blessed Simeon, the organizer of the Surozh monastery (Chernigov diocese) with this icon. On August 14, 1677, during a church procession from the old church to a new one, the icon manifested miraculous signs.
This is one of the oldest miracle-working icons in Russia. The Novgorod version of the icon became famous in 1169 when Prince Andrei Bogolyubsky of Suzdal sent a joint army of warriors from various lands, headed by his son Mstislav on a campaign against Novgorod. The city was surrounded in February. On the fourth day of the siege a bloody battle began. The Novgorodians, not relying on their own resources, appealed to God and the Most Holy Virgin Mary for Their protection. Archbishop Ilia, who was praying to God in the cathedral church, suddenly heard a voice which demanded thai an icon of the Most Holy Mother of God should be taken from the Church of the Savior in Ilyin Streel and mounted on the city wall. The men sent for the icon, however, could not move it even a little. It was only after divine service was conducted by the Archbishop himself that they could take the icon and put it on the wall of the city. During the siege an arrow hit the icon and tears began to flow from the eyes of the Most Holy Theotokos. This was interpreted as a sign that the Mother of God tearfully requested the Savior to deliver the city from the enemy. At that very instant the enemy warriors were struck with blindness. Full of terror, they began to slay one another and soon afterwards they were defeated by the Novgorodians. The marginal scenes on this copy depict the battle of the Novgorodians against the warriors of Suzdal. The feast day in honor of this icon was instituted by Archbishop Ilia two days after the defeat of the Suzdal warriors, on November 27/December 10.
1287 Bl. Peter Tecelano Franciscan mystic miracles at his tomb
A native of Campi, Tuscany, Italy, he was trained as a comb maker at Siena. After the death of his wife he entered the Franciscans as a tertiary and served as nurse to the sick in a Franciscan hospital. He also toiled making combs. In his lifetime, he was reputed to be a deeply mystical and holy individual and was credited with miracles. He was beatified in 1802, in part because of miracles reported as occurring at his tomb.

Saint_Angelina wife of John
15th v. Saint John of Serbia incorrupt relics his parents Saint Stephen glorified by many miracles & St Angelina
The life of the Serbian ruler Stephen Brankovich and his family was filled with instability and misfortune.
 After Serbia was seized in 1457 by the Turks, the then Serbian ruler's middle son, Stephen (October 9), distinguished by a meek disposition and fine knowledge of Holy Scripture, went to the capital of Turkey after his sister had been given to Sultan Murat in marriage. Learning that the Turks had burned the Mileshevsk monastery with fanatic cruelty, St Stephen rose up to defend Serbia from oppression.

When he married Angelina (July 30), the daughter of the Prince of Albania, the Turks threatened St Stephen and his family with punishment. With his wife and three children he was forced to hide first in Albania, and then in Italy, where he died.

St Angelina transferred the incorrupt relics of her spouse to Kupinovo. At the end of the fifteenth century a son of the Righteous Stephen and Angelina, St John, became ruler of Serbia. The incorrupt relics of St John and his parents were afterwards glorified by many miracles.
1591 St. Polydore Plasden 1/40 Martyrs of England  b. 1563
A native of London, he studied for the priesthood at Reims and Rome and was ordained in 1586. Sent to England soon after, he worked for the reconversion of the island until his arrest by English authorities. He was taken prisoner with St. Edmund Genings. Polydore was hanged, drawn, and quartered at Tybum. Beatified in 1929, canonized in 1970 by Pope Paul VI as one of the Forty Martyrs.

1591 Bl. John Mason  England Martyr layman arrested for harboring St. Edmund Gennings priest
He was martyred at Tyburn by being hanged, drawn, and quartered with Sts. Edmund Gennings and palydore plasden. and With Blessed Sidney Hodgson. pope Pius Xl beatified him in 1929.

1591 St. Edmund Genings 1/40 Martyrs of England /Wales
ON October 18, 1591, a royal proclamation led to the stricter enforcement of the laws against Catholics in England, the first fruits of which were seven martyrdoms in London on the following December 10. The principal priest concerned was BD EDMUND GENINGS, who had been born at Lichfield in 1567 and brought up a Protestant.
   As a boy he was of a serious turn of mind, much given, as his brother tells us, to stargazing, both literally and figuratively. At the age of sixteen he became page to a Catholic gentleman and was soon reconciled to the Church, whereupon he went to the college at Rheims. It looked as if ill-health would forestall his desires, but he made a marvellous recovery and by dispensation was ordained at the, age of twenty-three. Mr Genings was a confessor of the faith before he ever left France, for on their way to the court, in April 1590, he and his companions were robbed and imprisoned for three days by Huguenots. They made a dangerous landing near Whitby, and Genings made his way home, only to find all his family dead except his brother John, who was in London. He looked for him during a month, and had determined to leave town the following day, when he met him on Ludgate Hill.
   John was not particularly pleased to see Edmund, whom he strongly suspected of being a priest, and warned him that if he were he would bring death upon himself and discredit on his friends. Edmund accordingly decided that it was not opportune then to attempt his brother’s conversion, and departed into the country. *{* John Genings himself confesses that he “rather rejoiced than any way bewailed the untimely and bloody end of his nearest kinsman, hoping thereby to be rid of all persuasions, which he mistrusted he should receive from him touching the Catholic religion”.}
   But ten days after the martyrdom he underwent a sudden and very remarkable change of heart and mind, as results of which he became a Catholic, a friar minor, and the minister of the English Franciscan province. Fr John Genings at Brussels in 1659—25, founded the convent of English tertiary sisters formerly at Taunton.
   He was back in London in the autumn of 1591, and offered Mass at a house in Gray’s Inn Lane, the residence of BD SWITHIN WELLS.
  Mr Wells was the sixth son of Thomas Wells, a gentleman of Brambridge, near Winchester, and until middle age seems to have led a peaceful country life, varied by travelling abroad and periods of service in noble houses. “He was a witty man skilled in divers languages...something given to honest and innocent diversions, yet always devout in prayer...”
    For six years he gave himself “to a more profitable employment of training up young gentlemen in virtue and learning”, in other words, he kept a boys’ school at Monkton Farleigh in Wiltshire, and eventually came with his wife Margaret to live in London in 1585.
   He was in prison on account of his religion at least twice during the next six years, and several times examined. On the morning of November 8, 1591, Mr Genings celebrated Mass in his house with a small congregation, and during the celebration Topcliffe the priest-catcher arrived with his officers. The men kept them at bay by force and cajolery until Mass was finished, and then Bd Edmund was seized, together with BB. POLYDORE PLASDEN, also a priest, JOHN MASON and SIDNEY HODGSON, laymen, Mrs Wells and others. Mr Wells was not present but was arrested shortly after.
At their trial Edmund Genings and Polydore Plasden were found guilty of being priests coming in to the realm, Wells of harbouring them, and Mrs Wells, Mason and Hodgson of relieving them, contrary to 27 Eliz. C. 2, and sentenced to death. *{* Mrs Wells was reprieved and died in prison eleven years later. Her cause is postponed for further evidence.}
 Bd Edmund was hanged, drawn and quartered, and Bd Swithin hanged, in Gray’s Inn Fields, hard by the Wells’s house. On the way thither from Newgate Swithin shouted to someone in the crowd, “Farewell, old friend! Farewell all hawking and hunting and old pastimes—I am now going a better way!”
  Edmund was still fully conscious when the butchery began and cried out in his agony, to whom his companion responded, “Alas, sweet soul! your pain is great, but it is almost past. Pray for me now, good saint, that mine may come.”
   The hangmen and others reported that he invoked St Gregory when his heart and viscera were out of his body. Swithin complained of their keeping him, an old man, standing about in his shirt on a cold day while the noose was arranged, and said to the hangman, “I pray God make of you, a Saul, a Paul”. When Topcliffe said to him, “See what your priests have brought you to, Mr Wells”, he replied, “I am happy and thank God to have been allowed to have so many and such saint-like priests under my roof”.
   The other three, BB. Polydore, John and Sidney, were executed on the same day, December 10, at Tyburn. With them suffered BD EUSTACE WHITE and BD BRIAN LACEY.

Lacey, a Yorkshire gentleman was a cousin and assistant of the Ven. Montford Scott and after torture was condemned to be hanged for aiding and abetting this priest. Bd Brian’s own brother had informed against them. Eustace White came from Louth, and was a priest ordained in Rome. His parents were Protestants and at his conversion his father had deliberately cursed him. He laboured on the mission in the west of England for three years, until a lawyer with whom he had talked too freely of religion betrayed him at Blandford. During his detention in Blandford he made so strong an impression on the local Protestants that it was openly advocated that a petition should be sent to the queen for his release. He was, however, taken to London and treated with extreme barbarity in Bridewell:  left closely chained for over six weeks, insufficiently fed, and tortured by Topcliffe seven times, all in a vain hope of making him divulge the names of those who had helped him or in whose houses he had celebrated Mass. He was condemned for his priesthood, and the brutal details of his martyrdom at Tyburn reproduce those of Bd Edmund Genings elsewhere on the same day, whereas his fellow priest, Bd Polydore Plasden, was allowed to hang till he was dead.
A life of Edmund Genings, alias Ironmonger, was written by his brother John Genings and printed at St Omers in 1614. Further sources throwing light upon all this group of martyrs will be found in the publications of the Catholic Record Society, vol. v (1908); see especially pp. 204 seq., 131 seq. and passim. Consult also the full account in MMP., pp. 169—185; B. Camm, Tyburn and the English Martyrs (1904), pp. 60—72; and J. H. Pollen, Acts of English Martyrs, pp. 98—127.

Born in Lichfield, England, he converted to the faith. He was ordained a priest at Reims, France, in 1590. The following years, after working in England, he was martyred at Gray’s Inn Fields in London.
1610 Bl. Thomas Somers And John Roberts English martyrs
1610 Bb. John Roberts And Thomas Somers, Martyrs
Some miles north by west of the Merionethshire town of Dolgelley, at the top of the valley between the Rhinogs and the Arenigs, lays the village of Trawsfynydd, near which John Roberts was born in 1577.  His family and the exact place of his birth are uncertain, but he seems to have been of ancient stock on both sides, and he is one of the most distinguished figures among the hundred and thirty-six martyrs declared blessed by Pope Pius XI on December 15, 1929.

   He received his early education from an aged priest and, though brought up nominally a Protestant, he was, as he himself said, always a Catholic at heart. When he was nineteen he went to St John’s College at Oxford, where William Laud was still in residence, and Roberts shared the rooms of John Jones, Lianfrynach, afterwards well known as Father Leander-of-St-Martin, O.S.B.

   He did not finish his course at Oxford, but in 1598 entered as student of law at Furnivall’s Inn. He did not stay there long, for early in the same year he went abroad. The only object of his journey was “amusement and recreation”, but in June he was formally reconciled with the Church at Notre-Dame in Paris by Canon Louis Godebert. He at once betook himself to the English College at Valladolid, where he was admitted on October 18 “on account of his burning desire to become a worker in the vineyard of the Lord”.

   In 1599 John Roberts followed the example of Augustine (John) Bradshaw and, in the face of many difficulties caused by the authorities at the college, received the Benedictine habit at the royal monastery of San Benito at Valladolid. His old friend John Jones soon joined him, and they were professed, together with six others from the English College, before the end of the following year at the monastery of St Martin at Compostela, Roberts being known in religion as Brother John of Merioneth (Meirion; de Mervinia).

It seemed at the time that the young Welshmen and Englishmen who took this step endangered their call to be missionaries in their own land, for the Spanish Benedictines were bound by perpetual enclosure. But they were justified in listening first to the call of the traditional cloister by subsequent events.

   On February 27, 1601, Bd Mark Barkworth, who had been the originator and leader of the Benedictine movement among the English students at Valladolid, was martyred at Tyburn. Thereupon petitions were presented to the Holy See that the English monks might be free to go on the mission, and on December 5, 1602, Pope Clement VIII granted this faculty to those of both the Valladolid and Cas­sinese congregations.

   Twenty-one days later, on the feast of St Stephen the First Martyr, Father John Roberts set out accompanied by Father Augustine Bradshaw. “Roberts”, says another Welshman, Lewis Owen, a spy from Father John’s own neighbourhood and his inveterate enemy, “was the first that had his mission from the pope and his own Spanish prelate to go for England, which made him not a little proud that he should be a second Augustine monk, to convert and reconcile his countrymen to the Roman Antichrist.”

   It took the two monks three months to reach London, and although, unlike their predecessors in 1597, they came dis­guised in plumed hats, doublets and swords, they were soon arrested and deported. 

On the testimony of Lewis Owen, Father John did not “neglect his Lord and Master’s business, but bestirred himself night and day in negotiating His affairs”. The history of his apostolate is a record of repeated arrest, imprisonment, release and exile; nevertheless the contemporary Dom Bucelin in his Benedictus Redivivus says that: “Amid all the religious who have worked in that island this man may almost be reckoned the chief, both as regards labour and fruitfulness of preaching.”

   In a few weeks he was back in London, succouring victims of an epidemic so devastating that over 30,000 died during its first and worst year:  all early writers who refer to John Roberts mention his conduct at this time with especial admiration, and he made many converts.

    In spring of 1604 he was arrested at some port in the south when about to embark to attend a general chapter of his congregation, accompanied by four postulants. His captors, however, failed to identify him as a priest, and he was released to continue his labours until, during the round-up of Catholics on the day of Gunpowder Plot, November 5, 1605, he was taken at the house of Mr Knight, a scrivener, in Holborn by Chancery Lane, and was committed to the Gatehouse prison at Westminster, within the precincts of the abbey. Here he was kept for eight months and then, at the intervention of the ambassador of France, released and banished.

   This time Father John remained abroad for over a year, during which time lie took a principal part in the foundation, with Father Augustine Bradshaw, of a monastery for English monks of the Valladolid congregation at Douay; this became the headquarters of the wonderfully preserved English congregation, and is now St Gregory’s Abbey at Downside.

   He returned to England and was arrested for the fourth time at the end of 1607. After an examination at which he refused to take the oath of allegiance in a condensed form (3 Jas. I, cc. 4, 5), Father John escaped from prison, and was at large but in great secrecy till May 1609, when he was first in the Gatehouse, and then Newgate.

   Again the French ambassador came to the rescue and again John was banished. He went to Spain and then to St Gregory’s, Douay, and on a renewed outbreak of plague came back to England for the last time early in 1610. Some Benedictine, perhaps he, was arrested and escaped in July; but on December 2 he was certainly seized for the last time. It was the first Sunday of Advent, and he was just ending Mass, probably in Mrs Scott’s house, when the officers broke in and carried him off, still in his vestments, to Newgate.

Father John Roberts was arraigned, together with Bd Thomas Somers (alias Wilson), a secular priest from Westmorland, before Coke, L.C.J., George Abbot, Bishop of London, and others, charged with their priesthood under 27 Eliz. c. 2. They again refused the oath, and Father John admitted under examination that he was a priest and a monk who had come into the country “to work for the salvation of souls, and would continue to do were I to live longer”. Abbot called him a disturber and seducer of the people, to which Father John replied that if he were so “then were our ancestors deceived by blessed St Augustine, the apostle of the English, who was sent here by the pope of Rome, St Gregory the Great…I am sent here by the same Apostolic See that sent him before me.” When ordered to be silent, he exclaimed, “I must speak, as my mission is from Heaven. St Matthew says in chapter 28: ‘Go ye and teach all nations, baptizing them and teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you.’ Your ministers do not do this, because they do not fulfil in their lives and actions the command of Christ. They do not administer the sacrament of penance or of extreme unction. I do. And withal I teach obedience to princes as a matter of  conscience, against the false doctrine of Luther and his companions. All this I can prove to you.” He rebuked the bishop for sitting with civil judges in the trial of a capital cause, and appealed to the bench to decide the case themselves lest the jury, simple and ignorant men unable to distinguish between a priest as such and a man as a traitor, should incur blood-guiltiness. The appeal was disregarded, the jury found both prisoners guilty, and they were condemned to death.

The next day the Spanish lady Luisa de Carvajal bribed the jailer of Newgate to transfer the two priests from the condemned cell to the company of other Catholic prisoners, and in the evening was enacted a remarkable scene.

   Twenty confessors of the faith sat down together for supper: at the head of the table was Doña Luisa, to her right and left Father Roberts and Mr Somers. Both martyrs were joyous, and the monk had a scruple of conscience. “Do you not think”, he asked his hostess, “that I may be causing disedification by my great glee Had I not better withdraw and give myself to prayer?” “No, certainly not,” she answered. “You cannot be better employed than in letting them all see with what cheerful courage you are about to die for Christ.”

Before the party broke up Doña Luisa washed the feet of the martyrs, an act of homage which greatly angered the king (James I) when it was reported to him. The next morning they were handed over to the sheriff of Middlesex, drawn on hurdles to Tyburn, and there hanged with sixteen common felons. They were allowed to hang till they were dead, owing to the sympathy and threatening attitude of the crowd. Their heads were then displayed on London Bridge and their bodies buried at Tyburn, from whence they were in great part recovered by Bd Maurus Scott and Doña Luisa.

   Some relics of Bd Thomas Somers are now at Downside, but the rest have disappeared in revolutionary upheavals. Bd John Roberts was only thirty-three years old, and “the first who out of a monastery, after the suppression of monas­teries in England, attacked the gate of Hell and provoked the prince of darkness in his usurped kingdom, which he overcame like his great Master, the prince of martyrs, by losing his life in the conflict.”

A full biography of John Roberts was published by Dom Bede Camm in 1897 and this embodies an exhaustive account of the sources. Challoner’s narrative (MMP., pp. 317-323) is naturally less complete. On certain subsidiary questions raised in the life consult The Month, December 1897, pp. 581-600; October 1898, pp. 364—377; October 1899, pp. 233—245; and November, pp. 348—365. See also T. P. Ellis, Catholic Martyrs of Wales (1933), pp. 79—91, and Welsh Benedictines of the Terror (1936), pp. 43—54, 76—104 and passim; and cf. B. Camm, Nine Martyr Monks (1931). For Somers, see MMP., pp. 321—323; and for the relics of both martyrs, B. Camm, Forgotten Shrines (1910), pp. 355—356, 373, 378.

Born in Westmoreland, England, he worked for a time as a schoolmaster. Leaving England, he went to Douai, France, where he studied for the priesthood and received ordination before returning home under the alias of Wison to assist the Catholic cause in London. Arrested for being a priest, he was hanged, drawn, and quartered at Tyburn with Blessed John Roberts.
1616 Bl. Sebastian Montanol Spanish Dominican missionary possible martyr
He was sent to Mexico from Spain and there worked among the Indians in Zacateca until his murder. He was apparently killed by local Indians for castigating some natives for treating the Eucharist with disrespect, although he has never been officially declared a martyr.

1754 Saint Joasaph Archimandrite several times St Athanasius appeared to Igumen Joasaph as a sign of his patronal protection
Born at Proluka, in the former Poltava governance, on September 8, 1705, the Feast of the Nativity of the Most Holy Theotokos. He was descended from the old and venerable Little Russian (Ukrainian) lineage of the Gorlenkovi. At Baptism he was named Joachim.

In 1712, his father enrolled the seven-year-old Joachim in the Kiev Spiritual Academy. Within the walls of the academy he felt attracted to monastic life. For seven years he studied it further, and finally revealed his intention to his parents.

For a long time his mother and father pleaded with their first-born son not to accept monastic tonsure. But in 1725, unknown to them, he became a "rasophore" ("robe-wearing novice") with the name Hilarion at the Kiev Mezhigorsk monastery, and on 21 November 1727 he was tonsured in the mantya with the name Joasaph at the Kievo-Bratsk monastery. This event co-incided with the completion of his studies at the spiritual academy.

After the death of His Grace Barlaam, the See of Kiev was governed by Archbishop Raphael Zaborovsky. Archbishop Raphael noticed the abilities of the young ascetic and assigned him to greater service to the Church. He was entrusted with the responsibility of the office of examiner of the Kiev archbishopric.

In November 1734, Archbishop Raphael ordained the hierodeacon Joasaph as hieromonk, and he was transferred from the Bratsk monastery school to the Kiev-Sophia archbishop's house. At the same time, he was appointed a member of the Kiev religious consistory.

In fulfilling the office of examiner, he exerted much effort towards the correction of moral deficiencies among the parish clergy. The saint's service in the consistory office enabled him to develop his administrative abilities. During this time, he made a good study of the needs of clergy-servers, noting both the good points and the failings of the diocese. His talent for administration was combined with his great spiritual effort. He quickly ascended the ladder of spiritual perfection, which can be seen in his work, "The Conflict of the Seven Venerable Virtues with the Seven Deadly Sins."

On June 24, 1737 Hieromonk Joasaph was appointed head of the Holy Transfiguration Mgarsk monastery, and elevated to the rank of igumen. Here he worked with all his strength to put the monastery in good order, for it was an old bastion of Orthodoxy in the struggle with the Unia. In this monastery were relics of St Athanasius, Patriarch of Constantinople and Wonderworker of Lubny (May 2). Several times St Athanasius appeared to Igumen Joasaph, as a sign of his patronal protection.

In 1744 Metropolitan Raphael elevated Igumen Joasaph to the dignity of archimandrite. Towards the end of that same year he was called to Moscow and soon, at the direction of the Most Holy Synod, he was appointed vicar of the Holy Trinity Sergiev Lavra monastery. At this monastery of St Sergius he also unstintingly fulfilled obedience to the Church (this year required much exertion for the rebuilding of the monastery after a fire).

On June 2, 1748 at the Peter and Paul cathedral in Peterburg, Archimandrite Joasaph was ordained Bishop of Belgorod. Ascending the archbishop's throne, St Joasaph strictly concerned himself with piety and the condition of the churches, with the proper celebration of divine services, and especially with the moral condition of his flock.

The saint devoted great attention to the education of the clergy, and the correct observance of churchly norms and traditions. Just as before, the saint worked with all his strength in his archpastoral service, without regard for his health.

On the eve of his repose, the saint forbade his cell attendant Stephen to aspire to the priesthood, and he predicted that if he did not obey him, he would meet with an untimely end. To another cell attendant Basil, the saint indicated that he would be a deacon, but would never become a priest. Later, this prediction was fulfilled. St Joasaph died on December 10, 1754, and was glorified on September 4, 1911.
1838 St. Peter Duong  Vietnamese martyr native.
Peter served as a catechist and, with Peter Truat, was martyred by anti-Christian forces.
1865 Blessed Father Adolph Kolping the Kolping Society, it emphasizes the sanctification of family life and the dignity of labor
The rise of the factory system in 19th-century Germany brought many single men into cities where they faced new challenges to their faith. Father Adolph Kolping began a ministry to them, hoping that they would not be lost to the Catholic faith as was happening to workers elsewhere in industrialized Europe.

1813 in the village of Kerpen, Adolph became a shoemaker at an early age because of his family’s economic situation. Ordained in 1845, he ministered to young workers in Cologne, establishing a choir, which by 1849 had grown into the Young Workmen’s Society. A branch of this began in St. Louis, Missouri, in 1856. Nine years later there were over 400 Gesellenvereine (workman’s societies) around the world. Today this group has over 400,000 members in 54 countries across the globe.

More commonly called the Kolping Society, it emphasizes the sanctification of family life and the dignity of labor. Father Kolping worked to improve conditions for workers and greatly assisted those in need. He and St. John Bosco in Turin had similar interests in working with young men in big cities. He told his followers, “The needs of the times will teach you what to do.

”Father Kolping once said, “The first thing that a person finds in life and the last to which he holds out his hand, and the most precious that he possess, even if he does not realize it, is family life.”

He and Blessed John Duns Scotus are buried in Cologne’s Minoritenkirche, served by the Conventual Franciscans. The Kolping Society’s international headquarters is at this church.

Kolping members journeyed to Rome from Europe, America, Africa, Asia and Oceania for Father Kolping’s beatification in 1991, the 100th anniversary of Pope Leo XIII’s revolutionary encyclical Rerum Novarum (On the Social Order). Father Kolping’s personal witness and apostolate helped prepare for that encyclical.

Comment:  Some people thought that Father Kolping was wasting his time and talents on young working men in industrialized cities. In some countries, the Catholic Church was seen by many workers as the ally of owners and the enemy of workers.
Men like Adolph Kolping showed that was not true.

Quote: “Adolph Kolping gathered skilled workers and factory laborers together. Thus he overcame their isolation and defeatism. A faith society gave them the strength to go out into their everyday lives as Christ’s witnesses before God and the world.
To come together, to become strengthened in the assembly, and thus to scatter again is and still remains our duty today.
We are not Christians for ourselves alone, but always for others too” (Pope John Paul II, beatification homily).

Viénnæ, in Gállia, sancti Sindúlphi, Epíscopi et Confessóris.
    At Vienne in France, St. Sindulph, bishop and confessor.

 Saturday  Saints of this Day December  10 Quarto Idus Decémbris  

Pope Francis  PRAYER INTENTIONS FOR  December 2016
Universal: End to Child-Soldiers.
That the scandal of child-soldiers may be eliminated the world over.
Evangelization: Europe  That the peoples of Europe may rediscover the beauty, goodness, and
truth of the Gospel which gives joy and hope to life.

God Bless Mother Angelica 1923-2016

On Death and Life
"Man Needs Eternity -- and Every Other Hope, for Him, Is All Too Brief"
Пресвятая Богородице спаси нас!    (Santíssima Mãe de Deus, salva-nos!)
We are the defenders of true freedom.
  May our witness unveil the deception of the "pro-choice" slogan.
40 days for Life Campaign saves lives Shawn Carney Campaign Director
Please help save the unborn they are the future for the world

It is a great poverty that a child must die so that you may live as you wish -- Mother Teresa
 Saving babies, healing moms and dads, 'The Gospel of Life'

"Man Needs Eternity -- and Every Other Hope, for Him, Is All Too Brief"
It Makes No Sense Not To Believe In GOD 
Every Christian must be a living book
wherein one can read the teaching of the gospel

Jesus brings us many Blessings
The more we pray, the more we wish to pray. Like a fish which at first swims on the surface of the water, and afterwards plunges down, and is always going deeper; the soul plunges, dives, and loses itself in the sweetness of conversing with God. -- St. John Vianney

  Month by Month of Saintly Dedications

The Rosary html Mary Mother of GOD -- Her Rosary Here
Mary Mother of GOD Mary's Divine Motherhood: FEASTS OF OUR LADY
     of the Virgin Mary to those who recite the Rosary

May 9 – Our Lady of the Wood (Italy, 1607) 
Months of Dedication
January is the month of the Holy Name of Jesus since 1902;
March is the month of Saint Joseph since 1855;
May, the month of Mary, is the oldest and most well-known Marian month, officially since 1724;
June is the month of the Sacred Heart since 1873;
July is the month of the Precious Blood since 1850;
August is the month of the Immaculate Heart of Mary;
September is the month of Our Lady of Sorrows since 1857;
October is the month of the Rosary since 1868;
November is the month of the Holy Souls in Purgatory since 1888;
December is the month of the Immaculate Conception.

In all, five months of the year are dedicated to Mary.
The idea of dedicating months came from Rome and promotion of the month of Mary owes much to the Jesuits.

Pray that the witness of 40 Days for Life bears abundant fruit, and that we begin again each day to storm the gates of hell until God welcomes us into the gates of heaven.

If you seek patience, you will find no better example than the cross. Great patience occurs in two ways:
either when one patiently suffers much, or when one suffers things which one is able to avoid and yet does not avoid.
Christ endured much on the cross, and did so patiently, because when he suffered he did not threaten;
he was led like a sheep to the slaughter and he did not open his mouth.-- St. Thomas Aquinas

  We begin our day by seeing Christ in the consecrated bread, and throughout the day we continue to see Him in the torn bodies of our poor. We pray, that is, through our work, performing it with Jesus, for Jesus and upon Jesus.
The poor are our prayer. They carry God in them. Prayer means praying everything, praying the work.
We meet the Lord who hungers and thirsts, in the poor.....and the poor could be you or I or any person kind enough to show us his or her love and to come to our place.
Because we cannot see Christ, we cannot express our love to Him in person.
But our neighbor we can see, and we can do for him or her what we would love to do for Jesus if He were visible.
-- Mother Teresa
My God, I believe, I adore, I trust and I love Thee.  I beg pardon for those who do not believe, do not adore, do not love Thee.  O most Holy trinity, Father, Son and Holy Spirit, I adore Thee profoundly.
 I offer Thee the most precious Body, Blood, Soul and Divinity of Jesus Christ, present in all the Tabernacles of the world,  in reparation for the outrages, sacrileges and indifference by which He is offended,
and by the infite merits of the Sacred Heart of Jesus and the Immaculate Heart of Mary.

I beg the conversion of poor sinners,  Amen Fatima Prayer, Angel of Peace
Mary's Divine Motherhood
Pope Francis and Pope Benedict XVI { 2013 } Catholic Church In China { article here}
1648 to1930 St. Augustine Zhao Rong and 120 Companions Christianity arrived in China by way of Syria -- 600s.
        Depending on China's relations with outside world,
Christianity for centuries was free to grow or forced to operate secretly.

How do I start the Five First Saturdays? 
Called in the Gospel “the Mother of Jesus,” Mary is acclaimed by Elizabeth, at the prompting of the Spirit and even before the birth of her son, as “the Mother of my Lord” (Lk 1:43; Jn 2:1; 19:25; cf. Mt 13:55; et al.). In fact, the One whom she conceived as man by the Holy Spirit, who truly became her Son according to the flesh, was none other than the Father's eternal Son, the second person of the Holy Trinity. Hence the Church confesses that Mary is truly Mother of God (Theotokos). 
Catechism of the Catholic Church 495, quoting the Council of Ephesus (431): DS 251.
“The Blessed Virgin was eternally predestined, in conjunction with the incarnation of the divine Word, to be the Mother of God. By decree of divine Providence, she served on earth as the loving mother of the divine Redeemer, an associate of unique nobility, and the Lord's humble handmaid. She conceived, brought forth, and nourished Christ.”
The voice of the Father is heard, the Son enters the water, and the Holy Spirit appears in the form of a dove.
   THE spirit and example of the world imperceptibly instil the error into the minds of many that there is a kind of middle way of going to Heaven; and so, because the world does not live up to the gospel, they bring the gospel down to the level of the world. It is not by this example that we are to measure the Christian rule, but words and life of Christ. All His followers are commanded to labour to become perfect even as our heavenly Father is perfect, and to bear His image in our hearts that we may be His children. We are obliged by the gospel to die to ourselves by fighting self-love in our hearts, by the mastery of our passions, by taking on the spirit of our Lord.
   These are the conditions under which Christ makes His promises and numbers us among His children, as is manifest from His words which the apostles have left us in their inspired writings. Here is no distinction made or foreseen between the apostles or clergy or religious and secular persons. The former, indeed, take upon themselves certain stricter obligations, as a means of accomplishing these ends more perfectly; but the law of holiness and of disengagement of the heart from the world is geeral and binds all the followers of Christ.

Join Mary of Nazareth Project help us build the International Marian Center of Nazareth
There are over 10,000 named saints beati  from history
 and Roman Martyology Orthodox sources

Miracles by Century 100   200   300   400   500   600   700    800   900   1000    1100   1200   1300   1400  1500  1600  1700  1800   1900  Miracles_BLay Saints
Morning Prayer and Hymn    Meditation of the Day    Prayer for Priests    Our Bartholomew Family Prayer List  Here
We are called upon with the whole Church militant on earth to join in praising and thanking God for the grace and glory he has bestowed on his saints. At the same time we earnestly implore Him to exert His almighty power and mercy in raising us from our miseries and sins, healing the disorders of our souls and leading us by the path of repentance to the company of His saints, to which He has called us.
   They were once what we are now, travellers on earth they had the same weaknesses, which we have. We have difficulties to encounter so had the saints, and many of them far greater than we can meet with; obstacles from kings and whole nations, sometimes from the prisons, racks and swords of persecutors. Yet they surmounted these difficulties, which they made the very means of their virtue and victories. It was by the strength they received from above, not by their own, that they triumphed. But the blood of Christ was shed for us as it was for them and the grace of our Redeemer is not wanting to us; if we fail, the failure is in ourselves.
   THE saints and just, from the beginning of time and throughout the world, who have been made perfect, everlasting monuments of God’s infinite power and clemency, praise His goodness without ceasing; casting their crowns before His throne they give to Him all the glory of their triumphs: “His gifts alone in us He crowns.”
“The saints must be honored as friends of Christ and children and heirs of God, as John the theologian and evangelist says: ‘But as many as received him, he gave them the power to be made the sons of God....’ Let us carefully observe the manner of life of all the apostles, martyrs, ascetics and just men who announced the coming of the Lord. And let us emulate their faith, charity, hope, zeal, life, patience under suffering, and perseverance unto death, so that we may also share their crowns of glory” Exposition of the Orthodox Faith

Called in the Gospel the Mother of Jesus, Mary is acclaimed by Elizabeth, at the prompting of the Spirit and even before the birth of her son, as the Mother of my Lord (Lk 1:43; Jn 2:1; 19:25; cf. Mt 13:55; et al.). In fact, the One whom she conceived as man by the Holy Spirit, who truly became her Son according to the flesh, was none other than the Father's eternal Son,  the second person of the Holy Trinity.
Hence the Church confesses that Mary is truly Mother of God (Theotokos).
Catechism of the Catholic Church 495, quoting the Council of Ephesus (431): DS 251.
Nine First Fridays Devotion to the Sacred Heart ... From the writings of St. Margaret Mary Alacoque
On Friday during Holy Communion, He said these words to me, His unworthy slave, if I mistake not:
I promise you in the excessive mercy of my Heart that its all-powerful love will grant to all those who receive Holy Communion on nine first Fridays of consecutive months the grace of final repentance; they will not die under my displeasure or without receiving their sacraments, my divine Heart making itself their assured refuge at the last moment.
Margaret Mary was inspired by Christ to establish the Holy Hour and to pray lying prostrate with her face to the ground from eleven till midnight on the eve of the first Friday of each month, to share in the mortal sadness.
He endured when abandoned by His Apostles in His Agony, and to receive holy Communion on the first Friday of every month. In the first great revelation, He made known to her His ardent desire to be loved by men and His design of manifesting His Heart with all Its treasures of love and mercy, of sanctification and salvation.
He appointed the Friday after the octave of the feast of Corpus Christi as the feast of the Sacred Heart; He called her the Beloved Disciple of the Sacred Heart, and the heiress of all Its treasures. The love of the Sacred Heart was the fire which consumed her, and devotion to the Sacred Heart is the refrain of all her writings. In her last illness she refused all alleviation, repeating frequently: What have I in heaven and what do I desire on earth, but Thee alone, O my God, and died pronouncing the Holy Name of Jesus.
With regard to this promise it may be remarked: (1) that our Lord required Communion to be received on a particular day chosen by Him; (2) that the nine Fridays must be consecutive; (3) that they must be made in honor of His Sacred Heart, which means that those who make the nine Fridays must practice the devotion and must have a great love for our Lord; (4) that our Lord does not say that those who make the nine Fridays will be dispensed from any of their obligations or from exercising the vigilance necessary to lead a good life and overcome temptation; rather He implicitly promises abundant graces to those who make the nine Fridays to help them to carry out these obligations and persevere to the end; (5) that perseverance in receiving Holy Communion for nine consecutive First Firdays helps the faithful to acquire the habit of frequent Communion, which our Lord eagerly desires; and (6) that the practice of the nine Fridays is very pleasing to our Lord He promises such great reward, and all Catholics should endeavor to make nine Fridays.
How do I start the Five First Saturdays? by Fr. Tom O'Mahony.
On July 13,1917, Our Lady appeared for the third time to the three children of Fatima an showed them the vision of hell and made the now - famous thirteen prophecies. In this vision Our Lady said that 'GOD WISHES TO ESTABLISH IN THE WORLD DEVOTION to Her Immaculate Heart and that She would come TO ASK FOR THE COMMUNION OF REPARATION ON THE FIRST SATURDAYS...'  Eight years later, on December 10, 1925, Our Lady did indeed come back. She appeared (with the Child Jesus) to Lucia in the convent of the Dorothean Sisters in Pontevedra.
The Child Jesus spoke first:


The Five Reasons
From the above, it is easy to see that each of the Five Saturdays can correspond to a specific offence. By offering the graces received during each First Saturday as reparation for the offence being prayed for, the participant can hope to help remove the thorns from Our Lady's Heart.
What Do I Have To Do?
The devotion of First Saturdays, as requested by Our Lady of Fatima, carries with it the assurance of salvation. However, to derive profit from such a great promise of Our Lady, the devotion must be properly understood and duly performed.
The requirements as stipulated by Our Lady are as follows:
(1) CONFESSION: A reparative confession means that the confession should not only be good (valid and licit), but also be offered in the spirit of reparation, in this case, to Mary's Immaculate Heart. This confession may be made on the First Saturday itself or some days before or after the First Saturday within the preceding octave would suffice.
(2) COMMUNION: The communion of reparation must be sacramental duly received with the intention of making reparation. This offering, like the confession, is an interior act and so no external action to express the intention is needed.
(3) THE ROSARY: The Rosary mentioned here was indicated by the Portuguese word 'terco' which is commonly employed to denote a Rosary of five decades, since it forms a fourth of the full Rosary of 20 decades. This too must recited in a spirit of reparation.
(4) MEDITATION FOR FIFTEEN MINUTES: Here the meditation on one mystery or more is to be made without simultaneous recitation of the Rosary decade. As indicated, the meditation may be either on one mystery alone for 15 minutes, or on all 20 mysteries, spending about one minute on each mystery, or again, on two or more mysteries during the period. This can also be made before each decade spending three minutes or more in considering the mystery of the particular decade. This meditation has likewise to be made in the spirit of reparation to the Immaculate Heart.
(5) THE SPIRIT OF REPARATION: All these acts, as said above, have to be done with the intention of offering reparation to the Immaculate Heart of Mary for the offences committed against Her. Everyone who offends Her commits, so to speak, a two-fold offence, for these sins also offend her Divine Son, Christ, and so endanger our salvation. They give bad example to others and weaken the strength of society to withstand immoral onslaughts. Such devotions therefore make us consider not only the enormity of the offence against God, but also the effect of sins on human society as well as the need for undoing these social effects even when the offender repents and is converted. Further, this reparation emphasises our responsibility towards sinners who, themselves, will not pray and make reparation for their sins.