January 30 - Feast of Saint John Chrysostom in the Eastern Churches
Mary Mother of GOD 15 Promises of the Virgin Mary to those who recite the Rosary
Mary's Divine Motherhood
 Monday  Saints of this Day January 30 Tértio Kaléndas Februárii.  
Et álibi aliórum plurimórum sanctórum Mártyrum et Confessórum, atque sanctárum Vírginum.
And elsewhere in divers places, many other holy martyrs, confessors, and holy virgins.
Пресвятая Богородице спаси нас! (Santíssima Mãe de Deus, salva-nos!)


The saints are a “cloud of witnesses over our head”,
showing us that a life of Christian perfection is not impossible.

January 30 – Virgin of the Annunciation (Greece, 1823) - Saint John Chrysostom (in Eastern Churches)

By all appearances, the icon had been buried for 850 years
In March 1821, at the monastery of Kechrovouni, on the Greek island of Tinos (in the Cyclades), Michel Polyzoes and Sister Pelagia saw the Virgin Mary three times in a vision. She was wearing a gold robe and was surrounded by a bright, heavenly light. The Virgin asked them to dig in a field outside a nearby village, in a place she referred to as "her home." The excavations revealed the ruins of an old church. On the same foundations a new edifice was erected, dedicated to Saint John the Baptist and the Mother of God, Source of Life.

In 1823, construction workers unearthed an icon of the Annunciation, belonging to a Byzantine church that was destroyed by the Turks in the 10th century. By all appearances, it had been buried for 850 years... and was still intact.

The shrine was built out of marble from the temples of Neptune, relatively quickly—the construction took just 8 years—despite the war of independence waged by Greece against the Ottoman Empire. The church was completed in 1830. Among the countless miracles obtained through the Virgin of the Annunciation was the liberation of Greece.
The spirituality of this shrine resembles that of Lourdes:
penance, conversion, reconciliation, trust and hope in the intercession of the Mother of God.

www.mariedenazareth.com


Pope Authorizes 12 14 2015 Promulgation of Decrees Concerning 17 Causes,
Including Servant of God William Gagnon
November 23 2014 Six to Be Canonized on Feast of Christ the King

Our Bartholomew Family Prayer List
Acts of the Apostles
Nine First Fridays Devotion to the Sacred Heart From the writings of St. Margaret Mary Alacoque
How do I start the Five First Saturdays?
Mary Mother of GOD 15 Promises of the Virgin Mary to those who recite the Rosary .

January 30-Our Lady of the rose (Lucca, Italy)

The Name of Mary (II)
If the winds of temptations surge, if you run aground on the shoals of troubles, look to this star, call upon Mary!
If you are tossed by the winds of pride or ambition or detraction or jealousy, look to this star, call upon Mary!
If anger or greed or the allurements of the flesh dash against the boat of your mind, look to Mary!
And if you are troubled by the enormity of your sins, confused by the foulness of your conscience, terrified by the horror of the Judgment, so that you begin to be swallowed up by the pit of sadness, the abyss of despair, think of Mary!
In dangers, in straits, in perplexity, think of Mary, call upon Mary. Let her name be always in your mouth and in your heart, and, if you would ask for and obtain help of her prayers, do not forget the example of how she lived.

If you follow her, you will not go astray. If you pray to her, you will not despair. If you think of her, you will not be lost.
If you cling to her, you will not fall. If she protects you, you will not fear; if she is your guide, you will not tire; if she is favorable to you, you will reach your goal. Thus you will experience personally how rightly it was spoken:
"And the virgin's name was Mary."
Excerpt from Bernard of Clairvaux, Super missus est 2, 17; PL 183, 70-71

  1084 3 Hierarchs: Basil the Great, Gregory the Theologian
and John Chrysostom

114 Barsimaeus 1/72 disciples sent by Jesus  third bishop of Edessa from Saint Jude
120 St. Matthias Bishop of Jerusalem Jewish heritage

180 St. Agrippinus 9th bishop of Alexandria after Saint Mark
1821 Feast of the Annunciation apparation of The Tinos Icon of the Most Holy Theotokos Innumerable miracles of healing and deliverance from danger continue

January 30 - Feast of Saint John Chrysostom in the Eastern Churches
  Loving Mary is more than a strong devotion
In the Holy Family of Nazareth, Joseph, the foster father, received his fatherhood from God the Father, to love and help his beloved Son grow up. And Mary, full of grace, is the temple of the Holy Spirit. In this family, everything is experienced or done in an admirable way: the liturgy, life of prayer, work and charity, presence to others, time of rest, as well as joyful moments.
The Holy Family is not separated from Nazareth and what takes place there. Its life is filled with simplicity, meekness and humility. We should learn to love the Holy Family. Love Joseph, who should be for us the model of a father, educator, and worker. Love Mary…
Sometimes, people tell me: "I don't have a strong devotion for Mary." Loving Mary is more than a strong  devotion —it is an obligation. The more you pray Mary, the more you love Jesus; the more you pray Jesus, the more you love Mary. If you don't love Mary enough, it is because you do not love Jesus enough.
Father Emmanuel Gobilliard
http://www.cathedraledupuy.org/Homelie-du-Pere-Emmanuel-Gobilliard-pour-la-fete-de-la-sainte-Famille

 
1084 3 Hierarchs: Basil the Great, Gregory the Theologian and John Chrysostom

114 Barsimaeus 1/72 disciples sent by Jesus  third bishop of Edessa
      from Saint Jude
120 St. Matthias Bishop of Jerusalem Jewish heritage
180 St. Agrippinus 9th bishop of Alexandria after Saint Mark
228 St. Martina Virgin martyr of Rome 
250 St. Alexander Martyr third century
250 St. Barsimaeus Bishop of Edessa in Syria successful evangelist
269 St. Hippolytus Martyr of Antioch, Turkey
311 St. Savina Martyr model of holiness aid and comfort to the
      Christian prisoners & burials
379 Barses of Edessa banished to western Egypt frontiers of Libya
400 Saint Zeno soldier deliver the imperial edicts Antioch 40 yrs cave
      ascetic disciple of Saint Basil the Great
451 St. Armentarius Bishop of Pavia
       St. Tudy Welsh virgin

680 St. Bathildis Queen and foundress Benedictine convent at Chelles, St. Denis Monastery and Corbie
684 St. Aldegunais Virgin abess Mauberge, a noted Benedictine monastery
711 St. Armentarius Bishop of Antibes in Provence
784 The Holy Martyr Theophilus the New commander of the Greek armies senator martyred for not apostazing
967 Saint Peter, King of Bulgaria concluded advantageous peace with Byzantium extirpation of the Bogomil heresy
1043 Blessed Amnichad of Fulda lived rest of his life walled up as a anchorite
1084 Synaxis of the 3 Hierarchs: Basil the Great  Gregory the Theologian John Chrysostom
1100 Blessed Haberilla of Mehrerau virgin recluse a Black Benedictine monastery
1100 St. Aleaunie Abbot and soldier patron of Burgos  credited with many miracles, one of them in favour of Queen
         Edith, widow of St Edward the Confessor.
        St. Felician African martyr with Philappian & 124 companions
14th v. Saint Zeno the Faster and Lover of Labor of the Far Caves of Kiev
1640 St. Hyacinth Franciscan  a model tertiary

1710 Blessed Sebastian Velfré Oratorians cheerfull sought out sinners
1784 The Holy New Martyr Theodore renounced Christ and accepted the Moslem religion soon repented a Moslem
        judge fiercely tortured strangled with rope cast into sea Christians buried Theodore in the church of St John the
        Forerunner
1821 Feast of the Annunciation apparation of The Tinos Icon of the Most Holy Theotokos Innumerable miracles of
       healing and deliverance from danger continue
1841 The Holy New Martyr Demetrius Bulgaria continuously refused to apostasize to moslem Kadi
1917 St. Mutien-Marie Wiaux Christian Brother praised model teacher art and music 



The Tinos Icon of the Most Holy Theotokos
114 Barsimaeus 1/72 disciples sent by Jesus  third bishop of Edessa from Saint Jude BM (RM)
(also known as Barsamja, Barsaumas) According to the Roman Martyrology, Saint Barsimaeus was the third bishop of Edessa from Saint Jude. He was said to have been one of the 72 disciples sent by Jesus to preach the coming of the Kingdom, who, after converting many to the faith, suffered under Emperor Trajan (98-117).

The story, however, of his martyrdom is now rejected. It is believed that he may have been Barsamja, successor to Palut, a bishop of Edessa in the middle of the 3rd century (Attwater2, Benedictines, Coulson, Husenbeth).

120 St. Matthias Bishop of Jerusalem Jewish heritage
He governed that see in a troubled era of oppression by the Roman government and political upheaval in Palestine owing to the severe Jewish uprising against Roman occupation.
180 St. Agrippinus 9th bishop of Alexandria after Saint Mark B (AC)
He was the ninth bishop of Alexandria after Saint Mark (Benedictines).

228 St. Martina Virgin martyr of Rome
A basilica was erected in her honor at the Roman Forum. Her remains were discovered there in 1634. There is considerable doubt about her recorded sufferings. Her cult is now confined to her Roman basilica.
ST MARTINA, VIRGIN AND MARTYR
IN the general calendar of the Western church this day is kept as the feast of St Martina, and accordingly her name stands first today in the Roman Martyrology and in the fuller notice which appears there on January 1, we are told that at Rome under the Emperor Alexander (Severus, 222-235) she was subjected to many kinds of torment and at length perished by the sword. Alban Butler informs us correctly that there was a chapel in Rome consecrated to her memory which was frequented with great devotion in the seventh century. We also may learn from him that her relics were discovered in a vault in the ruins of her old church, and translated in the year 1634 under Pope Urban VIII, who built. a new church in her honour and himself composed the hymns used in her office in the Roman Breviary. He adds further that the city of Rome ranks her amongst its particular patrons.

Despite these attestations, the very existence of St Martina remains doubtful. Though she is represented as suffering in the City itself, there is no early Roman tradition regarding her. The “acts” of her martyrdom are full of preposter­ous miracles—for example, when she is wounded, milk flows from her body in place of blood—and are extravagant to the last degree. The one thing certain about them is that they bear the closest resemblance, as was long ago pointed out, both to those attributed to St Tatiana and those of St Prisca. Pio Franchi de’ Cavalieri has shown with considerable probability that of these three sets, all apocryphal, those belonging to St Tatiana have formed the model for the others.

See Pio Franchi de’ Cavalieri in the Romische Quartalschrift, vol. xvii (1903), pp. 222—236, and Analecta Bollandiana, vol. xxiii (1904), pp. 344—345, The Acts of St Martina are printed by the Bollandists under January 1. Cf. also Marucchi, Le Forum Romain et le Palatin (1925), pp. 246—248.

Martina of Rome VM (RM) (also known as Prisca, Tatiana) Died ; feast day was formerly January 20; Martina was removed from the general Roman Calendar in 1969, but not from local ones. In 1634, Pope Urban VIII decided to rebuild an ancient church in honor of Saint Martina that stood under the Capitoline Hill in Rome, overlooking the Forum. The workmen discovered a Christian tomb containing the bones of a Roman lady and her two brothers. These were believed to be the remains of Saints Martina, Concordius, and Epiphanius. Bernini created a magnificent bronze shrine for these relics and today, in the church of Santi Luca e Martino, Rome, lamps burn continually around the shrine. In 1558, Pope Sixtus V added Saint Luke the Evangelist as co-titular of the church, when he gave it and the neighboring building to the Accademia di San Luca.

Although we know little about her, she remains one of the patron saints of the city of Rome itself. Her fabulous acta, which can be traced to the 7th century, closely resemble those of Saints Prisca and Tatiana--they may all be the same person. According to this story, the virgin Martina, born of an illustrious family, was orphaned at an early age. She is said to have been a Roman martyr under Alexander Severus (222-235 AD). It is said that at her martyrdom, milk flowed from her body rather than blood. There is no evidence for an early cultus of a Tatiana or Martina in Rome, and Prisca is difficult to identify (Attwater, Attwater2, Benedictines, Bentley, Coulson, Sheppard).

Saint Martina is pictured as a maiden with a lion. She may be shown beheaded by a sword or martyred with a two-pronged hook, receiving the palm and lily from the Virgin and Child (Roeder).

269 St. Hippolytus Censorinus Sabinus Martyrs of Antioch, Turkey  one of the last Western Fathers to write in Greek
His Acts are considered too confused to be reliable.

The Hieromartyr Hippolytus, and the Martyrs Censorinus, Sabinus, Chryse the Virgin and 20 Others suffered during the third century.

When St Hippolytus, Bishop of Rome, learned of the suffering of the martyrs, he appeared before the governor despite his advanced years and rebuked the torturers for their inhumanity. The enraged governor sentenced the holy bishop to be tortured. After long torments, they tied him hand and foot and threw him into the sea.

St Censorinus was a high-ranking magistrate during the reign of the Roman emperor Claudius II (268-270). He was arrested and thrown into prison for his faith in Christ. By the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ he raised up a dead man. As a result, twenty soldiers and prison guards were converted to Christ. They were beheaded with St Censorinus. Then the virgin Chryse was brought for interrogation. She bravely confessed herself a Christian and was subjected to torture. After horrible torments, she was drowned in the sea.

Saint Sabinus had heavy rocks tied around his neck, and then they hung his body on a tree and burned his sides with torches. In his torments, he gave up his holy soul to the Lord.

Saint Chryse
With St Chryse suffered the martyrs Ares, Felix, Maximus, Herculianus, Venerius, Stiracius, Mennas, Commodus, Hermes, Maurus, Eusebius, Rusticus, Monagrius, Amandinus, Olympius, Cyprus, Theodore the Tribune, Maximus the Presbyter, Archelaus the Deacon, and Cyriacus the Bishop.

All these Roman martyrs suffered in the year 269. The relics of the Hieromartyr Hippolytus were put in the church of the holy Martyrs Laurence and Pope Damasus at Rome. St Hippolytus was a disciple of St Irenaeus, Bishop of Lugdunum (Lyons in France), and he is also renowned as a Christian theologian who wrote many treatises against the heretics.

St Hyppolitus compiled a Paschal Canon, the famous Apostolic Tradition, "On Christ", and a "Treatise on the Antichrist."

St Hippolytus also wrote many commentaries on Holy Scripture, on the Biblical Books: Genesis, Exodus, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, the Song of Songs, and on the Gospels of Matthew, Luke and John, and on the Prophets Isaiah, Ezekiel, Daniel, Zechariah, on the Psalms of David and on the Apocalyse.

Part of his works are preserved only in fragments. His discourses, devoted to the Theophany and the Prophet Daniel, are preserved in full.

His discourses demonstrate his masterful style of preaching. He was one of the last Western Fathers to write in Greek.
250 St. Alexander Martyr third century in the persecution conducted by Emperor Decius (250) . Alexander was reportedly at an advanced age when he suffered. He is thought by some scholars to be Alexander of Jerusalem.
In art Saint Alexander is a venerable early Christian who was crucified. He may be shown trampling upon a pagan altar before the emperor or overthrowing an idol (Roeder).

250 St. Barsimaeus Bishop of Edessa in Syria successful evangelist.  it is consequently possible that the whole narrative is a fiction;  once believed to have been martyred but now credited with being a successful evangelist only. He was noted for converting many in his era.
250? ST BARSIMAEUS, Bishop Of EDESSA
IN the Roman Martyrology on this day we read: “At Edessa in Syria, the com­memoration of St Barsimaeus the Bishop, who after converting many gentiles to the faith and sending them to their crowns before him, followed them with the palm of martyrdom. under Trajan.” Alban Butler in his short notice tells us further that Barsimaeus was the third bishop of Edessa from St Thaddeus, one of the seventy-two disciples, and also that the martyrdom took place at Edessa under Lysias, when Trajan, having passed the Euphrates, made the conquest of Mesopotamia in 114. All this has been completely exploded by Rubens Duval in a study of the Syriac Acts of Sharbil and Barsamja, which he published in the Journal Asiatique for 1889. He shows that the narrative, while professing to embody the most authentic documents, is vitiated by irreconcilable anachronisms. Some data will only fit the years 106 and 112 in the reign of Trajan, who is expressly mentioned, others could only be verified in the pontificate of Pope Fabian (250), who is equally mentioned. Moreover, Barsamja, according to the acts, though sentenced, was not actually put to death, and since he was a successor of Palut who was consecrated by Serapion (c. 209), he certainly did not live in the second century. Duval further shows that the narrative seems to be based on the Acts of Habib (St Abibus), a fourth-century martyr, and that it is consequently possible that the whole narrative is a fiction.
The Syriac acts were first printed by Cureton in his Ancient Syriac Documents, pp. 41—72, and subsequently by Bedjan. But see especially Rubens Duval in Journal Asiatique, 8th series, vol. xiv, pp. 40—58, and cf. ibid., vol. xviii (1891), pp. 384—386.
311 St. Savina Martyr model of holiness aid and comfort to the Christian prisoners & burials
A woman from Mediolanum (Milan), she was noted during the persecutions of Emperor Diocletian for giving aid and comfort to the Christian prisoners in the jails of the city.
She also assisted in giving them decent burials after their executions. She died while praying at the tomb of Sts. Nabor and Felix. Feast day: January 30.

379 Barses of Edessa banished to western Egypt on the frontiers of Libya B (RM)
(also known as Barso, Barsas) Bishop Barses of Edessa, Syria, died in exile after being banished to western Egypt on the frontiers of Libya by the Arian emperor Valens (364-65) (Benedictines).

400 Saint Zeno soldier deliver the imperial edicts Antioch 40 yrs cave ascetic disciple of Saint Basil the Great
born in the city of Pontus into a rich family. He served at the court of the emperor Valens (364-378), among the soldiers who were sent out to deliver the imperial edicts.

After the death of Valens, St Zeno left the world and settled in a cave near the city of Antioch. For forty years he lived in this cave, and he lived an austere life in complete solitude, cleansing his soul, and meditating on God.  St Zeno went to church each Sunday and received the Holy Mysteries of Christ. In his cell he had neither bed, nor fireplace, nor lamp. The ascetic wore old rags, and ate only bread and water, for which he had to make a tedious journey into the city to the well.

St Zeno was particularly fond of holy books, which he borrowed from those who came to him for spiritual counsel.
Through his deep humility the blessed ascetic, filled with the gifts of grace, considered himself poor in spirit. St Zeno died at the beginning of the fifth century.

451 St. Armentarius Bishop of Pavia
Italy. During his episcopacy, the see of Pavia was directly attached to the Roman Church. Armentarius of Antibes B (AC)

5th v. St. Tudy Welsh virgin
Also called Tybie, Uda, or Tudelyd, she is honored by a church in Dyfed, Wales.

680 St. Bathildis Queen and foundress Benedictine convent at Chelles, St. Denis Monastery and Corbie
She was born in England, where she was enslaved and taken to Neustria, which was part of the Frankish kingdom. In time, Bathildis became a trusted member of King Clovis II's court and married him in 649. She bore him three sons: Clotaire III, Childeric II, and Thierry III, all of whom became kings. When Clovis died in 657, Bathildis served as regent for Clotaire III.
She had founded a Benedictine convent at Chelles, as well as St. Denis Monastery and Corbie. When Clotaire III assumed the throne, Bathildis retired to Chelles, where she died on January 30.

680 ST BATHILDIS, WIDOW

St BATHILDIS was an English girl, who at an early age was carried over into France and sold cheaply as a slave into the household of the mayor of the palace under King Clovis II. Here she attained a position of responsibility and attracted the notice of the king, who in 649 married her. She bore him three sons, who all successively wore the crown, Clotaire III, Childeric II and Thierry III. Clovis dying in 657, when the eldest was only five, Bathildis became regent and apparently showed herself very capable at a difficult time when Merovingian power was declining in the face of the Frankish aristocracy. She seconded the zeal of St Ouen, St Leger and other holy bishops, redeemed many captives, especially of her own people, and did all in her power to promote religion. She was a benefactress of many monasteries, including Saint-Denis, Saint-Martin at Tours and Saint ­Medard at Soissons, founded the great abbey of Corbie, and endowed the truly royal nunnery of Chelles.

To this last Bathildis herself retired about 665, which she is said to have long desired to do; the notorious Ebroin and other nobles were apparently no less anxious to have her out of the way. We are told that she had no sooner taken the veil than she seemed to forget entirely her former dignity, and was only to be distinguished from the rest by her humility, serving them in the lowest offices, and obeying the abbess St Bertila as the last among the sisters. In the life of St Eligius, attributed, though unwarrantably, to St Ouen, many instances are mentioned of the veneration which St Bathildis felt for that holy prelate. Thus we learn that Eligius after his death, in a vision by night, ordered a certain courtier to reprove the queen for wearing jewels and costly apparel in her widowhood, though in so doing she had acted, not out of pride, but because she thought it due to her position whilst she was regent of the kingdom. Upon this admonition she laid them aside, distributed a part to the poor, and with the richest jewels made a beautiful cross, which she placed at the head of the tomb of St Eligius. During a long illness which preceded her death she suffered intense bodily pain which she bore resignedly, dying on January 30, 680.

In the account of St Bathildis given by Alban Butler no mention is made of a very serious charge brought against her by Eddius, the biographer of St Wilfrid, who calls her a cruel Jezebel and attributes to her the assassination of ten French bishops, among them the bishop of Lyons, whom he calls Dalfinus. That there is much confusion here is certain, because the name of the murdered bishop was Annemund, who was the brother of Count Dalfinus. Consequently, although Eddius has been copied by William of Malmesbury, and in part even by Bede, it is quite improbable, for a variety of reasons, that his information was in any way accurate. Such unprejudiced authorities as Bruno Krusch, Charles Plummer and the Dictionary of National Biography entirely exonerate St Bathildis in this matter, and Plummer suggests that there may have been some confusion between her and Queen Brunhilda who died long before, in 653. Butler in a footnote reports from Le Boeuf and others that “six nuns were cured of inveterate distempers, attended with frequent fits of convulsions, by touching the relics of St Bathildis, when her shrine was opened on July 13, 1631.”

The text of the Life of St Bathildis, which is a genuinely Merovingian document and was written by a contemporary, has been critically edited by B. Krusch in MGH., Scriptores Merov., vol. ii, pp. 475—508. There are also frequent references to St Bathildis in the Vita S. Eligii, which, though not the work of St Ouen, may preserve some authentic materials, see MGH., Merov., vol. iv, pp. 634—761. See further M. J. Couturier, Ste Bathilde, Reine des Francs (1909); E. Vacandard, Vie de St Ouen (1902), pp. 254—263; BHL., nn. 905—911 and CMH., pp. 68—69.
She made a good queen and ruled wisely. Unlike many who rise suddenly to high place and fortune, she never forgot that she had been a slave, and did all within her power to relieve those in captivity. We are told that "Queen Bathild was the holiest and most devout of women; her pious munificence knew no bounds; remembering her own bondage, she set apart vast sums for the redemption of captives." Bathild helped promote Christianity by seconding the zeal of Saint Ouen, Saint Leodegardius, and many other bishops.

At that time the poorer inhabitants of France were often obliged to sell their children as slaves to meet the crushing taxes imposed upon them. Bathild reduced this taxation, forbade the purchase of Christian slaves and the sale of French subjects, and declared that any slave who set foot in France would from that moment be free. Thus, this enlightened women earned the love of her people and was a pioneer in the abolition of slavery.

A contemporary English writer, Eddius (the biographer of Saint Wilfrid), asserts that Queen Bathild was responsible for the political assassination of Bishop Saint Annemund (Dalfinus) of Lyons and nine other bishops. What actually happened is obscure, and it is unlikely that Bathild was guilty of the crime.

She also founded many abbeys, such as Corbie, Saint-Denis, and Chelles, which became civilized settlements in wild and remote areas inhabited only by prowling wolves and other wild beasts. Under her guidance forests and waste land were reclaimed, cornland and pasture took their place, and agriculture flourished. She built hospitals and sold her jewelry to supply the needy. Finally, when Clotaire came of age, she retired to her own royal abbey of Chelles, near Paris, where she served the other nuns with humility and obeyed the abbess like the least of the sisters.

She died at Chelles before she had reached her 50th birthday. Death touched her with a gentle hand; as she died, she said she saw a ladder reaching from the altar to heaven, and up this she climbed in the company of angels.
Her life was written by a contemporary. Chelles convent had many contacts with Anglo-Saxon England, which led to the spread of her cultus to the British Isles (Attwater, Attwater2, Benedictines, Bentley, Butler, Coulson, Delaney, Farmer, Gill, Husenbeth, White).
Saint Bathildis is generally pictured as a crowned queen or nun before the altar of the Virgin, two angels support a child on a ladder (the ladder implies the pun échelle-Chelles) and also the vision she is said to have had at her death. She might also be shown: (1) holding a broom; (2) giving alms or bread; (3) seeing a vision of the crucified Christ before her; or (4) holding Chelles Abbey, which she founded (Roeder, White). She is the patroness of children (Roeder).

684 St. Aldegunais Virgin abess Mauberge, a noted Benedictine monastery
also known as Adelgundis, Aldegonde, or Orgonne. She was a member of the royal family of the Merovingians and was raised by two saints: St. Walbert and St. Bertila, her parents. The family resided in the Hainault region of Flanders, a region of the Low Countries. Endowed with the gift of prayer, Aldegund looked upon the slanders and persecutions she endured as favors from God in His mercy that allowed her to suffer for His sake (Matthew 5:10). She died from breast cancer and, we are told, "in an ecstasy of serene joy."

684 ST ALDEGUNDIS, VIRGIN
St ALDEGUNDIS
was the daughter of Walbert and Bertilia, both venerated as saints, and was born in Hainault about 635. Refusing the marriage proposed by her parents she went to live near her sister St Waldeturdis (Waudru), foundress of a convent at Mons. Then she retired to a hermitage, from which grew up the great double monastery of Maubeuge. We are told that she was a disciple of St Amand and that she had a number of supernatural visions. St Aldegundis developed cancer of the breast, and she bore this agonizing malady—and the cauteries and incisions of the surgeons—with the greatest patience and trust in God till her death on January 30, 684.

The Life of St Aldegund, or at least the more historical portion, has been critically edited by W. Levison in MGH., Scriptores Merov., vol. vi, pp. 79—90. He pronounces, on what seems quite satisfactory evidence, that the author is not, as the vita claims, a contemporary. On the other hand it cannot be later than the ninth century, for it is quoted by Rabanus Maurus. See also Van der Essen, Etude critique sur les saints merovingiens, pp. 219—231 and cf. the Acta Sanctorum for January 30.
Aldegundis refused offers of marriage from other nobles and received the veil from St. Amandius, the bishop of Maastricht. She followed this ceremony of acceptance into the religious life with the foundation of a convent near the Sambre River, at a desert site called Malbode. Her sister, St. Waldetrudis, founded a convent at Mons. Aldegundis' foundation became Mauberge, a noted Benedictine monastery, later taken over by canonesses. Aldegundis is reported to have died of cancer at the age of fifty-four.

In art, Saint Aldegund is a Benedictine abbess, crowned. There is generally a dove with veil near her. Sometimes she may be shown (1) receiving the veil from the Holy Spirit; (2) as a princess fleeing from her parents' house; (3) walking with an angel; or (4) walking on water (Roeder). She is invoked against eye troubles, cancer, diseases of children, fever, demoniac possession, wounds, and sudden death (Roeder).

711 St. Armentarius Bishop of Antibes in Provence
France. He is honored by a church in Draguignan. During the episcopate of Armentarius, his see of Pavia was withdrawn from the jurisdiction of the metropolitan see of Milan and directly attached to the Roman Church (Benedictines).

784 The Holy Martyr Theophilus the New commander of the Greek armies senator martyred for not apostazing
born and raised in Constantinople. He was a commander of the Greek armies and a senator.
During a time of war with enemies of the Byzantine Empire, St Theophilus was taken captive.
The Arabs demanded he renounce Christ, but he remained faithful to Orthodoxy.
St Theophilus was imprisoned on Cyprus, where he spent four years, after which he was beheaded in the year 784.

967 Saint Peter, King of Bulgaria concluded advantageous peace with Byzantium extirpation of the Bogomil heresy
the son of the militant Bulgarian prince Simeon.

St Peter was distinguished for his Christian piety, and he often turned to St John of Rila (August 18, October 19), asking his prayers, spiritual guidance and advice. 
King Peter concluded peace with Byzantium on terms advantageous for Bulgaria.
He also gained recognition from the Patriarch of Constantinople for the autonomy of the Bulgarian Church, and the affirmation of a Patriarchal throne in Bulgaria, benefiting all the Bulgarian Church.
St Peter aided in the successful extirpation of the Bogomil heresy in his lands. He died in the year 967, at fifty-six years of age.

1043 Blessed Amnichad of Fulda lived rest of his life walled up as anchorite, OSB, Hermit (AC)
(also known as Anmchadh, Amnuchad)
Amnichad may have been born either in Ireland or Scotland. It is said that he travelled to Germany after having been banished by Corcoran from the monastery of Iniscaltra on the Shannon because he broke the abbey's rule by once providing additional refreshments to visitors between meals. Thereafter Amnichad wandered through Europe until he settled himself as a monk at Fulda in Germany, where he had himself walled up in a cell to live the rest of his life as a anchorite. Sixteen years after his death, Blessed Marianus Scotus joined Fulda. He records that daily for ten years he celebrated Mass over the tomb of Amnichad, around which a supernatural light was often seen and a heavenly psalmody was heard (Benedictines, D'Arcy, Gougaud, Kenney, O'Hanlon, Tommasini).

1084 Synaxis of the Three Hierarchs: Basil the Great, Gregory the Theologian, and John Chrysostom
During the eleventh century, disputes raged in Constantinople about which of the three hierarchs was the greatest. Some preferred St Basil (January 1), others honored St Gregory the Theologian (January 25), while a third group exalted St John Chrysostom (November 13).

Dissension among Christians increased. Some called themselves Basilians, others referred to themselves as Gregorians, and others as Johnites.

By the will of God, the three hierarchs appeared to St John the Bishop of Euchaita (June 14) in the year 1084, and said that they were equal before God. "There are no divisions among us, and no opposition to one another."

They ordered that the disputes should stop, and that their common commemoration should be celebrated on a single day. Bishop John chose January 30 for their joint Feast, thus ending the controversy and restoring peace.

1100 St. Aleaunie Abbot and soldier; patron of Burgos; credited with many miracles, one of them in favour of Queen Edith, widow of St Edward the Confessor.
born in Laudun, Poitou, France, also called Adelelmus and Lesmes.

1100 ST ADELELMUS, OR ALEAUME, ABBOT
THIS holy Benedictine, a Frenchman by birth, after following a career of arms, was moved to undertake a pilgrimage to Rome. On his way he came under the influence of St Robert, abbot of the monastery of Chaise-Dieu, and determined to become a monk himself. He completed his pilgrimage, and then returned to Chaise-Dieu, where he took the religious habit, and may later on have been chosen abbot. However, at the instance of Constance of Burgundy, Queen of Castile, who had heard much of his holiness and miracles, he was induced to come to Burgos, where her husband eventually built a monastery for him. Adelelmus took an active part in the war against the Moors, and was credited with many miracles, one of them in favour of Queen Edith, widow of St Edward the Confessor.
We have a Latin life of St. Adelelmus written shortly after his death by a French monk Rodulph, who went to Burgos for the purpose of compiling it. It has been printed by Florez, España Sagrada, vol. xxvii, pp. 841—866 (and cf. pp. 554 seq.), and there is an abridgement which will be found in Mabillon, vol. vi, Pt, 2, PP. 896—902. St Adelelmus’s feast is kept in the diocese of Burgos, of which he is a patron; his name in Spain is Lesmes.
Aleaunie chose a military career, going on duty before making a pilgrimage to Rome. During this journey he met St. Robert and was converted to the religious life, becoming a Benedictine. Queen Constance of Castile, impressed with his holiness, invited Aleaunie to Burgos, Spain. There King Alfonso IV built him a monastery. Aleaunie became abbot of the new foundation, but when the Moors fought against the king, Aleaunie used his prior skills and joined in the war. After his death, Aleaunie, called Lesmes in Spain, became a patron of the city of Burgos.
1100 Blessed Haberilla of Mehrerau virgin recluse a Black Benedictine monastery, OSB (AC)
(also known as Habrilia)  Haberilla was a virgin who became a recluse under the obedience of the abbot of Mehrerau (in Switzerland), which was a Black Benedictine monastery at that time (Benedictines).

St. Felician African martyr with Philappian & 124 companions.
and one hundred and twenty four companions. Other details of this saint and his fellow martyrs no longer exist.

14th v. Saint Zeno the Faster and Lover of Labor of the Far Caves of Kiev lived in the fourteenth century.
In the Third Ode of the Canon to the Monks of the Far Caves, he is described as "resplendant in fasting."
His memory is also celebrated on August 28 and the second Sunday of Great Lent.

1640 St. Hyacinth Franciscan  a model tertiary
who was placed in a monastic life because of her troublesome nature. Born in Viterbo, Italy, she was so scandalous that she was forced to become a religious. She rebelled there as well, but after twenty four years, she became a model tertiary. She was canonized in 1807.
1640 ST HYACINTHA MARISCOTTI, VIRGIN
THE story of St Hyacintha is in some respects almost unique among the records of holy lives, in the case of many saints we read at some stage of their career of a momentous change of purpose and practice, which they themselves describe as their “conversion”. Sometimes, as with St Augustine, this represents a turning to God from a life of sin in the world. Sometimes, as with St Teresa, the previous state was only reprehensible in contrast to the spiritual enlightenment which came later. Very rare is the case of one who, having pledged himself to a life of religious perfection, begins by being scandalously unfaithful to rule, is converted to better thoughts, relapses again, and so far recovers, in response to a new grace, as to attain in the end to the highest ideal of virtue.

Clarice Mariscotti, born of a noble family at Vignarello, was educated in the Franciscan convent at Viterbo, where one of her sisters was already a nun. She is said in her childhood to have shown little inclination for piety, and when a marriage was arranged between her youngest sister and the Marquis Cassizucchi, she herself being passed over, her pique and morose ill-humour seem to have made her almost unendurable in the family circle. As a result they, according to the evil custom of the times, practically forced her to enter a convent. She went back to the Franciscans, a community of the third order regular, at Viterbo, where she became Sister Hyacintha (Giacinta) and was admitted in due course to profession. At the same time she let it be known that though she wore the habit of a nun she intended to claim every indulgence which she could secure for herself in virtue of her rank and the wealth of her family. For ten years she scandalized the com­munity by leading a life in which she confined herself without disguise to conformity with certain external observances, while disregarding altogether the spirit of the religious rule. At last, when she was suffering from some slight indisposition, a worthy Franciscan priest came to hear her confession in her cell, who, seeing the comforts she had accumulated around her, spoke to her severely on the subject of her tepidity and the danger she ran. Hyacintha seems to have taken the rebuke to heart and to have set about a reform with almost exaggerated fervour. This sudden conversion however showed every sign of breaking down, and she was beginning to slip back into the bad old ways, when God sent her a much more serious illness. This grace was effectual, and from that date she gave herself to a life in which cruel disciplines, constant fasts, deprivation of sleep and long hours of prayer all played their part.

What was perhaps most remarkable in such a character as hers was the fact that, becoming in time mistress of novices, she seems to have shown the most healthy common sense in the guidance of others, restraining their devotional and penitential excesses and giving very practical advice to the many who wrote to seek her counsel. For example, when asked her opinion about someone unnamed who had a great reputation for union with God and a notable gift of tears, she replied:  “First of all I should like to know how far she is detached from creatures, humble and free from self-will, even in good and holy things, and then I should be more ready to believe that the delight which she experiences in her devotions comes from God. The sort of people who most appeal to me are those who are despised, who are devoid of self-love and who have little sensible consolation. The cross, to suffer, to persevere bravely in spite of the lack of all sweetness and relish in prayer this is the true sign of the spirit of God.”

Hyacintha’s charity was also remarkable, and it was not limited to those of her own community. Through her influence two confraternities were established in Viterbo which devoted themselves to the relief of the sick, the aged, decayed gentry and the poor, Hyacintha herself helping largely to provide the necessary funds by her own begging. She died at the age of fifty-five, on January 30, 1640, and was canonized in 1807. The bull of canon­ization states that “her mortifications were such that the prolongation of her life was a continued miracle”, and also that “through her apostolate of charity she won more souls to God than many preachers of her time

See Flaminio da Latera, Vita della V. S. Giacinta Mariscotti (1805) Leon, L’Auréole Séraphique (Eng. trans.), vol. i, pp. 517—126; Kirchenlexikon, vol. vi, pp. 514—516.

Hyacintha accepted God’s standards somewhat late in life. Born of a noble family near Viterbo, she entered a local convent of sisters who followed the Third Order Rule. However, she supplied herself with enough food, clothing and other goods to live a very comfortable life amid these sisters pledged to mortification.
A serious illness required that Hyacintha’s confessor bring Holy Communion to her room. Scandalized on seeing how soft a life she had provided for herself, the confessor advised her to live more humbly. Hyacintha disposed of her fine clothes and special foods. She eventually became very penitential in food and clothing; she was ready to do the most humble work in the convent. She developed a special devotion to the sufferings of Christ and by her penances became an inspiration to the sisters in her convent. She was canonized in 1807.

Comment:  How differently might Hyacintha’s life have ended if her confessor had been afraid to question her pursuit of a soft life! Or what if she had refused to accept any challenge to her comfortable pattern of life? Francis of Assisi expected give and take in fraternal correction among his followers. Humility is required both of the one giving it and of the one receiving the correction; their roles could easily be reversed in the future. Such correction is really an act of charity and should be viewed that way by all concerned.
Quote:  Francis told his friars: "Blessed is the servant who would accept correction, accusation, and blame from another as patiently as he would from himself. Blessed is the servant who when he is rebuked quietly agrees, respectfully submits, humbly admits his fault, and willingly makes amends" (Admonition XXII).


Hyacintha Mariscotti, OFM Tert., V (RM) (also known as Giacinta or Clarice Mariscotti)

Born in Vignarello (near Viterbo), Italy, in 1585; died January 30, 1640; canonized in 1807. Clarice (later Hyacintha) Mariscotti is exceptional among saints in that she experienced not one conversion but two in her life. As a young religious, she was notoriously unfaithful to the rule. She repented and reformed herself, relapsed again into infidelity and then repented again and rose to the level of heroic virtue. The life of Saint Hyacintha demonstrates the way our sufferings can be transformed into blessings by God.

Clarice was born into a noble family and was educated in the Franciscan convent of Viterbo, where one of her blood sisters was a nun. In her youth, unlike many saints, Clarice showed no predisposition to piety.
At age 20, Hyacintha was passed over by the Marquis Cassizucchi in favor of her younger sister, whom he married. Thereafter, Hyacintha became so ill-tempered and made home-life so unendurable that her family nearly forced her into the convent of Franciscan tertiaries at Viterbo. She escaped but eventually returned to the convent and, in due course, was admitted and professed. Nevertheless, petulant Hyacintha used every possible opportunity to scandalize her community for a period of ten years during which she disregarded the spirit of the religious rule. She claimed every privilege to which her rank and wealth entitled her.

Her first 'conversion' came when her confessor, attending her when she was sick, expressed astonishment at the furniture and decor of her room; he told her she was in the convent merely to help the devil and the shock of such a remark snapped her out of her spiritual lethargy; she set about reforming her life with exaggerated fervor.

Hyacintha said her 'yes' and took a long step toward the Lord, but soon fell back into her old ways. Once again sickness, this time more serious, and once again reform that brought her back to her appointed ways. She became a model of heroic patience, penance, prayer, untiring goodness, sweetness, and promptness in serving all.
From that time she gave herself to a life in which cruel disciplines, constant fasts,
deprivation of sleep, and long hours of prayer all played their part.

It is remarkable that such a character could become a model novice mistress. Hyacintha seems to have shown healthy common sense in the guidance of others, restraining their devotional and penitential excesses and giving very practical advice to the many who wrote to seek her counsel. Hyacintha's charity was also outstanding, and it was not limited to those of her community. Through her influence two confraternities were established in Viterbo that devoted themselves to the relief of the sick, the aged, and the disadvantaged. Hyacintha herself helping to provide the necessary funds by her own begging.

Hyacintha's faith was now living, and when she surveyed the zigzag path she had followed, it all seemed to her like a miracle: indeed it is probably the greatest miracle of all, this conversion in the life of a saint (Attwater2, Benedictines, Coulson, Encyclopedia, Walsh).
1710 Blessed Sebastian Velfré Oratorians cheerfull sought out sinners, Orat. (AC)
(also known as Sebastian Valfré) Born at Verduno, Alba, Italy, in 1629; died in Turin, Italy, 1710; beatified in 1834.
1710 BD SEBASTIAN VALFRÉ
SEBASTIAN VALFRÉ was born at Verduno in Piedmont in 1629. His parents were poor and had a large family to support. From his childhood he determined to become a priest, and all through his years of study he maintained himself by copying books, costing his father nothing. We are told that all his parents were ever able to give him was a cart-load of wine when he first left home. He was accepted by the Fathers of the Oratory at Turin, and joined the congregation on St Philip’s day, 1651. He received the priesthood a year later, and for his parents’ consolation offered his first Mass at Verduno. He gave himself up at once and unreservedly to his priestly duties, and it was noted that from the time of his joining it, the Turin Oratory, which had previously had much to contend with, began to make many friends and to prosper exceedingly. Sebastian’s first office was that of prefect of the Little Oratory, a confraternity of laymen who meet together for devotional exercises. This charge he retained for many years with abundant fruit, and his wonderful gift for inspiring enthusiasm in the young seems to have led a little later to his being appointed master of novices. In 1661, almost immediately after he had reached the required age of forty years, he was elected superior in spite of his own earnest remonstrances. We are told that his government was a perfect copy of that of St Philip, enforcing exact observance in every detail, but showing great tenderness to the sick, for whom nothing was thought too good.

During all this time Bd Sebastian’s fame as a director of souls was constantly growing. He spent long hours in the confessional, being scrupulous in the regu­larity of his attendance, a matter upon which he laid much stress in his exhortations to his own community. All classes came to him, and he was prepared to bestow endless trouble on those whom he saw in need of help or earnest to make progress. On the other hand, aided probably by a supernatural insight, or by some strange telepathic faculty, he was ruthless in exposing insincerity and affectation. Amongst his penitents was the Duke Victor Amadeus II, afterwards king of Sardinia, who endeavoured in 1690, with Pope Alexander VIII’S ready consent, to induce Father Sebastian to accept the archbishopric of Turin, but all to no purpose. He preached sometimes as many as three sermons in one day. He also went on long missionary expeditions in the surrounding country, penetrating occasionally into Switzerland, and wonderful were the conversions which followed. Besides this, much time was devoted to instructing the young and the ignorant. He gathered together the beggars who came to the Oratory for alms, and provided food for their souls as well as for their bodies. He was indefatigable in visiting hospitals and prisons, dis­playing, moreover, a special affection for soldiers, whose peculiar temptations he understood and compassionated.

Like St Philip, Bd Sebastian was always cheerful, so that men judged him to be light-hearted and free from care. This was the more wonderful because we read a terrible story of his own spiritual desolation and interior trials. He was haunted by temptations to think that he was forsaken of God, that he had lost his faith, and that nothing but Hell awaited him; yet all the while, even when he was close upon eighty, he never relaxed his apostolic work for souls, preaching out of doors in the bitter cold of January to any company of waifs and outcasts whom he could gather round him. We find him at times fearless in visiting even haunts of vice when he felt that God called him to interfere. Strange to say, his intervention on these rare occasions seems to have been wonderfully blessed, and the most brutal ruffians felt the power of his holiness, remaining abashed and dumbfounded when he denounced them in no measured terms. His life was, in fact, the model of that which ought to be led by a zealous pastor in a city where misery and evil abound, and it is in no way wonderful that he was regarded by all his contemporaries as a saint. Instances of his supernatural insight and of the fulfilment of his predictions were many. Amongst other such cases which are on record, it seems clear that he knew, some months beforehand, the time of his own death. This occurred on January 30, 1710, when he was close upon eighty-one years of age. He was beatified in 1834.

See Lady Annabel Kerr, Life of Bd Sebastian Valfré (1896); G. Calleri, Vita del b. Sebastiano Valfré (Eng. trans., 1849); P. Capello, Vita del b. Sebastiano Valfré (2 vols.,1872).

Sebastian joined the Oratorians at Turin after his ordination to the priesthood. He became prefect of the Oratory and was much demanded as a spiritual director because of the endless care he gave to each who came to him for help. But he did not just wait for sinners to come to him, he sought them out and converted many. Sebastian acquired in full measure the spirit of Saint Philip Neri, whose cheerfulness he imitated through even the most grieous spiritual trials (Attwater2, Benedictines).
1784 The Holy New Martyr Theodore renounced Christ and accepted the Moslem religion soon repented a Moslem judge fiercely tortured strangled with rope cast into sea Christians buried  Theodore in the church of St John the Forerunner
born in the city of Mytilene, where he married and raised children in Orthodox piety.

He renounced Christ and accepted the Moslem religion, but soon repented of his sin, left his family and went to Mt. Athos. But even in the monastery St Theodore was deeply anguished by his denial of Christ.

The Lord blessed the saint to confess the Orthodox Faith before a Moslem judge in the year 1784. The enraged judge gave orders to fiercely torture the holy martyr, and then they strangled him with a rope and cast him into the sea. Christians buried the body of the holy Martyr Theodore in the church of St John the Forerunner.

1821 Feast of the Annunciation apparation of The Tinos Icon of the Most Holy Theotokos; Innumerable miracles of healing and deliverance from danger have not ceased since the time the icon was found
This highly-venerated icon of the Annunciation was discovered in the ruins of the ancient church of St John the Baptist on January 30, 1823.

An elderly man, Michael Polyzoes, had a dream shortly before the Feast of the Annunciation in 1821, in which the Mother of God appeared to him in shining white garments. She instructed him to dig in the field of Anthony Doxaras outside the city, where he would find her icon.
She also told him to build a church on the site, since there had once been one there.
The Queen of Heaven also promised to help him accomplish these tasks.
Upon awakening, he crossed himself and tried to go back to sleep, believing that his dream had been a temptation from the devil. Before falling asleep, Michael saw the Theotokos once again, and noticed that the room was flooded by a gentle white light. Her head was surrounded by divine light, and her face displayed ineffable grace and sweetness. Speaking to the old man she said,
"Why are you afraid? Your fear comes from unbelief. Listen! I am Panagia (the all-holy one).
I want you to dig in the field of Anthony Doxaras where my icon is buried. I ask you to do this as a favor, old man. You will build a church there and I will help you." Then she disappeared.

The next morning, Michael went into the village and told the priest what had happened to him during the night. The priest also thought the dream was a temptation, so he urged Michael to come for Confession and Communion.
The old man was not convinced that his visions were mere dreams or demonic temptations. He told the inhabitants of the village of his experience. Some laughed at him, but only two believed his words.

The two men went with him to the field one night and dug in many places, but they found nothing. Then they dug in another place and found the remains of an old wall. Finding nothing but bricks, they had to give up their search in the morning so the Turks would not find out what they were doing.

Anthony Doxaras, the owner of the field, found the bricks and tried to use them to build an oven. The mortar would not adhere to the bricks, so whenever they tried to build one section of the oven, it collapsed. The workers were convinced that God was showing them that the bricks from the ancient church were not to be used for an oven.

St Pelagia (July 23), an eighty-year-old nun, had several dreams in June of 1822 in which the Most Holy Theotokos appeared to her.

St Pelagia was living in the women's monastery of the Dormition on Mt. Kechrovounios, about an hour's journey from the village. She had lived in the monastery from a young age, and was known for her great virtue and piety.  The Theotokos appeared to her in a dream and ordered her to go to Stamatelos Kangades (a prominent man of the village), and tell him to uncover the church of St John the Baptist in the field of Anthony Doxaras.   Terrified by the vision, Pelagia attributed the dream to her imagination, and she began to pray. She was afraid to tell anyone about her dream, but the following week, the Theotokos appeared to her again, reminding her of her instructions. Still, the nun remained silent and told no one of her vision.
The Theotokos appeared a third time, this time with a severe manner. She chastised the nun for her unbelief, saying,
"Go and do as I told you. Be obedient."
St Pelagia woke up in fear and trembling. As she opened her eyes, she saw the same mysterious Woman she had seen while asleep. With a great effort she asked, "Who are you, Lady? Why are you angry with me, and why do you order me to do these things?" The Woman raised her hand and said, "Proclaim, O earth, glad tidings of great joy" (Megalynarion of the Ninth Ode of the Canon for Matins of the Annunciation).
Understanding at last, the aged nun joyfully exclaimed, "Praise, O heavens, the glory of God" (The next line of the Megalynarion).

At once, she informed the Abbess of her visions, and she also told Stamatelos Kangades. Mr. Kangades, who had been designated by the Theotokos to carry out the excavation of the church, informed Bishop Gabriel of these events. The bishop had already heard of the dream of Michael Polyzoes, and realized that the account of the nun Pelagia agreed with his vision.
Bishop Gabriel wrote to all the churches on the island of Tinos, urging them to cooperate in finding the church and the icon.

Excavations began in September of 1822 under the supervision of Mr. Kangades. The foundations of the church of St John, destroyed by Arabs in 1200, were uncovered. An old well was found near the church, but not the holy icon. The money ran out, and so the effort was abandoned.
Once again the Mother of God appeared to St Pelagia, urging that the excavations continue.
Bishop Gabriel sent out an appeal for donations to build a new church on the foundations of the old church of St John the Baptist. The new church was built, and was dedicated to St John and to the Life-Giving Fountain.

On January 30, 1823 workers were leveling the ground inside the church in preparation for laying a new stone floor. About noon one of the workers, Emmanuel Matsos, struck a piece of wood with his pickaxe, splitting it down the middle. He looked at one piece of the board and saw that it was burned on one side, while the other side showed traces of paint. As he brushed off the dirt with his hand, he saw that it was an icon. Joining the two pieces of wood together, he crossed himself and venerated the icon.
He called the other workers, who also came and venerated the icon. When the icon was cleaned, it was shown to be an icon of the Annunciation. The split was in the middle of the icon, between the Theotokos and the Archangel Gabriel. Neither figure was damaged, and this was regarded as a miracle.
That same day, the icon was given to Bishop Gabriel, who kissed it and cried out, "Great art Thou, O Lord, and wondrous are Thy works."

After the finding of the icon, the inabitants of Tinos were filled with zeal to build a magnificent church in honor of the Theotokos. People offered their money and their own labor to help build the church of the Evangelistria (She who received the Good News).  The new church was completed in 1823, and was consecrated by Bishop Gabriel. St Pelagia of Tinos fell asleep in the Lord on April 28, 1834. Her Feast Day, however, is on July 23.
The Tinos Icon of the Most Holy Theotokos continues to be venerated as one of Greece's holiest treasures.
Innumerable miracles of healing and deliverance from danger have not ceased since the time the icon was found.
1841 The Holy New Martyr Demetrius Bulgaria refused to apostasize to moslem Kadi
born on October 9, 1818 in Sliven, Bulgaria.

His parents had no children for the first eight years of their marriage. Their prayers to God were answered, and their sons Stephen and Demetrius were born.  Demetrius was the younger son, and was brought up in a pious manner. He did not go to school, but he attended church frequently and memorized many prayers and services.
After their parents died, Stephen left home and went to Wallachia. Demetrius remained in the family home, which soon collapsed because of its age. The Moslems used this excuse to seize the surrounding property, and Demetrius became a servant to one of them. The family tried to convert him to their religion, but Demetrius resisted such attempts.
"Our Orthodox Christian religion was given to us by the Lord Jesus Christ,"
he said, "while yours was given to you by Mohammed, a mere man."
They threw Demetrius out of the house when they heard this, and he later became a baker. Even while selling his bread in the marketplace, Demetrius proclaimed the Orthodox Faith and pointed out the deficiencies of Islam. Naturally, this outraged the Moslems, and they began to plan their revenge.

A new kadi came to Sliven, and Demetrius was chosen to prepare the food. The local beys chose him because they knew he had insulted Islam. The kadi offered him tobacco and liquor, but Demetrius said that he did not smoke or drink. When he tried to leave, the kadi said, "Let me make you a Moslem. You see what a good life we have. If you convert, I will tell your master to give you his daughter in marriage, and half of his riches."  Demetrius answered sarcastically, "Oh, sure."

Mistaking this for a serious reply, one of the Moslems began wrapping cloth around the young man's head in the form of a turban. Demetrius threw the turban to the ground and ran from the house. Some of the Hagarenes chased him, but were unable to catch him. For three days he hid in the village of Ichera without food or water.  Demetrius went to a bishop and told him his story. The bishop encouraged him to remain Orthodox, then sent him away with a gold coin and a wooden cross.

Exchanging the coin for change, Demetrius gave half the money to the poor. Then he went up to a Moslem guard and said that he was the one they were seeking. He was escorted back to Sliven with his hands tied behind him. When he met an Orthodox Christian Demetrius said,

"Forgive me, brethren. I gave myself up to these ungodly people for the glory of our Faith."
When St Demetrius was thrown into prison, he asked for the priest Stephen to visit him. His request was refused, but Fr Stephen learned that Demetrius was incarcerated and tried to have him freed. The kadi ordered Demetrius to be brought to him while he was dining with other officials.  The kadi asked Demetrius if he was willing to accept Islam. Christ's holy martyr informed him that he had never promised to become a Moslem, and he had no intention of doing so.
"If you took my irony for truth, I am sorry for you."
He went on to call Mohammed a false prophet, and his followers sons of Satan.

The kadi told Demetrius that if he did not become a Moslem, he would be put to death. Then he sent him back to prison for three days to consider this. When he was brought before the kadi again, Demetrius refused to convert. Then he was ordered to be executed.  When the other Christians heard of Demetrius's fearless confession of faith and his impending death, they brought Father Stephen to him. Demetrius told the priest he was afraid that he would not be able to endure the tortures. Fr Stephen urged him to remain strong and bear witness to Christ.

St Demetrius remained in prison for a whole year. His tortures continued, and no one was able to help him. At the beginning of the year, many Moslems gathered and shouted for the kadi to execute Demetrius. Therefore, he summoned Demetrius before him. The fearless martyr remained unshaken in his resolve, and mocked their faith.

For the last time Demetrius was offered the choice of converting to Islam or being put to death. He said he would remain a Christian whatever they did to him. Father Stephen came to the prison to hear the saint's confession and give him Communion.

On the morning of January 30, 1841 Demetrius was brought to the place of execution. He asked forgiveness of the Christians he met, entreating them to pray for him. Then they ordered him to kneel on the ground for beheading. The first stroke did not sever his head, and he remained motionless. With the second stroke, the martyr's head fell to the ground. The Christians soaked cloths in his blood, and Fr Stephen collected some of the blood-soaked earth in a box.

The holy relics remained unburied all night. The kadi ordered the body to be thrown into the river the next day, because Moslems believe that the bodies of those who insult Mohammed should not be received by the earth. After a sufficient bribe had been paid, the kadi released the body for burial in the garden of the monastery. St Demetrius now lives in the heavenly Kingdom, glorifying most holy Trinity, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit throughout all ages.
1917 St. Mutien-Marie Wiaux Christian Brother praised model teacher art and music
He was born the son of a blacksmith in Mellet, Belgium, in 1841. Entering the Christian Brothers, he changed his baptismal name, Louis, to Mutien. In 1859 he was assigned to St. Bertuin’s School in Maloone, where he taught for fifty-eight years. Mutien specialized in art and music. He was canonized in 1989 by Pope John Paul II.

Mucian Mary Wiaux (RM) Born at Mellet, Belgium, on March 20, 1841; died Malonne, Belgium, on January 30, 1917; canonized by John Paul II on December 10, 1989.

Louis Joseph Wiaux was the son of a deeply devout blacksmith and his equally fervent wife, who was an innkeeper. He became a Christian Brother at Namur in 1856 (age 15) and took the name of an obscure Roman martyr of unknown date, Mucian, who was killed with an unknown boy and another named Mark. After short times at Chimay and then Brussels, in 1858, Mucian Mary was moved to the college at Malonne, where he remained the balance of his life.

It must have been difficult for Brother Mucian: He found himself in a teaching order but had little talent for it. Thus, he was given marginal subjects and assigned to those tasks that required no special teaching skills. Although he was no success in passing on book knowledge, Brother Mucian had that much prized skill of "bringing even the least gifted to the limit of their abilities." What a wonderful present God placed in the lives who knew Mucian! Here was a man who could lead others to share the charisms with which God had endowed them. Of course, the ability to bring out the best in those around him, made Brother Mucian much loved. His gentleness and holiness of life also served as a model to those who saw "the brother who is always praying."
Visits to his tomb began immediately after his death. In Belgium he is known as a great intercessor before God, which led to his cause being open in 1936, less than 20 years after his death. At Mucian Mary's canonization, Pope John Paul II called him "the light of Belgium and the glory of his congregation." The Belgian bishops wrote that Mucian Mary "left no theological or spiritual treatise, nothing to bring his name out of the shadows. . . . [he] accomplished nothing out of the ordinary. . . . He was a man of prayer, an apostle among the students and went about his daily taks with holiness. . . . hurting none and forgiving all" (Walsh).

Mary's Divine Motherhood
 Monday  Saints of this Day January 30 Tértio Kaléndas Februárii.  

Pope Francis  PRAYER INTENTIONS FOR  January 2017
Universal: Interreligious Dialogue;  That sincere dialogue among men and women
of different faiths may produce the fruits of peace and justice.

Evangelization: Christian Unity; That by means of dialogue and fraternal charity
and with the grace of the Holy Spirit, Christians may overcome divisions.

   `   

God Bless Mother Angelica 1923-2016
ewtnmissionaries.com

On Death and Life
"Man Needs Eternity -- and Every Other Hope, for Him, Is All Too Brief"
Пресвятая Богородице спаси нас!    (Santíssima Mãe de Deus, salva-nos!)
                      

                                                                                 
     
We are the defenders of true freedom.
  May our witness unveil the deception of the "pro-choice" slogan.
40 days for Life Campaign saves lives Shawn Carney Campaign Director www.40daysforlife.com
Please help save the unborn they are the future for the world

It is a great poverty that a child must die so that you may live as you wish -- Mother Teresa
 Saving babies, healing moms and dads, 'The Gospel of Life'

"Man Needs Eternity -- and Every Other Hope, for Him, Is All Too Brief"
It Makes No Sense Not To Believe In GOD 
Every Christian must be a living book
wherein one can read the teaching of the gospel

Jesus brings us many Blessings
 
The more we pray, the more we wish to pray. Like a fish which at first swims on the surface of the water, and afterwards plunges down, and is always going deeper; the soul plunges, dives, and loses itself in the sweetness of conversing with God. -- St. John Vianney

  Month by Month of Saintly Dedications


The Rosary html Mary Mother of GOD -- Her Rosary Here
Mary Mother of GOD Mary's Divine Motherhood: FEASTS OF OUR LADY
     of the Virgin Mary to those who recite the Rosary

May 9 – Our Lady of the Wood (Italy, 1607) 
Months of Dedication
January is the month of the Holy Name of Jesus since 1902;
March is the month of Saint Joseph since 1855;
May, the month of Mary, is the oldest and most well-known Marian month, officially since 1724;
June is the month of the Sacred Heart since 1873;
July is the month of the Precious Blood since 1850;
August is the month of the Immaculate Heart of Mary;
September is the month of Our Lady of Sorrows since 1857;
October is the month of the Rosary since 1868;
November is the month of the Holy Souls in Purgatory since 1888;
December is the month of the Immaculate Conception.

In all, five months of the year are dedicated to Mary.
The idea of dedicating months came from Rome and promotion of the month of Mary owes much to the Jesuits.  arras.catholique.fr


Pray that the witness of 40 Days for Life bears abundant fruit, and that we begin again each day to storm the gates of hell until God welcomes us into the gates of heaven.

If you seek patience, you will find no better example than the cross. Great patience occurs in two ways:
either when one patiently suffers much, or when one suffers things which one is able to avoid and yet does not avoid.
Christ endured much on the cross, and did so patiently, because when he suffered he did not threaten;
he was led like a sheep to the slaughter and he did not open his mouth.-- St. Thomas Aquinas


                    We begin our day by seeing Christ in the consecrated bread, and throughout the day we continue to see Him in the torn bodies of our poor. We pray, that is, through our work, performing it with Jesus, for Jesus and upon Jesus.
The poor are our prayer. They carry God in them. Prayer means praying everything, praying the work.
We meet the Lord who hungers and thirsts, in the poor.....and the poor could be you or I or any person kind enough to show us his or her love and to come to our place.
Because we cannot see Christ, we cannot express our love to Him in person.
But our neighbor we can see, and we can do for him or her what we would love to do for Jesus if He were visible.
-- Mother Teresa
My God, I believe, I adore, I trust and I love Thee.  I beg pardon for those who do not believe, do not adore, do not love Thee.  O most Holy trinity, Father, Son and Holy Spirit, I adore Thee profoundly.
 I offer Thee the most precious Body, Blood, Soul and Divinity of Jesus Christ, present in all the Tabernacles of the world,  in reparation for the outrages, sacrileges and indifference by which He is offended,
and by the infite merits of the Sacred Heart of Jesus and the Immaculate Heart of Mary.

I beg the conversion of poor sinners,  Amen Fatima Prayer, Angel of Peace
Mary's Divine Motherhood
Pope Francis and Pope Benedict XVI { 2013 } Catholic Church In China { article here}
1648 to1930 St. Augustine Zhao Rong and 120 Companions Christianity arrived in China by way of Syria -- 600s.
        Depending on China's relations with outside world,
Christianity for centuries was free to grow or forced to operate secretly.

How do I start the Five First Saturdays? 
Called in the Gospel “the Mother of Jesus,” Mary is acclaimed by Elizabeth, at the prompting of the Spirit and even before the birth of her son, as “the Mother of my Lord” (Lk 1:43; Jn 2:1; 19:25; cf. Mt 13:55; et al.). In fact, the One whom she conceived as man by the Holy Spirit, who truly became her Son according to the flesh, was none other than the Father's eternal Son, the second person of the Holy Trinity. Hence the Church confesses that Mary is truly Mother of God (Theotokos). 
Catechism of the Catholic Church 495, quoting the Council of Ephesus (431): DS 251.
“The Blessed Virgin was eternally predestined, in conjunction with the incarnation of the divine Word, to be the Mother of God. By decree of divine Providence, she served on earth as the loving mother of the divine Redeemer, an associate of unique nobility, and the Lord's humble handmaid. She conceived, brought forth, and nourished Christ.”
The voice of the Father is heard, the Son enters the water, and the Holy Spirit appears in the form of a dove.
   THE spirit and example of the world imperceptibly instil the error into the minds of many that there is a kind of middle way of going to Heaven; and so, because the world does not live up to the gospel, they bring the gospel down to the level of the world. It is not by this example that we are to measure the Christian rule, but words and life of Christ. All His followers are commanded to labour to become perfect even as our heavenly Father is perfect, and to bear His image in our hearts that we may be His children. We are obliged by the gospel to die to ourselves by fighting self-love in our hearts, by the mastery of our passions, by taking on the spirit of our Lord.
   These are the conditions under which Christ makes His promises and numbers us among His children, as is manifest from His words which the apostles have left us in their inspired writings. Here is no distinction made or foreseen between the apostles or clergy or religious and secular persons. The former, indeed, take upon themselves certain stricter obligations, as a means of accomplishing these ends more perfectly; but the law of holiness and of disengagement of the heart from the world is geeral and binds all the followers of Christ.
Saints of January 01 mention with Popes
2nd v. St. Elvan & Mydwyn;   Supposedly two Britons sent by King St. Lucius to Pope St. Eleutherius (c. 174-189) to ask for missionaries.

3rd v. St. Martina, virgin Item Romæ, via Appia, corónæ sanctórum mílitum trigínta Mártyrum, sub Diocletiáno Imperatóre. In the same city, on the Appian Way, the crowning with martyrdom of thirty holy soldiers under Emperor Diocletian. Alban Butler informs us correctly that there was a chapel in Rome consecrated to her memory which was frequented with great devotion in the seventh century. We also may learn from him that her relics were discovered in a vault in the ruins of her old church, and translated in the year 1634 under Pope Urban VIII, who built. a new church in her honour and himself composed the hymns used in her office in the Roman Breviary. He adds further that the city of Rome ranks her amongst its particular patrons.

510 St. Eugendus 4th abbot of Condat, near Geneva Switzerland. Also called Oyand, Eugendus was never ordained, but he was a noted Scripture scholar.  In the lives of the first abbots of Condat it is mentioned that the monastery, which was built by St Romanus of timber, being consumed by fire, St Eugendus rebuilt it of stone; and also that he built a handsome church in honour of SS. Peter, Paul and Andrew.
   His prayer was almost continual, and his devotion most ardent during his last illness. Having called the priest among his brethren to whom he had committed the office of anointing the sick, Eugendus caused him to anoint his breast according to the custom then prevalent, and he breathed forth his soul five days after, about the year 510, and of his age sixty-one.*{* The rich abbey of Saint-Claude gave rise to a considerable town built about it, which was made an episcopal see by Pope Benedict XIV in 1748, who, secularizing the monastery, converted it into a cathedral. The canons to gain admittance were required to give proof of their nobility for sixteen degrees, eight paternal and as many maternal.}

533 St. Fulgentius Bishop of Ruspe, Tunisia friend of St. Augustine; “A person may be endowed with the gift of miracles, and yet may lose his soul. Miracles insure not salvation; they may indeed procure esteem and applause; but what will it avail a man to be esteemed on earth and afterwards be delivered up to torments?”   Born Fabius Claudius Gordianus Fulgentius of Carthage, he was a Roman of senatorial rank. His mother, widowed, opposed Fulgentius’ religious career, but he became a monk. He became abbot with Felix but had to flee the monastery in 499 when Vandals or Numidians invaded, going to Sicca Veneria. Retuming to the area, Fulgentius was named bishop of Ruspe, circa 508. King Thrasamund , an Arian, banished Fulgentius to Sardinia, Italy where he and other bishops were aided by Pope St. Symmachus. Fulgentius founded a monastery and wrote such eloquent defenses of orthodox Catholic doctrines that King Thrasamund returned him to his see, only to banish him again. In 523, Fulgentius returned to his see, where he set about rebuilding the faith.

660 ST CLARUS, ABBOT; many marvellous stories of the miracles he worked, *{* It is perhaps desirable to remind the reader once for all that only Almighty God can do miracles. The use of the above and similar expressions is permissible by custom, but in fact God does the miracle through the agency or at the intercession of the saint concerned.}  patron of tailors.  St. Clarus Abbot  numerous miracles  patron of tailors
Clarus was born near Vienne, Dauphine', France. He became a monk at St. Ferreol Abbey and later was spiritual director of St. Blandina Convent, where his mother and sister were nuns. In time he became Abbot of St. Marcellus monastery at Vienne and lived there until his death on January 1. He is reputed to have performed numerous miracles, and his cult was confirmed in 1903 by Pope Pius X. He is the patron of tailors.


1031 St William of Saint Benignus, Abbot; character was great zeal and firmness joined with tender affection for his subjects;  did not hesitate to oppose, both by action and writings, the most powerful rulers of his time, like Emperor St Henry, Robert, King of France, and Pope John XIX, when he felt the cause of justice was at stake; In interests of the Cluniac reform he was constantly active, making many journeys and travelling as far as Rome.

1048 St. Odilo monk at Cluny 5th abbot ecstacies great austerities inaugurated All Souls' Day.  Though he was a friend of princes and popes, he was exceedingly gentle and kind and known throughout Christendom for his liberality to the needy. Odilo's concern for the people was also shown by the lavish help he gave during several famines, especially in 1006, when he sold Church treasures to feed the poor, and again from 1028-1033.

1252 Bl. Berka Zdislava founded Dominican priory of St. Laurence Communion daily;   Zdislava had visions and ecstasies, and even in those days of infrequent communion she is said to have received the Blessed Sacrament almost daily. When she fell grievously ill she consoled her husband and children by saying that she hoped to help them more from the next world than she had ever been able to do in this. She died on January 1, 1252, was buried in the priory of St Laurence which she had founded, and is stated to have appeared to her husband in glory shortly after her death. This greatly strengthened him in his conversion from a life of worldliness. Pope Pius X approved the cult paid to her in her native country in 1907. The alleged connection of Bd Zdislava Berka with the third order of St Dominic remains somewhat of a problem, for the first formal rule for Dominican tertiaries of which we have knowledge belongs to a later date.

1713 St. Joseph Mary Tomasi;  Cardinal confessor of Pope Clement XI {1649 1721}; He answered that the days of actual physical martyrdom are over, and that we are now in the days of hidden martyrdom, seen only by God; the lesson of it all being trust in God; Even before his death the sick were healed through touching his clothing, and when the end had come cures multiplied round his bier. Bd Joseph Tommasi was beatified in 1803.
.  Born the son of the duke of Palermo, he became a member of the Theatine Order. Sent to Rome, he became the confessor of Cardinal Giovanni Francesco Albani, proving instrumental in convincing the cardinal to accept elevation as pope in 1700 under pain of mortal sin. In return, the newly elected pontiff forced Joseph to accept appointment as a cardinal. While he served capably as a cardinal, his first preoccupation was as a brilliant liturgical scholar who published some of his works under the pseudonym J. M. Carus.Among his most notable contributions were: Codices Sacramentorunz Nongentis Annis Vetustiores (1680), including the Missale Gothicurn and the Missale Francorum; Responsalia etA ntiphonaria Ronzanae Ecclesiae a Sancto Gregorio Magno Disposita (1686); and the Antiqua Libri Missaruni Romanae Ecclesiae (1691). Beatified in 1803, he was canonized in 1986 by Pope John Paul II.

Saints of January 02 mention with Popes
379 St. Basil the Great  vast learning and constant activity, genuine eloquence and immense charity Patron of hospital administrators.  379 St Basil The Great, Archbishop of Caesarea and Doctor of The Church, Patriarch of Eastern Monks
St Basil was born at Caesarea, the capital of Cappadocia in Asia Minor, in the year 329.
St. Basil the Great (329-379)
Basil was on his way to becoming a famous teacher when he decided to begin a religious life of gospel poverty. After studying various modes of religious life, he founded what was probably the first monastery in Asia Minor. He is to monks of the East what St. Benedict is to the West, and his principles influence Eastern monasticism today.

One of a family of ten, which included St Gregory of Nyssa, St Macrina the Younger, and St Peter of Sebaste, he was descended on both sides from Christians who had suffered persecution. His father, St Basil the Elder, and his mother, St Emmelia, were possessed of considerable landed property, and Basil’s early years were spent at the country house of his grandmother, St Macrina, whose example and teaching he never forgot. He was less successful in his efforts on behalf of the Church outside his own province. Left by the death of St Athanasius the champion of orthodoxy in the East, he strove persistently to rally and unite his fellow Catholics who, crushed by Arian tyranny and rent by schisms and dissensions amongst themselves, seemed threatened with extinction. His advances, however, were ill-received and he found himself misunderstood, misrepresented, and accused of ambition and of heresy. Even appeals which he and his friends made to Pope St Damasus and the Western bishops to intervene in the affairs of the East and to heal the troubles met with little response—apparently because aspersions upon their good faith had been made in Rome itself.
Nevertheless, relief was at hand, and that from an unexpected quarter. On August 9, 378, the Emperor Valens was mortally wounded at the battle of Adrian­ople, and with the accession of his nephew, Gratian, came the end of the Arian ascendancy in the East. When the news reached St Basil he was on his death-bed, but it brought him consolation in his last moments. He died on January 1, 379 at the age of forty-nine, worn out by his austerities, his hard work, and a painful disease. The whole of Caesarea mourned him as a father and protector—pagans, Jews, and strangers joining in the general lamentation. Seventy-two years after his death the Council of Chalcedon described him as “The great Basil, the minister of grace who has expounded the truth to the whole earth”. He was undoubtedly one of the most eloquent orators the Church has ever produced and his writings have entitled him to a high place amongst her doctors. In the Eastern church his chief feast-day is on January 1.


1146? BD AYRALD, Bishop of MAURIENNE; “Here lies Ayrald, a man of noble blood, monk of Portes, glory of pontiffs, a light of the Church, stay of the unfortunate, shining with goodness and unnumbered miracles.”   THE identity of this holy bishop is involved in much confusion and obscurity. His cultus was confirmed in 1863, and in the decree published on that occasion a summary of his life is given.
If we may credit this account, he was a son of William II, Count of Burgundy. Of his three brothers, one was elected pope under the name of Callistus II; another, Raymond, became king of Castile; and the third, Henry, count of Portugal.


1836 St. Caspar del Bufalo Various miracles many graces were obtained by his intercession.  In 1814 he founded the Congregation of the Most Precious Blood and in 1815, it was formally approved. The second foundation was made in 1819 and the third shortly afterwards at Albano. His wish was to have a house in every diocese, the most neglected and wicked town or district being chosen. The Kingdom of Naples in those days was a nest of crime of every kind; no one's life or property was safe, and in 1821 the pope asked del Bufalo to found six houses there. He joyfully responded but met with endless difficulties before subjects and funds were collected.

Saints of January 03 mention with Popes

236 ST ANTHERUS, POPE AND MARTYR; the Liber Pontificalis states that he was put to death for obtaining copies of the official proceedings against the martyrs with the view of preserving them in the episcopal archives.  THE name of St Antherus occurs in the list of popes after that of St Pontian. He is believed to have been elected November 21, 235, and to have died January 3, 236, thus reigning only forty-three days. Nothing certain is known regarding his martyrdom, though the Liber Pontificalis states that he was put to death for obtaining copies of the official proceedings against the martyrs with the view of preserving them in the episcopal archives. He was buried in the “papal crypt” in the catacombs (Cemetery of St Callistus), and De Rossi discovered the site in 1854, together with the fragments of a Greek inscription.

  512 St. Genevieve Paris averted Attila scourge by fasting/ prayer;  500 ST GENEVIEVE, or GENOVEFA, VIRGIN
GENEVIEVE’S father’s name was Severus, and her mother’s Gerontia; she was born about the year 422 at Nanterre, a small village four miles from Paris, near Mont Valérien. When St Germanus, Bishop of Auxerre, went with St Lupus into Britain to oppose the Pelagian heresy, he spent a night at Nanterre on his way. The inhabitants flocked about them to receive their blessing, and St Germanus gave an address, during which he took particular notice of Genevieve, though she was only seven. After his sermon he inquired for her parents, and foretold their daughter’s future sanctity. He then asked Genevieve whether it was not her desire to serve God only and to be naught else but a spouse of Jesus Christ. She answered that this was what she desired, and begged that by his blessing she might be from that moment consecrated to God. The holy prelate went to the church, followed by the people, and during the long singing of psalms and prayers, says Constantius—that is during the recital of None and Vespers, as one text of the Life of St Genevieve expresses it—he laid his hand upon the maiden’s head. After he had supped he dismissed her, telling her parents to bring her again to him the next morning. The father obeyed, and St Germanus asked the child whether she remembered the promise she had made to God. She said she did, and declared that she hoped to keep her word. The bishop gave her a medal or coin, on which a cross was engraved, to wear about her neck, in memory of the consecration she had received the day before; and he charged her never to wear bracelets or jewels or other trinkets. The author of her life tells us that the child, begging one day that she might go to church, her mother struck her on the face, but in punishment lost her sight; she only recovered it two months after, by washing her eyes with water which her daughter fetched from the well and over which she had made the sign of the cross. Hence the people look upon the well at Nanterre as having been blessed by the saint.  

The city of Paris has frequently received sensible proofs of the divine protection, through St Genevieve’s intercession. The most famous instance is that called the miracle des Ardents, or of the burning fever. In 1129 a disease, apparently poisoning by ergot, swept off in a short time many thous and persons, nor could the art of physicians afford any relief. Stephen, Bishop of Paris, with the clergy and people, implored the divine mercy by fasting and sup­plications. Yet the epidemic did not abate till the shrine of St Genevieve was carried in a solemn procession to the cathedral. Many sick persons were cured by touching the shrine, and of all who then were suffering from the disease in the whole town only three died, and no others fell ill.

1130 Pope Innocent II, coming to Paris the year following, after due investigation ordered an annual festival in commemoration of the miracle on November 26, which is still kept in Paris. It was formerly the custom, in extraordinary public calamities, to carry the shrine of St Genevieve in procession to the cathedral. The greater part of the relics of the saint were destroyed or pillaged at the French Revolution.


Saints of January 04 mention with Popes
1821 St. ELIZABETH ANN SET0N (née Bayley). Born in New York City, 1774; married William Seton, 1794; widowed in 1803; received into the Catholic Church in 1805; made religious vows, 1809; died at Emmetsburg in Maryland, 4 January 1821. Mother Seton founded the American Sisters of Charity and was the first native-born American citizen to be beatified, in 1963.
Elizabeth Bayley Seton was the first native born American to be canonized by the Catholic Church.  Born two years before the American Revolution, Elizabeth grew up in the "cream" of New York society. She was a prolific reader, and read everything from the Bible to contemporary novels.  In spite of her high society background, Elizabeth's early life was quiet, simple, and often lonely. As she grew a little older, the Bible was to become her continual instruction, support and comfort; she would continue to love the Scriptures for the rest of her life.In 1794, Elizabeth married the wealthy young William Seton, with whom she was deeply in love. The first years of their marriage were happy and prosperous. Elizabeth wrote in her diary at first autumn, "My own home at twenty-the world-that and heaven too-quite impossible."
Born:  28 August 1774, New York City, New York, USA as Elizabeth Ann Bayley Died:  4 January 1821 Beatification:  17 March 1963 by Pope John XXIII Canonization:  14 September 1975 by Pope Paul VI Patronage:  death of children, in-law problems, loss of parents, opposition of Church authorities, people ridiculed for their piety, diocese of Shreveport Louisiana, widows.  
Readings
We must pray without ceasing, in every occurrence and employment of our lives - that prayer which is rather a habit of lifting up the heart to God as in a constant communication with Him.  Saint Elizabeth Ann Seton.  
Our God is God. All is as He pleases. I am the happiest creature in the thought that not the least thing can happen but by His will or permission; and all for the best.  Saint Elizabeth Ann Seton.  
The first end I propose in our daily work is to do the will of God; secondly, to do it in the manner he wills it; and thirdly to do it because it is his will.  Saint Elizabeth Ann Seton


Saints of January 05 mention with Popes
126 ST TELESPHORUS Pope in the time of Antoninus Pius, St. Telesphorus, pope, who, after many sufferings for the confession of Christ, underwent a glorious martyrdom.  Towards the year 126 he succeeded St Sixtus I, and saw the havoc which the persecution of Hadrian made in the Church. “He ended his life by a glorious martyrdom, says Eusebius, and he is the first one of the successors of St Peter whom St Irenaeus and other early writers refer to as a martyr. The ordinances attributed to him in the Liber Pontificalis, e.g. that the Mass of Christmas—a feast that did not then exist—should be celebrated at midnight, cannot with any probability be ascribed to his pontificate. St Teles­phorus is commemorated to-day in the Mass and Office of the vigil of the Epiphany.

 550 St. Emiliana Mystic aunt of Pope St. Gregory the Great    At Rome, the holy virgin Emiliana, aunt of Pope St. Gregory.  Being called to God by her sister Tharsilla, who had preceded her, she departed to heaven on this day.
She and a sister, Tharsilla, lived in Rome, in the home of their brother, Gregory’s father, practicing great austerity. Emiliana died on January 5, just a few days after Tharsilla.
550 Emiliana of Rome saintly life, visions  V (RM)
550 SS. THARSILLA AND EMILIANA, VIRGINS

 868 St. Convoyon Benedictine abbot exiled by Norseman in Brittany
IN 1866 Pope Pius IX approved the cultus, which from time immemorial had been paid in the neighbourhood of Redon in Brittany to the Benedictine monk who was the founder and abbot of the monastery of Saint Saviour. He was himself a Breton by birth, and it was in 831 that he, with six companions, obtained a grant of land on which to build an abbey. In the disturbed political conditions of the time, the early years of the new foundation seem to have been full of privation and hardship. Owing in part to a charge of simony brought against certain bishops of the province, Convoyon in 848 found himself a member of a deputation sent to Rome to appeal to Pope Leo IV. He is said to have brought back with him to his monastery a chasuble which Leo gave him, and also the relics of Pope St Marcellinus.
Later Convoyon was driven from his monastery by the incursions of the Norsemen, and was absent from it at the time of his death in 868. In 1866 the abbey of Saint Saviour at Redon had passed into the hands of a community of
the Eudist fathers, who were very active in procuring the confirmation of cultus for this local saint.

St. Charles of Sezze a lay brother at Naziano.  John Charles Marchioni was born at Sezze, Italy, on October 19, of humble parents. He became a shepherd and wanted to become a priest. When unable to do so because of his poor scholarship (He barely learned to read and write), he became a lay brother at Naziano, served in various menial positions - cook, porter, gardener - at different monasteries near Rome and became known for his holiness, simplicity, and charity.
He wrote several mystical works, lived a life of great mortifications, and worked heroically to help the stricken in the plague of 1656. He died in Rome on January 6. His family name may have been Melchior, and he is also known as Charles of Sezze. He was canonized by Pope John XXIII in 1959.


1236 St. Roger  da Todi  received the habit from St. Francis of Assisi.   Ruggiero da Todi (Roger) was appointed spiritual director of Blessed Philippa Mareri's Community at Rieti by Francis.
Roger died at Todi, shortly after Philippa's death January 5; his cult was confirmed by Pope Benedict XIV.
 

1860  Bd John NEPOMUCEN NEUMANN. Born in Bohemia, 1811; he was ordained priest in New York City in 1836 and joined the Redemptorist congregation; consecrated fourth bishop of Philadelphia in 1852; he died there on 5 January 1860. Bishop Neumann, a naturalized American citizen, organized Catholic schools into a diocesan system. He was beatified in 1963.
 January 5, 2010 St. John Neumann (1811-1860). The first American bishop to be canonized and the fourth bishop of Philadelphia. A native of Bohemia, he studied at the University of Prague, became a noted scholar, and entered the religious life. Deeply inspired by the letters of Father Frederic Baraga to the Leopold Missionary Society, he volunteered to labor in America, arriving in New York and receiving ordination on June 25, 1836. The next four years were spent in missionary work among the members of the German community around Niagara Falls. In 1840, he joined the Redemptorists in 1842- the first member to be professed in America - and ten years later, on March 28, 1852, he was consecrated bishop of Philadelphia at the suggestion of Archbishop Francis Kenrick of Baltimore. As bishop, Neumann founded fifty churches in the diocese, advanced the program on the cathedral, and was noted especially for his contribution to Catholic education. Finding only two parochial schools at his arrival, Neumann established nearly one hundred by the time of his passing. He also cared for the poor and orphans, and founded the Sisters of the Third Order of St. Francis. Beatified by Pope Paul VI in 1963, he was canonized in 1977.

Saints of January 06 mention with Popes
607 St. Peter of Canterbury  Benedictine 1st abbot monastery Sts. Peter/Paul - Canterbury. Peter was originally a monk in the monastery of St. Andrew’s, Rome, and was chosen by Pope St. Gregory I the Great {Doctor of the Church; b. Rome 540; d.12 March 604}to embark with St. Augustine of Canterbury and other monks on the missionary enterprise to England in 596.  Peter became the first abbot of the monastery of Sts. Peter and Paul at Canterbury in 602.  He died by drowning at Ambleteu, near Boulogne while on a mission to France.

 1275 St Raymond of Pennafort canon of Barcelona Dominican, Archbishop     At Barcelona in Spain, St. Raymond of Pennafort, of the Order of Preachers, celebrated for sanctity and learning.  His festival is kept on the 23rd of this month.
1175-1275) encouraged assisted and confessor for Peter Nolasco -- requested by the Blessed Virgin in a vision to found an order especially devoted to the ransom of captives from the Moors. The reputation of the saint for juridical science decided the pope to employ Raymond of Peñafort's talents in re-arranging and codifying the canons of the Church. He had to rewrite and condense decrees that had been multiplying for centuries, and which were contained in some twelve or fourteen collections already existing. We learn from a Bull of Gregory IX to the Universities of Paris and Bologna that many of the decrees in the collections were but repetitions of ones issued before, many contradicted what had been determined in previous decrees, and many on account of their great length led to endless confusion, while others had never been embodied in any collection and were of uncertain authority.

The pope announced the new publication in a Bull directed to the doctors and students of Paris and Bologna in 1231, and commanded that the work of St. Raymond alone should be considered authoritative, and should alone be used in the schools. When Raymond completed his work the pope appointed him Archbishop of Tarragona, but the saint declined the honour. Having edited the Decretals he returned to Spain. He was not allowed to remain long in seclusion, as he was elected General of the Order in 1238; but he resigned two years later.

1373 St. Andrew Corsini regarded as a prophet and a thaumaturgus miracles were so multiplied at his death that Eugenius IV permitted a public cult immediately; Feast kept on February 04.        At Florence, St. Andrew Corsini, a Florentine Carmelite and bishop of Fiesole.  Being celebrated for miracles, he was ranked among the saints by Urban VIII.  His festival is kept on the 4th of February.
He was born in Florence on November 30, 1302, a member of the powerful Corsini family. Wild in his youth, Andrew was converted to a holy life by his mother and became a Carmelite monk. He studied in Paris and Avignon, France, returning to his birthplace. There he became known as the Apostle of Florence. He was called a prophet and miracle worker. Named as the bishop of Fiesole in 1349, Andrew fled the honor but was forced to accept the office, which he held for twelve years. He was sent by Pope Urban V to Bologna to settle disputes between the nobles and commoners, a mission he performed well. Andrew died in Fiesole on January 6, 1373. So many miracles took place at his death that Pope Eugenius IV permitted the immediate opening of his cause.

1611  St. John de Ribera Archbishop Vice-roy of Valencia deported Moors Many miracles attributed his intercession.  Spain. He was the son of the duke of Alcala, and was born in Seville, Spain. Ordained a priest in 1557, he became archbishop in 1568, serving for more than four decades until he died on January 6, in Valencia. John ordered the Moors deported from his see. He was revered by Pope Pius V and King Philip II of Spain. Pope John XXIII canonized him in 1959.
 Providence seems perceptibly to have intervened to shield his virtue from danger. Realizing the perils to which he was exposed, he gave himself up to penance and prayer in preparation for holy orders. In 1557, at the age of twenty-five, Don John was ordained priest; and after teaching theology at Salamanca for a while, he was preconized bishop of Badajoz, much to his dismay, by St Pius V in 1562. His duties as bishop were discharged with scrupulous fidelity and zeal, and six years later, by the desire both of Philip II and the same holy pontiff, he was reluctantly constrained to accept the dignity of archbishop of Valencia. A few months later, filled with consternation at the languid faith and relaxed morals of this province, which was the great stronghold of the Moriscos, he wrote begging to be allowed to resign, but the pope would not consent; and for forty-two years, down to his death in 1611, St John struggled to support cheerfully a load of responsibility which almost crushed him. In his old age the burden was increased by the office of viceroy of the province of Valencia, which was imposed upon him by Philip III.


1925 BD RAPHAELA MARY, VIRGIN, FOUNDRESS OF THE HANDMAIDS OF THE SACRED HEART  her answer to misery was, I see clearly that God wants me to submit to all that happens to me as if I saw Him there commanding it.”  It cannot be doubted that it was in these years that she earned her halo of holiness.
The woman that inaugurated a religious congregation in the circum­stances that she did cannot have found such self-abnegation easy. Attention has several times been drawn in these pages to people who were popularly canonized because they accepted, not formal martyrdom, but simply an unjust death: Mother Raphaela is a beata who lived nearly half her life cheerfully carrying a weight of unjust treatment. Courage and sweetness shone out from her face in old age. The surgeon who operated on her in her last days said it all in a sentence:
Mother, you are a brave woman”; but she had said long before,
“I see clearly that God wants me to submit to all that happens to me as if I saw Him there commanding it.”
                           Bd Raphaela Mary died on the Epiphany in 1925, and she was beatified in 1952.

In English there is a good summary in pamphlet form, In Search of the Will of God (1950), by Fr William Lawson.



1937  Blessed André Bessette (b. 1845) expressed a saint’s faith by a lifelong devotion to St. Joseph.
 St. André Bessette  (1845-1937)  Brother André expressed a saint’s faith by a lifelong devotion to St. Joseph.
Sickness and weakness dogged André from birth. He was the eighth of 12 children born to a French Canadian couple near Montreal. Adopted at 12, when both parents had died, he became a farmhand. Various trades followed: shoemaker, baker, blacksmith—all failures. He was a factory worker in the United States during the boom times of the Civil War.


At 25, he applied for entrance into the Congregation of the Holy Cross. After a year’s novitiate, he was not admitted because of his weak health. But with an extension and the urging of Bishop Bourget (see Marie-Rose Durocher, October 6), he was finally received. He was given the humble job of doorkeeper at Notre Dame College in Montreal, with additional duties as sacristan, laundry worker and messenger. “When I joined this community, the superiors showed me the door, and I remained 40 years,” he said. He is buried at the Oratory. He was beatified in 1982 and canonized in 2010. At his canonization in October 2010, Pope Benedict XVI said that St. Andre "lived the beatitude of the pure of heart."

Saints of January 07 mention with Popes
St. Crispins 1/ Pavia Lombardy 30 yrs 2/bishop w Pope St. Leo I Great.
 Papíæ sancti Crispíni, Epíscopi et Confessóris.       At Pavia, St. Crispin, bishop and confessor.
Two brothers bore this name, both canonized. One served Pavia, in Lombardy, Italy, for thirty years.
The other was bishop in the reign of Pope St. Leo I the Great.

335-414 St. Nicetas of Remesiana Bishop Te Deum missionary friend of St. Paulinus of Nola who made fierce and barbarous nations humane and meek by preaching the Gospel to them.  Though a priest of Antioch, we find him at Nicomedia in the year 303, when Diocletian first published his edicts against the Christians. He there suffered a long imprisonment for the faith, for he wrote from out of his dungeon, “All the martyrs salute you. I inform you that the Pope Anthimus [Bishop of Nicomedia] has finished his course by martyrdom.” This happened in 303. Yet Eusebius informs us that St Lucian did not arrive himself at the crown of martyrdom till after the death of St Peter of Alexandria in 311, so that he seems to have continued nine years in prison.
856 St. Aidric Bishop court diplomat Charlemagne and son/successor Louis Raised at Aix-la-Chapelle, Germany, the royal residence of Charlemagne.   Aidric, or Aldericus, grew up serving Charlemagne and his son and successor, Louis. At twenty-one, Aidric left the honors of the court to study for the priesthood at Metz, France. After his ordination, he was recalled to the court by Louis. Nine years later he was made the bishop of Le Mans, where he became known for his sanctity and for his efforts on behalf of his people. When Louis died, Aidric supported Charles the Bald, one of Louis' sons fighting for the throne, and for this reason was forced out of Le Mans, only to be reinstalled by Pope Gregory IV. Aidric served as a legate to the court of King Pepin of Aquitaine, France, where he convinced that monarch to restore vast amounts of Church property stolen by the royal family.
Aidric also took part in the councils of Paris and Tours. He was paralyzed for the last two years of his life.

1131 St. Canute Lavard Martyred nephew of St. Canute son of King Eric the Good.  In Dánia sancti Canúti, Regis et Mártyris.  In Denmark, St. Canute, king and martyr.  Canute had spent part of his youth at the Saxon court, and in 1129 the Emperor Lothair III recognized his rule over the western Wends, with the title of king. This excited the anger of King Niels of Denmark, and on January 7, 1131, Canute was treacherously slain in the forest of Haraldsted, near Ringsted, by his cousins Magnus Nielssen and Henry Skadelaar. Canute, who had supported the missionary activities of St Vicelin, was canonized by Pope Alexander III in 1169 at the request of his son, Valdemar I of Denmark, and of Eskil, Archbishop of Lund. The Roman Martyrology, following the cultus, which Canute received in Denmark, calls him a martyr, but he seems to have been a dynastic hero rather than a martyr.
1225 St. Raymond of Peñafort Dominican Marian; sailed on water w/cloak; Patron of Canonists taught philosophy at 20-gratis. The brave religious of this Order devoted themselves to saving poor Christians captured by the Moors.  Raymund joined to the exercises of his solitude the functions of an apostolical life, by laboring without intermission in preaching, instructing, hearing confessions with wonderful fruit, and converting heretics, Jews, and Moors Among his penitents were James, king of Aragon, and St. Peter Nolasco, with whom he concerted the foundation of the Order of the B. Virgin of mercy for the redemption of captives. James, the young king of Aragon had married Eleonora of Castile within the prohibited degrees, without a dispensation. A legate was sent by pope Gregory IX. to examine and judge the case. In a council of bishops of the two kingdoms, held at Tar rayon, he declared the marriage null, but that their son Don Alphonso should be reputed lawfully born, and heir to his father's crown. The king had taken his confessor with him to the council, and the cardinal legate was so charmed with his talents and virtue, that he associated him in his legation and gave him a commission to preach the holy war against the Moors. The servant of God acquitted himself of that function with so much prudence, zeal, and charity, that he sowed the seeds of the total overthrow of those infidels in Spain.

Saints of January 08 mention with Popes
425 St. Atticus Bishop converted opponent of St. John Chrysostom then called a "true successor of Chrysostom" by Pope St. Celestine I.  Atticus was born in Sebaste. He was trained in a heretical sect but converted and was ordained in Constantinople. He and one Arsacacius aided in deposing St. John Chrysostom from the see of Constantinople at the Council of the Oak in 405. Atticus succeeded to the see of Constantinople in 406, recognized by Pope St. Innocent I. He was a tireless foe of heretics, called a "true successor of Chrysostom" by Pope St. Celestine I. Atticus died in Constantinople on October 10.

511 St. Maximus Bishop of Pavia, Italy. attended the councils of Rome convened by Pope Symmachus.  He attended the councils of Rome convened by Pope Symmachus.  

1309 Blessed Angela of Foligno dedicated to prayer and works of charity; her Book of Visions and Instructions Angela the title "Teacher of Theologians." She was beatified in 1693.  At her confessor’s advice, Angela wrote her Book of Visions and Instructions. In it she recalls some of the temptations she suffered after her conversion; she also expresses her thanks to God for the Incarnation of Jesus. This book and her life earned for Angela the title "Teacher of Theologians." She was beatified in 1693.
1456 St. Lawrence Justinian first Patriarch of Venice the death of Eminent for learning, and abundantly filled with the heavenly gifts of divine wisdom the 5th of September, on which day he ascended the pontifical throne.  The Diocese of Castello belonged to the Patriarchate of Grado. On 8 October, 1451, Nicholas V united the See of Castello with the Patriarchate of Grado, and the see of the patriarch was transferred to Venice, and Lawrence was named the first Patriarch of Venice, and exercised his office till his death somewhat more than four years later. His beatification was ratified by Clement VII in 1524, and he was canonized in 1690 by Alexander VIII. Innocent XII appointed 5 September for the celebration of his feast. The saint's ascetical writings have often been published, first in Brescia in 1506, later in Paris in 1524, and in Basle in 1560, etc. We are indebted to his nephew, Bernardo Giustiniani, for his biography.

Saints of January 09 mention with Popes
710 St. Adrian, African Abbot near Naples tomb famous for miracles.  710 ST ADRIAN, ABBOT OF CANTERBURY
ADRIAN was an African by birth, and was abbot of Nerida, not far from Naples, when Pope St Vitalian, upon the death of St Deusdedit, the archbishop of Canterbury, judged him for his learning and virtue to be the most suitable person to be the teacher of a nation still young in the faith. The humble servant of God found means to decline that dignity by recommending St Theodore in his place, but was willing to share in the more laborious part of the ministry. The pope therefore enjoined him to be the assistant and adviser of the archbishop, to which Adrian readily agreed.

Adrian was serving as an abbot in Italy when the new Archbishop of Canterbury appointed him abbot of the monastery of Sts. Peter and Paul in Canterbury. Thanks to his leadership skills, the facility became one of the most important centers of learning. The school attracted many outstanding scholars from far and wide and produced numerous future bishops and archbishops. Students reportedly learned Greek and Latin and spoke Latin as well as their own native languages.

He died there, probably in the year 710, and was buried in the monastery. Several hundred years later, when reconstruction was being done, Adrian’s body was discovered in an incorrupt state. As word spread, people flocked to his tomb, which became famous for miracles. Rumor had it that young schoolboys in trouble with their masters made regular visits there.


Saints of January 10 mention with Popes
681  Pope St. Agatho  678-681 a holy death, concluded a life remarkable for sanctity and learning.  AGATHO, a Sicilian Greek by birth, was remarkable for his benevolence and an engaging sweetness of temper. He had been married and engaged in secular pursuits for twenty years before he became a monk at Palermo; and was treasurer of the Church at Rome when he succeeded Donus in the pontificate in 678. He presided by his three legates at the sixth general council (the third of Constantin­ople) in 680 against the monothelite heresy, which he confuted in a learned letter by the tradition of the apostolic church of Rome “acknowledged”, says he, “by the whole Catholic Church to be the mother and mistress of all churches, and to derive her superior authority from St Peter, the prince of the apostles, to whom Christ committed His whole flock, with a promise that his faith should never fail”. This epistle was approved as a rule of faith by the same council, which declared, “Peter spoke by Agatho”.

1209 St. William of Bourges canon monk Cistercian many miracles deaf, dumb, blind, the mentally ill became sound. The stone of his tomb in the Cathedral Church of Bourges cured mortal wounds and illnesses and delivered possessed persons; the deaf and dumb, the blind, the mentally ill became sound. So many miracles occurred there that the monks could not record them all, and he was canonized nine years after his death, in 1218, by Pope Honorius III. At Bourges in Aquitaine, St. William, archbishop and confessor, renowned for miracles and virtues.  He was canonized by Pope Honorius III.
William de Don Jeon was born at Nevers France. He was educated by his uncle Peter, archdeacon of Soissons, became a canon of Soissons and of Paris and then became a monk at Grandmont Abbey. He became a Cistercian at Pontigny, served as Abbot at Fontaine-Jean in Sens, and in 1187 became Abbot at Chalis near Senlis. He was named Archbishop of Bourges in 1200, accepted on the order of Pope Innocent III and his Cistercian superior, lived a life of great austerity, was in great demand as a confessor, aided the poor of his See, defended ecclesiastical rights against seculars, even the king, and converted many Albigensians during his missions to them.

1276 Teobaldo Visconti Pope St. Gregory X 1210-1276; Arriving in Rome in March, he was first ordained priest, then consecrated bishop, and crowned on the 27th  of the same month, in 1272. He took the name of Gregory X, and to procure the most effectual succour for the Holy Land he called a general council to meet at Lyons. This fourteenth general council, the second of Lyons, was opened in May 1274. Among those assembled were St Albert the Great and St Philip Benizi; St Thomas Aquinas died on his way thither, and St Bonaventure died at the council. In the fourth session the Greek legates on behalf of the Eastern emperor and patriarch restored communion between the Byzantine church and the Holy See.;  miraculous cures performed by him.  At Arezzo in Tuscany, blessed Gregory X, a native of Piacenza, who was elected Sovereign Pontiff while he was archdeacon of Liege.  He held the second Council of Lyons, received the Greeks into the unity of the Church, appeased discords among the Christians, made generous efforts for the recovery of the Holy Land, and governed the Church in a most holy manner.
 1283 BD JOHN OF VERCELLI Immediately on his election to the see of Rome, Bd Gregory X imposed on John of Vercelli and his friars the task of again pacifying the quarrelling states of Italy, and three years later he was ordered to draw up a schema for the Second Ecumenical Council of Lyons. At the council he met Jerome of Ascoli (afterwards Pope Nicholas IV), who had succeeded St Bonaventure as minister general of the Franciscans, and the two addressed a joint letter to the whole body of friars. Later on they were sent together by the Holy See to mediate between Philip III of France and Alfonso X of Castile, continuing the work of peace-maker, in which John excelled.


Arriving in Rome in March, he was first ordained priest, then consecrated bishop, and crowned on the 27th  of the same month, in 1272. He took the name of Gregory X, and to procure the most effectual succour for the Holy Land he called a general council to meet at Lyons. This fourteenth general council, the second of Lyons, was opened in May 1274. Among those assembled were St Albert the Great and St Philip Benizi; St Thomas Aquinas died on his way thither, and St Bonaventure died at the council. In the fourth session the Greek legates on behalf of the Eastern emperor and patriarch restored communion between the Byzantine church and the Holy See. Pope Gregory, we are told, shed tears whilst the Te Deum was sung. Unhappily the reconciliation was short-lived.
After the council, Bd Gregory devoted all his energies to concerting measures for carrying its decrees into execution, particularly those relating to the crusade in the East, which, however, never set out. This unwearied application to business, and the fatigues of his journey across the Alps on his return to Rome brought on a serious illness, of which he died at Arezzo on January 10, 1276. The name of Gregory X was added to the Roman Martyrology by Pope Benedict XIV; his holiness was always recognized, and had he lived longer he would doubtless have left a deeper mark on the Church.

Saints of January 11 mention with Popes
137-140 St. Hyginus, Pope a Greek confronts Gnostic heresy       At Rome, St. Hyginus, pope, who suffered a glorious martyrdom in the persecution of Antoninus.
Pope from 137-140, successorto Pope St. Telesphorus. He was a Greek, and probably had a pontificate of four years. He had to confront the Gnostic heresy and Valentinus and Cerdo, leaders of the heresy, who were in Rome at the time. Some lists proclaim him a martyr. His cult was suppressed in 1969.

250 St. Alexander "The charcoal burner" Bishop of Comana, in Pontus martyr
The discovery of his virtues was due to the very contempt with which he had been regarded. St. Gregory Thaumaturgus had been asked to come to Comana to help select a bishop for that place. As he rejected all the candidates, someone in derision suggested that he might accept Alexander, the charcoal-burner. Gregory took the suggestion seriously, summoned Alexander, and found that he had to do with a saint and a man of great capabilities.
In the modern Roman Martyrology his name occurs, and he is described as a "philosophus disertissimus."
  570 St. Anastasius X Benedictine abbot angel summoned him and monks to heaven. At Suppentonia, near Mount Soracte, St. Athanasius, monk, and his companions, who were called by a voice from heaven to enter the kingdom of God.
Noted by Pope St. Gregory the Great. Anastasius became a monk at Suppentonia in the diocese of Nepi, Italy, serving in time as abbot. Pope St. Gregory the Great recorded that an angel appeared to summon Anastasius and his monks, all of whom died in rapid succession after the visitation.

Saints of January 12 mention with Popes
690 St. Benedict Biscop an English monastic founder; five pilgrimages to Rome; SS Peter and Paul monasteries became the best-equipped in England, and St Benedict’s purchase of books was of special significance, for it made possible the work of the Venerable Bede; On his return to England, Benedict introduced, whenever he could, the religious rites as he saw them practised in Rome; first to introduce into England the building of stone churches and the art of making glass windows; Pope Vitalian sent him and the monk Adrian as advisers with Theodore, the newly appointed Archbishop of Canterbury

1700 St. Marguerite Bourgeoys; Children from European as well as Native American backgrounds in seventeenth-century Canada benefited from her great zeal and unshakable trust in God’s providence.  
Comment: It’s easy to become discouraged when plans that we think that God must endorse are frustrated. Marguerite was called not to be a cloistered nun but to be a foundress and an educator. God had not ignored her after all.

Quote: In his homily at her canonization, Pope John Paul II said, “...in particular, she [Marguerite] contributed to building up that new country [Canada], realizing the determining role of women, and she diligently strove toward their formation in a deeply Christian spirit.” He noted that she watched over her students with affection and confidence “in order to prepare them to become wives and worthy mothers, Christians, cultured, hard-working, radiant mothers.”

1892 St. Anthony Mary Pucci Servite priest caring for sick poor pioneering Holy Childhood Society.  Born Ap16 1819 Poggiole, Italy christened Eustace. He entered the Servites about 1837, taking the name Anthony Mary, and ordained in 1843. Assigned to Viareggio, Italy, Anthony became pastor of the parish in 1847. His entire life was spent instructing children, caring for the sick and poor, and pioneering the Holy Childhood Society.  He was heroic during the epidemics of 1854 and Anthony Mary died on January 14, 1892, in Viareggio. He was canonized in 1962.


Saints of January 13 mention with Popes
368 St. Hilary gentle courteous devoted writing great theology on Trinity      At Poitiers in France, the birthday of St. Hilary, bishop and confessor of the Catholic faith which he courageously defended, and for which he was banished for four years to Phrygia, where, among other miracles, he raised a man from the dead.  Pius IX declared him a doctor of the Church.  His festival is celebrated tomorrow.

1497 Blessed Veronica of Binasco (b. 1445) known as a great contemplative who also gave loving care to sick sisters in her community and ministered to the people of Milan. She had the gifts of prophecy, discernment and miracles..  Although she never learned to read and write, she was known and respected by the secular and ecclesiastical leaders of her day. Several times Christ gave to St. Martha, blessed Veronica of Binasco, virgin, of the Order of St. Augustine in prayer important messages which she carried to influential persons such as the Duke of Milan and Pope Alexander VI.
Born Giovanna Negroni in Binasco, Milan, Italy in 1445, she was raised in a peasant family. When she was 22 years old, she joined the monastery of Saint Martha in Milan. She took the religious name Veronica, reflecting her devotion to the Passion of Christ.
She always spoke of her own sinful life, as she called it, though, indeed, it was most innocent, with feelings of intense compunction. Veronica was favoured by God with many extraordinary visions and consolations. A detailed account is preserved of the principal incidents of our Lord’s life as they were revealed to her in her ecstasies. By her moving exhortations she softened and converted several obdurate sinners. She died at the hour which she had foretold, in the year 1497, at the age of fifty-two, and her sanctity was confirmed by miracles. Pope Leo X in 1517 permitted her to be honoured in her monastery in the same manner as if she had been beatified according to the usual forms, and the name of Bd Veronica of Binasco is inserted on this day in the Roman Martyrology, an unusual distinction in the case of a servant of God who has not been formally canonized.

Saints of January 14 mention with Popes

   255 St. Felix of Nola Bishop distributed inheritance to the poor assistant to St. Maximus of Nola tomb famous for miracles      At Nola in Campania, the birthday of St. Felix, priest, who (as is related by bishop St. Paulinus), after being subjected to torments by the persecutors, was cast into prison, bound hand and foot, and extended on shells and broken earthenware.  In the night, however, his bonds were loosened and he was delivered by an angel.  The persecution over, he brought many to the faith of Christ by his exemplary life and teaching, and, renowned for miracles, rested in peace..  Pope St Damasus pays a tribute in verse to Felix for a cure he himself had received. Cf. Quentin, Les Martyrologes historiques, pp. 518—522.
St Felix was a native of Nola, a Roman colony in Campania, fourteen miles from Naples, where his father Hermias, who was by birth a Syrian and had served in the army, had purchased an estate and settled down. He had two sons, Felix and Hermias, to whom at his death he left his patrimony. The younger sought preferment in the world by following the profession of arms. Felix, to become in effect what his name in Latin imported, that is “happy”, resolved to follow no other standard than that of the King of kings, Jesus Christ. For this purpose he distributed most of his possessions among the poor, and was ordained priest by St Maximus, Bishop of Nola, who, charmed with his virtue and prudence, made him his right hand in those times of trouble, and looked upon him as his destined successor.

368  Sancti Hilárii, Epíscopi Pictaviénsis, Confessóris et Ecclésiæ Doctóris; qui prídie hujus diéi evolávit in cælum.      St. Hilary, bishop of Poitiers, confessor and doctor of the Church, who entered heaven on the thirteenth day of this month.  ST AUGUSTINE, who often urges the authority of St Hilary against the Pelagians, styles him “the illustrious doctor of the churches”. St Jerome says that he was amost eloquent man, and the trumpet of the Latins against the Arians” and in another place, that “in St Cyprian and St Hilary, God had transplanted two fair cedars out of the world into His Church  St Hilary was born at Poitiers, and his family was illustrious in Gaul. He himself testifies that he was brought up in idolatry, and gives us a detailed account of the steps by which God conducted him to a knowledge of the faith, He con­sidered, by the light of reason, that man, a moral and free agent, is placed in this world for the exercise of patience, temperance, and other virtues, which he saw must receive a recompense after this life. He ardently set about learning what God is, and quickly discovered the absurdity of polytheism, or a plurality of gods he was convinced that there can be only one God, and that He must be eternal, unchangeable, all-powerful, the first cause and author of all things. Hilary died at Poitiers, probably in the year 368, but neither the year nor the day of the month can be determined with certainty. The Roman Martyrology names his feast on January 14. St Hilary was proclaimed a doctor of the Church by Pope Pius IX in 1851.

 552 St. Datius Bishop of Milan, Italy , exiled by the Arian Ostrogoths  Driven from Milan the bishop betook himself to Constan­tinople, where, in 545, he boldly supported Pope Vigilius against Justinian in the controversy concerning the “Three Chapters”. He seems to have died in 552, while still at Constantinople, whence his remains were at a later date translated to his episcopal city of Milan. Pope St Gregory the Great in his Dialogues recounts a curious story of a haunted house from which the devil used to frighten all intending occupants, by producing the most alarming and discordant howlings of beasts. St Datius, however, showed no fear, but put the aggressor to shame and restored perfect quiet.

1180 Saint Lawrence O'Toole descendant of Irish petty kings    Dublin was a turbulent place in those days. It was practically under the control of half-pagan Danish settlers.  Archbishop Lawrence was a staunch reformer, which won him few friends. He established a rule of life for the clergy of his cathedral, and followed it strictly himself. At several local church councils he upheld the rights of the Church. He also went to Rome to take part in the reformist Third Council of the Lateran (1179). When he passed through England, King Henry II asked him to swear that while at Rome he would do nothing to infringe on the regal "rights" over the church in England and Ireland. Nevertheless, Lawrence was able to obtain from Pope Alexander II papal protection for the dioceses of the Dublin Province. The pope also named him papal legate to Ireland.

1200 BD ODO OF NOVARA He worked many miracles both during life and after death, but it horrified him to think that people should attribute to him any supernatural power.  BD Odo, a Carthusian monk of the twelfth century, stands out from among some of his saintly contemporaries by the fact that we have good first-hand evidence concerning his manner of life. Pope Gregory IX ordered an inquiry to be made with a view to his canonization, and the depositions of the witnesses are still preserved. One or two extracts will serve to sketch his portrait better than a narrative.

 “Master Richard, Bishop of Trivento, having been adjured in the name of the Holy Ghost, the holy Gospels lying open before him, affirmed that he had seen the blessed Odo and knew him to be a God-fearing man, modest and chaste, given up night and day to watching and prayer, clad only in rough garments of wool, living in a tiny cell, which he hardly ever quitted except to pray in the church, obeying always the sound of the bell when it called him to office. Without ceasing, he poured forth his soul in sighs and tears; there was no one he came across to whom he did not give new courage in the service of God; he constantly read the divine Scriptures, and in spite of his advanced age, as long as he stayed in his cell, he laboured with his hands as best he could that he might not fall a prey to idleness.”

One of these, the Archpriest Oderisius, deposes that he was present when Odo breathed his last, and that “as he lay upon the ground in his hair-shirt in the aforesaid little cell, he began to say, when at the point of death, ‘Wait for me, Lord, wait for me, I am coming to thee’; and when they asked him to whom he was speaking, he answered, ‘It is my King, whom now I see, I am standing in His presence.’ And when the blessed Odo spoke these words, just as if someone were offering him his hand, he stood straight up from the ground, and so, with his hands stretched out heavenwards, he passed away to our Lord.” This happened on January 14 in the year 1200, when Odo was believed to be nearly a hundred years old.

1225 St. Sava patron of Serbia monk founded monasteries translated religious works into Serbian. THE public ecclesiastical life and politics of St Sava (i.e. Sabas) were to a great extent conditioned by political considerations, a circumstance common to many churchmen in history, and nowhere more acute than in the Balkans, at the junction of great civil and ecclesiastical powers and the meeting-place of diverse cultures.

Sava, born in 1174, was the youngest of the three sons of Stephen I, founder of the dynasty of the Nemanydes and of the independent Serbian state. At the age of seventeen he became a monk on the Greek peninsula of Mount Athos, where he was joined by his father when that prince abdicated in 1196. Together they established a monastery for Serbian monks, with the name of Khilandari, which is still in existence as one of the seventeen “ruling monasteries” of the Holy Mountain. As abbot, Sava was noted for his light and effective touch in training young monks; it was remarked, too, that his influence was always on the side of gentleness and leniency. He began the work of translating books into the Serbian language, and there are still treasured at Khilandari a psalter and ritual written out by himself, and signed, “I, the unworthy lazy monk Sava”.

1811 St. Joseph Pignatelli, Pius XI said, served "chief link between Society of Jesus that had been and Society to be."  
When St. Ignatius of Loyola established the Society of Jesus in the 16th century, he placed its members at the disposal of the popes.  The Jesuit order thus became one of the chief agencies used by the bishops of Rome in their worldwide governance of the Church.  It was therefore ironic that a pope in 1773 suppressed the order! Not until 1814 was the Society completely restored.  Then St. Joseph Pignatelli, as Pope Pius XI said, served as "the chief link between the Society that had been and the Society that was to be."
Joseph Mary Pignatelli belonged to the Spanish branch of a princely Italian family.  Born in Saragossa, Spain, he entered the Jesuits at 16.  After his ordination he worked in his native city.  There he became noted for his care of prisoners condemned to death.

1892 ST ANTONY PUCCI a member of a religious order, the Servants of Mary, spent most of his life and achieved holiness as a parish priest and miracles of healing took place at his grave.

St Antony Pucci died on January 14, 1892 at the age of 73; his passing was greeted with an outburst of grief in Viareggio, and miracles of healing took place at his grave. He was beatified in 1952, and canonized in 1962 during the Second Vatican Council.  See the decree of beatification in the Acta Apostolicae Sedis, vol. xliv (1952) ; and Un apostolo della Carità (1920), by a Servite.

Saints of January 15 mention with Popes
 570 St. Ita virgin founded a community of women dedicated to God extravagant miracles attributed.  570 ST ITA, VIRGIN
AMONG the women saints of Ireland, St Ita (also called Ida and Mida, with other variant spellings) holds the foremost place after St Brigid. Although her life has been overlaid with a multitude of mythical and extravagant miracles, there is no reason to doubt her historical existence. She is said to have been of royal descent, to have been born in one of the baronies of Decies, near Drum, Co. Waterford, and to have been originally called Deirdre. A noble suitor presented himself, but by fasting and praying for three days Ita, with angelic help, won her father’s consent to her leading a life of virginity. She accordingly migrated to Hy Conaill, in the western part of the present county of Limerick, There at Killeedy she gathered round her a community of maidens and there, after long years given to the service of God and her neighbour, she eventually died, probably in the year 570.
Not alone was St. Ita a saint, but she was the foster-mother of many saints, including St. Brendan the Voyager, St. Pulcherius (Mochoemog), and St. Cummian Fada. At the request of Bishop Butler of Limerick, Pope Pius IX granted a special Office and Mass for the feast of St. Ita, which is kept on 15 January.

764 St. Ceolwulf King of Northumbria patron of St. Bede.   IT is difficult to find any trace of late medieval cultus of this Northumbrian king, but he was held in high honour after his death, his body in 830 being trans­lated to Norham, and the head to Durham.
 Bede speaks enthusiastically of his virtues and his zeal, and dedicated to him his Ecclesiastical History, which he submitted to the king’s criticism. Ceolwulf ended his days as a monk at Lindisfarne, and it is recorded that through his influence the community, who previously had drunk nothing but water or milk, were allowed to take beer, and even wine. His relics were said to work many miracles. Simeon of Durham assigns his death to 764, but in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle the date given is 760.
Practically all available information will be found collected in Plummer’s edition of Bede, especially vol. ii, p. 340.
England, and patron of St. Bede. He resigned in 738 and became a monk at Lindisfame. St. Bede dedicated his Ecclesiastical History to “the most gracious King Ceolwulf.”

1208 Bl. Peter of Castelnau Martyred Cistercian papal legate and inquisitor.  1208 BD PETER OF CASTELNAU, MARTYR
This Cistercian monk was born near Montpellier, and in 1199 we hear of him as archdeacon of Maguelone, but he entered the Cistercian Order a year or two later. To him, aided by another of his religious brethren,
Pope Innocent III
in 1203 confided the mission of taking action as apostolic delegate and inquisi­tor against the Albigensian heretics, a duty which Peter discharged with much zeal, but little success. The opposition against him, which was fanned by Raymund VI, Count of Toulouse, ended in his assassination on January 55, 1209, not far from the abbey of Saint-Gilles. Pierced through the body by a lance, Bd Peter cried to his murderer, “May God forgive thee as fully as I for­give thee”. His relics were enshrined and venerated in the abbey church of Saint-Gilles.

1909 Bl. Arnold Jansen Founder of the Society of the Divine Word. Born in Goch, Germany, on November 5, 1837, Arnold studied at Gaesdonck, Munster, and Bonn. He was ordained in 1861 and served as a parish priest. He also served as a chaplain at an Ursuline convent at Kempen. In 1875, he founded the Society of the Divine Word in a mission house in Steyl, Holland. This society was designed to provide priests and lay brothers for the missions. The congregation was approved in 1901. Arnold also founded the Servant Sisters of the Holy Ghost for the missions in 1889. He died in Steyl on January 5, 1909, and was beatified in 1975 by Pope Paul VI.

Saints of January 16 mention with Popes
309 Marcellus I, Pope M (RM) reorganized Church in Rome  309 ST MARCELLUS I, POPE AND MARTYR
ST MARCELLUS had been a priest under Pope St Marcellinus, and succeeded him in 308, after the see of Peter had been vacant for three years and a half. An epitaph written of him by Pope St Damasus says that by enforcing the canons of penance he drew upon himself the hostility of many tepid and refractory Christians, and that for his severity against a certain apostate, he was banished by Maxentius. He died in 309 at his unknown place of exile. The Liber Pontificalis states that Lucina, the widow of one Pinian, who lodged St Marcellus when he lived in Rome, after his death converted her house into a church, which she called by his name. His false acts relate that, among other sufferings, he was condemned by the tyrant to keep cattle. He is styled a martyr in the early sacramentaries and martyrologies, but the fifth-century account of his martyrdom conflicts with the earlier epitaph. His body lies in Rome under the high altar in the ancient church which bears his name and gives its title to a cardinal.


6th v. St. Honoratus of Fondi abbot-founder (RM)   At Fondi in Lazio, St. Honoratus, abbot, mentioned by Pope St. Gregory.  Honoratus was the of the monastery of Fondi on the confines of Latium and Campania in present-day Italy.
Saint Gregory the Great gives a pleasing, though all too short, account of his life in Dialogos, Book I (Benedictines).

670 St. Ferreolus bishop of Grenoble BM.  ALTHOUGH the cult of Bd Ferreolus was confirmed by Pope Pius X in 1907, practically nothing is known of the facts of his life. He is said to have been the thirteenth bishop of Grenoble, but, as Mgr Duchesne points out, nothing connects him with the see but a feeble liturgical tradition. Later accounts describe him as resisting the demands of the tyrannical mayor of the palace, Ebroin, and as having been, in consequence, driven from his see, and eventually put to death.
See Duchesne, Fastes Épiscopaux, vol. i, p. 232, and the Acta Sanctorum for January 12.



Saints of January 17 mention with Popes
   420 Sabinus of Piacenza B (RM); feast day formerly December 11. Bishop Saint Sabinus of Piacenza was a close friend of Saint Ambrose, who used to send him his writings for editing.   At Edessa in Mesopotamia, in the time of Emperor Valens, St. Julian Sabas the Elder, who miraculously restored the Catholic faith at Antioch, although it was almost destroyed in that city. While still a deacon Sabinus was sent by Pope Saint Damasus to settle the Meletian schism at Antioch. Sabinus is reputed to have stayed the flood water of the River Po with a written order (Attwater2, Benedictines, Coulson).

356 St. Anthony the Abbot miraculous healings Faith comes from God rhetoric from humans   At Rome, in the monastery of St. Andrew, the blessed monks Anthony, Merulus, and John, of whom Pope St. Gregory speaks in his writings.
Anthony, Merulus, and John were monks in Rome’s Benedictine Monastery of Saint Andrew. Anthony meditated upon the Scriptures so as to move his heart to contrition. One night he experienced a vision in which he was told to prepare to leave on a journey, for God had commanded it. When Anthony replied that he did not have the money to pay his way, the voice answered, “If you are referring to your sins, know that they are forgiven.” Six days later, he died.

Saints of January 18 mention with Popes
1270 St. Margaret, virgin, from the royal family of Arpad, and a nun of the Order of St. Dominic.  Budæ, in Hungária, sanctæ Margarítæ Vírginis, e régia Arpadénsium família, Ordinis sancti Domínici Moniális, virtúte castitátis et arctíssima pæniténtia insígnis, quam Pius Duodécimus, Póntifex Máximus, sanctárum Vírginum catálogo adscrípsit. At Buda in Hungary, St. Margaret, virgin, from the royal family of Arpad, and a nun of the Order of St. Dominic, endued with the virtues of chastity and a burning penitence.  The Supreme Pontiff, Pius XII, added her to the list of holy virgins.

1337 Saint Cyril and his wife Maria.  Forty days after burying his parents, Bartholomew settled their estate, giving his share to his brother Peter. He then went to the monastery when he was twenty-three years old, and was tonsured on October 7 with the name Sergius (in honor of the martyr St Sergius who is commemorated on that day). As everyone knows, St Sergius of Radonezh became one of Russia's greatest and most revered saints.

St Cyril was glorified by the Orthodox Church of Russia in 1992. He is also commemorated on September 28, and on July 6 (Synaxis of the Saints of Radonezh).


1670 St. Charles of Sezze Franciscan Pope Clement IX called Charles to his bedside for a blessing. Charles thought that God was calling him to be a missionary in India, but he never got there. God had something better for this 17th-century successor to Brother Juniper.
Born in Sezze, southeast of Rome, Charles was inspired by the lives of Salvator Horta and Paschal Baylon to become a Franciscan; he did that in 1635. Charles tells us in his autobiography, "Our Lord put in my heart a determination to become a lay brother with a great desire to be poor and to beg alms for his love."


1890 St. Vincenza Mary Lopez y Vicuna Foundress of the Daughters of Mary Immaculate. Born at Cascante, Navarre, Spain, March 22, 1847, she was the daughter of a lawyer. Vincenza took a vow of chastity, aided by her aunt, Eulolia de Vicuna, and she refused the arranged marriage which had been organized by her parents. In 1876, she established the Daughters in order to offer some protection to the vulnerable young women who worked as domestic servants. Papal approval was secured in 1888 from Pope Leo XIII (1878-1903), and Vincenza died two years later in Madrld on December 26, after intense suffering from illness. Beatified in 1950, she was canonized in 1975 by Pope Paul VI (1963-1978).

1937 St Jaime Hilario Barbal, religious Brother teaching the poor executed during the Spanish Civil War: "The day you learn to surrender yourself totally to God, you will discover a new world, just as I am experiencing. You will enjoy a peace and a calm unknown, surpassing even the happiest days of your life."   “To die for Christ, my young friends, is to live.”
He believed proficing a strong education was the best way to help the poor.  In 1937 St. Jaime was arrested for being a religious Brother during the Spanish Civil War and executed by firing sqad.


Saints of January 19 mention with Popes
250 St. Fabian  Roman layman a dove settled on his head.  Fabian who came into the city from his farm one day as clergy and people were preparing to elect a new pope. Eusebius, a Church historian, says a dove flew in and settled on the head of Fabian. This sign united the votes of clergy and laity and he was chosen unanimously. He led the Church for 14 years and died a martyr’s death during the persecution of Decius{249-251 1/5} in a.d. 250.
St. Cyprian wrote to his successor that Fabian was an “incomparable” man whose glory in death matched the holiness and purity of his life. In the catacombs of St. Callistus, the stone that covered Fabian’s grave may still be seen, broken into four pieces, bearing the Greek words, “Fabian, bishop, martyr.”

678 St. Nathalan Hermit bishop of Tullicht, best known for his miracles  .  THE curiously extravagant legend of St Nathalan, whose cult was confirmed by Pope Leo XIII in 1898, and whose feast is now kept at Aberdeen on January 19, cannot be better given than in the words of the Aberdeen breviary:
“Nathalan is believed to have been born in the northern parts of the Scotti, in ancient times, at Tullicht in the diocese of Aberdeen ; a man of great sanctity, who, after he had come to man’s estate and been imbued with the liberal arts, devoted himself and his wholly to divine contemplation. And when he learned that amongst the works of man’s hands the cultivation of the soil approached nearest to divine contemplation, though educated in a noble family with his own hands he practised the lowly art of tilling the fields, abandoning all other occupations that his mind might never be sullied by the impure solicitations of the flesh.

1086 St. Canute IV Martyred king of Denmark.  ST CANUTE (Cnut) of Denmark was a natural son of Swein Estrithson, whose uncle Canute had reigned in England. He advanced a claim to the crown of that country, but his attempt on Northumbria in 1075 was a complete failure; in 1081 he succeeded his brother Harold as king of Denmark. The Danes had received the Christian faith some time before, but, as has been said of Canute of England, their “religious enthusiasm was quaintly tinged with barbarian naïveté”. Perhaps the word “tinged” is hardly strong enough. Canute II married Adela, sister of Robert, Count of Flanders, by whom he had a son, Bd Charles the Good. He enacted several laws for the administration of justice and in restraint of the jarls, granted privileges and immunities to the clergy, and exacted tithes for their subsistence; unfortunately one effect of his activities was to make some churchmen feudal lords who gave more attention to their temporal than to their spiritual profit and duties. Canute showed a royal magnificence in building and endowing churches, and gave the crown which he wore to the church of Roskilde, which became the burial-place of the Danish kings.

1157 St. Henry of Sweden an Englishman Bishop of Uppsala residing at Rome miracles at tomb  1156?  ST HENRY, BISHOP OF UPPSALA, MARTYR.  FOR lack of reliable contemporary records only a bare outline can be given of the history of St Henry. He was an Englishman, and it is possible that he was already resident in Rome when Cardinal Nicholas Breakspear, afterwards Pope Adrian IV, was sent in 1151 as papal legate to Scandinavia. Henry seems to have accompanied him and to have been consecrated bishop of Uppsala by the legate himself in 1152. The new bishop won the favour of St Eric, King of Sweden, and when the king sailed to undertake a sort of crusade against the pagan marauders of Finland, the new bishop went with him. The Swedish warriors gained a great victory and as a result some of the Finns accepted Christian baptism. Eric sailed back to Sweden, but the bishop remained behind to continue his work, “with apostolic zeal, though occasionally hardly with apostolic wisdom”.

1924 Saint Joseph Sebastian Pelczar; Bishop of Przemysl in 1900 until his death in 1924. He made frequent visits to the parishes, supported the religious orders, conducted three synods, and worked for the education and religious formation of his priests. He encouraged devotion to the Blessed Sacrament, Eucharistic devotions, the Sacred Heart of Jesus, and the Virgin Mary. He built and restored churches, built nurseries, kitchens, homeless shelters, schools for the poor, and gave tuition assistance to poor seminarians. He worked for the implentation of the social doctrine described in the writings of Pope Leo XIII. He left behind a large body of work including books, pastoral letters, sermons, addresses, prayers and other writings. 



Saints of January 20 mention with Popes
250 St Fabian, Pope M (RM)  succeeded Saint
  Antheros as pope and governed as bishop of
  Rome for 14 peaceful years
.   250 St. Fabian layperson dove descended this stranger was elected Pope able built Church of Rome.  At Rome, the birthday of St. Fabian, pope, who suffered martyrdom in the time of Decius, and was buried in the cemetery of Callistus. 250 ST FABIAN, POPE AND MARTYR Pope ST FABIAN succeeded St Antherus in the pontificate about the year 236. Eusebius relates that in an assembly of the people and clergy held to elect the new pope, a dove flew in and settled on the head of St Fabian. This sign, we are told, united the votes of the clergy and people in choosing Fabian, though, as he was a layman and a stranger, they had no thought of him before. He governed the Church fourteen years, brought the body of St Pontian, pope and martyr, from Sardinia, and condemned Privatus, the author of a new heresy, which had given trouble in Africa. St Fabian died a martyr in the persecution of Decius, in 250, as St Cyprian and St Jerome bear witness.

Pope Caius, who was appealed to, judged that Sebastian should stay in Rome. In the year 286, the persecution growing fiercer, the pope and others concealed themselves in the imperial palace, as the place of greatest safety, in the apartments of one Castulus, a Christian officer of the court. Zoë was first apprehended, when praying at St Peter’s tomb on the feast of the apostles. She was stifled with smoke, being hung by the heels over a fire. Tranquillinus, ashamed to show less courage than a woman, went to pray at the tomb of St Paul, and there was seized and stoned to death. Nicostratus, Claudius, Castorius and Victorinus were taken, and after being thrice tortured, were thrown into the sea. Tiburtius, betrayed by a false brother, was beheaded. Castulus, accused by the same wretch, was twice stretched upon the rack, and afterwards buried alive. Marcus and Marcellian were nailed by the feet to a post, and having remained in that torment twenty-four hours were shot to death with arrows.

  946 St. Maurus Benedictine bishop of Cesena.    At Cesena, St. Maur, bishop, renowned for virtues and miracles.
St. Maurus A native of Rome and nephew of Pope John IX, he was ordained then became a Benedictine at Classe in Ravenna, its abbot in 926 and bishop of Cesena, Italy in 934.

1670 St. Charles of Sezze 17th-century successor to Brother Juniper.  The dying Pope Clement IX called Charles to his bedside for a blessing. Charles thought that God was calling him to be a missionary in India, but he never got there. God had something better for this 17th-century successor to Brother Juniper.  Born in Sezze, southeast of Rome, Charles was inspired by the lives of Salvator Horta and Paschal Baylon to become a Franciscan; he did that in 1635. Charles tells us in his autobiography, "Our Lord put in my heart a determination to become a lay brother with a great desire to be poor and to beg alms for his love.

Saints of January 21 mention with Popes
  258 The holy Virgin Martyr Agnes Many miracles occurred at the grave relics rest in the church built in her honor,
along the Via Nomentana
born at Rome during the third century.  At Rome, the passion of St. Agnes, virgin, who under Symphronius, governor of the city, was thrown into the fire, but after it was extinguished by her prayers, she was slain with the sword.  Of her, St. Jerome writes: "Agnes is praised in the writings and by the tongues of all nations, especially in the churches.  She overcame the weakness of her age, conquered the cruelty of the tyrant, and consecrated her chastity by martyrdom."  St Agnes was martyred, and that she was buried beside the Via Nomentana in the cemetery afterwards called by her name. Here a basilica was erected in her honour before 354 by Constantina, daughter of Constantine and wife of Gallus; and the terms of the acrostic inscription set up in the apse are still preserved, but it tells us nothing about St Agnes except that she was “a virgin and “victorious. Again, the name of St Agnes is entered in the Depositio martyrum of A.D. 354, under the date January 21, together with the place of her burial. There is also abundant sub­sidiary evidence of early cultus in the frequent occurrence of representations of the child martyr in “gold glasses, etc., and in the prominence given to her name in all kinds of Christian literature. “Agnes, Thecla and Mary were with me, said St Martin to Sulpicius Severus, where he seems to assign precedence to Agnes even above our Blessed Lady. St Agnes is, as remarked above, one of the saints named in the canon of the Mass.

   Baba Sheikh Farid Ji was a great Sufi saint  On the banks of the river Sutlej at a place called Pak Pattan,
  tamerlane horses suddenly stopped. The horsement whipped their animals. The stallions started bleeding but
  refused to move further voice came from somewhere and called, "Baba Farid, the King of Kings" More Here
.   Farid was to Punjabi what Chaucer was to English.
He made Punjabi poetry and poetry Punjabi. Later when Adi Granth (Sikh scripture) was compiled by the fifth Guru of the Sikhs, Guru Arjun Dev Ji, Farid’s ‘slokas’ (sacred couplets) were given the place of honour along with those of Kabir, Ramdev and Guru Ravidas. "Farid return thou good for evil; In thy heart bear no revenge. Thus thy body will be free of maladies, And thy life have all blessings."


 662 Saint Maximus the Confessor 3 candles burned miraculously over the grave proving his fight against the
       Monothelite heresy
.  Born in Constantinople around 580 and raised in a pious Christian family. He received an excellent education, studying philosophy, grammar, and rhetoric. He was well-read in the authors of antiquity and he also mastered philosophy and theology. When St Maximus entered into government service, he became first secretary (asekretis) and chief counselor to the emperor Heraclius (611-641), who was impressed by his knowledge and virtuous life.  Patriarch Sergius died at the end of 638, and the emperor Heraclius also died in 641. The imperial throne was eventually occupied by his grandson Constans II (642-668), an open adherent of the Monothelite heresy. The assaults of the heretics against Orthodoxy intensified. St Maximus went to Carthage and he preached there for about five years. When the Monothelite Pyrrhus, the successor of Patriarch Sergius, arrived there after fleeing from Constantinople because of court intrigues, he and St Maximus spent many hours in debate. As a result, Pyrrhus publicly acknowledged his error, and was permitted to retain the title of "Patriarch." He even wrote a book confessing the Orthodox Faith.
St Maximus and Pyrrhus traveled to Rome to visit Pope Theodore, who received Pyrrhus as the Patriarch of Constantinople.

1642 St. Alban Bartholomew Roe Missionary martyr 1/40 of England and Wales.   Alban is believed to have been born in Bury St. Edmund's, England, about 1580. He converted to Catholicism and went to the English College at Douai, where he was dismissed for an infraction of discipline. In 1612 he became an ordained Benedictine at Dieulouard, France. From there he was sent to England. In 1615 he was arrested and banished. In 1618 he returned to England and was imprisoned again. This imprisonment lasted until 1623, when the Spanish ambassador obtained his release. In 1625, once again having returned to England to care for Catholics, Alban was arrested for the last time. For seventeen years he remained in prison and was then tried and condemned. Alban was sentenced with Thomas Reynolds, another English martyr. They were hanged, drawn, and quartered at Tyburn on January 21, 1642.  Born in Bury Saint Edmunds, Suffolk, England, c. 1583; died at Tyburn, England, 1642; canonized by Pope Paul VI in 1970 as one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales.


Saints of January 22 mention with Popes
304 St. Vincent the Deacon martyr would not surrender the holy books   304 ST VINCENT OF SARAGOSSA, MARTYR
THE glorious martyr St Vincent was instructed in the sacred sciences and Christian piety by St Valerius, Bishop of Saragossa, who ordained him his deacon, and appointed him, though very young, to preach and instruct the people. Dacian, a cruel persecutor, was then governor of Spain. The Emperors Diocletian and Maximian published their second and third edicts against the Christian clergy in the year 303, which in the following year were put in force against the laity. It seems to have been before these last that Dacian put to death eighteen martyrs at Saragossa, who are mentioned by Prudentius and in the Roman Martyrology for January 16, and that he apprehended Valerius and Vincent.


410 Saint Gaudentius, Bishop of Brescia from 387 successor of the writer on heresies, St. Philastrius.  At the time of that saint's death Gaudentius was making a pilgrimage to Jerusalem. The people of Brescia bound themselves by an oath that they would accept no other bishop than Gaudentius; and St. Ambrose and other neighbouring prelates, in consequence, obliged him to return, though against his will. The Eastern bishops also threatened to refuse him Communion if he did not obey. We possess the discourse which he made before St. Ambrose and other bishops on the occasion of his consecration, in which he excuses, on the plea of obedience, his youth and his presumption in speaking. He had brought back with him from the East many precious relics of St. John Baptist and of the Apostles, and especially of the Forty Martyrs of Sebaste, relics of whom he had received at Caesarea in Cappadocia from nieces of St. Basil.

1745 St. Francis Gil de Frederich Dominican martyr Tonkin, China, & Vietnam
1745 St. Matthew Alonso Leziniana Dominican martyr of Vietnam
.   He was born in Navas del Rey in Spain and became a Dominican priest. Assigned originally to the Philippines, he was sent later to Vietnam where he was beheaded during the anti-Christian oppression. Pope John Paul II canonized him in 1988.

Saints of January 23 mention with Popes
 309 St. Agathangelus Martyr baptized by St. Clement of Ancyra died with him . See the Acta Sanctorum for January 23 and F. Jubaru, St Agnes (1909), pp. 145-156.  In some traditions the foster sister of St. Agnes, stoned to death when discovered praying at Agnes’ grave. Emerentiana was possibly martyred elsewhere. Her cult was confined to local calendars in 1969. It is claimed by Alban Butler that her relics were recovered with those of her sister in Christ near the Church of Saint Agnes on the Via Nomentana when it was being restored during the reign of Pope Paul V. Farmer reports that they were found nearby.

6th v. Martyrius of Valeria hermit -- Gregory the Great extols in his Dialogues (Dial. I, II).  In the province of Valeria, St. Martyrius, monk, mentioned by Pope St. Gregory.

1275 ST RAYMUND OF Peñafort THE family of Peñafort claimed descent from the counts of Barcelona, and was allied to the kings of Aragon. Raymund was born in 1175, at Peñafort in Catalonia, and made such rapid progress in his studies that at the age of twenty he taught philosophy at Barcelona. This he did gratis, and with great reputation. When he was about thirty he went to Bologna to perfect himself in Canon and civil law. He took the degree of doctor, and taught with the same disinterestedness and charity as he had done in his own country.
In 1219 Berengarius, Bishop of Barcelona, made Raymund his archdeacon and “official”. He was a perfect model to the clergy by his zeal, devotion and boundless liberalities to the poor. In 1222 he assumed the habit of St Dominic at Barcelona, eight months after the death of the holy founder, and in the forty-seventh year of his age. No one of the young novices was more humble, obedient or fervent than he. He begged of his superiors that they would enjoin him some severe penance to expiate the complacency which he said he had sometimes taken in his teaching. They, indeed, imposed on him a penance, but not quite such as he expected.
It was to write a collection of cases of conscience for the convenience of confessors and moralists.
 This led to the compilation of the Summa de casibus poenitentialibus and the first work of its kind.

1366 St. Henry Suso, Blessed Famed German Dominican mystic wrote many classic books. Born Heinrich von Berg in Constance, Swabia, he entered the Order of Preachers, the Dominicans, at an early age. Undergoing a conversion, he developed an abiding spiritual life and studied under Meister Eckhart in Cologne from 1322-1325. He then returned to Constance to teach, subsequently authoring numerous books of spirituality. As he supported Meister Eckhart  who was then the source of some controversy and had been condemned by Pope John XXII in 1329  Henry was censured by his superiors and stripped of his teaching position. He subsequently became a preacher in Switzerland and the Upper Rhine and was a brilliant spiritual advisor among the Dominicans and the spiritual community of the Gottesfreunde . He endured persecution right up until his death at Ulm. Pope Gregory XVI beatified him in 1831.


Saints of January 24 mention with Popes
  254 ST FELICIAN, Bishop OF FOLIGNO, MARTYR is also regarded as the original apostle of Umbria; the earliest trace of the use of the pallium is met with in the account of the episcopal consecration of this saint   At Foligno in Umbria, St. Felician, consecrated bishop of that city by Pope St. Victor I.  After many labours, in extreme old age, he was crowned with martyrdom in the time of Decius.

  268 St. Zama 1st recorded bishop of Bologna     At Bologna, St. Zamas, the first bishop of that city, who was consecrated by Pope St. Denis, and there did wonders in spreading the Christian faith.
Italy. He was ordained by Pope St. Dionysius and entrusted with the founding of this illustrious see.

1679 Bl. William Ireland Jesuit English martyr for supposed complicity in the Popish Plot.  the servant of Blessed William Ireland. He served several Jesuits at a London house until his arrest. John was martyred at Tyburn with Blessed William Ireland for alleged involvement in the Titus Oates Plot. He was beatified in 1929.

Saints of January 25 mention with Popes
6th v. St. Maurus With Placid, Benedictines, disciples of St. Benedict.   Maurus was the son of a Roman noble. At the age of twelve he became St. Benedict’s assistant and possibly succeeded him as abbot of Subiaco Abbey in 525 . Pope St. Gregory I the Great wrote of Maurus and Placid in his Dialogues. In liturgical art, Maurus is depicted saving Placid from drowning. Their cult is now restricted to local calendars.

Saints of January 26 mention with Popes
69-155 St. Polycarp of Smyrna Bishop of Smyrna  Feast day February 25th.  We are told that St Polycarp met at Rome the heretic Marcion in the streets, who, resenting the fact that the bishop did not take that notice of him which he expected, said, “Do not you know me?” “Yes”, answered the saint, “I know you, the first-born of Satan.
He had learned this abhorrence of those who adulterate divine truth from his master St John, who fled from the baths at the sight of Cerinthus.
St Polycarp kissed the chains of St Ignatius when he passed by Smyrna on the road to his martyrdom, and Ignatius in turn recommended to him the care of his distant church of Antioch, supplementing this charge later on by a request that he would write in his name to those churches of Asia to which he had not leisure to write himself. Polycarp addressed a letter to the Philippians shortly after, which is highly commended by St Irenaeus, St Jerome, Eusebius, Photius and others, and is still extant.
This letter, which in St Jerome’s time was publicly read in the Asiatic churches, is justly admired both for the excellent instructions it contains and for the perspicuity of the style.
Polycarp undertook a journey to Rome to confer with Pope St Anicetus about certain points, especially about the time of keeping Easter, for the Asiatic churches differed from others in this matter. Anicetas could not persuade Polycarp, nor Polycarp Anicetus, and so it was agreed that both might follow their custom without breaking the bonds of charity. St Anicetus, to testify his respect, asked him to celebrate the Eucharist in his own papal church.


404 St. Paula patroness of widows children Toxotius Blesilla Paulina Eustochium and Rufina.  At Bethlehem of Judea, the death of St. Paula, widow, mother of St. Eustochium, a virgin of Christ, who abandoned her worldly prospects, though she was descended from a noble line of senators, distributed her goods to the poor, and retired to our Lord's manger, where, endowed with many virtues, and crowned with a long martyrdom, she departed for the kingdom of heaven.  Her admirable life was written by St. Jerome.

1188  St. Eystein Erlandsson B (RM)   IN the year 1152 an English cardinal, Nicholas Breakspeare (afterwards to be pope as Adrian IV), visited Norway as legate of the Holy See, and gave a new organization to the Church in that country, consisting of a metropolitan see at Nidaros (Trondhjem) with ten bishoprics.  * Among them was Suderoyene, i.e. the western isles of Scotland and Man, which remained suifragan to Trondhjem till the fourteenth century the name survives In the Sodor and Man diocese of the Anglican Church to-day. Upon his appointment as bishop, Eystein went on a pilgrimage to Rome to be consecrated by Pope Alexander III, who gave him the pallium and made him a papal legate a latere. He returned from Rome late in 1161. Eystein labored to strengthen the ties between the Norwegian Church and Rome, implement the Gregorian Reform, and to free the Church in Norway from interference by the nobles. He brought to the Norwegian Church the practices and customs of the churches of Europe at that time, though celibacy for the clergy was largely unobserved in his country. Perhaps this is the reason he established  communities of Augustinian canons regular to set an example for the parochial clergy.

Saints of January 27 mention with Popes
 <<407 Transfer incorrupt relics of St John Chrysostom condemned by Eudoxia.    St. John Chrysostom, Bishop of Constantinople, confessor and doctor of the Church, and the heavenly patron of preachers, who fell asleep in the Lord on the 14th of September.  His holy body was brought to Constantinople on this day in the reign of Theodosius the younger; it was afterwards taken to Rome and placed in the basilica of the Prince of the Apostles.
The emperor sent troops to drive the people out of the churches on Holy Saturday, and they were polluted with blood and all manner of outrages. The saint wrote to Pope St Innocent I, begging him to invalidate all that had been done, for the miscarriage of justice had been notorious. He also wrote to beg the concurrence of other bishops of the West. The pope wrote to Theophilus exhorting him to appear before a council, where sentence should be given according to the canons of Nicaea. He also addressed letters to Chrysostom, to his flock and several of his friends, in the hope of redressing these evils by a new council, as did also the Western emperor, Honorius. But Arcadius and Eudoxia found means to prevent any such assembly, the mere prospect of which filled Theophilus and other ringleaders of his faction with alarm.

555 St. Marius Abbot visions.  555 ST MARIUS, OR MAY, ABBOT
We have no very certain information concerning St Marius, who in the Roman Martyrology appears as Maurus, while Bobacum is given as the name of the monastery which he governed. Both these designations seem to be erroneous.  
Dynamius, patrician of the Gauls who is mentioned by St.
Gregory of Tours, (l. 6, c. 11,) and who was for some time steward of the patrimony of the Roman church in Gaul, in the time of St. Gregory the Great, as appears by a letter of that pope to him, (in which he mentions that he sent him in a reliquary some of the filings of the chains of St. Peter, and of the gridiron of St. Laurence,) was the author of the lives of St. Marius and of St. Maximus of Ries.
From the fragments of the former in Bollandus, we learn that he was born at Orleans, became a monk, and after some time was chosen abbot at La-Val-Benois, in the diocese of Sisteron, in the reign of Gondebald, king of Burgundy, who died in 509.


584 St. Maurus, abbot and deacon; sent to France in 543 to propagate the order of St. Benedict; favored by God with the gift of miracles:  see also January 15 510 Saint Maurus was the first disciple of St. Benedict of Nursia.   Gift of Miracles
St. Maurus was favored by God with the gift of miracles. To show in what high degree the Saint possessed the gift of miracles, it will be sufficient to cite a few examples of how he miraculously cured the sick and restored to health those who were stricken with a grievous affliction. It has already been stated, according to the testimony of Pope St. Gregory the Great, in the Second Book of his Dialogues, how when a youth, St.Maurus rescued St. Placid from drowning. A few more examples of miracles wrought by the Saint, as related by the monk St. Faustus (Bollandists, Vol. 2), who accompanied St. Maurus to France and later wrote his life, will be given here. They were invariably wrought by means of the sign of the Cross, and the relic of the true Cross, which he had taken along to France.


1077 St. Gilduin Canon of Dol in Brittany France, who refused a bishopric from Pope St. Gregory VII.   After going to Rome to decline the honor, Gilduin died on his way home. His tomb became a popular pilgrimage destination.

When she was 56, Angela Merici said "No" to the Pope. She was aware that Clement VII was offering her a great honor and a great opportunity to serve when he asked her to take charge of a religious order of nursing sisters. But Angela knew that nursing was not what God had called her to do with her life.

1540 St. Angela Merici innovative approach to education Ursulines 1st teaching order of women Saint Ursula appeared levitation.  She had just returned from a trip to the Holy Land. On the way there she had fallen ill and become blind. Nevertheless, she insisted on continuing her pilgrimage and toured the holy sites with the devotion of her heart rather than her eyes. On the way back she had recovered her sight. But this must have been a reminder to her not to shut her eyes to the needs she saw around her, not to shut her heart to God's call.

1896 St. Enrique de Osso y Cervello Spain devotion to religious education.   When Pope John Paul II made his pastoral visit to Spain in June 1993, he canonized a Spanish priest noted for his devotion to religious education: St. Enrique de Osso y Cervello.  Enrique was a native of Tarragona in Spain's Catalonia, the youngest of the three children of Jaime de Osso and Micaela Cervello, a couple very Christian and very Catalan.


Saints of January 28 mention with Popes
444 St Cyril, Archbishop Of Alexandria, Doctor Of The Church.  ST CYRIL has been called the Doctor of the Incarnation, as St Augustine was styled the Doctor of Divine Grace: in the great intercession of the Syrian and Maronite Mass he is commemorated as "a tower of truth and interpreter of the Word of God made flesh". Throughout his life he made it a rule never to advance any doctrine which he had not learnt from the ancient fathers, but his books against Julian the Apostate show that he had also read the profane writers. He often said himself that he neglected human eloquence, and it is certainly to be regretted that he did not cultivate a clearer style and write purer Greek.
Both parties appealed to Pope St Celestine I who, after examining the doctrine in a council at Rome, condemned it and pronounced a sentence of excommunication and deposition against Nestorius unless, within ten days of receiving notice of the sentence, he publicly retracted his errors. St Cyril, who was appointed to see the sentence carried out, sent Nestorius, with his third and last summons, twelve propositions with anathemas to be signed by him as a proof of his orthodoxy. Nestorius, however, showed himself more obstinate than ever. [It is debatable whether Nestorius in fact held all the opinions attributed to him; in any case he was hardly the originator of the heresy that bears his name.]


814 Blessed Charlemagne Emperor restored unity of liturgy defined doctrine encouraged education.   THE life of Charlemagne (born in 742; king of the Franks, 768; first Holy Roman emperor, 800; died, 814) belongs to general history, and his is a somewhat surprising name to find in any book of saints. There does not appear to have been any noticeable cultus of him till 1166, when it began to develop under the rather sinister auspices of Frederick Barbarossa; and an antipope, Guy of Crema (“Paschal III”), appears to have equivalently sanctioned it.   It is interesting to note that St Joan of Arc associated “St Charlemagne” with the devotion she paid to St Louis of France, and that in 1475 the observance of a feast in his honour was made obligatory throughout that country. Prosper Lambertini, later Pope Benedict XIV, discusses the question at some length in his great work on beatification and canonization, and he concludes that the title Blessed may not improperly be allowed to so great a defender of the Church and the papacy. To-day, however, the cultus of Charlemagne is con­fined to the keeping of a feast in his honour in Aachen and two Swiss abbeys.

880 Odo of Beauvais Benedictine monk helped reform Church N. France.   Born near Beauvais, France, in 801; died 880; cultus approved by Pope Pius IX.  Saint Odo chose the military as a profession in his youth but abandoned this calling to become a Benedictine monk at Corbie. He taught Charles Martel's son while he was a monk there and in 851 was elected abbot, succeeding Saint Paschasius Radbertus. He was consecrated bishop of his native city in 861 and in the two decades of his bishopric helped reform the Church in northern France and mediated the differences between Pope Nicholas I and Archbishop Hincmar of Rheims over Hincmar's deposition of Rothadius of Soissons in 862 and Rothadius's restoration by the pope in 865 (Benedictines, Delaney).  In 851, Odo was elected abbot, and in 861 became bishop of Beauvais. His reforms were much to the benefit of the Church in northern France, and he assisted in bringing about the reconciliation between Pope Nicholas I and the powerful Archbishop Hincmar of Reims after they had a dispute over Hincrnar’s deposition of Bishop Rothadius of Soissons in 862.

1159 Bl. Amadeus of Lausanne Cistercian Bishop prominent official court of Savoy & Burgundy.  THIS Amadeus was of the royal house of Franconia and born at the castle of Chatte in Dauphiné in 1110. When he was eight years old his father, Amadeus of Cler­mont, Lord of Hauterive, took the religious habit at the Cistercian abbey of Bonnevaux. Young Amadeus went to Bonnevaux to be educated there, but after a time he and his father migrated to Cluny. Amadeus senior returned to the more austere Cistercian house, while Amadeus junior went for a short time into the household of the Emperor Henry V. He then received the Cistercian habit at Clairvaux, where he lived for fourteen years. In 1139 the abbot of Hautecombe in Savoy retired and St Bernard appointed Amadeus in his place; the monastery had adopted the reform only four years before and its temporal affairs were in a bad way. St Amadeus encouraged the community to bear these extra hardships cheerfully, and by careful administration got the monastery out of its difficulties. In 1144 he accepted, by order of Pope Lucius II, the see of Lausanne, where he was at once involved in struggles with the nobles of the diocese and a vain effort to induce the Emperor Conrad to go to the help of the pope against Pierleone. When Amadeus III, Duke of Savoy, went on the Second Crusade, St Amadeus was appointed as a sort of co-regent with his son Humbert; and four years before his death he was made chancellor of Burgundy by Frederick Barbarossa. Nicholas, the secretary of St Bernard, speaks highly of the virtues of this active bishop, and his age-long cultus was approved in 1910. A number of sermons of St Amadeus are extant.

1258 St Peter Nolasco, Founder ransoms Christian prisoners 400 on 1 trip.  St. Peter Nolasco, confessor, who founded the Order of Our Lady of Ransom for the redemption of captives, and who fell asleep in the Lord on the 25th of December.
Born at Mas-des-Saintes Puelles (Languedoc), France, (or Barcelona, Spain?) c. 1189; died in Barcelona, Spain, December 25, 1258; canonized in 1628; feast extended to the universal Church in 1664; feast day formerly on January 31.
 This was received by the people with acclamation. St Peter received the new habit from St Raymund, who established him first master general of the order, and drew up for it rules and constitutions. Two other gentlemen were professed at the same time with St Peter. When Raymund went to Rome, he obtained from Pope Gregory IX in 1235 the confirmation of the foundation and its rule.

1304 Blessed James the Almsgiver priest martyred by a bishop.  THERE is, or at any rate once was, a curious contest between the Friars Minor and the Servites regarding the religious status of the servant of God who is known as James the Almsgiver. The Servites keep his feast every year on this day in virtue of a rescript of Pope Pius IX, and he is described in their martyrology as a con­fessor of the Third Order of the Servants of Blessed Mary the Virgin, “whose memory remaineth for a blessing among his fellow-citizens”. On the other hand, the Third Order of the Franciscans also claims him as a recruit, although his name does not occur in the general martyrology of the Friars Minor. Mazzara in his Leggendario Francescano (1676) indignantly rejects the claim of the Servites to number Bd James among the adherents of their own religious family.

1366 St Peter Thomas Carmelite diplomat bishop of Patti and Lipari crusader .
Born in Breil, Gascony, France, c. 1305; died January 6, 1366; cultus approved in 1608; feast day was January 25.
1366 ST PETER THOMAS, TITULAR PATRIARCH OF CONSTANTINOPLE
.  What is most surprising in our days is that Innocent VI and Urban V seem to have placed Peter Thomas virtually in command of expeditions which were dis­tinctly military in character. He was sent to Constantinople in 1359 with a large contingent of troops and contributions in money, himself holding the title of “Universal Legate to the Eastern Church”; and when in 1365 an expeditionary force was sent to make an attack on infidel Alexandria, again the legate had virtual direction of the enterprise. The expedition ended disastrously. In the assault the legate was more than once wounded with arrows, and when he died a holy death at Cyprus three months later (January 6, 1366) it was stated that these wounds had caused, or at least accelerated, the end, and he was hailed as a martyr.   On behalf of Pope Urban V and with the support of King Peter I of Cyprus, he led a crusade against the Turks. In an unsuccessful attack on Alexandria, Peter was wounded and died three months later on Cyprus. Throughout his active life, he remained true to the spirit of his contemplative profession (Benedictines).


1431 Blessed Mary of Pisa Widow miraculous favors  saw guardian angel from childhoodTHE history of Bd Mary Mancini is a standing illustration of the principle that holiness depends very little upon external circumstances. There is, in fact, no condition of life which the interior spirit may not sanctify. Here we have a servant of God who was twice married and many times a mother, who then lived for several years in the world as a widow, joined a relaxed religious house, reformed it, and finally founded a community of exceptionally strict observance, in which she died at an advanced age in the fragrance of sanctity.   Saint Catherine of Siena visited Pisa at about this time, and the two saintly women were drawn together into a holy friendship. As they prayed together in the Dominican church one day, they were surrounded by a bright cloud, out of which flew a white dove. They conversed joyfully on spiritual matters, and were mutually strengthened by the meeting.  On the advice of Saint Catherine of Siena, Catherine Mancini retired to the enclosed Santa Croce convent of the Second Order. In religion, she was given the name Mary, by which she is usually known. She embraced the religious life in all its primitive austerity and reformed the convent. With Blessed Clare Gambacorta and a few other members of the convent, she founded a new and much more austere house, which had been built by Peter Gambacorta. Our Lady's prophecy of his benefaction was thus fulfilled.




1622 St Francis De Sales, Bishop Of Geneva And Doctor Of The Church, Co-Founder Of The Order Of The Visitation St Francis De Sales was born at the Château de Sales in Savoy on August 21, 1567, and on the following day was baptized in the parish church of Thorens under the name of Francis Bonaventure. His patron saint in after-life was the Poverello of Assisi, and the room in which he was born was known as “St Francis’s room”, from a painting of the saint preaching to the birds and fishes.
At this time, owing to armed hostilities and the inroads of Protestantism, the religious condition of the people of the Chablais, on the south shore of the Lake of Geneva, was deplorable, and the Duke of Savoy applied to Bishop de Granier to send missioners who might win back his subjects to the Church. In response the bishop sent a priest to Thonon, the capital of the Chablais. The first attempt was fruitless, and the priest was soon forced to withdraw. The bishop, summoning his chapter, put the whole matter before them, disguising none of the difficulties and dangers. Perhaps of all those present, the provost was the one who best realized the gravity of the task, but nevertheless he stood up and offered himself for the work, saying very simply, “My lord, if you think I am capable of under­taking the mission, tell me to go. I am ready to obey, and should be happy to be chosen.” The bishop accepted at once, to Francis’s great joy. But M. de Boisy took a different view of the matter and hastened to Annecy to stop what he called “this piece of folly”. In his opinion it meant sending Francis to his death. Kneeling at the feet of the bishop he exclaimed, “My lord, I allowed my eldest son, the hope of my house, of my old age, of my life, to devote himself to the service of the Church to be a confessor, but I cannot give him up to be a martyr!” When Mgr de Granier, impressed by the distress and insistence of his old friend, seemed on the point of yielding, it was Francis who implored him to be firm, saying, “Would you make me unworthy of the Kingdom of God? Having put my hand to the plough, would you have me look back?”


Saints of January 30 mention with Popes
228 St. Martina Virgin martyr of Rome  .  ST MARTINA, VIRGIN AND MARTYR
IN the general calendar of the Western church this day is kept as the feast of St Martina, and accordingly her name stands first today in the Roman Martyrology and in the fuller notice which appears there on January 1, we are told that at Rome under the Emperor Alexander (Severus, 222-235) she was subjected to many kinds of torment and at length perished by the sword. Alban Butler informs us correctly that there was a chapel in Rome consecrated to her memory which was frequented with great devotion in the seventh century. We also may learn from him that her relics were discovered in a vault in the ruins of her old church, and translated in the year 1634 under Pope Urban VIII, who built. a new church in her honour and himself composed the hymns used in her office in the Roman Breviary. He adds further that the city of Rome ranks her amongst its particular patrons.

269 St. Hippolytus Martyr of Antioch, Turkey.  With St Chryse suffered the martyrs Ares, Felix, Maximus, Herculianus, Venerius, Stiracius, Mennas, Commodus, Hermes, Maurus, Eusebius, Rusticus, Monagrius, Amandinus, Olympius, Cyprus, Theodore the Tribune, Maximus the Presbyter, Archelaus the Deacon, and Cyriacus the Bishop.  All these Roman martyrs suffered in the year 269. The relics of the Hieromartyr Hippolytus were put in the church of the holy Martyrs Laurence and Pope Damasus at Rome. St Hippolytus was a disciple of St Irenaeus, Bishop of Lugdunum (Lyons in France), and he is also renowned as a Christian theologian who wrote many treatises against the heretics.  St Hyppolitus compiled a Paschal Canon, the famous Apostolic Tradition, "On Christ", and a "Treatise on the Antichrist."

1710 Blessed Sebastian Velfré Oratorians cheerfull sought out sinners.  During all this time Bd Sebastian’s fame as a director of souls was constantly growing. He spent long hours in the confessional, being scrupulous in the regu­larity of his attendance, a matter upon which he laid much stress in his exhortations to his own community. All classes came to him, and he was prepared to bestow endless trouble on those whom he saw in need of help or earnest to make progress. On the other hand, aided probably by a supernatural insight, or by some strange telepathic faculty, he was ruthless in exposing insincerity and affectation. Amongst his penitents was the Duke Victor Amadeus II, afterwards king of Sardinia, who endeavoured in 1690, with Pope Alexander VIII’S ready consent, to induce Father Sebastian to accept the archbishopric of Turin, but all to no purpose.

Saints of January 31 mention with Popes




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THE EUCHARIST, A MYSTERY TO BE BELIEVED POST-SYNODAL APOSTOLIC EXHORTATION
SACRAMENTUM CARITATIS OF THE HOLY FATHER BENEDICT XVI
There are over 10,000 named saints beati  from history
 and Roman Martyology Orthodox sources

Miracles by Century 100   200   300   400   500   600   700    800   900   1000    1100   1200   1300   1400  1500  1600  1700  1800   1900  Miracles_BLay Saints
Morning Prayer and Hymn    Meditation of the Day    Prayer for Priests    Our Bartholomew Family Prayer List  Here
We are called upon with the whole Church militant on earth to join in praising and thanking God for the grace and glory he has bestowed on his saints. At the same time we earnestly implore Him to exert His almighty power and mercy in raising us from our miseries and sins, healing the disorders of our souls and leading us by the path of repentance to the company of His saints, to which He has called us.
   They were once what we are now, travellers on earth they had the same weaknesses, which we have. We have difficulties to encounter so had the saints, and many of them far greater than we can meet with; obstacles from kings and whole nations, sometimes from the prisons, racks and swords of persecutors. Yet they surmounted these difficulties, which they made the very means of their virtue and victories. It was by the strength they received from above, not by their own, that they triumphed. But the blood of Christ was shed for us as it was for them and the grace of our Redeemer is not wanting to us; if we fail, the failure is in ourselves.
   THE saints and just, from the beginning of time and throughout the world, who have been made perfect, everlasting monuments of God’s infinite power and clemency, praise His goodness without ceasing; casting their crowns before His throne they give to Him all the glory of their triumphs: “His gifts alone in us He crowns.”
“The saints must be honored as friends of Christ and children and heirs of God, as John the theologian and evangelist says: ‘But as many as received him, he gave them the power to be made the sons of God....’ Let us carefully observe the manner of life of all the apostles, martyrs, ascetics and just men who announced the coming of the Lord. And let us emulate their faith, charity, hope, zeal, life, patience under suffering, and perseverance unto death, so that we may also share their crowns of glory” Exposition of the Orthodox Faith

Called in the Gospel the Mother of Jesus, Mary is acclaimed by Elizabeth, at the prompting of the Spirit and even before the birth of her son, as the Mother of my Lord (Lk 1:43; Jn 2:1; 19:25; cf. Mt 13:55; et al.). In fact, the One whom she conceived as man by the Holy Spirit, who truly became her Son according to the flesh, was none other than the Father's eternal Son,  the second person of the Holy Trinity.
Hence the Church confesses that Mary is truly Mother of God (Theotokos).
Catechism of the Catholic Church 495, quoting the Council of Ephesus (431): DS 251.
Nine First Fridays Devotion to the Sacred Heart ... From the writings of St. Margaret Mary Alacoque