Mary Mother of GOD
15 Promises of the Virgin Mary to those who recite the Rosary
 Sunday  Saints of this Day July 26 Séptimo Kaléndas Augusti  
Et álibi aliórum plurimórum sanctórum Mártyrum et Confessórum, atque sanctárum Vírginum.
And elsewhere in divers places, many other holy martyrs, confessors, and holy virgins.
Пресвятая Богородице спаси нас!  (Santíssima Mãe de Deus, salva-nos!)

 
CAUSES OF SAINTS

Our Bartholomew Family Prayer List

Acts of the Apostles

Nine First Fridays Devotion to the Sacred Heart From the writings of St. Margaret Mary Alacoque

How do I start the Five First Saturdays?

Mary Mother of GOD 15 Promises of the Virgin Mary to those who recite the Rosary

Pope Benedict XVI to The Catholic Church In China {whole article here }

The saints are a “cloud of witnesses over our head”,
 
showing us life of Christian perfection is possible.

July 26 - Saints Joachim and Anne, the Virgin Mary’s parents
Pope Francis  Angelus prayer in Rio de Janeiro, July 26, 2013
 
A long line of people who transmitted their love for God down to Mary
 Today the Church celebrates the parents of the Virgin Mary, the grandparents of Jesus, Saints Joachim and Anne.

In their home, Mary came into the world, accompanied by the extraordinary mystery of the Immaculate Conception. Mary grew up in the home of Joachim and Anne; she was surrounded by their love and faith. In their home she learned to listen to the Lord and to follow his will.

Saints Joachim and Anne were part of a long chain of people who had transmitted their faith and love for God, expressed in the warmth and love of family life, down to Mary, who received the Son of God in her womb and who gave him to the world, to us. How precious is the family as the privileged place for transmitting the faith!

… Today, as Brazil and the Church around the world celebrate this feast of Saints Joachim and Anne, Grandparents Day is also being celebrated. How important grandparents are for family life, for passing on the human and religious heritage, which is so essential for each and every society! How important it is to have intergenerational exchanges and dialogue, especially within the context of the family.
 
Pope Francis  Angelus prayer in Rio de Janeiro, July 26, 2013


Saturday, July 26, 2014
Sts. Joachim and Anne {Saint Gerontius founded the Skete of St Anna on Mount Athos this day}
I am Anne, Mary's Mother (II) July 26 - Saint Anne and Saint Joachim, Mary's Parents
It was over a year before the first Holy Mass in honor of Saint Anne was said in Bocenno.
The rector reproached Yves severely for telling his story, but two laymen encouraged him.
One of these men was the owner of the field in question.
He promised to give the land for the chapel and advised Yves to search for witnesses of the apparitions.

During the night of March 7, 1625, Saint Anne appeared once more, and also advised Yves to bring his neighbors with him.
"Bring them with you to the place where this wax torch leads you and you will find the statue
that will safeguard you from the world, which will finally know the truth about what I promised you."

A few moments later, the peasants unearthed an old wooden statue right beneath the wax torch. 
It was in poor condition and only had a few remnants of white and blue paint.
Three days later, pilgrims started to come in droves to pray to Saint Anne in front of her statue.
This was the realization of Yves' premonition about the "sound of the feet of crowds marching."
In spite of the priest's reserves - he ended up making honorable amends - investigations were ordered by the Bishop de Rosmadec, the bishop of Vannes, which ended with positive conclusions.
The first official Holy Mass celebrated July 26, 1625, for an immense crowd, estimated at 100,000 people
.

July 26 – Saints Anne and Joachim, Parents of the Virgin Mary  
Joachim and Anne, Parents of the Virgin Mary
From the very first centuries, tradition said that the parents of the Virgin Mary were called Joachim ("God grants") and Anne ("Grace - the graceful one"). Devotion to Saint Anne appeared around the 6th century in the East—in some liturgies—and during the 8th century in the West. By the end of the 14th century, it had spread everywhere.

Saint Anne is often represented teaching her daughter to read the Bible. A Russian icon, in a beautiful representation of conjugal love, immortalized the kiss Anne and Joachim gave to each other when they learned about the conception of Mary. This is how they became participants in the mystery of the Incarnation.

"I entrust to the protection of St Anne and St Joachim all the grandparents of the world and bestow on them a special blessing. May the Virgin Mary who—according to a beautiful iconography—learned to read the Sacred Scriptures at her mother Anne's knee, help them always to nourish their faith and hope at the sources of the Word of God." (Benedict XVI, Angelus of July 26, 2009) nominis.cef.fr

 
Sts. Joachim and Anne {Saint Gerontius founded the Skete of St Anna on Mount Athos this day}
1st v. Erastus of Corinth conversion by Saint Paul; helped in evangelization travelling with Saint Timothy from Ephesus to Macedonia especially at Corinth; believed bishop of Philippi in Macedonia and martyred, although Greek tradition says bishop of Philippi Paneas in Palestine.BM (RM)
 
110 St. Hyacinth Martyr under Trajan,
140 Holy Virgin Martyr Paraskeva of Rome only daughter of Christian parents, Agathon and Politia, from her early years she dedicated herself to God; spent much of her time in prayer and study of the Holy Scriptures; After parents death St Paraskeva distributed all her inheritance to the poor, consecrated her virginity to Christ. Emulating holy Apostles, she began to preach to the pagans about Christ, converting many to Christianity.
160 St. Pastor A priest of Rome who is reported to have been the brother of Pope St. Pius I.
  185 A.M. (July 13th, 1369 A.D.) Departure of Pope Youanis X, 85th Patriarch of Alexandria. {Coptic}
284 A.M. Martyrdom of Sts. Bidaba, Bishop of Qift, Anba Andrew, and Anba Christodoulas.  {Coptic}
304 Saints Justus and Pastor are venerated as Christian martyrs Alcala and Madrid in Spain share two child patrons
At Alcala in Spain, the holy martyrs Justus and Pastor, brothers.  While they were yet schoolboys, they threw aside their books in school, and spontaneously ran to martyrdom.  By order of the governor Dacian, they were arrested, beaten with rods, and as they exhorted each other to constancy, were led out of the city, and had their throats cut by the executioner.
305  St. Pantaleemon, the Physician Martyrdom of; miracle worker {Coptic today}, Catholic tomorrow
305 Hieromartyrs Hermolaus, Hermippus and Hermocrates of Nicomedia, among small number of  20,000 Christians remaining alive after burned in church at Nicomedia in 303 (December 28), They did not cease to preach Christianity to the pagans.  The Lord Jesus Christ appeared to St Hermolaus
531 St. Valens Bishop of Verona, Italy, from 524. He faced the barbarian and heretical groups of that era.
1016 St Simeon The Armenian earned a reputation for miracles, and charity
1043 Saint Moses the Hungarian of the Caves, was a brother of St Ephraim of Novy Torg (January 28), and St George. Together they entered service of the holy Prince Boris (July 24).  After murder of St Boris 1015 at the River Alta (St George also perished with him), St Moses fled and hid himself at Kiev with Predislava, sister of prince Yaroslav. In 1018, when Polish king Boleslav seized Kiev, St Moses and companions wound up in Poland as captives
1316 Saint Sava III was Archbishop of Serbia from 1305 -1316. He is also commemorated on August 30.
1594 Bl. John Ingram Martyr of Scotland. He was born in Stoke Edith, Herefordshire, in 1565 , and became a convert at Oxford. After conversion, he went to Reims and Rome and was ordained in 1589. Sent to Scotland in 1592,
1594 Blessed George Swallowell and John Ingram convert to Catholicism, was martyred for his priesthood MM (AC)
1641 Bl. William Ward Martyr of England; of his 33 years on the mission, 20 were passed in one prison or another; an excellent spirit, exceeding zealous in God's service;
1833 St Bartholomea Capitanio, Virgin, Co-Foundress Of The Sisters of Charity of Lovere; She never spared herself; her endless correspondence and outside activities left her no moment of leisure, and though for four months before the end she obeyed her doctor, who prohibited the writing of letters, she was already far gone in consumption, and the relief came too late.
1837 Luise Scheppler Als junges Mädchen kam sie für ein Haushaltsjahr zu Friedrich Oberlin. Hier erfuhr sie das ganze Leben als einen einzigen Gottesdienst und entfaltete ihre Gaben. Sie blieb im Haushalt Oberlins und übernahm nach dem frühen Tod seiner Ehefrau ihre Aufgaben; Nach dem Tode Oberlins konnte Luise Scheppler noch 11 Jahre im Steintal wirken und sein Werk fortführen
1864 Father Jacob (Netsvetov) of Alaska; enrolled in the Irkutsk Theological Seminary and placed all his hope in Christ by seeking first the Kingdom of God (Mt. 6:33); Subdeacon on October 1, 1825; Holy Priesthood March 4, 1828; Father Jacob yearned to return to his native Alaska; brought his people to a deep commitment to their own salvation. Being fully bilingual and bicultural, Father Jacob was uniquely blessed by God to care for the souls of his fellow Alaskans; bring the light of Christ to the people of the Yukon; performed exorcism, converted shamans, baptized thousands, and brought warring tribes together by his example and preaching.
1946 Saint Alphonsa Muttathupadathu; "Grains of wheat, when ground in the mill, turn in to flour. With this flour we make the wafer of the holy Eucharist. Grapes, when crushed in the wine press, yield their juice. This juice turns into wine. Similarly, suffering so crushes us that we turn into better human beings." -Saint Alphonsa to novices
I am Anne, Mary's Mother (II) July 26 - Saint Anne and Saint Joachim, Mary's Parents
It was over a year before the first Holy Mass in honor of Saint Anne was said in Bocenno. The rector reproached Yves severely for telling his story, but two laymen encouraged him. One of these men was the owner of the field in question.
He promised to give the land for the chapel and advised Yves to search for witnesses of the apparitions.  During the night of March 7, 1625, Saint Anne appeared once more, and also advised Yves to bring his neighbors with him. "Bring them with you to the place where this wax torch leads you and you will find the statue that will safeguard you from the world, which will finally know the truth about what I promised you." A few moments later, the peasants unearthed an old wooden statue right beneath the wax torch.  It was in poor condition and only had a few remnants of white and blue paint. Three days later, pilgrims started to come in droves to pray to Saint Anne in front of her statue. This was the realization of Yves' premonition about the "sound of the feet of crowds marching." In spite of the priest's reserves - he ended up making honorable amends - investigations were ordered by the Bishop de Rosmadec, the bishop of Vannes, which ended with positive conclusions. The first official Holy Mass was celebrated on July 26, 1625, for an immense crowd, estimated at 100,000 people.
Morning Prayer and Hymn   Meditation of the Day Prayer for Priests
July 26 - Feast of Saint Ann & Saint Joachim, the Blessed Virgin’s Parents 
Two Youngsters and the Madonna (II)
With the money they had earned working, Gianni and Franco wanted to buy three or four candles, which was not too bad for a poor family like theirs. As they hurried down the road, they hardly noticed the beggar who held out his hand for alms and just walked right past himHowever, Franco couldn’t forget the poor fellow; he had to talk to Gianni about him. “Wouldn't it be better to give our two hundred liras to that poor man we just saw on the roadside? Don't you think that the Madonna would be happier if we gave alms of our two hundred liras? Perhaps that poor fellow has no work and maybe his family has nothing to eat.” Gianni would have preferred to see some candles on his window sill, but Franco insisted so much that he won.
In the end they both agreed that the Madonna would be happier that way…They ran back to the beggar, retracing their footsteps. They put the two hundred liras in his hand and ran back home as fast as their little legs could carry them, where they arrived out of breath. At home, they couldn’t believe their eyes. Franco eyes filled with tears, Gianni rubbed his eyes and pinched his ear. “This is incredible! Do you see what I see? Are we dreaming?” he asked to Franco. Large candles decorated the window sills, strongly lighting up the interior of the sitting room. They rushed into the house and, full of joy, they hugged their parents with all their might.  What had happened? A little before midday, the father had gone on an errand in town and on his way he discovered his sons charging loads of coal. He quickly guessed the reason why they were working so hard and he was ashamed of himself. Later in the afternoon, he asked his boss for an advance and went and bought twenty candles…
Then he promised his wife never to drink again and after telling her the beautiful story about their sons.  Mother began cleaning and decorating the house for the feast on the following day.  Since that day, Gianni and Franco were often seen in the small chapel at the port, piously attending morning mass.  Fluvion Grimaldi (Die schönsten Mariengeschichten)
 Used by permission in the Marian Collection #10 by Brother Albert Pfleger, Marist.
Mary's Divine Motherhood
Called in the Gospel "the Mother of Jesus," Mary is acclaimed by Elizabeth, at the prompting of the Spirit and even before the birth of her son, as "the Mother of my Lord" (Lk 1:43; Jn 2:1; 19:25; cf. Mt 13:55; et al.). In fact, the One whom she conceived as man by the Holy Spirit, who truly became her Son according to the flesh, was none other than the Father's eternal Son, the second person of the Holy Trinity.
Hence the Church confesses that Mary is truly "Mother of God" (Theotokos).
Catechism of the Catholic Church 495, quoting the Council of Ephesus (431): DS 251.


Sts. Joachim and Anna
Orthodoxe Kirche: 9. September (mit Anna) Katholische und Anglikanische Kirche: 26. Juli (mit Anna) {Saint Gerontius founded the Skete of St Anna on Mount Athos this day}
Dormítio sanctæ Annæ, quæ mater éxstitit Immaculátæ Vírginis Genitrícis Dei Maríæ.
    The departure from this life of St. Anne, mother of the Immaculate Virgin Mary, the Mother of God.
Anna und Joachim mit dem Jesus kind Die Bibel berichtet nicht über die Eltern Mariens und nennt auch nicht ihre Namen. Ihre Lebensgeschichte wird erstmals im apokryphen Protevangelium des Jakobus berichtet. Joachim (aus dem hebr. Jehojakim, verkürzt Jojakim = JHWH wird aufrichten) stammte nach den Angaben des Jakobusevangeliums sowie späterer Pseudoevangelien aus Sephoria bei Nazareth. Weil ihm das Tempelopfer wegen Kinderlosigkeit verwehrt wurde, ging er in die Wüste und lebte dort als Einsiedler bis ihm durch einen Engel ein Kind versprochen wurde. Joachim starb während Maria im Tempel lebte (vgl. Mariä Tempelgang).

In der orthodoxen Kirche wird Joachim seit dem 7. Jahrhundert am 9.9. gefeiert. Andere orientalische Kirchen haben den angeblichen Todestag 25.7. oder den 2.4. und 20.11. als Festtag. In der westlichen Kirche wurde das Fest seit dem 16. Jahrhundert an verschiedenen Tagen (20.3./16.9./9.12.) gefeiert. 1572 wurde das Fest gestrichen, 50 Jahre später wieder eingeführt und auf den Sonntag nach dem 15.8. (Mariä Himmelfahrt) gelegt. 1913 wurde das Fest auf den 16.8. gelegt, das II. Vaticanum hat dann den 26.7. als gemeinsamen Festtag für Anna und Joachim festgelegt.
In the Scriptures, Matthew and Luke furnish a legal family history of Jesus, tracing ancestry to show that Jesus is the culmination of great promises. Not only is his mother’s family neglected, we also know nothing factual about them except that they existed. Even the names Joachim and Ann come from a legendary source written more than a century after Jesus died.
The heroism and holiness of these people, however, is inferred from the whole family atmosphere around Mary in the Scriptures. Whether we rely on the legends about Mary’s childhood or make guesses from the information in the Bible, we see in her a fulfillment of many generations of prayerful persons, herself steeped in the religious traditions of her people.
The strong character of Mary in making decisions, her continuous practice of prayer, her devotion to the laws of her faith, her steadiness at moments of crisis, and her devotion to her relatives—all indicate a close-knit, loving family that looked forward to the next generation even while retaining the best of the past.
Joachim and Ann—whether these are their real names or not—represent that entire quiet series of generations who faithfully perform their duties, practice their faith and establish an atmosphere for the coming of the Messiah, but remain obscure.
Comment:  This is the “feast of grandparents.” It reminds grandparents of their responsibility to establish a tone for generations to come: They must make the traditions live and offer them as a promise to little children. But the feast has a message for the younger generation as well. It reminds the young that older people’s greater perspective, depth of experience and appreciation of life’s profound rhythms are all part of a wisdom not to be taken lightly or ignored.
Quote:  “...[T]he family is the foundation of society. In it the various generations come together and help one another to grow wise and to harmonize personal rights with the other requirements of social life” (Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World, 52).
ST ANNE
Of the mother of our Lady nothing is certainly known; even for her name and that of her husband Joachim we have to depend on the testimony of the apocryphal Protevangelium of James which, though its earliest form is very ancient, is not a trustworthy document.  The story there told is that his childlessness was made a public reproach to Joachim, who retired to the desert for forty days to fast and pray to God.  At the same time Anne (Hannah, which signifies "grace ") "mourned in two mournings, and lamented in two lamentations ", and as she sat praying beneath a laurel bush an angel appeared and said to her, "Anne, the Lord hath heard thy prayer, and thou shalt conceive and bring forth, and thy seed shall be spoken of in all the world ".  And Anne replied, "As the Lord my God liveth, if I beget either male or female I will bring it as a gift to the Lord my God; and it shall minister to Him in holy things all the days of its life ".
Likewise an angel appeared to her husband, and in due time was born of them Mary, who was to be the mother of God.   It will be noticed that this story bears a startling resemblance to that of the conception and birth of Samuel, whose mother was called Anne (1 Kings i); the early Eastern fathers saw in this only a parallel, but it is one which suggests confusion or imitation in a way that the obvious parallel between the parents of Samuel and those of St John the Baptist does not.
  The early cultist of St Anne in Constantinople is attested by the fact that in the middle of the sixth century the Emperor Justinian I dedicated a shrine to her. The devotion was probably introduced into Rome by Pope Constantine (708-715). There are two eighth-century representations of St Anne in the frescoes of S. Maria Antiqua; she is mentioned conspicuously in a list of relics belonging to S. Angelo in Pescheria, and we know that Pope St Leo III (795-816) presented a vestment to St Mary Major which was embroidered with the Annunciation and St Joachim and St Anne.
     Historical evidence for the presence of the relics of St Anne at Apt in Provence and at Duren in the Rheinland is altogether untrustworthy.  But though there is very little to suggest any widespread cultist of the saint before the middle of the fourteenth century, this devotion a hundred years afterwards became enormously popular, and was later on acrimoniously derided by Luther.  The so-called selbdritt pictures (i.e. Jesus, Mary and Anne-" herself making a third ") were particularly an object of attack.

   The first papal pronouncement on the subject, enjoining the observance of an annual feast, was addressed by Urban VI in 1382, at the request, as the pope said, of certain English petitioners, to the bishops of England alone.  It is quite possible that it was occasioned by the marriage of King Richard II to Anne of Bohemia in that year.  The feast was extended to the whole Western church in 1584.
The Protevangelium of James, which appears under various names and in sundry divergent forms, may be conveniently consulted in the English translation of B. H. Cowper, Apocryphal Gospels (1874), but the text here in question is called by him "The Gospel of Pseudo- Matthew"; this translation is reprinted in J. Orr'a handy N.T. Apocryphal Writings (1903). The Greek text may be consulted in vol. i of Evangiles apocryphes (1911), ed. H. Hemmer and P. Lejay; see also E. Amann, Le Protévangile de Jacques et set remaniements (1910). The moat complete work dealing with St Anne and devotion to her from every point of view is that of Fr B. Kleinschmidt, Die hl. Anna (1930); but see also H. M. Bannister in the English Historical Review, 1903, pp. 107-113; H. Leclercq in DAC., t. i, cc. 2162-2174; and P. V. Charland, Ste Anne et son culte (3  vols.).  M. V. Ronan, St Anne her Cult and her Shrines (1927) is rather uncritical.  The spelling "Ann" was formerly commoner in England than it is today.

Joachim and Ann, Parents of Mary (RM)
1st century; the feast is kept on September 9 in the East. Tradition has assigned the names Joachim and Anne (meaning "gracious" in Hebrew) to the parents of the Blessed Virgin, although there is some thought that her father's name may actually have been Heli (Luke 3:23), though it is very uncertain. Joachim has been assigned other names as well in other apocryphal writings: Cleopas, Eliacim, Jonachir, and Sadoc. The names Anne and Joachim derive from an early apocryphal writing called the Protoevangelium of James (2nd century), which professes to give an account of Mary's birth and early life. The story parallels that of the Biblical narrative (1 Samuel 1) of the childless Hannah bearing Samuel. It is worth noting that in Hebrew Anne and Hannah are the same name.
Whatever their names, they were highly extolled by Saints John Damascene, Epiphanius, and Gregory of Nyssa as the model for Christian spouses and parents, who principal duty is the holy education of their children. By this they glorify their Creator, perpetuate His honor on earth, and sanctify their own souls. Saint Paul says that it is by the education of their children that parents are to be saved. Nor does he admit anyone to serve the altar, whose sons do not, by their holy conduct, give proofs of a virtuous education. Nevertheless, many parents are more solicitous about establishing their children in the world than by providing them with a good example and teaching them Christian virtue.
Although nothing is known about either of them, tradition fills up the story of their lives.
Joachim is said to have been born at Nazareth and married Anne when he was still a young man. He was a rich farmer who possessed great herds. Because they had no children for many years, Joachim was publicly mocked--to be childless was considered a punishment for unworthiness. One day the Temple priest even refused Joachim's offering of a lamb. In a last prayer for a child, he withdrew to the desert and fasted for forty days.
Anne's father is said to have been a nomadic Jew named Akar, who brought his wife to Nazareth for their daughter's birth. Anne, too, after her marriage to Joachim, was saddened that God had not blessed them with children. She would weep and pray for God to answer her prayer. One day as she was praying beneath a laurel tree feeling that even Joachim had abandoned her (he was in the desert), an angel is said to have told her that God had heard her prayers [image]. She would have a child who would be praised throughout the world. Anne replied, "As my God lives, if I should conceive either a boy or a girl, the child shall be a gift to my God, serving Him in holiness throughout the whole of its life."
Then the angel told her to run and meet her husband, who in obedience to another angel, was returning with his herds. They met by the Golden Gate and from that time Anne prepared for the blessed event. Saint Anne gave birth to Mary when she was about 40. It is said that Anne kept her promise and placed Mary in the service of God at the Temple when she was but three years old. According to tradition, she and Joachim lived to see the birth of Jesus and Joachim died just after seeing his divine grandchild presented in the Temple at Jerusalem, and was buried in Jerusalem.
Emperor Justinian I built a church at Constantinople in honor of Saint Anne, about the year 550. Codinus mentions another built by Justinian II, in 705. Her body was brought from Palestine to Constantinople in 710, whence some portions of her relics have been dispersed in the West, where they are claimed by Duren (Rheinland, Germany), Apt-en-Provence (France), and Canterbury, Durham, and Reading (England).
The liturgical cultus of Saint Anne appears in the 6th century in the East and the 8th in the West. In the 10th century, feast of the Conception of Anne was celebrated in Naples, spread to Canterbury in about 1100, and was kept at Worcester soon after; however, it was not generally observed until late in the 14th century spurred by the growing interest in the Blessed Virgin. The cultus of Anne became an object of bitter attack by Martin Luther, especially the images of her with Jesus and Mary--a favorite subject of Renaissance painters. In response, the Holy See extended her feast to the Universal Church in 1584.
    Joachim has been honored in the East from time immemorial; but only since the 16th century in the West.
The cultus of Saint Joachim began in the East with artistic representations as on the columns of Saint Mark's in Venice, Italy--which date to the 6th century. The hesitancy of the Catholic Church in allowing an official cultus of Joachim can be seen in the authorization of the feast by Julius II, its suppression by Saint Pius V, and restoration by Gregory XV. Clement II placed it in August and Leo XIII raised its rank. In the West, Joachim is in the Roman Martyrology on March 20, but his feast was on August 16 until it was joined with that of Saint Anne.

   The Bollandist Father Cuper has collected a great number of miracles wrought through the intercession of Saint Anne (Attwater, Benedictines, Bentley, Delaney, Farmer, Encyclopedia, Husenbeth, White).
In art, Saint Anne is often portrayed (1) with the Virgin Mary holding the Infant Jesus in her lap; (2) being kissed by Saint Joachim at the Golden Gate; (3) in pictures of the birth of her daughter; (4) teaching the young Mary to read or embroider (e.g., in 13th-century manuscripts at the Bodleian Library, Oxford, and wall-paintings at Croughton, Northantshire); or (5) holding the Blessed Virgin in one arm and the Holy Child in the other (Roeder). There are pictures of Anne at Santa Maria Antiqua dating to the 8th century (Farmer).
Saint Joachim is generally shown as an old man leading the Blessed Virgin as a child. He may also be depicted (1) bringing a lamb to the altar and being turned away by the priest; (2) greeting Saint Anne at the Golden Gate; or (3) carrying a basket of doves and a staff (Roeder). The most famous cycle of paintings of the two together are those of Giotto in the Arena Chapel at Padua, Italy, but the images were well known elsewhere.
Sts. Joachim and Ann 
In the Scriptures, Matthew and Luke furnish a legal family history of Jesus, tracing ancestry to show that Jesus is the culmination of great promises. Not only is his mother’s family neglected, we also know nothing factual about them except that they existed. Even the names Joachim and Ann come from a legendary source written more than a century after Jesus died.  The heroism and holiness of these people, however, is inferred from the whole family atmosphere around Mary in the Scriptures. Whether we rely on the legends about Mary’s childhood or make guesses from the information in the Bible, we see in her a fulfillment of many generations of prayerful persons, herself steeped in the religious traditions of her people.
The strong character of Mary in making decisions, her continuous practice of prayer, her devotion to the laws of her faith, her steadiness at moments of crisis, and her devotion to her relatives—all indicate a close-knit, loving family that looked forward to the next generation even while retaining the best of the past.
    Joachim and Ann—whether these are their real names or not—represent that entire quiet series of generations who faithfully perform their duties, practice their faith and establish an atmosphere for the coming of the Messiah, but remain obscure.
Comment: This is the “feast of grandparents.” It reminds grandparents of their responsibility to establish a tone for generations to come: They must make the traditions live and offer them as a promise to little children. But the feast has a message for the younger generation as well. It reminds the young that older people’s greater perspective, depth of experience and appreciation of life’s profound rhythms are all part of a wisdom not to be taken lightly or ignored.
Quote:  “...[T]he family is the foundation of society. In it the various generations come together and help one another to grow wise and to harmonize personal rights with the other requirements of social life” (Pastoral Constitution on the Church in the Modern World, 52).
1st v. Erastus of Corinth conversion by Saint Paul; helped in evangelization travelling with Saint Timothy from Ephesus to Macedonia especially at Corinth; believed bishop of Philippi in Macedonia and martyred, although Greek tradition says bishop of Philippi Paneas in Palestine. BM (RM)
Philíppis, in Macedónia, natális sancti Erásti, qui, illic a beáto Paulo Apóstolo relíctus Epíscopus, ibídem martyrio coronátus est.
    At Philippi in Macedonia, the birthday of St. Erastus, who was appointed bishop of that place by the blessed apostle Paul, and was there crowned with martyrdom.
Saint Erastus was the treasurer of the city of Corinth (Romans 16:23). After his conversion by Saint Paul, he helped in the work of evangelization by travelling with Saint Timothy from Ephesus to Macedonia (Acts 19:22), especially at Corinth (2 Timothy 4:20). He is then believed to have become bishop of Philippi in Macedonia and to have been martyred, although the Greek tradition says that he became bishop of Philippi Paneas in Palestine. The Erastus in Acts may be a different person from the one in Romans and 2 Timothy (Benedictines, Delaney, Encyclopedia).
110 St. Hyacinth Martyr under Trajan
In Portu Románo sancti Hyacínthi Mártyris, qui, primo in ignem injéctus, deínde in profluéntem præcipitátus, illæsus evásit; post hæc, sub Trajáno Imperatóre, a Leóntio Consulári percússus gládio, vitam finívit.  Ipsíus corpus Júlia Matróna in prædio suo, juxta Urbem, sepelívit.
    At Porto, St. Hyacinth, martyr, who was first thrown into the fire, and then cast into a stream without being injured.  Afterwards, under Emperor Trajan, being struck with the sword by the exconsul Leontius, his martyrdom was fulfilled.  His body was buried by the matron Julia on her own estate near Rome.

At Portus Romanus, the holy martyr Hyacinth. He was first cast into the fire and then into a river, but escaped unharmed. Afterward, Leontius, who had been consul under the Emperor Trajan, ordered him beheaded, and so ended his life. The matron Julia buried his body on her farm near Rome.
140 Holy Virgin Martyr Paraskeva of Rome only daughter of Christian parents, Agathon and Politia, from her early years she dedicated herself to God. She spent much of her time in prayer and the study of the Holy Scriptures. After the death of her parents St Paraskeva distributed all of her inheritance to the poor, and consecrated her virginity to Christ. Emulating the holy Apostles, she began to preach to the pagans about Christ, converting many to Christianity.

She was arrested during the reign of Antoninus Pius (138-161) because she refused to worship the idols. She was brought to trial and fearlessly confessed herself a Christian. Neither enticements of honors and material possessions, nor threats of torture and death shook the firmness of the saint nor turned her from Christ. She was given over to beastly tortures. They put a red-hot helmet on her head and threw her in a cauldron filled with boiling oil and pitch. By the power of God the holy martyr remained unharmed. When the emperor peered into the cauldron, St Paraskeva threw a drop of the hot liquid in his face, and he was burned. The emperor began to ask her for help, and the holy martyr healed him. After this the emperor set her free.

Traveling from one place to another to preach the Gospel, St Paraskeva arrived in a city where the governor was named Asclepius. Here again they tried the saint and sentenced her to death. They took her to an immense serpent living in a cave, so that it would devour her. But St Paraskeva made the Sign of the Cross over the snake and it died. Asclepius and the citizens witnessed this miracle and believed in Christ. She was set free, and continued her preaching. In a city where the governor was a certain Tarasius, St Paraskeva endured fierce tortures and was beheaded in the year 140.

Many miracles took place at the saint's tomb: the blind received sight, the lame walked, and barren women gave birth to children. It is not only in the past that the saint performed her miracles, but even today she helps those who call on her in faith
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160 St. Pastor A priest of Rome who is reported to have been the brother of Pope St. Pius I.
Pastor of Rome (RM) Saint Pastor, brother to Pope Saint Pius I, was a Roman priest. It is believed that he left his name to the title (i.e., parish) of Saint Pudentiana in Rome--Titulus pastoris (Benedictines)
185 A.M. (July 13th, 1369 A.D.) Departure of Pope Youanis X, 85th Patriarch of Alexandria.
On this day also, of the year 185 A.M. (July 13th, 1369 A.D.) Pope Youanis X, 85th Patriarch of Alexandria, departed. He was known by El-Mo'ataman the Syrian, and he was from Damascus, Syria. He was a righteous and knowledgeable man. He was enthroned on the 12th of Bashans, 179 A.M. (May 7th, 1363 A.D.). He remained on the throne for six years, two months, and seven days. He departed in peace and was buried in Old Cairo beside Simon the shoe maker.  May his prayers be with us and Glory be to God forever. Amen
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284 A.M. {1448} Martyrdom of Sts. Bidaba, Bishop of Qift, Anba Andrew, and Anba Christodoulas.
   On this day, of the year 284 A.M., which is the first year of the martyrs, the great saint Anba Bidaba, and his companion, the priest Andrew, his nephew, and St. Christodoulas, were martyred. Anba Bidaba, who was known by El-Gawhary, was bishop of the city of Qift, in Upper Egypt, during the days of the governor Arianus, and the reign of Emperor Diocletian.
   This great saint was born in the city of Armant to Christian parents who raised him since his young age in a Christian manner. His mother's sister had a son, called him Andrew and raised him in a Christian way. Andrew and his cousin Bidaba liked each other and decided to forsake the world. They eagerly read the Bible and religious books, they widened their comprehension and they became the authority of their times in piety and godliness. When Bidaba was ten years old he had memorized most of the religious books and spiritual teachings. They fasted two days at a time without food or water and when they ate, they only ate bread and salt, accompanied by fervent prayers day and night.
One day while they were thinking about the vanity of this world, they decided to leave their families and live lives of seclusion in a deserted place. They went to the Eastern mount where they found Anba Eisak. This saint comforted and strengthened them to endure the hardships to receive the Eternal Life. Anba Eisak blessed them and commanded them to go to another place where they could live a life of solitude and spend all their time in worship. Then he told Anba Bidaba, "O, my son you shall shepherd the flock of Christ, many toils, tribulations and great persecutions will befall you." He told Andrew, "You also shall receive a crown, after your strife, that has been prepared for you."
They left Anba Eisak and went to the western side and built for themselves a cell. They had full knowledge and excellent skills in transcribing the holy books. They did that for little money to support their life and donated whatever was left to the poor and the needy. The bishop of this district came, once he heard about them, and ordained Anba Bidaba a priest and Andrew a deacon. They went to a church in one of the nearby cities once every forty days to celebrate the Divine Liturgy. One day they went to the church, and found the bishop there so Anba Bidaba stood in reverence and respect for the bishop. The bishop was sitting on his chair looking at St. Bidaba, and he was amazed to see the face of the Saint shining as the moon, and light emanating from him and on his head was a crown of gold decorated with precious stones. The bishop asked them to bring this saint and his companion Andrew. When they came to see him, he asked them to stay with him, but Anba Bidaba refused, preferring to live in the barren desert than live under the care of the bishop. Nevertheless, St. Andrew accepted to stay under the care of the bishop. Anba Bidaba returned to his cell weeping and saying, "I ask you O my Lord Christ to consecrate that place for Thy self that Your Name might be mentioned in it for ever." Then he left that place and went to another area further away. A few days later the bishop sent a messenger to the cell seeking the Saint but he did not find him. The bishop built a church in the name of this saint in that place and consecrated it on the thirteenth day of the month of Kiahk. As for St. Bidaba, he went to the church taking a different way to pray. Many signs and miracles were wrought by his hands, and he increased in grace and blessing.
When his fame spread, and his name was acclaimed, many came to him and he healed their spiritual and physical sicknesses. The people asked the bishop Anba Tadros saying, "We ask you O our father to bring for us Anba Bidaba to be blessed by him and to stay among us for a period of time." The bishop did as they asked .
When Anba Bidaba came to the city of Bahgourah, district of Nagaa-Hammady, there was a man, whose name was John, who had only one daughter, who was attractive. His neighbors were furious against him, and used sorcery against her, for they asked her father to give her in marriage to one of their sons, but he refused. But, the Saint Anba Bidaba prayed for her, and she became as normal as she had been, and God nullified the witchcraft away from her. When her family saw their daughter healed by the hand of that saint, they came and kneeled before him, and kissed his hands thanking him for his act. The Saint told them, "Thank God and praise Him, for the grace that healed your daughter was not from me." They left him rejoicing.
    When it was Sunday and the people were gathered in the church, they brought the Saint to the bishop who promoted him to Hegumen (Archpriest). He stayed with the bishop for nine days then went back to the mountain. Later on, the bishop of Qift departed, so the people of the area gathered and unanimously decided to nominate Abba Bidaba to be ordained in his place. They decided to go to Pope Peter the First (The seal of martyrs and the 17th Patriarch) to ordain him a bishop for them. The angel of the Lord appeared to the Pope in a vision and told him, "Go to Upper Egypt and bring the Archpriest Bidaba and ordain him a bishop for the city of Qift, for the Lord has chosen him." Early next morning the delegations of the believers came asking to ordain the honorable father Bidaba a bishop. The Pope sent four priests with a letter to the Saint. When they arrived, he received the letter from them and read in it, "It is written in the Holy Bible whoever hears from you, heard from Me, and whoever refuses you, refused Me." St. Bidaba cried bitterly and said, "Woe to me the poor sinner for the Devil wishes my perishing." Then he prayed saying, "Let it be according to Your Will, O Lord, and not according to mine, for You know that I am weak, powerless, and incapable of handling this position."
   The messengers of the Pope embarked with him to the Pope. The Pope asked the people of the parish, "Who do you chose to be a bishop over you." They unanimously answered saying, "Abba Bidaba, for he is worthy for this honorable ministry." The Pope ordained him a bishop for the diocese of Qift. While he was laying his hand over his head, a voice from heaven said, "Worthy, worthy, worthy O Bidaba to receive this position." He remained with the Pope for a few days, during which he celebrated the Divine Liturgy. Whenever he placed his hand over the chalice to make the sign of the cross, the wine changed to blood. The Pope was amazed and looked at the saint and said, "Truly you are chosen from God." He asked the Pope to allow him to go to his parish. He embarked in a sailing boat, which had a handicapped man, that did not walk for twenty-two years. While he was getting aboard the boat the saint's leg slipped and stepped over the leg of that handicapped man. The man's legs were healed and he jumped up immediately praising God. All those in the ship praised God and asked the saint to remember them in his prayers and to bless them.
    Many miracles were wrought by his hands during his journey. When they arrived safely at their hometown, the people of the parish went out with candles, crosses, censers, olive branches and palm branches, in their hands to receive him. They took him in a procession until they entered the church and he sat on his Episcopal Chair. He lived in asceticism, as he had lived before, praying continually day and night. His food was bread and salt and his dress was a cloth of hair. He performed many signs and wonders.
   When Emperor Diocletian incited persecution against the Christians, governor Arianus came to upper Egypt, and seized the Christians. He threw them in prisons, and tortured them severely, along his way until he arrived at Esna. When the saint Anba Bidaba knew of that, he was kindled with a spiritual zeal and said, "Is it right for me to remain here, and my brothers, the Christians facing unbearable tortures? No, I must go there and die with them as a sacrifice of faith." He called the people and celebrated a pontifical Liturgy and after he administered to them the Holy Mysteries, he preached to them saying, "We must not be afraid to be martyred in the Name of the Lord Christ, not be afraid of hot fire, arrows or spears, and swords drawn against our necks. As also you need to be merciful to the poor, comfort the grieved, be vigilant in your prayers and fasting for they are your aid by which you can overcome obstacles and cast out the devil that weaken your faith in the Lord Christ." The bishop preached and strengthened his people, and after he made the sign of the holy cross over them, blessed them and bid them farewell saying, "I shall go to be martyred by the hand of Arianus the governor." The people cried and wept for his departure, but he comforted and strengthened them.
    Afterwards, he left them and went to the city of Esna, accompanied by the blessed Fr. Andrew and Anba Christodoulas. The bishop Anba Bidaba looked at them and said, "Where are you going?" They replied, "We are going with you to die for our love of Christ." The bishop looked at them and saw the grace of God had come down upon them and their faces shining like the moon. He strengthened and commanded them to be steadfast in their faith in Christ. He told them, "On this night I saw in a vision an angel who had with him three crowns and I asked him to whom did these belong? He said one for you, one for your cousin, and one for Christodoulas, so let us go to Esna."
    When they arrived at Esna, they saw a multitude of Christians, bishops, priests, deacons, and believers, being tortured. The governor brought them and ordered them to raise incense for the gods, but they cried saying, "We are Christians and we do not fear you, O infidel governor. We do not worship these defiled gods that were made by human hands. Our God that we worship, is in heaven, the creator of everything with the Word of His might, visible and invisible, to Whom is the Glory, Honor, and Worship with His good Father and the Holy Spirit, now and forever and unto the age of ages, Amen." When the Governor heard their words and saw their steadfastness, he ordered to cut their heads off with the sword.
    During that time, Anba Bidaba was standing, watching the Christians being tortured, and he saw angels coming down from heaven, and in their hands, crowns of light for the heads of those who were martyred, and raising them to the heaven with great honor and glory. The Bishop and his companions went forward and cried out saying, "We are Christians, and we believe in Jesus Christ the Lord of all creatures and the God of every power." The Governor asked them, "From where are you?" Then he asked the bishop about his name. The Bishop replied, "I am the lowly Bidaba." The Governor said, "I think you are the bishop of this land, but I am amazed at how you could dare to say these words. Did you not dread my retaliation and fear my authority and majesty? Have you not seen the torture that has been prepared for those who confess that Name?" The Saint answered courageously and said, "Have you not heard the saying of the Book by the mouth of Lord Jesus Christ, 'Therefore whoever confesses Me before men, him I will also confess before My Father who is in heaven. But whoever denies Me before men, him I will also deny before My Father who is in heaven.' (Mat. 10:32-33) Because of this promise, we confess Our Lord Jesus Christ to the utter most breath." The Governor tried, by promising him money and position once and then threatening him in other time, to change his council and his faith in the Lord Christ, and when he failed, he ordered that the Saint be imprisoned in one of the prisons.
  When the saints in prison saw him, they saluted him and said, "Would you vanquish for us this governor, for you have been given the victory from the Lord of hosts." While they were talking about the greatness and goodness of God, the Archangel Michael appeared to the Bishop and said, "Hail to you O honored one, let your soul rejoice today for God has accepted all your toil, asceticism, and struggle for the sake of faith. You shall receive three crowns: the first, for your worship and asceticism since your young age, the second, for shepherding the flock on the straight path, and the third, for your martyrdom. You shall be crowned with these crowns with glory and honor to receive the heavenly glories." The angel ascended, and the Saint stood and prayed saying, "Hear me O Father the Pantocrator, may my petition rise before You, and You smell it as a sweet incense that pleases You, I ask You O father for Thy people and saints who do mercy for the poor, and accept my soul in Your hands that I may receive the heavenly glories, for to You is the Glory, Honor, and Worship with Your Good Father and the Holy Spirit, forever. Amen."
    When he finished his petition he saw the Lord our Savior and around Him the angels coming to comfort him, saying, "My consolation O beloved Bidaba, I am with you." Then the magnificent procession ascended to heaven. On the next morning, the governor ordered all the prisoners brought to the place where the people of the city gathered. When they saw the saints they cried saying, "We are Christians and we believe in one God, the God of Anba Bidaba." The governor became enraged and brought the Saint and those who were with him and ordered their heads cut off. The blood flowed like streams. The skies were filled by the pure angels welcoming the spirits of those righteous saints. St. Bidaba, St. Andrew, and St. Christodoulas received the crown of eternal life.  May their blessings be with us. Amen .
304 Saints Justus and Pastor are venerated as Christian martyrs Alcala and Madrid in Spain share two child patrons
Complúti, in Hispánia, sanctórum Mártyrum Justi et Pastóris fratrum, qui, cum adhuc púeri lítteris imbueréntur, sponte ad martyrium, projéctis in schola tábulis, cucurrérunt; et mox, a Daciáno Præside tenéri jussi et fústibus cædi, ambo, extra civitátem perdúcti sunt, et ibi a carnífice juguláti.
    At Alcala in Spain, the holy martyrs Justus and Pastor, brothers.  While they were yet schoolboys, they threw aside their books in school, and spontaneously ran to martyrdom.  By order of the governor Dacian, they were arrested, beaten with rods, and as they exhorted each other to constancy, were led out of the city, and had their throats cut by the executioner.

304 Ss. Justus and Pastor, Martyrs
THEY were two brothers who, while still schoolboys, overcame with heroic courage the rage and power of Dacian, governor of Spain under Diocletian and Maximian.

In his progress through his province in search of the servants of God, he arrived at Complutum, now called Alcalà de Henares, and began to put to the torture the Christians that were brought before him. Justus and Pastor, children who were then learning their elements in the public school of that city (the one being thirteen, the other only nine years old), hearing of the torments which were inflicted on the followers of Christ, were fired to have a share in their triumphs. They threw down their books, ran to the place where the governor was interrogating the confessors, and by their behaviour showed the faith which they professed. They were soon taken notice of and presented to the judge. He, instead of being touched, was furious to see children brave his power and authority and, not doubting that a little correction would dispel their courage, commanded them to be severely whipped. This was executed in the most barbarous manner; but He who makes the tongues of infants eloquent in His praise, gave them strength to defy their tormentors. The spectators were filled with astonishment to see the con­stancy with which in their turn they encouraged each other to be brave for Christ. Dacian, to cover his shame, gave an order that they should be at once beheaded. Their relics are enshrined at Alcalà, of which city and Madrid they are the patrons.

Whatever may be thought of the value of the reputed “acts”, printed by the Bollandists under August 6, there can be no question as to the genuineness and antiquity of the cultus of these saints. St Paulinus of Nola had his little son buried close beside them at Alcalà

Prudentius numbers them among the most glorious martyrs of Spain. Their names also are recorded in the “Hieronymianum”, on August 25. See the Acta Sanctorum, August, vol. ii.
Many cities have their own patron saints. Venice has St. Mark; Strasbourg, St. Fridolin; Paris, St. Genevieve; Chester (England), St. Werburga. These ancient patrons are usually adult saints. However, Alcala and Madrid in Spain share two child patrons, the brothers Justus and Pastor. When they were executed, Justus was thirteen; Pastor was nine.

The story of their martyrdom, as it comes down to us (perhaps imperfectly), is as follows: Diocletian and Maximian Hercules, Roman co-emperors around 300 AD, authorized the last great Roman persecution of Christians. Their prefect (governor) in Spain, a man named Dacian, carried out the imperial edicts with pagan zeal, touring Spain in search of Christians so that he might convert or erase them.
The governor's tour brought him to Complutum, an old Roman city called today Alcala de Henares, which is not far from the present Madrid. The Complutensian Christians were rooted out by the police and brought before his tribunal for judgement.
Among the Christian children of Alcala there were two little brothers, Justus and Pastor. Their family background is unknown, but they must have come from educated and devoutly Christian stock. They were in class at the elementary school at the time of Dacian's arrival. Learning of what was happening at the governor's court to their grown-up fellow Christians, they burned with a desire to share in their witness to the faith. So they threw down their books and writing tablets and ran off to the place where Dacian had set up his public tribunal. With boyish enthusiasm they elbowed their way up to where the adult Christians were on trial, caught the eye of the civil officials, and made it quite clear to them that they, too, where Christians and not afraid to suffer for it.
The police eventually brought the lads up in front of where Dacian sat. Had he been a man of heart, he could have been touched at the sight of the innocent heroism of the young brothers. Being without compassion, he was simply annoyed with the boys for their intrusion. Sassy kids who trivialized the dignity of an imperial prefect deserved punishment. A good whipping, he thought, would destroy their "courage;" so he ordered them to be given a beating. The whippers laid on brutally, but with the strokes the boys' commitment to their faith grew stronger, rather than weaker. Amazed at their steadfastness, the adult Christians, some of whom had been weakening, took inspiration, and began to encourage each other to be firm in faith. Embarrassed by his inability to master Justus and Pastor, Dacian ordered the pair beheaded.
The thought may occur to us, could children nine and thirteen really deserve to be crowned as saints by the Church? The answer is, Why not? It might be difficult to prove that children of that age had achieved heroic virtues apart from martyrdom, but a number of children have been proclaimed saints or blesseds who died in defense of Christian faith and virtue. Ordinarily, the basic requirement would be that they had reached the age of reason, were able to discern right from wrong, and chose to die rather than betray their consciences. In their innocence, young children can often see issues like this more clearly than adults, and follow through. I should think that the main problem with a persecuted child would be his or her natural fear. But God's grace can take care of that.
May the spiritual courage of Ss. Justus and Pastor inspire us as it inspired the wavering adult Christians of Alcala. Their story reminds us of the truth that if we stand by Him, He will always stand by us. --Father Robert F. McNamara
Saints Justus and Pastor (d. ca. 304) are venerated as Christian martyrs. According to their Acts, they were two schoolboys (Justus was 13 years old, Pastor less than 9) who were persecuted for their faith. Flogged and beheaded outside Alcalá de Henares, they are today considered patron saints of both Alcalá and Madrid. They are mentioned by Prudentius.
What was perceived to be their relics was discovered in the 8th century and taken to Huesca. In 1568, they were brought back to Alcalá, where they lie under the high altar of the collegiate church.
The story of Justus and Pastor is mentioned in the film The Others.
305 St. Pantaleemon, the Physician Martyrdom of; miracle worker {Coptic}
   This day also marks the martyrdom of the honorable St. Pantaleemon, the Physician. This saint was born in the city of Ta'madan. His father, whose name was Astochius (Asturius), was pagan, and his mother, whose name was Unala (Ulana), was Christian. They taught him the medical profession.
    A priest lived near their house, and every time Pantaleemon passed by him, and the priest saw his stature, his comeliness, his knowledge, and his wisdom, he was sorrowful for him for he was away from God. The priest entreated God in his prayers, to guide Pantaleemon to the way of salvation. Having repeated his petition to God for Pantaleemon's sake, the Lord told him in a vision that he would believe through him. The priest rejoiced, and started to speak to him whenever he passed before him, until a friendship grew between them. The priest started to explain to him the corruptness of idol worshipping and the nobility of the Faith of the Lord Christ and the noble life of its followers. He also told him about those who believe in Christ, and the signs and wonders wrought by their hands.
  When Pantaleemon, the Physician, heard that, he rejoiced and desired to perform these signs to perfect his medical profession. One day, he was passing through the market-place of the city, and he saw a man, whom a serpent had bitten, lying on the ground and the serpent was standing up before him. He said to himself, "I will put to test the words of my teacher, the priest, who told me, 'If you believe in the Lord Christ, you shall work miracles in His Name.'" He drew near that man, and prayed a long prayer, asking the Lord Christ to manifest His Power in healing that man, and in killing that serpent, so that it might not harm anyone else. When he finished his prayer, the man rose up alive, and the serpent fell down dead. Pantaleemon's faith increased; he went to the priest, who baptized him, and he went on practicing medicine.
    One day a blind man came to Pantaleemon that he might heal him, but his father sent him away. The Saint asked him, "Who was asking for me?" His father replied, "It was a blind man, and you can not heal him." The Saint told him, "You shall see the glory of God." He called the blind man back, and asked him, "If you can see will you believe in the God Who shall heal your eyes?" The man said, "Yes, I will believe." The Saint prayed over him a long and a profound prayer, and then he laid his hand upon the eyes of the blind man, and said, "In the Name of the Lord Christ receive your sight." Straightway, he received his sight and believed in the Lord Christ. When his father saw that, he also believed. The saint brought them to the priest who baptized them.
  When his father departed, the Saint set his slaves free and gave all his money to the poor. He treated the sick freely, and asked them to believe in Christ. The other physicians were jealous of him, and they laid accusation against him, the priest and many others who had believed, before the Emperor. He brought them and threatened to torture them if they did not deny the Lord Christ. When they did not yield to his threats, he tortured them severely then cut off their heads. The Emperor exaggerated in torturing St. Pantaleemon, he cast him to the lions which did not harm him, and the Lord strengthened and healed him. Finally, the Emperor ordered to cut off his head and he received the crown of martyrdom.  May his prayers be with us. Amen .

Pantaleon the Physician M (RM) (also known as Panteleemon, Panteleimon)
Died c. 305. Saint Pantaleon is one of the Fourteen Holy Helpers, known for their efficacious prayer, who are especially venerated in France and Germany. All of them have highly embroidered life stories, although they themselves are rather shadowy figures about whom almost nothing is known for certain. Pantaleon's unreliable vita may have developed because his name in Greek, means "the all-compassionate."
It is said that he was a doctor of such skill that Emperor Maximian, a great persecutor of Christians employed Pantaleon as the court physician. He was the son of a pagan father, Eustorgius, and a Christian mother, Eubula, who raised him as a Christian. In the fanatically anti-Christian and dissolute court of Maximian, he lost his faith and nearly his soul with his self-indulgent lifestyle.
In time, however, a fellow-Christian named Hermolaos reminded the doctor of the faith he had abandoned. From that time Pantaleon's skills were at the disposal of the poor. The wealth he had gained from his successful practice was given away.
   Other physicians, jealous of his position at court, saw Pantaleon's renewed faith as a way of discrediting him at court. When the persecution of Christians under Emperor Diocletian broke out in Nicomedia in 303, Pantaleon, Hermolaos, and two other Christians were arrested. This time Pantaleon refused to reject the faith; instead he chose death. Vain attempts were made to put him to death in six different ways--including drowning, fire, and wild beasts--before he was successfully beheaded amidst a halo of other marvels.
   What is probably true is that he was a physician, who practiced without payment, and who was martyred under Diocletian, probably at Nicomedia. He cultus is primarily connected with Bithynia, where Emperor Justinian rebuilt his church at Nicomedia. Churches are dedicated to him in Constantinople and Rome. In the East he is known as the Great Martyr and Wonder Worker. A reputed relic of Pantaleon's blood kept at Ravello in southern Italy displays the phenomenon of liquefaction on his feast day, similar to that of Saint Januarius (Attwater, Benedictines, Bentley, Delaney, Encyclopedia, Farmer, Sheppard)
   In art, Saint Pantaleon is a physician holding a phial of medicine. At times he may be depicted (1) healing a sick child; (2) bound with hands above his head to an olive tree, to which he is nailed, with a sword at his feet; (3) nail through his hands into his head; (4) pushed off a rock with a pitchfork; (5) with a stone tied to his neck; (6) killed with a club; or (7) with a sword and vase or phial (Roeder). Click here to see an image of the saint by Photios Kontoglou .
Together with Saints Cosmas and Damian, Pantaleon is the patron of the medical profession (Bentley).
He is invoked against lung disease (Sheppard).

305 Hieromartyrs Hermolaus, Hermippus and Hermocrates of Nicomedia, were among the small number of those remaining alive after 20,000 Christians were burned alive in a church at Nicomedia in the year 303 (December 28), on the orders of the emperor Maximian (284-305). They in remote places and did not cease to preach Christianity to the pagans.  The Lord Jesus Christ appeared to St Hermolaus
Romæ, via Latína, sanctórum Mártyrum Symphrónii, Olympii, Theodúli et Exsupériæ; qui (ut in gestis sancti Stéphani Papæ légitur), ígnibus combústi, martyrii palmam adépti sunt.
    At Rome, on the Latin Way, the holy martyrs Symphronius, Olympius, Theodulus, and Exuperia, who (as we read in the Acts of Pope St. Stephen) were burned alive, and thus obtained the palm of martyrdom.

Orthodoxe Kirche: 26. Juli  Katholische Kirche: Hermolaos 27. Juli mit Pantaleon

The young pagan named Pantoleon (Holy Great Martyr Panteleimon, July 27) often passed by the house in which St Hermolaus had concealed himself. Once St Hermolaus chanced to meet the youth and asked him to stop by his house. In their conversation St Hermolaus began to explain to his guest the falseness, impiety and vanity of worshipping the pagan gods. From that day on, Pantoleon began to visit St Hermolaus daily and received holy Baptism from him.
When the trial of the holy Great Martyr Panteleimon was being held, Sts Hermolaus, Hermippus and Hermocrates, were also arrested. The Lord Jesus Christ appeared to St Hermolaus one evening and revealed to him that on the following day he would suffer for Him and receive a martyr's crown.
Sts Hermippus and Hermocrates were arrested and brought to trial after St Hermolaus. All three were given the chance to deny Christ and offer sacrifice to idols. But they resolutely refused, confessed their faith in the Lord Jesus Christ and were prepared gladly to die for Him.
The pagans began to threaten the holy priests with torture and death. Suddenly, a strong earthquake occurred, and the idols and pagan temple collapsed and shattered. This was reported to the emperor. The enraged Maximian gave the holy martyrs over to torture and pronounced upon them a sentence of death. Bravely enduring all the torments, the holy Hieromartyrs Hermolaus, Hermippus and Hermocrates were beheaded in 305 .
Hermolaos, Hermippos und Hermokrates
Orthodoxe Kirche: 26. Juli  Katholische Kirche: Hermolaos 27. Juli mit Pantaleon
Hermolaos, Hermippos und Hermokrates gehörten zu einer kleinen Schar, die den Anschlag auf die Kirche in Nikomedia überlebt hatte (vgl. 20.000 Märtyrer). Sie waren Priester und verbargen sich zwar, predigten aber weiter zu der heidnischen Bevölkerung. Hermolaos konnte Panteleimon bekehren und wurde mit diesem zusammen verhaftet. Auch Hermipppos und Hermokrates wurden verhaftet. Sie weigerten sich, den heidnischen Götzen zu opfern und wiurden gefoltert. Da ereignete sich ein starkes Erdbeben, das alle Götzenbilder im Tempel zerstörte. Kaiser Maximian befahl daraufhin, die drei sofort zu enthaupten.
531 St. Valens Bishop of Verona, Italy, from 524. He faced the barbarian and heretical groups of that era.
Verónæ sancti Valéntis, Epíscopi et Confessóris.
    At Verona, St. Valens, bishop and confessor.
1016 St Simeon The Armenian earned a reputation for miracles, and charity
In monastério sancti Benedícti, in agro Mantuáno, sancti Simeónis, Mónachi et Eremítæ, qui, multis miráculis clarus, in senectúte bona quiévit.
    In the monastery of St. Benedict, near Mantua, St. Simeon, monk and hermit, who was renowned for many miracles, and at an advanced age rested in the Lord.

St Simeon was said to have been an Armenian who in the year 982 started on pilgrimage and went to Jerusalem, and passed from thence to Rome.  Here he was accused of being a heretic, and by order of Pope Benedict VII he was examined, and declared to be orthodox. For a time he wandered about Italy, then visited the shrines of St James at Compostela and St Martin of Tours, and so returned to Lombardy. Already he had earned a reputation for miracles, and charity:  he greatly impressed the people of Mantua by playing unharmed with a lion which was being exhibited as a curiosity.  He settled at the Cluniac Benedictine monastery of Padilirone, where he passed the rest of his life.
Miracles attributed to him caused notice to be taken at Rome, and Simeon's cultus was allowed by Pope Benedict VIII.
The author of the Life of Simeon, which is printed by Mabillon and also in the Acta Sanctorum, July, vol. vi, may have been a contemporary, but he seems to have been extremely credulous.  It is very questionable, then, whether we may trust his statement that in the course of his wanderings the saint visited "Britannia".
1016 Simeon of Padolirone (the Armenian) (RM)
canonized by Benedict VIII. The Armenian hermit went on a pilgrimage to Jerusalem, Rome, Compostella, and Saint Martin of Tours, working miracles as he went. Later he settled at the Cluniac Abbey of Padolirone near Padua, Italy, where he died (Benedictines, Encyclopedia)
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1043 Saint Moses the Hungarian of the Caves, was a brother of St Ephraim of Novy Torg (January 28), and of St George. Together with them he entered into the service of the holy Prince Boris (July 24). After the murder of St Boris in 1015 at the River Alta (St George also perished with him), St Moses fled and hid himself at Kiev with Predislava, sister of prince Yaroslav. In 1018, when the Polish king Boleslav seized Kiev, St Moses and his companions wound up in Poland as captives.
Tall and handsome, St Moses attracted the attention of a certain rich Polish widow, who burned with a passionate desire for him and wanted to ransom him from captivity and make him her husband. St Moses resolutely refused to exchange captivity for slavery to a wife. Despite his refusal, the Polish woman bought the captive.
She did everything in her power to seduce the youth, but he preferred hunger pains to banquets of food. Then the Polish woman began to convey St Moses through her lands, thinking to captivate him by power and riches. St Moses told her that he would not trade spiritual riches for the perishable things of this world, and that he wished to become a monk.
Passing through the area, an Athonite hieromonk tonsured St Moses a monk. The Polish woman gave orders to stretch St Moses on the ground and to beat him with iron rods, so that the ground became soaked with his blood. She sought permission of Boleslav to do with the captive all that she pleased. The shameless woman once gave orders to put St Moses in a bed with her. She kissed and embraced him, but she accomplished nothing by this.
St Moses said, "From the fear of God I loathe you as impure". Hearing this, the Polish woman gave orders to give the saint each day a hundred lashes, and then to emasculate him. Boleslav soon began a persecution against all the monks in the land, but sudden death overtook him. A revolt arose in Poland, in which the widow also was killed.
Having recovered from his wounds, St Moses arrived at the Kiev Caves monastery, bearing on himself martyr's wounds and a crown of a confessor and courageous warrior of Christ. The Lord provided him strength in his sufferings. A certain monastic brother, oppressed by impure passion, went to St Moses and sought his help, saying, "I promise to keep until death everything you tell me to do." St Moses said: "As long as you live, do not speak a word to any woman." The brother promised to obey the advice of the monk. St Moses had in his hand a staff, without which he was not able to walk because of the wounds which he had received. With this staff St Moses struck the chest of the brother who had approached him, and immediately he was delivered from temptation.
St Moses pursued asceticism at Kiev for 10 years; he died in about the year 1043 and was buried in the Near Caves. After venerating the saint's holy relics and fervent prayer to him, the monks were healed of fleshly temptations
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1316 Saint Sava III was Archbishop of Serbia from 1305 -1316. He is also commemorated on August 30.
1594 Bl. John Ingram Martyr of Scotland. He was born in Stoke Edith, Herefordshire, in 1565 , and became a convert at Oxford. After conversion, he went to Reims and Rome and was ordained in 1589 . Sent to Scotland in 1592, John was arrested on the Tyneside and taken to the Tower of London, where he was tortured Martyred at Gateshead, he was hanged, drawn, and quartered.
1594 Blessed George Swallowell and John Ingram convert to Catholicism, martyred for his priesthood MM (AC)
beatified in 1929. The Protestant minister and school teacher George Swallowell was born near Durham. He was condemned and executed at Darlington, for having been reconciled to the Church. At that same time at Gateshead, Father John Ingram, another convert to Catholicism, was martyred for his priesthood. Father Ingram was born at Stoke Edith, Herefordshire, converted to the faith, studied at New College, Oxford, and then prepared for ordination at Rheims and Rome. He was ordained a priest in 1589 and worked in Scotland until his death (Benedictines)
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1641 Bl. William Ward Martyr of England; of his 33 years on the mission, 20 were passed in one prison or another; an excellent spirit, exceeding zealous in God's service;
Born in Westmorland, England, he went to Douai, France, in 1604, where he studied and received ordination in 1608. Upon returning home to England, William was forced to land in Scotland and was arrested and imprisoned for three years. He was released and went on to England, where he spent twenty of his thirty-three years as a missionary in prison. When Catholic priests were banished on April 7, 1641, William was arrested. On July 26, he was executed at Tyburn.
1641   Bd William Ward, Martyr
Bd William family name was really Webster, and he was born at Thornby in Westmorland, went to Douay in 1604, and was sent upon the English mission after his ordination in 1608.  At this time he was well over forty years of age, but we have no particulars of his early life.   Being driven by the weather to land in Scotland, he was at once arrested and spent three years in prison.  Immediately after his release he went into England to try again to begin his labours for the Church and was soon after again imprisoned. 
Of his thirty-three years on the mission, twenty were passed in one prison or another. A number of details of the personal character, trial, and passion of Mr Ward are given by a secular priest who called himself  "his ghostly child ", and are printed by Challoner.   "He...was ever known to be of an excellent spirit, exceeding zealous in God's service...He did not use to preach set sermons, though his whole life was a continual preaching; but in confessions, wherein he spent most of his time, he would exhort much to virtue and the love of God, and dissuade from vice and the vanity of the world; and seldom spared a threat of damnation if the party were vain, as many of his penitents have told me themselves...And however some men held him to be passionate, because his speech was earnest and his face somewhat fiery upon any fervent speaking, yet to those that knew he was truly vir dolorum being in perpetual pain of two infirmities...
   The sole and true reason why he did wear no better clothes, nor covet better diet than he used himself to, was only by reason he did in his own conscience not think himself worthy of better...In all the time I knew this holy man, I could never hear him relate any passage or speak of any subject, but it either began or ended with a memory of almighty God's service, if his whole speech were not upon that theme...On april 7, 1641, parliament issued a proclamation banishing all priests under pain of death, but Mr Ward refused to leave London, and was arrested on July 15 following; and within ten days tried and condemned at the Old Bailey for his priesthood.  He was dragged to Tyburn on a sledge by four horses, and after maintaining before the people that he died for the true religion and for no other cause, he gave forty shillings to the sheriff to be distributed among poor catholics, half a crown to the hangman, and a florin to the sledge-driver, and so met his end, crying, "Jesu, Jesu, Jesu receive my soul ".

  A very full account of this martyr is given by Challoner in MMP., pp. 382-392.  See also the Douey Diaries, vol. i.
Blessed William Ward M (AC) (also known as William Webster
Born at Thornby, Westmorland; died at Tyburn, England, in 1641; beatified in 1929. William, whose real name was Webster, prepared for the priesthood at Douai, where he was ordained in 1608. Of the 33 years he worked in the English mission, 20 were spent in prison (Benedictines).
1837 Luise Scheppler Als junges Mädchen kam sie für ein Haushaltsjahr zu Friedrich Oberlin. Hier erfuhr sie das ganze Leben als einen einzigen Gottesdienst und entfaltete ihre Gaben. Sie blieb im Haushalt Oberlins und übernahm nach dem frühen Tod seiner Ehefrau ihre Aufgaben; Nach dem Tode Oberlins konnte Luise Scheppler noch 11 Jahre im Steintal wirken und sein Werk fortführen
Evangelische Kirche: 26. Juli

Luise Scheppler wurde am 4.11.1763 in Schöngrund im Steintal geboren. Als junges Mädchen kam sie für ein Haushaltsjahr zu Friedrich Oberlin. Hier erfuhr sie das ganze Leben als einen einzigen Gottesdienst und entfaltete ihre Gaben. Sie blieb im Haushalt Oberlins und übernahm nach dem frühen Tod seiner Ehefrau ihre Aufgaben. Als Entschädigung erbat sie sich von Oberlin die Adoption. Aus der Erziehung der sieben Kinder Oberlins und der Arbeit in der Gemeinde entstand die Kinderschule. Dreimal wöchentlich sammelte sie die Kinder und Jugendlichen um sich zu Spiel und Lernen. Oberlin segnete sie für diesen Dienst ein, den sie als Amt in der Gemeinde ansah. Die Kinderschule von Luise Scheppler verbreitete sich in der ganzen Welt - heute nennen wir sie Kindergarten oder Kindertagesstätte. Nach dem Tode Oberlins konnte Luise Scheppler noch 11 Jahre im Steintal wirken und sein Werk fortführen, bis sie am 25.7.1837 starb
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1833 St Bartholomea Capitanio, Virgin, Co-Foundress of The Sisters of Charity of Lovere; She never spared herself; her endless correspondence and outside activities left her no moment of leisure, and though for four months before the end she obeyed her doctor, who prohibited the writing of letters, she was already far gone in consumption, and the relief came too late.
Lúere, in diœcési Brixiénsi, sanctæ Bartholomǽæ Capitánio, Vírginis, Sorórum a Caritáte Fundatrícis, puéllis instituéndis præcláræ, quam Pius Papa Duodécimus albo sanctárum Vírginum adscrípsit.
      At Lovere, in the diocese of Brescia, St. Bartholemea Capitanio, virgin, who founded the Sisters of Charity, dedicated to teaching the young.  Pope Pius XII added her name to the catalogue of holy virgins.
   Bartholomea was no more than twenty-six when she died. In those few years she founded a religious congregation, sown the seeds of virtue in the hearts of countless young people, and left behind her a mass of spiritual notes and instructions which, having been subsequently published under the title of Scitti spirituali, fill two very stout volumes, not to speak of some three hundred letters which have been brought together to form a separate book.
    Born at Lovere in the Brescian Alps, not far from Castiglione, the ancestral home of the Gonzagas, Bartholomea at an early age conceived an intense devotion for St Aloysius. She acquired nothing of piety from her father, a rough corn-factor, who was given to heavy drinking.  It was one of her greatest spiritual triumphs that her gentleness and self-sacrificing devotion to him, at a time when she herself was ill, changed his heart completely, so that he died in a state of fervent contrition.  Her mother, on the other hand, was a most exemplary Christian woman, and the child lernt from her and from the nuns whose school she attended to put God before everything else and to aim at a high standard of perfection.  She could not obtain her parents' leave to become a nun, so after making, with her director's sanction, a vow of perpetual chastity, she devoted herself to the work of education, obtaining an elementary teacher's diploma from the secular authorities. In this way she definitely set about consecrating her life to the apostolate of the young, and organized for the purpose a guild or sodality of St Aloysius, which, spreading to other districts, produced marvellous effects.  That there was something strangely inspiring about her simplicity, her straightforwardness, her tact, and her force of character is proved by the spell she exercised over a number of devoted women, her relations with whom stand revealed in her correspondence.
   Seeing the need of creating some kind of religious institute to perpetuate the good she had most at heart, St Bartholomea joined forces with another earnest worker of the same district, Catherine Gerosa (now, in virtue of the name she took in religion, known as St Vincentia Gerosa), a woman twenty years her senior.  Catherine's main interest was nursing and relieving the sick poor, for whom she already founded a hospital, taking the heaviest burdens upon herself.
  But now both activities, of teaching and nursing, were combined, and to facilitate matters it was decided at the suggestion of ecclesiastical authority that the two friends should adopt the rule of the Sisters of Charity of St Vincent de Paul.  Certain difficulties, mainly it seems of a political character, stood in the way of any foundation being made at Lovere which would be dependent upon another house outside the Austrian frontier, for Lovere was then under Austrian rule, so a new institute was begun which took the name of "Suore della Cariti", and which, being encouraged by the bishop from the first, eventually obtained papal approval.  The congregation is now widely diffused, having its mother house at Milan, wearing a habit strikingly in contrast to the white cornette familiar in England and France, and with modifications of the Vincentian constitutions which bring them into much closer accord with the rule originally outlined by St Bartholomea and written down some time before her death. She never spared herself; her endless correspondence and outside activities left her no moment of leisure, and though for four months before the end she obeyed her doctor, who prohibited the writing of letters, she was already far gone in consumption, and the relief came too late.   She died on July 26, 1833, and was canonized in 1950.
There is a very full life by Father L. I. Mazza (2 vols., 1905), and one in French by C. Carminati (1934).  Cf. also Kempf, Holiness of the Church in the Nineteenth Century, pp. 204-207 .
1864 Father Jacob (Netsvetov) of Alaska; enrolled in the Irkutsk Theological Seminary and placed all his hope in Christ by seeking first the Kingdom of God (Mt. 6:33); Subdeacon on October 1, 1825; Holy Priesthood March 4, 1828; Father Jacob yearned to return to his native Alaska; brought his people to a deep commitment to their own salvation. Being fully bilingual and bicultural, Father Jacob was uniquely blessed by God to care for the souls of his fellow Alaskans; bring the light of Christ to the people of the Yukon; performed exorcism, converted shamans, baptized thousands, and brought warring tribes together by his example and preaching.
Born of pious parents in 1802 on Atka Island, Alaska. His father, Yegor Vasil'evich Netsvetov was a Russian from Tobolsk. His mother, Maria Alekseevna, was an Aleut from Atka island. Yegor and Maria had four children who survived infancy; Jacob was the first born, followed by Osip (Joseph), Elena, and Antony. Yegor and Maria were devoted to their children and, though of meager means, did all they could to provide them with the education which would help them in this life as well as in the life to come. Osip and Antony were eventually able to study at the St Petersburg Naval Academy in Russia, becoming a naval officer and a shipbuilder, respectively. Their sister, Elena, married a successful and respected clerk for the Russian-American Company.
But Jacob yearned for a different kind of success, a success that the world might consider failure for "the righteous live forever, their reward is with the Lord" (Wis. Sol. 5:15). And so, when the family moved to Irkutsk in 1823, Jacob enrolled in the Irkutsk Theological Seminary and placed all his hope in Christ by seeking first the Kingdom of God (Mt. 6:33).

Jacob was tonsured as a Subdeacon on October 1, 1825. He married a Russian woman (perhaps also a Creole) named Anna Simeonovna, and in 1826 graduated from the Seminary with certificates in history and theology. On October 31, 1826, he was ordained to the Holy Diaconate and assigned to serve the altar of the Holy Trinity-St Peter Church in Irkutsk. Two years later, on March 4, 1828, Archbishop Michael, who had earlier ordained Father John Veniaminov (St Innocent), elevated the godly deacon Jacob to the Holy Priesthood. This, however, was no ordinary ordination. As if he were a new Patrick, hearing the mystical call of his distant flock, Father Jacob yearned to return to his native Alaska. And the all-good God, who (satisfies the longing soul and fills the hungry soul with goodness" (Ps.107:9) heard the prayer of his servant.

Archbishop Michael provided Father Jacob with two antimensia: one for the new Church which would be dedicated to the glory of God in honor of St Nicholas the Wonderworker in Atka, and one to be used for missionary activity. On May 1, 1828 a molieben for travelers was served, and Father Jacob, his father, Yegor, (now tonsured as reader for the Atka Church), and his matushka, Anna, set out for Alaska .

Who can tell of the perils and trials associated with such a journey? Travel in those days was never easy, either overland or over the waves of the sea. Nevertheless, aided by prayer and confidence in God's providence, the Netsvetov family arrived safely in Atka over a year later, on June 15, 1829. The new assignment for the newly-ordained Father Jacob would also prove to be quite a challenge. The Atka "parish" comprised a territory stretching for nearly 2,000 miles and included Amchitka, Attu, Copper, Bering and Kurile Islands. But this did not deter the godly young priest, for when he was clothed in the garments of the Priesthood, he was found to be "clad with zeal as a cloak' (Is. 59:17), and so he threw himself wholly into his sacred ministry. His deep love for God and for his flock was evident in everything that he did. Both in Atka and in the distant villages and settlements which he visited, Father Jacob offered himself as a "living sacrifice" (Rom 12:1). Having "no worry about his life" (Mt. 6:25 ff), the holy one endured manifold tortures of cold, wet, wind, illness, hunger and exhaustion, for to him life was Christ (Phil 1:21). Showing himself as a "rule of faith," his example brought his people to a deep commitment to their own salvation. Being fully bilingual and bicultural, Father Jacob was uniquely blessed by God to care for the souls of his fellow Alaskans.
When he arrived in Atka, the Church of St Nicholas had not yet been built. So, with his own hands Father Jacob constructed a large tent (Acts 18:3) in which he conducted the services. For Father Jacob the services of the Church were life: life for his people and life for himself. It was in the worship of God that he found both strength and joy. Later he would transport this tent with him on his missionary journeys, and like Moses in the wilderness, the grace of God was found wherever this tent was taken (Num 4:1 ff; 10:17 ff).
When his first six months had ended (end of 1829), Father Jacob recorded that he had baptized 16, chrismated 442, married 53 couples, and buried 8.
Once the church was constructed, Father Jacob turned his attention to the building of a school in which the children would learn to read and write both Russian and Unangan Aleut. The Russian American Company provided some of the support initially, with the students providing the remainder. This continued until 1841, when it was reorganized as a parish school and ties with the company ceased. Father Jacob proved to be a talented educator and translator whose students became distinguished Aleut leaders in the next generation.
Father Netsvetov led an active physical and intellectual life, hunting and gathering for his own subsistence needs, preparing specimens of fish and marine animals for the natural history museums of Moscow and St Petersburg, corresponding with St Innocent (Veniaminov) on matters of linguistics and translations. He labored over the creation of an adequate alphabet for the Unangan-Aleut language, and the translation of the Holy Scriptures and other appropriate literature into that language. St Innocent praised the young pastor for his holiness of life, his teaching, and for continuing this work of translating which he, himself, had begun earlier among the native peoples. After fifteen years of service, Father Jacob was awarded the Nabedrennik, Kamilavka, and Gold Cross. Later, he would be made Archpriest and receive the Order of St Anna .
These ecclesiastical awards do not tell of the personal sufferings of this warrior for Christ. In March of 1836, his precious wife, Anna, died of cancer; his home burned to the ground in July of 1836; and his dear father, Yegor, died of an undetermined illness in 1837. Who can utter the depth of sorrow felt by this God-pleaser? Yet he lifted up his voice with that ancient sufferer and cried, "shall we indeed accept good from God and shall we not accept adversity? In all this he did not sin with his lips" (Job 2:10). In his journal Father Jacob attributed all to "the Will of Him whose Providence and Will are inscrutable and whose actions toward men are incomprehensible." He patiently endured hardships and sufferings like the Holy Apostle Paul. He saw in these misfortunes not a Victory by the hater of men's souls (i.e. the devil) but a call from God to even greater spiritual struggles. With this in mind, Father Jacob petitioned his ruling bishop to return to Irkutsk in order to enter the monastic life. A year later, word reached him that permission was granted contingent upon the arrival of a replacement. None ever came.
Instead, Bishop Innocent soon came to Atka and asked Father Jacob to accompany him on a voyage by ship to Kamchatka. Who can know the heavenly discourse enjoyed by these two lovers of Christ as they traveled over the waves? This, however, is clear, the holy archpastor was able to accomplish three things in Father Netsvetov. Firstly, he applied the healing salve of the Spirit with words of comfort; secondly, he dissuaded Father Jacob from entering the monastery; and thirdly, he revealed to the godly priest the true plan of the Savior for his life, that he 'might preach (Christ) among the Gentiles" (Gal. 1: 16) deep in the Alaskan interior. Father Jacob continued to serve his far-flung flock of the Atka parish until December 30, 1844. A new zeal had taken hold of him, and it was then that St Innocent appointed him to head the new Kvikhpak Mission in order to bring the light of Christ to the people of the Yukon. Here, aided by two young Creole assistants, Innokentii Shayashnikov and Konstantin Lukin, together with his young nephew, Vasilii Netsvetov, Father Jacob "settled' in the wilderness of Alaska.
He learned new languages, embraced new peoples and cultures, devised another alphabet, built another church and Orthodox community, and for the next twenty years, until his health and eyesight failed, continued to be an evangelical beacon of the grace of God in southwestern Alaska.
Establishing his headquarters in the Yup'ik Eskimo village of Ikogmiute (today's 'Russian Mission') he traveled to native settlements hundreds of miles up and down Alaska's longest river (the Yukon) as well as the Kuskokwim River region. At the insistence of Indian leaders, he traveled as far as the middle of the Innoko River baptizing hundreds of Indians from various, and often formerly hostile, tribes. "Behold how good and how pleasant it is for brethren to dwell together in unity" (Ps 133:1). He built the first Christian temple in this region, and dedicated it to the feast of the Elevation of the Holy Cross. Here Father Jacob, in spite of failing health, joyfully celebrated the Church's cycle of services, including all of the services prescribed for Holy Week and Pascha .
Finally, in 1863, the evil One, who "walks about like a roaring lion, seeking whom he may devour" (I Pet 5:8), sought one last time to get the better of the righteous one. So the devil, the father of lies, (John 8:44), inspired an assistant of Father Jacob to level spurious and slanderous charges against his master. This resulted in a summons to Sitka, issued by Bishop Peter. The godly pastor was quickly cleared of all charges, but due to his ever-worsening health, he remained in Sitka for his final year serving a Tlingit chapel. He died on July 26, 1864 at the age of 60 and was buried on the third day at the entry of the chapel. During his final missionary travels in the Kuskokwim/Yukon delta region, he had baptized 1,320 people - distinguishing himself as the evangelizer of the Yup'ik Eskimo and Athabascan Indian peoples.
This brief history has recounted the basic chronology of the saint's life and labors, but we must not neglect to relate his other deeds, that the light be not "hidden under a bushel" (Mt.5:15). In 184 1, Father Jacob encountered a group of women from his flock in Amlia who had fallen victim to certain demonic influences and teachings. Blaming himself for the seduction and fall of his spiritual children by the evil one, he informed the leader among them that he was going to pay them a visit.
Upon arriving, he found one of the women paralyzed, semi-conscious and unable to speak. He ordered that she be removed to another house apart, and on the next day when this was accomplished, he lit the lampada before the icons of the beautiful corner, vested himself in his priestly epitrachilion (stole), sprinkled holy water throughout the room, and began the first prayers of exorcism. He then left.
During the night he was notified that the woman had begun to speak but incoherently. He came immediately to her and performed a second exorcism. This time, she sprang out of her bed and stood next to the saint, joined her prayer to his, and accompanied them with prostrations. When the prayers were finished, Father Jacob again sprinkled her with holy water and gave her the precious cross to kiss. She regained full consciousness, a state of health and true reason - that is, even the false teachings of the evil spirits had no more part in her.
Once in November of 1845, Father Jacob was preaching in the village of Kalskag, where the local chief was also the head shaman. He spoke for all of the villagers and resisted the Word of God forcefully. But the saint, calm and full of the Holy Spirit, continued to sow the seeds of right belief and piety. After many hours, the chief fell silent and finally came to believe. The villagers, in solidarity with their leader, also joyously expressed their belief in the Triune God and sought Holy Baptism.
Father Jacob was a physician of bodies as well as souls. He often cared for the sick among his flock even to his own detriment. During the winter of 1850-1851 the saint was himself ravaged with illness. Yet he cared for the sick and dispensed medicine to them every day. Father Jacob's preaching often brought together in the Holy Faith tribes who were traditional enemies. One example from his journal reads:
"Beginning in the morning, upon my invitation, all the Kol'chane and Ingalit from the Yukon and the local ones gathered at my place and I preached the word of God, concluding at noon. Everyone listened to the preaching with attention and without discussion or dissent, and in the end they all expressed faith and their wish to accept Holy Baptism, both the Kol'chane and the Ingatit (formerly traditional enemies). I made a count by families and in groups, and then in the afternoon began the baptismal service. First I baptized 50 Kol'chane and Ingalit men, the latter from the Yukon and Innoko. It was already evening when I completed the service. March 21, 1853."
So it was that this apostolic man, this new Job, conducted himself during his earthly course. There are many other deeds and wonders which he performed, many known and many more known only to God. Few missionaries in history have had to endure the hardships which Father Jacob faced, yet he did so with patience and humility. His life of faith and piety are the legacy which he leaves to us, his spiritual children in America, and indeed to all Christians throughout the world.
1946 Saint Alphonsa Muttathupadathu; "Grains of wheat, when ground in the mill, turn in to flour. With this flour we make the wafer of the holy Eucharist. Grapes, when crushed in the wine press, yield their juice. This juice turns into wine. Similarly, suffering so crushes us that we turn into better human beings." -Saint Alphonsa to novices
Name Meaning noble ready; battle ready
"She did not want her sufferings to be reduced in the least by human attention and sympathy, nor did she want others of know of her suffering. This is a strange expression of humility, which seeks that others should never think of you." -Cardinal Gracias
(Malayalam: അല്ഫോന്‍സാ മുട്ടത്തുപാടത്ത്; Alphonsa dell’Immacolata Concezione; 19 August 1910 – 28 July 1946) is a Catholic Saint, the second person of Indian origin to be canonized as a saint by the Roman Catholic Church and the first canonized saint of the Syro-Malabar Catholic Church, an Oriental-rite Catholic Church.
Alphonsamma, as she was locally known, had a poor, difficult childhood and experienced early loss and suffering. She joined the Franciscan Clarist Congregation, and through them completed schooling and made her permanent vows in 1936. She taught school for years but was plagued by illness.
Claims of her intervention began almost immediately upon her death, and often involved the children in the convent school where she had taught. The cause of Sister Alphonsa began on 2 December 1953 in the Syro-Malabar Catholic Diocese of Palai and she was declared a Servant of God. She was declared Venerable on 9 July 1985 by Pope John Paul II. Her beatification was declared 8 February 1986 by Pope John Paul II at Kottayam.
    Hundreds of miraculous cures are claimed for her intervention, many of them involving straightening of clubbed feet, possibly because of her having lived with deformed feet herself. Two of these cases were submitted to the Congregation for the Causes of Saints as proof of her miraculous intervention. The continuing cures are chronicled in the magazine PassionFlower.  On Sunday, 12 October 2008, Pope Benedict XVI announced her canonization at a ceremony at St Peter's Square.
Born in a rural area to Joseph and Mary Muttathupadathu. Baptized on 27 August 1910. Her mother died when Anna was very young, and she was raised by her maternal aunt, and educated by her great-uncle Father Joseph Muttathupadathu. At age 3 she contracted an infected eczema from which she suffered for over a year. Made her first Communion on 27 November 1917. Badly burned on her feet when she accidentally fell into a pit of burning chaff, leaving her permanently partially disabled. Joined the Poor Clare convent at Bharananganam on 2 August 1928, taking the name Alphonsa, and making her vows on 12 August 1936.
She lost her aunt/foster-mother in 1930. Worked as a primary school taught, and the children loved her for her gentleness and cheery way, but health problems often kept her from the classroom. In December 1936 she was miraculously cured from her ailments through the intervention of Saint Therese of Lisieux and Blessed Kuriakose Elias Chavara. However, in June 1939 she was struck by a severe attack of pneumonia, weakening her overall. On 18 October 1940 a thief stumbled into her room in the middle of the night; the shock of the event caused Alphonsa to suffer a loss of memory, and further weakened her. Her condition continued deteriorated for months, and she was given last rites on 29 September 1941; the next day, she regained her memory, though not complete health. She enjoyed some improvement over the next few years, but in July 1945 she developed a stomach problem that eventually led to her death.
She was noted for her suffering, and suffering in silence. Incidents of her intervention began almost immediately upon her death, and often involved the children in the convent school. Hundreds of miraculous cures are claimed for her intervention, many of involving straightening of clubbed-feet, possibly because of her having lived with deformed feet herself; two of these were submitted to the Congregation for the Causes of Saints as proof of her miraculous intervention. The continuing cures are chronicled in the magazine PassionFlower. Thousands converge on the small town of Bharananganam when they celebrate the feast of Saint Alphonsa from 19 to 28 July each year.


On Death and Life
"Man Needs Eternity -- and Every Other Hope, for Him, Is All Too Brief"
Пресвятая Богородице спаси нас!
   (Santíssima Mãe de Deus, salva-nos!)


Month by Month of Saintly Dedications


The Rosary html Mary Mother of GOD -- Her Rosary Here
Mary Mother of GOD Mary's Divine Motherhood: FEASTS OF OUR LADY
     of the Virgin Mary to those who recite the Rosary

May 9 – Our Lady of the Wood (Italy, 1607) 
Months of Dedication
January is the month of the Holy Name of Jesus since 1902;
March is the month of Saint Joseph since 1855;
May, the month of Mary, is the oldest and most well-known Marian month, officially since 1724;
June is the month of the Sacred Heart since 1873;
July is the month of the Precious Blood since 1850;
August is the month of the Immaculate Heart of Mary;
September is the month of Our Lady of Sorrows since 1857;
October is the month of the Rosary since 1868;
November is the month of the Holy Souls in Purgatory since 1888;
December is the month of the Immaculate Conception.

In all, five months of the year are dedicated to Mary.
The idea of dedicating months came from Rome and promotion of the month of Mary owes much to the Jesuits.  arras.catholique.fr


Pray that the witness of 40 Days for Life bears abundant fruit, and that we begin again each day to storm the gates of hell until God welcomes us into the gates of heaven.

If you seek patience, you will find no better example than the cross. Great patience occurs in two ways:
either when one patiently suffers much, or when one suffers things which one is able to avoid and yet does not avoid.
Christ endured much on the cross, and did so patiently, because when he suffered he did not threaten;
he was led like a sheep to the slaughter and he did not open his mouth.-- St. Thomas Aquinas


We begin our day by seeing Christ in the consecrated bread, and throughout the day we continue to see Him in the torn bodies of our poor. We pray, that is, through our work, performing it with Jesus, for Jesus and upon Jesus.
The poor are our prayer. They carry God in them. Prayer means praying everything, praying the work.
We meet the Lord who hungers and thirsts, in the poor.....and the poor could be you or I or any person kind enough to show us his or her love and to come to our place.
Because we cannot see Christ, we cannot express our love to Him in person.
But our neighbor we can see, and we can do for him or her what we would love to do for Jesus if He were visible.
-- Mother Teresa
My God, I believe, I adore, I trust and I love Thee.  I beg pardon for those who do not believe, do not adore, do not love Thee.  O most Holy trinity, Father, Son and Holy Spirit, I adore Thee profoundly.
 I offer Thee the most precious Body, Blood, Soul and Divinity of Jesus Christ, present in all the Tabernacles of the world,  in reparation for the outrages, sacrileges and indifference by which He is offended,
and by the infite merits of the Sacred Heart of Jesus and the Immaculate Heart of Mary.

I beg the conversion of poor sinners,  Amen Fatima Prayer, Angel of Peace
Mary's Divine Motherhood
Pope Francis and Pope Benedict XVI { 2013 } Catholic Church In China { article here}
1648 to1930 St. Augustine Zhao Rong and 120 Companions Christianity arrived in China by way of Syria -- 600s.
        Depending on China's relations with outside world,
Christianity for centuries was free to grow or forced to operate secretly.

How do I start the Five First Saturdays? 
Called in the Gospel “the Mother of Jesus,” Mary is acclaimed by Elizabeth, at the prompting of the Spirit and even before the birth of her son, as “the Mother of my Lord” (Lk 1:43; Jn 2:1; 19:25; cf. Mt 13:55; et al.). In fact, the One whom she conceived as man by the Holy Spirit, who truly became her Son according to the flesh, was none other than the Father's eternal Son, the second person of the Holy Trinity. Hence the Church confesses that Mary is truly Mother of God (Theotokos). 
Catechism of the Catholic Church 495, quoting the Council of Ephesus (431): DS 251.
“The Blessed Virgin was eternally predestined, in conjunction with the incarnation of the divine Word, to be the Mother of God. By decree of divine Providence, she served on earth as the loving mother of the divine Redeemer, an associate of unique nobility, and the Lord's humble handmaid. She conceived, brought forth, and nourished Christ.”
The voice of the Father is heard, the Son enters the water, and the Holy Spirit appears in the form of a dove.
   THE spirit and example of the world imperceptibly instil the error into the minds of many that there is a kind of middle way of going to Heaven; and so, because the world does not live up to the gospel, they bring the gospel down to the level of the world. It is not by this example that we are to measure the Christian rule, but words and life of Christ. All His followers are commanded to labour to become perfect even as our heavenly Father is perfect, and to bear His image in our hearts that we may be His children. We are obliged by the gospel to die to ourselves by fighting self-love in our hearts, by the mastery of our passions, by taking on the spirit of our Lord.
   These are the conditions under which Christ makes His promises and numbers us among His children, as is manifest from His words which the apostles have left us in their inspired writings. Here is no distinction made or foreseen between the apostles or clergy or religious and secular persons. The former, indeed, take upon themselves certain stricter obligations, as a means of accomplishing these ends more perfectly; but the law of holiness and of disengagement of the heart from the world is geeral and binds all the followers of Christ.

Join Mary of Nazareth Project help us build the International Marian Center of Nazareth
http://www.worldpriest.com/
THE EUCHARIST, A MYSTERY TO BE BELIEVED POST-SYNODAL APOSTOLIC EXHORTATION
SACRAMENTUM CARITATIS OF THE HOLY FATHER BENEDICT XVI
There are over 10,000 named saints beati  from history
 and Roman Martyology Orthodox sources

Miracles by Century 100   200   300   400   500   600   700    800   900   1000    1100   1200   1300   1400  1500  1600  1700  1800   1900  Miracles_BLay Saints
Morning Prayer and Hymn    Meditation of the Day    Prayer for Priests    Our Bartholomew Family Prayer List  Here
We are called upon with the whole Church militant on earth to join in praising and thanking God for the grace and glory he has bestowed on his saints. At the same time we earnestly implore Him to exert His almighty power and mercy in raising us from our miseries and sins, healing the disorders of our souls and leading us by the path of repentance to the company of His saints, to which He has called us.
   They were once what we are now, travellers on earth they had the same weaknesses, which we have. We have difficulties to encounter so had the saints, and many of them far greater than we can meet with; obstacles from kings and whole nations, sometimes from the prisons, racks and swords of persecutors. Yet they surmounted these difficulties, which they made the very means of their virtue and victories. It was by the strength they received from above, not by their own, that they triumphed. But the blood of Christ was shed for us as it was for them and the grace of our Redeemer is not wanting to us; if we fail, the failure is in ourselves.
   THE saints and just, from the beginning of time and throughout the world, who have been made perfect, everlasting monuments of God’s infinite power and clemency, praise His goodness without ceasing; casting their crowns before His throne they give to Him all the glory of their triumphs: “His gifts alone in us He crowns.”
“The saints must be honored as friends of Christ and children and heirs of God, as John the theologian and evangelist says: ‘But as many as received him, he gave them the power to be made the sons of God....’ Let us carefully observe the manner of life of all the apostles, martyrs, ascetics and just men who announced the coming of the Lord. And let us emulate their faith, charity, hope, zeal, life, patience under suffering, and perseverance unto death, so that we may also share their crowns of glory” Exposition of the Orthodox Faith

Called in the Gospel the Mother of Jesus, Mary is acclaimed by Elizabeth, at the prompting of the Spirit and even before the birth of her son, as the Mother of my Lord (Lk 1:43; Jn 2:1; 19:25; cf. Mt 13:55; et al.). In fact, the One whom she conceived as man by the Holy Spirit, who truly became her Son according to the flesh, was none other than the Father's eternal Son,  the second person of the Holy Trinity.
Hence the Church confesses that Mary is truly Mother of God (Theotokos).
Catechism of the Catholic Church 495, quoting the Council of Ephesus (431): DS 251.
Nine First Fridays Devotion to the Sacred Heart ... From the writings of St. Margaret Mary Alacoque
On Friday during Holy Communion, He said these words to me, His unworthy slave, if I mistake not:
I promise you in the excessive mercy of my Heart that its all-powerful love will grant to all those who receive Holy Communion on nine first Fridays of consecutive months the grace of final repentance; they will not die under my displeasure or without receiving their sacraments, my divine Heart making itself their assured refuge at the last moment.
Margaret Mary was inspired by Christ to establish the Holy Hour and to pray lying prostrate with her face to the ground from eleven till midnight on the eve of the first Friday of each month, to share in the mortal sadness.
He endured when abandoned by His Apostles in His Agony, and to receive holy Communion on the first Friday of every month. In the first great revelation, He made known to her His ardent desire to be loved by men and His design of manifesting His Heart with all Its treasures of love and mercy, of sanctification and salvation.
He appointed the Friday after the octave of the feast of Corpus Christi as the feast of the Sacred Heart; He called her the Beloved Disciple of the Sacred Heart, and the heiress of all Its treasures. The love of the Sacred Heart was the fire which consumed her, and devotion to the Sacred Heart is the refrain of all her writings. In her last illness she refused all alleviation, repeating frequently: What have I in heaven and what do I desire on earth, but Thee alone, O my God, and died pronouncing the Holy Name of Jesus.
With regard to this promise it may be remarked: (1) that our Lord required Communion to be received on a particular day chosen by Him; (2) that the nine Fridays must be consecutive; (3) that they must be made in honor of His Sacred Heart, which means that those who make the nine Fridays must practice the devotion and must have a great love for our Lord; (4) that our Lord does not say that those who make the nine Fridays will be dispensed from any of their obligations or from exercising the vigilance necessary to lead a good life and overcome temptation; rather He implicitly promises abundant graces to those who make the nine Fridays to help them to carry out these obligations and persevere to the end; (5) that perseverance in receiving Holy Communion for nine consecutive First Firdays helps the faithful to acquire the habit of frequent Communion, which our Lord eagerly desires; and (6) that the practice of the nine Fridays is very pleasing to our Lord He promises such great reward, and all Catholics should endeavor to make nine Fridays.
How do I start the Five First Saturdays? by Fr. Tom O'Mahony.
On July 13,1917, Our Lady appeared for the third time to the three children of Fatima an showed them the vision of hell and made the now - famous thirteen prophecies. In this vision Our Lady said that 'GOD WISHES TO ESTABLISH IN THE WORLD DEVOTION to Her Immaculate Heart and that She would come TO ASK FOR THE COMMUNION OF REPARATION ON THE FIRST SATURDAYS...'  Eight years later, on December 10, 1925, Our Lady did indeed come back. She appeared (with the Child Jesus) to Lucia in the convent of the Dorothean Sisters in Pontevedra.
The Child Jesus spoke first:
'HAVE COMPASSION ON THE HEART OF YOUR MOST HOLY MOTHER WHICH IS COVERED WITH THORNS WITH WHICH UNGRATEFUL MEN PIERCE IT AT EVERY MOMENT, WHILE THERE IS NO ONE TO REMOVE THEM WITH AN ACT OF REPARATION.'

THE GREAT PROMISE
Our Lady then said: 'MY DAUGHTER LOOK AT MY HEART SURROUNDED WITH THORNS WITH WHICH UNGRATEFUL MEN PIERCE IT AT EVERY MOMENT BY THEIR BLASPHEMIES AND INGRATITUDE. YOU, AT LEAST, TRY TO CONSOLE ME, AND SAY THAT I PROMISE TO ASSIST AT THE HOUR OF DEATH WITH ALL THE GRACES NECESSARY FOR SALVATION, ALL THOSE WHO, ON THE FIRST SATURDAY OF FIVE CONSECUTIVE MONTHS GO TO CONFESSION AND RECEIVE HOLY COMMUNION, RECITE FIVE DECADES OF THE ROSARY AND KEEP ME COMPANY FOR A QUARTER OF AN HOUR WHILE MEDITATING ON MYSTERIES OF THE ROSARY, WITH THE INTENTION OF MAKING REPARATION TO ME.'

The Five Reasons
Lucia once asked this question of Our Lord and received as an answer: 'MY DAUGHTER, THE MOTIVE IS SIMPLE, THERE ARE FIVE KINDS OF OFFENCES AND BLASPHEMIES UTTERED AGAINST THE IMMACULATE HEART OF MARY: (1) BLASPHEMIES AGAINST THE IMMACULATE CONCEPTION: (2) BLASPHEMIES AGAINST HER VIRGINITY: (3) BLASPHEMIES AGAINST HER DIVINE MATERNITY: (4) BLASPHEMIES OF THOSE WHO OPENLY SEEK TO FOSTER IN THE HEARTS OF CHILDREN INDIFFERENCE OR EVEN HATRED FOR THIS IMMACULATE MOTHER: (5) THE OFFENCES OF THOSE WHO DIRECTLY OUTRAGE HER IN HOLY IMAGES.'
From the above, it is easy to see that each of the Five Saturdays can correspond to a specific offence. By offering the graces received during each First Saturday as reparation for the offence being prayed for, the participant can hope to help remove the thorns from Our Lady's Heart.
What Do I Have To Do?
The devotion of First Saturdays, as requested by Our Lady of Fatima, carries with it the assurance of salvation. However, to derive profit from such a great promise of Our Lady, the devotion must be properly understood and duly performed.
The requirements as stipulated by Our Lady are as follows:
(1) CONFESSION, (2) COMMUNION, (3) FIVE DECADES OF THE ROSARY, (4) MEDITATION ON ONE OR MORE OF THE ROSARY MYSTERIES FOR FIFTEEN MINUTES, (5) TO DO ALL THESE THINGS IN THE SPIRIT OF REPARATION TO THE IMMACULATE HEART OF MARY, and (6) TO OBSERVE ALL THESE PRACTICES ON THE FIRST SATURDAY OF FIVE CONSECUTIVE MONTHS.
(1) CONFESSION: A reparative confession means that the confession should not only be good (valid and licit), but also be offered in the spirit of reparation, in this case, to Mary's Immaculate Heart. This confession may be made on the First Saturday itself or some days before or after the First Saturday within the preceding octave would suffice.
(2) COMMUNION: The communion of reparation must be sacramental duly received with the intention of making reparation. This offering, like the confession, is an interior act and so no external action to express the intention is needed.
(3) THE ROSARY: The Rosary mentioned here was indicated by the Portuguese word 'terco' which is commonly employed to denote a Rosary of five decades, since it forms a fourth of the full Rosary of 20 decades. This too must recited in a spirit of reparation.
(4) MEDITATION FOR FIFTEEN MINUTES: Here the meditation on one mystery or more is to be made without simultaneous recitation of the Rosary decade. As indicated, the meditation may be either on one mystery alone for 15 minutes, or on all 20 mysteries, spending about one minute on each mystery, or again, on two or more mysteries during the period. This can also be made before each decade spending three minutes or more in considering the mystery of the particular decade. This meditation has likewise to be made in the spirit of reparation to the Immaculate Heart.
(5) THE SPIRIT OF REPARATION: All these acts, as said above, have to be done with the intention of offering reparation to the Immaculate Heart of Mary for the offences committed against Her. Everyone who offends Her commits, so to speak, a two-fold offence, for these sins also offend her Divine Son, Christ, and so endanger our salvation. They give bad example to others and weaken the strength of society to withstand immoral onslaughts. Such devotions therefore make us consider not only the enormity of the offence against God, but also the effect of sins on human society as well as the need for undoing these social effects even when the offender repents and is converted. Further, this reparation emphasises our responsibility towards sinners who, themselves, will not pray and make reparation for their sins.
(6) FIVE CONSECUTIVE FIRST SATURDAYS: The idea of the Five First Saturdays is obviously to make us persevere in the devotional acts for these Saturdays and overcome initial difficulties. Once this is done, Our Lady knows that the person would become devoted to Her immaculate Heart and persist in practising such devotion on all First Saturdays, working thereby for personal self-reform and for the salvation of others.

Unless Russia is converted, the movement against God and for sin will continue to spread, promoting wars and persecutions, and making the attainment for peace and justice impossible for this world. One means of obtaining Russia's conversion is to practise the Fatima Message. The stakes are so great that to encourage Catholics to practise the devotion of the First Saturdays, Our Lady has assured us that She will obtain salvation for all those who observe the first Saturdays for five consecutive months in accordance with Her conditions.
At the supreme moment the departing person will be either in the state of grace or not. In either case Our Lady will be by his side. If in the state of grace, She will console and help him to resist whatever temptations the devil might put before him in his last attempt to take the person with him to hell. If not in the state of grace, Our Lady will help the person to repent in a manner agreeable to God and so benefit by the fruits of redemption and be saved.

God loves variety. He doesn't mass-produce his saints. Every saint is unique, for each is the result of a new idea.  As the liturgy says: Non est inventus similis illis--there are no two exactly alike. It is we with our lack of imagination, who paint the same haloes on all the saints. Dear Lord, grant us a spirit that is not bound by our own ideas and preferences.  Grant that we may be able to appreciate in others what we lack in ourselves. O Lord, grant that we may understand that every saint must be a unique praise of Your glory. Catholic saints are holy people and human people who lived extraordinary lives.  Each saint the Church honors responded to God's invitation to use his or her unique gifts.   God calls each one of us to be a saint in order to get into heavenonly saints are allowed into heaven. The more "extravagant" graces are bestowed NOT for the benefit of the recipients so much as FOR the benefit of others.
There are over 10,000 named saints beati  from history
 and Roman Martyology Orthodox sources

Patron_Saints.html  Widowed_Saints htmIndulgences The Catholic Church in China
LINKS: Marian Shrines  
India Marian Shrine Lourdes of the East   Lourdes 1858  China Marian shrines 1995
Kenya national Marian shrine  Loreto, Italy  Marian Apparitions (over 2000Quang Tri Vietnam La Vang 1798
 
Links to Related MarianWebsites  Angels and Archangels  Saints Visions of Heaven and Hell

Widowed Saints  html
Doctors_of_the_Church   Acts_Of_The_Apostles  Roman Catholic Popes  Purgatory  UniateChalcedon

Mary the Mother of Jesus Miracles_BLay Saints  Miraculous_IconMiraculous_Medal_Novena Patron Saints
Miracles by Century 100   200   300   400   500   600   700    800   900   1000    1100   1200   1300   1400  1500  1600  1700  1800  1900 2000
Miracles 100   200   300   400   500   600   700    800   900   1000  
 
1100   1200   1300   1400  1500  1600  1700  1800   1900 Lay Saints
The POPES HTML
Pius IX 1846--1878 • Leo XIII 1878-1903 • Pius X 1903-1914• Benedict XV 1914-1922 • Pius XI 1922-1939 • Pius XII 1939-1958 • John XXIII 1958-1963 • Paul VI 1963 to 1978 • John Paul • John Paul II 10/16/1975-4/2/2005 Benedict XVI

Pope St. Clement:  Since all things lie open to His eyes and ears, let us hold Him in awe and rid ourselves of impure desires to do works of evil, so that we may be protected by His mercy from the judgement that is to come.
Which of us can escape His mighty hand? 

"The answers to many of life's questions can be found by reading the Lives of the Saints. They teach us how to overcome obstacles and difficulties, how to stand firm in our faith, and how to struggle against evil and emerge victorious."  1913 Saint Barsanuphius of Optina
The more "extravagant" graces are bestowed NOT for the benefit of the recipients so much as FOR benefit of others.
Non est inventus similis illis
God calls each one of us to be a saint in order to get into heaven.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today

160 St. Pastor A priest of Rome who is reported to have been the brother of Pope St. Pius I.

Quote: Pope Paul VI’s 1969 Instruction on the Contemplative Life includes this passage:  
 "To withdraw into the desert is for Christians tantamount to associating themselves more intimately with Christ’s passion, and it enables them, in a very special way, to share in the paschal mystery and in the passage of Our Lord from this world to the heavenly homeland" (#1). 

Quote: Pope Paul VI’s 1969 Instruction on the Contemplative Life includes this passage:  
 "To withdraw into the desert is for Christians tantamount to associating themselves more intimately with Christ’s passion, and it enables them, in a very special way, to share in the paschal mystery and in the passage of Our Lord from this world to the heavenly homeland" (#1).

Benedict_XVI_Patriarch_Bartholomew

Jesus Christ is the blessing for every man and woman ... The Church, in giving us Jesus, offers us the fullness of the Lord’s blessing. This is precisely the mission of the people of God: to spread to all peoples God’s blessing made flesh in Jesus Christ. And Mary, the first and most perfect disciple of Jesus, the first and most perfect believer, the model of the pilgrim Church, is the one who opens the way to the Church’s motherhood and constantly sustains her maternal mission to all mankind. Mary’s tactful maternal witness has accompanied the Church from the beginning. She, the Mother of God, is also the Mother of the Church, and through the Church, the mother of all men and women, and of every people. …

Let us look to Mary, let us contemplate the Holy Mother of God. I suggest that you all greet her together, just like those courageous people of Ephesus, who cried out before their pastors when they entered Church: “Hail, Holy Mother of God!” What a beautiful greeting for our Mother. There is a story – I do not know if it is true – that some among those people had clubs in their hands, perhaps to make the Bishops understand what would happen if they did not have the courage to proclaim Mary “Mother of God”! I invite all of you, without clubs, to stand up and to greet her three times with this greeting of the early Church: “Hail, Holy Mother of God!”  Pope Francis; Homily, Holy Mass on the Solemnity of Mary, Mother of God

Chinese Catholics Celebrate Pentecost, World Day of Prayer for Church in China
Sacraments of Initiation Administered During Course of Celebrations
Hail, Holy Mother of God -- Pope Francis
By Staff Reporter
Rome, May 27, 2015 (ZENIT.org)

Many Chinese Catholic communities celebrated the World Day of Prayer for the Church in China last Sunday, reported Fides. Pope Benedict XVI instituted this day of prayer in 2007.

The May 24 prayer day coincides with the Marian feast day of Our Lady Help of Christians, and this year it coincided with the feast of Pentecost.  At the end of last Wednesday's General Audience in the Vatican, Pope Francis remembered the prayer day for the Asian nation.

In China on the prayer day, the sacraments of Christian initiation were administered to seven catechumans, 13 infants, and 38 adults in the He Bei province's parishes of Yan Jiao and of Bao Ding, as well as in the Zhe Jiang province's parish of Long Gang in the diocese of Wen Zhou.

The feast day of Our Lady Help of Christians is celebrated at the Shrine of Our Lady of Sheshan in Shanghai and on the day, the parish of Chang Shu in the diocese of Su Zhou, along with many other communities, prayed: "Let us pray for the Church in China, that faces major challenges in the life of the Church and society. Let us pray so that the Holy Spirit guides us ... and may Our Lady Help of Christians protect us."  Four infants were also baptized during Mass in Chang Shu.

Also to celebrate, the parish of Yi Shan in the Diocese of Wen Zhou in the province of Zhe Jiang held a solemn Marian procession, so that, as observers noted, "the Church is one and united and a witness of love."

Moreover, religious and some lay people of the diocese of Nan Chong, located in the southern province of Sichuan, went on a pilgrimage not only to celebrate the special feasts of Sunday, but also to celebrate the Year of Consecrated Life. During it, those partaking exchanged their experiences of vocation, faith, mission and pastoral activity.

Pope Francis called for the Year of Consecrated Life at the end of his meeting with 120 superior generals of male institutes last November. The year started on the First Sunday of Advent, the weekend of Nov. 29, 2014, and ends on Feb. 2, 2016, the World Day of Consecrated Life. (D.C.L.)


  Popes Html link here: 
 “Where there is no honor for the elderly, there is no future for young people.” Pope Francis:
It Is a Mortal Sin When Children Don't Visit Their Elderly Parents.
By Deborah Castellano Lubov VATICAN CITY, March 04, 2015 (Zenit.org) –

“Where there is no honor for the elderly, there is no future for young people.”
During his weekly General Audience in St. Peter’s Square, Pope Francis made this strong statement while continuing his catechesis on the family, with this and next week focusing on the elderly.  Confining this week’s address to their problematic current condition, the Holy Father said the elderly are ignored and that a society that does this is perverse.
While noting that life has been lengthened thanks to advances in medicine, he lamented that while the number of older people has multiplied, "our societies are not organized enough to make room for them, with proper respect and concrete consideration for their fragility and their dignity.”

“As long as we are young, we are led to ignore old age, as if it were a disease to be taken away. Then when we become older, especially if we are poor, sick and alone, we experience the shortcomings of a society planned on efficiency, which consequently ignores the elderly.”


He went on to quote his predecessor Pope Benedict XVI, who, when visiting a nursing home in November 2012, “used clear and prophetic words: ‘The quality of a society, I would say of a civilization, is judged also on how the elderly are treated and the place reserved for them in the common life.’"  Without a space for them, Francis highlighted, society dies.

Cultures, he decried, see the elderly as a burden who do not produce and should be discarded.
“You do not say it openly, but you do it!” he exclaimed. "Out of our fear of weakness and vulnerability, we do not tolerate and abandon the elderly," he said. “It’s sickening to see the elderly discarded. It is ugly. It’s a sin. Abandoning the elderly is a mortal sin.”
“Children who do not visit their elderly and ill parents have mortally sinned. Understand?”

The Pope expressed his dismay at children who go months without seeing a parent, or how elderly are confined to little tables in their kitchens alone, without anyone caring for them.  He noted that he observed this reality during his ministry in Buenos Aires.  Unwilling to accept limits, society, he noted, doesn’t allow elderly to participate and gives into the mentality that only the young can be useful and enjoy life.
The whole society must realize, the Pope said, the elderly contain the wisdom of the people.
The tradition of the Church, Pope Francis reaffirmed, has always supported a culture of closeness to the elderly, involving affectionately and supportively accompanying them in this final part of life.  The Church cannot, and does not want to, Francis underscored, comply with a mentality of impatience, and even less of indifference and contempt towards old age.
Sooner or later, we will all be old, he said. If we do not treat the elderly well, he stressed we will not be treated well either.
“We must awaken the collective sense of gratitude, of appreciation, of hospitality, which make them feel the elderly living part of his community.”

Concluding his address, Pope Francis noted how old age will come to all one day and reminded the faithful how much they have received from their elders. He also challenged them to not take a step back and abandon them to their fate.


The Church without Mary is an orphanage
 
Pope Francis:
“It is  very different to try and grow in the faith without Mary's help. It is something else. It is like growing in the faith, yes, but in a Church that is an orphanage. A Church without Mary is an orphanage. With Mary—she educates us, she makes us grow, she accompanies us, she touches consciences. She knows how to touch consciences, for repentance.”
Pope Francis Speech of October 25, 2014, to the Schönstatt Apostolic Movement
on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of its founding
.

 "Whatever you ask for in prayer, believe that you shall receive it, and it shall come to you. St. Mark 11:24"

Nazareth is the School of the Gospel (II)
It is first a lesson of silence.
May the esteem of silence be born in us anew, this admirable and indispensable condition of the spirit, in us who are assailed by so much clamor, noise and shouting in our modern life, so noisy and hyper sensitized. O silence of Nazareth, teach us recollection, interiority, disposition to listen to the good inspirations and words of the true masters; teach us the need and value of preparation, study, meditation, personal and interior life, and prayer that God alone sees in secret.

It is a lesson of family life.
May Nazareth teach us what a family is, with its communion of love, its austere and simple beauty, its sacred and inviolable character; let us learn from Nazareth how sweet and irreplaceable is the formation one receives within it; let us learn how primordial its role is on the social level.

It is a lesson of work. Nazareth, the house of the carpenter's son; it is there that we would like to understand and celebrate the severe and redeeming law of human labor; there, to reestablish the conscience of work's nobility; to remind people that working cannot be an end in itself, but that its freedom and nobility come, in addition to its economic value, from the value that finalize it; how we wish to salute here all the workers of the world and show them their great model, their divine brother, the prophet of all their just causes, Christ Our Lord.
Homily of Paul VI in Nazareth January 5, 1964

  Pope Francis: The Kingdom of God is found in silence, not in causing a spectacle (Video)
He explained that it can also be found in day to day life By Staff

ROME, November 13, 2014 (Rome Reports) - To view the video click here.
     
At the end of its Constitution on the Church, the Second Vatican Council left us a very beautiful meditation on Mary Most Holy.
Let me (Pope Francis) just recall the words referring to the mystery we celebrate today: “The immaculate Virgin preserved free from all stain of original sin, was taken up body and soul into heavenly glory, when her earthly life was over, and exalted by the Lord as Queen over all things” (no. 59).
Then towards the end, there is: “The Mother of Jesus in the glory which she possesses in body and soul in heaven is the image and the beginning of the Church as it is to be perfected in the world to come. Likewise, she shines forth on earth, until the day of the Lord shall come” (no. 68). Pope Francis