Mary Mother of GOD
 Wednesday   Saint of the Day June 08 Sexto Idus Júnii   
Et álibi aliórum plurimórum sanctórum Mártyrum et Confessórum, atque sanctárum Vírginum.
And elsewhere in divers places, many other holy martyrs, confessors, and holy virgins.
Пресвятая Богородице спаси нас!  (Santíssima Mãe de Deus, salva-nos!)
And elsewhere in divers places, many other holy martyrs, confessors, and holy virgins.


Da nobis, quæsumus, Dómine : ut et mundi cursus pacífice nobis tuo órdine dirigátur ; et Ecclésia tua tranquílla devotióne lætétur.  Per Dóminum.     Let us pray.
Grant, O Lord, we beseech thee, that the course of this world may be so peaceably ordered by thy governance, that thy Church may joyfully serve thee in all godly quietness. 

The Yaroslavl Icon of the Mother of God Little is known of this, one of the earliest Russian icons,
except that it belonged to the holy Princes Basil and Constantine (July 3).
The lower chapel of the Ilinsk church in Yaroslavl was dedicated to the wonderworking****

Our Bartholomew Family Prayer List

Acts of the Apostles

Nine First Fridays Devotion to the Sacred Heart From the writings of St. Margaret Mary Alacoque

How do I start the Five First Saturdays?

Mary Mother of GOD 15 Promises of the Virgin Mary to those who recite the Rosary

The saints are a “cloud of witnesses over our head”, showing us life of Christian perfection is possible.
 90 St. Maximinus of Aix First bishop of Aix Provence one of Christ's 72 disciples and accompanied Mary Magdalene Martha, Lazarus, and Mary Cleopas to Provence to evangelize the area
 319 Theodore Stratelates Holy Great Martyr suffered for Christ in Heraklea church dedicated to him at a place called Karsat, near Damascus
 515 St. Heraclius 14th Bishop of Sens built abbey of St. John the Evangelist
 975 St. Edgar the Peaceful; English king patron of St. Dunstan, who served as his counselor
1154 St. William of York, Bishop austere life of a monk, practicing much prayer and mortification; Following his death, many miracles were attributed to him.
1482 Bl. Pacificus of Cerano Franciscan friar renowned preacher missionary especially respected for his knowledge of moral theology Summa Pacifica was popular
1609 Saint Tevdore was a simple priest who labored in the 16th century in the village of Kvelta led them in the wrong direction Embittered hungry for revenge, they beheaded Fr. Tevdore.

June 8 - Our Lady of Alexandria Egypt, 4th C.
Every Priestly Vocation Passes through the Heart of the Blessed Virgin
We cannot live, we cannot look at the truth about ourselves without letting ourselves be looked at and generated by Christ in daily Eucharistic Adoration, and the Stabat of Mary, "Woman of the Eucharist," beneath her Son's Cross, is the most significant example of contemplation and adoration of the divine Sacrifice that has been given to us. ...

Lastly, the Holy Mother of God remains an indispensable foundation of the whole of priestly life. The relationship with her cannot be resolved in pious devotional practice but is nourished by ceaseless entrustment to the arms of the ever Virgin of the whole of our life, of our ministry in its entirety. Mary Most Holy also leads us, like John, beneath the Cross of her Son and Our Lord in order to contemplate, with her, God's infinite Love: "He who for us is Life itself descended here and endured our death and slew it by the abundance of his Life"
(St Augustine, Confessions, IV, 12).

... Pope St Pius X said: "Every priestly vocation comes from the heart of God but passes through the heart of a mother." This is true with regard to obvious biological motherhood but it is also true of the "birth" of every form of fidelity to the Vocation of Christ. We cannot do without a spiritual motherhood for our priestly life: let us entrust ourselves confidently to the prayer of the whole of Holy Mother Church, to the motherhood of the People, whose pastors we are but to whom are entrusted our custody and holiness; let us ask for this fundamental support.
Excerpt from Pope Benedict XVI's Message
for the Day of Prayer for Priests for the feast of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, May 30, 2008.

June 8 – Pentecost Sunday – Apparition of the Virgin Mary
to Augustine Arnaud at Saint-Bauzille de la Sylve (France);
Crowning of 5th-century statue of "Our Lady of Le Puy" (France, 1856)
The Virgin Mary has called her children to her shrine of Le Puy since the 5th century!
One day in Le Puy, not far from a dolmen atop the small plateau bordering the Corneille rock,
 a Christian woman who was paralyzed cried out to God in prayer to be healed.
In answer to her prayer, the Virgin Mary appeared to her on the flat horizontal capstone dolmen, surrounded by angels. One of them said to her: "The Queen of Heaven has chosen this place as her domain, to hear prayers and grant requested graces." As a sign that the message was authentic, she healed the ailing woman on the spot.
Le Puy has been one of the most visited shrines in the world since then. People from all walks of life have flocked there: 6 popes, 14 kings, 2 emperors, several heads of State, (…) but most of the pilgrims have been the poor.
(…) In 1942, when France was plunged in uncertainty and distress, ten thousand young people came on pilgrimage to Le Puy, most of them on foot, to pray for their country.

Mary Mother of GOD 15 Promises of the Virgin Mary to those who recite the Rosary

Mary's Divine Motherhood
Called in the Gospel "the Mother of Jesus," Mary is acclaimed by Elizabeth, at the prompting of the Spirit and even before the birth of her son, as "the Mother of my Lord" (Lk 1:43; Jn 2:1; 19:25; cf. Mt 13:55; et al.). In fact, the One whom she conceived as man by the Holy Spirit, who truly became her Son according to the flesh, was none other than the Father's eternal Son, the second person of the Holy Trinity.
Hence the Church confesses that Mary is truly "Mother of God" (Theotokos).

Catechism of the Catholic Church 495, quoting the Council of Ephesus (431): DS 251.
90 St. Maximinus of Aix First bishop of Aix Provence one of Christ's 72 disciples and accompanied Mary Magdalene Martha, Lazarus, and Mary Cleopas to Provence to evangelize the area
Sallustian confessor of great veneration in Sardinia
 250 St. Calliope Eastern martyr determined to obey Christ and died for her faith
 319 Theodore Stratelates Holy Great Martyr suffered for Christ in Heraklea church dedicated to him at a place called Karsat, near Damascus
 410 St. Melania the Elder relationship with Saint Jerome was a clash of titans
  425 Saint Ephraim, Patriarch of Antioch defended teaching of the Orthodox Church union of two natures the divine and the human in the Person of our Lord Jesus Christ; a Syrian distinguished for his virtue, piety, and compassion for all the destitute; miracle of the omophorion
 511 St. Bron Bishop; disciple of St. Patrick; continued St. Patrick's mission; introduced literary and artistic standards in Irish monastic life
 514 St. Gildard Bishop of Rouen 15 years France
 515 St. Heraclius 14th Bishop of Sens built abbey of St. John the Evangelist
Saint Zosimus of Phoenicia born in Syrian village of Synda, near city of Tyre; accepted monasticism and zealous in his fasting, prayer, labors and other virtues. The monk received from God the gift of clairvoyance.

 This holy icon belonged to St Cyril of White Lake (June 9), and he kept it in his cell. St Cyril was living at the Simonov Monastery, but his soul yearned for solitude, and he asked the Mother of God to show him a place conducive for salvation. One night he was reading an Akathist in his cell before the Hodigitria icon of the Mother of God, and had just reached the eighth Kontakion, "Seeing the strange Nativity, let us become strangers to the world and transport our minds to heaven." Then he heard a voice say, "Go to White Lake (Belozersk), where I have prepared a place for you." He left the Simonov Monastery and at the desolate and sparsely populated White Lake, he found the place which he had seen in the vision. St Cyril and his companion St Therapon of White Lake and Mozhaisk (May 27), set up a cross and dug a cell in the ground near Mount Myaura at Siversk Lake. The White Lake Icon is also commemorated on July 28.


Saint John of Kronstadt >
glorified by Russian Orthodox Church 1990. also commemorated on December 20

543 Saint Victorinus bishop brother of Saint Severinus preferred eremitical life
550 St. Severinus Bishop brother of St. Victorinus distributed their enormous wealth among the poor and became hermits
560 St. Medard famed preacher missioner became bishop patron of brewers, peasants, prisoners (Roeder), corn harvests, and vintage (White)
560 At Rouen, St. Gildard, bishop, brother of this same St. Medard.  born on same day, consecrated bishops same time, and taken from this life on same day, entering heaven together.
6th v. St. Levan  century Celtic saint missionary
7th v. St. Muirchu Irish confessor; noted writing--lives of Sts. Brigid and Patrick
7th v. Syra (Syria) of Troyes sister of Saint Fiacre model of humility, charity, and devotion V (AC)

 690 Saint Eustadiola of Moyen-Moutier  expended her fortune building Moyen-Moutier convent OSB Abbess
 696 Saint Clodulf bishop of Metz for 40 years B (RM)
 975 St. Edgar the Peaceful; English king patron of St. Dunstan, who served as his counselor
1070 St. Robert of Frassinoro Benedictine abbot
1154 St. William of York, Bishop austere life of a monk, practicing much prayer and mortification; Following his death, many miracles were attributed to him.
1257 Basil and Constantine Vsevolodovich of YaroslavThe holy Princes .
1330 Blessed John Rainuzzi "the Almsgiver" a Benedictine monk Saint Margaret's monastery at Todi OSB (AC)
1482 Bl. Pacificus of Cerano Franciscan friar renowned preacher missionary especially respected for his knowledge of moral theology Summa Pacifica was popular
1609 Saint Tevdore was a simple priest who labored in the 16th century in the village of Kvelta led them in the wrong direction Embittered hungry for revenge, they beheaded Fr. Tevdore.

90 St. Maximinus of Aix First bishop of Aix Provence; one of Christ's 72 disciples; accompanied Mary Magdalene Martha, Lazarus, and Mary Cleopas to Provence to evangelize the area
Aquis in Gállia, sancti Maximíni, qui éxstitit primus ejúsdem civitátis Epíscopus, ac Dómini discípulus fuísse tráditur.
    At Aix in France, St. Maximin, first bishop of that city, who is said to have been a disciple of the Lord.

One of Christ’s seventy-two disciples and a companion of Sts. Mary Magdalen, Mary Cleopas, Martha, and Lazarus. In one account, Maximinus is called “the man who had been blind from birth.”

Maximinus of Aix B (RM)  According to legend, Maximinus was one of Christ's 72 disciples and accompanied Mary Magdalene, Martha, Lazarus, and Mary Cleopas to Provence to evangelize the area. He made his headquarters at Aix, where he is considered its first bishop, and was reputed to have given communion to Saint Mary Magdalene when she was miraculously transported to him from her cave at Sainte- Baume.

In one legend, he is identified as "the man who had been blind from birth" in John 9:1-38. However, factual information about Maximinus is lacking, including even the century in which he lived, though he may have been a 5th century bishop of Aix (Benedictines, Delaney, Encyclopedia).

In art, Saint Maximinus is generally depicted as a bishop administering the last sacraments to Saint Mary Magdalene. He might also be shown (1) in a boat with Mary, Martha, and Lazarus sailing to Marseilles (because of a legend to that effect); (2) as an elderly bishop with a crozier and mitre; or (3) as a young priest in the Deposition by Lorenzetti at Siena (Roeder). He is venerated at Saint Maximin-la-Sainte-Baume, Provence (Roeder)

HISTORICAL research has hitherto failed to yield any reliable information respecting St Maximinus of Aix whom the Roman Martyrology commemorates upon this day, but whose cultus can be traced in no early document.
  It is even uncertain in what century he lived. On the other hand he figures largely in the Provençal legend of the coming of the Three Manes and their companions— a tradition which was regarded as genuine in the later middle ages, but which appears to have been unknown in Provence before the eleventh century. In our own days it has furnished the poet Mistral with the subject matter of some of the most charming passages in Mireio and Mes Origines. According to the legend, Maximinus, one of our Lord’s seventy-two disciples, left Palestine after the Ascension with St Mary Magdalen, St Martha, St Lazarus, St Mary Cleophas, St Mary Salome and other holy persons and came to evangelize Provence. Maximinus made his headquarters at Aix, of which he became the first bishop. When St Mary Magdalen was dying she was carried from the cave at the Sainte-Baume in which she had lived to a spot now called Le Saint Pilon, where she received viaticum from St Maximinus. At a short distance from Le Saint Pilon stands the church of Saint-Maximin, which was built to replace an older church with the same dedication and to enshrine the reputed relics of these two saints. The body of St Maximinus was translated in 1820 to Aix, of which city he is the principal patron but the head of St Mary Magdalen is still supposed to be preserved in the ancient crypt of Saint-Maximin.

An account of the legend of St Mary Magdalen’s and of St Martha’s presence in Provence will be found under July 22 and 29. For the shrine at Saint-Maximin, the reader may be referred to H. Leclercq’s  article ín DAC., vol. x (1932), cc. 2798—2819. The legend of Maximin and Sidonius seems originally suggested by the bringing to Provence of certain relics from Aydat, near Billom in Auvergne. See also Duchesne, Fastes Episcopaux, Vol. i. pp. 321—362.
St. Sallustian confessor of great veneration in Sardinia
In Sardínia sancti Sallustiáni Confessóris.    In Sardinia, St. Sallustian, confessor.
Some accounts list him as a martyr while others report he was a hermit.
Sallustian of Sardinia (RM) . Saint Sallustrian has been venerated in Sardinia since ancient time, however, nothing is known for certain about his life. Some martyrologies claim he is a martyr; others, a hermit (Benedictines)
250 St. Calliope Eastern martyr determined to obey Christ and died for her faith
Eódem die sanctæ Callíopæ Mártyris, quæ, ob Christi fidem, abscíssis mammis atque adústis cárnibus, super téstulas volutáta, demum, truncáta cápite, martyrii palmam accépit.

    On the same day, St. Calliopa, martyr, who for the faith of Christ received the palm of martyrdom.  Her breasts had been cut away, her flesh burned, she was rolled on broken pottery, and was at last beheaded.
St. Calliope (Kalliope, Kalliopi) was a beautiful girl who was determined to obey Christ. She was 21 and unmarried which was unusual in that time, especially for one so lovely. Then a pagan suitor became very aggressive and would not accept her refusal. She said that she would not marry him because he was a pagan and she would not marry him even if he converted, as she could not trust the sincerity of such a conversion. He persisted and determined that if he could not have her, no one would. He brought her to trial and paid false witnesses to accuse her of treason and mockery of the pagan religion.
He offered to drop the charges if she would accept paganism and marry him, otherwise she would be subject to torture. To this, Calliope boldly confessed her faith in Christ and said that the only mockery going on was the trial itself. She was then publicly flogged. They burned her face with branding irons and poured salt in her open wounds. They offered to spare her life if she disavowed Christ. She remained steadfastly faithful to her heavenly Bridegroom and surrendered her life in the year 250.
Calliope (Calliopa) VM (RM) Saint Calliope, an Eastern martyr, was beheaded for Christ, though no other details are known of her passion and her acta are untrustworthy (Benedictines). In art, Saint Calliope is shown as a hot iron is applied to her breast. She is venerated in the Eastern Church (Roeder)
319 Theodore Stratelates Holy Great Martyr suffered for Christ in Heraklea church dedicated to him at a place called Karsat, near Damascus
on February 8, 319. At the time of his sufferings the holy Great Martyr Theodore ordered his servant Varus to bury his body on the estate of his parents in Euchaita. The transfer of the relics of the Great Martyr Theodore took place on June 8, 319.

On this day we also recall a miracle of the icon of the Great Martyr Theodore in a church dedicated to him at a place called Karsat, near Damascus. A group of Saracens had turned this church into their residence. There was a fresco on the wall depicting Theodore. One of the Saracens shot an arrow into the icon of the Great Martyr. From the saint's face, where the arrow had stuck into the wall, blood flowed before the eyes of everyone. A short while later, the Saracens who had settled in the church killed each other.
Accounts of this miracle are given by the Anastasius of Mt. Sinai (April 20) and John of Damascus (December 4)
410 St. Melania the Elder relationship with Saint Jerome was a clash of titans first Roman matrons to make a pilgrimage to the Holy Land
Foundress, a patrician woman of the Roman Valerii family. She was one of the first Roman matrons to make a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, where she founded a monastery on the Mount of Olives in Jerusalem.
Melania the Elder, Widow (AC) Died in Jerusalem c. 400-410. This Melania, a Roman patrician of the Valerii family, was the paternal grandmother of the saint by the same name. Left a widow at age 22, she was away from Rome from 372 to 379, mostly in Palestine where she was associated with Saint Jerome. Melania left Italy for good following the Visigoth invasion. She had a somewhat domineering personality, and her relationship with her granddaughter was not always easy. The relationship with Saint Jerome was a clash of titans (Attwater, Benedictines). Saint Melania is portrayed in art as a widow praying in a cave with a water-pot, bread, and a pilgrim's staff near her (Roeder)
425 Saint Ephraim, Patriarch of Antioch defended teaching of the Orthodox Church on the union of two natures the divine and the human in the Person of our Lord Jesus Christ; a Syrian distinguished for his virtue, piety, and compassion for all the destitute miracle of the omophorion
A military general under the emperors Anastasius (491-518) and Justin (518-527)
 The saint was distinguished for his virtue, piety, and compassion for all the destitute.
In the year 526 the Lord punished Antioch for Christians falling into the heresies of Nestorius and Eutyches, an earthquake destroyed this magnificent city. A large number of the inhabitants perished. Patriarch Euphrasios was crushed beneath a fallen column.
The emperor summoned Ephraim to oversee the restoration of the ruined city. Among the workers was a bishop who left his see for unknown reasons. He predicted to Ephraim his election to the patriarchal throne and asked him not to abandon deeds of charity, and to struggle firmly against the heretics. In the year 527 Ephraim was indeed elected to the patriarchal throne. He governed his flock firmly and wisely by the example of his life. He also defended it against heretical teachings through his sermons and letters.
The following event gives some idea of his faith. Near Herakleia was a stylite practicing asceticism, who had fallen into heresy. Learning about the ascetic, Ephraim went to him and urged him to be reunited to the Orthodox Church. The stylite was not agreeable. He decided to frighten the patriarch and he offered to kindle a large bonfire, so that they both might enter the fire. The bonfire was set, but the stylite did not dare to go into it. The patriarch prayed to the Lord Jesus Christ to show that his was the correct faith and, removing his omophorion, he put it in the bonfire. After three hours the firewood was consumed, but the omophorion of the saint was taken out unharmed. The stylite was converted from his heresy and reunited to the Church.
Ephraim fell asleep in the Lord in the year 425.
Among his labors, Ephraim defended the teaching of the Orthodox Church on the union of two natures, the divine and the human, in the Person of our Lord Jesus Christ.
511 St. Bron Bishop disciple of St. Patrick continued St. Patrick's mission introduced literary and artistic standards in Irish monastic life
Bron was the bishop of Cassel-lrra, near Sligo, Ireland. He continued St. Patrick's missionary efforts and introduced literary and artistic standards in Irish monastic life.
Bron of Cassel B (AC) Bishop Bron of Cassel-Irra (near Sligo) was a disciple of Saint Patrick (Benedictines)
514 St. Gildard Bishop of Rouen 15 years France
The brother of St. Medard Gildard (Godard) of Rouen B (RM) Saint Gildard ruled the see of Rouen for about 15 years. The Roman Martyrology unfortunately relates a later fable, according to which he was a brother of Saint Medard of Soissons, "born on the same day, consecrated bishops on the same day, and on the same day withdrawn from this life." In fact, Saint Gildard was dead at least five years when Saint Medard was consecrated (Benedictines, Encyclopedia)
515 St. Heraclius 14th Bishop of Sens built \abbey of St. John the Evangelist
Apud Sénonas sancti Heráclii Epíscopi.    At Sens, the bishop St. Heraclius.
Bishop of Sens, France, present in the cathedral of Reims on December 25 , 496, for the baptism of Clovis. Heraclius built the abbey of St. John the Evangelist in Sens.
Heraclius of Sens B (RM) Saint Heraclius, the 14th bishop of Sens, was present at the baptism of King Clovis on Christmas Day in 496 in Rheims Cathedral. He built Saint John the Evangelist Abbey in Sens, where he was buried (Benedictines)
Saint Zosimus of Phoenicia was born in the Syrian village of Synda, near the city of Tyre. He accepted monasticism and was zealous in his fasting, prayer, labors and other virtues. The monk received from God the gift of clairvoyance. When he was at Caesarea, he foresaw the terrible earthquake which destroyed Antioch in the year 526.
Once, the patrician Arkesilaos visited the monk. During this time a messenger informed Arkesilaos that his wife had punctured her eye with a needle and was in terrible pain. But the monk put his guest at ease and said that the holy Bishop John the Chozebite (October 3) had his wife.
Zosimus attained such a degree of spiritual accomplishment that wild beasts were submissive to him. Once on the way to Caesarea a hungry lion pounced upon the monk's donkey, and dragged it away to eat it. Finding the beast, the monk said, "Friend, I have not the strength to carry the load because of old age. You carry it, and then return into the wilderness and again be fierce according to your nature." The lion meekly carried the load to Caesarea, then the monk set him free
543 Saint Victorinus twin bishop brother of Saint Severinus preferred eremitical life B (RM)
Cameríni sancti Victoríni Confessóris, qui fuit prædícti sancti Severíni, Septempedáni Epíscopi, germánus frater.
543 At Camerino, St. Victorinus, confessor, the twin brother of St. Severin, bishop of Septempeda.
Victorinus, brother of Saint Severinus, was made bishop of Camerino in 540 against his will by Pope Virgilius.
He would have preferred to continued his eremitical life with his brother in Montenero near Ancona (Benedictines).
550 St. Severinus Bishop brother of St. Victorinus distributed their enormous wealth among the poor and became hermits
In Picéno sancti Severíni, Septempedáni Epíscopi.
   In Piceno, St. Severin, bishop of Septempeda.
and Victorinus became hermits at Montenero, Italy, giving away their extensive wealth to the poor. Compelled to become bishops by Pope Vigilius, Severinus served as head of Septempeda (modern Sanseverino) in the marches, or territories of Aneona, and Victorinus was named bishop of  Camerino
Severinus of Sanseverino B (RM) Severinus was bishop of Septempeda, which is now called Sanseverino in his honor, in the Marches of Ancona. He and his brother Saint Victorinus distributed their enormous wealth among the poor and became hermits at Montenero. Pope Vigilius forced both to become bishops in 540-- Severinus in Septempeda and Victorinus in Camerino. Severinus died shortly before Septempeda was destroyed by Totila the Ostrogoth (Benedictines)

560 St. Medard famed preacher missioner became bishop patron of brewers, peasants, prisoners (Roeder), corn harvests, and vintage (White)
Apud Suessiónes, in Gálliis, natális sancti Medárdi, Epíscopi Novioménsis; cujus vita et mors pretiósa gloriósis miráculis commendátur.
    At Soissons in France, the birthday of St. Medard, bishop of Noyon, whose life and precious death are commended by glorious miracles.
Bishop, born in Salency, Picardy 470, he was ordained at thirty three, attained fame as a preacher and missioner, and became bishop of Vermandois in 530.
Medard of Noyon B (RM) Born c. 470 in Salency, Picardy, France; Born of a Frankish noble father and a Gallo-Roman mother, Saint Medard was educated at Saint-Quentin. He is also the brother of Saint Gildard, archbishop of Rouen. At 33, he was ordained to the priesthood and became so successful as a missioner that he was chosen to succeed Bishop Alomer in 530 in the see of Vermandois. Medard may have been consecrated by Saint Remigius of Rheims.
According to an unreliable tradition, Medard moved his see from Saint-Quentin to Noyon after a raid by the Huns, then united it with the diocese of Tournai. Allegedly Noyon and Tournai remained under one bishop for 500 years.
Medard is known to have given the veil to Queen Saint Radegund. He is credited with the institution of the old local custom of Rosiere. Each year where his feast is celebrated, the young girl who has been judged the most exemplary in the district is escorted by 12 boys and 12 girls to the church, where she is crowned with roses and given a gift of money (Benedictines, White).
In art, an eagle shelters Saint Medard from the rain, a reference to the legend that this happened when he was a child (Roeder). This may explain the origins of the superstition that if it rains on his feast day, the next 40 days will be wet; if the weather is good, the next 40 will be fine as well (White). He might also be portrayed with two horses at his feet, leaving footprints on stone, or holding a citadel (Roeder). In Medieval art, Medard may be laughing with his mouth wide open (le ris de Saint Medard), and for this reason he is invoked against toothache (White).
Saint Medard is the patron of brewers, peasants, prisoners (Roeder), corn harvests, and vintage (White). He is invoked on behalf of idiots and lunatics, as well as for fruitfulness, both in child-bearing and in the fields, for rains and vineyards, and against bad weather and toothache (Roeder)
ST MEDARD is a favourite with the peasants of northern France, and his cultus goes back to his death in the sixth century; it has been enhanced by the legends that have grown up round his name, as well as by his veneration as the patron of the corn harvest and the vintage. He was born at Salency in Picardy, perhaps about the year 470, his father being a Frankish nobleman and his mother a Gallo-Roman. They sent their son to be educated first at the place now called Saint-Quentin and for some time he remained a layman, but he was ordained priest when he was thirty-three. Medard’s powers as a preacher and missionary were such that on the death of Bishop Alomer he was chosen to succeed him. The consecration is stated, but on no reliable authority, to have been carried out by St Remigius of Rheims, who was then extremely old. St Medard himself appears to have been well advanced in years, but his energy was that of a man in the prime of life; and though his diocese was very large, he went wherever he saw an opportunity of furthering the glory of God and getting rid of idolatry.
The rest of St Medard’s story is probably pure invention. According to it he moved his see from Saint-Quentin to Noyon in consequence of a raid by Huns and Vandals, and eventually was given charge of the diocese of Tournai as well. And it is alleged that for more than five hundred years from that time Noyon and Tournai remained united under one bishop. One thing at least is historical: he gave the veil to Queen St Radegund and blessed her as a deaconess, in the circumstances related herein under date August 13. St Medard’s death, the exact date of which is uncertain, was lamented by all, for he was looked on as a true father in God; we know from Fortunatus and from St Gregory of Tours that his feast was celebrated in their days with great solemnity.
    Popular tradition in the saint’s native town of Salency attributes to him the institution of the old local observance of the Rosière. Annually on the feast of St Medard twelve boys and twelve girls escort the maiden who has been judged to be the most exemplary in the district to the church, where she is crowned with roses and rewarded with a small gift of money. St Medard sometimes is depicted with a spread eagle above his head, in allusion to the tradition that once in his childhood an eagle extended its wings over his head to shelter him from the rain. This story may account for his supposed connection with the weather. The peasants say that if it rains on St Medard’s feast the forty ensuing days will be wet, and that if, on the other hand, the eighth of June is fine, a spell of forty fine days is to be expected, just like our English St Swithun. Occasionally the saint is represented with St Gildard, who is erroneously described as his twin brother, and who as such is commemorated with him in the Roman Martyrology. St Medard for some reason was sometimes depicted in the Middle Ages laughing inanely with his mouth wide open (“le ris de St Medard”), and he was invoked to cure the toothache. Whether his association with dental troubles was the consequence or the cause of this representation, it is hard to say.
To judge by the number of entries, nn. 5863 to 5874, in BHL., one would be disposed to think that materials for a life of St Medard were abundant. But most of these sources are very unsatisfactory. The poem of Venantius Fortunatus, though he was a friend of St Radegund and himself of contemporary date, tells us but little it is largely taken up with recounting some rather trivial and improbable miracles. The early prose life (c. An. 6oo), at one time also attributed to Venantius, is not by him, but it seems reliable. The best text of this is that edited by Bruno Krusch in MGH., Auctores Antiquissimi, vol. iv, part ii, pp. 67—73. Another anonymous life of the ninth century adds relatively little to our knowledge. On the other hand, a biography by Radbod, written about 1080, is full of information, but it is information of a most suspicious kind. He himself was bishop of the united sees of Noyon and Tournai, and there is grave reason to think that, being faced by a strong party who were opposed to this union of dioceses, he hoped to secure himself in his position by claiming that the arrangement was centuries old, and was based upon a precedent set by the deeply venerated St Medard. It seems incredible that, if the saint had really become bishop of Tournai, Gregory of Tours, Venantius and all other early writers could have failed to mention the fact. It is not even certain that the transfer of the see to Noyon took place in St Medard’s time. There is a convenient summary of the case by H. Leclercq in DAC., vol. xi, cc. 102—107 and see Duchesne, Fastes Épiscopaux, vol. iii, p. 102 and R. Hanon de Louvet, Histoire de la ville de Jodoigne (1941), cap. vii.
Rotómagi sancti Gildárdi Epíscopi, qui fuit frater ejúsdem sancti Medárdi.  Ambo autem fratres, eódem die nati eodémque die Epíscopi consecráti, uno quoque die de hac vita subtrácti, simul in cælum migrárunt.
    560 At Rouen, St. Gildard, bishop, brother of this same St. Medard.  They were born on the same day, consecrated bishops at the same time, and were taken from this life on the same day, entering heaven together

6th v. St. Levan  century Celtic saint missionary
sometimes listed as Levin or Selyr. He went to Cornwall, England, as a missionary and is revered there.
Levan (Levin) (AC) The Irish Saint Levan (possibly a shortened form of Silvanus) migrated to Cornwall, where he gave his name to a parish (Benedictines)
7th v. Syra (Syria) of Troyes alleged sister of Saint Fiacre model of humility, charity, and devotion V (AC)
century. Saint Syra is alleged to have been the sister of Saint Fiacre and to have followed him from Ireland to France. The story says that she sought the protection of Bishop Saint Faro of Meaux, who commended her to the care of his sister, Saint Burgudofara, abbess of Brie. As a recluse under Fara's direction, Syra became the model of humility, charity, and devotion. Her feast is kept today at Troyes and in some parts of Ireland; a second feast on October 23 is kept at Meaux (Benedictines, Husenbeth)
7th v. St. Muirchu Irish confessor noted for writing the lives of Sts. Brigid and Patrick 7th century
Irish confessor. He is noted for writing the lives of Sts. Brigid and Patrick. In some lists he is called Maccutinus.
Muirchu (Maccutinus) (AC) The Irish Saint Muirchu wrote a vita of Saint Brigid and another of Saint Patrick (Benedictines, Encyclopedia)
690 Saint Eustadiola of Moyen-Moutier  expended her fortune building Moyen-Moutier convent OSB Abbess (AC)
Born at Bourges, France; When Eustadiola was widowed, she expended her fortune building Moyen-Moutier convent in her hometown to which she retired and of which she became abbess (Benedictines)
696 Saint Clodulf bishop of Metz for 40 years B (RM)
Metis, in Gállia, sancti Clodúlphi Epíscopi.    At Metz, the bishop St. Clodulph.
(also known as Clou, Cloud, Clodulphus) Born 605; Saint Cloud, succeeded his father, Saint Arnulf, as bishop of Metz and governed the see for 40 years (Benedictines, Encyclopedia). Saint Cloud is depicted in art as a Benedictine abbot giving his hood to a poor man. A ray of light shines from his head. He might also be shown with the royal insignia at his feet or instructing the poor (Roeder). He is invoked against carbuncles (Roeder).
692 St Clodulf, Or Cloud, Bishop Of Metz
ST Clodulf and Ansegis were the sons of St Arnoul, bishop of Metz, and his wife Doda, who took the veil when her husband became a priest. Like their father, the two brothers held important offices at the court of the kings of Austrasia. Ansegis married Begga, a daughter of Pepin of Landen, and became the ancestor of the Carlovingian kings of France, but Clodulf, after the death in 656 of St Godo, bishop of Metz, was chosen to fill the episcopal seat formerly occupied by his father. As a layman he had lived a devout, edifying life, and as a priest and bishop he proved a model pastor, ruling his diocese wisely, giving alms liberally and ever advancing in the path of holiness. To illustrate his humility it is recorded that when, at his desire, a biography of his father was being compiled, he insisted upon mention being made of an episode which the writer would fain have omitted. It happened on one occasion that St Arnoul, after he had exhausted his own purse in charities, applied to his sons for more money to spend on the poor. Clodulf, whom he approached first, was ungracious and made no more than a niggardly response, but Ansegis generously placed all that was required at St Arnoul’s disposal.
St Clodulf ruled the church of Metz for forty years and died a very old man in 692 or 696.
The life printed in the Acta Sanctorum, June, vol. ii, is of the usual legendary type, written long after the events described. Rather better material is furnished by Paulus Diaconus in his Gesta Episcoporum Mettensium (edited in Pertz, MGH., Scriptores, vol. ii). See also Weyland, Vies des Saints du diocese de Metz, vol. iii (1909), pp. 322—347; J. Depoin, in the Revue Mabillon, 1921-1922 and Duchesne, Fastes Episcopaux, vol. iii, p. 56.
975 St. Edgar the Peaceful English king patron of St. Dunstan, who served as his counselor
England underwent a religious revival in his reign, and he is venerated at Glastonbury.
However, his daughter, St. Edith of Wilton, was borne by one of two religious woman with whom he had an affair.
1070 St. Robert of Frassinoro Benedictine abbot (AC) OSB
He governed the abbey of Frassinoro, near Modena, Italy.
Abbot Robert was abbot of the Benedictine monastery of Frassinoro near Modena, Italy (Benedictines)
1154 St. William of York, Bishop austere life of a monk, practicing much prayer and mortification; Following his death, many miracles were attributed to him.
Eboráci, in Anglia, sancti Willhélmi, Epíscopi et Confessóris, qui, inter cétera ad ejus sepúlcrum patráta mirácula, tres mórtuos suscitávit, atque ab Honório Papa Tértio in Sanctórum cánonem relátus est.
    At York in England, St. William, archbishop and confessor, who, among other miracles wrought at his tomb, raised three persons from the dead.  He was placed in the calendar of the saints by Pope Honorius III.
William of York was the son of Count Herbert, treasurer to Henry I. His mother Emma, was the half-sister of King William. Young William became treasurer of the church of York at an early age and was elected archbishop of York in 1140. William's election was challenged on the grounds of simony and unchastity. He was cleared by Rome, but later, a new Pope, the Cistercian Eugene III, suspended William, and in 1147, he was deposed as archbishop of York.
William then retired to Winchester where he led the austere life of a monk, practicing much prayer and mortification. Upon the death of his accusers and Eugene III, Pope Anastastius IV restored William his See and made him archbishop. However, after one month back in York, the saintly prelate died in the year 1154. Some claim he was poisoned by the archdeacon of York, but no record of any resolution in the case remains extant. Pope Honorius III canonized William in 1227.
William Fitzherbert B (RM)  (also known as William of York or William of Thwayt) Died at York, June 8, 1154; canonized 1226 or 1227 by Pope Honorius III.  William Fitz Herbert--son of Count Herbert, treasurer to Henry I, and Emma, half sister of King Stephen--had impressed many as canon and treasurer of York Minster. In 1140, after the death of Archbishop Thurstand, he was elected archbishop in turn by a majority of the cathedral chapter. At this point the smooth running of William's life ended. Archdeacon Walter of York and the diocese's Cistercian monks claimed that he had paid to be elevated to the archbishopric and that he was sexually incontinent. Others, including the Augustinian priors, said that his friendship with his uncle, King Stephen, gave him an improper influence in securing election to the see.
The archbishop of Canterbury was reluctant to consecrate William under such a cloud of accusation. For a time even Pope Innocent III hesitated, before finally agreeing to support William. Henry of Blois, who was both bishop of Winchester and King Stephen's brother accordingly consecrated William and he took up his duties as archbishop in 1143.
But the dispute did not end; matters soon became difficult again. William failed to receive the official 'pallium,' symbol of the pope's authority, before the pope who sent it had died. The papal legate took the pallium back to Rome.
The new pope, Eugenius III, was a Cistercian and sided with the archbishop's opponents, including Saint Bernard of Clairvaux. William visited Rome to persuade the pope of his credentials. But the pope suspended him. To make things worse, a group of his followers now violently attacked some of the monks of Fountains Abbey, itself a Cistercian foundation, and set fire to the monastery farms. The abbot of Fountains, Henry Murdac, had been William's rival for the see of York in the first place.
A council held at Rheims in 1147 now deposed William. He went to stay with Henry of Blois, and spent six chastened years living as a monk at Winchester. Only when both the pope and the abbot of Fountains were dead was he able to make a successful appeal to Pope Anastasius IV and return in triumph to York. Enormous crowds gathered on a bridge over the River Ouse as William arrived. The bridge collapsed. Fortunately no one was injured, and this was taken as a sign of good things to come. William, however, had reached the end of his life.
William was mild and conciliatory towards his enemies, but within a few months he was dead, perhaps, it was rumored, from poison at the hands of Osbert, the new archdeacon of York. He was well liked by the people, and the rumored murder doubtless contributed to a popular demand for his canonization (Attwater, Benedictines, Bentley, Delaney, Encyclopedia).
Saint William is depicted in the episcopal insignia on many windows in York, England. He might be shown (1) on a shield with eight lozenges near him; (2) crossing the Ouse Bridge; (3) on horseback, received by the Mayor at Mickelgate Bar; (4) kneeling to kiss the cross at the entrance to York Minster; or (5) as a tonsured monk praying in the wilderness with a holy dove nearby (Roeder) .

June 8, 2010  St. William of York (d. 1154)
A disputed election as archbishop of York and a mysterious death. Those are the headlines from the tragic life of today's saint.

Born into a powerful family in 12th-century England, William seemed destined for great things. His uncle was next in line for the English throne—though a nasty dynastic struggle complicated things. William himself faced an internal Church feud.  Despite these roadblocks, he was nominated as archbishop of York in 1140. Local clergymen were less enthusiastic, however, and the archbishop of Canterbury refused to consecrate William. Three years later a neighboring bishop performed the consecration, but it lacked the approval of Pope Innocent II, whose successors likewise withheld approval. William was deposed and a new election was ordered.

It was not until 1154—14 years after he was first nominated—that William became archbishop of York. When he entered the city that spring after years of exile, he received an enthusiastic welcome. Within two months he was dead, probably from poisoning. His administrative assistant was a suspect, though no formal ruling was ever made.  Despite all that happened to him, William did not show resentment toward his opponents. Following his death, many miracles were attributed to him. He was canonized 73 years later.

1154 St William, Archbishop of York
St WILLIAM FITZHERBERT, also known as William of Thwayt, is stated to have been the son of King Stephen’s half-sister Emma and of Count Herbert, treasurer to Henry I, and while yet young William himself was appointed treasurer of the church of York. He appears to have been somewhat indolent, but he was personally popular and, on the death of Archbishop Thurston of York in 1140, he was chosen to fill the vacancy. The validity of the election, however, was contested by Archdeacon Walter of York, together with a number of Cistercian abbots and Augustinian priors, who alleged unchastity and simony on the part of William and  undue influence on the part of the king. Stephen invested him with the temporalities of the see, but the archbishop of Canterbury, Theobald, hesitated to consecrate him, and the parties carried their case to Rome; where the objectors relied chiefly on the charge of intrusion into the see. Pope Innocent decided that the election might be regarded as valid provided the dean of York, also called William, should appear before a court to be held by Henry of Blois, who was bishop of Winchester and papal legate, and there swear that the chapter had received no mandate from the king.
   Dean William, who just at this time was made bishop of Durham, did not take that oath—it is possible that he could not without committing perjury. But in consequence of another papal letter, whose origins are uncertain and not altogether above suspicion, William Fitzherbert was able to satisfy Henry of Winchester, who duly consecrated him, and the clergy and people of York warmly welcomed him. He governed his diocese well; promoting peace so far as in him lay. But his opponents had abated none of their energy; and William, through, says a chronicler, his easy-goingness and tendency to procrastination, made a mistake that played into their hands. He failed to make arrangements for receiving the pallium that Pope Lucius II had sent by the hands of his legate, Cardinal Imar of Tusculum. Lucius died while the pallium was yet unconferred, and Imar took it back to Rome. To sue for it William was obliged to go again to Rome, selling or pledging some of the treasures of York to pay his expenses.
   But the new pope, Eugenius III, was a Cistercian and completely under the influence of St Bernard of Clairvaux, who had all along vigorously supported the cause of William’s opponents. Though the majority of the cardinals were in his favour, William was suspended on the ground that the bishop of Durham had not taken the oath prescribed by Innocent II. Thereupon the archbishop retired to the hospitality of his relative King Roger of Sicily. But his supporters in England, directly the news of the papal decision reached York, made an attack on Fountains Abbey, of which Henry Murdac, formerly a monk with Pope Eugenius, was abbot, and burnt its farms; they also seized and mutilated Archdeacon Walter. This criminality still further prejudiced William’s cause, and in 1147 the pope deposed him. Soon after Henry Murdac was nominated to be archbishop of York in his stead.
   Upon his return to England William took refuge with his uncle, Henry of Winchester, who treated him with honour but the deposed prelate was chastened by his misfortunes; he now shunned the luxury to which he had been accustomed, and elected to lead a penitential and austere life in the cathedral monastery. He remained thus in Winchester for six years, when in 1153 Pope Eugenius, St Bernard and Murdac all died within three months of one another: whereupon William went to Rome to plead for the restoration of his see with Pope Anastasius IV.  The new pontiff granted his petition, and conferred the pallium on him before he returned home.
   St William re-entered York in May 1154 amid popular demonstrations of joy. Under the weight of the crowds gathered to welcome him, the wooden bridge over the Ouse broke down, throwing many into the river. The rescue of these unfortunates, not one of whom sustained injury, was attributed by the citizens to the prayers of their restored archbishop. William showed no resentment towards his adversaries and almost at once visited Fountains Abbey, to which he promised restitution for the damage it had received from his violent relatives. But he did not live to carry out his projects for the benefit of his province. A month after his return to York he was taken with violent pain after celebrating a solemn Mass, and within a few days, on June 8, he was dead. The new archdeacon of York, Osbert, was haled before the king’s court on a charge of having poisoned the archbishop. The case was removed to the Holy See, but there is no record of any judgement having been given: the guilt or innocence of Osbert remains uncertain.
St William’s body was in 1284 translated from a chapel of the cathedral to the nave, in the presence of King Edward I and Queen Eleanor; but though the relics escaped destruction at the time of the Reformation and appear to have been preserved until the eighteenth century, they have now disappeared. His chief memorial in his cathedral is the great window which was put up in 1421 and is one of York’s three celebrated “walls of glass”; in its many lights there are depicted scenes from William’s life and miracles, supplemented by a few which properly belong to St John of Beverley and St John of Bridlington. Pope Honorius III canonized St William in 1227, after inquiry into the many wonders reported to have taken place at his tomb, and his feast is still observed in the dioceses of the north of England.

See John of Hexham’s continuation of Symeon of Durham’s Historic Regum and William of Newburgh’s Historia Regum (both in the Rolls Series) the “Narratio fundationis” in Memorials of Fountains, vol. i (ed. J. Walbran, 1863) Walter Daniel’s Life of St Aelred (ed. F. M. Powicke, 1950) and St Bernard’s letters in Migne, PL, vols. clxxxii—clxxxv. An anonymous Life of St William, jejune and mostly untrustworthy, is printed in J. Raine’s Historians of the Church of York, vol. ii. Among modern accounts, see that of T. F. Tout in DNB., vol. xix ; more recent are those of R. L. Poole in the English Historical Review, 1930, pp. 273—281, and D. Knowles in the Cambridge Historical Journal,1936, pp. 162—177 and 212—214 (bibliography and notes). It is curious that a thirteenth-century calendar painted on the wails of the church of Quattro Coronati at Rome the name of St William of York occurs on February 4.
1257 Basil and Constantine Vsevolodovich of Yaroslav The holy Princes .
In their youth they lost their father, Vsevolod, who fell in battle with the Tatars (Mongols). St Basil, the elder brother, succeeded to the throne. As prince, he had to face a multitude of concerns, tasks and sorrows. The city and the villages were devastated from the invasion of the Tatars, many households remained without shelter and food, and he had to concern himself about everything and about everyone. Besides this, it was necessary to gain the good will of the Tatar Khan, and the holy prince more than once journeyed for this reason to the Horde. He suffered also a family misfortune, the loss of his only son.

All his tribulations the holy prince suffered without complaint, and he ruled the princedom, like a true Christian. He did not enter into disputes with other princes, he concerned himself with the unfortunate among his subjects, and he built churches. But soon his life, filled with many sorrows, exhausted the strength of the prince, and he took sick and died in the year 1249.
After him holy Prince Constantine succeeded to the throne. He strove to imitate his brother, but to his great dismay, everywhere he saw pillage and murdering done by the Tatars. In 1257 the Tatars fell upon Yaroslavl itself. The prince came out to fight the enemy, but here in this battle he gave up his life for his country. In the year 1501 the incorrupt relics of the holy princes were uncovered and now rest in the Yaroslav cathedral.

1330 Blessed John Rainuzzi "the Almsgiver" a Benedictine monk Saint Margaret's monastery at Todi OSB (AC)
John "the Almsgiver" was a Benedictine monk of Saint Margaret's monastery at Todi, Italy, who naturally earned his nickname by his charity (Benedictines)

IT was formerly the custom at Todi in Italy for those regarded as being possessed by evil spirits to be taken to the church of St Margaret, where an office of exorcism was pronounced over them by a priest in a crypt under the high altar. Whilst this service was being held one day in 1568, the demoniac suddenly cried out, “Here rests the body of Blessed John the Almsgiver!”  There had already been a tradition that some saint lay buried in the chapel, and investigations were accordingly made. They resulted in the discovery of a marble tomb containing bones, and bearing the inscription “This is the body of Blessed John Raynutius of Todi, buried in the monastery of St Margaret of Todi, who passed from this world to the Father in the year 1330 on the eighth day of June”   It was no unusual thing in the fourteenth century for the words “ blessed “ and “ saint “ to be inserted without ecclesiastical sanction in epitaphs on tombs. In this case, however, a local missal seems to have been found which contained a notice of Bd John of Todi, who died and was buried in the monastery of St Margaret in 1330. This was accepted as sufficient proof of an ancient cultus by the bishop of Todi, who exposed the relics to the veneration of the faithful on September 3, 1568, and then caused them to be replaced in the marble tomb. Afterwards in the church of St Margaret an image was set up of Bd John Raynutius, or Rainuzzi, clad in a Benedictine habit and carrying on his shoulders seven bags—presumably filled with alms for the poor.

A brief account of this rather unsatisfactory case is given in the Acta Sanctorum, June, vol. ii. It is mainly derived from J. B. Possevinus, De Sanctis ci Beatis Tudertibus (Perugia, 1597).
1482 Bl. Pacificus of Cerano Franciscan friar renowned preacher missionary especially respected for his knowledge of moral theology Summa Pacifica was popular

Pacificus Ramota was a native of Cerano, Novara, Italy, and entered the Franciscans in 1445. He served as a missionary in northern Italy and worked for the reform of the Church, fulfilling a task given to him by Pope Sixtus IV to bring reform to the Church in Sardinia. The pope also asked him to preach a crusade against the Ottoman Turks who had recently captured Constantinople and were threatening the Mediterranean. Especially respected for his knowledge of moral theology, Pacificus authored the Summa Pacifica, which was widely read by theologians of the time. He died at Sassari, Sardinia, on June 4, 1482, and his cult was confirmed in 1745.

Blessed Pacificus of Cerano, OFM (AC) Born in Cerano, diocese of Novara, Italy, in 1424; cultus approved in 1745. Pacificus Ramota became a Franciscan in 1445. He excelled as both a preacher and as a writer of moral theology, his Summa Pacifica was popular among his contemporaries (Benedictines)

1482 Bd Pacifico of Cerano
Born at Novara in Piedmont in the year 1424. His parents died when he was very young, and he was educated in the Benedictine abbey of his native city. He then took the habit in the Franciscan convent of the strict observance, being about twenty-one years of age, and he became one of the most learned ecclesiastics of his time. After his ordination he laboured chiefly as a preacher in Italy, conducting many successful missions between the years 1452 and 1471. His evangelistic work was interrupted by a visit to Sardinia, where he went with a commission from Pope Sixtus IV to redress certain disorders and irregularities that had crept into the church. He was induced to write a treatise on moral theology, which was published in Milan in 1475 and was long regarded as the standard work on that subject, though aiming at simple explanations, intelligible to all. He entitled it Sometta di Pacifica Coscienza, but it was commonly known as Somma Pacifica. He resumed his mission work, labouring chiefly in the north of Italy and using as his headquarters the convent of Vigevano which he had founded in the diocese of Novara.
    In 1480 came another summons to go to Sardinia, this time as visitor and commissary general for the convents of the strict observance, and also as apostolic nuncio charged by Pope Sixtus IV to proclaim a crusade against Mohammed II. The order arrived when he was preaching at Cerano. He knew that he had not long to live, and in his farewell address he said: “I ask you to do me this favour— that when you hear of my death, you will have my poor wretched remains brought back to my native land, so that I may be buried in this dear church which I have built in honour of the Blessed Virgin.” He went to Sardinia, but had scarcely begun to preach the crusade when he was taken ill. He died at Sassari on June 4, 1482. In compliance with his request his body was taken back to Cerano, where a church was afterwards built in his honour. The cult of Bd Pacifico was confirmed in 1745.

An account of Bd Pacifico is furnished in an appendix to the June volume i of the Acta Sanctorum. He is also prominent in Wadding’s Scnptores, and in the Annales Ordinis Minorum, vol. xiv. See further, the Miscellanea Franciscana, vols. iii and vii, and Leon’s Auréole Séraphique (Eng. trans.), vol. ii, pp. 352—355. Small separate lives have been published by M. Cazzola and by another writer, who remains anonymous.
1609 Saint Tevdore was a simple priest who labored in the 16th century in the village of Kvelta led them in the wrong direction Embittered hungry for revenge, they beheaded Fr. Tevdore
At that time the Ottoman Empire and Persia were locked in a bitter feud over control of the Near East. At the beginning of 1609 the Ottomans conquered first the city of Baghdadi, then part of Samtskhe in southern Georgia. In June of that year they launched an attack on eastern Georgia.

At that time the Georgian ruler was the young King Luarsab II. When the Ottomans penetrated Kartli, the king was absent, abiding in his summer residence, Tskhireti Castle. But the Ottomans knew the location of his castle, and they also knew that his troops were small in number. They plotted to lay siege to the castle, capture the king, and ultimately annex all of Georgia.

The Ottomans quickly crossed the Trialeti mountain range and advanced into Manglisi, pillaging the lands and laying waste to the people as they went.
Miraculously, the Manglisi Church of the Most Holy Mother of God remained unharmed. One chronicler wrote: “A dense fog surrounded the church and village, concealing it from the enemy__”

St. Luarsab had received no warning of the attack, and the enemy was just minutes from his castle.
In the village of Kvelta, not far fromManglisi, the Turks captured the priest Tevdore, a man sincere before God and devoted to his king and motherland. Fr. Tevdore was unable to escape to the woods with the other villagers, so he locked the doors to the church and concealed its sacred treasures. When the Ottoman Turks found Fr. Tevdore, they commanded him to lead them to Tskhireti Castle and threatened to kill him if he refused.
Hoping to deceive them, Tevdore led the Ottomans along a narrow, rocky mountain path away from Tskhireti Castle. Many horses and soldiers fell from the path to their deaths.  But after some time the Ottomans realized that the priest had led them in the wrong direction. Embittered and hungry for revenge, they beheaded Fr. Tevdore. 
As a result of St. Tevdore’s great sacrifice, St. Luarsab had time to strengthen his fortifications, assemble his armies, and finally annihilate the enemy.

Pope Francis  PRAYER INTENTIONS FOR  May 2016
Universal:   “That in every country in the world, women may be honoured and respected
and that their essential contribution to society may be highly esteemed”.

Evangelization:  “That families, communities and groups may pray the Holy Rosary for evangelisation and peace”.
God Bless Mother Angelica 1923-2016

On Death and Life
"Man Needs Eternity -- and Every Other Hope, for Him, Is All Too Brief"
Пресвятая Богородице спаси нас!
   (Santíssima Mãe de Deus, salva-nos!)

 40 Days for Life  We are the defenders of true freedom.
  May our witness unveil the deception of the "pro-choice" slogan.
40 days for Life Campaign saves lives Shawn Carney Campaign Director
Please help save the unborn they are the future for the world

It is a great poverty that a child must die so that you may live as you wish -- Mother Teresa
 Saving babies, healing moms and dads, 'The Gospel of Life'
May our witness unveil the deception of the "pro-choice" slogan.

Jesus brings us many Blessings
The more we pray, the more we wish to pray. Like a fish which at first swims on the surface of the water, and afterwards plunges down, and is always going deeper; the soul plunges, dives, and loses itself in the sweetness of conversing with God. -- St. John Vianney

  Month by Month of Saintly Dedications

The Rosary html Mary Mother of GOD -- Her Rosary Here
Mary Mother of GOD Mary's Divine Motherhood: FEASTS OF OUR LADY
     of the Virgin Mary to those who recite the Rosary

May 9 – Our Lady of the Wood (Italy, 1607) 
Months of Dedication
January is the month of the Holy Name of Jesus since 1902;
March is the month of Saint Joseph since 1855;
May, the month of Mary, is the oldest and most well-known Marian month, officially since 1724;
June is the month of the Sacred Heart since 1873;
July is the month of the Precious Blood since 1850;
August is the month of the Immaculate Heart of Mary;
September is the month of Our Lady of Sorrows since 1857;
October is the month of the Rosary since 1868;
November is the month of the Holy Souls in Purgatory since 1888;
December is the month of the Immaculate Conception.

In all, five months of the year are dedicated to Mary.
The idea of dedicating months came from Rome and promotion of the month of Mary owes much to the Jesuits.

Pray that the witness of 40 Days for Life bears abundant fruit, and that we begin again each day to storm the gates of hell until God welcomes us into the gates of heaven.

If you seek patience, you will find no better example than the cross. Great patience occurs in two ways:
either when one patiently suffers much, or when one suffers things which one is able to avoid and yet does not avoid.
Christ endured much on the cross, and did so patiently, because when he suffered he did not threaten;
he was led like a sheep to the slaughter and he did not open his mouth.-- St. Thomas Aquinas

We begin our day by seeing Christ in the consecrated bread, and throughout the day we continue to see Him in the torn bodies of our poor. We pray, that is, through our work, performing it with Jesus, for Jesus and upon Jesus.
The poor are our prayer. They carry God in them. Prayer means praying everything, praying the work.
We meet the Lord who hungers and thirsts, in the poor.....and the poor could be you or I or any person kind enough to show us his or her love and to come to our place.
Because we cannot see Christ, we cannot express our love to Him in person.
But our neighbor we can see, and we can do for him or her what we would love to do for Jesus if He were visible.
-- Mother Teresa
My God, I believe, I adore, I trust and I love Thee.  I beg pardon for those who do not believe, do not adore, do not love Thee.  O most Holy trinity, Father, Son and Holy Spirit, I adore Thee profoundly.
 I offer Thee the most precious Body, Blood, Soul and Divinity of Jesus Christ, present in all the Tabernacles of the world,  in reparation for the outrages, sacrileges and indifference by which He is offended,
and by the infite merits of the Sacred Heart of Jesus and the Immaculate Heart of Mary.

I beg the conversion of poor sinners,  Amen Fatima Prayer, Angel of Peace
Mary's Divine Motherhood
Pope Francis and Pope Benedict XVI { 2013 } Catholic Church In China { article here}
1648 to1930 St. Augustine Zhao Rong and 120 Companions Christianity arrived in China by way of Syria -- 600s.
        Depending on China's relations with outside world,
Christianity for centuries was free to grow or forced to operate secretly.

How do I start the Five First Saturdays? 
Called in the Gospel “the Mother of Jesus,” Mary is acclaimed by Elizabeth, at the prompting of the Spirit and even before the birth of her son, as “the Mother of my Lord” (Lk 1:43; Jn 2:1; 19:25; cf. Mt 13:55; et al.). In fact, the One whom she conceived as man by the Holy Spirit, who truly became her Son according to the flesh, was none other than the Father's eternal Son, the second person of the Holy Trinity. Hence the Church confesses that Mary is truly Mother of God (Theotokos). 
Catechism of the Catholic Church 495, quoting the Council of Ephesus (431): DS 251.
“The Blessed Virgin was eternally predestined, in conjunction with the incarnation of the divine Word, to be the Mother of God. By decree of divine Providence, she served on earth as the loving mother of the divine Redeemer, an associate of unique nobility, and the Lord's humble handmaid. She conceived, brought forth, and nourished Christ.”
The voice of the Father is heard, the Son enters the water, and the Holy Spirit appears in the form of a dove.
   THE spirit and example of the world imperceptibly instil the error into the minds of many that there is a kind of middle way of going to Heaven; and so, because the world does not live up to the gospel, they bring the gospel down to the level of the world. It is not by this example that we are to measure the Christian rule, but words and life of Christ. All His followers are commanded to labour to become perfect even as our heavenly Father is perfect, and to bear His image in our hearts that we may be His children. We are obliged by the gospel to die to ourselves by fighting self-love in our hearts, by the mastery of our passions, by taking on the spirit of our Lord.
   These are the conditions under which Christ makes His promises and numbers us among His children, as is manifest from His words which the apostles have left us in their inspired writings. Here is no distinction made or foreseen between the apostles or clergy or religious and secular persons. The former, indeed, take upon themselves certain stricter obligations, as a means of accomplishing these ends more perfectly; but the law of holiness and of disengagement of the heart from the world is geeral and binds all the followers of Christ.

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We are called upon with the whole Church militant on earth to join in praising and thanking God for the grace and glory he has bestowed on his saints. At the same time we earnestly implore Him to exert His almighty power and mercy in raising us from our miseries and sins, healing the disorders of our souls and leading us by the path of repentance to the company of His saints, to which He has called us.
   They were once what we are now, travellers on earth they had the same weaknesses, which we have. We have difficulties to encounter so had the saints, and many of them far greater than we can meet with; obstacles from kings and whole nations, sometimes from the prisons, racks and swords of persecutors. Yet they surmounted these difficulties, which they made the very means of their virtue and victories. It was by the strength they received from above, not by their own, that they triumphed. But the blood of Christ was shed for us as it was for them and the grace of our Redeemer is not wanting to us; if we fail, the failure is in ourselves.
   THE saints and just, from the beginning of time and throughout the world, who have been made perfect, everlasting monuments of God’s infinite power and clemency, praise His goodness without ceasing; casting their crowns before His throne they give to Him all the glory of their triumphs: “His gifts alone in us He crowns.”
“The saints must be honored as friends of Christ and children and heirs of God, as John the theologian and evangelist says: ‘But as many as received him, he gave them the power to be made the sons of God....’ Let us carefully observe the manner of life of all the apostles, martyrs, ascetics and just men who announced the coming of the Lord. And let us emulate their faith, charity, hope, zeal, life, patience under suffering, and perseverance unto death, so that we may also share their crowns of glory” Exposition of the Orthodox Faith

Called in the Gospel the Mother of Jesus, Mary is acclaimed by Elizabeth, at the prompting of the Spirit and even before the birth of her son, as the Mother of my Lord (Lk 1:43; Jn 2:1; 19:25; cf. Mt 13:55; et al.). In fact, the One whom she conceived as man by the Holy Spirit, who truly became her Son according to the flesh, was none other than the Father's eternal Son,  the second person of the Holy Trinity.
Hence the Church confesses that Mary is truly Mother of God (Theotokos).
Catechism of the Catholic Church 495, quoting the Council of Ephesus (431): DS 251.
Nine First Fridays Devotion to the Sacred Heart ... From the writings of St. Margaret Mary Alacoque
On Friday during Holy Communion, He said these words to me, His unworthy slave, if I mistake not:
I promise you in the excessive mercy of my Heart that its all-powerful love will grant to all those who receive Holy Communion on nine first Fridays of consecutive months the grace of final repentance; they will not die under my displeasure or without receiving their sacraments, my divine Heart making itself their assured refuge at the last moment.
Margaret Mary was inspired by Christ to establish the Holy Hour and to pray lying prostrate with her face to the ground from eleven till midnight on the eve of the first Friday of each month, to share in the mortal sadness.
He endured when abandoned by His Apostles in His Agony, and to receive holy Communion on the first Friday of every month. In the first great revelation, He made known to her His ardent desire to be loved by men and His design of manifesting His Heart with all Its treasures of love and mercy, of sanctification and salvation.
He appointed the Friday after the octave of the feast of Corpus Christi as the feast of the Sacred Heart; He called her the Beloved Disciple of the Sacred Heart, and the heiress of all Its treasures. The love of the Sacred Heart was the fire which consumed her, and devotion to the Sacred Heart is the refrain of all her writings. In her last illness she refused all alleviation, repeating frequently: What have I in heaven and what do I desire on earth, but Thee alone, O my God, and died pronouncing the Holy Name of Jesus.
With regard to this promise it may be remarked: (1) that our Lord required Communion to be received on a particular day chosen by Him; (2) that the nine Fridays must be consecutive; (3) that they must be made in honor of His Sacred Heart, which means that those who make the nine Fridays must practice the devotion and must have a great love for our Lord; (4) that our Lord does not say that those who make the nine Fridays will be dispensed from any of their obligations or from exercising the vigilance necessary to lead a good life and overcome temptation; rather He implicitly promises abundant graces to those who make the nine Fridays to help them to carry out these obligations and persevere to the end; (5) that perseverance in receiving Holy Communion for nine consecutive First Firdays helps the faithful to acquire the habit of frequent Communion, which our Lord eagerly desires; and (6) that the practice of the nine Fridays is very pleasing to our Lord He promises such great reward, and all Catholics should endeavor to make nine Fridays.
How do I start the Five First Saturdays? by Fr. Tom O'Mahony.
On July 13,1917, Our Lady appeared for the third time to the three children of Fatima an showed them the vision of hell and made the now - famous thirteen prophecies. In this vision Our Lady said that 'GOD WISHES TO ESTABLISH IN THE WORLD DEVOTION to Her Immaculate Heart and that She would come TO ASK FOR THE COMMUNION OF REPARATION ON THE FIRST SATURDAYS...'  Eight years later, on December 10, 1925, Our Lady did indeed come back. She appeared (with the Child Jesus) to Lucia in the convent of the Dorothean Sisters in Pontevedra.
The Child Jesus spoke first:


The Five Reasons
From the above, it is easy to see that each of the Five Saturdays can correspond to a specific offence. By offering the graces received during each First Saturday as reparation for the offence being prayed for, the participant can hope to help remove the thorns from Our Lady's Heart.
What Do I Have To Do?
The devotion of First Saturdays, as requested by Our Lady of Fatima, carries with it the assurance of salvation. However, to derive profit from such a great promise of Our Lady, the devotion must be properly understood and duly performed.
The requirements as stipulated by Our Lady are as follows:
(1) CONFESSION: A reparative confession means that the confession should not only be good (valid and licit), but also be offered in the spirit of reparation, in this case, to Mary's Immaculate Heart. This confession may be made on the First Saturday itself or some days before or after the First Saturday within the preceding octave would suffice.
(2) COMMUNION: The communion of reparation must be sacramental duly received with the intention of making reparation. This offering, like the confession, is an interior act and so no external action to express the intention is needed.
(3) THE ROSARY: The Rosary mentioned here was indicated by the Portuguese word 'terco' which is commonly employed to denote a Rosary of five decades, since it forms a fourth of the full Rosary of 20 decades. This too must recited in a spirit of reparation.
(4) MEDITATION FOR FIFTEEN MINUTES: Here the meditation on one mystery or more is to be made without simultaneous recitation of the Rosary decade. As indicated, the meditation may be either on one mystery alone for 15 minutes, or on all 20 mysteries, spending about one minute on each mystery, or again, on two or more mysteries during the period. This can also be made before each decade spending three minutes or more in considering the mystery of the particular decade. This meditation has likewise to be made in the spirit of reparation to the Immaculate Heart.
(5) THE SPIRIT OF REPARATION: All these acts, as said above, have to be done with the intention of offering reparation to the Immaculate Heart of Mary for the offences committed against Her. Everyone who offends Her commits, so to speak, a two-fold offence, for these sins also offend her Divine Son, Christ, and so endanger our salvation. They give bad example to others and weaken the strength of society to withstand immoral onslaughts. Such devotions therefore make us consider not only the enormity of the offence against God, but also the effect of sins on human society as well as the need for undoing these social effects even when the offender repents and is converted. Further, this reparation emphasises our responsibility towards sinners who, themselves, will not pray and make reparation for their sins.
(6) FIVE CONSECUTIVE FIRST SATURDAYS: The idea of the Five First Saturdays is obviously to make us persevere in the devotional acts for these Saturdays and overcome initial difficulties. Once this is done, Our Lady knows that the person would become devoted to Her immaculate Heart and persist in practising such devotion on all First Saturdays, working thereby for personal self-reform and for the salvation of others.

Unless Russia is converted, the movement against God and for sin will continue to spread, promoting wars and persecutions, and making the attainment for peace and justice impossible for this world. One means of obtaining Russia's conversion is to practise the Fatima Message. The stakes are so great that to encourage Catholics to practise the devotion of the First Saturdays, Our Lady has assured us that She will obtain salvation for all those who observe the first Saturdays for five consecutive months in accordance with Her conditions.
At the supreme moment the departing person will be either in the state of grace or not. In either case Our Lady will be by his side. If in the state of grace, She will console and help him to resist whatever temptations the devil might put before him in his last attempt to take the person with him to hell. If not in the state of grace, Our Lady will help the person to repent in a manner agreeable to God and so benefit by the fruits of redemption and be saved.

God loves variety. He doesn't mass-produce his saints. Every saint is unique, for each is the result of a new idea.  As the liturgy says: Non est inventus similis illis--there are no two exactly alike. It is we with our lack of imagination, who paint the same haloes on all the saints. Dear Lord, grant us a spirit that is not bound by our own ideas and preferences.  Grant that we may be able to appreciate in others what we lack in ourselves. O Lord, grant that we may understand that every saint must be a unique praise of Your glory. Catholic saints are holy people and human people who lived extraordinary lives.  Each saint the Church honors responded to God's invitation to use his or her unique gifts.   God calls each one of us to be a saint in order to get into heavenonly saints are allowed into heaven. The more "extravagant" graces are bestowed NOT for the benefit of the recipients so much as FOR the benefit of others.
There are over 10,000 named saints beati  from history
 and Roman Martyology Orthodox sources

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 Benedict XVI (2005 - 2013) Francis (2013

Where there is no honor for the elderly, there is no future for young people.
During his weekly General Audience in St. Peter’s Square, Pope Francis made this strong statement while continuing his catechesis on the family, with this and next week focusing on the elderly.  Confining this week’s address to their problematic current condition, the Holy Father said the elderly are ignored and that a society that does this is perverse.
While noting that life has been lengthened thanks to advances in medicine, he lamented that while the number of older people has multiplied, "our societies are not organized enough to make room for them, with proper respect and concrete consideration for their fragility and their dignity.”

“As long as we are young, we are led to ignore old age, as if it were a disease to be taken away. Then when we become older, especially if we are poor, sick and alone, we experience the shortcomings of a society planned on efficiency, which consequently ignores the elderly.”

He went on to quote his predecessor Pope Benedict XVI, who, when visiting a nursing home in November 2012, “used clear and prophetic words: ‘The quality of a society, I would say of a civilization, is judged also on how the elderly are treated and the place reserved for them in the common life.’"  Without a space for them, Francis highlighted, society dies.

Cultures, he decried, see the elderly as a burden who do not produce and should be discarded.
“You do not say it openly, but you do it!” he exclaimed. "Out of our fear of weakness and vulnerability, we do not tolerate and abandon the elderly," he said. “It’s sickening to see the elderly discarded. It is ugly. It’s a sin. Abandoning the elderly is a mortal sin.”
“Children who do not visit their elderly and ill parents have mortally sinned. Understand?”

The Pope expressed his dismay at children who go months without seeing a parent, or how elderly are confined to little tables in their kitchens alone, without anyone caring for them.  He noted that he observed this reality during his ministry in Buenos Aires.  Unwilling to accept limits, society, he noted, doesn’t allow elderly to participate and gives into the mentality that only the young can be useful and enjoy life.
The whole society must realize, the Pope said, the elderly contain the wisdom of the people.
The tradition of the Church, Pope Francis reaffirmed, has always supported a culture of closeness to the elderly, involving affectionately and supportively accompanying them in this final part of life.  The Church cannot, and does not want to, Francis underscored, comply with a mentality of impatience, and even less of indifference and contempt towards old age.
Sooner or later, we will all be old, he said. If we do not treat the elderly well, he stressed we will not be treated well either.
“We must awaken the collective sense of gratitude, of appreciation, of hospitality, which make them feel the elderly living part of his community.”

Concluding his address, Pope Francis noted how old age will come to all one day and reminded the faithful how much they have received from their elders. He also challenged them to not take a step back and abandon them to their fate.

The Church without Mary is an orphanage
Pope Francis:
Cross Not Optional, Says Benedict XVI
Reflects on Peter's "Immature" Faith CASTEL GANDOLFO, Italy, AUG. 31, 2008 (
Taking up one's cross isn't an option, it's a mission all Christians are called to, says Benedict XVI.
The Pope said this today before reciting the midday Angelus with several thousand people gathered in the courtyard of the papal summer residence at Castel Gandolfo, south of Rome.
Referring to the Gospel reading for today's Mass, the Holy Father reflected on the faith of Peter, which is shown to be "still immature and too much influenced by the 'mentality of this world.'”  He explained that when Christ spoke openly about how he was to "suffer much, be killed and rise again, Peter protests, saying: 'God forbid, Lord! No such thing shall ever happen to you.'"
"It is evident that the Master and the disciple follow two opposed ways of thinking," continued the Pontiff. "Peter, according to a human logic, is convinced that God would never allow his Son to end his mission dying on the cross.  "Jesus, on the contrary, knows that the Father, in his great love for men, sent him to give his life for them, and if this means the passion and the cross, it is right that such should happen."
Christ also knew that "the resurrection would be the last word," Benedict XVI added.
Serious illness
The Pope continued, "If to save us the Son of God had to suffer and die crucified, it certainly was not because of a cruel design of the heavenly Father.  "The cause of it is the gravity of the sickness of which he must cure us: an evil so serious and deadly that it will require all of his blood. 
"In fact, it is with his death and resurrection that Jesus defeated sin and death, reestablishing the lordship of God."
Popes Html link here: 
 “Where there is no honor for the elderly, there is no future for young people.” Pope Francis:
It Is a Mortal Sin When Children Don't Visit Their Elderly Parents.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today  June 08
543 Pope Virgilius