Sunday Saints of this Day March 27 Sexto Kaléndas Aprílis  
Et álibi aliórum plurimórum sanctórum Mártyrum et Confessórum, atque sanctárum Vírginum.
And elsewhere in divers places, many other holy martyrs, confessors, and holy virgins.
Пресвятая Богородице спаси нас!
(Santíssima Mãe de Deus, salva-nos!)

     40 days for Life Campaign saves lives
Shawn Carney Campaign Director

Please save the unborn from being torn limb from limb
It is a great poverty that a child must die so that you may live as you wish -- Mother Teresa

The saints are a “cloud of witnesses over our head”, showing us life of Christian perfection is possible.

There are other icons of this name which are commemorated on January 12 (Hilandar Icon "Of the Akathist"), and October 10 (Zographou Icon "Of the Akathist").
March 27 – Easter -
Madonna del Piratello (Italy, 1483) – Father Marie Eugene of the Child Jesus, Carmelite (d. 1967)
In Europe, as in the East, the Blessed Virgin Mary will save us
Father Najeeb Michaeel, an Iraqi Dominican who had to flee to Erbil, Kurdistan, as a refugee, replied to a question submitted by, on February 2: What are the religious feelings of Christians refugees?

"Only a year ago, we were very optimistic and hoped to return home as soon as Mosul and Nineveh were liberated. Sadly enough, we have grown more realistic, because the liberation doesn’t seem to be coming very soon... But Christians have not lost their faith. They are attached to their land and even if they are leaving right now, many say it will only be temporary...

In our refugee camps there is not even enough room to sit down at Mass. In Erbil, the churches are full. Every day, we pray the Rosary. The faithful pray and sing to the Virgin Mary.

I believe, and this is true for Europe too, that it is the Virgin Mary who will save us. We must beg her, pray the Rosary, openly admit that we are Christians, that we believe in God's love, and that we are not ashamed. The terrorists are not ashamed to kill people, why should we be ashamed to pray for them and love them?"

Our Bartholomew Family Prayer List

Acts of the Apostles

Nine First Fridays Devotion to the Sacred Heart From the writings of St. Margaret Mary Alacoque

How do I start the Five First Saturdays?

Mary Mother of GOD 15 Promises of the Virgin Mary to those who recite the Rosary.

March 27 - Madonna del Piratello (Italy, 1483)
I Never Lost My Joy  
 A Priest Wrote to Pope Francis Just Before Dying at Age 31:
Holy Father,
In the daily prayers that I offer to God, I do not cease to pray for you and the ministry that the Lord himself has entrusted you with (…) My name is Fabrizio De Michino, and I am a young priest of the Archdiocese of Naples.
I am 31, and have been a priest for five years. (…) The parish, which recalls the miracle that happened on Esquiline Hill, is named in honor of Our Lady of the Snows, and in 2014 it will celebrate the centenary of the coronation of its wooden statue… very dear to all the inhabitants of the parish. I, too, have been able to grow in my love for our Heavenly Mother during my time at this parish, while also experiencing her closeness and protection in the face of my adversities. Unfortunately, over the past three years, I have been fighting a rare disease—a tumor located just inside my heart, which within the past month has metastasized to my liver and spleen. But throughout these difficult years, I have never lost the joy of being a preacher of the Gospel.

Even in my fatigue, I perceive a strength that does not come from me, but from God—a strength that allows me to continue on in my ministry. I offer all this to the Lord and for you, in a special way (…).
 Don Fabrizio De Michino Source: Aleteia

A truly obedient man does not discriminate between one thing and another, since his only aim is to execute faithfully whatever may be assigned to him. -- St. Bernard

March 27 – Father Marie Eugene of the Child Jesus, Carmelite (d. 1967)
He often meditated on the mystery of Mary
 Among the contemplative, there are those who, like Saint John, were endowed with abundant graces
from the Virgin Mary. Father Marie Eugene is one of those.
His love for the Virgin flourished early on in his family environment. He experienced a strong, demanding and very tender kind of maternal love from his mother. He learned to let himself be loved by Mary and to be shaped by her, so as to become the apostle she had chosen for him to be, to help extend her maternal action in the world today.
Late in his priesthood, in an address that he delivered on behalf of newly ordained priests, he turned to Mary and said: "And you, O Mary, I owe you everything because it was you who led me and helped to make me who I am. I will therefore give you everything, especially my heart with the joy that fills it.
You are my Mother and as a priest, I want more than ever to remain your child."

In the Carmel, he endorsed the ideal of his Order: To contemplate God, Jesus Christ, and his Mother. He often meditated on the mystery of Mary, and received, in the fulfillment of his Carmelite vocation,
a truly profound learning experience.

Mary's Divine Motherhood
Called in the Gospel "the Mother of Jesus," Mary is acclaimed by Elizabeth, at the prompting of the Spirit and even before the birth of her son, as "the Mother of my Lord" (Lk 1:43; Jn 2:1; 19:25; cf. Mt 13:55; et al.). In fact, the One whom she conceived as man by the Holy Spirit, who truly became her Son according to the flesh, was none other than the Father's eternal Son, the second person of the Holy Trinity.
Hence the Church confesses that Mary is truly "Mother of God" (Theotokos).

Catechism of the Catholic Church 495, quoting the Council of Ephesus (431): DS 251.

March 27 - Apparition of Our Lord to Our Lady 
"God's Deep Respect"   the English mystic, Julian of Norwich:
 "See what deep respect God has for his creation". The Virgin Mary could have said 'no', and the course of history would have been different. But God had known for all eternity that she would say 'yes', and would give her unconditional assent.  God gives this same deep respect to us; He does not insist; He never forces you. He suggests something to you. You can say 'no'. This is not an error, you will not succumb to mortal sin and you will remain in a state of grace, but you will have deprived yourself of a marvellous adventure. And this sort of thing happens to us all the time.  If God allows us in, one of the pains of Purgatory will be to have passed by so many invitations to Divine Grace, issued with the softness of the breeze that Elijah heard on the mountain when God was near. 
Cardinal Charles Journet  Conversations on Mary 'Parole et Silence' Ed. 2001 
Bread From Heaven March 27 - Apparition of Our Lord to Our Lady after His Resurrection
"We believe that Mary is the Mother, who remained ever a Virgin, of the Incarnate Word, our God and Savior Jesus Christ" (cf Lumen Gentium, 53).
By the power of the Holy Spirit Jesus became incarnate from the Virgin Mary, and was made man. "In all truth I tell you, it was not Moses who gave you the bread from heaven, it is my Father who gives you the true bread from heaven. For the bread of God is He who comes down from heaven and gives life to the world" (Jn 6:32-33, 58).

He was the final Passover Lamb. But unlike other sacrificial lambs, this Lamb rose from the dead to give life to all those who put their trust in Him. "...unless you eat the flesh of the Son of man and drink His blood, you have no life in you.... For my flesh is real food and my blood is real drink" (Jn 6:53-55).

If only the world knew the full measure of God's love in giving us His only Son, born of the Virgin Mary, they would flock to the Eucharist - true Bread from Heaven - on bended knee.
The Twenty-seventh Day of March
        St. Aristobulus one of the seventy apostles Martyrdom of bishop of Abratabias performed many miracles
  260 St. Alexander Martyr companion of Sts. Malchus and Priscus
3rd v.  St. Alexander, soldier, in the time of Emperor Maximian. miracles
  350? Matrona of Thessalonica The Holy Martyr suffered in the third or fourth century
   394 ST JOHN OF EGYPT Wonderful cures effected by application to sick and blind of oil the man of God blessed.
  710 - 720 Rupert of Salzburg consecrated pagan temples to ChristianHe would remove all their doubts and scruples,
           comfort the afflicted, cure the sick, and heal the disorders of souls

  749 ST JOHN DAMASCENE, DOCTOR OF THE Church; last of Greek fathers; first of long line of Christian
        Aristotelians; one of 2
Eastern church great poets; the the other St Romanus the Melodist; birth commemorated
        on May 6. A duplex feast.
       St. Aristobulus one of the seventy apostles Martyrdom of bishop of Abratabias performed many miracles
        St. Alexander, a soldier At Drizipara in Hungary. Under the Emperor Maximian, after he had endured many
        sufferings for Christ, and had performed numerous miracles, he completed his martyrdom by being beheaded.
SS. Philetus, a senator, his wife Lydia, and his sons Maccdo and Theoprepius; also Amphilochius, a captain, and
       Chronides, a notary
In Illyria. After many tortures for confessing Christ, they gained the crown of glory.
Zanitas, Lazarus, Marotas, Narses, and five others In Persia, the birthday of the holy martyrs; savagely cut to
       pieces in the reign Of Sapor, King of the Persians, and so merited the palm of martyrdom.
St. Rupert, bishop/confessor, Salzburg in Austria, spread the Gospel wonderful manner in Bavarian /Austrian
1197 BD WILLIAM TEMPIER, BISHOP OF Poitiers; his tomb became a place of pilgrimage, because of the miracles
       of healing reported wrought there.

       Seven Priestly Virtues FROM SOLITUDE TO STORYTELLING
1888 Blessed Francis Faà di Bruno; founded Society of St. Zita for maids and domestic servants, expanding to include unmarried mothers, helped establish hostels for elderly and poor; oversaw construction of a Turin church dedicated to memory of Italian soldiers who lost lives in struggle over the Italy's unification

Seven Priestly Virtues FROM SOLITUDE TO STORYTELLING By Father William McNamara O.C.D.
Christ said, “I am the temple,” and at that crucial historical moment he shifted the axis of the whole world from buildings, cities, and even the home as the centre that held people together, and replaced that centre with something extremely personal and indispensable for mediating between estranged humanity and the ineffable Godhead: himself. As God – man he is the mediator. He is, by nature, in essence, priest.

When Jesus urged the fisherman to follow him, promising to make them fishers of men, he subsequently actualized that promise of the most essential ministry by sharing with them his won priestly power. They would be priests indeed: celebrating sacramentally what God has done and continues to do in Christ, and, with scorched lips and broken hearts, preaching the word of God. Not only preaching the word of God but vitally embodying it. If they do not embody it, they will die. If they do embody it, they will be killed. There is no other way to be a priest.

Then Jesus instituted the Church, not to organize religion (horrors!) but to personalize it: to keep the personal passionate presence of God alive forever at the creative centre of all Human affairs. The key to this personal contact with the transcendent is the priest. He is the warrant against human estrangement, alienation, illusory autonomy, natural reductionism, narcissistic hedonism and all the inevitable frustrations, addictions and desperations that are always the sad result of such a dehumanized, ungodly condition.

What can we do with a world ( modernity ) that will not transcend itself, that has lost touch with the sacred, with its centre and its source of life? Temple, church and palace have been abolished – or banalized. Everything has been profaned, that is, thrust outside of the sphere of the holy. Sacred mountains and groves are also gone; so that the world of man and nature is emptied of transcendent significance, of any ultimate meaning. No wonder there is a rebellion among the young against this drab, one – dimensional world, Hordes of young people are going to India to discover the sense of the sacred, the inner meaning of life which has been lost in the West. But, as Dom Bede Griffiths, O.S.B., sadly reassures us, India, too, is rapidly losing it.

Wherever modern civilization spreads, all holiness, all sense of the sacred, all sense of transcendent reality disappears. This decline of the West and diminution of the Spirit in the East is another dramatic Fall of Man. What can we do in the face of our narcissistic culture and in the path of techno – barbaric juggernaut? We can ordain priests. We should only do this on the condition that we have done our utmost to assure that their training in preparation for this incomparable ministry is better than ever before.
Martyrdom of St.Aristobulus one of the seventy apostles bishop of Abratabias performed many miracles.  
On this day St. Aristobulus, one of the seventy apostles that was chosen and sent to preach by the Lord before His passion, was martyred. He received along with the disciples the gifts of the Spirit the comforter, accompanied, ministered to them and preached with them the Life-giving Gospel. He turned many to the path of salvation, believed in the Lord Christ, baptized them and taught them the Divine commandments. The disciples ordained him bishop for the city of Abratabias, and he went there, preached it's people, performed many miracles, taught and baptized them. Many tribulations and humiliation befell him from the Jews and the Greeks, who threw him out many times, and cast him with stones.
Having finished his strife, he departed in peace. St. Paul had mentioned him in his Epistle to the Romans (Ch.16:10).
"To Greet Apelles, who is approved (has gone through so much for) in Christ.
Greet those who belong to the family of Aristobulus. "

May his prayers be with us. Amen.
St. Castor & Dorotheus early persecutions of Tarsus Martyrs in Cilicia.  
 Tarsi, in Cilícia, sanctórum Mártyrum Cástoris et Doróthei.
       At Tarsus in Cilicia, the holy martyrs Castor and Dorotheus.

Castor and Dorotheus MM (RM) Castor and Dorotheus were martyred in one of the early persecutions at Tarsus in Cilicia (Benedictines).
260 St. Alexander Martyr companion of Sts. Malchus and Priscus.  
 Cæsaréæ, in Palæstína, natális sanctórum Mártyrum Prisci, Malchi et Alexándri.  Hi tres, in persecutióne Valeriáni, cum in suburbáno agéllo supradíctæ urbis habitárent, atque in ea cæléstes martyrii proponeréntur corónæ, ultro Júdicem, divíno fídei calóre succénsi, ádeunt, et cur tantum in sánguinem piórum desævíret, objúrgant; quos ille contínuo, pro Christi nómine, béstiis trádidit devorándos.
       At Caesarea in Palestine, the birthday of the holy martyrs Priscus, Malchus, and Alexander.  In the persecution of Valerian, they were living the suburbs of Caesarea, but knowing that in the city the heavenly crown of martyrdom was to be gained, and burning with the divine ardour of faith, they went to the judge of their own accord, rebuked him for shedding in torrents the blood of the faithful, and were immediately condemned to be devoured by beasts for the Name of Christ.
The men, devout Christians in Caesarea, Palestine, were caught up in the persecutions conducted by Emperor Valerian. The martyrs were killed by wild beasts in an arena.

Martyrdom of the Saints Alexander, Agabius, Alexander, Timol (Timolaos), Dionysius, Romulus, and Blesius (Valesius)
        On this day also is the commemoration of the seven holy martyrs: Alexander the Egyptian, Agabius and Alexander from the city of Gaza, Timol (Timolaos) from Pontus, Dionysius from the city of Tripoli, and Romulus, and Blesius (Valesius) from the villages of Egypt. These men were joined together with the Christian love, and they came to the Governor of Caesarea, Palestine, and confessed before him the Lord Christ. They all were martyred and received the crown of martyrdom during the days of Diocletian.
May their prayers be with us and Glory be to God forever. Amen.

Priscus, Malchus & Alexander MM (RM) Died 260. This trio of martyrs was thrown to the wild beasts during the public games at Caesarea, Palestine, under Valerian. During the height of the persecution they had secretly reproached themselves for their cowardice in hiding. Unable to suppress the emotions they felt, they said to one another, "While the secure gate of heaven is open, shall we shut it against ourselves? Shall we be so faint-hearted as not to suffer for the name of Christ, who died for us? Our brethren invite us by their example: their blood is a loud voice, which presses us to tread in their steps. Shall we be deaf to a cry calling us to the combat, and to a glorious victory?" Full of the Holy Spirit, they returned to Caesarea and presented themselves to the governor as Christians. Some were struck with admiration at this act of courage, but it incite the judge. They were tried, tortured, and exposed to wild beasts in the arena. (Benedictines).
4th v. Saint Jonah was one of those martyred with Sts Jonah and Barachisius.  
The brothers Jonah and Barachisius were Christians who lived in the village of Yasa in Persia during the time of the emperor Sapor (310-331), a fierce persecutor of Christians.
Learning that Christians were being tortured in the city of Baravokh, they went there to the prison where Sts Zanithas, Lazarus, Maruthas, Narses, Elias, Marinus, Habib, Sivsithina and Sava were being held.
They encouraged them to adhere to the Christian Faith until the very end. The holy martyrs firmly confessed their faith in Christ and would not agree to the demands of the pagans. Therefore, they were subjected to fierce torments and death.
The bodies of the holy martyrs Jonah, Barachisius and the other martyrs were buried by a pious Christian named Habdisotes.
St. Rogatus band of 18 martyrs put to death in proconsular Africa.  
In Africa sanctórum Mártyrum Rogáti, Succéssi et aliórum séxdecim.
       In Africa, the holy martyrs Rogatus, Successus, and sixteen others.

One of a group of eighteen martyrs put to death in Roman Africa during the persecution of the Church under the Romans. Successus was one of these martyrs.

Rogatus, Successus & Comp. MM (RM) Date unknown. A band of 18 martyrs put to death in proconsular Africa (Benedictines).
  3rd v. Drizíparæ, in Pannónia, sancti Alexándri mílitis, qui, sub Maximiáno Imperatóre, post multos pro Christo agónes superátos múltaque mirácula édita, cápitis abscissióne martyrium complévit.
      At Drizipara in Hungary, St. Alexander, soldier, in the time of Emperor Maximian.  Having overcome many torments for the sake of Christ, and performing many miracles, his martyrdom was completed by beheading.

350? Matrona of Thessalonica The Holy Martyr suffered in the third or fourth century
She was a slave of the Jewish woman Pautila (or Pantilla), wife of one of the military commanders of Thessalonica. Pautila constantly mocked her slave for her faith in Christ, and tried to convert her to Judaism. St Matrona, who believed in Christ from her youth, still prayed to the Savior Christ, and secretly went to church unbeknownst to her vengeful mistress.

Pautila, learning that St Matrona had been to church, asked, "Why won't you come to our synagogue, instead of attending the Christian church?" St Matrona boldly answered, "Because God is present in the Christian church, but He has departed from the Jewish synagogue." Pautila went into a rage and mercilessly beat St Matrona, tied her up, and shut her in a dark closet. In the morning, Pautila discovered that St Matrona had been freed of her bonds by an unknown Power.

In a rage Pautila beat the martyr almost to death, then bound her even more tightly and locked her in the closet. The door was sealed so that no one could help the sufferer. The holy martyr remained there for four days without food or water, and when Pautila opened the door, she again found St Matrona free of her bonds, and standing at prayer.

Pautila flogged the holy martyr and left the skin hanging in strips from her body. The fierce woman locked her in the closet again, where St Matrona gave up her spirit to God.

Pautila had the holy martyr's body thrown from the roof of her house. Christians took up the much-suffered body of the holy martyr and buried it. Later, Bishop Alexander of Thessalonica built a church dedicated to the holy martyr. Her holy relics, glorified by many miracles, were placed in this church.

The judgment of God soon overtook the evil Pautila. Standing on the roof at that very place where the body of St Matrona had been thrown, she stumbled and fell to the pavement. Her body was smashed, and so she received her just reward for her sin.

394 ST JOHN OF EGYPT Wonderful cures were effected by the application to the sick and blind of oil which the man of God had blessed.
 In Ægypto sancti Joánnis Eremítæ, magnæ sanctitátis viri, qui, inter cétera virtútum insígnia, étiam prophético spíritu plenus, Theodósio Imperatóri victórias de tyránnis Máximo et Eugénio prædíxit.
       In Egypt, the hermit St. John, a man of great sanctity, who, among other virtues, was filled with the spirit of prophecy, and predicted to Emperor Theodosius his victories over the tyrants Maximus and Eugene.

EXCEPTING St Antony, no desert hermit acquired such widespread fame as St John of Egypt, who was consulted by emperors and whose praises were sung by St Jerome, Palladius, Cassian, St Augustine and many others.

He was born in the Lower Thebaid at Lycopolis, the site of the present city of Asyut, and was brought up to the trade of a carpenter. At the age of twenty-five, he abandoned the world and placed himself under the direction of an aged anchoret, who for ten or twelve years trained him in obedience and self-surrender. John obeyed unquestioningly, however unreasonable the task imposed: for a whole year, at the command of his spiritual father, he daily watered a dry stick as though it had been a live plant and carried out other equally ridiculous orders. He continued thus until the old man’s death, and it is to his humility and ready obedience that Cassian attributes the extraordinary gifts which he afterwards received from God. Another four or five years seem to have been spent in visiting various monasteries. Finally he retired to the top of a steep hill near Lycopolis and made in the rock a succession of three little cells—one as a bedroom, another as a workroom and living-room, and the third as an oratory. He then walled himself up, leaving only a little window through which he received the necessaries of life and spoke to those who visited him. During five days of the week he conversed only with God, but on Saturdays and Sundays men—but not women—had free access to him for his instructions and spiritual advice. He never ate until sunset, and his fare was dried fruit and veget­ables. At first and until he became inured, he suffered severely because he would not eat bread or anything that had been cooked by fire, but he continued this diet from his fortieth year until he was ninety.

He founded no community, but was regarded as a father by all the ascetics of the neighbourhood, and when his visitors became so numerous that it seemed necessary to build a hospice for their reception, the establishment was managed by his disciples.
   St John was especially famous for his prophecies, his miracles and his power of reading the thoughts and of discovering the secret sins of those who visited him. Wonderful cures were effected by the application to the sick and blind of oil which the man of God had blessed. Of his many prophecies the most celebrated were those made to the Emperor Theodosius I. John told him that he would be victorious against Maximus, and Theodosius thereupon confidently took the offensive and defeated him. So again in 392, four years later, when Eugenius seized the empire of the West, Theodosius once more had recourse to the recluse. He sent the eunuch Eutropius into Egypt with instructions to bring back St John if possible, but in any case to find out from him whether he should march against Eugenius or await his attack. The saint refused to leave his cell, but sent word that Theodosius would be victorious, though at the price of much blood, and that he would not long survive his triumph. The prediction was fulfilled: Eugenius was defeated on the plains of Aquileia and Theodosius died less than six months later.

Shortly before St John’s death he was visited by Palladius, who gives a most interesting account of his journey and reception. The venerable hermit told him that he was destined one day to be consecrated bishop, and made other disclosures of things of which he could not normally have knowledge. Similarly, when some monks came from Jerusalem, John recognized at once that one of them was a deacon, though the fact had been suppressed. The recluse was then ninety years of age and died shortly afterwards. Divinely warned of his approaching end, he had shut his window and commanded that no one should come near him for three days. He died peacefully at the end of that period, when on his knees at prayer. In 1901 the cell he had occupied was discovered near Asyut.

The Bollandists in the Acta Sanctorum (March, vol. iii) have extracted the principal references made to St John of Egypt in Palladius’s Lausiac History, in the Historia Mona­chorum, and elsewhere. For the text of Palladius we have to consult C. Butler, or Lucot for the Historia Monachorum, see Preuschen, Palladius und Rufinus.

  434 450? Hesychius Priest famous exegete of Jerusalem.  
Saint Hesychius was a priest and a famous exegete of Jerusalem (Encyclopedia).

The writings of Hesychius of Jerusalem have been in part lost, in part handed down and edited as the work of other authors, and some are still buried in libraries in MS. Whoever would collect and arrange the fragments of Hesychius which have come down to us must go back to the MSS.; for in the last edition of the Fathers (P.G., XCIII, 787-1560) the works of various writers named Hesychius are thrown together without regard for order under the heading "Hesychius, Presbyter of Jerusalem".

450 St. Hesychius of Jerusalem
Not only is the name of today's saint a bit hard to pronounce and spell. It's also difficult to learn about such a modest and gentle man who lived in the fourth and fifth century and who is better known in the Russian Orthodox Church.

The birth date of Hesychius (pronounced HESH-us) is unclear, but we know that he was a priest and monk who wrote a history of the Church, unfortunately lost. He also wrote about many of the burning issues of his day. These included the heresy of Nestorianism, which held that there were two separate persons in Jesus—one human, one divine—and the heresy of Arianism, which denied the divinity of Christ. Some of his commentaries on the books of the Bible as well, along with meditations on the prophets and homilies on the Blessed Virgin Mary, still survive.

It's believed Hesychius delivered Easter homilies in the basilica in Jerusalem thought to be the place of the crucifixion.

His words on the Eucharist, written centuries ago, speak to us today: "Keep yourselves free from sin so that every day you may share in the mystic meal; by doing so our bodies become the body of Christ." Hesychius died around the year 450
  513 Spes of Campi Abbot regained eyesight 15 days before death 40 yrs blind.  
 Apud Núrsiam sancti Spei Abbátis, miræ patiéntiæ viri, cujus ánima (ut refert sanctus Gregórius Papa), cum ex hac vita migráret, in colúmbæ spécie a cunctis frátribus visa est in cælum ascéndere.
       At Norcia, Abbot St. Spes, a man of extraordinary patience, whose soul at its departure from this life (as Pope St. Gregory relates) was seen by all his brethren to ascend to heaven in the shape of a dove.
Though totally blind for forty years, Saint Spes, abbot of Campi in central Italy, regained his eyesight 15 days before his death (Attwater2, Benedictines).
592 Saint Guntramnus, King protector of oppressed care-giver to sick many miracles performed before and after death (Saint Gregory of Tours)
 Cabillóne, in Gálliis, deposítio sancti Gunthrámni, Regis Francórum, qui spiritálibus actiónibus ita se mancipávit, ut, relíctis, sæculi pompis, thesáuros suos lárgiter Ecclésiis et paupéribus erogáret.
       At Chalons in France, the death of St. Guntram, king of the Franks, who devoted himself to exercises of piety, despising the ostentation of the world, and who bestowed his treasures on the Church and the poor.
( (RM)
(also known as Contran, Gontran, Gontram, Gunthrammus)
Died March 28, 592. Saint Guntramnus, son of King Clotaire and Saint Clothildis, was crowned king of Orléans and Burgundy in 561, while his brothers Charibert reigned in Paris and Sigebert at Metz.

In general, his life was that of a peacemaker. He protected his nephews against the wickedness of the dowager queens, Sigebert's Brunehault and Chilperic's Fredegonde.  But he had a period of intemperance. He divorced his wife, Mercatrude, and hastily ordered the execution of his physician. He was overcome with remorse and lamented these sins for the rest of his life, both for himself and for his nation. In atonement, he fasted, prayed, wept, and offered himself to the God he had offended.

Throughout the balance of his prosperous reign he gave examples of how the maxims of the Gospel could be rendered into effective policy. He was the protector of the oppressed, care-giver to the sick, and the tender parent to his subjects. He was open-handed with his wealth, especially in times of plague and famine. He strictly and justly enforced the law without respect to person, yet was ever ready to forgive offenses against himself, including two attempted assassins.

Guntramnus munificently built and endowed many churches and monasteries. Saint Gregory of Tours relates many miracles performed by the king, both before and after his death, some of which he witnessed himself.

At the time of his death, Guntramnus had reigned for 31 years. Almost immediately he was proclaimed a saint by his subjects. He was buried in the church of Saint Marcellus, which he had founded. The Huguenots, who scattered his ashes in the 16th century, left only his skull untouched in their fury. It is now kept there in a silver case (Attwater2, Benedictines, Husenbeth)

In art, Saint Guntramnus is depicted as a king finding treasure and giving it to the poor. Sometimes there may be three treasure chests before him, a globe, and cross on one (Roeder).
710 - 720 Rupert of Salzburg consecrated pagan temples to Christian; He would remove all their doubts and scruples, comfort the afflicted, cure the sick, and heal the disorders of souls OSB B (RM)
 Salisbúrgi, in Nórico, sancti Rupérti, Epíscopi et Confessóris, qui apud Bávaros et Nóricos Evangélium mirífice propagávit.
       At Salzburg in Austria, St. Rupert, bishop and confessor, who spread the Gospel extensively in Bavaria and Austria.

(also known as Hrodbert, Robert, Rupprecht)  Died in Salzburg, Austria, on March 27, c. 710-720; feast day formerly March 27; feast of the translation of his relics is kept in Bavaria and Austria September 25.
There have been varying opinions as to where Rupert was born and when (with variations of 100 years). While more reliable sources make him a Frankish nobleman, others, including Colgan insist he was an Irishman with the Gaelic name Robertach.
   From his youth he was renowned for his learning, extraordinary virtues, austerity, and charity that sought to impoverish himself to enrich the poor. People came from remote provinces to receive his advice. He would remove all their doubts and scruples, comfort the afflicted, cure the sick, and heal the disorders of souls. His virtuous life led to him being consecrated bishop of Worms, Germany, from where he began his missionary work in southern Bavaria and Austria. (One version says he was expelled by the pagans at Worms, others that he was simply a zealous, evangelical Christian.)

Rupert travelled to Regensburg (Ratisbon) with a small company about 697, perhaps with credentials from the French King Childebert III, or because Duke Theodo of Bavaria had heard of his reputation for miracles and invited him. They went to Duke Theodo, whose permission they needed to proceed. While Theodo was not a Christian, his sister, Bagintrude, is said to be one. He agreed to listen to their preaching and was converted and baptized. Many of the leading men and women of the land followed the duke's example and embraced Christianity, which had been preached there 200 years earlier by Saint Severinus of Noricum.

Instead of knocking down pagan temples, as many missionaries did, Rupert preferred to consecrate them as Christian churches. For example, those at Regensburg and Altötting were soon altered for Christian services. (It is said that the statue of the Blessed Mother at Altötting was brought there from Ireland by an Irishman named Rupert.) Where there was no suitable temple to adapt churches were built, and Regensburg became primarily Christian. God confirmed Rupert's preaching by many miracles. Soon the missionary work met with such success that many more helpers from Franconia were needed to meet the spiritual needs of Rupert's converts.

The group continued down the Danube, converting still more. After Ratisbon, the capital, the next seat of his labors was Laureacum, now called Lorch, where he healed several diseases by prayer, and won many other souls to Christ. But in neither of these flourishing towns did Rupert establish his bishopric. He made the old, fallen-down town of Juvavum, given to him by the duke of Bavaria, his headquarters. The town was restored and he named it Salzburg (Salt Fortress). There with the help of his companions Saints Virgilius, Chuniald, and Gislar, Rupert founded Saint Peter's church and monastery with a school along the lines of the Irish monasteries.

He made a trip home to gather twelve more recruits. His sister, Saint Ermentrudis, entered a convent he founded at Nonnberg (setting for The sound of music) and became its first abbess. He did much to foster the operation of the salt mines. Rupert, the first archbishop of Salzburg, is considered to be the Apostle of Bavaria and Austria. He died on Easter Day after having said Mass and preached the Good News. Thereafter, he became so renowned that countries such as Ireland claimed him as a native son and celebrate his memory liturgically. The Duchy of Salzburg cast his likeness with that of the Saint Virgilius on the coin of the realm called a rubentaler (Attwater, Attwater2, Benedictines, Bentley, D'Arcy, Encyclopedia, Farmer, Gougaud, Husenbeth, Kenney, Walsh, White).

The Saint Pachomius Library contains two versions of the Life of Saint Robert.

Rupert's emblem in art is a barrel of salt, because of his association with the reopening of the salt mines. He may be shown holding a basket of eggs; baptizing Duke Theodo(re) of Bavaria; or with Saint Virgilius of Salzburg (Farmer, Roeder, White).

Saint Rupert de Salzburg, évêque.
(Hrodbert, Robert, Rupprecht)

Mort à Salzburg, Autriche, le 27 mars, vers 710-720; ancien jour de fête le 27 mars; la fête de la translation de ses reliques, de nos jours, en Bavière et Autriche, le 25 septembre.

Sur où et quand Rupert est né, il y a toujours eu divergences d'opinions (avec des variations de 100 ans). Cependant que les sources plus fiables en font un noble Franc, d'autres, y compris Colgan, insistent sur le fait qu'il aurait été Irlandais, portant le nom gaélique de Robertach. Dès sa jeunesse, il était renommé pour son érudition, ses vertus extraordinaires, son austérité, et sa charité, cherchant à s'appauvrir en enrichissant les pauvres. Les gens venaient de provinces éloignées pour recevoir son conseil. Il levait tous leurs doutes et leurs scrupules, réconfortait l'affligé, guérissait le malade, de corps et d'âme. Sa vie vertueuse l'amena à se retrouver sacré évêque de Worms, Allemagne, d'où il entama son travail de missionnaire en Bavière et en Autriche méridionale. (Une version dit qu'il a été expulsé par les païens de Worms, d'autres qu'il était simplement un Chrétien zélé et évangélique.)

Rupert voyagea à Regensburg (Ratisbon) avec une petite compagnie vers 697, peut-être avec l'accréditation du Roi Franc Childebert III, ou parce que Theodo, Duc de Bavière, avait entendu parler de sa réputation de thaumaturge et l'avait invité. Ils sont allés voir le duc Theodo, dont ils avaient besoin de la permission pour continuer. Bien que Theodo n'était pas Chrétien, sa soeur, Bagintrude, l'était. Il consenti à écouter leur prédication et se converti et reçut le saint Baptême. Beaucoup d'hommes et de femmes influents de ses terres suivirent l'exemple du duc et embrassèrent le Christianisme, qui avaient été prêché là-bas 200 ans plus tôt par saint Severin de Noricum (8 janvier).

Au lieu de renverser les temples païens, comme tant de missionnaires l'ont fait, Rupert a préféré les consacrer comme églises chrétiennes. Par exemple, ceux de Regensburg et d'Altoetting ont été bientôt transformés pour les Offices Chrétiens. (On rapporte que la statue de la Mère de Dieu à Altoetting y a été amenée d'Irlande par un Irlandais nommé Rupert.) Où il n'y avait pas de temple convenable à adapter, des églises ont été construites, et Regensburg est devenu essentiellement chrétien. Dieu confirma les prédications de Rupert par beaucoup de miracles. Bientôt son travail de missionnaire rencontra un tel succès que de nombreux aides de Franconie furent nécessaires pour répondre aux besoins spirituel des convertis de Rupert.

Le groupe continua vers le bas du Danube, convertissant toujours plus. Après Ratisbon, la capitale, le prochain lieu de ses oeuvres était "Laureacum," l'actuelle Lorch, où il guérit plusieurs malades par la prière, et gagna beaucoup d'autres âmes au Christ. Mais Ruppert n'établit son évêché dans aucune ces villes florissantes. Il fit son siège de la vieille et désafectée ville de Juvavum, donné à lui par le duc de Bavière. La ville fut restaurée et il la nomma Salzburg (la Forteresse de Sel). Là-bas à l'aide de ses compagnons saints Virgile (27 novembre), Chuniald (24 septembre), et Gislar (24 septembre), Rupert fonda l'église et le monastère de saint Pierre, avec une école sur le modèle des monastères Irlandais.

Il fît un voyage à la maison pour rassembler 12 recrues de plus. Sa soeur, sainte Ermentrude (30 juin), entra au couvent qu'il avait fondé à Nonnberg (s'occupant du "Son de la Musique") et en devint sa première abbesse. Il fît beaucoup pour encourager les travaux des mines de sel. Rupert, premier archevêque de Salzburg, est considéré comme l'Apôtre de Bavière et d'Autriche. Il mourrut le Jour de Pâques. Par la suite, il est devenu si renommé que des pays tels qu'Irlande l'ont réclamé comme un fils natal et célèbrent sa mémoire liturgiquement. Le Duché de Salzburg représente son portrait avec celui de saint Virgile sur une pièce du royaume appelée un rubentaler (Attwater, Attwater2, Bénédictins, Bentley, D'Arcy, Encyclopaedia, Farmer, Gougaud, Husenbeth, Kenney, Walsh, White).

L'emblème de Rupert dans l'art est un baril de sel, à cause de son association avec le réouverture des mines de sel. Il peut être montré tenant un panier d'oeufs; baptisant le duc Theodo(re) de Bavière; ou avec saint Virgile de Salzburg (Farmer, Roeder, White).
749 ST JOHN DAMASCENE, DOCTOR OF THE Church; last of Greek fathers; first of long line of Christian Aristotelians; one of 2 Eastern church great poets; the the other St Romanus the Melodist
 Sancti Joánnis Damascéni, Presbyteri, Confessóris et Ecclésiæ Doctóris, cujus dies natális ágitur prídie Nonas Maji.
St. John Damascene, priest, confessor, and doctor of the Church, whose birthday is commemorated on the 6th of May.
ST JOHN OF DAMASCUS, the last of the Greek fathers and the first of the long line of Christian Aristotelians, was also one of the two greatest poets of the Eastern church, the other being St Romanus the Melodist.
    The whole of the life of St John was spent under the government of a Mohammedan khalif, and it exhibits the strange spectacle of a Christian father of the Church protected from a Christian emperor, whose heresy he was able to attack with impunity because he lived under Moslem rule. He and St Theodore Studites were the principal and the ablest defenders of the cult us of sacred images in the bitterest period of the Iconoclastic controversy. As a theological and philosophical writer he made no attempt at originality, for his work was rather to compile and arrange what his predecessors had written. Still, in theological questions he remains the ultimate court of appeal among the Greeks, and his treatise Of the Orthodox Faith is still to the Eastern schools what the Summa of St Thomas Aquinas became to the West.

    The Moslem rulers of Damascus, where St John was born, were not unjust to their Christian subjects, although they required them to pay a poll tax and to submit to other humiliating conditions. They allowed both Christians and Jews to occupy important posts, and in many cases to acquire great fortunes. The khalif’s doctor was nearly always a Jew, whilst Christians were employed as scribes, administrators and architects.
Amongst the officials at his court in 675 was a Christian called John, who held the post of chief of the revenue department—an office which seems to have become hereditary in his family. He was the father of our saint, and the surname of al-Mansur which the Arabs gave him was afterwards transferred to the son.

    The younger John was born about the year 690 and was baptized in infancy. With regard to his early education, if we may credit his biographer,
His father took care to teach him, not how to ride a horse, not how to wield a spear, not to hunt wild beasts and change his natural kindness into brutal cruelty, as happens to many. John, his father, a second Chiron, did not teach him all this, but he sought a tutor learned in all science, skilful in every form of knowledge, who would produce good words from his heart; and he handed over his son to him to be nourished with this kind of food.
Afterwards he was able to provide another teacher, a monk called Cosmas, "beautiful in appearance and still more beautiful in soul", whom the Arabs had brought back from Sicily amongst other captives. John the elder had to pay a great price for him, and well he might for, if we are to believe our chronicler, “ he knew grammar and logic, as much arithmetic as Pythagoras and as much geometry as Euclid, He taught all the sciences, but especially theology, to the younger John and also to a boy whom the elder John seems to have adopted, who also was called Cosmas, and who became a poet and a singer, subsequently accompanying his adopted brother to the monastery in which they both became monks.
    In spite of his theological training St John does not seem at first to have contemplated any career except that of his father, to whose office he succeeded. Even at court he was able freely to live a Christian life, and he became remarkable there for his virtues and especially for his humility. Nevertheless, after filling his responsible post for some years, St John resigned office, and went to be a monk in the laura of St Sabas (Mar Saba) near Jerusalem. It is still a moot point whether his earlier works against the iconoclasts were written while he was still at Damascus, but the best authorities since the days of the Dominican Le Quien, who edited his works in 1712, incline to the opinion that he had become a monk before the outbreak of the persecution, and that all three treatises were composed at St Sabas. In any case John and Cosmas settled down amongst the brethren and occupied their spare time in writing books and composing hymns.
    It might have been thought that the other monks would appreciate the presence amongst them of so doughty a champion of the faith as John, but this was far from being the case. They said the new-comers were introducing disturbing elements. It was bad enough to write books, but it was even worse to compose and sing hymns, and the brethren were scandalized. The climax came when, at the request of a monk whose brother had died, John wrote a hymn on death and sang it to a sweet tune of his own composition. His master, an old monk whose cell he shared, rounded upon him in fury and ejected him from the cell. “Is this the way you forget your vows?
he exclaimed. “ Instead of mourning and weeping, you sit in joy and delight yourself by singing.” He would only permit him to return at the end of several days, on condition that he should go round the laura and clear up all the filth with his own hands.

St John obeyed unquestioningly, but in the visions of the night our Lady appeared to the old monk
and told him to allow his disciple to write as many books and as much poetry as he liked.

    From that time onwards St John was able to devote his time to study and to his literary work. The legend adds that he was sometimes sent, perhaps for the good of his soul, to sell baskets in the streets of Damascus where he had once occupied so high a post. It must, however, be confessed that these details, written by his biographer more than a century after the saint’s death, are of very questionable authority.
    If the monks at St Sabas did not value the two friends, there were others outside who did. The patriarch of Jerusalem, John V, knew them well by reputation and wished to have them amongst his clergy. First he took Cosmas and made him bishop of Majuma, and afterwards he ordained John priest and brought him to Jerusalem.{note: John V died 686}. St Cosmas, we are told, ruled his flock admirably until his death, but St John soon returned to his monastery. He revised his writings carefully, “and wherever they flourished with blossoms of rhetoric, or seemed superfluous in style, he prudently reduced them to a sterner gravity, lest they should have any display of levity or want of dignity
    His works in defence of eikons had become known and read everywhere, and had earned him the hatred of the persecuting emperors. If his enemies never succeeded in injuring him, it was only because he never crossed the frontier into the Roman empire. The rest of his life was spent in writing theology and poetry at St Sabas, where he died at an advanced age. He was proclaimed doctor of the Church in 1890.
    The gospel of the man with the withered hand, which is appointed in the Roman Missal for the Mass of St John Damascene, refers to a story once widely credited but now regarded as apocryphal. When the saint was still revenue officer at Damascus, the Emperor Leo III, who hated him but could not take him openly, sought to destroy him by guile. He therefore forged a letter purporting to have been written to him by John to inform him that Damascus was poorly defended and to offer his aid in case he should attack it. This forgery Leo sent to the khalif with a note to the effect that he hated treachery and wished his friend to know how his official was behaving. The infuriated khalif had John’s right hand cut off, but sent him the severed member at his request. The saint bore it into his private chapel and prayed in hexameter verse before an image of the Mother of God. By our Lady’s intercession it was joined again to his body and was immediately employed to write a thanksgiving.

The formal biography of the saint written in Greek by John of Jerusalem about a century and a half after his death is pretentious in style and untrustworthy in the data it supplies. It is possibly no more than a translation of an Arabic original (see the Analecta Bollandiana, vol. xxxiii, 1914, pp. 78—81). It was edited by Le Quien and is reprinted in Migne (PG., vol. xciv, cc. 429—490) with Le Quien’s valuable comments. The brief notice of John Damascene in the Synax. Constant. (ed. Delehaye, cc. 279—280) is probably more reliable. There is an excellent account of St John by J. H. Lupton in DCB., vol. iii, pp. 409—423, and by Dr A. Fortescue in his book, The Greek Fathers, pp. 202—248. A still fuller and more up-to-date estimate of the work of this great doctor of the Church is that of M. Jugie in DTC., vol. viii, cc. 693—755, where his writings and theological teaching sre discussed in detail. See also J. Nasrallah, S. Jean de Damas (1950).

750 St. Gundelindis Benedictine succeeded St. Ottilia as abbess of Niedermunster.
also called Gwendoline. She was the daughter of the duke of Alsace, France, and a niece of St. Ottilia.
Gundelindis of Niedermünster, OSB V (AC) (also known as Guendelindis)
Died c. 750. Saint Gundelindis, daughter of the duke of Alsace and niece of Saint Ottilia, succeeded her aunt as abbess in the convent of Niedermünster (Benedictines).
815 St Stephen the Confessor Igumen of Triglia Monastery
suffered under the iconoclast emperor Leo the Armenian (813-820). From a young age, the holy ascetic dedicated his life to God and received monastic tonsure. He later became head of the Triglia monastery near Constantinople.

When persecution again began against holy icons, the saintly igumen was summoned for questioning, and they tried to force him to sign a document rejecting the veneration of icons.

St Stephen steadfastly refused to betray Orthodoxy and he boldly denounced the emperor for his impiety.
They subjected the saint to cruel torments, after which they sent him to prison in the year 815.

Weakened and sick, the holy Confessor Stephen soon died in prison from his sufferings.
830 + Saint Kortyla one of the ten or twelve Irish bishops of Verden B (D'Arcy).  
830 The Holy Martyr Boyan, Prince of Bulgaria filled with a love of prayer, fasting and contemplation of God.
Suffered for Christ around the year 830. When his pagan brother Malomir [Vladimir] ascended the Bulgarian throne, Prince Boyan asked him to free the learned Christian Kinamon, who had been in prison for a long time for refusing to participate in pagan sacrifices under Prince Obrit (Krutogon), Prince Malomir's predecessor.

Malomir consented and gave Kinamon to Prince Boyan as a slave. Boyan spoke to Kinamon about Christianity, telling him of the errors of paganism and that belief in Christ is necessary for salvation. At the end of their conversation he told the prince, "Without Jesus Christ there is no light for the mind, no life for the soul. He alone is the Teacher of mankind and our Savior. By His death, He has reconciled fallen mankind with God. If you do not wish to perish, believe in the Lord Jesus."
Prince Boyan recognized the truth of his words, and was inspired to ask for Baptism.
The newly-converted prince was filled with a love of prayer, fasting and contemplation of God. Malomir, learning about the conversion of his brother to Christianity, demanded that he renounce the Christian Faith and return to paganism.
Instead, the holy Prince Boyan answered, "I despise the pagan idols and I revere Christ, the true God. No one shall separate me from the love of Christ." Malomir, hearing his brother's reply, sentenced him to death.

Before his martyric death, the holy martyr-prince declared: "The faith for which I now die will spread throughout the Bulgarian land. You vainly imagine that you will stop it by killing me. Temples to the true God will be built, and priests will offer Him true worship. The idols and their foul sacrifices, however, will vanish."
Then he said to his brother Malomir, "You will gain nothing from your cruelty, and death will soon overtake you."
The holy martyr was killed by the sword, and his predictions to his brother were the first to be fulfilled. Malomir soon died, and since he had no heir, his elder brother Presian (836-852) succeeded to the throne. Prince Presian's son, the holy Prince Boris, in holy Baptism Michael (May 2) later Christianized the Bulgarian nation.
Thus the prophecy of the holy Martyr Prince Boyan was fulfilled.
915 St. Tutilo Monk artist adherence to obedience recollection.
A member of the Benedictines at St. Gall, Switzerland, he distinguished himself through his abilities as a painter, sculptor, musician, poet, metalworker, and orator there. He taught at the abbey school and was noted for his particular adherence to obedience.

Tutilo of Saint-Gall, OSB (AC) Died at Saint-Gall, Switzerland, c. 915. The handsome, eloquent, quick-witted Saint Tutilo was a giant in strength and stature and a friend of Saint Notker Balbulus, with whom he received musical training from Moengal. Tutilo, a monk of Saint-Gall, may have been Tuathal, a younger member of the party of the Irish Bishop Marcus and his nephew who stopped at the abbey on their return from Rome. Tutilo was a painter, musician and composer of music for harp and other strings, poet, orator, architect, metal worker, mechanic, head of the cloister school, and sculptor, but he is best known for his obedience, recollection, and aversion to publicity. Some of his paintings can be found in Constance, Metz, Saint-Gall, and Mainz. The chapel in which he was buried, dedicated to Saint Catherine, was later renamed for him (Attwater2, Benedictines, D'Arcy, Encyclopedia, Fitzpatrick2).
1197 BD WILLIAM TEMPIER, BISHOP OF Poitiers; his tomb became a place of pilgrimage, because of the miracles of healing reported wrought there.

BD WILI.IAM TEMPIER, the forty-sixth bishop of Poitiers and the third to bear the name of William, was born at Poitiers. At a very early age he entered the monastery of St Hilaire-de-la-Celle in his native city and became one of the canons regular. He was remarkable for his piety and austerity and rose to be superior. In 1184 he was chosen to succeed Bishop John in the episcopal chair of Poitiers. A strenuous opponent of simony and of any secular control of ecclesiastical affairs, he had to endure persecution and calumny in defence of the rights of the Church. Dying in 1197, he was buried behind the high altar of the church of St Cyprian in Poitiers, and his tomb became a place of pilgrimage, because of the miracles of healing reported wrought there.
See the Acta Sanctorum, March, vol. iii.
1236 St. Conon Basilian abbot Greek monastery at Nesi Sicily holiness worker of miracles Italy.  
Conon of Nesi, Abbot (AC) Died 1236. A Basilian monk and abbot of the Greek monastery of Nesi in Sicily, Saint Conon was revered for his holiness demonstrated by the working of miracles (Attwater2, Benedictines).
1346 St. Venturino of Bergamo Dominican preacher missionary crusader.
A native of Bergamo, Italy, he joined the Dominicans in 1319 and soon distinguished himself as a brilliant preacher, attracting huge crowds throughout northern Italy. Pleased with his ability to reach large numbers of believers, he announced in 1335 his intention to go on a pilgrimage to Rome. When Pope Benedict XII (r. 1334-1342) learned of the pilgrimage, he feared Venturino might be planning to crown himself pope, and so forbade the friar to proceed. This decree was joined by one issued by the Dominicans themselves at the Chapter in London (1335). Ignorant of these bans, Venturino proceeded to Rome and then to Avignon where he was arrested and imprisoned until 1343.
St. Venturino of Bergamo is also known for helping to organize a crusade, at the behest of Pope Clement VI (r. 1342-1352), against the Turks who were then menacing Europe.
1476 St Hilarion of Gdov and Pskov Lake; high level of pious and ascetic life.
A disciple of St Euphrosynus of Pskov (May 15). In 1460 on the banks of the River Zhelcha, not far from Gdov, he founded the Ozersk [Lake] Monastery of the Protection of the Mother of God. The monastery bordered the territory of the Livonian Knights, and the monks constantly suffered the incursions of that military order. Despite harsh conditions and insufficient means, St Hilarion maintained a high level of pious and ascetic life at the monastery, and made great efforts to adorn and build up the monastery.

St Hilarion reposed on March 28, 1476 and was buried in the church of the Protection of the Most Holy Theotokos in the monastery he founded. Afterwards, a church was built at the monastery in honor of the Nativity of Christ. The left chapel was dedicated to the founder of the Gdov monastery.
St Hilarion of Gdov is also commemorated on October 21, on the Feast of his heavenly patron and namesake.
1588 St. James Claxton, Blessed  devout Catholic Martyr in England.
A native of Yorkshire and a devout Catholic, he studied at Reims and was ordained in 1582. Returning home to conduct missionary work in his former region, he was soon arrested and hanged, drawn, and quartered at Isleworth.
 Sancti Joánnis de Capistráno, Sacerdótis ex Ordine Minórum et Confessóris, cujus memória recólitur décimo Kaléndas Novémbris.
       St. John Capistrano, confessor, a priest of the Order of Friars Minor, who is mentioned on the 23rd of October.
1888 Blessed Francis Faà di Bruno; founded Society of St. Zita for maids and domestic servants, expanding to include unmarried mothers, helped establish hostels for elderly and poor; oversaw construction of a Turin church dedicated to memory of Italian soldiers who lost lives in struggle over the Italy's unification
Francis, the last of 12 children, was born in northern Italy into an aristocratic family. He lived at a particularly turbulent time in history, when anti-Catholic and anti-papal sentiments were especially strong.

After being trained as a military officer, Francis was spotted by King Victor Emmanuel II, who was impressed with the young man's character and learning. Invited by the king to tutor his two young sons, Francis agreed and prepared himself with additional studies. But with the role of the Church in education being a sticking point for many, the king was forced to withdraw his offer to the openly Catholic Francis and, instead, find a tutor more suitable to the secular state.

Francis soon left army life behind and pursued doctoral studies in Paris in mathematics and astronomy; he also showed a special interest in religion and asceticism. Despite his commitment to the scholarly life, Francis put much of his energy into charitable activities. He founded the Society of St. Zita for maids and domestic servants, later expanding it to include unmarried mothers, among others. He helped establish hostels for the elderly and poor. He even oversaw the construction of a church in Turin that was dedicated to the memory of Italian soldiers who had lost their lives in the struggle over the unification of Italy.

Wishing to broaden and deepen his commitment to the poor, Francis, then well into adulthood, studied for the priesthood. But first he had to obtain the support of Pope Pius IX to counteract the opposition to his own archbishop's difficulty with late vocations. Francis was ordained at the age of 51.

As a priest, he continued his good works, sharing his inheritance as well as his energy. He established yet another hostel, this time for prostitutes. He died in Turin on March 27, 1888, and was beatified 100 years later.

Comment:    It wasn’t Francis’ lack of scholarly ability or deep-down goodness that almost kept him from the priesthood, but his bishop’s distrust of “late vocations.” Until the later part of the 20th century, most candidates for the priesthood entered the seminary right out of grade school. Today no bishop would refuse a middle-aged applicant—especially someone whose care for people in need is constant. Francis is a holy reminder that God’s call to reassess our life’s direction can reach us at any age.

 Sunday Saints of this Day March 27 Sexto Kaléndas Aprílis  
On Death and Life
"Man Needs Eternity -- and Every Other Hope, for Him, Is All Too Brief"
Пресвятая Богородице спаси нас!
   (Santíssima Mãe de Deus, salva-nos!)

40 Days for Life  11,000+ saved lives in 2015
We are the defenders of true freedom.
  May our witness unveil the deception of the "pro-choice" slogan.
40 days for Life Campaign saves lives Shawn Carney Campaign Director
Please help save the unborn they are the future for the world

It is a great poverty that a child must die so that you may live as you wish -- Mother Teresa
 Saving babies, healing moms and dads, 'The Gospel of Life'
May our witness unveil the deception of the "pro-choice" slogan.

Month by Month of Saintly Dedications

The Rosary html Mary Mother of GOD -- Her Rosary Here
Mary Mother of GOD Mary's Divine Motherhood: FEASTS OF OUR LADY
     of the Virgin Mary to those who recite the Rosary

May 9 – Our Lady of the Wood (Italy, 1607) 
Months of Dedication
January is the month of the Holy Name of Jesus since 1902;
March is the month of Saint Joseph since 1855;
May, the month of Mary, is the oldest and most well-known Marian month, officially since 1724;
June is the month of the Sacred Heart since 1873;
July is the month of the Precious Blood since 1850;
August is the month of the Immaculate Heart of Mary;
September is the month of Our Lady of Sorrows since 1857;
October is the month of the Rosary since 1868;
November is the month of the Holy Souls in Purgatory since 1888;
December is the month of the Immaculate Conception.

In all, five months of the year are dedicated to Mary.
The idea of dedicating months came from Rome and promotion of the month of Mary owes much to the Jesuits.

Pray that the witness of 40 Days for Life bears abundant fruit, and that we begin again each day to storm the gates of hell until God welcomes us into the gates of heaven.

If you seek patience, you will find no better example than the cross. Great patience occurs in two ways:
either when one patiently suffers much, or when one suffers things which one is able to avoid and yet does not avoid.
Christ endured much on the cross, and did so patiently, because when he suffered he did not threaten;
he was led like a sheep to the slaughter and he did not open his mouth.-- St. Thomas Aquinas

We begin our day by seeing Christ in the consecrated bread, and throughout the day we continue to see Him in the torn bodies of our poor. We pray, that is, through our work, performing it with Jesus, for Jesus and upon Jesus.
The poor are our prayer. They carry God in them. Prayer means praying everything, praying the work.
We meet the Lord who hungers and thirsts, in the poor.....and the poor could be you or I or any person kind enough to show us his or her love and to come to our place.
Because we cannot see Christ, we cannot express our love to Him in person.
But our neighbor we can see, and we can do for him or her what we would love to do for Jesus if He were visible.
-- Mother Teresa
My God, I believe, I adore, I trust and I love Thee.  I beg pardon for those who do not believe, do not adore, do not love Thee.  O most Holy trinity, Father, Son and Holy Spirit, I adore Thee profoundly.
 I offer Thee the most precious Body, Blood, Soul and Divinity of Jesus Christ, present in all the Tabernacles of the world,  in reparation for the outrages, sacrileges and indifference by which He is offended,
and by the infite merits of the Sacred Heart of Jesus and the Immaculate Heart of Mary.

I beg the conversion of poor sinners,  Amen Fatima Prayer, Angel of Peace
Mary's Divine Motherhood
Pope Francis and Pope Benedict XVI { 2013 } Catholic Church In China { article here}
1648 to1930 St. Augustine Zhao Rong and 120 Companions Christianity arrived in China by way of Syria -- 600s.
        Depending on China's relations with outside world,
Christianity for centuries was free to grow or forced to operate secretly.

How do I start the Five First Saturdays? 
Called in the Gospel “the Mother of Jesus,” Mary is acclaimed by Elizabeth, at the prompting of the Spirit and even before the birth of her son, as “the Mother of my Lord” (Lk 1:43; Jn 2:1; 19:25; cf. Mt 13:55; et al.). In fact, the One whom she conceived as man by the Holy Spirit, who truly became her Son according to the flesh, was none other than the Father's eternal Son, the second person of the Holy Trinity. Hence the Church confesses that Mary is truly Mother of God (Theotokos). 
Catechism of the Catholic Church 495, quoting the Council of Ephesus (431): DS 251.
“The Blessed Virgin was eternally predestined, in conjunction with the incarnation of the divine Word, to be the Mother of God. By decree of divine Providence, she served on earth as the loving mother of the divine Redeemer, an associate of unique nobility, and the Lord's humble handmaid. She conceived, brought forth, and nourished Christ.”
The voice of the Father is heard, the Son enters the water, and the Holy Spirit appears in the form of a dove.
   THE spirit and example of the world imperceptibly instil the error into the minds of many that there is a kind of middle way of going to Heaven; and so, because the world does not live up to the gospel, they bring the gospel down to the level of the world. It is not by this example that we are to measure the Christian rule, but words and life of Christ. All His followers are commanded to labour to become perfect even as our heavenly Father is perfect, and to bear His image in our hearts that we may be His children. We are obliged by the gospel to die to ourselves by fighting self-love in our hearts, by the mastery of our passions, by taking on the spirit of our Lord.
   These are the conditions under which Christ makes His promises and numbers us among His children, as is manifest from His words which the apostles have left us in their inspired writings. Here is no distinction made or foreseen between the apostles or clergy or religious and secular persons. The former, indeed, take upon themselves certain stricter obligations, as a means of accomplishing these ends more perfectly; but the law of holiness and of disengagement of the heart from the world is geeral and binds all the followers of Christ.

Join Mary of Nazareth Project help us build the International Marian Center of Nazareth
There are over 10,000 named saints beati  from history
 and Roman Martyology Orthodox sources

Miracles by Century 100   200   300   400   500   600   700    800   900   1000    1100   1200   1300   1400  1500  1600  1700  1800   1900  Miracles_BLay Saints
Morning Prayer and Hymn    Meditation of the Day    Prayer for Priests    Our Bartholomew Family Prayer List  Here
We are called upon with the whole Church militant on earth to join in praising and thanking God for the grace and glory he has bestowed on his saints. At the same time we earnestly implore Him to exert His almighty power and mercy in raising us from our miseries and sins, healing the disorders of our souls and leading us by the path of repentance to the company of His saints, to which He has called us.
   They were once what we are now, travellers on earth they had the same weaknesses, which we have. We have difficulties to encounter so had the saints, and many of them far greater than we can meet with; obstacles from kings and whole nations, sometimes from the prisons, racks and swords of persecutors. Yet they surmounted these difficulties, which they made the very means of their virtue and victories. It was by the strength they received from above, not by their own, that they triumphed. But the blood of Christ was shed for us as it was for them and the grace of our Redeemer is not wanting to us; if we fail, the failure is in ourselves.
   THE saints and just, from the beginning of time and throughout the world, who have been made perfect, everlasting monuments of God’s infinite power and clemency, praise His goodness without ceasing; casting their crowns before His throne they give to Him all the glory of their triumphs: “His gifts alone in us He crowns.”
“The saints must be honored as friends of Christ and children and heirs of God, as John the theologian and evangelist says: ‘But as many as received him, he gave them the power to be made the sons of God....’ Let us carefully observe the manner of life of all the apostles, martyrs, ascetics and just men who announced the coming of the Lord. And let us emulate their faith, charity, hope, zeal, life, patience under suffering, and perseverance unto death, so that we may also share their crowns of glory” Exposition of the Orthodox Faith

Called in the Gospel the Mother of Jesus, Mary is acclaimed by Elizabeth, at the prompting of the Spirit and even before the birth of her son, as the Mother of my Lord (Lk 1:43; Jn 2:1; 19:25; cf. Mt 13:55; et al.). In fact, the One whom she conceived as man by the Holy Spirit, who truly became her Son according to the flesh, was none other than the Father's eternal Son,  the second person of the Holy Trinity.
Hence the Church confesses that Mary is truly Mother of God (Theotokos).
Catechism of the Catholic Church 495, quoting the Council of Ephesus (431): DS 251.
Nine First Fridays Devotion to the Sacred Heart ... From the writings of St. Margaret Mary Alacoque
On Friday during Holy Communion, He said these words to me, His unworthy slave, if I mistake not:
I promise you in the excessive mercy of my Heart that its all-powerful love will grant to all those who receive Holy Communion on nine first Fridays of consecutive months the grace of final repentance; they will not die under my displeasure or without receiving their sacraments, my divine Heart making itself their assured refuge at the last moment.
Margaret Mary was inspired by Christ to establish the Holy Hour and to pray lying prostrate with her face to the ground from eleven till midnight on the eve of the first Friday of each month, to share in the mortal sadness.
He endured when abandoned by His Apostles in His Agony, and to receive holy Communion on the first Friday of every month. In the first great revelation, He made known to her His ardent desire to be loved by men and His design of manifesting His Heart with all Its treasures of love and mercy, of sanctification and salvation.
He appointed the Friday after the octave of the feast of Corpus Christi as the feast of the Sacred Heart; He called her the Beloved Disciple of the Sacred Heart, and the heiress of all Its treasures. The love of the Sacred Heart was the fire which consumed her, and devotion to the Sacred Heart is the refrain of all her writings. In her last illness she refused all alleviation, repeating frequently: What have I in heaven and what do I desire on earth, but Thee alone, O my God, and died pronouncing the Holy Name of Jesus.
With regard to this promise it may be remarked: (1) that our Lord required Communion to be received on a particular day chosen by Him; (2) that the nine Fridays must be consecutive; (3) that they must be made in honor of His Sacred Heart, which means that those who make the nine Fridays must practice the devotion and must have a great love for our Lord; (4) that our Lord does not say that those who make the nine Fridays will be dispensed from any of their obligations or from exercising the vigilance necessary to lead a good life and overcome temptation; rather He implicitly promises abundant graces to those who make the nine Fridays to help them to carry out these obligations and persevere to the end; (5) that perseverance in receiving Holy Communion for nine consecutive First Firdays helps the faithful to acquire the habit of frequent Communion, which our Lord eagerly desires; and (6) that the practice of the nine Fridays is very pleasing to our Lord He promises such great reward, and all Catholics should endeavor to make nine Fridays.
How do I start the Five First Saturdays? by Fr. Tom O'Mahony.
On July 13,1917, Our Lady appeared for the third time to the three children of Fatima an showed them the vision of hell and made the now - famous thirteen prophecies. In this vision Our Lady said that 'GOD WISHES TO ESTABLISH IN THE WORLD DEVOTION to Her Immaculate Heart and that She would come TO ASK FOR THE COMMUNION OF REPARATION ON THE FIRST SATURDAYS...'  Eight years later, on December 10, 1925, Our Lady did indeed come back. She appeared (with the Child Jesus) to Lucia in the convent of the Dorothean Sisters in Pontevedra.
The Child Jesus spoke first:


The Five Reasons
From the above, it is easy to see that each of the Five Saturdays can correspond to a specific offence. By offering the graces received during each First Saturday as reparation for the offence being prayed for, the participant can hope to help remove the thorns from Our Lady's Heart.
What Do I Have To Do?
The devotion of First Saturdays, as requested by Our Lady of Fatima, carries with it the assurance of salvation. However, to derive profit from such a great promise of Our Lady, the devotion must be properly understood and duly performed.
The requirements as stipulated by Our Lady are as follows:
(1) CONFESSION: A reparative confession means that the confession should not only be good (valid and licit), but also be offered in the spirit of reparation, in this case, to Mary's Immaculate Heart. This confession may be made on the First Saturday itself or some days before or after the First Saturday within the preceding octave would suffice.
(2) COMMUNION: The communion of reparation must be sacramental duly received with the intention of making reparation. This offering, like the confession, is an interior act and so no external action to express the intention is needed.
(3) THE ROSARY: The Rosary mentioned here was indicated by the Portuguese word 'terco' which is commonly employed to denote a Rosary of five decades, since it forms a fourth of the full Rosary of 20 decades. This too must recited in a spirit of reparation.
(4) MEDITATION FOR FIFTEEN MINUTES: Here the meditation on one mystery or more is to be made without simultaneous recitation of the Rosary decade. As indicated, the meditation may be either on one mystery alone for 15 minutes, or on all 20 mysteries, spending about one minute on each mystery, or again, on two or more mysteries during the period. This can also be made before each decade spending three minutes or more in considering the mystery of the particular decade. This meditation has likewise to be made in the spirit of reparation to the Immaculate Heart.
(5) THE SPIRIT OF REPARATION: All these acts, as said above, have to be done with the intention of offering reparation to the Immaculate Heart of Mary for the offences committed against Her. Everyone who offends Her commits, so to speak, a two-fold offence, for these sins also offend her Divine Son, Christ, and so endanger our salvation. They give bad example to others and weaken the strength of society to withstand immoral onslaughts. Such devotions therefore make us consider not only the enormity of the offence against God, but also the effect of sins on human society as well as the need for undoing these social effects even when the offender repents and is converted. Further, this reparation emphasises our responsibility towards sinners who, themselves, will not pray and make reparation for their sins.
(6) FIVE CONSECUTIVE FIRST SATURDAYS: The idea of the Five First Saturdays is obviously to make us persevere in the devotional acts for these Saturdays and overcome initial difficulties. Once this is done, Our Lady knows that the person would become devoted to Her immaculate Heart and persist in practising such devotion on all First Saturdays, working thereby for personal self-reform and for the salvation of others.

Unless Russia is converted, the movement against God and for sin will continue to spread, promoting wars and persecutions, and making the attainment for peace and justice impossible for this world. One means of obtaining Russia's conversion is to practise the Fatima Message. The stakes are so great that to encourage Catholics to practise the devotion of the First Saturdays, Our Lady has assured us that She will obtain salvation for all those who observe the first Saturdays for five consecutive months in accordance with Her conditions.
At the supreme moment the departing person will be either in the state of grace or not. In either case Our Lady will be by his side. If in the state of grace, She will console and help him to resist whatever temptations the devil might put before him in his last attempt to take the person with him to hell. If not in the state of grace, Our Lady will help the person to repent in a manner agreeable to God and so benefit by the fruits of redemption and be saved.

God loves variety. He doesn't mass-produce his saints. Every saint is unique, for each is the result of a new idea.  As the liturgy says: Non est inventus similis illis--there are no two exactly alike. It is we with our lack of imagination, who paint the same haloes on all the saints. Dear Lord, grant us a spirit that is not bound by our own ideas and preferences.  Grant that we may be able to appreciate in others what we lack in ourselves. O Lord, grant that we may understand that every saint must be a unique praise of Your glory. Catholic saints are holy people and human people who lived extraordinary lives.  Each saint the Church honors responded to God's invitation to use his or her unique gifts.   God calls each one of us to be a saint in order to get into heavenonly saints are allowed into heaven. The more "extravagant" graces are bestowed NOT for the benefit of the recipients so much as FOR the benefit of others.
There are over 10,000 named saints beati  from history
 and Roman Martyology Orthodox sources

Patron_Saints.html  Widowed_Saints htmIndulgences The Catholic Church in China
LINKS: Marian Shrines  
India Marian Shrine Lourdes of the East   Lourdes 1858  China Marian shrines 1995
Kenya national Marian shrine  Loreto, Italy  Marian Apparitions (over 2000Quang Tri Vietnam La Vang 1798
Links to Related MarianWebsites  Angels and Archangels  Saints Visions of Heaven and Hell

Widowed Saints  html
Doctors_of_the_Church   Acts_Of_The_Apostles  Roman Catholic Popes  Purgatory  UniateChalcedon

Mary the Mother of Jesus Miracles_BLay Saints  Miraculous_IconMiraculous_Medal_Novena Patron Saints
Miracles by Century 100   200   300   400   500   600   700    800   900   1000    1100   1200   1300   1400  1500  1600  1700  1800  1900 2000
Miracles 100   200   300   400   500   600   700    800   900   1000  
1100   1200   1300   1400  1500  1600  1700  1800   1900 Lay Saints
Pius IX 1846--1878 • Leo XIII 1878-1903 • Pius X 1903-1914• Benedict XV 1914-1922 • Pius XI 1922-1939 • Pius XII 1939-1958 • John XXIII 1958-1963 • Paul VI 1963 to 1978 • John Paul • John Paul II 10/16/1975-4/2/2005
 Benedict XVI (2005 - 2013) Francis (2013

Where there is no honor for the elderly, there is no future for young people.
During his weekly General Audience in St. Peter’s Square, Pope Francis made this strong statement while continuing his catechesis on the family, with this and next week focusing on the elderly.  Confining this week’s address to their problematic current condition, the Holy Father said the elderly are ignored and that a society that does this is perverse.
While noting that life has been lengthened thanks to advances in medicine, he lamented that while the number of older people has multiplied, "our societies are not organized enough to make room for them, with proper respect and concrete consideration for their fragility and their dignity.”

“As long as we are young, we are led to ignore old age, as if it were a disease to be taken away. Then when we become older, especially if we are poor, sick and alone, we experience the shortcomings of a society planned on efficiency, which consequently ignores the elderly.”

He went on to quote his predecessor Pope Benedict XVI, who, when visiting a nursing home in November 2012, “used clear and prophetic words: ‘The quality of a society, I would say of a civilization, is judged also on how the elderly are treated and the place reserved for them in the common life.’"  Without a space for them, Francis highlighted, society dies.

Cultures, he decried, see the elderly as a burden who do not produce and should be discarded.
“You do not say it openly, but you do it!” he exclaimed. "Out of our fear of weakness and vulnerability, we do not tolerate and abandon the elderly," he said. “It’s sickening to see the elderly discarded. It is ugly. It’s a sin. Abandoning the elderly is a mortal sin.”
“Children who do not visit their elderly and ill parents have mortally sinned. Understand?”

The Pope expressed his dismay at children who go months without seeing a parent, or how elderly are confined to little tables in their kitchens alone, without anyone caring for them.  He noted that he observed this reality during his ministry in Buenos Aires.  Unwilling to accept limits, society, he noted, doesn’t allow elderly to participate and gives into the mentality that only the young can be useful and enjoy life.
The whole society must realize, the Pope said, the elderly contain the wisdom of the people.
The tradition of the Church, Pope Francis reaffirmed, has always supported a culture of closeness to the elderly, involving affectionately and supportively accompanying them in this final part of life.  The Church cannot, and does not want to, Francis underscored, comply with a mentality of impatience, and even less of indifference and contempt towards old age.
Sooner or later, we will all be old, he said. If we do not treat the elderly well, he stressed we will not be treated well either.
“We must awaken the collective sense of gratitude, of appreciation, of hospitality, which make them feel the elderly living part of his community.”

Concluding his address, Pope Francis noted how old age will come to all one day and reminded the faithful how much they have received from their elders. He also challenged them to not take a step back and abandon them to their fate.

The Church without Mary is an orphanage
Pope Francis:
Cross Not Optional, Says Benedict XVI
Reflects on Peter's "Immature" Faith CASTEL GANDOLFO, Italy, AUG. 31, 2008 (
Taking up one's cross isn't an option, it's a mission all Christians are called to, says Benedict XVI.
The Pope said this today before reciting the midday Angelus with several thousand people gathered in the courtyard of the papal summer residence at Castel Gandolfo, south of Rome.
Referring to the Gospel reading for today's Mass, the Holy Father reflected on the faith of Peter, which is shown to be "still immature and too much influenced by the 'mentality of this world.'”  He explained that when Christ spoke openly about how he was to "suffer much, be killed and rise again, Peter protests, saying: 'God forbid, Lord! No such thing shall ever happen to you.'"
"It is evident that the Master and the disciple follow two opposed ways of thinking," continued the Pontiff. "Peter, according to a human logic, is convinced that God would never allow his Son to end his mission dying on the cross.  "Jesus, on the contrary, knows that the Father, in his great love for men, sent him to give his life for them, and if this means the passion and the cross, it is right that such should happen."
Christ also knew that "the resurrection would be the last word," Benedict XVI added.
Serious illness
The Pope continued, "If to save us the Son of God had to suffer and die crucified, it certainly was not because of a cruel design of the heavenly Father.  "The cause of it is the gravity of the sickness of which he must cure us: an evil so serious and deadly that it will require all of his blood. 
"In fact, it is with his death and resurrection that Jesus defeated sin and death, reestablishing the lordship of God."
Popes Html link here: 
 “Where there is no honor for the elderly, there is no future for young people.” Pope Francis:
It Is a Mortal Sin When Children Don't Visit Their Elderly Parents.

Popes mentioned in todays     articles of Saints
Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today
 St. Venturino of Bergamo is also known for helping to organize a crusade, at the behest of Pope Clement VI (r. 1342-1352), against the Turks who were then menacing Europe.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints
150 St. Mark & Timothy Roman martyrs of post-apostolic times mentioned in a letter by Pope St. Pius I

 752 Pope St. Zachary 741 - 752 Zachary I, Pope known for his learning & sanctity chosen pope in 741 to succeed Saint Gregory III (RM)
Pope Zacharias_Zachary Pope Zachary was a peace-maker and judged no man without a hearing.
Zachary was also responsible for restoring Montecassino under Saint Petronax and himself consecrated its abbey church in 748. The saint was known for aiding the poor, provided refuge to nuns driven from Constantinople by the iconoclasts, ransomed slaves from the Venetians, forbade the selling of Christian slaves to the Moors of Africa, and translated Saint Gregory the Great's Dialogues into Greek. Since "Zacharias embraced and cherished all people like a father and a good shepherd, and never allowed even the smallest injustice to happen to anyone," he was venerated as a saint immediately after his death (Attwater, Benedictines, Delaney, Farmer, Husenbeth, Schamoni).

Frequent and daily Communion is greatly desired by our Lord and the Church. Pope St. Pius X
A meditation during the Great Fast...

March 21 – Our Lady of Nowy Swierjan (Russia)
Hail, Holy Mother of God --
Pope Francis
Jesus Christ is the blessing for every man and woman ... The Church, in giving us Jesus, offers us the fullness of the Lord’s blessing. This is precisely the mission of the people of God: to spread to all peoples God’s blessing made flesh in Jesus Christ. And Mary, the first and most perfect disciple of Jesus, the first and most perfect believer, the model of the pilgrim Church, is the one who opens the way to the Church’s motherhood and constantly sustains her maternal mission to all mankind. Mary’s tactful maternal witness has accompanied the Church from the beginning. She, the Mother of God, is also the Mother of the Church, and through the Church, the mother of all men and women, and of every people. …

Let us look to Mary, let us contemplate the Holy Mother of God. I suggest that you all greet her together, just like those courageous people of Ephesus, who cried out before their pastors when they entered Church: “Hail, Holy Mother of God!” What a beautiful greeting for our Mother. There is a story – I do not know if it is true – that some among those people had clubs in their hands, perhaps to make the Bishops understand what would happen if they did not have the courage to proclaim Mary “Mother of God”! I invite all of you, without clubs, to stand up and to greet her three times with this greeting of the early Church: “Hail, Holy Mother of God!”  Pope Francis; Homily, Holy Mass on the Solemnity of Mary, Mother of God
Vatican Basilica, January 1, 2015
Pope’s Prayer in Pompeii
Saturday, March 21, 2015
Virgin of the Holy Rosary, Mother of the Redeemer, our earthly Lady raised above the heavens, humble servant of the Lord, proclaimed Queen of the world, from the depth of our miseries we turn to you. With the faithfulness of children we look to your sweet gaze.

Crowned with twelve stars, you bring us to the mystery of the Father, you shine the splendor of the Holy Spirit, you give us our Divine Child, Jesus, our hope, our only salvation in the world. Comforted by your Rosary, you invite us to be fixed to his gaze. You open to us His heart, abyss of joy and sorry, of light and glory, mystery of the son of God, made man for us. At your feet in the footsteps of the saints, we feel as God’s family.

Mother and model of the Church, you are our guide and secure support. Make us one heart and one mind, a strong people on the way towards the heavenly homeland. We entrust our miseries, the many streets of hate and blood, the thousands of ancient and new poverties and above all, our sins. To you we entrust ourselves, Mother of Mercy: grant us the forgiveness of God, help us to build a world according to your heart.

O Blessed Rosary of Mary, sweet chain that ties us to God, chain of love that makes us brothers, we will not leave you again. You will be in our hands a weapon of peace and forgiveness, star that guides our path. And the kiss to you with our last breath, we plunge into a wave of light, in the vision of the beloved Mother and the Son of God, the desire and joy of our heart, with the Father and the Holy Spirit.

IT was in 1036 that St Anselm was born in Mantua, and in 1073 his uncle, Pope Alexander II, nominated him to the bishopric of Lucca, left vacant by his own elevation to the chair of St Peter, and sent him to Germany to receive from the Emperor Henry IV the crozier and the ring— in accordance with the regrettable custom of the time. Anselm, however, was so strongly convinced that the secular power had no authority to confer ecclesiastical dignities that he could not bring himself to accept investiture from the emperor and returned to Italy without it. Only after he had been consecrated by Alexander’s successor, Pope St Gregory VII, did he consent to accept from Henry the crozier and the ring, and even then he felt scruples of conscience on the subject. These doubts led him to leave his diocese and to withdraw to a congregation of Cluniac monks at Polirone. A dignitary of such high-minded views could ill be spared, and Pope Gregory recalled him from his retirement and sent him back to Lucca to resume the government of his diocese. Zealous with regard to discipline, he strove to enforce among his canons the common life enjoined by the decree of Pope St Leo IX. In acute discordance with the edifying example accredited to them above in our notice of St Frediano, the canons refused to obey, although they were placed under an interdict by the pope and afterwards excommunicated. Countess Matilda of Tuscany undertook to expel them, but they raised a revolt and, being supported by the Emperor Henry, drove the bishop out of the city in 1079.
752 Zachary I, Pope known for his learning & sanctity chosen pope in 741 to succeed Saint Gregory III (RM)
(also known as Zacharias) Born at San Severino, Calabria, Italy; died 752; feast day formerly on March 22; feast day in the East is September 5.

St. Irenaeus of Lyons, writing in the latter quarter of the second century, reckons him as the fifth pope in succession from the Apostles, though he says nothing of his martyrdom. His pontificate is variously dated by critics, e. g. 106-115 (Duchesne) or 109-116 (Lightfoot). In Christian antiquity he was credited with a pontificate of about ten years (Eusebius, Hist. Eccl. IV, i,) and there is no reason to doubt that he was on the "catalogue of bishops" drawn up at Rome by Hegesippus (Eusebius, IV, xxii, 3) before the death of Pope Eleutherius (c. 189). According to a tradition extant in the Roman Church at the end of the fifth century, and recorded in the Liber Pontificalis he suffered a martyr's death by decapitation on the Via Nomentana in Rome, 3 May. The same tradition declares him to have been a Roman by birth and to have ruled the Church in the reign of Trajan (98-117). It likewise attributes to him, but scarcely with accuracy, the insertion in the canon of the Qui Pridie, or words commemorative of the institution of the Eucharist, such being certainly primitive and original in the Mass. He is also said to have introduced the use of blessing water mixed with salt for the purification of Christian homes from evil influences (constituit aquam sparsionis cum sale benedici in habitaculis hominum). Duchesne (Lib. Pont., I, 127) calls attention to the persistence of this early Roman custom by way of a blessing in the Gelasian Sacramentary that recalls very forcibly the actual Asperges prayer at the beginning of Mass. In 1855, a semi-subterranean cemetery of the holy martyrs Sts. Alexander, Eventulus, and Theodulus was discovered near Rome, at the spot where the above mentioned tradition declares the Pope to have been martyred. According to some archaeologists, this Alexander is identical with the Pope, and this ancient and important tomb marks the actual site of the Pope's martyrdom. Duchesne, however (op. cit., I, xci-ii) denies the identity of the martyr and the pope, while admitting that the confusion of both personages is of ancient date, probably anterior to the beginning of the sixth century when the Liber Pontificalis was first compiled [Dufourcq, Gesta Martyrum Romains (Paris, 1900), 210-211]. The difficulties raised in recent times by Richard Lipsius (Chronologie der römischen Bischofe, Kiel, 1869) and Adolph Harnack (Die Zeit des Ignatius u. die Chronologie der antiochenischen Bischofe, 1878) concerning the earliest successors of St. Peter are ably discussed and answered by F. S. (Cardinal Francesco Segna) in his "De successione priorum Romanorum Pontificum" (Rome 1897); with moderation and learning by Bishop Lightfoot, in his "Apostolic Fathers: St. Clement ' (London, 1890) I, 201-345- especially by Duchesne in the introduction to his edition of the "Liber Pontificalis" (Paris, 1886) I, i-xlviii and lxviii-lxxiii. The letters ascribed to Alexander I by PseudoIsidore may be seen in P. G., V, 1057 sq., and in Hinschius, "Decretales Pseudo-Isidorianae" (Leipzig, 1863) 94-105. His remains are said to have been transferred to Freising in Bavaria in 834 (Dummler, Poetae Latini Aevi Carolini, Berlin, 1884, II, 120). His so-called "Acts" are not genuine, and were compiled at a much later date (Tillemont, Mem. II, 590 sqq; Dufourcq, op. cit., 210-211).

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints

the monothelite heresy condemned by Pope St Martin I at the Council of the Lateran in 649.
604 Saint Gregory Dialogus granted a vision of the Lord Himself Pope of Rome used inheritance to establish 6 monasteries
 Romæ sancti Gregórii Primi, Papæ, Confessóris et Ecclésiæ Doctóris exímii; qui, ob res præcláræ gestas atque Anglos ad Christi fidem convérsos, Magnus est dictus et Anglórum Apóstolus appellátus.
      At Rome, St. Gregory, pope and eminent doctor of the Church, who on account of his illustrious deeds and the conversion of the English to the faith of Christ, was surnamed the Great, and called the Apostle of England.
Born in Rome around the year 540. His grandfather was Pope Felix, and his mother Sylvia (November 4) and aunts Tarsilla and Emiliana were also numbered among the saints by the Roman Church. Having received a most excellent secular education, he attained high government positions.  
POPE GREGORY I, most justly called “the Great”, and the first pope who had been a monk, was elected to the apostolic chair when Italy was in a terrible condition after the struggle between the Ostrogoths and the Emperor Justinian, which ended with the defeat and death of Totila in 562.
The saint’s family, one of the few patrician families left in the city, was distinguished also for its piety, having given to the Church two popes, Agapitus I and Felix III, Gregory’s great-great-grandfather

Popes mentioned in articles of todays Saints
the monothelite heresy condemned by Pope St Martin I at the Council of the Lateran in 649.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints
Pope Leo XIII --1550 St. John of God impulsive love embraced anyone in need St. John of God, founder of the Order of Brothers Hospitallers, famed for his mercy to the poor, and his contempt of self.  Pope Leo XIII appointed him as heavenly patron of the sick and of all hospitals.

260 Pontius of Carthage Deacon; graphic account of the life and passion of Saint Cypri

254 St. Lucius I a Roman elected Pope to succeed Pope St. Cornelius
Pope St Gregory VII-- 1123 St. Peter of Pappacarbone Benedictine bishop leadership, care, and wisdom The abbot’s opinion was abundantly justified, for Peter proved himself well among that household of holy men and he remained there for some six years. He was then recalled to Italy, having been released by St Hugh apparently at the request of the archdeacon of Rome, Hilde­brand (who was afterwards Pope St Gregory VII).
Pope St Silvester; -- 803 St. Anselm of Nonantola Benedictine abbot duke
St. Anselm
also received from Pope Stephen III permission to remove to Nonantola the body of Pope St Silvester; and Langobard King Aistulf enriched the abbey with gifts and granted it many privileges it became very celebrated throughout all Italy.
Popes mentioned in articles of Saints

492 ST. FELIX III Pope helped to get the Church in Africa on its feet
492 ST. FELIX III Pope helped to get the Church in Africa on its feet
 Romæ natális sancti Felícis Papæ Tértii, qui sancti Gregórii Magni átavus fuit; qui étiam (ut ipse Gregórius refert), sanctæ Tharsíllæ nepti appárens, illam ad cæléstia regna vocávit.
       At Rome, the birthday of Pope St. Felix III, ancestor of St. Gregory the Great, who relates of him that he appeared to St. Tharsilla, his niece, and called her to the kingdom of heaven.

492 ST FELIX II (III), POPE  483 - 492
Popes mentioned in articles of Saints
468  St. Hilary, Pope from 461-468 guardian of Church unity sent decree to Eastern bishops validating decisions of General Councils Nicaea Ephesus and Chalcedon. Hilary consolidated the Church in Sandi, Africa, and Gaul
731 Saint Pope Gregory II served St Sergius I next 4 popes as treasurer of the Church, then librarian, Held synods to correct abuses, stopped heresy, promoted discipline, morality in religious and clerical life