God Bless Mother Angelica 1923-2016
Et álibi aliórum plurimórum sanctórum Mártyrum et Confessórum, atque sanctárum Vírginum.
And elsewhere in divers places, many other holy martyrs, confessors, and holy virgins.
Пресвятая Богородице спаси нас! (Santíssima Mãe de Deus, salva-nos!)



  Campaign saves lives
Shawn Carney Campaign Director www.40daysforlife.com

Please save the unborn from painful deaths and peaceful lives in this world
It is a great poverty that a child must die so that you may live as you wish -- Mother Teresa

 

Our Bartholomew Family Prayer List

Acts of the Apostles

Nine First Fridays Devotion to the Sacred Heart From the writings of St. Margaret Mary Alacoque

How do I start the Five First Saturdays?

Mary Mother of GOD 15 Promises of the Virgin Mary to those who recite the Rosary.


March 31 – THURday of Holy Week – Our Lady of Iwer (Russia)
 
The poor alcoholic and the Mother of God 
In 1878, there was a poor farmer, who was a retired soldier and an alcoholic, from the province of Tula, Russia, who lived in misery. One night he had a dream in which a starets said, "Go to Serpukhov, to the monastery of Vladyk. There you will find an icon of Our Lady "The Inexhaustible Chalice." Recite the office in front of that icon and you will be healed in mind and body." So the peasant set off for Serpukhov.
When the drunkard arrived at the monastery of Vladyk, the sisters were surprised by his request to say the office in front of the icon of "The Inexhaustible Chalice," because none of them had ever heard of that icon. They searched everywhere and then a nun remembered an icon hanging in a passageway leading to the bell tower. It represented the Mother of God with a chalice. To everyone’s surprise, the back of the icon was inscribed with the title of "The Inexhaustible Chalice."
Later, in 1919, after the sack of the monastery by the Bolsheviks, the icon of "The Inexhaustible Chalice" was lost. Today there are two copies of it in Serpukhov, one in the women's monastery of Vladyk, the other in the men's monastery of Vysotsk. Pilgrims come in great numbers, and often relatives of alcoholics and drug addicts who come to see the icon miraculously receive what they ask for.
www.lecourrierderussie.com

Mary's Divine Motherhood
Called in the Gospel "the Mother of Jesus," Mary is acclaimed by Elizabeth, at the prompting of the Spirit and even before the birth of her son, as "the Mother of my Lord" (Lk 1:43; Jn 2:1; 19:25; cf. Mt 13:55; et al.). In fact, the One whom she conceived as man by the Holy Spirit, who truly became her Son according to the flesh, was none other than the Father's eternal Son, the second person of the Holy Trinity.
Hence the Church confesses that Mary is truly "Mother of God" (Theotokos).

Catechism of the Catholic Church 495, quoting the Council of Ephesus (431): DS 251.

"We venerate our God because He made us; we did not make Him. He as our Master loves us, for He is also our Father. Of His goodness He has rescued us from everlasting death." --Saint Acacius.
   Nov 27 305 St. Acacius priest at Sebaste Armenia & Hirenarchus during Diocletian persecution

The Iveron Icon of the Mother of God (which is preserved on Mt. Athos)
"Portaitissa"  or "Gate-Keeper" (October 13)

8th v BC. Amos Prophet 9 brief chapters "Return to the land of Judah, and there eat your bread and prophesy!" shepherd of Tekoah (Koa) near Bethlehem, a trimmer of sycamores (RM)

The greatest honor God can do a soul is not to give it much, but to ask much of it.
-- St. Therese of Lisieux


March 31 – Our Lady of Iwer (Russia) 
Rebecca is a figure of the Virgin Mary
Remember the story of Jacob and Esau? Esau sold his birth right in exchange for a dish of lentils.
When Isaac was elderly, Rebecca wanted to obtain the paternal blessing for her son Jacob. Isaac was now blind. Rebecca dressed her son Jacob in his brother’s clothes and Jacob received the blessing.

Well, Rebecca is a figure of the Virgin Mary: Mary loves each one of us like Rebecca loved Jacob. She dresses us in the clothes of her first born, Jesus Christ. The Virgin Mary is not the source of God's grace, but her pure heart, burning with the love of God and united to the heart of Christ, desires our salvation. She begs her Son Jesus Christ to dress us in the “cloak of salvation,” which is God's grace. This is why, like Saint John, we can take Mary into our home.
She will be an even better mother to us than Rebecca was to Jacob.
 Hervé Marie Catta
www.1000questions.net


A Spiritual Shot in the Arm March 31 - Our Lady of the Holy Cross (Jerusalem)
A response to: Dogma Proclamation
I also agree with His Eminence that it would be good and expedient for the Holy Father to proclaim the dogma of the Mediatrix of All Graces and Co-Redemptrix, already mentioned in "Lumen Gentium," chapter 8, as doctrines of the Church. Perhaps it would launch the era of the triumph of the Immaculate Heart and the triumph of the Most Sacred Heart of Jesus. The world needs a shot in the arm spiritually, so to speak. This could be it.
Thank God for Pope Benedict. May He grant him many, many years on the Throne of St Peter!
Fr. Héctor R.G. Pérez, S.T.D. Pastor, St Stephen Roman Catholic Church Pensacola, Florida, USA
See zenitenglish@zenit.org ZE0880223 Feb 23, 2008 The World Seen From Rome

March 31 - Our Lady of the Holy Cross, Jerusalem  Mary's Tears (III) 
When Mary weeps over us, her Tears are indeed a universal out flowing of heavenly Blood, of which she is the sovereign Dispenser, and this outpouring is at the same time the most perfect of oblations For, through grace, she is the only mother who has the power to lead her countless other children to worship by dint of her tears.
   The tears of the Blessed Virgin are only mentioned once in the Gospel, when she utters her fourth word after she has found her Son. And it is she who is speaking then. Elsewhere, the gospel-writers merely say that Jesus wept, and this must be sufficient for us to guess as to what His Mother is doing.
    Saint Bernardino of Sienna says that the grief of the Blessed Virgin was so great that if it were divided and shared among all creatures capable of suffering, they would die in an instant. Now, if we take account of the way in which this simple soul, filled with the Holy Spirit, was so greatly illumined with the Holy Spirit for whom the future had a present and significant reality, this affirmation must be heard down the ages, not just on Good Friday, but at every moment of her life from the Annunciation of the Archangel unto her death.  Léon Bloy (1846-1917)
1700  B.C. Righteous Joseph the Handsome son of the Old Testament patriarch Jacob (Gen. 37-50)
8th v BC. Amos Prophet 9 brief chapters
   Lazarus Saturday and Palm Sunday
 130 St. Balbina Martyr died for her faith was buried on the Appian Way She is invoked against scrofula
        St. Theodulus Martyr with Anesius & others in Proconsular Africa
251-260  St. Achatius led a devout life and was much revered for his charity
 326 Hypatius, Bishop of Gangra
Hieromartyr at 1st Ecumenical Council Nicea martyred by schismatics prayed for murderers  devout life miracles
361-363 38 Martyrs are also remembered on this day, beheaded by the sword under Julian (361-363)
 386
St. Anba Kyrellos (Cyril), Bishop of Jerusalem The Departure of; copticchurch.net
         S
t. Michael, Bishop of Naqadah The Departure of copticchurch.net
 395 Our Holy Father Apolionius hermit 40 years founded monastery 500 monks ascetic of the Thebaid
 418
Audas, Bishop of the City of Suza The Hieromartyr
 424? St. Benjamin Persian Deacon Martyr in Persia
 434 Verulus, Secundinus, and Companions (RM)
 446 Saint Hypatius Igumen of Rufinus in Chalcedon guided monastery for 40 years; healer, prophet
 452 Severian  bishop of Scythiopolis in Galilee murdered by the Eutychian heretics BM (RM)
 633 St. Renovatus Bishop of Merida 20 yrs Spain convert from Arianism
 695 Valerius of Astorga monk abbot representative of the revival wrought by Saint Isidore (636)
8th v -end Blessed Aldo of Hasnon count monk second abbot OSB (AC)
 794 St. Stephen of Mar Saba hermit displayed uncanny skills with people a valued spiritual guide
1046 St. Guy of Pomposa hermit abbot  gave everything to the poor; hermit abbot 46 yrs lived in silence, abstinence, fasting prayer devotions austerities heightened during Lent
1134 Le Vénérable Guigues, prieur de la Grande-Chartreuse (1134) Post-Schisme romain
1072 Peter Damian brilliant teacher and writer uncompromising attitude toward worldliness denunciations of simony clerical marriage B Doctor of the Church (RM)
1147 Blessed Guy of Vicogne founded the Premonstratensian abbey of Vicogne O Praem. (AC)
1174 St. Machabeo Irish abbot of Armagh 40 years
14th v Saint Hypatius the Healer of the Kiev Caves
14th v.     BD JOAN OF TOULOUSE, VIRGIN a recluse.
1411 St. Daniel Camaldolese hermit originally a German merchant slain by robbers
1461 Saint Jonah Metropolitan of Moscow Wonderworker of All Russia miraculous healings at his grave  incorrupt relics first Metropolitan consecrated by Russian bishops Isidore the Bulgarian was Metropolitan but became Catholic after attending the Council of Florence (1438) and ousted by Russian heirarchs
1491 BD BONAVENTURE OF FORLI His relics were ultimately conveyed to Venice, where a cultus grew up marked by many miraculous cures.
1595 Robert Southwell Fire, sweetness, purity, and gentleness were features poet Jesuit priest  suffered for the faith SJ M
1631 John Donne 1601 das religiöse Gedicht "The Progresse of the Soule" verfaßte die "Divine Poems" (1607). Im "Pseudo-Martyr" (1610) 1631 Zwei Monate vor seinem Tod Predigten unter dem Titel "Death's Duel".

1879 St Innocent  Metropolitan of Moscow & Kolomensk proclaimed Gospel in Aleutian islands 6 dialects of tribes on Sitka island  among the Kolosh (Tlingit) remote Kamchatka diocese among Koryak, Chukchei, Tungus in Yakutsk region & North America; & in the Amur & the Usuriisk region.

< "GO THEREFORE MAKE DISCIPLES OF ALL NATIONS BAPTISING THEM IN THE NAME OF THE FATHER, AND OF THE SON AND OF THE HOLY SPIRIT"

stlukeorthodox.com Righteous Joseph the Handsome ( 1700 BC). PriestMartyr Ipatios, Bishop of Gangra ( 326). Sainted-Hierarchs Jona (1461) and Innokentii (Innocent) (1879), Metropolitans of Moscow and WonderWorkers of All Russia. Monk Ipatii the Healer, of Pechersk, in the Farther Caves (XIV). PriestMartyrs Auda, Bishop of Persia, and Benjamin the Deacon ( 418-424). Monks Apollonios the Hermit, of Egypt (IV); Ipatios, Hegumen of Ruthianeia ( 446); Akakios the Confessor, Bishop of Meletineia ( 249-251); Blaisios of Ammoriseia (IX). Martyrs Menander; Theophilos, Atheneos and others; Saints James, Anna; Amenonios.
canto.ru/calendar/day

Great Lent. St. Cyril, archbishop of Jerusalem (386). Martyrs Trophimus and Eucarpus of Nicomedia (300). St. Ananias (Aninas), presbyter and monk, of the Euphrates. St. Edward the Martyr, king of England (978) (Celtic & British). Venerable Aninas the Monastic of the Euphrates. St. Tetricus, bishop of Langres in Gaul (572-573) (Gaul). St. Daniel, monk of Egypt (6th c.). St. Cyril of Astrakhan (1576). Сегодня, Суббота, 31 Марта 2007 года (18 Марта 2007 по ст.ст.)  Лазарева суббота, воскрешение прав. Лазаря 

Великий пост. Свт. Кирилла. архиеп. Иерусалимского (386). Мчч. Трофима и Евкарпия Никомидийских (ок. 300). Прп. Анина монаха. Мч. короля Эдуарда. Прп. Анании Евфратского. Свт. Тетрика, еп. Лангрского (Галл.).  {rest not translated into Cyrillic}
O Blessed Trinity   We thank You for having graced the Church with Pope John Paul II and for allowing the tenderness of your Fatherly care, the glory of the cross of Christ, and the splendor of the Holy Spirit, to shine through him. Trusting fully in Your infinite mercy and in the maternal intercession of Mary, he has given us a living image of Jesus the Good Shepherd, and has shown us that holiness is the necessary measure of ordinary Christian life and is the way of achieving eternal communion with you.  Grant us, by his intercession, and according to Your will, the graces we implore,hoping that he will soon be numbered among your saints.  Amen 
Quote: Pope Paul VI’s 1969 Instruction on the Contemplative Life includes this passage: 
"To withdraw into the desert is for Christians tantamount to associating themselves more intimately with Christ’s passion, and it enables them, in a very special way, to share in the paschal mystery and in the passage of Our Lord from this world to the heavenly homeland" (#1). 
March 31 – Our Lady of Iwer (Russia) 
 
The unique moment when the risen Christ and Mary met
 
Popular piety has imagined in a thousand ways the unique moment when the risen Christ and Mary met. Saint Vincent Ferrer described a grandiose scene where Mary takes her place among the great figures of the Old Testament:

"Christ told Mary what he had done in hell, how he had chained Satan, and he presented to his Mother the patriarchs he had brought back. They all greeted her with a deep bow.

I leave you to imagine the feelings of Adam and Eve when they said to Mary: "Blessed are you, our daughter and our Lady, whom our Lord had in mind when he said to the serpent: ‘I will put enmity between you and the woman.’" Eve added: "I closed paradise through my fault, but you, full of grace, have opened it again." And every Prophet said to her in turn: "I prophesied about you there and there in my book." Then all hailed her and said: "You are the glory of Jerusalem, Israel's joy and the honor of our people."
The Virgin returned their greeting ... And the angels sang again: ‘Queen of Heaven, rejoice!’"
Father Nicolas Bossu LC
Jerusalem, April 14, 2014 (Zenit.org)


1700  B.C. Righteous Joseph the Handsome son of the Old Testament patriarch Jacob(Gen. 37-50)
Died in about the year 1700 before the Birth of Christ. His brothers by birth were jealous of him, because the father loved him more than the other brothers, and they feared him, since he told them about his dreams, foretelling his future greatness. The brothers decided to kill Righteous Joseph, but on the suggestion of the eldest of them, Reuben, they changed their minds and first threw Joseph into a pit, and then sold him to merchants who were journeying with a caravan to Egypt.

In Egypt Joseph was sold to Potiphar, -- head of the imperial bodyguards, and thanks to his mind and virtues, he earned the trust of his master. Righteous Joseph was exceedingly handsome, and the wife of Potiphar wanted to force him into adultery. But the chaste youth turned away the temptation. Then out of malice and spite the wife of Potiphar slandered Righteous Joseph before her husband, saying that the youth wanted to defile her. Believing the lie, Potiphar locked up the innocent youth in prison. Situated in prison, Saint Joseph the Handsome gained fame by his wise interpretation of dreams. Having solved the riddle of Pharaoh's dream, -- foretelling the approaching years of famine and misfortune for Egypt, Righteous Joseph was set free and made first counselor of Egypt. When the famine befell also the native-land of righteous Joseph in Palestine, Saint Joseph was able to re-settle his father with all his family into Egypt. Before his end, Righteous Joseph gave instructions to transfer his bones from Egypt to the Promised Land, which was done under the holy Prophet Moses (Comm. 4 September), 1496 BC. Through his sons Manassah and Ephraim, Saint Joseph the Handsome is situated at the head of two of the tribes of Israel.
The Bible (Gen. 37-50) testifies about the life of Righteous Joseph the Handsome.
8th v BC. Amos Prophet 9 brief chapters shepherd of Tekoah (Koa) near Bethlehem, a trimmer of sycamores (RM)
 Thécuæ, in Palæstína, sancti Amos Prophétæ, qui ab Amasía Sacerdóte frequénter plagis afflíctus est, atque ab hujus fílio Ozía vecte per témpora transfíxus; et póstea, semivívus in pátriam devéctus, ibídem exspirávit, sepultúsque est cum pátribus suis.
       At Thecua in Palestine, the holy prophet Amos, whom the priest Amasias frequently had scourged.  Ozias, that priest's son, pierced his head at the temples with an iron spike.  Being carried half dead to his own country, he died there, and was buried with his family.
One of the minor prophets of the Old Testament, Amos wrote only nine brief chapters, far less than a man who writes adventure stories; far less than a journalist who scribbles each day, far less than a columnist who writes each week, far less than many of us do on this list. Some say he wrote the nine chapters in a brief hour:
"Return to the land of Judah, and there eat your bread and prophesy!"
He was just a shepherd of Tekoah (Koa) near Bethlehem, a trimmer of sycamores, "a herdsman plucking wild figs" (Amos 7:13). Yet God seized him and told him to go and prophesy; and his words have endured for thousands of years.
"The Lord roared from Sion and made His voice heard in Jerusalem."
This is an amazing thing: that an unlettered man, 800 years before Christ, should write down (or better, have written down for him) certain sayings that the world has never been able to lose or destroy. The Roman Martyrology says that he was "transfixed with an iron bar through the temples." He was buried in his native place (Benedictines, Encyclopedia).

Prophet Amos  Orthodoxe Kirche: 15. Juni  Katholische Kirche: 31. März
Amos aus Tekoa war ein Schafzüchter und Maulbeefeigenpflanzer (Amos 1, 1 und 7, 14). Er wurde um 760 v. Chr. als Prophet in das Nordreich gesandt. In Samaria und Bethel (der Kultstätte des Nordreiches) konnte er kurze Zeit seine Prophetie verkünden und wurde dann ausgewiesen.
The Iveron Icon of the Mother of God (which is preserved on Mt. Athos)"Portaitissa" or "Gate-Keeper" (October 13)
It kept in the home of a certain pious widow, who lived near Nicea. During the time of the emperor Theophilus, the Iconoclasts came to the house of this Christian, and one of the soldiers struck the image of the Mother of God with a spear. Blood flowed from the place where it was struck.

The widow, fearing its destruction, promised the imperial soldiers money and implored them not to touch the icon until morning. When the soldiers departed, the woman and her son (later an Athonite monk), sent the holy icon away upon the sea to preserve it. The icon, standing upright upon the water, floated to Athos.

For several days, the Athonite monks had seen a fiery pillar on the sea rising up to the heavens. They came down to the shore and found the holy image, standing upon the waters. After a Molieben of thanksgiving, a pious monk of the Iveron monastery, St Gabriel (July 12), had a dream in which the Mother of God appeared to him and gave him instructions. So he walked across the water, and taking up the holy icon, he placed it in the church.

On the following day, however, the icon was found not within the church, but on the gates of the monastery. This was repeated several times, until the Most Holy Theotokos revealed to St Gabriel Her will, saying that She did not want the icon to be guarded by the monks, but rather She intended to be their Protectress. After this, the icon was installed on the monastery gates. Therefore this icon came to be called "Portaitissa" or "Gate-Keeper" (October 13). This comes from the Akathist "Rejoice, O Blessed Gate-Keeper who opens the gates of Paradise to the righteous."

There is a tradition that the Mother of God promised St Gabriel that the grace and mercy of Her Son toward the monks would continue as long as the Icon remained at the monastery. It is also believed that the disappearance of the Iveron Icon from Mt. Athos would be a sign of the end of the world.

The Iveron Icon is also commemorated on February 12, October 13 (Its arrival in Moscow in 1648), and Bright Tuesday (Commemorating the appearance of the Icon in a pillar of fire at Mt. Athos and its recovery by St Gabriel).
130 St. Balbina Martyr died for her faith was buried on the Appian Way She is invoked against scrofula
 Romæ sanctæ Balbínæ Vírginis, fíliæ beáti Quiríni  Mártyris, quæ, a sancto Alexándro Papa baptizáta, in sancta virginitáte Christum sibi sponsum elégit; et, post devíctum hujus sæculi cursum, sepúlta est via Appia, juxta patrem suum.
       At Rome, the virgin St. Balbina, daughter of the blessed martyr Quirinus.  She was baptized by Pope Alexander, and she chose Christ as her spouse in her virginity.  After overcoming the world, she was buried at her father's side on the Appian Way.
baptized by Pope St. Alexander.

ST BALBINA, VIRGIN
IN the Roman Martyrology today we read the following notice: “At Rome, of St Balbina, Virgin, daughter of blessed Quirinus, Martyr, who was baptized by Pope Alexander and chose Christ as her spouse in holy virginity; after completing the course of this world she was buried on the Appian Way near her father.” This account was unfortunately dependent upon a wholly gratuitous insertion of the martyrologist Ado, who borrowed certain details from the Acts of St Acacius is called a martyr but there is no evidence that he was eventually Pope Alexander which Bede had prudently ignored, and used the names Quirinus, Theodora and Balbina to fill three successive blank days in the month of March.

The so-called Acts of Balbina are merely a late plagiarism from the Acts of Alexander. All that is known to us is that midway between the Via Appia and the Via Ardeatina there was a cemetery of Balbina, probably so called because it was constructed on the estate of a Christian lady named Balbina. On the other hand there seems to have been a Balbina, called daughter of Quirinus, but she cannot have been identical with the first-named Balbina because she lived at a much earlier date, and was buried in the catacomb of Praetextatus. Balbina was honoured in a little fourth-century church on the Aventine which bore her name, but it is difficult to decide which Balbina was intended.

The fabulous story of St Balbina is printed in the Acta Sanctorum, March, vol. iii, but it is all extracted from the Acts of Alexander, in one version of which Balbina is represented as a martyr. See also Dom Quentin, Lee martyrologes historiques, especially pp. 153 and 490 Leclercq in DAC., vol. ii, pp. 137—157; and J. P. Kirsch, Die Römischen Titelkirchen im Altertum, Pp. 94—96.
The daughter of Quirinus the martyr (St Quirinus the Jailer), Balbina died for the faith and was buried on the Appian Way. Her relics were later enshrined in St. Balbina's Church on the Aventine.

Balbina of Rome V (RM) The laus in the Roman Martyrology says: "At Rome, the birthday of Saint Balbina the Virgin, daughter of blessed Quirinus the martyr; she was baptized by Pope Alexander, and chose Christ as her Spouse in her virginity; after completing the course of this world she was buried on the Appian Way near her father." Later, her relics were enshrined in the church dedicated to her on the Aventine. Modern writers question the veracity of the laus (Attwater2, Benedictines). In art, Saint Balbina is portrayed with a chain in her hand or fetters near her.
At times she may be shown kissing the chains of captives. She is invoked against scrofula (Roeder).
251-260 St. Achatius led a devout life and was much revered for his charity

3rd v. ST ACACIUS, OR Achatius, BISHOP
This Acacius has been claimed as a bishop of Antioch in Pisidia by some and of Melitene in Armenia Minor by others; a third view is that he was not a bishop at all.
But a report of his trial has been preserved, in a document of which the Greek original is lost. According to this, Acacius was the great support of the Christians of Antioch, and as such was haled before the consular agent Martian. He declared that Christians were loyal subjects of the emperor, who prayed for him regularly, but when invited to an act of worship of the same emperor he refused.
Thereupon ensued a discussion between Martian and Acacius which ranged over the seraphim, Greco-Roman mythology, the Incarnation, Dalmatian morals, the nature of God and the religion of the Kataphrygians. When ordered to accompany the officer to sacrifice in the temple of Jupiter and Juno, Acacius replied, “I cannot sacrifice to someone who is buried in the isle of Crete. Or has he come to life again?” Then Martian made an accusation of magic and wanted to know where were the magicians who helped him; and to Acacius’s rejoinder that all came from God and that magic was hateful to Christians he objected that they must be magicians, because they had invented a religion. “You make your own gods and are afraid of them; “we destroy them”, responded Acacius. “When there are no masons, or the masons have no stone, then you have no gods. We stand in awe of our God—but we did not make Him; He made us; for He is Master. And He loves us, for He is Father; and in His goodness He has snatched us from everlasting death.”

Finally Acacius was required to disclose the names of other Christians, on pain of death, and he would not. “I am on trial and you ask for names. If you cannot overcome me alone, do you suppose you would be successful with the others You want names—all right: I am called Acacius, and I have been surnamed Agathangelus [‘good angel ‘].  “Do what you like.” Acacius was then returned to prison and the proceedings of the examination forwarded to the emperor, Decius, who, we are told, could not forbear to smile when reading them. The upshot was that Martian was promoted to the legation of Pamphylia and Acacius received the imperial pardon, an interesting and unusual circumstance put to death for the faith, which may account for his never having received any cultus in the West; but his name figures in Eastern calendars on March 31 and other dates.

The acta disputationis (appropriately so called) are in Acta Sanctorum for March, vol. iii, and in Ruinart. Father Delehaye assigns them to his third category of such documents, viz. an embroidery of an otherwise reliable document: see his Les Passions des Martyrs. See also Allard, Histoire des Persecutions, vol. ii; and J. Weber, De actis S. Achatii (1913) but cf. the unfavourable judgement passed on Weber’s dissertation by Delehaye in Analecta Bollandiana, vol. xxxiii (1914), pp. 346—347.
Achatius, also known as Acacius; the facts of his life are uncertain. He may have been bishop of Antioch or of Militene and may not have been a bishop at all. He was prominent in Christian circles in Antioch and when summoned to appear before the local Roman official, Martian, a dialogue on Christianity and it's teachings as compared to other religions ensued, which has come down to us. Achatius refused to sacrifice to pagan gods, and when he would not supply the names of his fellow Christians, was sent to prison. Supposedly when Emperor Decius received Martian's report of the trial he was so impressed by both men that he promoted Martian and pardoned Achatius. Though listed as a martyr there is no evidence he died for the faith.
Saint Acacius the Confessor lived during the Decian persecution, and was Bishop of Melitene, Armenia.
Arrested as a Christian, St Acacius was brought before the governor Marcianus, who ordered that he be tortured. He was not put to death, but was set free after a while, bearing the wounds of Christ on his body. He died in peace.  St Acacius the Confessor is also commemorated on September 15. He should not be confused with another St Acacius of Melitene (April 17) who lived in the fifth century.

Acacius Agathangelos B (AC) (also known as Achatius) Died c. 251. "We venerate our God because He made us; we did not make Him. He as our Master loves us, for He is also our Father. Of His goodness He has rescued us from everlasting death." --Saint Acacius.
Saint Acacius, bishop of Antioch, Phrygia, led a devout life and was much revered for his charity and zeal by his flock who nicknamed him 'Agathangelus,' which means 'good angel,' and 'Thaumaturgus,' or the 'wonder - worker.' During the persecution of Christians under the Emperor Decius, not a single Christian in his diocese is said to have denied his faith.

Around 251, Decius's representative in Antioch, Martian, summoned the bishop for cross-examination. Acacius appeared and began by insisting that his flock was entirely faithful to the emperor.
Martian responded that the saint should prove this by making sacrifice to the emperor as a god. This the bishop adamantly refused to do.


The following transcript is from the public record of this interrogation:
Martian: "As you have the happiness to live under the Roman laws, you are bound to love and honor our princes, who are our protectors."
Acacius: "Of all the subjects of the empire, none love and honor the emperor more than the Christians. We pray without intermission for his person, and that it may please God to grant him long life, prosperity, success, and all benedictions; that he may be endowed by Him with the spirit of justice and wisdom to govern his people; that his reign be auspicious, and prosperous, blessed with joy, peace, and plenty, throughout all the provinces that obey him."

Martian: "All this I commend; but that the emperor may be the better convinced of your submission and fidelity, come now and offer him a sacrifice with me."
Acacius: "I have already told you that I pray to the great and true God for the emperor; but he ought not to require a sacrifice from us, nor is there any due to him or to any man whatsoever."
Martian: "Tell us what God you adore, that we may also pay Him our offerings and homages."
Acacius: "I wish from my heart you did know Him."

Instead of instantly sentencing Acacius to death, Martian continued to question him. They discussed the nature of angels. They spoke about the myths of the Greeks and the Romans. They philosophized together about the nature of God:
Martian: "Tell me His Name."
Acacius: "He is called the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob."
Martian: "Are these the names of gods?"
Acacius: "By no means, but of men to whom the true God spoke; He is the only God, and He alone is to be adored, feared, and loved."
Martian: "What is this God?"
Acacius: "He is the most high Adonai, who is seated above the cherubim and seraphim."
Martian: "What is a seraph?"
Acacius: "A ministering spirit of the most high God, and one of the principal lords of the heavenly court."
Martian: "What chimeras are these? Lay aside these whims of invisible beings, and adore such gods as you can see."
Acacius: "Tell me who are those gods to whom you would have me sacrifice?"
Martian: "Apollo, the savior of men, who preserves us from pestilence and famine, who enlightens, preserves, and governs the universe."
Acacius: "Do you mean that wretch that could not preserve his own life: who, being in love with a young woman (Daphne), ran about distracted in pursuit of her, not knowing that he was never to possess the object of his desires? It is therefore evident that he could not foresee things to come, since he was in the dark as to his own fate, and as clear that he could be no god, who was thus cheated by a creature. All know likewise that he had a base passion for Hyacinth, a beautiful boy, and was so awkward as to break the head of that minion, the fond object of his criminal passion, with a quail.
"Is not he also that god who, with Neptune, turned mason, hired himself to a king (Laamedon of Troy), and built the walls of a city? Would you oblige me to sacrifice to such a divinity, or to Esculapius, thunderstruck by Jupiter? or to Venus, whose life was infamous, and to a hundred such monsters, to whom you offer sacrifice?
" No, though my life itself depended on it, ought I to pay divine honors to those whom I should blush to imitate, and of whom I can entertain no other sentiments than those of contempt and execration? You adore gods, the imitators of whom you yourselves would punish."


Martian: "It is usual for you Christians to raise several calumnies against our gods; for which reason I command you to come now with me to a banquet in honor of Jupiter and Juno, and acknowledge and perform what is due to their majesty."
Acacius: "How can I sacrifice to a man whose sepulcher is unquestionably in Crete? What! Is he risen again?"
Martian: "You must either sacrifice or die."
Acacius: "Finis is the custom of the Dalmatian robbers; when they have taken a passenger in a narrow way, they leave him no other choice but to surrender his money or his life. But, for my part, I declare to you that I fear nothing that you can do to me. The laws punish adulterers, thieves, and murderers. Were I guilty of any of those things, I should be the first man to condemn myself. But if my whole crime be the adoring of the true God, and I am on this account to be put to death, it is no longer a law but an injustice."

Martian: "I have no order to judge but to counsel you to obey. If you refuse, I know how to force you to a compliance."
Acacius: "I have a law which I will obey: this commands me not to renounce my God. If you think yourself bound to execute the orders of a man who in a little while must leave the world, and his body become the food of worms, much more strictly am I bound to obey the omnipotent God, Who is infinite and eternal, and Who hath declared, `Whoever shall deny Me before men, him will I deny before My Father.'"

Martian: "You now mention the error of your sect which I have long desired to be informed of: you say then that God hath a son?"
Acacius: "Doubtless He hath one."
Martian: "Who is this son of God?"
Acacius: "The Word of truth and grace."
Martian: "Is that His name?"
Acacius: "You did not ask me His name, but what He is."
Martian: "What then is His name?"
Acacius: "Jesus Christ."
Martian asked "by what woman God had this son,"
   he replied, "that the divine generation of the Word is of a different nature from human generation,
and proved it from the language the royal prophet uses of in Psalm 44."
Martian: "Is God then corporeal?"
Acacius: "He is known only to Himself. We cannot describe Him; He is invisible to us in this mortal state, but we are sufficiently acquainted with His perfections to confess and adore Him."
Martian: "If God hath no body, how can He have a heart or mind?"
Acacius: "Wisdom hath no dependence or connection with an organized body. What does having a body have to do with understanding?"

He then pressed him to sacrifice as did some of the heretical Montanists.
Acacius: "It is not me these people obey, but God. Let them hear me when I advise them to what is right; or let them despise me, if I offer them the contrary and endeavor to pervert them."
Martian then asked the saint to provide him with the names of other Christians. The bishop would give him only two names: his own, Acacius, and his nickname, Agathangelus.
Martian: "Give me all their names."
Acacius: "They are written in heaven, in God's invisible registers."
Martian: "Where are the magicians, your companions, and the teachers of this cunningly devised error [the priests?]?"
Acacius: "No one in the world abhors magic more than we Christians."
Martian: "Magic is the new religion which you introduce."
Acacius: "We destroy those gods whom you fear, though you made them yourselves. We, on the contrary, fear not him whom we have made with our hands, but Him who created us, and Who is the Lord and Master of all nature; Who loved us as our good Father, and redeemed us from death and hell as the careful and affectionate shepherd of our souls."
Martian: "Give the names I require, if you would avoid the torture."
Acacius: "I am before the tribunal, and do you ask me my name, and, not satisfied with that, you must also know those of the other ministers? Do you hope to conquer many; you, whom I alone am able thus to confound? If you desire to know our names, mine is Acacius. If you would know more, they call me Agathangelus, and my two companions are Piso, bishop of the Trojans, and Menander, a priest. Do now what you please."
Martian: "You shall remain in prison till the emperor is acquainted with what has passed on this subject, and sends his orders concerning you."
The emperor's representative was so impressed by Acacius that he sent a transcript of the whole interview to Decius himself.
Decius smiled when he read it, promoted Martian to a higher post, and pardoned Bishop Acacius.

The acta of Acacius seem genuine: held in veneration in the East (Attwater2, Benedictines, Bentley, Encyclopedia, Husenbeth).

Akazius von Melitene  Orthodoxe und Evangelische Kirche: 31. März
Akazius lebte im 3. Jahrhundert. Er war Bischof von Melitene (Armenien). Unter Kaiser Decius wurde er 251 gefangengenommen und vor den Konsul Marcianus gebracht. Marcianus befragte Akazius und dieser redete zu ihm über die göttliche Ordnung und auch über die Cherubim und Seraphim. Daraufhin ließ Marcianus ihn foltern und ins Gefängnis werfen. Marcianus berichtete auch dem Kaiser über seine Untersuchung. Dieser Bericht ist erhalten geblieben. Decius befahl dann, Akazius freizulassen.
Akazius übte sein Amt weiter aus und starb friedlich um 260.
361-363 38 Martyrs are also remembered on this day, beheaded by the sword under Julian (361-363)
St. Theodulus Martyr with Anesius & others in Proconsular Africa
 In Africa sanctórum Mártyrum Theodúli, Anésii, Felícis, Cornéliæ et Sociórum.
       In Africa, the holy martyrs Theodulus, Anesius, Felix, Cornelia, and their companions.
Felix, Cornelia, and companions in Africa. The details of their suffering are not extant.
Theodolus, Anesius, Felix, Cornelia & Comp. MM (RM. Martyrs in Proconsular Africa (Benedictines).
326 Hieromartyr Hypatius {Ipatios}, Bishop of Gangra at First Ecumenical Council at Nicea martyred by schismatics he prayed for his murderers devout life and miracles
Bishop of the city of Gangra in Paphlagonia (Asia Minor). In the year 325 he participated in the First Ecumenical Council at Nicea, at which the heresy of Arius was anathematized.

When St Hypatius was returning in 326 from Constantinople to Gangra, followers of the schismatics Novatus and Felicissimus fell upon him in a desolate place. The heretics ran him through with swords and spears, and threw him into a swamp. Like the Protomartyr Stephen, St Hypatius prayed for his murderers.

An Arian woman struck the saint on the head with a stone, killing him. The murderers hid his body in a cave, where a Christian who kept straw there found his body. Recognizing the bishop's body, he hastened to the city to report this, and the inhabitants of Gangra piously buried their beloved archpastor.

Born in Cilicia, he was bishop in the town of Gangra. At the First Ecumenical Council, he was lauded on all sides for his devout life and miracles. The Emperor Constantius ordered a bust of Hypatius to be made in the saint's lifetime, and he kept this bust in his palace as a weapon against every adverse power. Returning once from Constantinople, Hypatius was attacked in a gorge by a heretic, Novatianus, and was pushed off the road into the mud. On top of that, a woman of that company threw a rock at his head, and the saint thus finished his earthly course. But this woman suddenly went insane, and, taking the same rock, began to strike herself with it. When they brought her to the grave of St Hypatius and prayed for her, she was healed by Hypatius's compassionate spirit and spent the rest of her life in repentance and prayer. St Hypatius suffered and went to the eternal Kingdom of Christ our God in 326.

After death the relics of Saint Ipatios won reknown for numerous miracles, in particular the casting out of demons and for healing the sick.

From of old the Priestmartyr Ipatios was particularly venerated in the Russian land. Thus in the year 1330 was built at Kostroma

 the IPATIEV MONASTERY, on the place of an appearance of the Mother of God with the Pre-eternal Christ-Child
saints that were present -- the Apostle Philip and the Priestmartyr Ipatios, bishop of Gangra.


This monastery afterwards occupied a significant place in the spiritual and social life of the nation, particularly during the years of the Time of Troubles. The old-time copies of the Vita of the Priestmartyr Ipatios were widely distributed in Russian literature, and one of these entered into the compiling of the Chet'i Minei [Reading Menaion] of Metropolitan Makarii (1542-1564).
In this Vita was preserved an account about the appearance of the Saviour to Saint Ipatios on the eve of the martyr's death. The veneration to the saint consists of prayers, words of praise and teaching on the day of his memory. The pious veneration of Sainted Ipatios was also expressed in the liturgical works of Russian authors. During the XIX Century was written a new service to the Priestmartyr Ipatios, distinct from the services written by the Monk Joseph the Studite, contained in the March Menaion.

386 The Departure of St. Anba Kyrellos (Cyril), Bishop of Jerusalem. copticchurch.net
On this day of the year 386 A.D. the holy father Anba Kyrellos (Cyril), Bishop of Jerusalem, departed. This father was chosen in the year 348 A.D. as a successor for Anba Maximus, Bishop of Jerusalem, for his knowledge and righteousness. He did not stay long on his Chair, until a contention arose between him and Acacius Bishop of Caesarea about who had the right to be in primacy over the other.
Kyrellos argument in that he was the successor of St. James, one of the Twelve Disciples.
Anba Kyrellos sold some of the church vessels and distributed the money on the needy because of a famine that befell the land of Palestine. Acacius took this chance and made an effort to obtain an order to exile him from the country. Anba Kyrellos was exiled without any one listening to his case. In the year 359 A.D., he appealed his case before the council of Seleucia. The council called Acacius to hear from him his argument, but he did not attend, so they judged by removing him from his office, and the return of Kyrellos to his Chair (Parish). He did not stay long for Acacius went and enticed emperor Constans to assemble a council at Constantinople and the Arian bishops agreed with him.
This council convened in the year 360 A.D. and ordered to exile this saint once more.
When Constans died, and was succeeded by Julian who ordered the return of all the exiled bishops to their chairs. This saint returned to his chair in the year 362 A.D. and shepherded his people faithfully and honestly, but he resisted the Arians. They went to emperor Valens the Arian who invalidated the order of his predecessor Julian stating the return of the exiled bishops to their chairs.
This way St. Kyrellos was exiled for the third time, where he remained until the death of Valens in the year 379 A.D. When Theodosius the great reigned and assembled the one hundred fifty in a council against Macedonius (The second universal council), this father attended, and opposed Macedonius, Sabilius and other heretics.
This Saint composed many Homilies and Exhortations, exceedingly profitable, in the Doctrines of faith and old traditions then departed in peace.

May his prayers be with us. Amen.
The Departure of St. Michael, Bishop of Naqadah. copticchurch.net
On this day also the honored father, and the unblemished bishop Anba Michael bishop of the Chair of Naqadah, departed.
With his prayers may the Lord have mercy on us, and Glory be to God forever. Amen
395 Our Holy Father Apolionius hermit 40 years founded monastery 500 monks
Saint Apollonius, when he was a fifteen-year-old youth, withdrew into the inner Thebaid desert (Lower Egypt), where he spent forty years in monastic struggles. Directed by God, he founded a monastery near Hermopolis, where eventually about five hundred monks gathered. St Apollonius was strict in fasting, only on Sundays did he eat cooked food, and on other days he ate wild plants.

All the monks followed the example of St Apollonius, engaging in spiritual struggles at the monastery. The holy ascetic died in the fourth century.
A famous Egyptian hermit, he renounced the world at the age of fifteen and withdrew to a mountain, where he lived for forty years eating only wild plants.
After that, he founded a monastery in which he had 500 monks. He entered peacefully into rest in 395.
418 The Hieromartyr Audas, Bishop of the City of Suza.
He was beheaded for Christ in 418 in Persia by King Yezdegeherd. His deacon, St Benjamin, was released by the torturers on condition that he preach the Gospel no more. He observed this condition for a time, but his heart could not bear it and he began again to spread the truth of Christ among the people. For this he was arrested and killed in 421, three years after St Audas.
The Hieromartyrs Audas (Abdas), the Bishop and the Deacon Benjamin.
St Audas was Bishop of Bethchasar in Persia. He destroyed a temple of the fire-worshippers, and was brought to trial before the Persian emperor Izdegerd I (401-402), who ordered the saint to rebuild the temple. When Bishop Audas refused, the emperor ordered soldiers to destroy all the Christian churches, persecute the Christians, and to torture them.
St Audas was the first to be martyred. He was beheaded after lengthy tortures. After thirty days, the other martyrs were also executed. Among them was the deacon Benjamin, who suffered particularly cruel torments. They stuck sharp needles under his nails and impaled him on a spear.
The hieromartyrs died in the old Persian city of Suza.
424? St. Benjamin Persian Deacon Martyr in Persia
 In Pérside sancti Bénjamin Diáconi, qui, cum Dei verbum non desísteret prædicáre, ídeo, sub Isdegérde Rege, arundínibus acútis confíxus únguibus, et spinósa sude per alvum transmíssa, martyrium consummávit.
       In Persia, during the reign of King Isdegerdes, the deacon St. Benjamin.  Because he would not stop preaching the word of God, he had a sharp reed forced under his nails, a thorny stake driven through his body, and thus completed his martyrdom.

421 ST BENJAMIN, MARTYR
KING YEZDIGERD, the son of Sapor II, put an end to the cruel persecution of Christians which had raged in Persia under his father, and the Church had been in the enjoyment of peace for twelve years when a bishop named Abdas, with misdirected zeal, burnt down the Pyraeum, or Temple of Fire, the chief object of worship of the Persians. The king threatened to destroy all the churches of Christians unless Abdas would rebuild the temple. This he refused to do, and Yezdigerd put him to death and initiated a general persecution which was intensified under his son Varanes and lasted for forty years. Theodoret, who was living in the neighbourhood at the time, gives an appalling account of the cruelties practised.
One of the foremost of the martyrs was a deacon, called Benjamin. After he had been beaten and then imprisoned for a year, an ambassador from the emperor at Constantinople obtained his release, promising on his behalf, that he would refrain from speaking about his religion. Benjamin, however, declared that he could not observe such a condition, and in fact he lost no opportunity of preaching the gospel. He was again apprehended and brought before the king. At the trial his only reply to the indictment was to ask the monarch what he would think of a subject who would renounce his allegiance and join in war against him. The tyrant ordered that reeds should he thrust in between his nails and his flesh and into all the tenderest parts of his body and then withdrawn. After this torture had been, repeated several times, a knotted stake was inserted into his bowels to rend and tear him. The martyr expired in the most terrible agony.

Besides Theodoret (Eccles. lust., bk v, ch. 38), which source is reproduced in the dicta Sanctorum, March, vol. iii, an account of these martyrs has been preserved both in Syriac and Armenian.. See Peeters in the Analecta Bollandiana, vol. xxviii (1909), pp. 399—415, who throws great light upon certain inconsistencies in the narrative, and shows that Theodoret has probably used a Syriac original. Cf. also the Historisches Jahrbuch, vol. xxxiv (1913), pp. 94 seq. and Labourt, Le Christianisme dans l’Empire perse, pp. 105—112.

The Christians in Persia had enjoyed twelve years of peace during the reign of Isdegerd, son of Sapor III, when in 420 it was disturbed by the indiscreet zeal of Abdas, a Christian Bishop who burned the Temple of Fire (Pyraeum), the great sanctuary of the Persians. King Isdegerd threatened to destroy all the churches of the Christians unless the Bishop would rebuild it.
Benjamin the Deacon M (RM) Yezdigerd (Isdegerdes), the king of Persia, put an end to the cruel persecution of Christians under his father Sapor (Shapur) II, and there followed 12 years of peace. Bishop Abdas then burned down the Pyraeum, or Temple of Fire, the chief object of worship of the Persians. The king threatened to destroy all Christian churches unless Abdas rebuilt it. The bishop refused, and the king put him to death and initiated a general persecution of Christians, which continued for forty years and intensified under his son Varanes. An account of the terrible cruelties was given by a contemporary, Theodoret (Ecclesiastical History).
Benjamin, a Persian deacon, was beaten and imprisoned for a year for preaching Christianity during the persecution. He was released at the request of the Emperor of Constantinople, who promised he would stop preaching to Varanes' courtiers. As soon as he was released, Benjamin again began proclaiming the Gospel, was arrested and tortured after he said that he would not be silent if again released.
At his trial, he asked the king what he would think of a subject who would renounce his allegiance and join in a war against him. The king ordered reeds thrust under his nails and into the most tender parts of his body and then withdrawn. After this was repeated several times, a knotted stake was inserted into his bowels to rend and tear him. He expired in terrible agony (Attwater2, Barr, Benedictines, Davies, Delaney, White).  He is depicted as a deacon with reeds thrust under his nails; sometimes impaled by knotted stake (Roeder).

SAINT GUI, ABBE DE POMPOSE (+ 1046) (lat. : Guido, Vido; germ. : Wit ou Witen) Evêque de Rome : Grégoire 6. - Empereur d'Occident : Henri 3. - Roi de France : Henri 1er.
Saint Gui naquit près de Ravenne, en Italie, au village de Casemar. Son père, appelé Albert, et sa mère, nommée Marie ou Marotie, étaient des personnes d'honnête famille et d'une insigne piété; il reçut d'eux une parfaite éducation et de fortes inclinations pour le bien: et l'on vit en lui, dès sa jeunesse, avec l'amour de l'étude et des belles-lettres, la retenue et la maturité d'un homme fait. Il avait cependant un défaut : il aimait à être vêtu aussi splendidement que pas un autre de sa condition, quoiqu'il ne le fit que pour plaire à ses parents. Mais Dieu, qui en voulait faire un homme selon son coeur, le prévint d'un mouvement de sa grâce si fort et si efficace, qu'il conçut tout d'un coup un mépris extrême de cette vanité, et qu'il se détermina à changer l'éclat de ses habits mondains pour un froc qui le rendit méprisable devant le monde.
Il se rendit donc à Ravenne la nuit même qu'on célébrait la fête du très-illustre martyr saint Apollinaire, patron de la ville; il se dépouilla de ses habits précieux, les donna aux pauvres et se revêtit à leur place d'un habit vil et décbiré. En cet état, il s'en alla à Rome, à l'insu de ses parents, pour y visiter les tombeaux des saints Apôtres, et y demeura quelque temps; il y reçut même la tonsure cléricale, et, comme le désir de la perfection embrasait son coeur de plus en plus, il prit la résolution de passer en Palestine pour y visiter les saints Lieux et ne plus revenir en son pays.
Mais pendant qu'il pensait au moyen de faire ce voyage, Dieu lui inspira de retourner à Ravenne et de se mettre sous la discipline d'un saint ermite, nommé Martin, qui vivait en solitude dans une petite île de la rivière du Pô. Il le vint donc trouver, et, ayant pris l'habit religieux, il vécut 3 ans sous sa conduite avec beaucoup d'obéissance et de docilité. Au bout de 3 ans, Martin, qui venait de recevoir le soin de l'abbaye de Pompose, et qui la gouvernait par un saint religieux nommé Guillaume, lequel faisait pour lui l'office d'abbé, y fit entrer son disciple Gui, afin qu'il pût apprendre, en cette grande compagnie, les exercices de la vie monastique. Ce fut là qu'il fit paraître avec éclat les vertus éminentes que le secret d'un ermitage avait cachées jusqu'alors. De sorte que, après avoir passé par toutes les cbarges du monastère et s'en être acquitté à l'entière satisfaction de tous les moines, après avoir aussi gouverné saintement le couvent de Saint Sévère, à Ravenne, dont Martin, son maître, lui donna la direction, l'abbé Guillaume s'étant démis de son office pour embrasser la vie solitaire, et Jean l'Ange, qu'il avait laissé pour successeur étant décédé, Gui fut unanimement élu abbé de Pompose.
Sa réputation fut tout d'un coup si grande, que plusieurs se vinrent ranger sous sa conduite; entre autres Albert, son père, et Gérard, son frère. Obligé de bâtir un nouveau monastère, il préserva de la mort, par ses prières, quelques ouvriers qui devaient être accablés sous des ruines. Un jour que les ouvriers se plaignaient bautement qu'on les laissait manquer de vivres, il sortit pour en aller chercher à Ravenne; son voyage ne fut pas long ; il rencontra aussitôt 2 bateaux chargés de blé et de vin que la divine Providence lui envoyait dans son besoin. Il fit aussi qu'un vase plein de vin qui tomba de dessus un mur ne fut point brisé, ni le vin répandu. Plusieurs autres fois, des vases de terre et de verre, tombant des mains de ses disciples, ne se cassèrent point; l'eau dont il s'était lavé les mains guérissait les fièvres et d'autres maladies; c'était une chose assez ordinaire que l'eau qu'on lui servait à table se changeât en vin: ce que de grands prélats ont même éprouvé avec admiration.
Sa vie, durant tout le temps de son ministère, fut plutôt angélique qu'humaine : il se démit de tout le soin temporel et le confia à divers abbés qu'il fit successivement ses vicaires; pour lui, il ne vaquait qu'au spirituel; pour être plus capable d'élever des âmes à Dieu, il avait toujours son esprit et son coeur dans le Ciel. Il se retirait ordinairement dans une solitude, à une lieue du monastère, où son abstinence était si grande et son oraison si continuelle, qu'il semblait ne plus vivre que de jeûne et de prière. Il traitait son corps avec tant de sévérité, principalement en Carême, que son historien ne fait point difficulté de dire que les tyrans et les bourreaux auraient eu de la peine à le traiter avec plus de rigueur. Cependant, il avait une douceur extrême et une charité vraiment paternelle pour ses religieux; et eux, de leur côté, l'aimaient fort tendrement.
Un d'eux, Martin, étant mort à 3 ou 4 lieues du monastère, l'on y apporta sou corps pour l'enterrer: mais après que la Messe et les autres prières pour les morts furent achevées, comme on était près de le mettre en terre, il commença à donner des signes de vie et appela à haute voix son saint Abbé. Le Saint lui demanda d'où il venait, ce qu'il avait vu et ce qui lui avait rendu la vie. Il répondit "qu'il avait vu un lieu de tourments horribles, où étaient plusieurs de ses parents et de ses connaissances; comme il les considérait avec horreur, saint Michel lui avait apparu, et, après lui avoir fait goûter d'un miel d'une douceur extraordinaire, il lui avait commandé de revenir pour 3 jours en son corps". En effet, ce bon religieux vécut encore 3 jours, ayant toujours le goût de ce miel dans la bouche, et, au bout de ce temps, ayant reçu la bénédiotion de son Abbé, il expira fort saintement.
Un autre, nommé Barthode, tomba malade à la mort. Dans son agonie, il fut si horriblement tenté par les démons, que, dans les peines où il était, il semblait donner des marques de désespoir. La communauté en fut tout épouvantée : mais le saint Supérieur fit tant par ses prières, que le calme et la sérénité succédèrent à ce grand combat. Ses confrères lui demandèrent ce qui lui avait causé des frayeurs et des agitations si terribles; il leur dit : "J'ai vu les malins esprits en des formes épouvantables, et extrêmement acharnés contre moi, quoiqu'ils n'eussent à me reprocher qu'un seul péché, que j'ai commis il y a longtemps, et dont je n'avais plus de mémoire : c'était d'avoir appris dans le monde une espèce de magie, que je n'ai pas néanmoins exercée. Mais par la grâce de Notre-Seigneur Jésus-Christ et par les prières de notre saint Abbé et les vôtres, ils se sont retirés avec honte, et m'ont laissé en repos". Il reçut ensuite l'absolution de cette offense, et rendit son âme en grande paix.
Ce bienheureux Abbé, du consentement de son Chapitre, avait ordonné qu'on ne mangerait point de poisson le mercredi ni le vendredi. En son absence, le prieur on fit donner: mais en même temps, un troupeau de l'abbaye se dispersa tellement dans la forêt, qu'il fut impossible de le réunir, et il ne revint qu'après que le Saint, ayant été informé de cette transgression, l'eût punie par une sévère pénitence.
Mais, quoique sa sainteté fut si admirable, il ne laissa pas d'être exposé à la persécution. Héribert, archevêque de Ravenne, conçut tant de haine contre lui, qu'il résolut de le perdre et de mener même des soldats dans son monastère pour le piller et le détruire. Saint Gui ne voulut point s'opposer à cette tyrannie par d'autres armes que par les armes spirituelles de l'oraison et de la pénitence: il ordonna donc à ses moines de jeûner pendant 3 jours au pain d'orge et à l'eau pure, et durant ce même temps, de ne manger qu'à terre, de porter toujours le cilice et de prendre souvent très-rudement la discipline; lui-même leur servait d'exemple, et cette austérité fut si puissante, qu'elle désarma ce prélat, tout violent et tout furieux qu'il était. Il vint au monastère, accompagné de gens d'armes; Gui, à la tête de ses moines, alla au-devant de lui, le reçut avec une gravité et une modestie angéliques, le conduisit à l'église, selon la coutume, avec beaucoup de solennité, et le Saint-Esprit toucha si fort Héribert, que, fondant en larmes et demandant pardon de ce mauvais dessein, il jura au Saint et à toute sa communauté une amitié et une protection perpétuelles.
Enfin, ce grand homme ayant été mandé par l'empereur Henri 3, qui voulait se servir de son conseil en des affaires très-importantes, se rendit à Parme, où, 3 jours après, n'ayant eu qu'une maladie fort courte, il rendit son esprit à Dieu, l'an 1046 et le huitième de son gouvernement. Comme les moines reportaient son corps en leur abbaye, les Parmesans ayant reconnu, par la guérison qu'il fit d'un aveugle, et par leurs cloches qui sonnèrent sans nul ministère des hommes, la grandeur du trésor qu'ils enlevaient, ils le saisirent et s'en rendirent les maitres. Mais l'empereur de Germanie, Henri 3, survenant là-dessus, le fit porter d'abord à Vérone, où il fut mis dans l'église de Saint-Zénon et y fit beaucoup de guérisons miraculeuses. L'année d'après, il le fit transporter à Spire, en Allemagne, en l'église de Saint-Jean-l'Evangéliste, laquelle, depuis ce temps-là, a pris aussi-le titre de Saint-Gui ou Saint- Witen; on y célèbre cette translation le 4 mai. Pour le jour où nous sommes, c'est celui de son décès.
Il ne faut pas omettre que notre Saint avait une liaison particulière d'amitié avec le bienheureux Pierre Damien, et qu'il le retint 2 ans entiers à Pompose pour enseigner à ses moines l'Ecriture Sainte. C'est le bienheureux Pierre Damien qui nous apprend que le religieux abbé de Pompose fut mis au nombre des Saints, comme saint Romuald, peu de temps après sa mort.
Le convoi de bateaux qui abordent près de son monastère au moment où les vivres allaient manquer aux ouvriers occupés à construire son abbaye, est l'attribut iconographique de saint Gui de Pompose. - Il est un des patrons de Spire.
Les continuateurs de Bollandus nous ont donné 2 vies de saint Gui de Pompose : elles nous ont toutes 2 servi à composer celle-ci. -- Cfr Propre de Mayence, à ce jour.
434 Verulus, Secundinus, and Companions (RM)
Verulus, Secundinus, Siricius, Felix, Servulus, Saturninus, Fortunatus, and 19 companions were martyred in northern Africa at Hadrumetum. The Roman Martyrology lists them as suffering during the Vandal persecution but it is unclear that this is true (Benedictines).

446 Saint Hypatius Igumen of Rufinus in Chalcedon guided monastery for 40 years healer prophet
Born in Phrygia (Asia Minor) into the family of a lawyer and he received a fine education. Once, when he was eighteen years old, his father punished him, after which the youth left home and went to Thrace (Balkans). There he herded cattle for a time, and then he lived with a priest who taught him how to chant the Psalms. Soon the chosen one of God was tonsured in one of the monasteries. Struggling against the temptations of the flesh, the holy ascetic spent fifty days in a strict fast. One night, with the blessing of the igumen, he drank some wine and ate some bread in the presence of the brethren, and was healed of his passions.
In search of a new place for ascetic struggles, St Hypatius settled with two other monks in the neglected Rufinus monastery near Chalcedon (Asia Minor). The monastery was rebuilt and soon many monks gathered about the holy ascetic, and the monastery began to flourish spiritually once more.
At the age of forty, St Hypatius was chosen igumen and he guided the monastery for forty years. Many monks, imitating their guide, attained spiritual perfection. For his strict ascetic life and love for others, St Hypatius was granted the gifts of wonderworking and healing by the Lord. Through his holy prayers bread was multiplied at the monastery, those afflicted with demons, and the blind, the withered and the hemorrhaging, came to the monastery and were healed.

St Hypatius reposed in 446, at eighty years of age. On the eve of his death, he predicted misfortunes to come: a devastating hailstorm, an earthquake, and Attila the Hun's invasion of Thrace.

452 Severian  bishop of Scythiopolis in Galilee murdered by the Eutychian heretics BM (RM)
Severian was bishop of Scythiopolis in Galilee who, on his return from the Council of Chalcedon, which condemned the Eutychian heresy, was murdered by the Eutychian heretics with the connivance of Empress Eudoxia.
While the decrees of the council had been accepted by most of the monks of Palestine, the Eutychian monk Theodosius, a man with an explosive temper, did not. With the help of Eudoxia, Theodosius and his monks managed to have Patriarch Juvenal of Jerusalem exiled and himself consecrated as bishop. Thereafter, Theodosius began to persecute the orthodox Christians. Saint Severianus, like many other Christians before him and at that time, resisted Juvenal and received the crown of martyrdom. He was seized by soldiers, dragged from the city, and murdered. His vita was written by a monk named Cyril the monk (Benedictines, Husenbeth).

633 St. Renovatus Bishop of Merida 20 yrs Spain convert from Arianism
He entered a monastery and became abbot of Cauliana in Lusitania and then bishop of Merida. He served his see for more than two decades. 

695 Valerius of Astorga monk abbot representative of the revival wrought by Saint Isidore OSB (AC)
Born in Astorga, Spain; Saint Valerius, monk and later abbot of San Pedro del Montes monastery, is the representative of the revival wrought by Saint Isidore (636). Several of his ascetical writings have survived (Benedictines).

8th v -end Blessed Aldo of Hasnon count monk second abbot OSB (AC)
Aldo, count of Ostrevant, became a monk at Hasnon Abbey in Belgium, which had been founded by his brother John. Aldo was chosen as its second abbot (Benedictines).

794 St. Stephen of Mar Saba hermit displayed uncanny skills with people a valued spiritual guide
A "do not disturb" sign helped today's saint find holiness and peace.

Stephen of Mar Saba was the nephew of St. John Damascene, who introduced the young boy to monastic life beginning at age 10. When he reached 24, Stephen served the community in a variety of ways, including guest master. After some time he asked permission to live a hermit's life. The answer from the abbot was yes and no: Stephen could follow his preferred lifestyle during the week, but on weekends he was to offer his skills as a counselor. Stephen placed a note on the door of his cell: "Forgive me, Fathers, in the name of the Lord, but please do not disturb me except on Saturdays and Sundays."

Despite his calling to prayer and quiet, Stephen displayed uncanny skills with people and was a valued spiritual guide.
His biographer and disciple wrote about Stephen: "Whatever help, spiritual or material, he was asked to give, he gave. He received and honored all with the same kindness. He possessed nothing and lacked nothing. In total poverty he possessed all things."  Stephen died in 794.

Stephanus der Sabait Orthodoxe Kirche: 13. Juli Katholische Kirche: 31. März
Stephanus wurde 725 geboren. Mit 10 Jahren trat er in das Sabakloster ein, das er bis zu seinem Tod 794 nicht mehr verließ. Er zog sich zeitweise in die Einöde zurück und wurde mit den Gaben der Heilung, Teufelsaustreibung und Prophetie beschenkt.

1046 St. Guy of Pomposa hermit abbot (1046) gave everything to the poor hermit abbot forty years he lived in silence, abstinence, fasting, and prayer devotions and austerities heightened during Lent. He spent three years, as a hermit, was born in Italy on the island of Po River. He become the abbot of St. Severus. He became a much sought after spiritual adviser. His feast day is March 31.

1046 ST GUY OF POMPOSA, ABBOT
St GUY, or Guido, who is also called Guion, Wido, Witen arid Wit, was born near Ravenna, and his father and mother took great pride in him; and, mainly to please them, he was very careful of his appearance and dress. One day, however, he was smitten with compunction for this form of vanity, He went to Ravenna, where the patronal feast of St Apollinaris was being celebrated, and stripping off his fine clothes he gave them to the poor and donned the shabbiest garments he could find. To his parents’ mortification, he started off in that garb for Rome, and whilst he was there he received the tonsure. A divine inspiration led him to place himself under the guidance of a hermit called Martin, who lived on a little island in the river Po. For three years they remained together, and then the recluse sent him to the abbey of Pomposa, near Ferrara, to learn monastic life in a large community. That monastery and that of St Severus at Ravenna were actually under the ultimate direction of the hermit, who decided the appointment of the superiors.
St Guy’s outstanding merits were such that he rose to high office, becoming abbot first of St Severus and then of Pomposa upon the nomination of Martin, confirmed by the vote of the monks. His reputation drew so many (including his father and his brother) to join the community, that the number of monks was doubled, and it became necessary for St Guy to build another monastery to accommodate all. After a time he delegated to others the secular part of his office, and concentrated on the more purely spiritual side, especially on the direction of souls. At certain seasons of the year he was accustomed to withdraw to a cell about three miles from the abbey, where he lived in such unbroken abstinence and devotion that he seemed to be sustained by fasting and prayer. During Lent especially, he treated his body with a severity which tortures could hardly have surpassed, and yet he was extraordinarily tender to his monks and they were devoted to him. St Peter Damian, who at his request delivered lectures on the Sacred Scriptures in the abbey of Pomposa for two years, dedicated to St Guy his book De perfectione monachorum.

Holy as he was, St Guy did not escape persecution. For some reason, Heribert, Archbishop of Ravenna, conceived a bitter hatred against him and actually determined to destroy his monastery. Warned of the approaching attack, the abbot’s only measure of defence was a three days’ fast, which the whole community observed. When the archbishop and his soldiers arrived at the gates, Guy went out to meet them, and with the utmost deference and humility led him into the church. Heribert’s heart was touched: he begged the abbot’s pardon, and promised him his protection for the future.
Towards the close of his life, St Guy retired into solitude, but he was summoned to Piacenza by the Emperor Henry III, who had come to Italy and wished to consult the abbot, of whose sanctity and wisdom he had heard much. The aged man obeyed very unwillingly, and took a tender farewell of his brethren, telling them that he should see their faces no more. He had arrived at Borgo San Donnino near Parma, when he was attacked by a sudden illness, from which he died on the third day. A contest took place for the custody of his body between Pomposa and Parma; the emperor settled the matter by having the relics taken to the church of St John the Evangelist at Speyer, which was afterwards renamed St Guido-Stift.

There is a short Latin life which has been printed both by the Bollandists, Acta Sanctorum, March, vol. iii, and by Mabillon.

Guy of Pomposa, OSB Abbot M (AC) (also known as Guido, Guion, Wido, Witen, Wit) Born near Ravenna, Italy. San Guido's parents were proud of their son. He was extremely careful with his appearance and dress in order to please them, until the day he realized that it was a form of vanity. On the feast of Saint Apollinaris (Died c. 75), the first bishop of Ravenna, Guy went into town, stripped off his finery, and traded them for the rags of the poor. His horrified parents then watched as he left on a pilgrimage to Rome thus dressed.

In Rome, he was tonsured and placed himself under the direction of a hermit, named Martin, who lived on an island in the Po River. After three years, Martin sent him to the monastery of Pomposa (near Ferrara), which was under Martin's direction together with that of Ferrara, to learn the monastic life in a large community. Thus, Guy began monastic life and became a Benedictine monk at the abbey of Saint Severus.

Later Guy was nominated by Martin and was confirmed by vote of the community as abbot of Ravenna, then of Pomposa near Ferrara. He loved sacred learning and, at his request, Saint Peter Damian (d. 1072) delivered lectures on the Scriptures to his monks for two years. Saint Peter Damian later dedicated his book, De perfectione monachorum, to the holy abbot. During his forty years as abbot, Guy's reputation drew so many others to religious life, including his own father and brother, that the community doubled in size and another monastery had to be built to accommodate them all. Eventually, he delegated the administrative aspects of his office in order to concentrate on the spiritual, especially the direction of souls.

Three times annually he made a retreat in a hermitage three-miles from Ferrara, where he lived in silence, abstinence, fasting, and prayer. His devotions and austerities were heightened during Lent. Although he treated his own body severely, he was extraordinarily tender with his monks, who became devoted to him.

Towards the end of his life, Guy was fiercely, though unjustly, persecuted by Archbishop Heribert of Ravenna and retired again into solitude. His peace was broken, however, by an summons to Piacenza from Emperor Henry III, who had come to Italy and wished to consult the holy man whose reputation had reached the king's ears. Guy took leave of his brothers, saying that he would not see them again. He became ill at Borgo San Donnino (near Parma) and died within days. After his death, Parma and Pomposa vied for custody of his relics. The emperor settled the dispute by taking his remains to the Church of Saint John the Evangelist in Speyer, Germany, which was renamed Saint Guido-Stift. He is the patron of Speyer (Attwater2, Benedictines, Encyclopedia, Husenbeth, Walsh).
1072 Peter Damian brilliant teacher and writer uncompromising attitude toward worldliness denunciations of simony clerical marriage B Doctor (RM) SEE February 23 HERE
Born in Ravenna, Italy, 1001; died at Faenza, Italy, February 22, declared Doctor of the Church in 1828.

"Here they live in endless being: Passingness hath passed away:
Here they bloom, they thrive, they flourish, For decayed is all decay."
--Saint Peter Damian from his Hymn on the Glory of Paradise.
1072 St. Peter Damian stern figure to recall men in a lax age from the error of their ways
Favéntiæ, in Æmília, natális sancti Petri Damiáni, Cardinális atque Epíscopi Ostiénsis et Confessóris, ex Ordine Camaldulénsi, doctrína et sanctitáte célebris, quem Leo Papa Duodécimus Doctórem universális Ecclésiæ declarávit.  Ipsíus autem festum sequénti die celebrátur.
 Sancti Petri Damiáni, ex Ordine Camaldulénsi, Cardinális et Epíscopi  Ostiénsis, Confessóris et Ecclésiæ Doctóris, qui evolávit in cælum prídie hujus diéi.       St. Peter Damian, a Camaldolese monk, cardinal bishop of Ostia, confessor and doctor of the Church, who died on the 22nd of February.


The parents of this brilliant teacher and writer died shortly after his birth. Peter's elder brother used the young lad as an unpaid servant until another brother, Damian, found Peter tending pigs and rescued him, sending him to be educated at Faenza and Parma. This brother was a priest and Peter took his Christian name--Damian--as his own surname.
Peter Damian responded readily to his teachers and became proficient enough in grammar, rhetoric, and law that he later taught at Ravenna. He began to practice austerities by himself, gave liberal alms, seldom went without some poor persons at his table, and took pleasure in serving them with his own hands. But he longed to do more for his Lord. The Lord answered his prayer by sending two religious of Fonte Avellana to visit his home. They told him much about their way of life. So, at age 34 (1035) he became a Benedictine monk at Fonte Avellana, a monastery founded 20 years earlier by Blessed Rudolph.

The brothers of Fonte Avellana lived as hermits in bare cells, utterly disciplined and given to constant study of the Bible. Their regimen was so austere that, for a time, Peter's health broke down. Nevertheless, Peter became a model monk who occupied himself by studying Scripture and patristic theology, and transcribing manuscripts. He was elected prior of this small, poor community in 1043. Others were attracted to imitate his life, and Peter founded five more religious houses for them. He became famous for his uncompromising attitude toward worldliness and denunciations of simony and clerical marriage.

In 1057, Peter was named cardinal-bishop of Ostia by Pope Stephen IX. His fame spread as he took a leading role in the Gregorian Reform. In 1059, he participated in the Lateran synod that proclaimed the right of the cardinals alone to elect future bishops of Rome. After a brief time as bishop, with the permission of Pope Alexander II (which previously had been denied by Nicholas II) and under the condition that he continue to serve the Holy See as needed, Peter returned to his cell. There he wrote unceasingly, on purgatory, the Eucharist, and other theological and ascetical topics, but he also wrote poetry. While his Latin verse is among the very best of the Middle Ages, especially that in honor of Pope Saint Gregory (died 604), which begins "Anglorum iam Apostolus," Peter Damian never considered his learning something of which to boast. What counted, he said, was to worship God, not to write about Him. What use was it to construct a grammatically correct sentence containing the word 'God,' if you could not pray to him properly.

In his ideas about monasticism, the saint always looked back to the example of the early desert monks. Although he regarded the monastic life as inferior to eremitic life, he advocated regular canoical life for cathedral clergy, and was a precursor of the devotional development to the Passion of Christ. In some respects he was not unlike the highly-critical Saint Jerome ( 604) in character, fervor, and impatience. Although he was kind to his monks and indulgent to penitents, his writings reveal his severity. It may seem odd to us that Peter Damian reproved the bishop of Florence for playing a single game of chess, or objected strenuously to monks seating themselves as they chanted the Divine Office. His onslaught on clerical misconduct is called The Gomorrah Book. But the austerities he prescribed for others, he practiced himself. When not employed in prayer or work, he made wooden spoons and other utensils to get his hands from idleness.

Peter also continued the work of ecclesiastical reform. He opposed the antipopes, especially Honorius II. And he went on missions for the pope--once even managing to persuade the king of Germany not to divorce his wife, Bertha. When Henry, archbishop of Ravenna, had been excommunicated for grievous enormities, Peter was sent by Alexander II as legate to settle the troubles. When he arrived at Ravenna, he found the bishop had died and brought his accomplices to repentance.

 Peter died at Faenza on route back to from Ravenna, which he had just reconciled with the Holy See. His vita was written by his disciple
John of Lodi. Although he was never formally canonized, local cults arose at his death, and, in 1828, Pope Leo XII extended his feast to the Universal Church (Attwater, Benedictines, Bentley, Blum, Delaney, Encyclopedia, Farmer, Gill, Walsh, White).


In art, Saint Peter is portrayed as a cardinal archbishop holding a birch and a book. Sometimes he may be shown (1) as a bishop with the cardinal's hat above his head or by his side, (2) as an old hermit, dead in a cave, lying on a stone slab with a crucifix on his breast; books, miter, cardinal's hat, and angels near him (Roeder), or (3) praying before a cross with a miter and cardinal's hat on the ground (White).
1134 Le Vénérable Guigues, prieur de la Grande-Chartreuse (1134)Post-Schisme romain
Guigues avait reçu le jour dans un village du diocèse de Valence, nommé Saint-Romain-du-Château. Son père, qui en était seigneur, occupait un rang distingué dans la noblesse du pays; il le fit élever avec beaucoup de soin et le destina de bonne heure aux dignités ecclésiastiques : un avenir brillant s'ouvrait devant le jeune homme. Mais Guiges avait autant de vertus que de talents. Il renonàa aux honneurs et entra dans l'Ordre de Saint-Bruon. Guigues n'avait que 26 ans, lorsque les suffrages de ses frères lui confièrent le gouvernement de la Grande-Chartreuse. Sa renommée de sainteté lui attira des disciples si nombreux que l'étroite enceinte du monastère ne put les recevoir tous. C'est alors qu'on vit s'établir les Chartreuses de Portes, dans le diocèse de Belley; d'Escouges ou de Hivesli, en Dauphiné; de Durbon, dans le diocèse de Gap; de Silve-Bénite, dans le diocèse de Vienne; de Majoreve, dans le diocèse de Lyon; de Mont-Dieu, dans celui de Reims, etc.
La conduite de ces diverses fondations ne l'empêcha pas de veiller aux intérêts spitituels et temporels de la Grande-Chartreuse. Saint Bruno n'avait donné sa règle que verbalement; Guigues prit soin de la régider en forme de statuts. Il fit aussi reconstruire les bâtiments claustraux qui avaient été presque entièrement engloutis par une avalanche.
Le monastère, qui était au lieu où est maintenant la chapelle de la Vierge, fut réédifié par les soins du zélé prieur, sur l'emplacement qu'il occupe encore aujourd'hui.
Guiges s'attira non seulement l'admiration de ses nombreux religieux, mais encore celle de tous les saints personnages de son siècle.
Saint Bernard, entre autres, professait pour lui une grande vénération. Pierre le Vénérable, abbé de Cluny, partageait les sentiments de saint Bernard pour leur commun ami. Mais personne ne fut aussi étroitement lié avec lui que saint Hugues, évêque de Grenoble.
Guigues écrivit l'histoire de l'évêque par ordre du pape romain Innocent II. On a aussi de lui des méditations très-estimées. Enfin, après une vie pleine de mérites et de bonnes oeuvres, ce bienheureux Prieur mourut à l'âge de 50 ans.
Hagiographie de Valence.

[Concernant ce saint du "désert de la Chartreuse", j'ai ici le receuil "Méditations" de Guigues 1er, en Sources Chrétiennes n°308, il y a 5 pages sur sa vie. Je n'ai pas le temps ce soir de les placer en ligne, mais un de ces jours, ça le sera. C'est triste de voir une Eglise dont un des grands saints, saint Bernard en l'occurence, vénérait déjà de son vivant le saint chartreux, et cette Eglise, elle, a carrément abandonné un tel héritage.. quelle tristesse! Et d'autres Eglises refusent sous prétexte que ça ne viendrait pas de chez elles, aveugles au point de ne pas savoir discerner Dieu dans Ses oeuvres. Incapables de faire la distinction entre ce qui est Bon, Beau, Vrai, de Dieu, parce qu'inspiré par Son Très Saint-Esprit (qui souffle où Il veut!), et ce qui est trop humain et rejetable, elles méprisent en vérité des pans entiers de l'Oeuvre de Dieu. Quelle folie! Dieu merci, comme dit saint Alexandre Men, prophète et martyr moscovite moderne, "le christianisme n'en est qu'à ses débuts!
Kyrie eleison! JMD]
1147 Blessed Guy of Vicogne founded the Premonstratensian abbey of Vicogne O Praem. (AC)
Guy founded the Premonstratensian abbey of Vicogne in the diocese of Arras, where he retired and was superior of the community (Benedictines).

1174 St. Machabeo Irish abbot of Armagh 40 years
Ireland, for four decades. He is also listed as Gilda-Marchaibeo. He governed the monastery of Sts. Peter and Paul.

Machabeo of Armagh, Abbot (AC) (also known as Gilda-Marchaibeo) Born in Ireland, 1104; . Saint Machabeo was abbot of the monastery of SS. Peter and Paul in Armagh from 1134 until his death 40 years later (Benedictines).

14th c Saint Hypatius the Healer of the Kiev Caves
Saint Hypatius the Healer of the Caves, attained glory through his severe fasting and prayerful vigilance. By night he stood at prayer, slept very little, and ate only bread and water.

St Hypatius devoted himself entirely to the service of the sick, and received from God the gift of healing. Those sick with various illnesses often hastened to his prayerful intercession.

The memory of St Hypatius is celebrated also on August 28, on the Synaxis of the Saints of the Far Caves.

The Monk Ipatii, Healer of Pechersk, attained glory in the exploit of severe fasting and constant prayerful vigilance. By night he stood at prayer, slept very little, and ate only bread and water. The monk Ipatii devoted himself entirely to the service of the sick and for his self-denying act received from God the graced gift of miraculous healings. Those sick with various illnesses often hastened to his prayerful intercession.

Memory of the monk Ipatii is celebrated also on 28 August, on the Sobor / Assemblage of the Saints of the Farther Caves.

14th v.     BD JOAN OF TOULOUSE, VIRGIN a recluse.
As early as the year 1240 the Carmelite brothers from Palestine made a settlement at Toulouse. Twenty-five years later, when St Simon Stock was passing through Toulouse on his way to Bordeaux, he was approached by a woman called Joan, who begged him to affiliate her to his order, although she was living in her own home. The prior general consented, clothed her with the Carmelite habit, and allowed her to take a vow of perpetual chastity.
As far as it was possible Joan followed strictly the rule of St Albert of Jerusalem, and she was venerated not only as the first Carmelite tertiary, but as the founder of the Carmelite tertiary order. She daily frequented the fathers’ church, and combined penance with love, depriving herself almost of the necessaries of life to relieve the sick and poor. She used also to train young boys in the practices of holiness, with a view to preparing them to enter the Carmelite Order. It was her custom to carry about with her a picture of the crucified Redeemer, which she studied as though it had been a book.

Bd Joan was buried in the Carmelite church of Toulouse and her tomb was thronged by those who sought her aid. For 600 years she was honoured, and her body was re-enshrined several times—notably in 1805, when a little book of manuscript prayers was found beside her.
The above is a summary of the story of Bd Joan (whose cultus was confirmed in 1895) as it is related in the lessons for her feast in the Carmelite supplement to the Breviary, but there has apparently been considerable confusion. It seems clear that she in fact lived at Toulouse towards the end of the fourteenth, not the thirteenth, century, and that she was not a tertiary but a recluse.

See the Breviary lessons referred to above, and Fr Bonifatius, Die sel. Johanna von Toulouse (1897) ; and Fr B. Zimmerman’s Monumenta historica Carmelitana, p. 369, and Let saints deserts des Cannes déchaussés (1927), pp. 17—18, where the problem is examined.
1411 St. Daniel Camaldolese hermit originally a German merchant slain by robbers
originally a German merchant. He was traveling on business and stopped at Murano, Italy, where he became a Camaldolese.

1461 Saint Jonah Metropolitan of Moscow Wonderworker of All Russia miraculous healings at his grave  incorrupt relics first Metropolitan consecrated by Russian bishops Isidore the Bulgarian was Metropolitan but became Catholic after attending the Council of Florence (1438) and ousted by Russian heirarchs.
Born in the city of Galich into a pious Christian family. The father of the future saint was named Theodore. The youth received monastic tonsure in one of the Galich monasteries when he was only twelve years old. From there, he transferred to the Moscow Simonov monastery, where he fulfilled various obediences for many years.

Once, St Photius, Metropolitan of Moscow (May 27 and July 2), visited the Simonov monastery. After the Molieben[Molieben (from Church Slavonic Mol'ba - prayer, supplication) is a short liturgical service usually centered on a particular need or occasion: the new year, a journey, an illness, an act of thanksgiving, etc. It may be addressed to Christ, the Mother of God, or to saints. Its general structure is that of Matins, and it can be served either by request of the faithful or by decision of the parish Priest. The Church asks us to "pray without ceasing" - Prayer is the life of the Church and the life of each one of us, members of the Church. And because Christ came to redeem and to sanctify the totality of our life, no part of that life, no human need, no occasion is excluded from the Church's prayer. The Molieben, thus, is the extension of the Church's prayer, of Christ's redeeming grace to all aspects and realities of our life. "...knock and it will be opened to you." --we are called constantly to knock at the doors of God's mercy and our faith assures us that God hears us and is with us.], he blessed the archimandrite and brethren, and also wished to bless those monks who were fulfilling their obediences in the monastery.

When he came to the bakery, he saw St Jonah sleeping, exhausted from his work. The fingers of the saint's right hand were positioned in a gesture of blessing. St Photius said not to wake him. He blessed the sleeping monk and predicted to those present that this monk would be a great hierarch of the Russian Church, and would guide many on the way to salvation.
The prediction of St Photius was fulfilled. Several years later, St Jonah was made Bishop of Ryazan and Murom.
St Photius died in 1431.
Five years after his death, St Jonah was chosen Metropolitan of All Russia for his virtuous and holy life. The newly-elected Metropolitan journeyed to Constantinople in order to be confirmed as Metropolitan by Patriarch Joseph II (1416-1439). Shortly before this the nefarious Isidore, a Bulgarian, had already been established as Metropolitan. Spending a short time at Kiev and Moscow, Isidore journeyed to the Council of Florence (1438), where he embraced Catholicism.

A Council of Russian hierarchs and clergy deposed Metropolitan Isidore, and he was compelled to flee secretly to Rome (where he died in 1462). St Jonah was unanimously chosen Metropolitan of All Russia. He was consecrated by Russian hierarchs in Moscow, with the blessing of Patriarch Gregory III (1445-1450) of Constantinople.
This was the first time that Russian bishops consecrated their own Metropolitan.
St Jonah became Metropolitan on December 15, 1448. With archpastoral zeal he led his flock to virtue and piety, spreading the Orthodox Faith by word and by deed. Despite his lofty position, he continued with his monastic struggles as before.

In 1451 the Tatars unexpectedly advanced on Moscow; they burned the surrounding area and prepared for an assault on the city. Metropolitan Jonah led a procession along the walls of the city, tearfully entreating God to save the city and the people. Seeing the dying monk Anthony of the Chudov monastery, who was noted for his virtuous life, St Jonah said, "My son and brother Anthony! Pray to the Merciful God and the All-Pure Mother of God for the deliverance of the city and for all Orthodox Christians."
The humble Anthony replied, "Great hierarch! We give thanks to God and to His All-Pure Mother. She has heard your prayer and has prayed to Her Son. The city and all Orthodox Christians will be saved through your prayers. The enemy will soon take flight. The Lord has ordained that I alone am to be killed by the enemy." Just as the Elder said this, an enemy arrow struck him.
The prediction of Elder Anthony was made on July 2, on the Feast of the Placing of the Robe of the Most Holy Theotokos. Confusion broke out among the Tatars, and they fled in fear and terror. In his courtyard, St Jonah built a church in honor of the Placing of the Robe of the Most Holy Theotokos, to commemorate the deliverance of Moscow from the enemy.

In old age, he desired to experience such illness that he would suffer greatly, and would by his sufferings be completely purified before his departure to the other world. At his prayer, God gave him wounds in his feet, which were foreseen in a vision by a priest, James. The saint died of these wounds and went to join the citizens of heaven on March 31st, 1461. Many miracles were performed through his relics. A dumb man, John, was brought to the saint's relics. John kissed Jonah's hand and, as he related afterwards, the hand grabbed hold of his tongue and he felt a sharp pain. When it let his tongue go, he went back to his friends - and spoke as if he had never been dumb.
St Jonah reposed in the year 1461, and miraculous healings began to take place at his grave.
In 1472 the incorrupt relics of Metropolitan Jonah were uncovered and placed in the Dormition Cathedral of the Kremlin (Transfer of the holy Relics celebrated May 27). A Council of the Russian Church in 1547 established the commemoration of St Jonah, Metropolitan of Moscow.
In 1596, Patriarch Job added St Jonah to the Synaxis of the Moscow Hierarchs (October 5).
1491 BD BONAVENTURE OF FORLI His relics were ultimately conveyed to Venice, where a cultus grew up marked by many miraculous cures.
BD Bonaventure TORNIELLI was born at Forli and was a man of good family. He does not seem to have entered the Order of Servites until 1448, when he was thirty-seven years old, but his fervour and austerity of life rapidly enabled him to make up for lost time. After his ordination he prepared himself for apostolic work by a year of retirement, and then began to preach with wonderful eloquence and success. He was especially commissioned by Pope Sixtus IV to undertake this apostolic mission, and throughout the papal states, Tuscany and the Venetian province his sermons were productive of a notable reformation of life. Towards the close of 1488 he was elected vicar general of his order, an office in which he gave proof of great administrative ability and charity. But he still continued his missionary work, and he had just finished preaching the Lent at Udine when on Maundy Thursday 1491 God called him to Himself, worn out by age and the hardships of the life he had been leading. His relics were ultimately conveyed to Venice, where a cultus grew up marked by many miraculous cures. This cultus was confirmed in 1911.

See the decree of confirmation printed in the Acta Apostolicae Sedis, vol. iii (191 s), pp. 659—660; and F. Cornelius, Ecclesiae Venetae, vol. ii, pp. 34—51.
1595 Robert Southwell Fire, sweetness, purity, and gentleness were features poet Jesuit priest suffered for the faith SJ M (RM)
Born at Horsham Saint Faith's, Norfolk, England, in 1561 or 1562; died at Tyburn, London, England, February 21, 1595; beatified in 1929; canonized on October 25, 1970, by Pope Paul VI as one of the 40 representative martyrs of England and Wales.
The Church has been built on the blood of martyrs--the living stones. Before there were cathedrals, there were the catacombs; since then objects of value have been piled about our altars, but the most precious is contained beneath each altar in the mandatory "tomb"--the shrine with the relics of a martyr--and upon the tomb the chalice with the precious Blood of Christ. We would do well to recall the many previous Masses that were celebrated in haste and secrecy--for us, like the martyrs, each Mass might be the viaticum. Receive the Source of Life with joy, attention, and thanksgiving.

When King Henry VIII could not induce his wife, Catherine of Aragon, to allow their marriage to be declared invalid because she was his brother's widow, Henry declared himself head of the Church in England. He persuaded the Parliament to declare that it was high treason for anyone to deny Henry's right to this title. On this account monasteries were closed and Church property confiscated--both real and monetary, including the innumerable foundations designed to maintain schools for the people, who were largely illiterate. A long procession of saints and beati were executed under Henry VIII.

(Of course, we should always remember that Roman Catholics are not alone in being persecuted. While the English kings and queens hanged and quartered Catholics, Protestants were burned in France and Spain. There was the difference that Protestants in Spain and France were trying to destroy the ancient traditions of the people, while Catholicism in England did not show itself incompatible with the order of society.)

Robert Southwell's lineage included most of the country gentry of Suffolk and Norfolk, but his father Richard was born on the wrong side of the sheets though his grandfather, also Richard, did eventually marry Robert's grandmother, a poor relation of his first wife.

Richard Southwell, Sr., had been a courtier to Henry VIII and received his share of the booty from the pillaging of monasteries, including the ancient Benedictine priory of Horsham Saint Faith. Richard changed his political and religious affiliations a few times during the reigns of Edward and Mary of Scotland. The saint's father had married Queen Elizabeth's governess; thus, Richard Senior's grandson Robert was born in the old Benedictine priory.

Robert is the mystic among the English martyrs, though circumstances made him a man of action and bold adventure. Fire, sweetness, purity, and gentleness were features of Robert Southwell's nature.

Once as a child, he was stolen by gypsies, who were numerous in the great woods surrounding Saint Faith's. His nurse found him again. Robert referred to this misadventure often. "What had I remained with the gipsy? How abject, how void of all knowledge and reverence of God! In what shameful vices, in how great danger of infamy, in how certain danger of an unhappy death and eternal punishment!" On his return to England as a missionary, the first person he visited was his old nurse, whom he tried to lead back to the Roman Catholic Church.

His father sent him to Douai to be educated by the Jesuits, either because he was a Catholic at that time or because of the reputation of the order's schools. There Robert met John Cotton, who later operated a safehouse in London.

Robert was inspired with intense enthusiasm for the Society of Jesus and begged entry at once, though he was too young. He was bitterly disappointed, but on the feast of Saint Faith (fortuitously on October 17, 1578) he was received into the order in Rome as a novice. He spent his novitiate in Tournai, but took his vows and, in 1584, was ordained to the priesthood in Rome, where for a time he was prefect in the English College.

At this time he began to attract a good deal of attention by his poems. He corresponded with Mr. Parsons, the leader of the Jesuit mission in England. He was worried that many who had been faithful Catholics were now sliding into the Church of England to avoid the fine for every service from which they absented themselves. Many families held out until they were financially ruined; then they would attempt to make their way to the continent and live on alms.

Though Robert Southwell knew how his journey to England would end, with Father Henry Garnet, he returned in 1586 to serve among those Catholics who were still willing to venture life and welfare by hearing a Mass and receiving the Sacraments. Before his departure he wrote to the general of hte Jesuits, Claudius Acquaviva, "I address you, my Father, from the threshold of death, imploring the aid of your prayers . . . that I may either escape the death of the body for further use, or endure it with courage."

Most of the remaining Catholics were to be found in the countryside. Most were content to long for better days and hope that a priest could be smuggled into their sickroom before their deaths. On the other hand, among the actively militant there was a wonderful cohesion and a mutual helpfulness and affection that recalled the days of the primitive Church. But thes little congregations that assembled before dawn in a secret room of some remote manor house never knew if a traitor might be in their midst.

Southwell rode about the countryside in disguise, saying Mass, hearing confessions, celebrating marriages, baptizing, re-admitting apostates, giving the Sacraments to the dying. He even managed to visit Catholics in prison and say Mass there. Time after time he miraculously managed to elude his pursuers.

Much of Southwell's correspondence during this period has been preserved and provides many insights into the events and attitudes of hte period. These were hard times. In one letter he requests permission to consecrate chalices and altar slabs (usually reserved to the bishop)--so much had been taken away in the constant searching of the homes of Catholics that such things were becoming scarce.

His letters home also reveal Robert's anxiety about the salvation of his father and one of his brothers, Thomas. The soul of the poet is evident when he writes his brother: "Shrine not any longer a dead soul in a living body: bail reason out of senses' prison, that after so long a bondage in sin, you may enjoy your former liberty in God's Church, and free your thought from servile awe of uncertain perils. . . . Weigh with yourself at how easy a price you rate God, Whom you are content to sell for hte use of your substance. . . . Look if you can upon a crucifix without blushing; do not but count the five wounds of Christ once over without a bleeding conscience."

Thomas was won back to the faith and died in exile in the Netherlands. His father died in prison after Robert's martyrdom, but it is unknown whether he, too, suffered for the faith.

As chronicled in Robert's letters, the persecution intensified after the defeat of the Spanish Armada. Captured Catholics used their trials in defense of the faith. Robert tried to remain at large for as long as possible by adopting disguises and using the alias of Mr. Cotton--a poor, unkempt, and socially awkward young man.

Robert was a priest in London from 1584 to 1592. About 1590, Robert Southwell became chaplain to Anne, countess of Arundel, wife of the imprisoned Saint Philip Howard, who was being told lies about her now-faithful husband. To Southwell, Earl Philip wrote from prison that his greatest sorrow was that he would never see his wife again. "I call Our Lord to witness that as no sin grieves me so much as my offenses to that party [Anne], so no worldly things makes me loather to depart hence than that I cannot live to make that party satisfaction, according to my most ardent and affectionate desire. Afflictio dat intellectum (affliction gives understanding)."

During the time that Fr. Southwell was concealed in Arundel House in London, he corresponded with Philip Howard because of their mutual affection for Anne Dacre and because of their shared faith and shared interest in poetry. Southwell holds a place in English literature as a religious poet. Ben Jonson remarked to Drummond that "Southwell was hanged, yet so he [Jonson] had written that piece of his 'The Burning Babe' he would have been content to destroy many of his." Many of Southwell's poems, apologetic tracts, and devotional books were published on a private printing press installed at Arundel House.

At Arundel House, the soon-to-be martyr also found himself often lost in mystical experiences that are later revealed in his poetry. There is an unforgettable power in his poetic image of Christ as the unwearied God throughout eternity supporting the earth on His fingertip and enclosing all creation in the hollow of His hand, but Who, in His humanity, breaks down and falls beneath the weight of a single person's sin.

Robert Southwell was betrayed by Anne Bellamy. After giving her absolution during her confinement with a family in Holborn, he told her that he would offer Mass in the secret room in her father Richard's home in Harrow on June 20, 1592. She reported this to Richard Topcliffe, one of the most notorious for hunting down priests. Robert Southwell was arrested while still wearing his vestments. Southwell was immediately tortured upon arrival at Topcliffe's Westminster home--for two days he was hung up by the wrists against a wall, so that he could barely touch the floor with the tips of his toes.

When he was at the point of death, his tormentors revived him, hung him up again, and prodded him to reveal the names of other priests and for information to condemn Lady Arundel. All he would confess was that he was a Jesuit priest. He gave no information, not even the color of the horse on which he had riden, that would allow them to find other Catholics. Southwell's steadfastness led several of the witnesses, including the Treasurer Sir Robert Cecil, to whisper that he must indeed be a saint.

He was taken from Topcliffe's house to a filthy cell in the Gatehouse and left for a month. His father, seeing him covered with lice, begged the queen to treat his son as the gentleman he was. She obliged by having Southwell moved to a cleaner cell and permitting his father to send him clean clothes and other necessities, including a Bible and the writings of Saint Bernard.

Robert Southwell was moved to the Tower of London, where he was imprisoned for three years and tortured 13 times (according to Cecil). Many of his poems on death, including "Saint Peter's Complaint," were written in the Tower. Not once was he given the opportunity to confess his sins or say Mass.

He was allowed only one visit--from his sister. Communication with was limited to notes smuggled between their cells. Because Arundel's dog would sometimes follow the warder into Southwell's cell, the lieutenant of the Tower mocked that he supposed the dog had gone to get the priest's blessing. Howard replied, "Marry! it is no news for irrational creatures to seek blessings at the hands of holy men. Saint Philip Howard Saint Jerome (d. 420) writes how those lions which had digged with their paws (died c. 342) grave stood after waiting with their eyes upon Saint Paul the Hermit's Saint Antony (d. 356) expecting his blessing."

Finally, Southwell entreated Cecil to bring him to trial or permit him visitors. To which Cecil answered, "if he was in so much haste to be hanged, he should quickly have his desire." Shortly thereafter he was taken to Newgate Prison and placed in the underground dungeon called Limbo before being brought to trial at Westminster on February 20, 1595. He was condemned for being a priest. When the Lord Chief Justice Popham offered the services of an Anglican priest to prepare him for death, he declined saying that the grace ofGod would be more than sufficient for him.

Like many martyrs before him, Southwell drew the admiration of the crowds because he walked as though he whole being were filled with happiness at the prospect of being executed the next day. On the morrow, the tall, slight man of light brown hair and beard was taken to the "Tyburn Tree," a gallows, where the custom was for the condemned to be drive underneath the gallows in a cart, a rope secured around his neck, and the cart driven from under him. According to the sentence, the culprit would hang until he was dead or cut down before reaching that point.

Standing in the cart, Father Southwell began preaching on Romans 14: "Whether we live, we live unto the Lord: or whether we die, we die unto the Lord. Therefore, whether we live or whether we die, we are the Lord's. . . . I am brought hither to perform the last act of this miserable life, and . . . I do most humbly desire at the hands of Almighty God for our Savior Jesus' sake, that He would vouchsafe to pardon and forgive all my sins. . . ." He acknowledged that he was a Catholic priest and declared that he never intended harm or evil against the queen, but always prayed for her. He end with "In manus tuas, Domine (into Your hands, Lord), I commend my spirit." Contrary to the sentence, he was dead before he was cut down and quartered (Benedictines, Delaney, Undset).
1631 John Donne 1601 das religiöse Gedicht "The Progresse of the Soule" verfaßte die "Divine Poems" (1607). Im "Pseudo-Martyr" (1610) 1631 Zwei Monate vor seinem Tod Predigten unter dem Titel "Death's Duel".
Anglikanische Kirche: 31. März John Donne wurde am 22.1. (oder 2.) 1572 in London geboren. Er begann mit 11 Jahren in Oxford zu studieren ohne einen Abschluß zu machen. Vielleicht studierte er anschließend in Cambridge. 1592 begann er in London Jura zu studieren. Hier schrieb er seine Gedichtbände "Satires" und "Songs and Sonnets", die zunächst nicht gedruckt wurden, aber dennoch als Manuskripte eine weite Verbreitung fanden. 1596 nahm er an der Azorenexpedition teil und 1598 wurde er Privatsekretär des Lordsiegelbewahrers Sir Thomas Egerton. 1601 heiratete er heimlich Egertons Nichte. Er wurde deshalb entlassen und sogar einige Zeit gefangengesetzt. Donne zog mit seiner Frau nach Pyrford (Surrey), wo er 1601 das religiöse Gedicht "The Progresse of the Soule" verfaßte, das in ironischer Weise die Seelenwanderung von Evas Apfel darstellt. Donne arbeitete als Anwalt und war wohl auch Verfasser der Flugschriften von Thomas Morton, in denen dieser gegen die Katholiken polemisierte. 1507 schrieb Donne sein Hauptwerk, die "Divine Poems" (1607). Im "Pseudo-Martyr" (1610) legte Donne dar, daß auch englische Katholiken dem anglikanischen König Jakob I. den Treueeid schwören könnten, ohne gegen ihre religiösen Grundsätze zu verstoßen. Dieses Werk brachte ihm die Gunst des Königs ein: 1615 trat Donne aus der katholischen Kirche aus und wurde Priester der anglikanischen Kirche und noch im gleichen Jahr königlicher Kaplan. Besonders seine Predigten waren berühmt, und er verfaßte auch weiterhin geistliche Gedichte. 1621 wurde Donne zum Dekan der Saint Paul's Cathedral in London ernannt. Er starb am 31.3.1631 in London.
Zwei Monate vor seinem Tod hielt er eine seiner wichtigsten Predigten unter dem Titel "Death's Duel".
1879 St Innocent (Veniaminov), Metropolitan of Moscow and Kolomensk proclaimed Gospel in the Aleutian islands in 6 dialects of tribes on island of Sitka among the Kolosh (Tlingit) remote Kamchatka diocese among Koryak, Chukchei, Tungus in the Yakutsk region and North America; in Amur and the Usuriisk region.

(August 26, 1797 - March 31, 1879), Glorified by the Russian Orthodox Church on October 6, 1977.

He was born in the village of Anginsk in the Irkutsk diocese. The Apostle of America and Siberia proclaimed the Gospel "even to the ends of the earth": in the Aleutian islands (from 1823), in the six dialects of the local tribes on the island of Sitka (from 1834), among the Kolosh (Tlingit); in the remotest settlements of the extensive Kamchatka diocese (from 1853); among the Koryak, Chukchei, Tungus in the Yakutsk region (from 1853) and North America (in 1857); in the Amur and the Usuriisk region (from 1860).

Having spent a large part of his life in journeys, St Innocent translated a Catechism and the Gospel into the Aleut language. In 1833, he wrote in this language one of the finest works of Orthodox missionary activity
INDICATION OF THE WAY TO THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN.
In 1859, the Yakut first heard the Word of God and divine services in their native language. Twice (in 1860 and 1861) St Innocent met with St Nicholas the Apostle to Japan (February 3), sharing with him his spiritual experience.

A remarkable preacher, St Innocent said,
"Whoever abounds in faith and love, can have mouth and wisdom, and the heart cannot resist their serving it."
Having begun his apostolic work as a parish priest, St Innocent completed it as Metropolitan of Moscow (January 5, 1868 - March 31, 1879). He obeyed the will of God all his life, and he left behind a theme for the sermon to be preached at his funeral: "The steps of a man are rightly ordered by the Lord" (Ps 36/37:23).
St Innocent is also commemorated on October 5 (Synaxis of the Moscow Hierarchs) and on October 6 (his glorification).

For further information on St Innocent, Apostle to America, see the: Celebration of the Year of St Innocent (1997) in the special features section.


On Death and Life
"Man Needs Eternity -- and Every Other Hope, for Him, Is All Too Brief"
Пресвятая Богородице спаси нас!    (Santíssima Mãe de Deus, salva-nos!)
 
                                                                                     
     
We are the defenders of true freedom.
  May our witness unveil the deception of the "pro-choice" slogan.
  Campaign saves lives Shawn Carney Campaign Director www.40daysforlife.com
Please help save the unborn they are the future for the world

It is a great poverty that a child must die so that you may live as you wish -- Mother Teresa
 Saving babies, healing moms and dads, 'The Gospel of Life'

"Man Needs Eternity -- and Every Other Hope, for Him, Is All Too Brief"
It Makes No Sense Not To Believe In GOD 
Every Christian must be a living book
wherein one can read the teaching of the gospel

Jesus brings us many Blessings
 
The more we pray, the more we wish to pray. Like a fish which at first swims on the surface of the water, and afterwards plunges down, and is always going deeper; the soul plunges, dives, and loses itself in the sweetness of conversing with God. -- St. John Vianney

  Month by Month of Saintly Dedications


The Rosary html Mary Mother of GOD -- Her Rosary Here
Mary Mother of GOD Mary's Divine Motherhood: FEASTS OF OUR LADY
     of the Virgin Mary to those who recite the Rosary

May 9 – Our Lady of the Wood (Italy, 1607) 
Months of Dedication
January is the month of the Holy Name of Jesus since 1902;

March is the month of Saint Joseph since 1855;
May, the month of Mary, is the oldest and most well-known Marian month, officially since 1724;
June is the month of the Sacred Heart since 1873;
July is the month of the Precious Blood since 1850;
August is the month of the Immaculate Heart of Mary;
September is the month of Our Lady of Sorrows since 1857;
October is the month of the Rosary since 1868;
November is the month of the Holy Souls in Purgatory since 1888;
December is the month of the Immaculate Conception.

In all, five months of the year are dedicated to Mary.
The idea of dedicating months came from Rome and promotion of the month of Mary owes much to the Jesuits.  arras.catholique.fr


Pray that the witness of 40 Days for Life bears abundant fruit, and that we begin again each day to storm the gates of hell until God welcomes us into the gates of heaven.

If you seek patience, you will find no better example than the cross. Great patience occurs in two ways:
either when one patiently suffers much, or when one suffers things which one is able to avoid and yet does not avoid.
Christ endured much on the cross, and did so patiently, because when he suffered he did not threaten;
he was led like a sheep to the slaughter and he did not open his mouth.-- St. Thomas Aquinas


                    We begin our day by seeing Christ in the consecrated bread, and throughout the day we continue to see Him in the torn bodies of our poor. We pray, that is, through our work, performing it with Jesus, for Jesus and upon Jesus.
The poor are our prayer. They carry God in them. Prayer means praying everything, praying the work.
We meet the Lord who hungers and thirsts, in the poor.....and the poor could be you or I or any person kind enough to show us his or her love and to come to our place.
Because we cannot see Christ, we cannot express our love to Him in person.
But our neighbor we can see, and we can do for him or her what we would love to do for Jesus if He were visible.
-- Mother Teresa
My God, I believe, I adore, I trust and I love Thee.  I beg pardon for those who do not believe, do not adore, do not love Thee.  O most Holy trinity, Father, Son and Holy Spirit, I adore Thee profoundly.
 I offer Thee the most precious Body, Blood, Soul and Divinity of Jesus Christ, present in all the Tabernacles of the world,  in reparation for the outrages, sacrileges and indifference by which He is offended,
and by the infite merits of the Sacred Heart of Jesus and the Immaculate Heart of Mary.

I beg the conversion of poor sinners,  Amen Fatima Prayer, Angel of Peace
Mary's Divine Motherhood
Pope Francis and Pope Benedict XVI { 2013 } Catholic Church In China { article here}
1648 to1930 St. Augustine Zhao Rong and 120 Companions Christianity arrived in China by way of Syria -- 600s.
        Depending on China's relations with outside world,
Christianity for centuries was free to grow or forced to operate secretly.

How do I start the Five First Saturdays? 
Called in the Gospel “the Mother of Jesus,” Mary is acclaimed by Elizabeth, at the prompting of the Spirit and even before the birth of her son, as “the Mother of my Lord” (Lk 1:43; Jn 2:1; 19:25; cf. Mt 13:55; et al.). In fact, the One whom she conceived as man by the Holy Spirit, who truly became her Son according to the flesh, was none other than the Father's eternal Son, the second person of the Holy Trinity. Hence the Church confesses that Mary is truly Mother of God (Theotokos). 
Catechism of the Catholic Church 495, quoting the Council of Ephesus (431): DS 251.
“The Blessed Virgin was eternally predestined, in conjunction with the incarnation of the divine Word, to be the Mother of God. By decree of divine Providence, she served on earth as the loving mother of the divine Redeemer, an associate of unique nobility, and the Lord's humble handmaid. She conceived, brought forth, and nourished Christ.”
The voice of the Father is heard, the Son enters the water, and the Holy Spirit appears in the form of a dove.
   THE spirit and example of the world imperceptibly instil the error into the minds of many that there is a kind of middle way of going to Heaven; and so, because the world does not live up to the gospel, they bring the gospel down to the level of the world. It is not by this example that we are to measure the Christian rule, but words and life of Christ. All His followers are commanded to labour to become perfect even as our heavenly Father is perfect, and to bear His image in our hearts that we may be His children. We are obliged by the gospel to die to ourselves by fighting self-love in our hearts, by the mastery of our passions, by taking on the spirit of our Lord.
   These are the conditions under which Christ makes His promises and numbers us among His children, as is manifest from His words which the apostles have left us in their inspired writings. Here is no distinction made or foreseen between the apostles or clergy or religious and secular persons. The former, indeed, take upon themselves certain stricter obligations, as a means of accomplishing these ends more perfectly; but the law of holiness and of disengagement of the heart from the world is geeral and binds all the followers of Christ.
Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today March 01
492 ST. FELIX III Pope helped to get the Church in Africa on its feet.  492 ST FELIX II (III), POPE  483 - 492
ACCORDING to the Roman Martyrology this Pope Felix was an ancestor (great-great-grandfather) of Pope St Gregory the Great it recalls Gregory’s statement that when his aunt, St Tharsilla, lay dying, Felix appeared in vision and summoned her to Heaven. The martyrology Calls him Felix III, through the long-standing but erroneous numeration of the antipope Felix as Pope St Felix II (see July 29).

549 St. Herculanus Bishop of Perugia, Italy marthred by Ostrogoths.        At Perugia, the transferral of the body of St. Herculanus, bishop and martyr, who was beheaded by order of Totila, king of the Goths.  Forty days after the decapitation, Pope St. Gregory relates that the head had been rejoined to the body as if it had never been touched by the sword:  beheaded by King Totila of the Ostrogoths. He is probably the same Herculanus sent to Perugia from Syria to evangelize the region.
 589 ?  St. David of Wales missionary priest monk dove lift him high above the people David is the patron saint of Wales and perhaps the most famous of British saints. Ironically, we have little reliable information about him. It is known that he became a priest, engaged in 589 ?  St. David of Wales David, cousin of Cadoc and pupil of Illtyd. David is the patron saint of Wales and perhaps the most famous of British saints. Many stories and legends sprang up about David and his Welsh monks. Their austerity was extreme. They worked in silence without the help of animals to till the soil. Their food was limited to bread, vegetables and water.
 713 St Swithbert (Suidbert) 1 of band 12 missionaries headed by St Willibrord, started in 690 evangelize Friesland. At Kaiserswerdt, Bishop St. Swidbert, who, in the time of Pope Sergius, preached the Gospel among the Frisians, Batavians, and other Germanic peoples.
ST SWITHBERT (Suidbert) was one of a band of twelve missionaries who, headed by St Willibrord, started in 690 to evangelize the pagans of Friesland. A Northumbrian by birth, and brought up as a monk near the Scottish border, Swithbert, like so many other Englishmen of his period, had crossed over to Ireland in search of higher perfection. Here he had come under the direction and influence of St Egbert, who, though long consumed with zeal for the conversion of Lower Germany, had been restrained by divine command when he prepared a ship and was on the point of embarking in person. His place had then been taken by his disciple and devoted friend St Wigbert, but the mission was a complete failure, and after labouring for two years Wigbert returned home. Egbert, however, refused to be discouraged and never slackened in his appeal for volunteers, until he succeeded in collecting and training this second mission which he despatched. By this time the conditions had become much more favourable. The missionaries landed at the mouth of the Rhine and, according to Alcuin, made their way as far as Utrecht, where they set to work to preach and to teach.


Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today March 02
6th century Martyrs of Campania Christians martyred by the Lombards in Italy.  ST GREGORY THE GREAT in one of his Dialogues has preserved for us the record of those martyrs under the Lombards whom we commemorate on this day, who were in fact contemporaries of his own. It was about the middle of the sixth century that the Lombards from Scandinavia and Pomerania, who had already descended upon Austria and Bavaria, penetrated yet further south into Italy, bringing ruin and desolation in their train.
Not content with material destruction, they attempted in many cases to pervert the Christian population, forcing their pagan rites upon them. In one place they endeavoured to induce forty peasants to eat meat offered to idols when they refused to a man, the invaders killed them all with the sword. In the case of another, party of prisoners, their captors sought to make them join in the worship of their favourite deity, a goat’s head, which they carried in procession and to which they bowed the knee, singing obscene songs in its honour. The greater part of the Christians—about 400 in number—chose rather to die than to flout God thus.

1127 Bl. Charles the Good martyred by black marketeers hording food.  Son of King Saint Canute of Denmark. Raised in the court of his maternal grandfather, Robert de Frison, Count of Flanders. Fought in the second Crusade. Succeeded Robert II as count of Flanders. Married into the family of the Duke of Clermont. His rule was a continuous defense of the poor against profiteers of his time, both clerical and lay. Called "the Good" by popular acclamation. Reformed laws to make them more fair, supported the poor, fed the hungry, walked barefoot to Mass each day. Martyred in the church of Saint Donatian at Bruges by Borchard, part of a conspiracy of the rich whom he had offended. He is venerated at Bruges.
Born:  1083 Died:  beheaded on 2 March 1127; relics at the Cathedral of Bruges  Beatified:  1883 by Pope Leo XIII (cultus confirmed)  Name Meaning:  strong; manly  Patronage:  counts, Crusaders
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1201 BD FULCO OF NEUILLY after a serious conversion he set about his priestly duties at Neuilly-sur-Marne with fervour and success; reputed to have a strange knowledge of men’s thoughts and worked innumerable cures upon those who had recourse to him in their infirmities.  All the chroniclers, however, are agreed that Fulco never flattered and was no respecter of persons. According to Roger Hoveden it was he who told King Richard Coeur-de-Lion that unless he married off his three disreputable daughters, he would certainly come to a bad end. When Richard exclaimed in a fury that the words proved his censor to be a hypocrite and an impostor, for he had no daughters, the holy man answered, “Yes, but indeed you have three daughters, and I will tell you their names. The first is called Pride, the second Avarice and the third Lust.” The fame of the French priest’s missionary labours attracted the notice of Pope Innocent III, and in the year 1198 he commissioned Fulco to preach the new Crusade, accounted the Fourth, throughout the northern part of France. His eloquence had already produced marvellous effects, and if we may credit his own statement, as reported by Coggeshall, 200,000 people in the course of three years had taken the cross at his hands. Fulco was himself to have joined in the expedi­tion, but before starting he fell ill and died on March 2, 1201. His tomb was still venerated at Neuilly-sur-Marne in the eighteenth century. The cultus formerly paid to him seems never to have been authoritatively confirmed.

1282 St. Agnes of Bohemia thaumaturgist or miracle worker. She was twenty-eight years old and a beautiful woman when, in 1235, the emperor sent an ambassador to Prague to escort her to Germany that the marriage might take place. Wenceslaus would listen to no remonstrances; but Agnes found means to delay her departure and wrote to Pope Gregory IX, entreating him to prevent the marriage because she had never con­sented to it and had long desired to be the spouse of Christ. Gregory, although for the moment he had made peace with Frederick, knew him well enough to be able to sympathize with the unwilling victim. He sent his legate to Prague to undertake her defence and to Agnes herself he wrote letters which she showed to her brother. Wenceslaus was greatly alarmed. On the one hand he feared to anger the emperor, but on the other he did not wish to alienate the pope or to force his sister to marry against her will. Eventually he decided to tell Frederick and to let him deal with the matter. The emperor on this occasion showed one of those flashes of magnanimity which have made his complex character so fascinating a study to historians. As soon as he had satisfied himself that the objection came, not from the King of Bohemia, but from Agnes herself, he released her, saying, “If she had left me for a mortal man, I should have made my vengeance felt; but I cannot take offence if she prefers the King of Heaven to myself.”
Now that she was free, Agnes set about consecrating herself and her possessions wholly to God. Her father had brought the Friars Minor to Prague, probably at her suggestion, and she built or completed a convent for them. With the help of her brother she endowed a great hospital for the poor and brought to it the Knights Hospitallers of the Cross and Star, whose church and monastery still remain in the same place, and the two also built a convent for Poor Clares. The citizens would fain have shared in the work, but the king and his sister preferred to complete it alone. Nevertheless it is said that the workmen, determined to do their part, would often slip away unperceived in the evening in order to avoid being paid. As soon as the convent was ready, St Clare sent five of her religious to start it, and on Whitsunday 1236 Bd Agnes herself received the veil. Her profession made a great impression: she was joined by a hundred girls of good family, and throughout Europe princesses and noble women followed her example and founded or entered convents of Poor Clares. Agnes showed the true spirit of St Francis, ever seeking the lowliest place and the most menial work, and it was with difficulty that she was induced, when nominated by Pope Gregory IX, to accept the dignity of abbess—at least for a time. After much entreaty she obtained for the Poor Ladies of Prague the concession obtained in 1238 by St Clare at San Damiano, namely, permission to resign all revenues and property held in common. The four letters from St Clare to Bd Agnes which have come down to us express her tender affection for her devoted disciple, to whom she also sent, in response to her request for a souvenir, a wooden cross, a flaxen veil and the earthen bowl out of which she drank. Agnes lived to the age of seventy-seven and died on March 2, 1282. Her cultus was confirmed by Pope Pius X; the Friars Minor now keep her feast on June 8, with Bd. Isabel of France and Baptista Varani. She was canonized in 1989 by Pope John Paul II.
Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today March 03
803 St. Anselm of Nonantola Benedictine abbot duke.   WHEN the Langobard King Aistulf was reigning in Italy, he was greatly assisted in his military campaigns by his brother-in-law, Anselm, Duke of Friuli. The duke was not only a valiant soldier but also an ardent Christian, and founded first a monastery with a hospital at Fanano in the province of Modena and then a larger abbey twenty miles further south at Nonantola. Desirous of consecrating himself entirely to God, he then went to Rome, where he was clothed with the habit of St Benedict and appointed abbot over the new community. St. Anselm also received from Pope Stephen III permission to remove to Nonantola the body of Pope St Silvester; and Langobard King Aistulf enriched the abbey with gifts and granted it many privileges it became very celebrated throughout all Italy.
1075 ST GERVINUS, ABBOT.  Pilgrims used to throng the church, and the abbot sometimes spent nearly the whole day in hearing confessions. Nor was his zeal confined to his abbey, for he made excursions through Picardy, Normandy, Aquitaine and as far as Thuringia, preaching and hearing confessions. When Pope St Leo IX in 1050 came in person to Rheims to consecrate the church of St Remigius and to preside over a council, the abbot of Saint-Riquier accompanied him on his journey back to Rome.So great was the veneration in which he was held that he was called “the holy abbot” even during his lifetime. Although, for the last four years of his life, he suffered from a terrible form of leprosy, he continued to carry on all his customary duties as before, and he would often bless God for sending him the trial. On March 3, 1075, when he offered his last Mass in the little underground church of Notre-Dame de Ia Voute which he had built, he was so ill that he could scarcely finish, and had to be carried back to his cell as soon as it was over.
To his monks who stood round him in consternation he said, “Children, to-day our Blessed Lady has given me my discharge from this life”, and he insisted upon making a public confession of his sins. He then had himself taken back to the church and laid before the altar of St John Baptist, where he died. When his body was then washed, it was noticed that no trace of the leprosy remained.

1167 ST AELRED, ABBOT OF Rievaulx "He who loves thee, possesses thee and he possesses thee in proportion as he loves, because thou art love. This is that abundance with which thy beloved are inebriated, melting away from themselves, that they may pass into thee by loving thee.”
Of those last days, Aelred’s patience and trust in God, the love and grief of his monks, Walter Daniel has left us a most moving account. It must be admitted that Alban Butler is not at his best in his treatment of St Aelred, who is one of the most attractive of English saints, a great teacher of friendship, divine and human, and a man who, quite apart from his writings, must have exercised a great influence through the monasteries he founded from Rievaulx. He was himself, “One whom I might fitly call friendship’s child: for his whole occupation is to love and to be loved.”
(De spirituali amicitia).
 It seems that St Aelred was canonized in 1191 (Celestine III 1191-1198) his feast is kept on March 3 in the dioceses of Liverpool, Hexham and Middlesbrough, and by the Cistercians.

Besides the admirable study of St Aelred by Father Dalgairns (in Newman’s series of Lives of the English Saints), which may be truly described as one of the classics of hagiography, a very complete and up-to-date account of the saint is provided by F. M. Powicke’s Ailrad of Rievaulx and his Biographer Walter Daniel (1922). This writer shows that the life by Walter Daniel, a contemporary monk of Rievaulx, is the source from which both the two biographies previously known have been condensed. In 1950 Professor Powicke published Daniel’s biography in Latin and English, with notes and a long introduction. We also obtain a good many sidelights upon Aelred’s character from his own treatises and sermons. All these, with the exception of his book on the Hexham miracles, will be found printed in Migne, PL., vol. cxcv. There is a great devotional glow in many of his ascetical writings, notably in his Speculum charitatis. He was the author also of several short biographies— e.g. that of St Ninian—and of historical and theological tractates. There is a translation of De spirituali amicitia by Fr Hugh Talbot, called Christian Friendship. T. E. Harvey’s St Aelred of Rievaulx (1932) is an excellent short book by a Quaker. See also D. Knowles, The Monastic Order in England (1949), pp. 240—245, 257—266 and passim. Aelred’s name is variously spelt. In the DNB., for example, he appears as “Ethelred”, in Powicke and others as “Ailred”. See, further, the Acta Sanctorum for January 12 and the Dictionnaire de Spiritualité, vol. i, cc. 225--234.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today March 04
  254 St. Lucius I a Roman elected Pope to succeed Pope St. Cornelius
At Rome, on the Appian Way, during the persecution of Valerian, the birthday of St. Lucius, pope and martyr, who was first exiled for the faith of Christ, but being permitted by divine Providence to return to his church, after labouring long against the Novatians, he suffered martyrdom by beheading.  His praises have been published by St. Cyprian.
1123 St. Peter of Pappacarbone Benedictine bishop leadership, care, and wisdom.  PETER PAPPACARBONE was a native of Salerno in Italy, a nephew of St Alferius, founder of the monastery of Cava, and entered upon the religious life at a very early age under St Leo, the second abbot. He distinguished himself at once by his piety, abstemiousness and love of solitude. At this time the fame of the abbey of Cluny had spread far and wide, and the young monk was so attracted by what he had heard that about 1062 he obtained permission to leave Cava and go to France. When the older monks at Cluny would have sent him to the school to be trained, their abbot, St Hugh, disagreed, saying that Peter might be young in years but that he was a full-grown man in devotion. The abbot’s opinion was abundantly justified, for Peter proved himself well among that household of holy men and he remained there for some six years. He was then recalled to Italy, having been released by St Hugh apparently at the request of the archdeacon of Rome, Hilde­brand (who was afterwards Pope St Gregory VII).  Under the government of Abbot Peter the monastery flourished amazingly. Not only did numbers of aspirants to the religious life flock to him from all sides, but men and women in the world showered money and lands upon the community, which was enabled to minister far and wide to the sick and the poor. The abbey itself had to be enlarged to admit the new members, and a new church was built, to the dedication of which came Pope Urban II, who had been with St Peter at Cluny and had remained his close friend. The description of this occasion was preserved in the chronicles of Cava, where it is stated that Bd Urban talked freely with the abbot and monks, as though “forgetting that he was pope”. St Peter lived to a great age and died in 1123.
1188 BD HUMBERT III OF SAVOY.   Called to rule at his father’s death, he sacrificed a desire for solitude to the task imposed upon him, and though a mere boy when he took up the reins of government he showed himself fully equal to his position, finding it quite possible to reconcile the duty of a secular ruler with that of self-sanctification. When his wife died childless, the count sought in the monastery of Aulps the consolation he needed, and would fain have remained there, but his vassals came to entreat him not to abandon them and to take steps to ensure the succession in his family. Yielding to these representations he again took up the burden and contracted two, if not three, more marriages. By his second wife, Germana of Zahringen, he had a child, Agnes, who was betrothed to John Lackland, afterwards king of England, but both mother and daughter died before the marriage could take place. The time came at last when Count Humbert felt that he was justified in retiring from the world to prepare himself for death. He accordingly withdrew to the Cistercian abbey of Hautecombe, where he gave himself up to the humblest and most austere practices of the religious life. There is good reason to believe that Bd Humbert died peacefully in his Cistercian retreat, where also was buried nearly a century later Bd Boniface of Savoy, who had been archbishop of Canterbury. The cultus of Bd Humbert was approved in 1838 (Gregory XVI 1831-46)
1877 St. Placide Viel Nun and mother general relief during Franco Prussian War.   b.1815 in Normandy, France, she joined the Sisters of the Christian Schools in 1833 after meeting St. Marie Madeleine Postel, mother general of the congregation. In 1841 she was appointed assistant general of the sisters, a promotion which earned much resentment from other sisters. Nevertheless, after proving herself, she became mother general of the congregation in 1846 after Marie Madeleine’s passing. With much effort, in 1859 she won final approval of the institute from Pope Pius IX.
She was quite active in organizing relief during the Franco Prussian War.
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Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today March 05
423 Eusebius of Cremona build hostel for poor pilgrims, Abbot (AC).  ST EUSEBIUS of Cremona paid a visit as a young man to Rome and during his stay made the acquaintance of St Jerome. There sprang up between the two an intimacy which proved lifelong, and when Jerome proposed to journey to the Holy Land Eusebius determined to accompany him. Arrived at Antioch, they were joined by the widow St Paula and her daughter. St Eustochium, who accompanied them in their pilgrimages to the Holy Places and Egypt, before they all settled at Bethlehem. In view of the large number of poor pilgrims who flocked to Bethlehem, St Jerome proposed to build a hostel for them; and it was apparently to collect funds for that purpose that he sent Eusebius and Paulinian first to Dalmnatia and then to Italy, where they seem to have sold the property St Eusebius owned at Cremona as well as that of St Paula in Rome.   Later on, we find St Jerome accusing Rufinus of hiring a monk to get possession of a letter from St Epiphanius to John of Jerusalem—the monk having undertaken to make a Latin translation of it for Eusebius who, though an excellent Latin scholar, knew no Greek. The details of these protracted controversies are obscure and not very edifying. It seems that Eusebius was largely responsible for having eventually induced Pope St Anastasius to condemn the writings of Origen.
610 St. Virgilius of Arles Archbishop many miracle worker.  A native of Gascony, France, he studied on the island of Lerins, off the French coast near Cannes, eventually serving as abbot of the monastery there. He Iater was abbot of St. Symphorien in Autun and archbishop of Arles, also serving as apostolic vicar to King Childebert II (r. 575-595). He probably consecrated St. Augustine as archbishop of Canterbury and was responsible for founding churches in Arles. Virgilius was also rebuked by St. Gregory I the Great (r. 590-604) for permitting the forced conversion of Jews.
1734 St. John Joseph of the Cross very ascetic prophesy miracles humility religious discipline.  It had been the wish of St John Joseph to remain a deacon in imitation of the Seraphic Father St Francis, but his superiors decided that he should be raised to the priesthood, and on Michaelmas day 1677 he celebrated his first Mass. A month later, when at an unusually early age he was entrusted to hear confessions, it was found that the young priest, who from his purity of heart had grown up ignorant of evil, was endowed with an extraordinary insight and wisdom in the tribunal of penance.
About this time he formed the plan of building in the wood near the convent some little hermitages, like those of the early Franciscans, where he and his brethren could spend periods of retirement in even stricter austerity than was possible in the house. He easily obtained the permission of his superiors, and these hermitages became the means of great spiritual advancement.
Besides miracles and the gift of prophecy John Joseph was endowed with other supernatural gifts, such as ecstasies, levitation and heavenly visions moreover, during a great part of his life he could read the thoughts of those who came to consult him as clearly as though they had been writtten words.  He was canonized in 1839 (Gregory XVI 1831-46).

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today March 06
  203 Sts. Perpetua and Felicity she "couldn't call herself any other name but Christian".    Saints Perpetua and Felicity, who, on the day following this, received from the Lord the glorious crown of martyrdom.
With the lives of so many early martyrs shrouded in legend, we are fortunate to have the record of the courage of Perpetua and Felicity from the hand of Perpetua herself, her teacher Saturus, and others who knew them. This account, known as "The Martyrdom of Perpetua and Felicity," was so popular in the early centuries that it was read during liturgies.
203 SS. PERPETUA, FELICITY AND THEIR COMPANIONS, MARTYRS
THE record of the passion of St Perpetua, St Felicity and their companions is one of the greatest hagiological treasures that have come down to us.

In the fourth century these acts were publicly read in the churches of Africa, and were in fact so highly esteemed that St Augustine found it necessary to issue a protest against their being placed on a level with the Holy Scriptures. In them we have a human document of singularly vivid interest preserved for us in the actual words of two of the martyrs themselves.

335 St. Basil Bishop of Bologna, Italy Pope who was ordained by Pope St. Sylvester.
At Bologna, St. Basil, bishop, who was ordained by Pope 
who was ordained by Pope St. Sylvester, , and who governed the church entrusted to his care with great holiness, both by word and example.   Basil served his diocese until his death.

776 Chrodegang of Metz B (AC) many of the poor depended entirely upon his charity Chrodegang himself safely brought the pope over the Alps.  St CHRODEGANG was born near Liege, and was probably educated at the abbey of St. Trond. We are told that he spoke his own tongue and Latin with equal fluency; in appearance he was singularly prepossessing, and his kindness and gracious manners endeared him to all. Charles Martel recognized his exceptional qualities, and chose him as his secretary and referendary. After the death of Charles, Chrodegang, though still a layman, was in 742 invested with the bishopric of Metz; he combined in such an eminent degree sanctity with sagacity that nothing but good could result from such an appointment, and everywhere the holy man used his influence for the furtherance of justice and for the public weal. His biographers extol his almost boundless charity and his special solicitude for widows and orphans. As ambassador from Pepin, mayor of the palace, to Pope Stephen III, Chrodegang was concerned closely with Pepin’s coronation as king in 754, his defeat of the Lombards in Italy, and the handing over of the exarchate of Ravenna and other territory to the Holy See.
1137 St. Ollegarius Augustinian bishop miracles.  In 1123 Ollegarius went to Rome to attend the first Council of the Lateran, where he asked Pope Callistus II and the assembly to enact that the privileges which were being offered to those who would take part in the crusades in Palestine should be extended to those who would fight the Moslems in Spain. His petition was granted, and he returned home as apostolic delegate charged to preach a crusade against Moors. Success crowned his efforts, and Count Raymond succeeded in obtaining sufficient reinforcements to inflict severe losses on the Moors and to drive them from some of their strongholds. Ollegarius also did much to encourage and extend in his diocese the newly formed Order of Knights Templars. His metro­politan city of Tarragona had been almost entirely destroyed by the Moors, and he set to work to rebuild and restore it. Ollegarius also made the care of the sick poor, and in particular the mentally afflicted, the, object of his special solicitude. Al­though he was closely bound to the ruling family, he did not hesitate to denounce Count Raymond III when the count sought to reimpose an unjust tribute which his father, Raymond Berengarius, had remitted. At a synod in 1137 the archbishop, who was old and in failing health, was suddenly taken ill. He was carried from the council-chamber to his bed, from which he never rose again.

1235 Cyril of Constantinople Carmelite priest teacher of true sanctity.  The unsatisfactory character of this notice is revealed at once by the fact that while the Emperors Philip of Swabia and Otto IV must unquestionably be here referred to, Otto was not the colleague but the opponent and successor of Philip. Moreover Otto IV died in 1218, while Brocard, the predecessor of Cyril in the office of prior general of the Carmelites, was still living at that date. It would serve no good purpose to enter into any detail regarding the fanciful biography which at a later period was invented for St Cyril and which still holds its place in the lessons of the Carmelite Breviary. According to this; Cyril was a gifted priest of Constantinople who had rendered marvellous services to the Church in controversy with the Greek Orthodox over the question of the Filioque, and who had been sent by the Emperor Manuel Comnenus on an embassy to Pope Alexander III. In point of fact we know no more about St Cyril than the circumstance that about the year 1232 he succeeded and secondly that, owing in part to a most extravagant confusion of his name with that of St Cyril of Alexandria and St Cyril of Jerusalem, there were attributed to him long after his death a supposed treatise on the procession of the Holy Ghost, a dissertation upon the development cf the Carmelite Order, and a much-controverted Oracle or Prognostic, “solemnly transmitted from Heaven by angelic hands to St Cyril of Constantinople, the Carmelite”.

1447 St. Colette distributed her inheritance to poor holiness spiritual wisdom Superior of all Poor Clare convents sanctity, ecstacies visions of the Passion, prophesied.  At Ghent in Flanders, St. Collette, virgin, who at first professed the rule of the Third Order of St. Francis, and afterwards, by the inspiration of the Holy Spirit, restored the pristine discipline to a great number of monasteries of Nuns of the Second Order.   Because she was graced with heavenly virtues, and performed innumerable miracles, she was inscribed on the roll of saints by Pope Pius VII.

1728 Blessed Rose Venerini organize schools in many parts of Italy a number of miracles were attributed to her.  Bd Rose had the gift of ready and persuasive speech, and a real ability to teach and to teach others to teach, and was not daunted by any difficulty when the service of God was in question. Her reputation spread, and in 1692 she was invited by Cardinal Barbarigo to advise and help in the training of teachers and organizing of schools in his diocese of Montefiascone. Here she was the mentor and friend of Lucy Filippini, who became foundress of an institute of maestre pie and was canonized in 1930. Rose organized a number of schools in various places, sometimes in the face of opposition that resorted to force in unbelievable fashion—the teachers were shot at with bows and their house fired. Her patience and trust overcame all obstacles, and in 1713 she made a foundation in Rome that received the praise of Pope Clement XI himself.
It was in Rome that she died, on May 7, 1728; her reputation of holiness was confirmed by miracles, and in 1952 she was beatified. It was not till some time after her death that Bd Rose’s lay school-teachers were organized as a religious congregation: they are found in America as well as in Italy, for the Venerini Sisters have worked among Italian immigrants since early in the twentieth century.
           There is a short account of Bd Rose in the decree of beatification, printed in the Acta
         Apostolicae Sedis
, voi. xliv (1952), pp. 405—409.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today March 07
Floréntiæ, in Etrúria, sanctæ Terésiæ Margarítæ Redi, Vírginis.  At Florence in Etruria, St. Teresa Margaret Redi, virgin, a member of the Order of Discalced Carmelites, of such admirable purity and simplicity that Pope Pius XI solemnly enrolled her on the scroll of holy virgins.
843 St. Ardo Benedictine abbot from Languedoc accompanied St. Benedict originally baptized Smaragdus. He became a Benedictine, took the name Ardo, and served under St. Benedict of Aniane. Ardo directed the monastery school at Aniane and accompanied St. Benedict on his journeys. In 814, Ardo became St. Benedict's successor when the abbot was named superior of the Aachen monastery in Germany. Ardo wrote the biography of St. Benedict of Aniane.
Although the Bollandists reject the claims of Ardo to be included in the register of saints, Mabillon seeks to prove that he must have been the subject of a definite cultus, because he has his own office in the Aniane Breviary and his relics were publicly venerated. See his Acta Sanctorum O.S.B., vol. iv, pt i, p. 550 where we learn also that Ardo’s head was preserved in a casket of silver-gilt, and his body in a wooden chest “wonderfully carved”.

Born at Rocca Secca in the Kingdom of Naples, 1225 or 1227; died at Fossa NuovaPope Leo XIII declared him the heavenly patron of all Catholic schools.

1274 St. Thomas Aquinas Philosopher, theologian, doctor of the Church (Angelicus Doctor), patron of Catholic universities, colleges, and schools.  1274 ST THOMAS AQUINAS, DOCTOR OF THE Church
THE family of the counts of Aquino was of noble lineage, tracing its descent back for several centuries to the Lombards. St Thomas’s father was a knight, Landulf, and his mother Theodora was of Norman descent. There seems something more northern than southern about Thomas’s physique, his imposing stature, massive build and fresh complexion.  

He was ill when he was bidden by Pope Gregory X to attend the general council at Lyons for the reunion of the Greek and Latin churches and to bring with him his treatise “Against the Errors of the Greeks”. He became so much worse on the journey that he was taken to the Cistercian abbey of Fossa Nuova near Terracina, where he was lodged in the abbot’s room and waited on by the monks. In com­pliance with their entreaties he began to expound to them the Canticle of Canticles, but he did not live to finish his exposition. It soon became evident to all that he was dying. After he had made his last confession to Father Reginald of Priverno and received viaticum from the abbot he gave utterance to the famous words, “I am receiving thee, Price of my soul’s redemption all my studies, my vigils and my labours have been for love of thee. I have taught much and written much of the most sacred body of Jesus Christ I have taught and written in the faith of Jesus Christ and of the holy Roman Church, to whose judgement I offer and submit everything.” Two days later his soul passed to God, in the early hours of March 7, 1274, being only about fifty years of age. That same day St Albert, who was then in Cologne, burst into tears in the presence of the community, and exclaimed, “Brother Thomas Aquinas, my son in Christ, the light of the Church, is dead. God has revealed it to me.”

St Thomas was canonized in 1323 ( Pope Urban V 1310; died at Avignon, 19 Dec., 1370 )

 Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today March 08
 871 Humphrey of Pruem source of strength comfort to people during Norman invasion. Bishop Humphrey of Thérouanne, who would have preferred to remain a monk of the Benedictine abbey of Pruem in the Ardennes, was persuaded by Pope Nicholas I who thought differently. At the same time he ruled the abbey of Saint Bertin. He was a source of strength and comfort to the people during the Norman invasion.
He had the feast of the Assumption of Our Lady kept with special splendor in his diocese (Benedictines, Encyclopedia).
1223 St. Vincent Kadlubek Cistercian bishop 1 of earliest Polish chroniclers, also called Vincent of Cracow Born in Carnow, Poland, circa 1150, he studied in France and Italy before receiving appointment as provost of the cathedral of Sandomir (modern Poland). In 1208 he was appointed bishop of Cracow and worked to promote the reforms then being decreed by Pope Innocent III (r. 1198-1216) and to improve the monastic and religious conditions of the diocese. Resigning in 1128, he entered the Cistercians at Jedrzejow Abbey, where he established himself as one of Poland's first chroniclers through his authorship of the Chronicles of the Kings and Princes of Poland. His cult was confirmed in 1764, and he is venerated in Poland as a saint.
1550 St. John of God impulsive love embraced anyone in need. At Granada in Spain, St. John of God, founder of the Order of Brothers Hospitallers, famed for his mercy to the poor, and his contempt of self.  Pope Leo XIII appointed him as heavenly patron of the sick and of all hospitals.  John of God is the patron of the sick, of hospitals, and of nurses, printers, and booksellers.  
From the time he was eight to the day he died, John followed every impulse of his heart. The challenge for him was to rush to follow the promptings of the Holy Spirit gave him, not his own human temptations. But unlike many who act impulsively, when John made a decision, no matter how quickly, he stuck with it, no matter what the hardship.  

1550 ST JOHN OF GOD, FOUNDER OF THE BROTHERS HOSPITALLERS
THIS St John was born in Portugal and spent part of his youth in the service of the bailiff of the count of Oroprusa in Castile. In 1522 he enlisted in a company of soldiers raised by the count, and served in the wars between the French and the Spaniards and afterwards in Hungary against the Turks.

From contact with licentious companions in the army, he gradually lost the practice of religion and fell into grievous excesses. The troop having been disbanded, he went to Andalusia, where he entered the service of a woman near Seville as a shepherd.
     At the age of about forty, stung with remorse for his past misconduct, he resolved to amend his life, and began to consider how he could best dedicate the rest of his life to God’s service.
Compassion for the distressed led him to leave his situation in the hope that by crossing to Africa he might succour the Christian slaves there and perhaps win the crown of martyrdom.
At Gibraltar he met a Portuguese gentleman who had been condemned to banishment. This exile and his wife and children were bound for Ceuta in Barbary, and John was so full of pity for them that he attached himself to the family and served them without wages. At Ceuta the man fell ill, and John hired himself out as a day labourer to earn a little money for their benefit. However, he sustained a great shock owing to the apostasy of one of his companions, and as his confessor assured him that his going in quest of martyrdom was an illusion, he resolved to return to Spain.  
St John of God was canonized in 1690, and in 1886 Pope Leo XIII, as the Roman Martyrology records, “declared him the heavenly patron of all hospitals and sick folk”, with St Camillus of Lellis, to whom Pope Pius XI in 1930 added nurses of both sexes. Because of his early venture in hawking books and pictures he is also sometimes specially honoured by book and print sellers.  After hearing Blessed John of Ávila preach on Saint Sebastian's Day (January 20), he was so touched that he cried aloud and beat his breast, begging for mercy. He ran about the streets behaving like a lunatic, and the townspeople threw sticks and stones at him. He returned to his shop, gave away his stock, and began wandering the streets in distraction.
Some people took him to Blessed John of Ávila, who advised him and offered his support. John was calm for a while but fell into wild behavior again and was taken to an insane asylum, where the customary brutal treatments were applied to bring him to sanity. John of Ávila heard of his fate and visited him, telling him that he had practiced his penance long enough and that he should address himself to doing something more useful for himself and his neighbor. John was calmed by this, remained in the hospital, and attended the sick until 1539. While there he determined to spend the rest of his life working for the poor.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today March 09
 400 St. Gregory of Nyssa mystic among the three great Cappadocians.   At Nyssa, the death of St. Gregory, the son of Saints Basil and Emmelia, and the brother of Saints Basil the Great, bishop, and Peter, bishop of Sebaste, and Macrina, virgin.  His life and his great learning brought him fame.  He was driven from his own city for having defended the Catholic faith during the reign of the Arian emperor Valens.
Born at Caesarea, Cappadocia, c. 330-335; died c. 395-400. 
1440 St. Frances of Rome renowned for her noble family, holy life, and the gift of miracles.
THE gentle saint who was known first to her fellow-citizens and then to the Church at large as Santa Francesca Romana, St Frances the Roman, possessed to an extraordinary degree the power of attracting the love and admiration of those who came in contact with her. Nor has her charm ended with her death, for she is still honoured by countless souls who seek her intercession and pray before her tomb in Santa Maria Nuova. On her feast day and within its octave, crowds flock to visit Tor de’ Specchi and the Casa degli Esercizi Pu (the successor of the old Palazzo Ponziano), the rooms of which are annually thrown open to the public and every memorial and relic of the saint exhibited.
She was born in the Trastevere district of Rome in 1384, at the beginning of the Great Schism of the West, which was to cause het much grief as well as adversely to affect the fortunes of her family. She did not live to see harmony completely restored. Her parents, Paul Busso and Jacobella dei Roffredeschi, were of noble birth and ample means, and the child was brought up in the midst of luxury but in a pious household. Frances was a precocious little girl, and when she was eleven she asked her parents to allow her to become a nun, only to be met by a point-blank refusal. She died as she finished her vespers. Her last words were: "The Angel has finished his task; he calls me to follow him." The cause for her canonization was introduced almost immediately, but it was not much advanced until the accession of Clement VIII, who had a great devotion to the saint, but he and his successor died before this was accomplished. Paul V (Borghese) decreed her canonisation.  Her husband and children are entombed beneath the pavement of the Ponziani family chapel (now the sacristy) of the Church of Saint Cecilia. The walls have scenes from her life. Her skeletal remains, clad in the habit of the Oblates of the Congregation of Mount Olivet, which she founded, lie exposed in a glass casket in the church with her name, coupled with its original designation of Santa Maria Nuovo. Once every hundred years it is opened to reclothe her body in a fresh habit. This is her father Paolo di Bussi's church.
1463 St. Catherine of Bologna  experience visions of Christ and Satan, incorrupt healing miracles.   At Bologna, St. Catherine, virgin, of the Second Order of St. Francis, illustrious for the holiness of her life.  Her body is greatly honoured in that city.  Already some years earlier the little community governed by Lucy Mascaroni had embraced the strict Rule of St Clare and had removed to a more suitable building, but it was felt by St Catherine and the more austere sisters that the full regularity of the convent could not be obtained until it should become enclosed. The inhabitants of Ferrara, however, long resisted this innovation, and it was mainly through the prayers and efforts of St Catherine that enclosure was conceded, and finally sanctioned by Pope Nicholas V. Catherine was then appointed superioress of a new convent of strict observance at Bologna, and although she shrank from the office and would have preferred to remain in Ferrara, she received a divine intimation that she was to go and made no further protest. She and the religious who accompanied her were received at Bologna by two cardinals, by the senate and magistrates, and by the entire population, and there they established the convent of Corpus Christi. Despite the strictness of the enclosure, the fame of the sanctity and healing powers of St Catherine, as well as her gifts of prophecy, attracted so many would-be postulants that room could not be found for them all.
1857 Dominic Savio; Bosco wrote Dominic's biography  cheerfulness, friendliness, careful observation, & good advice. THE year 1950 saw the canonization of a twelve-year-old girl, Mary Goretti, as a martyr and the beatification of a fifteen-year-old boy, Dominic Savio, as a confessor.  The Church has raised several child martyrs to her altars, but the case of Dominic Savio seems to be unique. He was canonized in 1954.  He was born at Riva in Piedmont in 1842, the son .of a peasant, and grew up with the desire to be a priest. When St John Bosco began to make provision for training youths as clergy to help him in his work for neglected boys at Turin, Dominic’s parish-priest recommended him. An interview took place, at which Don Bosco was most deeply impressed by the evidence of grace in the boy’s soul, and in October 1854, when he was twelve, Dominic became a student at the Oratory of St Francis de Sales in Turin.
Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today March 10

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today March 11
 646 Saint Sophronius, Patriarch of Jerusalem From his youth he was distinguished for his piety and his love for classical studies proficient in philosophy of monasticism. Born in Damascus around 560. From his youth he was distinguished for his piety and his love for classical studies. He was especially proficient in philosophy, and so he was known as Sophronius the Wise.
The future hierarch, however, sought the true philosophy of monasticism, and conversations with the desert-dwellers. No sooner was he established in his see than he assembled all the bishops of his patriarchate to condemn monothelite teaching, and composed a synodal letter to explain and state the Catholic doctrine on the subject contested. This letter, which was afterwards confirmed in the sixth general council, was sent by St Sophronius to Pope Honorius and to Sergius, Patriarch of Constantinople, who had persuaded Honorius to write evasively on this question as to one or two wills in Christ. It seems evident that Honorius never professed to pronounce upon the matter in dispute, but his silence was ill-timed, as it gave the appearance of con­niving at heresy. Sophronius, seeing that the emperor and many Eastern prelates were fighting against the truth, felt that it was his duty to defend it with greater zeal than ever. He took his suffragan Stephen, Bishop of Dor, to Mount Calvary, and there adjured him by Christ who was crucified on that spot, and by the account he would have to render at the last day, “to go to the Apostolic See, where are the foundations of holy doctrine, and not to cease to pray till those in authority there should examine and condemn the novelty”. Stephen obeyed and remained in Rome for ten years, until he saw the monothelite heresy condemned by Pope St Martin I at the Council of the Lateran in 649.
THIS Bd Christopher of Milan must not be confused with a Dominican of the same name and place who is commemorated on March 1.
1485 BD CHRISTOPHER MACASSOLI.   Christopher Macassoli entered the Franciscan Order at an early age. Love of poverty, great purity of heart and complete trust in God were his distinguishing characteristics. As a priest he converted many by his preaching and example. At Vigevano he helped to enlarge the friary in which he lived, and thousands of people flocked to receive his counsel and to ask his intercession with God. He died in 1485 and Pope Leo XIII in 1890 confirmed the local cultus which had been unbroken since his death. We are told that the little chapel of St Bernardino at Vigevano, where his remains repose in a tomb built into the wall, is covered with votive offerings made by the faithful in acknowledgment of miraculous answers to prayer.
1770 St. Teresa Margaret Redi discalced Carmelite nun remarkable prayer life and a deeply penitential demeanor.  The devotion paid to her, especially in the city of Florence, has been attended with many miracles.
Anna Maria Redi was a native of Florence, Italy. She entered the Carmelites in 1765 and took the name Sister Teresa Margaret. She died at the age of twenty-three, but in the very brief time of her life in the cloister, she displayed a remarkable prayer life and a deeply penitential demeanor. She was canonized in 1934 by Pope Pius XI (r. 1922-1939).


Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today March 12
1500 B.C. The Righteous Phineas, grandson of the High Priest Aaron (also commemorated today) son of High Priest Eleazar also a priest and zealous in his service.  When the Israelites, after the holy Prophet Moses (September 4) led them out of Egypt, were already near the Promised Land, their neighbors the Moabites and Midianites were overcome by fear and envy. Not trusting in their own strength, they summoned the magician Balaam to put a curse on the Israelites.  The Lord revealed His will to Balaam, and Balaam refused to curse the People of God, seeing that God was pleased to bless them (Num. 24:1).
Then the Moabites drew the Israelites into the worship of Baal-Peor. God punished the Jews for their apostasy, and they died by the thousands from a plague.  Many, beholding the wrath of God, came to their senses and repented.

At this time a certain man named Zimri, of the tribe of the Simeon, "brought his brother a Midianite woman in the sight of Moses and in the sight of all the congregation of the children of Israel, and they wept at the door of the tabernacle of witness" (Num. 25:6).
Phineas, filled with wrath, went into Zimri's tent and killed both him and the Midianite woman with a spear.
"And the Lord said to Moses, 'Phineas... has caused My wrath against the children of Israel to cease, when I was exceedingly jealous among them.... Behold, I give him a covenant of peace, and he and his descendants shall have a perpetual covenant of priesthood, because he was zealous for his God, and made atonement for the children of Israel'" (Num. 25:10-13).
After this, at the command of God, Phineas went at the head of the Israelite army against the Moabites and brought chastisement upon them for their impiety and treachery. After the death of the High Priest Eleazar, St Phineas was unanimously chosen as High Priest.
The high priesthood, in accord with God's promise, continued also with his posterity. St Phineas died at an advanced age around 1500 B.C.

Mentioned in the service for the Kazan Icon (July 8 & October 22) in the third Ode of the Canon.
According to Tradition, the Apostles Peter and John were preaching in Lydda (later called Diospolis) near Jerusalem. There they built a church dedicated to the Most Holy Theotokos, then went to Jerusalem and asked her to come and sanctify the church by her presence. She sent them back to Lydda and said, "Go in peace, and I shall be there with you."

Arriving at Lydda, they found an icon of the Virgin imprinted in color on the wall of the church (some sources say the image was on a pillar). Then the Mother of God appeared and rejoiced at the number of people who had gathered there. She blessed the icon and gave it the power to work miracles. This icon was not made by the hand of man, but by a divine power.

Julian the Apostate (reigned 361-363) heard about the icon and tried to eradicate it. Masons with sharp tools chipped away at the image, but the paint and lines just seemed to penetrate deeper into the stone. Those whom the emperor had sent were unable to destroy the icon. As word of this miracle spread, millions of people came to venerate the icon.

 604 Saint Gregory Dialogus granted a vision of the Lord Himself; Pope of Rome; inheritance - establish 6 monasteries. At Rome, St. Gregory, pope and eminent doctor of the Church, who on account of his illustrious deeds and the conversion of the English to the faith of Christ, was surnamed the Great, and called the Apostle of England.
Born in Rome around the year 540. His grandfather was Pope Felix, and his mother Sylvia (November 4) and aunts Tarsilla and Emiliana were also numbered among the saints by the Roman Church. Having received a most excellent secular education, he attained high government positions.  
Ibídem deposítio sancti Innocéntii Primi, Papæ et Confessóris.  Ipsíus autem festum quinto Kaléndas Augústi.  In the same place, the death of St. Innocent I, pope and confessor.  His feast is celebrated on the 28th of July.
1022 Simeon the New Theologian abbot successor to Saint John the Evangelist and Saint Gregory of Nazianzus. St Simeon the Pious recommended to the young man the writings of St Mark the Ascetic (March 5) and other spiritual writers. He read these books attentively and tried to put into practice what he read. Three points made by St Mark in his work "On the Spiritual Law" (see Vol. I of the English PHILOKALIA) particularly impressed him. First, you should listen to your conscience and do what it tells you if you wish your soul to be healed (PHILOKALIA, p. 115). Second, only by fulfilling the commandments can one obtain the activity of the Holy Spirit. Thirdly, one who prays only with the body and without spiritual knowledge is like the blind man who cried out, "Son of David, have mercy upon me (Luke 18:38) (PHILOKALIA, p. 111). When the blind man received his sight, however, he called Christ the Son of God (John 9:38).
1109 ST BERNARD OF CAPUA, BISHOP OF CALENO.  ST BERNARD OF CAPUA, of whose antecedents and early life no records are available, became chaplain and adviser to Duke Richard II, son of Prince Jordan of Capua. He gained the confidence of his patron so entirely that it was said that Richard would undertake nothing without first consulting his confessor. When the see of Foro-Claudio was vacant he was appointed by Pope Victor III, and he soon began to consider removing his episcopal seat. Foro-Claudio was in an exposed place— not easily defended—on the high-road between Rome and Naples, whereas at a short distance off, in a far better position, stood Caleno. The change was accordingly made. On Monte Massico hard [probably “nearby”] by lay the body of the hermit St Marcius (Martin), mention of whom is made in the Dialogues of St Gregory; and Arachis, Duke of Benevento, came with a great retinue intending to remove the body and to take it to Benevento. Mass was celebrated for them in the presence of the relics, but suddenly there came an earthquake, and the duke, interpreting this as a warning that it was not God’s will that the body should leave the neighbourhood, returned home. Then St Bernard and his priests went up to the mountain, and having brought the precious treasure to their new cathedral enclosed it in the altar.
1253 St. Fina "Seraphina"Virgin many miracles through her intercession Gregory appeared to her and said, "Dear child on my festival God will give you rest" 1253 St. Fina "Seraphina"Virgin many miracles through her intercession Gregory appeared to her and said, "Dear child on my festival God will give you rest" She was known for her self denial and acts of penance as a young girl. A mysterious illness left this beautiful girl unattractive; her eyes, feet, and hands became deformed and eventually Seraphina was paralyzed. Her mother and father both died while she was young. She was devoted to St. Gregory the Great. She died on the feast of St. Gregory, exactly as she had been warned by Gregory in a dream. Seraphina was a very helpful child around the family home. She did many of the chores and helped her mother spin and sew.
1319 Blessed Justina Bezzoli Diseases and sufferings of many kinds were cured through the prayers of Bd Justina, and still more wonderful miracles of healing were wrought after her death.   JUSTINA OF Arezzo, whose name in the world appears to have been Francuccia Bizzoli, was only thirteen years old when she entered the Benedictine convent of St Mark in Arezzo. When the nuns overflowed into the convent of All Saints she accompanied them and continued to live there for many years, ever advancing in the paths of holiness. Then she left the convent with the permission of her superiors and made her way to a cell near Civitella, where she joined a holy anchoress called Lucia. This cell was so narrow and low that they could not both stand upright in it. When Lucia fell ill, Justina nursed her day and night for over a year without giving up any of her devotions and austerities. After Lucia’s death Justina remained all alone in the cell, in spite of the wolves that howled around and leaped on to the roof, until she developed a painful affection of the eyes which ended in total blindness. She was then taken from the hermitage back to Arezzo, where she and several other sisters lived in great self-abnegation and from midnight to midday served God in unbroken prayer. Diseases and sufferings of many kinds were cured through the prayers of Bd Justina, and still more wonderful miracles of healing were wrought after her death. She died in 1319 and her cultus was approved in 1890 (Leo XIII 1878-1903).
1922 Blessed Angela Salawa served Christ and Christ’s little ones with all her strength ; b. 1881 Angela  Born in Siepraw, near Kraków, Poland, she was the 11th child of Bartlomiej and Ewa Salawa. In 1897, she moved to Kraków where her older sister Therese lived. Angela immediately began to gather together and instruct young women domestic workers. During World War I, she helped prisoners of war without regard for their nationality or religion. The writings of Teresa of Avila and John of the Cross were a great comfort to her.
Angela gave great service in caring for soldiers wounded in World War I. After 1918 her health did not permit her to exercise her customary apostolate. Addressing herself to Christ, she wrote in her diary, "I want you to be adored as much as you were destroyed." In another place, she wrote, "Lord, I live by your will. I shall die when you desire; save me because you can."
At her 1991 beatification in Kraków, Pope John Paul II said: "It is in this city that she worked, that she suffered and that her holiness came to maturity. While connected to the spirituality of St. Francis, she showed an extraordinary responsiveness to the action of the Holy Spirit" (L'Osservatore Romano, volume 34, number 4, 1991).

1940 Bl. Luigi Orine apostle of Mercy servant of poor founder  He founded the Sons of Divine Providence, the Little Missionary Sisters of Charity, the Blind Sacramentive Sisters, and the Hermits of St.Albert. In 1936, Don Orione, as he was called, opened a House of Providence in Cardiff. Wales. He died at San Remo, Italy, on March 12, and was beatified in 1980.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today March 13
600 St. Leander of Seville bishop introduced the Nicene Creed at Mass succeeded in persuading many Arian bishops to change .  The next time you recite the Nicene Creed at Mass, think of today’s saint. For it was Leander of Seville who, as bishop, introduced the practice in the sixth century. He saw it as a way to help reinforce the faith of his people and as an antidote against the heresy of Arianism, which denied the divinity of Christ.
By the end of his life, Leander had helped Christianity flourish in Spain at a time of political and religious upheaval.   He was instrumental in converting the two sons Hermenegild and Reccared of the Arian Visigothic King Leovigild. This action earned him the kings's wrath and exile to Constantinople, where he met and became close friends of the Papal Legate, the future Pope Gregory the Great. It was Leander who suggested that Gregory write the famous commentary on the Book of Job called the Moralia. In 583 St Leander went to Constantinople on an embassy to the emperor, and there he became acquainted with St Gregory the Great, who had been sent there as legate by Pope Pelagius II. The two men formed a close and lasting friendship, and it was at the suggestion of Leander that Gregory wrote his Morals on the Book of Job.
 828 St. Nicephorus Patriarch of Constantinople martyr.   At Constantinople, the transferral of the body of St. Nicephorus, bishop of that city, and confessor.  The body was returned from the island of Propontis in the Proconnesus, where his death occurred on the 5th of June while in exile for his reverence of sacred images. 
He was buried with honour by Bishop Methodius in the Church of the Holy Apostles on this the anniversary day of his exile.  THE father of St Nicephorus was secretary and commissioner to the Emperor Constantine Copronymus, but when that tyrant declared himself a persecutor of the orthodox faith, his minister maintained the honour due to holy images with so much zeal that he was stripped of his dignities, scourged, tortured and banished. Young Nicephorus grew up with his father’s example before him to encourage him in boldly confessing his faith, while an excellent education developed his exceptional abilities. After Constantine VI and Irene had restored the use of sacred pictures and images, Nicephorus was introduced to their notice and by his sterling qualities obtained their favour. He distinguished himself by his opposition to the Icono­clasts and was secretary to the Second Council of Nicaea, as well as imperial commissioner.  The new patriarch ere long still further antagonized the hostile rigorists. At the request of the emperor, Nicephorus, with the consent of a small synod of bishops, pardoned and reinstated in office a priest called Joseph, who had been deposed and exiled for celebrating a marriage between the Emperor Constantine VI and Theodota during the lifetime of the lawful Empress Mary. No doubt he acted in this way to avoid worse evils, but the party which was headed by St Theodore Studites refused to have any dealings or even to be in communion with the patriarch and with those who supported what they called the “Adulterine Heresy”: they went so far as to appeal to the pope. St Leo III sent them an encouraging reply but, being imperfectly informed about the whole matter and having received no communications from Archbishop Nicephorus, he took no further action. After a time, however, a reconciliation was brought about between the patriarch and St Theodore (who meanwhile had been imprisoned and his monks dispersed). It was not until then that Nicephorus sent to the pope a letter announcing his appointment to the see of Constantinople, with an apology and a rather lame excuse for his delay in making the customary notification. At the same time, in view of attacks that had been made upon his orthodoxy, he added a lengthy confession of faith and promised that in future he would give due notice at Rome of any important questions that might arise.
1236 Bl. Agnello of Pisa admitted into Order by St. Francis himself.  It was the winter of 1224, and they must have suffered great discomfort, especially as their ordinary fare was bread and a little beer, which was so thick that it had to be diluted before they could swallow it. Nothing, however, damped their spirits, and their simple piety, cheerfulness and enthusiasm soon won them many friends. They were able to produce a commendatory letter from Pope Honorius III, so that the archbishop of Canterbury, Stephen Langton, in announcing their arrival, said, “Some religious have come to me calling themselves Penitents of the Order of Assisi, but I call them of the Order of the Apostles”: By this name they were at first known in England, and when some of them were to be ordained acolytes at Canterbury four months after landing, the archdeacon, in bidding the candidates come forward, said, “Draw near, ye brothers of the Order of the Apostles”.
The founder of the English Franciscan province, Blessed Agnello, was admitted into the Order by St. Francis himself on the occasion of his sojourn in Pisa. He was sent to the Friary in Paris, of which he became the guardian, and in 1224, St. Francis appointed him to found an English province; at the time he was only a deacon. Eight others were selected to accompany him.
True to the precepts of St. Francis, they had no money, and the monks of Fecamp paid their passage over to Dover. They made Canterbury their first stopping place, while Richard of Ingworth, Richard of Devon and two of the Italians went on to London to see where they could settle.  It was the winter of 1224, and they must have suffered great discomfort, especially as their ordinary fare was bread and a little beer, which was so thick that it had to be diluted before they could swallow it. Nothing, however, dampened their spirits, and their simple piety, cheerfulness and enthusiasm soon won them many friends. They were able to produce a commendatory letter from Pope Honorius III, so that the Archbishop of Canterbury, Steven Langton, in announcing their arrival, said, "Some religious have come to me calling themselves penitents of the Order of Assisi, but I called them of the Order of the Apostles." Pope Leo XIII declared Agnellus' beatification in 1882.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today March 14
   67 Forty-Seven Roman Martyrs baptized by Saint Peter (RM).  Also at Rome, the birthday of forty-seven holy martyrs who were baptized by the apostle St. Peter while in the Mamertine Prison with St. Paul his fellow apostle.  After an imprisonment of nine months, they all fell by the sword of Nero for their generous confession of faith.
According to an unreliable account, these 47 martyrs were baptized by Saint Peter and suffered under Nero that same day. The details entered into the Roman Martyrology are from the Acts of Saints Processus and Martinian (Benedictines).
 legend makes them the keepers of the prison of Sts. Peter and Paul.
VI v  St. Diaconus Martyred deacon in Marsi by the Lombards for the faith.  Martyrs of Valeria (RM) 6th century. The entry in the Roman Martyrology reads: "In the province of Valeria, the birthday of two holy monks, whom the Lombards slew by hanging them on a tree: and there, although dead, they were heard even by their enemies singing psalms." The story is taken from the Dialogues (IV, 21) of Saint Gregory the Great (Benedictines).
1254 Blessed Arnold of Padua martyr bound in chains patiently for eight years.  It is recorded of him that he solemnly expressed his conviction that God had sent into the world three teachers to enlighten the Universal Church—first Paul the Apostle, then later on Augustine, and now in these last days Brother Thomas. In 1302 Bd James was appointed archbishop of Benevento by Pope Boniface VIII, but only a few months later the same pontiff translated him to the archiepiscopal see of Naples, in which office he won the veneration of all by his virtue and his learning. His death in 1308 was followed by many spontaneous manifestations of the ardour with which his memory was cherished by his flock, and the cultus then begun was confirmed in 1911.
1308 Blessed James of Capocci Augustinian friar.  VITERBO was the birthplace of James Capocci, who entered the Augustinian Order at an early age. Giving great promise of eminence both in piety and learning he was sent to make his higher studies at the University of Paris, where he attended the lectures of his illustrious fellow Augustinian, Aegidius Romanus, who had been the pupil of St Thomas Aquinas and was an enthusiastic upholder of the teaching of the Angelic Doctor. After returning for a while to Italy and acting as theological instructor to his own brethren, Capocci was sent to make a second stay in Paris, where he took his doctor’s degree, and thereupon lectured in that city and subsequently at Naples.
It is recorded of him that he solemnly expressed his conviction that God had sent into the world three teachers to enlighten the Universal Church—first Paul the Apostle, then later on Augustine, and now in these last days Brother Thomas. In 1302 Bd James was appointed archbishop of Benevento by Pope Boniface VIII, but only a few months later the same pontiff translated him to the archiepiscopal see of Naples, in which office he won the veneration of all by his virtue and his learning. His death in 1308 was followed by many spontaneous manifestations of the ardour with which his memory was cherished by his flock, and the cultus then begun was confirmed in 1911.

1619 Blessed Dominic Jorjes soldier martyred for providing refuge to Blessed Charles Spinola . Born at Aguilar de Sousa, Portugal; died at Nagasaki, Japan, on November 18, 1619; beatified in 1819 (Pius IX 1846--1878 ). Dominic began life as a soldier and settled in Japan. There he provided refuge to Blessed Charles Spinola. For this reason he was burnt alive at Nagasaki (Benedictines).
1620 Bl. Ambrose Fernandez Portuguese Jesuit Martyr of Japan.  Blessed Ambrose Fernandez, SJ M (AC) Born at Sisto, Portugal, 1551; died in Omura, Japan, 1620; beatified in 1867 Pius IX 1846--1878. Ambrose went to Japan to seek his fortune, but soon found that God was his portion and cup. He entered the Jesuits as a lay-brother in 1577, and died in the horrible prison of Suzota (Omura) of apoplexy at the age of 69 (Benedictines).

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today March 15
 571 Probus of Rieti Saints Juvenal and Eleutherius appeared to him in a vision.  At Rieti, the bishop St. Probus, at whose death the martyrs Juvenal and Eleutherius were present.
Saint Gregory the Great describes the deathbed scene of Saint Probus, bishop of Rieti, Italy, during which Saints Juvenal and Eleutherius appeared to him in a vision (Benedictines).
 752 Zachary I, Pope known for his learning & sanctity chosen pope in 741 to succeed Saint Gregory III (RM). DETAILS of the early life of St Zachary are lacking, but he is known to have been born at San Severino of a Greek family settled in Calabria, and he is believed to have been one of the deacons of the Roman church. Upon the death of St Gregory III, he was unanimously elected pope. No better selection could have been made:  a man of learning and of great personal holiness, he joined a conciliatory spirit to far-sighted wisdom, and was able to cope with the grave problems which confronted him upon his accession. The position of Rome was one of much peril. The Lombards were again preparing to invade Roman territory, when the new pope decided to treat directly with their ruler, and went himself to Terni to visit him. He was received with respect, and his personality produced such an impression that Liutprand returned all the territory that had been taken from the Romans in the preceding thirty years. Moreover he made a twenty years’ treaty and released all his prisoners.
1583 Bl. William Hart Martyr of England ministered to Catholic prisoners in York Prison  Blessed William Hart M (AC) Born in Wells, England; died at York, 1583; beatified in 1886. William, a Protestant, was educated at Lincoln College, Oxford. After his conversion to Catholicism, he studied for the priesthood at Douai, Rheims, and Rome. THIS martyr, born at Wells in Somerset, went to Lincoln College, Oxford, and there came under the influence of D Bridgewater, who, on account of his Catholic principles, soon after resigned the rectorship and took refuge in Douai. Hart followed his example, and though a delicate man, ‘suffering at times paroxysms of pain from the stone, he faced with “marvellous cheerfulness” the many hardships entailed by his life as a refugee. After teaching at Rheims he passed on to Rome, and being there ordained priest, returned to the English mission and laboured in Yorkshire. He was particularly remarkable for his joyous spirit and for his courage and charity in visiting those Catholics who were imprisoned in York Castle.  He returned to England following his ordination in 1581. Betrayed by an apostate in the house of Saint Margaret Clitherow (Benedictines).
1660 St. Louise de Marillac Sisters of Charity caring for sick poor neglected patron saint of social workers.  Not long before the death of her husband, Louisa made a vow not to marry again but to devote herself wholly to the service of God, and this was followed a little later by a strange spiritual illumination in which she felt her misgivings dispelled and was given to understand that there was a great work which she was called to do in the future under the guidance of a director to whom she had never yet spoken. Her husband’s state of health had long been hopeless. He died in 1625, but before this she had already made the acquaintance of “M. Vincent”, as the holy priest known to us now as St Vincent de Paul was then called, and he, though showing reluctance at first, consented eventually to act as her confessor. St Vincent was at this time organizing his “Confraternities of Charity”, with the object of remedying the appalling misery and ignorance which he had found existing among the peasantry in country districts. With his wonderful tact and zeal he was soon able to count upon the assistance of a number of ladies (whom he styled Dames de Charité), and associations were formed in many centres which undoubtedly effected a great deal of good. .  St Vincent himself kept an eye on Michael, and was satisfied that the young man was a thoroughly good fellow, but with not much stability of character. He had no vocation for the priesthood, as his mother had hoped, but he married and seems to have led a good and edifying life to the end. He came,with his wife and child to visit his mother on her deathbed and she blessed them tenderly. It was the year i66o, and St Vincent was himself eighty years old and very infirm. She would have given much to see this beloved father once more, but that consolation was denied her. Nevertheless her soul was at peace, her life’s work had been marvellously blessed, and she uncomplainingly made the sacrifice, telling those around her that she was happy to have still this one deprivation left which she could offer to God. The burden of what, in those last days, she said to her grieving sisters was always this: “Be diligent in serving the poor . . . love the poor, honour them, my children, as you would honour Christ Himself.” St Louisa de Marillac died on March 15, 1660, and St Vincent followed her only six months later. She was canonized in 1934.
1830 St. Clement Maria Hofbauer Redemptorist preacher reformer devoted to Jesus.  At Vienna in Austria, St. Clement Mary Hofbauer, a priest of the Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer, renowned for his great devotion in promoting the glory of God and the salvation of souls, and in extending that order.  He was canonized by Pope Pius X. Even as a child the boy longed to become a priest, but poverty stood in the way, and, at the age of fifteen, he was apprenticed to a baker. Later he was employed in the bakery of the Premonstratensian monastery at Bruck, where his self-sacrifice during a time of famine won him the favour of the abbot, who allowed him to follow the classes of the Latin school attached to the abbey. After the abbot’s death, the young man lived as a solitary, until the Emperor Joseph’s edict against hermitages obliged him to take up his old trade again, this time in Vienna. From that city he twice made pilgrimages to Rome, in company with his friend Peter Kunzmann, and on the second occasion they obtained per­mission from Bishop Chiaramonti of Tivoli (Pope Pius VII) to settle as hermits in his diocese.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today March 16
305  Cyriacus erlitt vermutlich das Martyrium um 305 unter Diokletian. At Rome the martyrdom of the deacon St. Cyriacus, who, after a long imprisonment, had melted pitch poured over him, was stretched on the rack, had his limbs pulled with ropes, was beaten with clubs, and finally was beheaded by order of Maximian, together with Largus, Smaragdus, and twenty others.  Their feast, however, is kept on the 8th of August, the day on which these twenty-three martyrs were exhumed by blessed Pope Marcellus and reverently entombed.  On August 8 Pope St Marcellus I ( 308-309) translated the bodies to a burial-place, which received the name of Cyriacus, on the road to Ostia.
1022 Heribert of Cologne a devoted chief pastor of his flock performed miracles, one of which caused a heavy rainfall.  The one dissentient was Heribert himself, who declared and honestly believed that he was quite unfitted for the high dignity. From Benevento, whither he was summoned by Otto, he passed on to Rome, and there received the pallium from Pope Silvester II. He then returned to Cologne, which he entered humbly with bare feet on a cold December day, having sent the pallium on before him. It was on Christmas eve that he was consecrated archbishop in the cathedral of St Peter, and from that moment he devoted himself indefatigably to the duties of his high calling. State affairs were never allowed to hinder him from preaching, from relieving the sick and needy, and from acting as peacemaker throughout his diocese. He did not despise the outward splendour which his position required, but under his gold-embroidered vesture he always wore a hair-shirt. The more the business of the world pressed upon him, the more strenuously did he strive to nourish the spiritual life within.
1177 Blessed John Sordi, OSB BM (AC) (also known as John Cacciafronte).  JOHN was a native of Cremona and a member of the family of Sordi or Surdi; the name of Cacciafronte, by which he was generally known, was that of his stepfather, who wished the boy to adopt it. At the age of fifteen John was made a canon of Cremona, but the following year he entered the Benedictine abbey of St Laurence. Eight years later he became prior of St Victor and in 1155 he was recalled to be abbot of St Laurence. It was said by the monks that obedience was no hardship under his rule, for he was the first to practise what he enforced, and he made the spiritual and temporal welfare of the community his constant care. Bd John espoused the cause of Pope Alexander III against Octavian, Cardinal of St Cecilia, who, under the title of Victor IV, claimed to occupy the chair of St Peter. For his zeal in organizing penitential processions and urging the people of Cremona to remain loyal to Alexander, the good abbot was banished by the Emperor Frederic Barbarossa, who favoured the antipope. He lived for several years the life of a solitary in Mantuan territory and was then called upon to fill the bishopric of Mantua. He continued to practise great austerity, his food, clothing and furniture being of the plainest, and he daily fed the poor at his own table. He did much to remedy abuses and kept a strict watch over church property, although he was so indifferent to his own possessions and position that he wrote to urge the pope to reinstate Bishop Graziodorus, his predecessor, who had abandoned Mantua to follow the antipope, but who had afterwards repented. The Holy See acceded to his request and John resigned Mantua, but was soon given the see of Vicenza, where he became as popular as he had been in Mantua.
1281 Blessed Torello of Poppi, OSB Vall. Hermit (AC).   Born in Poppi, Tuscany, Italy, in 1201; cultus confirmed by Benedict XIV (1740-1758). Although Saint Torello led a dissolute life in bad company, he experienced a sudden conversion. After repenting he received the habit of a recluse from the Vallumbrosan abbot of San Fedele. He lived as an austere recluse, walled up in his cell near Poppi, for 60 years. Both Vallumbrosans and Franciscans claim him. It seems certain that he was, at any rate, a Vallumbrosan oblate (Attwater2, Benedictines).
1642-49 North American Martyrs (RM) All born in France.  In the territory of Canada, Saints John de Brébeuf, Gabriel Lalemant, Anthony Daniel, Charles Garnier, and Noel Chabanel, priests of the Society of Jesus, who in the mission of the Hurons, on this and other days, after many labours and most cruel torments, bravely underwent death for Christ.
 died 1642-49; canonized in 1930. The main feast day on the Roman calendar is September 26; however, the Jesuits commemorate six priests (Antony Daniel, Charles Garnier, Gabriel Lalemant, Isaac Jogues, John de Brébeuf, and Noel Chabanel) and two laybrothers (John Lalande and René Goupil) on March 16.
They were working among the Hurons when they met their deaths at the hands of the Iroquois, the mortal enemies of the Hurons. The Iroquois were animated by bitter hatred of the missionaries, whom they subjected to indescribable tortures before putting them to death. Further information and biographies of each are presented for their main feast (Attwater, Benedictines, Parkman, Wynne).

1830 St. Clement Maria Hofbauer Redemptorist preacher reformer devoted to Jesus.   died 1642-49; canonized in 1930. The main feast day on the Roman calendar is September 26; however, the Jesuits commemorate six priests (Antony Daniel, Charles Garnier, Gabriel Lalemant, Isaac Jogues, John de Brébeuf, and Noel Chabanel) and two laybrothers (John Lalande and René Goupil) on March 16.
They were working among the Hurons when they met their deaths at the hands of the Iroquois, the mortal enemies of the Hurons. The Iroquois were animated by bitter hatred of the missionaries, whom they subjected to indescribable tortures before putting them to death. Further information and biographies of each are presented for their main feast (Attwater, Benedictines, Parkman, Wynne).


Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today March 17


Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today March 18
    251 St. Alexander Bishop Martyr an individual of great mildness, especially in his sermons.      At Caesarea in Palestine, the birthday of the blessed Bishop Alexander, who, from his own city in Cappadocia, where he was bishop, coming to Jerusalem to visit the holy places, took upon himself, by divine revelation, the government of that church in place of the aged Narcissus.  Sometime afterwards, when he had become venerable by his age and gray hair, he was led to Caesarea and shut up in prison, where he completed his martyrdom for the confession of Christ during the persecution of Decius.
St. Irenaeus of Lyons, writing in the latter quarter of the second century, reckons him as the fifth pope in succession from the Apostles, though he says nothing of his martyrdom. His pontificate is variously dated by critics, e. g. 106-115 (Duchesne) or 109-116 (Lightfoot). In Christian antiquity he was credited with a pontificate of about ten years (Eusebius, Hist. Eccl. IV, i,) and there is no reason to doubt that he was on the "catalogue of bishops" drawn up at Rome by Hegesippus (Eusebius, IV, xxii, 3) before the death of Pope Eleutherius (c. 189). According to a tradition extant in the Roman Church at the end of the fifth century, and recorded in the Liber Pontificalis he suffered a martyr's death by decapitation on the Via Nomentana in Rome, 3 May. The same tradition declares him to have been a Roman by birth and to have ruled the Church in the reign of Trajan (98-117). It likewise attributes to him, but scarcely with accuracy, the insertion in the canon of the Qui Pridie, or words commemorative of the institution of the Eucharist, such being certainly primitive and original in the Mass. He is also said to have introduced the use of blessing water mixed with salt for the purification of Christian homes from evil influences (constituit aquam sparsionis cum sale benedici in habitaculis hominum). Duchesne (Lib. Pont., I, 127) calls attention to the persistence of this early Roman custom by way of a blessing in the Gelasian Sacramentary that recalls very forcibly the actual Asperges prayer at the beginning of Mass. In 1855, a semi-subterranean cemetery of the holy martyrs Sts. Alexander, Eventulus, and Theodulus was discovered near Rome, at the spot where the above mentioned tradition declares the Pope to have been martyred. According to some archaeologists, this Alexander is identical with the Pope, and this ancient and important tomb marks the actual site of the Pope's martyrdom. Duchesne, however (op. cit., I, xci-ii) denies the identity of the martyr and the pope, while admitting that the confusion of both personages is of ancient date, probably anterior to the beginning of the sixth century when the Liber Pontificalis was first compiled [Dufourcq, Gesta Martyrum Romains (Paris, 1900), 210-211]. The difficulties raised in recent times by Richard Lipsius (Chronologie der römischen Bischofe, Kiel, 1869) and Adolph Harnack (Die Zeit des Ignatius u. die Chronologie der antiochenischen Bischofe, 1878) concerning the earliest successors of St. Peter are ably discussed and answered by F. S. (Cardinal Francesco Segna) in his "De successione priorum Romanorum Pontificum" (Rome 1897); with moderation and learning by Bishop Lightfoot, in his "Apostolic Fathers: St. Clement ' (London, 1890) I, 201-345- especially by Duchesne in the introduction to his edition of the "Liber Pontificalis" (Paris, 1886) I, i-xlviii and lxviii-lxxiii. The letters ascribed to Alexander I by PseudoIsidore may be seen in P. G., V, 1057 sq., and in Hinschius, "Decretales Pseudo-Isidorianae" (Leipzig, 1863) 94-105. His remains are said to have been transferred to Freising in Bavaria in 834 (Dummler, Poetae Latini Aevi Carolini, Berlin, 1884, II, 120). His so-called "Acts" are not genuine, and were compiled at a much later date (Tillemont, Mem. II, 590 sqq; Dufourcq, op. cit., 210-211).

  386 St. Cyril of Jerusalem Bishop Doctor of the Church seeing poor starving he sold goods of the churches.    At Jerusalem, St. Cyril, bishop, {Confessor and Doctor of the Church} who suffered many injuries from the Arians for the faith.  Often exiled from his church, he at length rested in peace with a great reputation for sanctity.  A magnificent testimony of the purity of his faith is given by the first ecumenical Council of Constantinople in a letter to Pope Damasus.
588 St. Frediano Irish bishop founded a group of eremetical canons  Miraculously a river followed him.  At Lucca in Tuscany, the birthday of the holy bishop Fridian, who was illustrious by the power of working miracles.
also called Frigidanus and Frigidian. He was reportedly a prince of Ireland who went on a pilgrimage to Rome and settled into a hermitage on Mount Pisano, near Lucca. The pope (Pelagius II 520-590) made him bishop of Lucca, but his see was attacked by Lombards. Frediano is believed to have founded a group of eremetical canons who merged with those of St. John Lateran in 1507.  ST FRIGIDIAN, or Frediano as he is called in Italy, was an Irishman by birth or by extraction. He is said to have been the son of a king of Ulster and to have been educated in Ireland, where he was raised to the priesthood. Irish writers have tried to identify him with St Finnian of Moville, but St Frediano lived for over twenty-eight years in Lucca and died there, whereas Finnian ended his days in Ireland, where he had spent the greater part of his life. On a pilgrimage to Italy Frediano visited Lucca, and was so greatly attracted by the hermitages on Monte Pisano that he decided to settle there himself as an anchorite. His repute for sanctity caused him to be chosen for the bishopric of Lucca; it required, however, the intervention of Pope John II ( 533-535 )to induce Frediano to give up his life of solitude.
1086 St. Anselm of Lucca Bishop held in high regard for his holiness austerity Biblical knowledge learning.    IT was in 1036 that St Anselm was born in Mantua, and in 1073 his uncle, Pope Alexander II ( 1061-1073 ), nominated him to the bishopric of Lucca, left vacant by his own elevation to the chair of St Peter, and sent him to Germany to receive from the Emperor Henry IV the crozier and the ring— in accordance with the regrettable custom of the time. Anselm, however, was so strongly convinced that the secular power had no authority to confer ecclesiastical dignities that he could not bring himself to accept investiture from the emperor and returned to Italy without it. Only after he had been consecrated by Alexander’s successor, Pope St Gregory VII (1073-1085), did he consent to accept from Henry the crozier and the ring, and even then he felt scruples of conscience on the subject. These doubts led him to leave his diocese and to withdraw to a congregation of Cluniac monks at Polirone. A dignitary of such high-minded views could ill be spared, and Pope Gregory recalled him from his retirement and sent him back to Lucca to resume the government of his diocese. Zealous with regard to discipline, he strove to enforce among his canons the common life enjoined by the decree of Pope St Leo IX (1049-1054). In acute discordance with the edifying example accredited to them above in our notice of St Frediano, the canons refused to obey, although they were placed under an interdict by the pope and afterwards excommunicated. Countess Matilda of Tuscany undertook to expel them, but they raised a revolt and, being supported by the Emperor Henry, drove the bishop out of the city in 1079.
We read that he was a man of great learning, and had made a special study of the Bible and of its commentators if questioned on the meaning of any passage of Holy Scripture—a great part of which he knew by heart—he could cite at once the explanations given by all the great fathers of the Church. Amongst his writings may be mentioned an important collection of canons and a commentary on the Psalms which he began at the request of the Countess Matilda, but which he did not live to complete. The holy bishop died in his native town of Mantua, and the city has since adopted him as its principal patron saint.
1567 St. Salvatore Franciscan of the Observance specially devoted to our Lady and to St. Paul who appeared to him on several occasions many and severe austerities. At Cagliari in Sardinia, St. Salvatore of Orte, confessor, a member of the Order of Friars Minor, who was numbered among the heavenly saints by Pope Pius XI (1922-1939 ), because he was graced with every virtue and had been given by God the gift of performing outstanding miracles.
Saint Salvator of Horta (Salvador d'Horta, Salvatore da Horta) (1520—March 18, 1567) is a Catalan saint. His feast day is celebrated on March 18. He was born in Santa Coloma de Farners, near Girona (Catalonia), and worked as a shepherd and shoemaker. Franciscan lay brother at Barcelona and worked as a cook, beggar, and porter at the friary of Horta.  Salvator acquired a reputation as a healer, and his cell became a destination for sick pilgrims.



Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today March 19
March 19 - Feast of Saint Joseph, Husband of the Virgin Mary   Blessings on Saint Joseph!
Blessings on you, loving heart of Mary, for all the affection that you have for great Saint Joseph!
Blessings on your noble heart forever, Saint Joseph, for all the love that it held and will hold eternally for Jesus and Mary, for all the care that it provided for the needs of the Son and the Mother and for all the pains and anguish that it suffered for their sufferings, contempt and ill treatment, which it saw them receiving on behalf of ungrateful people!
Great Saint Joseph, we offer our hearts to you; bind them to yours, and to Jesus’ and Mary’s.
Beg them to make this union inviolable and eternal.   Saint John Eudes

All that is known about Joseph is found in the Gospels (primarily Matthew 1-2, but also in Luke 1-2). Matthew broadly represents Joseph's viewpoint, while the Infancy narratives in Luke seem to come from Mary's. 
Descended from the royal line of David, Saint Joseph was the husband of the Blessed Virgin Mary, who defended her good name, and foster father and protector of the God Who made him, yet Who wished to be known throughout His life as the son of Joseph. He saw to Jesus's education and taught him his trade of carpentry or building. Joseph's disappointment upon learning of Mary's pregnancy was said to be assuaged by an angelic vision, and he was the recipient of two more visions: one telling him to seek refuge in Egypt to escape Herod's persecution, and the second, to return to Palestine.
  Saint Joseph bore the responsibilities of a father perfectly. A dream told him that King Herod planned to kill the infant Jesus.

Joseph took Mary and Jesus away by night to Egypt and thus saved the life of the Savior. He kept the child hidden from Herod's son in case he, too, would have harmed Jesus.
Joseph was with Mary in the stable at Bethlehem when Jesus was born. He was looking after the mother and child when the shepherds and the Magi came to worship him. He took Mary and Jesus to Jerusalem to present him to God in the Temple.
He shared Mary's anxieties for her son when Jesus was presumed lost, after their visit to the Temple when he was 12.

After this no more is heard of Joseph in the New Testament except in Luke 4:22, where he is named as the father of Jesus. He is not mentioned as being present at the crucifixion, a fact that persuaded many artists to portray him as an old man who had presumably died by the time Jesus was in his early thirties. The few Biblical particulars give an impression of a just, kind, dignified and level-headed man, prompt in action but self-effacing. The apocryphal Protoevangelium of James holds that he was an old man when Jesus was born, but this appears unlikely when one considers the fact that he reared Jesus and fulfilled the family duties.
Pauly Fongemie
Special veneration to Joseph began in the East, where the apocryphal History of Joseph the Carpenter enjoyed great popularity in the fifth to seventh centuries. It led to devotion from the 17th century to Joseph by all those desiring a happy death because the History tells that Joseph was afraid of death and filled with self-reproach, but was comforted by the words of Mary and Jesus, who promised protection and life to all who do good in the name of Joseph.
Martyrology entries in the West date from the 8th century (Rheinau) and slightly later Irish martyrologies. The 9th-century Irish metrical hymn Félire of Saint Aengus mentions a commemoration, but it was not until the 15th century that veneration of Saint Joseph became widespread in the West, when his feast was introduced into the Roman Calendar in 1479.
  Carmelite breviaries from 1480 commemorate his feast, as does the Roman breviary of 1482 and the Roman Missal of 1505.
The notion of Joseph as the foster-father of Jesus fired the imagination of the medieval Church. Saint John Chrysostom pointed to the anxieties of Joseph as a pattern of the trials of all Christians--relieved as they are by God's intervention. Saints Vincent Ferrer (d. 1419), Bridget of Sweden (d. 1373), and Bernardino of Siena (d. 1444) all propagated his devotion, partially in reaction against Medieval mystery plays, in which he is the channel for comic relief.
In the 15th century the French churchman Jean Gerson wrote twelve poems in his honor.

Saint Teresa of Ávila chose him as the practical saint who should be patron of the Discalced Carmelite friars and nuns [see her paean, Go to Joseph].
Pope Gregory XV made his feast a day of obligation, but this is not widely observed today.
In Quanquam pluries (1889), Pope Leo XIII declared Joseph a model for fathers of families and confirmed that his sanctity was second only the that of the Blessed Virgin.
In 1989, Pope John Paul II issued Redemptoris custos (Guardian of the Redeemer) (Attwater, Attwater2, Benedictines, Bentley, Delaney, Encyclopedia, Farmer, Filas, Rondet, White).
  Saint Joseph is generally pictured as an elderly man holding a flowering rod with the Christ Child in his arms or led my his hand (this emblem is also associated with Saint Joseph of Arimathea).
 640 St. Leontius Bishop of Saintes, France, and a friend of St. Malo.  At Ghent in Flanders, Saints Landoald, a Roman priest, and the deacon Amantius, who were sent to preach the Gospel by Pope St. Martin.  They faithfully fulfilled this apostolic appointment, and after their deaths became renowned for their miracles.
 668 St. Landoald Roman priest Missionary to Belgium ne France with deacon  Amantius after deaths miracles.  FOR the life of St Landoald and his companions we have only a very untrustworthy biography written in 981, three hundred years after their death, to replace their original acts said to have been lost in 954. When St Amand decided to resign the see of Maestricht, in order to resume work as a missionary bishop in the provinces which are now Holland and Belgium, he went to Rome to obtain the pope’s sanc­tion. St Martin I not only signified his warm approval, but selected several companions to assist him in his labours. Of these the principal was Landoald, a priest of the Roman church who came of a Lombard family and was filled with missionary zeal. A deacon, St Amantius, and nine other persons completed the party, which included St Adeltrudis, St Bavo’s daughter, and St Vindiciana, Landoald’s sister. They reached the territory between the Meuse and the Scheldt, and here Landoald remained, at the request of St Remaclus. He found a wide scope for his energies in the huge diocese of Maestricht, the country having been only partly evangelized and the people still addicted to gross superstitions and vices.
1256 Blessed Clement of Dunblane founded monasteries "labored with zeal to uproot superstition and destroy vice.  Clement was Scottish by birth, and having met Saint Dominic at the University of Paris and being received into the order, he was vocal and active in bringing the friars to his homeland. Tradition holds that the Scottish king, Alexander II, in Paris on a diplomatic mission, made a personal appeal to Saint Dominic for missionaries. It is an historical fact that this monarch was their first benefactor when the mission band at last arrived, shortly after Dominic's death.
The priory in the lovely, seaside town of Ayr was founded in 1230, and seven other large houses soon followed. There is record of transactions with the rulers of the region at this time, and, a few years later, King Robert Bruce granted the Dominicans the privilege of grinding their grain at his mill.
Clement was appointed bishop of Dunblane in 1233, by Pope Gregory IX, a devoted friend of Saint Dominic.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today March 20
In Judǽa natális sancti Jóachim, patris immaculátæ Vírginis Genitrícis Dei Maríæ, Confessóris.  In Judea, St. Joachim, the father of the Most Blessed Virgin Mary, Mother of God.  His feast day is on the 16th of August.
1st v. St. Archippus Bishop and companion of St. Paul.  In Asia, the birthday of St. Archippus, fellow-labourer of the apostle St. Paul, who is mentioned by him in his epistles to Philemon and the Colossians.
who called him "my fellow soldier." Archippus is believed to have been the first bishop of Colossne. Archippus of Colossi (RM) 1st century. Traditionally, Saint Archippus is considered the first bishop of Colossae. Saint Paul calls Archippus 'my fellow- soldier' (Philem. 2) and admonished him, "Remember the service that the Lord wants you to do and try to carry it out" (Col. 4:17) (Benedictines, Delaney).

66 The Holy Martyr Photina (Svetlana) the Samaritan Woman, her sons Victor (named Photinus) and Joses; and her sisters Anatola, Phota, Photis, Paraskeva, Kyriake; Nero's daughter Domnina; and the Martyr Sebastian.  On the same day, the Saints Photina, a Samaritan, and her sons Joseph and Victor; also, Sebastian, a military officer, Anatolius, and Photius; Photides, Parasceves, and Cyriaca, sisters, all of whom were put to death for the confession of the faith.
ACCORDING to the Roman Martyrology, “Photina the Samaritan woman, Joseph and Victor her sons, the army officer Sebastian, Anatolius, Photius, the sisters Photis, Parasceve and Cyriaca, all confessed Christ and attained martyrdom”. The story which is preserved by the Greeks is purely legendary. It asserts that Photina was the Samaritan woman whom our Lord talked with at the well. After preaching the gospel in various places she went to Carthage, where she died after suffering three years’ imprisonment for the faith. St Victor, an officer in the imperial army, was made governor in Gaul and converted St Sebastian. The martyrs were brought to Rome, where some of them were burned over a slow fire and then flayed, whilst the rest were beheaded after being horribly tortured. A Spanish legend states that St Photina converted and baptized Domnina (who was Nero’s daughter) with one hundred of her servants.

See the Acta Sanctorum, March, vol. iii, and Delehaye, Synax. Constant., cc. 549—552. It is difficult to understand how Baronius could have included this entry in the Roman Martyrology. He seems in his notes to suggest that this commemoration had come to Rome by way of the monks of Monte Cassino. The story, however, in its divergent forms had wide currency in the East, and there was a Syrian convent of St Photina on Mount Sion at Jerusalem. Cf. the Analecta Bollandiana, vol. xxxviii, pp. 197 and 406.
 783 Blessed Remigius of Strasburg bishop OSB B (AC).  Sometimes styled either a saint or a beatae, Remigius was a son of Duke Hugh of Alsace and a nephew of Saint Ottilien. He was educated at Münster Abbey near Colmar, and later was its abbot. In 776, Remigius was consecrated bishop of Strasburg. Pope Leo IX authorized his feast for the abbey of Münster (Benedictines).

1287 Blessed Ambrose Sansedoni a miracle when a baby and reported at his tomb; humble; levitated; OP (RM).  Like many other Italian saints, men and women, the eloquent friar did not confine his energies to spiritual exhortations, but was called upon to take part in important public affairs. By his persuasive words he managed to reconcile the prince electors, who in their private quarrels were on the eve of kindling civil war. He arrested a new heresy in Bohemia which was causing strange disorder, and when charged by Bd Pope Gregory X to preach the crusade he obtained a generous response to his appeals. Twice did he reconcile with the Holy See the people of Siena, who, having taken the part of Manfred, the bastard son of Frederic II, had been placed under an interdict. Several writers assert that when Ambrose entered the con­sistory to plead for his fellow-townsmen, his face was illuminated with so super­natural a light that the pope exclaimed, “Father Ambrose, you need not explain your mission; I grant whatever you wish”.  In spite of all the important missions with which he was entrusted, and of the, success which attended his efforts, Ambrose ever remained singularly humble.
1289 Bl. John of Parma many miracles were soon reported at his tomb; 7th minister general of the Franciscans.   JOHN BURALLI, the seventh minister general of the Franciscans, was born at Parma in 1209, and he was already teaching logic there when at the age of twenty-five he joined the Franciscans. He was sent to Paris to prosecute his studies and, after he had been ordained, to teach and to preach in Bologna, Naples and Rome. His eloquence drew crowds to his sermons, and great personages flocked to listen to him. It has been stated that in 1245, when Pope Innocent IV convoked the first general council of Lyons, John was deputed to represent Crescentius, the minister general, who owing to his infirmities was unable to attend, but this is incorrect; the friar who went to the council was Bonaventure of Isco. John, however, that same year journeyed to Paris to lecture on the “Sentences” in the university, and in 1247 he was chosen minister general of the order.

1516 Blessed John Baptist Spagnuolo profound counsel Latin verse lines eminent representatives of Christian Humanism in Italy; on the day of his burial, and a number of miracles, ascribed to his intercession, established his cultus immediately after his death. He was beatified in 1885.   BD BAPTIST came of a Spanish family on his father’s side, but his mother was a native of Brescia in northern Italy, and he himself was born at Mantua. Because of his ancestry he, like his father, was known by the nickname, or possibly the surname, of Spagnuolo—the Spaniard. As a child he displayed great ability, and while still young he received a good grounding in philosophy and rhetoric. There were irregularities in his youth which led to trouble at home; but in the end Baptist felt himself called to the religious life, and he joined the Carmelite com­munity at Ferrara. From the outset he sought to follow the path of perfection, but he also devoted himself to literature and sacred science with such success that in his Latin composition and verse he was accounted the equal of the most famous humanists of the age. God bestowed on him in a remarkable degree the gift of counsel, which was widely recognized, especially among the Carmelites of Mantua, by whom he was six times re-elected vicar general of the Reform. It was not only in the cloister that he gave inspiration and help, but he endeared himself to many people living in the world, and to the poor and destitute to whom he was a father.

Princes and popes held him in the utmost esteem, partly for his scholarship and partly for the tact he displayed in dealing with delicate negotiations. When away from his convent and in secular surroundings never did he abate any of the rules of his order or depart from that poverty to which he had pledged himself; on several occasions he was visited with illness when a little relaxation would have been permissible, yet he continued all his customary mortifications and practices of devotion in spite of ill-health.

1619 Blessed Hippolytus Galantini From age 12 assisted priests in teaching children catechism (AC).   HIPPOLYTUS GALANTINI was one of those who have attained to great holiness amid the cares of a secular life. The son of a worthy Florentine silk-weaver, he learnt and followed his father’s trade, by which he earned his living. He was only twelve years old when he attracted the notice of Archbishop Alexander de’ Medici— afterwards Pope Leo XI—who allowed him to help the priests in instructing children. He would fain have entered a religious order, but was debarred by ill-health, and adopted in his father’s house a rule of life which was a counterpart of that of the cloister. By fasts, scourgings and long night-watches he obtained complete mastery over rebellious nature, and acquired a spiritual discernment which more than compensated for his lack of secular education. Without influence, without money and without book-learning Hippolytus succeeded in founding a secular institute devoted to teaching the main principles of religion and Christian duty to ignorant children of both sexes and even to uninstructed adults. For his associates he composed a rule about the year 1602, and his example inspired others all over Italy to imitate his work. The Institute of Christian Doctrine was the name given to the congregation thus founded, but they were popularly known as the “Vanchetoni”. Hippolytus had only reached the age of fifty-five when he was seized with a painful and serious illness which proved fatal. His sufferings were alleviated by celestial visions, and he passed away whilst kissing a picture of his crucified Lord. His name is still greatly venerated in Tuscany and among the Franciscans, who reckon him as one of their tertiaries. He was beatified in 1824.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today March 21

  90 St. Birillus Bishop ordained by St. Peter the Apostle   At Catania, St. Birillus, who was consecrated bishop by St. Peter.  After converting many gentiles to the faith, he died in extreme old age.  He became the bishop of Catania, Sicily, remaining in his see for many years. Brillus of Catania accompanied from Antioch Saint Peter B (RM) (also known as Birillus) Saint Brillus is reputed to have accompanied from Antioch Saint Peter, who consecrated him bishop of Catania, Sicily. He died in extreme old age (Benedictines, Encyclopedia).
     Saint Cyril Bishop of Catania disciple of Saint Peter wonderworker
He was born in Antioch and a disciple of the Apostle Peter (June 29, January 16), who installed him as Bishop of Catania in Sicily. St Cyril wisely guided his flock; he was pious, and the Lord granted him the gift of wonderworking. By his prayer the bitter water in a certain spring lost its bitterness and became drinkable.
This miracle converted many pagans to Christianity. St Cyril died in old age and was buried in Sicily.
188 St. Demetrius the Twelfth Pope of Alexandria The Commemoration of the revealing of the virginity of Philemon & Domninus preached the Good News in various parts of Italy MM  On this day also the church celebrates the commemoration of the revealing of the virginity of St. Demetrius the Twelfth Pope of Alexandria. The angel of the Lord appeared to St. Julian, the Eleventh Pope, before his departure and said: "You are going to the Lord Christ, the one who will bring you tomorrow a cluster of grapes, is the one fit to be a Patriarch after you." On the morrow, this saint came with a cluster of grapes, Abba Julian held him and told the people: "This is your Patriarch after me," and told them what the angel told him. After the departure of Abba Julian they took him and ordained him Patriarch on the 9th day of Baramhat (March 4th., 188 A.D.) and he was married.  Since no married Patriarch ever before this father been enthroned over the See of Alexandria, satan entered the hearts of the laity and made them talk and grumble against the Patriarch and the one who recommended him. The angel of God appeared to St. Demetrius and told him about that and ordered him to remove the doubt from their hearts by revealing to them his relation with his wife. When St. Demetrius refused, the angel told him: "It is not meet that you save your self alone and let others be perished because of you. But because you are a shepherd you should fight to save your people also".
 547 ST BENEDICT, ABBOT, PATRIARCH OF WESTERN MONKS Upon the site of the Appolo temple he built two chapels, and round about these sanctuaries there rose little by little the great pile which was destined to become the most famous abbey the world has ever known, the foundation of which is likely to have been laid by St Benedict in the year 530 or thereabouts.  At Monte Cassino, the birthday of the holy abbot St. Benedict, who restored and wonderfully extended the monastic discipline in the West, where it had almost been destroyed.  His life, brilliant in virtues and miracles, was written by Pope St. Gregory.
1289 Blessed John of Parma 1st attempt won back schismatic Greeks died on 2nd attempt 7th general minister Franciscan Order b. 1209 The seventh general minister of the Franciscan Order, John was known for his attempts to bring back the earlier spirit of the Order after the death of St. Francis of Assisi. He was born in Parma, Italy, in 1209. It was when he was a young philosophy professor known for his piety and learning that God called him to bid good-bye to the world he was used to and enter the new world of the Franciscan Order. After his profession John was sent to Paris to complete his theological studies. Ordained to the priesthood, he was appointed to teach theology at Bologna, then Naples and finally Rome.
In 1245, Pope Innocent IV called a general council in the city of Lyons, France. Crescentius, the Franciscan minister general at the time, was ailing and unable to attend. In his place he sent Father John, who made a deep impression on the Church leaders gathered there. Two years later, when the same pope presided at the election of a minister general of the Franciscans, he remembered Father John well and held him up as the man best qualified for the office.
And so, in 1247, John of Parma was elected to be minister general. The surviving disciples of St. Francis rejoiced in his election, expecting a return to the spirit of poverty and humility of the early days of the Order. And they were not disappointed. As general of the Order John traveled on foot, accompanied by one or two companions, to practically all of the Franciscan convents in existence. Sometimes he would arrive and not be recognized, remaining there for a number of days to test the true spirit of the brothers.

1481 St. Nicholas von Flüe Hermit Swiss political figure Renowned for his holiness and wisdom;  “Bruder Klaus,” he often had the good fortune of contemplating Our Lady and of receiving frequent visits from her.        In the village of Ranft, near Sachseln in Switzerland, St. Nicholas of Flue, a family man who became an anchoret, famed for his most ardent penitence and contempt for the world, and known by the Swiss as the father of the fatherland.  He was numbered among the saints by Pope Pius XII.
Born near Sachseln, Canton Obwalden, Switzerland, he took his name from the Flueli river which flowed near his birthplace. The son of a peasant couple, he married and had ten children by his wife, Dorothea Wissling, and fought heroically in the forces of the canton against Zurich in 1439. After serving as magistrate and highly respected councilor, he refused the office of governor several times and, in 1467, at the age of fifty and with the consent of his wife and family, he embraced the life of a hermit, giving up all thought of political activity. Nicholas took up residence in a small cell at Ranft, supposedly surviving for his final nineteen years entirely without food except for the Holy Eucharist. Renowned for his holiness and wisdom, he was regularly visited by civic leaders, powerful personages, and simple men and women with a variety of needs.
 Through Nicholas’ labors, he helped bring about the inclusion of Fribourg and Soleure in the Swiss Confederation in 1481, thus preventing the eruption of a potentially bloody civil war. One of the most famous religious figures in Swiss history, he was known affectionately as “Bruder Klaus,” and was much venerated in Switzerland. He was formally canonized in 1947. He is considered the patron saint of Switzerland.

Saint Nicholas of Flüe (Switzerland, 1417-1487) who received several visions of the Virgin Mary 
  You are my refuge—why would you push me away?
 One day the tempter pressured Nicholas of Flue more strongly than usual while he was in deep torment.
Nicolas turned to Mary in prayer:
"Hail, O Mother of all purity, virgin undefiled, Mother of all mercy and Mother of our Savior; I come to beg you to intercede for a poor sinner with your Divine Son, that he would grant me his holy grace. The enemy relentlessly pursues me and attacks me. You once crushed the serpent's head by giving birth to our Savior—help me to overcome his wiles and deceptions. You are my refuge—why would you push me away? ...
No, O gracious Virgin! You will come to my rescue and the enemy will be defeated."
After this outpouring of his heart, full of confidence in the powerful protection of the queen of heaven, the fervent hermit stood up, energized with new courage, and his temptation was overcome. Afterwards, he related that he never invoked Mary in vain, and that he always visibly felt the effects of her protection. It is even said that he often had the good fortune of contemplating Our Lady and of receiving frequent visits from her. ...www.medaille-miraculeuse.fr
1858 Saint Benedicta Cambiagio Frassinello profound mystical experience that left her devoted to prayer miraculously cured by St Jerome Emiliani Also known as Benedetta Cambiagio Frassinello; Benedikta Frassinello; Benedetta Cambiagio Canonized 19 May 2002 by Pope John Paul II.  
Daughter of Giuseppe and Francesca Cambiagio, she grew up in Pavia, Italy. At the age of 20 she had a profound mystical experience that left her devoted to prayer and desiring a religious life. However, to go along with her family's wishes, she married Giovanni Battista Frassinella on 7 February 1816. The couple had a normal married life for two years, but Giovanni, impressed with Benedicta's holiness and desire for religious life, agreed to live continently. The two took care of Benedicta's little sister Maria until the girl's death from intestinal cancer in 1825.
Giovanni then joined the Somaschan Fathers, Benedicta became an Ursuline nun.

In 1826 ill health forced Benedicta to return home to Pavia. There she began to work with young women in the area. The work sent so well that her husband Giovanni was assigned to help. The schools continued to grow and prosper, and Benedicta was appointed Promoter of Public Instruction in Pavia. However, no matter how chastely they lived, Benedicta and Giovanni's unusual relationship drew gossip and criticism from civil and Church authorities. To insure that she did not get in the way of the work, in 1838 Benedicta turned her work over to the bishop of Pavia, and withdrew to live as a nun at Ronco Scrivia.
Not content to withdraw from the world, Benedicta began all over.
With five companions, she founded the Congregation of the Benedictine Sisters of Providence dedicated to teaching, and opened another school. Living alone, the local authorities found no causes for gossip, and Benedicta spent her remaining years in prayer and service.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today March 22
1st v. St.  Epaphroditus Apostle sent by St. Paul to the Phillipians.  St Terracina, St. Epaphroditus, a disciple of the apostles, who was consecrated bishop of that city by the blessed apostle Peter.  He is believed to be the first bishop of Philippi, Macedonia, Andriacia, in Lycia, and Terracina, Italy.
Three saints of that name are recorded in the earliest lists, all among the seventy-two disciples of Christ.
Blessed Epaphroditus B (RM)
Epaphroditus is mentioned with affection and esteem by Saint Paul (Phil. 2:25-30):  "With regard to Epaphroditus, my brother and co-worker and fellow soldier, your messenger and minister in my need, I consider it necessary to send him to you. For he has been longing for all of you and was distressed because you heard that he was ill. He was indeed ill, close to death; but God had mercy on him, not just on him but also on me, so that I might not have sorrow upon sorrow. I send him therefore with the greater eagerness, so that, on seeing him, you may rejoice again, and I may have less anxiety. Welcome him then in the Lord with all joy and hold such people in esteem, because for the sake of the work of Christ he came close to death, risking his life to make up for those services to me that you could not perform (NAB)."
He is traditionally considered the first bishop of Philippi, Macedonia. Both Andriacia in Lycia and Terracina in Italy also list an Epaphroditus as their first bishop. These three are said to have been among the 72 disciples commissioned by Christ (Luke 10).
More likely, there is one saint named Epaphroditus venerated in 3 different locations (Benedictines, Delaney).
On this day (March 8th, 264 A.D.) the great father Abba Dionysius, the fourteenth Pope of Alexandria, departed. His parents were stare worshippers of the Sun (Sabians) and they put emphasis on teaching him all the knowledge of that sect.

One day a Christian old woman passed by him, who had with her some pages of a book containing an Epistle of St. Paul the apostle and offered it to him to buy it. When he read it he found in it strange sayings and unusual knowledge. He asked her: "For how much will you sell it?" She said: "For one dinar of gold." He gave her three dinars and asked her to find the rest of the pages of the book and he was willing to pay her double. She went and brought him more pages. Having read them through he found the book to be still incomplete, he asked her to search for the rest of the book. She told him: "I found these quires among my father's books. If you want to acquire the complete book, go to the church and there you can find it."

He went and asked one of the priests to show him what is called the Epistles of Paul. He gave it to him, read it, and memorized it. Then he went to St. Demetrius the twelfth Pope, who taught and instructed him in the facts of the Christian faith then baptized him. He became well rehearsed in the doctrine and knowledge of the church, and Anba Demetrius appointed him a teacher for the people.

When Anba Demetrius departed and Anba Heraclas (Yaroklas) was enthroned, he appointed him as a deputy to judge among the believers and entrusted him to administer the affairs of the patriarchate.


When St. Heraclas departed, all the people agreed to appoint this father Patriarch. He was enthroned on the first of Tubah (December 28th, 246 A.D.) during the reign of Emperor Philip who was a lover of the Christians, and he shepherded his flock with the best of care, nevertheless, he suffered much tribulations. When Decius rose up against Philip and killed him, and reigned in his place, he incited persecution against the Christians. Decius slew many of the patriarchs, bishops, and believers. This father endured much suffering during that time. Decius died and Gallus reigned after him, and persecution quieted down during his reign.

When Gallus died and Valerian reigned in his place, he renewed the persecution severely against the Christians, and his men seized Abba Dionysius and imprisoned him. They asked him to worship the idols but he refused saying: "We worship God the Father, and His Son Jesus Christ, and the Holy Spirit the One God." They threatened him, killed few men in front of him to terrify him but he was not afraid. They banished him and shortly after, they brought him back and told him: "We have been informed that you consecrate the offering secretly by yourself." He replied: "We do not forsake our prayers day or night" then he turned to the people present around him and told them: "Go and pray and if I am away from you in the body, I shall be with you in spirit." The governor became raged and returned him to exile.

When Sapor king of Persia overcame Emperor Valerian and seized him, his son Gallienus, who was wise and gentle, took over the empire. He released all the believers who were in prison and brought back those who were in exile. He wrote to the Patriarch and the bishops a letter to assure their safety in opening the churches.

In the days of this father, certain people arose in the Arabian countries saying: "That the soul dies with the body, and on the day of Resurrection, it shall be raised up with it." He gathered against them a council and anathematized them. When Paul of Samosata denied the Son, a Council assembled against him in Antioch, this Saint was not able to attend for his age. He wrote a letter to the council, rich with wisdom, explained in it the corruptive opinion of this heretic, and stated the true Orthodox belief. He finished his good strife, and departed in a good old age on (March 8th, 264 A.D.), having sat on the Apostolic Throne seventeen years, two month and ten days.

May his prayers be with us. Amen.
752 Pope St. Zachary 741 - 752 Zachary I, Pope known for his learning & sanctity chosen pope in 741 to succeed Saint Gregory III (RM).   Reigned 741-52. Year of birth unknown; died in March, 752. Zachary sprang from a Greek family living in Calabria; his father, according to the "Liber Pontificalis", was called Polichronius. Most probably he was a deacon of the Roman Church and as such signed the decrees of the Roman council of 732. After the burial of his predecessor Pope Gregory III on 29 November, 741, he was immediately and unanimously elected pope and consecrated and enthroned on 5 December. His biographer in the "Liber Pontificalis" describes him as a man of gentle and conciliatory character who was charitable towards the clergy and people. As a fact the new pope always showed himself to be shrewd and conciliatory in his actions and thus his undertakings were very successful.
Zachary was very zealous in the restoration of the churches of Rome to which he made costly gifts. He also restored the Lateran palace and established several large domains as the settled landed possessions (domus cultoe) of the Roman Church. The pope translated to the Church of St. George in Velabro the head of the martyr St. George which was found during the repairs of the decayed Lateran Palace. He was very benevolent to the poor, to whom alms were given regularly from the papal palace.
When merchants from Venice bought slaves at Rome in order to sell them again to the Saracens in Africa, the pope bought all the slaves, so that Christians should not become the property of heathens. Thus in a troubled era Zachary proved himself to be an excellent, capable, vigorous, and charitable successor of Peter. He also carried on theological studies and made a translation of the Dialogues of Gregory the Great into Greek, which was largely circulated in the East. After his death Zachary was buried in St. Peters.

1282 St. Benvenutus Scotivoli Franciscan archdeacon bishop.  ST BENVENUTO Scotivoli was born at Ancona and intended for the law, which he studied at Bologna, but feeling that God called him to labour for souls he was ordained to the priesthood. By Pope Alexander IV he was appointed archdeacon of Ancona, besides being made administrator of the diocese of Osimo.
   The seat of the bishopric had been removed from that town to Recanati, because the people of Osimo had espoused the cause of the Emperor Frederick II against the Holy See, but Benvenuto succeeded in the difficult task of reconciling the city with the papacy. The episcopal chair was then restored to Osimo, of which in 1264 he was nominated bishop by Alexander’s successor, Urban, and he was also appointed governor of the Marches of Ancona.
Before his consecration Benvenuto was admitted into the Franciscan Order, and during the remaining eighteen years of his life he con­tinued to wear his Minorite habit, which was long preserved at Osimo with his relics. It had ever been his earnest desire to imitate St Francis,. and as he felt
death approaching, he asked to be carried into the church and laid on the bare ground that he might die like the Seraphic Father. Whilst the psalms were being intoned by the clergy round him, he passed away to his eternal rest.

1282 St. Benvenutus Scotivoli Franciscan archdeacon bishop.  VERY little seems to be known of the Augustinian hermit Hugolino Zefferini of Cortona. When Father Papebroch the Bollandist wrote to a high authority of the Augustinian Order to obtain information, a courteous reply was returned to the effect that the archives of their house in Cortona had unfortunately perished in a conflagration, and that a manuscript life of the holy man which they had once possessed had either been lost or stolen. All they could send was a seventeenth-century engraving which contained representations of a certain number of miracles alleged to have been wrought in connection with the relics of the beatus. One of the most surprising of these had reference to a lily which, growing out of the corpse of the deceased thirty years after his burial, effected the cure of a woman who was blind. Other traditions stated that when the first lily had been thoughtlessly plucked, two other lilies grew out of the wounds of the hermit’s incorrupt body. From the conflicting accounts given it is not even clear whether Bd Hugolino belonged to Cortona or to Mantua, and whether he lived in the fourteenth century or in the fifteenth. It seems, however, to be certain that his relics were preserved and venerated at Cortona, and the cultus  paid to him there was approved by Pope Pius VII in 1804.
1487 Nicholas of Flüe, Hermit fighting "with a sword in one hand, and a rosary in the other!" often rapt in ecstatic prayer, experiencing visions and revelations as a hermit in almost perpetual prayer for 21.5 yrs, he took no food for the body patron saint of Switzerland. (RM) (also known as Bruder Klaus)
Born at Flüeli near Sachseln, Obwalden (Unterwalden), Switzerland, March 21, 1417; died at Ranft, Switzerland, March 21, 1487; cultus  approved in 1669; canonized 1947; feast day formerly March 21; feast day in Switzerland is September 25.
In 1917 the fifth centenary of the birth of “ Bruder Klaus” was celebrated throughout Switzerland with quite remarkable enthusiasm. Perhaps the most valuable result of the interest thus awakened was the publication of a great historical monograph by Robert Durrer, a scholar with an unrivalled knowledge of the archives of his country. In these two quarto volumes, entitled Bruder Klaus, which together total some 1350 pages, will be found all the available material bearing on the life of Nicholas von Flue. The collection includes two early sketches of the career of Bruder Klaus, one by Albrecht von Bonstetten, the other by Heinrich von Gundelfingen, but these are supplemented by a mass of documentary evidence derived from ancient records and other sources. A comprehensive nineteenth century biography is that of J. Ming, Der selige Bruder Nikolaus von Flue, and others have since been written by A. Baumberger, F. X. Wetzel and J. T. de Belloc, in Italian by F. Andina (1945), and in French by A. Andrey (1941) and C. Journet (1947). See also the Acta Sanctorum, March, vol. iii, and the Kirchenlexikon, vol. ix, pp. 316-319.
1606 St. Nicholas Owen "Little John," 20 yrs build secret hiding places for priests as a lay person.   Nicholas Owen M (RM) Born in Oxford, England; died in the Tower of London, 1606; beatified in 1929; canonized by Pope Paul VI in 1970 as one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales; feast day formerly March 12.
Saint Nicholas was probably the most important person in the preservation of Catholicism in England during the period of the penal laws against the faith. He was a carpenter or builder, who saved the lives of countless Jesuit priests in England for two decades by constructing hiding places for them in mansions throughout the country. He became a Jesuit lay brother in 1580, was arrested in 1594 with Father John Gerard, and despite prolonged torture would not give the names of any of his Catholic colleagues; he was released on the payment of a ransom by a wealthy Catholic.
1929 Blessed Dina Bélanger Sisters of Jesus-Marie Rome accomplished pianist woman of infectious joy despite illness.  (also known as Marie Sainte-Cecile of Rome)  Born in Québec, Canada, 1897; beatified by Pope John Paul II in 1993. When Dina joined the Sisters of Jesus-Marie in Rome (founded by Saint Claudine Thevenet), she took the name Marie Sainte-Cecile of Rome to honor the patron of musicians because she was herself an accomplished pianist. During the course of her life as a sister, her devotion to the Blessed Sacrament transformed her into a woman of infectious joy despite illness. Her autobiography was published in Québec in 1984 (Catholic World News, May 1, 1997).


Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today March 23

Frequent and daily Communion is greatly desired by our Lord and the Church. Pope St. Pius X
 
A meditation during the Great Fast...
1250-1350(?) Blessed Peter Ghisengi many miracles were reported at his tomb.   (also known as Peter of Gubbio) Born at Gubbio, Umbria, Italy; died c. 1250-1350(?); cultus confirmed by Pope Pius IX. Blessed Peter was a scion of the distinguished Ghisleni family. He became an Augustinian hermit and later the provincial of his congregation. He is venerated at Gubbio, where his relics rest and where many miracles were reported at his tomb (Attwater2, Benedictines).
1606 St. Toribio Alfonso de Mogrovejo Bishop defender of the native Indians in Peru's rights.   Together with Rose of Lima, Turibius is the first known saint of the New World, serving the Lord in Peru, South America, for 26 years. Turibius Mongrovejo B (RM) (also known as Toribio of Turribius of Lima) Born in Mayorga, León, Spain, on November 16, 1538; died at Santa (Sana) near Lima, Peru, on March 26 (or 23), 1606; beatified by Pope Innocent XI on June 28, 1679; canonized by Pope Benedict XIII in 1726; feast day formerly on April 27.
Turibius (Toribio) Alphonsus was the son of Don Luis Alfonso de Mogrovejo and Dona Ana de Robles y Moran. Although he was devoted from a young age, he had no plans to become a priest. He studied at Valladolid and Salamanca, and was such a successful student that he became a professor of law at the University of Salamanca. In February 1571, although he was still a layman, King Philip II appointed him the chief judge of the ecclesiastical court of the Inquisition at Granada.
In 1580, when the authorities required an archbishop of strong character to work to convert the Peruvians of Lima, they selected Turibius. He was horrified by this decision, and he presented the canons forbidding the promotion of laymen to Church offices to support his contention. He was overruled, however, was ordained priest, consecrated bishop, and arrived in Lima, Peru, on May 24, 1581.
The saint proved to be a wise selection because he was a most zealous shepherd of souls. Upon his arrival he was confronted with an enormous diocese of 18,000 square-miles--his first visitation took him seven years--and one in which the Spanish were guilty of mistreatment of the native population. Undaunted he began his work, traversing his entire diocese three times, generally on foot because there were no roads, defenseless, and often alone, exposed to tempests, torrents, deserts, wild beasts, tropical heat, and fevers.
He himself baptized and confirmed nearly a million souls. He continuously studied the various Indian dialects to assist in converting the native population. Among his flock were Saint Rose of Lima, whom he befriended and confirmed, Saint Francis Solanus, Saint Martin de Porres, and Saint John Massias. He founded many churches, religious houses, and hospitals, and, in 1591, founded the first American seminary in Lima. He also assembled 13 diocesan synods. His favorite topic when preaching was: "Time is not our own and we must give a strict accounting of it."
He himself baptized and confirmed nearly a million souls. He continuously studied the various Indian dialects to assist in converting the native population. Among his flock were Saint Rose of Lima, whom he befriended and confirmed, Saint Francis Solanus, Saint Martin de Porres, and Saint John Massias.
He founded many churches, religious houses, and hospitals, and, in 1591, founded the first American seminary in Lima. He also assembled 13 diocesan synods. His favorite topic when preaching was:
"Time is not our own and we must give a strict accounting of it."

1702 St. Joseph Oriol Apostle of Barcelona miracle worker healings & prophet faith, hope, and love of God and neighbor.   At Barcelona in Spain, the priest St. Joseph Oriol, pastor of the church of St. Mary of the Kings, famous for every virtue, especially mortification of the body, his rule of poverty, and his love towards the poor and the sick.  Because he was known for his miracles both in life and after death, who lived on bread and water for twenty-six years. He was born at Barcelona, Spain. A priest and doctor of theology, he was a canon of Santa Maria del Pino. In 1686, he made a pilgrimage on foot to Rome. A beloved figure in Barcelona, Joseph was also a famed confessor, miracle worker, and prophet.  Pope Pius X (1903-1814) placed his name in the number of the saints.  
1914 Blessed Rafqa (Rebecca) Shabaq al-Rayes  God's gift to the universal Church from the Maronites  revelations by voices, dreams, and visions many miracles V (AC).   (also known as Rafka, Rebecca, Pierina, or Boutrosiya)
Born in Hemlaya, Lebanon, June 29, 1832; died October 23, 1914; beatified November 17, 1985
St John Paul II 1978- 2005
Too often we forget that there are other rites within the Catholic Church beyond the Roman Rite. Blessed Rafqa (Rebecca) is God's gift to the universal Church from the Maronites, which hale from Lebanon. Raqfa, like the bride in the Song of Songs, listened to her Beloved's call: "Come from Lebanon, my promised bride, Come from Lebanon, come on your way. Look down from the heights of Amanus, From the crests of Senir and Hermon, The haunt of lions, The mountains of leopards. The scent of your garments Is like the scent of Lebanon. She is a garden enclosed, My sister, my promised bride; a garden enclosed A sealed fountain Fountain of the garden, Well of living water, Streams flowing down from Lebanon!" [vv. 4:1-15].

Pierina (Petronilla), the only child Mourad Saber Shabaq al-Rayes and his wife Rafqa Gemayel, was named after Saint Peter on whose feast she was born in the land of the Canaanites and Phoenicians. This blind seer, known as the "Little Flower of Lebanon," the "Purple Rose," and the "Silent, Humble Nun," related the story of her life to her mother superior months before her death.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today March 24
1381 St. Catherine of Sweden head of Wadstena convent of desire for self-mortification life: devotion to spiritual things.  In 1374, in obedience to St. Bridget's wish, Catherine brought back her mother's body to Sweden for burial at Wadstena, of which foundation she now became the head. It was the motherhouse of the Brigittine Order, also called the Order of St. Saviour. Catherine managed the convent with great skill and made the life there one in harmony with the principles laid down by its founder.
The following year she went again to Rome in order to promote the canonization of St. Bridget, and to obtain a new papal confirmation of the order. She secured another confirmation both from Gregory XI (1377) and from Urban VI (1379) but was unable to gain at the time the canonization of her mother,
husband, to whom she appears to have been deeply attached. But remain in Rome she did, though not without moments of great unhappiness: “I lead a wretched life, caged up here like an animal, while the others go and nourish their souls at church. My brothers and sisters in Sweden can serve God in peace”; for owing to the disorders of the city her mother, when she went out, made Catherine stop at home indoors. In the circumstances it may be reasonably supposed that her dream of our Lady reproaching her for her discontent was a product of nervous depression, though poor Catherine took it very seriously. Bridget, however, believed it to be revealed to her that her daughter’s husband was about to die, as indeed he did before the year was out; and Catherine then seems to have lost all desire to go back to Sweden.
  Gregory XI (1377) Urban VI (1379) confusion caused by the Schism delayed the process.
When this sorrowful division appeared she showed herself, like St. Catherine of Siena, a steadfast adherent of the part of the Roman Pope, Urban VI, in whose favour she testified before a judicial commission.
Catherine stayed five years in Italy and then returned home, bearing a special letter of commendation from the pope. Not long after her arrival in Sweden she was taken ill and died. In 1484 Innocent VIII (1492) gave permission for her veneration as a saint and her feast was assigned to 22 March in the Roman martyrology.
1510 St. Catherine of Genoa she and husband dedicated themselves to works of charity.  1510 St Catherine (Caterinetta) of Genoa, Widow; blood from her stigmata gave off exceptional heat;
"He who purifies himself from his faults in the present life, satisfies with a penny a debt of a thousand ducats; and he who waits until the other life to discharge his debts, consents to pay a thousand ducats for that which he might before have paid with a penny." Saint Catherine, Treatise on purgatory. (RM)
Génuæ sanctæ Catharínæ Víduæ, contémptu mundi et caritáte in Deum insígnis.
    In Genoa, St. Catherine, a widow, renowned for her contempt of the world and her love of God.
Born in Genoa, Italy, 1447; died there, September 14, 1510; beatified in 1737 and equipollently canonized by Pope Benedict XIV (
1758) a few years later (others say she was canonized in 1737); feast day formerly on March 22.
   "We should not wish for anything but what comes to us from moment to moment," Saint Catherine told her spiritual children, "exercising ourselves none the less for good. For he who would not thus exercise himself, and await what God sends, would tempt God. When we have done what good we can, let us accept all that happens to us by Our Lord's ordinance, and let us unite ourselves to it by our will. Who tastes what it is to rest in union with God will seem to himself to have won to Paradise even in this life."
1606 ST TURIBIUS, Archbishop of LIMA To those who tried to twist God’s law to make it accord with their evil practice he would oppose the words of Tertullian: “Christ said, ‘I am the truth’. He did not say, I am the custom’.” The archbishop succeeded in eradicating some of the worst abuses, and he founded numerous churches, religious houses and hospitals; in 1591 he established at Lima the first ecclesiastical seminary in the New World.  Among those St Turibius confirmed, as well as St Rose, are said to have been Bd Martin Porres and Bd John Massias. From 1590 he had the help of another great missionary, the Franciscan St Francis Solano, whose denunciations of the wickedness of Lima so alarmed the people that the viceroy had to call on the archbishop to calm them. The charities of St Turibius were large, and he had feeling for the sensitive pride of the Spaniards in his flock. He knew that many were shy of making their poverty or other needs known, that they did not like to accept public charity or help from those they knew: so he did all he could to assist them privately, without their knowing from whom their benefactions came.
   St Turibius was in his sixty-eighth year when he fell ill at Pacasmayo, far to the north of Lima. Working to the last, he struggled as far as Santa, where he realized the end was at hand. He made his will, giving his personal belongings to his servants and all the rest of his property for the benefit of the poor. He asked to be carried into the church to receive viaticum, and was then brought back to bed and anointed. While those about him sang the psalm, “I was glad when they said unto me, We will go into the house of the Lord”, St Turibius died on March 23, 1606. In 1726 (Benedict XIV 1724 - 1758) he was canonized.
1801 BD DIDACUS, or DIEGO, OF CADIZ.  Bd DIDACUS JOSEPH OF CADIZ was popularly called “the apostle of the Holy Trinity”, because of his devotion to the mystery of the Three Divine Persons and the ingenuity with which he contrived to make the theological dogma of the Blessed Trinity the subject of his eloquent and most fruitful sermons.
It is related that in preaching about the love of God, there were occasions when Father Diego was raised supernaturally into the air so that he required assistance to regain the floor of the pulpit. Sometimes the largest churches could not contain the crowds who flocked to hear him, and he would preach in a square or in the streets, whilst the crowds stood for hours entranced. At the close of his sermons he had to be protected from the people, who tried to tear pieces from his habit as relics. Popularity, however, could not injure one so humble as Bd Diego: slights and insults might serve, he thought, as a very inadequate expiation for his sins. He shunned all presents, and, if obliged to accept them, he immediately distributed them to the poor: money he absolutely refused. Immediately his death became known in 1801 he was acclaimed as a saint, and Pope Leo XIII proclaimed his beatification in 1894.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today March 25
 767  The Departure Of The Saint Anba Khail (Mikhail) The Forty Sixth Pope Of The See Of St. Mark. (Coptic).  On this day of the year 483 A.M. (March 12th, 767 A.D.) the holy father Anba Khail (Mikhail), the forty six Pope of the See Of St. Mark, departed. This father was a monk in the monastery of St. Macarius and he was knowledgeable and ascetic. When Pope Theodorus the forty fifth Patriarch, his predecessor, departed the bishops of Lower Egypt (Delta) and the priests of Alexandria gathered in the church of Anba Shenouda in Cairo.
1586 Margaret Clitherow 1/40 martyrs of England convert M (RM).  Born in York, England, c. 1556; died there 1586; beatified in 1929; canonized in 1970 by Pope Paul VI as one of the Forty Martyrs of England and Wales; feast day formerly April 2. WE are fortunate in possessing ample information about Margaret Clitherow, thanks to the biography written by her confessor, Father John Mush, supplemented by details from other contemporary documents. In York we can still see the guildhall in which she was tried, the castle in which she was imprisoned, the house in the Little Shambles which is the reputed home of her married life, and the room with the dormer window at the Black Swan inn, which tradition points out as the place which she hired as a Mass-house, when her own private chapel was considered unsafe. To her husband she had sent her hat “in sign of her loving duty to him as to her head”, and to her twelve-year-old daughter Agnes her shoes and stockings to signify that she should follow in her steps. The little girl became a nun at Louvain, whilst two of the martyr’s sons were afterwards priests. One of Margaret Clitherow’s hands is preserved in a reliquary at the Bar Convent, York.
At Montefiascone, St. Lucia Filippini, founder of the Institute of Pious Teachers,  from whose surname they are known as Filippines.  Having merited greatly by the Christian education of girls and women, especially of the poor, Pope Pius XI enrolled her among the holy virgins
Also listed as Lucia, she was born in Tuscany, Italy. With Rosa Venerini, Lucy started training schoolmistresses at Monte Fiascone. The institute evolved from this work. Lucy was canonized in 1930. No pupil could have shown more aptitude than St Lucy. Her modesty, her charity, her intense conviction of the value of the things of the spirit, together with her courage and her practical common sense, won all hearts. The work prospered amazingly. New schools for girls and educational centres multiplied in all directions, and in 1707, at the express desire of Pope Clement XI (1700-1711), she came to Rome and there founded the first school of the Maestre Pie in the Via delle Chiavi d’Oro. She was only able to remain in the city a little more than six months, her duties calling her elsewhere, but the children came in crowds which far exceeded the accommodation which could be provided for them, and Lucy before she left was known to half the district as the Maestra santa (the holy schoolmistress). Like Rose Venerini, she had a great gift of easy and convincing speech. Unfortunately her strength was not equal to the strain that was put on it. She became seriously ill in 1726, and in spite of medical care in Rome itself was never able to regain her normal health, dying a most holy death on March 25, 1732, the day she had herself predicted. St Lucy Filippini was canonized in 1930.
1927  St. Saint Marie-Alphonsine Danil Ghattas.  She founded the oldest Marian religious institute of women in the Arab East
Born in Jerusalem in a Christian Palestinian family on October 4, 1843, Saint Marie-Alphonsine Danil Ghattas died on March 25, 1927 in Ein Karem. She was canonized by Pope Francis on May 17, 2015, on the Feast of the Ascension.

Saint Marie-Alphonsine entered the Congregation of the Sisters of Saint Joseph of the Apparition as a postulant at the age of 14. Following repeated visions of Our Lady, she and Father Joseph Tannous Yammin founded a congregation for local women in 1880 called the Rosary Sisters, or the Congregation of the Sisters of the Most Holy Rosary of Jerusalem, the oldest Marian religious institute of women in the Arab East. Archbishop Fouad Twal, the Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem was impressed by the Marian piety of this nun who spent her life working in education of Arab Christians and the poor.

Today the Rosary Sisters have 250 members and are present in the Holy Land, Jordan, Lebanon, Cairo (Egypt), Kuwait, Abu Dhabi, Sharjah and Rome. In Lebanon, the Rosary Sisters have ten convents and they also run a hospital in Gemmayze.


Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today March 26
400 Felix of Trier generosity to the poor virtuous (Trèves) miracles reported at his tomb.   ST FELIX was consecrated bishop of Trier in 386 and took part in a synod held in his episcopal city at which St Martin was also present. He was a most holy man and extremely liberal to the poor. He built a monastery and a church which he dedicated to our Lady and the Theban Martyrs and in which he placed the alleged relics of the advance-guard of the Theban Legion—Thyrses the General and nine others. Because he had been elected by those who were said to have compassed the death of Priscillian, St Ambrose and Pope St Siricius refused to hold ecclesiastical communion with St Felix, and it was probably for this reason that he resigned his see in 398 and retired to the monastery he had built, which was subsequently called after St Paulinus. He died an edifying death and many miracles were reported as having taken place at his tomb. Sulpicius Severus speaks of him with much respect.
  651 St. Braulio Saragossa Bishop teach encourage people extirpate Arian heresy; hagiographer of Spanish saints.  
AT the college founded in Seville by St Isidore, one of the more promising of the alumni was a boy of noble birth called Braulio, who grew up to be so eminent a scholar that Isidore regarded him as a friend and disciple rather than a pupil, and used to send him his own writings to correct and revise. Braulio prepared for the priesthood and was ordained, and when in 631 the see of Saragossa became vacant at the death of his brother Bishop John, the neighbouring prelates assembled to elect a successor and their choice fell upon Braulio. They are said to have been assisted in their selection by the appearance of a globe of fire which rested above Braulio’s head, whilst a voice pronounced the words, “Behold my servant whom I have chosen and upon whom my spirit rests”.
   He took part in the fourth Council of Toledo, which was presided over by his friend and master St Isidore, and also in the fifth and sixth. The last-named assembly charged him to write an answer to Pope Honorius I, who had accused the Spanish bishops of negligence in the fulfilment of their duties. His defence was dignified and convincing.
The good bishop’s duties did not prevent his constant ministrations in his cathedral church and in that of our Lady “del Pilar”, where he spent many hours of the day and night in prayer. Luxury of all kinds he abhorred: his garments were rough and plain, his food simple and his life austere. An eloquent preacher and a keen controversialist, he could carry conviction by his telling arguments and absolute sincerity. His liberality to the poor was only matched by his tender care of all his flock. The close of his life was saddened by failing eyesight—a heavy trial to anyone, but especially to a scholar. As his end drew near, he realized that he was dying, and the last day of his life was spent in the recitation of psalms. According to a legend, which, however, appears to be comparatively modern, heavenly music resounded in the chamber of death, and a voice was heard to say, “Rise, my friend, and come away!” The saint, as though waking from sleep, replied with his last breath, “I come, Lord : I am ready!”
Of St Braulio’s writings, we have a Life of St Emilian with a poem in his honour, forty-four letters, which were discovered at Leon in the eighteenth century and shed great light on Visigothic Spain, and an eulogy of St Isidore, as well as a catalogue of his works. He is said to have completed some writings which St Isidore lelt unfinished, and he is almost certainly the author of the Acts of the Martyrs of Saragossa. St Braulio is the patron of Aragon and one of the most famous of the Spanish saints.
1801 Blessed Didacus of Cadiz Capuchin priest difficulty with his studies able to touch minds hearts of young  old rich poor students professors levitated while tireless preaching on love of God Children could see Dove on his shoulder.  
Bd DIDACUS JOSEPH OF CADIZ was popularly called “the apostle of the Holy Trinity”, because of his devotion to the mystery of the Three Divine Persons and the ingenuity with which he contrived to make the theological dogma of the Blessed Trinity the subject of his eloquent and most fruitful sermons.
It is related that in preaching about the love of God, there were occasions when Father Diego was raised supernaturally into the air so that he required assistance to regain the floor of the pulpit. Sometimes the largest churches could not contain the crowds who flocked to hear him, and he would preach in a square or in the streets, whilst the crowds stood for hours entranced. At the close of his sermons he had to be protected from the people, who tried to tear pieces from his habit as relics. Popularity, however, could not injure one so humble as Bd Diego: slights and insults might serve, he thought, as a very inadequate expiation for his sins. He shunned all presents, and, if obliged to accept them, he immediately distributed them to the poor: money he absolutely refused. Immediately his death became known in 1801 he was acclaimed as a saint, and Pope Leo XIII proclaimed his beatification in 1894.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today March 27
At Norcia, Abbot St. Spes, a man of extraordinary patience, whose soul at its departure from this life (as Pope St. Gregory relates) was seen by all his brethren to ascend to heaven in the shape of a dove. (RM)
Though totally blind for forty years, Saint Spes, abbot of Campi in central Italy, regained his eyesight 15 days before his death



Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today March 28
440 Pope St. Sixtus III approved Acts of the Council of Ephesus endeavoured to restore peace between Cyril of Alexandria and John of Antioch prominent among the Roman clergy and in correspondence with St. Augustine.   Consecrated 31 July, 432; d. 440. Previous to his accession he was prominent among the Roman clergy and in correspondence with St. Augustine. He reigned during the Nestorian and Pelagian controversies, and it was probably owing to his conciliatory disposition that he was falsely accused of leanings towards these heresies. As pope he approved the Acts of the Council of Ephesus and endeavoured to restore peace between Cyril of Alexandria and John of Antioch. In the Pelagian controversy he frustrated the attempt of Julian of Eclanum to be readmitted to communion with the Catholic Church.
   He defended the pope's right of supremacy over Illyricum against the local bishops and the ambitious designs of Proclus of Constantinople. At Rome he restored the Basilica of Liberius, now known as St. Mary Major, enlarged the Basilica of St. Lawrence-Without-the-Walls, and obtained precious gifts from the Emperor Valentinian III for St. Peter's and the Lateran Basilica. The work which asserts that the consul Bassus accused him of crime is a forgery. He is the author of eight letters (in P.L., L, 583 sqq.), but he did not write the works "On Riches", "On False Teachers", and "On Chastity" ("De divitiis", "De malis doctoribus", "De castitate") attributed to him. His feast is kept on 28 March.

Sixtus was one of the principal clergy of the Roman church before his pontificate, and when he succeeded Pope St Celestine I in 432 St Prosper of Aquitaine wrote that, “We trust in the protection of the Lord, and that what He has done for us in Innocent, Zosimus, Boniface and Celestine He will do also in Sixtus; and as they guarded the flock against declared and openly professed wolves, so he may drive off the hidden ones”, referring to the teachers of Semi-Pelagianism. He was not disappointed; but St Sixtus was of a peace-loving nature and conciliatory in his policy, so that some of the hot-heads of orthodoxy were dissatisfied and did not scruple to accuse the pope of Pelagian and Nestorian leanings.
Among other buildings in the City, St Sixtus III restored the Liberian basilica, now called St Mary Major, and in it he set up this noble inscription “0 Virgin Mary, I, Sixtus, have dedicated a new temple to thee, an offering worthy of the womb that brought to us salvation. Thou, a maiden knowing not man, didst bear and bring forth our Salvation. Behold! These martyrs, witnesses to Him who was the fruit of thy womb, bear to thee their crowns of victory, and beneath their feet lie the instruments of their passion—sword, flame, wild beast, water and cruel poison: one crown alike awaits these divers deaths.” Over the arch of the apse can still be read the words in mosaic: “Sixtus the bishop for the people of God.”

This pope consecrated a number of churches, and the dedications of two of them are feasts universal in the Western church, St Peter ad Vincula (August 1) and St Mary Major (August 5).

 513 Spes of Campi Abbot regained eyesight 15 days before death 40 yrs blind.  At Norcia, Abbot St. Spes, a man of extraordinary patience, whose soul at its departure from this life (as Pope St. Gregory relates) was seen by all his brethren to ascend to heaven in the shape of a dove. (RM)
Though totally blind for forty years, Saint Spes, abbot of Campi in central Italy, regained his eyesight 15 days before his death (Attwater2, Benedictines).

1346 St. Venturino of Bergamo Dominican preacher; missionary; crusader.  A native of Bergamo, Italy, he joined the Dominicans in 1319 and soon distinguished himself as a brilliant preacher, attracting huge crowds throughout northern Italy. Pleased with his ability to reach large numbers of believers, he announced in 1335 his intention to go on a pilgrimage to Rome. When Pope Benedict XII (r. 1334-1342) learned of the pilgrimage, he feared Venturino might be planning to crown himself pope, and so forbade the friar to proceed. This decree was joined by one issued by the Dominicans themselves at the Chapter in London (1335). Ignorant of these bans, Venturino proceeded to Rome and then to Avignon where he was arrested and imprisoned until 1343.
He is also known for helping to organize a crusade, at the behest of Pope Clement VI (r. 1342-1352), against the Turks who were then menacing Europe.
1456   Sancti Joánnis de Capistráno, Sacerdótis ex Ordine Minórum et Confessór.  The Observant reform which had been initiated in the middle of the fourteenth century still found itself hampered in many ways by the administration of superiors general who held a different standard of perfection, and on the other hand there had also been exaggerations in the direction of much greater austerity culminating eventually in the heretical teachings of the Fraticelli. All these difficulties required adjustment, and Capistran, working in harmony with St Bernardino of Siena, was called upon to bear a large share in this burden. After the general chapter held at Assisi in 1430, St John was appointed to draft the conclusions at which the assembly arrived, and these “Martinian statutes”, as they were called, in virtue of their confirmation by Pope Martin V, are among the most important in the history of the order.
It was the capture of Constantinople by the Turks which brought this spiritual campaign to an end. Capistran was called upon to rally the defenders of the West and to preach a crusade against the infidel. His earlier efforts in Bavaria, and even in Austria, met with little response, and early in 1456 the situation became desperate. The Turks were advancing to lay siege to Belgrade, and the saint, who by this time had made his way into Hungary, taking counsel with the great general Hunyady, saw clearly that they would have to depend in the main upon local effort. St John wore himself out in preaching and exhorting the Hungarian people in order to raise an army that could meet the threatened danger, and himself led to Belgrade the troops he had been able to recruit. Very soon the Turks were in position and the siege began. Animated by the prayers and the heroic example in the field of Capistran, and wisely guided by the military experience of Hunyady, the garrison in the end gained an overwhelming victory. The siege was abandoned, and western Europe for the time was saved. But the infection bred by thousands of corpses which lay unburied round the city cost the life first of all of Hunyady, and then a month or two later of Capistran himself, worn out by years of toil and of austerities and by the strain of the siege. He died most peacefully at Villach on October 23, 1456, and was canonized in 1724. His feast was in 1890 made general for all the Western church, and was then transferred to March 28.


Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today March 29
1885 Blessed Ludovico of Casoria "led by Jesus" established Gray Brothers and Sisters & many institutes for the poor.  To help continue these works of mercy, in 1859 he established the Gray Brothers, a religious community composed of men who formerly belonged to the Secular Franciscan Order. Three years later he founded the Gray Sisters of St. Elizabeth for the same purpose.
Toward the beginning of his final, nine-year illness, Ludovico wrote a spiritual testament which described faith as "light in the darkness, help in sickness, blessing in tribulations, paradise in the crucifixion and life amid death." The local work for his beatification began within five months of Ludovico’s death. He was beatified in 1993 (John Paul II 1978-2005).
Comment:  Saintly people are not protected from suffering, but with God’s help they learn how to develop compassion from it. In the face of great suffering, we move either toward compassion or indifference. Saintly men and women show us the path toward compassion.
Quote:  Ludovico’s spiritual testament begins: "The Lord called me to himself with a most tender love, and with an infinite charity he led and directed me along the path of my life."


Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today March 30
10th v. B.C. Holy Prophet Joad came from Samaria prophesied healer disobeyed command given him by the Lord
during the tenth century before Christ (See 1/3 Kings 13). The prophet was sent by the Lord from Judea to Bethel to denounce the Israelite king Jereboam for polluting his nation with idol worship.

The Lord commanded the prophet, "Eat no bread, and drink no water, and do not return by the way you came" (1/3 Kings 13:9). The prophet Joad appeared to King Jereboam and prophesied to him concerning the wrath of the Lord. When the king tried to gesture with his hand to seize the prophet, his hand suddenly withered. The king entreated the prophet to pray to the Lord that his hand would be healed. By Joad's prayer he received healing.

Deceived by the false prophet Emba of Bethel, Joad disobeyed the command given him by the Lord. The older man lied and told Joad that an angel had commanded him to bring him to his home and feed him. Because of his disobedience, the prophet Joad was killed by a lion. His body did not rest with his fathers, but was buried near the abode of the false prophet who led him astray.
 117 St. Quirinus Roman tribune martyr jailer of Pope St. Alexander I.  At Rome, on the Appian Way, the martyrdom of the tribune blessed Quirinus, who had been baptized with all his household by Pope St. Alexander when he was imprisoned in their house.  Under Emperor Adrian, he was delivered to the judge Aurelian, and because he persevered in the confession of faith, his tongue was torn out, he was stretched on the rack, his hands and feet were cut off, and the sword completed his course of martyrdom.
invoked against earache, epilepsy, foot and bone troubles, fistula, gout, and lameness
According to the legendary Acts of Sts. Alexander and St Balbina, he was reportedly the jailer of Pope St. Alexander I, being converted with his daughter, St. Balbina.
Quirinus was buried in the Catacomb of Praetextatus on the Via Appia, and his name was listed in the Martyrologium Hieronymianum, as well as the Itineraries to the graves of the Roman martyrs. His relics were given by Pope Leo IX to his sister Gepa, abbess of Neuss in 1050 and were placed in the Church of St. Quirinus in Neuss.
 649 St. John Climacus Sinai Abbot his book The Climax or Ladder of Perfection; God bestowed upon St John an extraordinary grace of healing the spiritual disorders of souls.  THE Ladder (Klimax) to Paradise was a book which was immensely popular in the middle ages and won for its author, John the Scholastic, the name “ Climacus “ by which he is generally known. The saint’s origin is hidden in obscurity, but he was possibly a native of Palestine and is said to have been a disciple of St Gregory Nazianzen. At the age of sixteen he joined the monks settled on Mount Sinai. After four years spent in testing his virtue, the young novice was professed, and was placed under the direction of a holy man called Martyrius. Under the guidance of his spiritual father, he left the monastery and took up his residence in a hermitage nearby—apparently to enable him to check a tendency to waste time in idle conversation. He tells us himself that, under the direction of a prudent guide, he succeeded in shunning rocks which he could not have escaped if he had presumed to steer alone. So perfect was his submission that he made it a rule never to contradict anyone, or to contest any statement made by those who visited him in his solitude. After the death of Martyrius, when St John was thirty-five years of age, he embraced the completely eremitical life at Thole—a lonely spot, but sufficiently near to a church to enable him, with the other hermits and monks of the region, to assist on Saturdays and Sundays at the divine office and the celebration of the holy mysteries. In this retirement the holy man spent forty years, advancing ever more and more in the way of perfection. He read the Bible assiduously, as well as the fathers, and was one of the most learned of the desert saints, but his whole aim was to conceal his talents and to hide the extraordinary graces with which the Holy Ghost had enriched his soul. In his determination to avoid singularity he partook of all that was allowed to the monks of Egypt, but he ate so sparingly that it was a case of tasting rather than of eating. His biographer records with admiration that so intense was his compunction that his eyes seemed like two fountains which never ceased to flow, and that in the cavern to which he was wont to retire for prayer the rocks used to resound with his moans and lamentations.
 660 St. Zosimus  vision of Santa Lucia simple wise man monk abbot bishop of Syracuse famous for care of poor and his educational programs.   For thirty years he lived almost forgotten. Then the abbot of Santa Lucia died, and there was great uncertainty and discussion over the choice of a successor. Finally the monks went in a body to the bishop of Syracuse and begged him to make the appointment for them. The prelate, after scrutinizing them all, asked if there was no other monk belonging to the convent. Thereupon they remembered Brother Zosimus, whom they had left to mind the shrine and to answer the door. He was sent for, and no sooner had the bishop set eyes upon him than he exclaimed, “Behold him whom the Lord hath chosen”. So Zosimus was appointed abbot, and a few days later the bishop ordained him a priest. His biographer says that he ruled the monastery of Santa Lucia with such wisdom, love and prudence that he surpassed all his predecessors and all his successors. When the see of Syracuse fell vacant in 649, the people elected Zosimus, who, however, did not wish to be raised to the dignity, whilst the clergy chose a priest called Vanerius, a vain and ambitious man. Appeal was made to Pope Theodore, who decided for Zosimus and consecrated him. In his episcopate the holy man was remarkable for his zeal in teaching the people and for his liberality to the poor; but it is difficult to judge of the historical value of the anecdotes which purport to have been recorded by a contemporary biographer. At the age of nearly ninety St Zosimus died, about the year 660.
With this inner fire went a consuming love that burned in the heart of Saint Francis and his friars, that sent Dominic and his preachers out of their churches into the hills and highways, and that in a thousand monasteries set up Christian communities to care for the welfare of the people.
1202 Blessed Joachim of Fiore Cistercian visionary prophet adopted ascetic early in life great piety and simplicity.  He was a prolific ascetical writer. His commentary on the Book of Revelation gave his the title "the Prophet" by which he was described by Dante: "the Calabrian abbot Joachim, endowed with prophetic spirit" (Paradiso, XII). Thus Joachim was among the enthusiasts, who turned for inspiration to the Bible. Unfortunately, after his death the Franciscan Spirituals used his books to uphold their heretical tendencies.
Nevertheless, Joachim has always been given the title of beatus, because, as a mystic and a prophet, he refreshed the life of the Church (Benedictines, Encyclopedia, Gill).

1456 St. Peter Regulatus noble family Franciscan reformer severe asceticism levitate ecstasies  SEE ALSO MAY 13 .  At Aquileria in Spain, the confessor St. Peter Regulatus, priest of the Order of Friars Minor.  He was born in Valladolid, and restored the regular discipline in the Spanish monasteries.  Pope Benedict XIV placed him on the roll of saints.
b. 1390
Also Peter Regalado, Franciscan reformer. Peter was born at Valladolid, Spain, to a noble family, and entered the Franciscan Order in his native city at the age of thirteen. After several years, he transferred to a far more austere monastery at Tribulos, where he became known for his severe asceticism as well as his abilities to levitate and enter into ecstasies. A success as abbot, he gave himself over to bringing needed reforms to the monastery and to promoting reforms in other Franciscan houses. For his zeal in adhering to the rules of the community he was designated Regulatus.
Leonardo Murialdo, Priest (AC) Born in Turin, Italy, in 1828; died 1900; beatified in 1963; canonized in 1970 by Pope Paul VI; the Salesians celebrate his feast on May 18. Saint Leonard was a prophet: Conservative Catholics in his time condemned him as a "socialist" because he advocated for an eight-hour workday in 1885.
His work for social justice placed him squarely in line with other luminaries of his time: Saints John Bosco, Joseph Cafasso, and Joseph Cottolengo.
1890 St. Leonard Muraildo Priest Founder Congregation of St. Joseph. He was born in Turin, Italy, and was a leader in Catholic social work for social justice like Saints John Bosco Joseph Cafasso Joseph Cottolengo.  Saint Leonard was ordained in 1851, and then devoted himself to the education of working-class boys at the Oratory of Saint Louis, fostered by John Bosco. After a short time at Saint-Sulpice in Paris in 1865, he was rector of a Christian college of further education and technical training in Turin.  
He founded the Congregation of Saint Joseph to ensure the continuation of his work with young apprentices. He also promoted the Catholic Workers' Movement through the newspaper La voce dell'Operaio and the monthly La buona Stampa. He also established a national federation to improve the standards of the press in Italy.
At a goodly age, he died peacefully in his hometown and was buried in the Church of Santa Barbara there. At his canonization, the pope stressed that he was honored both for his personal holiness and for the social activities inspired by his virtue (Benedictines, Farmer).


Popes. and other important Saints mentioned in articles of Saints today March 31
  8th v BC. Amos Prophet 9 brief chapters.      At Thecua in Palestine, the holy prophet Amos, whom the priest Amasias frequently had scourged.  Ozias, that priest's son, pierced his head at the temples with an iron spike.  Being carried half dead to his own country, he died there, and was buried with his family.
One of the minor prophets of the Old Testament, Amos wrote only nine brief chapters, far less than a man who writes adventure stories; far less than a journalist who scribbles each day, far less than a columnist who writes each week, far less than many of us do on this list. Some say he wrote the nine chapters in a brief hour:
"Return to the land of Judah, and there eat your bread and prophesy!"
He was just a shepherd of Tekoah (Koa) near Bethlehem, a trimmer of sycamores, "a herdsman plucking wild figs" (Amos 7:13). Yet God seized him and told him to go and prophesy; and his words have endured for thousands of years.
"The Lord roared from Sion and made His voice heard in Jerusalem."
This is an amazing thing: that an unlettered man, 800 years before Christ, should write down (or better, have written down for him) certain sayings that the world has never been able to lose or destroy. The Roman Martyrology says that he was "transfixed with an iron bar through the temples." He was buried in his native place (Benedictines, Encyclopedia).
251-260  St. Achatius led a devout life and was much revered for his charity.   3rd v. ST ACACIUS, OR Achatius, BISHOP
This Acacius has been claimed as a bishop of Antioch in Pisidia by some and of Melitene in Armenia Minor by others; a third view is that he was not a bishop at all.
But a report of his trial has been preserved, in a document of which the Greek original is lost. According to this, Acacius was the great support of the Christians of Antioch, and as such was haled before the consular agent Martian. He declared that Christians were loyal subjects of the emperor, who prayed for him regularly, but when invited to an act of worship of the same emperor he refused.
Thereupon ensued a discussion between Martian and Acacius which ranged over the seraphim, Greco-Roman mythology, the Incarnation, Dalmatian morals, the nature of God and the religion of the Kataphrygians. When ordered to accompany the officer to sacrifice in the temple of Jupiter and Juno, Acacius replied, “I cannot sacrifice to someone who is buried in the isle of Crete. Or has he come to life again?” Then Martian made an accusation of magic and wanted to know where were the magicians who helped him; and to Acacius’s rejoinder that all came from God and that magic was hateful to Christians he objected that they must be magicians, because they had invented a religion. “You make your own gods and are afraid of them; “we destroy them”, responded Acacius. “When there are no masons, or the masons have no stone, then you have no gods. We stand in awe of our God—but we did not make Him; He made us; for He is Master. And He loves us, for He is Father; and in His goodness He has snatched us from everlasting death.”

Finally Acacius was required to disclose the names of other Christians, on pain of death, and he would not. “I am on trial and you ask for names. If you cannot overcome me alone, do you suppose you would be successful with the others You want names—all right: I am called Acacius, and I have been surnamed Agathangelus [‘good angel ‘].  “Do what you like.” Acacius was then returned to prison and the proceedings of the examination forwarded to the emperor, Decius, who, we are told, could not forbear to smile when reading them. The upshot was that Martian was promoted to the legation of Pamphylia and Acacius received the imperial pardon, an interesting and unusual circumstance put to death for the faith, which may account for his never having received any cultus in the West; but his name figures in Eastern calendars on March 31 and other dates.

The acta disputationis (appropriately so called) are in Acta Sanctorum for March, vol. iii, and in Ruinart. Father Delehaye assigns them to his third category of such documents, viz. an embroidery of an otherwise reliable document: see his Les Passions des Martyrs. See also Allard, Histoire des Persecutions, vol. ii; and J. Weber, De actis S. Achatii (1913) but cf. the unfavourable judgement passed on Weber’s dissertation by Delehaye in Analecta Bollandiana, vol. xxxiii (1914), pp. 346—347.
1072 Peter Damian brilliant teacher and writer uncompromising attitude toward worldliness denunciations of simony clerical marriage B Doctor of the Church (RM).  1072 St. Peter Damian stern figure to recall men in a lax age from the error of their ways 
Favéntiæ, in Æmília, natális sancti Petri Damiáni, Cardinális atque Epíscopi Ostiénsis et Confessóris, ex Ordine Camaldulénsi, doctrína et sanctitáte célebris, quem Leo Papa Duodécimus Doctórem universális Ecclésiæ declarávit.  Ipsíus autem festum sequénti die celebrátur.
 Sancti Petri Damiáni, ex Ordine Camaldulénsi, Cardinális et Epíscopi  Ostiénsis, Confessóris et Ecclésiæ Doctóris, qui evolávit in cælum prídie hujus diéi.       St. Peter Damian, a Camaldolese monk, cardinal bishop of Ostia, confessor and doctor of the Church, who died on the 22nd of February.


The parents of this brilliant teacher and writer died shortly after his birth. Peter's elder brother used the young lad as an unpaid servant until another brother, Damian, found Peter tending pigs and rescued him, sending him to be educated at Faenza and Parma. This brother was a priest and Peter took his Christian name--Damian--as his own surname.
Peter Damian responded readily to his teachers and became proficient enough in grammar, rhetoric, and law that he later taught at Ravenna. He began to practice austerities by himself, gave liberal alms, seldom went without some poor persons at his table, and took pleasure in serving them with his own hands. But he longed to do more for his Lord. The Lord answered his prayer by sending two religious of Fonte Avellana to visit his home. They told him much about their way of life. So, at age 34 (1035) he became a Benedictine monk at Fonte Avellana, a monastery founded 20 years earlier by Blessed Rudolph.

The brothers of Fonte Avellana lived as hermits in bare cells, utterly disciplined and given to constant study of the Bible. Their regimen was so austere that, for a time, Peter's health broke down. Nevertheless, Peter became a model monk who occupied himself by studying Scripture and patristic theology, and transcribing manuscripts. He was elected prior of this small, poor community in 1043. Others were attracted to imitate his life, and Peter founded five more religious houses for them. He became famous for his uncompromising attitude toward worldliness and denunciations of simony and clerical marriage.
In 1057, Peter was named cardinal-bishop of Ostia by Pope Stephen IX. His fame spread as he took a leading role in the Gregorian Reform. In 1059, he participated in the Lateran synod that proclaimed the right of the cardinals alone to elect future bishops of Rome. After a brief time as bishop, with the permission of Pope Alexander II (which previously had been denied by Nicholas II) and under the condition that he continue to serve the Holy See as needed, Peter returned to his cell. There he wrote unceasingly, on purgatory, the Eucharist, and other theological and ascetical topics, but he also wrote poetry. While his Latin verse is among the very best of the Middle Ages, especially that in honor of Pope Saint Gregory (died 604), which begins "Anglorum iam Apostolus," Peter Damian never considered his learning something of which to boast. What counted, he said, was to worship God, not to write about Him. What use was it to construct a grammatically correct sentence containing the word 'God,' if you could not pray to him properly.    Peter died at Faenza on route back to from Ravenna, which he had just reconciled with the Holy See. His vita was written by his disciple John of Lodi. Although he was never formally canonized, local cults arose at his death, and, in 1828, Pope Leo XII extended his feast to the Universal Church (Attwater, Benedictines, Bentley, Blum, Delaney, Encyclopedia, Farmer, Gill, Walsh, White).
1461 Saint Jonah Metropolitan of Moscow Wonderworker of All Russia miraculous healings at his grave  incorrupt relics first Metropolitan consecrated by Russian bishops Isidore the Bulgarian was Metropolitan but became Catholic after attending the Council of Florence (1438) and ousted by Russian heirarchs.  Isidore the Bulgarian was Metropolitan but became Catholic after attending the Council of Florence (1438) and ousted by Russian heirarchs.
Born in the city of Galich into a pious Christian family. The father of the future saint was named Theodore. The youth received monastic tonsure in one of the Galich monasteries when he was only twelve years old. From there, he transferred to the Moscow Simonov monastery, where he fulfilled various obediences for many years.

Once, St Photius, Metropolitan of Moscow (May 27 and July 2), visited the Simonov monastery. After the Molieben[Molieben (from Church Slavonic Mol'ba - prayer, supplication) is a short liturgical service usually centered on a particular need or occasion: the new year, a journey, an illness, an act of thanksgiving, etc. It may be addressed to Christ, the Mother of God, or to saints. Its general structure is that of Matins, and it can be served either by request of the faithful or by decision of the parish Priest. The Church asks us to "pray without ceasing" - Prayer is the life of the Church and the life of each one of us, members of the Church. And because Christ came to redeem and to sanctify the totality of our life, no part of that life, no human need, no occasion is excluded from the Church's prayer. The Molieben, thus, is the extension of the Church's prayer, of Christ's redeeming grace to all aspects and realities of our life. "...knock and it will be opened to you." --we are called constantly to knock at the doors of God's mercy and our faith assures us that God hears us and is with us.], he blessed the archimandrite and brethren, and also wished to bless those monks who were fulfilling their obediences in the monastery.

When he came to the bakery, he saw St Jonah sleeping, exhausted from his work. The fingers of the saint's right hand were positioned in a gesture of blessing. St Photius said not to wake him. He blessed the sleeping monk and predicted to those present that this monk would be a great hierarch of the Russian Church, and would guide many on the way to salvation.
The prediction of St Photius was fulfilled. Several years later, St Jonah was made Bishop of Ryazan and Murom.
St Photius died in 1431.
Five years after his death, St Jonah was chosen Metropolitan of All Russia for his virtuous and holy life. The newly-elected Metropolitan journeyed to Constantinople in order to be confirmed as Metropolitan by Patriarch Joseph II (1416-1439). Shortly before this the nefarious Isidore, a Bulgarian, had already been established as Metropolitan. Spending a short time at Kiev and Moscow, Isidore journeyed to the Council of Florence (1438), where he embraced Catholicism.

A Council of Russian hierarchs and clergy deposed Metropolitan Isidore, and he was compelled to flee secretly to Rome (where he died in 1462). St Jonah was unanimously chosen Metropolitan of All Russia. He was consecrated by Russian hierarchs in Moscow, with the blessing of Patriarch Gregory III (1445-1450) of Constantinople.
This was the first time that Russian bishops consecrated their own Metropolitan.
St Jonah became Metropolitan on December 15, 1448. With archpastoral zeal he led his flock to virtue and piety, spreading the Orthodox Faith by word and by deed. Despite his lofty position, he continued with his monastic struggles as before.

In 1451 the Tatars unexpectedly advanced on Moscow; they burned the surrounding area and prepared for an assault on the city. Metropolitan Jonah led a procession along the walls of the city, tearfully entreating God to save the city and the people. Seeing the dying monk Anthony of the Chudov monastery, who was noted for his virtuous life, St Jonah said, "My son and brother Anthony! Pray to the Merciful God and the All-Pure Mother of God for the deliverance of the city and for all Orthodox Christians."
The humble Anthony replied, "Great hierarch! We give thanks to God and to His All-Pure Mother. She has heard your prayer and has prayed to Her Son. The city and all Orthodox Christians will be saved through your prayers. The enemy will soon take flight. The Lord has ordained that I alone am to be killed by the enemy." Just as the Elder said this, an enemy arrow struck him.
The prediction of Elder Anthony was made on July 2, on the Feast of the Placing of the Robe of the Most Holy Theotokos. Confusion broke out among the Tatars, and they fled in fear and terror. In his courtyard, St Jonah built a church in honor of the Placing of the Robe of the Most Holy Theotokos, to commemorate the deliverance of Moscow from the enemy.
1491 BD BONAVENTURE OF FORLI His relics were ultimately conveyed to Venice, where a cultus grew up marked by many miraculous cures.  BD Bonaventure TORNIELLI was born at Forli and was a man of good family. He does not seem to have entered the Order of Servites until 1448, when he was thirty-seven years old, but his fervour and austerity of life rapidly enabled him to make up for lost time. After his ordination he prepared himself for apostolic work by a year of retirement, and then began to preach with wonderful eloquence and success. He was especially commissioned by Pope Sixtus IV to undertake this apostolic mission, and throughout the papal states, Tuscany and the Venetian province his sermons were productive of a notable reformation of life. Towards the close of 1488 he was elected vicar general of his order, an office in which he gave proof of great administrative ability and charity. But he still continued his missionary work, and he had just finished preaching the Lent at Udine when on Maundy Thursday 1491 God called him to Himself, worn out by age and the hardships of the life he had been leading. His relics were ultimately conveyed to Venice, where a cultus grew up marked by many miraculous cures. This cultus was confirmed in 1911.
Born at Horsham Saint Faith's, Norfolk, England, in 1561 or 1562; died at Tyburn, London, England, February 21, 1595; beatified in 1929; canonized on October 25, 1970, by Pope Paul VI as one of the 40 representative martyrs of England and Wales.
1595 Robert Southwell Fire, sweetness, purity, and gentleness were features poet Jesuit priest  suffered for the faith SJ M.
 
The Church has been built on the blood of martyrs--the living stones. Before there were cathedrals, there were the catacombs; since then objects of value have been piled about our altars, but the most precious is contained beneath each altar in the mandatory "tomb"--the shrine with the relics of a martyr--and upon the tomb the chalice with the precious Blood of Christ. We would do well to recall the many previous Masses that were celebrated in haste and secrecy--for us, like the martyrs, each Mass might be the viaticum. Receive the Source of Life with joy, attention, and thanksgiving.

When King Henry VIII could not induce his wife, Catherine of Aragon, to allow their marriage to be declared invalid because she was his brother's widow, Henry declared himself head of the Church in England. He persuaded the Parliament to declare that it was high treason for anyone to deny Henry's right to this title. On this account monasteries were closed and Church property confiscated--both real and monetary, including the innumerable foundations designed to maintain schools for the people, who were largely illiterate. A long procession of saints and beati were executed under Henry VIII.
1879 St Innocent  Metropolitan of Moscow & Kolomensk proclaimed Gospel in Aleutian islands 6 dialects of tribes on Sitka island  among the Kolosh (Tlingit) remote Kamchatka diocese among Koryak, Chukchei, Tungus in Yakutsk region & North America; & in the Amur & the Usuriisk region.

< "GO THEREFORE MAKE DISCIPLES OF ALL NATIONS BAPTISING THEM IN THE NAME OF THE FATHER, AND OF THE SON AND OF THE HOLY SPIRIT"
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He was born in the village of Anginsk in the Irkutsk diocese. The Apostle of America and Siberia proclaimed the Gospel "even to the ends of the earth": in the Aleutian islands (from 1823), in the six dialects of the local tribes on the island of Sitka (from 1834), among the Kolosh (Tlingit); in the remotest settlements of the extensive Kamchatka diocese (from 1853); among the Koryak, Chukchei, Tungus in the Yakutsk region (from 1853) and North America (in 1857); in the Amur and the Usuriisk region (from 1860).


Having spent a large part of his life in journeys, St Innocent translated a Catechism and the Gospel into the Aleut language. In 1833, he wrote in this language one of the finest works of Orthodox missionary activity