Mary Mother of GOD
May 29 - Our Lady of the Ardents (Arras, France, 1095)

Et álibi aliórum plurimórum sanctórum Mártyrum et Confessórum, atque sanctárum Vírginum.
And elsewhere in divers places, many other holy martyrs, confessors, and holy virgins.
Пресвятая Богородице спаси нас! Santíssima Mãe de Deus, salva-nos!
  RDeo grátias. R.  Thanks be to God.
Seventh Week of Easter

CAUSES OF SAINTS April

Solemnity of Pentecost, the Pope recalls the 53rd anniversary
of Servant of God Pius XII's Encyclical "Fidei donum,"
which "promoted and encouraged cooperation
 between Churches for the mission 'ad gentes
'."

The saints are a “cloud of witnesses over our head”,
showing us life of Christian perfection is possible.



  275 St. Conon Two men, father and son, having the same name, martyred at Iconium in Asia Minor
  299 St. Restitutus Roman martyr first Bishop of London
 
303 St. Theodosia & Companions group of thirteen female martyrs who were supposedly slain at Caesarea, in Palestine. Theodosia was also the reputed mother of St. Procopius.
  750 St. Votus, Felix (brothers), & John Hermits in the Pyrenees Mountains Their place of seclusion became the site of the Benedictine abbey of St. John de La Pena
1242 St. William Arnaud martyred by the heretics with eleven companions Dominican inquisitor general in Southern France during the effort to extirpate the Albigensian heresy
1583 Bl. Richard Thirkeld priest English martyr receive preparation for priesthood at Reims and Douai, France educated at Queen's College, Oxford. He ministered to the Catholics of Yorkshire
1607 St. Mary Magdalene de Pazzi virgin of the Order of the Carmelites famed for her holy life suffering;  mystical experiences God gave this saint  saw her ecstasies as evidence of a great fault in her, not a reward for holiness


Our Bartholomew Family Prayer List

Acts of the Apostles

Nine First Fridays Devotion to the Sacred Heart From the writings of St. Margaret Mary Alacoque

How do I start the Five First Saturdays?

Mary Mother of GOD 15 Promises of the Virgin Mary to those who recite the Rosary

May 29 - Our Lady of the Ardents (Arras, France, 1095)
Warns the People to Change Their Lives (II)

The apparition added that the four women responsible for the public disorder must do penance.
She asked John to leave his spade near the fountain where she assured him that the water would be good.
When he came back to recuperate it, he would find a "sign" on the end of the handle.
John ran quickly home to the farm and asked his brother and sister to go back and retrieve his spade.
The youngsters found it "standing straight up with three cross-shaped oak leaves coming out of the top of the handle."
The four women made reparation for their wrongs and people went in procession to the place of the miracle.

In early July, the Virgin appeared a second time to John, in his bedroom. "You did what I asked you to do well,
and the fountain will be good; the people have corrected themselves well," she told him.

A commission of inquiry has identified twenty-eight cures from the water of the fountain. In October 1686, a second inquiry mentioned seven new cases. The chapel of Pla-Rouzaud was built by the poor villagers and blessed on September 8, 1695 by Monsignor de Verthamon. The renown of the shrine Our Lady of Celles spread widely and attracted believers from the entire region and even Spain. The pilgrimage, takes place to this day at restored shrine on third Sunday of July, marked by evangelical simplicity and Marian humility.
According to Dictionnaire des Apparitions  Fr. Rene Laurentin, Fayard 2007

Mary Mother of GOD 15 Promises of the Virgin Mary to those who recite the Rosary

May 29 – Ascension - Our Lady of Peace (Italy, 1916) - Apparition to Sister Lucy of Fatima at the Convent of Tuy (1930) 
 
Where does the First Saturday devotion come from?
Sister Lucia was at the Mother House convent of Tuy. Her confessor had given her a series of questions in writing, on the topic of the Act of Reparation devotion of the first five Saturdays of the month. One of them was:
“Why five Saturdays and not nine, or seven, in honor of the sorrows of Our Lady?”
In the evening, at the chapel, a divine presence revealed to her that there are five sorts of offenses and blasphemies made against the Immaculate Heart of Mary:
Blasphemies against the Immaculate Conception;
Blasphemies against her Perpetual Virginity; 
Blasphemies against her Divine Maternity, in refusing at the same time to recognize her as the Mother of mankind; 
The blasphemies of those who publicly seek to sow in the hearts of children indifference or scorn, or even hatred of the Immaculate Mother; 
The offenses of those who outrage her directly in her holy images.  
 www.fatima.be

Mary's Divine Motherhood
Called in the Gospel "the Mother of Jesus," Mary is acclaimed by Elizabeth, at the prompting of the Spirit and even before the birth of her son, as "the Mother of my Lord" (Lk 1:43; Jn 2:1; 19:25; cf. Mt 13:55; et al.). In fact, the One whom she conceived as man by the Holy Spirit, who truly became her Son according to the flesh, was none other than the Father's eternal Son, the second person of the Holy Trinity.
Hence the Church confesses that Mary is truly "Mother of God" (Theotokos).

Catechism of the Catholic Church 495, quoting the Council of Ephesus (431): DS 251.

Mary the Mother of God
Cameríni pássio sanctórum mille quingentórum et vigínti quinque Mártyrum.
    At Camerino, the passion of fifteen hundred and twenty-five holy martyrs.
  251? ST CYRIL OF CAESAREA, BOY MARTYR
  275 St. Conon Two men, father and son, having the same name, martyred at Iconium in Asia Minor
  299 St. Restitutus Roman martyr first Bishop of London
 
303 St. Theodosia & Companions group of thirteen female martyrs who were supposedly slain at Caesarea, in Palestine. Theodosia was also the reputed mother of St. Procopius.
  347 St. Maximinus Bishop of Trier, Germany miracle worker ardent enemy of the Arian heretics in the councils of Milan, Sardica, and Cologne apologist for orthodox Catholicism called “one of the most courageous bishops of his time” by St. Jerome
5th v. Sisinius, Martyrius, and Alexander, who were persecuted by the heathens of Anaunia
         St. Maximus 6th century bishop of Verona, Italy he governed his see in a period of political and military turmoil.
 
745 St. Theodosia and companions Nun and martyr defended icons 745 St. Theodosia
 
750 St. Votus, Felix (brothers), & John Hermits in the Pyrenees Mountains Their place of seclusion became the site of the Benedictine abbey of St. John de La Pena
 
750 St. John de Atares Spanish hermit in the Aragonese Pyrenees the Benedictine Abbey of St. John de Ia Pena.  It served as the cradle of the religious and spiritual life of Navarre and Aragon.
1242 Bl. Marytrs of Toulouse Twelve martyrs put to death by Albigensian heretics near Toulouse 4 diocesan priests, 3 Dominicans, 2 Benedictines, 2 Franciscans, and 1 layman died singing the Te Deum on the eve of the feast of the Ascension
1242 St. William Arnaud martyred by the heretics with eleven companions Dominican inquisitor general in Southern France during the effort to extirpate the Albigensian heresy
1242 SS. WILLIAM, STEPHEN, RAYMUND AND THEIR COMPANIONS, MARTYRS Many cures reported at their grave
         St. Eleutherius Patron saint of Rocca d’Arce, southern Italy brother of Sts. Grimbald and Fulk, was English
1361     BD PETER PETRONI
1583 Bl. Richard Thirkeld priest English martyr receive preparation for priesthood at Reims and Douai, France educated at Queen's College, Oxford. He ministered to the Catholics of Yorkshire
1607 St. Mary Magdalene de Pazzi virgin of the Order of the Carmelites famed for her holy life suffering;  mystical experiences God gave this saint  saw her ecstasies as evidence of a great fault in her, not a reward for holiness

Paul VI_Athenagoras_05_01_1964
Quote: Pope Paul VI’s 1969 Instruction on the Contemplative Life includes this passage:   Benedict_XVI_Patriarch_Bartholomew
 "To withdraw into the desert is for Christians tantamount to associating themselves more intimately with Christ’s passion, and it enables them, in a very special way, to share in the paschal mystery and in the passage of Our Lord from this world to the heavenly homeland" (#1).
"The answers to many of life's questions can be found by reading the Lives of the Saints. They teach us how to overcome obstacles and difficulties, how to stand firm in our faith, and how to struggle against evil and emerge victorious."  1913 Saint Barsanuphius of Optina
God calls each one of us to be a saint in order to get into heaven.
The more "extravagant" graces are bestowed NOT for the benefit of the recipients so much as FOR the benefit of others.
God loves variety. He doesn't mass-produce his saints. Every saint is unique each the result of a new idea.
As the liturgy says: Non est inventus similis illis--there are no two exactly alike. It is we with our lack of imagination, who paint the same haloes on all the saints.
Dear Lord, grant us a spirit not bound by our own ideas and preferences. Grant that we may be able to appreciate in others what we lack in ourselves.
O Lord, grant that we may understand that every saint must be a unique praise of Your glory. Catholic saints are holy people and human people who lived extraordinary lives.
Each saint the Church honors responded to God's invitation to use his or her unique gifts.


251? ST CYRIL OF CAESAREA, BOY MARTYR
OF this boy martyr we are told that without the knowledge of his pagan father he had become a Christian. The father, discovering that the child refused to pay any mark of respect to the idols, turned him out of doors. This happened at Caesarea in Cappadocia, and the governor of the city gave orders that Cyril should be brought before him. Cajoleries and threats proved equally ineffectual to shake the boy’s resolution. Then the governor ordered him off as if to execution; but he gave directions that after the youth had seen the blazing pyre into which he might be thrown, he was to be brought back to the court. On his return Cyril only complained that the sentence had not been carried out, and the governor, infuriated, had him put to death by the sword.
The so-called passio, which exists only in Latin, looks more like a fragment of a panegyric than a historical document. It is printed in the Acta Sanctorum, May, vol. vii, and in Ruinart. The real interest of the case lies in the fact that Cyril’s name, with a mention of Caesarea in Cappadocia, was included already in the Syriac breviarium of the early fifth century under May 28, and that the same entry also appears on May 29 in the Hieronymianum, revised in Gaul a century or two later.
275 St. Conon Two men, father and son, having the same name, martyred at Iconium in Asia Minor
Apud Icónium, in Lycaónia, pássio sanctórum Conónis, et fílii annórum duódecim, qui, sub Aureliáno Imperatóre, cratículæ, prunis suppósitis et óleo superinfúso candéntis, suspensiónis in equúleo atque ignis pœnam constánter passi, ad extrémum, málleo lígneo mánibus eórum contrítis, spíritum emisérunt.
    At Iconium in Lycaonia, in the time of Emperor Aurelian, the martyrdom of the Saints Conon and his son, a child twelve years of age, who were laid on a grate over burning coals sprinkled with oil, placed on the rack, and exposed to the fire.  Finally their hands were crushed with a mallet, and they breathed their last.
The younger Conon was only twelve when he and his father were roasted over a fire and then killed on the rack.
299 St. Restitutus Roman martyr first Bishop of London
Romæ, via Aurélia, natális sancti Restitúti Mártyris.
    At Rome, on the Via Aurelia, the birthday of St. Restitutus, martyr.

He was put to death during the persecution of the Church under Emperor Diocletian.becomes the first Bishop of London. The site of his cathedral is unknown.
303 St. Theodosia & Companions group of thirteen female martyrs who were supposedly slain at Caesarea, in Palestine. Theodosia was also the reputed mother of St. Procopius.
Cæsaréæ Philíppi sanctárum Mártyrum Theodósiæ, quæ sancti Procópii Mártyris éxstitit mater, et aliárum duódecim nobílium matronárum; quæ, in persecutióne Diocletiáni, cápitis obtruncatióne consummátæ sunt.
    At Caesarea Philippi, the holy martyrs Theodosia, mother of the martyr St. Procopius, and twelve other noble women, whose lives were ended by their being beheaded in the persecution of Diocletian.
347 St. Maximinus of Trier Bishop of Trier, Germany miracle worker ardent enemy of the Arian heretics in the councils of Milan, Sardica, and Cologne apologist for orthodox Catholicism called “one of the most courageous bishops of his time” by St. Jerome
Tréviris beáti Maximíni, Epíscopi et Confessóris; a quo sanctus Athanásius Epíscopus, ob persecutiónem Arianórum éxsulans honorífice suscéptus fuit.
    At Treves, blessed Maximinus, bishop and confessor, who received with honour the patriarch St. Athanasius when he was banished by the Arian persecutors.
He was probably born at Silly, France, and succeeded St. Agritus as bishop of Trier, giving refuge to St. Athanasius in 336. St. Paul, the patriarch of Constantinople, was also given Maximinus’ protection. Maximinus was an ardent enemy of the Arian heretics, opposing them in the councils of Milan, Sardica, and Cologne. He was a known miracle worker and apologist for orthodox Catholicism and was called “one of the most courageous bishops of his time” by St. Jerome.
347 ST MAXIMINUS, BISHOP OF TRIER
ST MAXIMINUS, who was perhaps a native of Poitiers, left his home in early youth for Trier, possibly attracted thither by the reputation of its bishop, St Agritius. There he completed his education and there he was raised to the episcopate to become the successor of St Agritius. When St Athanasius went to Trier as an exile in 336, St Maximinus received him with honour, deeming it a privilege to be able to entertain so illustrious a servant of God. St Athanasius stayed with him two years; and his writings emphasize the courage, vigilance and noble qualities of his host who was, moreover, already famous for his miracles. St Paul, bishop of Constantinople, when banished by Constantius, likewise found a retreat at Trier and a powerful protector in its bishop. St Maximinus convened the synod of Cologne which condemned Euphratas as a heretic, depriving him of his see. He warned the Emperor Constans, whose favourite residence was at Trier, against the errors of the Arians and he himself opposed them on every possible occasion: so that his name was coupled with that of St Athanasius in the excommunication which the Arians afterwards launched against their opponents from Philippopolis. The date of his death is uncertain: but we are told that it cannot have been later than 347 because his successor Paulinus is known to have been in possession of the see of Trier in that same year. Although St Maximinus seems to have written much, none of his works have survived.
A life of Maximinus is printed in the Acta Sanctorum, May, vol. vii, but the biography written by Servatus Lupus in the ninth century is probably preferable. It has been edited by B. Krusch in MGH., Scriptores Merov., vol. iii, pp. 71—82. The question of the Council of Cologne in 346 has been much debated. Mgr Duchesne denied the existence of any such council see Revue d’Histoire ecclésiastique, vol. iii (1902), pp. 16—29; but consult H. Quentin in Revue Bénédictine, vol. xxiii (1906), pp. 477—486, and Hefele-Leclercq, Histoire des Conciles, vol. i, pp. 830—836. On Maximinus, cf. Duchesne, Fastes Épiscopaux, vol. iii, p. 35, and the summary account by J. Hau, Sankt Maximinus (1935).

5th v. Sisinius, Martyrius, and Alexander, who were persecuted by the heathens of Anaunia
In agro Tridentíno natális sanctórum Mártyrum Sisínii, Martyrii et Alexándri; qui, témpore Honórii Imperatóris, in Anáuniæ pártibus (ut scribit in vita sancti Ambrósii Paulínus), persequéntibus Gentílibus, martyrii corónam adépti sunt.

In the district of Trent, in the time of Emperor Honorius, the birthday of the holy martyrs Sisinius, Martyrius, and Alexander, who were persecuted by the heathens of Anaunia, and obtained the crown of martyrdom, all of which is told by Paulinus in the Life of Ambrose.
397 SS SISINNIUS, MARTYRIUS AND ALEXANDER, MARTYRS
AMONGST the many strangers who came to sojourn in Milan during the reign of Theodosius the Great were three natives of Cappadocia, Sisinnius and the two brothers Martyrius and Alexander. St Ambrose esteemed them so highly that he commended them to St Vigilius, bishop of Trent, who was in great need of missionaries.
Sisinnius having been ordained deacon and Martyrius lector, the three were commissioned to preach the gospel in the Tyrolese Alps where Christianity had made but little way. They laboured especially in the valley of Anaunia (Val di Non). There, in spite of opposition and ill-treatment, they gained a great number of souls and Sisinnius built a church in the village of Methon or Medol, where he assembled his converts to complete their instruction. The pagans, enraged at the success of the missionaries, resolved to force the newly-baptized Christians to take part in one of their festivals. Sisinnius and his companions did their best to keep their converts away, and their opponents thereupon attacked the missionaries in their own church, beating them so severely that Sisinnius died within a few hours. Martyrius managed to creep away into a garden, but his enemies found him the following day, and dragged him by the legs over sharp stones till he died under this brutal treatment. Alexander also fell into their hands. They tried by threats to make him renounce his faith as they were burning the bodies of his companions. Finding their efforts unavailing, they cast him alive into the same fire. The ashes of the saints were collected by the faithful and taken to Trent. Afterwards St Vigilius erected a church on the spot where they had suffered.

Though the details supplied in the supposed “Acts” of Sisinnius, in the Bollandists, May, vol. vii, are of little account, the fact of the martyrdom is certain. We possess the letters written by Vigilius himself to the bishop of Milan and to St John Chrysostom. St Augustine also speaks of them, as does St Maximus of Turin. See further the references given in CMH., p. 281,.
550 St. Maximus 6th century bishop of Verona, Italy he governed his see in a period of political and military turmoil.
Verónæ sancti Máximi Epíscopi.      At Verona, St. Maximus, bishop.
745 St. Theodosia and companions Nun and martyr; defended icons
Born to a noble family, she was orphaned in her youth and eventually became a nun at Constantinople (modern Istanbul, Turkey) at the monastery of St. Anastasia. She led a group of nuns in defense of the icon of Christ which hung over the main door of the community when soldiers were sent to enforce the decrees of the Iconoclast emperors Leo Ill the Isaurian  and Constantine V. Theodosia and twelve other nuns were arrested and tortured; Theodosia died of her grievous injuries while in prison. Theodora and companions who are venerated on the same feast day.
745 ST THEODOSIA, VIRGIN AND MARTYR
THE history of St Theodosia was written in the fourteenth century by Constantine Akropolites, who seems to have drawn upon early written records and oral tradition; he inhabited a house at Constantinople near the martyr’s tomb and was one of her great votaries. According to him she came of a noble family and lost her parents when she was still very young. She afterwards took the veil in the monastery of the Anastasis in Constantinople. She lived in the days of the Emperors Leo the Isaurian and his son, Constantine Copronymus, who strove to abolish the public veneration of sacred images. When the order had gone forth for the destruction of a greatly revered image of our Lord, Theodosia at the head of a band of women shook the ladder which supported the official who was about to cast it down. The man fell and was killed. The women then stoned the palace of the pseudo-patriarch Anastasius, obliging him to flee. Summary punishment was meted out to the women but especially to Theodosia as their ringleader. She was tortured in prison, her throat was torn out, and she died of the treatment she received. It is not difficult to suggest reasons why the name of this nun is not found in the Roman Martyrology.
A sufficient account is provided in the Acta Sanctorum, May, vol. vii. Probably the most reliable text is that of the Constantinople Synaxary (ed. Delehaye), cc. 828—829, under July 18. A translation of the “passion” will be found in Dom Leclercq, Les Martyrs, vol. iv.
750 St. Votus, Felix (brothers), & John Hermits in the Pyrenees Mountains Their place of seclusion became the site of the Benedictine abbey of St. John de Ia Pena
Votus and Felix were brothers from Saragossa, Spain, who gave up all worldly interests and embraced the eremitical life. Upon going to the Pyrenees, they became companions of John. Their place of seclusion, beneath a rock (called a pena) became the site of the Benedictine abbey of St. John de La Pena.
750 St. John de Atares Spanish hermit in the Aragonese Pyrenees the Benedictine Abbey of St. John de La Pena. It served as the cradle of the religious and spiritual life of Navarre and Aragon.
lived under a rock promontory, and a monastery was later established on the site, the Benedictine Abbey of St. John de Ia Pena. It served as the cradle of the religious and spiritual life of Navarre and Aragon.
 St. Eleutherius Patron saint of Rocca d’Arce, southern Italy brother of Sts. Grimbald and Fulk, was English
Arcáni, in Látio, sancti Eleuthérii Confessóris.    At Arcano in Lazio, St. Eleutherius, confessor.
Eleutherius, the brother of Sts. Grimbald and Fulk, was English. A pilgrim, he died in Rocca d’Arce.
 1242 SS. WILLIAM, STEPHEN, RAYMUND AND THEIR COMPANIONS, MARTYRS Many cures reported at their grave
THE twelve martyrs who are commemorated together on this day were all directly or indirectly connected with the branch of the Inquisition which had been set up at Toulouse in s 1228 to combat the errors of the Albigensians and other false teachers in Languedoc. Pope Gregory IX specially commissioned the Order of Preachers to expound the faith in Toulouse and the neighbouring districts, and to deliver heretics over to the secular arm. The Dominicans encountered great hostility and drew upon themselves the bitter hatred of the Albigensians; they were driven out of Toulouse, Narbonne and other places by the mob. As they went, the friars, undaunted by the treatment they were receiving, chanted aloud the “Salve Regina” and the Apostles’ Creed. At Avignonet, to the south-west of Toulouse, they conducted a preaching mission with the assistance of other priests, and were offered hospitality in the local castle, which belonged to Count Raymund VII of Toulouse but which was then in charge of his bailiff. All unsuspecting, they accepted the invitation. As they were retiring for the night, they were set upon and butchered by a band of soldiers who had been secretly introduced into the building. They uttered no cry, but with their dying breath praised God in the words of the Te Deum. The little company included three Dominicans—William Arnaud and two others—two Friars Minor, Stephen and Raymund, two Benedictines, four other clerics and a layman. Many cures reported at their grave led to a cultus that was confirmed more than six hundred years later, in 1856.
A summary compiled from the Chronicle of Toulouse and other sources will be found in the Acta Sanctorum, May, vol. vii. See also the Monumenta 0. P. Historica, vol. i, pp. 231 seq. Mortier, Histoire des Maîtres généraux 0. P., vol. i, pp. 357 seq. Fr Léon, Auréole Séraphique (Eng. trans.),, vol. ii, pp. 356—374; Procter, Lives of Dominican Saints, pp. 152—155.
1242 St. William Arnaud martyred by the heretics with eleven companions Dominican inquisitor general in Southern France during the effort to extirpate the Albigensian heresy
Martyr and inquisitor. A member of the Dominicans, he held the post of inquisitor general in Southern France during the effort to extirpate the Albigensian heresy. He was martyred by the heretics with eleven companions and is counted among the Martyrs of Toulouse.
1242 Bl. Marytrs of Toulouse Twelve martyrs put to death by Albigensian heretics nearToulouse 4 diocesan priests, 3 Dominicans, 2 Benedictines, 2 Franciscans, and 1 layman died singing the Te Deum on the eve of the feast of the Ascension
Four diocesan priests, three Dominicans, two Benedictines, two Franciscans, and one layman died singing the Te Deum. They were beatified in 1866.

 1361     BD PETER PETRONI he is said to have been favoured by God with marvellous graces and with preternatural knowledge; wonders reported at his tomb threatened to disrupt the peace of the monastery so they ceased.
IN the Carthusian Order Peter Petroni of Siena is held in great veneration. Born of a distinguished family in that city, he seems to have manifested from his earliest childhood an extraordinary attraction for the things of God. He loved to go apart and pray, and sought out little ragamuffins in the streets to teach them and relieve their needs, spoiling his rich clothes, so his parents complained, by living in such company. When the Carthusian monastery of Maggiano was built near by through the munificence of one of his relatives, he was eager to enter there, and in spite of opposition he accomplished his purpose at the age of seventeen. His superiors wished him later to be ordained priest, but he so shrank from the responsibilities entailed that, after all his remonstrances had proved fruitless, he chopped off the index finger of his left hand to render himself for ever disqualified for ordination. His life was marked by what might seem an almost fanatical determination to have nothing to do with his own family; on the other hand he is said to have been favoured by God with marvellous graces and with preternatural knowledge. Shortly before his death he commissioned a devoted protégé of his, Gioacchino Ciani, to warn the famous humanist, Boccaccio, that unless he gave up his wanton literary work and mended his life, God would very soon summon him to juggernaut. The message was delivered; Boccaccio demurred, but when Ciani proceeded to remind him of secrets in his past, which were known to no human being, but which he had learnt from Pd Peter’s disclosures, the scholar was converted. Peter died on May 29, 1361, and the wonders reported at his tomb threatened to disrupt the peace of the monastery so they ceased.

There is an Italian life of Bd Peter, written at least in part by his disciple, Bd John Colombini, which has been translated into Latin in the Acta Sanctorum, May, vol. vii. See also the Annales Ordinis Cartusiensis, by Dom Le Couteulx, vols. v, vi and vii. the conversion of Boccaccio is confirmed by his correspondence with Petrarch.
1583 Bl. Richard Thirkeld priest English martyr receive preparation for the priesthood at Reims and Douai, France educated at Queen's College, Oxford. He ministered to the Catholics of Yorkshire
Also listed as Thirkild. Born in County Durham, England, he studied at Oxford and was said to be quite old when he left the isle to receive preparation for the priesthood at Reims and Douai, France. Ordained in 1579, he went back to England and served the Catholics in the area around Yorkshire until his execution for being a priest on May 29 at York. England; died at York, England, 1583; beatified 1886. Richard was educated at Queen's College, Oxford. He ministered to the Catholics of Yorkshire and was condemned and executed for his priesthood at York (Benedictines).
1583     BD RICHARD THIRKELD, MARTYR
RICHARD TH1RKELD was already an old man when he was ordained a priest in 1579, after having studied at Douai and Rheims. He had been a student, probably a “scholar”, at Queen’s College, Oxford. He was born in the diocese of Durham, and for eight years he had prayed daily to be allowed to suffer death for the faith. He was sent upon the English mission, where he exercised his ministry chiefly at York and in the neighbouring districts. A night visit to a Catholic prisoner aroused suspicion, and nine days after the execution of Bd William Hart he was arrested on the charge of being a priest. He at once acknowledged his priesthood, explaining the purpose for which he had come to England, and he was accordingly imprisoned in the Kidcote prison at York. Two months later he was tried by a jury which pronounced him guilty of treason, mainly on the score of his admission that he had absolved and had reconciled to the Church of Rome some of the Queen’s subjects. Remitted to the condemned cell, he spent the whole night instructing some of the criminals by whom he was surrounded and preparing them for death. The following day he came up again before the court, and was condemned to die with the usual barbarities: he fell upon his knees and gave thanks to God, saying, “This is the day which the Lord hath made: let us be glad and rejoice therein.” The sentence was duly carried out, but no details are available because extraordinary pains were taken by the authorities to prevent the public in general from being present, so universal was the admiration and sympathy felt for the holy and venerable-looking old priest.
An account is printed in Challoner, MMP., pp. 79—83, but more fully in Camm, LEM., vol. ii, pp. 635—653.
1607 St. Mary Magdalene de Pazzi virgin of the Order of the Carmelites famed for her holy life suffering;  mystical experiences God gave this saint  saw her ecstasies as evidence of a great fault in her, not a reward for holiness
Floréntiæ natális sanctæ Maríæ-Magdalénæ de Pazzis, Vírginis, ex Ordine Carmelitárum, vita et sanctitáte illústris.  Ejus vero festívitas quarto Kaléndas Júnii celebrátur.
1607 Sanctæ Maríæ-Magdalénæ de Pazzis, ex Ordine Carmelitárum, Vírginis, cujus dies natális octávo Kaléndas Júnii recensétur.
    St. Mary Magdalene of Pazzi of the Order of Carmelites, and virgin.  Her birthday was mentioned on the 25th of May.

At Florence, the birthday of St. Mary Magdalen de Pazzi, a virgin of the Order of the Carmelites, who is famed for her holy life.

1607 ST MARY MAGDALEN DEI PAZZI, VIRGIN
THE family of the Pazzi was one of the most illustrious in Florence and was closely allied to the Medici, the ruling house it gave to the state a long line of eminent politicians, governors and soldiers; and to the world one great woman who in fame has eclipsed them all. The father of St Mary Magdalen dei Pazzi, Camillo Geri by name, had married Mary Buondelmonte, the descendant of a family as distinguished as his own. The saint was born in Florence in 1566, and in honour of St Catherine of Siena received her name in baptism. Almost from infancy she began to display an intense attraction for religion and good works, and she made her first communion with wonderful fervour when she was ten. Her father having been appointed governor of Cortona, she was placed at the age of fourteen as a boarder in the convent of St John in Florence. There she could give full scope to her devotion and learnt to love the atmosphere of a religious house.
Fifteen months later her father took her home with a view to arranging a marriage for her. Several desirable suitors were proposed, but her heart was so strongly set upon the religious life that her parents after some opposition reluctantly gave way to her desire. She chose the Carmelite convent of her native town because its members made their communion almost every day. On the eve of the Assumption, 1582, she entered the convent of St Mary of the Angels upon the understanding that she should continue to wear her secular clothes until she had had full experience of the rule. She had only been there fifteen days when her parents fetched her home—hoping, no doubt, that she would reconsider her decision. Her resolution, however, was unbroken, and three months later she re-entered the convent with their approbation and blessing.
On January 30, 1583, she received the habit, and took the name of Mary Magdalen. When the priest placed the crucifix in her hands with the words, “God forbid that I should glory save in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ", her face was suffused with an almost unearthly radiance and her heart was filled with an ardent desire to suffer during the rest of her life for her Saviour. That desire was never to leave her. After a most fervent noviciate she was allowed to take her vows unusually early, because she was dangerously ill. As her sufferings were obviously very severe, one of the sisters asked her how she could bear so much pain without a murmur. The saint pointed to the crucifix and said, “See what the infinite love of God has suffered for my salvation. That same love sees my weakness and gives me courage. Those who call to mind the sufferings of Christ and who offer up their own to God through His passion find their pains sweet and pleasant.” When she was conveyed back to the infirmary after her profession she sank into an ecstasy which lasted over an hour; and for forty days she enjoyed heavenly consolations in addition to frequent raptures. It has often been noticed by writers on the spiritual life that God is wont thus to visit elect souls with special consolations after their first act of complete self-surrender. He does it in order to brace them for the trials which never fail to ensue. To crucify in them all self-seeking, to teach them to know themselves, and to prepare them to be vessels of His pure love, He refines them in the crucible of internal tribulation. Usually the higher the degree of sanctity to which they are to rise, the fiercer are the cleansing fires. This we find exemplified in the state of desolation into which this saint fell after her first transports of spiritual joy. But she did not desire spiritual consolations. Her aspiration was to suffer for her Saviour’s sake.
Fearing that she might have offended God by over-eagerness to be professed, Mary dei Pazzi asked and obtained permission to live as a novice two years after she had made her vows. At the expiration of that time she was appointed second directress of the extern girls, and three years later she was set to instruct young nuns. She was now being tried by the most severe interior trials. Although she fasted always on bread and water, except on Sundays and holidays, she was assaulted with violent temptations to gluttony and impurity. To resist them she chastised her body with disciplines, while she never ceased to implore the help of her heavenly Spouse and of our Blessed Lady. She seemed to be plunged into a state of darkness in which she saw nothing but what was horrible in herself and in all around her. For five whole years she remained in this state of desolation and spiritual dryness, and then God restored to her soul His holy peace together with the comfort of His divine presence. In 1590, on Whitsunday at Matins when the Te Deum was intoned, she fell into a rapture. On emerging from it, she pressed the hands of the prioress and the novice-mistress, exclaiming, “Rejoice with me, for my winter is at an end Help me to thank and glorify my good Creator.”
From this time onwards God was pleased to manifest His graces in her.
Mary Magdalen dei Pazzi read the thoughts of others and predicted future events. To Alexander dei Medici she foretold that he would one day be pope. Repeating the prophecy on a subsequent occasion she added that his reign would be a short one: it actually lasted twenty-six days. During her lifetime she appeared to several persons in distant places and she cured a number of sick people. As time went on, her ecstasies became more and more frequent. Sometimes in that state she would appear rigid and lifeless, sometimes she would carry on her customary duties while remaining entranced. Occasionally from her words and gestures it was evident that she was in some way participating in the passion of our Lord or conversing with her divine Spouse and the denizens of Heaven. So edifying were the words that fell from her lips that a record was kept of them by her sisters, who collected them after her death into a book. Her union with God seemed unbroken she would call upon all created things to glorify their Creator and longed for all mankind to love Him as she did. She would pray with tears for the conversion of the heathen, of unbelievers, of heretics, of sinners. She would cry out, “0 Love, love is not loved, not known by His own creatures. 0 my Jesus If I had a voice sufficiently loud and strong to be heard in every part of the world, I would cry out to make this Love known, loved and honoured by all men as the one immeasurable good.”
In 1604 St Mary Magdalen became bedridden. She was now subject to violent headaches, and she lost all power in her limbs although she suffered agonies if touched. Besides being in constant pain she experienced much spiritual dryness. Nevertheless, the greater her suffering the greater grew her desire for it. “0 Lord”, she prayed, “let me suffer or let me die—or rather—let me live on, that I may suffer more!” She even rejoiced if her prayers were not granted because it meant that God’s will was being done, not hers. When she knew that her last hour was approaching, she gave a parting injunction to the nuns assembled round her. “Reverend mother and dear sisters”, she said, “I am about to leave you and the last thing I ask of you—and I ask it in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ— is that you love Him alone, that you trust implicitly in Him and that you encourage one another continually to suffer for the love of Him.” On May 25, 1607, she went to her eternal reward at the age of forty-one years. Her body, which was untouched by corruption, still lies in a shrine in the church attached to her convent in Florence, and in 1669 she was canonized.
In the Acta Sanctorum, May, vol. vi, the Bollandists print a Latin translation of the two earliest lives of St Mary Magdalen del Pazzi. The first appeared in 1611, written by Vincent Puccini, the saint’s confessor in her last years. The narrative portion is comparatively brief, but it is accompanied by a supplement of some 700 pages consisting of extracts from her visions and letters. Father Cepari, who had also acted as her confessor, had likewise a biography in preparation, but he withheld it out of consideration for Puccini. It appeared, however, in 1669 with additions borrowed from the process of canonization. These two works, combined with her letters and five manuscript volumes of notes of her revelations and dialogues in ecstasy, taken down by her fellow nuns, constitute our sources. A new selection of her utterances, Extases et lettres, was presented in 1945 (in Italian, 1924) by Maurice Vaussard, who has further contributed a short life to the series “Les Saints” (1925). The life by Cepari was translated into English for the Oratorian Series and was printed in 1849, and there is a full biography in French by the Viscountess de Beausire-Seyssel (1913). See Fr E. E. Larkin’s paper on “The Ecstasies of the Forty Days of St Mary M. de’ Pazzi” in Carmelus, vol. i (1954), pp. 29—71.

It would be easy to concentrate on the mystical experiences God gave this saint, rather than on her life. In fact, it would be difficult to do differently, so overwhelming were those gifts from God. The temptation for many modern readers (including the author) would be to see little to identify with in these graces and walk away without seeing more. The other temptation would be to become so fascinated with these stories that one would neglect to dig deeper and learn the real lessons of her life.

But Mary Magdalene de Pazzi is not a saint because she received ecstasies and graces from God. Many have received visions, ecstasies, and miracles without becoming holy.
She is a saint because of her response to those gifts -- a lifelong struggle to show love and gratitude to the God who gave her those graces.

In fact Mary Magdalene saw her ecstasies as evidence of a great fault in her, not a reward for holiness. She told one fellow sister that God did not give this sister the same graces "because you don't need them in order to serve him." In her eyes, God gave these gifts to those who were too weak to become holy otherwise. That Mary Magdalene received these gifts proved, in her mind, how unworthy she was.
Born in Florence on April 2, 1566, Mary Magdalene (baptized Catherine) was taught mental prayer when she was nine years old at the request of her mother. Her introduction at this age to this form of prayer which involves half an hour of meditation did not seem to be unusual. And yet today we often believe children incapable of all but the simplest rote prayers.
At twelve years old she experienced her first ecstasy while looking at a sunset which left her trembling and speechless.
With this foundation in prayer and in mystical experience, it isn't surprising that she wanted to enter a contemplative monastery of the Carmelite Order. She chose the monastery of St. Mary's of the Angels because the nuns took daily Communion, unusual at the time.
In 1583 she had her second mystical experience when the other nuns saw her weeping before the crucifix as she said, "O Love, you are neither known nor loved."
Mary Magdalene's life is a contradiction of our instinctive thought that joy only comes from avoiding suffering. A month after being refused early religious profession, she was refused she fell deathly ill. Fearing for her life the convent had her professed from a stretcher at the altar. After that she experienced forty days of ecstasies that coexisted with her suffering. Joy from the graces God gave were mixed with agony as her illness grew worse. In one of her experiences Jesus took her heart and hid it in his own, telling her he "would not return it until it is wholly pure and filled with pure love." She didn't recover from her illness until told to ask for the intercession of Blessed Mary Bagnesi over three months later.

What her experiences and prayer had given her was a familiar, personal relationship with Jesus. Her conversations with Jesus often take on a teasing, bantering tone that shocks those who have a formal, fearful image of God. For example, at the end of her forty days of graces, Jesus offered her a crown of flowers or a crown of thorns. No matter how often she chose the crown of thorns, Jesus kept teasingly pushing the crown of flowers to her. When he accused her, "I called and you didn't care," she answered back, "You didn't call loudly enough" and told him to shout his love.
She learned to regret the insistence on the crown of thorns. We might think it is easy to be holy if God is talking to you every day but few of us could remain on the path with the five year trial that followed her first ecstasies. Before this trial, Jesus told her, "I will take away not the grace but the feeling of grace. Though I will seem to leave you I will be closer to you." This was easy for her to accept in the midst of ecstasy but, as she said later, she hadn't experienced it yet. At the age of nineteen she started five years of dryness and desolation in which she was repelled by prayer and tempted by everything. She referred to her heart as a pitch-dark room with only a feeble light shining that only made the darkness deeper. She was so depressed she was found twice close to suicide. All she could do to fight back was to hold onto prayer, penance, and serving others even when it appeared to do no good.
Her lifelong devotion to Pentecost can be easily understood because her trial ended in ecstasy in 1590. At this time she could have asked for any gifts but she wanted two in particular: to look on any neighbor as good and holy without judgment and to always have God's presence before her.
Far from enjoying the attention her mystical experiences brought her, she was embarrassed by it. For all her days, she wanted a hidden life and tried everything she could to achieve it. When God commanded her to go barefoot as part of her penance and she could not walk with shoes, she simply cut the soles out of her shoes so no one would see her as different from the other nuns. If she felt an ecstasy coming on, she would hurry to finish her work and go back to her room. She learned to see the notoriety as part of God's will. When teaching a novice to accept God's will, she told her, "I wanted a hidden life but, see, God wanted something quite different for me."
Some still might think it was easy for her to be holy with all the help from God. Yet when she was asked once why she was weeping before the cross, she answered that she had to force herself to do something right that she didn't want to do. It's true that when a sister criticized her for acting so different, she thanked her, "May God reward you! You have never spoken truer words!" but she told others it hurt her quite a bit to be nice to someone who insulted her.
Mary Magdalene was no pale, shrinking flower. Her wisdom and love led to her appointment to many important positions at the convent including mistress of novices. She did not hesitate to be blunt in guiding the women under her care when their spiritual life was at stake. When one of the novices asked permission to pretend to be impatient so the other novices would not respect her so much, Mary Magdalene's answer shook this novice out of this false humility: "What you want to pretend to be, you already are in the eyes of the novices. They don't respect you nearly as much as you like to think."
Mary Magdalene's life offers a great challenge to all those who think that the best penance comes from fasting and physical discomfort. Though she fasted and wore old clothes, she chose the most difficult penance of all by pretending to like the things she didn't like. Not only is this a penance most of us would shrink from but, by her acting like she enjoyed it, no one knew she was doing this great penance!
In 1604, headaches and paralyzation confined her to bed. Her nerves were so sensitive that she could not be touched without agonizing pain. Ever humble, she took the fact that her prayers were not granted as a sure sign that God's will was being done. For three years she suffered, before dying on May 25, 1607 at the age of forty-one.
In her footsteps: Prayer:
 Saint Mary Magdalene de Pazzi, pray that we will make a commitment to seek the presence of God in prayer the way you did. Guide us to see the graces God gives us as gifts not rewards and to respond with gratitude and humility, not pride and selfishness. Amen

Mary's Divine Motherhood
Pope Francis  PRAYER INTENTIONS FOR MAY
Christians in Africa.
That Christians in Africa, in imitation of the Merciful Jesus,
may give prophetic witness to reconciliation, justice, and peace.


ABORTION IS A MORAL OUTRAGE
Marian spirituality: all are invited.
Et álibi aliórum plurimórum sanctórum Mártyrum et Confessórum, atque sanctárum Vírginum.
And elsewhere in divers places, many other holy martyrs, confessors, and holy virgins.
Пресвятая Богородице спаси нас! Santíssima Mãe de Deus, salva-nos!
  RDeo grátias. R.  Thanks be to God.
Seventh Week of Easter

May, the month of Mary, is the oldest and most well-known Marian month, officially since 1724;

God Bless Mother Angelica 1923-2016
ewtnmissionaries.com

On Death and Life
"Man Needs Eternity -- and Every Other Hope, for Him, Is All Too Brief"
Пресвятая Богородице спаси нас!    (Santíssima Mãe de Deus, salva-nos!)
 
                                                                                     
     
We are the defenders of true freedom.
  May our witness unveil the deception of the "pro-choice" slogan.
  Campaign saves lives Shawn Carney Campaign Director www.40daysforlife.com
Please help save the unborn they are the future for the world

It is a great poverty that a child must die so that you may live as you wish -- Mother Teresa
 Saving babies, healing moms and dads, 'The Gospel of Life'

"Man Needs Eternity -- and Every Other Hope, for Him, Is All Too Brief"
It Makes No Sense Not To Believe In GOD 
Every Christian must be a living book
wherein one can read the teaching of the gospel

Jesus brings us many Blessings
 
The more we pray, the more we wish to pray. Like a fish which at first swims on the surface of the water, and afterwards plunges down, and is always going deeper; the soul plunges, dives, and loses itself in the sweetness of conversing with God. -- St. John Vianney

  Month by Month of Saintly Dedications


The Rosary html Mary Mother of GOD -- Her Rosary Here
Mary Mother of GOD Mary's Divine Motherhood: FEASTS OF OUR LADY
     of the Virgin Mary to those who recite the Rosary

May 9 – Our Lady of the Wood (Italy, 1607) 
Months of Dedication
January is the month of the Holy Name of Jesus since 1902;

March is the month of Saint Joseph since 1855;

May, the month of Mary, is the oldest and most well-known Marian month, officially since 1724;
June is the month of the Sacred Heart since 1873;
July is the month of the Precious Blood since 1850;
August is the month of the Immaculate Heart of Mary;
September is the month of Our Lady of Sorrows since 1857;
October is the month of the Rosary since 1868;
November is the month of the Holy Souls in Purgatory since 1888;
December is the month of the Immaculate Conception.

In all, five months of the year are dedicated to Mary.
The idea of dedicating months came from Rome and promotion of the month of Mary owes much to the Jesuits.  arras.catholique.fr


Pray that the witness of 40 Days for Life bears abundant fruit, and that we begin again each day to storm the gates of hell until God welcomes us into the gates of heaven.

If you seek patience, you will find no better example than the cross. Great patience occurs in two ways:
either when one patiently suffers much, or when one suffers things which one is able to avoid and yet does not avoid.
Christ endured much on the cross, and did so patiently, because when he suffered he did not threaten;
he was led like a sheep to the slaughter and he did not open his mouth.-- St. Thomas Aquinas


                    We begin our day by seeing Christ in the consecrated bread, and throughout the day we continue to see Him in the torn bodies of our poor. We pray, that is, through our work, performing it with Jesus, for Jesus and upon Jesus.
The poor are our prayer. They carry God in them. Prayer means praying everything, praying the work.
We meet the Lord who hungers and thirsts, in the poor.....and the poor could be you or I or any person kind enough to show us his or her love and to come to our place.
Because we cannot see Christ, we cannot express our love to Him in person.
But our neighbor we can see, and we can do for him or her what we would love to do for Jesus if He were visible.
-- Mother Teresa
My God, I believe, I adore, I trust and I love Thee.  I beg pardon for those who do not believe, do not adore, do not love Thee.  O most Holy trinity, Father, Son and Holy Spirit, I adore Thee profoundly.
 I offer Thee the most precious Body, Blood, Soul and Divinity of Jesus Christ, present in all the Tabernacles of the world,  in reparation for the outrages, sacrileges and indifference by which He is offended,
and by the infite merits of the Sacred Heart of Jesus and the Immaculate Heart of Mary.

I beg the conversion of poor sinners,  Amen Fatima Prayer, Angel of Peace
Mary's Divine Motherhood
Pope Francis and Pope Benedict XVI { 2013 } Catholic Church In China { article here}
1648 to1930 St. Augustine Zhao Rong and 120 Companions Christianity arrived in China by way of Syria -- 600s.
        Depending on China's relations with outside world,
Christianity for centuries was free to grow or forced to operate secretly.

How do I start the Five First Saturdays? 
Called in the Gospel “the Mother of Jesus,” Mary is acclaimed by Elizabeth, at the prompting of the Spirit and even before the birth of her son, as “the Mother of my Lord” (Lk 1:43; Jn 2:1; 19:25; cf. Mt 13:55; et al.). In fact, the One whom she conceived as man by the Holy Spirit, who truly became her Son according to the flesh, was none other than the Father's eternal Son, the second person of the Holy Trinity. Hence the Church confesses that Mary is truly Mother of God (Theotokos). 
Catechism of the Catholic Church 495, quoting the Council of Ephesus (431): DS 251.
“The Blessed Virgin was eternally predestined, in conjunction with the incarnation of the divine Word, to be the Mother of God. By decree of divine Providence, she served on earth as the loving mother of the divine Redeemer, an associate of unique nobility, and the Lord's humble handmaid. She conceived, brought forth, and nourished Christ.”
The voice of the Father is heard, the Son enters the water, and the Holy Spirit appears in the form of a dove.
   THE spirit and example of the world imperceptibly instil the error into the minds of many that there is a kind of middle way of going to Heaven; and so, because the world does not live up to the gospel, they bring the gospel down to the level of the world. It is not by this example that we are to measure the Christian rule, but words and life of Christ. All His followers are commanded to labour to become perfect even as our heavenly Father is perfect, and to bear His image in our hearts that we may be His children. We are obliged by the gospel to die to ourselves by fighting self-love in our hearts, by the mastery of our passions, by taking on the spirit of our Lord.
   These are the conditions under which Christ makes His promises and numbers us among His children, as is manifest from His words which the apostles have left us in their inspired writings. Here is no distinction made or foreseen between the apostles or clergy or religious and secular persons. The former, indeed, take upon themselves certain stricter obligations, as a means of accomplishing these ends more perfectly; but the law of holiness and of disengagement of the heart from the world is geeral and binds all the followers of Christ.
Join Mary of Nazareth Project help us build the International Marian Center of Nazareth
http://www.worldpriest.com/
THE EUCHARIST, A MYSTERY TO BE BELIEVED POST-SYNODAL APOSTOLIC EXHORTATION
SACRAMENTUM CARITATIS OF THE HOLY FATHER BENEDICT XVI
There are over 10,000 named saints beati  from history
 and Roman Martyology Orthodox sources

Miracles by Century 100   200   300   400   500   600   700    800   900   1000    1100   1200   1300   1400  1500  1600  1700  1800   1900  Miracles_BLay Saints
Morning Prayer and Hymn    Meditation of the Day    Prayer for Priests    Our Bartholomew Family Prayer List  Here
We are called upon with the whole Church militant on earth to join in praising and thanking God for the grace and glory he has bestowed on his saints. At the same time we earnestly implore Him to exert His almighty power and mercy in raising us from our miseries and sins, healing the disorders of our souls and leading us by the path of repentance to the company of His saints, to which He has called us.
   They were once what we are now, travellers on earth they had the same weaknesses, which we have. We have difficulties to encounter so had the saints, and many of them far greater than we can meet with; obstacles from kings and whole nations, sometimes from the prisons, racks and swords of persecutors. Yet they surmounted these difficulties, which they made the very means of their virtue and victories. It was by the strength they received from above, not by their own, that they triumphed. But the blood of Christ was shed for us as it was for them and the grace of our Redeemer is not wanting to us; if we fail, the failure is in ourselves.
   THE saints and just, from the beginning of time and throughout the world, who have been made perfect, everlasting monuments of God’s infinite power and clemency, praise His goodness without ceasing; casting their crowns before His throne they give to Him all the glory of their triumphs: “His gifts alone in us He crowns.”
“The saints must be honored as friends of Christ and children and heirs of God, as John the theologian and evangelist says: ‘But as many as received him, he gave them the power to be made the sons of God....’ Let us carefully observe the manner of life of all the apostles, martyrs, ascetics and just men who announced the coming of the Lord. And let us emulate their faith, charity, hope, zeal, life, patience under suffering, and perseverance unto death, so that we may also share their crowns of glory” Exposition of the Orthodox Faith

Called in the Gospel the Mother of Jesus, Mary is acclaimed by Elizabeth, at the prompting of the Spirit and even before the birth of her son, as the Mother of my Lord (Lk 1:43; Jn 2:1; 19:25; cf. Mt 13:55; et al.). In fact, the One whom she conceived as man by the Holy Spirit, who truly became her Son according to the flesh, was none other than the Father's eternal Son,  the second person of the Holy Trinity.
Hence the Church confesses that Mary is truly Mother of God (Theotokos).
Catechism of the Catholic Church 495, quoting the Council of Ephesus (431): DS 251.
Nine First Fridays Devotion to the Sacred Heart ... From the writings of St. Margaret Mary Alacoque
On Friday during Holy Communion, He said these words to me, His unworthy slave, if I mistake not:
I promise you in the excessive mercy of my Heart that its all-powerful love will grant to all those who receive Holy Communion on nine first Fridays of consecutive months the grace of final repentance; they will not die under my displeasure or without receiving their sacraments, my divine Heart making itself their assured refuge at the last moment.
Margaret Mary was inspired by Christ to establish the Holy Hour and to pray lying prostrate with her face to the ground from eleven till midnight on the eve of the first Friday of each month, to share in the mortal sadness.
He endured when abandoned by His Apostles in His Agony, and to receive holy Communion on the first Friday of every month. In the first great revelation, He made known to her His ardent desire to be loved by men and His design of manifesting His Heart with all Its treasures of love and mercy, of sanctification and salvation.
He appointed the Friday after the octave of the feast of Corpus Christi as the feast of the Sacred Heart; He called her the Beloved Disciple of the Sacred Heart, and the heiress of all Its treasures. The love of the Sacred Heart was the fire which consumed her, and devotion to the Sacred Heart is the refrain of all her writings. In her last illness she refused all alleviation, repeating frequently: What have I in heaven and what do I desire on earth, but Thee alone, O my God, and died pronouncing the Holy Name of Jesus.
With regard to this promise it may be remarked: (1) that our Lord required Communion to be received on a particular day chosen by Him; (2) that the nine Fridays must be consecutive; (3) that they must be made in honor of His Sacred Heart, which means that those who make the nine Fridays must practice the devotion and must have a great love for our Lord; (4) that our Lord does not say that those who make the nine Fridays will be dispensed from any of their obligations or from exercising the vigilance necessary to lead a good life and overcome temptation; rather He implicitly promises abundant graces to those who make the nine Fridays to help them to carry out these obligations and persevere to the end; (5) that perseverance in receiving Holy Communion for nine consecutive First Firdays helps the faithful to acquire the habit of frequent Communion, which our Lord eagerly desires; and (6) that the practice of the nine Fridays is very pleasing to our Lord He promises such great reward, and all Catholics should endeavor to make nine Fridays.
Saints and Popes Mentioned on May 01
600 BC Jeremiah,The Holy Prophet  one of the four great Old Testament prophets     In Egypt, St. Jeremias, prophet, who was stoned to death by the people at Taphnas, where he was buried.  St. Epiphanius tells that the faithful were accustomed to pray at his grave, and to take away from it dust to heal those who were stung by serpents.
Son of the priest Helkiah from the city of Anathoth near Jerusalem.  He lived 600 years before the Birth of Christ, under the Israelite king Josiah and four of his successors. He was called to prophetic service at the age of fifteen, when the Lord revealed to him that even before his birth the Lord had chosen him to be a prophet. Jeremiah refused, citing his youth and lack of skill at speaking, but the Lord promised to be always with him and to watch over him.
He touched the mouth of the chosen one and said, "Behold, I have put My words into your mouth. Behold, I have appointed you this day over nations and kingdoms, to root out and to pull down, to destroy and to rebuild, and to plant" (Jer. 1:9-10).
When Jeremiah prophesied that the King of Babylon would invade Egypt and annihilate the Jews living there, the Jews murdered him.  In that very same year the saint's prophecy was fulfilled.
There is a tradition that 250 years later, Alexander the Great transported the relics of the holy Prophet Jeremiah to Alexandria.

The Prophet Jeremiah wrote his Book of Prophecies and also the Book of Lamentations about the desolation of Jerusalem and the Exile.  The times in which he lived and prophesied are described in 4/2 Kings (Ch. 23-25) and in the Second Book of Chronicles (36:12) and in 2 Maccabbees (Ch. 2).

In the Gospel of Matthew it is said that the betrayal of Judas was foretold by the Prophet Jeremiah, "And they took thirty pieces of silver, the price of him on whom the sons of Israel had set a price, and they gave them for the potter's field, as the Lord directed me" (Mt. 27:9-10). Perhaps Jeremiah 32:6-15 is meant.
The birthday of the blessed apostles Philip and James.  Philip, after having converted nearly all of Scythia to the faith of Christ, went to Hieropolis, a city in Asia, where he was fastened to a cross and stoned, and thus ended his life gloriously.  James, who is also called the brother of our Lord, was the first bishop of Jerusalem.  Being hurled down from a pinnacle of the temple, his legs were broken, and being struck on the head with a dyer's staff, he expired and was buried near the temple. 
St. Joseph Feastday: March 19, May 1 Patron of the Universal Church.
We know he was a carpenter, a working man, for the skeptical Nazarenes ask about Jesus, "Is this not the carpenter's son?" (Matthew 13:55). He wasn't rich for when he took Jesus to the Temple to be circumcised and Mary to be purified he offered the sacrifice of two turtledoves or a pair of pigeons, allowed only for those who could not afford a lamb (Luke 2:24).
Despite his humble work and means, Joseph came from a royal lineage. Luke and Matthew disagree some about the details of Joseph's genealogy but they both mark his descent from David, the greatest king of Israel (Matthew 1:1-16 and Luke 3:23-38). Indeed the angel who first tells Joseph about Jesus greets him as "son of David," a royal title used also for Jesus.
We know Joseph was a compassionate, caring man. When he discovered Mary was pregnant after they had been betrothed, he knew the child was not his but was as yet unaware that she was carrying the Son of God. He planned to divorce Mary according to the law but he was concerned for her suffering and safety. He knew that women accused to adultery could be stoned to death, so he decided to divorce her quietly and not expose her to shame or cruelty (Matthew 1:19-25).
We know Joseph was man of faith, obedient to whatever God asked of him without knowing the outcome. When the angel came to Joseph in a dream and told him the truth about the child Mary was carrying, Joseph immediately and without question or concern for gossip, took Mary as his wife. When the angel came again to tell him that his family was in danger, he immediately left everything he owned, all his family and friends, and fled to a strange country with his young wife and the baby.
He waited in Egypt without question until the angel told him it was safe to go back (Matthew 2:13-23).
We know Joseph loved Jesus. His one concern was for the safety of this child entrusted to him. Not only did he leave his home to protect Jesus, but upon his return settled in the obscure town of Nazareth out of fear for his life. When Jesus stayed in the Temple we are told Joseph (along with Mary) searched with great anxiety for three days for him (Luke 2:48). We also know that Joseph treated Jesus as his own son for over and over the people of Nazareth say of Jesus, "Is this not the son of Joseph?" (Luke 4:22)
We know Joseph respected God. He followed God's commands in handling the situation with Mary and going to Jerusalem to have Jesus circumcised and Mary purified after Jesus' birth. We are told that he took his family to Jerusalem every year for Passover, something that could not have been easy for a working man.
Since Joseph does not appear in Jesus' public life, at his death, or resurrection, many historians believe Joseph probably had died before Jesus entered public ministry.
Joseph is the patron of the dying because, assuming he died before Jesus' public life, he died with Jesus and Mary close to him, the way we all would like to leave this earth.
208 St Andeolus Martyr sent to France by St Polycarp,     In France, in the Province of Vivarias, blessed Andeol, subdeacon, who was sent from the East into Gaul with others by St. Polycarp to preach the word of God.  Under Emperor Severus he was scourged with thorny sticks, and having his head split with a wooden sword into four parts, in the shape of a cross, he completed his martyrdom.
Martyr and companion of St. Polycarp. Originally from Smyrna, Andeolus was sent to France by Polycarp. There he labored until arrested and martyred at Viviers.
  604 St. Arigius Bishop 20 yrs greatest priest pastor of his era of Gap, France. He served as bishop for twenty years after earning a reputation as one of the greatest priest pastors of his era. His cult was confirmed by Pope St. Pius X.
  893 St Theodard Benedictine bishop rebuilt churches ransom captives selling treasures spending his own money to
feed poor suffering practiced severe austerities
.  The Montauban breviary describes him as “an eye to the blind, feet to the lame, a father of the poor, and the consoler of the afflicted”. Greatly beloved by all, he was unanimously chosen archbishop of Narbonne at the death of Sigebold, who had nominated him as his successor. The perils which then beset travellers did not deter the newly-elected prelate from undertaking a visit to Rome, where he received the pallium.  Born at Montauban (Monlauriol), France, he studied law at the University of Toulouse and then at the Benedictine abbey of Montauban before becoming a lawyer.
Appointed secretary to Archbishop Sigebold of Narbonne, he soon was named an archdeacon and finally succeeded Sigebold as archbishop. He devoted much of his effort to repairing the damage, physical and spiritual, caused by the raids of Saracens, including rebuilding churches, ransoming captives, selling off treasures, and spending his own money to feed the poor and suffering. His death at St. Martin's Abbey (where he received the Benedictine habit) was probably hastened by the severe austerities he practiced
.
1012 St Benedict of Szkalka hermit martyr gifted mystic of Hungary.   Benedict was a recluse on Mount Zabor, near a Benedictine monastery, trained by St. Andrew Zorard.
A gifted mystic, Benedict was murdered by a mob in 1012. He was canonized in 1083
Gregory VII 1073-1085.
1200 Tamar In 1166 a daughter, Tamar, was born to King George III (1155–1184) and Queen Burdukhan of Georgia.
The king proclaimed that he would share the throne with his daughter from the day she turned twelve years of age. The royal court unanimously vowed its allegiance and service to Tamar, and father and daughter ruled the country together for five years. After King George’s death in 1184, the nobility recognized the young Tamar as the sole ruler of all Georgia. Queen Tamar was enthroned as ruler of all Georgia at the age of eighteen. She is called “King” in the Georgian language because her father had no male heir and so she ruled as a monarch and not as a consort.
At the beginning of her reign, Tamar convened a Church council and addressed the clergy with wisdom and humility: “Judge according to righteousness, affirming good and condemning evil,” she advised. “Begin with me—if I sin I should be censured, for the royal crown is sent down from above as a sign of divine service. Allow neither the wealth of the nobles nor the poverty of the masses to hinder your work. You by word and I by deed, you by preaching and I by the law, you by upbringing and I by education will care for those souls whom God has entrusted to us, and together we will abide by the law of God, in order to escape eternal condemnation.… You as priests and I as ruler, you as stewards of good and I as the watchman of that good.”
Having encamped near Basiani, Rukn al-Din sent a messenger to Queen Tamar with an audacious demand: to surrender without a fight. In reward for her obedience, the sultan promised to marry her on the condition that she embrace Islam; if Tamar were to cleave to Christianity, he would number her among the other unfortunate concubines in his harem. When the messenger relayed the sultan’s demand, a certain nobleman, Zakaria Mkhargrdzelidze, was so outraged that he slapped him on the face, knocking him unconscious. At Queen Tamar’s command, the court generously bestowed gifts upon the ambassador and sent him away with a Georgian envoy and a letter of reply. “Your proposal takes into consideration your wealth and the vastness of your armies, but fails to account for divine judgment,” Tamar wrote, “while I place my trust not in any army or worldly thing but in the right hand of the Almighty God and the infinite aid of the Cross, which you curse. The will of God—and not your own—shall be fulfilled, and the judgment of God—and not your judgment—shall reign!”  The Georgian soldiers were summoned without delay. Queen Tamar prayed for victory before the Vardzia Icon of the Theotokos, then, barefoot, led her army to the gates of the city. Hoping in the Lord and the fervent prayers of Queen Tamar, the Georgian army marched toward Basiani. The enemy was routed. The victory at Basiani was an enormous event not only for Georgia, but for the entire Christian world.
1345 Peregrine Laziosi received a vision of Our Lady who told him to go to Siena, Italy, and there to join the Servites healed by Jesus incorrupt fervant preacher, excellent orator, and gentle confessor.  1345 St Peregrine Laziosi; he spent hours upon his knees in the chapel of our Lady in the cathedral. One day the Blessed Virgin herself appeared to him in that place, and addressed him, saying, “Go to Siena: there you will find the devout men who call themselves my servants: attach yourself to them”.  The only son of well-to-do parents, St Peregrine Laziosi was born in 1260 at Forli, in the Romagna.
After he had spent some years in Siena, his superiors sent him to Forli to found a new house for the order. By this time he had been ordained and had proved himself to be an ideal priest—fervent in the celebration of the holy mysteries, eloquent in preaching, untiring in reconciling sinners. A great affliction now befell him in the form of cancer of the foot, which, besides being excruciatingly painful, made him an object of repulsion to his neighbours. He bore this trial without a murmur. At last the surgeons decided that the only thing to do was to cut off the foot. St Peregrine spent the night before the operation in trustful prayer; he then sank into a light slumber, from which he awoke completely cured—to the amaze­ment of the doctors, who testified that they could no longer detect any trace of the disease. This miracle greatly enhanced the reputation which the holy man had already acquired by his exemplary life. He lived to the age of 80, and was canon­ized in
1726 Benedict XIV 1758.
1852 St John-Louis Bonnard priest Martyr of Vietnam.   Born at St. Christot-en-Jarret, France, he became a priest of the Paris Society of Foreign Missions and was ordained in 1850. Sent to western Vietnam, he was arrested in a persecution and beheaded. Pope John Paul II canonized him in 1988. 

Saints and Popes Mentioned on May 02
373 St. Athanasius Bishop and Doctor of the Church refusal to tolerate Arian heresy refuge among desert monks became ascetic renowned for sanctity beloved by followers volumes of writings extant.   At Alexandria, the birthday of St. Athanasius, bishop of that city, confessor and doctor of the Church, most celebrated for sanctity and learning.  Although almost all of the world had formed a conspiracy to persecute him, he courageously defended the Catholic faith, from the reign of Constantine to that of Valens, against emperors, governors, and a multitude of Arian bishops, whose underhanded attacks forced him to wander as an exile over the whole earth without finding a place of security.  At length, however, he was restored to his church, and after overcoming many trials, and winning many crowns by his patience, he departed for heaven in the forty-sixth year of his priesthood, in the time of the emperors Valentinian and Valens.
born in Spain, about 346; died at Milan, 17 January, 395), is still used in the liturgy of the Catholic Church.
Five times Athanasius had been banished; seventeen years he had spent in exile: but for the last seven years of his life he was left in the unchallenged occupation of his see. It was probably at this time that he wrote the Life of St Antony.
St Athanasius died in Alexandria on May 2, 373, and his body was subsequently translated first to Constantinople and then to Venice.
The greatest man of his age and one of the greatest religious leaders of any age, Athanasius of Alexandria rendered services to the Church the value of which can scarcely be exaggerated, for he defended the faith against almost overwhelming odds and emerged triumphant. Most aptly has he been described by Cardinal Newman as “a principal instrument after the Apostles by which the sacred truths of Christianity have been conveyed and secured to the world”. Although the writings of St Athanasius deal mainly with controversy, there is beneath this war of words a deep spiritual feeling which comes to the surface at every turn and reveals the high purpose of him who writes. Take, for example, his reply to the objections which the Arians raised from the texts: “Let this chalice pass from me”, or “Why hast thou forsaken me?”
Is it not extravagant to admire the courage of the servants of the Word, yet to say that that Word Himself was in tenor, through whom they despised death? For that most enduring purpose and courage of the holy martyrs demonstrates that the Godhead was not in terror but that the Saviour took away our terror. For as He abolished death by death, and by human means all human evils, so by this so-called terror did He remove our terror, and brought about for us that never more should men fear death. His word and deed go together. . . . For human were the sounds: “Let this chalice pass from me”, and “Why hast thou forsaken me?” and divine the action whereby He, the same being, did cause the sun to fail and the dead to rise. And so He said humanly: “Now is my soul troubled”; and He said divinely: “I have power to lay down my life and power to take it again”. For to be troubled was proper to the flesh, but to have power to lay down His life and take it again when He would, was no property of man, but of the Word’s power. For man dies not at his own arbitrament, but by necessity of nature and against his will; but the Lord being Himself immortal, not having a mortal flesh, had it at His own free will, as God, to become separate from the body and to take it again, when He would. . . . And He let His own body suffer, for therefore did He come, that in the flesh He might suffer, and thenceforth the flesh might be made impassible and immortal; and that contumely and the other troubles might fall upon Him, but come short of others after Him, being by Him annulled utterly; and that henceforth men might for ever abide incorruptible, as a temple of the Word.

The principal source of information for the life of St Athanasius is the collection of his own writings, but his activities were so interwoven with not only the religious, but the secular history of his times that the range of authorities to be consulted is very wide. For English readers Cardinal Newman in his Anglican days, both in his special work on St Athanasius and in his tract on the “Causes of the Rise and Successes of Arianism”, rendered the whole complicated situation intelligible. There is also a brilliantly written chapter on St Athanasius in Dr A. Fortescue’s volume, The Greek Fathers (1908). Two excellent little monographs have appeared in France, by F. Cavallera (1908) and by G. Bardy (1914) in the series “Les Saints”. Reference should also be made to four valuable papers by E. Schwartz in the Nachrichten of the Göttingen Akademie from 1904 to 1911. For a fuller bibliography, see Bardenhewer in the latest edition of his Patrologie, or in his larger work, Geschichte des altkirchlichen Literatur, and for a survey of more recent work, F. L. Cross, The Study of St Athanasius (1945).
Even in exile Athanasius managed to tend his flock. It was primarily for them that he wrote the most illuminating theological treatises on Catholic dogma. He authored Against the Heathen (c. 318), Contra Arianos (c. 358 ?), Apologia to Constantius, (primary historical source), History of the Arians Defense of His Flight, many letters, The Life of Antony (c. 357), and other pieces. In Against the Arians, Athanasius drew on the work of Saints Justin (Born in Flavia Neapolis, Samaria, c. 100; died 165) and St Irenaeus (115-125? 200?), who interpreted Scripture in an orthodox tradition, to insist that the Nicene term homoousios, although not Scriptural itself, was necessary to formulate correctly the truth of Christ's Scriptural revelation.
His Life of Saint Antony showed his friend as singularly devoted to combatting the powers of evil. It became a widely diffused classic. From the time of Saint Bede (Born in Northumbria, England, 673; died at Jarrow, England, on May 25, 735; named Doctor of the Church by Pope Leo XIII in 1899), it inspired other monastic hagiographers.
An 8th-century monk wrote, "If you find a book by Athanasius and have no paper on which to copy it, write it on your shirts."

All his thinking was soteriologically determined, {the branch of Christian theology that deals with salvation as the effect of a divine agency --  The theological doctrine of salvation as effected by Jesus.} hence 'the Word could never have divinized us if He were merely divine by participation and were not himself the essential Godhead.'
Athanasius defended the oneness of God, yet the separateness of the three Divine Persons. He also went forward to add the Holy Spirit to the Godhead to counter Tropici. His theology of the Holy Spirit is found in his letters to Serapion. In his enlightening treatises on Catholic dogma, Athanasius showed that asceticism and virginity were effective ways to restore the divine image in man.
Several of his works were addressed to monks, to whom he also gave repeated practical help.
When he returned to Alexandria after his final exile, Athanasius spent the last seven years of his life helping to build the Nicene party.

Before the outbreak of the Arian controversy, which began in 319, Athanasius had made himself known as the author of two essays addressed to a convert from heathenism, one of them entitled Against the Gentiles, and the other On the Incarnation of the Word. Both are of the nature of apologetical treatises, arguing such questions as monotheism, and the necessity of divine interposition for the salvation of the world; and already in the second may be traced that tone of thought respecting the essential divinity of Christ as the "God-man" for which he afterwards became conspicuous. There is no distinct evidence of the connection of Athanasius with the first contentions of Arius and his bishop, which ended in the exile of the former, and his entrance into Palestine under the protection of Eusebius the historian, who was bishop of Caesarea and subsequently of his namesake the bishop of Nicomedia. It can hardly be doubted, however, that Athanasius would be a cordial assistant of his friend and patron Alexander, and that the latter was strengthened in his theological position by the young enthusiastic student who had already expounded the nature of the divine Incarnation, and who seems about this time to have become archdeacon of Alexandria. At the Council of Nicaea, in the year 325, he appears prominently in connection with the dispute. He attended the council, not as one of its members (who were properly only bishops or delegates of bishops), but