Memorial of the Guardian Angels
Mary the Mother of Jesus
Day 3 40 Days for Life 

 Sunday  Saints of  October  02  Sexto Nonas Octóbris  
Et álibi aliórum plurimórum sanctórum Mártyrum et Confessórum, atque sanctárum Vírginum. RDeo grátias.
And elsewhere in divers places, many other holy martyrs, confessors, and holy virgins. R.  Thanks be to God.
Пресвятая Богородице спаси нас!
 
(Santíssima Mãe de Deus, salva-nos!)

Our Lady of the Rosary powerful against whole armies 
 
Inside the Church of the Trinity in Krakow (Poland) is a chapel dedicated to the Virgin of the Rosary. This chapel has an icon which is a copy of the icon Salus Populi Romani (“Matka Boza Różańcowa”) found in the church of Saint Mary of the Snows in Rome, and that Pope Gregory the Great carried in procession to end the plague in 597.

During the famous battle of Lepanto (October 7, 1571), when the ships of the coalition of Christian countries routed the Turkish fleet in Greek waters, Pope Pius V was praying the Rosary with a crowd of faithful before the Roman icon. Since then, this ancient image is associated with the devotion to the Rosary
and the protection of Europe against the Ottoman rule.

This same icon also played an important role in the "Polish Lepanto" of 1621, when at Khotyn, Ukraine (a Polish city at the time), an allied force of Poles, Lithuanians and Ukrainians faced a Turkish army twice its size. The bishop of Krakow led a procession of the Rosary with the holy icon. In the end, the Turks decided not to attack, adding a brilliant victory to the track record of Our Lady of the Rosary.
Her feast day is celebrated in Krakow on the first Sunday of October.


Six Canonized on Feast of Christ the King Nov 23 2014

CAUSES OF SAINTS

Our Bartholomew Family Prayer List

Acts of the Apostles

Nine First Fridays Devotion to the Sacred Heart From the writings of St. Margaret Mary Alacoque

How do I start the Five First Saturdays?

Mary Mother of GOD 15 Promises of the Virgin Mary to those who recite the Rosary

Pray that when those representing Planned Parenthood and other abortion groups see volunteers for 40 Days for Life, they see ambassadors of Christ, and may each volunteer be consciously aware at all times we represent Him.

October 2
Guardian AngelsTHE GUARDIAN ANGELS
ANGELS (αγγελς, messenger) are pure spirits, persons but bodiless, created by God with more acute intelligence and greater power than have human beings. Their office is to praise God, to be His messengers and to watch over man. That particular angels are appointed and commanded by God to guard each particular person that is born into the world is the general teaching of theo­logians, but the belief has not been defined by the Church and so is not of faith
There is a Guardian Angels for Life Cohort comprised of angels sent each day at the prayerful request of their human charges to serve in two basic areas of assigned duty:
(1) to be at the side of the dying during their final day on earth to help strengthen, encourage, support, enlighten, and protect these souls at their hour of death, and
(2) to be present to every expectant mother and father as well as their unborn child to offer the same services to parents to avoid the temptation to abort their children.

1817 St Theodore, one of Russia's greatest naval heroes of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries; frequently gave alms to the poor and needy. He never sought earthly glory or riches, but spent his life in serving God and his neighbor; The unvanquished Admiral was the terror of his country's enemies, and the deliverer of those whom the barbarians had taken captive. He served during the Russo-Turkish War (1787 - 1791), and also fought against the French. Although he fought many naval battles in the Black Sea and in the Mediterranean, he never lost a single one, and he was never wounded.

Mary Mother of GOD 15 Promises of the Virgin Mary to those who recite the Rosary


"The course of human history consists of a series of encounters... in which each man or woman or child...is challenged by God to make the free choice between doing God's will and refusing to do it.
When Man refuses, he is free to make his refusal and to take the consequences." Toynbee

 There is a Guardian Angels for Life Cohort comprised of angels sent each day at the prayerful request of their human charges to serve in two basic areas of assigned duty: (1) to be at the side of the dying during their final day on earth to help strengthen, encourage, support, enlighten, and protect these souls at their hour of death, and (2) to be present to every expectant mother and father as well as their unborn child to offer the same services to parents to avoid the temptation to abort their children.
The prayer:
My dear Guardian Angel, with God's grace and blessings go forth this day to be at the side of all those who will die today, to inspire and encourage each one to accept the graces offered to them for their salvation, and to provide hope, support and protection in their final hours.  Go also to attend every unborn child, it's mother and it's father.  Protect these little, innocent, defenseless ones, and inspire in the hearts of their parents loving tenderness and a profound awareness of the sacredness of all life, and most especially, remind them in Whose Image their child is so wondrously made.
Know that the experience of pain is something so noble and precious that the Divine Word, who enjoyed the abundant riches of Paradise, yet, because He was not clothed with this ornament of sorrow,
came down from Heaven to seek it upon the earth. -- St Mary Magdalen de' Pazzi



        Guardian Angels
Primus, Cyril and Secundarius martyred in Antioch, Syria, in one of the early persecutions MM (RM)

 303 St. Eleutherius soldier in army of co­Emperor Diocletion
 304 St Cyprian discerned the great power of fervent faith in Christ, and made up for more than thirty years of service to Satan. Seven days after Baptism he was ordained reader, on the twelfth day, sub-deacon, on the thirtieth, deacon. After a year, he was ordained priest. In a short time St Cyprian was elevated to the rank of bishop.
        Hieromartyr, Virgin Martyr Justina and Martyr Theoctistus suffered for Christ at Nicomedian
 585 St. Leudomer Bishop of Chartres, France
 676 St. Gerinus Martyred brother of St. Leger
 677 St. Leger abbot introduced the Rule of St. Benedict
 678 St. Leodegarius Benedictine bishop and martyr
 725 St. Beregisius Confessor of Pepin of Heristal
8th v. Princes David and Constantine Mkheidze of Argveti faithful Christian martyrs
 750 St. Theophilus Monk and martyr Bulgarian exiled by Emperor Leo the Isaurian for opposition to the iconoclasts
 760 Abbot Ursicinus II of Chur Reluctant bishop OSB B (AC)
 936 Blessed Andrew, Fool-for-Christ; With indifference he underwent beatings, hunger and thirst, cold and heat, begging alms and giving them away to the poor. For his great forebearance and humility the saint received from the Lord the gift of prophecy and wisdom, saving many from spiritual perils, and he unmasked the impiety of many.
1338 Anna of Kashin The Holy Right-believing Princess; withdrew into Tver's Sophia monastery and accepted tonsure with the name Euphrosyne. Later, she transferred to the Kashin Dormition monastery, and became a schemanun with the name Anna; Miracles at St Anna's grave began in 1611
1504 Saint Cassian the Greek of Uglich; led a strict ascetic life; a miraculous vision by night of St Martinian, urging him to take monastic tonsure. After a certain period of time, St Cassian left the monastery going not far from the city of Uglich, near the confluence of the Volga and Uchma Rivers, where he founded a monastery in honor of the Dormition of the Mother of God; many miracles of the saint were recorded.

1622 Bl. Francis Chakichi Four-year-old martyr of Japan
1622 Bl. Louis Shakichi Martyr of Japan layman
1622 Bl. Lucy Chakichi Martyr of Japan

1817 St Theodore, one of Russia's greatest naval heroes of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries; frequently gave alms to the poor and needy. He never sought earthly glory or riches, but spent his life in serving God and his neighbor; The unvanquished Admiral was the terror of his country's enemies, and the deliverer of those whom the barbarians had taken captive. He served during the Russo-Turkish War (1787 - 1791), and also fought against the French. Although he fought many naval battles in the Black Sea and in the Mediterranean, he never lost a single one, and he was never wounded.
The Pedagogical Value of the Rosary (I) October 2 - MARY, QUEEN OF ANGELS
If one carefully reads the encyclicals of the Holy Pontiffs on the Rosary and, in particular, those of Leo XIII and his successors, one is struck by the insistence they like to emphasize the value of the Rosary for Christian formation. If, for them, the Rosary is an excellent prayer, a commendable devotion in many respects, it seems that its most eminent title in their eyes, the one which gives it exceptional value, is that it is not only a privileged prayer, nor even in the words of Pope Leo XII, the highest Marian devotion that seems to condense in itself all the cult we owe to Mary, but it is a true method of Christian initiation and formation, a school which trains the mind and manners, a divine method, a very efficient school of Christian life.
Benoit Thierry D'Argenlieu, The Theology of the Rosary in Maria, Etudes sur la Vierge Marie, Vol. V
Historian Arnold Joseph Toynbee died OCTOBER 2, 1975. Providing foreign intelligence for the British during World Wars I and II, Toynbee was a delegate to the Paris Peace Conferences. Educated at Oxford almost entirely in the Greek and Latin Classics, Toynbee taught at King's College of London, the London School of Economics, and the Royal Institute of International Affairs. His 12-volume Study of History, 1934-1961, described the rise, flowering, and decline of 26 cultures from Egypt, Greece and Rome to Polynesia and Peru. Civilizations die from suicide, not by murder, argued Toynbee, who saw religion as a prime motivation in history. When I started, religion was not a prominent feature...In writing my study, I have been constantly surprised to find religion coming back to fill an even greater place. So what does the universe look like?..It looks as if everything were on the move either toward its Creator or away from Him. The course of human history consists of a series of encounters... in which each man or woman or child...is challenged by God to make the free choice between doing God's will and refusing to do it. When Man refuses, he is free to make his refusal and to take the consequences.

Day 3 40 Days for Life  Our culture needs us to be channels of prayer and joy.
The reality of abortion -- and the evil that drives it -- can be overwhelming. We need to be prepared.
As we enter this first weekend of the campaign, it's important to be ready for the work that lies ahead. The 40 Days for Life podcast is a great (and free) resource to help you along the way. Here are three suggested episodes to get you started. This is a spiritual battle. If prayer is not our foundation, we won't make it. This episode can help:

#39: Charging your spiritual batteries
Do want to fast but love to eat? Me too! Are you new to fasting? If so, this episode discusses practical ways to fast and why fasting is so important in our culture:

#10: Fasting for an end to abortion
Have you been to a 40 Days for Life vigil yet? If not, you may be wondering what it will be like. Here's the episode for you:

#6: What to expect at the peaceful vigil
Planned Parenthood seems to have a different strategy everywhere the 40 Days for Life UNITED bus tour goes. Thursday, they closed their doors and avoided us. Friday, they brought out protesters in New York.
The presence of demonstrators at our first stop in Newburgh -- with pink shirts and a big, pink "health care happens here" banner -- only strengthened the resolve of the 40 Days for Life volunteers who joined us to pray.
One woman shared a moving testimony of her two abortions ... and her intention to have a third, until illness prevented it. She kept that baby -- and now has several grandchildren. Praise God!
The Poughkeepsie team opened the campaign with a Jericho march. While they haven't confirmed any saved babies yet, they have seen indications that their prayerful presence is turning potential clients away.
Planned Parenthood in Albany called the police before we even arrived. Of course, our peaceful vigil was completely law-abiding, so that was that. Mary, a first-time 40 Days for Life leader, said that once she became aware of the abortion crisis, she had to stand up for life.
Faithful prayer warriors in Schenectady quickly forgave us for missing our exit and arriving 20 minutes late. These folks have clearly won the hearts of their community. On a very busy street, we witnessed many supportive honks and waves as people drove past the 40 Days for Life vigil.

When we arrived in Utica ... so did the rain. But we still got a great welcome from faithful 40 Days for Life volunteers. This stop also featured speakers representing Silent No More and the Susan B. Anthony List. Syracuse is the home of the first Planned Parenthood abortion center in the United States -- and the volunteers here want to ensure that what started in Syracuse ends in Syracuse. The sidewalk at Friday night's rally was packed. Bishop Robert Cunningham opened with prayer -- and even signed the bus!

Next up -- Vermont and Maine.
Sunday, October 2
12:00 PM - Manchester, NH (New Hampshire statewide rally)
2:00 PM - Greenland, NH
4:30 PM - Boston, MA
7:00 PM - Worcester, MA (Massachusetts statewide rally)
 
Krizevci, Croatia
"Women openly testified that abortion leaves wounds that a mother feels even years afterward" ...
 
Then the angel said to her, "Do not be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God. And behold, you will conceive in your womb and bring forth a Son, and shall call His name Jesus. He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Highest; and the Lord God will give Him the throne of His father David. And He will reign over the house of Jacob forever, and of His kingdom there will be no end."

-- Luke 1:30-33
Heavenly Father, you have made the womb of each woman a very special place. Help us to hold fast to the sanctity of this first home of humanity, remembering the wonderful mystery, that God inhabited the womb of a young woman and came forth as the savior and deliverer of the world.
THE GUARDIAN ANGELS
ANGELS (αγγελς, messenger) are pure spirits, persons but bodiless, created by God with more acute intelligence and greater power than have human beings. Their office is to praise God, to be His messengers and to watch over man. That particular angels are appointed and commanded by God to guard each particular person that is born into the world is the general teaching of theo­logians, but the belief has not been defined by the Church and so is not of faith.

These guardian angels lead the individual towards Heaven by defending him from evil, helping him in prayer, suggesting virtuous deeds, but acting upon the senses and imagination, not directly on the will, so that our co-operation is required. The psalmist assures us, “He hath given His angels charge over thee, to keep thee in all thy ways”.
And in another place, “The angel of the Lord shall encamp round about them that fear Him, and shall deliver them
.
The patriarch Jacob prayed his good angel to bless his two grandsons, Ephraim and Manasses, “The angel that delivereth me from all evils, bless these boys
.

Judith said, “His angel hath been my keeper, both going hence, and abiding there, and returning from thence hither.

    Christ deters us from scandalizing any of His little ones, because their angels always behold the face of God, and they will demand punishment of God against any by whose malice those who are their wards suffer harm. So certain and general was the belief of a guardian angel being assigned to every one by God, that when St Peter was miraculously delivered out of prison the disciples could not at first believe it, and said, It is his angel

    Dedication of the church of St Michael the Archangel in Via Salaria on September 29, and in the oldest extant Roman sacramentary, called Leonine, the prayers for the feast make indirect reference to them as individual guardians. A votive Mass, Missa ad suffragia angelorum postulanda, has been in use at least from the time of Alcuin—he died in 804—who refers to the subject twice in his letters. Whether the practice of celebrating such a Mass originated in England is not clear, but we find Alcuin’s text in the Leofric Missal of the early tenth century. This votive Mass of the Angels was commonly allotted to the second day of the week (Monday), as for example in the Westminster Missal, written about the year 1375.

In Spain it became customary to honour the Guardian Angels not only of persons, but of cities and provinces. An office of this sort was composed for Valencia in 1411. Outside of Spain, Francis of Estaing, Bishop of Rodez, obtained from Pope Leo X a bull in 1518 which approved a special office for an annual commemoration of the Guardian Angels on March 1. In England also there seems to have been much devotion to them. Herbert Losinga, Bishop of Norwich, who died in 1119, speaks eloquently on the subject; and the well-known invocation beginning Angele Dei qui custos es mei is apparently traceable to the verse-writer Reginald of Canterbury, at about the same period. Pope Paul V authorized a special Mass and Office and at the request of Ferdinand II of Austria granted the feast to the whole empire. Pope Clement X extended it to the Western church at large as of obligation in 1670 and fixed it for the present date, being the first free day after the feast of St Michael.

An excellent article by Fr J. Duhr in the Dictionnaire de spirirualite, vol. (1933), cc. 580—625, treats exhaustively devotion to the Guardian Angels and its history. On the general question of the veneration of angels see also DTC., vol. i, cc. x 12221248 and on the liturgical aspect Kellner, Heortology (1908), pp. 328332. On the representation of angels in antiquity and art consult DAC., vol. i, cc. 2080—2161, and Künstle, Ikonographie, vol. i, pp. 239-264.

 October 2, 2011 Feast of the Guardian Angels 

Perhaps no aspect of Catholic piety is as comforting to parents as the belief that an angel protects their little ones from dangers real and imagined. Yet guardian angels are not just for children. Their role is to represent individuals before God, to watch over them always, to aid their prayer and to present their souls to God at death.

The concept of an angel assigned to guide and nurture each human being is a development of Catholic doctrine and piety based on Scripture but not directly drawn from it. Jesus' words in Matthew 18:10 best support the belief: "See that you do not despise one of these little ones, for I say to you that their angels in heaven always look upon the face of my heavenly Father."

Devotion to the angels began to develop with the birth of the monastic tradition. St. Benedict gave it impetus and Bernard of Clairvaux, the great 12th-century reformer, was such an eloquent spokesman for the guardian angels that angelic devotion assumed its curre nt form in his day.
A feast in honor of the guardian angels was first observed in the 16th century. In 1615, Pope Paul V added it to the Roman calendar.

Comment: The concept of an unseen companion has given rise to many childish titters about leaving room for an angel in a crowded seat and teacher-induced terrors about the danger of sudden death for a child who fails to honor the angel with prayer. But devotion to the angels is, at base, an expression of faith in God's enduring love and providential care extended to each person day in and day out until life's end. 
Quote: "May the angels lead you into paradise; may the martyrs come to welcome you and take you to the holy city, the new and eternal Jerusalem." (Rite for Christian Burial)

Guardian Angels
Festum sanctórum Angelórum Custódum.    The Feast of the holy Guardian Angels.
What wonderful care God gives each of us! So special does He believe you and I are that He has provided us with our own special messenger, our own guardian angel. God loves each of us personally, and desires for each of us to return to Him. So He's given each of us a personal spiritual assistant to help us find the way. Today we celebrate that glorious gift and thank God for our angel. We also thank Pope Clement X for instituting this feast in honor of our personal angels in 1670.

The Baltimore Catechism tells that the good angels help us by praying for us, by acting as messengers from God to us, and by serving as our guardian angels, i.e., those angels charged by God with a special care over human beings. Our guardian angels help us by praying for us, by protecting us from harm, and by inspiring us to do good.
The belief in guardian angels is ancient. In Psalm 91, we sing: No evil shall befall you, No affliction come near your tent.  For God commands the angels  to guard you in all your ways. With their hands they shall support you, lest you strike your foot against a stone”. (vv. 11- 12).
There are many Scriptural references to angels. The prophet Isaiah (Is. 6:1-4) had a vision of the heavenly hosts worshipping God and doing His bidding, and in the Book of Revelation (cf. 1:1) it is an angel that brings God's message to the visionary named John. The ancient Jews believed that these angels served both individuals and nations.

Jesus saw no reason to reject this idea. For Him angels were spiritual beings. He said they would support him at His Second Coming (Matt. 25:31; Mark 8:38). Once He took a little child aside and spoke to His followers about becoming like children and caring for them. Jesus said, See that you do not despise one of these little ones, for I say to you that their angels in heaven always look upon the face of my heavenly Father (Matt. 18:10).
The notion of guardian angels is implicit in our Lord's own teaching. During His earthly life, they minister and serve Him: announcing His birth, succoring Him in the desert, comforting Him in the Garden of Gethsemane, and announcing His Resurrection.

Our salvation doesn't rest on our belief in angels generally, nor our guardian angel specifically. Yet, our guardian angels are tasked with keeping us on the right path and communicating God's love to us. God's incorporeal creatures also help us with their prayers. For this reason we pray in the Confiteor:
I confess to Almighty God and to you, my brothers and sisters, that I have sinned through my own fault: in my thoughts and in my words, in what I have done and what I have failed to do. And I ask Blessed Mary, ever Virgin, all the angels and saints, and you my brothers and sisters to pray for me to the Lord, Our God.

The Holy Scriptures and the Catholic Church tell us that our angels protect and guides us (Ps. 91), guard our lips (Ps. 141) to prevent us from giving offense to God, and intercede for us before God's throne (cf. Tobit 12:12,15; Job 33:23-24; Matt. 18:10). (See also the letters of Blessed Peter Fabre and Saint Aloysius Gonzaga on devotion to the guardian angels of individuals and communities; Saint Basil in Adversus Eunomium, III, 1; The Catechism of the Council of Trent, First Commandment; and Saint Ambrose's text in the Roman Breviary for the Feast of the Guardian Angels.)

Saint Frances of Rome saw her guardian angel continually. Your guardian angel is just another of the heavenly company that surrounds you because of God's generous love for you.
There is a Guardian Angels for Life Cohort comprised of angels sent each day
at the prayerful request of their human charges to serve in two basic areas of assigned duty:
(1) to be at the side of the dying during their final day on earth to help strengthen,
encourage, support, enlighten, and protect these souls at their hour of death, and
(2) to be present to every expectant mother and father as well as their unborn child
to offer the same services to parents to avoid the temptation to abort their children.

The prayer:
My dear Guardian Angel, with God's grace and blessings go forth this day to be at the side of all those who will die today, to inspire and encourage each one to accept the graces offered to them for their salvation, and to provide hope, support and protection in their final hours.
Go also to attend every unborn child, it's mother and it's father.  Protect these little, innocent, defenseless ones, and inspire in the hearts of their parents loving tenderness and a profound awareness of the sacredness of all life, and most especially, remind them in Whose Image their child is so wondrously made.
Primus, Cyril and Secundarius martyred in Antioch, Syria, in one of the early persecutions MM (RM)
Antiochíæ sanctórum Mártyrum Primi, Cyrílli et Secundárii.
    At Antioch, the holy martyrs Primus, Cyril, and Secundarius.

These three were martyred in Antioch, Syria, in one of the early persecutions (Benedictines).
Romæ pássio sancti Modésti Sardi, Levítæ et Mártyris; qui, sub Diocletiáno Imperatóre, equúleo tortus atque igne adústus est.  Ipsíus vero corpus, Benevéntum póstea translátum, in Ecclésia suo insigníta nómine collocátum fuit.
    At Rome, the martyrdom of St. Modestus, a Sardinian, deacon and martyr, who was racked and burned with fire by Emperor Diocletian.  His holy body was afterwards translated to Benevento and buried there in a church named after him.

303 St. Eleutherius soldier in army of co­Emperor Diocletian
Nicomedíæ sancti Eleuthérii, mílitis et Mártyris, cum áliis innúmeris; qui, cum Diocletiáni régia incéndio conflagrásset et falso hujus críminis essent accusáti, omnes, jubénte eódem sævíssimo Imperatóre, acervátim necáti sunt.  Horum porro álii gládiis obtruncabántur, álii cremabántur ígnibus, álii in mare præcipitabántur; sed inter eos primus Eleuthérius, cum per síngula torménta, diu cruciátus, valídior redderétur, martyrium  victóriæ suæ, ígnibus velut aurum examinátus, complévit.
    At Nicomedia, St. Eleutherius, soldier and martyr, with innumerable others.  They were falsely accused of having set fire to the palace of Diocletian and, by order of this cruel emperor, were barbarously massacred in groups.  Some were put to the sword, some consumed by fire, while others were cast into the sea.  But the principal one, Eleutherius, after long tortures, being found stronger after each torment, completed his victorious martyrdom by fire, as well-tried gold.
ST ELEUTHERIUS, MARTYR
“WHEN the palace of Diocletian was burnt down at Nicomedia the holy soldier and martyr Eleutherius, with many others, was falsely accused of this crime. All of them were summarily put to death by order of the said cruel emperor. Some were cut down by the sword, others were burned, others thrown into the sea. In turn Eleutherius, the chief among them, whose valour long torture only increased, achieved his victorious martyrdom as gold tried in the fire.”
In these terms the Roman Martyrology refers to this martyr, but nothing certain is known about him except his name and the place of his passion. The important fact is that on October a in the Syriac breviarium of the early fifth century we have the entry at Nicomedia Eleutherius: “From this the notice passed into the Hieronymianum; see CMH., p. 537. The association of the martyr with the incident of the burning of Diocletian’s palace is, as Dom Quentin has shown (Lea Martyrologes historiques, pp. 615—616), simply an invention of the martyrologist Ado.
In Nicomedia. accused of setting fire to the emperor’s palace and was burned to death after being tortured with companions.
Eleutherius and Companions MM (RM)
The Roman Martyrology tells us that St. Eleutherius was a soldier-martyr in Nicomedia under Diocletian. The balance of the entry is very dubious (Benedictines).
304 Cyprian discerned the great power of fervent faith in Christ, and made up for more than thirty years of service to Satan. Seven days after Baptism he was ordained reader, on the twelfth day, sub-deacon, on the thirtieth, deacon. After a year, he was ordained priest. In a short time St Cyprian was elevated to the rank of bishop.
Hieromartyr, Virgin Martyr Justina and Martyr Theoctistus suffered for Christ at Nicomedia

St Cyprian was a pagan and a native of Antioch. From his early childhood his misguided parents dedicated him to the service of the pagan gods. From age seven until thirty, Cyprian studied at the most outstanding centers of paganism: on Mount Olympus, in the cities of Argos and Tauropolis, in the Egyptian city of Memphis, and at Babylon. Once he attained eminent wisdom in pagan philosophy and the sorcerer's craft, he was consecrated into the pagan priesthood on Mount Olympus. Having discovered great power by summoning unclean spirits, he beheld the Prince of Darkness himself, and spoke with him and received from him a host of demons in attendance.
Justina_of_Nicomedia.jpg
After returning to Antioch, Cyprian was revered by the pagans as a prominent pagan priest, amazing people by his ability to cast spells, to summon pestilence and plagues, and to conjure up the dead. He brought many people to ruin, teaching them to serve demons and how to cast magic spells.

The holy virgin Justina lived in Antioch.
After turning her own father and mother away from pagan error and leading them to the true faith in Christ, she dedicated herself to the Heavenly Bridegroom and spent her time in fasting and prayer. When the youth Aglaides proposed marriage to her, the saint refused, for she wished to remain a virgin. Agalides sought Cyprian's help and asked for a magic spell to charm Justina into marriage. But no matter what Cyprian tried, he could accomplish nothing, since the saint overcame all the wiles of the devil through her prayers and fasting.

Cyrian sent demons to attack the holy virgin, trying to arouse fleshly passions in her, but she dispelled them by the power of the Sign of the Cross and by fervent prayer to the Lord.

Even though one of the demonic princes and Cyprian himself, assumed various guises by the power of sorcery, they were not able to sway St Justina, who was guarded by her firm faith in Christ. All the spells dissipated, and the demons fled at the mere mention of the saint's name.

Cyprian, in a rage, sent down pestilence and plague upon Justina's family and upon all the city, but this was thwarted by her prayer. Cyprian's soul, corrupted by its domination over people and by his incantations, was shown in all the depth of his downfall, and also the abyss of nothingness of the evil that he served.

"If you take fright at even the mere shadow of the Cross and the Name of Christ makes you tremble," said Cyprian to Satan, "then what will you do when Christ Himself stands before you?" The devil then flung himself upon the pagan priest who had begun to repudiate him, and attempted to beat and strangle him.

St Cyrian then first tested for himself the power of the Sign of the Cross and the Name of Christ, guarding himself from the fury of the enemy. Afterwards, with deep repentance he went to the local bishop Anthimus and threw all of his books into the flames. The very next day, he went into the church, and did not want to leave it, though he had not yet been baptized.

By his efforts to follow a righteous manner of life, St Cyprian discerned the great power of fervent faith in Christ, and made up for more than thirty years of service to Satan. Seven days after Baptism he was ordained reader, on the twelfth day, sub-deacon, on the thirtieth, deacon. After a year, he was ordained priest. In a short time St Cyprian was elevated to the rank of bishop.

The Hieromartyr Cyprian converted so many pagans to Christ that in his diocese there was no one left to offer sacrifice to idols, and the pagan temples fell into disuse. St Justina withdrew to a monastery and there was chosen Abbess.

During the persecution against Christians under the emperor Diocletian, Bishop Cyprian and Abbess Justina were arrested and brought to Nicomedia, where after fierce tortures they were beheaded with the sword. St Cyprian, fearful that the holy virgin's courage might falter if she saw him put to death, asked for time to pray. St Justina joyfully inclined her neck and was beheaded first.

The soldier Theoctistus, seeing the guiltless sufferings of St Justina, fell at Cyprian's feet and declared himself a Christian, and was beheaded with them.

585 Leudomer (Lomer) of Chartres B (AC)
Bishop of Chartres, France (Benedictines). He is often listed as a Frenchman, and is sometimes called Lomer. No other details are extant.
676 St. Gerinus Martyred brother of St. Leger
Eódem die sancti Geríni Mártyris, qui frater éxstitit beáti Leodegárii, Augustodunénsis Epíscopi, et, jubénte ipso Ebroíno, lapídibus óbrutus est. 
On the same day, St. Gerinus, martyr, brother of blessed Leodegarius, bishop of Autun.  He was stoned to death by the same Ebroin.

Brother of Saint Leodegarius (Leogarius). Ebroin, mayor of the palace, martyred the brothers. Gerinus was stoned to death near Arras, France.
Gerinus (Garinus, Guerin, Werinus) of Arras M (RM). Brother of Saint Leodegarius, Gerinus was stoned to death near Arras at the order of Ebroin, mayor of the palace, for reputedly killing King Childeric II (Benedictines, Encyclopedia)
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677 St. Leger abbot introduced the Rule of St. Benedict
Leger was raised at the court of King Clotaire II and by his uncle, Bishop Didon of Poitiers. Leger was made archdeacon by Didon, was ordained, and in about 651, became abbot of Maxentius Abbey, where he introduced the Rule of St. Benedict. He served Queen Regent St. Bathildis and helped her govern when Clovis II died in 656, and was named bishop of Autun in 663. He reconciled the differing factions that had torn the See apart, introduced reforms, fortified the town, and was known for his concern for the poor. On the death of Clotaire III, he supported young Childeric II for King against his brother Thierry, who had been backed by Ebroin, mayor of the palace. Ebroin was exiled to Luxeuil and became a bitter enemy of Leger, who became Childeric's adviser. When Leger denounced the marriage of Childeric to his uncle's daughter, he also incurred the enmity of Childeric, and in 675 Leger was arrested at Autun and banished to Luxeuil. When Childeric was murdered in 675, his successor, Theodoric III, restored Leger to his See. Ebroin was also restored as mayor of the palace after he had had the incumbent Leudesius murdered and pursuaded the Duke of Champagne and the bishops of Chalons and Valence to attack Autun.
To save the town, Leger surrendered. Ebroin had him blinded, his lips cut off, and his tongue pulled out. Not satisfied, several years, he convinced the King that Childeric had been murdered by Leger and his brother Gerinus. Gerinus was stoned to death, and Leger was tortured and imprisoned at Fecamp Monastery in Normandy.
After two years Leger was summoned to a court at Marly by Ebroin, deposed, and executed at Sarcing, Artois, protesting his innocence to the end. Though the Roman Martyrology calls him Blessed and a martyr, there is doubt among many scholars that he is entitled to those honors
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678 St. Leodegarius Benedictine bishop martyr  humble spirit
In território Atrebaténsi item pássio beáti Leodegárii, Augustodunénsis Epíscopi; quem, váriis injúriis et divérsis supplíciis pro veritáte afflíctum, Ebroínus, Major domus régiæ Theodoríci, intérfici jussit.
    In the vicínity of Arras, the martyrdom of blessed Leodegarius, bishop of Autun.  After being subjected to various insults and torments for the truth, he was put to death by Ebroin, chief minister of Theodoric.
679 ST LEODEGARIUS, OR LEGER, BISHOP OF AUTUN, MARTYR
ST LEODEGARIUS was born about the year 616. His parents sent him to the court of King Clotaire II, who in turn sent him to Didon, his uncle arid bishop of Poitiers, who appointed a priest to instruct him. Leodegarius made great progress in learning and still more in the science of the saints, and in consideration of his abilities and merit his uncle ordained him deacon when he was only twenty years old, and soon after made him archdeacon. When he had become a priest he was obliged to take upon himself the government of the abbey of Saint-Maxence, which he held six years. Leodegarius was about thirty-five when he became abbot, and his biographer represents him as already a rather awe-inspiring person: “Being not uninformed in civil law he was a severe judge of lay people and, learned in the canons, an excellent teacher of the clergy. Never having been softened by the joys of the flesh, he was strict in his treatment of sinners.” He is said to have introduced the Rule of St Benedict into his monastery, which was in need of his reforming hand.

St Leodegarius was called to court by the queen regent, St Bathildis, and in 663 nominated bishop of Autun. That see had been vacant two years whilst the diocese was torn asunder by factions, of which one leader killed the other and so forfeited his claim to the see. The arrival of Leodegarius quieted the disturbances and reconciled the parties. He took care to relieve the poor, instructed his clergy, frequently preached to his people, adorned churches and fortified the town. In a diocesan synod he enacted many canons for the reformation of manners and regarding the monastic order, He says that if the monks were what they ought to be their prayers would preserve the world from public calamities.

The saint had been bishop ten years when King Clotaire III died in 673. Upon this news he went at once to court, where he successfully supported Childeric against the schemes of the Neustrian mayor of the palace, Ebroin, who was exiled to Luxeuil. King Childeric II governed well so long as he listened to the advice of St Leodegarius, who had so great a share in public affairs in the beginning of this reign that in some writings he is styled mayor of the palace. But, being young and violent, the king at length abandoned himself to his own will and married his uncle’s daughter without dispensation. St Leodegarius admonished him, without effect; and certain nobles took the opportunity to render the saint’s fidelity suspect when, at Easter 675, Childeric was at Autun. Leodegarius was arrested and, barely escaping with his life, banished to Luxeuil, where his opponent Ebroin still was. But Childeric, having caused a nobleman called Bodilo to be publicly scourged, was slain by him, and Theodoric III was put on the throne; St Leode­garius was restored to his see, and received at Autun with honour and rejoicing. Ebroin also left Luxeuil, however, and to deal with Leodegarius, his principal opponent, he sent an army into Burgundy which marched to Autun. St Leode­garius would not fly, but ordered a fast and a procession, in which the relics of the saints were carried round the walls; at every gate the bishop prostrated himself, and besought God that, if He called him to martyrdom, his flock might not suffer. When the enemy came up, the people made a stout defence. But after a few days St Leodegarius said to them, “Fight no longer. It is on my account they are come. Let us send one of our brethren to know what they demand.” Waimer, Duke of Champagne, answered the herald that Leodegarius was to be delivered up to them. Leodegarius went boldly out of the town and offered himself to his enemies, who having seized him, put out his eyes. This he endured without suffering his hands to be tied or emitting the least groan. Waimer carried St Leodegarius to his own house in Champagne, where he returned him the money he had taken from the church of Autun, which St Leodegarius sent back to be distributed among the poor.

Ebroin became absolute master in Neustria and Burgundy. He pretended a desire to revenge the death of King Childeric, and accused St Leodegarius and his brother Gerinus of having concurred in it. Gerinus was stoned to death in his brother’s presence, and is named as a martyr in the Roman Martyrology on this same day. St Leodegarius could not be condemned till he had been deposed in a synod, but he was first treated with the utmost barbarity, his tongue mutilated and his lips cut off; after which he was delivered into the hands of Count Waring, who placed him in the monastery of Fécanip in Normandy, where when his wounds healed he was able to speak, as it was thought, miraculously. When Gerinus was murdered he wrote a letter to his mother Sigradis, who was then a nun at Soissons. In it he congratulates with her upon her happy shelter from the world and comforts her for the death of Gerinus, saying that that ought not to be a grief to them which was an occasion of joy to the angels; he speaks of himself with constancy and courage, and of the forgiveness of enemies with tenderness and charity.

Two years later Ebroin caused St Leodegarius to be brought to Marly, where he had assembled a few bishops that he might be deposed by their sentence. He was pressed to own himself privy to the death of Childeric, but constantly denied it. His accusers tore up his robe as a mark of deposition, and then he was delivered to Chrodobert, count of the palace, to be put to death. Ebroin, fearing lest he should be honoured as a martyr, ordered his body to be concealed in a well. Chrodobert disliked the task of executioner and left it to four servants, who led Leodegarius into a wood, where three of them fell at his feet, begging him to forgive them. He prayed for them and, when he said he was ready, the fourth cut off his head. In spite of Ebroin’s order, the wife of Chrodobert had the body interred in a small oratory at a place called Sarcing in Artois, but three years after it was removed to the monastery of Saint-Maxence at Poitiers. The struggle between St Leodegarius and Ebroin is a famous incident in Merovingian history, and not all the right was on one side; some good men, e.g. St Ouen, were supporters of the notorious Ebroin. It was inevitable in those days that bishops should take an active part in high politics, but, though the Roman Martyrology says St Leodegarius (whom it calls beatus) suffered pro veritate, it is not obvious why he should be venerated as a martyr.

In the Acta Sanctorum (October, vol. i, published in 1765) Father C. de Bye devotes more than a hundred folio pages to the history of this saint. Two early lives are printed which, though they are by no means always in agreement, he believed to be the work of contemporaries. It was reserved for B. Krusch in the Neues Archiv, vol. xvi (1890), pp. 565—596, to explain more or less satisfactorily the problem presented by their textual identity in some passages and their divergences in many others. He holds that neither was of contemporary origin, but that there was a third life of which a considerable portion is pre­served in a Paris MS. (Latin 17002), and that this was written some ten years after the death of Leodegarius by a monk of Saint Symphorien who aimed at excusing the conduct of St Leodegarius’s successor in the see. The lives published by the Bollandists were compiled from fifty to seventy years later, with this as a basis, but are still of historical importance. Krusch (in MGH., Scriptores Merov., vol. v, pp. 249—362) has reconstituted the text of what he believes to have been the original life. Let us add that the letter of Leodegarius to his mother Sigradis is unquestionably an authentic document, whereas the will attributed to him is open to grave doubt. See further the Analecta Bollandiana, vol. xi (1890), pp. 104—110, and Leclercq in DAC., vol. viii, cc. 2460—2492. Pitra’s Histoire de S. Léger (1890) now out of date, though it called attention to some new texts. Father Camerlinck’s life in the series “Les Saints” (1910), is inclined to panegyric and sometimes uncritical, but he gives an acceptable account of this tragic history. As the calendars show, Leodegarius was honoured in England from quite early times, mostly on October 2, but also on the 3rd.

  He was educated at Poitiers, France, and in 653 became abbot of St. Maxentius. When King Clovis II died, Leodegarius assisted the regent, Queen Bathildes, and became bishop of Autun in 659. Erchinoald, the mayor of the royal palace, had Leodegarius imprisoned, blinded, and murdered. Leodegarius is revered in France as St. Leger.

Leodegarius (Leger), OSB BM (RM) Born c. 616; died near Arras in 678. Leodegarius was raised at the court of King Clotaire II and educated by his uncle, Bishop Didon of Poitiers. He was made archdeacon by Didon, was ordained, and about 651-653 became abbot of Maxentius (Maixent) Abbey, where he introduced the Rule of St. Benedict. During this time it appears that Saint Leodegarius acquired a humble spirit and became a true priest.

It is unknown whether Leodegarius was summoned or went to the court of his own accord. Nevertheless, he counselled Queen Saint Bathildis during the minority of her son Clotaire III after the death of her husband, Clovis II, in 656.
 Leodegarius was appointed bishop of Autun in 663, though he continued to advise the queen.

Autun was in a state of complete disorder. There had been no bishop for two years and before that there were two claimants for the episcopal throne. One of them had been murdered and the other exiled because of his abuses of power. Leodegarius began by physically restoring the town: its walls and the cathedral.

It is said, "Those who were not led to peace and concord by preaching, were forced there by justice and terror." Although Leodegarius had a reputation as a very strict bishop, he managed to reconcile the factions that had torn apart the see, introduced reforms, imposed the Benedictine Rule in all monasteries, and was known for his concern for the poor.

After Bathildis had retired and on the death of Clotaire III, he supported young Childeric II for king against his brother Thierry, who had been backed by Ebroin, mayor of the palace. Ebroin was exiled to Luxeuil, where he became a tonsured monk and a bitter enemy of Leodegarius, who became Childeric's adviser. Leodegarius's exalted position didn't last for long for he alienated many with his severity. When Leodegarius denounced the marriage of Childeric to his uncle's daughter, he also incurred the enmity of Childeric .

One Easter Childeric refused Leodegarius's invitation to attend the Easter Mass at the cathedral of Saint-Nazaire in Autun. Later Childeric interrupted the Mass. He was drunk and shouted insults, but as he was king, no one said anything. Because no one said anything, the king believed that there was nobody there, and left. But the next day his fury against Leodegarius had not abated. The saint decided to flee, but he was soon caught, returned to court, judged and banished to Luxeuil in 675. There he met and was reconciled to his enemy Ebroin. In Luxeuil they prayed side-by- side and pledged eternal friendship.

When Childeric was murdered in 675, his successor, Theodoric III, restored Leodegarius to his see. Ebroin was also restored as mayor of the palace after he had the incumbent Leudesius murdered and persuaded the duke of Champagne and the bishops of Chalons and Valence to attack Autun. To save the town, Leodegarius surrendered himself.

Ebroin had him blinded, his lips cut off, and his tongue pulled out. Leodegarius accepted his fate. His death did not come at once, and he suffered in silence and prayer. Ebroin sent him to a forest and ordered that the blind man should be left there to die of hunger. But Leodegarius's guard took pity on him and after a few days went to find him. He took him into his home and cared for him.

Not satisfied, several years later, Ebroin convinced the king that Childeric had been murdered by Leodegarius and his brother Saint Gerinus. Gerinus was stoned to death, and Leodegarius was tortured and imprisoned at Fécamp monastery in Normandy, a cripple. A letter written by Leodegarius to his mother about the death of his brother still exists.

Two years later Leodegarius was summoned to a court at Marly by Ebroin. A court of bishops declared him deposed from his see. Finally, his enemies executed him at Sarcing, Artois, protesting his innocence to the end. Though the Roman Martyrology calls him blessed and a martyr, and he is popularly regarded as Saint Leger, there is doubt among many scholars that he is entitled to those honors. It is primarily his political supporters who advanced his veneration. Only God knows if Leodegarius was one of his own (Attwater, Benedictines, Delaney, Encyclopedia).

In art, St. Leodegarius is depicted as his eyes are bored out with a gimlet. His executioner stands behind him with a sword. At times, Leodegarius may be shown enthroned and holding the gimlet or holding a hook with two prongs (Roeder).

His feast is kept in Lucern, Switzerland. Leodegarius is the patron of millers and is invoked against blindness (Roeder).
725 St. Beregisius Confessor of Pepin of Heristal
and founder of the abbey of Saint-Hubert in the Ardennes region of France. There is some doubt as to whether he was a monk, though some sources call him abbot (Benedictines).. Father Beregisus served as confessor to Pepin of Heristal, who helped him to found the monastery of Saint-Hubert in the Ardennes
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8th v. Princes David and Constantine Mkheidze of Argveti faithful Christian martyrs
The 8th century was extremely difficult for the Georgian people. Marwan bin Muhammad (called “the Deaf” by the Georgians and “the Blind” by the Armenians), the Persian ruler and military leader for the Arab caliph, invaded eastern parts of the Byzantine Empire, then Armenia and Georgia.

With fire and the sword he fought his way across Georgia from the east to the city of Tskhumi (now Sokhumi) in the region of Abkhazeti. The princes David and Constantine Mkheidze of Argveti were faithful Christians and skilled military leaders. When they heard about the enemy’s invasion, the brothers prayed to God for protection, assembled their armies, and urged their people to pray fervently for God’s help.

The Persian warriors approached Argveti from Samtskhe and attacked the Georgians on Persati Mountain. The Georgian army won the battle, with David and Constantine leading the resistance against the fearsome conquerors.

But before long the enraged Marwan the Deaf gathered an enormous army and marched toward Argveti to take revenge. This time the enemy routed the Georgian army. Many were killed and those who survived were forced to flee to the forests. The commanders David and Constantine were taken captive.

The Persian soldiers bound David and Constantine and brought them before Marwan the Deaf, who began to mock them. But they reacted with complete composure, saying, “Your laughter and boasting are in vain, since earthly glory is fleeting and soon fades away. It is not your valor that has captured us, but our own sins. For the atonement of these sins have we fallen into the hands of the godless enemy!”

The furious Marwan ordered that the brothers be beaten without mercy, but they steadfastly endured the suffering. Stunned by the brothers’ resolve, Marwan decided to win them over with flattery instead. Promising him great honors and command of the armies, he turned to the older brother, David, saying, “I have heard of your valor, and I advise you to abandon your erroneous faith and submit yourself to the faith of Muhammad!”

St. David crossed himself and answered, “Let not this disgrace come upon us, that we would depart from the light and draw nearer to the darkness!” Then he condemned the error of the Islamic faith: “Muhammad converted you from the worship of fire, but he could not instill in you the knowledge of the True God. Therefore it appears as though you suffered a shipwreck and saved yourselves from the depths of the sea, but drowned in the shallow waters of the coast.”

Enraged at this reply, Marwan turned to the younger brother, Constantine, hoping to win him over to his side. But Constantine was also unbending, and he fearlessly glorified the Most Holy Trinity: “My brother David and I believe and follow the one Faith and one doctrine in which we have been instructed. Our faith is in the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit, and we will die for the sake of the One True God!”

Marwan ordered that the brothers be starved to death. After they had suffered for ten days, Marwan sent sorcerers and charmers to arouse in them a desire to convert to Islam, but their efforts were in vain. Finally the holy brothers David and Constantine were led to the riverbank near the Church of Sts. Cosmas and Damian. There they were brutally beaten and bound. Heavy rocks were hung from their necks, and they were drowned in the river.

That night three beams of light descended from the heavens and lit up the place where the brothers had been drowned. According to God’s holy will, the ropes binding the holy martyrs were loosed, and their bodies floated to the surface. A group of faithful Christians carried them out of the river and buried them on the bank of the Tsqaltsitela River, in a church that Marwan the Deaf had devastated.

The place of their burial remained concealed until the beginning of the 12th century, during the reign of King Bagrat the Great (1072–1117). Then, in fulfillment of King Bagrat’s decree, the Monastery of the Martyrs (Motsameta) was built over that place, and the incorrupt relics of the Great Martyrs are still preserved there.
750 St. Theophilus Monk and martyr Bulgarian  exiled by Emperor Leo the Isaurian for his opposition to the iconoclasts
 Constantinópoli sancti Theóphili Mónachi, qui pro defensióne sanctárum Imáginum a Leóne Isáurico sævíssime cæsus et in exsílium pulsus, migrávit ad Dóminum.
    At Constantinople, St. Theophilus, a monk.  He was cruelly scourged by Leo the Isaurian for his defense of holy images, was driven into exile, and there went gloriously to heaven.

Originally from Bulgaria, he joined a monastery in Asia Minor (modern Turkey) and was an outspoken opponent of the imperial policies of lconoclasticism. For this he was sent into exile by Emperor Leo III the Isaurian (r. 717-741) and was brutally mistreated.
Theophilus of Bulgaria, OSB (RM) Born in Bulgaria. Theophilus was a Benedictine monk in Asia Minor, who was beaten, imprisoned, and exiled by Emperor Leo the Isaurian for his opposition to the iconoclasts (Benedictines, Encyclopedia)
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760 Abbot Ursicinus II of Chur Reluctant bishop OSB B (AC)
Reluctantly in 754, Abbot Ursicinus of Disentis became bishop of Chur, Switzerland. In 758, he resigned and became a hermit (Benedictines)
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936 Blessed Andrew, Fool-for-Christ; With indifference he underwent beatings, hunger and thirst, cold and heat, begging alms and giving them away to the poor. For his great forebearance and humility the saint received from the Lord the gift of prophecy and wisdom, saving many from spiritual perils, and he unmasked the impiety of many.

He was a Slav and lived in the tenth century at Constantinople.  From his early years, he loved God's Church and the Holy Scriptures. Once during a dream, the saint beheld a vision of two armies. In the one were men in radiant garb, in the other, black and fiercesome devils. An angel of God, who held wondrous crowns, said to Andrew, that these crowns were not adornments from the earthly world, but rather a celestial treasure, with which the Lord rewards His warriors, victorious over the dark hordes. "Proceed with this good deed," the angel said to Andrew. "Be a fool for My sake and you will receive much in the day of My Kingdom."

The saint perceived that it was the Lord Himself summoning him to this deed. From that time Andrew began to go about the streets in rags, as though his mind had become muddled. For many years the saint endured mockery and insults. With indifference he underwent beatings, hunger and thirst, cold and heat, begging alms and giving them away to the poor. For his great forebearance and humility the saint received from the Lord the gift of prophecy and wisdom, saving many from spiritual perils, and he unmasked the impiety of many.

While praying at the Blachernae church, St Andrew beheld the Most Holy Mother of God, holding her veil over those praying under her Protection (October 1). Blessed Andrew died in the year 936.

  1338 Anna of Kashin The Holy Right-believing Princess; withdrew into Tver's Sophia monastery and accepted tonsure with the name Euphrosyne. Later, she transferred to the Kashin Dormition monastery, and became a schemanun with the name Anna; Miracles at St Anna's grave began in 1611

Daughter of the Rostov prince Demetrius Borisovich, in 1294 became the wife of the holy Great Prince Michael Yaroslavich of Tver, who was murdered by the Mongol-Tatars of the Horde in 1318, (November 22). After the death of her husband, Anna withdrew into Tver's Sophia monastery and accepted tonsure with the name Euphrosyne. Later, she transferred to the Kashin Dormition monastery, and became a schemanun with the name Anna. She fell asleep in the Lord on October 2, 1338.

St Anna's sons also imitated their father's steadfast confession of faith in Christ. Demetrius Mikhailovich ("Dread Eyes") was murdered at the Horde on September 15, 1325; and later, Alexander Mikhailovich, Prince of Tver, was murdered together with his son Theodore on October 29, 1339.

Miracles at St Anna's grave began in 1611, during the siege of Kashin by Polish and Lithuanian forces. There was also a great fire in the city which died down without doing much damage. The saint, dressed in the monastic schema, appeared to Gerasimus, a gravely ill warden of the Dormition cathedral. She promised that he would recover, but complained, "People show no respect for my tomb. They ignore it and my memory! Do you not know that I am supplicating the Lord and His Mother to deliver the city from the foe, and that you be spared many hardships and evils?" She ordered him to tell the clergy to look after her tomb, and to light a candle there before the icon of Christ Not-Made-By-Hands.

At the Council of 1649 it was decided to uncover her relics for general veneration and to glorify the holy Princess Anna as a saint. But in 1677 Patriarch Joachim proposed to the Moscow Council that her veneration throughout Russia should be discontinued because of the Old Believers Schism, which made use of the name of St Anna of Kashin for its own purposes. When she was buried her hand had been positioned to make the Sign of the Cross with two fingers, rather than three. However, the memory of St Anna, who had received a crown of glory from Christ, could not be erased by decree. People continued to love and venerate her, and many miracles took place at her tomb.

On June 12, 1909 her second glorification took place, and her universally observed Feast day was established. Her Life describes her as a model of spiritual beauty and chastity, and an example to future generations.

1504 Saint Cassian the Greek of Uglich; led a strict ascetic life; a miraculous vision by night of St Martinian, urging him to take monastic tonsure. After a certain period of time, St Cassian left the monastery going not far from the city of Uglich, near the confluence of the Volga and Uchma Rivers, where he founded a monastery in honor of the Dormition of the Mother of God; many miracles of the saint were recorded.

in the world Constantine, was a descendant of the Greek Mangupa princes. He arrived in Moscow as part of the delegation to Great Prince Ivan III, together with the daughter of the Byzantine emperor, Sophia Paleologa.

Having decided to devote his life to the service of God, the saint declined the offer to remain at the court of the Great Prince, and he resettled near Bishop Joasaph of Rostov. When the bishop withdrew to the Therapon monastery for solitude, Constantine followed him, and he led a strict ascetic life.

He accepted monasticism after a miraculous vision by night of St Martinian, urging him to take monastic tonsure. After a certain period of time, St Cassian left the monastery going not far from the city of Uglich, near the confluence of the Volga and Uchma Rivers, where he founded a monastery in honor of the Dormition of the Mother of God.

Reports of the monk spread widely, and many people began to come to receive his blessing, to see the wilderness habitation and converse with him. St Cassian accepted everyone with love, guiding them on the way to salvation with quiet words.

The monk died in great old age on October 2, 1504. In the Uglich Chronicles many miracles of the saint were recorded. In particular, the protection of his monastery from Polish soldiers in the years 1609-1611 by his prayers.

The memory of St Cassian of Uglich is celebrated also on May 21, the day he shares with his namesake, the holy Emperor Constantine the Great.

1622 Bl. Louis Shakichi Martyr of Japan layman
who released Blessed Louis Flores from prison. Louis was burned alive in Nagasaki, and his wife and children were beheaded. He was beatified in 1867
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1622 Bl. Lucy Chakichi Martyr of Japan
the wife of Blessed Louis Chakichi. She was beheaded with her sons, Andrew and Francis, at Nagasaki, Japan. She was beatified in 1867
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1622 Bl. Francis Chakichi Four-year-old martyr of Japan
He was beheaded in Nagasaki, Japan, with his mother, Blessed Lucy, and his brother Blessed Andrew. His father, Blessed Louis, was burned at the stake. He was beatified in 1867
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1817 St Theodore, one of Russia's greatest naval heroes of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries; frequently gave alms to the poor and needy. He never sought earthly glory or riches, but spent his life in serving God and his neighbor; The unvanquished Admiral was the terror of his country's enemies, and the deliverer of those whom the barbarians had taken captive. He served during the Russo-Turkish War (1787 - 1791), and also fought against the French. Although he fought many naval battles in the Black Sea and in the Mediterranean, he never lost a single one, and he was never wounded.
He was born in 1745.

St Theodore once visited the Greek island of Kerkyra (Corfu), where he venerated the relics of St Spyridon of Tremithus (December 12), and gave support and encouragement to the Orthodox Christians in that place.

Since his naval reforms were unpopular with his superiors, St Theodore was forced to retire in 1807 by Tsar Alexander I. Having neither wife nor children, the admiral settled in the town of Alekseevo near the Sanaxar Monastery, where he regularly attended services on Sundays and Feast Days.

During Great Lent he would stay in the monastery, fasting with the monks and attending the services.
Igumen Nathaniel of Sanaxar regarded St Theodore as "a neighbor and a significant patron" of the monastery. In addition to his generous gifts to the monastery, the admiral frequently gave alms to the poor and needy. He never sought earthly glory or riches, but spent his life in serving God and his neighbor.
St Theodore died in 1817 at the age of seventy-two. After navigating the sea of life with all its storms and struggles, he entered the calm harbor of eternal rest. He was buried at Sanaxar Monastery beside the church. The monastery was returned to the Russian Orthodox Church in 1991, and St Theodore's grave was found in 1994.
St Theodore was glorified by the Orthodox Church of Russia in 2004, and a reliquary in the shape of a naval vessel was made to enshrine his holy relics.
The holy Admiral Theodore should not be confused with his relative St Theodore (Ushakov) of Sanaxar Monastery (February 19 and April 21), a monastic saint who lived from 1719 to 1791.
St Theodore is honored as a great military leader who defended Russia just as St Alexander Nevsky (November 23) and St Demetrius of the Don (May 19) did before him. One of the Russian Navy's atomic cruisers has been named for him, and a movie has been made about his life and career. The composer Khachaturian has also written a musical piece called "Admiral Ushakov."


 Sunday  Saints of  October  02  Sexto Nonas Octóbris  

Pope Francis  PRAYER INTENTIONS FOR  October 2016
Universal:   Universal: Journalists
That journalists, in carrying out their work, may always be motivated by respect for truth and a strong sense of ethics.
Evangelization:  Evangelization: World Mission Day
That World Mission Day may renew within all Christian communities the joy of the Gospel and the responsibility to announce it.

God Bless Mother Angelica 1923-2016
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  May our witness unveil the deception of the "pro-choice" slogan.
40 days for Life Campaign saves lives Shawn Carney Campaign Director www.40daysforlife.com
Please help save the unborn they are the future for the world

It is a great poverty that a child must die so that you may live as you wish -- Mother Teresa
 Saving babies, healing moms and dads, 'The Gospel of Life'

"Man Needs Eternity -- and Every Other Hope, for Him, Is All Too Brief"
It Makes No Sense Not To Believe In GOD 
Every Christian must be a living book
wherein one can read the teaching of the gospel

Jesus brings us many Blessings
 
The more we pray, the more we wish to pray. Like a fish which at first swims on the surface of the water, and afterwards plunges down, and is always going deeper; the soul plunges, dives, and loses itself in the sweetness of conversing with God. -- St. John Vianney

  Month by Month of Saintly Dedications


The Rosary html Mary Mother of GOD -- Her Rosary Here
Mary Mother of GOD Mary's Divine Motherhood: FEASTS OF OUR LADY
     of the Virgin Mary to those who recite the Rosary

May 9 – Our Lady of the Wood (Italy, 1607) 
Months of Dedication
January is the month of the Holy Name of Jesus since 1902;
March is the month of Saint Joseph since 1855;
May, the month of Mary, is the oldest and most well-known Marian month, officially since 1724;
June is the month of the Sacred Heart since 1873;
July is the month of the Precious Blood since 1850;
August is the month of the Immaculate Heart of Mary;
September is the month of Our Lady of Sorrows since 1857;
October is the month of the Rosary since 1868;
November is the month of the Holy Souls in Purgatory since 1888;
December is the month of the Immaculate Conception.

In all, five months of the year are dedicated to Mary.
The idea of dedicating months came from Rome and promotion of the month of Mary owes much to the Jesuits.  arras.catholique.fr


Pray that the witness of 40 Days for Life bears abundant fruit, and that we begin again each day to storm the gates of hell until God welcomes us into the gates of heaven.

If you seek patience, you will find no better example than the cross. Great patience occurs in two ways:
either when one patiently suffers much, or when one suffers things which one is able to avoid and yet does not avoid.
Christ endured much on the cross, and did so patiently, because when he suffered he did not threaten;
he was led like a sheep to the slaughter and he did not open his mouth.-- St. Thomas Aquinas


We begin our day by seeing Christ in the consecrated bread, and throughout the day we continue to see Him in the torn bodies of our poor. We pray, that is, through our work, performing it with Jesus, for Jesus and upon Jesus.
The poor are our prayer. They carry God in them. Prayer means praying everything, praying the work.
We meet the Lord who hungers and thirsts, in the poor.....and the poor could be you or I or any person kind enough to show us his or her love and to come to our place.
Because we cannot see Christ, we cannot express our love to Him in person.
But our neighbor we can see, and we can do for him or her what we would love to do for Jesus if He were visible.
-- Mother Teresa
My God, I believe, I adore, I trust and I love Thee.  I beg pardon for those who do not believe, do not adore, do not love Thee.  O most Holy trinity, Father, Son and Holy Spirit, I adore Thee profoundly.
 I offer Thee the most precious Body, Blood, Soul and Divinity of Jesus Christ, present in all the Tabernacles of the world,  in reparation for the outrages, sacrileges and indifference by which He is offended,
and by the infite merits of the Sacred Heart of Jesus and the Immaculate Heart of Mary.

I beg the conversion of poor sinners,  Amen Fatima Prayer, Angel of Peace
Mary's Divine Motherhood
Pope Francis and Pope Benedict XVI { 2013 } Catholic Church In China { article here}
1648 to1930 St. Augustine Zhao Rong and 120 Companions Christianity arrived in China by way of Syria -- 600s.
        Depending on China's relations with outside world,
Christianity for centuries was free to grow or forced to operate secretly.

How do I start the Five First Saturdays? 
Called in the Gospel “the Mother of Jesus,” Mary is acclaimed by Elizabeth, at the prompting of the Spirit and even before the birth of her son, as “the Mother of my Lord” (Lk 1:43; Jn 2:1; 19:25; cf. Mt 13:55; et al.). In fact, the One whom she conceived as man by the Holy Spirit, who truly became her Son according to the flesh, was none other than the Father's eternal Son, the second person of the Holy Trinity. Hence the Church confesses that Mary is truly Mother of God (Theotokos). 
Catechism of the Catholic Church 495, quoting the Council of Ephesus (431): DS 251.
“The Blessed Virgin was eternally predestined, in conjunction with the incarnation of the divine Word, to be the Mother of God. By decree of divine Providence, she served on earth as the loving mother of the divine Redeemer, an associate of unique nobility, and the Lord's humble handmaid. She conceived, brought forth, and nourished Christ.”
The voice of the Father is heard, the Son enters the water, and the Holy Spirit appears in the form of a dove.
   THE spirit and example of the world imperceptibly instil the error into the minds of many that there is a kind of middle way of going to Heaven; and so, because the world does not live up to the gospel, they bring the gospel down to the level of the world. It is not by this example that we are to measure the Christian rule, but words and life of Christ. All His followers are commanded to labour to become perfect even as our heavenly Father is perfect, and to bear His image in our hearts that we may be His children. We are obliged by the gospel to die to ourselves by fighting self-love in our hearts, by the mastery of our passions, by taking on the spirit of our Lord.
   These are the conditions under which Christ makes His promises and numbers us among His children, as is manifest from His words which the apostles have left us in their inspired writings. Here is no distinction made or foreseen between the apostles or clergy or religious and secular persons. The former, indeed, take upon themselves certain stricter obligations, as a means of accomplishing these ends more perfectly; but the law of holiness and of disengagement of the heart from the world is geeral and binds all the followers of Christ.

Join Mary of Nazareth Project help us build the International Marian Center of Nazareth
http://www.worldpriest.com/
THE EUCHARIST, A MYSTERY TO BE BELIEVED POST-SYNODAL APOSTOLIC EXHORTATION
SACRAMENTUM CARITATIS OF THE HOLY FATHER BENEDICT XVI
There are over 10,000 named saints beati  from history
 and Roman Martyology Orthodox sources

Miracles by Century 100   200   300   400   500   600   700    800   900   1000    1100   1200   1300   1400  1500  1600  1700  1800   1900  Miracles_BLay Saints
Morning Prayer and Hymn    Meditation of the Day    Prayer for Priests    Our Bartholomew Family Prayer List  Here
We are called upon with the whole Church militant on earth to join in praising and thanking God for the grace and glory he has bestowed on his saints. At the same time we earnestly implore Him to exert His almighty power and mercy in raising us from our miseries and sins, healing the disorders of our souls and leading us by the path of repentance to the company of His saints, to which He has called us.
   They were once what we are now, travellers on earth they had the same weaknesses, which we have. We have difficulties to encounter so had the saints, and many of them far greater than we can meet with; obstacles from kings and whole nations, sometimes from the prisons, racks and swords of persecutors. Yet they surmounted these difficulties, which they made the very means of their virtue and victories. It was by the strength they received from above, not by their own, that they triumphed. But the blood of Christ was shed for us as it was for them and the grace of our Redeemer is not wanting to us; if we fail, the failure is in ourselves.
   THE saints and just, from the beginning of time and throughout the world, who have been made perfect, everlasting monuments of God’s infinite power and clemency, praise His goodness without ceasing; casting their crowns before His throne they give to Him all the glory of their triumphs: “His gifts alone in us He crowns.”
“The saints must be honored as friends of Christ and children and heirs of God, as John the theologian and evangelist says: ‘But as many as received him, he gave them the power to be made the sons of God....’ Let us carefully observe the manner of life of all the apostles, martyrs, ascetics and just men who announced the coming of the Lord. And let us emulate their faith, charity, hope, zeal, life, patience under suffering, and perseverance unto death, so that we may also share their crowns of glory” Exposition of the Orthodox Faith

Called in the Gospel the Mother of Jesus, Mary is acclaimed by Elizabeth, at the prompting of the Spirit and even before the birth of her son, as the Mother of my Lord (Lk 1:43; Jn 2:1; 19:25; cf. Mt 13:55; et al.). In fact, the One whom she conceived as man by the Holy Spirit, who truly became her Son according to the flesh, was none other than the Father's eternal Son,  the second person of the Holy Trinity.
Hence the Church confesses that Mary is truly Mother of God (Theotokos).
Catechism of the Catholic Church 495, quoting the Council of Ephesus (431): DS 251.
Nine First Fridays Devotion to the Sacred Heart ... From the writings of St. Margaret Mary Alacoque
On Friday during Holy Communion, He said these words to me, His unworthy slave, if I mistake not:
I promise you in the excessive mercy of my Heart that its all-powerful love will grant to all those who receive Holy Communion on nine first Fridays of consecutive months the grace of final repentance; they will not die under my displeasure or without receiving their sacraments, my divine Heart making itself their assured refuge at the last moment.
Margaret Mary was inspired by Christ to establish the Holy Hour and to pray lying prostrate with her face to the ground from eleven till midnight on the eve of the first Friday of each month, to share in the mortal sadness.
He endured when abandoned by His Apostles in His Agony, and to receive holy Communion on the first Friday of every month. In the first great revelation, He made known to her His ardent desire to be loved by men and His design of manifesting His Heart with all Its treasures of love and mercy, of sanctification and salvation.
He appointed the Friday after the octave of the feast of Corpus Christi as the feast of the Sacred Heart; He called her the Beloved Disciple of the Sacred Heart, and the heiress of all Its treasures. The love of the Sacred Heart was the fire which consumed her, and devotion to the Sacred Heart is the refrain of all her writings. In her last illness she refused all alleviation, repeating frequently: What have I in heaven and what do I desire on earth, but Thee alone, O my God, and died pronouncing the Holy Name of Jesus.
With regard to this promise it may be remarked: (1) that our Lord required Communion to be received on a particular day chosen by Him; (2) that the nine Fridays must be consecutive; (3) that they must be made in honor of His Sacred Heart, which means that those who make the nine Fridays must practice the devotion and must have a great love for our Lord; (4) that our Lord does not say that those who make the nine Fridays will be dispensed from any of their obligations or from exercising the vigilance necessary to lead a good life and overcome temptation; rather He implicitly promises abundant graces to those who make the nine Fridays to help them to carry out these obligations and persevere to the end; (5) that perseverance in receiving Holy Communion for nine consecutive First Firdays helps the faithful to acquire the habit of frequent Communion, which our Lord eagerly desires; and (6) that the practice of the nine Fridays is very pleasing to our Lord He promises such great reward, and all Catholics should endeavor to make nine Fridays.
How do I start the Five First Saturdays? by Fr. Tom O'Mahony.
On July 13,1917, Our Lady appeared for the third time to the three children of Fatima an showed them the vision of hell and made the now - famous thirteen prophecies. In this vision Our Lady said that 'GOD WISHES TO ESTABLISH IN THE WORLD DEVOTION to Her Immaculate Heart and that She would come TO ASK FOR THE COMMUNION OF REPARATION ON THE FIRST SATURDAYS...'  Eight years later, on December 10, 1925, Our Lady did indeed come back. She appeared (with the Child Jesus) to Lucia in the convent of the Dorothean Sisters in Pontevedra.
The Child Jesus spoke first:
'HAVE COMPASSION ON THE HEART OF YOUR MOST HOLY MOTHER WHICH IS COVERED WITH THORNS WITH WHICH UNGRATEFUL MEN PIERCE IT AT EVERY MOMENT, WHILE THERE IS NO ONE TO REMOVE THEM WITH AN ACT OF REPARATION.'

THE GREAT PROMISE
Our Lady then said: 'MY DAUGHTER LOOK AT MY HEART SURROUNDED WITH THORNS WITH WHICH UNGRATEFUL MEN PIERCE IT AT EVERY MOMENT BY THEIR BLASPHEMIES AND INGRATITUDE. YOU, AT LEAST, TRY TO CONSOLE ME, AND SAY THAT I PROMISE TO ASSIST AT THE HOUR OF DEATH WITH ALL THE GRACES NECESSARY FOR SALVATION, ALL THOSE WHO, ON THE FIRST SATURDAY OF FIVE CONSECUTIVE MONTHS GO TO CONFESSION AND RECEIVE HOLY COMMUNION, RECITE FIVE DECADES OF THE ROSARY AND KEEP ME COMPANY FOR A QUARTER OF AN HOUR WHILE MEDITATING ON MYSTERIES OF THE ROSARY, WITH THE INTENTION OF MAKING REPARATION TO ME.'

The Five Reasons
Lucia once asked this question of Our Lord and received as an answer: 'MY DAUGHTER, THE MOTIVE IS SIMPLE, THERE ARE FIVE KINDS OF OFFENCES AND BLASPHEMIES UTTERED AGAINST THE IMMACULATE HEART OF MARY: (1) BLASPHEMIES AGAINST THE IMMACULATE CONCEPTION: (2) BLASPHEMIES AGAINST HER VIRGINITY: (3) BLASPHEMIES AGAINST HER DIVINE MATERNITY: (4) BLASPHEMIES OF THOSE WHO OPENLY SEEK TO FOSTER IN THE HEARTS OF CHILDREN INDIFFERENCE OR EVEN HATRED FOR THIS IMMACULATE MOTHER: (5) THE OFFENCES OF THOSE WHO DIRECTLY OUTRAGE HER IN HOLY IMAGES.'
From the above, it is easy to see that each of the Five Saturdays can correspond to a specific offence. By offering the graces received during each First Saturday as reparation for the offence being prayed for, the participant can hope to help remove the thorns from Our Lady's Heart.
What Do I Have To Do?
The devotion of First Saturdays, as requested by Our Lady of Fatima, carries with it the assurance of salvation. However, to derive profit from such a great promise of Our Lady, the devotion must be properly understood and duly performed.
The requirements as stipulated by Our Lady are as follows:
(1) CONFESSION, (2) COMMUNION, (3) FIVE DECADES OF THE ROSARY, (4) MEDITATION ON ONE OR MORE OF THE ROSARY MYSTERIES FOR FIFTEEN MINUTES, (5) TO DO ALL THESE THINGS IN THE SPIRIT OF REPARATION TO THE IMMACULATE HEART OF MARY, and (6) TO OBSERVE ALL THESE PRACTICES ON THE FIRST SATURDAY OF FIVE CONSECUTIVE MONTHS.
(1) CONFESSION: A reparative confession means that the confession should not only be good (valid and licit), but also be offered in the spirit of reparation, in this case, to Mary's Immaculate Heart. This confession may be made on the First Saturday itself or some days before or after the First Saturday within the preceding octave would suffice.
(2) COMMUNION: The communion of reparation must be sacramental duly received with the intention of making reparation. This offering, like the confession, is an interior act and so no external action to express the intention is needed.
(3) THE ROSARY: The Rosary mentioned here was indicated by the Portuguese word 'terco' which is commonly employed to denote a Rosary of five decades, since it forms a fourth of the full Rosary of 20 decades. This too must recited in a spirit of reparation.
(4) MEDITATION FOR FIFTEEN MINUTES: Here the meditation on one mystery or more is to be made without simultaneous recitation of the Rosary decade. As indicated, the meditation may be either on one mystery alone for 15 minutes, or on all 20 mysteries, spending about one minute on each mystery, or again, on two or more mysteries during the period. This can also be made before each decade spending three minutes or more in considering the mystery of the particular decade. This meditation has likewise to be made in the spirit of reparation to the Immaculate Heart.
(5) THE SPIRIT OF REPARATION: All these acts, as said above, have to be done with the intention of offering reparation to the Immaculate Heart of Mary for the offences committed against Her. Everyone who offends Her commits, so to speak, a two-fold offence, for these sins also offend her Divine Son, Christ, and so endanger our salvation. They give bad example to others and weaken the strength of society to withstand immoral onslaughts. Such devotions therefore make us consider not only the enormity of the offence against God, but also the effect of sins on human society as well as the need for undoing these social effects even when the offender repents and is converted. Further, this reparation emphasises our responsibility towards sinners who, themselves, will not pray and make reparation for their sins.
(6) FIVE CONSECUTIVE FIRST SATURDAYS: The idea of the Five First Saturdays is obviously to make us persevere in the devotional acts for these Saturdays and overcome initial difficulties. Once this is done, Our Lady knows that the person would become devoted to Her immaculate Heart and persist in practising such devotion on all First Saturdays, working thereby for personal self-reform and for the salvation of others.

Unless Russia is converted, the movement against God and for sin will continue to spread, promoting wars and persecutions, and making the attainment for peace and justice impossible for this world. One means of obtaining Russia's conversion is to practise the Fatima Message. The stakes are so great that to encourage Catholics to practise the devotion of the First Saturdays, Our Lady has assured us that She will obtain salvation for all those who observe the first Saturdays for five consecutive months in accordance with Her conditions.
At the supreme moment the departing person will be either in the state of grace or not. In either case Our Lady will be by his side. If in the state of grace, She will console and help him to resist whatever temptations the devil might put before him in his last attempt to take the person with him to hell. If not in the state of grace, Our Lady will help the person to repent in a manner agreeable to God and so benefit by the fruits of redemption and be saved.

God loves variety. He doesn't mass-produce his saints. Every saint is unique, for each is the result of a new idea.  As the liturgy says: Non est inventus similis illis--there are no two exactly alike. It is we with our lack of imagination, who paint the same haloes on all the saints. Dear Lord, grant us a spirit that is not bound by our own ideas and preferences.  Grant that we may be able to appreciate in others what we lack in ourselves. O Lord, grant that we may understand that every saint must be a unique praise of Your glory. Catholic saints are holy people and human people who lived extraordinary lives.  Each saint the Church honors responded to God's invitation to use his or her unique gifts.   God calls each one of us to be a saint in order to get into heavenonly saints are allowed into heaven. The more "extravagant" graces are bestowed NOT for the benefit of the recipients so much as FOR the benefit of others.