Make a Novena and pray the Rosary to Our Lady of Victory
between October 27th and Election Day, November 4th.

Mary Mother of GOD
40 days for Life Day 20
Pray that God will continue to bless the efforts that have gone into
the 40 Days for Life campaign, as we trust Him for the results.


  15 Promises of the Virgin Mary to those who recite the Rosary
 Tuesday  Saints of October  18 Quintodécimo Kaléndas Novémbris  
Et álibi aliórum plurimórum sanctórum Mártyrum et Confessórum, atque sanctárum Vírginum.
And elsewhere in divers places, many other holy martyrs, confessors, and holy virgins. Пресвятая Богородице спаси нас!  (Santíssima Mãe de Deus, salva-nos!)

At Arenas in Spain, the birthday of St. Peter of Alcantara, confessor and priest of the Order of Friars Minor.

October 18 – Ethopian Church: Feast of Our Lady of the Garden of Myrrh –
 Founding of Schönstatt by Fr. Joseph Kentenich (Germany, 1914) 
 The Virgin’s wish comes true
 
The Virgin Mary appeared for the first time to Sister Marie-Alphonsine (1843-1927), who was canonized on May 17, 2015, by Pope Francis, in the convent of Bethlehem, on the Epiphany of the year 1874

“I want you to start the Congregation of the Rosary... In these parts I have experienced joy, pain and glory, and it is among you that I want to show my presence.”

One day a girl from her village said to Alphonsine:
“You should found a religious congregation called the Holy Rosary for girls from our country.”

Sister Alphonsine was convinced that, for many young Christian Arabs from her country, apostolic work could only be accomplished by religious congregations that were from the Middle East itself.

The Virgin Mary’s wish came true: the Sisters of the Rosary, beloved by both the Christian and Muslim population in the Holy Land, quickly became an important part of the religious life of the diocese of Jerusalem. Parishes have asked the Sisters of the Rosary to open schools, care for girls, tend to the sick, and teach catechism.  rosarium.op.org


October is the Month of the Rosary.
Our Lady of the Rosary Pope St. Pius V established this feast in 1573. The purpose was to thank God for the victory of Christians over the Turks at Lepanto—a victory attributed to the praying of the rosary. Clement XI extended the feast to the universal Church in 1716.

 

Pope Francis  PRAYER INTENTIONS FOR  October 2015
Universal:    That human trafficking, the modern form of slavery, may be eradicated.
Evangelization: That with a missionary spirit the Christian communities of Asia may announce the Gospel to those who are still awaiting it..
Sunday, October 18, 2015
Isaiah 53:10-11 ; Psalms 33:4-5, 18-20, 22 ; Hebrews 4:14-16 ; Mark 10:35-45 ;

Six Canonized on Feast of Christ the King Nov 23 2014

CAUSES OF SAINTS April  2014

Our Bartholomew Family Prayer List

Acts of the Apostles

Nine First Fridays Devotion to the Sacred Heart From the writings of St. Margaret Mary Alacoque

How do I start the Five First Saturdays?

Mary Mother of GOD 15 Promises of the Virgin Mary to those who recite the Rosary

October 18, 2016
Saint Luke
"Then [Jesus] led them [out] as far as Bethany, raised his hands, and blessed them. As he blessed them he parted from them and was taken up to heaven. They did him homage and then returned to Jerusalem with great joy, and they were continually in the temple praising God" (Luke 24:50-53).
The icons of Saint Luke
According to tradition, St Luke was the first person to complete three pictures of the holy Mother of God carrying the Child of God in her arms. He showed them to the Holy Virgin for approval, while she was still alive. She received these holy pictures joyfully and said: “May the grace of Him to whom I gave birth be within them!” Later, St Luke made pictures of the Holy Apostles and bestowed upon the Church this pious and holy tradition of venerating the icons of Christ and His Saints.”

I can no longer live without Jesus. How soon shall I receive Him again? -- St. Maria Goretti

Saint Luke
"Then [Jesus] led them [out] as far as Bethany, raised his hands, and blessed them. As he blessed them he parted from them and was taken up to heaven. They did him homage and then returned to Jerusalem with great joy, and they were continually in the temple praising God" (Luke 24:50-53).
The icons of Saint Luke
According to tradition, St Luke was the first person to complete three pictures of the holy Mother of God carrying the Child of God in her arms. He showed them to the Holy Virgin for approval, while she was still alive. She received these holy pictures joyfully and said: “May the grace of Him to whom I gave birth be within them!” Later, St Luke made pictures of the Holy Apostles and bestowed upon the Church this pious and holy tradition of venerating the icons of Christ and His Saints.”

October 18 - Foundation of Schönstatt by Father Joseph Kentenich (Germany, 1914)
  Mother Thrice Admirable, Queen and Victorious Lady of Schoenstatt (II)

The spirituality of
Schönstatt is decidedly marked by a practical faith in Divine Providence in daily life.
Decades before the Second Vatican Council, Father Kentenich foresaw with clarity that the Church needed persons and communities who were interiorly formed. He envisioned persons and communities who in the "spirit of being children of God" would know how to personally decide for God. Schoenstatt considers that one of its main tasks is to keep alive the spirit of the Council and to take it to the life of the Church.

In the Covenant of Love there is an attachment to the different
Schönstatt Shrines, where The Mother Thrice Admirable, Queen and Victorious Lady, a painting of the Madonna and Child is always found.
Members have a great devotion to the Blessed Virgin and find a home in God’s merciful Love, which is a firm foundation for apostolic activity. They surrender themselves to the redeeming love of Christ which urges them towards evangelization. The members of Schoenstatt work in great numbers in educational projects, healthcare, missionary activities, culture and politics, and especially collaborate with other religious communities, following new directions of apostolate issued by the Church.
Adapted from www.schoenstatt.de/s_info/s-schoenstatt
St. Luke the only Gentile Christian among the Gospel writers
          Saint Mnason, bishop of Cyprus and forty holy children met their end by the sword.
  217 St. Asclepiades Bishop of Antioch martyr
  269 St. Athenodorus Bishop and martyr
  287 St. Justus of Beauvais; he was 9; stood upright with his head in his hand

3rd v.St. Tryphonia Roman widow and martyr
  377 St. Julian the Hermit, surnamed Sabas,

  492 St. Gwen (Candida, Blanche), Widow (AC)
         St. Keyna Welsh virgin founded churches
6th v. Brothen and Gwendolen (Gwendoline) (AC)
  645 St. Monon Scottish pilgrim martyred Ardennes France hermit

St. Isaac Jogues, priest of the Society of Jesus, and John de la Lande, a temporary helper to the same Society, who came from France to teach the faith.

1775 Sancti Pauli a Cruce, Presbyteri et Confessóris;

Romæ item natális sancti Pauli a Cruce, Presbyteri et Confessóris; qui Congregatiónis a Cruce et Passióne Dómini nostri Jesu Christi nuncupátæ Institútor fuit.  Ipsum vero, mira innocéntia ac pæniténtia conspícuum et singulári in Christum crucifíxum caritáte incénsum, Pius Papa Nonus fastis Sanctórum adjúnxit, et ejúsdem festivitátem quarto Kaléndas Maji recoléndam indíxit.
    At Rome, the birthday of St. Paul of the Cross, priest, confessor, and founder of the Congregation of the Cross and Passion of our Lord Jesus Christ.  Known for his remarkable innocency of life and his penitential spirit, and aflame with love for Christ crucified, he was canonized by Pope Pius IX, and the 28th of April was assigned as his feast day.



Arénis, in Hispánia, natális páriter sancti Petri de Alcántara, Sacerdótis ex Ordine Minórum et Confessóris; quem, propter admirábilem pæniténtiam múltaque mirácula, Clemens Nonus, Póntifex Máximus, Sanctórum número adscrípsit.  Ejus autem festum sequénti die celebrátur.
    At Arenas in Spain, the birthday of St. Peter of Alcantara, confessor and priest of the Order of Friars Minor.  He was canonized by Pope Clement IX because of his admirable penance and many miracles, and his feast is observed on the day following.
The Historicity of the Infancy Gospel According to Saint Luke (I)
October 18 - OUR LADY OF RHEIMS (France, 605) - Saint Luke
             The Gospel of the Infancy according to Luke is prefaced with a clear statement of historicity:
“Since many have undertaken to compile a narrative of the events that have been fulfilled among us, just as those who were eyewitnesses from the beginning and ministers of the Word have handed them down to us, I too have decided, after investigating everything accurately anew, to write it down in an orderly sequence for you, most excellent Theophilus, so that you may realize the certainty of the teachings you have received.
The preoccupation to support the narrative with eyewitnesses is announced in the Prologue, and obvious in the two chapters of the Infancy. Luke refers himself three times to the witnesses who kept these words and events in their hearts (Lk 1: 66; 2: 19 and 51). His gospel betrays a constant concern to gather information, not only from the Twelve, but also from the family of Jesus, and from the women who had accompanied him as disciples in his ministry (Acts 8: 1-3, etc.). In the Acts of the Apostles (1: 14), he gives these 2 categories (the women and the family) a good place in the primitive community, and cross-checks by naming them: Mary, Mother of Jesus, witness and source of the Infancy stories (Lk 2: 19 and 51). 
René Laurentin The Christmas Gospels, Desclée, 1999
“The saints must be honored as friends of Christ and children and heirs of God, as John the theologian and evangelist says: ‘But as many as received him, he gave them the power to be made the sons of God....’ Let us carefully observe the manner of life of all the apostles, martyrs, ascetics and just men who announced the coming of the Lord. And let us emulate their faith, charity, hope, zeal, life, patience under suffering, and perseverance unto death, so that we may also share their crowns of glory” Exposition of the Orthodox Faith.


St. Luke the only Gentile Christian among the Gospel writers
In Bithynia natális beáti Lucæ Evangelístæ, qui, multa passus pro Christi nómine, obiit Spíritu Sancto plenus.  Ipsíus autem ossa póstea Constantinópolim transláta sunt, et inde Patávium deláta.
    In Bithynia, the birthday of St. Luke the Evangelist.  He died, filled with the Holy Ghost, after having suffered much for the Name of Christ.  His relics were translated to Constantinople, and thence taken to Pavia.

St Luke came from the city of Antioch the Great. Of noble birth, he particularly excelled in the areas of medical science and pictorial art. Under the reign of Emperor Claude (c. 42 AD.), while he was caring for the sick around Thebes in Beotia, he met the Apostle Paul, whose ardent words convinced him that the absolute truth for which he had been seeking for so many years could indeed be found among the disciples of Jesus Christ.
   After he had been separated from his master, Luke returned to Greece to proclaim the Gospel there. He again set up his abode in the Thebes area where he died peacefully at the age of eighty.

    Wishing to glorify His faithful servant, God poured a miraculous liquid over his tomb; this cured the eye complaints of those who anointed themselves with it in faith. So it was, that even after his death, St Luke continued to practise medicine.
   Many years later (on March 3, 357), Emperor Constantius, son of the great Constantine, ordered St Artemios, Duke of Egypt, to take the relics of the Saint to Constantinople, and had them laid to rest under the Altar of the Church of the Holy Apostles, beside the Holy Relics of the Apostles Andrew and Timothy. Orthodox Monastery http://monastere-orthodoxe.chez-alice.fr/


1st v. ST LUKE, EVANGELIST
IT is from St Paul himself that we learn that St Luke was a gentile, for he is not named among those of his helpers whom Paul mentions as Jews (Col. iv 10 to 11); that he was a fellow worker with the apostle, “Mark, Aristarchus, Demas and Luke, who share my labours”; and that he was a medical man, “Luke, the beloved physician” (or “the beloved Luke, the physician”), who doubtless had the care of Paul’s much-tried health. But nowhere does St Paul refer to Luke’s writings; if Luke be referred to in II Cor. viii 18—19 (as St Jerome thought), there is clearly here no question of a written gospel.

  The first time in the history of the mission of St Paul that Luke speaks in his own name in the first person is when the apostle sailed from Troas into Macedonia (Acts xvi 10). Before this he had doubtless been for some time a disciple of St Paul, and from this time seems never to have left him, unless by his order for the service of the churches he had planted.  He was certainly with him not only during the first but also during the second imprisonment in Rome. According to Eusebius, Luke’s home was at Antioch, and he was almost certainly a Greek; and Luke himself in the Acts of the Apostles of course, sets out his journeyings and tribulations with St Paul.

   St Luke wrote his gospel, as he himself explains, that Christians might know the verity of those words in which they had been instructed: he was primarily a historian or recorder, writing for the information of Greeks. And he indicates for us what were his sources: as many had written accounts of the things that had happened as they heard them from those “who from the beginning were eyewitnesses and ministers of the word”, it seemed good to him also, “having diligently attained to all things from the beginning”, to set them out in an ordered narrative.

   It is only in the gospel of St Luke that we have a full account of the annunciation of the mystery of the Incarnation to the Blessed Virgin, of her visit to St Elizabeth, and of the journeys to Jerusalem (ix 15; xix 28). He relates six miracles and eighteen parables not mentioned in the other gospels. He wrote the book called the Acts of the Apostles as an appendix to his gospel, to prevent false relations by leaving an authentic account of the wonderful works of God in planting His Church and of some of the miracles by which He confirmed it. Having related some general transactions of the principal apostles in the first establishment of the Church, beginning at our Lord’s ascension, he from the thirteenth chapter almost confines himself to the actions and miracles of St Paul, to most of which he had been privy and an eye-witness.
           Luke was with St Paul in his last days: after writing those famous words to Timothy, “The time of my dissolution is at hand. I have fought a good fight: I have finished my course: I have kept the faith,” the apostle goes on to say, “Only Luke is with me
.
Of what happened to St Luke after St Paul’s martyrdom we have no certain knowledge: the later statements about him are impossible to reconcile. But according to a fairly early and widespread tradition he was unmarried, wrote his gospel in Greece, and died at the age of 84 in Boeotia.
         St Gregory Nazianzen (d. 390), who speaks of Greece as the chief field of Luke’s evangelism, is quote4 as the first to say he was martyred; but Gregory’s words do not certainly mean that: the martyrdom seems more than doubtful. The Emperor Constantius I! (d. 361) ordered the reputed relics of St Luke to be translated from the Boeotian Thebes to Constantinople.
           As well as of physicians and surgeons, St Luke is the patron saint of painters of pictures. A writer of the earlier sixth century states that the Empress Eudokia had a century before sent to St Pulcheria from Jerusalem an eikon of our Lady painted by St Luke. Other pictures were afterwards attributed to him; but St Augustine states clearly that nothing was known about the bodily appearance of the Virgin Mary. On the other hand there can be no question of the many subjects suggested to so many artists by St Luke’s descriptions of events in his writings.
         In accommodating the four symbolical representations mentioned in Ezechiel to the four evangelists, the ox or calf was assigned to Luke; St Irenaeus explains this by reference to the sacrificial element in the beginning of his gospel.
For a reliable appreciation of the author of the third gospel we must turn to such work of modern scholars as the admirable preface which Father Lagrange prefixed to his book, L’Évangile selon St Luc (1921). Of a proper biography there can of course be no question. Everything is uncertain beyond the little we find recorded in the New Testament itself, but Harnack, writing with the more persuasiveness as a non-Catholic at one time suspected of rationalizing tendencies, very solidly demonstrated that Luke the physician was the author both of the third gospel and of the whole of the Acts of the Apostles, despite the attempts which have been made, on the basis of the so-called “We” sections (Wirstücke) to prove that the text of this last was a conflation of at least two different documents. See Harnack, Lukas der Arzt, and subsequent publications of his written in support of the same thesis; all of which have been translated into English. For the history of St Luke, the Latin and Greek prefaces to early texts of the gospel are worthy of being taken into consideration (see the Revue Bénédictine, 1928, pp. 193 seq.), as also the short notice preserved in the Muratorian Canon. See further the preface to E. Jacquier’s great commentary, Les Actes des Apôtres (1926), and Theodore Zahn’s Die Apostelgeschichte des Lukas (1919—21). On the portraits of our Lady supposed to have been painted by St Luke, see DAC., vol. ix, c. 2614. See also A. H. N. Green-Armytage, Portrait of St Luke (1955).

Luke wrote one of the major portions of the New Testament, a two-volume work comprising the third Gospel and the Acts of the Apostles. In the two books he shows the parallel between the life of Christ and that of the Church. He is the only Gentile Christian among the Gospel writers. Tradition holds him to be a native of Antioch, and Paul calls him "our beloved physician" (Colossians 4:14). His Gospel was probably written between A.D. 70 and 85.
Luke appears in Acts during Paul’s second journey, remains at Philippi for several years until Paul returns from his third journey, accompanies Paul to Jerusalem and remains near him when he is imprisoned in Caesarea. During these two years, Luke had time to seek information and interview persons who had known Jesus. He accompanied Paul on the dangerous journey to Rome where he was a faithful companion. "Only Luke is with me," Paul writes (2 Timothy 4:11).
Comment:  Luke wrote as a Gentile for Gentile Christians. This Gospel reveals Luke's expertise in classic Greek style as well as his knowledge of Jewish sources.
The character of Luke may best be seen by the emphases of his Gospel, which has been given a number of subtitles:
(1) The Gospel of Mercy: Luke emphasizes Jesus' compassion and patience with the sinners and the suffering. He has a broadminded openness to all, showing concern for Samaritans, lepers, publicans, soldiers, public sinners, unlettered shepherds, the poor.
Luke alone records the stories of the sinful woman, the lost sheep and coin, the prodigal son, the good thief.
(2) The Gospel of Universal Salvation: Jesus died for all. He is the son of Adam, not just of David, and Gentiles are his friends too.
(3) The Gospel of the Poor: "Little people" are prominent—Zechariah and Elizabeth, Mary and Joseph, shepherds, Simeon and the elderly widow, Anna. He is also concerned with what we now call "evangelical poverty."
(4) The Gospel of Absolute Renunciation: He stresses the need for total dedication to Christ.
(5) The Gospel of Prayer and the Holy Spirit: He shows Jesus at prayer before every important step of his ministry. The Spirit is bringing the Church to its final perfection.
(6) The Gospel of Joy: Luke succeeds in portraying the joy of salvation that permeated the primitive Church.
Quote:   "Then [Jesus] led them [out] as far as Bethany, raised his hands, and blessed them. As he blessed them he parted from them and was taken up to heaven. They did him homage and then returned to Jerusalem with great joy, and they were continually in the temple praising God" (Luke 24:50-53).

Luke the Evangelist (RM) 1st century. Saint Luke was a gentile (not mentioned as a Jew by Saint Paul in Col. 4:10-11), a Greek (according to Saint Jerome), perhaps born in Antioch (per Eusebius), and a medical man by profession--Saint Paul speaks of him as 'our beloved Luke, the physician' (Col. 4:14). He was the author of the Gospel the bears his name and of its continuation--the Acts of the Apostles.
The Gospel was definitely written by a Gentile Christian for Gentile Christians. Though Jesus lived and worked almost entirely among Jews, He also reached out to others. Whenever Jesus has dealings with, for example, Syrians, or praises a Roman centurion, Luke tells us about it. He also shows Jesus' special friendship with the outcasts of society and his love of the poor.

One of the interesting aspects of Luke's Gospel is his frequent juxtaposition of a story about a man and then another about a woman. For example, the cure of the demoniac (Luke 4:31-37) is followed by the cure of Peter's mother-in-law (4:38-39); the centurion's slave is healed (7:1-10), then the widow of Nain's son is raised (7:11-17); the Gerasene demoniac is healed (8:26-39) followed by the raising of Jairus's Daughter and healing of the woman with the hemorrhage (8:40-56).

Luke also mentions the women who followed and assisted Jesus in His ministry (e.g., 8:1-3). Thus, in a way that no other evangelist does, Luke depicts a Jesus who cares for the status and salvation of women quite as much as He does for men. Perhaps this is because Luke probably learned much about Jesus from the Blessed Virgin herself. Only he and Matthew record elements about the hidden life of the Lord before his public ministry.

Luke stresses God's mercy and love of all mankind. He alone records the parables of the lost sheep, the Good Samaritan, the prodigal son, the Pharisee and the publican, the barren fig tree, Dives and Lazarus. He is also the only one to record Jesus' forgiveness of Mary Magdalen (?) (Luke 7:47), His promise to the good thief (Luke 23:43), and His prayer for his executioners (Luke 23:34). And he is also the only evangelist to record the Ave Maria the Magnificat, the Benedictus, and the Nunc Dimittis, which are all used in the Liturgy of the Hours (Night, Evening, Morning, and Night Prayer respectively). Luke also emphasizes the call to poverty, prayer, and purity of heart, which comprise much of his specific appeal to the Gentiles.

Luke also wrote the Acts of the Apostles, which might more appropriately be known as the Acts of the Holy Spirit. This is a continuation of his Gospel account, though the Acts may have been written first. According to Eusebius and Jerome, Acts was written during Paul's imprisonment, though Saint Ireneaus says after Paul's death c. 66. Eusebius says that the Gospel was set down before Paul's death, Jerome says after, and an early tradition records it as being composed shortly before Luke's death.

Legend has him as one of the 72 disciples, and some scholars identify him with Lucius of Cyrene, a teacher and prophet at Antioch (Acts 13:1) and with Lucius, Paul's companion at Corinth (Rom. 16:21). We don't know exactly when he was converted; perhaps in 42 when Saint Paul and Saint Barnabas came to preach at Antioch, or possibly even earlier when the Christians fled from Jerusalem to Antioch after the stoning of Saint Stephen.

Certain passages of Acts, written in the first person plural, are usually held to show that the writer was with Saint Paul on parts of his second and third missionary journeys and on the voyage to Italy, when the ship was wrecked off the coast of Malta (Acts 16:10ff; 20:5ff; 27-28). He was with Paul during both his first and second imprisonments. In his letters, Paul thrice (AD 61-63) refers to Luke's presence in Rome, writing to Timothy, 'Luke is my only companion.'

Between the two missionary journeys (AD 51-57), he stayed at Philippi as a leader of the Christian community. Then he rejoined Saint Paul on the third trip, meeting him in Macedonia and accompanying him to Jerusalem. Thereafter, he was Paul's constant companion. He was with Paul after his arrest in the Temple and during the two years (57-59) of his imprisonment at Caesarea. When Paul appealed to Caesar, Luke went with him and was shipwrecked with Paul on the coast of Malta. Until St. Paul's martyrdom in 67, Luke never left his side.

A writer perhaps as early as the late second century declares that, having served the Lord constantly and written his gospel there, According to a less reliable tradition, Luke died, unmarried, in Boeotia, Greece, at the age of 84, 'full of the Holy Spirit.' He is said to have been martyred, which is very doubtful, but we have no record of his history after the time he was in Rome with Paul.
Though Luke may never have known Our Lord in the flesh, it is possible that he did know the Mother of God and Saint John. He was in Rome at the same time as Saints Peter and Mark and, while in the company of Paul, must surely have known many of the disciples.
Translations of his relics were claimed by Constantinople and Padua (Attwater, Benedictines, Bentley, Delaney, Encyclopedia, Farmer, Green-Armytage, Walsh, White).

Perhaps one of the best novels about Saint Luke is Taylor Caldwell's Dear and Glorious Physician, which is especially good in portraying extant pagan heralds to the coming of Christ.

Saint Luke is the patron saint of physicians and surgeons, and also of guilds of artists, art schools, and painters of pictures because later tradition in the Greek Church claims that Luke was also an artist. Reputedly Luke carried a portrait of the Blessed Mother with him and that it was the instrument of many conversions. Indeed, he was a great artist in words, and his narratives have inspired many masterpieces of art; but the existing pictures of the Blessed Virgin, which he is said actually to have painted, are all works of a much later date, including that of Our Lady of Perpetual Help. Unfortunately, a rough drawing in the catacombs inscribed as "one of seven painted by Luca" confirmed the Greek legend in the popular mind.
   Additionally, he is considered the patron of sculptors, bookbinders, goldsmiths, lacemakers, notaries (because of his account of Christ's life), and butchers (because of his emblem, the winged ox) (Appleton, Roeder, Tabor).
   Saint Irenaeus is credited with having first assigned the mysterious winged ox, described in Ezekiel and by Saint John in Revelation, to Saint Luke. The first known usage of the emblems of the apocalyptic creatures is in the apse mosaic of Saint Pudentiana in Rome dating to the end of the 4th century, although they were not specifically associated with any one of the Evangelists. Nevertheless, since the time of Saints Jerome (died 420) and Augustine (died 430), the winged ox has been assigned to Saint Luke. This may be an allusion to the sacrifice in the Temple at the beginning of his Gospel, and to Saint Luke's emphasis on the atonement made by Christ's suffering and death (Appleton).
   In art he appears (1) as a bishop or a physician with a book or scroll, often accompanied by a winged ox; (2) painting the Virgin (anonymous, at St. Isaac of Syria Skete, Boscobel, Wisconsin, USA) (this subject is especially used in 15th and 16th- century Flemish paintings); (3) in a doctor's cap and gown, holding a book; (4) occasionally present in scenes of the Annunciation or angel's message to Zacharia; (5) giving his book to Saint Theophilus B; or (6) as an evangelist, writing (14th century French illumination) (Roeder, White). Exceptional painting of Saint Luke include those of Roger van der Weyden in the Pinacoteca, Munich; Jean Grossaert in Prague; and the School of Raphael in the Accademia di San Luca in Rome (Tabor).
Saint Mnason, bishop of Cyprus and forty holy children met their end by the sword.
217 St. Asclepiades Bishop of Antioch martyr
Antiochíæ sancti Asclepíadis Epíscopi, qui fuit unus ex præcláro illórum Mártyrum número, qui glorióse sub Macríno passi sunt.
     At Antioch, the bishop St. Asclepiades, who was one of the celebrated band of martyrs who suffered so gloriously under Macrinus.
Asclepiades was the successor of St. Serapion in Antioch, Turkey, serving that see from 211 until his death. He is given the title of martyr because of the trials he endured during the persecutions of the time.
Asclepiades of Antioch BM (RM). Patriarch Asclepiades (211-217) succeeded Saint Serapion in the see of Antioch. Already he appears to have died in peace, he is usually given the title of martyr, probably because of all that he underwent during the persecution of Severus (Benedictines)
.
287 9 yr old St. Justus of Beauvais stood upright with his head in his hand
Sinomovíci, in território Bellovacénsi, sancti Justi Mártyris, qui adhuc puer, in persecutióne Diocletiáni Imperatóris, sub Rictiováro Præside, cápite amputátus est.
    At Louvres, in the diocese of Beauvais, St. Justus, martyr, who, being but a boy, was put to death in the persecution of Diocletian, under the governor Rictiovarus.

St Justus Of Beauvais, Martyr
  “At Sinomovicus in the territory of Beauvais
, says the Roman Martyrology, the passion of St Justus the martyr who, while still a boy, was beheaded by the  governor Rictiovarus during the persecution of Diocletian.” This young martyr was formerly famous all over north-western Europe, and the church of Beauvais even had his name in the canon of the Mass and accorded his feast a proper preface but the extension of his cultus was in some measure due to confusion with other saints of the same name. His legend as it has come down to us is worthless.
         According to it Justus lived at Auxerre, and when he was nine years old went with his father Justin to Amiens in order to ransom Justinian, Justin’s brother, who was held a slave there. They called on his master, Lupus, who was ready to sell the slave if he could be identified, but when they were all paraded for inspection neither brother recognized the other. Whereupon Justus, who had never seen his uncle before, pointed out a man who was carrying a lamp, crying, “That is he!” So it was, and Lupus handed him over,
      A soldier who had witnessed the occurrence reported to Rictiovarus that there were some Christian magicians in the town, and the governor sent four men after them to bring them back, and if they would not come quietly they were to be killed on the spot. When the three Christians came to Sinomovicus (now Saint-Just-en Chaussée), between Beauvais and Senlis, they sat down to eat by the side of a spring, when young Justus suddenly saw the four horsemen in the distance. Justin and Justinian at once hid themselves in a near-by cave, telling the boy to put the soldiers off if they came that way. When they rode up the pursuers saw Justus and asked him where were the two men they had seen with him and to what gods they were in the habit of sacrificing. He ignored one question, and replied to the other that he was a Christian. At once one of the soldiers smote off his head, and was about to pick it up to carry it back to Rictiovarus when the dead body stood upright and a voice was heard saying, “Lord of Heaven and earth, receive my soul, for I am sinless!” At this prodigy the soldiers fled from the place, and when Justin and his brother came out of the cave there was the body of St Justus with its head in its hands; and it is fabled to have directed them to bury the trunk in the cave and to take the head home to his mother, “who, if she wants to see me again, must look for me in Heaven”. A similar story is told of the St Justin venerated at Paris, for whom the “acts” of St Justus have been borrowed, “unde multiplex orta at in breviariis perturbatio”, observe the Bollandists.

Although this legend is entirely fabulous, we may infer from the fact that it is preserved in four recensions that it must have enjoyed a certain popularity. See the Acta Sanctorum, October, vol. viii, and BHL., nn. 4590—4594. There is no mention of this Justus in the Hieronymianum, and there seems grave reason to doubt whether Rictiovarus, the persecutor whose name occurs so frequently in the Roman Martyrology, ever existed. For an im­portant comment and references, see Analecta .Bollandiana, vol. lxxii (1954), p. 269.
St. Justus of Beauvais, Martyr (Feast day - October 18) Justus was born in 278 and lived at Auxerre, France, with his father. At that time, the persecution of Diocletian was in full force. Justus and his father went to Amiens to ransom a relative. While there, Justus was reported to the authorities to be a Christian magician, and soldiers were sent to arrest him. When confronted at Beauvais, Justus, who was nine years old, confessed that he was a Christian, and he was immediately beheaded. Legend has it that he then stood upright with his head in his hand, at which the soldiers fled.

Justus of Beauvais M (RM). Saint Justus is reputed to have been a child of nine who was killed by Roman soldiers for concealing the hiding place of two other Christians; this is supposed to have happened between Beauvais and Senlis at a place now called Saint-Just-en-Chaussee during Diocletian's persecution under the mythical Rictiovarus. He was beheaded by a soldier but continued to proclaim the Good News. There used to be a considerable cultus of Saint Justus in France, Belgium, Switzerland, and at Winchester, England which claimed some of his relics from the 11th century. Most of his relics are enshrined in the cathedral of Paris and appear to be the body of a youth. The unhistorical tale appears to be based on that of Saint Justin of Paris. There may have been a Gallo-Roman martyr of this name and the stories of others with similar names may have been confused with the diffusion of the cultus (Attwater, Benedictines, Encyclopedia, Farmer, Husenbeth)
.
269 St. Athenodorus Bishop and martyr
Neocæsaréæ, in Ponto, sancti Athenodóri Epíscopi, qui fuit frater sancti Gregórii Thaumatúrgi; et, doctrína clarus, in persecutióne Aureliáni, martyrium consummávit.
    At Neocaesarea in Pontus, the holy and learned Bishop Athenodorus, brother of St. Gregory Thaumaturgus, who underwent martyrdom in the persecution of Aurelian.
Athenodorus was a member of a prominent pagan family at Neocaesarea, in Cappadocia. His brother was St. Gregory Thaumaturgus. He went with Gregory and their sister to Caesarea, in 223, planning to study law in Beirut, Lebanon. Origen was in Caesarea, and Athenodorus and Gregory were converted by him. Athenodorus was named bishop of an unnamed see in Pontus later in his life. He was martyred in the persecutions of Emperor Aurelian.

Athenodorus of Pontus BM (RM) Born in Neo-Caesarea, Cappadocia. Saint Athenodorus, like his brother Saint Gregory the Wonder-Worker, was a convert to Christianity. Together they studied under Origen at Caesarea and then both became bishops-- Athenodorus of an unnamed see in Pontus. He suffered martyrdom under Aurelian (Benedictines)
.
3rd century St. Tryphonia Roman widow and martyr
Romæ sanctæ Tryphóniæ, quæ Décii Cæsaris quondam uxor ac sanctæ Vírginis et Mártyris Cyrillæ mater éxstitit; cujus corpus in crypta, juxta sanctum Hippólytum, sepúltum est.
    At Rome, St. Tryphonia, at one time the wife of Caesar Decius, the mother of St. Cyrilla, virgin and martyr.  She was buried in a crypt, near that of St. Hippolytus.

Tradition states that she may have been the widow of the Christian enemy, Emperor Trajanus Decius or the widow of his son.

Tryphonia of Rome, Widow M (RM). In legend Tryphonia is either the wife of Emperor Decius or his son, Messius Decius. She was a Roman widow martyred in Rome. Her Acta are worthless (Benedictines).
377 St. Julian Sabas the Elder  hermit in Mesopotamia
St. Julian the Hermit, surnamed Sabas, who is mentioned also on the 17th of January
In fínibus Edessénæ regiónis, in Mesopotámia, commemorátio sancti Juliáni Eremítæ, cognoménto Sabæ, de quo ágitur étiam sextodécimo Kaléndas Februárii.
In Mesopotamia, in the neighbourhood of Edessa, the commemoration of St. Julian the Hermit, surnamed Sabas, who is mentioned also on the 17th of January.
On the banks of the Euphrates River. He gave much encouragement to the Christians in the Eastern Empire during the period of renewed oppression of the faith under Emperor Julian the Apostate. He appeared in 372 to refute the Arian heresy as well. Accounts of his life were written by St. John Chrysostom and Theodoret
.
5th century 492 St. Gwen Widowed martyr at Talgrarth
sometimes called Blanche, Wenn, or Candida. She was the daughter of a Chieftain, Brychan or Brecknock.
Saxon pagans martyred Gwen at Talgrarth. 
Gwen (Wenn) of Wales, (AC) 5th century. There are two saints of this name, both celebrated on the same day. Both lived during the same period. Saint Gwen of Wales, widow of King Selyf of Cornwall, is said to have been the sister of Saint Nonna and, therefore, the aunt of Saint David of Wales. She is alleged to have been the mother of Saints Cyby and Cadfan and to have founded the church of Saint Wenn. There are a few other churches in Devon and Cornwall who may be dedicated to this saint (Benedictines, Encyclopedia, Farmer)
.
5th century St. Keyna Welsh virgin founded churches
also called Keyne or Ceinwen. She is possibly one of the twenty-four children of the chieftain Brychan of Brecknock, Wales. Keyna supposedly became a hermitess on the banks of the Severn River in Somerset, England St. Cadoc, her nephew, convinced her to return to Wales.
She founded churches in southern Wales and in Cornwall, England, and possibly in Somerset
.
6th v. Brothen and Gwendolen (Gwendoline) (AC)
6th century. Only their names and place names honoring these Welsh saints remains of their history, and the fact that they were given a public cultus in Wales. Saint Brothen is the patron of Llanbrothen in Merionethshire. Dolwyddelen and Llanwyddelan in Montgomeryshire suggest a Saint Gwendolen; this and similar names are diminutives of Gwen (meaning 'white'), equivalent to the French Blanche (Benedictines)
.
645 St. Monon Scottish pilgrim martyred Ardennes France hermit tomb site of many miracles
in that area. Monon was murdered at Nassogne, in Luxembourg, by a group of unrepentant sinners.

Mono (Monon) of Scotland M (AC). Mono was an Irish monk or Scottish pilgrim who crossed over to the continent and lived as a hermit in the Ardennes, where he is highly venerated by the people. He was murdered in his cell at Nassogne (Nassau), in Belgian Luxemburg by some robber whom he had reproved. His tomb in the village at a place now encompassed by Saint Hubert's abbey was the site of many miracles. There is a church near Saint Andrew's in Scotland dedicated to him called Monon's Kirk. In 1920, Cardinal Mercier of Belgium told the persecuted bishops of Ireland, "For long have the eyes of Belgian Catholics turned towards Ireland full of admiration and gratitude. Is it not the first pioneers of Christian civilization that Belgium herself owes in large degree the grace, greatest of all graces, of belonging to Christ? The names of Irish missionaries who in the Merovingian epoch evangelized the north of France, Saint Columban, Saint Foillan, Saints Monon and Eton, Saint Lievan [Lebwin], the bishops Saint Wiro and Saint Plechelm and their deacon Saint Odger, Saint Fredegand finally, and many other have remained popular among us. More than 30 Belgian churches are dedicated to saints from your island" (Benedictines, D'Arcy, Encyclopedia, Fitzpatrick, Husenbeth, Kenney)
.
Isaac Jogues, priest of the Society of Jesus, and John de la Lande, a temporary helper to the same Society, who came from France to teach the faith.
Apud Auriesville, in statu Neo-Eboracénsi, sanctórum Mártyrum e Societáte Jesu, Isaáci Jogues, Sacerdotis, et Joánnis de La Lande, Coadjutóris temporális, qui hac et sequénti die ab Iroquénsibus dire necáti sunt, eódem loco ubi, paucis ante annis, Renátus Goupil, et ipse Coadjútor temporális, martyrii palmam consecútus fúerat.
    At Auriesville, in the state of New York, the birthday of the holy martyrs Isaac Jogues, priest of the Society of Jesus, and John de la Lande, a temporary helper to the same Society, who came from France to teach the faith.  On this and the following day they were cruelly tortured and killed by the Iroquois in the same place where, a few years before, one of the companions, René Goupil, also a temporary assistant, had received the palm of martyrdom
.
1775 Sancti Pauli a Cruce, Presbyteri et Confessóris; qui Congregatiónis a Cruce et Passióne Dómini nostri Jesu Christi nuncupátæ Institútor fuit, atque in Dómino obdormívit quintodécimo Kaléndas Novémbris.
 St. Paul of the Cross, priest and confessor, founder of the Congregation of the Cross and Passion of our Lord Jesus Christ.  He went to his repose in the Lord on the 18th of October.
St. Paul of the Cross Paul Francis Daneii, born at Ovada, Genoa, Italy, 3 January, 1694; died in Rome, 18 October, 1775. Feast day 19 October HERE.

His parents, Luke Danei and Anna Maria Massari, were exemplary Catholics. From his earliest years the crucifix was his book, and the Crucified his model. Paul received his early education from a priest who kept a school for boys, in Cremolino, Lombardy. He made great progress in study and virtue; spent much time in prayer, heard daily Mass, frequently received the Sacraments, faithfully attended to his school duties, and gave his spare time to reading good books and visiting the churches, where he spent much time before the Blessed Sacrament, to which he had an ardent devotion. At the age of fifteen he left school and returned to his home at Castellazzo, and from this time his life was full of trials. In early manhood he renounced the offer of an honourable marriage; also a good inheritance left him by an uncle who was a priest. He kept for himself only the priest's Breviary.

Inflamed with a desire for God's glory he formed the idea of instituting a religious order in honour of the Passion. Vested in a black tunic by the Bishop of Alessandria, his director, bearing the emblem of our Lord's Passion, barefooted, and bareheaded, he retired to a narrow cell where he drew up the Rules of the new congregation according to the plan made known to him in a vision, which he relates in the introduction to the original copy of the Rules. For the account of his ordination to the priesthood, of the foundation of the Congregation of the Passion, and the approbation of the Rules, see PASSIONISTS. After the approbation of the Rules and the institute the first general chapter was held at the Retreat of the Presentation on Mount Argentaro on 10 April, 1747. At this chapter, St. Paul, against his wishes, was unanimously elected first superior general, which office he held until the day of his death. In all virtues and in the observance of regular discipline, he became a model to his companions. "Although continually occupied with the cares of governing his religious society, and of founding everywhere new houses for it, yet he never left off preaching the word of God, burning as he did with a wondrous desire for the salvation of souls" (Brief of Pius IX for St. Paul's Beatification, 1 Oct., 1852). Sacred missions were instituted and numerous conversions were made. He was untiring in his Apostolic labours and never, even to his last hour, remitted anything of his austere manner of life, finally succumbing to a severe illness, worn out as much by his austerities as by old age.

Among the distinguished associates of St. Paul in the formation and extension of the congregation were: John Baptist, his younger brother and constant companion from childhood, who shared all his labours and sufferings and equaled him in the practice of virtue; Father Mark Aurelius (Pastorelli), Father Thomas Struzzieri (subsequently Bishop of Amelia and afterwards of Todi), and Father Fulgentius of Jesus, all remarkable for learning, piety, and missionary zeal; Venerable Strambi, Bishop of Macerata and Tolentino, his biographer. Constant personal union with the Cross and Passion of our Lord was the prominent feature of St. Paul's sanctity. But devotion to the Passion did not stand alone, for he carried to a heroic degree all the other virtues of a Christian life. Numerous miracles, besides those special ones brought forward at his beatification and canonization, attested the favour he enjoyed with God. Miracles of grace abounded, as witnessed in the conversion of sinners seemingly hardened and hopeless. For fifty years he prayed for the conversion of England, and left the devotion as a legacy to his sons. The body of St. Paul lies in the Basilica of SS. John and Paul, Rome. He was beatified on 1 October, 1852, and canonized on 29 June, 1867. His feast occurs on 28 April. [Editor's note: It was later transferred to 19 October.] The fame of his sanctity, which had spread far and wide in Italy during his life, increased after his death and spread into all countries. Great devotion to him is practiced by the faithful wherever Passionists are established.

 Tuesday  Saints of October  18 Quintodécimo Kaléndas Novémbris  
40 days for Life Day 20
Pope Francis  PRAYER INTENTIONS FOR  October 2016
Universal:   Universal: Journalists
That journalists, in carrying out their work, may always be motivated by respect for truth and a strong sense of ethics.
Evangelization:  Evangelization: World Mission Day
That World Mission Day may renew within all Christian communities the joy of the Gospel and the responsibility to announce it.

God Bless Mother Angelica 1923-2016
ewtnmissionaries.com

On Death and Life
"Man Needs Eternity -- and Every Other Hope, for Him, Is All Too Brief"
Пресвятая Богородице спаси нас!    (Santíssima Mãe de Deus, salva-nos!)
                      

                                                                           
       40 days for Life Day 20
40 Days for Life  11,000+ saved lives in 2015
We are the defenders of true freedom.
  May our witness unveil the deception of the "pro-choice" slogan.
40 days for Life Campaign saves lives Shawn Carney Campaign Director www.40daysforlife.com
Please help save the unborn they are the future for the world

It is a great poverty that a child must die so that you may live as you wish -- Mother Teresa
 Saving babies, healing moms and dads, 'The Gospel of Life'

"Man Needs Eternity -- and Every Other Hope, for Him, Is All Too Brief"
It Makes No Sense Not To Believe In GOD 
Every Christian must be a living book
wherein one can read the teaching of the gospel

Jesus brings us many Blessings
 
The more we pray, the more we wish to pray. Like a fish which at first swims on the surface of the water, and afterwards plunges down, and is always going deeper; the soul plunges, dives, and loses itself in the sweetness of conversing with God. -- St. John Vianney

  Month by Month of Saintly Dedications


The Rosary html Mary Mother of GOD -- Her Rosary Here
Mary Mother of GOD Mary's Divine Motherhood: FEASTS OF OUR LADY
     of the Virgin Mary to those who recite the Rosary

May 9 – Our Lady of the Wood (Italy, 1607) 
Months of Dedication
January is the month of the Holy Name of Jesus since 1902;
March is the month of Saint Joseph since 1855;
May, the month of Mary, is the oldest and most well-known Marian month, officially since 1724;
June is the month of the Sacred Heart since 1873;
July is the month of the Precious Blood since 1850;
August is the month of the Immaculate Heart of Mary;
September is the month of Our Lady of Sorrows since 1857;
October is the month of the Rosary since 1868;
November is the month of the Holy Souls in Purgatory since 1888;
December is the month of the Immaculate Conception.

In all, five months of the year are dedicated to Mary.
The idea of dedicating months came from Rome and promotion of the month of Mary owes much to the Jesuits.  arras.catholique.fr


Pray that the witness of 40 Days for Life bears abundant fruit, and that we begin again each day to storm the gates of hell until God welcomes us into the gates of heaven.

If you seek patience, you will find no better example than the cross. Great patience occurs in two ways:
either when one patiently suffers much, or when one suffers things which one is able to avoid and yet does not avoid.
Christ endured much on the cross, and did so patiently, because when he suffered he did not threaten;
he was led like a sheep to the slaughter and he did not open his mouth.-- St. Thomas Aquinas


We begin our day by seeing Christ in the consecrated bread, and throughout the day we continue to see Him in the torn bodies of our poor. We pray, that is, through our work, performing it with Jesus, for Jesus and upon Jesus.
The poor are our prayer. They carry God in them. Prayer means praying everything, praying the work.
We meet the Lord who hungers and thirsts, in the poor.....and the poor could be you or I or any person kind enough to show us his or her love and to come to our place.
Because we cannot see Christ, we cannot express our love to Him in person.
But our neighbor we can see, and we can do for him or her what we would love to do for Jesus if He were visible.
-- Mother Teresa
My God, I believe, I adore, I trust and I love Thee.  I beg pardon for those who do not believe, do not adore, do not love Thee.  O most Holy trinity, Father, Son and Holy Spirit, I adore Thee profoundly.
 I offer Thee the most precious Body, Blood, Soul and Divinity of Jesus Christ, present in all the Tabernacles of the world,  in reparation for the outrages, sacrileges and indifference by which He is offended,
and by the infite merits of the Sacred Heart of Jesus and the Immaculate Heart of Mary.

I beg the conversion of poor sinners,  Amen Fatima Prayer, Angel of Peace
Mary's Divine Motherhood
Pope Francis and Pope Benedict XVI { 2013 } Catholic Church In China { article here}
1648 to1930 St. Augustine Zhao Rong and 120 Companions Christianity arrived in China by way of Syria -- 600s.
        Depending on China's relations with outside world,
Christianity for centuries was free to grow or forced to operate secretly.

How do I start the Five First Saturdays? 
Called in the Gospel “the Mother of Jesus,” Mary is acclaimed by Elizabeth, at the prompting of the Spirit and even before the birth of her son, as “the Mother of my Lord” (Lk 1:43; Jn 2:1; 19:25; cf. Mt 13:55; et al.). In fact, the One whom she conceived as man by the Holy Spirit, who truly became her Son according to the flesh, was none other than the Father's eternal Son, the second person of the Holy Trinity. Hence the Church confesses that Mary is truly Mother of God (Theotokos). 
Catechism of the Catholic Church 495, quoting the Council of Ephesus (431): DS 251.
“The Blessed Virgin was eternally predestined, in conjunction with the incarnation of the divine Word, to be the Mother of God. By decree of divine Providence, she served on earth as the loving mother of the divine Redeemer, an associate of unique nobility, and the Lord's humble handmaid. She conceived, brought forth, and nourished Christ.”
The voice of the Father is heard, the Son enters the water, and the Holy Spirit appears in the form of a dove.
   THE spirit and example of the world imperceptibly instil the error into the minds of many that there is a kind of middle way of going to Heaven; and so, because the world does not live up to the gospel, they bring the gospel down to the level of the world. It is not by this example that we are to measure the Christian rule, but words and life of Christ. All His followers are commanded to labour to become perfect even as our heavenly Father is perfect, and to bear His image in our hearts that we may be His children. We are obliged by the gospel to die to ourselves by fighting self-love in our hearts, by the mastery of our passions, by taking on the spirit of our Lord.
   These are the conditions under which Christ makes His promises and numbers us among His children, as is manifest from His words which the apostles have left us in their inspired writings. Here is no distinction made or foreseen between the apostles or clergy or religious and secular persons. The former, indeed, take upon themselves certain stricter obligations, as a means of accomplishing these ends more perfectly; but the law of holiness and of disengagement of the heart from the world is geeral and binds all the followers of Christ.

Join Mary of Nazareth Project help us build the International Marian Center of Nazareth
http://www.worldpriest.com/
THE EUCHARIST, A MYSTERY TO BE BELIEVED POST-SYNODAL APOSTOLIC EXHORTATION
SACRAMENTUM CARITATIS OF THE HOLY FATHER BENEDICT XVI
There are over 10,000 named saints beati  from history
 and Roman Martyology Orthodox sources

Miracles by Century 100   200   300   400   500   600   700    800   900   1000    1100   1200   1300   1400  1500  1600  1700  1800   1900  Miracles_BLay Saints
Morning Prayer and Hymn    Meditation of the Day    Prayer for Priests    Our Bartholomew Family Prayer List  Here
We are called upon with the whole Church militant on earth to join in praising and thanking God for the grace and glory he has bestowed on his saints. At the same time we earnestly implore Him to exert His almighty power and mercy in raising us from our miseries and sins, healing the disorders of our souls and leading us by the path of repentance to the company of His saints, to which He has called us.
   They were once what we are now, travellers on earth they had the same weaknesses, which we have. We have difficulties to encounter so had the saints, and many of them far greater than we can meet with; obstacles from kings and whole nations, sometimes from the prisons, racks and swords of persecutors. Yet they surmounted these difficulties, which they made the very means of their virtue and victories. It was by the strength they received from above, not by their own, that they triumphed. But the blood of Christ was shed for us as it was for them and the grace of our Redeemer is not wanting to us; if we fail, the failure is in ourselves.
   THE saints and just, from the beginning of time and throughout the world, who have been made perfect, everlasting monuments of God’s infinite power and clemency, praise His goodness without ceasing; casting their crowns before His throne they give to Him all the glory of their triumphs: “His gifts alone in us He crowns.”
“The saints must be honored as friends of Christ and children and heirs of God, as John the theologian and evangelist says: ‘But as many as received him, he gave them the power to be made the sons of God....’ Let us carefully observe the manner of life of all the apostles, martyrs, ascetics and just men who announced the coming of the Lord. And let us emulate their faith, charity, hope, zeal, life, patience under suffering, and perseverance unto death, so that we may also share their crowns of glory” Exposition of the Orthodox Faith

Called in the Gospel the Mother of Jesus, Mary is acclaimed by Elizabeth, at the prompting of the Spirit and even before the birth of her son, as the Mother of my Lord (Lk 1:43; Jn 2:1; 19:25; cf. Mt 13:55; et al.). In fact, the One whom she conceived as man by the Holy Spirit, who truly became her Son according to the flesh, was none other than the Father's eternal Son,  the second person of the Holy Trinity.
Hence the Church confesses that Mary is truly Mother of God (Theotokos).
Catechism of the Catholic Church 495, quoting the Council of Ephesus (431): DS 251.
Nine First Fridays Devotion to the Sacred Heart ... From the writings of St. Margaret Mary Alacoque
On Friday during Holy Communion, He said these words to me, His unworthy slave, if I mistake not:
I promise you in the excessive mercy of my Heart that its all-powerful love will grant to all those who receive Holy Communion on nine first Fridays of consecutive months the grace of final repentance; they will not die under my displeasure or without receiving their sacraments, my divine Heart making itself their assured refuge at the last moment.
Margaret Mary was inspired by Christ to establish the Holy Hour and to pray lying prostrate with her face to the ground from eleven till midnight on the eve of the first Friday of each month, to share in the mortal sadness.
He endured when abandoned by His Apostles in His Agony, and to receive holy Communion on the first Friday of every month. In the first great revelation, He made known to her His ardent desire to be loved by men and His design of manifesting His Heart with all Its treasures of love and mercy, of sanctification and salvation.
He appointed the Friday after the octave of the feast of Corpus Christi as the feast of the Sacred Heart; He called her the Beloved Disciple of the Sacred Heart, and the heiress of all Its treasures. The love of the Sacred Heart was the fire which consumed her, and devotion to the Sacred Heart is the refrain of all her writings. In her last illness she refused all alleviation, repeating frequently: What have I in heaven and what do I desire on earth, but Thee alone, O my God, and died pronouncing the Holy Name of Jesus.
With regard to this promise it may be remarked: (1) that our Lord required Communion to be received on a particular day chosen by Him; (2) that the nine Fridays must be consecutive; (3) that they must be made in honor of His Sacred Heart, which means that those who make the nine Fridays must practice the devotion and must have a great love for our Lord; (4) that our Lord does not say that those who make the nine Fridays will be dispensed from any of their obligations or from exercising the vigilance necessary to lead a good life and overcome temptation; rather He implicitly promises abundant graces to those who make the nine Fridays to help them to carry out these obligations and persevere to the end; (5) that perseverance in receiving Holy Communion for nine consecutive First Firdays helps the faithful to acquire the habit of frequent Communion, which our Lord eagerly desires; and (6) that the practice of the nine Fridays is very pleasing to our Lord He promises such great reward, and all Catholics should endeavor to make nine Fridays.
How do I start the Five First Saturdays? by Fr. Tom O'Mahony.
On July 13,1917, Our Lady appeared for the third time to the three children of Fatima an showed them the vision of hell and made the now - famous thirteen prophecies. In this vision Our Lady said that 'GOD WISHES TO ESTABLISH IN THE WORLD DEVOTION to Her Immaculate Heart and that She would come TO ASK FOR THE COMMUNION OF REPARATION ON THE FIRST SATURDAYS...'  Eight years later, on December 10, 1925, Our Lady did indeed come back. She appeared (with the Child Jesus) to Lucia in the convent of the Dorothean Sisters in Pontevedra.
The Child Jesus spoke first:
'HAVE COMPASSION ON THE HEART OF YOUR MOST HOLY MOTHER WHICH IS COVERED WITH THORNS WITH WHICH UNGRATEFUL MEN PIERCE IT AT EVERY MOMENT, WHILE THERE IS NO ONE TO REMOVE THEM WITH AN ACT OF REPARATION.'

THE GREAT PROMISE
Our Lady then said: 'MY DAUGHTER LOOK AT MY HEART SURROUNDED WITH THORNS WITH WHICH UNGRATEFUL MEN PIERCE IT AT EVERY MOMENT BY THEIR BLASPHEMIES AND INGRATITUDE. YOU, AT LEAST, TRY TO CONSOLE ME, AND SAY THAT I PROMISE TO ASSIST AT THE HOUR OF DEATH WITH ALL THE GRACES NECESSARY FOR SALVATION, ALL THOSE WHO, ON THE FIRST SATURDAY OF FIVE CONSECUTIVE MONTHS GO TO CONFESSION AND RECEIVE HOLY COMMUNION, RECITE FIVE DECADES OF THE ROSARY AND KEEP ME COMPANY FOR A QUARTER OF AN HOUR WHILE MEDITATING ON MYSTERIES OF THE ROSARY, WITH THE INTENTION OF MAKING REPARATION TO ME.'

The Five Reasons
Lucia once asked this question of Our Lord and received as an answer: 'MY DAUGHTER, THE MOTIVE IS SIMPLE, THERE ARE FIVE KINDS OF OFFENCES AND BLASPHEMIES UTTERED AGAINST THE IMMACULATE HEART OF MARY: (1) BLASPHEMIES AGAINST THE IMMACULATE CONCEPTION: (2) BLASPHEMIES AGAINST HER VIRGINITY: (3) BLASPHEMIES AGAINST HER DIVINE MATERNITY: (4) BLASPHEMIES OF THOSE WHO OPENLY SEEK TO FOSTER IN THE HEARTS OF CHILDREN INDIFFERENCE OR EVEN HATRED FOR THIS IMMACULATE MOTHER: (5) THE OFFENCES OF THOSE WHO DIRECTLY OUTRAGE HER IN HOLY IMAGES.'
From the above, it is easy to see that each of the Five Saturdays can correspond to a specific offence. By offering the graces received during each First Saturday as reparation for the offence being prayed for, the participant can hope to help remove the thorns from Our Lady's Heart.
What Do I Have To Do?
The devotion of First Saturdays, as requested by Our Lady of Fatima, carries with it the assurance of salvation. However, to derive profit from such a great promise of Our Lady, the devotion must be properly understood and duly performed.
The requirements as stipulated by Our Lady are as follows:
(1) CONFESSION, (2) COMMUNION, (3) FIVE DECADES OF THE ROSARY, (4) MEDITATION ON ONE OR MORE OF THE ROSARY MYSTERIES FOR FIFTEEN MINUTES, (5) TO DO ALL THESE THINGS IN THE SPIRIT OF REPARATION TO THE IMMACULATE HEART OF MARY, and (6) TO OBSERVE ALL THESE PRACTICES ON THE FIRST SATURDAY OF FIVE CONSECUTIVE MONTHS.
(1) CONFESSION: A reparative confession means that the confession should not only be good (valid and licit), but also be offered in the spirit of reparation, in this case, to Mary's Immaculate Heart. This confession may be made on the First Saturday itself or some days before or after the First Saturday within the preceding octave would suffice.
(2) COMMUNION: The communion of reparation must be sacramental duly received with the intention of making reparation. This offering, like the confession, is an interior act and so no external action to express the intention is needed.
(3) THE ROSARY: The Rosary mentioned here was indicated by the Portuguese word 'terco' which is commonly employed to denote a Rosary of five decades, since it forms a fourth of the full Rosary of 20 decades. This too must recited in a spirit of reparation.
(4) MEDITATION FOR FIFTEEN MINUTES: Here the meditation on one mystery or more is to be made without simultaneous recitation of the Rosary decade. As indicated, the meditation may be either on one mystery alone for 15 minutes, or on all 20 mysteries, spending about one minute on each mystery, or again, on two or more mysteries during the period. This can also be made before each decade spending three minutes or more in considering the mystery of the particular decade. This meditation has likewise to be made in the spirit of reparation to the Immaculate Heart.
(5) THE SPIRIT OF REPARATION: All these acts, as said above, have to be done with the intention of offering reparation to the Immaculate Heart of Mary for the offences committed against Her. Everyone who offends Her commits, so to speak, a two-fold offence, for these sins also offend her Divine Son, Christ, and so endanger our salvation. They give bad example to others and weaken the strength of society to withstand immoral onslaughts. Such devotions therefore make us consider not only the enormity of the offence against God, but also the effect of sins on human society as well as the need for undoing these social effects even when the offender repents and is converted. Further, this reparation emphasises our responsibility towards sinners who, themselves, will not pray and make reparation for their sins.
(6) FIVE CONSECUTIVE FIRST SATURDAYS: The idea of the Five First Saturdays is obviously to make us persevere in the devotional acts for these Saturdays and overcome initial difficulties. Once this is done, Our Lady knows that the person would become devoted to Her immaculate Heart and persist in practising such devotion on all First Saturdays, working thereby for personal self-reform and for the salvation of others.

Unless Russia is converted, the movement against God and for sin will continue to spread, promoting wars and persecutions, and making the attainment for peace and justice impossible for this world. One means of obtaining Russia's conversion is to practise the Fatima Message. The stakes are so great that to encourage Catholics to practise the devotion of the First Saturdays, Our Lady has assured us that She will obtain salvation for all those who observe the first Saturdays for five consecutive months in accordance with Her conditions.
At the supreme moment the departing person will be either in the state of grace or not. In either case Our Lady will be by his side. If in the state of grace, She will console and help him to resist whatever temptations the devil might put before him in his last attempt to take the person with him to hell. If not in the state of grace, Our Lady will help the person to repent in a manner agreeable to God and so benefit by the fruits of redemption and be saved.

God loves variety. He doesn't mass-produce his saints. Every saint is unique, for each is the result of a new idea.  As the liturgy says: Non est inventus similis illis--there are no two exactly alike. It is we with our lack of imagination, who paint the same haloes on all the saints. Dear Lord, grant us a spirit that is not bound by our own ideas and preferences.  Grant that we may be able to appreciate in others what we lack in ourselves. O Lord, grant that we may understand that every saint must be a unique praise of Your glory. Catholic saints are holy people and human people who lived extraordinary lives.  Each saint the Church honors responded to God's invitation to use his or her unique gifts.   God calls each one of us to be a saint in order to get into heavenonly saints are allowed into heaven. The more "extravagant" graces are bestowed NOT for the benefit of the recipients so much as FOR the benefit of others.