Tuesday   Saints of this Day Sept  06  Octavo idus Septémbris.   
"Deus Caritas Est" -- God is love  
Arapet {"Arabian"} Theotokos Icon appeared while Apostle Thomas evangelizing Ethiopia, Arabia, and India
Instead of the usual three stars (signifying the perpetual virginity of the Mother of God), the outer garment of the Theotokos has three circles with the head of an angel inside each one. In this feature, it resembles the icons ("In Giving Birth you Preserved your Virginity A Virgin Before, {during} and After Giving Birth")

You know well enough that Our Lord does not look so much at the greatness of our actions, nor even at their difficulty,
but at the love with which we do them.
-- St. Therese

 
CAUSES OF SAINTS

Our Bartholomew Family Prayer List

Acts of the Apostles

                                 
 

                                                                             
       
40 Days for Life  11,000+ saved lives in 2015
We are the defenders of true freedom.
  May our witness unveil the deception of the "pro-choice" slogan.
40 days for Life Campaign saves lives Shawn Carney Campaign Director www.40daysforlife.com
Please help save the unborn they are the future for the world

It is a great poverty that a child must die so that you may live as you wish -- Mother Teresa
 Saving babies, healing moms and dads, 'The Gospel of Life'
Nine First Fridays Devotion to the Sacred Heart From the writings of St. Margaret Mary Alacoque

How do I start the Five First Saturdays?

Mary Mother of GOD 15 Promises of the Virgin Mary to those who recite the Rosary

Acts of the Apostles

ABORTION IS A MORAL OUTRAGE
Et álibi aliórum plurimórum sanctórum Mártyrum et Confessórum, atque sanctárum Vírginum.
And elsewhere in divers places, many other holy martyrs, confessors, and holy virgins.
Пресвятая Богородице спаси нас!  (Santíssima Mãe de Deus, salva-nos!)

Verklärung des Herrn Calixtus III. hat 1457 den 6. August für die ganze römische Kirche festgelegt.
     sancti Zacharíæ Prophetæ In Palæstina , qui, de Chaldæa senex in pátriam revérsus
1st v. Archangel Michael at Colossus, later called Chone
         The miracle performed by
St. Eutychus Departure of disciple of St. John the Evangelist; St. Paul raised him with his prayers. (Acts 20:9) {COPTIC}
Saint Michael
St. Pishay (Abshai), Antiochian Martyrdom of {COPTIC}
1st v. Saint Archippus the saint at Colossae, (Greek for "master of the horse")  from Hieropolis; persuaded many pagans who came to the holy spring to accept Baptism, forsake pagan impiety, and turn to Savior Jesus Christ
81 St. Onesiphorus, disciple of apostles; Martyr with Porphyrius; St. Paul’s Second Letter to Timothy
98-117 Romulus reproached emperor for impiety and folly to diminish army's strength during  war
       St. Cottidus, Eugene deacon, & Companions Cappadocian
250 St. Faustus, a priest, Macarius, and ten companions, received martyr's crown for Christ.
  273 Ss Augustine, Sanctian, and Beata martyred at Sens where they are still venerated
Eudoxius a military commander in the imperial armies , Zeno friend ,  house steward Macarius and their Companions received a martyric death for Christ

284-305 Cyril, Bishop of Gortyna One night the saint heard a voice commanding him to go to Rome; In the morning the doors of the prison were open, and the idols overthrown and destroyed. On the road to Rome St Cyril had a vision: St Philoxenos appeared and said that he would receive two crowns, one of a hierarch and the other of a martyr; a vision receivedcommand not to neglect Crete.
  450 sancti Petrónii, Verónæ Epíscopi et Confessóris. 
  460 St. Arator The fourth bishop of Verdun, France
 484 Donatian, Laetus, Companions driven from North Africa by the Arian
Vandal King Huneric
 497 Maccallin of Lusk B (AC)
 585-590 Eleutherius of Spoleto, OSB Abbot  one favored by God with the gift of miracles (RM)

Saint David of Egypt monk, former robber; received from God power to perform miracles healed many of the sick and cast out evil spirits

  607 Faustus of Syracuse, Abbot taught future Bishop Saint Zosimus (AC)
  633 Chainoaldus B of Laon after death of Columbanus resumed his bishopric (AC)
  666 Magnus of Füssen, Abbot fellow missionary with Saints Columbanus and Gall (AC)
  7th v. Bega (Bee) V received the veil from Saint Aidan s venerated in Northumbria (AC)
  7th v. St. Felix and Augebert 2 martyred English
who were captured and sold into slavery in France. Ransomed by Pope St. Gregory I the Great, Felix became a priest and Augebert a deacon.
  607 Faustus of Syracuse, Abbot taught future Bishop Saint Zosimus (AC)
1230 Blessed Bertrand of Garrigue ardent opponent of Albigensianism closest friend and travelling companion of Saint Dominic credited many miracles during life and after death OP (AC)
1240 Bd Peregrine of  Falerone; a lay-brother; In this humble condition persevered to his end; before and after death famous for miracles.
1258 Liberatus of Loro, OFM introduced initial austerity of Friars Minor with help of Blesseds Humilis and Pacificus(AC)
1627 Bl. Thomas Tsughi  Japanese martyr native educated by Jesuits
1654 Kiev-Bratsk Theotokos; The icon described in records of church property of Kiev-Bratsk monastery, made in 1807
1947 Blessed Claudio Granzotto  Friars Minor sculptur
1997 Blessed Mother Teresa of Calcutta b.1910 Albania now Skopje, Macedonia Ottoman
1997 Blessed Mother Teresa of Calcutta Albania now Skopje, Macedonia Ottoman
Mother Teresa of Calcutta, the tiny woman recognized throughout the world for her work among the poorest of the poor, was beatified October 19, 2003. Among those present were hundreds of Missionaries of Charity, the Order she founded in 1950 as a diocesan religious community. Today the congregation also includes contemplative sisters and brothers and an order of priests.
Speaking in a strained, weary voice at the beatification Mass, Pope John Paul II declared her blessed, prompting waves of applause before the 300,000 pilgrims in St. Peter's Square. In his homily, read by an aide for the aging pope, the Holy Father called Mother Teresa “one of the most relevant personalities of our age” and “an icon of the Good Samaritan.” Her life, he said, was “a bold proclamation of the gospel.”
Mother Teresa's beatification, just over six years after her death, was part of an expedited process put into effect by Pope John Paul II. Like so many others around the world, he found her love for the Eucharist, for prayer and for the poor a model for all to emulate.

        Eve M "Patron of the town of Dreux, she was martyred"

Our Lady of Aparecida, Queen of Brazil (I) September 6 - OUR LADY OF TEARS (Italy, 1553)
Almost three centuries ago, the Virgin arranged a special meeting with the Brazilian People. The origins of the Shrine are linked to the discovery by fishermen of a small, dark colored image of Our Lady with a smiling face, which they saw come out of the water as they drew in their nets that were subsequently filled with an extraordinarily abundant catch. These three fishermen viewed the event as a sign of the Virgin's special protection. Since that September, long ago in 1717, devotion to her has grown. From the outset it prompted people to call her the "Aparecida" (the One who appeared).

However, far earlier than 1717 and before this extraordinary apparition, the devotion to the Mother of Our Lord, inherited from the Portuguese, was already deeply rooted in the hearts of Brazilian Christians; and over the years they have given it a color, motivation and orientation all their own. Love and devotion to the Blessed Virgin Mary is a characteristic trait of Brazilian popular piety.
Letter of John Paul II to H.E. Raymundo Damasceno Assis
For the centenary of the coronation of Nossa Senhora Aparecida (Brazil)


The saints are a “cloud of witnesses over our head”, showing us life of Christian perfection is possible.
15 Promises of the Virgin Mary to those who recite the Rosary
"Christianity is not a moral code or a philosophy, but an encounter with a person" -- Benedict XVI
Mary's Divine Motherhood
Called in the Gospel "the Mother of Jesus," Mary is acclaimed by Elizabeth, at the prompting of the Spirit and even before the birth of her son, as "the Mother of my Lord" (Lk 1:43; Jn 2:1; 19:25; cf. Mt 13:55; et al.). In fact, the One whom she conceived as man by the Holy Spirit, who truly became her Son according to the flesh,
was none other than the Father's eternal Son, the second person of the Holy Trinity.
Hence the Church confesses that Mary is truly "Mother of God" (Theotokos).

Catechism of the Catholic Church 495, quoting the Council of Ephesus (431): DS 251.
Show Me You Are My Son! Sept 6 - Our Lady of Tears (Italy, 1553)
One day a sinner said to the Blessed Virgin, "Show me you are my mother."
And she answered, "And you, show me you are my son."
And to another one who also called her, addressing her as "Mother of Mercy", she said, "You sinners, when you want my help, you call me Mother of Mercy, but you never stop turning me into a mother of misery and pain by your sins."
Saint Alphonsus de Liguori  The Glories de Mary

The great psalm of the Passion, Chapter 22, whose first verse "My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?"
Jesus pronounced on the cross, ended with the vision: "All the ends of the earth shall remember and turn to the Lord;
and all the families of the nations shall worship before him"
For kingship belongs to the LORD, the ruler over the nations.  All who sleep in the earth will bow low before God; All who have gone down into the dust will kneel in homage. 
And I will live for the LORD; my descendants will serve you.  The generation to come will be told of the Lord,
that they may proclaim to a people yet unborn the deliverance you have brought.


sancti Zacharíæ Prophetæ In Palæstina , qui, de Chaldæa senex in pátriam revérsus, ibique defunctus, juxta Aggæum Prophétam conditus jacet.
    In Palestine, the prophet Zachary, who returned in his old age from Chaldea to his own country, and lies buried near the prophet Aggeus
.
1st v. Archangel Michael at Colossus, later called Chone The miracle performed by

The Miracle of the Holy Chief Commander Archangel Michael at Colossae. In Phrygia, not far from the city of Hieropolis, in a place called Cheretopos, there was a church named for the Archangel Michael, built over a miraculous spring.

This church was built by a certain inhabitant of the city of Laodicia in gratitude to God for healing his mute daughter. The holy Chief Commander Michael appeared to this man in a dream and revealed to him that his daughter would receive the gift of speech after drinking from the water of the spring. The girl actually did receive healing and began to speak. After this miracle, the father and his daughter and all their family were baptized. In fervent gratitude, the father built the church in honor of the holy Chief Commander Michael. Not only did Christians begin to come to the spring for healing, but also pagans. In so doing, many of the pagans turned from their idols and were converted to the faith in Christ.

At this church of the holy Chief Commander Michael, a certain pious man by the name of Archippus served for sixty years as church custodian. By his preaching and by the example of his saintly life he brought many pagans to faith in Christ. With the general malice of that time towards Christians, and especially against Archippus, the pagans thought to destroy the church in order to prevent people from coming to that holy place of healing, and at the same time kill Archippus.

Toward this end they made a confluence of the Lykokaperos and Kufos Rivers and directed its combined flow against the church. St Archippus prayed fervently to the Chief Commander Michael to ward off the danger. Through his prayer the Archangel Michael appeared at the temple, and with a blow of his staff, opened a wide fissure in a rock and commanded the rushing torrents of water to flow into it. The temple remained unharmed. Seeing such an awesome miracle, the pagans fled in terror. Archippus and the Christians gathered in church glorified God and gave thanks to the holy Archangel Michael for the help. The place where the rivers plunged into the fissure received the name "Chonae", which means "plunging."
The Chudov ("of the Miracle") monastery in Moscow is named for this Feast.
6 September - The miracle is the springs which St. Michael is said to have drawn from the rock at Colossae (later called Chonae, the present Khonas, on the Lycus). The pagans directed a stream against the sanctuary of St. Michael to destroy it, but the archangel split the rock by lightning to give a new bed to the stream, and sanctified forever the waters which came from the gorge.
The Greeks claim that this apparition took place about the middle of the first century and celebrate a feast in commemoration of it. {MELKITE}
Troparion of the Angels (tone 4)  Captains and Leaders of the armies of heaven, unworthy as we are, we beseech you without cease to surround us with your intercessions and cover us beneath the shelter of the glory of your ethereal wings. We bend our knees and cry out with perseverance, "Deliver us from danger, O Princes of the Powers on high!"
Exapostilarion of the Holy Archangel Michael Radiantly reflecting illuminations of great brightness of the Trinity, O Archangel, you pass like lightning across the whole creation,fulfilling the divine commands, and guarding, preserving and protecting those who joyfully sing your praises.  Pray that St Michael and all angels will intercede with God for our protection and salvation.
Verklärung des Herrn Calixtus III. hat 1457 den 6. August für die ganze römische Kirche festgelegt.
Alle Kirchen: 6. August
Die Verklärung Jesu (Mark. 9, 2 ff./Mattth. 17, 1 ff./Luk. 8, 28 ff) dient schon im 2. Petrusbrief (1, 16 ff.) als Begründung des Apostelamtes. Der Ort der Verklärung wird in der Bibel nicht genannt. Petrus spricht vom heiligen Berg, so dass sich schon um 35o die Auffassung durchsetzt, es könne sich nur um den Berg Tabor in Galiläa gehandelt haben. Auf dem Tabor standen schon vor der Landnahme durch Israel kanaanäische Heiligtümer.

Im 6. Jahrhundert wurde auf dem Tabor eine große Basilika gebaut. Unter den Kreuzfahrern wurde das Bergplateau in einen griechischen und einen lateinischen Bereich aufgeteilt. Auch heute stehen nach der Zerstörung der alten Kirchen auf dem Tabor eine orthodoxe und eine katholische Kirche. Der Tag der Verklärung wurde in der Ostkirche schon im 4. Jahrhundert am 6. August begangen. In Spanien wurde das Datum im 9. Jahrhundert übernommen. Calixtus III. hat 1457 den 6. August für die ganze römische Kirche festgelegt
.
St. Eutychus The Departure of ; disciple of St. John the Evangelist; St. Paul raised him with his prayers. (Acts 20:9) {COPTIC}
On this day, St. Eutychus, the disciple of St. John the Evangelist, departed. After he spent some time with the apostle, Eutychus asked for his permission to go to St. Paul, the Apostle, and St. John allowed him. He went to St. Paul and preached the Name of Christ with him, and returned many of the Jews and the pagans to the Lord Christ and baptized them. He converted temples of idols to churches, and he endured tribulations, imprisonment, and beatings for many days. He was cast in the fire, but he was not harmed, and was cast to the lions, which did not harm him but rather became friendly towards him. He went to Sebastia and preached there, and the angel of the Lord was with him and strengthened him.

It was said, that this saint was the young man who sat in a window and "was sinking into a deep sleep. He was overcome by sleep; and as Paul continued speaking, he fell down from the third story and was taken up dead," and St. Paul raised him with his prayers. (Acts 20:9) May his blessings be with us. Amen
.
St. Pishay (Abshai), the Antiochian Martyrdom of  {COPTIC}

On this day also, St. Pishay (Abshai), the brother of St. Bahor (Abba Hor - St. Hour), was martyred. He was from the city of Antioch, and because of his piety and knowledge, he was ordained a priest. When his brother, Abba Hour, and his mother went to Alexandria, they were martyred on the 29th day of Baounah. This saint gave all his possessions to the poor and the needy, and came to Alexandria to be blessed by their bodies. When he saw the two bodies, he wept much, then went to the governor and confessed the Lord Christ before him. The governor tortured him much until he delivered up his pure soul. The governor ordered his body burned along with the bodies of his brother and his mother, and the bodies of other martyrs, eighty-eight in number.
   Certain believers came and took the bodies of Sts. Pishay, Abba Hour, their mother, and the bodies of Sts. Tabamoun (Damon), of the city of Danbak (Debkeya), Abimachus (Bimakos), from the city of El-Baramon, and Barashenoufah (Wursunufa), of the city of Teliah (Tuluya), and carried them to the city of Ansabashy (Ablasi), where the believers received them with great reverence.
May their prayers be with us and Glory be to our God forever. Amen .
Arapet {"Arabian"} Theotokos Icon appeared while Apostle Thomas evangelizing Ethiopia, Arabia, and India.
The Arapet, or "Arabian" Icon of the Most Holy Theotokos appeared while the holy Apostle Thomas (October 6) was evangelizing Ethiopia, Arabia, and India.

Instead of the usual three stars (signifying the perpetual virginity of the Mother of God), the outer garment of the Theotokos has three circles with the head of an angel inside each one. In this feature, it resembles the icons "In Giving Birth you Preserved your Virginity" ("A Virgin Before and After Giving Birth") (October 17) and "O All-Hymned Mother" (October 6)
.
1st v. Saint Archippus (Greek for "master of the horse")  the saint at Colossae, son of devout Christians from the city of Hieropolis; He persuaded many pagans who came to the holy spring to accept holy Baptism, to forsake pagan impiety, and to turn to the One True God and Savior Jesus Christ
At age ten went to pray in the church of the holy Chief Commander Michael and he remained at this temple to serve as church caretaker.

He led a strict and ascetic manner of life, constantly at fasting and prayer.
   He persuaded many pagans who came to the holy spring to accept holy Baptism, to forsake pagan impiety, and turn to the One True God and Savior Jesus Christ. Tenacious pagans headed by idolous priests repeatedly tried to kill St Archippus, but each time the Lord delivered him out of their hands.
   Finally, the pagans devised a plan to destroy the church and at the same time kill also Archippus by flooding the spot where both the church and the curative spring stood. Seeing the preparations for this wicked deed, St Archippus firmly resolved not to abandon the holy place, and he prayed to God and to the Archangel Michael to preserve the church and the spring. The Lord heard his prayer, and the saint witnessed the great Miracle of the Chief Commander Michael at Colossae. Miraculously delivered from death, St Archippus lived at the church into his old age, and he died peacefully at the age of 70. Christians buried the saint at Colossae, at the place of his deeds
.
81 St. Onesiphorus, disciple of the apostles Martyr with Porphyrius St. Paul’s Second Letter to Timothy
In Hellespónto sancti Onesíphori, Apostolórum discípuli, cujus méminit sanctus Paulus ad Timótheum scribens.  Ipse autem Onesíphorus ibídem, una cum sancto Porphyrio, jussu Hadriáni Procónsulis ácriter verberátus et a ferócibus raptátus equis, spíritum Deo réddidit.
    In the Hellespont, St. Onesiphorus, disciple of the apostles, of whom St. Paul speaks in his Letter to Timothy.  He was severely scourged with St. Porphyry, by order of the proconsul Adrian, and being dragged by wild horses, gave up his soul unto God.
Onesiphorus was mentioned in St. Paul’s Second Letter to Timothy. According to tradition, they went to Spain in the footsteps of St. Paul and then suffered martyrdom on the Hellespont, under Emperor Domitian. They were tied to wild horses and torn to pieces. Porphyrius was said to be a member of Onesiphorus’ household
98-117 Romulus reproached the emperor for his impiety and the sheer folly to diminish the army's strength during a time of war
He lived during the reign of the emperor Trajan (98-117) and was a confidant of the emperor by virtue of his office of military commander. While the emperor was waging war in the East to put down the uprisings of various peoples against the Romans, the Iberians, the Sarmatians, the Arabs.

In the year 107, and again a second time in 115, the emperor conducted a review of the military strength of his army, and found in his troops upwards of 11,000 Christians. Trajan immediately sent these Christians into exile in Armenia in disgrace. St Romulus, in view of this, reproached the emperor for his impiety and the sheer folly to diminish the army's strength during a time of war. St Romulus, moreover, acknowledged that he himself was a Christian. The enraged Trajan had the holy martyr subjected to a merciless beating, after which St Romulus was beheaded.
The Christian soldiers sent into exile in Armenia were killed by various forms of execution
.
St. Cottidus, Eugene deacon, & Companions Cappadocian martyr
In Cappadócia sanctórum Mártyrum Cóttidi Diáconi, Eugénii et Sociórum.
    In Cappadocia, the holy martyrs Cottidus, deacon, Eugene, and their companions.
Cottidus is described as a deacon. Nothing else other than his martyrdom is known.
Cottidus, Eugene and Companions MM (RM). Saint Cottidus, a deacon, and some companions were martyred in Cappadocia, however little is known about them because their acta have been lost (Benedictines)
.
Eve M "Patron of the town of Dreux, she was martyred"
(Encyclopedia).
250 St. Faustus, a priest, Macarius, and ten companions, who received the martyr's crown by being beheaded for the name of Christ.
Alexandríæ pássio sanctórum Mártyrum Fausti Presbyteri, Macárii et Sociórum decem; qui, sub Décio Imperatóre et Valério Præside, pro Christi nómine, abscíssis cervícibus, martyrium complevérunt.
    At Alexandria, in the time of Emperor Decius and the governor Valerius, the holy martyrs Faustus, a priest, Macarius, and ten companions, who received the martyr's crown by being beheaded for the name of Christ.
The Martyrs Cyriacus, Faustus the Presbyter, (Habib) Abibas the Deacon, and eleven other martyrs suffered martyrdom for Christ at Alexandria under the emperor Decius (249-251). During the persecution, they all steadfastly confessed themselves as Christians before the governor Valerius. They were beheaded by the sword, about the year 250. Their bodies were buried by Christians in Alexandria.

beheaded at Macarius, with ten other martyrs. They suffered in Alexandria, Egypt.
Faustus, Macarius and Companions MM (RM). Twelve martyrs beheaded at Alexandria, Egypt, under Decius (Benedictines)
.
273 Augustine, Sanctian, and Beata martyred at Sens and where they are still venerated MM (AC)
This trio of saints fled from their home in Spain during a persecution to Gaul, where they were martyred at Sens and where they are still venerated (Benedictines)
.
Eudoxius a military commander in the imperial armies, Zeno friend, house steward Macarius and their Companions received a martyric death for Christ
 under the emperor Maximian Galerius, the successor of the emperor Diocletian.

St Eudoxius held the high position of a military commander in the imperial armies. He was a Christian, as were his friend Zeno and his house steward Macarius. After the emperor Diocletian issued an edict that Christians who refused to offer sacrifice to idols were to be put to death, many people fled to various lands with their families to avoid torture and death. At this time St Eudoxius resigned his high position, and with his wife St Basilissa and all their family abandoned their property and went into hiding in the region of Armenian Melitene.

The governor of Melitene sent soldiers to search for Eudoxius. When they found Eudoxius, he was attired in white garb. Not recognising him, the soldiers began to question whether a certain military commander Eudoxius had come into these parts. Not revealing who he was, the saint invited the soldiers into his home, fed them and gave them lodging for the night.  St Eudoxius considered his encounter with the soldiers as a sign from the Lord of his impending death by martyrdom. In the morning, he disclosed to his guests that he was the one whom they were seeking. In gratitude for the hospitality, the soldiers offered to conceal from the authorities that they had found St Eudoxius. However, the saint would not consent to this.  Setting his affairs in order, he told his wife not to weep for him, but on the contrary to celebrate the day of his martyric death. Donning his military garb, he went with the soldiers to the governor. St Basilissa and his friends Sts Zeno and Macarius followed after St Eudoxius.

The governor tried to persuade St Eudoxius to offer sacrifice to the idols and by this safeguard his life, exalted rank and property. St Eudoxius firmly refused, denouncing the folly of anyone who would worship soulless idols. He removed his soldier's belt, the emblem of his authority, and threw it in the governor's face.  Soldiers present at this, secret Christians, did the same thing, and they numbered more than a thousand men. The embarrassed governor asked the emperor what he should do. He was ordered to try the ringleaders and set the others free.  After prolonged tortures, they led St Eudoxius forth to execution. Following after her husband, St Basilissa wept, and his friend St Zeno also wept for the martyr. St Eudoxius again urged his wife not to mourn him, but rather to rejoice that he was worthy of the crown of martyrdom. He asked that she bury his body in a place called Amimos.

To his weeping friend St Zeno St Eudoxius predicted that they would enter the Kingdom of Heaven at the same time. Emboldened by these words, Zeno loudly declared himself a Christian, for which he was immediately sentenced to death. 
Later, St Basilissa took her husband's body without hindrance, and buried it in the place where he had requested. After this, they arrested the saint and led her before the governor. Desiring to share the fate of her husband, she fearlessly denounced both the governor and his false gods, the idols. The governor, however, saw her intent and would not torture her, but instead sent her away. As she left, the saint said to him that God would see her intention to suffer for her faith and would accept this intent as an accomplished deed.

Seven days later, St Eudoxius appeared to his wife in a vision and bade her to inform his friend and house steward Macarius, that both he and St Zeno awaited the arrival of Macarius. Macarius immediately went to the governor and declared himself a Christian, for which he was sentenced to death and beheaded. Many Christians also suffered martyrdom during this time.
284-305 Cyril, Bishop of Gortyna One night the saint heard a voice commanding him to go to Rome; In the morning the doors of the prison were open, and the idols overthrown and destroyed. On the road to Rome St Cyril had a vision: St Philoxenos appeared and said that he would receive two crowns, one of a hierarch and the other of a martyr; a vision and received a command not to neglect Crete.
St Cyril is commemorated on June 14 on the Greek calendar.
   The Hieromartyr lived during the time of the emperor Diocletian and his co-emperor Maximian (284-305). As a Christian he was brought to trial before the governor Agrippina and after interrogation he was thrown into prison. One night the saint heard a voice commanding him to go to Rome.  In the morning the doors of the prison were open, and the idols overthrown and destroyed. On the road to Rome St Cyril had a vision: St Philoxenos appeared and said that he would receive two crowns, one of a hierarch and the other of a martyr.
At Rome, St Cyril rendered great help to the Church by his preaching. When a persecution against Christians started up, St Cyril went to Jerusalem to encourage the Christians living there. Along the way he had a vision and received a command not to neglect Crete.
When he arrived there, St Cyril was chosen bishop of the city of Gortyna. He was then 60. Still on the episcopal throne of Gortyna at 95, St Cyril was brought to trial at the start of a new persecution against Christians and sentenced to death. He was beheaded with the sword in the vicinity of Raukos at the beginning of the fourth century.
450 Verónæ sancti Petrónii, Epíscopi et Confessóris. 
Verónæ sancti Petrónii, Epíscopi et Confessóris.
    At Verona, St. Peronius, bishop and confessor.
He was especially known for his care of the poor.
460 St. Arator The fourth bishop of Verdun, France
484 St. Donatian Martyr with Fusculus, Germanus, Laetus
In Africa sanctórum Episcopórum Donatiáni, Præsidii, Mansuéti, Germáni et Fúsculi; qui, in persecutióne Wandálica, jussu Ariáni Regis Hunneríci, pro assertióne cathólicæ veritátis, fústibus diríssime cæsi et exsílio elimináti sunt.  Inter eos étiam erat Epíscopus, nómine Lætus, strénuus atque doctíssimus vir, qui, post diutúrnos cárceris squalóres, incéndio concremátus est.
    In Africa, in the persecution of the Vandals, the holy bishops Donatian, Praesidius, Mansuetus, Germanus, and Fusculus, who were most cruelly scourged and sent into exile by order of the Arian king Hunneric, because they proclaimed the Catholic truth.  Among them was one named Laetus, also a bishop, a courageous and very learned man, who was burned alive after a long imprisonment in a loathsome dungeon.

484 Donatian, Laetus and Others, Bishops And Martyrs
In the year 484 the Arian king of the Vandals, Huneric, ordered that all the Catholic churches of Africa were to be closed and the goods of the clergy to be taken from them and given to the Arian clergy; the bishops, in particular, who had assembled at the royal command were turned out of the city. Outside of the gates Huneric met a party of them, who appealed against his injustice and cruelty. "Ride them down!" he said to his mounted followers, and that was all the answer he gave. St Donatian with four others, all bishops in the province of Byzacene, were cruelly beaten, and then driven into the desert, and died of hunger, thirst and exposure.
  St Laetus, Bishop of Leptis Minor, whom the Roman Martyrology calls "a zealous and very learned man", had made himself particularly obnoxious to Huneric by his opposition to Arianism.  He was thrown into a filthy dungeon, from which he only emerged to be burnt alive, one of the first martyrs of the persecution.
The feast of these martyrs, with St Laetus in chief, is kept by the Canons Regular of the Lateran. 
See the Acta Sanctorum September, vol. ii, where we are referred to the Historia pesecutionis provinciae Africana by Victor of Vita, but it is difficult to identify the particular names set down in the martyrology.
Mansuetus, and Praesidius, all bishops of northern Africa. They all opposed the closing of churches by Arian King Hunneric of Vandals. After torture, these bishops were abandoned in a desert, where they died of exposure. Laetus was burned to death
5th v. Donatian, Laetus, and Companions driven from North Africa by the Arian King Huneric of the Vandals BM (RM)
In Africa sanctórum Episcopórum Donatiáni, Præsidii, Mansuéti, Germáni et Fúsculi; qui, in persecutióne Wandálica, jussu Ariáni Regis Hunneríci, pro assertióne cathólicæ veritátis, fústibus diríssime cæsi et exsílio elimináti sunt.  Inter eos étiam erat Epíscopus, nómine Lætus, strénuus atque doctíssimus vir, qui, post diutúrnos cárceris squalóres, incéndio concremátus est.
        In Africa, in the persecution of the Vandals, the holy bishops Donatian, Praesidius, Mansuetus, Germanus, and Fusculus, who were most cruelly scourged and sent into exile by order of the Arian king Hunneric, because they proclaimed the Catholic truth.  Among them was one named Laetus, also a bishop, a courageous and very learned man, who was burned alive after a long imprisonment in a loathsome dungeon.
Donatian, Praesidius, Mansuetus, Germanus, Fusculus and Laetus were among the more prominent Catholics driven from North Africa by the Arian King Huneric of the Vandals. Victor of Utica gives an account of them in his history of the persecution. It is said that 5,000 Catholics were exiled in a single year (Benedictines).
497 Maccallin of Lusk B (AC)
(also known as Maccallan, Macculin, Macoulmdus)
The Irish Calendar commemorates Saint Maccallin, bishop of Lusk, who is also venerated in Scotland which he once visited (Benedictines, Husenbeth)
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585-590 Eleutherius of Spoleto, OSB Abbot  one favored by God with the gift of miracles (RM)
Romæ sancti Eleuthérii Abbátis, qui Dei servus fuit, atque (ut sanctus Gregórius Papa scribit) oratióne et lácrimis mórtuum suscitávit.
    At Rome, the holy abbot Eleutherius, a servant of God, who, according to the testimony of Pope St. Gregory, raised a dead man to life by his prayers and tears.
Died in Rome, Italy. The Dialogues of Saint Gregory the Great tell us of the wonderful simplicity of this holy man, who was abbot of Saint Mark's near Spoleto and well-known as one favored by God with the gift of miracles. When Eleutherius proudly rebuked the devil, after delivering a child from possession and educating him at Saint Mark's: "Since the child, is among the servants of God, the devil dares not approach him," the devil again tormented the boy. Eleutherius confessed his vanity and ordered the whole community to fast and pray until the child was again freed.

Later Saint Eleutherius resigned his abbacy and migrated to Saint Andrew's abbey founded by Saint Gregory in Rome, where he lived for many years as a simple monk. One Easter Eve Saint Gregory was unable to fast due to illness. He engaged Eleutherius to go with him to the church of Saint Andrew's and offer prayers to God for his health, that he might join the faithful in that solemn practice of penance. Eleutherius prayed with many tears, and the pope coming out of the church, found his himself so strengthened that he was able to fast as he desired. Saint Eleutherius raised a dead man to life. He died in Saint Andrew's monastery in Rome, but his body was translated to Spoleto (Benedictines, Husenbeth)
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6th v. ST ELEUTHERLUS, ABBOT
“THE holy man, old father Eleutherius”, is spoken of several times in the Dialogues of St Gregory, wherein are chronicled certain miracles reported of him by his monks. He was abbot of the monastery of St Mark, near Spoleto, and once when lodging at a convent of nuns he was asked to take over the care of a boy who was nightly troubled by an evil spirit. St Eleutherius did so, and for long nothing untoward happened to the boy, so that the abbot said, “The Devil is having a game with those sisters; but now that he has to deal with the servants of God he daren’t come near the child”. As if in rebuke of a speech that certainly savoured of boasting, the boy was at once afflicted by his former trouble. Eleutherius was conscious-stricken, and said to the brethren that stood by, “None of us shall eat food to-day until this boy is dispossessed”. All felt to prayer, and did not cease until the child was cured.

One Holy Saturday St Gregory was ill and could not fast, whereat, he tells us, he was considerably disturbed. “When I found on this sacred vigil, when not only adults but even children fast, that I could not refrain from eating, I was more grieved thereby than troubled by my illness.” So he asked Eleutherius to pray for him that he might join the people in their penance, and soon by virtue of that prayer Gregory found himself enabled to abstain from food. St Eleutherius lived for many years in Gregory’s monastery at Rome, and died there.

We know practically nothing more about St Eleutherius than St Gregory tells us in his Dialogues, notably in bk 3 , ch. 33 but the story is discussed by the Bollandists in the Acta Sanctorum, September, vol. ii.
Saint David of Egypt monk, former robber; received from God the power to perform miracles. He healed many of the sick and cast out evil spirits
Before his entry into a monastery was the leader of a band of bandits in Egypt, in the desert of Hermopolis. He had committed many murders and other wicked deeds. As he grew older, he contemplated his life and was filled with fear because of his past crimes. Leaving his gang of bandits, he went to the monastery intending to repent of his wickedness.

He begged the igumen to accept him as one of the brethren, but the igumen refused. He explained to David that their monastic life was very severe and would be beyond his strength. David persisted and finally, he revealed to the igumen, that he was the notorious robber David. He said that if they did not accept him, he would return to his former life, then come back and plunder the monastery and kill the monks.

Then the igumen allowed him into the monastery, and to the surprise of all, David became an excellent monk. By his severe efforts David surpassed all the monks. After a certain time the Lord sent the Archangel Gabriel to David to say that the Lord had forgiven him. St David, in his great humility, could not believe that the Lord would forgive such a great sinner as he was, in such a short time. The Archangel then said to him, that because of his doubt David would become speechless. David asked that he should be permitted to say his prayers, monastic rule and share in the church services. This was granted him, but the rest of the time he remained speechless. Towards the end of his life, St David received from God the power to perform miracles. He healed many of the sick and cast out evil spirits. Having lived in such manner for many years, he fell asleep in the Lord
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635 Bishop of Leon, France companion of St. Columban
also known as Chainoaldus and Cagnou. He was the brother of St. Faro and St. Burgundofara. Cagnoald became a monk after meeting with St. Columban. In time he became the bishop of Laon and attended the Council of Reims in 630
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633 Chainoaldus B of Laon after death of Columbanus resumed his bishopric (AC)
(also known as Cagnoald, Cagnou)

St Chainoaldus, or Cagnoald, Bishop of Laon
This saint, commonly called Cagnoald or Cagnou in France, is of interest chiefly on account of his association with St Columban, who stayed at the house of his father near Meaux, and made a deep impression on Chainoaldus and on his brother and sister, Faro and Burgundofara, who followed him in holiness. He became a monk at Luxeuil, and when St Columban was banished followed his master in all his wanderings and helped him in his preaching and ministry.  The strife going on at the time between Theodebert JI of Austrasia and his brother Theoderic gave Columban an occasion to read a lesson in charity to his disciple.  He dreamed one day that he saw the two brothers fighting together, and when he awoke told Chainoaldus sadly of what he had seen.  "Pray then, father, that Theodebert may beat our enemy Theoderic", observed Chainoaldus, whose father was at the Austrasian court. "Not at all", replied Columban.  "Such prayer would not be pleasing to God, for He tells us to pray for our enemies."  Chainoaldus became bishop of Laon, was present at the Council of Rheims of the year 630, and signed the charter of the abbey of Solignac, which was founded by St Eligius while he was still a layman.
Though there is no proper life of this saint, his activities and cultus are discussed at some length in the Acta Sanctorum, September,. vol. ii.   See also Duchesne, Fastes Episcopaux, vol iii, p. 139.
Saint Columbanus's monastery at Luxeuil was such a source of holiness that by the mid-seventh century it was the most important one in France. It produced a stream of saints who led the clergy and people to new height of spiritual awareness. Two of these men were brothers, Saints Faro and Cagnoald, sons of King Dagobert's chancellor. Faro became bishop of Meaux, while Cagnoald was bishop of Laon (their sister, Saint Burgundofara (April 3) founded the convent of Faremoûtiers).
When Columbanus angered King Theodoric II by criticizing his immoral life, he was banished from his realms in 610. Saint Cagnoald left his see, followed Columbanus, and worked with him as a missionary near Lake Constance. When Theodoric gained control of that area, too, they were again banished.
Yet the saints remained charitable, even to such a determined enemy. King Theodebert II of Neustria had given them refuge during the time of their missionary activities around Lake Constance. Columbanus's anxieties caused him once to dream that he saw Theodebert and Theodoric fighting. He awoke and told Cagnoald his dream. "Let us pray, then, that Theodebert may defeat our enemy Theodoric," said Cagnoald. Columbanus responded, "Certainly not. In no way would such a prayer please God. He has ordered us to pray for our enemies."
So the two men travelled on to Italy, where Saint Columbanus founded the famous Bobbio monastery. Cagnoald had not personally been banned from France, but followed his friend out of love. He returned to France after the death of Columbanus and resumed his bishopric (Attwater, Benedictines, Bentley).
633 St. Chainaldus Bishop of Laon, France, and brother of Sts. Faro and Burgundofaro. Chainaldus was converted to the religious life by St. Columban in Meux, and became a monk at Luxeuil. He was St. Columban’s missionary companion, going with him into exile at Bobbio, Italy. Chainaldus became the bishop of Laon and attended the Council of Reims, France, in 630.
7th v. Bega (Bee) V received the veil from Saint Aidan s venerated in Northumbria (AC)
probably identical with the Saint Bega celebrated on October 31.
St Bega, or  Bee, Virgin
In the fourth book of his Ecclesiastical History St Bede the Venerable refers to St Heiu, who, he says, was regarded as the first woman in Northumbria to become a nun and who founded a monastery at Hartlepool. This was taken over by St Hilda and Heiu went to live at Tadcaster.  A little further on he makes mention of St Begu who, after being a religious for over thirty years, had in the nunnery at Hackness a vision of the departing of the soul of its foundress Hilda. St Bega (Begh, Bee) has been identified with either or both of these holy women, as was done by Leland and the Bollandists; the identification has not been confirmed but rather seems to have been disproved.  She is the heroine of a legend which makes her the daughter of an Irish king, sought in marriage by a son of the king of Norway. She had, however, vowed herself a virgin to Christ, and had been given by an angel a bracelet marked with a cross as a token of her heavenly betrothal.  The day before she was to be given to the prince, while her suitor and her father were revelling in the hall, she escaped with the help of this bracelet and, seated on a clod of earth, was navigated across the sea and landed safely on the coast of Cumberland. For a time she lived as an anchoress, and the sea-gulls, guillemots and gannets brought food for her sustenance but human marauders were less kind, and she was advised by the king of Northumbria, St Oswald, to become a nun.  She therefore received the veil from St Aidan (Bede says it was he who consecrated Heiu) and established a monastery at St Fees (Copeland) which afterwards became a cell of the Benedictine abbey of St Mary at York.
   Whatever background of truth there may be in the legend of St Bega, there seems no doubt that she existed and was venerated in Northumbria. The promontory on which she lived is named after her St Bee's Head, and she was the patroness of the people of the neighbourhood, ground down between the exactions of their lords and the raids of the border Scots.  They claimed even to possess her miraculous bracelet, and treasured equally the stories of how St Bega in her earthly life had been devoted to the poor and oppressed and had cooked, washed and mended for the workmen who built her monastery. St Bega was venerated in Scotland and Norway, and she may be the same as the "Becga, daughter of Gabhran, virgin", who is named in the Martyrology of Tallaght on February 10.  Her feast is observed in the diocese of Lancaster.
It is very difficult to establish the truth where we have no sort of guarantee of the reliability of our sources.  The legend of St Bega in its fuller form rests entirely upon one manuscript (Cotton, Faust. B. iv), which Hardy in his Descriptive Catalogue, i, p. 223, dates twelfth century. The story is supported by the lessons in the Aberdeen Breviary: see KSS,, p. 278, and the Acta Sanctorum, September, vol. ii. C. Plummer, a very careful scholar, familiar with Irish as well as Anglo-Saxon sources, says quite positively that the Begu of Bede (bk iv, ch. 23) "is not to be confounded, as is often done, with Heiu, or with the very mythical Irish saint Bega whose name is preserved in St Bees".  In the Lives of the English Saints, Faber recounted in graceful terms the legend of St Bega, and cited in an appendix Wordsworth's "Stanza" on the headland of St Bee's. The Latin text of the Cotton manuscript was first printed and translated by G. C. Tomlinson in the Carlisle Historical Tracts.
According to legend, Saint Bega was an Irish princess, whom a Norwegian prince sought in marriage. She, however, had already pledged herself and her virginity to Jesus and been given a bracelet by an angel marked with a cross as a token of her heavenly betrothal. On the eve of her wedding, as her father and her groom were celebrating in the hall, she escaped with the help of the bracelet. Seated on a clod of earth, she was taken across the sea to the coast of Cumberland.
There she lived as an anchoress, who was fed by the wild birds and, if left in peace, would have continued in this fashion. After being attacked by marauders, King Saint Oswald of Northumbria advised her to enter a convent. She therefore received the veil from Saint Aidan and established a monastery at Saint Bees (Copeland near Carlisle) which later became a cell of the Benedictine abbey of Saint Mary at York.
While the details may be legend, Saint Bega was venerated in Northumbria. The promontory on which she lived is named Saint Bee's Head, and she is the patroness of the local people who were injured by the exactions of their lords and the invasions of the neighboring Scots. In her hermitage at Saint Bees (Cumbria) was kept what is presumed to be her miraculous bracelet, which has the Old English name beag that so closely resembled her that it may have given rise to her cultus. The people treasured equally the stories of how Saint Bega in her earthly life had been devoted to the poor and oppressed and had cooked, washed and mended for the workmen who built her monastery. There is also a place in Scotland called Kilbees, named after this saint (Benedictines, Farmer, Delaney, Husenbeth, Walsh).
7th v. St. Felix and Augebert 2 martyred English who were captured and sold into slavery in France. Ransomed by Pope St. Gregory I the Great, Felix became a priest and Augebert a deacon. While preparing to return to England as mis­sionaries, they were slain by pagans in Champagne, France.
Felix and Augebert MM (AC) 7th century. Saints Felix and Augebert were Englishmen sold into slavery in France and ransomed by Saint Gregory the Great. They were among the many redeemed by the pope to be trained to become missionaries in their homeland. The holy father's plan began to take shape when Felix was ordained to the priesthood and Augebert to the diaconate. Unfortunately, they were martyred by pagans at Champagne, France, before they could fulfill his dream (Benedictines)
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666 Magnus of Füssen, Abbot fellow missionary with Saints Columbanus and Gall (AC)
(also known as Magne, Magnoaldus, Maginold, Mang)
Saint Magnus was a fellow missionary with Saints Columbanus and Gall. He founded and became the abbot of a transalpine cloister at Füssen, in Bavaria, which served pilgrims (Benedictines, Encyclopedia)
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607 Faustus of Syracuse, Abbot taught future Bishop Saint Zosimus (AC)
As abbot of Santa Lucia monastery in Syracuse, Saint Faustus taught the future Bishop Saint Zosimus (Benedictines)
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1230 Blessed Bertrand of Garrigue ardent opponent of Albigensianism closest friend and travelling companion of Saint Dominic credited many miracles during life and after death OP (AC)
Born at Garrigue, diocese of Nîmes, France, c. 1195; died near there; cultus confirmed by Leo XIII.
Bd Bertrand of Garrigues
   At the end of the twelfth and the beginning of the thirteenth centuries the south of France was ravaged by heresy and civil war.  Albigensianism, supported by the nobles and appealing to the people by offering a life of virtuous austerity to the few and of licence to the many, had almost complete control ; the Catholics, rendered impotent by indifference and ill-living, took up arms against the heretics, and the challenge was accepted. Bd Bertrand was born at Garrigues in the diocese of Nimes and brought up in the midst of these disturbances; but he was taught the true faith, and learned the dangers of the heresy that flourished all around. In the year 1200 the Albigensian Raymund VI of Toulouse marched through Languedoc, harrying the orthodox monasteries, especially those of the Cistercians, who were the official missionaries against the heretics.  It is said that the convent at Bouchet was saved from destruction by the prompt action of a bee-master, who overturned his rows of hives in the faces of the soldiers.  Bertrand himself became a priest and joined himself as a preacher to the Cistercian mission. In 1208 the Cistercian legate, Peter of Castelnau, was murdered, the crusade of Simon de Montfort was let loose, and soon after this time probably Bd Bertrand first met St Dominic, who was trying to remedy by prayer and preaching some of the harm that his friend Simon was doing by the sword. 
   In 1215 Bertrand was one of the group of six preachers gathered round Dominic from which sprang the great order of Friars Preachers; by the following year they had increased to sixteen, "all in fact and in name excellent preachers", when they met at Prouille to choose a rule and plan the life of their new society.
   After a year of community life at the priory in Toulouse, the founder made his famous bold stroke of dispersing his religious, and Bd Bertrand was sent to Paris with Friar Matthew of France and five others.  There they made a foundation near the university.  Bertrand did not stay long in Paris. He was called by St Dominic to Rome and sent with Friar John of Navarre to establish the order in Bologna. Though  Bd Reginald of Orleans was the friend who influenced him most, early Dominican writers speak of Bd Bertrand as a beloved companion of St Dominic, the dearest associate in his work, the sharer of his journeys, his prayers and his holiness.
  In 1219 he accompanied him on the only visit St Dominic made to Paris; they went from Toulouse by way of the sanctuary of Rocamadour, and the journey has been surrounded with wonders, such as that they understood German without having learnt it and were not wetted by heavy rain.

At the second general chapter held at Bologna in 1221 the Dominican order was divided into eight provinces, and Bertrand was appointed prior provincial of Provence. The remaining nine years of his life were spent in energetic preaching throughout the south of France, where he greatly extended the activities of his order and founded the great priory of Marseilles. There is a story told that on one occasion a Friar Benedict questioned Bd Bertrand because he rarely celebrated a requiem Mass. "We are certain of the salvation of the holy souls", was the reply, "but of the end of ourselves and other sinners we are not certain". "Well, but", persisted Friar Benedict, "suppose there are two beggars, one strong and well, the other disabled.  Which would you be the more sorry for?"  "The one who can do least for himself."  "Very well then. Such certainly are the dead. They have neither mouths wherewith to confess nor hands wherewith to work, but living sinners have both and can take care of themselves." 
Bertrand was not at all convinced by this argument, and the fact that he afterwards celebrated Mass more frequently for the dead was attributed to his having had enlightenment in the form of a nightmare of a departed soul, which much distressed him. Bd Bertrand died at the abbey of Bouchet, near Orange, about the year 1230; his cultus was confirmed in 1881. "By his watchings, his fasts, and his other penances", wrote Friar Bernard Guidonis, "he succeeded in making himself so like his beloved Father that one might have said of him as he passed by:  Of a truth the disciple is like the master; there goes the very image of the blessed Dominic."

A very full account of Bd Bertrand is given by the Bollandists in the Acta Sanctorum, October, vol. xiii, pp. 136-145 and 919-921. Though there was no separate early biography which they could utilize, they at first drew largely from the Vitae Fratrum of Gerard de Fracheto and other Dominican chronicles, but in a suppjement to their first account they have added many details from documents submitted to the Congregation of Rites in the procesa for the confirmatio cultus.  See also a series of papers by J. P. Isnard in the Bulletin de Ia Societe archeol. de la Drome, 1870 to 1872  and Procter, Dominican Saints, pp. 253-256.  A fuller bibliography is provided by Taurisano, Catalogus hagiographicus OP., p. 9.
  Bertrand was a secular priest under the Cistercians, missioner, and ardent opponent of Albigensianism when he first met Saint Dominic in the party of Bishop Diego. Bertrand may have been the one to recruit Dominic in the battle against the French heretics because they worked closely together in this mission for the rest of their lives.
   Bertrand joined the first Dominican friars by receiving the habit at Toulouse in 1216. Dominic left him in charge of the community when he travelled to Rome to seek papal approval of the order. Bertrand's zeal and experience played an important role in the founding of the Friar Preachers. When the brothers were sent out in little groups on missions, Bertrand was left in Paris with Matthew of France, where he helped to form the Dominican tradition of learning and governed the first foundation at Paris.
While Bertrand's advice and prayers helped to establish the order, he is best remembered as the closest friend and travelling companion of Saint Dominic, until he was appointed as provincial of Provence. He witnessed the miracles and heavenly favors bestowed upon his friend and provided us with insightful testimony about the heart and mind of the founder.
Bertrand himself was credited with many miracles, both during his life and after his death. Others considered him a "second Dominic" in austerity and holiness, but he humbly overlooked his own claims to sanctity in his loving insistence on those of his friend.
Bertrand was preaching a mission to the Cistercian sisters of Saint Mary of the Woods near Garrigue, when he fell sick and died. He was buried in the sisters' cemetery until the frequency of miracles suggested that he should be given a more suitable shrine. His relics were lost and shrine destroyed during the religious wars, but pilgrimages were still made to "Saint Bertrand's Cemetery" until the time of the French Revolution (Benedictines, Dorcy).
1240 Bd Peregrine of  Falerone; a lay-brother; In this humble condition he persevered to the end. Both before and after death he was famous for miracles.
Peregrine was a young man of good family who was studying with great success at Bologna when St Francis came to preach there in 1220. Both he and a fellow student, Bd Rizzerio, were deeply impressed, and desired to join the friars. St Francis accepted them, but told Peregrine that, in spite of his learing, it was God's will that he should serve as a lay-brother. In this humble condition he persevered to the end. Both before and after death he was famous for miracles. The Friars Minor join this beatus in one feast with Bd Liberatus (below) and Bd SANTES of MONTE FABRI who, having killed a man in defending himself, became a lay-brother in the order.  After a most holy life he died in 1290 and miracles were wrought at his grave.
The story of Peregrine is told in the documents which Sabatier calls the Speculum Vitae and the Actus b. Francisci et sociorum ejus (cap. 36). See also Gentili, Saggio sopra l'ordine serafico, p. 27 seq. and Léon, Auréole Séraphique (Eng. trans.), vol. i, pp. 527-529. For Bd Santes, see Wadding, Annales Ord Minorum, vol. ix, pp. 94-96, and Léon, vol. iii.
1258 Liberatus of Loro, OFM introduced the initial austerity of the Friars Minor with the help of Blesseds Humilis and Pacificus(AC)
Bd Liberatus Of Loro
   The cultus of this beato was approved by Pope Pius IX in 1868, but his history is involved in a good deal of obscurity.    He is said to have belonged to the noble family of Brunforte, to have joined the Order of Friars Minor, but to have led the life of a contemplative and a hermit.   He is also supposed to have been associated with Bd Humilis and Bd Pacificus in a project of stricter observance; but the attempt to identify him with the unnamed friar of Soffiano who had a vision of our Blessed Lady (see the Fioretti, chs. 46 and 47) is not free from difficulty.
Bd Liberatus is discussed, with Humilis and Pacificus, in the Acta Sanctorum, August, vol. v. See also Salvi, Cenni storici sul b. Liberato do LoroAnalecta Bollandiana, vol. xvii (1898), p. 381. There is also an account in Léon, Auréole Séraphique (Eng. trans.), vol. iii, pp. 431-432; and an interesting comment by Paul Sabatier, Actus beati Francisci et sociorum ejus (1902), p. 195, and p. 215, note.
Born at San Liberato, Piceno, Italy; cultus forbidden in 1730, restored in 1731, and again approved in 1868. Saint Liberatus was born into the Brumforti family. He joined the Franciscans and later introduced the initial austerity of the Friars Minor with the help of Blesseds Humilis and Pacificus. It is difficult to know why his cultus was suppressed (Benedictines) (1896).
1627 Bl. Thomas Tsughi Japanese martyr native educated by Jesuits
Entered the Society of Jesus in 1589. Forced to leave Japan, he went to Macao but then returned to Japan in disguise. Giving in to temptation, he left the Jesuits for one dark day but then repented and gave himself utterly to the Christian cause in the islands. Seized by authorities, he was burned alive at Nagasaki with several companions after refusing to allow his family to buy his freedom
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1654 Kiev-Bratsk Icon of the Mother of God; The icon is described in the records of church property of the Kiev-Bratsk monastery, made in the year 1807
Was at first in the church of Sts Boris and Gleb in the city of Vyshgorod (Kiev), where it miraculously appeared in the year 1654. In 1662, when Russia was at war with Poland (1659-1667), the city was dealt heavy losses by the Crimean Tatars fighting on the side of the Polish. The temple of the holy Passion-Bearers Boris and Gleb was destroyed and defiled. But the Providence of God preserved the holy wonderworking icon of the Mother of God, which was taken out of the church beforehand and set off along the Dniepr. The relics of the saints were hidden beneath a crypt.

The river carried the icon to the Podol section of Kiev, where it was joyfully taken up by the Orthodox and with due reverence transferred to the Bratsk (Brotherhood) monastery. The icon is described in the records of church property of the Kiev-Bratsk monastery, made in the year 1807.

There existed a "Song about the Wonderworking Kiev-Bratsk Icon of the Mother of God", compiled soon after the year 1692. The Kiev-Bratsk Icon of the Mother of God is commemorated four times during the year: September 6, May 10, June 2, and on Saturday of the Fifth Week of Great Lent. All these days are dedicated to the miraculous appearance of the holy icon in 1654. The original icon has not been preserved. The copy was painted from it "measure for measure," and is at present located in the Kiev monastery of the Protection of the Mother of God
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1997 Blessed Mother Teresa of Calcutta Albania now Skopje, Macedonia Ottoman
Mother Teresa of Calcutta, the tiny woman recognized throughout the world for her work among the poorest of the poor, was beatified October 19, 2003. Among those present were hundreds of Missionaries of Charity, the Order she founded in 1950 as a diocesan religious community. Today the congregation also includes contemplative sisters and brothers and an order of priests.
Speaking in a strained, weary voice at the beatification Mass, Pope John Paul II declared her blessed, prompting waves of applause before the 300,000 pilgrims in St. Peter's Square. In his homily, read by an aide for the aging pope, the Holy Father called Mother Teresa “one of the most relevant personalities of our age” and “an icon of the Good Samaritan.” Her life, he said, was “a bold proclamation of the gospel.”
Mother Teresa's beatification, just over six years after her death, was part of an expedited process put into effect by Pope John Paul II. Like so many others around the world, he found her love for the Eucharist, for prayer and for the poor a model for all to emulate.
Born
1910 to Albanian parents in what is now Skopje, Macedonia (then part of the Ottoman Empire), Gonxha (Agnes) Bojaxhiu was the youngest of the three children who survived. For a time, the family lived comfortably, and her father's construction business thrived. But life changed overnight following his unexpected death.
During her years in public school Agnes participated in a Catholic sodality and showed a strong interest in the foreign missions. At age 18 she entered the Loreto Sisters of Dublin. It was 1928 when she said goodbye to her mother for the final time and made her way to a new land and a new life. The following year she was sent to the Loreto novitiate in Darjeeling, India. There she chose the name Teresa and prepared for a life of service. She was assigned to a high school for girls in Calcutta, where she taught history and geography to the daughters of the wealthy. But she could not escape the realities around her—the poverty, the suffering, the overwhelming numbers of destitute people.
In 1946, while riding a train to Darjeeling to make a retreat, Sister Teresa heard what she later explained as “a call within a call. The message was clear. I was to leave the convent and help the poor while living among them.” She also heard a call to give up her life with the Sisters of Loreto and, instead, to “follow Christ into the slums to serve him among the poorest of the poor.”
After receiving permission to leave Loreto, establish a new religious community and undertake her new work, she took a nursing course for several months. She returned to Calcutta, where she lived in the slums and opened a school for poor children. Dressed in a white sari and sandals (the ordinary dress of an Indian woman) she soon began getting to know her neighbors—especially the poor and sick—and getting to know their needs through visits.
The work was exhausting, but she was not alone for long. Volunteers who came to join her in the work, some of them former students, became the core of the Missionaries of Charity. Other helped by donating food, clothing, supplies, the use of buildings. In 1952 the city of Calcutta gave Mother Teresa a former hostel, which became a home for the dying and the destitute. As the Order expanded, services were also offered to orphans, abandoned children, alcoholics, the aging and street people.
For the next four decades Mother Teresa worked tirelessly on behalf of the poor. Her love knew no bounds. Nor did her energy, as she crisscrossed the globe pleading for support and inviting others to see the face of Jesus in the poorest of the poor. In 1979 she was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. On September 5, 1997, God called her home
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1947 Blessed Claudio Granzotto  Friars Minor sculptur
Born in 1900 Santa Lucia del Piave near Venice, Claudio was the youngest of nine children and was accustomed to hard work in the fields. At the age of nine he lost his father. Six years later he was drafted into the Italian army, where he served more than three years.
His artistic abilities, especially in sculpture, led to studies at Venice’s Academy of Fine Arts, which awarded him a diploma with the highest marks in 1929. Even then he was especially interested in religious art. When Claudio entered the Friars Minor four years later, his parish priest wrote, "The Order is receiving not only an artist but a saint." Prayer, charity to the poor and artistic work characterized his life, which was cut short by a brain tumor. He died on the feast of the Assumption and was beatified in 1994.
Comment: Claudio developed into such an excellent sculptor that his work still turns people toward God. No stranger to adversity, he met every obstacle courageously, reflecting the generosity, faith and joy that he learned from Francis of Assisi.
Quote: In the beatification homily, Pope John Paul II said that Claudio made his sculpture "the privileged instrument" of his apostolate and evangelization. "His holiness was especially radiant in his acceptance of suffering and death in union with Christ’s Cross. Thus by consecrating himself totally to the Lord’s love, he became a model for religious, for artists in their search for God’s beauty and for the sick in his loving devotion to the Crucified" (L’Osservatore Romano, Vol. 47, No. 1, 1994)
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 Tuesday   Saints of this Day Sept  06  Octavo idus Septémbris.   

Pope Francis  PRAYER INTENTIONS FOR  September 2016
Universal:   Centrality of the Human Person
That each may contribute to the common good and to the building of a society that places the human person at the center
.
Evangelization:   Mission to Evangelize
That by participating in the Sacraments and meditating on Scripture, Christians may become more aware of their mission to evangelize
.

God Bless Mother Angelica 1923-2016
ewtnmissionaries.com

On Death and Life
"Man Needs Eternity -- and Every Other Hope, for Him, Is All Too Brief"
Пресвятая Богородице спаси нас!    (Santíssima Mãe de Deus, salva-nos!)
                 
 

                                                                             
       
40 Days for Life  11,000+ saved lives in 2015
We are the defenders of true freedom.
  May our witness unveil the deception of the "pro-choice" slogan.
40 days for Life Campaign saves lives Shawn Carney Campaign Director www.40daysforlife.com
Please help save the unborn they are the future for the world

It is a great poverty that a child must die so that you may live as you wish -- Mother Teresa
 Saving babies, healing moms and dads, 'The Gospel of Life'

"Man Needs Eternity -- and Every Other Hope, for Him, Is All Too Brief"
It Makes No Sense Not To Believe In GOD 
Every Christian must be a living book
wherein one can read the teaching of the gospel

Jesus brings us many Blessings
 
The more we pray, the more we wish to pray. Like a fish which at first swims on the surface of the water, and afterwards plunges down, and is always going deeper; the soul plunges, dives, and loses itself in the sweetness of conversing with God. -- St. John Vianney

  Month by Month of Saintly Dedications


The Rosary html Mary Mother of GOD -- Her Rosary Here
Mary Mother of GOD Mary's Divine Motherhood: FEASTS OF OUR LADY
     of the Virgin Mary to those who recite the Rosary

May 9 – Our Lady of the Wood (Italy, 1607) 
Months of Dedication
January is the month of the Holy Name of Jesus since 1902;
March is the month of Saint Joseph since 1855;
May, the month of Mary, is the oldest and most well-known Marian month, officially since 1724;
June is the month of the Sacred Heart since 1873;
July is the month of the Precious Blood since 1850;
August is the month of the Immaculate Heart of Mary;
September is the month of Our Lady of Sorrows since 1857;
October is the month of the Rosary since 1868;
November is the month of the Holy Souls in Purgatory since 1888;
December is the month of the Immaculate Conception.

In all, five months of the year are dedicated to Mary.
The idea of dedicating months came from Rome and promotion of the month of Mary owes much to the Jesuits.  arras.catholique.fr


Pray that the witness of 40 Days for Life bears abundant fruit, and that we begin again each day to storm the gates of hell until God welcomes us into the gates of heaven.

If you seek patience, you will find no better example than the cross. Great patience occurs in two ways:
either when one patiently suffers much, or when one suffers things which one is able to avoid and yet does not avoid.
Christ endured much on the cross, and did so patiently, because when he suffered he did not threaten;
he was led like a sheep to the slaughter and he did not open his mouth.-- St. Thomas Aquinas


We begin our day by seeing Christ in the consecrated bread, and throughout the day we continue to see Him in the torn bodies of our poor. We pray, that is, through our work, performing it with Jesus, for Jesus and upon Jesus.
The poor are our prayer. They carry God in them. Prayer means praying everything, praying the work.
We meet the Lord who hungers and thirsts, in the poor.....and the poor could be you or I or any person kind enough to show us his or her love and to come to our place.
Because we cannot see Christ, we cannot express our love to Him in person.
But our neighbor we can see, and we can do for him or her what we would love to do for Jesus if He were visible.
-- Mother Teresa
My God, I believe, I adore, I trust and I love Thee.  I beg pardon for those who do not believe, do not adore, do not love Thee.  O most Holy trinity, Father, Son and Holy Spirit, I adore Thee profoundly.
 I offer Thee the most precious Body, Blood, Soul and Divinity of Jesus Christ, present in all the Tabernacles of the world,  in reparation for the outrages, sacrileges and indifference by which He is offended,
and by the infite merits of the Sacred Heart of Jesus and the Immaculate Heart of Mary.

I beg the conversion of poor sinners,  Amen Fatima Prayer, Angel of Peace
Mary's Divine Motherhood
Pope Francis and Pope Benedict XVI { 2013 } Catholic Church In China { article here}
1648 to1930 St. Augustine Zhao Rong and 120 Companions Christianity arrived in China by way of Syria -- 600s.
        Depending on China's relations with outside world,
Christianity for centuries was free to grow or forced to operate secretly.

How do I start the Five First Saturdays? 
Called in the Gospel “the Mother of Jesus,” Mary is acclaimed by Elizabeth, at the prompting of the Spirit and even before the birth of her son, as “the Mother of my Lord” (Lk 1:43; Jn 2:1; 19:25; cf. Mt 13:55; et al.). In fact, the One whom she conceived as man by the Holy Spirit, who truly became her Son according to the flesh, was none other than the Father's eternal Son, the second person of the Holy Trinity. Hence the Church confesses that Mary is truly Mother of God (Theotokos). 
Catechism of the Catholic Church 495, quoting the Council of Ephesus (431): DS 251.
“The Blessed Virgin was eternally predestined, in conjunction with the incarnation of the divine Word, to be the Mother of God. By decree of divine Providence, she served on earth as the loving mother of the divine Redeemer, an associate of unique nobility, and the Lord's humble handmaid. She conceived, brought forth, and nourished Christ.”
The voice of the Father is heard, the Son enters the water, and the Holy Spirit appears in the form of a dove.
   THE spirit and example of the world imperceptibly instil the error into the minds of many that there is a kind of middle way of going to Heaven; and so, because the world does not live up to the gospel, they bring the gospel down to the level of the world. It is not by this example that we are to measure the Christian rule, but words and life of Christ. All His followers are commanded to labour to become perfect even as our heavenly Father is perfect, and to bear His image in our hearts that we may be His children. We are obliged by the gospel to die to ourselves by fighting self-love in our hearts, by the mastery of our passions, by taking on the spirit of our Lord.
   These are the conditions under which Christ makes His promises and numbers us among His children, as is manifest from His words which the apostles have left us in their inspired writings. Here is no distinction made or foreseen between the apostles or clergy or religious and secular persons. The former, indeed, take upon themselves certain stricter obligations, as a means of accomplishing these ends more perfectly; but the law of holiness and of disengagement of the heart from the world is geeral and binds all the followers of Christ.

Join Mary of Nazareth Project help us build the International Marian Center of Nazareth
http://www.worldpriest.com/
THE EUCHARIST, A MYSTERY TO BE BELIEVED POST-SYNODAL APOSTOLIC EXHORTATION
SACRAMENTUM CARITATIS OF THE HOLY FATHER BENEDICT XVI
There are over 10,000 named saints beati  from history
 and Roman Martyology Orthodox sources

Miracles by Century 100   200   300   400   500   600   700    800   900   1000    1100   1200   1300   1400  1500  1600  1700  1800   1900  Miracles_BLay Saints
Morning Prayer and Hymn    Meditation of the Day    Prayer for Priests    Our Bartholomew Family Prayer List  Here
We are called upon with the whole Church militant on earth to join in praising and thanking God for the grace and glory he has bestowed on his saints. At the same time we earnestly implore Him to exert His almighty power and mercy in raising us from our miseries and sins, healing the disorders of our souls and leading us by the path of repentance to the company of His saints, to which He has called us.
   They were once what we are now, travellers on earth they had the same weaknesses, which we have. We have difficulties to encounter so had the saints, and many of them far greater than we can meet with; obstacles from kings and whole nations, sometimes from the prisons, racks and swords of persecutors. Yet they surmounted these difficulties, which they made the very means of their virtue and victories. It was by the strength they received from above, not by their own, that they triumphed. But the blood of Christ was shed for us as it was for them and the grace of our Redeemer is not wanting to us; if we fail, the failure is in ourselves.
   THE saints and just, from the beginning of time and throughout the world, who have been made perfect, everlasting monuments of God’s infinite power and clemency, praise His goodness without ceasing; casting their crowns before His throne they give to Him all the glory of their triumphs: “His gifts alone in us He crowns.”
“The saints must be honored as friends of Christ and children and heirs of God, as John the theologian and evangelist says: ‘But as many as received him, he gave them the power to be made the sons of God....’ Let us carefully observe the manner of life of all the apostles, martyrs, ascetics and just men who announced the coming of the Lord. And let us emulate their faith, charity, hope, zeal, life, patience under suffering, and perseverance unto death, so that we may also share their crowns of glory” Exposition of the Orthodox Faith

Called in the Gospel the Mother of Jesus, Mary is acclaimed by Elizabeth, at the prompting of the Spirit and even before the birth of her son, as the Mother of my Lord (Lk 1:43; Jn 2:1; 19:25; cf. Mt 13:55; et al.). In fact, the One whom she conceived as man by the Holy Spirit, who truly became her Son according to the flesh, was none other than the Father's eternal Son,  the second person of the Holy Trinity.
Hence the Church confesses that Mary is truly Mother of God (Theotokos).
Catechism of the Catholic Church 495, quoting the Council of Ephesus (431): DS 251.
Nine First Fridays Devotion to the Sacred Heart ... From the writings of St. Margaret Mary Alacoque
On Friday during Holy Communion, He said these words to me, His unworthy slave, if I mistake not:
I promise you in the excessive mercy of my Heart that its all-powerful love will grant to all those who receive Holy Communion on nine first Fridays of consecutive months the grace of final repentance; they will not die under my displeasure or without receiving their sacraments, my divine Heart making itself their assured refuge at the last moment.
Margaret Mary was inspired by Christ to establish the Holy Hour and to pray lying prostrate with her face to the ground from eleven till midnight on the eve of the first Friday of each month, to share in the mortal sadness.
He endured when abandoned by His Apostles in His Agony, and to receive holy Communion on the first Friday of every month. In the first great revelation, He made known to her His ardent desire to be loved by men and His design of manifesting His Heart with all Its treasures of love and mercy, of sanctification and salvation.
He appointed the Friday after the octave of the feast of Corpus Christi as the feast of the Sacred Heart; He called her the Beloved Disciple of the Sacred Heart, and the heiress of all Its treasures. The love of the Sacred Heart was the fire which consumed her, and devotion to the Sacred Heart is the refrain of all her writings. In her last illness she refused all alleviation, repeating frequently: What have I in heaven and what do I desire on earth, but Thee alone, O my God, and died pronouncing the Holy Name of Jesus.
With regard to this promise it may be remarked: (1) that our Lord required Communion to be received on a particular day chosen by Him; (2) that the nine Fridays must be consecutive; (3) that they must be made in honor of His Sacred Heart, which means that those who make the nine Fridays must practice the devotion and must have a great love for our Lord; (4) that our Lord does not say that those who make the nine Fridays will be dispensed from any of their obligations or from exercising the vigilance necessary to lead a good life and overcome temptation; rather He implicitly promises abundant graces to those who make the nine Fridays to help them to carry out these obligations and persevere to the end; (5) that perseverance in receiving Holy Communion for nine consecutive First Firdays helps the faithful to acquire the habit of frequent Communion, which our Lord eagerly desires; and (6) that the practice of the nine Fridays is very pleasing to our Lord He promises such great reward, and all Catholics should endeavor to make nine Fridays.
How do I start the Five First Saturdays? by Fr. Tom O'Mahony.
On July 13,1917, Our Lady appeared for the third time to the three children of Fatima an showed them the vision of hell and made the now - famous thirteen prophecies. In this vision Our Lady said that 'GOD WISHES TO ESTABLISH IN THE WORLD DEVOTION to Her Immaculate Heart and that She would come TO ASK FOR THE COMMUNION OF REPARATION ON THE FIRST SATURDAYS...'  Eight years later, on December 10, 1925, Our Lady did indeed come back. She appeared (with the Child Jesus) to Lucia in the convent of the Dorothean Sisters in Pontevedra.
The Child Jesus spoke first:
'HAVE COMPASSION ON THE HEART OF YOUR MOST HOLY MOTHER WHICH IS COVERED WITH THORNS WITH WHICH UNGRATEFUL MEN PIERCE IT AT EVERY MOMENT, WHILE THERE IS NO ONE TO REMOVE THEM WITH AN ACT OF REPARATION.'

THE GREAT PROMISE
Our Lady then said: 'MY DAUGHTER LOOK AT MY HEART SURROUNDED WITH THORNS WITH WHICH UNGRATEFUL MEN PIERCE IT AT EVERY MOMENT BY THEIR BLASPHEMIES AND INGRATITUDE. YOU, AT LEAST, TRY TO CONSOLE ME, AND SAY THAT I PROMISE TO ASSIST AT THE HOUR OF DEATH WITH ALL THE GRACES NECESSARY FOR SALVATION, ALL THOSE WHO, ON THE FIRST SATURDAY OF FIVE CONSECUTIVE MONTHS GO TO CONFESSION AND RECEIVE HOLY COMMUNION, RECITE FIVE DECADES OF THE ROSARY AND KEEP ME COMPANY FOR A QUARTER OF AN HOUR WHILE MEDITATING ON MYSTERIES OF THE ROSARY, WITH THE INTENTION OF MAKING REPARATION TO ME.'

The Five Reasons
Lucia once asked this question of Our Lord and received as an answer: 'MY DAUGHTER, THE MOTIVE IS SIMPLE, THERE ARE FIVE KINDS OF OFFENCES AND BLASPHEMIES UTTERED AGAINST THE IMMACULATE HEART OF MARY: (1) BLASPHEMIES AGAINST THE IMMACULATE CONCEPTION: (2) BLASPHEMIES AGAINST HER VIRGINITY: (3) BLASPHEMIES AGAINST HER DIVINE MATERNITY: (4) BLASPHEMIES OF THOSE WHO OPENLY SEEK TO FOSTER IN THE HEARTS OF CHILDREN INDIFFERENCE OR EVEN HATRED FOR THIS IMMACULATE MOTHER: (5) THE OFFENCES OF THOSE WHO DIRECTLY OUTRAGE HER IN HOLY IMAGES.'
From the above, it is easy to see that each of the Five Saturdays can correspond to a specific offence. By offering the graces received during each First Saturday as reparation for the offence being prayed for, the participant can hope to help remove the thorns from Our Lady's Heart.
What Do I Have To Do?
The devotion of First Saturdays, as requested by Our Lady of Fatima, carries with it the assurance of salvation. However, to derive profit from such a great promise of Our Lady, the devotion must be properly understood and duly performed.
The requirements as stipulated by Our Lady are as follows:
(1) CONFESSION, (2) COMMUNION, (3) FIVE DECADES OF THE ROSARY, (4) MEDITATION ON ONE OR MORE OF THE ROSARY MYSTERIES FOR FIFTEEN MINUTES, (5) TO DO ALL THESE THINGS IN THE SPIRIT OF REPARATION TO THE IMMACULATE HEART OF MARY, and (6) TO OBSERVE ALL THESE PRACTICES ON THE FIRST SATURDAY OF FIVE CONSECUTIVE MONTHS.
(1) CONFESSION: A reparative confession means that the confession should not only be good (valid and licit), but also be offered in the spirit of reparation, in this case, to Mary's Immaculate Heart. This confession may be made on the First Saturday itself or some days before or after the First Saturday within the preceding octave would suffice.
(2) COMMUNION: The communion of reparation must be sacramental duly received with the intention of making reparation. This offering, like the confession, is an interior act and so no external action to express the intention is needed.
(3) THE ROSARY: The Rosary mentioned here was indicated by the Portuguese word 'terco' which is commonly employed to denote a Rosary of five decades, since it forms a fourth of the full Rosary of 20 decades. This too must recited in a spirit of reparation.
(4) MEDITATION FOR FIFTEEN MINUTES: Here the meditation on one mystery or more is to be made without simultaneous recitation of the Rosary decade. As indicated, the meditation may be either on one mystery alone for 15 minutes, or on all 20 mysteries, spending about one minute on each mystery, or again, on two or more mysteries during the period. This can also be made before each decade spending three minutes or more in considering the mystery of the particular decade. This meditation has likewise to be made in the spirit of reparation to the Immaculate Heart.
(5) THE SPIRIT OF REPARATION: All these acts, as said above, have to be done with the intention of offering reparation to the Immaculate Heart of Mary for the offences committed against Her. Everyone who offends Her commits, so to speak, a two-fold offence, for these sins also offend her Divine Son, Christ, and so endanger our salvation. They give bad example to others and weaken the strength of society to withstand immoral onslaughts. Such devotions therefore make us consider not only the enormity of the offence against God, but also the effect of sins on human society as well as the need for undoing these social effects even when the offender repents and is converted. Further, this reparation emphasises our responsibility towards sinners who, themselves, will not pray and make reparation for their sins.
(6) FIVE CONSECUTIVE FIRST SATURDAYS: The idea of the Five First Saturdays is obviously to make us persevere in the devotional acts for these Saturdays and overcome initial difficulties. Once this is done, Our Lady knows that the person would become devoted to Her immaculate Heart and persist in practising such devotion on all First Saturdays, working thereby for personal self-reform and for the salvation of others.

Unless Russia is converted, the movement against God and for sin will continue to spread, promoting wars and persecutions, and making the attainment for peace and justice impossible for this world. One means of obtaining Russia's conversion is to practise the Fatima Message. The stakes are so great that to encourage Catholics to practise the devotion of the First Saturdays, Our Lady has assured us that She will obtain salvation for all those who observe the first Saturdays for five consecutive months in accordance with Her conditions.
At the supreme moment the departing person will be either in the state of grace or not. In either case Our Lady will be by his side. If in the state of grace, She will console and help him to resist whatever temptations the devil might put before him in his last attempt to take the person with him to hell. If not in the state of grace, Our Lady will help the person to repent in a manner agreeable to God and so benefit by the fruits of redemption and be saved.

God loves variety. He doesn't mass-produce his saints. Every saint is unique, for each is the result of a new idea.  As the liturgy says: Non est inventus similis illis--there are no two exactly alike.