LNG PLANT BUILDERS                                                                                                                            NATURAL GAS PROCESSING PLANTS
 Thursday Saints of this Day February  11 Tértio Idus Februárii.  
Saint Marie Bernard:  Bernadette_Soubirous  Our Lady of Lourdes

Packaged LNG plants
MicroLNG designs LNG liquefiers   Plants 5,000 - 500,000 LNG gpd

for Marine and Land vehicles   CNG refueling Stations  
 LNG Refueling Station for cars and trucks driving to work  


OIL 1860's to 2015

Chart ships mega tanks from its Ferox facility
In early February 2016, three giant cryogenic storage tanks have been loaded onto barges in the winter port of Rozbelesy in Decin, Czech Republic.
Each of the vessels, built at the Chart facility in Decin, was loaded onto its own river barge and the 160 m long convoy will take around 10 days to reach the port of Hamburg, Germany, via the Elbe river, before further onward water transport to its final destination.
Miroslav Cerny, Business Director for Chart, said: “I am extremely proud of the team here in Decin that designs and builds the world’s largest shop-built cryogenic storage tanks. These particular units will be used for the storage of LNG for a gas fuelled power station, but our proximity to the river connects Chart Ferox to our global customer base and enables us to offer the world’s largest cryogenic storage tanks as a standard product for both LNG and air gas applications.”

AS Tallink Grupp is a passenger and cargo transportation service provider in the Northern region of the Baltic Sea.
The company owns altogether 15 vessels and operates under the brands of Tallink and Silja Line on 6 different routes. AS Tallink Grupp employs 7000 people and has annually up to 9 million passengers worldwide.

Keel of Tallink's new LNG Powered Fast Ferry Laid 
09 February 2016 http://www.tallink.com/press-releases#21769689

The hull assembly of Tallink’s new fast ferry Megastar was laid today at the Meyer Turku shipyard.

Tallink noted in a statement that Megastar will be 212 meters long, can accommodate altogether 2800 passengers and will start operating on Tallinn-Helsinki route. She will be ready at the beginning of 2017. Megastar will use LNG as fuel, but will also be able to run on marine diesel. She will have a service speed of 27 knots and will comply with the new and stricter emission regulations for the ECA areas including the Baltic Sea according to Tallink. 
The CEO of AS Tallink Grupp, Janek Stalmeister said, “As this is our very first LNG vessel with upgrades in so many areas, we celebrate every step taking us closer to her delivery next year. We can’t wait to bring this magnificent ship to our passengers”, said Stalmeister.
LNG bulker trials validate seawater lubrication
08 Feb 2016 motorship.com
Sea trials aboard Erik Thun’s LNG-fuelled short-sea dry bulk vessel ‘Greenland’ have validated the performance of Thordon Bearings COMPAC propeller shaft solution.
The 5,800dwt self-loading/unloading cement carrier, built under the European Union’s TEN-T funded Pilot LNG project for the JT Cement joint venture, is the first ever LNG-fuelled dry cargo vessel in which a pressurized liquid natural gas tank is incorporated into the vessel’s hull.
It is also the first LNG-fuelled vessel to feature a seawater-lubricated propeller shaft bearing system.

Built by Ferus Smit’s Westerbroek shipyard to Lloyd’s Register Ice-class 1A and suitable for year-round service in the Baltic Sea, Greenland completed sea trials in December, prior to taking her first operational load in Rostock. Second of class Ireland is due for delivery within the next three months, and options for two more vessels are under consideration. - See more at: http://www.motorship.com/news101/ships-equipment/lng-bulker-trials-validate-seawater-lubrication#sthash.hKkh8sLV.dpuf
Erik Thun’s LNG-fuelled short-sea dry bulk vessel ‘Greenland’

First gas and battery hybrid ferry launched

The first passenger ferry to use a combination of pure gas and battery power recently went into operation in Norway.

Future battery solutions
Mr Bringedal singled out some interesting fuel trends, such as looking at hydrogen and battery combinations in order to avoid the use of any kind of fossil fuel.
First gas and battery hybrid ferry launched
04 Feb 2016
Fjord1’s Fannefjord was the second unit in a series of four ships built by Poland’s Remontowa shipyard in 2009. It was delivered in 2010 and operates on the Molde–Vestnes route. It was already an efficient and clean ship, being a gas-electric powered ferry. But its owner decided to go one step further and last year converted Fannefjord into a gas and battery hybrid.
The 123m ferry, with a capacity of 390 passengers and 125 cars or 12 road trailers and 55 cars, will reward Fjord1 with a clutch of benefits following the conversion, reducing the methane slip and reducing greenhouse gas emissions still further, as well as boosting fuel efficiency and improving maintenance costs. The refitted Fannefjord uses a 1,050V, 410 kWh energy storage system (ESS) consisting of 63 Corvus Energy AT6500 advanced lithium polymer batteries. The ESS was integrated with the existing Siemens drive systems and powered by two liquefied natural gas LNG ready newbuilds
LMG Marin has also designed four ferries for Estonia’s Port of Tallinn that will initially operate on low sulphur diesel, but which have been designed to be converted to LNG in the future. In order to make sure that the 114m Tõll, Piret, Leiger and Tiiu ferries are ready for autumn this year, two shipyards – Sefine Shipyard in Turkey and Remontowa in Poland – are each constructing two of the ferries, which will operate on the Virtsu–Kuivasts and Heltermaa–Rohuküla routes. Each will have a passenger capacity of 700 and a car capacity of 150.s (LNG) generators.
Another Dual-Fuel Vessel on Order for DEME
February 3, 2016 shipandbunker.com
Belgian dredging, environmental, and marine engineering group, DEME, Monday announced it has contracted with specialied maritime vessel builder Royal IHC to build a next generation trailing suction hopper dredger. According to DEME the vessel, the Bonny River will feature diesel and LNG dual-fuel engines to ensure optimization of fuel consumption and a minimal CO2 footprint.
Dual-fuel dredger cont.
 The ship is the sixth that DEME has on order.  The order has been placed at Royal IHC, but the ship will be built by Cosco at its shipyard in Guangdong, China.

According to a press release the vessel will be "trendsetting" in that it will be able to work at greater depths and further offshore, being able to extract sand at more than 100 metres deep.  By minimizing turbidity generated by process water the vessel is also able to to dredge in environmentally vulnerable areas.
In April 2015 Ship & Bunker reported DEME's would build the world's first LNG powered dredgers.
Baleària to Build "Smart" Solar & Natural Gas-Powered Ferry
February 1, 2016 shipandbunker.com
Baleària has announced it has signed a contract to a build a new ferry at Spain's LaNaval Shipyard that will use liquefied natural gas (LNG) and solar power as energy sources.
Three dual fuel engines will use either natural gas or liquid fuel; solar panels will power on-board services.This vessel is expected to begin operations during 2019, and with a length of 232.2 meters it will be among the largest in Europe, according to Baleària.  

"We want to establish a before and after in maritime transport [technology]…Adolfo Utor, Chairman of Baleària.  It will be the first passenger ferry powered by LNG in the Mediterranean to make the trip a unique experience,"
A rendering of the new 'smart' ferry.
Jose Ignacio Irasuegui, Managing Director of LaNaval said: "[The] signing of the contract...is a milestone that consolidates LaNaval's positioning in the passenger ship market and, in general, in the design and construction of ships with high technological content.  "We are convinced that this agreement will be the start of a long-term relationship between LaNaval and Baleària."
The ship, which joins 22 other vessels in the Baleària fleet, will employ a number of measures to reduce bunker consumption, including high efficiency propellers, shaft lines, and rudders. 
In November of 2012 Ship & Bunker reported that Baleària had converted some existing ferries to use LNG bunkers.
SENER Debuts LNG Bunker Vessel Design
Posted by Greg Trauthwein, January 25, 2016, File (Credit: SENER) 
Relying on more than four decades of experience and activities in the maritime and energy markets, including the design of a Floating Regasification and Storage Units (FSRU), SENER technology and engineering Group has developed its own design of a Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) bunkering vessel.

The SENER design follows the tendencies for 2030 required by operators and ship-owners. The result is a Ship To Ship (STS) LNG bunkering vessel, with IMO type C LNG cargo tanks at 4.5 bar and -163ºC, which reduces to a minimum the steam generated in the tanks (BOG - Boil Off Generated), anyway a BOG management system has been incorporated, to process the BOG generated in the transfer process. This storage system allows greater flexibility of operation, reducing the effect of the wave inside the tank, sloshing, thus allowing partial loads.
The vessel is designed for navigation, maneuverability and operation in adverse meteorological conditions, including Unrestricted Navigation notation.

The propulsion uses LNG as fuel, with type C tanks on deck. Likewise, it includes last generation articulated arms designed for the STS bunkering process, with a high level of automation and control, including innovating measuring system to obtain the maximum accuracy in the measurement of the transference rate, and complying with the regulations of SIGTTO, OCIMF and IGC, among others.
SENER LNG Bunker Vessel Design
Main Particulars  Length, o.a.  114.8m
Molded breadth 20.4m
Molded depth    8.5m
Draft                    5.7m
Speed                   15 knots
MCR                   6000 kW
Capacity           8000 cu. m.
Number of tanks    2
Material tanks    9% Ni Steel

Dual-fuel Canadian tankers Great Lakes and Canada’s St. Lawrence River.
lngindustry.com Saturday, January 16, 2016
Parker Bestobell Marine has received its first order to supply its cryogenic fuel gas valves for new build tankers.  The two 15 000-dwt ice-class 1A asphalt and bitumen tankers have been ordered by Groupe Desgagnés of Canada and will be built at Besiktas shipyard in Turkey.  The ships will be equipped with dual-fuel engines allowing them to operate on LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas) and fuel oil, via 600 m3 gas storage tanks on the decks.
A strong order book for LNG-fueled vessels, January 12, 2016
While around 70 are in operation today (excluding gas carriers), 80 are on order, with the range of vessels ordered – from containerships to car carriers as well as ferries and bulkers - also a positive indicator.
CNG recent advancements in fueling as well as engine technology.
LNG fueled mine rigs  and Locomotives Friday 2016
Notable U.S. Newbuilds of 2015
Currently there are 124 shipyards in the U.S., which are spread across 26 states. Meanwhile, the industry supports over 110,000 jobs and the industry witnessed some ground-breaking deliveries:  The World’s First LNG-Powered Container Ship;  ECO Tankers; The First LNG-Ready Product Tanker; The First LNG-Fuelled OSVs; A Unique Ultra-Light Intervention Vessel;  The Most Advanced ATB; The Largest, Most Expensive Destroyer; The Navy’s 13th Virginia Class Submarine; The Flexible Littoral Combat Ship: USS Little Rock; The 12th Monohull LCS;
Wartsila Solution for 15 LNG Powered Barges
LNG to replace diesel for inland navigation
Amendment Dec. 7 to H.R. 34 to re-establish those tax credits of up to 30% of the cost of natural-gas refueling equipment
up to $30,000 and tax credits of $.50 per gallon for both liquefied natural gas and compressed natural gas.
LNG as fuel for inland water vessels - New LNG Masterplan Safety Studies available

Yamal LNG Project Nine LNG Carriers 15 September 2015

Light-duty vehicles alone consume more fuel than all freight modes of transportation put together, including heavy trucks, marine, and rail. 

Shell Trading Rotterdam BV (Shell) has signed a time-charter agreement with Plouvier Transport NV and Intertrans Tankschiffahrt AG for 15 new inland dual-fuel barges, which will predominantly run on Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG).  The barges, built by the Dutch shipyard VEKA Shipbuilding BV, will support Shell’s business in trading and transporting mineral oil products in the ARA (Amsterdam-Rotterdam-Antwerp) and Rhinetrack (Germany/ Switzerland) regions.
Shell to Charter 15 LNG-powered Barges

Nov 23, 2015 Sean Kilcarr Fleet Owner.com E.I.A.
Meanwhile, in a separate report, the EIA noted that the transportation of people and goods now accounts for about 2 - 5% of all energy consumption in the world, with passenger transportation – in particular light-duty vehicles – now accounting for most transportation energy consumption.  In fact, the EIA’s data indicates light-duty vehicles alone now consume more than all freight modes of transportation, such as heavy trucks, marine, and rail.  The agency added that the U.S. was the world's largest transportation energy consumer in 2012, the most recent year with detailed international transportation data by mode, consuming 13 million barrels of oil equivalent per day (b/d) and representing 25% of global transportation energy demand that year. EIA added that the U.S., major European countries – those in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development or OECD – and China together now represent more than 50% of world transportation energy consumption. However, in contrast to both the U.S. and OECD Europe, on-road transportation energy use in China more heavily reflects freight movement instead of passenger travel, the agency said.
EIA also noted that global transportation energy consumption remains is dominated by two fuels: motor gasoline (including ethanol blends) and diesel (including biodiesel blends). Together, these two fuels accounted for 77% of total transportation consumption in 2012. 
By contrast, non-petroleum fuels account for very small portions of the world energy mix, with natural gas and electricity each accounting for about 1% of total transportation energy, the agency said.
Decline of coal as the Number  1 story for 2015
Hauling coal fueled railroads' profits for decades. Now just like the drop doors on the bottom of a hopper, it is giving way.
 According to the Association of American Railroads, the carloads for coal numbered around 125,000 a month in January 2012, but has fallen down to less than 95,000 monthly carloads for November of this year.
“This is the fastest changing story in railroading, thanks to cheap natural gas and EPA regulations,” says BNSF Executive Chairman Matt Rose. Rose says that in 2006, BNSF moved 287 million tons of coal from the Powder River Basin in the Western U.S.  “Less than 10 years later, I don’t anticipate that we’ll see that level of coal volume again. That leaves us with millions of dollars in investment in what will eventually be stranded assets,” he says.
In the east, major arteries for hauling coal have been moth balled.
CSX Transportation closed down the former Clinchfield Railroad, and Norfolk Southern has done the same with the former Virginian Railway in West Virginia along with laying off workers at its Lamberts Point coal terminal. Among the railroads, divisions still tied to coal are on shaky ground.
Even worse, the way of life for hundreds of thousands of Appalachian railroaders, truckers, coal miners, and their families dependent on the black rocks has irreversibly changed.
For the long-term negative effects on railroading and railroaders, the erosion of a way of life, and speed of the decline, Trains editors name the decline of coal as the No. 1 story for 2015.
CNG recent advancements in fueling as well as engine technology.
Clean truck maker Greenkraft Inc. and bi-fuel conversion kit maker Impco Automotive both gained nationwide certification from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Greenkraft also was certified by the California Air Resources Board.  Southern California-based Greenkraft obtained the dual certifications for its CNG or propane-powered engines, which are used on its own trucks and any power by General Motors’ 6.0-liter engine. Greenkraft offers both Isuzu NPR trucks converted to run on CNG or propane, and  vehicles based on imported chassis.  Director Frank Ziegler said "our system is completely tested and has undergone extreme conditions to ensure product durability and road validation."

Impco  CNG-gasoline bi-fuel Ford F-150 pickup for 2016 model year has EPA certification. The half-ton truck features Ford's 5.0-liter Ti-VCT (twin independent variable camshaft timing) V8 engine.  Impco is offering a "working class" pickup, including dedicated CNG and bi-fuel F-250 and F-350 pickups, along with larger, dedicated CNG Ford F-650 and F-750 trucks. certifications sales in all 50 states companies.

CNG heavy-duty truck fleets continued in Chicago, Nebraska and Florida, where advanced fueling systems are becoming more common.  Chicago's Gold Standard Transportation, McNeilus Truck & Manufacturing designed and installed range-extending back-of-cab CNG fuel cylinder units. The addition of a single, vertically mounted Type IV CNG tank on Kenworth tractors already fitted with rail-mounted CNG assemblies.  Gold Standard officials said McNeilus installed complete CNG systems on 4 trucks provided custom installations to add 19 diesel gallon equivalent (DGE) fuel capacity on 2 others. "The additional capacity eliminated the need for these trucks to require a fuel stop," said Gino Fortuna, president of the trucking company, adding that the 19 DGE of additional capacity amounts to a 20% increase.

Nebraska, Omaha's Papillion Sanitation started deploying CNG-fueled garbage trucks with help from the local Metropolitan Utilities District. A first truck is in service and 3 more are due in the next 6 months.  Papillion's Jay Hannen, maintenance manager, said "CNG is the future and we wanted to be the first to bring it to Omaha." The CNG refuse trucks have McNeilus bodies and Mack Truck chassis, fueling at a locally operated Trillium CNG station.
Florida, NFI, launched a new fleet of 12 CNG trucks to serve a national home improvement retailer in the region. The fleet is made up of Freightliner Cascadias with CNG fuel systems by Quantum Fuel Systems.  NFI said it is spreading its use of natural gas transportation to the Southeast. It deployed its first CNG trucks in Los Angeles in 2012. Gain Clean Fuel has opened a CNG fueling station in Kissimmee, FL, just south of Orlando, to support NFI's Florida fleet.  NFI is using CNG in 5 trucks in California, 17 in Texas and 13 in Pennsylvania, along with the dozen in Florida.

CNG fueling establishments are scheduled to open near Denver, and upgraded in the Los Angeles suburb of San Fernando.  Sapp Bros Inc. and Stirk CNG will open a public access CNG station in Commerce City, CO, southwest of Denver on Jan. 15. It will offer service to all types of natural gas vehicles, but will focus on Class 8 trucks, the companies said. The station, at an existing Sapp Bros Travel Center, is located at the intersection of two interstate highways (70 and 270).

In San Fernando, the city's public works department has begun work to upgrade an eight-year-old CNG fueling station that supports city trolley and school buses, and refuse and street sweeping vehicles.

The project will include the "design, engineering, fabrication, installation, commissioning, testing and training" associated with the CNG station equipment upgrades, according to public works management analyst Kenneth Jones. A bidding process is scheduled to run Jan. 20 through Feb. 17.
Caterpillar Dual Fuel LNG Conversion on Furetank Rederi Tanker  Tuesday August 4, 2015
Shearer Group to support LNG towboat conversion
marine air quality study conversion of an inland towboat
to dual fuel diesel/liquid natural gas (LNG)

Wartsila Propulsion for LNG Bunker Vessel
A 5,800-cubic-meter LNG bunker and feeder vessel,
for Sirius Veder Gas AB powered by a Wärtsilä propulsion solution.

Wartsilas Debuts Mobile LNG Power Generation
In-hull Dual Fuel Engine Conversion Industry First
Construction of First US LNG Bunker Barge  Underway  
Oct 26, 2015 General Dynamics NASSCO and TOTE
announce Isla Bella, world’s first LNG-powered containership

LNG Carriers Ordered for US Shale Gas Transport
Compact LNG Ferry Design Deltamarin
Japan First LNG fueled Vessel to Serve Yokohama, Kawasaki Ports
First LNG Bunkering Operation on Seagoing Vessel   Port of Antwerp
Perla_del_Caribe the second of two
LNG-fueled Marlin Class ships

Shearer Group to support LNG towboat conversion
The Shearer Group, Inc. November 22, 2015 marinelog.com

Concept rendering of towboat following conversion to burn LNG as a marine fuel

Naval architectural and marine engineering firm The Shearer Group, Inc. (TSGI), Seabrook, TX, will join with Pittsburgh Region Clean Cities (PRCC) and Clean Fuels Clean Rivers (CFCR) to conduct a marine air quality study centered on the conversion of an inland towboat to dual fuel diesel/liquid natural gas (LNG) to reduce diesel emissions in marine vessels.

This past October, the U.S. Maritime Administration (MarAd) announced it had awarded a $730,000 Maritime Environmental and Technical Assistance Program (META) grant to the CFCR coalition to convert a towboat’s diesel engine to burn LNG. The META Program is administered by MarAd’s Office of Environment and is designed to foster collaboration with maritime stakeholders to address emerging environmental challenges.
Results from towboat conversion demonstration project will help expand the development and availability of natural gas conversion technology for smaller scale tug, tow, and harbor vessels.  PRCC will collect air emissions data before and after the conversion, which will allow for operational and emissions comparisons.  The CFCR goal is to research and develop the technology to allow marine operators to use a clean burning alternative to diesel. This in turn allows them to meet new EPA emission requirements and reduce environmental impact to the inland waterways.
"We are excited about receiving the first grant of its kind from MarAd," says Rick Price, Executive Director of PRCC. "Our selection highlights the quality partnerships the PRCC has developed over the years. We look forward to leading the way in the national effort to conduct environmentally responsible marine operations on our Nation's river systems."
TSGI will be providing naval architecture services for the conversion of the vessel. It is expected to be the first dual fuel LNG towboat on the inland waterways upon completion of the conversion.
As you might recall, The Shearer Group’s sister company, Bristol Harbor Group, Bristol, RI, is designing the first LNG bunker barge being built in the U.S. The keel for the barge was recently laid at Conrad Orange shipyard in Orange, TX.Back in 2014, a 4,200 hp LNG-fueled, Z-drive towboat design from Conrad Shipyards and The Shearer Group received Approval in Principle (AIP) from classification society ABS.
Wartsilas Debuts Mobile LNG Power Generation
Marinelink.com by Eric Haun October 27, 2015
A new liquefied natural gas (LNG) storage and regasification barge concept introduced by Wärtsilä's Marine Solutions and Energy Solutions businesses aims to provide a flexible means of meeting small- to medium-scale requirements where pure land-based LNG options are limited.
The Wärtsilä Mobile LNG can be combined with a barge-mounted power plant having an output capacity of up to 250 MW, or it can alternatively be used to supply conventional land-based power plants. According to Wärtsilä, this flexibility of location can bring clean energy to areas that have only limited or no access to the national electricity grid.
Yamal LNG Project Nine LNG Carriers 15 September 2015  
Dynagas today announced that it has entered into long term time charter agreements for five ARC7 and four ARC4 liquefied natural gas carriers for the Yamal LNG Project, which is located on the Yamal Peninsula in Northern Russia.  Dynagas will build five 172,000 cubic meter ARC7 LNG carriers at Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering Co., Ltd. shipyard in South Korea which will be serving the Yamal project under long term time charters. The vessels will be capable to break 2.1 meter ice in both the forward and reverse direction.  In addition, four of Dynagas' existing ARC4 LNG carriers will come into Yamal shipping fleet to support Yamal deliveries committed to Asian buyers from year 2019 onwards and will be time chartered for a period of 15 years each according to a company statement.
Japan First LNG fueled Vessel to Serve Yokohama, Kawasaki Ports
Ship & Bunker News Team September 16, 2015
Sakigake will also be fuelled from a tanker truck at a Yokohama pier.  Japan's first liquefied natural gas (LNG) fueled vessel, the tugboat Sakigake, has been charted to NYK Group subsidiary Wing Maritime Service Corporation and will operate mainly at the ports of Yokohama and Kawasaki, the company announced Tuesday.  NYK received delivery of Sakigake on August 31 at the Oppama factory of Keihin Dock Co. Ltd.; this is the second environmently-friendly tugboat operated by Wing Maritime, following Tsubasa in March 2013.  Keihin Dock worked with Niigata Power Systems Co. Ltd. to overcome the problem of creating a relatively small sized LNG-powered vessel, saying they designed and manufactured an engine that can use either LNG and diesel oil while maintaining the hull form and steering performance of a traditional tugboat.  Tokyo Gas Co. Ltd. will supply the gas for the tug, from a tanker truck at a Yokohama pier; this follows a July 2015 trial fueling of the vessel, the first ever such procedure carried out in Japan.  The NYK Group's next objective, according to its `More Than Shipping 2018' medium-term management plan, is to participate in the LNG bunkering business.  Earlier this year, it was learned that Japan is pushing for ships to use LNG not only to help cut carbon emissions but respond in the event of an energy crisis.

First LNG Bunkering Operation on Seagoing Vessel Port of Antwerp 
September 16, 2015 The Sefarina was also reportedly to the first ship to obtain a particulates discount.
The Port of Antwerp has successfully completed its first truck-to-ship liquefied natural gas (LNG) bunkering operation on a seagoing vessel, the port announced this week.  The Sefarina, operated by Netherlands-based Chemgas Shipping, was also reportedly to the first ship to obtain a particulates discount.  The port said that although the ability to bunker with LNG had already been available for a while, so far it had only been used on barges.
The recent development with the Sefarina is expected to act as a test case for future safety procedures, and the success of the operation has also led the port to begin looking for a candidate to build and operate at a permanent LNG bunkering and filling station, the port said.  "The aim is for barges to be able to bunker with LNG in the Port of Antwerp at a permanent facility by the beginning of 2019 at the latest," it said. Earlier this year, it was reported that the new permanent facility is expected to have 450 cubic metres of storage capacity. Ship & Bunker News Team

In-hull Dual Fuel Engine Conversion Industry First
November 05, 2015 marinelink.com
To convert its vessel Coral Anthelia to dual fuel operation, Anthony Veder worked with Cat dealer Bolier to complete the industry’s first in-hull retrofit – saving considerable time and money in the process.
The project saw the retrofit of a marine diesel engine to dual fuel operation in the hull of a ship without altering the vessel’s structure, limiting any onboard operations or requiring the ship to dock. Gas shipping company Anthony Veder partnered with a team of Dutch partners, including Cat dealer Bolier, to accomplish this industry-first feat – all within less than five weeks.

Wartsila Propulsion for LNG Bunker Vessel
By Joseph R. Fonseca November 09, 2015
A new 5,800-cubic-meter LNG bunker and feeder vessel, being built for Sirius Veder Gas AB at Royal Bodewes, Hoogezand, in the Netherlands, will be powered by a Wärtsilä propulsion solution.  Wärtsilä, who received the contract in September, will supply a propulsion package comprising a six-cylinder Wärtsilä 34DF dual-fuel main engine capable of running on either LNG or diesel, a reduction gearbox with power take-off (PTO), a shaft line suitable for use with environmentally friendly lubricants and equipped with a Wärtsilä Airguard aft seal that allows zero emissions, and a Wärtsilä controllable pitch propeller.
 The latest Wärtsilä 34DF engine version features high power output and reduced fuel consumption in both gas and diesel modes, according to the manufacturer. In gas mode, the vessel will comply with the IMO's Tier III NOx emission regulations without need of secondary exhaust cleaning systems.
“Since Wärtsilä introduced dual-fuel engine technology, more than 1,300 Wärtsilä DF engines have been ordered. Similarly, bunkering and feeder vessels such as this one are also increasingly taking advantage of our proven technology,” said Göran Österdahl, General Manager, Wärtsilä Marine Solutions. “This extensive experience adds tremendous value as it allows us to provide expert engineering and project support to the yard, which importantly saves time and reduces risk.”  Jan Valkier, CEO of Anthony Veder, said, “We are committed to developing energy-efficient solutions for small to midsize LNG shipping. The use of LNG as a marine fuel is rapidly increasing and there is growing demand for efficient bunker and feeder vessels. Wärtsilä has both the technology and the experience necessary to meet the needs of this market.”
When delivered, the ship will be operated on a long-term charter by Skangass, a player in the Nordic and Finnish LNG markets. Sirius Veder Gas AB, the owners of the new vessel, is a joint venture formed between Sirius Rederi of Sweden and the Netherlands based Anthony Veder Group.  
The Wärtsilä equipment is scheduled for delivery in 2016 and the vessel is due to be delivered in February 2017.
Shell to Charter 15 LNG-powered Barges  
Posted by Michelle Howard Friday, December 18, 2015, 9:32 AM http://www.marinelink.com/news/lngpowered-charter-barges402459.aspx

Shell Trading Rotterdam BV (Shell) has signed a time-charter agreement with Plouvier Transport NV and Intertrans Tankschiffahrt AG for 15 new inland dual-fuel barges, which will predominantly run on Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG).  The barges, built by the Dutch shipyard VEKA Shipbuilding BV, will support Shell’s business in trading and transporting mineral oil products in the ARA (Amsterdam-Rotterdam-Antwerp) and Rhinetrack (Germany/Switzerland) regions.

 Dr. Grahaeme Henderson, Vice President of Shell Shipping & Maritime said, “These innovative new vessels will enable a step-change in the safety and environmental performance of our barge fleet. Chartering these cutting-edge vessels from owners who share our vision helps drive innovation in the barge sector.”
This investment underlines Shell’s confidence in LNG becoming a bigger part of the global transport fuel mix and supports the development of a new European LNG marine fuel industry for inland and coastal vessels. It is expected that these barges will refuel with LNG from the new LNG for Transport supply infrastructure, called an ‘LNG break bulk’ terminal, currently being built by the Gas Access to Europe (Gate) terminal in Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

The 110-meter-long barges have been designed for improved environmental performance, safety and optimal cargo carrying capacity in various water conditions. Their main engines provided by Wärtsilä will run on 95- 98 percent LNG fuel with a small proportion of diesel used for ignition.

A staggered delivery of the barges is expected to take place between late-2016 and mid- 2018.

Wartsila Solution for 15 LNG Powered Barges
by Joseph R Fonseca, December 28, 2015

With the Wärtsilä 20DF, Wärtsilä is extending the benefits of dual fuel (DF) technology to cover the entire power range

 A series of 15 inland waterway barges being built for Belgium based Plouvier Transport N.V., and which will be chartered by Shell Trading Rotterdam (Shell), are to be powered by Wärtsilä dual-fuel main engines. The barges will operate primarily on liquefied natural gas (LNG). Wärtsilä will also supply other propulsion equipment and its LNGPac fuel gas handling system. The ships' hulls are under construction at the VEKA Shipyard CENTROMOST in Poland and outfitting will be carried out at VEKA Shipyard Werkendam. The contract with Wärtsilä was concluded in December.

LNG to replace diesel for inland navigation
Dipak K Dash & Vishwa Mohan TNN Dec 29, 2015
New Delhi: Seeking to reduce India's carbon footprints, the Centre has decided to switch over from diesel to relatively less polluting Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) as a fuel for vessels in the inland navigation system. The proposed new fleet of 80 vessels in Ganga is likely to be the first beneficiary of the move.
The idea is to reduce carbon emission with no additional operational cost as LNG has the potential to bring in savings to the tune of nearly 25% in comparison to diesel.
"Unlike crude oil, LNG spills do not require any remediation of soil, ground water or surface water because it evaporates immediately and dissipates quickly into the atmosphere," said an official of the Inland Waterways Authority of India while talking about the decision which has got the nod of the shipping ministry.
Shipping minister Nitin Gadkari had recently said, "We will use LNG as a fuel for the next generation of vessels in the inland waterways. We want clean and affordable fuel for both protecting environment and bringing down the cost of transportation."
It is learnt that LNG will be first used in a big way in the Allahabad-Haldia stretch of Ganga-Bhagirathi-Hoogly river system. At present, big diesel-powered vessels are used in this stretch to transport coal from Haldia to Farakka for NTPC's thermal power plants.
Under the switchover plan, three distribution hubs - Varanasi, Sahebganj and Haldia - will be created. It will supply LNG to transportation (marine, railways and long haul trucking), industries and mining sectors.
The move is also significant in view of the government's recent decision to increase the number of national waterways from existing five to 111 as it will eventually increase the inland waterways traffic all over the country.
Since the Centre cannot invest to develop waterways until it's declared as national waterway, the shipping ministry had moved a bill to get umbrella clearance for another 106 waterways. The bill was passed by the Lok Sabha in the recently concluded winter session.
With state-owned Gas Authority of India Ltd (GAIL) already contracting to import huge quantity of LNG from the United States over the next 20 years, the government is considering how the inland waterways can be used to take this clean fuel to interior areas.
Petroleum and natural gas minister
 Thursday Saints of this Day February  11 Tértio Idus Februárii.  
Dear readers Day 1 intention  40 Days for Life campaign
40 Days for Life vigil Day 2
    40 days for Life Campaign saves lives Shawn Carney Campaign Director www.40daysforlife.com

+ 40 Days for Life  11,000+ saved lives in 2015
We are the defenders of true freedom.
May our witness unveil the deception of the "pro-choice" slogan.


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Compact LNG Ferry Design Deltamarin

September 14, 2015
Deltamarin says DeltaLinx is a compact ferry designed for short coastal routes.  Deltamarin Ltd. (Deltamarin) Friday announced that it launched its new liquid natural gas (LNG) powered "DeltaLinx" compact ferry design, at the BaltExpo 2015 exhibition in Gdańsk, Poland.  "DeltaLinx is a compact ferry designed for short coastal routes to link small neighbouring towns with an emphasis on minimal environmental footprint," explained Deltamarin.  Powered by LNG to eliminate sulphur oxides (SOx) and reduce amounts of nitrogen oxides (NOx) and carbon dioxide (CO2) in exhaust gases, the ferry is said to have a large fuel tank underneath the car deck, designed for weekly refuelling.  The ready-to-apply DeltaLinx design uses existing technologies to its full potential and integrates them into the smallest possible package.
With a length of about 80 metres, as well as an 800 passenger and 82 car capacity, the vessel's compact design is said to allow for easier operation in small ports and busy harbours.  "The ready-to-apply DeltaLinx design uses existing technologies to its full potential and integrates them into the smallest possible package," stated Deltamarin.
The ferry design is reported to include streamlined hull lines to reduce resistance and lower wash, while an "extensive" freeboard in the bow enables the vessel to cope with rough weather and fin stabilisers help ensure smooth sailing.  In August, Deltamarin announced the introduction of what it says is "the future container feeder design", the A.Delta2300, boasting best-in-class design in terms of cargo capacity, flexibility, and fuel economy.

Raven Transport announced plans to add 115 Peterbilt Model 579 tractors powered by by liquefied natural gas (LNG) to its fleet this year. Those tractors will operate on irregular routes originating from production plants and distribution centers in the Southeast.
They are projected to consume approximately 2.4 million additional DGEs of LNG annually.Thursday, April 16, 2015


Jensen's LNG articulated tug-barge receives “Approval in Principle” by ABS
A1 Liquefied Gas Tank Barge Class
Jensen’s articulated tug-barge oceans rated with four 1,000- m3 Type C LNG tanks.
The barge measures 360’ x 60’ x 35’, with a combined tug-and-barge length of 452’.
The tug (under 500 GT US regulatory) features two GE 6L250 engines (Tier 3), each offering at least 2,035 HP, and two Rolls Royce 205 Z-drives, with a speed of 12 knots. The ATB will carry 30,800 gallons of fresh water and 90,100 gallons of ballast water and provides enough space for 12 crewmembers.

Construction of First US LNG Bunker Barge Underway
September 11, 2015

A keel-laying ceremony was held Wednesday by Conrad Orange Shipyard, signifying construction for the first U.S. LNG bunker barge is underway. Conrad Orange Shipyard, Inc. (Conrad), located in Orange, Texas, Wednesday held a keel-laying ceremony for the first liquid natural gas (LNG) bunker barge to be built in the U.S., Marine Log reports.
WesPac Midstream LLC (WesPac) in cooperation with its affiliate Clean Marine Energy LLC (CME), announced in February that it had signed a deal to build at the LNG bunker barge for ship operator Totem Ocean Trailer Express (TOTE).
Designed by Bristol Harbor Group, Inc. and built to American Bureau of Shipping (ABS) class, the barge is said to be set to have a 2,200 m3 capacity and feature a tank with Gaztransport & Technigaz (GTT) MARK III Flex cargo containment technology.
Further, the barge design is reported to include an "innovative" bunker mast design, Refueling Equipment Arm, Methane [CH4] (REACH4), to ensure a simple and safe transfer of LNG fuel to the vessel.

Scheduled for delivery in 2016, the barge is said to be intended to service TOTE's Orca class RO/RO vessels, which are currently being retrofitted with Wärtsilä dual fuel engines to burn both LNG and diesel.
After initial deployment, the barge will reportedly be relocated to Jacksonville, Florida, serving TOTE's 3,100 TEU Marlin Class container ships that are currently under construction, as well as other LNG vessels at the port.
In May, TRI-ZEN International Pte Ltd. released a paper that argued that, although LNG bunker markets have managed to establish themselves in Europe and the U.S., uptake has been "slower than hoped for."

Perla_del_Caribe the second of two LNG-fueled Marlin Class ships built by General Dynamics NASSCO for Tote, launched at NASSCO’s yard in San Diego.
(Photo: General Dynamics NASSCO)

On Saturday, August 29, 2015, the world’s first series of energy efficient containerships welcomed its second LNG-powered vessel in San Diego, fueling the U.S. maritime industry with cutting edge economic and environmental efficiencies powered by liquefied natural gas (LNG).
 “The launch of Perla del Caribe marks a momentous step forward for the future of U.S. maritime, using green technology to ensure the products we deliver are transported safely and efficiently, all while using the most environmentally friendly mode of transportation,” said Tom Allegretti, chairman of the American Maritime Partnership (AMP), the voice of the domestic maritime industry.
Shipbuilder General Dynamics NASSCO launched TOTE’s newest Marlin Class vessel Perla del Caribe in the San Diego Bay, celebrating the many growth opportunities the new Jones Act ship will provide to the U.S. economy including adding more family-wage jobs to support the nearly 500,000 men and women

 These state-of-the-art LNG-fueled vessels will reduce particulate matter by 98 percent as well as carbon dioxide emissions by 72 percent, the equivalent of removing more than 15,700 cars from the road.

Perla del Caribe will be homeported in Jacksonville, Florida and will service Puerto Rico
By Eric Haun Wednesday, September 09, 2015 marinelink.com

Japanese shipbuilder Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. (MHI) informs it has received orders for the construction of two next-generation liquefied natural gas (LNG) carriers that will primarily carry shale gas produced in North America.  The shipbuilding contracts, received through MI LNG Company, Limited, a joint venture between MHI and Imabari Shipbuilding Co., Ltd., will see the delivery of one LNG carrier each for two separate joint ventures which Chubu Electric Power Co., Inc. has established with Mitsui O.S.K. Lines, Ltd. (MOL) and Nippon Yusen Kabushiki Kaisha (NYK Line), respectively.  The vessels will be built at MHI's Nagasaki Shipyard & Machinery and are both scheduled for completion and delivery in 2018 when they will commence transporting shale gas produced in North America, mainly carrying the gas from the Freeport LNG Project, an initiative in which Chubu Electric Power is participating.

Posted by Eric Haun Friday, September 12, 2014 marinelink.com

Hartmann Schiffahrts Gmbh & Co. KG, Jaccar Holdings, HB Hunte Engineering and DNV GL, signed a letter of intent for the classification of five ECO STAR 85k very large ethane carriers. Jean Labescat from Jaccar Holdings, Ulrich Adami, Technical Director of Hartmann Schiffahrts GmbH & Co. KG, Frerk Brand, Managing Director of HB Hunte Engineering, and Torsten Schramm, DNV GL Maritime’s COO for Division Germany, Middle East & Asia, signed the agreement at the SMM trade fair.


An artist’s depiction of North America’s first LNG bunker barge. (Courtesy: Bristol Harbor Group, Inc.)
LNG_Towboat The Shearer Group and Conrad Shipyard
collaborate on an ABS approved LNG Towboat Design.

Crowley announces second LNG-powered Roll-On/Roll-Off  ship
2015 August 2

The keel for the second Commitment Class liquefied natural gas (LNG)-powered, combination container – Roll-On/Roll-Off (ConRo) ship for Crowley Maritime Corp.’s liner services group was laid yesterday during a ceremony at ship-builder VT Halter Marine, Inc.’s facility in Pascagoula, Miss. The keel laying ceremony marked the next step in the construction of Crowley’s two Commitment Class ships, which will exclusively serve the U.S.-Puerto Rico trade lane.  VT Halter Marine and Crowley entered into a contract for the pair of Jones Act ships in November 2013 and construction of the second ship began with steel cutting in Pascagoula on May 27, 2015. With the first section set in place, the ship will now begin to take shape as it is built around the keel.

Shell (RDS.A) (RDS.B) and Caterpillar (CAT) have signed an agreement to save money and reduce emissions by testing a new bi-fuel engine for use in mining the oil sands of northern Alberta. The new engine will run primarily on LNG instead of diesel. CAT will test the design at Shell's oil sands operations near Fort McMurray. Shell will retrofit its existing truck fleet with the new engine for the trial, as well as providing re-fuelling infrastructure at its Shell Albian Sands operation.

Shell's VP of Oil Sands John Rhind had this to say:

With heavy hauling being such a core part of our operation, success with this could make a real difference in our operations costs and emissions.
I expect all the oil sands miners will follow Shell's lead in adopting natural gas for these huge diesel guzzling Caterpillar trucks.

C.I.A.C. Heavy Lift Transport

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HISTORY of LNG 1960 - 2013
United States Gas Production by State 1906-1924
United States natural_gas_Production 1930_2008
Shale Gas Information 2008 Shale Gas Information 2009
Proved Natural Gas Reserves
Tcf Total world 5,500 {2003}
Tcf Total world 6,600 2010
LNG Demand 2000 to 2015
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Essar Steel Minnesota LLC
Keetac USS mine
Mesabi Nugget
Thompson Cliffs Canada
United Taconite Cleveland-Cliffs, Inc
United States Steel Corporation Minnesota Ore Operations
ArcelorMittal Minorca

World LNG here 2004
LNG Terminals
LNG Terminals here 2004

LNG Terminals here 2006-2020

Petroleum Geology
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Interlake moves ahead on LNG fuel plans
May 8, 2013—The Interlake Steamship Company conversion of its vessels to LNG.
When converted, the Interlake ships are expected to be the first LNG-powered ships on the Great Lakes and among the first in the U.S.
With a goal of converting the first vessel by the spring of 2015.
Interlake is already working through engineering and design, seeking regulatory approval and securing financing.

Interlake Steamship to Install Scrubbers on 2 More Ships
Tuesday, August 11, 2015 marinelink.com
The Interlake Steamship Company proves phase one of emissions-reduction technology on Great Lakes; two additional ships to be outfitted with exhaust gas scrubber technology in 2016

Following the implementation of exhaust gas scrubbers on its self-unloading bulk carrier M/V Hon. James L. Oberstar, the Interlake Steamship Company has announced its plans to expand its emission-reduction efforts to one-third of its fleet by installing similar scrubber systems on the M/V Lee A. Tregurtha and M/V James R. Barker early next year.

In April 2015, Interlake became the first U.S.-flag fleet to test freshwater scrubbers on the Great Lakes when the system became operational on the 806-foot Oberstar. The 826-foot Tregurtha and 1,003-foot Barker will be equipped with the same single-inlet, closed-loop DuPont Marine Scrubbers from Belco Technologies Corp. (BELCO), a division of DuPont Sustainable Solutions.

“This technology allows us to achieve our goal of continually shrinking our fleet’s environmental footprint while dependably, safely and efficiently delivering raw materials to our steel, construction and power generation customers throughout the Great Lakes,” said Interlake President Mark Barker. “We have proven the technology on our 800-foot traditional Laker and now we’re ready to scale up to our 1,000-foot class ships with our first installation on the James R. Barker.”

A total of five Interlake vessels – including two additional 1,000-footers: the M/V Paul R. Tregurtha and M/V Mesabi Miner - will be outfitted with these types of scrubbers by 2017.

Caterpillar Marine Power Systems is pleased to announce the development of the MaK™ M 34 DF, a new marine dual fuel engine platform for the commercial marine industry. Hamburg, Germany –cat.com 7/4/2013
M 34 DF dual fuel engine boasts a power rating of 500 kW per cylinder at 720 and 750 rpm in diesel and gas modes, and will share the same footprint as the highly successful M 32 C engine series. The M 34 DF will be capable of running on natural gas as an alternative to marine diesel oil or large and complex scrubber installations for Emission Control Areas (ECA) operation as of 2015. First engine deliveries are foreseen for October 2014.
We’re pleased to continue to deliver on our commitment to bring innovative, efficient solutions to the commercial marine market,” said Carsten Seeburg, MaK product definition manager. “Our customers want a fuel-efficient, sustainable propulsion product with operational flexibility for both IMO and EPA regulated waters and we’re aiming to exceed their expectations with the M 34 DF engine.”

Caterpillar Marine Power Systems has secured EPA Tier 2 Certification of all MaK engine platforms with cylinder volumes of above 30 litres. Included in the certification are the M 32 C, M 43 C, M 46 DF as well as the recently announced M 34 DF engine platform. The certification of the broad range of MaK power solutions provides customers operating in the American market, specifically in the commercial and offshore marine markets, a wide spectrum of power nodes to meet emissions regulations on US flagged vessels.
“At Caterpillar, we recognize the needs of our customers to have flexible power solutions for any market, regardless of emissions regulations. We understand the market they are operating in is evolving in terms of environmental and performance requirements and strive to offer timely, innovative products that continue the Caterpillar legacy of proven performance,” Carsten Seeburg, Caterpillar Marine product definition manager said. “Building on that legacy is the recently introduced M 34 DF engine, which was designed and engineered based on high demand from our offshore customers.”
The M 34 DF dual fuel engine boasts a power rating of 500 kW per cylinder at 720 and 750 rpm in diesel and gas modes, and will share the same footprint as the highly successful M 32 C engine series. The M 34 DF will be capable of running on natural gas as an alternative to marine diesel oil or large and complex scrubber installations for Emission Control Areas (ECA) operation as of 2015. Driven by upcoming fuel sulfur and NOx regulations in ECA, the M 34 DF will provide full flexibility for vessels operating in regulated and/or lesser regulated areas without major changes to the engine room or exhaust gas system, supporting the ease and simplicity of engine installation and certification. Although designed for unlimited operation on LNG, marine diesel oil and heavy fuel oil, the M 34 DF will reach industry-leading efficiency in gas mode, while operating as EPA Tier 3 certified.
“The M 34 DF engine will provide customers familiar with the legendary M 32 C platform a sense of ease in operation as the two platforms feature not only the same footprint but a large amount of shared components,” Seeburg continued.
“The proven performance record of the M 32 C is well regarded throughout the industry with nearly 1,500 engines in the field populations. Vessel operators in the offshore segment, including platform supply vessels, anchor handling tug supply vessels and platform supply vessels, can confidently invest in the new M 34 dual fuel solution based on the success of the M 32 C.”

Driven by upcoming fuel sulfur and NOx regulations in ECA, the M 34 DF will provide full flexibility for vessels operating in regulated and/or lesser regulated areas without major changes to the engine room or exhaust gas system, supporting the ease and simplicity of engine installation and certification.  Although designed for unlimited operation on LNG, marine diesel oil and heavy fuel oil, the M 34 DF will reach industry- leading efficiency in gas mode.
“It was important for us that M 34 DF and M 32 C share the same footprint features, and the same system interfaces. The M 34 DF was designed to provide operators with industry-leading thermal efficiency for lowest total cost of operation,” said Detlef Kirste, MaK product definition manager. “The engine offers optimized load response and load stability in addition to numerous support features, such as remote monitoring and engine system diagnostics, helping engine operators with their daily service and maintenance work. Our target was to keep the typical MaK marine engine attributes like reliability, safety and efficiency while striving for an engine design that is easy to service and maintain.”
With a bore of 340 millimeters and stroke of 460, the engine was designed to the preferred choice for gas electrical and mechanical propulsion applications notably in the offshore and cargo segments. The engine design features new real-time combustion monitoring, Flexible Camshaft Technology functionality as well as a lower valve train and several innovative monitoring and component solutions to ensure maximum safety during operation. 
Caterpillar will offer its renowned service and support for the new MaK dual fuel engine, including installation and application, system integration support, as well as customer and crew training. The M 34 DF will be pass customer acceptance tests and classification approvals in Rostock, Germany and will be sold through Caterpillar’s MaK dealer network.
For more information about Caterpillar and MaK marine engines, please visit MARINE.CAT.COM/pr
Caterpillar Dual Fuel LNG Conversion on Furetank Rederi Tanker  Tuesday August 4, 2015
Caterpillar says it is completing a dual fuel engine retrofit conversion for Furetank Rederi’s 472 foot tanker, Fure West.
Caterpillar Marine, a division of Caterpillar Inc. (Caterpillar), has announced that it is completing a dual fuel engine retrofit conversion for Furetank Rederi A/B's 472 foot tanker, Fure West, and will be supplying the complete gas system for the tanker, including bunker stations, two liquid natural gas (LNG) tanks, and the vaporizer.
The project, backed by the European Union and developed with the Zero Vision Tool, will see a MaK M 43 C diesel engine retrofitted in hull to the tanker's 7 cylinder M 46 dual fuel platform, each cylinder offering 900 kW of rated power.
"We're pleased to continue to build upon our successful track record of dual fual conversions in the commercial marine industry and offer an increased scope of supply to our customers," said Finn Vogler, a senior engineer at Caterpillar Marine.
"We have a market-ready technology available that our commercial marine customers can be completely confident in and after our success onboard the Coral Anthelia, we have seen the demand for MaK dual fuel solutions increase substantially."

Although the engine has been designed for unlimited operation on LNG, MDO and HFO, the company notes that the engine will reach industry-leading efficiency in gas mode.

Caterpillar Claims World's First In-Hull LNG Retrofit
Tuesday December 2, 2014
The retrofit was completed in less than six weeks on retrofit on the Anthony Veder-owned liquefued gas carrier, Coral Anthelia, Marine Link reports.  The retrofit upgrades the Coral Anthelia's Caterpillar MaK 43 C diesel engine to become a six cylinder MaK M 46 DF dual-fuel engine.  The new engine will be able to run fully on Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG), diesel or heavy fuel oil, though it is understood that the MaK M 46 DF will deliver optimal performance on LNG bunkers.  In addition, the retrofit will allow greater flexibility over Emissions Control Area (ECA) compliance.  "As an LNG carrier operating in waters impacted by SECA [ECA] regulations, the Coral Anthelia will be able to optimize its performance utilizing LNG, heavy fuel oil or diesel," said Karl Vollrath, Customer Services Manager for Caterpillar Marine.
Caterpillar Marine completed the project in under six weeks in conjunction with Dutch Caterpillar dealer Bolier. No modifications to the ship's structure were necessary, with the engine block remaining intact.  The Dutch-flagged Coral Anthelia was built between 2013 and 2014 and is classified by Bureau Veritas with a liquefied gas cargo capacity of 6,500 cubic metres, according to the owner's website.

Dual fuel retrofits are said to offer significant savings for some operators, with Canada's BC Ferries recently saying it will save over $8 million per year after retrofits to two of its ferries are complete.

Japan plan for more LNG boats

It Makes No Sense Not To Believe In GOD 
Every Christian must be a living book wherein one can read the teaching of the gospel

Jesus brings us many Blessings
Thursday, February 11, 2016
Deuteronomy 30:15-20 ;  Psalms 1:1-4, 6 ;  Luke 9:22-25  ;
731 Gregory II, 89th Pope educated at the Lateran  restore clerical discipline, fought heresies  helped restore and rebuild churches (including Saint Paul-Outside-the-Walls), hospitals, and monasteries, including Monte Cassino under Petrona The outstanding concern of his pontificate was his difficulties with Emperor Leo III the Isaurian (RM)
821 Benedict of Aniane  restorer of Western monasticism  his relics remain and are attributed with the working of miracles often called the 'second Benedict.' died with extraordinary tranquility and cheerfulness
824 St. Paschal elected as the 94th pope on the day Pope Stephen IV (V) died, January 25, 817
867 Theodora, Empress restore the veneration of sacred images 
1058 St. Ardanus Benedictine abbot restored abbey cared for  populations during 3-year famine
1858  February 11 Our Lady of Lourdes a young lady “I am the Immaculate Conception.” appeared to Bernadette Soubirous  
Please pray for those who have no one to pray for them.

Pope Francis  PRAYER INTENTIONS FOR  February 2016
That we man take good care of creation, A gift freely given.  Cultivating and protecting it for future generations.

Evangelization: That opportunities may increase for dialogue and encounter between the Christian faith and the peoples of Asia.

The Virgin Mary of Nazareth
The First Moment of Christian Tradition Began in Mary's Heart (III)
Today her intercession has proved to be amazingly powerful...
When faith is strong it works wonders ( Mk 16:17 ).