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September 2002
 
 
LNG  American LNG ports
LNG  Safety:  Myths and Legends including Lloyds report
LNG Carriers Built in Japan LNG Carriers Built in Korea
LNG Carriers Other Than Japan and Korea
LNG Carriers by Operator
LNG Carriers Building Order Placed by Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha 
Kvaerner Masa-Yards Inc.
The LNGX carrier - a new generation
Wartsila Dual Fuel Engines Power French LNG Carrier
Golar LNG signs charter extension with BG Group
Imabari LNG Shipbuilding Co
Mitsui O.S.K. Participation in the EP Energy Bridge(TM)
Comparison of LNG cargo ships
Comparison of LNG ship propulsion plants
LNG conversion Factors
Conversion Tables

Kaeverner - Maas LNGX re liquefied boil off
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Golar LNG signs charter extension with BG Group
PrimeZone Media Network 05-08-02 

Golar LNG announced that it has signed an extension to the charter agreement for one of its existing LNG carriers, the "Golar Freeze", with BG Group. The present agreement for the Golar Freeze was due to expire in March 2003, and the new agreement will extend the term with 5 years, until March 2008. 

This means that after March 2003, BG Group will charter 5 LNG carriers from Golar; the Golar Freeze, the Khannur, the Hilli and the Gimi, all of 125,000 cm size, as well as Golar's first new building, a 138,000 cm membrane ship which will be delivered from Daewoo in March 2003.
According to Executive Vice President of Golar, Mr. Sveinung J. Stoehle, "we are very pleased with this agreement, since it assures long-term employment for all of our prompt capacity, and further underlines the good relationship between Golar and BG, our largest customer." 

Betsy Spomer, Head of Global LNG, BG Group said: "This extended charter of the Golar Freeze further consolidates BG's growing LNG position. BG is developing a number of major LNG import and export projects around the world and our shipping capacity plays an important role in underpinning these projects."
 

Imabari LNG Shipbuilding Co
Imabari Hops on LNG Tanker Train With the liquefied natural gas (LNG) carrier market exploding and world demand for LNG tankers at about six per year by 2015, new builders are entering the LNG market. Imabari Shipbuilding Co. will start operations in the construction of LNG transport ships of 145,000 cubic meters each and plans to complete the first carrier by 2006.

The market is quite competitive, especially with China entering the market recently. In Japan, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Mitsui, and Kawasaki Heavy Industries are among the big five competing with South Korean Samsung and Daewoo to regain market share in LNG ship construction.

Cost is where South Korean shipbuilders have out-done their Japanese counterparts, and once Chinese shipyards gain experience, they are expected to give both Japanese and Korean shipbuilders a tough time in the market.
 

Mitsui O.S.K. Announces Participation in the EP Energy Bridge(TM)
Tokyo, Japan, June. 07, 2002 - (JCN Newswire)

Mitsui O.S.K. Lines (MOL)(www.mol.co.jp), having entered into a long-term charter party agreement with subsidiaries of El Paso Corporation, a major U.S. energy company, announced that MOL has decided to participate in the EP Energy Bridge(TM), a new ship-based liquefied natural gas regasification system designed and developed by El Paso Global LNG. MOL, together with EXMAR (www.exmar.be) Belgian CMB's gas tanker division, ordered four LNG carriers with tank capacity at 138,000 cubic meters from a Korean shipyard, Daewoo Shipbuilding and Marine Engineering, and three out of the four LNG carriers are to be converted to the EP Energy Bridge(TM) vessels. Deliveries of the Energy Bridge vessels will start in 2004.

The EP Energy Bridge(TM) ships can regasify and deliver up to 400 million cubic feet of natural gas per day. An EP Energy Bridge(TM) ship connects to pipeline infrastructure through an offshore buoy and turret system that has been used worldwide, including approximately 10 years of service in the harsh weather environment of the North Sea. As the LNG ship arrives at the unloading site, the buoy is pulled into a receiving cone and connected to the ship. The LNG is then regasified aboard the ship and the vaporized LNG is discharged through the buoy into the sub-sea pipeline system.

For continuous flow of natural gas, a typical EP Energy Bridge(TM) system will have two offloading buoys to ensure uninterrupted delivery. El Paso anticipates the initial EP Energy Bridge(TM) sites will be in the Gulf of Mexico and along the U.S. East coast. This new technology is viewed as enhancing flexibility of the LNG carriers within the original hull design while retaining the ability to act as conventional LNG carriers.

Exmar is the gas transportation operating company of CMB (Compagnie Maritime Belge) (www.cmb.be), which is the largest Belgian shipping group, quoted on the Belgian Stock Exchange. Exmar is one of the largest independent operators of gas tankers in the world commercially controlling a diversified fleet of 50 ships ranging from 138,000 cubic meters LNG carriers down to 1,600 cubic meters pressurized LPG carriers. Of these 8 are LNG carriers. 

About Mitsui O.S.K Lines Limited Mitsui O.S.K. Lines, Ltd. was founded in 1964 by a merger that joined Mitsui Steamship Company with OSK Line. As such, can claim a pedigree stretching back more than a century to the origins of Japanese shipping. It is an operator of shipping with a fleet including containerships, tankers and specialised carriers for a range of products and commodities; real estate and resort development; airship leasing, consulting, computer services and cruise ship operation. Overseas transportation accounted for 80% of fis 2001 revenues; warehousing, 6%; port-harbor transportation., 5%; ferry operations, 4% and other, 5%. For further information, please visit the Mitsui O.S.K Lines Limited home page at: www.mol.co.jp/menu-e.shtml
 

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LNG Carriers Building Order Placed by Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha 
Mitsui Engineering & Shipbuilding Co., Ltd.(MES) and Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Ltd. (KHI) recently received an order of building 2 units (one unit by each company) of MOSS type 140,000 m3 LNG (Liquefied Natural Gas) carriers from Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha, Ltd. ("K" Line). 
The shipbuilding contract for the LNG carriers was previously signed on December 19, 2001 in London and the Long-Term Time Charter for Snovit LNG project in which the subject LNG carriers were expected to engage was signed simultaneously. 
 Validation of such contracts, however, was subject to the approval for the Snohvit LNG project by the Norwegian National Assembly.   Such condition was met recently eventually validating the subject shipbuilding contract on June 3, 2002. 

The building order of the LNG carrier was placed to MES and KHI because the safety and the technical reliability of the many LNG carriers built by them was highly appreciated by the ship owner. The delivery of two LNG carriers are expected to be in the latter half of 2005 and the former half of 2006 respectively. 

Principal Particulars
Length about 289.50 meters Breadth about 48.40 meters Depth about 26.50 meters Draft about 11.95 meters LNG Tank Capacity about 140,000 cubic meters
 

Kvaerner Masa-Yards Inc.
A Finnish shipbuilding company with long traditions of producing technically demanding ships. Shipbuilding in the Turku area dates back to 1737 and the shipyard in Helsinki were established in 1865. Over the years, the shipyards have built more than 2,000 ships.

LNG carriers for ADNOC
A series of four 135,000 m³ LNG carriers were ordered by Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC) from Kvaerner Masa-Yards Turku shipyard. The new four-tank vessel design has proven to be very successful in transporting LNG shipments from Abu Dhabi Gas Liquefaction Company  (ADGAS) to Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO) in Japan.

four similar tanks for simplicity and ease of operation
very low boil-off in actual operation which leads to an increase in cargo carrying capacity
low power consumption and excellent seakeeping performance allowing a high sea margin
very good manoeuvrability despite the large cargo capacity
very low vibration and noise level of the hull and machinery which assures low maintenance need, long service life and comfortable crew areas. 

Kvaerner Masa-Yards' LNG carrier range
Based on the experience gained from the 135,000 m³ LNG carriers Kvaerner Masa-Yards has developed a new  generation of LNG carriers with cargo capacities ranging from 45,000 m³ up to 180,000 m³. A range of different designs  has been developed.

The LNGX carrier - a new generation
Kvaerner Masa-Yards has developed a new generation of Moss-type LNG carriers that remarkably improves *) the transportation economy. The new generation LNGX carriers:

increase the cargo capacity with new stretched patented spherical tanks
have no boil-off due to new compact size onboard reliquefaction plant
have remarkably reduced fuel costs through diesel-electric machinery
have fully azimuthing electric propulsion which gives excellent maneuverability and fuel efficiency - reduced need for harbor tug assistance
have optimized ship size through a wide range of spherical tanks or stretched spherical tanks. 

 *) Depending on application, up to 25 percent of the transportation economy can be improved, compared to using existing type of vessels.
 

Wartsila Dual Fuel Engines Power French LNG Carrier

Wärtsilä Corporation has received an order to supply four 6L50DF dual-fuel engines to power a 75,000-m3 LNG carrier contracted by the French gas holding company Gaz de France at the French shipyard Chantiers de l'Atlantique. Due for delivery in 2004, the newbuilding is breaking away from traditional practices in the propulsion of LNG (liquefied natural gas) carriers. It will be the first LNG carrier to be powered by electric propulsion, and one of few to have internal-combustion engines instead of the more usual steam turbine plant. 

The four dual-fuel engined generating sets will meet all the ship's propulsion and shipboard electrical requirements. The Wärtsilä   6L50DF engines each develop 5700 kW at 514 rev/min. 
The GIT-CS1 membrane-type vessel will transport LNG from Skikda in Algeria to Fos near Marseilles. The round trip voyage will   take about one week at a service speed of 16 knots, which can be achieved with three of the four generating sets. The ship is also designed for spot market trading, such as voyages to the USA, during which the service speed can be increased to 18.5 knots, using all four generating sets.