LNG PLANT BUILDERS                                                                                                                                    NATURAL GAS PROCESSING PLANTS
 Sunday  Saints of October  04  Quarto Nonas Octóbris  
That knowing the shortness of life, all may value it more deeply
Packaged LNG plants
MicroLNG designs LNG liquefiers   Plants 5,000 - 500,000 LNG gpd
for cars and trucks driving to work   CNG refueling Stations  
 LNG Refueling Station for cars and trucks driving to work  

Construction of First US LNG Bunker Barge Underway
Perla_del_Caribe the second of two
LNG-fueled Marlin Class ships

LNG Carriers Ordered for US Shale Gas Transport
Compact LNG Ferry Design Deltamarin
Japan First LNG fueled Vessel
to Serve Yokohama, Kawasaki Ports

First LNG Bunkering Operation on Seagoing Vessel
Port of Antwerp 

Yamal LNG Project Nine LNG Carriers 15 September 2015
Dynagas today announced that it has entered into long term time charter agreements for five ARC7 and four ARC4 liquefied natural gas carriers for the Yamal LNG Project, which is located on the Yamal Peninsula in Northern Russia.  Dynagas will build five 172,000 cubic meter ARC7 LNG carriers at Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering Co., Ltd. shipyard in South Korea which will be serving the Yamal project under long term time charters. The vessels will be capable to break 2.1 meter ice in both the forward and reverse direction.  In addition, four of Dynagas' existing ARC4 LNG carriers will come into Yamal shipping fleet to support Yamal deliveries committed to Asian buyers from year 2019 onwards and will be time chartered for a period of 15 years each according to a company statement.
Japan First LNG fueled Vessel to Serve Yokohama, Kawasaki Ports
Ship & Bunker News Team September 16, 2015
Sakigake will also be fuelled from a tanker truck at a Yokohama pier.  Japan's first liquefied natural gas (LNG) fueled vessel, the tugboat Sakigake, has been charted to NYK Group subsidiary Wing Maritime Service Corporation and will operate mainly at the ports of Yokohama and Kawasaki, the company announced Tuesday.  NYK received delivery of Sakigake on August 31 at the Oppama factory of Keihin Dock Co. Ltd.; this is the second environmently-friendly tugboat operated by Wing Maritime, following Tsubasa in March 2013.  Keihin Dock worked with Niigata Power Systems Co. Ltd. to overcome the problem of creating a relatively small sized LNG-powered vessel, saying they designed and manufactured an engine that can use either LNG and diesel oil while maintaining the hull form and steering performance of a traditional tugboat.  Tokyo Gas Co. Ltd. will supply the gas for the tug, from a tanker truck at a Yokohama pier; this follows a July 2015 trial fueling of the vessel, the first ever such procedure carried out in Japan.  The NYK Group's next objective, according to its `More Than Shipping 2018' medium-term management plan, is to participate in the LNG bunkering business.  Earlier this year, it was learned that Japan is pushing for ships to use LNG not only to help cut carbon emissions but respond in the event of an energy crisis.

First LNG Bunkering Operation on Seagoing Vessel Port of Antwerp 
September 16, 2015 The Sefarina was also reportedly to the first ship to obtain a particulates discount.
The Port of Antwerp has successfully completed its first truck-to-ship liquefied natural gas (LNG) bunkering operation on a seagoing vessel, the port announced this week.  The Sefarina, operated by Netherlands-based Chemgas Shipping, was also reportedly to the first ship to obtain a particulates discount.  The port said that although the ability to bunker with LNG had already been available for a while, so far it had only been used on barges.
The recent development with the Sefarina is expected to act as a test case for future safety procedures, and the success of the operation has also led the port to begin looking for a candidate to build and operate at a permanent LNG bunkering and filling station, the port said.  "The aim is for barges to be able to bunker with LNG in the Port of Antwerp at a permanent facility by the beginning of 2019 at the latest," it said. Earlier this year, it was reported that the new permanent facility is expected to have 450 cubic metres of storage capacity. Ship & Bunker News Team

 Sunday  Saints of October  04  Quarto Nonas Octóbris  
      "Peace destroys nothing; War destroys everything" Pope Paul VI
40 days for Life Campaign saves lives Shawn Carney Campaign Director www.40daysforlife.com

Day 12 intention 40 Days for Life
Please help save the unborn; they are the future for the world


 MicroLNG designs LNG liquefiers
  Plants 5,000 - 500,000 LNG gpd

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Compact LNG Ferry Design Deltamarin

September 14, 2015
Deltamarin says DeltaLinx is a compact ferry designed for short coastal routes.  Deltamarin Ltd. (Deltamarin) Friday announced that it launched its new liquid natural gas (LNG) powered "DeltaLinx" compact ferry design, at the BaltExpo 2015 exhibition in Gdańsk, Poland.  "DeltaLinx is a compact ferry designed for short coastal routes to link small neighbouring towns with an emphasis on minimal environmental footprint," explained Deltamarin.  Powered by LNG to eliminate sulphur oxides (SOx) and reduce amounts of nitrogen oxides (NOx) and carbon dioxide (CO2) in exhaust gases, the ferry is said to have a large fuel tank underneath the car deck, designed for weekly refuelling.  The ready-to-apply DeltaLinx design uses existing technologies to its full potential and integrates them into the smallest possible package.
With a length of about 80 metres, as well as an 800 passenger and 82 car capacity, the vessel's compact design is said to allow for easier operation in small ports and busy harbours.  "The ready-to-apply DeltaLinx design uses existing technologies to its full potential and integrates them into the smallest possible package," stated Deltamarin.
The ferry design is reported to include streamlined hull lines to reduce resistance and lower wash, while an "extensive" freeboard in the bow enables the vessel to cope with rough weather and fin stabilisers help ensure smooth sailing.  In August, Deltamarin announced the introduction of what it says is "the future container feeder design", the A.Delta2300, boasting best-in-class design in terms of cargo capacity, flexibility, and fuel economy.

Raven Transport announced plans to add 115 Peterbilt Model 579 tractors powered by by liquefied natural gas (LNG) to its fleet this year. Those tractors will operate on irregular routes originating from production plants and distribution centers in the Southeast.
They are projected to consume approximately 2.4 million additional DGEs of LNG annually.Thursday, April 16, 2015


Jensen's LNG articulated tug-barge receives “Approval in Principle” by ABS
A1 Liquefied Gas Tank Barge Class
Jensen’s articulated tug-barge oceans rated with four 1,000- m3 Type C LNG tanks.
The barge measures 360’ x 60’ x 35’, with a combined tug-and-barge length of 452’.
The tug (under 500 GT US regulatory) features two GE 6L250 engines (Tier 3), each offering at least 2,035 HP, and two Rolls Royce 205 Z-drives, with a speed of 12 knots. The ATB will carry 30,800 gallons of fresh water and 90,100 gallons of ballast water and provides enough space for 12 crewmembers.

Construction of First US LNG Bunker Barge Underway
September 11, 2015

A keel-laying ceremony was held Wednesday by Conrad Orange Shipyard, signifying construction for the first U.S. LNG bunker barge is underway. Conrad Orange Shipyard, Inc. (Conrad), located in Orange, Texas, Wednesday held a keel-laying ceremony for the first liquid natural gas (LNG) bunker barge to be built in the U.S., Marine Log reports.
WesPac Midstream LLC (WesPac) in cooperation with its affiliate Clean Marine Energy LLC (CME), announced in February that it had signed a deal to build at the LNG bunker barge for ship operator Totem Ocean Trailer Express (TOTE).
Designed by Bristol Harbor Group, Inc. and built to American Bureau of Shipping (ABS) class, the barge is said to be set to have a 2,200 m3 capacity and feature a tank with Gaztransport & Technigaz (GTT) MARK III Flex cargo containment technology.
Further, the barge design is reported to include an "innovative" bunker mast design, Refueling Equipment Arm, Methane [CH4] (REACH4), to ensure a simple and safe transfer of LNG fuel to the vessel.

Scheduled for delivery in 2016, the barge is said to be intended to service TOTE's Orca class RO/RO vessels, which are currently being retrofitted with Wärtsilä dual fuel engines to burn both LNG and diesel.
After initial deployment, the barge will reportedly be relocated to Jacksonville, Florida, serving TOTE's 3,100 TEU Marlin Class container ships that are currently under construction, as well as other LNG vessels at the port.
In May, TRI-ZEN International Pte Ltd. released a paper that argued that, although LNG bunker markets have managed to establish themselves in Europe and the U.S., uptake has been "slower than hoped for."

Perla_del_Caribe the second of two LNG-fueled Marlin Class ships built by General Dynamics NASSCO for Tote, launched at NASSCO’s yard in San Diego.
(Photo: General Dynamics NASSCO)

On Saturday, August 29, 2015, the world’s first series of energy efficient containerships welcomed its second LNG-powered vessel in San Diego, fueling the U.S. maritime industry with cutting edge economic and environmental efficiencies powered by liquefied natural gas (LNG).
 “The launch of Perla del Caribe marks a momentous step forward for the future of U.S. maritime, using green technology to ensure the products we deliver are transported safely and efficiently, all while using the most environmentally friendly mode of transportation,” said Tom Allegretti, chairman of the American Maritime Partnership (AMP), the voice of the domestic maritime industry.
Shipbuilder General Dynamics NASSCO launched TOTE’s newest Marlin Class vessel Perla del Caribe in the San Diego Bay, celebrating the many growth opportunities the new Jones Act ship will provide to the U.S. economy including adding more family-wage jobs to support the nearly 500,000 men and women

 These state-of-the-art LNG-fueled vessels will reduce particulate matter by 98 percent as well as carbon dioxide emissions by 72 percent, the equivalent of removing more than 15,700 cars from the road.

Perla del Caribe will be homeported in Jacksonville, Florida and will service Puerto Rico
By Eric Haun Wednesday, September 09, 2015 marinelink.com

Japanese shipbuilder Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. (MHI) informs it has received orders for the construction of two next-generation liquefied natural gas (LNG) carriers that will primarily carry shale gas produced in North America.  The shipbuilding contracts, received through MI LNG Company, Limited, a joint venture between MHI and Imabari Shipbuilding Co., Ltd., will see the delivery of one LNG carrier each for two separate joint ventures which Chubu Electric Power Co., Inc. has established with Mitsui O.S.K. Lines, Ltd. (MOL) and Nippon Yusen Kabushiki Kaisha (NYK Line), respectively.  The vessels will be built at MHI's Nagasaki Shipyard & Machinery and are both scheduled for completion and delivery in 2018 when they will commence transporting shale gas produced in North America, mainly carrying the gas from the Freeport LNG Project, an initiative in which Chubu Electric Power is participating.

Posted by Eric Haun Friday, September 12, 2014 marinelink.com

Hartmann Schiffahrts Gmbh & Co. KG, Jaccar Holdings, HB Hunte Engineering and DNV GL, signed a letter of intent for the classification of five ECO STAR 85k very large ethane carriers. Jean Labescat from Jaccar Holdings, Ulrich Adami, Technical Director of Hartmann Schiffahrts GmbH & Co. KG, Frerk Brand, Managing Director of HB Hunte Engineering, and Torsten Schramm, DNV GL Maritime’s COO for Division Germany, Middle East & Asia, signed the agreement at the SMM trade fair.


An artist’s depiction of North America’s first LNG bunker barge. (Courtesy: Bristol Harbor Group, Inc.)
LNG_Towboat The Shearer Group and Conrad Shipyard
collaborate on an ABS approved LNG Towboat Design.

Crowley announces second LNG-powered Roll-On/Roll-Off  ship
2015 August 2

The keel for the second Commitment Class liquefied natural gas (LNG)-powered, combination container – Roll-On/Roll-Off (ConRo) ship for Crowley Maritime Corp.’s liner services group was laid yesterday during a ceremony at ship-builder VT Halter Marine, Inc.’s facility in Pascagoula, Miss. The keel laying ceremony marked the next step in the construction of Crowley’s two Commitment Class ships, which will exclusively serve the U.S.-Puerto Rico trade lane.  VT Halter Marine and Crowley entered into a contract for the pair of Jones Act ships in November 2013 and construction of the second ship began with steel cutting in Pascagoula on May 27, 2015. With the first section set in place, the ship will now begin to take shape as it is built around the keel.

Shell (RDS.A) (RDS.B) and Caterpillar (CAT) have signed an agreement to save money and reduce emissions by testing a new bi-fuel engine for use in mining the oil sands of northern Alberta. The new engine will run primarily on LNG instead of diesel. CAT will test the design at Shell's oil sands operations near Fort McMurray. Shell will retrofit its existing truck fleet with the new engine for the trial, as well as providing re-fuelling infrastructure at its Shell Albian Sands operation.

Shell's VP of Oil Sands John Rhind had this to say:

With heavy hauling being such a core part of our operation, success with this could make a real difference in our operations costs and emissions.
I expect all the oil sands miners will follow Shell's lead in adopting natural gas for these huge diesel guzzling Caterpillar trucks.

C.I.A.C. Heavy Lift Transport

LNG-Diesel Powder River Basin

LNG Tanks-Railroad-Trucks.html

We manufacture cryogenic plants, specializing in design, engineering, and
production of skid mounted Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) and
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HISTORY of LNG 1960 - 2013
United States Gas Production by State 1906-1924
United States natural_gas_Production 1930_2008
Shale Gas Information 2008 Shale Gas Information 2009
Proved Natural Gas Reserves
Tcf Total world 5,500 {2003}
Tcf Total world 6,600 2010
LNG Demand 2000 to 2015
LNG TERMINALS                                                      
Essar Steel Minnesota LLC
Keetac USS mine
Mesabi Nugget
Thompson Cliffs Canada
United Taconite Cleveland-Cliffs, Inc
United States Steel Corporation Minnesota Ore Operations
ArcelorMittal Minorca

World LNG here 2004
LNG Terminals
LNG Terminals here 2004

LNG Terminals here 2006-2020

Petroleum Geology
U.S. Unconventional Gas Resources

Liquid Liquid Conversion Tables (off site)

Interlake moves ahead on LNG fuel plans
May 8, 2013—The Interlake Steamship Company conversion of its vessels to LNG.
When converted, the Interlake ships are expected to be the first LNG-powered ships on the Great Lakes and among the first in the U.S.
With a goal of converting the first vessel by the spring of 2015.
Interlake is already working through engineering and design, seeking regulatory approval and securing financing.

Interlake Steamship to Install Scrubbers on 2 More Ships
Tuesday, August 11, 2015 marinelink.com
The Interlake Steamship Company proves phase one of emissions-reduction technology on Great Lakes; two additional ships to be outfitted with exhaust gas scrubber technology in 2016

Following the implementation of exhaust gas scrubbers on its self-unloading bulk carrier M/V Hon. James L. Oberstar, the Interlake Steamship Company has announced its plans to expand its emission-reduction efforts to one-third of its fleet by installing similar scrubber systems on the M/V Lee A. Tregurtha and M/V James R. Barker early next year.

In April 2015, Interlake became the first U.S.-flag fleet to test freshwater scrubbers on the Great Lakes when the system became operational on the 806-foot Oberstar. The 826-foot Tregurtha and 1,003-foot Barker will be equipped with the same single-inlet, closed-loop DuPont Marine Scrubbers from Belco Technologies Corp. (BELCO), a division of DuPont Sustainable Solutions.

“This technology allows us to achieve our goal of continually shrinking our fleet’s environmental footprint while dependably, safely and efficiently delivering raw materials to our steel, construction and power generation customers throughout the Great Lakes,” said Interlake President Mark Barker. “We have proven the technology on our 800-foot traditional Laker and now we’re ready to scale up to our 1,000-foot class ships with our first installation on the James R. Barker.”

A total of five Interlake vessels – including two additional 1,000-footers: the M/V Paul R. Tregurtha and M/V Mesabi Miner - will be outfitted with these types of scrubbers by 2017.

Caterpillar Marine Power Systems is pleased to announce the development of the MaK™ M 34 DF, a new marine dual fuel engine platform for the commercial marine industry. Hamburg, Germany –cat.com 7/4/2013
M 34 DF dual fuel engine boasts a power rating of 500 kW per cylinder at 720 and 750 rpm in diesel and gas modes, and will share the same footprint as the highly successful M 32 C engine series. The M 34 DF will be capable of running on natural gas as an alternative to marine diesel oil or large and complex scrubber installations for Emission Control Areas (ECA) operation as of 2015. First engine deliveries are foreseen for October 2014.
We’re pleased to continue to deliver on our commitment to bring innovative, efficient solutions to the commercial marine market,” said Carsten Seeburg, MaK product definition manager. “Our customers want a fuel-efficient, sustainable propulsion product with operational flexibility for both IMO and EPA regulated waters and we’re aiming to exceed their expectations with the M 34 DF engine.”

Caterpillar Marine Power Systems has secured EPA Tier 2 Certification of all MaK engine platforms with cylinder volumes of above 30 litres. Included in the certification are the M 32 C, M 43 C, M 46 DF as well as the recently announced M 34 DF engine platform. The certification of the broad range of MaK power solutions provides customers operating in the American market, specifically in the commercial and offshore marine markets, a wide spectrum of power nodes to meet emissions regulations on US flagged vessels.
“At Caterpillar, we recognize the needs of our customers to have flexible power solutions for any market, regardless of emissions regulations. We understand the market they are operating in is evolving in terms of environmental and performance requirements and strive to offer timely, innovative products that continue the Caterpillar legacy of proven performance,” Carsten Seeburg, Caterpillar Marine product definition manager said. “Building on that legacy is the recently introduced M 34 DF engine, which was designed and engineered based on high demand from our offshore customers.”
The M 34 DF dual fuel engine boasts a power rating of 500 kW per cylinder at 720 and 750 rpm in diesel and gas modes, and will share the same footprint as the highly successful M 32 C engine series. The M 34 DF will be capable of running on natural gas as an alternative to marine diesel oil or large and complex scrubber installations for Emission Control Areas (ECA) operation as of 2015. Driven by upcoming fuel sulfur and NOx regulations in ECA, the M 34 DF will provide full flexibility for vessels operating in regulated and/or lesser regulated areas without major changes to the engine room or exhaust gas system, supporting the ease and simplicity of engine installation and certification. Although designed for unlimited operation on LNG, marine diesel oil and heavy fuel oil, the M 34 DF will reach industry-leading efficiency in gas mode, while operating as EPA Tier 3 certified.
“The M 34 DF engine will provide customers familiar with the legendary M 32 C platform a sense of ease in operation as the two platforms feature not only the same footprint but a large amount of shared components,” Seeburg continued.
“The proven performance record of the M 32 C is well regarded throughout the industry with nearly 1,500 engines in the field populations. Vessel operators in the offshore segment, including platform supply vessels, anchor handling tug supply vessels and platform supply vessels, can confidently invest in the new M 34 dual fuel solution based on the success of the M 32 C.”

Driven by upcoming fuel sulfur and NOx regulations in ECA, the M 34 DF will provide full flexibility for vessels operating in regulated and/or lesser regulated areas without major changes to the engine room or exhaust gas system, supporting the ease and simplicity of engine installation and certification.  Although designed for unlimited operation on LNG, marine diesel oil and heavy fuel oil, the M 34 DF will reach industry- leading efficiency in gas mode.
“It was important for us that M 34 DF and M 32 C share the same footprint features, and the same system interfaces. The M 34 DF was designed to provide operators with industry-leading thermal efficiency for lowest total cost of operation,” said Detlef Kirste, MaK product definition manager. “The engine offers optimized load response and load stability in addition to numerous support features, such as remote monitoring and engine system diagnostics, helping engine operators with their daily service and maintenance work. Our target was to keep the typical MaK marine engine attributes like reliability, safety and efficiency while striving for an engine design that is easy to service and maintain.”
With a bore of 340 millimeters and stroke of 460, the engine was designed to the preferred choice for gas electrical and mechanical propulsion applications notably in the offshore and cargo segments. The engine design features new real-time combustion monitoring, Flexible Camshaft Technology functionality as well as a lower valve train and several innovative monitoring and component solutions to ensure maximum safety during operation. 
Caterpillar will offer its renowned service and support for the new MaK dual fuel engine, including installation and application, system integration support, as well as customer and crew training. The M 34 DF will be pass customer acceptance tests and classification approvals in Rostock, Germany and will be sold through Caterpillar’s MaK dealer network.
For more information about Caterpillar and MaK marine engines, please visit MARINE.CAT.COM/pr
Caterpillar Dual Fuel LNG Conversion on Furetank Rederi Tanker  Tuesday August 4, 2015
Caterpillar says it is completing a dual fuel engine retrofit conversion for Furetank Rederi’s 472 foot tanker, Fure West.
Caterpillar Marine, a division of Caterpillar Inc. (Caterpillar), has announced that it is completing a dual fuel engine retrofit conversion for Furetank Rederi A/B's 472 foot tanker, Fure West, and will be supplying the complete gas system for the tanker, including bunker stations, two liquid natural gas (LNG) tanks, and the vaporizer.
The project, backed by the European Union and developed with the Zero Vision Tool, will see a MaK M 43 C diesel engine retrofitted in hull to the tanker's 7 cylinder M 46 dual fuel platform, each cylinder offering 900 kW of rated power.
"We're pleased to continue to build upon our successful track record of dual fual conversions in the commercial marine industry and offer an increased scope of supply to our customers," said Finn Vogler, a senior engineer at Caterpillar Marine.
"We have a market-ready technology available that our commercial marine customers can be completely confident in and after our success onboard the Coral Anthelia, we have seen the demand for MaK dual fuel solutions increase substantially."

Although the engine has been designed for unlimited operation on LNG, MDO and HFO, the company notes that the engine will reach industry-leading efficiency in gas mode.

Caterpillar Claims World's First In-Hull LNG Retrofit
Tuesday December 2, 2014
The retrofit was completed in less than six weeks on retrofit on the Anthony Veder-owned liquefued gas carrier, Coral Anthelia, Marine Link reports.  The retrofit upgrades the Coral Anthelia's Caterpillar MaK 43 C diesel engine to become a six cylinder MaK M 46 DF dual-fuel engine.  The new engine will be able to run fully on Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG), diesel or heavy fuel oil, though it is understood that the MaK M 46 DF will deliver optimal performance on LNG bunkers.  In addition, the retrofit will allow greater flexibility over Emissions Control Area (ECA) compliance.  "As an LNG carrier operating in waters impacted by SECA [ECA] regulations, the Coral Anthelia will be able to optimize its performance utilizing LNG, heavy fuel oil or diesel," said Karl Vollrath, Customer Services Manager for Caterpillar Marine.
Caterpillar Marine completed the project in under six weeks in conjunction with Dutch Caterpillar dealer Bolier. No modifications to the ship's structure were necessary, with the engine block remaining intact.  The Dutch-flagged Coral Anthelia was built between 2013 and 2014 and is classified by Bureau Veritas with a liquefied gas cargo capacity of 6,500 cubic metres, according to the owner's website.

Dual fuel retrofits are said to offer significant savings for some operators, with Canada's BC Ferries recently saying it will save over $8 million per year after retrofits to two of its ferries are complete.

Japan plan for more LNG boats

It Makes No Sense Not To Believe In GOD 
Every Christian must be a living book wherein one can read the teaching of the gospel
 Sunday  Saints of October  04  Quarto Nonas Octóbris  
  St. Francis of Assisi, Deacon, Religious, Founder of the Three Orders (Solemnity)
October is the Month of the Rosary.
This year A Moment with Mary has chosen to dedicate each daily meditation to the holy Rosary
that Pope Benedict XII (d.1730) called: "The supreme remedy for errors and vices." 

Pope Francis  PRAYER INTENTIONS FOR  October 2015
Universal:    That human trafficking, the modern form of slavery, may be eradicated.
Evangelization: That with a missionary spirit the Christian communities of Asia may announce the Gospel to those who are still awaiting it..
Sunday, October 4, 2015
Sirach 3rdv.b.c. 50:1, 3-4, 6-7 ; Psalms 16:1-2, 5, 7-8, 11 ; Galatians 6:14-18 ; Matthew 11:25-30 ;
St. Crispus & Gaius bishop Martyrs baptized by St. Paul at Corinth Crispin headed the local Jewish synagogue. Gaius served as St. Paul’s host and was also praised by St. John.  Before martyred, Crispin served as bishop of the Aegean Islands, and Gaius as bishop of Thessalonica, Greece.
257 Caius, Faustus, Eusebius, Chaeremon, Lucius, & Comp. MM (RM)
 304 St. Mark Egyptian martyr with his brother, Marcian
St. Hierotheus Bishop friend of St. Dionysius the Areopagite
 310 St. Domnina Martyr with daughters Berenice & Prosdoce
350 St. Ammon Egyptian; St. Anthony saw his soul ascend to heaven
 445 St. Petronius  Bishop of Bologna Sent by Byzantine emperor Theodosius to Pope re: Nestorius
667 St. Aurea Abbess of St. Martial in Paris
 750 St. Peter of Damascus crucified bishop of Damascus Syria

1226 St. Francis of Assisi; Founder: Animals, Merchants & indulgences Ecology; The Christmas crèche first popularized  St. Francis of Assisi (1182-1226)  Francis of Assisi was a poor little man who astounded and inspired the Church by taking the gospel literally—not in a narrow fundamentalist sense, but by actually following all that Jesus said and did, joyfully, without limit and without a mite of self-importance.
1470 Blessed Julian Majali highly esteemed by popes and kings OSB Abbot (AC)
1537 Blessed Francis Titelmans spent his life caring for the sick OFM Cap. (AC)

Jesus Christ said, " This is my Body. " You say, " No. It is not His Body!"
Who am I to believe?
I prefer to believe Jesus Christ.  
-- St. Dominic Barberi

We begin our day by seeing Christ in the consecrated bread.
Throughout the day we continue to see Him in the torn bodies of our poor.
We pray, that is, through our work, performing it with Jesus, for Jesus and upon Jesus.
The poor are our prayer. They carry God in them. Prayer means praying everything, praying the work.
We meet the Lord who hungers and thirsts, in the poor.....
and the poor could be you or I or any person kind enough to show us his or her love and to come to our place.

Because we cannot see Christ, we cannot express our love to Him in person.
But our neighbor we can see, and we can do for him or her what we would love to do for Jesus if He were visible. 

 Sunday  Saints of October  04  Quarto Nonas Octóbris  

Precious Gem Rock Art lamp shades