Saints of this Day April  08 Sexto Idus Aprílis.    
Day 35 40 Days for Life


CAUSES OF SAINTS April 04  2014
Et álibi aliórum plurimórum sanctórum Mártyrum et Confessórum, atque sanctárum Vírginum.
And elsewhere in divers places, many other holy martyrs, confessors, and holy virgins.
Пресвятая Богородице спаси нас! (Santíssima Mãe de Deus, salva-nos!)


The saints are a “cloud of witnesses over our head”, showing us life of Christian perfection is possible.

Mary Mother of GOD 15 Promises of the Virgin Mary to those who recite the Rosary

Our Bartholomew Family Prayer List  Here

April 8 – Our Lady of Basella -- (Italy, 1356)
Without much devotion to Mary, be wary of cold and wounding words
 
The Holy Curé of Ars sometimes met sinners, blinded by delusions, who relied on some external practice of devotion to the Blessed Virgin to quiet their consciences and give them permission to sin with greater freedom, without fear of the everlasting flames of hell.

In such cases, his harsh words had tremendous effect, both by bringing the guilty ones to realize the monstrosity of their presumption, which is so insulting to the Mother of Mercy, and by giving them an act of devotion to use for imploring God’s grace to escape the infernal snake’s crushing coils.

But in a similar situation, clergymen without true devotion to the Virgin Mary would only succeed, by these cold and wounding words, in making the poor drowning wretch let go of the buoy that might have kept him afloat
 until he reached safety. -- Dom J.B. Chautard
Excerpt from The Soul of the Apostolate, (L’âme de tout apostolate), Pierre Tequi / E. Vitte Editons, 1920.

 
Mary's Divine Motherhood
Called in the Gospel "the Mother of Jesus," Mary is acclaimed by Elizabeth, at the prompting of the Spirit and even before the birth of her son, as "the Mother of my Lord" (Lk 1:43; Jn 2:1; 19:25; cf. Mt 13:55; et al.). In fact, the One whom she conceived as man by the Holy Spirit, who truly became her Son according to the flesh, was none other than the Father's eternal Son, the second person of the Holy Trinity.
Hence the Church confesses that Mary is truly "Mother of God" (Theotokos).

Catechism of the Catholic Church 495, quoting the Council of Ephesus (431): DS 251.
St_Rufus_Apostle_St_Celestine_Pope_of_Rome_St_Agabos
This icon portrays three scenes:
1) The central and main scene is from Matthew 28:2-4: "And behold, there was a great earthquake; for an angel of the Lord descended from heaven and came and rolled back the stone, and sat upon it. His appearance was like lightning, and his raiment white as snow. And for fear of him the guards trembled and became like dead men."
2) The scene in the left bottom corner is from Matthew 28:5-7: "But the angel said to the women, "Do not be afraid; for I know that you seek Jesus who was crucified. he is not here; for he has risen, as he said. Come, see the place where He lay. Then go quickly and tell his disciples that he has risen from the dead, and behold, he is going before you to Galilee; there you will see him. Lo, I have told you."
3) The scene in the bottom right corner is from John 20:16-17: "Jesus said to her, "Do not hold me, for I have not yet ascended to the Father; but go to my brethren and say to them, I am ascending to my Father and your Father, to my God and your God."
DATE COMPLETED: 1991 DONATED BY: Emile Kouri, brothers & sisters (in memory of their father Abdallah Chahine Kouri)  MELKITES -- Saints Peter & Paul Parish 1161 North River Road Ottawa, Ontario K1K 3W5

Pope Francis  PRAYER INTENTIONS FOR  APRIL

Ecology and JusticeThat governments may foster the protection of creation
                   and the just distribution of natural resources.

Hope for the SickThat the Risen Lord may fill with hope
the hearts of those who are being tested by pain and sickness.


Tuesday, April 08, 2014  Lenten Weekday
Numbers 21:4-9 Psalm 102: 2-3, 16-21 John 8:21-30
The spiritually avaricious are those who can never have enough of embracing and seeking after countless exercises of piety, hoping thereby to attain perfection all that much sooner, they say. They do this as though perfection consisted in the multitude of things we do and not in the perfection with which we do them! I have already said this very often, but it is necessary to repeat it: God has not placed perfection in the multiplicity of acts we perform to please Him, but only in the way we perform them, which is simply to do the little we do according to our vocation, in love, by love, and for love. -- St. Francis de Sales

"O Death, where is your sting? O Hell, where is your victory? Christ is risen, and you are overthrown. Christ is risen, and the demons are fallen. Christ is risen, and the angels rejoice. Christ is risen, and life reigns. Christ is risen, and not one dead remains in the grave. For Christ, being risen from the dead, is become the first fruits of those who have fallen asleep. To Him be glory and dominion unto ages of ages. Amen."
The resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead is the center of the Christian faith. St Paul says that if Christ is not raised from the dead, then our preaching and faith are in vain (I Cor. 15:14).
Indeed, without the resurrection there would be no Christian preaching or faith. The disciples of Christ would have remained the broken and hopeless band which the Gospel of John describes as being in hiding behind locked doors for fear of the Jews. They went nowhere and preached nothing until they met the risen Christ, the doors being shut (John 20: 19).
Then they touched the wounds of the nails and the spear; they ate and drank with Him. The resurrection became the basis of everything they said and did (Acts 2-4): ". . . for a spirit has not flesh and bones as you see that I have" (Luke 24:39).

The Immaculate Conception and the Mediation of Christ April 8 - Our Lady of Basella (Italy, 1356)
 Mary did not contract original sin, because of the excellence of her Son, inasmuch as He is Redeemer, Reconciler, and Mediator. For the most perfect mediator would perform the most perfect act of mediation on behalf of any person for whom he mediated. And Christ is the most perfect Mediator. Therefore, Christ showed the most perfect possible degree of mediating with respect to any creature or person whose mediator He was. But for no other person did He exhibit a more excellent degree of mediation that He did for Mary...But this would not have happened if He had not merited that she should be preserved from original sin.
John Duns Scotus (d. 1308), In 3 Sententiarum, d.3, q. I; ed. Mariani, p. 181
Pascha (Easter) Enjoy ye all the feast of faith; receive ye all the riches of loving-kindness. (Sermon of St John Chrysostom, read at Paschal Matins)
1st v. TORQUATUS AND HIS COMPANIONS, MARTYRS
  Saints Herodion (Rodion), Agabus, Asyncritus, Rufus, Phlegon and Hermes are among the Seventy Apostles, chosen by Christ and sent out by Him to preach All these disciples for their intrepid service to Christ underwent fierce sufferings and were found worthy of a martyr's crown.
117-138 The Holy Martyr Pausilippus martyred for the faith prayed fervently
      that the Lord grant him a quick death Lord granted it

 170 St. Dionysius of Corinth Bishop of Corinth, Greece, famed for his letters
        commemorated the martyrdom of Sts. Peter and Paul.

 306 St. Aedesius Martyred brother of St. Apphian publicly rebuked Roman
       officials placing Christian virgins in brothels

      St. Concessa A martyr venerated in Carthage.
      St. Januarius, Maxima, and Macaria 3 African martyrs who were executed in
      an uncertian year during the Roman persecutions.

 422  Kallistus I. Er verwaltete die Begräbnisstätten an der Via Appa, die heute
        Kalixtus-Katakomben heißen

 432 Saint Celestine Pope of Rome (422-432) zealous champion of Orthodoxy
       virtuous life theologian authority denounced the Nestorian heresy

 494 St. Perpetuus Bishop of Rours a man of great sanctity enforced clerical
       discipline regulated feast days rebuilt the basilica of St. Martin

 586  St. Redemptus Bishop of Ferentini, near Rome, Italy known mainly because his friend Pope St. Gregory I the
      Great wrote of his holiness.

 690 Julian von Toledo Erzbischof In seiner Amtszeit leitete er 4 nationale Synoden förderte den mozarabischen Ritus
       und verfaßte mehrere theologische Werke

1095 St. Walter of Pontoise continued to live a life of mortification, spending entire nights in prayer establishing the
        foundation of a convent in honor of Mary at Bertaucourt

1156 Saint Niphon peacemaker reminded Russian bishops tradition of the Russian Church had received the Orthodox
        Faith from Constantinople however, in 1448, the Russian Church began primates without confirmation from
        Constantinople he uprooted the passions through fasting, vigil, and prayer, and adorned himself with every virtue

1291 Blessed Clement of Saint Elpidio considered the second founder of the Augustinians  OSA (AC)
14th v. Saint Rufus the Obedient, Hermit of the Caves
1606 Blessed Julian of Saint Augustine Dominican Order as a lay-brother at Santorcaz, OFM (AC)
1669 The Holy Martyr John the Shipmaster (Naukleros) suffered a psychological sickness martyr in the city of Koe.
1816 St. Julie Billiart vision of crucified Lord with group wearing habits of Sisters of Notre Dame de Namur which she
        founded great love for Jesus in the Eucharist carried on this mission of teaching throughout her life although
        occasionally paralyzed and sick most of the time

God loves variety. He doesn't mass-produce his saints. Every saint is unique each the result of a new idea.
As the liturgy says: Non est inventus similis illis--there are no two exactly alike.  It is we with our lack of imagination, who paint the same haloes on all the saints.
Dear Lord, grant us a spirit not bound by our own ideas and preferences. Grant that we may be able to appreciate in others what we lack in ourselves.
O Lord, grant that we may understand that every saint must be a unique praise of Your glory.
Catholic saints are holy people and human people who lived extraordinary lives.
Each saint the Church honors responded to God's invitation to use his or her unique gifts.
Day 35 40 Days for Life
For Life,  Shawn Carney   Campaign Director www.40daysforlife.com
Dear Readers,

According to one researcher, one in four women will have an abortion by age 25.  That makes college campuses a prime target for the abortion industry. But that also offers opportunities for college students to enthusiastically defend life … and help their peers who are considering abortion.
It was in a college town that 40 Days for Life began.
Planned Parenthood saw the 60,000 college students at Texas A&M and a local junior college as a huge market. But as you may know, their facility in College Station, Texas closed its doors forever last summer. So have faith!


Steve Karlen, who also got involved in 40 Days for Life in a college town, has been on the road again … this time in Michigan. Among the places Steve stopped were three areas that are home to large universities.
Here’s Steve’s update.
Ann Arbor, Michigan

Given my experience in helping to keep late-term abortion out of a Big Ten university in my hometown of Madison, Wisconsin … I was intrigued by the University of Michigan’s involvement in the abortion industry.
The local leaders in Ann Arbor were horrified by a taxpayer-funded celebration of abortion called “4,000 Years of Choice” – an exhibit that was hosted by the public university.

I also learned that three doctors who are associated with the university perform abortions at the Planned Parenthood facility.

Lansing, Michigan
Participants in Lansing shared the disturbing news that on the Michigan State University campus (technically in East Lansing), there is a club for “future abortion providers.” That’s just ghastly.

The good news is that the abortion facility has been closed for much of the campaign. And when it is open, client numbers are down.  Cecilia, the local director, reports a more than 40 percent drop in the number of abortions.
The leaders keep thorough records about this abortion facility, and they’ve asked authorities to investigate reports of possible legal violations. For instance, they’ve heard allegations that the abortion center staff has refused to show clients their ultrasound images. State law says the women are entitled to see them.


Kalamazoo, Michigan
Kalamazoo is also a college town – the home of Western Michigan University. When I visited the 40 Days for Life vigil, we had a nice turnout ... on a very busy street. In fact, it was so busy that I literally had to shout my entire speech at the top of my lungs!
The Planned Parenthood center here had posted an official-looking sign informing their clients that the people on the sidewalk were not their employees. Of course, those are the prayer volunteers.
Clients are also told it’s not safe to stop in the driveway. Of course, the sidewalk next to the driveway just happens to be a very convenient place for the vigil participants to stand, smile and hand out positive pregnancy resource information. I have a feeling their primary concern is something other than safety!
Thanks to Steve Karlen for this update on 40 Days for Life in Michigan!

Today's devotional is from Carmen Pate of Alliance Ministries.
Day 35 intention
Pray that all believers participating in this 40 Days for Life campaign will make every effort to keep the unity of the Spirit through the bond of peace (Ephesians 4:3).

Scripture
And the glory which You gave Me, I have given them, that they may be one just as We are one: I in them, and You in Me; that they may be made perfect in one, and that the world may know that You have sent Me, and have loved them as You have loved Me. — John 17:22-23


Reflection by Carmen Pate
Christ prayed that all those who would believe in Him would be united in single purpose and spirit, just as He and the Father were united.

I find it convicting to consider that those who would run to Jesus with their sins, seeking forgiveness, and falling in love with the Savior, often run from Christians today. Is it because they see division and dissension instead of unity and peace? No doubt Christ is pleased to see the body unified and praying together during these 40 days.
This is exactly what we see when we read about the beginnings of the church. Both the unity and the prayer are conspicuous, along with the results of unified prayer.

Acts 2:46-47 tells us, "So continuing daily with one accord in the temple, and breaking bread from house to house, they ate their food with gladness and simplicity of heart, praising God and having favor with all the people. And the Lord added to the church daily those who were being saved."
No doubt the enemy is disheartened to see the unity in prayer, fasting and peaceful vigil, and he will continuously try to disrupt the bond of peace among brothers and sisters in Christ. Let us guard our hearts and minds, exhibiting the love of Christ that He so graciously gives us, so that those watching will see the love among us and know that He must love them too!

Prayer
Heavenly Father, give us grace in every situation to work toward unity. With humility, gentleness, and patience, may we endeavor to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace.  There are hurting men and women Lord at the crossroads of life and death who are looking for love and peace in their lives.  May they see Christ in us and be drawn to the abundant life that only He can give. It is in Christ's precious name that we pray, Amen.

Printable devotional
To download today's devotional as a formatted, printable PDF to share:
http://40daysforlife.com/docs/spring2014day35print.pdf



On Death and Life
"Man Needs Eternity -- and Every Other Hope, for Him, Is All Too Brief"


   Saints of this Day April  08 Sexto Idus Aprílis.
 
The saints “a cloud of witnesses over our head”, showing us life of Christian perfection is possible.

The Rosary html Mary Mother of GOD -- Her Rosary Here
Mary Mother of GOD 15 Promises of the Virgin Mary to those who recite the Rosary
Mary's Divine Motherhood
Nine First Fridays Devotion to the Sacred Heart From the writings of St. Margaret Mary Alacoque
How do I start the Five First Saturdays?
Called in the Gospel “the Mother of Jesus,” Mary is acclaimed by Elizabeth, at the prompting of the Spirit and even before the birth of her son, as “the Mother of my Lord” (Lk 1:43; Jn 2:1; 19:25; cf. Mt 13:55; et al.). In fact, the One whom she conceived as man by the Holy Spirit, who truly became her Son according to the flesh, was none other than the Father's eternal Son, the second person of the Holy Trinity. Hence the Church confesses that Mary is truly Mother of God (Theotokos). 
Catechism of the Catholic Church 495, quoting the Council of Ephesus (431): DS 251.
“The Blessed Virgin was eternally predestined, in conjunction with the incarnation of the divine Word, to be the Mother of God. By decree of divine Providence, she served on earth as the loving mother of the divine Redeemer, an associate of unique nobility, and the Lord's humble handmaid. She conceived, brought forth, and nourished Christ.”
 (Dogmatic Constitution on the Church, 61).
Mary Mother of GOD Mary's Divine Motherhood
15 Promises of the Virgin Mary to those who recite the Rosary
Saints of this Day April  08 Sexto Idus Aprílis.
The voice of the Father is heard, the Son enters the water, and the Holy Spirit appears in the form of a dove.
   THE spirit and example of the world imperceptibly instil the error into the minds of many that there is a kind of middle way of going to Heaven; and so, because the world does not live up to the gospel, they bring the gospel down to the level of the world. It is not by this example that we are to measure the Christian rule, but words and life of Christ. All His followers are commanded to labour to become perfect even as our heavenly Father is perfect, and to bear His image in our hearts that we may be His children. We are obliged by the gospel to die to ourselves by fighting self-love in our hearts, by the mastery of our passions, by taking on the spirit of our Lord.
   These are the conditions under which Christ makes His promises and numbers us among His children, as is manifest from His words which the apostles have left us in their inspired writings. Here is no distinction made or foreseen between the apostles or clergy or religious and secular persons. The former, indeed, take upon themselves certain stricter obligations, as a means of accomplishing these ends more perfectly; but the law of holiness and of disengagement of the heart from the world is general and binds all the followers of Christ.
breviary.net/martyrology/mart04 08 stlukeorthodox.com/html/saints/  usccb.org  ewtn.com  St Patricks 0408
domcentral.org/life/martyr Mar syriac   oca.org   glaubenszeugen.de/tage/kai/08 Serbian   http://www.copticchurch.net  Melkite
Monthly Saints with pics here http://www.stfrancisenid.com/memorials.htm  antiochian.org/AW-WomenSaints--wonderful icons
Lutheran Saints  One Saint per day stthomasirondequoit.com/SaintsAlive/index.htm    stjohndc.org  God's Humourous Saints


Join Mary of Nazareth Project help us build the International Marian Center of Nazareth.

http://www.worldpriest.com/
THE EUCHARIST, A MYSTERY TO BE BELIEVED POST-SYNODAL APOSTOLIC EXHORTATION
SACRAMENTUM CARITATIS OF THE HOLY FATHER BENEDICT XVI
Morning Prayer and Hymn    Meditation of the Day    Prayer for Priests    Our Bartholomew Family Prayer List  Here
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The_Litany_of_the_Blessed_Virgin.html  
Patron_Saints.html    Angels and Archangels html
Marian Apparitions. html  Doctors_of_the_Church
   We are called upon with the whole Church militant on earth to join in praising and thanking God for the grace and glory he has bestowed on his saints. At the same time we earnestly implore Him to exert His almighty power and mercy in raising us from our miseries and sins, healing the disorders of our souls and leading us by the path of repentance to the company of His saints, to which He has called us.
   They were once what we are now, travellers on earth they had the same weaknesses, which we have. We have difficulties to encounter so had the saints, and many of them far greater than we can meet with; obstacles from kings and whole nations, sometimes from the prisons, racks and swords of persecutors. Yet they surmounted these difficulties, which they made the very means of their virtue and victories. It was by the strength they received from above, not by their own, that they triumphed. But the blood of Christ was shed for us as it was for them and the grace of our Redeemer is not wanting to us; if we fail, the failure is in ourselves.
   THE saints and just, from the beginning of time and throughout the world, who have been made perfect, everlasting monuments of God’s infinite power and clemency, praise His goodness without ceasing; casting their crowns before His throne they give to Him all the glory of their triumphs: “His gifts alone in us He crowns.”
“The saints must be honored as friends of Christ and children and heirs of God, as John the theologian and evangelist says: ‘But as many as received him, he gave them the power to be made the sons of God....’ Let us carefully observe the manner of life of all the apostles, martyrs, ascetics and just men who announced the coming of the Lord. And let us emulate their faith, charity, hope, zeal, life, patience under suffering, and perseverance unto death, so that we may also share their crowns of glory” Exposition of the Orthodox Faith

Called in the Gospel the Mother of Jesus, Mary is acclaimed by Elizabeth, at the prompting of the Spirit and even before the birth of her son, as the Mother of my Lord (Lk 1:43; Jn 2:1; 19:25; cf. Mt 13:55; et al.). In fact, the One whom she conceived as man by the Holy Spirit, who truly became her Son according to the flesh, was none other than the Father's eternal Son,  the second person of the Holy Trinity.
Hence the Church confesses that Mary is truly Mother of God (Theotokos).
Catechism of the Catholic Church 495, quoting the Council of Ephesus (431): DS 251.
Nine First Fridays Devotion to the Sacred Heart ... From the writings of St. Margaret Mary Alacoque
On Friday during Holy Communion, He said these words to me, His unworthy slave, if I mistake not:
I promise you in the excessive mercy of my Heart that its all-powerful love will grant to all those who receive Holy Communion on nine first Fridays of consecutive months the grace of final repentance; they will not die under my displeasure or without receiving their sacraments, my divine Heart making itself their assured refuge at the last moment.
Margaret Mary was inspired by Christ to establish the Holy Hour and to pray lying prostrate with her face to the ground from eleven till midnight on the eve of the first Friday of each month, to share in the mortal sadness.
He endured when abandoned by His Apostles in His Agony, and to receive holy Communion on the first Friday of every month. In the first great revelation, He made known to her His ardent desire to be loved by men and His design of manifesting His Heart with all Its treasures of love and mercy, of sanctification and salvation.
He appointed the Friday after the octave of the feast of Corpus Christi as the feast of the Sacred Heart; He called her the Beloved Disciple of the Sacred Heart, and the heiress of all Its treasures. The love of the Sacred Heart was the fire which consumed her, and devotion to the Sacred Heart is the refrain of all her writings. In her last illness she refused all alleviation, repeating frequently: What have I in heaven and what do I desire on earth, but Thee alone, O my God, and died pronouncing the Holy Name of Jesus.
With regard to this promise it may be remarked: (1) that our Lord required Communion to be received on a particular day chosen by Him; (2) that the nine Fridays must be consecutive; (3) that they must be made in honor of His Sacred Heart, which means that those who make the nine Fridays must practice the devotion and must have a great love for our Lord; (4) that our Lord does not say that those who make the nine Fridays will be dispensed from any of their obligations or from exercising the vigilance necessary to lead a good life and overcome temptation; rather He implicitly promises abundant graces to those who make the nine Fridays to help them to carry out these obligations and persevere to the end; (5) that perseverance in receiving Holy Communion for nine consecutive First Firdays helps the faithful to acquire the habit of frequent Communion, which our Lord eagerly desires; and (6) that the practice of the nine Fridays is very pleasing to our Lord He promises such great reward, and all Catholics should endeavor to make nine Fridays.
How do I start the Five First Saturdays? by Fr. Tom O'Mahony
On July 13,1917, Our Lady appeared for the third time to the three children of Fatima an showed them the vision of hell and made the now - famous thirteen prophecies. In this vision Our Lady said that 'GOD WISHES TO ESTABLISH IN THE WORLD DEVOTION to Her Immaculate Heart and that She would come TO ASK FOR THE COMMUNION OF REPARATION ON THE FIRST SATURDAYS...'  Eight years later, on December 10, 1925, Our Lady did indeed come back. She appeared (with the Child Jesus) to Lucia in the convent of the Dorothean Sisters in Pontevedra.
The Child Jesus spoke first:
'HAVE COMPASSION ON THE HEART OF YOUR MOST HOLY MOTHER WHICH IS COVERED WITH THORNS WITH WHICH UNGRATEFUL MEN PIERCE IT AT EVERY MOMENT, WHILE THERE IS NO ONE TO REMOVE THEM WITH AN ACT OF REPARATION.'

THE GREAT PROMISE
Our Lady then said: 'MY DAUGHTER LOOK AT MY HEART SURROUNDED WITH THORNS WITH WHICH UNGRATEFUL MEN PIERCE IT AT EVERY MOMENT BY THEIR BLASPHEMIES AND INGRATITUDE. YOU, AT LEAST, TRY TO CONSOLE ME, AND SAY THAT I PROMISE TO ASSIST AT THE HOUR OF DEATH WITH ALL THE GRACES NECESSARY FOR SALVATION, ALL THOSE WHO, ON THE FIRST SATURDAY OF FIVE CONSECUTIVE MONTHS GO TO CONFESSION AND RECEIVE HOLY COMMUNION, RECITE FIVE DECADES OF THE ROSARY AND KEEP ME COMPANY FOR A QUARTER OF AN HOUR WHILE MEDITATING ON MYSTERIES OF THE ROSARY, WITH THE INTENTION OF MAKING REPARATION TO ME.'

The Five Reasons
Lucia once asked this question of Our Lord and received as an answer: 'MY DAUGHTER, THE MOTIVE IS SIMPLE, THERE ARE FIVE KINDS OF OFFENCES AND BLASPHEMIES UTTERED AGAINST THE IMMACULATE HEART OF MARY: (1) BLASPHEMIES AGAINST THE IMMACULATE CONCEPTION: (2) BLASPHEMIES AGAINST HER VIRGINITY: (3) BLASPHEMIES AGAINST HER DIVINE MATERNITY: (4) BLASPHEMIES OF THOSE WHO OPENLY SEEK TO FOSTER IN THE HEARTS OF CHILDREN INDIFFERENCE OR EVEN HATRED FOR THIS IMMACULATE MOTHER: (5) THE OFFENCES OF THOSE WHO DIRECTLY OUTRAGE HER IN HOLY IMAGES.'
From the above, it is easy to see that each of the Five Saturdays can correspond to a specific offence. By offering the graces received during each First Saturday as reparation for the offence being prayed for, the participant can hope to help remove the thorns from Our Lady's Heart.
What Do I Have To Do?
The devotion of First Saturdays, as requested by Our Lady of Fatima, carries with it the assurance of salvation. However, to derive profit from such a great promise of Our Lady, the devotion must be properly understood and duly performed.
The requirements as stipulated by Our Lady are as follows:
(1) CONFESSION, (2) COMMUNION, (3) FIVE DECADES OF THE ROSARY, (4) MEDITATION ON ONE OR MORE OF THE ROSARY MYSTERIES FOR FIFTEEN MINUTES, (5) TO DO ALL THESE THINGS IN THE SPIRIT OF REPARATION TO THE IMMACULATE HEART OF MARY, and (6) TO OBSERVE ALL THESE PRACTICES ON THE FIRST SATURDAY OF FIVE CONSECUTIVE MONTHS.
(1) CONFESSION: A reparative confession means that the confession should not only be good (valid and licit), but also be offered in the spirit of reparation, in this case, to Mary's Immaculate Heart. This confession may be made on the First Saturday itself or some days before or after the First Saturday within the preceding octave would suffice.
(2) COMMUNION: The communion of reparation must be sacramental duly received with the intention of making reparation. This offering, like the confession, is an interior act and so no external action to express the intention is needed.
(3) THE ROSARY: The Rosary mentioned here was indicated by the Portuguese word 'terco' which is commonly employed to denote a Rosary of five decades, since it forms a fourth of the full Rosary of 20 decades. This too must recited in a spirit of reparation.
(4) MEDITATION FOR FIFTEEN MINUTES: Here the meditation on one mystery or more is to be made without simultaneous recitation of the Rosary decade. As indicated, the meditation may be either on one mystery alone for 15 minutes, or on all 20 mysteries, spending about one minute on each mystery, or again, on two or more mysteries during the period. This can also be made before each decade spending three minutes or more in considering the mystery of the particular decade. This meditation has likewise to be made in the spirit of reparation to the Immaculate Heart.
(5) THE SPIRIT OF REPARATION: All these acts, as said above, have to be done with the intention of offering reparation to the Immaculate Heart of Mary for the offences committed against Her. Everyone who offends Her commits, so to speak, a two-fold offence, for these sins also offend her Divine Son, Christ, and so endanger our salvation. They give bad example to others and weaken the strength of society to withstand immoral onslaughts. Such devotions therefore make us consider not only the enormity of the offence against God, but also the effect of sins on human society as well as the need for undoing these social effects even when the offender repents and is converted. Further, this reparation emphasises our responsibility towards sinners who, themselves, will not pray and make reparation for their sins.
(6) FIVE CONSECUTIVE FIRST SATURDAYS: The idea of the Five First Saturdays is obviously to make us persevere in the devotional acts for these Saturdays and overcome initial difficulties. Once this is done, Our Lady knows that the person would become devoted to Her immaculate Heart and persist in practising such devotion on all First Saturdays, working thereby for personal self-reform and for the salvation of others.

Unless Russia is converted, the movement against God and for sin will continue to spread, promoting wars and persecutions, and making the attainment for peace and justice impossible for this world. One means of obtaining Russia's conversion is to practise the Fatima Message. The stakes are so great that to encourage Catholics to practise the devotion of the First Saturdays, Our Lady has assured us that She will obtain salvation for all those who observe the first Saturdays for five consecutive months in accordance with Her conditions.
At the supreme moment the departing person will be either in the state of grace or not. In either case Our Lady will be by his side. If in the state of grace, She will console and help him to resist whatever temptations the devil might put before him in his last attempt to take the person with him to hell. If not in the state of grace, Our Lady will help the person to repent in a manner agreeable to God and so benefit by the fruits of redemption and be saved.
THE EUCHARIST, A MYSTERY TO BE BELIEVED POST-SYNODAL APOSTOLIC EXHORTATION
SACRAMENTUM CARITATIS OF THE HOLY FATHER BENEDICT XVI
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Pius IX 1846--1878 • Leo XIII 1878-1903 • Pius X 1903-1914• Benedict XV 1914-1922 • Pius XI 1922-1939 • Pius XII 1939-1958 • John XXIII 1958-1963 • Paul VI 1963 to 1978 • John Paul • John Paul II 10/16/1975-4/2/2005 Benedict XVI

"The answers to many of life's questions can be found by reading the Lives of the Saints. They teach us how to overcome obstacles and difficulties, how to stand firm in our faith, and how to struggle against evil and emerge victorious."  1913 Saint Barsanuphius of Optina
The more "extravagant" graces are bestowed NOT for the benefit of the recipients so much as FOR benefit of others.
Non est inventus similis illis
God calls each one of us to be a saint in order to get into heaven.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints today

Cross Not Optional, Says Benedict XVI
Reflects on Peter's "Immature" Faith CASTEL GANDOLFO, Italy, AUG. 31, 2008 (Zenit.org).-
Taking up one's cross isn't an option, it's a mission all Christians are called to, says Benedict XVI.
The Pope said this today before reciting the midday Angelus with several thousand people gathered in the courtyard of the papal summer residence at Castel Gandolfo, south of Rome.
Referring to the Gospel reading for today's Mass, the Holy Father reflected on the faith of Peter, which is shown to be "still immature and too much influenced by the 'mentality of this world.'”  He explained that when Christ spoke openly about how he was to "suffer much, be killed and rise again, Peter protests, saying: 'God forbid, Lord! No such thing shall ever happen to you.'"
"It is evident that the Master and the disciple follow two opposed ways of thinking," continued the Pontiff. "Peter, according to a human logic, is convinced that God would never allow his Son to end his mission dying on the cross.  "Jesus, on the contrary, knows that the Father, in his great love for men, sent him to give his life for them, and if this means the passion and the cross, it is right that such should happen."
Christ also knew that "the resurrection would be the last word," Benedict XVI added.
Serious illness
The Pope continued, "If to save us the Son of God had to suffer and die crucified, it certainly was not because of a cruel design of the heavenly Father.  "The cause of it is the gravity of the sickness of which he must cure us: an evil so serious and deadly that it will require all of his blood. 
"In fact, it is with his death and resurrection that Jesus defeated sin and death, reestablishing the lordship of God."

Quote: Pope Paul VI’s 1969 Instruction on the Contemplative Life includes this passage:  
 "To withdraw into the desert is for Christians tantamount to associating themselves more intimately with Christ’s passion, and it enables them, in a very special way, to share in the paschal mystery and in the passage of Our Lord from this world to the heavenly homeland" (#1).

God calls each one of us to be a saint in order to get into heaven.

"The answers to many of life's questions can be found by reading the Lives of the Saints. They teach us how to overcome obstacles and difficulties, how to stand firm in our faith, and how to struggle against evil and emerge victorious."  1913 Saint Barsanuphius of Optina
The more "extravagant" graces are bestowed NOT for the benefit of the recipients so much as FOR benefit of others.
Non est inventus similis illis

Quote: Pope Paul VI’s 1969 Instruction on the Contemplative Life includes this passage:  
 "To withdraw into the desert is for Christians tantamount to associating themselves more intimately with Christ’s passion, and it enables them, in a very special way, to share in the paschal mystery and in the passage of Our Lord from this world to the heavenly homeland" (#1).

"Christianity is not a moral code or a philosophy, but an encounter with a person" -- Benedict XVI

"To withdraw into the desert is for Christians tantamount to associating themselves more intimately with Christ’s passion, and it enables them, in a very special way, to share in the paschal mystery and in the passage of Our Lord from this world to the heavenly homeland" (#1).



Paul VI_Athenagoras_05_01_1964
  Quote: Pope Paul VI’s 1969 Instruction on the Contemplative Life includes this passage:  
 "To withdraw into the desert is for Christians tantamount to associating themselves more intimately with Christ’s passion, and it enables them, in a very special way, to share in the paschal mystery and in the passage of Our Lord from this world to the heavenly homeland" (#1).

Christianity is not a moral code or a philosophy, but an encounter with a person
 -- Benedict XVI

Benedict_XVI_Patriarch_Bartholomew

Benedict XVI_Archbishop_Hilarion
Benedict XVI receives Orthodox Archbishop Hilarion n September 18th, Pope Benedict XVI;  Archbishop Hilarion, president of the Department for External Church Affairs of the Patriarchate of Moscow.
The Orthodox Archbishop is currently visiting the Vatican at the invitation of Cardinal Kasper, president of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity.
This Pontifical Council underlined that the visit will confirm the ties of friendship between the Catholic Church and the Russian Orthodox Church, with a view to closer collaboration and to favor the presence of the Church in the lives of the peoples of Europe and the world.
In addition, a further step in ecumenical relations is scheduled for the month of October in Cyprus: the meeting of the Joint International Commission for the Theological Dialogue between the Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church, which will address the theme of Petrine Primacy.
Benedict XVI met with Aram I Catholicos of Cilicia, the highest authority of the Orthodox Church.  The Pope remembered the martyrs of the Armenian Church and the Armenian genocide, without explicitly mentioning it, and denounced the persecution of Christians in modern times.  Benedict XVI
That testimony culminated in the twentieth century, which proved a time of Unspeakable suffering for your people. Most recently we have all been saddened by the escalation of persecution and violence against Christians in parts of the Middle East and elsewhere.
The Catholicos is based in Lebanon. That is why, the Pope said, he prays every day for peace in this country and throughout the Middle East. Benedict XVI said there will only be peace in the region when each country is free to decide its own destiny and when every ethnic and religious group accepts and respects the others. Aram I emphasized that the churches must be means for peace and to achieve that they must recognize all genocides, even the Armenian.. The Catholicos recalled his meeting with John Paul II, adding that this visit represents a new step for ecumenical dialogue.
Aram I Catholicos
Our meeting is an opportunity to pray and reflect together, and to renew our commitment and efforts for Christian unity.
Armenian church members from all over the world join with Catholicos in making pilgrimages to Rome.

The great psalm of the Passion, Chapter 22, whose first verse “My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?”
Jesus pronounced on the cross, ended with the vision: “All the ends of the earth shall remember and turn to the Lord;
and all the families of the nations shall worship before him
For kingship belongs to the LORD, the ruler over the nations. All who sleep in the earth will bow low before God; All who have gone down into the dust will kneel in homage. And I will live for the LORD; my descendants will serve you. The generation to come will be told of the Lord, that they may proclaim to a people yet unborn the deliverance you have brought.
Pope Benedict XVI to The Catholic Church In China {whole article here} 2000 years of the Catholic Church in China
The saints “a cloud of witnesses over our head”, showing us life of Christian perfection is possible.

THE PSALTER OF THE BLESSED VIRGIN MARY  PSALM 31

Blessed are they whose hearts love thee, O Virgin Mary: their sins will be mercifully washed away by thee.
Holy, chaste, and flowering are thy breasts: which blossomed into the flower of eternal greenness.
The beauty of thy grace will never see corruption: and the grace of thy countenance will never fade.
Blessed art thou, O sublime Rod of Jesse: for thou hast raised thyself unto Him who sits in the highest.
O Virgin Queen, thou thyself art the way by which salvation from on high hath visited us.

Glory be to the Father who created Heaven and earth; His only Son who lived and died for all of us;
and the Holy Spirit the Lord giver of life, Who proceeds from the Father and Son, with the Father and Son He is Worshiped and Glorified, and He has spoken through the prophets:  Amen.


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Saint Frances Xavier Seelos  Practical Guide to Holiness
1. Go to Mass with deepest devotion. 2. Spend a half hour to reflect upon your main failing & make resolutions to avoid it.
3. Do daily spiritual reading for at least 15 minutes, if a half hour is not possible.  4. Say the rosary every day.
5. Also daily, if at all possible, visit the Blessed Sacrament; toward evening, meditate on the Passion of Christ for a half hour, 6.  Conclude the day with evening prayer & an examination of conscience over all the faults & sins of the day.
7.  Every month make a review of the month in confession.
8. Choose a special patron every month & imitate that patron in some special virtue.
9. Precede every great feast with a novena that is nine days of devotion. 10. Try to begin & end every activity with a Hail Mary

My God, I believe, I adore, I trust and I love Thee.  I beg pardon for those who do not believe, do not adore, do not
O most Holy trinity, Father, Son and Holy Spirit, I adore Thee profoundly.  I offer Thee the most precious Body, Blood, Soul and Divinity of Jesus Christ, present in all the Tabernacles of the world, in reparation for the outrages, sacrileges and indifference by which He is offended, and by the infite merits of the Sacred Heart of Jesus and the Immaculate Heart of Mary.  I beg the conversion of poor sinners,  Fatima Prayer, Angel of Peace
The voice of the Father is heard, the Son enters the water, and the Holy Spirit appears in the form of a dove.
THE spirit and example of the world imperceptibly instil the error into the minds of many that there is a kind of middle way of going to Heaven; and so, because the world does not live up to the gospel, they bring the gospel down to the level of the world. It is not by this example that we are to measure the Christian rule, but words and life of Christ. All His followers are commanded to labour to become perfect even as our heavenly Father is perfect, and to bear His image in our hearts that we may be His children. We are obliged by the gospel to die to ourselves by fighting self-love in our hearts, by the mastery of our passions, by taking on the spirit of our Lord.
   These are the conditions under which Christ makes His promises and numbers us among His children, as is manifest from His words which the apostles have left us in their inspired writings. Here is no distinction made or foreseen between the apostles or clergy or religious and secular persons. The former, indeed, take upon themselves certain stricter obligations, as a means of accomplishing these ends more perfectly; but the law of holiness and of disengagement of the heart from the world is general and binds all the followers of Christ.
God loves variety. He doesn't mass-produce his saints. Every saint is unique each the result of a new idea.
As the liturgy says: Non est inventus similis illis--there are no two exactly alike.
It is we with our lack of imagination, who paint the same haloes on all the saints.

Dear Lord, grant us a spirit not bound by our own ideas and preferences.
 
Grant that we may be able to appreciate in others what we lack in ourselves.

O Lord, grant that we may understand that every saint must be a unique praise of Your glory.
 
Catholic saints are holy people and human people who lived extraordinary lives.
Each saint the Church honors responded to God's invitation to use his or her unique gifts.
The 15 Promises of the Virgin Mary to those who recite the Rosary ) Revealed to St. Dominic and Blessed Alan)
1.    Whoever shall faithfully serve me by the recitation of the Rosary, shall receive signal graces. 2.    I promise my special protection and the greatest graces to all those who shall recite the Rosary. 3.    The Rosary shall be a powerful armor against hell, it will destroy vice, decrease sin, and defeat heresies. 4.    It will cause virtue and good works to flourish; it will obtain for souls the abundant mercy of God; it will withdraw the hearts of people from the love of the world and its vanities, and will lift them to the desire of eternal things.  Oh, that soul would sanctify them by this means.  5.    The soul that recommends itself to me by the recitation of the Rosary shall not perish. 6.    Whoever shall recite the Rosary devoutly, applying themselves to the consideration of its Sacred Mysteries shall never be conquered by misfortune.  God will not chastise them in His justice, they shall not perish by an unprovided death; if they be just, they shall remain in the grace of God, and become worthy of eternal life. 7.    Whoever shall have a true devotion for the Rosary shall not die without the Sacraments of the Church. 8.    Those who are faithful to recite the Rosary shall have during their life and at their death the light of God and the plentitude of His graces; at the moment of death they shall participate in the merits of the Saints in Paradise. 9.    I shall deliver from purgatory those who have been devoted to the Rosary. 10.    The faithful children of the Rosary shall merit a high degree of glory in Heaven.  11.    You shall obtain all you ask of me by the recitation of the Rosary. 12.    I shall aid all those who propagate the Holy Rosary in their necessities. 13.    I have obtained from my Divine Son that all the advocates of the Rosary shall have for intercessors the entire celestial court during their life and at the hour of death. 14.    All who recite the Rosary are my children, and brothers and sisters of my only Son, Jesus Christ. 15.    Devotion to my Rosary is a great sign of predestination.
His Holiness Aram I, current (2008) Catholicos of Cilicia of Armenians, whose See is located in Lebanese town of Antelias. The Catholicosate was founded in Sis, capital of Cilicia, in the year 1441 following the move of the Catholicosate of All Armenians back to its original See of Etchmiadzin in Armenia. The Catholicosate of Cilicia enjoyed local jurisdiction, though spiritually subject to the authority of Etchmiadzin. In 1921 the See was transferred to Aleppo in Syria, and in 1930 to Antelias.
Its jurisdiction currently extends to Syria, Cyprus, Iran and Greece.
Aramaic dialect of Edessa, now known as Syriac
The exact date of the introduction of Christianity into Edessa {Armenian Ourhaï in Arabic Er Roha, commonly Orfa or Urfa, its present name} is not known. It is certain, however, that the Christian community was at first made up from the Jewish population of the city. According to an ancient legend, King Abgar V, Ushana, was converted by Addai, who was one of the seventy-two disciples. In fact, however, the first King of Edessa to embrace the Christian Faith was Abgar IX (c. 206) becoming official kingdom religion.
  Christian council held at Edessa early as 197 (Eusebius, Hist. Eccl., V,xxiii).
In 201 the city was devastated by a great flood, and the Christian church was destroyed (“Chronicon Edessenum”, ad. an. 201).
In 232 the relics of the Apostle St. Thomas were brought from India, on which occasion his Syriac Acts were written.
Under Roman domination martyrs suffered at Edessa: Sts. Scharbîl and Barsamya, under Decius; Sts. Gûrja, Schâmôna, Habib, and others under Diocletian. 
In the meanwhile Christian priests from Edessa evangelized Eastern Mesopotamia and Persia, established the first Churches in the kingdom of the Sassanides.  Atillâtiâ, Bishop of Edessa, assisted at the Council of Nicæa (325). The “Peregrinatio Silviæ” (or Etheriæ) (ed. Gamurrini, Rome, 1887, 62 sqq.) gives an account of the many sanctuaries at Edessa about 388.
Although Hebrew had been the language of the ancient Israelite kingdom, after their return from Exile the Jews turned more and more to Aramaic, using it for parts of the books of Ezra and Daniel in the Bible. By the time of Jesus, Aramaic was the main language of Palestine, and quite a number of texts from the Dead Sea Scrolls are also written in Aramaic.
Aramaic continued to be an important language for Jews, alongside Hebrew, and parts of the Talmud are written in it.
After Arab conquests of the seventh century, Arabic quickly replaced Aramaic as the main language of those who converted to Islam, although in out of the way places, Aramaic continued as a vernacular language of Muslims.
Aramaic, however, enjoyed its greatest success in Christianity. Although the New Testament wins written in Greek, Christianity had come into existence in an Aramaic-speaking milieu, and it was the Aramaic dialect of Edessa, now known as Syriac, that became the literary language of a large number of Christians living in the eastern provinces of the Roman Empire and in the Persian Empire, further east. Over the course of the centuries the influence of the Syriac Churches spread eastwards to China (in Xian, in western China, a Chinese-Syriac inscription dated 781 is still to be seen); to southern India where the state of Kerala can boast more Christians of Syriac liturgical tradition than anywhere else in the world.

680 Shiite saint Imam Hussein, grandson of Islam's Prophet Muhammad Known as Ashoura and observed by Shiites across the world, the 10th day of the lunar Muslim month of Muharram: the anniversary of the 7th century death in battle of one of Shiite Islam's most beloved saints.  Imam Hussein died in the 680 A.D. battle fought on the plains outside Karbala, a city in modern Iraq that's home to the saint's shrine.  The battle over a dispute about the leadership of the Muslim faith following Muhammad's death in 632 A.D. It is the defining event in Islam's split into Sunni and Shiite branches.  The occasion is the source of an enduring moral lesson. "He sacrificed his blood to teach us not to give in to corruption, coercion, or use of force and to seek honor and justice."  According to Shiite beliefs, Hussein and companions were denied water by enemies who controlled the nearby Euphrates.  Streets get partially covered with blood from slaughter of hundreds of cows and sheep. Volunteers cook the meat and feed it to the poor.  Hussein's martyrdom recounted through a rich body of prose, poetry and song remains an inspirational example of sacrifice to many Shiites, 10 percent of the world's estimated 1.3 billion Muslims.
Meeting of the Saints  walis (saints of Allah)
Great men covet to embrace martyrdom for a cause and principle.
So was the case with Hazrat Ali. He could have made a compromise with the evil forces of his time and, as a result, could have led a very comfortable, easy and luxurious life.  But he was not a person who would succumb to such temptations. His upbringing, his education and his training in the lap of the holy Prophet made him refuse such an offer.
Rabia Al-Basri (717–801 C.E.) She was first to set forth the doctrine of mystical love and who is widely considered to be the most important of the early Sufi poets. An elderly Shia pointed out that during his pre-Partition childhood it was quite common to find pictures and portraits of Shia icons in Imambaras across the country.
Shah Abdul Latif: The Exalted Sufi Master born 1690 in a Syed family; died 1754. In ancient times, Sindh housed the exemplary Indus Valley Civilisation with Moenjo Daro as its capital, and now, it is the land of a culture which evolved from the teachings of eminent Sufi saints. Pakistan is home to the mortal remains of many Sufi saints, the exalted among them being Shah Abdul Latif Bhittai, a practitioner of the real Islam, philosopher, poet, musicologist and preacher. He presented his teaching through poetry and music - both instruments sublime - and commands a very large following, not only among Muslims but also among Hindus and Christians. Sindh culture: The Shah is synonymous with Sindh. He is the very fountainhead of Sindh's culture. His message remains as fresh as that of any present day poet, and the people of Sindh find solace from his writings. He did indeed think for Sindh. One of his prayers, in exquisite Sindhi, translates thus: “Oh God, may ever You on Sindh bestow abundance rare! Beloved! All the world let share Thy grace, and fruitful be.”
Shia Ali al-Hadi, died 868 and son Hassan al-Askari 874. These saints are the 10th and 11th of Shia's 12 most revered Imams. Baba Farid Sufi 1398 miracle, Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki renowned Muslim Sufi saint scholar miracles 569 A.H. [1173 C.E.] hermit gave to poor, Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti greatest mystic of his time born 533 Hijri (1138-39 A.D.), Hazrat Ghuas-e Azam, Hazrat Bu Ali Sharif, and Hazrat Nizamuddin Aulia Sufi Saint Hazrath Khwaja Syed Mohammed Badshah Quadri Chisty Yamani Quadeer (RA)
1236-1325 welcomed people of all faiths & all walks of life
To Save A Life is Earthly; Saving A Soul is Eternal Donation by mail, please send check or money order to:
Eternal Word Television Network 5817 Old Leeds Rd. Irondale, AL 35210  USA
  Catholic Television Network  Supported entirely by donations from viewers  help  spread the Eternal Word, online Here
Mother Angelica saving souls is this beautiful womans journey Shrine_of_The_Most_Blessed_Sacrament
Colombia was among the countries Mother Angelica visited. 
In Bogotá, a Salesian priest - Father Juan Pablo Rodriguez - brought Mother and the nuns to the Sanctuary of the Divine Infant Jesus to attend Mass.  After Mass, Father Juan Pablo took them into a small Shrine which housed the miraculous statue of the Child Jesus. Mother Angelica stood praying at the side of the statue when suddenly the miraculous image came alive and turned towards her.  Then the Child Jesus spoke with the voice of a young boy:  “Build Me a Temple and I will help those who help you.” 

Thus began a great adventure that would eventually result in the Shrine of the Most Blessed Sacrament, a Temple dedicated to the Divine Child Jesus, a place of refuge for all. Use this link to read a remarkable story about
The Shrine of the Most Blessed Sacrament
Father Reardon, Editor of The Catholic Bulletin for 14 years Lover of the poor; A very Holy Man of God.
Monsignor Reardon Protonotarius Apostolicus
 
Pastor 42 years BASILICA OF SAINT MARY Minneapolis MN
America's First Basilica Largest Nave in the World
August 7, 1907-ground broke for the foundation
by Archbishop Ireland-laying cornerstone May 31, 1908
James M. Reardon Publication History of Basilica of Saint Mary 1600-1932
James M. Reardon Publication  History of the Basilica of Saint Mary 1955 {update}

Brief History of our Beloved Holy Priest Here and his published books of Catholic History in North America
Reardon, J.M. Archbishop Ireland; Prelate, Patriot, Publicist, 1838-1918.
A Memoir (St. Paul; 1919); George Anthony Belcourt Pioneer Catholic Missionary of the Northwest 1803-1874 (1955);
The Catholic Church IN THE DIOCESE OF ST. PAUL from earliest origin to centennial achievement
1362-1950 (1952);

The Church of Saint Mary of Saint Paul 1875-1922;
  (1932)
The Vikings in the American Heartland;
The Catholic Total Abstinence Society in Minnesota;
James Michael Reardon Born in Nova Scotia, 1872;  Priest, ordained by Bishop Ireland;
Member -- St. Paul Seminary faculty.
Affiliations and Indulgence Litany of Loretto in Stained glass windows here.  Nave Sacristy and Residence Here
Sanctuary
spaces between them filled with grilles of hand-forged wrought iron the
life of our Blessed Lady After the crucifixon
Apostle statues Replicas of those in St John Lateran--Christendom's earliest Basilica.
Ordered by Rome's first Christian Emperor, Constantine the Great, Popes' cathedral and official residence first millennium of Christian history.

The only replicas ever made:  in order from west to east {1932}.
Every Christian must be a living book wherein one can read the teaching of the gospel
 
It Makes No Sense
Not To Believe In GOD
THE BLESSED MOTHER AND ISLAM By Father John Corapi
  June 19, Trinity Sunday, 1991: Ordained Catholic Priest under Pope John Paul II;
then 2,000,000 miles delivering the Gospel to millions, and continues to do so.
By Father John Corapi, SOLT
Among the most important titles we have in the Catholic Church for the Blessed Virgin Mary are Our Lady of Victory and Our Lady of the Rosary. These titles can be traced back to one of the most decisive times in the history of the world and Christendom. The Battle of Lepanto took place on October 7 (date of feast of Our Lady of Rosary), 1571. This proved to be the most crucial battle for the Christian forces against the radical Muslim navy of Turkey. Pope Pius V led a procession around St. Peter’s Square in Vatican City praying the Rosary. He showed true pastoral leadership in recognizing the danger posed to Christendom by the radical Muslim forces, and in using the means necessary to defeat it. Spiritual battles require spiritual weapons, and this more than anything was a battle that had its origins in the spiritual order—a true battle between good and evil.

Today we have a similar spiritual battle in progress—a battle between the forces of good and evil, light and darkness, truth and lies, life and death. If we do not soon stop the genocide of abortion in the United States, we shall run the course of all those that prove by their actions that they are enemies of God—total collapse, economic, social, and national. The moral demise of a nation results in the ultimate demise of a nation. God is not a disinterested spectator to the affairs of man. Life begins at conception. This is an unalterable formal teaching of the Catholic Church. If you do not accept this you are a heretic in plain English. A single abortion is homicide. The more than 48,000,000 abortions since Roe v. Wade in the United States constitute genocide by definition. The group singled out for death—unwanted, unborn children.

No other issue, not all other issues taken together, can constitute a proportionate reason for voting for candidates that intend to preserve and defend this holocaust of innocent human life that is abortion.

As we watch the spectacle of the world seeming to self-destruct before our eyes, we can’t help but be saddened and even frightened by so much evil run rampant. Iraq, Lebanon, Afghanistan, Somalia, North Korea—It is all a disaster of epic proportions displayed in living color on our television screens.  These are not ordinary times and this is not business as usual. We are at a crossroads in human history and the time for Catholics and all Christians to act is now. All evil can ultimately be traced to its origin, which is moral evil. All of the political action, peace talks, international peacekeeping forces, etc. will avail nothing if the underlying sickness is not addressed. This is sin. One person at a time hearts and minds must be moved from evil to good, from lies to truth, from violence to peace.

Islam, an Arabic word that has often been defined as “to make peace,” seems like a living contradiction today. Islam is a religion of peace.  As we celebrate the birthday of Our Lady, I am proposing that each one of us pray the Rosary for peace. Prayer is what must precede all other activity if that activity is to have any chance of success. Pray for peace, pray the Rosary every day without fail.  There is a great love for Mary among Muslim people. It is not a coincidence that a little village named Fatima is where God chose to have His Mother appear in the twentieth century. Our Lady’s name appears no less than thirty times in the Koran. No other woman’s name is mentioned, not even that of Mohammed’s daughter, Fatima. In the Koran Our Lady is described as “Virgin, ever Virgin.”

Archbishop Fulton Sheen prophetically spoke of the resurgence of Islam in our day. He said it would be through the Blessed Virgin Mary that Islam would be converted. We must pray for this to happen quickly if we are to avert a horrible time of suffering for this poor, sinful world. Turn to our Mother in this time of great peril. Pray the Rosary every day. Then, and only then will there be peace, when the hearts and minds of men are changed from the inside.
Talk is weak. Prayer is strong. Pray!  God bless you, Father John Corapi

Father Corapi's Biography

Father John Corapi is what has commonly been called a late vocation. In other words, he came to the priesthood other than a young man. He was 44 years old when he was ordained. From small town boy to the Vietnam era US Army, from successful businessman in Las Vegas and Hollywood to drug addicted and homeless, to religious life and ordination to the priesthood by Pope John Paul II, to a life as a preacher of the Gospel who has reached millions with the simple message that God's Name is Mercy!

Father Corapi's academic credentials are quite extensive. He received a Bachelor of Business Administration degree from Pace University in the seventies. Then as an older man returned to the university classrooms in preparation for his life as a priest and preacher. He received all of his academic credentials for the Church with honors: a Masters degree in Sacred Scripture from Holy Apostles Seminary and Bachelor, Licentiate, and Doctorate degrees in dogmatic theology from the University of Navarre in Spain.

Since his ordination to the priesthood in 1991 Fr. Corapi has traveled over 2,000,000 miles preaching the Gospel. He has preached in 49 of the 50 states, all of the Canadian provinces except NewFoundland, and several other foreign countries. He is currently engaged in preaching and teaching the Catholic faith by way of the means of social communication: television, radio, the internet, and various other multi-media formats.

  Father John Corapi goes to the heart of the contemporary world's many woes and wars, whether the wars in Afghanistan, Iraq, Lebanon, Somalia, or the Congo, or the natural disasters that seem to be increasing every year, the moral and spiritual war is at the basis of everything. “Our battle is not against human forces,” St. Paul asserts, “but against principalities and powers, against the world rulers of this present darkness...” (Ephesians 6:12). 
The “War to end all wars” is the moral and spiritual combat that rages in the hearts and minds of human beings. The outcome of that  unseen fight largely determines how the battle in the realm of the seen unfolds.  The title talk, “With the Moon Under Her Feet,” is taken from the twelfth chapter of the Book of Revelation, and deals with the current threat to the world from radical Islam, and the Blessed Virgin Mary's role in the ultimate victory that will result in the conversion of Islam. Few Catholics are aware of the connection between Islam, Fatima, and Guadalupe. Presented in Father Corapi's straight-forward style, you will be both inspired and educated by him.

About Father John Corapi.
Father Corapi is a Catholic priest .
The pillars of father's preaching are basically:
Love for and a relationship with the Blessed Virgin Mary 
Leading a vibrant and loving relationship with Jesus Christ
Great love and reverence for the Most Holy Eucharist from Holy Mass to adoration of the Blessed Sacrament
An uncompromising love for and obedience to the Holy Father and the teaching of the Magisterium of the Church

LINKS:
Marian Apparitions (over 2000)  India Marian Shrine Lourdes of the East   Lourdes Feb 11- July 16, Loreto, Italy 1858 
China
Marian shrines
May 23, 1995 Zarvintisya Ukraine Lourdes Kenya national Marian shrine    Quang Tri Vietnam La Vang 1798  
Links to Related
Marian Websites  Angels and Archangels
Doctors_of_the_Church   Acts_Of_The_Apostles  Roman Catholic Popes  Purgatory  Uniates
CAUSES OF SAINTS April 04  2014
DECREES OF THE CONGREGATION FOR THE CAUSES OF SAINTS VATICAN CITY, Friday, April 04, 2014
Quebec's 1st Bishop Declared a Saint Along With Ursuline Nun Who Educated Girls in New France
Bishop François de Laval de Montmorency Led Newly Established Diocese Covering All French Territory in North America
VATICAN CITY, April 03, 2014 (Zenit.org) - Bishop François de Laval de Montmorency, the first bishop of Quebec, who governed from 1674 to 1688 when the new Diocese of Quebec covered all France's territory in North America, has been declared a saint. The French-born prelate (1623-1708) was one of three recognized as saints today by Pope Francis, in a meeting with Cardinal Angelo Amato, prefect of the Vatican Congregation for Saints' Causes.

Another of those declared a saint was also born in France but carried out her ministry in Canada: Marie of the Incarnacion (born Marie Guyart), French (1599-1672).  The Ursuline nun founded a convent and school to educate girls in New France and her canonization coincides with the 375th anniversary of her arrival in what is today Quebec City.
José de Anchieta, Spanish priest of the Society of Jesus (1534-1597), was also declared a saint today.

Miracles
A priest and a nun from India were among those the Holy Father recognized as having obtained miracles with their intercession:
- Blessed Kuriacose Elias Chavara, Indian professed priest and founder of the Congregation of the Carmelites of Mary Immaculate (1805-1871).
- Blessed Euphrasia of the Sacred Heart of Jesus (born Rose Eluvathingal), Indian professed religious of the Congregation of the Mother of Carmel (1877-1952).
The Pope also recognized miracles attributed to the intercession of:
- Servant of God Giovanni Antonio Farina, Italian bishop and founder of the Institute of the Sisters of Saint Dorothy, Daughters of the Sacred Hearts (1803-1871).
- Blessed Nicola da Longobardi, (born Giovanni Battista Clemente Saggio), Italian oblate friar of the Order of the Minims (1650-1709).

- Servant of God Luigi della Consolata (born Andrea Bordino), Italian professed religious, Brothers of Saint Joseph Benedict Cottolengo (1922-1977).

Heroic virtue
Finally, Pope Francis recognized the heroic virtue of the following:
- Francisco Simon Rodenas, Spanish professed priest of the Order of Friars Minor Capuchin, bishop of Santa Marta (1849-1914).
- Adolfo Barberis, Italian priest and founder of the Institute of Sisters of Christian Servanthood (1884-1967).
- Marie-Clement (ne Joseph Staub), French professed priest of the Assumptionists and founder of the Congregation of the Sisters of St. Joan of Arc (1876-1936).
- Sebastian Elorza Arizmendi, Spanish professed religious of the Order of St. Augustine (1882-1942).
- Maria Teresa of the Eucharistic Jesus (nee Dulce Rodrigues dos Santos), Brazilian foundress of the Congregation of the Little Missionary Sisters of Mary Immaculate (1901-1972).
- Clara de la Concepcion (nee Juana de la Concepcion Sanchez Garcia), Spanish professed religious of the Order of St. Clare (1902-1973).
- Maria Magdalena (nee Maria Giuseppina Teresa Marcucci), Italian professed religious of the Congregation of the Passion of Jesus Christ (1888-1960).
- Luigi Rocchi, Italian layperson (1932-1979).
DECREES OF THE CONGREGATION FOR THE CAUSES OF SAINTS VATICAN CITY, 19 DEC 2011 (VIS)
The Holy Father today received in audience Cardinal Angelo Amato S.D.B., prefect of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints, and authorised the promulgation of decrees concerning the following causes:

MIRACLES
 - Blessed Giovanni Battista Piamarta, Italian priest and founder of the Congregation of the Holy Family of Nazareth and of the Congregation of the Humble Sister Servants of the Lord (1841-1913).
 - Blessed Jacques Berthieu, French martyr and priest of the Society of Jesus (Jesuits) (1838-1896).
 - Blessed Maria del Carmen (born Maria Salles y Barangueras), Spanish foundress of the Conceptionist Missionary Sisters of Teaching (1848-1911).
 - Blessed Maria Anna Cope, nee Barbara, German religious of the Sisters of the Third Order of St. Francis in Syracuse U.S.A. (1838-1918).
 - Blessed Kateri Tekakwitha, American laywoman (1656-1680).
 - Blessed Pedro Calungsod, Filipino lay catechist and martyr (1654-1672).
 - Blessed Anna Schaffer, German laywoman (1882-1925).
 - Servant of God Louis Brisson, French priest and founder of the Oblates of St. Francis of Sales (1817-1908).
 - Servant of God Luigi Novarese, Italian diocesan priest and founder of the Silent Workers of the Cross (1914-1984).
 - Servant of God Maria Luisa (nee Gertrude Prosperi), Italian abbess of the convent of the Order of St. Benedict of Trevi (1799-1847).
 - Servant of God Mother St. Louis (nee Maria Luisa Elisabeth de Lamoignon, widow of Mole de Champlatreux), French foundress of the Sisters of St. Louis (1763-1825).
 - Servant of God Maria Crescencia (nee Maria Angelica Perez), Argentinean professed religious of the Congregation of the Daughters of Our Lady of the Orchard (1897-1932).

MARTYRDOM
- Servant of God Nicola Rusca, Swiss diocesan priest, killed in hatred of the faith (1563-1618).
- Servants of God Luis Orencio (ne Antonio Sola Garriga) and eighteen companions of the Institute of Brothers of Christian Schools; Antonio Mateo Salamero, diocesan priest, and Jose Gorostazu Labayen, layman, all killed in hatred of the faith in Spain in 1936.
- Servants of God Alberto Maria Marco y Aleman and eight companions of the Order of Carmelites of the Ancient Observance, and Agustin Maria Garcia Tribaldos and fifteen companions of the Institute of Brothers of Christian Schools; all killed in hatred of the faith in Spain between 1936 and 1937.
- Servants of God Mariano Alcala Perez and eighteen companions of the Order of the Blessed Virgin Mary of Mercy, killed in hatred of the faith in Spain between 1936 and 1937.

HEROIC VIRTUES
 - Servant of God Donato Giannotti, Italian diocesan priest and founder of the Congregation of Sisters Handmaidens of the Immaculate Conception (1828-1914).
 - Servant of God Marie-Eugene of the Child Jesus (ne Henri Grialou), French professed priest of the Order of Discalced Carmelites and founder of the Institute of Notre-Dame de Vie (1894-1967).
 - Servant of God Alphonse-Marie (nee Elisabeth Eppinger), French foundress of the Congregation of Sisters of the Blessed Saviour (1814-1867).
 - Servant of God Marguerite Lucia Szewczyk, Polish foundress of the Congregation of the Daughters of the Sorrowful Mother of God - Seraphic Sisters (1828-1905).
 - Servant of God Assunta Marchetti, Italian co-foundress of the Missionary Sisters of St. Charles (1871-1948).
 - Servant of God Maria Julitta (nee Teresa Eleonora Ritz), German professed sister of the Congregation of Sisters of the Redeemer (1882-1966).
 - Servant of God Maria Anna Amico Roxas, Italian laywoman and foundress of the Society of St. Ursula (1883-1947).  VIS 20111219 (580)

1st v. TORQUATUS AND HIS COMPANIONS, MARTYRS
THE first Christian missionaries to attempt the evangelization of Spain are said to have been seven holy men who had been specially commissioned by St Peter and St Paul, and sent forth for that purpose. According to the legend the party kept together until they reached Guadix in Granada, where they encamped in a field whilst their servants went into the town to buy food. The inhabitants, however, came out to attack them, and followed them to the river. A miraculously erected stone bridge enabled the Christians to escape, but it collapsed when their pursuers attempted to cross it. Afterwards the missionaries separated, each one selecting a different district in which he laboured and was made bishop. Torquatus chose Guadix as the field of his labours, and is honoured on this day in association with his companions, all six of whom, however, have also special feasts of their own. St Torquatus and the other bishops appear to have suffered martyrdom.


Saints Herodion (Rodion), Agabus, Asyncritus, Rufus, Phlegon and Hermes are among the Seventy Apostles, chosen by Christ and sent out by Him to preach All these disciples for their intrepid service to Christ underwent fierce sufferings and were found worthy of a martyr's crown. (Synaxis of the Seventy Apostles: January 4).
Commemorátio sanctórum Herodiónis, Asyncriti et Phlegóntis, de quibus scribit beátus Paulus Apóstolus in Epístola ad Romános.
   The commemoration of Saints Herodian, Asyncritus, and Phlegon who are mentioned by blessed Paul the Apostle in his Letter to the Romans.
The holy Apostle Herodion was a relative of St Paul, and his companion on many journeys. When Christianity had spread to the Balkan Peninsula, the Apostles Peter and Paul established St Herodion as Bishop of Patara. St Herodion zealously preached the Word of God and converted many of the Greek pagans and Jews to Christianity.
Enraged by the preaching of the disciple, the idol-worshippers and Jews with one accord fell upon St Herodion, and they began to beat him with sticks and pelt him with stones.
One of the mob struck him with a knife, and the saint fell down. But when the murderers were gone, the Lord restored him to health unharmed.
After this, St Herodion continued to accompany the Apostle Paul for years afterward.
When the holy Apostle Peter was crucified (+ c. 67), St Herodion and St Olympos were beheaded by the sword at the same time.
The holy Apostle Agabus was endowed with the gift of prophecy. He predicted (Acts 11:27-28) the famine during the reign of the emperor Claudius (41-52), and foretold the suffering of the Apostle Paul at Jerusalem (Acts 21:11). St Agabus preached in many lands, and converted many pagans to Christ.
St Rufus, whom the holy Apostle Paul mentions in the Epistle to the Romans (Rom. 16:11-15), was bishop of the Greek city of Thebes.
St Asyncritus (Rom. 16:14) was bishop in Hyrcania (Asia Minor).
St Phlegon was bishop in the city of Marathon (Thrace).
St Hermes was bishop in Dalmatia (there is another Apostle of the Seventy by the name of Hermas, who was bishop in the Thracian city of Philippopolis).
All these disciples for their intrepid service to Christ underwent fierce sufferings and were found worthy of a martyr's crown.

Saints Herodion (Rodion), Agabus (Ahab), Asinkritos, Rufus, Phlegontos and Hermas are among the Seventy Disciples, chosen by Christ and sent by Him to preach (Sobor-Assemblage of Seventy Disciples -- Comm. 4 January).
The Disciple Rufus (Ruphus), to whom the holy Apostle Paul gives greeting in the Epistle to the Romans (Rom. 16: 11-15), was bishop of the Greek city of Thebes. The Disciple Asincritos (Rom. 16: 14) -- was bishop in Hyrcania (Asia Minor). The Disciple Phlegontos -- bishop in the city of Marathon (Thrace).
The Disciple Hermas -- bishop in Dalmatia (there is yet another Disciple from the Seventy by the name of Hermas, who occupied a cathedra-seat in the Thracian city of Philippopolis).
All these disciples for their intrepid service to Christ underwent fierce sufferings and were found worthy of a martyr's crown.

Herodion, Agabus, Asynkritos, Hermas, Phlegontos und Rufus Orthodoxe Kirche: 8. April  Orthodoxe Kirche: Herodion - 28. März
Agabus (auch Ahab) wird in Apg. 11,28 und 21,10 als Prophet aus Judäa beschrieben, der (Apg. 21, 11) die Verhaftung des Paulus prophezeit. Agabus wirkte nach der Überlieferung in vielen Ländern.
Asynkritos wird in Röm 16, 14 genannt. Er war Bischof in Hyrcania (Kleinasien)
Hermas (auch Hermias) wird ebenfalls in Röm 16, 14 genannt. Er war Bischof von Dalmatien.
Herodion (auch Rodion) war ein Verwandter des Apostels Paulus (genannt in Röm. 16, 11) und begleitete diesen und Petrus auf mehreren Reisen. Er wurde von ihnen zum Bischof von Patara ernannt. Hier wurde er von Heiden und Juden gesteinigt und mit einem Messerstich tödlich verletzt; seine Wunden heilten aber und er konnte weiter wirken. Als Petrus gekreuzigt wurde, wurde Herodion zusammen mit Olympos geköpft.
Phlegontos wird in Röm 16, 14 genannt. Er war Bischof von Marathon (Thrakien).
Rufus (auch Ruphus) wird in Röm. 16, 13 von Paulus genannt. Nach Mark. 15, 21 war er ein Sohn des Simon von Cyrene.. Er war Bischof von Theben.
Diese Apostel haben nach der Überlieferung alle - zu verschiedenen Zeiten - den Märtyrertod erlitten.

Herodion, Asyncritus & Phlegon MM (RM) 1st century. Bishop Herodion of Patras, a kinsman of Saint Paul (Romans 16:11), was martyred with Bishop Asyncritus of Marathon and Bishop Phlegon of Hyrcania, both mentioned by the Apostle, at the instigation of the Jews (Benedictines).

117-138 The Holy Martyr Pausilippus martyred for the faith prayed fervently that the Lord grant him a quick death Lord granted it
Suffered under the emperor Hadrian (117-138).   Denunced by the pagans, he was brought to trial before the emperor and staunchly declared himself a Christian.  They beat him with iron rods and handed over to the governor named Precius, who for a long time attempted to make the martyr offer sacrifice to idols. The martyr remained steadfast, and finally the governor gave orders to fetter him and execute him.
Along the way, St Pausilippus prayed fervently that the Lord would spare him from the hand of the executioner and grant him a quick death. The Lord heard him.
The martyr, beaten up and weak, was suddenly filled with such strength that he shattered the iron fetters [These were thrown behind him} and freed himself.
Tossing them aside, St Pausilippus thought to escape, but he died as he fled.
Christians buried the body of the martyr with reverence.


170 St. Dionysius of Corinth Bishop of Corinth, Greece, famed for his letters commemorated the martyrdom of Sts. Peter and Paul.
Bishop of Corinth, Greece, famed for his letters. He is described in Eusebius’ Ecclesiastical History. One of Dionysius’ letters commemorated the martyrdom of Sts. Peter and Paul.

161-192 Apud Corínthum beáti Dionysii Epíscopi, qui eruditióne et grátia, quam hábuit in verbo Dei, non solum suæ civitátis et provínciæ pópulos, sed et aliárum provinciárum et úrbium Epíscopos epístolis erudívit; Romanósque Pontífices ádeo cóluit, ut eórum epístolas públice légere in Ecclésia diébus Domínicis consuéverit.  Cláruit autem tempóribus Marci Antoníni Veri et Lúcii Aurélii Cómmodi.
    At Corinth, Bishop St. Denis, who instructed not only the people of his own city and province by the learning and charm with which he preached the word of God, but also the bishops of other cities and provinces by the letters  he wrote to them.  His devotion to the Roman Pontiffs was such that he was accustomed to read their letters publicly in the church on Sundays. 
He lived in the time of Marcus Antoninus Verus{161-166} [161-180--Marcus Aurelius]  and Lucius Aurelius Commodus{180-192}.
180 ST DIONYSIUS, BISHOP OF CORINTH
         ST DIONYSI US, bishop of Corinth, flourished in the reign of the Emperor
         Marcus Aurelius, and was one of the foremost leaders of the Church in the
         second century. Besides instructing and guiding his own flock he wrote letters
         to the churches of Athens, Lacedaemon, Nicomedia, Knossus and Rome, as we”
         as to the Christians of Gortyna and Amastris and to a lady called Chrysophora. It
         is in the Ecclesiastical History of Eusebiu~ that are contained the few extracts from
         the writings of St Dionysius which have.!! come down to us. In a letter thanking
         the church of Rome, then under the pontificate of St Soter, for continuing to send
         alms as it had done in the past, the bishop of Corinth writes “ From the earliest
         times you have made it your practice to bestow alms everywhere and to provide for
         the necessities of many churches. Following the example set by your fathers you
         send relief to the needy, especially to those who labour in the mines. Your blessed
         ‘~ishop Soter is so far from lagging behind his predecessors in this respect that he
         actually outstrips them—to say nothing of the consolation and advice which, with
         fatherly affection, he tenders to all who come to him. On this morning we cele-
         brated together the Lord’s Day and read your letter, even as we read the one
         formerly written to us by Clement.” In other words, they read aloud these letters
         of instruction in church after the lessons from the Holy Scriptures and the celebra-
         tion of the Divine Mysteries. The heresies of the first three centuries arose mainly
         from the erroneous principles of pagan philosophy, and St Dionysius was at pains
         to point out the source of these errors, showing from what particular school of
         philosophy each heresy took its rise. “ It is not surprising that the text of I-Ioly
         Scripture should have been corrupted by forgers “, he says, alluding to the Mar-
         cionites, “when they have not spared the works of a far less exalted authority.”
         Although Dionysius appears to have died in peace, the Greeks venerate him as a
         martyr because he suffered much for the faith.
           See the Ada &,nrtorurn, April, vol. i, where the text of F.usebius is quoted ; Bardenhewer,
         Ge.cehicli!e der altkircI,Ijrhen Lileratur, vol. i, pp. 235 and 785; DUB., voL i, pp. 849--850
         DA( ., ‘ni. Viii. cc. 2745—2747.

Dionysius of Corinth B (RM); feast day in the Greek Church is November 20 or 29.
Bishop Dionysius of Corinth was an outstanding leader of the Church in the second century, as well as an eloquent preacher. He is now best remembered as an ecclesiastical writer with which he attempted to instruct, exhort, and comfort those at a distance. Several of his letters to various churches are still extant. Especially noteworthy is that in which he records the martyrdom of SS. Peter and Paul in Rome. He says that after initiating the faith at Corinth, the Apostles both went to Italy, and there sealed their testimony with their blood.

The Church historian Eusebius mentions several of his instructive letters to other churches. One extends thanks to the church of Rome, under the pontificate of Saint Soter, for the traditional alms received from them. He writes: "From the beginning, it is your custom to bestow your alms in all places, and to furnish subsistence to many churches. You send relief to the needy, especially to those who work in the mines; in which you follow the example of your fathers. Your blessed bishop Soter is so far from degenerating from your ancestors in that respect, that he goes beyond them; not to mention the comfort and advice he, with the bowels of a tender father towards his children, affords all that come to him. On this day we celebrated together the Lord's day, and read your letter, as we do that which was heretofore written to us by Clement." He means that they read these letters of instruction in the church after the reading of the holy Scriptures, and the celebration of the divine mysteries.

In another place Dionysius complains about the rampant heresies that sprang from the adoption of pagan philosophical principles, rather than from any perverse interpretation of the scriptures. Dionysius point out the source of the heretical errors and the philosophical sect from which each heresy arose.

The Greeks honor Saint Dionysius as a martyr because he suffered much for the faith, though he seems to have died in peace; while the Latin Church styles him a confessor. Pope Innocent III translated his relics to Saint Denys Abbey near Paris, where the monks believed him to be Dionysius the Areopagite (Benedictines, Husenbeth).

306 St. Aedesius Martyred brother of St. Apphian publicly rebuked Roman officials placing Christian virgins in brothels
Alexandríæ sancti Ædésii Mártyris, qui, sub Maximiáno Galério Imperatóre, cum esset beáti Apphiáni frater, et ímpium Júdicem, quod Deo dicátas Vírgines lenónibus tráderet, palam argúeret, idcírco, a milítibus tentus sævissimísque afféctus supplíciis, in mare demérsus est pro Christo Dómino.
      
At Alexandria, in the time of Emperor Maximian Galerius, the martyr St. Aedesius, brother of the blessed Apphian.  Because he publicly reproved the wicked judge who delivered to corruptors virgins consecrated to God, he was arrested by the soldiers, exposed to the most severe torments, and thrown into the sea for the sake of Christ our Lord.
Martyr and brother of St. Apphian. Aedesius, a Christian of some note in Caesarea, now part of modern Israel, witnessed the persecution of Christians, the result of Emperor Diocletian's policies. He publicly rebuked the local Roman officials who were placing Christian virgins in brothels as part of the persecutions. Arrested, Aedesius was tortured and then drowned.

Aedesius of Alexandria M (RM) (also known as Edese, Edesius) Born in Lycia; died at Alexandria, Egypt, on April 8, c. 306. Aedesius's laus in the Roman Martyrology states: "At Alexandria, the memory of Saint Aedesius, martyr, a brother of Blessed Apphian, who, under Maximian Galerius the emperor, openly withstood an impious judge because he handed over to pimps virgins consecrated to God." The Church historian Eusebius (De Martyr. Pales., ch. 5) and Aedesius's Chaldaic acta give us further details. According to these, he was a philosopher, who continued to wear the cloak after his conversion to Christianity. Perhaps because of his standing among the educated, he seems to have had no qualms about professing his faith before magistrates. Apparently, he was imprisoned several times and had been condemned to work in the mines of Palestine. Upon his release, he sought refuge in Egypt, but found the persecution was more virulent there under the Prefect Hierocles. Aedesius, particularly offended by the enslavement and prostitution of consecrated virgins, boldly presented himself before the governor. He was seized by the soldiery, afflicted with most cruel punishments, and drowned in the sea for the Lord Christ (Benedictines, Encyclopedia, Husenbeth).

This is obviously a very confused story; Roeder has entries under both Aedesius and Edese, which appear to be the same. In art, Saint Aedesius is shown shipwrecked with his brother Saint Frumentius [sic]. Saint Edese has his legs wrapped in oiled linen before he is burned to death (Roeder). The first appears to be more in line with the story recorded in the Roman Martyrology.

 St. Concessa A martyr venerated in Carthage.
Carthágine sanctæ Concéssæ Mártyris.     
At Carthage, the martyr St. Concessa.
St. Januarius, Maxima, and Macaria 3 African martyrs who were executed in an uncertian year during the Roman persecutions.
In Africa sanctórum Mártyrum Januárii, Máximæ et Macáriæ.
      
In Africa, the holy martyrs Januarius, Maxima, and Macaria.
422  Kallistus I. Er verwaltete die Begräbnisstätten an der Via Appa, die heute Kalixtus-Katakomben heißen
Katholische Kirche: 14. Oktober  Kallistus (Calixtus) wurde um 180 geboren und um 200 Sklave eines Christen. Er stammte vielleicht aus dem Trastevere in Rom. Über seine Herkunft ist nichts weiter bekannt. Er gelangte dann nach Rom und wurde hier Diakon des Papstes Zephyrinus. Er verwaltete die Begräbnisstätten an der Via Appa, die heute Kalixtus-Katakomben heißen. Als Zephyrinus 217 starb, wurde Kallistus zu seinem Nachfolger gewählt. Die Wahl eines ehemaligen Sklaven stieß aber auf den Widerstand konservativer Kreise, die Hippolyt zum Papst wählten. Damit kam es 217 zum ersten Schisma in der Papstgeschichte. Hippolyt bekämpfte Kallistus mit allen Mitteln, selbst Verleumdungen und Hetzkampagnen. Kallistus ließ sich aber in seinem Kurs nicht beirren, er war einer der aktivsten Päpste in der frühen Christenheit. So erlaubte er Eheschließungen hochgestellter Römerinnen mit Sklaven, führte die Kirchenmalerei und Fastentage ein.
Kallistus starb 422 und wurde am 14.10. beigesetzt. Spätere Berichte über sein Martyrium sind legendarisch.
432 Saint Celestine, Pope of Rome (422-432) zealous champion of Orthodoxy virtuous life authority as a theologian denounced the Nestorian heresy
He lived during the reign of the holy Emperor Theodosius the Younger (408-450). He received an excellent education, and he knew philosophy well, but most of all he studied the Holy Scripture and pondered over theological questions.
The virtuous life of the saint and his authority as a theologian won him the general esteem and love of the clergy and people.

After the death of St Boniface (418-422), St Celestine was chosen to be the Bishop of Rome.

During this time, the heresy of Nestorius emerged. At a local Council in Rome in 430, St Celestine denounced this heresy and condemned Nestorius as a heretic. After the Council, St Celestine wrote a letter to St Cyril, Archbishop of Alexandria (January 18), stating that if Nestorius did not renounce his false teachings after ten days, then he should be deposed and excommunicated.

St Celestine also sent a series of letters to other churches, Constantinople and Antioch, in which he unmasked and denounced the Nestorian heresy.

For two years after the Council, St Celestine proclaimed the true teaching about Christ the God-Man, and he died in peace on April 6, 432.

Coelestin I. Orthodoxe und Katholische Kirche: 8. April
Coelestin war zunächst Diakon in Rom und wurde 422 zum Bischof von Rom gewählt. Er kämpfte mit Cyrill von Alexandria gegen die Nestorianer und exkommunizierte Nestorius nach dem Konzil von Ephesus (431). Coelestin legte die Lehre von Maria der Gottgebärerin (Theotokos) für die westliche Kirche fest. Coelestin starb 433. Sein Festtag wurde auch am 4. und 6. April begangen.

440 St. Amantius Bishop of Como, Italy. Amantius succeeded St. Provinus and was much revered.
Apud Comum sancti Amántii, Epíscopi et Confessóris.
   
At Como, St. Amantius, bishop and confessor.
Amantius of Como B (RM). Bishop Amantius succeeded Saint Provinus in the see of Como, Italy, where he is still highly (Benedictines).
494 St. Perpetuus Bishop of Rours enforced clerical discipline and regulated feast days rebuilt the basilica of St. Martin
Turónis, in Gállia, sancti Perpétui Epíscopi, admirándæ sanctitátis viri.
    At Tours in France, the holy bishop Perpetuus, a man of great sanctity.
Bishop of Rours from about 464. He enforced clerical discipline and regulated feast days. Perpetuus also rebuilt the basilica of St. Martin. A will attributed to him is known now by scholars to have been a forgery composed in the seventeenth century.
           •  ST PERPETUUS, BISHOP OF Touns (c. A.D. 494)
        
         ST PERPETIJUS succeeded Eustochius in the bishopric of Tours. During the thirty
         years ot more that he ruled over the diocese he worked hard to spread the Catholic
         faith, to enforce discipline, and to regulate the fasts and festivals to be observed in
         his see. Among other provisions, a third fast day—prohably Monday—was to he
         observed weekly from the feast of St Vlartin until Christmas day. This is inter-
         esting as showing the antiquity of the observance of Advent. St Gregory of Tours,
         writing a hundred and twenty years later, says that thesc regulations were still kept
         in his time. St Perpetuus had a great veneration for St Martin of Tours, in whose
         honour he enlarged or rebuilt the basilica which bore his name. As the church
         which St Britius had erected over St Martin’s tomb was too small to accommodate
         the throngs of pilgrims, the bishop caused his relics to he translated with great
         solemnity to the new building at its consecration about the year 491 it had taken
         nearly twenty-two years to build.
           The saint’s death is said to have been hastened by grief at the invasions of the
         Goths and the spread of Arianism. Some fourteen or fifteen years earlier he is
         said to have made a will, still extant, which, if genuine, would be of considerable
         interest. In it he professes to remit all debts owing to him and liberates his serfs
         then, having bequeathed to his church his library besides several farms, and
         established a trust for the maintenance of lamps and the purchase of sacred vessels,
         he declares the poor his heirs. It begins In the name of Jesus Christ, Amen.
         I, Perpetuus, a sinner, priest of the church of Tours, would not depart without a
         last will and testament lest the poor should be defrauded       Towards the end
         he apostrophizes them “You, my most beloved brethren, my crown, my joy,
         Christ’s poor, ye needy, beggars, sick, widows and orphans You do I name and
         make my heirs. Of all I possess except the things especially allocated above, of my
         fields, pastures, groves, vineyards, houses, gardens, waters, mills, of my gold, silver
         and garments I constitute you my heirs      To his sister Fidia Julia Perpetua
         he leaves a little gold cross with relics, and to a church a silver dove for containing
         the Blessed Sacrament—a gift suggesting the prevalence at that date and in that
         diocese of the practice of reserving the Blessed Sacrament in a vessel shaped like a
         dove and hanging over the altar.
           It is distressing to have to add that this document, accepted as genuine by
         d’Achéry, by Hensehenius in the Acta Sanctorum, by Alban Butler, and even by
         the Dictionary of Christian Biography in 1887, is a shameless fabrication perpetrated
         by Jerome Vignier in the seventeenth century. It can only serve to illustrate the
         need of a rigidly critical examination of our hagiographical sources at all periods
         of history.
        
           For the life of Perpetuus see the Acia Sanctorum, April, vol. i ; and rf. the Analecta
         Bollaudiana, vol. xxxviii (1920), pp. iai—iz8, with Duchesne, Fasies Episcopaux, vi,!. ii,
         pp. 300—301. On the supposed wilt consult Havet, Thbliothêque de l’Eco/e des Charter,
         vol. xlvi (1885), pp. 207—224. The epitaph, which has also received unmerited recognition,
         is equally a forgery.


Perpetuus of Tours B (RM) Died December 30, 490, or April 8, 491. Perpetuus, born of a senatorial family, became bishop of Tours c. 460. He dedicated the revenues of his estates to the relief of those in need. The poor, it is recorded, were his heirs (though apparently this will was a 17th century forgery): he left them pastures, groves, vineyards, houses, gardens, water-mills, gold, silver, and his clothing.

He also venerated his great predecessor Saint Martin, the soldier who had sliced his cloak in two and given half to a beggar. Martin was buried in a basilica in Tours and Perpetuus rebuilt and enlarged this fine building to house the countless pilgrims who flocked to his tomb.

One hundred twenty years later, Saint Gregory of Tours mentions that Perpetuus decreed that all the people in his diocese should fast on Wednesdays and Fridays, save at a few church festivals. He also declared several Mondays in the Christian year as fasts, particularly in the time that became Advent. So great was Perptuus's influence that these fasts were still being observed in the diocese of Tours over a century after his death. And so powerful was his memory that, 13 centuries after his death, some unknown forgers drew up a fake will for the saint, declaring: "You, my dearly beloved brothers, my crown, my joy, that is to say, Christ's poor, needy, beggars, sick, widows, and orphans, you I hereby name and decree to be my heirs." Though the will was a fake, the true spirit of Saint Perpetuus shines through it (Benedictines, Bentley, Husenbeth).
In art, Saint Perpetuus is a bishop directing the building of a church. Sometimes the sick may be shown being healed at his tomb or as his relics are carried in procession (Roeder).
586  St. Redemptus Bishop of Ferentini, near Rome, Italy. He is known mainly because of his friend Pope St. Gregory I the Great who wrote of his holiness.
Ferentíni, in Hérnicis, sancti Redémpti Epíscopi, cujus méminit beátus Gregórius Papa.
   
At Ferentino in Campania, Bishop St. Redemptus, who was mentioned by Pope St. Gregory.
Redemptus of Ferentino B (RM). Bishop Redemptus of Ferentino (Hernicis), a town south of Rome, was a friend of Saint Gregory the Great, who bears witness to his sanctity (Benedictines).

690 Julian von Toledo Erzbischof In seiner Amtszeit leitete er 4 nationale Synoden förderte den mozarabischen Ritus und verfaßte mehrere theologische Werke
Orthodoxe und Katholische Kirche: 8. März
Julian wurde um 652 geboren. Er war Mönch unter Eugenius von Toledo (Gedenktag 13.11.) und wurde sein Nachfolger als Abt im Kloster und 680 als Erzbischof von Toledo. In seiner Amtszeit leitete er 4 nationale Synoden. Das Erzbistum Toledo wurde 681 den anderen spanischen Bistümern und 683 den südgallischen Bistümern übergeordnet. Julian förderte den mozarabischen Ritus und verfaßte mehrere theologische Werke, darunter die erste systematische Abhandlung über die Eschatologie (die Lehre von den letzten Dingen). Julian starb am 8.3.690.

1095 St. Walter of Pontoise continued to live a life of mortification, spending entire nights in prayer establishing the foundation of a convent in honor of Mary at Bertaucourt

         ST WALTER OF PONTOISE, ABBOT (AD. 1095)
         IN studying the lives of the saints, we not infrequently meet with men and women whose lifelong aspiration it is to serve God in solitude, but who are recalled again
         and again by the voice of an authority which they dare not gainsay, and are forced
         to shoulder responsibilities from which they shrink, in a world from which they fain
         would flee. Such a saint was Walter (Gautier) of Pontoise. A Picard by birth,
         he received a liberal education at various centres of learning and became a popular
         professor of philosophy and rhetoric. Then he entered the abbey of Rebais-en-
         Brie, and was afterwards compelled by King Philip I to become the first abbot of
         a new monastery near Pontoise. Although, in accordance with the custom of the
         time, he received his investiture from the sovereign, the new abbot placed his hand
         not under but over that of the king, and said It is from God, not from your
         Majesty, that I accept the charge of this church “. His courageous words, far from
         offending Philip, won his approval; but the very honour in which he was held by
         persons in high office was a source of anxiety to Walter, and some time later he fled
         secretly from Pontoise and took refuge at Cluny, then under the rule of St Hugh,
         hoping there to lead a hidden life. His refuge was, however, discovered by his
         monks, who fetched him back to Pontoise. From the cares of office he would
         retire occasionally to a grotto in the abbey grounds, hoping for a little solitude ; hut
         his visitors followed him there, and he took to flight once more. This time he
         buried himself in a hermitage on an island in the Loire, but again he was forced to
         return.
           Some time later, St ‘Walter went to Rome, where he requested St Gregory VII
         to relieve him of his burden. Instead of doing so, the pope told him to use the
         talents God had bestowed upon him, and bade him resume his charge. From that
         time Walter resigned himself to his fate. The mortifications he would have wished
         to practise in solitude were more than compensated for by the persecutions he had
         to undergo in consequence of his fearless opposition to simony and to evil-living
         among the secular clergy ; there was even one occasion when he was mobbed,
         beaten and thrown into prison, but his friends procured his release. In spite of
         advancing age he never relaxed but rather increased the austerity of his habits ; he
         rarely sat down in church, but when his aged limbs would no longer support him,
         he leant upon his pastoral staff. After the other monks had retired at the close of
         the night offices, he would remain behind, lost in contemplation, until he sank to
         the ground, where in the morning he would sometimes be found lying helpless.
         His last public effort was to found, in honour of our Lady, a convent for women at
         Bertaucourt. He succeeded in building a church with a small house, but the
         community was not actually established there until after his death, which occurred
         on Good Friday 1095.
           Two lives which seem to be of contemporary authorship have been printed by the
         Bollandists (in the Acta Sanctorurn, April, vol. t) and by Mabillon. A more correct text
         of the first and older of these biographies has been edited by I. Hess, in the Studien und
         Mitiheilungen Gus den, Benedictiner said dem Cistercienser Orden, vol. XX (1899), pp. 297—
         406.



Walter Gautier was born in Picardy, France, in the eleventh century. A well-educated individual, he became a professor of philosophy and rhetoric. Later, he entered the Benedictine abbey of Rebais-en-Brie. When King Philip I appointed Walter as the first abbot of a new monastery at Pontoise, Walter reminded Philip that God was the one who conferred such honors, not the king. Seeking solitude, he fled Pontoise on two occasions, but both times he was forced to return. Walter then went to Rome to ask Pope Gregory VII for release from his position so that he could follow a life of solitude. However, the Pope told Walter to use the talents God had given him, and thus Walter resigned himself to staying at Pontoise.

When he spoke out against simony and the evil lives of the secular clergy, this caused great outrage, and on one occasion he was beaten and thrown into prison. After his release, Walter continued to live a life of mortification, spending entire nights in prayer. After establishing the foundation of a convent in honor of Mary at Bertaucourt, Walter died on Good Friday in the year 1095.

Walter of Pontoise, OSB Abbot (AC) Born in Andainville, Picardy, France, c. 1030; died 1099.
The Bible says that the road to holiness is narrow but it doesn't tell you that the road is straight or clear. Sometimes we need to find our way to God as though following a path through a forest. Sometimes the sun pokes through but often we walk in darkness, not quite knowing whether the destination is near or far. We grope. We trip over debris from dead trees or overgrown vines. We must continue to trust that God is leading us to Himself.
Saint Walter followed a meandering path. He enjoyed his studies and became a professor of rhetoric and philosophy, for which he won success, honor, and praise. But he wasn't happy because he wasn't sure that he was on the right road to God. So, he entered the Benedictine monastery of Rebais-en-Brie (diocese of Meaux) with enthusiasm, where he practiced the most severe austerities in the hopes of escaping worldly applause. Each day until his death, Walter added some new practice of penance to his former austerities to remind himself of the obligation of continually advancing in spirit towards God.
At Rebais he found a peasant rotting in the abbey prison. Walter found it inconceivable that one could be kept in a monastery by bonds other than those of love. One night he gave the peasant the key to his fields. In the morning Walter faced the abbot's wrath, an inquisition, confession, and punishment.
After several years in Rebais (1060), Walter was made abbot of a new monastery near Pointoise, which is now called Saint Martin's. King Philip I personally made the investiture, handing him the Cross. The king considered it a bond to him, but Walter coldly placed his hand not under but over the hand of the king, saying: "It is not from you, but from God that I accept the governance of this abbey." Shock and surprise were the rather normal result, how could a man give God precedence over that of an earthly potentate?
Once again Walter enjoyed success, honors, and praise. In order to escape from the accolades, he left his cloister and walked to Cluny, where there were hundreds of monks among whom he could be anonymous. Or, at least, that's what he believed. Unfortunately, he was quickly recognized and compelled to return to Pointoise.
Once again he questioned whether he was on the road to God or the road to perdition. What if God wanted him elsewhere? He tested himself to see if his new vocation was that of a hermit and determined that it was.

One night, Walter, who had gotten into the habit of making escapes, climbed over the abbey wall. He took the road to Touraine to cover his tracks from those who were bound to seek him. In his hermitage, Walter thought he had found heaven on earth. Of course, terrestrial paradises never last for long. Soon the monks of Pointoise found him on an island in the Loire, and led him back to the abbey.
Walter must have been a very lovable character if, each time he disappeared, his monks would seek him out until they discovered him. They must have thought he had a very odd way of practicing stability, but they would not have changed their wandering abbot because he left them only in order to search for God.

The saintly abbot still wanted to flee the admiration of his fellows, but he knew that his monks would eventually catch up with him wherever he roamed. Then he had a brilliant idea: He would make his journey ad limina. He would return his cross to the holy father and at long last he would be free to seek God in his own way. He left for Rome, planning never to return to Pointoise.

God had different plans for Walter. In Rome, he explained his situation to Pope Gregory VII but the saintly pope refused Walter's plea.
"Turn back, Father Abbot. From now on you must walk along the roads of the cloister and not along the grand highways of the world."

Was Walter disappointed? He was radiant. For the pope had spoken, and the pope was the spokesman for Jesus Christ. Thus, Jesus had shown him the way. And because, ever since his novitiate, he had searched for God with all his soul and all his heart and even with all his legs, he was given to understand that the image of our life that God fashions is infinitely preferable to the image that we fashion for ourselves.
When we understand that--and when that knowledge sinks from our head into our heart--then there's nothing else to do save go to heaven. Which Walter did on Good Friday in 1099. After diligent scrutiny the bishops of Rouen, Paris, and Senlis declared several miracles wrought at his tomb authentic and translated his relics on May 4. Abbot Walter Montague moved them again in 1655, and richly decorated his chapel. His life was written by a disciple (Benedictines, Encyclopedia, Husenbeth).
1156 Saint Niphon peacemaker reminded Russian bishops tradition of the Russian Church had received the Orthodox Faith from Constantinople however, in 1448, the Russian Church began primates without confirmation from Constantinople he uprooted the passions through fasting, vigil, and prayer, and adorned himself with every virtue
A monk of the Kiev Caves Monastry, where he struggled in asceticism.

In imitation of the Holy Fathers, he uprooted the passions through fasting, vigil, and prayer, and adorned himself with every virtue. He was chosen as Bishop of Novgorod when Bishop John retired to a monastery after twenty-five years of episcopal service. St Niphon was consecrated bishop in Kiev by Metropolitan Michael and other hierarchs.

St Niphon embraced his archpastoral duties with great zeal, strengthening his flock in the Orthodox Faith, and striving to prevent them from becoming separated from the Church, which is the same as being separated from Christ Himself.  The saint was also zealous in building and repairing churches. He built a new stone church in the center of Novgorod, dedicating it to the Most Holy Theotokos. He repaired the roof of the church of Holy Wisdom (Christ, the Wisdom of God), and adorned the interior with icons.

When war broke out between Novgorod and Kiev, St Niphon showed himself to be a peacemaker. Meeting with the leaders of both sides, he was able to pacify them and avert the war. In the same way, he always tried to settle arguments and to reconcile those who were at enmity.
He instructed his flock in the law of God, preaching to them, reproving, rebuking, and exhorting them patiently and with sound doctrine (2 Timothy 4:2) so that they might obtain the salvation which is in Christ Jesus with eternal glory (2 Timothy 2:10).

When the people of Novgorod drove away their prince, Vsevolod, they invited Prince Svyatslav to govern them. The new prince wanted to enter into a marriage which was against the Church canons. Not only did St Niphon refuse to perform the ceremony, he also told his clergy to regard this betrothal as unlawful. Prince Svyatoslav brought priests in from elsewhere to perform the wedding, and the holy hierarch was not afraid to denounce his behavior.  After the death of Metropolitan Michael of Kiev, the Great Prince Isaiaslav wished to have the schemamonk Clement succeed him. However, he wanted to have Clement consecrated without the blessing of the Patriarch of Constantinople.
At a council of bishops, St Niphon declared that he would not approve the consecration without the permission of the Patriarch of Constantinople.

He reminded the other bishops that this was contrary to the tradition of the Russian Church, for Russia had received the Orthodox Faith from Constantinople.
Starting in 1448, however, the Russian Church began to elect its own primate without seeking confirmation from Constantinople. 

The uncanonical consecration took place despite the objections of St Niphon. Metropolitan Clement tried to force the saint to serve the Divine Liturgy with him, but he refused. He called Clement a wolf rather than a shepherd, for he had unjustly assumed an office which he did not deserve. St Niphon refused to serve with Clement, or to commemorate him during the services.
In his fury, Clement would not permit St Niphon to return to Novgorod. Instead, he had the saint held under house arrest at the Kiev Caves Monastery. When Isaiaslav was defeated by Prince George, St Niphon returned to Novgorod, where the people welcomed him with great joy.
The Patriarch of Constantinople sent a letter praising St Niphon for his steadfast defense of church teachings.
He also sent Metropolitan Constantine to Rus in order to depose Metropolitan Clement, and to assume the see of Kiev himself. St Niphon prepared to journey to Kiev to meet Metropolitan Clement.

St Niphon again took up residence in the Kiev Caves Monastery, where he became ill. Thirteen days before his death, he revealed to the brethren that he had had a wondrous dream. St Theodosius (May 3) appeared to him and announced his imminet departure from this world.
St Niphon reposed in peace on April 8, 1156. Now he stands before the throne of God, interceding for us before the All-Holy Trinity, to Whom be all glory, honor, and worship forever.
1291 Blessed Clement of Saint Elpidio considered the second founder of the Augustinians  OSA (AC)
Born in Osimo; cultus approved in 1572. Clement, the hermit friar of Saint Augustine, was chosen general of the order in 1270. In that position, he drew up its constitutions, where were approved in 1287.
For this reason he is considered the second founder of the Augustinians (Benedictines).
14th v. Saint Rufus the Obedient, Hermit of the Caves
Lived at the Kiev Caves monastery during the fourteenth century.
He was distinguished for his obedience and glorified as a lover of labor and fasting.
He was buried in the Far Caves. He is celebrated a second time
on August 28, the Synaxis { amidst the Sobor-Assemblage of the Monks } of the Fathers of the Far Caves.

1606 Blessed Julian of Saint Augustine Dominican Order as a lay-brother at Santorcaz, OFM (AC)
Born at Medinaceli (diocese of Segovia), Castile, Spain; beatified in 1825. Julian was rejected twice before finally gaining admittance to the Dominican Order as a lay-brother at Santorcaz. He accompanied the Franciscan preachers on their missions. It was his custom to ring the bell through the streets to summon people to the sermon (Benedictines).
            BD JULIAN OF ST AUGUSTINE 1606
        
         Bn JIJLIAN MARTINET, who was descended from a long line of French knights,
         was born in the Castilian town of Medinaceli, where his family were living in such
         reduced circumstances that they were glad to apprentice him in his boyhood to a
         tailor. However, at an early age he sought admittance into the Franciscan convent
         of his native town and was permitted to try his vocation. The extraordinary
         devotional exercises and strange austerities to which he was addicted were looked
         at askance by his superiors who, judging him to be mentally unbalanced, dismissed
         him as unsuitable. From Medinaceli he went to Santorcaz, where he plied his
         trade until he made the acquaintance of Father Francis de Torrez, a Franciscan who
         was conducting a mission in the district. The friar recognized the young tailors
         capacities and invited his assistance. During the rest of the mission Julian went
         up and down the streets, ringing a bell and inviting thc inhabitants to come and
         listen to the preacher. Through the influence of Father de Torrez, the young man
         was received into another Franciscan house, the convent of our Lady of Salceda.
         Here history repeated itself: Julian’s practices gave rise to the notion that he was
         crazy, and he was accordingly sent away. Disappointed but undaunted, he built
         himself a hermitage and lived his austere life in solitude, occasionally emerging to
         go with other beggars to the convent to ask for a little food.
           Eventually the sanctity and growing reputation of the hermit induced the
         Franciscan superiors to welcome him back into the house. After a year’s noviciate
         he was professed, as Brother Julian-of-St-Augustine, but he never sought the
         priesthood. He was left free to give himself up to his self-chosen mortifications,
         and laceroted his body with every instrument of torture he could devise ;. he took
         his few hours of rest either in the open air or else leaning against a wall or in one
         of the confessionals in the church. From time to time Father Torrez would
         enlist his help on his missionary tours, and the lay-brother was found to be possessed
         of an eloquence which went straight to the hearts and consciences of his audience.
         His fame spread rapidly, and Queen Margaret, the mother of Philip IV, expressed a
         desire to see him. Very unwillingly diu Julian go to court at the command of his
         superiors, but when he found himself there he was too much embarrassed to utter
         a word. in iboô he was taken very ill on the road two leagues from Alcala de
         Henares. Refusing all offers of transport he managed to drag himself as far as the
         friary of St Didacus, and there he died. At once he was honoured as a saint, but
         the process of his beatification was not formally concluded until 5825.
        
           The documents printed in the process of beatification form the most reliable source of
         information, and from these Father Joseph Vidal in 1825 compiled a popular life of l3d
         Julian in Italian. See also Leon, Aureole Seraphique (Eng. trans.), vol. ii, pp. 47—59 and
         Mazzara, Leggendario Francescano, vol. (1676), pp. ~i8—~zo.

1669 The Holy Martyr John the Shipmaster (Naukleros) suffered a psychological sickness martyr in the city of Koe.
One time, when he was found in an unconscious state, the Turks made over him the rite of conversion to their religion. Coming to his senses, the saint angrily threw from his head the symbol of Islam -- the turban. He bitterly bewailed the indignity that had occurred and continued to live as a Christian. The Turks then threw the martyr into prison. Neither lecturings, nor beatings, nor threats could bend the will of the saint, and he repeatedly replied: "I believe in the Lord Jesus Christ and I refuse your faith". After many torments they burnt the martyr in the city of Koe on 8 April 1669.  © 2001 by translator Fr. S. Janos
1816 St. Julie Billiart vision of crucified Lord with group wearing habits of Sisters of Notre Dame de Namur which she founded great love for Jesus in the Eucharist carried on this mission of teaching throughout her life although occasionally paralyzed and sick most of the time

        
      
SD JULIA BILLIART, VIRGIN, Co.FOUNDRESS OF THE INSTITUTE OF NOTRE DAME OF NAMUR
         THE origin of the Institute of Notre Dame was once described by Cardinal Sterckx as
a breath of the apostolic spirit upon the heart of a woman who knew how to believe and how to love” . That woman was Bd Mary Rose Julia Billiart. She came of a family of fairly well-to-do peasant farmers, who also owned a little shop at Cuvilly in Picardy, where she was born in 1751. Reading and writing she learnt from her uncle, the village schoolmaster, but her special delight was in religious instruction and the things of God. By the time she was seven, she was in the habit of explaining the catechism to other children less intelligent than herself. The parish priest encouraged these good instincts, and allowed her to make her first communion at the age of nine-—a rare privilege in those days. He also permitted her to take a vow of chastity when shc was fourteen. Although Julia had to work very hard, especially after heavy losses had impoverished her family, yet she always found time to visit the sick, to teach the ignorant and to pray. Indeed, she had already begun to earn the title by which she was afterwards known, “The Saint of Cuvilly.
           Suddenly a complete change came over her hitherto active existence. As the result of shock caused by the firing of a gun through a window at her father, beside whom she was sitting, there came upon her a mysterious illness, attended with great pain, which gradually deprived her of the use of her limbs. Thus reduced to the condition of an invalid, she lived a life of even closer union with God, continuing on her sick-bed to catechize the children, to give wonderfully wise spiritual advice to visitors, and to urge all to practise frequent communion. “ Qu’il est bon le hon Dieu ! was a saying of hers long remembered and often quoted. In 1790, when the curé of Cuvilly was superseded by a so-called constitutional priest who had taken the oath prescribed by the revolutionary authorities, it was mainly Julia’s influence which induced the people to boycott the schismatic intruder. For that reason and because she was known to have helped to find hiding-places for fugitive priests, she became specially obnoxious to the Jacobins, who went so far as to threaten to burn her alive. She was with difficulty smuggled out of the house, hidden in a haycart, and taken to Compiègne, where she was hunted from one lodging to another until at last one day they heard her exclaim, “Dear Lord, will you not find me a corner in Paradise, since there is no room for me on earth?
         The hardships she had to undergo so aggravated her malady that for several months she almost completely lost her power of speech.
           She was, however, to enjoy a short period of peace. In the first lull which
         followed the end of the Reign of Terror, an old friend rescued Julia and brought
         her to Amiens to the house of Viscount Blin de Bourdon. In that hospitable
         home the invalid recovered her speech, and there she met a sensitive and highly-
         educated woman, Frances Blin de Bourdon, Viscountess de Gézaincourt, who was
         henceforth to he her close friend and her associate in all her work. In the sick-
         room, where the Holy Sacrifice was daily offered, gathered a little party of women
         who were inspired by the invalid and spent their time and money in good works
         hut a recrudescence of persecution scattered them, and forced Julia and her new
         friend to retire to a house belonging to the Doria family at Bettencourt. ‘I’here the
         catechism classes were resumed and practically all the villagers were brought back
         to their religious duties through the efforts of these two devoted girls.
During their stay at Bettencourt, they were several times visited by Father Joseph Varin, who was immensely struck by the personality and capabilities of Julia. He was convinced that God intended her to do great things. Under his direction, as soon as they could return to Amiens, were laid the foundations of the Institute of Notre Dame which was to devote itself primarily to the spiritual care of poor children, but also to the Christian education of girls of all classes and to the training of religious teachers. The rules were in some respects a great departure from those of existing orders, notably in the abolition of the distinction between choir and lay sisters. Soon several postulants joined them, an orphanage was opened, and evening catechism-classes started. “My daughters,” exclaimed Mother Julia, “ think how few priests there are now, and how many poor children are sunk in the grossest ignorance. We must make it our task to strive to win them !


In 1804, when the Fathers of the Faith held a great mission in Amiens, they entrusted the teaching of the women to the Sisters of Notre Dame.

The close of that mission was followed by an event that made a great sensation. Father Enfantin asked Bd Julia to join him in a novena for an unknown intention.
          On the fifth day—the feast of the Sacred
         Heart—he approached the invalid of twenty-two years’ standing and said
         to her, “Mother, if you have any faith, take one step in honour of the Sacred
         Heart of Jesus
. She at once got up, and realized that she was completely
         cured.
           Her former activity now fully restored, Mother Julia was able not only to
         consolidate and extend the new institute, but also to give her personal assistance to
         the missions which were conducted by the Fathers of the Faith in other towns,
         until their activities in that direction were checked by the action of the government.
         The educational work of the sisters continued to increase rapidly; convents were
         opened by them at Namur, Ghent and Tournai, and everything seemed to augur
         well for their future when a disastrous set-back was experienced which threatened
         the very existence of the new community. Father Varin had been obliged to leave
         Amiens, and the post of confessor to the Sisters of Notre Dame fell to a capable
         but most injudicious, self-opinionated young priest, who tried to upset the rules of
         the congregation ; when gently remonstrated with, he turned against the foundress.
         He even managed for a time to estrange from her many who had been her warm
         friends. Among these was the Bishop of Amiens, who now virtually demanded
         her withdrawal from his diocese. Accompanied by nearly all the sisters she
         accordingly retired to the branch house at Namur, where the bishop of that city
         received her warmly. Before long Bd Julia was fully vindicated and she was invited
         to return to Amiens ; but it was found impracticable to restart the work there, so
         Namur became permanently the mother-house. The remaining seven years of the
         holy wontan’s life were spent in training her daughters and in founding new con-
         vents, fifteen of which were established during her lifetime. “ Mother Julia is one
         of those souls who can do more for God’s Church in a few years than others can
         do in a century
, said the Bishop of Namur, who knew her worth. It is recorded
         that in the interest of her institute she made no less than one hundred and twenty
         journeys.
           In 1816 it became evident to herself and to her community that she was failing
         fast. Mother Blin de Bourdon was also ill at the time, but whereas Bd Julia’s
         earthly course had run, her faithful friend was to be restored to health to carry on
        the great work. On April 8, while she was gently repeating the Magnificat, the
         foundress of the Institute of Notre Dame of Namur passed to her reward. She
         was beatified in 1906.
        
           Lives of Bd Julia Billiart are numerous in French, English and German. That by
         Fr Charles Clair, s.j., La bse Mè
re Julie Billiart (1906) must not be confused with another
         written in English by a member of the order and edited by Fr James Clare, s.j. (1909). The
         French biography by Fr C. Clair was supplemented and re-edited by Fr Griselle (1907).
         In German the best life is that by B. Arens (1908). More recent accounts are by T. Réjalot
         (1922), Sr F. de Chantal (Julie Billiart and Her Institute, 1939), and M. G. Carroll, The
         Charred Wood
(1951).



St. Julie (Julia) Billiart was born in 1751 and died in 1816. As a child, playing "school" was Julie's favorite game. When she was sixteen, to help support her family, she began to teach "for real". She sat on a haystack during the noon recess and told the biblical parables to the workers. Julie carried on this mission of teaching throughout her life, and the Congregation she founded continues her work.

Julie was the fifth of seven children. She attended a little one room school in Cuvilly. She enjoyed all of her studies, but she was particularly attracted to the religion lessons taught by the parish priest. Recognizing something "special" in Julie, the priest secretly allowed her to make her First Communion at the age of nine, when the normal age at that time, was thirteen. She learned to make short mental prayers and to develop a great love for Jesus in the Eucharist.

A murder attempt on her father shocked her nervous system badly. A period of extremely poor heath for Julie began, and was to last for thirty years. For twenty-two of these years she was completely paralyzed. All of her sufferings and pain she offered up to God. 
When the French Revolution broke out, Julie offered her home as a hiding place for loyal priests. Because of this, Julie became a hunted prey. Five times in three years she was forced to flee in secret to avoid compromising her friends who were hiding her. 
At this time she was privileged to receive a vision. She saw her crucified Lord surrounded by a large group of religious women dressed in a habit she had never seen before. An inner voice told her that these would be her daughters and that she would begin an institute for the Christian education of young girls. She and a rich young woman founded the Sisters of Notre Dame de Namur. At Amiens, the two women and a few companions began living a religious life in 1803. In 1804, Julie was miraculously cured of her illness and walked for the first time in twenty-two years. In 1805, Julie and three companions made their profession and took their final vows. She was elected as Mother General of the young Congregation.

In 1815, Mother taxed her ever poor health by nursing the wounded and feeding the starving left from the battle of Waterloo. For the last three months of her life, she again suffered much. She died peacefully on April 8, 1816 at 64 years of age. Julie was beatified on May 13, 1906, and was canonized by Pope Paul VI in 1969.

Julia (Julie) Billiart V (RM) Born in Cuvilly (near Beauvais), Picardy, France, on July 12, 1751; died on April 8, 1816; beatified in 1906; canonized by Pope Paul VI in 1969.
Julia, baptized Marie Rose Julia Billiart, was born to prosperous peasant farmers who also owned a small shop in Cuvilly. Early in life she evinced an interest in religion and helping the sick and the poor. At 14, she took a vow of chastity and dedicated herself to the service and instruction of the poor.
She was paralyzed by shock when someone shot a gun at her father, while she was sitting next to him. Thereafter, she was an invalid for 22 years. Although she was in pain, this malady gave her the luxury of spending more time in prayer.

In 1790, the curé of Cuvilly was replaced by a priest who had taken the oath prescribed by the revolutionary authorities, and Julia rallied the people to boycott him. She also helped find safe houses for fugitive priests, and for this reason was taken to Compiegne, where she had to change addresses often for her safety.
A friend brought her to Amiens to the house of Viscount Blin de Bourdon after the Reign of Terror. There she met Frances Blin de Bourdon, Viscountess de Gézaincourt, who became her friend and worked with her. Daily the viscountess and a small group of pious women gathered in Julia's sickroom for the sacrifice of the Mass. Throughout the French Revolution (1794-1804), Julia encourage the group in their works of charity. Heightened persecution forced Julia and Frances to move to a house belonging to the Doria family at Bettencourt, where, with a group of women, they conducted catechetical classes for the villages.
At Bettencourt Julia met Father Joseph Varin, who was convinced that the saint was meant to achieve great works. When Frances and Julia returned to Amiens, they laid the foundations of the Institute of Notre Dame, whose objects were to see to the religious instruction of poor children, the Christian education of girls of all classes, and the training of religious teachers. They also opened an orphanage.
The rules of the institute were somewhat innovative, requiring the abolition of the distinction between choir and lay sisters. At a mission held by the Fathers of the Faith of Amiens in 1804, the teaching of women was given to the Sisters of Notre Dame. At the end of the mission, Father Enfantin asked Julia to join him in a novena without telling her why, and on the fifth day, the feast of the Sacred Heart, he ordered her to walk. After 22 years as an invalid, at the age of 44, she got up and realized that she was cured.

Now fully functional, she worked to extend the new foundation and to assist at missions conducted by the Fathers of the Faith in other towns. She did this until the work was halted by the government. The educational work continued, however, and convents were opened at Namur, Ghent, and Tournai.
Unfortunately, Father Varin's post of confessor to the sisters was filled by a young priest who estranged Julia from the bishop of Amiens, and the bishop pressed for her withdrawal from his diocese in 1809. She moved the mother house to Namur, joined by nearly all the sisters, where she was well received by the bishop.

Soon she was vindicated and invited to return to Amiens, but since it was too difficult to restore the foundation there, Namur became the motherhouse. As of 1816, it was clear that Julia's health was failing rapidly. While repeating the Magnificat, she died. By the time of her death 15 convents had been established (Benedictines, Delaney, Encyclopedia, Gill, Walsh, White).
The Spanish Icon of the Most Holy Theotokos, which is one of the Panachranta type, depicts the Mother of God seated upon a throne.