We cannot arrive at heaven by any other road but that which Christ held,
Who bequeathed His cross to all His elect as their portion and inheritance in this world.

Prayer of Saint Casimir, Patron Saint of Lithuania, Poland and Russia
 Saturday Saints of this Day March  05 Tértio Nonas Mártii.  
Et álibi aliórum plurimórum sanctórum Mártyrum et Confessórum, atque sanctárum Vírginum.
And elsewhere in divers places, many other holy martyrs, confessors, and holy virgins.
Пресвятая Богородице спаси нас! (Santíssima Mãe de Deus, salva-nos!)

The saints are a “cloud of witnesses over our head”, showing us life of Christian perfection is possible.

Day 25 40 Days for Life

40 Days for Life  11,000+ saved lives in 2015
We are the defenders of true freedom.
  May our witness unveil the deception of the "pro-choice" slogan.
40 days for Life Campaign saves lives Shawn Carney Campaign Director www.40daysforlife.com
Please help save the unborn they are the future for the world

Our Lady of the Miracle (Italy, 1440)

Our Bartholomew Family Prayer List

Acts of the Apostles

Nine First Fridays Devotion to the Sacred Heart From the writings of St. Margaret Mary Alacoque

How do I start the Five First Saturdays?

Mary Mother of GOD 15 Promises of the Virgin Mary to those who recite the Rosary.
Our Lady of the Miracle (Italy, 1440)
Prayer of Saint Casimir, Patron Saint of Lithuania, Poland and Russia
423 Eusebius of Cremona build hostel for poor pilgrims, Abbot (AC) 
530 St. Kieran The “first born of the saints of Ireland,”
540 St. Carthach Irish bishop, called “the Elder” and Carthage
  St. Colman of Armagh Disciple of St. Patrick buried by him in Armagh, Ireland
1622 Bl. Dionysius Fugishima Martyr of Japan Japanese-born Jesuit novice   
1734 St. John Joseph of the Cross very ascetic prophesy miracles humility religious discipline.

March 5 – Sant 'Andrea delle Fratte (Saint Andrew of the Bushes) (Italy, 1842)
 The Virgin Mary appeared in the same attitude as on the Miraculous Medal 
 The Church of Sant 'Andrea delle Fratte (Saint Andrew of the Bushes), also known as Our Lady of the Miracle, is in the Colonna neighborhood east of Rome, Italy. It is a very old church dating from the 12th century and rebuilt in the 16th century.
In 1842, a young Jewish man named Alphonse Ratisbonne went to Rome as a tourist. To please a friend, he put the Miraculous Medal of the Virgin Mary around his neck (see the apparitions of the Rue du Bac in Paris in 1830).
Soon after this, while in the church of Sant 'Andrea delle Fratte, the Virgin Mary appeared to him in the exact same attitude as on the Miraculous Medal he was wearing! He converted and later became a priest.

The apparition was approved, after the canonical inquiry of the Church.
The image of the Virgin inside the Basilica was painted by Natale Carta, taking into account the indications of Alphonse Ratisbonne. A small Marian shrine was built inside this church initially dedicated to Saint Andrew.
Many more conversions have taken place there since, before the image of Mary.

Domenico Marcuzzi
Santuari mariani d’Italia, edizioni Paoline, Roma 1982

March 5 - Our Lady of the Miracle (Italy, 1440)
She Runs After Her Sons
Marcel Boldizsar Marton, a brillant teacher and writer,
 slowly gave up his faith to pursue a frivolous and empty life for sixteen long years.
The Great War broke out, and the teacher was mobilized. One of his young students slipped a medal of the Beautiful Lady into his hand, with these words: "Make sure to keep it on your person." The officer "grew fond of the medal and guarded it jealously like a treasure." Upon his safe return home after braving countless dangers, he attributed his safety to the Lady represented on the medal, whose mysterious presence he had constantly felt.
This is why he wrote, in Le Bel Amour (True Love): "No missionary has more zeal than the Virgin Mary. She runs after her sons, the bad Christians who have become pagans; she goes abroad, on roaring seas and raging battlefields, just to convert them. And what weapons does she use? A scapular, a medal of Mary, and a few Marian prayers."
Provided they are worn, carried or recited with faith and trust, said the pagan who became a Christian.
 Father Marcel Boldizsar Marton o.c.d.
Excerpt from " l,
Le Bel Amour, histoire d’une vocation au Carmel" (True Love, The Story of a Call to Carmel,)
Editions Téqui  Source : www.aleteia.org
Prayer of Saint Casimir, Patron Saint of Lithuania, Poland and Russia
Prince Casimir chose a life of celibacy and asceticism. He died at the age of twenty-six from tuberculosis, on March 4, 1484. He was buried in the cathedral at Vilna (now Vilnius, Lithuania). When in 1604 his tomb was opened for translation to the church that Sigismund III built in his name, his body was found to be fresh and whole.
He was holding this prayer to the Virgin in his hands:
Every day, O my soul, pay your respects to Mary, Make her feasts solemn and celebrate her brilliant virtues;
Contemplate and admire her elevation; Proclaim her blessedness both as Mother and Virgin;
Honor her so that she delivers you from the weight of your sins; Invoke her so as not to be driven by the torrent of passion; I do know if anybody can honor Our Lady worthily Yet he who keeps silent in her praises is senseless;
Everyone should exalt and love her in a special way, And never cease to cherish and pray to her;
O Mary, the honor and glory of all women, You who God has raised above all creatures;
O Virgin of Mercy, hear the prayers of those who never stop praising you;
Purify those who are guilty and make them worthy of heaven;

Hail, O holy Virgin, through whom the gates of heaven were opened to undeserving souls.
You, who, the old serpent's snares never managed to seduce; You repair and console despairing souls.
Preserve us from the evils that will fall on the wicked; Obtain perpetual peace for me, And save me from the misfortune of the flames of Gehenna;
Obtain for me to be chaste and modest, gentle, kind, sober, pious, prudent, upright and the enemy of all falsehood;
Grant me meekness, love of harmony and purity; Make me strong and constant on the path of righteousness.

Saint Casimir (d. 1484)

March 5 – Our Lady of the Miracle (Italy, 1440) – Death of Max Jacob (1944) –
Saint Nikolai Velimirovich
Let us make ourselves very small
Let us make ourselves very, very small in the arms of our beloved Mother. Let us remain very close to her... She will tell us that our duty, our sole Christian duty is to be like Jesus, and that there is still, in every time and place, only one way to be like him: by renouncing our self, taking up our cross and following him…

But she will also tell us what she knows from experience—that with Jesus, to renounce our self, take up our cross and follow him by carrying it, is not putting a ball and chain on our feet but wings on our heart, joy, happiness, and a piece of heaven in our life…

Let us follow Jesus and let us follow him with Mary, his incomparable Mother. Let us fix our eyes not only on his divinity, but also on his holy humanity, his suffering humanity...Venerable Marthe Robin -- www.martherobin.com
Mary Mother of GOD 15 Promises of the Virgin Mary to those who recite the Rosary
Mary's Divine Motherhood
Called in the Gospel "the Mother of Jesus," Mary is acclaimed by Elizabeth, at the prompting of the Spirit and even before the birth of her son, as "the Mother of my Lord" (Lk 1:43; Jn 2:1; 19:25; cf. Mt 13:55; et al.). In fact, the One whom she conceived as man by the Holy Spirit, who truly became her Son according to the flesh, was none other than the Father's eternal Son, the second person of the Holy Trinity.
Hence the Church confesses that Mary is truly "Mother of God" (Theotokos).

Catechism of the Catholic Church 495, quoting the Council of Ephesus (431): DS 251.

March 5 - Our Lady of Good Help (Montreal, Canada, 1657) -
Death of Max Jacob, Jewish Poet and Catholic Convert
  Unique Virgin, Watch Over Me!
Jacob was a well-known poet and painter in Paris until the day he had a vision of Christ and the Virgin Mary, in 1909. After further visions, he converted to Catholicism and was baptized in 1915. His friend Pablo Picasso agreed to be his godfather. Eventually Jacob withdrew from the temptations of Parisian life and chose the Abbey of Saint-Benoit- sur- Loire to lead a more religious life. In 1944, the Gestapo arrested him because of his Jewish origins and deported him to a concentration camp in Germany, which he never reached. He died of bronchial pneumonia in a holding camp in Drancy on March 5, 1944.
"Praise to this little country girl Who deserved to be the Mother of God!
It seems to me that she was born in Brittany And she lived there right before my eyes.
... She is unique.
She was greeted by Gabriel; And she deserved to be: That is why God is over her.
He is in her and He is around her; He is her Husband, her Son, and her Father; She is His wet-nurse and His mother; She is His queen, He is her King.  
Blessed Virgin, watch over me." Max Jacob (d.1944)
  138 St. Oliva Martyr she was executed in the last year of the reign of Emperor Hadrian
  195 St. Theophilus Bishop of Caesarea (modern Israel)
       Ad ripam Jordánis, item in Palæstína, sancti Gerásimi, Anachorétæ
†308 Cæsaréæ, in Palæstína, sancti Hadriáni Mártyris
†308 Eódem die pássio sanctórum Eusébii Palatini
320 St. Phocas and Antioch  Martyr An Antiochene Christian
423 Eusebius of Cremona build hostel for poor pilgrims, Abbot (AC) 
475 St. Gerasimus Hermit follower of St. Euthymius austerity and miracles
530 St. Kieran The “first born of the saints of Ireland,”
540 St. Carthach Irish bishop, called “the Elder” and Carthage
      St. Colman of Armagh Disciple of St. Patrick buried by him in Armagh, Ireland
610 St. Virgilius of Arles Archbishop many miracle worker 
      St. Caron Titular saint of Tregaron, in Dyfed, Wales
      St. Piran hermit near Padstow in Cornwall patron saint of tin mines
1622 Bl. Dionysius Fugishima Martyr of Japan Japanese-born Jesuit novice   
1734 St. John Joseph of the Cross very ascetic prophesy miracles humility religious discipline

Day 25 40 Days for Life
Dear Readers
Did you realize that every hour of the day and night, people are praying for an end to abortion somewhere around the world during 40 Days for Life? It’s an awesome thought! And we know that God is listening to – and answering – prayers every day.
  With that … let’s take a tour of 40 Days for Life campaigns in four different countries.
Medellin, Colombia
The 40 Days for Life team in Medellin has learned of three babies saved already in this, their community’s first campaign.   Their message is simple: Life is a gift – a gift given by God.  One of their Facebook posts quotes Matthew 18:20 – “Where two or three are gathered together in my name, there am I in their midst.” But judging from the pictures, there are usually more than just two or three at the vigil!   And they’re inviting more to join their prayers. “We're waiting for you! Keep praying that abortion ends in Colombia – and in the whole world.”

Abuja, Nigeria
Community outreach is a major part of the 40 Days for Life effort in Abuja.
Kelechi, the local leader, says her group was invited to speak to students about the importance of the pro-life message … and how they could participate in 40 Days for Life.
 “The pro-life session was a huge success,” she said. “Students were attentive, asked questions and made notes during the session which demonstrated their interest on this subject. This gave us great joy and sense of accomplishment.”
The students were encouraged to form a pro-life club in their school … and their principal assured Kelechi they would be involved in 40 Days for Life, praying and working for an end to abortion.
Mendoza, Argentina
Carmen says the first-ever 40 Days for Life campaign in Mendoza got off to a fantastic start, and people are coming forward to take part in prayer and fasting as well as community outreach.     The awareness that they are part of a worldwide effort is an incredible encouragement … and stories from campaigns in countries near and far have helped motivate others to participate. Churches are organizing groups to cover full days of prayer.
 “Really,” Carmen said, “this is a campaign that joins hearts and wills.”
Auckland, New Zealand
More than 150 people endured a very humid and damp Auckland evening to pray at the 40 Days for Life midpoint event.   “It was a beautiful experience to stand in solidarity with our unborn brothers and sisters,” said one of the team members, “praying for them, their mothers and all who are affected by the tragedy of abortion in our community.”
Leaders noted the special importance of being at the vigil on Monday mornings. “This is often the time when the women turn up for their first appointment,” they said. “Let's persevere and keep this vigil strong.”

Here’s today's devotional from Rev. J. Kirk van der Swaagh of the Conservative Congregational Christian Conference.
Day 25 intention
We pray for the conversion of all those who refuse to acknowledge that human life belongs only to God.
Then the word of the Lord came to me, saying: “Before I formed you in the womb I knew you; Before you were born I sanctified you; I ordained you a prophet to the nations.”
— Jeremiah 1:4-5
Reflection from Rev. J. Kirk van der Swaagh
To be or not to be? There is no question!  The question of “being” is something philosophers have long pondered. What is the meaning of being and what is the source? In the passage before us, we have our answer. We have being because we are known by God.
For God to declare that he knows and sets apart the prophet Jeremiah even before he is conceived indicates that our being rests in God’s own being. Because He is and because He wills we, therefore, are and do.
The Apostle Paul says as much when he declares before the philosophers of his day, “In Him we live and move and have our being” (Acts 17:28).
One of the tragedies of the abortion culture is that life in the womb has been so heartbreakingly devalued. To embrace the arguments of the “pro-choice” crowd one must conclude that the child in the womb doesn't exist, isn't there, has no being.
But nothing could be further from the truth. That child is known by God and, as such, has being.
Lord God, we confess that in You we live and move and have our being. Because You are, we are. May we find grace from You to affirm the being of every human and may we labor to make this truth known to the world around us. Amen.
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The Fifth Day of March  http://www.domcentral.org/life/martyr03.htm#0305
At Antioch, the birthday of St. Phocas, martyr. After suffering many outrages for the name of the Redeemer, he triumphed over the Old Serpent. His victory over him is manifested to the people of today by reason of this miracle, that if one is bitten by a serpent and in faith touches the door of the martyr's basilica, forthwith the power of the poison ceases, and he is instantly healed.
At Caesarea in Palestine, St. Hadrian, martyr. In the persecution of Diocletian, he was first cast to a lion for the faith of Christ, at the command of the governor Firmilian. Afterward, slain by the sword, he received the crown of martyrdom.
On the same day, the suffering of St. Eusebius Palatinus, and nine other martyrs.
At Caesarea in Palestine, St. Theophilus, bishop. Under the Emperor Severus, he was remarkable for his wisdom and holiness of life.
Also in Palestine, on the banks of the Jordan, St. Gerasimus, hermit and abbot, who flourished in the time of the Emperor Zeno.
At Naples in Campania, the death of St. John-Joseph of the Cross, priest, of the Order of Friars Minor, and confessor. By zealously imitating St. Francis of Assisi and St. Peter of Alcantara, he added great glory to the Seraphic Order. Pope Gregory XVI enrolled him in the canon of the saints.
It is in vain that we take the name of Christians, or pretend to follow Christ, unless we carry our crosses after Him.
It is in vain that we hope to share in His glory, and in His kingdom, if we accept not the condition.
March 5 - Our Lady of the Miracle (Italy, 1440) Our Lady of Healing (II)
One of these miracles involved a certain man who lived in the county of Kilkenny, whose arm had been withered from birth so that he was unable even to move it. One night, in a dream, it seemed as though the Mother of God appeared to him and suggested that he journey to Waterford and visit her image which was then preserved in St John’s Hospital. The vision promised that if he did so, his arm would be fully restored. On awakening he decided to comply with the suggestion. Later that same day he arrived in Waterford.
He first visited the Reverend Nicholas Fagan so that he could tell him the reason for his visit, but the priest suggested that he wait until the next day, when he could celebrate Holy Mass and recommend his cure to God.
The next morning the man and a considerable number of Catholics assembled in the oratory, where Reverend Fagan offered the Holy Sacrifice. At the moment of the Elevation, the man realized that his hand and arm were suddenly and perfectly cured. Not wishing to cause a disturbance at that moment by declaring what had happened, he held his peace until the end of the Mass. He then raised his arm, now as healthy and whole as the other, and proclaimed his cure to all present.
Joan Carroll Cruz, Miraculous Images of Our Lady, Tan Books, 1993, page 135. (www.tanbooks.com)

138 St. Oliva Martyr executed in the last year of the reign of Emperor Hadrian
She was supposedly executed in the last year of the reign of Emperor Hadrian
Oliva of Brescia VM (AC) Oliva is said to have been a martyr under the Emperor Adrian. Her body is venerated in the church of Saint Afra in Brescia (Benedictines, Encyclopedia).
195 St. Theophilus Bishop of Caesarea (modern Israel)
 Cæsearéæ, in Palæstína, sancti Theóphili Epíscopi, qui sub Sevéro Príncipe, sapiéntia et vitæ integritáte conspícuus, emícuit. 
At Caesarea in Palestine, in the time of Emperor Severus, St. Theophilus, bishop, who was conspicuous for his wisdom and the purity of his life.
He is best known for his opposition to the Quartodecimans, a Christian sect which believed that Easter should be held on the Jewish Passover and not necessarily on a Sunday.

Ad ripam Jordánis, item in Palæstína, sancti Gerásimi, Anachorétæ et Abbátis; qui témpore Zenónis Imperatóris flóruit.
Also in Palestine, on the banks of the Jordan, the anchoret St. Gerasimus, who lived in the time of Emperor Zeno.
THE record of the passion of St Perpetua, St Felicity and their companions is one of the greatest hagiological treasures that have come down to us.
             In the fourth century these acts were publicly read in the churches of Africa, and were in fact so highly esteemed that St Augustine found it necessary to issue a protest against their being placed on a level with the Holy Scriptures. In them we have a human document of singularly vivid interest preserved for us in the actual words of two of the martyrs themselves.

It was in Carthage in the year 203 that, during the persecution initiated by the Emperor Severus, five catechumens were arrested. They were Revocatus, his fellow-slave Felicity (who was shortly expecting her confinement), Saturninus, Secundulus and Vivia (Vibia) Perpetua, at that time twenty-two years of age, the wife of a man of good position, and the mother of a young child. She had parents and two brothers living—a third, names Dinocrates, having died at the age of seven.
         These five prisoners were joined by Saturus, who seems to have been their instructor in the faith and who underwent a voluntary imprisonment with them because he would not leave them. Perpetua’s father, of whom she was the favourite child, was an old man and a pagan, whereas her mother was probably a Christian—as was also one of her brothers, the other being a catechumen. The martyrs, after their apprehension, were kept under guard in a private house, and Perpetua’s     account of their sufferings is as follows:
         “When I was still with my companions,
         and my father, in his affection for me, was trying to turn me from my purpose by
         arguments and thus weaken my faith, ‘ Father’, said I, ‘do you see this vessel—
         waterpot or whatever it may be P . . . Can it be called by any other name than
         what it is P ‘ ‘ No ‘, he replied. ‘ So also I cannot call myself by any other name
         than what I am—a Christian.’
Then my father, provoked at the word’ Christian threw himself upon me as if he would pluck out my eyes, but he only shook me and in fact he was vanquished. . . - Then I thanked God for the relief of being, for a few days, parted from my father . . . and during those few days we were baptized, the Spirit bidding me make no other petition after the rite than for bodily endurance.
         A few days later we were lodged in prison, and I was greatly frightened because I had never known such darkness. What a day of horror! Terrible heat, owing to the crowds! Rough treatment by the soldiers! To crown all I was tormented

308 Cæsaréæ, in Palæstína, sancti Hadriáni Mártyris, qui in persecutióne Diocletiáni Imperatóris, jussu Firmiliáni Præsidis, prius ob Christi fidem leóni objéctus, deínde gládio jugulátus, martyrii corónam accépit.
At Caesarea in Palestine, in the persecution of Diocletian, the martyr St. Adrian.  He was first exposed to a lion for the faith of Christ, and then slain with the sword by order of the governor Firmilian, and thus received the crown of martyrdom.

   THE seventh year of Diocletian’s persecution, when Firmilian was governor of Palestine, Adrian and Eubulus came from Batanea to Caesarea to visit the holy confessors. At the gates of the city they were asked their business and their destination, and frankly acknowledged that they had come to minister to the followers of Jesus Christ. They were immediately brought before the president, by whose orders they were scourged, their sides were torn with iron hooks, and they were condemned to be thrown to the wild beasts. Two days later, at the local festival of the goddess Fortune, Adrian was first exposed to a lion which mangled but did not kill him, and then slain with the sword.
 Eubulus suffered a similar fate a day or two after. The judge had offered him his liberty if he would sacrifice to idols, but the saint preferred to die, and was the last to suffer at Caesarea in this persecution, which had lasted for twelve years, under three successive governors, Flavian, Urban and Firmilian. Retribution soon overtook the cruel Firmilian, for that same year he fell into disgrace and was beheaded by the emperor’s order—as his predecessor Urban had been two years previously.
         The historian Eusebius, who was a contemporary, is our reliable source of information
         concerning these martyrs. See his Martyrs of Palestine, xi, 29—31.

March 5.—STS. ADRIAN and EUBULUS, Martyrs. from sacred texts
IN the seventh year of Diocletian's persecution, continued by Galerius Maximianus, when Firmilian, the most bloody governor of Palestine, had stained Cæsarea with the blood of many illustrious martyrs, Adrian and Eubulus came out of the country called Magantia to Cæsarea, in order to visit the holy confessors there. At the gates of the city they were asked, as others were, whither they were going, and upon what errand. They ingenuously confessed the truth, and were brought before the president, who ordered them to be tortured and their sides to be torn with iron hooks, and then condemned them to be exposed to wild beasts. Two days after, when the pagans at Cæsarea celebrated the festival of the public Genius, Adrian was exposed to a lion, and not being despatched by that beast, but only mangled, was at length killed by the sword.

Eubulus was treated in the same manner two days later. The judge offered him his liberty if he would sacrifice to idols; but the Saint preferred a glorious death, and was the last that suffered in this persecution at Cæsarea, which had now continued twelve years, under three successive governors, Flavian, Urban, and Firmilian. Divine vengeance pursuing the cruel Firmilian, he was that same year beheaded for his crimes, by the emperor's order, as his predecessor Urban had been two years before.

Reflection.—It is in vain that we take the name of Christians, or pretend to follow Christ, unless we carry our crosses after Him. It is in vain that we hope to share in His glory, and in His kingdom, if we accept not the condition. We cannot arrive at heaven by any other road but that which Christ held, Who bequeathed His cross to all His elect as their portion and inheritance in this world.
308 Eódem die pássio sanctórum Eusébii Palatini, et aliórum novem Mártyrum.
The same day, the passion of the holy martyrs Eusebius Palatinus and nine others.
320 St. Phocas and Antioch  Martyr An Antiochene Christian
Antiochíæ natális sancti Phocæ Mártyris, qui, post multas, quas pro nómine Redemptoris passus est, injúrias, quáliter de antíquo illo serpénte triumpháverit, hódie quoque pópulis eo miráculo declarátur, quod, si quíspiam a serpénte morsus fúerit, hic, ut jánuam Basílicæ Mártyris credens attígerit, conféstim, evacuáta venéni virtúte, sanátur.
At Antioch, the birthday of the martyr St. Phocas, who triumphed over the ageless Serpent after many injuries which he suffered for the Name of the Redeemer.  That triumph is still manifested to the people in our day, for if any one stung by a snake touches with faith the door of the martyr's basilica, the power of the venom disappears, and he is immediately cured.  He was put to death during the persecution of the Church in the Eastern Empire by co-Emperor Licinius Licinianus. According to custom, Phocas was suffocated in his bath. The Acts recounting his martyrdom are considered unreliable.

         PHOCAS, in the words of the Roman Martyrology (derived ultimately from St Gregory of Tours), “after suffering many outrages in the name of the Redeemer, triumphed over the Old Serpent and has his victory made manifest to-day by this marvel; to wit, that whenever a man, bitten by a venomous snake and full of faith, touches the door of the martyr’s basilica, the poison loses its power and he is cured
         The Bollandists have identified him with St Phocas of Sinope (“the Gardener”
         of whom relics were deposited in the church of St Michael at Antioch.
         St Gregory of Tours, De gloria martyrum, bk i, ch. 98; his words have been adopted
         by Florus and the other later martyrologists. See Delehaye, Origines du culte des martyrs
         (1933), pp. 169, 205, and CMH., pp. 128, 374-375.

423 Eusebius of Cremona build hostel for poor pilgrims, Abbot (AC)
ST EUSEBIUS of Cremona paid a visit as a young man to Rome and during his stay made the acquaintance of St Jerome. There sprang up between the two an intimacy which proved lifelong, and when Jerome proposed to journey to the Holy Land Eusebius determined to accompany him. Arrived at Antioch, they were joined by the widow St Paula and her daughter. St Eustochium, who accompanied them in their pilgrimages to the Holy Places and Egypt, before they all settled at Bethlehem. In view of the large number of poor pilgrims who flocked to Bethlehem, St Jerome proposed to build a hostel for them; and it was apparently to collect funds for that purpose that he sent Eusebius and Paulinian first to Dalmnatia and then to Italy, where they seem to have sold the property St Eusebius owned at Cremona as well as that of St Paula in Rome.
  In Rome Eusebius found himself involved in an acrimonious dispute with Rufinus, a priest of Aquileia, who was charged with making a garbled translation of Origen and disseminating false doctrine. St Jerome had opposed his teaching, and Eusebius identified himself with his master. Rufinus attacked Eusebius violently, and complained that through his agency his translation of Origen had been stolen and tampered with.
Later on, we find St Jerome accusing Rufinus of hiring a monk to get possession of a letter from St Epiphanius to John of Jerusalem—the monk having undertaken to make a Latin translation of it for Eusebius who, though an excellent Latin scholar, knew no Greek. The details of these protracted controversies are obscure and not very edifying. It seems that Eusebius was largely responsible for having eventually induced Pope St Anastasius to condemn the writings of Origen.
           In 400 he again visited his native town, and is said to have remained in Italy.
The account attributed to him of Jerome’s last illness is certainly a forgery. Several of St Jerome’s commentaries are dedicated to his friend, whose body is said to have been buried beside that of his master at Bethlehem; but the fact is very doubtful.
An altar in the crypt of the church of the Nativity is dedicated in honour of St Eusebius. A tradition states that St Eusebius was the founder of the monastery of Guadalupe in Spain, and that he introduced into the Peninsula the Order of Hieronymites, but the legend is baseless.
         Nearly all the reliable information we possess concerning St Eusebius of Cremona comes
         from the works and letters of St Jerome. The long life printed in the Acta Sanctorum
         (March, vol. i) was compiled by Francis Ferrari from this source, but very uncritically. See
         also DCB., vol. ii, pp. 376—377, and Cavallera, St Jérô
me, sa vie at son oeuvre (1922).

Born in Cremona, Italy; Eusebius first met Saint Jerome in Rome when Jerome was acting as secretary to Pope Saint Damasus and preaching a strict asceticism to all who would listen.
Eusebius as so much attracted to the stern Biblical scholar that when Jerome decided to leave for the Holy Land, he begged to accompany him.
At Antioch they were joined by Jerome's other two great friends, the widow Saint Paula and her daughter Saint Eustochium.
The four of them made a pilgrimage to all the places connected with the earthly life of Jesus, before deciding to make Bethlehem their home.
Jerome was much touched by the hundreds of pilgrims to Bethlehem, many of whom were extremely poor. Resolving to build a hostel for them, he sent Eusebius to Dalmatia and Italy to raise money for the project. Saint Paula sold her Roman estate through him for this purpose and Eusebius also sold his own property at Cremona and gave the proceeds for the building of the hostel.
Eusebius succeeded the holy Doctor of the Church as abbot of Bethlehem, and was involved, like his friend, in bitter disputes with the followers of Origen. There is an unsubstantiated tradition that Eusebius founded the abbey of Guadalupe in Spain.
In 400 AD, Eusebius returned to his native Cremona, where some sources indicate that he stayed until his death. Others suggest that he returned to Bethlehem to become spiritual director of one of the religious communities there.
He may well be buried alongside Jerome in Bethlehem, where--in the crypt of the church of the Nativity--an altar is dedicated in his name (Benedictines, Bentley).
475 St. Gerasimus Hermit follower of St. Euthymius austerity and miracles
Born in Lycia, Asia Minor. He was a merchant who visited hermits in Egypt. Upon his return to Palestine, he founded a laura, or eremtical community, in Jericho, Israel. Gerasimus was famous for his austerity and miracles.

         ST GERASIMUS was a native of Lycia in Asia Minor, where he embraced the life of a hermit. Passing thence to Palestine, he fell for a time into the errors of Eutyches, then very prevalent, but St Euthymius brought him back to the true faith. He appears afterwards to have stayed at several settlements in the Thebaid and then to have returned to the Holy Land, where he became intimate with St John the Silent, St Sabas, St Theoctistus and St Anastasius of Jerusalem. So great a number of disciples gathered round him that he established for them by the Jordan, near Jericho, a laura of 70 cells, with a cenobium for the training of aspirants. His monks observed almost complete silence their only bed was a reed mat and no fire was ever lighted in their cells, the doors of which might never he closed. Bread, dates and water were their usual food, and their time was divided between prayer and manual work to each one was set an appointed task which he was expected to finish by Saturday. Severe as was the rule, St Gerasimus made it severer still for himself, and never ceased doing penance for his temporary lapse into heresy.
         He was wont, it is said, to spend the whole of Lent without taking any food but the Holy Eucharist. So highly did St Euthymius esteem his convert that he used to send to him for training those of his followers whom he regarded as calied to the highest perfection. The fame of St Gerasimus was second only to that of St Sabas, and at the time of the Council of Chalcedon in 451 his name was honoured throughout the East. His great laura long survived its founder and was still flourishing a hundred years after his death.
           John Moschus in his Spiritual Meadow furnishes us with a charming anecdote.
         One day when the abbot was beside the Jordan, a lion came up to him evidently in great pain, walking on three feet with the fourth paw in the air. Gerasimus examined the paw and, seeing that a sharp thorn had entered, extracted it, bathed the foot and bound it up. After this, the lion would not leave him, but became tamer than any domestic animal. Now the monastery had a donkey that was used for fetching water, and after a time the lion was sent to take care of it when it went to pasture. One day, Arab traders stole the donkey, and the lion returned home to the monastery alone and very dejected. Questioned, it could only he silent and look over its shoulder. “Thou hast eaten him
, said the abbot. “Blessed be God. But henceforth thou must do what the donkey did.” Accordingly the lion had to carry the water-bottles for the community. Shortly afterwards the Arab thief passed again with the ass and with three camels, and the lion, recognizing them, chased the man off, seized the donkey’s bridle in his mouth, and brought it and the camels back in triumph to the monastery. St Gerasimus saw his mistake and gave his favourite the name of Jordan. When the old abbot died the poor beast was disconsolate. The new abbot said to him, “Jordan, our friend has left us orphans and has gone to join the Master whom he served, but do thou take thy food and eat.” But he only moaned and roared the more. At last Sabbatius, the abbot, led him to the grave of Gerasimus, and weeping knelt down beside it saying, “See where he is buried.” Then the lion stretched himself over the grave and beat his head upon the ground and could not be prevailed upon to leave, but was found dead there a few days later. It has been suggested that the lion which has become the attribute of St Jerome was really the lion of St Gerasimus, confusion having arisen when, as sometimes happened, St Jerome’s name was spelt Geronimus.
         The Acta Sanctorum, March, vol. i, prints more extracts from the Life of St Euthymius,
         by Cyril of Scythopolis, which mention Gerasimus, as well as quotations from John Moschus.
         But besides these sources a Life of Gerasimus has also been edited in Greek by Papadopoulos
         Kerameus in the fourth volume of his Analecta. Ftc ascribes it to Cyril of Scythopolis,
         but H. Grégoire in the Byzantinische Zeitschrift (vol. xiii, pp. 114—135) has given substantial
         reasons for setting aside this attribution.
St. Colman of Armagh Disciple of St. Patrick buried by him in Armagh, Ireland.
530? St. Kieran The “first born of the saints of Ireland,” sometimes listed as Kieran Saighir or Kevin the Elder.
OF the sons of Erin senior to or associated with St Patrick, one of the most celebrated is St Kieran, whom the Irish designate as the first-born of their saints. Very conflicting accounts of him appear in the legendary lives, where he seems to have been confused with other holy men of his name and where, in order to reconcile discrepancies of date, he is sometimes credited with having lived to the age of 300.
   According to some he was a native of Ossory, according to others Cork was his birthplace. Having received some elementary knowledge of Christianity, he is said to have made a journey to Rome, at the age of about thirty, in order to be more fully instructed in the faith, and after a stay of some years to have returned to Ireland accompanied by four learned men, all of whom were afterwards raised to the episcopate. Some writers maintain that he was ordained bishop in Rome, and that it was in Italy, on his homeward journey, that he first met St Patrick, who was not yet a bishop but others, with more show of probability, assert that St Kieran was one of the twelve whom St Patrick upon his arrival in Ireland consecrated bishops to assist him in evangelizing the country.
We read that he made himself a cell in a lovely spot surrounded by woods near a famous spring, and for some time lived the life of a hermit. Ere long, however, disciples gathered about him and he constructed a monastery or collection of huts, round which subsequently sprang up a town called after him Sier-Ciaran and Saighir, or Saigher. He is venerated as the first bishop of Ossory, a diocese now including Kilkenny and parts of Leix and Offaly, and his feast is observed throughout Ireland.

Many legends, some fantastic and some poetical, have grown up round St Kieran, but only two or three of them can be set down here. The holy man had had for his nurse St Cuach, who afterwards became abbess of Ros-Bennchuir, a place situated in a part of Ireland very remote from Saighir. Nevertheless, every Christmas night, when St Kieran had offered Mass and had given communion to his monks, he celebrated again at Ros-Bennchuir and gave communion to Cuach. How he got there and back in the same night was neyer known, for he told no one, but, as the chronicler truly remarks, God could if He willed convey this faithful servant, as He had in the past conveyed the prophet Habakkuk from Palestine to Chaldaea.
St Kieran lent some oxen to Cuach to help her to cultivate her fields. He sent no word that they were arriving and the animals found their own way to the abbess, who, divining from whence they came, set them to work at the plough. They remained for several years at Ros-Bennchuir, but when they judged that the land was in a good state of cultivation the wise beasts of their own accord returned to their master.
One day a boy called Crichidh came to St Kieran, who took him in and employed him in the monastery. But the mischievous lad, “at the instigation of the Devil
, extinguished the paschal fire which was lighted at Easter and was kept burning for the rest of the year, the only source from which all lights in the monastery were kindled. Then said the aged St Kieran, “Brothers, our sacred fire has been putout on purpose by that rascally boy Crichidh, for he is always doing things to annoy us. Now we shall have no fire until next Easter unless the Lord sends us some, and he went on to foretell that the miscreant would meet with an untimely death. The very next day when the boy went out into the woods, he was eaten up by a wolf.
           Tidings of this reached St Kieran the Younger at Clonmacnois to whom the lad belonged, and he came to Saighir. It was bitterly cold and the monks had no means of warming their guests or of cooking a meal. Then St Kieran the Elder upraised his hands to God in prayer, and immediately there fell into his lap a glowing fire-ball which he carried in his skin to his guests, who were able to warm themselves by its heat. As soon as supper was announced and they had all sat down to table, Kieran of Clonmacnois said, “I will not eat here until my boy who has been killed in this place has been restored to me safe and sound.” The other Kieran replied, “ We knew why you had come. The Lord will bring him to life for us. Therefore eat freely, for the boy is just coming.” Even as he spoke the lad entered and sat down to supper with the brethren, who all gave thanks to God.
           Aengus, King of Munster, had seven minstrels who were wont to sing him sweet lays of the deeds of heroes to the accompaniment of their harps. As they wandered through the land they were murdered by the king’s enemies, who threw their bodies into a bog and hung their harps upon a tree which overshadowed the swamp. Aengus was very sad, for he did not know what had become of them, and, being a Christian, he would not consult magicians. St Kieran, however, was divinely enlightened as to their fate and came and told Aengus where they were.
         At the king’s request, the saint went to the spot, and when he had fasted for a day the water from the bog evaporated and he could plainly discern the bodies of the bards lying side by side in the mud. St Kieran recalled them to life in the name of the Holy Trinity, and although they had lain in the bog for a month they arose as out of sleep, and taking down their harps they sang their sweetest songs to the king and to the bishop. Then, amid a shower of blessings from Aengus and his people, St Kieran returned to Saighir and the bog has remained dry ever since
           Both the Latin and the Irish lives of St Kieran have been edited and annotated by C.
         Plummer. See his VSH., vol. i, pp. 217—233, and Bethada Naem n-É
renn (Eng. trans.),
         vol. ii, pp. 99—120. The newly-found Latin life in MS. Gotha I. 81, is printed in Analecta
         Bollandiana. vol. lix (1941), pp. 217—271. There is, of course, only a very slender kernel
         of history to be looked for in these legends, and the stories themselves are differently narrated
         in different texts. For example, in the first Irish life the boy Crichidh becomes
         a rich man, cunning in many kinds of evil
. The Latin life, BHL., 4658, is to be found
         both in Colgan and the Acta Sanctorum, March, vol. i and there is an analysis of it in
         G. H. Doble’s St Perran (1931). See also LBS., vol. ii, pp. 119—138; and J. Ryan’s Irish
(1935); and cf. next notice.

He was a native of Ossory, and after living for a time as a hermit, he is believed to have been consecrated a bishop by St. Patrick, taking his place as the first bishop of Ossory. Another tradition states that he was consecrated in Rome. Legends attribute remarkable miracles to Kieran.
St. Caron Titular saint of Tregaron, in Dyfed, Wales
England. Nothing is known of his life.

540 St. Carthach Irish bishop, called “the Elder” and Carthage
He was the successor of St. Kieman in Ossory. He was the son or grandson of a local king.

St. Piran hermit near Padstow in Cornwall patron saint of tin mines and sometimes called Perran.
He is often erroneously identified with St. Kyran (Kieran) of Saighir.

THE identification of the Cornish St Piran (or Perran) with St Kieran (Ciarari) of Saighir goes back to the middle ages; but the most recent investigation, that of Canon Doble, follows the early Bollandists, and Dr Plummer and Joseph Loth, in rejecting it. He conjectures that, the identification having been made on the strength of the resemblance of name (initial C in Irish is P in Cornish), and there being a connection between Ossory and Bodmin priory, a west-country cleric appropriated the life of Kieran for Piran. The life has suffered in the process, and nothing of Cornish interest has been added.
           It is specially disappointing if we know nothing of St Piran because there is more information about his medieval cultus than that of any other Cornish saint, and the remains of his chapel at the centre of this cultus are a “relic
of great interest. They were discovered by chance, buried in the sand at Perranzabuloe (Piran-in-the-Sand), on the coast north of Perranporth, at the end of the eighteenth century and properly excavated in 1910. It is not likely that the ruin goes back to the saint’s time, but it, with the adjacent cross, was probably the centre of the Celtic monastic settlement that revered Piran as its founder.
Other places bearing the saint’s name are Perranarworthal and Perran Uthnoe (the present Catholic church at Truro is dedicated in his honour), there are traces of his cultus in Wales, and it is widespread in Brittany. So late as the middle of the eighteenth century the tin-miners of Breage and Germoe kept the feast of St Piran as their patron on March 5 this date, like his life, was borrowed from St Kieran but Wilson’s Martyrology (1608) gives his date at Padstow as May 11.

           Canon Dobles monograph, St Perran, St Keverne and St Kerrian (1931), with C.
         Henderson’s section on the cultus, is most valuable. The medieval Latin life, “a recension
         of a recension
derived from the life of Kieran of Saighir, is in John of Tynemouth’s Nova
         Legenda Angliae
. The newly-found Vita Sancti Pirani in the Gotha MS. I. 81 is printed
         in Analecta Bollandiana, vol. lix (1941), pp. 217—271. And see Doble in Old Cornwall,
         Winter, 1942.

610 St. Virgilius of Arles Archbishop many miracle worker
A native of Gascony, France, he studied on the island of Lerins, off the French coast near Cannes, eventually serving as abbot of the monastery there. He Iater was abbot of St. Symphorien in Autun and archbishop of Arles, also serving as apostolic vicar to King Childebert II (r. 575-595). He probably consecrated St. Augustine as archbishop of Canterbury and was responsible for founding churches in Arles. Virgilius was also rebuked by Pope St. Gregory I the Great (r. 590-604) for permitting the forced conversion of Jews. He was also a wonder worker, credited with many miracles.

ST VIRGIL was born in Gascony, but was educated at the monastery on Saint-Honorat—one of the Lérins islands two miles south of Cannes which are so familiar a sight to the dwellers in the French Riviera. He became a monk there and afterwards abbot—if we are to believe the anonymous biographer who is our chief authority for his life, but who, living some centuries later, romances freely to glorify his hero. According to him, the saint was walking one night by the shore when he noticed a strange ship drawn up on the beach. He could plainly discern the sailors working on the deck and it was evident that they must also have perceived him, for two of them disembarked and came to meet him. Accosting him by name, they assured him that his reputation had spread to foreign lands, and that if he would accompany them to Jerusalem he would give great joy to the faithful and would attain to great sanctity. Virgil was not to be deceived, and, making the sign of the cross, he replied, “The wicked wiles of the deceiver cannot beguile the soldiers of Christ, nor can you entrap those whom God forewarns. For prayer has so fortified the island of St Honoratus that the dragon is cast forth, nor has the Devil any power to do harm.” Immediately the ship and its sailors vanished.
The name of Virgil does not appear In the list of abbots of
Lérins ,and in other chronicles he is spokenof as a monk of Lérins who afterwards became abbot of Saint-Symphorien at Autun.
           It is certain that he was called from monastic life to become archbishop of Arles, receiving the pallium from Pope St Gregory I, by whom he was appointed apostolic vicar for the kingdom of Childebert II.
The Venerable Bede mentions him in connection with the mission to England of St Augustine it would appear that it was St Virgil who was the consecrator of Augustine, at the special request of Gregory.
The archbishop was an able and vigorous administrator whose zeal, in one instance, outran his discretion, for we find St Gregory remonstrating with his friend for his attempts to convert the Jews of his diocese by force, and recommending him to confine his efforts to prayer and preaching.
           St Virgil built several churches in Arles, and the story goes that when the basilica of St Honoratus was under construction and the stone pillars were being brought there, it was suddenly found impossible to move them. No reason could be found until the archbishop repaired to the spot. His enlightened eyes at once perceived what was hidden from others, viz, that the Devil in the form of a little Negro of enormous strength was hanging on to the stone column and frustrating all efforts to drag it along. St Virgil spoke sternly to the fiend and he vanished in a dreadful stench, leaving the pillars free to be drawn to their destination.
His biographer gives many instances of the saint’s powers as a wonder-worker according to him, Virgil wrought many miracles of healing, raised to life several dead persons and destroyed a terrible serpent which had been causing great damage.
         The people of Aries undoubtedly had great confidence in his protection, for they were convinced that so long as they retained his body alive or dead in their midst, the great archbishop would deliver them from all their foes. He was buried in the church of St Saviour which he had built.
         The legendary biography of St Virgil has been printed in the Acta Sanctorum. March.
         vol. i. See also Duchesne, Fastes É
piscopaux, vol. i, pp. 259—260.
1734 St. John Joseph of the Cross very ascetic; prophesy, miracles, humility, religious discipline
Ne ápoli, in Campánia, deposítio sancti Joánnis-Joséphi a Cruce, Sacerdótis ex Ordine Minórum et Confessóris, qui, sanctórum Ordini Seráphico insígne decus áddidit, atque a Gregório Papa Décimo sexto in Sanctórum cánonem est relátus.
At Naples, in Campania, the death of St. John Joseph of the Cross, priest of the Order of Friars Minor, and confessor.  By emulating the virtues of St. Francis of Assisi and of St. Peter Alcantara, he added great glory to the Seraphic Order.  He was canonized by Pope Gregory XVI.
ON the feast of the Assumption 1654, in the island of Ischia, off Naples, a boy was born, who, being baptized the same day, received the names of Carlo Gaetano.
His parents, Joseph Calosirto and Laura Garguilo, were a well-to-do and most exemplary couple, who strove to bring up their numerous family in the right way. Their house was ever open to the poor—especially to the shamefaced poor who were loath to beg—and Madonna Laura used to prepare food and medicaments for those in need, to whom she dispensed them with her own hands. Of their seven Sons, five entered religion, but little Carlo was pre-eminent amongst them for his precocious piety and for his sweet disposition. Generally the boy’s sanctity was recognized and approved by his relations, who left him free to follow his own devices even when—to the modern mind at least—they might seem extravagant and imprudent. To be freer to pray, Carlo chose as his bedroom a remote attic, and as he could not afford to buy any instrument of penance, he managed to make himself one with nails, and he undertook many severe fasts while still a mere child. After such a childhood it was but natural that the boy should feel a strong vocation for the religious life, and, with the hope of obtaining divine guidance to choose aright, he made a fervent novena.
           Two Spanish Franciscan friars of the “Alcantarine”  reform in the course of a begging tour came to the hospitable house of Madonna Laura. Carlo, whose novena had just come to an end, was greatly impressed by the poverty and conversation of these sons of St Francis and went to their convent in Naples, Santa Lucia del Monte, to consult with the superiors. Here he met Father Carlo-of-the-Wounds-of-Jesus, and this experienced director discerned in the youth the germs of a great vocation. For nine months he put him through a strenuous course of self-abnegation and trained him in the method of mental prayer bequeathed by St Peter of Alcantara. Then the aspirant, only sixteen years old, was clothed with the religious habit, and that habit, we are told, he never laid aside night or day in all the sixty-four years that he lived as a friar. It was at his clothing that he took the name of John Joseph-of-the-Cross. The new novice did not disappoint the expectation of his superiors: his fervour, humility and obedience were such that he seemed like another Peter of Alcantara. Jt is a proof of the high esteem in which he was held that when the Neapolitan Alcantarines were about to build a monastery at Piedimonte di Alife, they chose John Joseph to start a tradition of regular observance, although he was not yet twenty-one and was not a priest. To labour with his hands in such a cause was a congenial task to the young friar, who strove to make the new house an exact replica of St Peter’s little monastery at Pedrosa. Day after day through the bitterest cold he might be seen toiling up the mountain with bare and bleeding feet, carrying stone for the builders.
It had been the wish of St John Joseph to remain a deacon in imitation of the Seraphic Father St Francis, but his superiors decided that he should be raised to the priesthood, and on Michaelmas day 1677 he celebrated his first Mass. A month later, when at an unusually early age he was entrusted to hear confessions, it was found that the young priest, who from his purity of heart had grown up ignorant of evil, was endowed with an extraordinary insight and wisdom in the tribunal of penance.

About this time he formed the plan of building in the wood near the convent some little hermitages, like those of the early Franciscans, where he and his brethren could spend periods of retirement in even stricter austerity than was possible in the house. He easily obtained the permission of his superiors, and these hermitages became the means of great spiritual advancement.
   From this congenial life the saint was recalled to the mother-house to be charged with the delicate and difficult task of novice-master. Here again he acquitted himself successfully, inculcating upon his novices strict observance of the rule, but not exacting from them the austerities he practised himself. Indeed, he was most particular that they should have regular times of recreation. He was again transferred to Piedimonte to be superior, and though he obtained leave to lay down the office for a short period, which he devoted to the direction of souls, he was soon recalled to take up the charge of governing his brethren a second time. He was then passing through a season of great aridity and desolation, but he was consoled by a Vision of a departed lay-brother who reassured him as to his condition. It was after this vision that St John Joseph began to show powers as a wonder-worker, not only by miracles of healing, but also by supplying and multiplying food for the house his fame spread so rapidly that when he went back to Ischia, to visit his mother in her last illness, he had the unusual experience of being acclaimed as a saint in his native town. A second period as novice-master was succeeded by a third term as superior at Piedimonte, at the close of which an illness brought him  to death’s door—the malady had been brought on by hardships and austerities—and hardly had he recovered when he was called upon to take the lead in a crisis which threatened the very existence of the Italian Alcantarines.
           It had been laid down by a papal brief that the office of minister provincial and other important charges among the Italian branch of Alcantarines should always be confided to Spaniards. This led to great friction, partly no doubt on account of racial differences, but also because of the fact that, as the Spanish friars in Italy were comparatively few, suitable superiors were often not forthcoming. The troubles increased until the Spaniards obtained entire separation from the Italians, with possession of the two Neapolitan houses, one of which was Santa Lucia del Monte.
         Disorganized and threatened with total suppression, the Italian friars turned to St John Joseph to help and direct them, and it was mainly through his wisdom, personality and reputation that they held together, lived down slander and opposition, and gained permission to turn themselves into a province. At one period in Naples it was as much as they could do to keep a roof over their heads, and they were without many of the ordinary necessaries of life—but Father John Joseph took all these hardships cheerfully, as being in keeping with the teaching of the founder.
         As soon as the branch was well started the saint, who had been made the first minister provincial, was bent on taking measures to lay down his office and to retire into obscurity. Obscurity for him, however, was out of the question, for his holiness, his miracles and the conversions he wrought made him more and more famous. By this time he was growing old and was partially paralysed, but when he appeared in the streets, hobbling along with the help of a stick, he was followed by crowds who wanted his advice or his blessing, or sought surreptitiously to cut—-or even to bite—pieces from his habit.

In 1722 the two Neapolitan houses were restored to them, and St John Joseph returned to Santa Lucia where, as he had prophesied when he had left it, he was ultimately to lay his bones.
           One of the many miracles reported by his biographer is worthy of record because of the sensation it created at the time and because of the large number of persons who appear to have witnessed it. It was in the octave of the feast of St Januarius and John Joseph had gone into the cathedral to honour the saint’s relic, when, in the seething crowd, there slipped from his hand the stick without which he could not move a step. Undismayed he appealed to the saint whose festival was being kept, and immediately he was transported first to beneath the pulpit and then to the door of the cathedral. He was sitting on the steps without a stick when there drove up in a coach the Duke of Lauriano who, surprised to see him there, asked if there was anything the matter. “I have lost my steed “, replied the friar cheerfully, and when the duke offered to carry him to his coach, John Joseph refused his offer with thanks and motioned him to enter the cathedral, saying, “ You will see the walking-stick there.” The duke obeyed, but before he had reached the high altar he heard a cry of” A miracle A miracle! “from the congregation and, looking round, he saw the stick flying through the air at a distance of about two hand’s-breadths above the heads of the congregation. Those who were outside beheld the stick pass through the door, strike St John Joseph lightly on the chest with its handle, and then return to his hand. The old man grasped it joyfully and
hobbled away home as fast as he could, for the crowd were following him with acclamations and were tearing pieces from his ragged old habit.

Besides miracles and the gift of prophecy John Joseph was endowed with other supernatural gifts, such as ecstasies, levitation and heavenly visions moreover, during a great part of his life he could read the thoughts of those who came to consult him as clearly as though they had been writtten words.
           As the day of his death approached, St John Joseph was divinely warned and spoke of it freely to those around him, but he continued to carry on his usual avocations. At two o’clock in the morning of March 1, 1734, he had a violent apoplectic seizure from which he never recovered, although he lingered on for five days, passing away at the age of eighty. He was buried at Santa Lucia del Monte in the habit he had worn so long, and his tomb almost immediately became a very popular place of pilgrimage. He was canonized in 1839.
         See Diodato del1’ Assunta, Saggio istorico (1789), and Compendium vitae, virtutum et
         miraculorum B. Joannis Josephi a Cruce

  Born 1654 Self-denial is never an end in itself but is only a help toward greater charity—as the life of Saint John Joseph shows.  John Joseph was very ascetic even as a young man. At 16 he joined the Franciscans in Naples; he was the first Italian to follow the reform movement of Saint Peter Alcantara. John’s reputation for holiness prompted his superiors to put him in charge of establishing a new friary even before he was ordained.

Obedience moved John to accept appointments as novice master, guardian and, finally, provincial. His years of mortification enabled him to offer these services to the friars with great charity. As guardian he was not above working in the kitchen or carrying the wood and water needed by the friars.
When his term as provincial expired, John Joseph dedicated himself to hearing confessions and practicing mortification, two concerns contrary to the spirit of the dawning Age of Enlightenment. John Joseph was canonized in 1839.
Comment: John Joseph’s mortification allowed him to be the kind of forgiving superior intended by St. Francis. Self-denial should lead us to charity—not to bitterness; it should help us clarify our priorities and make us more loving. John Joseph is living proof of Chesterton’s observation: "It is always easy to let the age have its head; the difficult thing is to keep one’s own" (G. K. Chesterton, Orthodoxy, page 101).
Quote:  "And by this I wish to know if you love the Lord God and me, his servant and yours—if you have acted in this manner: that is, there should not be any brother in the world who has sinned, however much he may have possibly sinned, who, after he has looked into your eyes, would go away without having received your mercy, if he is looking for mercy. And if he were not to seek mercy, you should ask him if he wants mercy. And if he should sin thereafter a thousand times before your very eyes, love him more than me so that you may draw him back to the Lord. Always be merciful to [brothers] such as these" (St. Francis, Letter to a Minister).

St. John Joseph of the Cross was born about the middle of the seventeenth century in the beautiful island of Ischia, near Naples. From his childhood he was the model of virtue, and in his sixteenth year he entered the Franciscan Order of the Strictest Observance, or Reform of St. Peter of Alcantara. Such was the edification he gave in his Order, that within three years after his profession he was sent to found a monastery in Piedmont. He became a priest out of obedience, and obtained, as it seems, an inspired knowledge of moral theology. With his superiors' permission he built another convent and drew up rules for that community, which were confirmed by the Holy See. He afterward became Master of Novices. Sometimes later he was made provincial of the province of Naples, erected in the beginning of the eightheenth century by Clement XI. He labored hard to establish in Italy that branch of his Order which the sovereign Pontiff had separated from the one in Spain. In his work he suffered much, and became the victim of numerous calumnies. However, the saint succeeded in his labors, endeavoring to instill in the hearts of his subjects, the double spirit of contemplation and penance bequeathed to his Reform by St. Peter of Alcantara. St. John Joseph exemplified the most sublime virtues, especially humility and religious discipline. He also possessed numerous gifts in the supernatural order, such as those of prophesy and miracles. Finally,consumed by labors for the glory of God, he was called to his reward. Stricken with apoplexy, he died an octogenarian in his convent at Naples on March 5, 1734.
1622 Bl. Dionysius Fugishima Martyr of Japan Japanese-born Jesuit novice
Dionysius belonged to a noble house of Aitzu, Arima province, in Japan. He was martyred at Shimabara on November 1, with Blessed Paul Navarro.

On Death and Life
"Man Needs Eternity -- and Every Other Hope, for Him, Is All Too Brief"
Пресвятая Богородице спаси нас!
   (Santíssima Mãe de Deus, salva-nos!)

Day 24 40 Days for Life

40 Days for Life  11,000+ saved lives in 2015
We are the defenders of true freedom.
  May our witness unveil the deception of the "pro-choice" slogan.
40 days for Life Campaign saves lives Shawn Carney Campaign Director www.40daysforlife.com
Please help save the unborn they are the future for the world
It is a great poverty that a child must die so that you may live as you wish -- Mother Teresa
 Saving babies, healing moms and dads, 'The Gospel of Life'
May our witness unveil the deception of the "pro-choice" slogan.

Month by Month of Saintly Dedications

The Rosary html Mary Mother of GOD -- Her Rosary Here
Mary Mother of GOD Mary's Divine Motherhood: FEASTS OF OUR LADY
     of the Virgin Mary to those who recite the Rosary

May 9 – Our Lady of the Wood (Italy, 1607) 
Months of Dedication
January is the month of the Holy Name of Jesus since 1902;
March is the month of Saint Joseph since 1855;
May, the month of Mary, is the oldest and most well-known Marian month, officially since 1724;
June is the month of the Sacred Heart since 1873;
July is the month of the Precious Blood since 1850;
August is the month of the Immaculate Heart of Mary;
September is the month of Our Lady of Sorrows since 1857;
October is the month of the Rosary since 1868;
November is the month of the Holy Souls in Purgatory since 1888;
December is the month of the Immaculate Conception.

In all, five months of the year are dedicated to Mary.
The idea of dedicating months came from Rome and promotion of the month of Mary owes much to the Jesuits.  arras.catholique.fr

Pray that the witness of 40 Days for Life bears abundant fruit, and that we begin again each day to storm the gates of hell until God welcomes us into the gates of heaven.

If you seek patience, you will find no better example than the cross. Great patience occurs in two ways:
either when one patiently suffers much, or when one suffers things which one is able to avoid and yet does not avoid.
Christ endured much on the cross, and did so patiently, because when he suffered he did not threaten;
he was led like a sheep to the slaughter and he did not open his mouth.-- St. Thomas Aquinas

We begin our day by seeing Christ in the consecrated bread, and throughout the day we continue to see Him in the torn bodies of our poor. We pray, that is, through our work, performing it with Jesus, for Jesus and upon Jesus.
The poor are our prayer. They carry God in them. Prayer means praying everything, praying the work.
We meet the Lord who hungers and thirsts, in the poor.....and the poor could be you or I or any person kind enough to show us his or her love and to come to our place.
Because we cannot see Christ, we cannot express our love to Him in person.
But our neighbor we can see, and we can do for him or her what we would love to do for Jesus if He were visible.
-- Mother Teresa
My God, I believe, I adore, I trust and I love Thee.  I beg pardon for those who do not believe, do not adore, do not love Thee.  O most Holy trinity, Father, Son and Holy Spirit, I adore Thee profoundly.
 I offer Thee the most precious Body, Blood, Soul and Divinity of Jesus Christ, present in all the Tabernacles of the world,  in reparation for the outrages, sacrileges and indifference by which He is offended,
and by the infite merits of the Sacred Heart of Jesus and the Immaculate Heart of Mary.

I beg the conversion of poor sinners,  Amen Fatima Prayer, Angel of Peace
Mary's Divine Motherhood
Pope Francis and Pope Benedict XVI { 2013 } Catholic Church In China { article here}
1648 to1930 St. Augustine Zhao Rong and 120 Companions Christianity arrived in China by way of Syria -- 600s.
        Depending on China's relations with outside world,
Christianity for centuries was free to grow or forced to operate secretly.

How do I start the Five First Saturdays? 
Called in the Gospel “the Mother of Jesus,” Mary is acclaimed by Elizabeth, at the prompting of the Spirit and even before the birth of her son, as “the Mother of my Lord” (Lk 1:43; Jn 2:1; 19:25; cf. Mt 13:55; et al.). In fact, the One whom she conceived as man by the Holy Spirit, who truly became her Son according to the flesh, was none other than the Father's eternal Son, the second person of the Holy Trinity. Hence the Church confesses that Mary is truly Mother of God (Theotokos). 
Catechism of the Catholic Church 495, quoting the Council of Ephesus (431): DS 251.
“The Blessed Virgin was eternally predestined, in conjunction with the incarnation of the divine Word, to be the Mother of God. By decree of divine Providence, she served on earth as the loving mother of the divine Redeemer, an associate of unique nobility, and the Lord's humble handmaid. She conceived, brought forth, and nourished Christ.”
The voice of the Father is heard, the Son enters the water, and the Holy Spirit appears in the form of a dove.
   THE spirit and example of the world imperceptibly instil the error into the minds of many that there is a kind of middle way of going to Heaven; and so, because the world does not live up to the gospel, they bring the gospel down to the level of the world. It is not by this example that we are to measure the Christian rule, but words and life of Christ. All His followers are commanded to labour to become perfect even as our heavenly Father is perfect, and to bear His image in our hearts that we may be His children. We are obliged by the gospel to die to ourselves by fighting self-love in our hearts, by the mastery of our passions, by taking on the spirit of our Lord.
   These are the conditions under which Christ makes His promises and numbers us among His children, as is manifest from His words which the apostles have left us in their inspired writings. Here is no distinction made or foreseen between the apostles or clergy or religious and secular persons. The former, indeed, take upon themselves certain stricter obligations, as a means of accomplishing these ends more perfectly; but the law of holiness and of disengagement of the heart from the world is geeral and binds all the followers of Christ.

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There are over 10,000 named saints beati  from history
 and Roman Martyology Orthodox sources

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We are called upon with the whole Church militant on earth to join in praising and thanking God for the grace and glory he has bestowed on his saints. At the same time we earnestly implore Him to exert His almighty power and mercy in raising us from our miseries and sins, healing the disorders of our souls and leading us by the path of repentance to the company of His saints, to which He has called us.
   They were once what we are now, travellers on earth they had the same weaknesses, which we have. We have difficulties to encounter so had the saints, and many of them far greater than we can meet with; obstacles from kings and whole nations, sometimes from the prisons, racks and swords of persecutors. Yet they surmounted these difficulties, which they made the very means of their virtue and victories. It was by the strength they received from above, not by their own, that they triumphed. But the blood of Christ was shed for us as it was for them and the grace of our Redeemer is not wanting to us; if we fail, the failure is in ourselves.
   THE saints and just, from the beginning of time and throughout the world, who have been made perfect, everlasting monuments of God’s infinite power and clemency, praise His goodness without ceasing; casting their crowns before His throne they give to Him all the glory of their triumphs: “His gifts alone in us He crowns.”
“The saints must be honored as friends of Christ and children and heirs of God, as John the theologian and evangelist says: ‘But as many as received him, he gave them the power to be made the sons of God....’ Let us carefully observe the manner of life of all the apostles, martyrs, ascetics and just men who announced the coming of the Lord. And let us emulate their faith, charity, hope, zeal, life, patience under suffering, and perseverance unto death, so that we may also share their crowns of glory” Exposition of the Orthodox Faith

Called in the Gospel the Mother of Jesus, Mary is acclaimed by Elizabeth, at the prompting of the Spirit and even before the birth of her son, as the Mother of my Lord (Lk 1:43; Jn 2:1; 19:25; cf. Mt 13:55; et al.). In fact, the One whom she conceived as man by the Holy Spirit, who truly became her Son according to the flesh, was none other than the Father's eternal Son,  the second person of the Holy Trinity.
Hence the Church confesses that Mary is truly Mother of God (Theotokos).
Catechism of the Catholic Church 495, quoting the Council of Ephesus (431): DS 251.
Nine First Fridays Devotion to the Sacred Heart ... From the writings of St. Margaret Mary Alacoque
On Friday during Holy Communion, He said these words to me, His unworthy slave, if I mistake not:
I promise you in the excessive mercy of my Heart that its all-powerful love will grant to all those who receive Holy Communion on nine first Fridays of consecutive months the grace of final repentance; they will not die under my displeasure or without receiving their sacraments, my divine Heart making itself their assured refuge at the last moment.
Margaret Mary was inspired by Christ to establish the Holy Hour and to pray lying prostrate with her face to the ground from eleven till midnight on the eve of the first Friday of each month, to share in the mortal sadness.
He endured when abandoned by His Apostles in His Agony, and to receive holy Communion on the first Friday of every month. In the first great revelation, He made known to her His ardent desire to be loved by men and His design of manifesting His Heart with all Its treasures of love and mercy, of sanctification and salvation.
He appointed the Friday after the octave of the feast of Corpus Christi as the feast of the Sacred Heart; He called her the Beloved Disciple of the Sacred Heart, and the heiress of all Its treasures. The love of the Sacred Heart was the fire which consumed her, and devotion to the Sacred Heart is the refrain of all her writings. In her last illness she refused all alleviation, repeating frequently: What have I in heaven and what do I desire on earth, but Thee alone, O my God, and died pronouncing the Holy Name of Jesus.
With regard to this promise it may be remarked: (1) that our Lord required Communion to be received on a particular day chosen by Him; (2) that the nine Fridays must be consecutive; (3) that they must be made in honor of His Sacred Heart, which means that those who make the nine Fridays must practice the devotion and must have a great love for our Lord; (4) that our Lord does not say that those who make the nine Fridays will be dispensed from any of their obligations or from exercising the vigilance necessary to lead a good life and overcome temptation; rather He implicitly promises abundant graces to those who make the nine Fridays to help them to carry out these obligations and persevere to the end; (5) that perseverance in receiving Holy Communion for nine consecutive First Firdays helps the faithful to acquire the habit of frequent Communion, which our Lord eagerly desires; and (6) that the practice of the nine Fridays is very pleasing to our Lord He promises such great reward, and all Catholics should endeavor to make nine Fridays.
How do I start the Five First Saturdays? by Fr. Tom O'Mahony.
On July 13,1917, Our Lady appeared for the third time to the three children of Fatima an showed them the vision of hell and made the now - famous thirteen prophecies. In this vision Our Lady said that 'GOD WISHES TO ESTABLISH IN THE WORLD DEVOTION to Her Immaculate Heart and that She would come TO ASK FOR THE COMMUNION OF REPARATION ON THE FIRST SATURDAYS...'  Eight years later, on December 10, 1925, Our Lady did indeed come back. She appeared (with the Child Jesus) to Lucia in the convent of the Dorothean Sisters in Pontevedra.
The Child Jesus spoke first:


The Five Reasons
From the above, it is easy to see that each of the Five Saturdays can correspond to a specific offence. By offering the graces received during each First Saturday as reparation for the offence being prayed for, the participant can hope to help remove the thorns from Our Lady's Heart.
What Do I Have To Do?
The devotion of First Saturdays, as requested by Our Lady of Fatima, carries with it the assurance of salvation. However, to derive profit from such a great promise of Our Lady, the devotion must be properly understood and duly performed.
The requirements as stipulated by Our Lady are as follows:
(1) CONFESSION: A reparative confession means that the confession should not only be good (valid and licit), but also be offered in the spirit of reparation, in this case, to Mary's Immaculate Heart. This confession may be made on the First Saturday itself or some days before or after the First Saturday within the preceding octave would suffice.
(2) COMMUNION: The communion of reparation must be sacramental duly received with the intention of making reparation. This offering, like the confession, is an interior act and so no external action to express the intention is needed.
(3) THE ROSARY: The Rosary mentioned here was indicated by the Portuguese word 'terco' which is commonly employed to denote a Rosary of five decades, since it forms a fourth of the full Rosary of 20 decades. This too must recited in a spirit of reparation.
(4) MEDITATION FOR FIFTEEN MINUTES: Here the meditation on one mystery or more is to be made without simultaneous recitation of the Rosary decade. As indicated, the meditation may be either on one mystery alone for 15 minutes, or on all 20 mysteries, spending about one minute on each mystery, or again, on two or more mysteries during the period. This can also be made before each decade spending three minutes or more in considering the mystery of the particular decade. This meditation has likewise to be made in the spirit of reparation to the Immaculate Heart.
(5) THE SPIRIT OF REPARATION: All these acts, as said above, have to be done with the intention of offering reparation to the Immaculate Heart of Mary for the offences committed against Her. Everyone who offends Her commits, so to speak, a two-fold offence, for these sins also offend her Divine Son, Christ, and so endanger our salvation. They give bad example to others and weaken the strength of society to withstand immoral onslaughts. Such devotions therefore make us consider not only the enormity of the offence against God, but also the effect of sins on human society as well as the need for undoing these social effects even when the offender repents and is converted. Further, this reparation emphasises our responsibility towards sinners who, themselves, will not pray and make reparation for their sins.
(6) FIVE CONSECUTIVE FIRST SATURDAYS: The idea of the Five First Saturdays is obviously to make us persevere in the devotional acts for these Saturdays and overcome initial difficulties. Once this is done, Our Lady knows that the person would become devoted to Her immaculate Heart and persist in practising such devotion on all First Saturdays, working thereby for personal self-reform and for the salvation of others.

Unless Russia is converted, the movement against God and for sin will continue to spread, promoting wars and persecutions, and making the attainment for peace and justice impossible for this world. One means of obtaining Russia's conversion is to practise the Fatima Message. The stakes are so great that to encourage Catholics to practise the devotion of the First Saturdays, Our Lady has assured us that She will obtain salvation for all those who observe the first Saturdays for five consecutive months in accordance with Her conditions.
At the supreme moment the departing person will be either in the state of grace or not. In either case Our Lady will be by his side. If in the state of grace, She will console and help him to resist whatever temptations the devil might put before him in his last attempt to take the person with him to hell. If not in the state of grace, Our Lady will help the person to repent in a manner agreeable to God and so benefit by the fruits of redemption and be saved.

God loves variety. He doesn't mass-produce his saints. Every saint is unique, for each is the result of a new idea.  As the liturgy says: Non est inventus similis illis--there are no two exactly alike. It is we with our lack of imagination, who paint the same haloes on all the saints. Dear Lord, grant us a spirit that is not bound by our own ideas and preferences.  Grant that we may be able to appreciate in others what we lack in ourselves. O Lord, grant that we may understand that every saint must be a unique praise of Your glory. Catholic saints are holy people and human people who lived extraordinary lives.  Each saint the Church honors responded to God's invitation to use his or her unique gifts.   God calls each one of us to be a saint in order to get into heavenonly saints are allowed into heaven. The more "extravagant" graces are bestowed NOT for the benefit of the recipients so much as FOR the benefit of others.
There are over 10,000 named saints beati  from history
 and Roman Martyology Orthodox sources

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Pius IX 1846--1878 • Leo XIII 1878-1903 • Pius X 1903-1914• Benedict XV 1914-1922 • Pius XI 1922-1939 • Pius XII 1939-1958 • John XXIII 1958-1963 • Paul VI 1963 to 1978 • John Paul • John Paul II 10/16/1975-4/2/2005
 Benedict XVI (2005 - 2013) Francis (2013

Cross Not Optional, Says Benedict XVI
Reflects on Peter's "Immature" Faith CASTEL GANDOLFO, Italy, AUG. 31, 2008 (Zenit.org).-
Taking up one's cross isn't an option, it's a mission all Christians are called to, says Benedict XVI.
The Pope said this today before reciting the midday Angelus with several thousand people gathered in the courtyard of the papal summer residence at Castel Gandolfo, south of Rome.
Referring to the Gospel reading for today's Mass, the Holy Father reflected on the faith of Peter, which is shown to be "still immature and too much influenced by the 'mentality of this world.'”  He explained that when Christ spoke openly about how he was to "suffer much, be killed and rise again, Peter protests, saying: 'God forbid, Lord! No such thing shall ever happen to you.'"
"It is evident that the Master and the disciple follow two opposed ways of thinking," continued the Pontiff. "Peter, according to a human logic, is convinced that God would never allow his Son to end his mission dying on the cross.  "Jesus, on the contrary, knows that the Father, in his great love for men, sent him to give his life for them, and if this means the passion and the cross, it is right that such should happen."
Christ also knew that "the resurrection would be the last word," Benedict XVI added.
Serious illness
The Pope continued, "If to save us the Son of God had to suffer and die crucified, it certainly was not because of a cruel design of the heavenly Father.  "The cause of it is the gravity of the sickness of which he must cure us: an evil so serious and deadly that it will require all of his blood. 
"In fact, it is with his death and resurrection that Jesus defeated sin and death, reestablishing the lordship of God."

Popes mentioned in articles of todays Saints
254 St. Lucius I a Roman elected Pope to succeed Pope St. Cornelius
Pope St Gregory VII-- 1123 St. Peter of Pappacarbone Benedictine bishop leadership, care, and wisdom The abbot’s opinion was abundantly justified, for Peter proved himself well among that household of holy men and he remained there for some six years. He was then recalled to Italy, having been released by St Hugh apparently at the request of the archdeacon of Rome, Hilde­brand (who was afterwards Pope St Gregory VII).
Pope St Silvester; -- 803 St. Anselm of Nonantola Benedictine abbot duke
St. Anselm
also received from Pope Stephen III permission to remove to Nonantola the body of Pope St Silvester; and Langobard King Aistulf enriched the abbey with gifts and granted it many privileges it became very celebrated throughout all Italy.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints

492 ST. FELIX III Pope helped to get the Church in Africa on its feet
492 ST. FELIX III Pope helped to get the Church in Africa on its feet
 Romæ natális sancti Felícis Papæ Tértii, qui sancti Gregórii Magni átavus fuit; qui étiam (ut ipse Gregórius refert), sanctæ Tharsíllæ nepti appárens, illam ad cæléstia regna vocávit.
       At Rome, the birthday of Pope St. Felix III, ancestor of St. Gregory the Great, who relates of him that he appeared to St. Tharsilla, his niece, and called her to the kingdom of heaven.

492 ST FELIX II (III), POPE  483 - 492
Popes mentioned in articles of Saints
468  St. Hilary, Pope from 461-468 guardian of Church unity sent decree to Eastern bishops validating decisions of General Councils Nicaea Ephesus and Chalcedon. Hilary consolidated the Church in Sandi, Africa, and Gaul
731 Saint Pope Gregory II served St Sergius I next 4 popes as treasurer of the Church, then librarian, Held synods to correct abuses, stopped heresy, promoted discipline, morality in religious and clerical life

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints
Benedict VII -- 1011 St. Willigis Bishop missionaries to Scandinavia, founded churches chaplain to Emperor Otto II
On the death of Otto, Willigis became one of the most important and influential people in the empire.
Confirmed by Benedict VII in the right to coronate emperors, Willigis crowned Otto III and later influenced him in favor of abandoning Italy and concentrating his resources north of the Alps. Otto III died young in 1002. The succession was disputed but ended with Willigis crowning Saint Henry II and his wife Saint Cunegund at Paderborn. He then served his third monarch faithfully.

Popes mentioned in articles of Saints
Ordained by Pope Vigilius in 546.  556 St. Maximian of Ravenna Bishop of Ravenna erected St. Vitalis Basilica, which was dedicated in the presence of Emperor Justinian and his wife, Theodora Maximianus of Ravenna B (RM) Born in Pola, Italy, 499; died February 22, 556; feast day formerly February 21. Maximianus was consecrated bishop of Ravenna in 546 by Pope Vigilius.

Pope Julius II died on this day in 1513.  During his reign as pope he laid the cornerstone for St. Peter's Basilica.  
He also commissioned Michelangelo Buonarotti to paint the frescoes on the ceiling of the Sistine Chaper.

Pope Leo XIII.  1233 7 Founders of the Order of Servites On the Feast of the Assumption ; canonized in 1887 by Pope Leo XIII.

Clement VII in 1533 approved The cultus of Bd Verdiana who appears in the habit of a Vallombrosan nun, carrying a basket with two snakes in it. It seems certain she was associated with the Vallombrosan Order, but her connection with the Franciscan third order is by no means so clearly established.

Pope Callistus III allowed BD EUSTOCHIUM OF MESSINA, VIRGIN to found another convent to follow the first rule of St Francis under the Observants. 

Quote: Pope Paul VI’s 1969 Instruction on the Contemplative Life includes this passage:  
 "To withdraw into the desert is for Christians tantamount to associating themselves more intimately with Christ’s passion, and it enables them, in a very special way, to share in the paschal mystery and in the passage of Our Lord from this world to the heavenly homeland" (#1).

"Christianity is not a moral code or a philosophy, but an encounter with a person" -- Benedict XVI

"To withdraw into the desert is for Christians tantamount to associating themselves more intimately with Christ’s passion, and it enables them, in a very special way, to share in the paschal mystery and in the passage of Our Lord from this world to the heavenly homeland" (#1).

731 Pope Gregory II, 89th Pope: educated at the Lateran  restore clerical discipline, fought heresies  helped restore and rebuild churches (including Saint Paul-Outside-the-Walls), hospitals, and monasteries, including Monte Cassino under Petrona The outstanding concern of his pontificate was his difficulties with Emperor Leo III the Isaurian    (RM)

824 Pope St. Paschal elected as the 94th pope on the day Pope Stephen IV (V) died, January 25, 817 unsuccessful in attempts to end the iconoclast heresy of Emperor Leo V, encouraged SS. Nicephorous and Theodore Studites in Constantinople to resist iconoclasm, and gave refuge to the many Greek monks who fled to Rome to escape persecution from the iconoclasts.   Popes Html link here: 

731 Gregory II, 89th Pope educated at the Lateran  restore clerical discipline, fought heresies  helped restore and rebuild churches (including Saint Paul-Outside-the-Walls), hospitals, and monasteries, including Monte Cassino under Petrona The outstanding concern of his pontificate was his difficulties with Emperor Leo III the Isaurian (RM)
824 St. Pa