Mary Mother of GOD
 Thursday   Saint of June 30   Prídie Kaléndas Júlii  

Et álibi aliórum plurimórum sanctórum Mártyrum et Confessórum, atque sanctárum Vírginum.
Пресвятая Богородице спаси нас!
   (Santíssima Mãe de Deus, salva-nos!)


And elsewhere in divers places, many other holy martyrs, confessors, and holy virgins.

The Balikin Icon of the Mother of God is from the Chernigov Province. 
The child Christ is clothed only around the waist,
and rests in His Mother's arms.
The hands of the Theotokos are joined in prayer.

CAUSES OF SAINTS April  2016

The saints are a “cloud of witnesses over our head”,
showing us life of Christian perfection is possible.

There are over 10,000 named saints beati from history;
Roman Martyology, Orthodox sources, Islam, Lutheran, + others


Statue of Our Lady of Light intact after the earthquake
 
Everything collapsed around it, but the glass case with the statue of our Lady of Light remained intact after the 7.8 magnitude earthquake that struck Ecuador on April 16th.  The statue was housed at the Leonie Aviat School in the Tarqui administrative district in Manta Canton, Ecuador, one of the areas most strongly affected by the earthquake.

Sister Patricia Esperanza, a member of the Oblates of Saint Francis de Sales community in Guayaquil, told CNA that the school run by her congregation was reduced to rubble. But while the entire school collapsed, the glass case of the Virgin – who is patroness of the Oblates – was completely unharmed.

The sisters cannot get over their amazement, she said.
… The occurrence is giving hope to the Tarqui community and consolation to Ecuadorans in the entire country.
… The April 16th earthquake – which was declared the worst in Ecuador in some 70 years – left 600 people dead and thousands more injured.

  
The First Martyrs of Holy Roman Church (Optional Memorial)
 
  The Holy Apostle Peter
   The Holy Apostle Paul (June 29)  SerbianOrthodoxChurch.net
       Twelve Apostles of Christ  The Synaxis of the Glorious and All-Praiseworthy appears to be an ancient Feast. The Church honors each of the Twelve Apostles on separate dates during the year, and has established a general commemoration for all of them on the day after the commemoration of the Glorious and First-Ranked among the Apostles Peter and Paul.
  64 First Martyrs of the See of Rome Protomartyrs of Rome.”
Saint Airick Hermit  companion of Saint Godric; noted recluse in England.
         Departure of St. Abba Noub the Confessor {Coptic}
  623 Saint Bertrand Bishop ordained by Saint Germanicus. Archdeacon of Paris

718 ST ERENTRUDE, VIRGIN St Rupert  appealed particularly for the aid of devoted men and women to occupy religious houses in new city of Salzburg, among those responding was kinswoman, Erentrude,
10th v. Queen Dinar The Russian Church preserved life chronicles of a woman who achieved much on behalf of the Christian Faith.
1066 Saint Theobald Camaldolese hermit and monk priest; sanctity attracted many disciples,

1315 Bl. Raymond Lull 5 Christ Visions; one of military leaders reconquered Majorca from the Moslems
1646 Bl. Philip Powell Benedictine English martyr 2 decades in the area of Devon, Somerset, and Cornwall; chaplain in the Civil War
1770 The Martyr Michael the Gardener suffered under Turks for confessing the Christian faith at Athens

1838 Saint Vincent Yen Dominican native Vietnamese martyr

Our Bartholomew Family Prayer List

Acts of the Apostles

Nine First Fridays Devotion to the Sacred Heart From the writings of St. Margaret Mary Alacoque

How do I start the Five First Saturdays?

Mary Mother of GOD 15 Promises of the Virgin Mary to those who recite the Rosary  .

June 30 Feast of the Holy Icon (Spoleto, Italy,1185) 
Looking at the Holy Icon
Father Henri Nouwen said: "Just as we are responsible for what we eat, and we are also responsible for what we look at. It is not difficult to become the victim of many visual stimuli around us. Yet we can make choices.
When we cannot pray, we can always look at icons that are so intimately associated with the experience of love. "
Just by looking at an icon of the Mother of God, we are already in her presence, and through her and with her we enter into the presence of her Son who is the unique Source of grace that consoles, saves, protects, frees and transforms.
Let us end with those words from Fr. Egon Sendler SJ:
"The essential feature of the icon is a presence of the unutterable that flows out of a material form."
See http://www.maryofnazareth.com/1844.0.html?&L=1

June 30 – Feast of the Most Holy Icon (Spoleto, Italy, 1185)
 
Our Lady of Miracles in the month of June 

Since the Middle-Ages, the village of Avignonet-Lauragais (France)
has a Marian shrine with a special feast day in June.
The devotion was made official by a bull of Pope Paul III on January 4, 1537. The bull states that a plenary indulgence is granted to the faithful who pray in the church of Avignonet on the first Tuesday of June. This date recognized a long local tradition that remembered 11 inquisitors—headed by two friars, a Franciscan and a Dominican—who were massacred inside the church on the night of May 28, 1242, by the Cathars.

According to the same tradition, the church, profaned by the blood of the inquisitors, was closed down for 40 years… When it was reopened, the bells rang of their own accord a whole day and night, and a statue of the Virgin Mary was found inexplicably on the porch of the church.

In memory of this miracle, the inhabitants chose the Virgin Mary as their patroness and instituted the Confraternity of Our Lady of Miracles. (…) The annual pilgrimage spans from the first Tuesday in June to the end of that month and during that period the sacrament of Reconciliation is available daily.
 
Father Guy Chautard
In the brochure of Avignonet and the Shrine of Our Lady of Miracles

 
Mary's Divine Motherhood
Called in the Gospel "the Mother of Jesus," Mary is acclaimed by Elizabeth, at the prompting of the Spirit and even before the birth of her son, as "the Mother of my Lord" (Lk 1:43; Jn 2:1; 19:25; cf. Mt 13:55; et al.). In fact, the One whom she conceived as man by the Holy Spirit, who truly became her Son according to the flesh, was none other than the Father's eternal Son, the second person of the Holy Trinity.
Hence the Church confesses that Mary is truly "Mother of God" (Theotokos).

Catechism of the Catholic Church 495, quoting the Council of Ephesus (431): DS 251.

Mary Cooperatrix of Salvation  June 30 - Credo of the People of God by Paul VI (Rome, 1968)  
We believe that the Blessed Mother of God, the New Eve, Mother of the Church, continues in heaven her maternal role with regard to Christ's members, cooperating with the birth and growth of divine life in the souls of the redeemed.
Pope Paul VI Credo of the People of God #19;  30 June 1968
THE example of Christ and His saints ought to encourage us to suffer our trials with patience and even with joy. We shall soon begin to feel that it is sweet to tread in the steps of the God-man, and we shall find that if we courageously take up our crosses He will make them light by bearing them for us. The soul will be happy to be abandoned by creatures, learning that they are but vanity and that man himself can be false and treacherous. Then will she put all her confidence in God alone and cleave to Him with her whole strength. Then will she find no relish but in Him, who fills her with His grace the more powerfully as she is the more weaned and separated from earthly things, and the more purely clings to Him who never forsakes those who sincerely seek Him.
"0 happy exchange!" exclaims St Francis de Sales,
"In the eyes of men the soul is alone and deserted; but she now has God instead of creatures ."

  The Holy Apostle Peter
  The Holy Apostle Paul (June 29)  SerbianOrthodoxChurch.net
Twelve Apostles of Christ  The Synaxis of the Glorious and All-Praiseworthy an ancient Feast. The Church honors each of the Twelve Apostles on separate dates during the year, and established a general commemoration for all the day after commemoration of Glorious and First-Ranked among the Apostles Peter and Paul.
  64 First Martyrs of the See of Rome Protomartyrs of Rome.”
1st v. Saint Lucina Martyr mentioned in the Acts of Sts. Processus and Martinianus
  205 Saint Basilides Martyr of Egypt, defender of Saint Potomiana soldier of the
        guard of the prefect of Egypt

  250 Saint Martial Bishop of Limoges one of the first apostles of France
Saint Airick Hermit  companion of Saint Godric; noted recluse in England. Saint Godric is recorded as being his friend and deathbed companion.
         Departure of St. Abba Noub the Confessor {Coptic}
  623 Saint Bertrand Bishop ordained by Saint Germanicus. Archdeacon of Paris
  714 Saint Clotsindis Benedictine abbess
718 ST ERENTRUDE, VIRGIN St Rupert  appealed particularly for the aid of devoted men and women to occupy religious houses in the new city of Salzburg, among those responding was his kinswoman, Erentrude, or Erentrudis
  757 Saint Marcian Bishop of Pamplona, very close to Jaca
10th v. Queen Dinar The Russian Church preserved chronicles of the life of a woman who achieved much on behalf of the Christian Faith.
1066 Saint Theobald Camaldolese hermit and monk priest; sanctity attracted many disciples,
1139 Otto von Bamberg Er wirkte als Kaplan am Hof des polnischen Königs.
1228 BD ARNULF OF VILLERS he had the gifts of miracles and of prophecy; heroic mortifications and penitential
        exercises he practised as a lay-brother in the Cistercian abbey of Villers in Brabant

1290 Saint Peter, Prince of the Horde, nephew of Bergai Khan of the Golden Horde distinguished himself with a love
        for silence, contemplation, and prayer. After a miraculous appearance to him of the Apostles Peter and Paul he
        built a monastery near Lake Nera in their honor embraced monasticism at the monastery

1315 Bl. Raymond Lull 5 Christ Visions; one of the military leaders who reconquered Majorca from the Moslems
1646 Bl. Philip Powell Benedictine English martyr two decades in the area of Devon, Somerset, and Cornwall before being arrested served as a chaplain in the Civil War
1770 The Martyr Michael the Gardener suffered under the Turks for confessing the Christian faith at Athens
1771 Saint Sophronius, Bishop of Irkutsk and All Siberia relics; incorrupt, and a source of grace-filled miracles
1838 Saint Vincent Yen Dominican native Vietnamese martyr
        Saint Ostianus French saint. He was a priest in some uncertain year and is still venerated at Viviers.
       
Marytrs of Rome The groups of Christians who perished during cruel persecutions in the Eternal City.
        Saint Gelasius igumen of the Rimet Monastery in Transylvania


The great psalm of the Passion, Psalm 21, whose first verse, "My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?"
Jesus pronounced on the cross, ended with the vision:
"All the ends of the earth shall remember and turn to the Lord; and all the families of the nations shall worship before him"
(Psalm 21:28)
64 First Martyrs of the See of Rome Protomartyrs of Rome.”
June 30, 2010 First Martyrs of the Church of Rome (d. 68) 
There were Christians in Rome within a dozen or so years after the death of Jesus, though they were not the converts of the “Apostle of the Gentiles” (Romans 15:20). Paul had not yet visited them at the time he wrote his great letter in a.d. 57-58.

There was a large Jewish population in Rome. Probably as a result of controversy between Jews and Jewish Christians, the Emperor Claudius expelled all Jews from Rome in 49-50 A.D. Suetonius the historian says that the expulsion was due to disturbances in the city “caused by the certain Chrestus” [Christ]. Perhaps many came back after Claudius’s death in 54 A.D. Paul’s letter was addressed to a Church with members from Jewish and Gentile backgrounds.

In July of 64 A.D., more than half of Rome was destroyed by fire. Rumor blamed the tragedy on Nero, who wanted to enlarge his palace. He shifted the blame by accusing the Christians. According to the historian Tacitus, a “great multitude 8; of Christians was put to death because of their “hatred of the human race.” Peter and Paul were probably among the victims.

Threatened by an army revolt and condemned to death by the senate, Nero committed suicide in 68 A.D. at the age of 31.
Comment:  Wherever the Good News of Jesus was preached, it met the same opposition as Jesus did, and many of those who began to follow him shared his suffering and death. But no human force could stop the power of the Spirit unleashed upon the world. The blood of martyrs has always been, and will always be, the seed of Christians.
  Quote:  From Pope Clement I, successor of St. Peter: “It was through envy and jealousy that the greatest and most upright pillars of the Church were persecuted and struggled unto death.... First of all, Peter, who because of unreasonable jealousy suffered not merely once or twice but many times, and, having thus given his witness, went to the place of glory that he deserved. It was through jealousy and conflict that Paul showed the way to the prize for perseverance. He was put in chains seven times, sent into exile, and stoned; a herald both in the east and the wes t, he achieved a noble fame by his faith....”
    “Around these men with their holy lives there are gathered a great throng of the elect, who, though victims of jealousy, gave us the finest example of endurance in the midst of many indignities and tortures. Through jealousy women were tormented, like Dirce or the daughters of Danaus, suffering terrible and unholy acts of violence. But they courageously finished the course of faith and despite their bodily weakness won a noble prize.”
The holy men and women are also called the “Protomartyrs of Rome.” They were accused of burning Rome by Nero , who burned Rome to cover his own crimes. Some martyrs were burned as living torches at evening banquets, some crucified, others were fed to wild animals.

These martyrs died before Sts. Peter and Paul, and are called “disciples of the Apostles...whom the Holy Roman church sent to their Lord before the Apostles’ death.”
First Marytrs of Rome Neronian Martyrs also termed the Protomartyrs of Rome
Many martyrs who suffered death under Emperor Nero . Owing to their executions during the reign of Emperor Nero, they are called the Neronian Martyrs, and they are also termed the Protomartyrs of Rome, being honored by the site in Vatican City called the Piazza of the Protomartyrs. These early Christians were disciples of the Apostles, and they endured hideous tortures and ghastly deaths following the burning of Rome in the infamous fire of 62.Their dignity in suffering, and their fervor to the end, did not provide Nero or the Romans with the public diversion desired. Instead, the faith was firmly planted in the Eternal City.

Die ersten Märtyrer von Rom Märtyrer unter Nero
Katholische Kirche: Die ersten Märtyrer von Rom - 30. Juni   Evangelische Kirche: Märtyrer unter Nero - 30. Juni

In den ersten Jahren der Kirche wurden die Christen in ihren kleinen Gemeinden belächelt und verspottet. Je mehr die Gemeinden wuchsen und christliches Gedankengut, das sich radikal von den heidnischen Religionen unterschied, bekannt wurde, wuchs auch der Widerstand gegen diese zunehmend staatsgefährdend erscheinende Religion. Der römische Kaiser Nero (54-68) leitete die große über 250 Jahre andauernde Christenverfolgung ein. Nach dem Brand von Rom im Juli 64 beschuldigte Nero die Christen, das Feuer gelegt zu haben. Er wollte wohl damit von den Gerüchten, er selbst habe das Feuer legen lassen, ablenken. Die Christen, die festgenommen wurden, gestanden zwar nicht die Brandstiftung, wohl aber ihren christlichen Glauben. Dieses Geständnis genügte für ein Todesurteil. Nero ließ die Christen nicht einfach hinrichten, sondern erdachte grausame Martern und Todesarten. Tacitus berichtet in seinen Annalen über diese Verfolgung, nach seinen Worten wurde eine gewaltige Schar getötet. Nach Hieronymus wurden 979 Christen hingerichtet.

Twelve Apostles of Christ  The Synaxis of the Glorious and All-Praiseworthy appears to be an ancient Feast. The Church honors each of the Twelve Apostles on separate dates during the year, and has established a general commemoration for all of them on the day after the commemoration of the Glorious and First-Ranked among the Apostles Peter and Paul.
The holy God-crowned Emperor Constantine the Great (May 21) built a church in Constantinople in honor of the Twelve Apostles. There are instructions for celebrating this Feast which date from the fourth century. For lists of the Apostles' names, see: Mt.10:2, Mark 3:14, Luke 6:12, Acts 1:13, 26.
Orthodoxe Kirche: 30. Juni - Synaxis der 12 Apostel    Katholische Kirche: 15. Juli - Tag der Apostelteilung
Das griechische Wort Synaxis (russisch sobor) wird oft als Versammlung übersetzt. Gemeint ist aber bei diesen Heiligenfesten eine Zusammenschau, also eine Kommemoration mehrerer Heiliger oder nach großen Festtagen eine Betrachtung einzelner Heiliger im Zusammenhang mit ihrer Bedeutung für diese Feste. In unserem ökumenischen Kalender finden Sie:
The holy, glorious, all-laudable Apostle Andrew the First-called is also commemorated on November 30. He was the brother of St Peter (June 29).
The holy, glorious, all-laudable Apostle James is also commemorated on April 30.
He and his brother John are the sons of Zebedee, and were called "sons of Thunder" (Mark 3: 17).
The holy, glorious, all-laudable Apostle and Evangelist, virgin, and beloved friend of Christ, John the Theologian is also commemorated on September 26 and May 8. He and his brother James are the sons of Zebedee, and were called "sons of Thunder" (Mark 3:17).

The holy, glorious, all-laudable Apostle Philip is also commemorated on November 14.

The holy, glorious, all-laudable Apostle Bartholomew is also commemorated on June 11 and August 25.

The holy, glorious, all-laudable Apostle Thomas is also commemorated on October 6 and on the Sunday after Pascha.

The holy, glorious, all-laudable Apostle and Evangelist Matthew is also commemorated on November 16.

The holy, glorious, all-laudable Apostle James, the son of Alphaeus, is also commemorated on Oct 9
The holy, glorious, all-laudable Apostle Jude is also commemorated on June 19. He is also known as Thaddeus (but should not be confused with St Thaddeus of the Seventy, who is commemorated on August 21), and was the brother of St James (October 23).

The holy, glorious, all-laudable Apostle Simon the Zealot is also commemorated on May 10.
The holy, glorious, all-laudable Apostle Matthias is also commemorated on August 9. 
  The Holy Apostle Peter SerbianOrthodoxChurch.net (June 29) 
The son of Jonah and brother of Andrew the First-Called, of the tribe of Simeon and the town of Bethsaida, he was a fisherman and was at first called Simon, but the Lord was pleased to call him Cephas, or Peter (Jn 1:42). He was the first of the disciples to give clear expression to his faith in the Lord Jesus, saying: 'Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God' (Mt. 16:16). His love for the Lord was very strong, and his faith in Him went from strength to strength. When the Lord was put on trial, Peter denied Him three times, but it needed only one look into the face of the Lord, and Peter's soul was filled with shame and repentance. After the descent of the Holy Spirit, Peter became a fearless and powerful preacher of the Gospel. After his first sermon in Jerusalem, about 3,000 souls were converted to the Faith. He preached the Gospel throughout Palestine and Asia Minor, in Italy and in Illyria. He performed many wonders, healing the sick and raising the dead, and even his shadow had the power of healing the sick. He had a major struggle with Simon the Magician, who declared himself to be from God but was actually a servant of the devil. He finally put him to shame and overcame him. Peter was condemned to death on the order of the wicked Emperor Nero, a friend of Simon's. After installing Linus as Bishop of Rome and exhorting and encouraging the flock of Christ there, Peter went to his death with joy. When he saw the cross before him, he asked the executioner to crucify him upside-down, because he felt himself to be unworthy to die in the same way as his Lord. And so this great servant of the greatest Master went to his rest and received a crown of eternal glory.
  The Holy Apostle Paul (June 29)  SerbianOrthodoxChurch.net
Commemorátio sancti Pauli Apóstoli.

    The commemoration of the holy apostle Paul.

THE COMMEMORATION OF ST PAUL
HE Mass and office of June 29 being principally concerned with St Peter, it is followed the next day by a special commemoration of St Paul. None the less June 29 is the feast-day of St Paul no less than of St Peter, and the
notice of him herein therefore appears under that date.

Born in Tarsus and of the tribe of Benjamin, he was formerly called Saul and studied under Gamaliel. He was a Pharisee and a persecutor of Christians. He was wondrously converted to the Christian faith by the Lord Himself, who appeared to him on the road to Damascus. He was baptised by the Apostle Ananias, named Paul and enrolled in the work of the Great Apostles. He preached the Gospel everywhere with burning zeal, from the borders of Arabia to the land of Spain, among both the Jews and the heathen, and receiving the title of `the Apostle to the Gentiles'. His fearful sufferings were matched only by his superhuman endurance. Through all the years of his preaching, he hung from day to day like a thread between life and death. Filling his days and nights with toil and suffering for Christ, organising the Church in many places and reaching a high level of perfection, he was able to say: `I live; yet not I but Christ liveth in me' (Gal. 2:20). He was beheaded in Rome in the reign of Nero, at the same time as St Peter.


 
Saint Lucina 1st century Martyr mentioned in the Acts of Sts. Processus and Martinianus
Romæ sanctæ Lucínæ, Apostolórum discípulæ, quæ, de facultátibus suis commúnicans Sanctórum necessitátibus, Christiános in cárcere deténtos visitábat, ac sepultúræ Mártyrum inserviébat; juxta quos et ipsa, in crypta a se constrúcta, sepúlta est.
    At Rome, St. Lucina, a disciple of the apostles, who relieved the necessities of the saints with her goods, visited the Christians detained in prison, buried the martyrs, and was laid by their side in a crypt which she herself had constructed.
Other martyrs named Lucina were also recorded, including one who ministered to martyrs and died about 250, and another connected to Saint Sebastian’s martyrdom.
205 Saint Basilides Martyr of Egypt, defender of Saint Potomiana soldier of the guard of the prefect of Egypt
Alexandríæ pássio sancti Basílidis, qui, sub Sevéro Imperatóre, cum sanctam Potamiœnam Vírginem, quam ad supplícium ducébat, ab impudicórum hóminum petulántia tutátus esset, religiósi offícii mercédem ab ea recépit; nam ipsa, post tríduum illi appárens et ejus cápiti corónam impónens, non tantum convértit eum ad Christum, sed étiam, brevi agóne certántem, suis précibus Mártyrem gloriósum effécit.
    At Alexandria, the passion of St. Basilides, under Emperor Severus.  He protected the saintly virgin Potamioena from the insults of shameless men when he was leading her to execution.  He was rewarded for his considerate action, for at the end of three days she appeared to him, placed a crown on his head, not only converting him to Christ, but by her prayers making him, after a short combat, a glorious martyr.
When involved in the execution of Saint Potomiana, he defended her against a mob. Receiving the faith, Basilides was also martyred.
250 Saint Martial Bishop of Limoges one of the first apostles of France
Lemóvicis, in Aquitánia, sancti Martiális Epíscopi, cum duóbus Presbyteris Alpiniáno et Austricliniáno; quorum vita signis miraculórum ádmodum effúlsit.
    At Limoges in France, St. Martial, bishop, and two priests Alpinian and Austriclinian, whose lives were distinguished for miracles.
Saint Gregory of Tours informs us, that he was one of the first apostles of France, whither Saint Martial was sent from Rome with Saint Dionysius of Paris, about the year 250. He was the first bishop of Limoges, and his name is famous in ancient Martyrologies. Great miracles have been wrought at his relics.
ST MARTIAL, BISHOP OF LIMOGES     (c. A.D. 250)
ALL that is actually known about St Martial is that he was a bishop of Limoges and that he has been venerated from a very early date as the apostle of the Limousin and the founder of the see which he occupied. In all probability he flourished about A.D. 250. According to the tradition current in the sixth century, and recorded by St Gregory of Tours, he was one of seven missionaries sent from Rome to Gaul shortly before 250. St Gatian went to Tours, St Trophimus to Arles, St Paul to Narbonne, St Martial to Limoges, St Dionysius (Denis) to Paris, St Saturninus to Toulouse and St Austremonius to the Auvergne. Each one evangelized the district he had selected and became its first bishop. In the early litanies of Limoges, St Martial's name appears as a confessor, but after a time the monks of the local abbey of St Martial (who possessed his relics) began to contend that he must be honoured as an apostle. His legend had by now developed considerably, and he was being represented not only as the apostle of Aquitaine, but as one of our Lord's immediate followers, the boy with the barley loaves and fishes, and one of the seventy-two disciples. The question of his title was considered important enough to be brought before several synods. In the eleventh century St Martial's cultus received a great impetus in consequence of the rebuilding of the abbey dedicated under his name, the enshrining of his body, and the dissemination of a fantastic narrative embodying and expanding the various current legends, but purporting to be the saint's original authentic acts as compiled by his immediate successor in the bishopric of Limoges, St Aurelian.
That this extravagant forgery, bristling with anachronisms and improbabilities, should have imposed upon an uncritical age is perhaps not to be wondered at: but it is surprising to find its genuineness still upheld in certain quarters at this present day. Martial, we are told, was converted at the age of fifteen by our Lord's preaching; he was baptized by his kinsman, St Peter; he was present at the raising of Lazarus: he waited on our Lord at the Last Supper, and he received the Holy Ghost with the other disciples at Pentecost. St Peter, whom he accompanied first to Antioch and then to Rome, sent him to preach the gospel in Gaul. With St Peter's staff he raised to life his companion, St Austriclinian, who had died on the journey. After their arrival at Tulle, he delivered his host's daughter from an evil spirit, and resuscitated the son of the Roman governor who had been strangled by a demon. These miracles led to the conversion and baptism of 3600 persons. Pagan priests who ventured to attack him were smitten with blindness, until the saint by his prayers restored the use of their eyes. Others who beat and imprisoned him at Limoges were killed by a thunderbolt, but were brought back to life by him in response to the entreaties of the citizens. One of the priests thus resuscitated was Aurelian, the reputed author of these so-called "acts". Mass conversions followed these miracles also. Amongst St Martial's penitents was a noble damsel called Valeria. She determined to consecrate her virginity to our Lord, and was beheaded by order of Duke Stephen to whom she had previously been betrothed. After the execution she carried her head in her hands to the church where St Martial was. Duke Stephen himself was subsequently converted, made a pilgrimage to Rome, where he found St Peter engaged in giving instruction to the people at a place called the Vatican. The duke was able to give him the latest news of St Martial and made a favourable report of the progress of the missions in Gaul. In the fortieth year after the Resurrection-the seventy-fourth  of our era-St Martial was warned in a vision of his impending death, and fifteen days later he breathed his last, surrounded by his brethren.
It is stated that Pope John XIX gave permission for the term “apostle" to be applied to St Martial, but the Congregation of Rites in 1854 refused to ratify this, deciding that he was to be venerated in the Mass, the litanies, and office as an ordinary bishop and confessor. It would seem, however, that the bishop of Limoges, in answer to a remonstrance and appeal addressed to Pius IX in the same year, was gratified with a favourable answer permitting that in that diocese St Martial should enjoy the style and precedence of an apostle.
We have three ancient accounts of the life of St Martial. The first is the very short notice, followed by a few miracles, which we find in the De gloria confessorum (cap. xxvii-xxix, and cf. Hist. Francorum, i, 28) of St Gregory of Tours. It fixes the coming of St Martial at about A.D. 250. The second is considerably longer, and was written probably in the ninth century. In this, St Martial is said to have been sent to Limoges by St Peter, but his missionary efforts, though crowned with instantaneous success and accompanied with marvels, are limited to the diocese of Limoges. The best text of this was edited by C. F. Bellet, in his book, L'ancienne vie de St Martial et la prose rythmée (1897). The third and most extravagant life claims to be written by the saint's successor Aurelian, but borrows much from the Historia apostolica, an apocryphal document which was first printed under the name of Abdias. Here, as stated above, St Martial is represented as preaching all over the south of France, with the support of Duke Stephen. There is some reason to think that the story was fabricated by Adhemar de Chabannes, with the object of enhancing the glory of the abbey of Saint-Martial of Limoges, in which he had been brought up. It seems certain that it was Adhemar who forged the supposed bull of Pope John XIX, which authorized the cult of St Martial with all the marks of honour belonging to the twelve authentic Apostles, and he is also gravely suspected of producing other spurious documents of the same kind. All this matter has been very fully investigated by Louis Saltet, in the Bulletin de littérature ecclés. (Toulouse, 1925), pp. 161-186, and 279-302; 1926, pp. 117--139, and 145-160; and 1931, pp. 149-165. See also Duchesne, in the Annales du Midi, vol. iv (1892), pp. 289-339; as well as his Fastes Épiscopaux, vol. ii, pp. 104-117; and, finally, a very long article by H. Leclercq in DAC., vol. ix, cc. 1063-1167, which is equipped with a vast and almost bewildering bibliography. The statements made in this article, however, as Saltet has pointed out (L.c. 1931, pp. 163-165), are in some respects open to criticism. The saint is referred to as "apostle" in a Winchester litany of the eleventh century (Arundel MS. 60). See Analecta Bollandiana, vol. lxiv (1946), pp. 84-86; and cf. H. M. Colvin, The White Canons in England (1951), pp. 51-52.
Marytrs of Rome The groups of Christians who perished during cruel persecutions in the Eternal City
Item Romæ sanctæ Æmiliánæ Mártyris
In the same city, St. Aemiliana, martyr;  Ipso die sanctórum Mártyrum Caji Presbyteri, et Leónis Subdiáconi. The same day, the saints Caius, priest, and Leo, subdeacon. 
A group of 262 martyrs; details of their suffering are not extant. Feastday: March 25 (date unknown) A second group of 262 martyrs buried on the Via Salaria. Feastday: June 17 (d.c. 67) Forty-seven martyrs baptized by St. Peter. They also suffered under Nero and they are listed in early Acts. Feastday: March 14 (d. 68) Three Roman soldiers converted by the profound and moving experience of witnessing St. Paul’s martyrdom. For the crime of converting, they were condemned and executed. Feastday: July 2 (d.c. 115) A group baptized by Pope St. Alexander I. They were taken to Ostia and put on a vessel that was sent out to sea and then deliberately sunk. Feastday: April 10 (d. 219) A large group of martyrs slain under Emperor Severus Alexander and the prefect Ulpian. Feastday: March 2 (d. 250) Ten soldiers of Rome martyred on the Via Lavicana in Rome under Emperor Gallienus. Feastday: February 10 (d. 260) Nine hundred martyrs buried in the cata­combs of Callistus on the Appian Way. Feastday: March 4 (d. 262) Forty Roman soldiers who suffered on the Via Lavicana under Emperor Gallienus. Feastday: January 13 (d. 269) Two hundred and sixty martyrs ordered to dig sand on the Via Salaria by Emperor Diocletian before being shot to death with arrows in a Roman arena. Feastday: March 1 (d. 269) Forty-six soldiers and 121 Christian citizens martyred by the Roman government under Emperor Claudius II Gothicus. Feastday: October 25 (d. 274) One hundred sixty-five martyrs who died in Rome. Feastday: August 10 (d. 303) Twenty-three martyrs who suffered on the Via Salaria. Feastday: August 5 (d. 303) A group of thirty martyrs buried “between the two laurels” on the Via Lavicana, martyred by Emperor Diocletian. Feastday: December22 (d.c. 303) Many martyrs who suffered because they refused to surrender the Scriptures to the Roman authorities. Feast day: January 2 (d.c. 304) Thirty martyrs, all soldiers, who suffered under Emperor Diocletian.
Departure of St. Abba Noub the Confessor {Coptic}
On this day, the holy and pure father Abba Noub the confessor, departed. This Saint was a devoted monk in one of the monasteries of Upper Egypt. That was during the time of Diocletian, who tortured the martyrs severely and shed their blood.

One day, someone mentioned the name of the saint Abba Noub before Arianus, governor of Ansena. Arianus brought him and asked him to worship the idols. The Saint replied, "How can I abandon my Lord Jesus Christ and worship the idols that are made of stones?" Arianus tortured Abba Noub much then exiled him to the five western cities (Pentapolis). Abba Noub stayed in prison there for seven years, until God had perished Diocletian. When the righteous Emperor Constantine reigned, he ordered the release of all those who were in prison for the Name of Christ. Constantine also asked that they be brought to him, so that he might be blessed by them, especially the honored ones as Zacharia El-Ahnasy, Maximus El-Fayyumy, Agabius from the city of Dakhnin, and Abba Noub from the city of Balaos. The envoy of the Emperor went to all the countries releasing the prisoners, who left singing and praising God.

The holy father Abba Noub returned from the five cities (Pentapolis) and lived in mount Beshla (Sebla) near his hometown. The envoy of the Emperor met Abba Noub, and took him with him to Ansena. There he met the Christians and the bishops who ordained him a priest. While he was consecrating the Offering and as he said, "Hollies for the Holy," he saw the Lord Christ, to Him is the Glory, in His heavenly splendor, in the altar forgiving the sins of the people who were repentant.

The envoy traveled back to the Emperor along with the holy fathers who were seventy two in number. Every two of them rode a chariot. They passed by a city, where there were convents for the virgins. Seven hundred virgins went out to meet them with songs and hymns and they sang to them until they were out of their sight. When the holy fathers arrived and came before the Emperor, he asked them to change their clothes with new ones, but they refused. He was blessed by them, kissed their wounds and honored them. He offered them money, but they refused to take any except what the churches needed for vestments and vessels. The Emperor then embraced them and bid them farewell, and they returned to their countries. St. Abba Noub went back to his monastery and when he finished his strife he departed in peace.
May his prayers be with us and Glory be to God forever. Amen .
623 Saint Bertrand Bishop ordained by Saint Germanicus. Archdeacon of Paris
he became bishop of Le Mans, France, in 587. Bertrand was an avid agriculturalist, interested in grape growing. He supported the Neustrian kings and was exiled, but reinstated by King Clotaire II, in 609. Bertrand founded a church, a monastery, and a hospice
.
ST BERTRAND, BISHOP OF LE MANS     (A.D. 623)
ST BERTRAND (Bertichramnus) was born about the middle of the sixth century, but exactly where is uncertain. Eventually he went to Paris, where he received holy orders at the hands of St Germanus and became one of his clergy. Bertrand was conspicuous in the bishop's cathedral school, and had attained the position of archdeacon when, in 587, he was nominated to the bishopric of Le Mans. He was to find his position an uneasy one. At that period, when France was distracted by the rival factions of the kings of Neustria and Austrasia, it was difficult for any prominent person to avoid taking sides, and Bertrand, who was a partisan of the Neustrian princes, shared their changing fortunes. Two or three times he was driven from his diocese, the see on one occasion being occupied by a usurper. In 605, however, he was finally reinstated by King Clotaire II.
He proved a great benefactor to the Church and to the poor. A number of estates were made over to him by landowners, and he used them for the endowment of religious foundations, for the foundation of new ones, and for the enrichment of the church of Le Mans. Agriculture was a subject in which he was greatly interested. In the most enlightened and practical way he insisted on the development of land which came under his control. He was particularly concerned with the planting of vineyards, and from a few vines which had been given him by his friend, St Licinius of Angers, he propagated with success a particularly choice kind of grape. Amongst his foundations were the abbey of SS. Peter and Paul, a large hospice for travellers and pilgrims, and a church which he dedicated to St Germanus. He received the pallium from Rome at the request of King Clotaire, although he was not an archbishop. His death took place in the year 623, when he was about seventy years of age. Perhaps the most interesting memorial which is left of this saint is the text of his will, which seems to be accepted as an authentic document and which disposes of large landed possessions. It also enables us to correct in some details the statements too carelessly made by the chronicler who compiled the account of his episcopate.
A short biography is preserved in the Actus Pontificum Cenomannensium, edited by Mabillon in his Vetera Analecta, vol. iii, pp. 109-112. There is also an account of St Bertrand the Acta Sanctorum, June, vol. i, under June 6. But by far the most thorough study of his life and episcopate is that which has been published by Ambrose Ledru in La Province du Maine, vol. xiv (1906), pp. 369-383, and vol. xv (1907), pp. 20-26, 97-108, 122-134, 142-162, 227-236, 267-271.
Saint Airick Hermit  companion of Saint Godric. Airick was a noted recluse in England. Saint Godric is recorded as being his friend and deathbed companion.
714 Saint Clotsindis Benedictine abbess
also called Clotsend and Glodesind. She was born circa 635, the daughter of Sts. Adalbald and Rictrudis. Educated by her mother, the abbess of Machiennes Abbey in Flanders, in Belgium and France, she became the abbess there 688
.
718 ST ERENTRUDE, VIRGIN St Rupert  appealed particularly for the aid of devoted men and women to occupy religious houses in the new city of Salzburg, and amongst those who responded to the call was his kinswoman, Erentrude, or Erentrudis
WHEN St Rupert had been engaged for some years in the task of preaching the gospel in Bavaria, he paid a visit to his native land, which was in the diocese of Worms, in order to enlist fresh helpers. He appealed particularly for the aid of devoted men and women, prepared to occupy religious houses in the new city of Salzburg, and amongst those who responded to the call was his kinswoman, Erentrude, or Erentrudis. She was probably his niece, the daughter of his brother, but may possibly have been his sister. For her and for the women who accompanied her to Salzburg, or rallied round her after her arrival, he erected a convent on a hill which is still known by the name of Nonnberg. She governed the community as abbess, and by her instruction and example trained them to great piety.
One day, shortly before St Rupert's death, Erentrude went to visit him at his special request. After pledging her to secrecy, he told her that he was about to die, and asked her to promise that she would continue to intercede for him when he had departed. Overcome with emotion, she besought him to pray that she might be taken first, and not be left orphaned in a strange land. It was at his bidding, she reminded him, that she had abandoned her own country. St Rupert replied with a gentle reproof. The disposal of the end of our lives is in the hands of God, he told her, and it is not right to wish to die before the appointed time. She accepted the rebuke, and modified her petition. Would he at least undertake to ask God, after his death, to allow her soon to follow? This he promised to do. "When they had conversed for a long time on the sweetness of eternal life, amid tears shed by both, they sadly bade each other a last farewell." Erentrude's desire was granted. One night, shortly after St Rupert's death, she was praying earnestly for his soul, when he appeared to her and said, "Come, dear sister, come to the kingdom you have so long been striving to reach." She fell ill almost immediately, and the end came within a few days. She is believed to have died on June 30, 718. Three hundred years later, her convent and church, which had fallen into ruins, were rebuilt by the Emperor St Henry, as a thank-offering for a cure which he attributed to her intervention. St Erentrude's relics, which have been carefully treasured through the centuries, now rest in the crypt of the church on the Nonnberg.
There is a short Latin biography printed by Mabillon, Acta Sanctorum O.S.B., vol. iii, pp. 348-349. In some modern reference books the name is mistakenly given as Ermentrude.
757 Saint Marcian Bishop of Pamplona, very close to Jaca
Saint Marcian reposed in around 757 and is commemorated on 30 June
.
10th v. The Russian Church has preserved chronicles of the life of Queen Dinar, a woman who achieved much on behalf of the Christian Faith.
For years scholars have disputed about the historical figure discussed in great depth in the Russian Church. Many believed that the sources described Holy Queen Tamar, but the period of Tamar’s rule does not match that of the figure described in the chronicles. The Georgian chronicle Life of Kartli, however, has preserved information about a certain Dinar, Queen of Hereti (southeastern Georgia), who, along with her son Ishkhanik, converted Hereti to the Orthodox Faith and delivered its people from the Monophysite heresy in the 10th century. Queen Dinar’s story resembles that recounted in the Russian Chronicles more closely than any other.

According to the Armenian historian Moses of Kalankaytuk, Slavic tribes that carried out incursions in the southernmost Caucasus often journeyed through the Transcaucasus, and it was with these tribes that the story of Queen Dinar made its way to Russia. The Georgian Church renders great honor to Holy Queen Dinar. As a result of her zealous labors and achievements, a large part of the eastern Transcaucasus was saved from the Monophysite heresy that dominated the region.

Today, on the north wall of the Throne Hall in the Moscow Kremlin, there hangs an image of Holy Queen Dinar mounted on a white horse, victorious over the enemy .
1066 Saint Theobald Camaldolese hermit and monk priest; sanctity attracted many disciples,
Salánicæ, in território Vicentíno, sancti Theobáldi, Presbyteri et Eremítæ, ex Campániæ Gállicæ Comítibus; quem Alexánder Papa Tértius, ob sanctitátis et miraculórum famam, Sanctórum cánoni adjúnxit.
    At Salanica, in the district of Vicenza, St. Theobald, priest and hermit, one of the counts of Champagne.  He was added to the number of the saints by Alexander III because of his holiness and miracles.
ST THEOBALD, OR THIBAUD, OF PROVINS (A.D. 1066)
THIS Theobald was of the family of the counts of Champagne, son of Count Arnoul, and was born at Provins in Brie in 1017. In his youth he read the lives of the fathers of the desert, and was much struck by the examples of self-denial, contemplation and Christian perfection which were set before him: the lives of St John the Baptist, of St Paul the Hermit, St Antony and St Arsenius in their wildernesses, charmed him, and he greatly desired to imitate them. And when he was ordered to lead a body of troops in the field, he represented so respectfully to Count Arnoul the obligation of a vow by which he had bound himself to quit the world, that he at length obtained his consent.
With another young nobleman, called Walter, he went to the abbey of St Remi at Rheims, and thence they set out in the clothes of beggars. First to Suxy in Ardenne, and then in the forest of Pettingen in Luxemburg they found a convenient solitude for their purpose, and built themselves there two little cells. Manual labour is a necessary duty of an ascetic or penitential life, and not being skilled in the making of mats or baskets or similar work, they went into the neighbouring villages, and there hired themselves by the day to serve the masons, or to work in the fields, to carry stones and mortar, to load and unload wagons, to muck out the stables of the farmers, or to blow the bellows and make charcoal for the forges. With their wages they bought coarse bread, which was their whole subsistence. Whilst they worked with their hands, their hearts were employed in prayer; and at night they watched long, singing together the divine praises. The reputation of their sanctity became a nuisance to them, so they resolved to leave a place where they were no longer able to live in obscurity. They went on pilgrimage, first to Compostela and then to Rome, and after they had visited all the holy places in Italy, they chose for their retirement a woody place called Salanigo, near Vicenza. Here, after two years, God called Walter to Himself. Theobald looked upon this loss as a warning that he had not long to live, and he redoubled his austerities. A number of disciples gathered round him, and the bishop of Vicenza promoted him to priest's orders, so that they might the more profit by his direction.
His lineage and quality being discovered, his parents were informed that their son was alive, and that the hermit of Salanigo, of whom such stories of sanctity, prophecies and miracles were told, was he whose absence had been the cause of so long a mourning; and, aged as they were, they journeyed into Italy to see him. Gisela, the saint's mother, obtained her husband's consent to finish her life near her son, who made her a little hut at some distance from his own. St Theobald was shortly after stricken with his last sickness: a painful and repulsive disease which he bore with great patience. A little before his death he sent for an abbot of the Camaldolese hermits from whose hands he had already received the religious habit. To him he made his profession, recommended his mother and his disciples, and, having received viaticum, died in peace on the last day of June, 1066. He was canonized within less than seven years by Pope Alexander II.
A full contemporary biography by Peter, abbot of Vangadizza, has been printed by Mabillon, and by the Bollandists in the Acta Sanctorum, June, vol. vii. By some curious confusion Theobald has been erroneously honoured as founder of the church and town of Thann in Alsace. See the Analecta Bollandiana, vol. xxiv (1905), p. 159; and R. Thompson, Two Old French Poems on St Thibaut (1936). The saint is patron of charcoal-burners, and is sometimes called “le Charbonnier."

Born in Provins, Brie, France, he was the son of Count Arnoul of Champagne and was raised as a soldier.
From the age of eighteen, however, he abandoned the martial career of the males of the family and, with his father's permission, became a pilgrim and then a hermit at Pettingen, Luxembourg, with a companion named Walter. After several years, he settled at Salanigo, near Vicenza, Italy, where he was ordained a priest Other hermits gathered around him, and his fame reached his own family. His parents eventually visited him, and his mother, Gisela, became a hermitess near his place of retreat. Before his death, Theobald became a member of the Camaldolese order. He was canonized in 1073 by Pope Alexander II (r. 1061-1073).
Theobald (Thibaud) of Provins, OSB Cam. Hermit (RM) +
Born at Provins, Brie, France, 1017; died Salanigo, Italy, on June 30, 1066; canonized by Pope Alexander II in 1073.
St. Theobald was the son of Count Arnoul of Champagne and raised to be a soldier, but at age 18, filled with a desire for greater perfection as a result of reading the lives of the saints, he decided that he wanted to lead an ascetic life. He left the military, with his father's permission, and after a time at St. Remy Abbey in Rheims, he and another nobleman named Walter became hermits at Suxy, Ardennes. In 1135, they moved to Pettingen Forest in Luxembourg, where they worked as masons and field hands during the day to earn their keep and spent the night in prayer.
In search of greater solitude, they went on pilgrimage to Compostella and Rome and then resumed their eremitical life at Salanigo near Vicenza, Italy. Walter died two years later.
Theobald's sanctity attracted many disciples, and he was ordained and became a Camaldolese. His fame spread and reached his parents, who came to visit him. His mother became a hermitess nearby (Benedictines, Delaney)
.
1139 Otto von Bamberg
Katholische und Evangelische Kirche: 30. Juni
Otto von Mistelbach wurde um 1060 in Franken geboren. Er wirkte als Kaplan am Hof des polnischen Königs. 1101 wurde er von Heinrich IV. zum Reichskanzler berufen und 1102 zum Bischof von Bamberg ernannt. Hier förderte er die Prämonstratenser und Ziserzienser und setzte sich für eine Reform der bestehenden Klöster ein. Aus dem Kirchenvermögen und aus Schenkungen, die ihm der Kaiser machte, konnte Otto mehr als 20 Klöster gründen oder erneuern. Er ließ auch den Dom in Bamberg vollnden und viele weitere Kirchen bauen.

Um 1120 bat der polnische Herzog Boleslaw Otto, in Pommern zu missionieren. Alle bisherigen Missionsversuche waren erfolglos geblieben, da die Pommern meinten, ein mächtiger Gott könne keine armen Boten haben. Otto reiste 1124 mit fürstbischöflichem Gepränge durch Pommern und errichtete in kurzer Zeit zahlreiche Gemeinden, in denen er Priester zurückließ. Er legte bei diesem Missionszug Wert auf den Mitvollzug des Gottesdienstes und die Einhaltung christlicher Sitten. Otto soll während dieses Missionszuges 20.000 Menschen getauft haben.

Als die Missionsbemühungen Rückschläge erlitten, ging er 1128 noch einmal nach Pommern und erhielt von den Adligen des Landes die Erlaubnis, daß das Evangelium gepredigt werde. Er sandte aus seinem Bistum Mönche und Bauern nach Pommern, die das Land geistlich und wirtschaftlich belebten. Otto starb am 30.6.1139 in Bamberg. Sein Gedächtnis wurde in Pommern lange in Ehren gehalten. Ott ist Mitpatron des Bistums Berlin; im Bistum Bamberg wird er am 30.9. gefeiert

1228 BD ARNULF OF VILLERS he had the gifts of miracles and of prophecy; heroic mortifications and penitential exercises he practised as a lay-brother in the Cistercian abbey of Villers in Brabant
THE story of Bd Arnulf (Arnoul) Cornebout is mainly the history of the heroic mortifications and penitential exercises he practised as a lay-brother in the Cistercian abbey of Villers in Brabant. Born of middle-class parents at Brussels about the year 1180, he had grown up a careless, pleasure-loving youth, when a sudden conversion completely transformed him. Every morning he rose betimes to attend Mass, and if by a rare chance he overslept himself, he atoned for his lapse by standing outside the church, however inclement the weather might be. At the age of twenty-two he received the lay-brother's habit at Villers. The desire for mortifications greater than those prescribed led him, while still a novice, to gird himself tightly with a horse-hair rope, which cut into his flesh, causing it to become septic; but he humbly submitted to authority when it was pointed out to him that nothing of the kind must be undertaken without permission. After his probation was over and his virtue had been tested, Abbot Charles and his successors recognized that Brother Arnulf had a special vocation to penance, and they not only sanctioned his austerities, but also relieved him of some of the manual work incumbent on laybrothers, in order to allow him ample time for prayer.
Every day he scourged himself severely, now with rods, now with thorny branches, now with a stick covered with a hedgehog's skin. Brothers whose duties took them near the cell adjoining the fruit-barn which was Arnulf's favourite retreat, asserted that, as each lash descended upon his body he would ejaculate the name of a member of the community, or of some outside person, on behalf of whom he was beseeching God's mercy. He appeared never to weary of devising fresh forms of discipline, but another side of his character was revealed in his love for the poor. His greatest joy was to relieve them, and he wished he could be sold as a slave to provide money to be spent in alms. An anecdote is related by his fellow monk Goswin, who became his biographer. On a certain occasion he had obtained permission from the abbot to give away forty-two loaves to the poor. It became known to the community, who cited him to appear before the abbot on a charge of excessive prodigality. Anxious to screen his superior from adverse criticism, Brother Arnulf refrained from referring the responsibility to him, and took the whole blame on his own shoulders, apologized for his fault, and asked for a punishment. It took the form of eleven days' exile to an exterior cell situated between the two gates of the abbey. He received the sentence with satisfaction, and congratulated himself upon becoming a doorkeeper, like St Peter. (But why did not the abbot “own up"?)
From the strain imposed upon his nervous system by his austerities, Arnulf developed in his later years symptoms of chorea, or St Vitus's Dance. He would laugh and dance while scourging himself and sometimes would laugh hysterically in church-scandalizing the young novices who did not know him and were not aware that he had the gifts of miracles and of prophecy. He died on June 30, 1228, and in 1269 his relics were enshrined, at the same time as those of Bd Juliana of Cornillon and others.
All that we know of Bd Arnulf seems to be derived from the life by Goswin de Bossut, who was also a Cistercian at Villers and a contemporary. His biography is printed in the Acta Sanctorum, June, vol. vii. A second notice forms part of the Gesta sanctorum Villariensium, for which see Pertz, MGH., Scriptores, vol. xxv, p. 234.
1290 Saint Peter, Prince of the Horde, nephew of Bergai Khan of the Golden Horde distinguished himself with a love for silence, contemplation, and prayer. After a miraculous appearance to him of the Apostles Peter and Paul he built a monastery near Lake Nera in their honor embraced monasticism at the monastery
In the year 1253 St Cyril, Bishop of Rostov (May 21), went to the Horde to petition for church needs in his diocese and he told the khan about the Christian Faith, and of the miracles and healings worked by the relics of St Leontius of Rostov (May 23). Among the retinue was the young nephew of the khan, upon whom the holy bishop made a very strong impression. After some length of time the son of Bergai fell ill. Remembering the account of the Russian bishop about the healings, he summoned St Cyril, and through his prayers the sick one was healed. The khan richly rewarded St Cyril and sent him off to his diocese.

Along the way the lad, the nephew of Bergai Khan, overtook the holy hierarch, and entreated him to take him along to Rostov. At Rostov the boy was baptized with the name Peter, and he married. St Peter distinguished himself with a love for silence, contemplation, and prayer. After a miraculous appearance to him of the Apostles Peter and Paul he built a monastery near Lake Nera in their honor. After the death of his wife, shortly before his own death in 1290, the saint embraced monasticism at the monastery he had founded.
Local veneration of the holy Prince Peter began in the 14th century. A general celebration was established at Council of 1547
1315 Bl. Raymond Lull Christ Visions  one of the military leaders who reconquered Majorca from the Moslems
Raymond was the son of one of the military leaders who reconquered Majorca from the Moslems. He was born at Palma, Majorca. He entered the service of King James I of Aragon, was appointed grand senechal by James and in 1257 married Blanca Picany.
Despite his marriage and two children, he led a dissolute life, but changed his lifestyle in 1263 when he had a vision of Christ while writing to a woman with whom he was having an affair, followed by five more visions. After pilgrimages to Compostela and Rocamadour, he became a Franciscan tertiary, provided for his family, gave the rest of his wealth to the poor, and determined to devote the rest of his life to converting the Mohammedans. He spent the next nine years learning all he could of Moslem philosophy, religion, and culture, and learning Arabic. He founded the short-lived Trinity College on Majorca in 1276 to put into effect his idea of a missionary college, visited Rome in 1277 to enlist the Pope's support, went to Paris in 1286, and in 1290 joined the Friars Minor at Genoa. After a serious illness, he went to Tunis in 1292, began preaching, but was almost immediately forcibly deported by the Moors. Further appeals to Popes Boniface VIII and Clement V for aid in his mission to the Mohammedans were fruitless, as was a visit to Cypress. After lecturing at Paris on Arabic metaphysics for a time, he was successful in getting to Bougie in Barbary in 1306 but was again imprisoned and deported. He continued his appeals for aid to the Pope and to the Council Vienne in 1311 but with no success, resumed lecturing at Paris, and again return to Bougie in 1315. This time he was stoned and left for dead but was rescued by the Genoese sailors and died on board ship near Majorca on September 29th. He wrote voluminously - more than 300 treatises (many in Arabic) on philosophy, music, navigation, law, astronomy, mathematics, and theology, chief among his writings being Arbre de philosophia de armor. He also wrote mystical poetry of the highest order and is considered the forerunner of Teresa of Avila and John of the Cross; his Blanquera is the first novel written in Catalan. His cult was confirmed in 1858 by Pope Pius IX
.
1646 Bl. Philip Powell Benedictine English martyr spent two decades in the area of Devon, Somerset, and Cornwall before being arrested served as a chaplain in the Civil War
BD PHILIP POWELL, MARTYR (A.D. 1646)
BD PHILIP POWELL was born at Trallwng, near Brecon, in 1594 and received his education at the grammar school of Abergavenny. At the age of sixteen he was sent to London to study law under the distinguished lawyer who was afterwards to become still more famous as Father Augustine Baker, the Benedictine writer and director of souls. Between two and three years later Powell had occasion to go to Douai to transact some business, and there he himself became attracted to the Benedictines. In 1619 he received the habit in the monastery of St Gregory at Douai, and on March 7, 1622, he was sent on the English mission. As a precaution against spies it was customary in penal times for English seminarists and missionary priests to bear an alias, and Father Powell throughout his later career was usually known by his mother's name of Morgan. After staying for sixteen months with Father Baker he proceeded to Devonshire with an introduction to a Catholic family. For the next twenty years or more he laboured as a priest, administering the sacraments, reconciling the lapsed and converting heretics in the counties of Devon, Somerset and Cornwall. During that time he made his headquarters first with his original host, Mr Risdon, at Bableigh, and then with the family of Mr Risdon's daughter, Mrs Poyntz, at Leighland Barton in Somersetshire.
The outbreak of the Civil War scattered the two households. Father Powell, after some vicissitudes, joined General Goring and served as chaplain to the Catholics in his army until it was disbanded. He was on his way to Wales when the vessel in which he was sailing was boarded and searched by an officer of the Parliamentarian vice-admiral in those seas, Captain Crowther. Two members of the crew recognized Father Powell and denounced him as a Catholic priest who had, as they declared, "seduced the greater part of the parishioners of Yarnscombe and Parkham, in Devonshire, from their allegiance to the Protestant Church". When Captain Crowther questioned him, off Penarth, he frankly admitted that he was a priest. Thereupon he was consigned to the lower deck, where the sailors stripped him of his upper garments and dressed him in dirty rags. Two months later he was conveyed by sea to London. He was confined for a short time under fairly humane conditions; but in the common gaol of the King's Bench prison, to which he was afterwards transferred, he suffered much and contracted pleurisy. Two or three times he was brought up before the King's Bench to be examined and tried on a charge based entirely on his own admission that he was a Catholic priest.
In an able and spirited defence he contended that the law against priests did not extend to the high seas, that when his Majesty's flag is flying in civil war all trials of life and death cease, and that the king's person being absent no plot could be executed by anyone against it. But when the verdict was given against him and he was condemned to death he gave thanks to God in the presence of the whole court. His personality and his conduct in prison had so impressed his fellow captives that they drew up a kind of testimonial or memorandum of his virtues. It was signed by twenty-three Protestants and by six Catholics, whom he had reconciled in the gaol. The officials themselves seem to have regarded him with favour. The man who came to announce the date of his execution was too much overcome to be able to read the notice, but Father Powell, looking over his shoulder, prompted him and then called for a glass of sack in which to drink his health: "Oh what am I", he cried, "that God thus honours me and will have me to die for His sake?" In the course of a short address on the scaffold he said that it was the happiest day of his life and that he was suffering for no other reason than that he was a priest and a monk. After a short prayer he made a sign and received absolution from a priest, Dom Robert Anderton, in the crowd. He was then strung up. He was allowed to hang until he was dead and his body was buried in the churchyard at Moorfields. One of his brethren bought his bloodstained clothes for £4.
There is a full account in Bede Camm, Nine Martyr Monks (1931), pp. 318-343; and see Challoner, MMP., pp. 474-481; and T. P. Ellis, Catholic Martyrs of Wales (1933), pp. 100-102, and Welsh Benedictines of the Terror (1936), pp. 166-179.
Born 1594  in the Gwent district, southeast Wales, or at Tralon, England, he was educated in London and then entered the Benedictines in Douni in 1614. Ordained in 1621, he was sent to assist the English mission and spent two decades in the area of Devon, Somerset, and Cornwall before being arrested. He also served as a chaplain in the Civil War. Philip was executed at Tyburn by being hanged, drawn, and quartered; he was beatified in 1929.
Saint Ostianus French saint. He was a priest in some uncertain year and is still venerated at Viviers
In território Vivariénsi, in Gálliis, sancti Ostiáni, Presbyteri et Confessóris.
    In the territory of Vivers, St. Ostian, priest and confessor.
Saint Gelasius igumen of the Rimet Monastery in Transylvania
He lived as a solitary near Rimet creek, and he was granted the grace of working miracles.
The saint fasted on weekdays, eating only on Saturdays and Sundays, and his only food was the Eucharist. During the day he fulfilled his monastic obediences, and at night he kept vigil.
St Gelasius was the spiritual Father of many hermits of Rimet Mountain, whom he would visit during Great Lent. He healed the sick, and cast out demons from those who were possessed. It is said that a spring of water appeared through his holy prayers.
His later years were spent as a bishop, and he departed to the Lord after many labors on behalf of his flock.
St Gelasius was glorified by the Orthodox Church of Romania in 1992
.
1770 The Martyr Michael the Gardener suffered under the Turks for confessing the Christian faith at Athens
1771 Saint Sophronius, Bishop of Irkutsk and All Siberia relics were seen to be incorrupt, and a source of grace-filled miracles
He reposed on March 30, 1771, the second day of Holy Pascha. While they awaited a decision of the Holy Synod concerning the burial, his body remained unburied for six months, and during this time it was not subject to decay. Then, in view of this circumstance, and also knowing about the strict ascetic life of St Sophronius, the flock began to venerate him as a saint of God. Frequently (in 1833, 1854, 1870, 1909) his relics were seen to be incorrupt, and a source of grace-filled miracles. A fire occurring on April 18, 1917 at the Theophany Cathedral at Irkutsk left only the bones of the holy bishop. This did not diminish, but on the contrary, it increased the reverent veneration of the saint by the faithful of the nation. A local Council of the Russian Orthodox Church in its deliberations of April 10/23, 1918 decided to glorify Bishop Sophronius, numbering him among the holy saints of God. This solemnity of adding St Sophronius to the list of the saints was done on June 30. At a second session of this Council under the presidency of His Holiness Patriarch Tikhon (now St Tikhon) a Service to St Sophronius was approved, with a Troparion composed by Archbishop John, who at that time guided the Irkutsk diocese, so that all believers would have the possibility of adding prayer to the holy saint into the voice of the Siberian churches, deeply venerating the memory of their illuminator and intercessor. And at the present time believers turn for help to St Sophronius. Prayers witness to this, having been composed on the day of the 40th year celebration of the glorification of the holy hierarch on July 13,1958, by Metropolitan Nestor (Anisimov), then Metropolitan of Novosibirsk and Barnaulsk, and a solemn feast of the 200 year anniversary of the day of death of St Sophronius took place at the Zolotonoshsk Krasnogorsk women's monastery and in the Irkutsk diocese (Journal of the Moscow Patriarchate, 1971, No. 9), and he is venerated by all believers of the Russian Orthodox Church.

1838 Saint Vincent Yen Dominican native Vietnamese martyr
Entered Dominicans in 1808; worked as missionary in the country. Seized in anti-Christian persecutions; he was beheaded after spending six years in hiding. Pope John Paul II canonized him in 1988.


Pope Francis  PRAYER INTENTIONS FOR  May 2016
Universal:   “That in every country in the world, women may be honoured and respected
and that their essential contribution to society may be highly esteemed”.

Evangelization:  “That families, communities and groups may pray the Holy Rosary for evangelisation and peace”.
God Bless Mother Angelica 1923-2016
ewtnmissionaries.com

On Death and Life
"Man Needs Eternity -- and Every Other Hope, for Him, Is All Too Brief"
Пресвятая Богородице спаси нас!
   (Santíssima Mãe de Deus, salva-nos!)

    
 
40 Days for Life  11,000+ saved lives in 2015
We are the defenders of true freedom.
  May our witness unveil the deception of the "pro-choice" slogan.
40 days for Life Campaign saves lives Shawn Carney Campaign Director www.40daysforlife.com
Please help save the unborn they are the future for the world

It is a great poverty that a child must die
 so that you may live as you wish -- Mother Teresa

 Saving babies, healing moms and dads,
 'The Gospel of Life'


"Man Needs Eternity -- and Every Other Hope, for Him, Is All Too Brief"
It Makes No Sense Not To Believe In GOD 
Every Christian must be a living book
wherein one can read the teaching of the gospel


Jesus brings us many Blessings
 
The more we pray, the more we wish to pray. Like a fish which at first swims on the surface of the water, and afterwards plunges down, and is always going deeper; the soul plunges, dives, and loses itself in the sweetness of conversing with God. -- St. John Vianney

  Month by Month of Saintly Dedications


The Rosary html Mary Mother of GOD -- Her Rosary Here
Mary Mother of GOD Mary's Divine Motherhood: FEASTS OF OUR LADY
     of the Virgin Mary to those who recite the Rosary

May 9 – Our Lady of the Wood (Italy, 1607) 
Months of Dedication
January is the month of the Holy Name of Jesus since 1902;
March is the month of Saint Joseph since 1855;
May, the month of Mary, is the oldest and most well-known Marian month, officially since 1724;
June is the month of the Sacred Heart since 1873;
July is the month of the Precious Blood since 1850;
August is the month of the Immaculate Heart of Mary;
September is the month of Our Lady of Sorrows since 1857;
October is the month of the Rosary since 1868;
November is the month of the Holy Souls in Purgatory since 1888;
December is the month of the Immaculate Conception.

In all, five months of the year are dedicated to Mary.
The idea of dedicating months came from Rome and promotion of the month of Mary owes much to the Jesuits.  arras.catholique.fr


Pray that the witness of 40 Days for Life bears abundant fruit, and that we begin again each day to storm the gates of hell until God welcomes us into the gates of heaven.

If you seek patience, you will find no better example than the cross. Great patience occurs in two ways:
either when one patiently suffers much, or when one suffers things which one is able to avoid and yet does not avoid.
Christ endured much on the cross, and did so patiently, because when he suffered he did not threaten;
he was led like a sheep to the slaughter and he did not open his mouth.-- St. Thomas Aquinas


We begin our day by seeing Christ in the consecrated bread, and throughout the day we continue to see Him in the torn bodies of our poor. We pray, that is, through our work, performing it with Jesus, for Jesus and upon Jesus.
The poor are our prayer. They carry God in them. Prayer means praying everything, praying the work.
We meet the Lord who hungers and thirsts, in the poor.....and the poor could be you or I or any person kind enough to show us his or her love and to come to our place.
Because we cannot see Christ, we cannot express our love to Him in person.
But our neighbor we can see, and we can do for him or her what we would love to do for Jesus if He were visible.
-- Mother Teresa
My God, I believe, I adore, I trust and I love Thee.  I beg pardon for those who do not believe, do not adore, do not love Thee.  O most Holy trinity, Father, Son and Holy Spirit, I adore Thee profoundly.
 I offer Thee the most precious Body, Blood, Soul and Divinity of Jesus Christ, present in all the Tabernacles of the world,  in reparation for the outrages, sacrileges and indifference by which He is offended,
and by the infite merits of the Sacred Heart of Jesus and the Immaculate Heart of Mary.

I beg the conversion of poor sinners,  Amen Fatima Prayer, Angel of Peace
Mary's Divine Motherhood
Pope Francis and Pope Benedict XVI { 2013 } Catholic Church In China { article here}
1648 to1930 St. Augustine Zhao Rong and 120 Companions Christianity arrived in China by way of Syria -- 600s.
        Depending on China's relations with outside world,
Christianity for centuries was free to grow or forced to operate secretly.

How do I start the Five First Saturdays? 
Called in the Gospel “the Mother of Jesus,” Mary is acclaimed by Elizabeth, at the prompting of the Spirit and even before the birth of her son, as “the Mother of my Lord” (Lk 1:43; Jn 2:1; 19:25; cf. Mt 13:55; et al.). In fact, the One whom she conceived as man by the Holy Spirit, who truly became her Son according to the flesh, was none other than the Father's eternal Son, the second person of the Holy Trinity. Hence the Church confesses that Mary is truly Mother of God (Theotokos). 
Catechism of the Catholic Church 495, quoting the Council of Ephesus (431): DS 251.
“The Blessed Virgin was eternally predestined, in conjunction with the incarnation of the divine Word, to be the Mother of God. By decree of divine Providence, she served on earth as the loving mother of the divine Redeemer, an associate of unique nobility, and the Lord's humble handmaid. She conceived, brought forth, and nourished Christ.”
The voice of the Father is heard, the Son enters the water, and the Holy Spirit appears in the form of a dove.
   THE spirit and example of the world imperceptibly instil the error into the minds of many that there is a kind of middle way of going to Heaven; and so, because the world does not live up to the gospel, they bring the gospel down to the level of the world. It is not by this example that we are to measure the Christian rule, but words and life of Christ. All His followers are commanded to labour to become perfect even as our heavenly Father is perfect, and to bear His image in our hearts that we may be His children. We are obliged by the gospel to die to ourselves by fighting self-love in our hearts, by the mastery of our passions, by taking on the spirit of our Lord.
   These are the conditions under which Christ makes His promises and numbers us among His children, as is manifest from His words which the apostles have left us in their inspired writings. Here is no distinction made or foreseen between the apostles or clergy or religious and secular persons. The former, indeed, take upon themselves certain stricter obligations, as a means of accomplishing these ends more perfectly; but the law of holiness and of disengagement of the heart from the world is geeral and binds all the followers of Christ.

Join Mary of Nazareth Project help us build the International Marian Center of Nazareth
http://www.worldpriest.com/
THE EUCHARIST, A MYSTERY TO BE BELIEVED POST-SYNODAL APOSTOLIC EXHORTATION
SACRAMENTUM CARITATIS OF THE HOLY FATHER BENEDICT XVI
There are over 10,000 named saints beati  from history
 and Roman Martyology Orthodox sources

Miracles by Century 100   200   300   400   500   600   700    800   900   1000    1100   1200   1300   1400  1500  1600  1700  1800   1900  Miracles_BLay Saints
Morning Prayer and Hymn    Meditation of the Day    Prayer for Priests    Our Bartholomew Family Prayer List  Here
We are called upon with the whole Church militant on earth to join in praising and thanking God for the grace and glory he has bestowed on his saints. At the same time we earnestly implore Him to exert His almighty power and mercy in raising us from our miseries and sins, healing the disorders of our souls and leading us by the path of repentance to the company of His saints, to which He has called us.
   They were once what we are now, travellers on earth they had the same weaknesses, which we have. We have difficulties to encounter so had the saints, and many of them far greater than we can meet with; obstacles from kings and whole nations, sometimes from the prisons, racks and swords of persecutors. Yet they surmounted these difficulties, which they made the very means of their virtue and victories. It was by the strength they received from above, not by their own, that they triumphed. But the blood of Christ was shed for us as it was for them and the grace of our Redeemer is not wanting to us; if we fail, the failure is in ourselves.
   THE saints and just, from the beginning of time and throughout the world, who have been made perfect, everlasting monuments of God’s infinite power and clemency, praise His goodness without ceasing; casting their crowns before His throne they give to Him all the glory of their triumphs: “His gifts alone in us He crowns.”
“The saints must be honored as friends of Christ and children and heirs of God, as John the theologian and evangelist says: ‘But as many as received him, he gave them the power to be made the sons of God....’ Let us carefully observe the manner of life of all the apostles, martyrs, ascetics and just men who announced the coming of the Lord. And let us emulate their faith, charity, hope, zeal, life, patience under suffering, and perseverance unto death, so that we may also share their crowns of glory” Exposition of the Orthodox Faith

Called in the Gospel the Mother of Jesus, Mary is acclaimed by Elizabeth, at the prompting of the Spirit and even before the birth of her son, as the Mother of my Lord (Lk 1:43; Jn 2:1; 19:25; cf. Mt 13:55; et al.). In fact, the One whom she conceived as man by the Holy Spirit, who truly became her Son according to the flesh, was none other than the Father's eternal Son,  the second person of the Holy Trinity.
Hence the Church confesses that Mary is truly Mother of God (Theotokos).
Catechism of the Catholic Church 495, quoting the Council of Ephesus (431): DS 251.
Nine First Fridays Devotion to the Sacred Heart ... From the writings of St. Margaret Mary Alacoque
On Friday during Holy Communion, He said these words to me, His unworthy slave, if I mistake not:
I promise you in the excessive mercy of my Heart that its all-powerful love will grant to all those who receive Holy Communion on nine first Fridays of consecutive months the grace of final repentance; they will not die under my displeasure or without receiving their sacraments, my divine Heart making itself their assured refuge at the last moment.
Margaret Mary was inspired by Christ to establish the Holy Hour and to pray lying prostrate with her face to the ground from eleven till midnight on the eve of the first Friday of each month, to share in the mortal sadness.
He endured when abandoned by His Apostles in His Agony, and to receive holy Communion on the first Friday of every month. In the first great revelation, He made known to her His ardent desire to be loved by men and His design of manifesting His Heart with all Its treasures of love and mercy, of sanctification and salvation.
He appointed the Friday after the octave of the feast of Corpus Christi as the feast of the Sacred Heart; He called her the Beloved Disciple of the Sacred Heart, and the heiress of all Its treasures. The love of the Sacred Heart was the fire which consumed her, and devotion to the Sacred Heart is the refrain of all her writings. In her last illness she refused all alleviation, repeating frequently: What have I in heaven and what do I desire on earth, but Thee alone, O my God, and died pronouncing the Holy Name of Jesus.
With regard to this promise it may be remarked: (1) that our Lord required Communion to be received on a particular day chosen by Him; (2) that the nine Fridays must be consecutive; (3) that they must be made in honor of His Sacred Heart, which means that those who make the nine Fridays must practice the devotion and must have a great love for our Lord; (4) that our Lord does not say that those who make the nine Fridays will be dispensed from any of their obligations or from exercising the vigilance necessary to lead a good life and overcome temptation; rather He implicitly promises abundant graces to those who make the nine Fridays to help them to carry out these obligations and persevere to the end; (5) that perseverance in receiving Holy Communion for nine consecutive First Firdays helps the faithful to acquire the habit of frequent Communion, which our Lord eagerly desires; and (6) that the practice of the nine Fridays is very pleasing to our Lord He promises such great reward, and all Catholics should endeavor to make nine Fridays.
How do I start the Five First Saturdays? by Fr. Tom O'Mahony.
On July 13,1917, Our Lady appeared for the third time to the three children of Fatima an showed them the vision of hell and made the now - famous thirteen prophecies. In this vision Our Lady said that 'GOD WISHES TO ESTABLISH IN THE WORLD DEVOTION to Her Immaculate Heart and that She would come TO ASK FOR THE COMMUNION OF REPARATION ON THE FIRST SATURDAYS...'  Eight years later, on December 10, 1925, Our Lady did indeed come back. She appeared (with the Child Jesus) to Lucia in the convent of the Dorothean Sisters in Pontevedra.
The Child Jesus spoke first:
'HAVE COMPASSION ON THE HEART OF YOUR MOST HOLY MOTHER WHICH IS COVERED WITH THORNS WITH WHICH UNGRATEFUL MEN PIERCE IT AT EVERY MOMENT, WHILE THERE IS NO ONE TO REMOVE THEM WITH AN ACT OF REPARATION.'

THE GREAT PROMISE
Our Lady then said: 'MY DAUGHTER LOOK AT MY HEART SURROUNDED WITH THORNS WITH WHICH UNGRATEFUL MEN PIERCE IT AT EVERY MOMENT BY THEIR BLASPHEMIES AND INGRATITUDE. YOU, AT LEAST, TRY TO CONSOLE ME, AND SAY THAT I PROMISE TO ASSIST AT THE HOUR OF DEATH WITH ALL THE GRACES NECESSARY FOR SALVATION, ALL THOSE WHO, ON THE FIRST SATURDAY OF FIVE CONSECUTIVE MONTHS GO TO CONFESSION AND RECEIVE HOLY COMMUNION, RECITE FIVE DECADES OF THE ROSARY AND KEEP ME COMPANY FOR A QUARTER OF AN HOUR WHILE MEDITATING ON MYSTERIES OF THE ROSARY, WITH THE INTENTION OF MAKING REPARATION TO ME.'

The Five Reasons
Lucia once asked this question of Our Lord and received as an answer: 'MY DAUGHTER, THE MOTIVE IS SIMPLE, THERE ARE FIVE KINDS OF OFFENCES AND BLASPHEMIES UTTERED AGAINST THE IMMACULATE HEART OF MARY: (1) BLASPHEMIES AGAINST THE IMMACULATE CONCEPTION: (2) BLASPHEMIES AGAINST HER VIRGINITY: (3) BLASPHEMIES AGAINST HER DIVINE MATERNITY: (4) BLASPHEMIES OF THOSE WHO OPENLY SEEK TO FOSTER IN THE HEARTS OF CHILDREN INDIFFERENCE OR EVEN HATRED FOR THIS IMMACULATE MOTHER: (5) THE OFFENCES OF THOSE WHO DIRECTLY OUTRAGE HER IN HOLY IMAGES.'
From the above, it is easy to see that each of the Five Saturdays can correspond to a specific offence. By offering the graces received during each First Saturday as reparation for the offence being prayed for, the participant can hope to help remove the thorns from Our Lady's Heart.
What Do I Have To Do?
The devotion of First Saturdays, as requested by Our Lady of Fatima, carries with it the assurance of salvation. However, to derive profit from such a great promise of Our Lady, the devotion must be properly understood and duly performed.
The requirements as stipulated by Our Lady are as follows:
(1) CONFESSION, (2) COMMUNION, (3) FIVE DECADES OF THE ROSARY, (4) MEDITATION ON ONE OR MORE OF THE ROSARY MYSTERIES FOR FIFTEEN MINUTES, (5) TO DO ALL THESE THINGS IN THE SPIRIT OF REPARATION TO THE IMMACULATE HEART OF MARY, and (6) TO OBSERVE ALL THESE PRACTICES ON THE FIRST SATURDAY OF FIVE CONSECUTIVE MONTHS.
(1) CONFESSION: A reparative confession means that the confession should not only be good (valid and licit), but also be offered in the spirit of reparation, in this case, to Mary's Immaculate Heart. This confession may be made on the First Saturday itself or some days before or after the First Saturday within the preceding octave would suffice.
(2) COMMUNION: The communion of reparation must be sacramental duly received with the intention of making reparation. This offering, like the confession, is an interior act and so no external action to express the intention is needed.
(3) THE ROSARY: The Rosary mentioned here was indicated by the Portuguese word 'terco' which is commonly employed to denote a Rosary of five decades, since it forms a fourth of the full Rosary of 20 decades. This too must recited in a spirit of reparation.
(4) MEDITATION FOR FIFTEEN MINUTES: Here the meditation on one mystery or more is to be made without simultaneous recitation of the Rosary decade. As indicated, the meditation may be either on one mystery alone for 15 minutes, or on all 20 mysteries, spending about one minute on each mystery, or again, on two or more mysteries during the period. This can also be made before each decade spending three minutes or more in considering the mystery of the particular decade. This meditation has likewise to be made in the spirit of reparation to the Immaculate Heart.
(5) THE SPIRIT OF REPARATION: All these acts, as said above, have to be done with the intention of offering reparation to the Immaculate Heart of Mary for the offences committed against Her. Everyone who offends Her commits, so to speak, a two-fold offence, for these sins also offend her Divine Son, Christ, and so endanger our salvation. They give bad example to others and weaken the strength of society to withstand immoral onslaughts. Such devotions therefore make us consider not only the enormity of the offence against God, but also the effect of sins on human society as well as the need for undoing these social effects even when the offender repents and is converted. Further, this reparation emphasises our responsibility towards sinners who, themselves, will not pray and make reparation for their sins.
(6) FIVE CONSECUTIVE FIRST SATURDAYS: The idea of the Five First Saturdays is obviously to make us persevere in the devotional acts for these Saturdays and overcome initial difficulties. Once this is done, Our Lady knows that the person would become devoted to Her immaculate Heart and persist in practising such devotion on all First Saturdays, working thereby for personal self-reform and for the salvation of others.

Unless Russia is converted, the movement against God and for sin will continue to spread, promoting wars and persecutions, and making the attainment for peace and justice impossible for this world. One means of obtaining Russia's conversion is to practise the Fatima Message. The stakes are so great that to encourage Catholics to practise the devotion of the First Saturdays, Our Lady has assured us that She will obtain salvation for all those who observe the first Saturdays for five consecutive months in accordance with Her conditions.
At the supreme moment the departing person will be either in the state of grace or not. In either case Our Lady will be by his side. If in the state of grace, She will console and help him to resist whatever temptations the devil might put before him in his last attempt to take the person with him to hell. If not in the state of grace, Our Lady will help the person to repent in a manner agreeable to God and so benefit by the fruits of redemption and be saved.

God loves variety. He doesn't mass-produce his saints. Every saint is unique, for each is the result of a new idea.  As the liturgy says: Non est inventus similis illis--there are no two exactly alike. It is we with our lack of imagination, who paint the same haloes on all the saints. Dear Lord, grant us a spirit that is not bound by our own ideas and preferences.  Grant that we may be able to appreciate in others what we lack in ourselves. O Lord, grant that we may understand that every saint must be a unique praise of Your glory. Catholic saints are holy people and human people who lived extraordinary lives.  Each saint the Church honors responded to God's invitation to use his or her unique gifts.   God calls each one of us to be a saint in order to get into heavenonly saints are allowed into heaven. The more "extravagant" graces are bestowed NOT for the benefit of the recipients so much as FOR the benefit of others.
There are over 10,000 named saints beati  from history
 and Roman Martyology Orthodox sources

Patron_Saints.html  Widowed_Saints htmIndulgences The Catholic Church in China
LINKS: Marian Shrines  
India Marian Shrine Lourdes of the East   Lourdes 1858  China Marian shrines 1995
Kenya national Marian shrine  Loreto, Italy  Marian Apparitions (over 2000Quang Tri Vietnam La Vang 1798
 
Links to Related MarianWebsites  Angels and Archangels  Saints Visions of Heaven and Hell

Widowed Saints  html
Doctors_of_the_Church   Acts_Of_The_Apostles  Roman Catholic Popes  Purgatory  UniateChalcedon

Mary the Mother of Jesus Miracles_BLay Saints  Miraculous_IconMiraculous_Medal_Novena Patron Saints
Miracles by Century 100   200   300   400   500   600   700    800   900   1000    1100   1200   1300   1400  1500  1600  1700  1800  1900 2000
Miracles 100   200   300   400   500   600   700    800   900   1000  
 
1100   1200   1300   1400  1500  1600  1700  1800   1900 Lay Saints
The POPES HTML
Pius IX 1846--1878 • Leo XIII 1878-1903 • Pius X 1903-1914• Benedict XV 1914-1922 • Pius XI 1922-1939 • Pius XII 1939-1958 • John XXIII 1958-1963 • Paul VI 1963 to 1978 • John Paul • John Paul II 10/16/1975-4/2/2005
 Benedict XVI (2005 - 2013) Francis (2013

Where there is no honor for the elderly, there is no future for young people.
During his weekly General Audience in St. Peter’s Square, Pope Francis made this strong statement while continuing his catechesis on the family, with this and next week focusing on the elderly.  Confining this week’s address to their problematic current condition, the Holy Father said the elderly are ignored and that a society that does this is perverse.
While noting that life has been lengthened thanks to advances in medicine, he lamented that while the number of older people has multiplied, "our societies are not organized enough to make room for them, with proper respect and concrete consideration for their fragility and their dignity.”

“As long as we are young, we are led to ignore old age, as if it were a disease