Friday  Saint_of_the_Day October 28 Quinto Kaléndas Novémbris  
Et álibi aliórum plurimórum sanctórum Mártyrum et Confessórum, atque sanctárum Vírginum.
And elsewhere in divers places, many other holy martyrs, confessors, and holy virgins.
Пресвятая Богородице спаси нас!  (Santíssima Mãe de Deus, salva-nos!)

Make a Novena and pray the Rosary to Our Lady of Victory
Mary Mother of GOD
Fifty Years Since the Election of John XXIII

40 days for Life Day 30
Pray for post-abortive women who cannot forgive themselves;
may they understand that there is no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus.


At the time of the decisive battle of Milvius Bridge
on October 28, 312, the Cross gained the victory.


  15 Promises of the Virgin Mary to those who recite the Rosary

Six Canonized on Feast of Christ the King Nov 23 2014

CAUSES OF SAINTS April  2014

Our Bartholomew Family Prayer List

Acts of the Apostles


Nine First Fridays Devotion to the Sacred Heart From the writings of St. Margaret Mary Alacoque

How do I start the Five First Saturdays?

Mary Mother of GOD 15 Promises of the Virgin Mary to those who recite the Rosary


Mary, I wish always to be your child. I give you my heart; keep it for ever.
O Jesus, O
Mary, be always my friends. I pray you both to let me die rather than commit a sin.
-- St Dominic Savio

In the spiritual life he who does not advance goes backward.
It happens as with a boat which always must go ahead.
If it stands still the wind blows it back.
Fix the time, the length of your meditation,
and do not rise from your place until you have finished even at the cost of being crucified.-- Padre Pio





October 28
At the time of the decisive battle of Milvius Bridge
on October 28, 312, the Cross gained the victory.


Sts. Simon and Jude;
Jude named by Luke Acts Matthew Mark - Thaddeus

       St. Jude Thaddaeus; brother of St. James the Less
       St. Simon; zealot surnamed for his rigid adherence to Jewish law and Canaanite law

Simon_Jude entering Persia together, they converted to Christ a numberless multitude of the inhabitants, then underwent martyrdom.

In these days he went out to the mountain to pray; and all night he continued in prayer to God.
And when it was day, he called his disciples, and chose from them twelve, whom he named apostles; Simon, whom he named Peter, and Andrew his brother, and James and John, and Philip, and Bartholomew, and Matthew, and Thomas, and James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon who was called the Zealot, and Judas the son of James, and Judas Iscariot, who became a traitor.



The Church in Libya: Mark and Simon of Cyrene were from here; October 28 - Our Lady of the Treille (Lille, France)
Mary the perfect model of domestic life
We are impelled by a constant desire that Christians should ever be convinced of the efficacy and dignity of the Rosary of Our Lady, […] pointing out that the origin of this form of prayer is divine rather than human, showing it to be an admirable garland woven from the Angelic Salutation, together with the Lord's Prayer, joined to meditation, and that this form of prayer was most powerful and particularly efficacious for attaining eternal life. For besides the special excellence of the prayers, it affords a powerful protection to faith and conspicuous models of virtue in the mysteries proposed for contemplation. We showed also how easy the devotion is and how suited to the people, offering an absolutely perfect model of domestic life in meditation on the
Holy Family at Nazareth, therefore Christendom had never failed to experience its salutary effects.
Saint Leo XIII (1810-1903) Taken from His Encyclical on the Rosary - Diuturni Temporis
October 28 - Our Lady of the Treille (Lille, France)  Veneration of Mary
True Marian devotion never obscures or diminishes faith and love for Jesus Christ Our Savior, the one Mediator between God and humankind. On the contrary, entrustment to Our Lady is a privileged path, tested by numerous Saints, for a more faithful following of the Lord.Consequently, let us entrust ourselves to her with filial abandonment!
Pope Benedict XVI  Address, May 31, 2006

October 28 – Our Lady of La Treille (Lille, France)
 
Be sure to fight well, arms in hand
Even if you have to fight distractions all through your whole Rosary, be sure to fight well, arms in hand.


That is to say, do not stop saying your Rosary even if it is difficult to say and you have no sensible devotion.
It is a terrible battle, but one that is profitable to the faithful soul.

If you put down your arms, that is, if you give up the Rosary, you will be admitting defeat and then the devil,
having got what he wanted, will leave you in peace, and on the Day of Judgment
will taunt you because of your faithlessness and lack of courage.

"He who is faithful in little things will also be faithful in those that are greater" Luke 16:10.
He who is faithful in rejecting the smallest distractions when he says even the smallest prayer, will also be faithful in great things. Nothing is more certain, since the Holy Spirit has told us so.

So all of you, servants and handmaids of Jesus Christ and the Blessed Virgin, who have made up your minds to say the Rosary every day, be of good heart. Do not let the multitude of flies (as I call the distractions that make war on you during prayer) make you abandon the company of Jesus and Mary, in whose holy presence you are when saying the Rosary.  Saint Louis de Montfort  In The Secret of the Rosary §125 (Excerpt)
       Sts. Simon and Jude; Jude named by Luke Acts Matthew Mark - Thaddeus
       St. Jude Thaddaeus; brother of St. James the Less
       St. Simon; zealot surnamed for his rigid adherence to Jewish
           law and Canaanite law

Simon_Jude entering Persia together, they converted to Christ a numberless multitude of the inhabitants, then underwent martyrdom.

3rd v. Greatmartyr Parasceva of Iconium parents especially reverenced Friday Passion of the Lord therefore called daughter Paraskeva “St Paraskeva, also called Piatnitsa (Russian-- Friday).
 249 Martyr Photius with his parents
 249 Martyr Neonilla with her husband and children
 249 Martyr Sarbelus with his parents
 249 Martyr Terence with his wife and children
  257 St. Anastasia II Martyr
 304 St. Fidelis of Como martyred Roman soldier

       St. Ferrutius martyred Roman soldier
  304 St. Fidelis of Como martyred Roman soldier
        St. Cyrilla, virgin, daughter of St. Tryphonia of Cyrene, Libya
  363 Hieromartyr Cyriacus the Patriarch of Jerusalem a Jew who pointed out to the holy Empress Helen the place where the Life-Creating Cross of Christ lay buried
  415 St. Honoratus of Vercelli Bishop of Vercelli
6th v. St. Abraham archbishop of Ephesus, Greece a learned theologian
6th v. St. Salvius Hermit Normandy is named after him; devotion of the people who visited the church or chapel which was built where his hermitage stood was supported by miracles and extraordinary cures which the divine power wrought there, insomuch that the reputation of it went very far…The canons of Rouen were at the expense of clearing some of the more accessible lands for the subsistence of the priests who there performed the divine office; and this is the first origin of the parish of Saint-Saire, and the foundation of the lordship which the chapter of Rouen possesses there.
   596 Venerable John the Chozebite Whenever he served the Divine Liturgy, he saw a heavenly light in the altar.
7th v. Martyr Neophytus of Urbin, Georgia descended from Persian fire-worshippers pagans stoned the saint to death With his last breath Holy Hieromartyr Neophytus cried out, “Lord Jesus Christ receive my soul!”
  675 St. Faro Bishop of Meaux France, and brother of Sts. Chainoaldus and Burgundofara. also called Pharo; restored sight to a blind man by conferring on him the sacrament of Confirmation, and wrought several other miracles one of the first known bishops of Meaux, has rendered his name the most illustrious of all the prelates of this see who are mentioned in the calendars of the Church
  690 St. Godwin Benedictine abbot of the monastery of Stravelot Malmedy, Belgium, and a noted scholar.
768 St. Anglinus Benedictine abbot Anglinus recorded as the tenth abbot of Stovelot-Malmedy, near Liege, Belgium.
  875 St. Remigius  Archbishop of Lyons theologian
1050 St. Eadsin Archbishop of Canterbury
1266 Repose of St Arsenius the Archbishop of Serbia
1311 Venerable Athanasius the Younger the Patriarch of Constantinople 1289-1293; 1303-1311 Shunning praise, Acacius humbly left Mt. Athos for Jerusalem then to Mount Patra long time he lived ascetically as an hermit
1651 Repose of the Venerable Job of Pochaev, Abbot Wonderworker
1709 St Demetrius (Dimitri), Metropolitan of Rostov organizing the MENAION, Lives of the Saints the whole year
1798  St. John Dat Martyred native priest of Vietnam
1924 St Arsenius of Cappadocia
With this Money You Can Buy My Heaven October 28 - OUR LADY OF VIVONNE (Savoy, France)
One day, Saint Gertrude had a vision of our Lord counting gold coins. She had the audacity to ask Him what He was doing, and He answered, “I am counting the Hail Marys that you have said; with this money you can buy my heaven.

Saint Louis-Marie Grignion de Montfort The Admirable Secret of the Rosary (# 54)

“The saints must be honored as friends of Christ and children and heirs of God, as John the theologian and evangelist says: ‘But as many as received him, he gave them the power to be made the sons of God....’ Let us carefully observe the manner of life of all the apostles, martyrs, ascetics and just men who announced the coming of the Lord. And let us emulate their faith, charity, hope, zeal, life, patience under suffering, and perseverance unto death, so that we may also share their crowns of glory” Exposition of the Orthodox Faith
October 28 - Our Lady of Treille (Lille, France)
  Under This Sign You Shall Conquer* (I)
Constantine climbed to a high point and considered with perplexity the superiority of his adversaries when, under the midday sun, an immense cross made of stars appeared in the sky. These words were written in Greek around the cross: "Under this sign you shall conquer."

The following night, Christ Himself appeared to the emperor and ordered him to make a cross similar to the one that he had seen in his vision and to place it like a standard at the head of his army. This sign of victory then sparkled again in the sky, and Constantine believed with all his heart that Jesus Christ was the only true God, the Creator of heaven and earth, who gives victory to kings and guides all things towards the end that He willed before the beginning of time. At sunrise, he had a large silver cross made and gave orders to have it placed at the head of his troops, instead of the imperial eagles, as a "sign of victory over death and a trophy of immortality." Consequently, Constantine began studying Christian doctrine and devoted himself assiduously to reading the Holy Bible.

At the time of the decisive battle of Milvius Bridge on October 28, 312, the Cross gained the victory. His enemy Maxence, while fleeing, prepared to fight back from a pontoon bridge, which he had built, but the bridge collapsed under the weight and the tyrant was thrown into the sea to perish with all his officers, just like Pharaoh and his riders were engulfed by the Red Sea (cf. Ex 15). Giving thanks to God for this victory, which inaugurated a new era of history, Constantine made a triumphal entry into Rome, where the people greeted him as their liberator, savior and benefactor. He had crosses placed on the principal monuments of the city and a statue of the emperor holding the Cross in his hand was erected at once, as signs of victory and the emblem of the authority he had received from Christ.
*In hoc signo vinces
My God, I believe, I adore, I trust and I love Thee.  I beg pardon for those who do not believe, do not adore, do not love Thee.  O most Holy trinity, Father, Son and Holy Spirit, I adore Thee profoundly.
 I offer Thee the most precious Body, Blood, Soul and Divinity of Jesus Christ, present in all the Tabernacles of the world,  in reparation for the outrages, sacrileges and indifference by which He is offended,
and by the infite merits of the Sacred Heart of Jesus and the Immaculate Heart of Mary.

I beg the conversion of poor sinners,  Amen Fatima Prayer, Angel of Peace
Mary's Divine Motherhood
Pope Francis and Pope Benedict XVI { 2013 } Catholic Church In China { article here}
1648 to1930 St. Augustine Zhao Rong and 120 Companions Christianity arrived in China by way of Syria -- 600s.
        Depending on China's relations with outside world,
Christianity for centuries was free to grow or forced to operate secretly.

Nine First Fridays Devotion to the Sacred Heart From the writings of St. Margaret Mary Alacoque
How do I start the Five First Saturdays?
Called in the Gospel “the Mother of Jesus,” Mary is acclaimed by Elizabeth, at the prompting of the Spirit and even before the birth of her son, as “the Mother of my Lord” (Lk 1:43; Jn 2:1; 19:25; cf. Mt 13:55; et al.). In fact, the One whom she conceived as man by the Holy Spirit, who truly became her Son according to the flesh, was none other than the Father's eternal Son, the second person of the Holy Trinity. Hence the Church confesses that Mary is truly Mother of God (Theotokos). 
Catechism of the Catholic Church 495, quoting the Council of Ephesus (431): DS 251.
“The Blessed Virgin was eternally predestined, in conjunction with the incarnation of the divine Word, to be the Mother of God. By decree of divine Providence, she served on earth as the loving mother of the divine Redeemer, an associate of unique nobility, and the Lord's humble handmaid. She conceived, brought forth, and nourished Christ.”

   Sts. Simon and Jude Jude named by Luke Acts Matthew Mark - Thaddeus
In Pérside natális beatórum Apostolórum Simónis Chananæi, et Thaddǽi, qui et Judas dícitur.  Ex ipsis autem Simon in Ægypto, Thaddǽus in Mesopotámia Evangélium prædicávit; deínde, in Pérsidem simul ingréssi, ibi, cum innúmeram gentis illíus multitúdinem Christo subdidíssent, martyrium consummárunt.
    In Persia, the birthday of the blessed apostles Simon the Canaanite and Thaddeus, who is also called Jude.  Simon preached the Gospel in Egypt, Thaddeus in Mesopotamia.  Afterwards, entering Persia together, they converted to Christ a numberless multitude of the inhabitants, then underwent martyrdom.

SS. SIMON AND JUDE, OR THADDEUS, APOSTLES
ST SIMON is surnamed the Cananean or Zelotes in the Holy Scriptures, words which both mean “the Zealous”. Some have mistakenly thought that the first of these names was meant to imply that St Simon was born at Cana in Galilee. The name refers to his zeal for the Jewish law before his call,
and does not necessarily mean that he was one of that particular party among the Jews called Zealots. No mention of him appears in the gospels beyond that he was chosen among the apostles. With the rest he received the Holy Ghost, but of his life after Pentecost we have no information whatever; it is not possible to reconcile the various traditions.

Menology of Basil says that St Simon died in peace at Edessa, but Western tradition recognized in the Roman liturgy is that, after preaching in Egypt, he joined St Jude from Mesopotamia and that they went as missionaries for some years to Persia, suffering martyrdom there. They are accordingly commemorated together in the West on this day, but in the East separately and on various dates.

   The apostle Jude (Judas), also called Thaddeus (or Lebbeus), “the brother of James”, is usually regarded as the brother of St James the Less. It is not known when and by what means he became a disciple of Christ, nothing having been said of him in the gospels before we find him enumerated among the apostles. After the Last Supper, when Christ promised to manifest Himself to His hearers, St Jude asked Him why He did not manifest Himself to the rest of the world; and Christ answered that He and the Father would visit all those who love Him, “we will come to him, and will make our abode with him” (John xiv 22—23).

   The history of St Jude after our Lord’s ascension and the descent of the Holy Ghost is as unknown as that of St Simon. Jude’s name is borne by one of the canonical epistles, which has much in common with the second epistle of St Peter. It is not addressed to any particular church or person, and in it he urges the faithful to “contend earnestly for the faith once delivered to the saints. For certain men are secretly entered in…ungodly men, turning the grace of our Lord God into riotousness, and denying the only sovereign ruler and our Lord Jesus Christ.”

   St Jude Thaddeus has often been confounded with the St Thaddeus of the Abgar legend (see Addai and Mari, August 5), and made to die in peace at Bairut or Edessa. As has been said above, according to a Western tradition he was martyred with St Simon in Persia. Eusebius quotes a story that two grandsons of St Jude, Zoker and James, were brought before the Emperor Domitian, who had been alarmed by the report that they were of the royal house of David. But when he saw they were poor, hard-working peasants, and heard that the kingdom for which they looked was not of this world, he dismissed them with contempt.

There is what purports to be a passio of these two apostles, but in its Latin form it cannot be earlier than the latter part of the sixth century. It is attributed to a certain Abdias who is said to have been a disciple of Simon and Jude and consecrated by them first bishop of Babylon. This no doubt explains the curious entry on this day in the Félire of Oengus: “Ample is their assembly: Babylon their burial ground Thaddeus and Simon, huge is their host.” On pseudo-Abdias see further R. A. Lipsius, Die Apocryphen Apostelgeschichten…vol. i, pp. 117 seq. and Batiffol in DTC., vol. i, c. 23. The mention of SS. Simon and Jude together is found in the Hieronymianum for this day, and the scene of their martyrdom is said to be “Suanis, civitate Persarum”, on which consult CMH., and Gutschmid, Kleine Schriften, vol. ii, pp. 368—369. On the invocation of St Jude as believed to have special efficacy in “desperate cases”, see the Acta Sanctorum, October, vol. xii, p. 449 and L. du Broc, La saints patrons des corporations et protecteursvol. ii, pp. 390 seq.

He is not mentioned elsewhere in the Gospels, except, of course, where all the apostles are referred to. Scholars hold that he is not the author of the Letter of Jude. Actually, Jude had the same name as Judas Iscariot.  Evidently because of the disgrace of that name, it was shortened to Jude in English.
    Simon is mentioned on all four lists of the apostles. On two of them he is called the Zealot. The Zealots were a Jewish sect that represented an extreme of Jewish nationalism. For them, the messianic promise of the Old Testament meant that the Jews were to be a free and independent nation. God alone was their king, and any payment of taxes to the Romans—the very domination of the Romans—was a blasphemy against God. No doubt some of the Zealots were the spiritual heirs of the Maccabees, carrying on their ideals of religion and independence. But many were the counterparts of modern terrorists. They raided and killed, attacking both foreigners and collaborating Jews. They were chiefly responsible for the rebellion against Rome which ended in the destruction of Jerusalem in A.D. 70.
Comment: As in the case of all the apostles except for Peter, James and John, we are faced with men who are really unknown, and we are struck by the fact that their holiness is simply taken to be a gift of Christ. He chose some unlikely people: a former Zealot, a former (crooked) tax collector, an impetuous fisherman, two sons of thunder and a man named Judas Iscariot.
It is a reminder that we cannot receive too often. Holiness does not depend on human merit, culture, personality, effort or achievement. It is entirely God's creation and gift. God needs no Zealots to bring about the kingdom by force. Jude, like all the saints, is the saint of the impossible: only God can create his divine life in human beings. And God wills to do so, for all of us.
Quote:  Just as Christ was sent by the Father, so also he sent the apostles, filled with the Holy Spirit. This he did so that, by preaching the gospel to every creature (cf. Mark 16:15), they might proclaim that the Son of God, by his death and resurrection, had freed us from the power of Satan (cf. Acts 26:18) and from death, and brought us into the kingdom of his Father. (Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy).
St. Jude Thaddaeus brother of St. James the Less
relative of Our Saviour. St. Jude was one of the 12 Apostles of Jesus.
Ancient writers tell us that he preached the Gospel in Judea, Samaria, Idumaea, Syria, Mesopotamia, and Lybia. According to Eusebius, he returned to Jerusalem in the year 62, and assisted at the election of his brother, St. Simeon, as Bishop of Jerusalem.
He is an author of an epistle (letter) to the Churches of the East, particularly the Jewish converts, directed against the heresies of the Simonians, Nicolaites, and Gnostics. This Apostle is said to have suffered martyrdom in Armenia, which was then subject to Persia.
The final conversion of the Armenian nation to Christianity did not take place until the third century of our era.
Jude was the one who asked Jesus at the Last Supper why He would not manifest Himself to the whole world after His resurrection.
Little else is known of his life. Legend claims that he visited Beirut and Edessa; possibly martyred with St. Simon in Persia.
Jude is invoked in desperate situations because his New Testament letter stresses that the faithful should persevere in the environment of harsh, difficult circumstances, just as their forefathers had done before them. Therefore, he is the patron saint of desperate cases and his feast day is October 28. Saint Jude is not the same person as Judas Iscariot who betrayed Our Lord and despaired because of his great sin and lack of trust in God's mercy.
St. Simon of Zealot surnamed for his rigid adherence to Jewish law and Canaanite law
Simon was surnamed the Zealot for his rigid adherence to the Jewish law and to the Canaanite law. He was one of the original followers of Christ. Western tradition is that he preached in Egypt and then went to Persia with St. Jude, where both suffered martyrdom. Eastern tradition says Simon died peacefully at Edessa.
3rd v. Greatmartyr Parasceva of Iconium parents especially reverenced Friday Passion of the Lord therefore called daughter Paraskeva St Paraskeva, also called Piatnitsa (in Russian: Friday).
The Great Martyr Paraskeva of Iconium, lived during the third century in a rich and pious family. The parents of the saint especially reverenced Friday, the day of the Passion of the Lord, and therefore they called their daughter Paraskeva. This name, Paraskeva, also means Friday.
Young Paraskeva with all her heart loved purity and the loftiness of the virginal life, and she took a vow of celibacy. She wanted to devote all her life to God and to enlighten pagans with the light of Christ.

Because of her confession of the Orthodox Faith, the pagans in a frenzy seized her and brought her to the city prefect. They demanded that she offer unholy sacrifice to the pagan idols. With a steady heart, and trusting on God, the saint refused this demand. For this she underwent great torments: after stripping her, they tied her to a tree and beat her with rods. Then the torturers raked her pure body with iron claws. Finally, they threw her into prison, exhausted by the torture and lacerated to the bone. But God did not forsake the holy sufferer, and miraculously healed her wounds. Not heeding this divine miracle, the executioners continued with their torture of St Paraskeva, and finally, they cut off her head.

St Paraskeva has always enjoyed a special love and veneration among the Orthodox people. Many pious customs and observances are associated with her. In the ancient Russian accounts of the Saints' Lives, the name of the Great Martyr is inscribed as: St Paraskeva, also called Piatnitsa (in Russian: Friday). Churches dedicated to St Paraskeva in antiquity were given the name Piatnitsa. Small wayside chapels in Rus received the name Piatnitsa.
The simple Russian people called the Martyr Paraskeva variously Piatnitsa, Piatina, Petka.
Icons of St Paraskeva were especially venerated and embellished by the faithful. Russian iconographers usually depicted the martyr as an austere ascetic, tall of stature, with a radiant crown upon her head. Icons of the saint guard pious and happy households. By Church belief, St Paraskeva is protectress of fields and cattle. Therefore, on her Feastday it was the custom to bring fruit to church to be blessed. These blessed objects were kept until the following year. Moreover, St Paraskeva is invoked for protection of cattle from disease. She is also a healer of people from grievous illness of both body and soul.
249 Martyr Photius with his parents
Saint Photius was the son of the martyrs Terence and Neonilla. He and his family suffered martyrdom during a persecution of Christianity under the emperor Decius (249-250). They zealously confessed Christ and denounced idolatry. For this the pagans subjected the entire Christian family to terrible tortures and torments, but failed to get them to renounce the true Faith. So, the holy martyrs were beheaded, and received crowns of martyrdom.
249 Martyr Sarbelus with his parents
Saint Sarbelus was the son of the martyrs Terence and Neonilla. He and his family suffered suffered martyrdom during a persecution of Christianity under the emperor Decius (249-250). They zealously confessed Christ and denounced idolatry. For this the pagans subjected the entire Christian family to terrible tortures and torments, but failed to get them to renounce the true Faith. So, the holy martyrs were beheaded, and received crowns of martyrdom.
249 Martyr Neonilla with her husband and children

Saint Neonilla was the wife of St Terence. They suffered martyrdom with their children Sarbelus, Photius, Theodulus, Hierax, Nita, Vele and Eunice during a persecution of Christianity under the emperor Decius (249-250). They zealously confessed Christ and denounced idolatry. For this the pagans subjected the entire Christian family to terrible tortures and torments, but failed to get them to renounce the true Faith. So, the holy martyrs were beheaded, and received crowns of martyrdom.
249 Martyr Terence with his wife and children

The Martyrs Terence and Neonilla and their children: Sarbelus, Photius, Theodulus, Hierax, Nita, Vele and Eunice suffered martyrdom during a persecution of Christianity under the emperor Decius (249-250). They zealously confessed Christ and denounced idolatry. For this the pagans subjected the entire Christian family to terrible tortures and torments, but failed to get them to renounce the true Faith. So, the holy martyrs were beheaded, and received crowns of martyrdom.
Martyr Terence and 39 ohers of Carthage
Saint Terence was from Syria, and suffered for Christ with his wife Neonilla and their seven children Sabelus, Photius, Theodoulus, Vele, Hierax, Nitus, and Eunice. They were denounced as Christians and brought before the authorities for interrogation.
The saints confessed Christ and mocked the pagan gods, even as their sides were raked with iron hooks. Vinegar was poured into their wounds, which were then set afire. The saints encouraged one another and prayed to God to help them. He sent angels to free them from their bonds and to heal their wounds.
Then the saints were thrown to the wild beasts, who became gentle and did not harm them. Afterward, they were thrown into a cauldren filled with hot pitch, but they were not burned. Seeing that nothing could harm the saints, the pagans beheaded them.
257 St. Anastasia II Martyr
Romæ sanctórum Mártyrum Anastásiæ senióris Vírginis, et Cyrílli.  Ipsa Virgo, in persecutióne Valeriáni, sub Probo Præfécto, vínculis constrícta, cólaphis cæsa, igne et verbéribus est cruciáta, et, cum in confessióne Christi permanéret immóbilis, tandem, abscíssis mamíllis, evúlsis únguibus, déntibus comminútis, mánibus pedibúsque præcísis, truncáta cápite, tot passiónum ornáta monílibus migrávit ad Sponsum; Cyríllus autem, ei peténti aquam propínans, martyrium pro mercéde accépit.
  
At Rome, the holy martyrs Cyril and Anastasia the Elder, virgin.  In the persecution of Valerian, under the prefect Probus, Anastasia was bound with chains, buffeted, subjected to fire and scourging, and, as she remained immovable in the confession of Christ, her breasts were cut away, her nails plucked out, her teeth broken, and her hands, feet, and head severed from her body.  Adorned with her sufferings as with so many jewels, she went to her Spouse.  At her request, Cyril gave her some water to drink, and for his reward became a martyr.

SS. ANASTASIA AND CYRIL, MARTYRS
CARDINAL BARONIUS added the following entry to the Roman Martyrology under this date “At Rome, the passion of the holy martyrs Anastasia the Elder, a virgin,
and Cyril. This same virgin during the persecution of Valerian was bound with fetters by the prefect Probus, smitten with blows and tortured with fire and scourges; and as she continued unmoved in the confession of Christ her breasts were cut off, her nails torn out, her teeth broken, her hands and feet hacked away. Then she was beheaded and, beautified with the jewels of so many sufferings, she passed to her Bridegroom. Cyril brought her water when she asked therefor, and received martyrdom for his reward.”

Traditions of the Church of Rome know nothing of these martyrs, who were first venerated in the East. Their Greek passio says that St Anastasia was a maiden of patrician birth, twenty years old, who lived in a community of consecrated virgins. Soldiers of the prefect broke into the house, carried her off, and brought her before Probus, who ordered that she be stripped naked. On her protesting that this would shame him more than it would her, she was maltreated as the martyrology sets out. Her body was afterwards translated to Constantinople.

The passio exists both in Greek and in Latin. Both texts are printed in the Acta Sanctorum, October, vol. xii. J. P. Kirsch seems inclined to think that the only historical martyr was the widow who suffered at Sirmium (December 25), but that, as her feast was kept on a different date in the East, some Greek hagiographer thought it well to invent a new story of a virgin bearing the same name, which he embellished with the fantastic details recounted above. See Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche, vol. i (1930), c. 389.

She is believed to have been a young woman who lived with a group of Christian virgins in Rome. During the persecutions of Emperor Valerian, she was arrested and cruelly tortured by a perfect named Probus.
When asked for some water, a man named Cyril brought her some. For this kindness he shared her fate in beheading.
304 St. Fidelis of Como martyred Roman soldier' stationed in Milan, Italy.
Apud Comum sancti Fidélis Mártyris, sub Maximiáno Imperatóre.
    At Como, under Emperor Maximian, St. Fidelis, martyr.

303 ST FIDELIS OF COMO, MARTYR
DURING the persecution of Maximian the imprisoned Christians of Milan were visited and ministered to by an army officer named Fidelis, according to his legend in which no trust can be placed. He procured the freedom of five of them and, with two soldiers, Carpophorus and Exanthus; they tried to make their escape into the Alps. They were overtaken near Como, and the two last-named with their companions were executed on the spot, in a wood. Fidelis got away and reached Samolito, at the other side of the lake, but here he was captured by soldiers who had followed him in a boat. There they scourged and beheaded him. There is another version which says that SS. Fidelis, Carpophorus and Exanthus were three Christian soldiers who when persecution began deserted the army and fled to Como, where they were apprehended and put to death. The cultus at Como is ancient.
The relatively sober text is printed in the Acta Sanctorum, vol. xii, from a fourteenth century manuscript. Ennodius knew a tomb of St Fidelis at Como in the sixth century, and the lake has remains of a fourth-century basilica.
He aided Christian prisoners in an escape and was slain by his superiors. St. Charles Borromeo took Fidelis' relics to Milan, but some are venerated in Como.
St. Cyrilla, virgin, daughter of St. Tryphonia
Item Romæ sanctæ Cyríllæ Vírginis, quæ fília éxstitit sanctæ Tryphóniæ, et, sub Cláudio Príncipe, pro Christo juguláta est.
    In the same city, during the reign of Claudius, St. Cyrilla, virgin, daughter of St. Tryphonia, who was pierced through the throat for the faith of Christ.
History 
The beginnings of the Church in Libya go back to the origins of Christianity itself.  One recalls Simon of Cyrene who helped Christ carry the cross (Mk 15, 21).  On the day of Pentecost, there were in Jerusalem, some devout men coming from Libya, belonging to Cyrene (Ac 2,10). After the persecution of Jerusalem, it was some citizens from Cyprus and Cyrene who carried the Good News of Jesus to the Greeks (Ac 11,20).

According to the tradition of the Coptic Church in Egypt, St. Mark would be originally from Cyrene.  Some historians hold that in the year 40 a.C., Mark was back in Cyrene where he converted many Jews and Greeks.  Later around the year 60, he went to Alexandria where he founded several Christian communities.

Following this tradition, it is said that upon his return to Cyrene, Mark appointed Lucius of Cyrene as the first Bishop,  who suffered martyrdom in Alexandria after a popular uprising on 25th April 68 BC.

The Arab annals of Patriarch Eutichius, inform us that the Bishops of Alexandria, from St. Mark to Demetrius, his 11th successor (+ 231), were assisted by ordinary priests in administering their churches.  What is certain however is that after Lucius of Cyrene, there is no trace of bishops in that region before the first half of the third century.

In the Roman Martyrology we find the name of Theodorus, bishop of Cyrene who was martyred in 302 BC; another Theordorus together with the deacon Irenaeus and the Lectors Serapius and Ammonius, suffered martyrdom on 26th March 319 BC.  One of the most famous martyrs of the persecution of Diocletian, was St. Cyrilla, a noble girl from Cyrene.
363 Hieromartyr Cyriacus the Patriarch of Jerusalem a Jew who pointed out to the holy Empress Helen the place where the Life-Creating Cross of Christ lay buried
The Hieromartyr Cyriacus, Patriarch of Jerusalem, was a Jew who pointed out to the holy Empress Helen the place where the Life-Creating Cross of Christ lay buried (September 14). Being present at the discovery of the Cross, Cyriacus (before Baptism he was named Jude) sincerely came to believe in Christ the true God, and he became a Christian. Cyriacus, because of his pure and virtuous life, was later chosen to be Patriarch of Jerusalem. He suffered martyrdom under the emperor Julian.
During the cruel persecution under Julian the Apostate, in the year 363, St Cyriacus accepted suffering for the Faith. He was killed after prolonged tortures.
415 St. Honoratus of Vercelli Bishop of Vercelli
  Vercéllis sancti Honoráti Epíscopi.    At Vercelli, St. Honoratus, bishop.
Italy, and a disciple of Sts. Eusebius and Ambrose. Born 330 in Vercelli, Honoratus served St. Eusebius, who governed that see. When St. Eusebius went into exile in 355, Honoratus accompanied him to Scythopolis, Palestine. They traveled to Cappadocia , Egypt, and Illyricum, also Dalmatia. In 396, Honoratus was nominated as a bishop by St. Ambrose.
Honoratus attended St. Ambrose on his deathbed.
St. Ferrutius martyred Roman soldier at Mainz, Germany
Mogúntiæ sancti Ferrútii Mártyris.    At Mainz, St. Ferrutius, martyr.
Refused to take part in pagan ceremonies. Thrown into prison, Ferrutius died of abuse and starvation.
St Arsenius of Cappadocia
St Arsenius of Farasa is the priest who baptised Elder Paisios the Athonite and gave him his Christian name - Arsenios.

6th v. St. Abraham archbishop of Ephesus, Greece a learned theologian St. Abraham
who authored many treatises that influenced his contemporaries. He erected monasteries in Jerusalem and Constantinople. The monastery in Constantinople was involved in a dispute with the Byzantine Emperor, Theophilus. The monks in the abbey were called Abrahamites, after the founding saint, and they refused to accept the heresy of the Iconoclasts of the time.
596 Venerable John the Chozebite Whenever he served the Divine Liturgy, he saw a heavenly light in the altar.
Saint John the Chozebite, Bishop of Caesarea in Palestine (587-596), was famed for his struggle against the Eutychian heresy, and also for his grace-filled gifts of discernment and wonderworking. He was born in the Egyptian city of Thebes and while still a youth he spent a long time with his uncle, an ascetic, in the Thebaid wilderness.

The emperor, who learned of John's holy life, decided to make him bishop of the city of Caesarea. But the saint, yearning for solitude, withdrew into the Chozeba wilderness (between Jerusalem and Jericho) and pursued asceticism there until the end of his life.  Whenever he served the Divine Liturgy, he saw a heavenly light in the altar.
6th v. St. Salvius Hermit; Normandy is named after him; devotion of the people who visited the church or chapel which was built where his hermitage stood was supported by miracles and extraordinary cures which the divine power wrought there, insomuch that the reputation of it went very far…The canons of Rouen were at the expense of clearing some of the more accessible lands for the subsistence of the priests who there performed the divine office; and this is the first origin of the parish of Saint-Saire, and the foundation of the lordship which the chapter of Rouen possesses there.
 
ST SALVIUS, OR SAIRE
THIS saint has been confused with St Salvius of Albi and St Salvius of Amiens (and they with one another), but he seems to have been a distinct person and a hermit in the forest of Bray in Normandy. Nothing is known about him, but in a footnote to his account of St Salvius of Albi, Alban Butler gives an extract from a manuscript then preserved in the castle of Saint-Saire (Eure-et-Loir) of the counts of Boulain-villiers. It runs as follows:
   The titles of the metropolitan of Rouen prove that about the year 800, and near a century after, there was a place in the forest of Bray consecrated to the memory and honour of St Salvius…There remain, however, formal
proofs of St Salvius being a solitary in an ancient MS. from five to six hundred years old, which contains the office of his feast.
   He is also represented in a pane of glass in an ancient subterraneous chapel in the dress of a hermit, on his knees, praying with his hands extended. The devotion of the people who visited the church or chapel which was built where his hermitage stood was supported by miracles and extraordinary cures which the divine power wrought there, insomuch that the reputation of it went very far…The canons of Rouen were at the expense of clearing some of the more accessible lands for the subsistence of the priests who there performed the divine office; and this is the first origin of the parish of Saint-Saire, and the foundation of the lordship which the chapter of Rouen possesses there.

A brief notice of St Salvius may be found in the Acta Sanctorum, October, vol. xii. There is no biography of any sort, except the lessons in breviaries. Father Grosjean suggests that the breviary seen by Butler may be one of two now at Amiens, Bibliothèque municipale, MS. 111 or MS. 112; both were copied 1250 and both have the lessons.
Sometime identified with Salvius of Albi. Saint-Saire, Normandy, is named after him, from the French Saire, for Salvius.
7th v. Martyr Neophytus of Urbin, Georgia descended from a line of Persian fire-worshippers pagans stoned the saint to death. With his last breath Holy Hieromartyr Neophytus cried out, “Lord Jesus Christ receive my soul!”
The holy hieromartyr Neophytus of Urbnisi descended from a line of Persian fire-worshippers.
In the 7th century, by order of the Saracen emir Mumni (Mu’min), the military leader Ahmad attacked Georgia with an enormous army. After overrunning the central part of Shida (Inner) Kartli, Ahmad dispatched two of his commanders, Omar and Burul, to the capital city of Mtskheta. At the confluence of the Mtkvari and Aragvi rivers, across from the village of Tsikhedidi in the rocky Sarkineti region, the invaders discovered a group of caves and plotted to occupy them. They tried to cross the Mtkvari but were unable.
Having suffered a setback, the enemies asked their captives what was located in those caves. They were told that this was the Shio-Mgvime Monastery, where dwelt God’s chosen, who had deprived themselves of every earthly blessing.
Surprised at this reply, the commanders decided to pass this information on to Ahmad. Then, as though it were commonplace, Ahmad sent Omar to the monastery to ask the monks to pray for him and remember him at the grave of their abbot, St. Shio. “Pray for me, O slaves of God, and accept these gifts of aloe and incense. Offer these as a sacrifice to your abbot,” he told them.
Approaching the monastery caves, Omar sent a messenger to inform the monks that he was coming to them in peace and bearing gifts. Drawing near to the monastery gates, the commander saw an army of incorporeal hosts descending from the heavens and among them an elder, radiant with a great light.
The meek and modest behavior of the monks left a great impression on Omar. He soon understood that the strange armies he had seen on the steps of the monastery were angels of God and that the elder was St. Shio of Mgvime, abbot of the monastery. He related his vision to the monks and vowed to return to them, receive the sacrament of Holy Baptism, be tonsured a monk, and remain there to join in their holy labors.
Soon Omar abandoned all his possessions, his military rank, and his wealth and was baptized in the Christian Faith at the Shio-Mgvime Monastery as he had promised. Two of his slaves were baptized with him as well. Omar received the new name Neophytus (Newly Planted / From the Greek word neophytos, which in I Tim. 3:6 refers to a new convert.), and his slaves became Christodoulus (Christ’s Slave) and Christopher (Christ-bearer).
According to God’s will, St. Neophytus was consecrated bishop of Urbnisi, and all were amazed at his wisdom and steadfastness. He was a true father to his flock: “He strengthened the weak, healed the sick, raised the fallen, cleansed the possessed, directed the lost and sought out those who were perishing, protecting them, and forbidding them to wander off again.”
But the enemy could not tolerate the native Persian’s apostolic activity, and he convinced the fire-worshippers to kill the Christian shepherd. So the unbelievers devised an ambush and attacked Neophytus’ isolated cell, then tied him up and began to mock, curse, and revile him. They knew that St. Neophytus longed to become like the holy protomartyr Stephen, and they plotted to stone him to death.
When his time to depart this world had arrived, St. Neophytus turned to his persecutors with a tender voice, saying, “Sweet is death to me, O unbelievers! Sweet it is to me. I desire to sunder the link between my mortal and immortal nature.… With my own blood I will confirm the Holy Church, which is founded upon the Precious Blood of the Son and Word of God, Whom I preach. May that which was foreordained for me by the Providence of God be fulfilled, for He has called me to His light from the depths of ungodliness!”
The furious pagans stoned the saint to death. With his last breath Holy Hieromartyr Neophytus cried out, “Lord Jesus Christ receive my soul!”
672 ST FARO, BISHOP OF MEAUX restored sight to a blind man by conferring on him the sacrament of Confirmation, and wrought several other miracles one of the first known bishops of Meaux, has rendered his name the most illustrious of all the prelates of this see who are mentioned in the calendars of the Church
THE eminent sanctity of St Faro, one of the first known bishops of Meaux, has rendered his name the most illustrious of all the prelates of this see who are mentioned in the calendars of the Church.
    He was the brother of St Chainoaldus of Laon and of St Burgundofara, first abbess of Faremoutier, and spent his youth in the court of King Theodebert II of Austrasia. Later he married, and passed to the court of Clotaire II. When that prince, provoked at the insolent speeches of certain Saxon ambassadors, had cast them into prison and sworn he would put them to death, St Faro prevailed on him by a stratagem to pardon them. The life which he led was most edifying and holy, and when he was about thirty-five years old he determined, if his wife would agree, to enter the ecclesiastical state. - Blide-  child was of the same disposition, and she retired to a place upon one of her own estates, where some years after she died, having persuaded her husband to persevere in his new vocation, which for a time he had wished to abandon and return to her.
     St Faro received the tonsure among the clergy of Meaux, which episcopal see becoming vacant, he was chosen to fill it, about the year 628. Under Dagobert I he became chancellor, and used his influence with his prince to protect the innocent, the orphan and the widow, and to relieve all that were in distress.
           The holy prelate laboured for souls with unwearied zeal and attention, and promoted the conversion of those who had not yet forsaken idolatry. The author of his life tells us that he restored sight to a blind man by conferring on him the sacrament of Confirmation, and wrought several other miracles.
Soon after Faro’s episcopal consecration St Fiacre arrived at Meaux, and the bishop gave to Fiacre some land of his own patrimony at Breuil for a hermitage. He founded in the suburbs of Meaux the monastery of the Holy Cross, which later bore his name.  St Faro placed in it monks of St Columban from Luxeuil. In 668 he gave hospitality to St Adrian, later of Canterbury, on his way to England.
The Life of St Faro, which was written 200 years after his death by another bishop of Meaux, Hildegar, is of no great historical value. It has been critically edited after Mabillon by B. Krusch in MGH., Scriptores Merov., vol. v, pp. 171—206. This text is undoubtedly the original of the shorter narrative printed in the Acta Sanctorum. There is reference in Hildegar’s compilation to a ballad which, we are told, was sung by the people in commemoration of Clotaire’s victory over the Saxons, and which is known as the “Cantilene de St  Faron”. As a supposed specimen of the early Romance language it has given rise to a considerable literature, of which a full account, with bibliography, may be found in DAC., vol. v, cc. 1114—1124. With regard to St Faro, see Beaumier-Besse, Abbayes et prieurés de France, vol. i, pp. 304 seq.; Duchesne, Fastes Épiscopaux, vol. ii, p. 477; and in H. M. Delsart, Sainte Fare (1911).
 690 St. Godwin Benedictine abbot of the monastery of Stravelot Malmedy, Belgium, and a noted scholar.
768 St. Anglinus Benedictine abbot Anglinus is recorded as the tenth abbot of Stovelot-Malmedy, near Liege, Belgium.
875 St. Remigius  Archbishop of Lyons France theologian
   After serving as the arch-chaplain to the royal court of the Carolingian ruler Charles the Bald, he was named archbishop of Lyons in 852. During his time as archbishop, he became involved in the controversy surrounding the theologian Gottschalk of Fulda. While he was opposed to Gottschalk’s teachings and ideas on predestination, he was firmly against the harsh treatment of the theologian as a result of his incarceration at the hands of Hincmar of Reims.
1050 St. Eadsin Archbishop of Canterbury England, who crowned King St. Edward the Confessor.
1266 Repose of St Arsenius the Archbishop of Serbia
Saint Arsenius, Archbishop of Pech, was born in Srem. He spent a large part of his life as a monk at the Zhicha monastery under the spiritual direction of St Sava (January 14). Because of his strict ascetic life, St Sava made him the igumen of the monastery.
When Serbia was invaded by Hungary, St Sava sent St Arsenius to find a safer place in the south for a new episcopal See. Arsenius chose Pech, where he built a monastery and a church which was dedicated to the Holy Apostles, and then to the Lord's Ascension.

Before leaving for Jerusalem, St Sava designated Arsenius as his successor. In 1223, St Sava died in Trnovo on the way home, and St Arsenius urged King Vladislav to bring his body home for burial in Serbia.
After thirty-three years of wisely guiding his flock, St Arsenius fell asleep in the Lord in the year 1266. His relics were buried at the Pech monastery, now resting in the Zhrebaonik, Montenegro.

1311 Venerable Athanasius the Younger the Patriarch of Constantinople 1289-1293; 1303-1311 Shunning praise, Acacius humbly left Mt. Athos at first for the holy places in Jerusalem, and then to Mount Patra, where for a long time he lived ascetically as an hermit
Saint Athanasius I, Patriarch of Constantinople (1289-1293; 1303-1311), in the world Alexius, was from Adrianopolis. While still in his youth, thriving upon the knowledge of the wisdom of Christ, he left his home and went to Thessalonica, where he was tonsured in one of the monasteries with the name Acacius. He soon withdrew to Mount Athos and entered the brethren of the Esphigmenou monastery, where for three years he served in the trapeza. In his works and his ascetic deeds he acquired the gift of tears, and by his virtuous acts he won the overall goodwill of the brethren.
   Shunning praise, Acacius humbly left Mt. Athos at first for the holy places in Jerusalem, and then to Mount Patra, where for a long time he lived ascetically as an hermit. From there the ascetic transferred to the Auxention monastery, and then to Mount Galanteia to the monastery of Blessed Lazarus, where he accepted the great angelic schema with the name Athanasius, was ordained a priest and became ecclesiarch (monk in charge of the sacred relics and vessels in the church).
Here the saint was granted a divine revelation: he heard the Voice of the Lord from a crucifix, summoning him to pastoral service.

Wishing to strengthen his spirit still more in silence and prayer, St Athanasius again settled on Mount Athos after ten years. But because of disorders arising there he returned to Mount Galanteia. Here also he was not long to remain in solitude. Many people thronged to him for pastoral guidance, and so he organized a women's monastery there.
During this time the throne of the Church of Constantinople fell vacant after the disturbances and disorder of the period of the Patriarch John Bekkos. At the suggestion of the pious emperor Andronicus Paleologos, a council of hierarchs and clergy unanimously chose St Athanasius to the Patriarchal throne of the Church in 1289.
Patriarch Athanasius began fervently to fulfill his new obedience and did much for strengthening the Church. His strictness of conviction roused the dissatisfaction of influential clergy, and in 1293 he was compelled to resign the throne and to retire again to his own monastery, where he lived an ascetic life in solitude. In 1303 he was again entrusted with the staff of patriarchal service, which he worthily fulfilled for another seven years. In 1308 St Athanasius established St Peter as Metropolitan of Kiev and All Rus (December 21).
Again, because of some sort of dissatisfaction, and not wanting to be the cause of church discord, St Athanasius resigned the governance of the Church in 1311. He departed to his own monastery, devoting himself fully to monastic deeds.
Toward the end of his life, the saint was again found worthy to behold Christ. The Lord reproached him because Athanasius had not carried out his pastoral duty to the end. Weeping, the saint repented of his cowardice and received from the Lord both forgiveness and the gift of wonderworking. St Athanasius died at the age of 100.
1651 Repose of the Venerable Job, Abbot and Wonderworker of Pochaev
Saint Job, Abbot and Wonderworker of Pochaev (in the world named Ivan Zhelezo), was born around 1551 in Pokutia in Galicia. At age ten he came to the Transfiguration Ugornits monastery, and at age twelve he received monastic tonsure with the name Job. The venerable Job from his youth was known for his great piety and strict ascetic life, and he was accounted worthy of the priestly office.
Around the year 1580, at the request of the renowned champion of Orthodoxy Prince Constantine Ostrozhsky, St Job was appointed the head of the Exaltation of the Cross monastery near the city of Dubno, and for more than twenty years he governed the monastery amidst the growing persecution of Orthodoxy on the part of the Catholics and Uniates.
At the beginning of the seventeenth century, St Job withdrew to Pochaev hill and settled in a cave not far from the ancient Dormition monastery, famed for its wonderworking Pochaev Icon of the Mother of God (July 23). The holy hermit, beloved by the brethren of the monastery, was chosen as their Igumen. St Job zealously fulfilled his duty as head of the monastery, kind and gentle with the brethren, he did much of the work himself, planting trees in the garden, and strengthening the waterworks at the monastery.
St Job was an ardent defender of the Orthodox Faith against the persecution of the Catholics. Following the Union of Brest (1596), many Orthodox living in Poland were deprived of their rights, and attempts were made to force them to convert to Catholicism. Many Orthodox hierarchs became apostates to Uniatism, but St Job and others defended Orthodoxy by copying and disseminating Orthodox books. Prince Ostrozhsky was also responsible for the first printed edition of the Orthodox Bible (1581).
In taking an active part in the defense of Orthodoxy and the Russian people, St Job was present at the 1628 Kiev Council, convened against the Unia. After 1642, he accepted the great schema with the name John.
Sometimes he completely secluded himself within the cave for three days or even a whole week. The Jesus Prayer was an unceasing prayer in gentle heart. According to the testimony of his disciple Dositheus, and author of the Life of St Job, once while praying in his cave, the saint was illumined by a heavenly light. St Job reposed in the year 1651. He was more than 100 years old, and had directed the Pochaev monastery for more than fifty years.
The uncovering of St Job's relics took place August 28, 1659. There was a second uncovering of the relics August 27-28, 1833.
1709 St Demetrius (Dimitri), Metropolitan of Rostov organizing the MENAION, the Lives of the Saints for the whole year
Saint Demetrius, Metropolitan of Rostov (in the world Daniel Savvich Tuptalo), was born in December 1651 in the locale of Makarovo, not far from Kiev. He was born into a pious family and grew up a deeply believing Christian. In 1662, soon after his parents resettled to Kiev, Daniel was sent to the Kiev-Mogilyansk college, where the gifts and remarkable abilities of the youth were first discovered. He successfully learned the Greek and Latin languages and the entire series of classical sciences. On July 9,1668 Daniel accepted monastic tonsure with the name Demetrius, in honor of the Great Martyr Demetrius of Thessalonica. Prior to the spring of 1675 he progressed through the monastic obediences at Kiev's Kirillov monastery, where he began his literary and preaching activity.
The Archbishop of Chernigov Lazar (Baranovich) ordained Demetrius as hieromonk on May 23, 1675. For several years Hieromonk Demetrius lived as an ascetic and preached the Word of God at various monasteries and churches in the Ukraine, Lithuania and Belarus. It was while he was Igumen of the Maximov monastery,and later the Baturinsk Nikol'sk monastery, in 1684 he was summoned to the Kiev Caves Lavra. The Superior of the Lavra, Archimandrite Barlaam (Yasinsky), knowing the high spiritual disposition of his former disciple, his education, his proclivity for scientific work, and also his undoubted literary talent, entrusted the hieromonk Demetrius with organizing the MENAION, the Lives of the Saints for the whole year.
From this time, all the rest of St Demetrius's life was devoted to the fulfilling of this ascetic work, grandiose in its scope. The work demanded an enormous exertion of strength, since it necessitated the gathering and analizing of a multitude of various sources and to expound them in a fluent language, worthy of the lofty subject of exposition and at the same time accessible to all believers. Divine assistance did not abandon the saint for his twenty year labor.
According to the testimony of St Demetrius himself, his soul was filled with impressions of the saints, which strengthened him both in spirit and body, and they encouraged faith in the felicitous completion of his noble task. At this time, the venerable Demetrius was head of several monasteries (in succession).
The works of the ascetic brought him to the attention of Patriarch Adrian. In 1701, by decree of Tsar Peter I, Archimandrite Demetrius was summoned to Moscow, where on March 23 at the Dormition cathedral of the Kremlin he was consecrated as Metropolitan of the Siberian city of Tobolsk. But after a certain while, because of the importance of his scientific work and the frailty of his health, the saint received a new appointment to Rostov-Yaroslavl, and on March 1, 1702 assumed his duties as Metropolitan of Rostov.
Just as before, he continued to be concerned about the strengthening of the unity of the Russian Orthodox Church, weakened by the “Old Believers schism.
From his inspired works and preachings many generations of Russian theologians drew spiritual strength for creativity and prayer. He remains an example of a saintly, ascetic, non-covetous life for all Orthodox Christians. Upon his death on October 28, 1709, it was discovered that he had few possessions, except for books and manuscripts.
The glorification of St Demetrius, Metropolitan of Rostov, took place on April 22, 1757. He is also remembered on September 21, the day of the uncovering of his holy relics.
1798  St. John Dat Martyred native priest of Vietnam
ordained in 1798, and arrested in that same year and imprisoned for three months before being beheaded.
He was canonized in 1988 by Pope John Paul II.

1924 St Arsenius of Cappadocia  MUCH MORE HERE
St Arsenius of Farasa is the priest who baptised Elder Paisios the Athonite and gave him his Christian name - Arsenios.
An Example of Miraculous Help.
To expand this thought, the Elder told me the following: Once, it was essential for me to go somewhere. I needed around 1000 drachmas for traveling expenses but I did not have any money. While I was pondering on how to get the money for my trip, a brother brought me a letter with a remittance of exactly 1000 drachmas. The letter was unsigned. In place of the return address there was an inscription on the envelope that said:
"Sender: Pantanassa" — i.e. the "Queen of All."
As soon as I saw how miraculously the Lord took care of me, I cried and thanked the Lord and the Most-Holy Virgin.

I have seen many miraculous things in my life. It is amazing: if you do not attend to yourself, but only concern yourself about the Kingdom of God, then God does not even let us notice that we need anything! Truly: for that remittance had been sent to me even before I knew that I would need money. God, as a good Father, cares about us before we start to need any thing, and, in addition, His Providence takes cares of us even before we ask. On our part, we need to trust Him.
"Sometimes a thought comes to me, but I do not dwell on it. For example, the wine for the Liturgy is almost gone and I need to get more. I reject this worry immediately, saying: "Eh, probably tomorrow or the next day someone will bring it to me!" And that is what happens. Then I am greatly amazed, for the one who brought it, say--from Crete, had already prepared it several days before I needed it!
    From this I clearly see that God takes care of us even before the moment that we find out we lack something and decide to ask Him, as it is written: "For Your Father knoweth what things ye have need of, before ye ask Him…Take therefore no thought for the morrow…" (Math. 6:8, 33-34).

"Our task and concern should be to please God and to help our brother, while everything, that concerns our well-being, we must entrust to the will of God — for it is His, God’s, business. He wants a spiritual symphony, when, while working for Him, we, without any concern, rely on Him for everything, and He in turn, takes care of us. This is what the Apostle teaches us when he writes: "Casting all your care upon Him; for He careth for you" (1 Pet.5:7).

"He, who lives simply, thinks of himself humbly and feels the necessity of the paternal care of God, leaving to Him all the concerns about himself. In this case, the good God, seeing that this soul trusts Him in everything, and not itself, protects it with providence and mercy. Then the soul clearly sees the Divine help and rejoices.
God wants the soul to be simple, without the slightest doubt and questioning. Let it be like that of a child, who expects everything from his parents. Therefore, the Lord had said: "Whosoever shall not receive the kingdom of God as a little child, he shall not enter therein" (Mark 10:13).
 "One should ask God for help with much simplicity and confess to Him his weakness, for in this way we can become freed from any worries and concerns about ourselves: and as the shadow follows the body, Divine mercy follows humility and faith."

An Incident with an Elder, Who Doubted Divine Providence.
In order to could convince his visitors that God always cares about people and directs everything the best way, the Elder related the following incident:
    "One ascetic, suffering in his soul due to the multiple injustices he had seen in his life, begged God to reveal to him, why the pious people so often fall into difficulties and suffer various oppressions, while the sinners and atheists triumph and thrive. For a long period of time, he begged God daily to reveal to him the mystery of the ways of His Providence and explain the riddle of the seeming contradiction between that which should be and that which occurs. Finally, the ascetic heard a voice saying to him:

—Do not examine that, what exceeds your understanding, and do not strive to fathom the mysteries of Divine judgments, for they are an incomprehensible abyss. Condescending to your heart’s pain, God will reveal His Providence to you in one life incident. And you pay attention to what you see.

And so, like in a vision, the elder felt himself above the earth, and a mysterious air-flow brought him to a field, close to which there was a road. On the other side of the field, there was a spring and an old tree. The ascetic was ordered to hide himself in the hollow of that tree and to observe what would happen.

Soon a rich man rode up to the spring on a horse. He stopped to drink some water and to rest. Settling down on the grass, he took out of the basket a small purse, tightly stuffed with gold coins. After counting them, he put the purse back into the basket and took some food out to eat. He did not notice that, when he was taking out the food, the purse fell out into the grass. The rich man ate, lay down to take a nap, and then, mounting the horse, rode on, without noticing that the purse with the coins was left in the grass.

A little later, another passer-by approached the spring. He saw the purse with the gold coins, picked it up and left, delighted.

Soon, there appeared a third passer-by, skinny and badly dressed — apparently, a beggar. He, too, stopped by the spring, drank some water, took a roll out of his handkerchief and sat down to eat. He had not yet finished eating his bread, when suddenly, the first passerby rode up, the rich man that had lost his purse. With a face, crimson with anger, he pounced on the beggar and began demanding the return of his gold coins. Naturally, the beggar, not knowing what the matter was, began to refuse and assure the rich man, that he had never seen his coins. The rich man, however, did not believe the beggar, and, becoming violent, started to severely beat the beggar until he killed him. Upon searching the beggar’s clothes, he did not find anything, and galloped away, anguished.

Observing all this from the hollow, the elder began to grieve and cry, that the beggar died for nothing. And again the elder appealed to God: "Lord, what do these events mean? How can Your goodness tolerate such injustice: the rich man lost his coins absent-mindedly, an accidental stranger took them, and the innocent beggar paid for them with his life."
Then the Lord’s Angel descended from Heaven and answered the elder:
—Do not be sad, and do not think that this happened contrary to the will of God. For everything in life happens either because God permits it, or, for the purpose of teaching people, or as part of the Divine house-building. So, listen:

The man, who lost the gold coins, is the neighbor of the one that found them. The latter had a garden, which had a value of 100 gold coins. The rich man, being covetous, made him sell the garden to him for half the price.
    Suffering damage at the hands of the rich man, the neighbor, not knowing to whom to complain, began to ask God to come to his defense. And God so arranged it: in finding the gold coins, he received what was due him.


The beggar, who, it appeared, had suffered for nothing, had committed a murder in his youth.
   Later, he sincerely repented of that sin, and lived the rest of the life righteously. Nevertheless, suffering in his soul for his grave sin, He prayed God to send him a death that would redeem him of his sin of the murder of an innocent person. Of course, the merciful Lord forgave him, seeing his complete reformation.
Nevertheless, he permitted him to die violently, to crown him with the martyr’s crown, that he had asked for himself!

Finally, the miserly rich man, that lost the gold coins, was punished for his covetousness: God let him commit the grave sin of murder. Staggered by that incident, he came to his senses and with great grief started repenting.
 Then, having distributed his wealth, he left the world and became a monk in one of the monasteries.

So, in which of these three events do you see injustice or blind fate? Therefore, humble yourself before God, and in future, do not delve into His destinies, for He does everything righteously and leads to the best result.

Concluding this story, Elder Paisius mentioned the words of the Psalm:
"Righteous art Thou, O LORD, and upright are Thy judgments" (Ps.118:137).
Synod Presents 55 Propositions to Pope
Assembly Approves Every Proposal VATICAN CITY, OCT. 26, 2008 (Zenit.org)
The work sessions of the world Synod of Bishops on the Word of God concluded at midday Saturday, with the approval of 55 propositions that the synodal assembly presented to Benedict XVI.
The proposals were voted on electronically by the 244 synod fathers present in the hall. To be approved, each proposition needed a two-thirds majority.
All of the propositions that were presented were approved, confirming the evaluation of this synod as exhibiting perhaps more consensus than any synod since the Second Vatican Council reinstituted this assembly.

Part 1 The first part includes propositions on the Word of God in the faith of the Church. The proposals in this sections include suggestions so that Catho lic communities better understand and live their deep relationship with the Word, Jesus Christ, who can be found in the reading and meditating Scripture.

They highlight the role of the Holy Spirit, the Church and tradition, as well as the intimate relationship between Scripture and the Eucharist.

Three propositions present the Word of God as a Word of reconciliation, a Word of commitment in favor of the poor, and the base of natural law. This section also considers the relationship between the Old and New Testaments.

Part 2 The second part of the document (propositions 14-37) considers the Word of God in the life of the Church. Among other things, concrete ideas are offered to improve homilies, a revision of the Lectionary is suggested, and lectio divina is promoted. It is suggested that women be allowed to be instituted lectors.

This section also urges overcoming division between exegetes and theologians, or exegetes and pastors.

Proposition 3 7 has a historical value, because it takes up the contribution make by Orthodox Patriarch Bartholomew I of Constantinople.

Part 3 Propositions 38-54, on the Word of God in the mission of the Church, speaks of the Word in relation to art and culture, and the translations and availability of the Bible.

This section also considers the transmission of the Word in the media, as well as the fundamentalist reading of the Bible and the phenomenon of sects. It also takes into account proposals on interreligious dialogue, the promotion of pilgrimages and studies in the Holy Land, dialogue with Judaism and Islam, and the relationship between the Word and protection of the environment.

The concluding proposition is dedicated to Mary, and invites a promotion of the Angelus and the rosary -- contemplation of the Word though the eyes of the Mother of Christ.

Public  The propositions were prepared by a team led by the relator-general of the synod, Cardinal Marc Oue llet, archbishop of Quebec and by the special secretary, Archbishop Laurent Monsengwo Pasinya of Kinshasa, Congo.
The team spent the entire night working so as to present the propositions for vote.
Normally the propositions are not made public, but Benedict XVI has asked the secretariat of the synod to publish a provisional, non-official Italian translation.



 Friday  Saint_of_the_Day October 28 Quinto Kaléndas Novémbris   40 days for Life Day 30
Pope Francis  PRAYER INTENTIONS FOR  October 2016
Universal:   Universal: Journalists
That journalists, in carrying out their work, may always be motivated by respect for truth and a strong sense of ethics.
Evangelization:  Evangelization: World Mission Day
That World Mission Day may renew within all Christian communities the joy of the Gospel and the responsibility to announce it.

God Bless Mother Angelica 1923-2016
ewtnmissionaries.com

On Death and Life
"Man Needs Eternity -- and Every Other Hope, for Him, Is All Too Brief"
Пресвятая Богородице спаси нас!    (Santíssima Mãe de Deus, salva-nos!)
                      

                                                                           
       40 days for Life Day 30
40 Days for Life  11,000+ saved lives in 2015
We are the defenders of true freedom.
  May our witness unveil the deception of the "pro-choice" slogan.
40 days for Life Campaign saves lives Shawn Carney Campaign Director www.40daysforlife.com
Please help save the unborn they are the future for the world

It is a great poverty that a child must die so that you may live as you wish -- Mother Teresa
 Saving babies, healing moms and dads, 'The Gospel of Life'

"Man Needs Eternity -- and Every Other Hope, for Him, Is All Too Brief"
It Makes No Sense Not To Believe In GOD 
Every Christian must be a living book
wherein one can read the teaching of the gospel

Jesus brings us many Blessings
 
The more we pray, the more we wish to pray. Like a fish which at first swims on the surface of the water, and afterwards plunges down, and is always going deeper; the soul plunges, dives, and loses itself in the sweetness of conversing with God. -- St. John Vianney

  Month by Month of Saintly Dedications


The Rosary html Mary Mother of GOD -- Her Rosary Here
Mary Mother of GOD Mary's Divine Motherhood: FEASTS OF OUR LADY
     of the Virgin Mary to those who recite the Rosary

May 9 – Our Lady of the Wood (Italy, 1607) 
Months of Dedication
January is the month of the Holy Name of Jesus since 1902;
March is the month of Saint Joseph since 1855;
May, the month of Mary, is the oldest and most well-known Marian month, officially since 1724;
June is the month of the Sacred Heart since 1873;
July is the month of the Precious Blood since 1850;
August is the month of the Immaculate Heart of Mary;
September is the month of Our Lady of Sorrows since 1857;
October is the month of the Rosary since 1868;
November is the month of the Holy Souls in Purgatory since 1888;
December is the month of the Immaculate Conception.

In all, five months of the year are dedicated to Mary.
The idea of dedicating months came from Rome and promotion of the month of Mary owes much to the Jesuits.  arras.catholique.fr


Pray that the witness of 40 Days for Life bears abundant fruit, and that we begin again each day to storm the gates of hell until God welcomes us into the gates of heaven.

If you seek patience, you will find no better example than the cross. Great patience occurs in two ways:
either when one patiently suffers much, or when one suffers things which one is able to avoid and yet does not avoid.
Christ endured much on the cross, and did so patiently, because when he suffered he did not threaten;
he was led like a sheep to the slaughter and he did not open his mouth.-- St. Thomas Aquinas


We begin our day by seeing Christ in the consecrated bread, and throughout the day we continue to see Him in the torn bodies of our poor. We pray, that is, through our work, performing it with Jesus, for Jesus and upon Jesus.
The poor are our prayer. They carry God in them. Prayer means praying everything, praying the work.
We meet the Lord who hungers and thirsts, in the poor.....and the poor could be you or I or any person kind enough to show us his or her love and to come to our place.
Because we cannot see Christ, we cannot express our love to Him in person.
But our neighbor we can see, and we can do for him or her what we would love to do for Jesus if He were visible.
-- Mother Teresa
My God, I believe, I adore, I trust and I love Thee.  I beg pardon for those who do not believe, do not adore, do not love Thee.  O most Holy trinity, Father, Son and Holy Spirit, I adore Thee profoundly.
 I offer Thee the most precious Body, Blood, Soul and Divinity of Jesus Christ, present in all the Tabernacles of the world,  in reparation for the outrages, sacrileges and indifference by which He is offended,
and by the infite merits of the Sacred Heart of Jesus and the Immaculate Heart of Mary.

I beg the conversion of poor sinners,  Amen Fatima Prayer, Angel of Peace
Mary's Divine Motherhood
Pope Francis and Pope Benedict XVI { 2013 } Catholic Church In China { article here}
1648 to1930 St. Augustine Zhao Rong and 120 Companions Christianity arrived in China by way of Syria -- 600s.
        Depending on China's relations with outside world,
Christianity for centuries was free to grow or forced to operate secretly.

How do I start the Five First Saturdays? 
Called in the Gospel “the Mother of Jesus,” Mary is acclaimed by Elizabeth, at the prompting of the Spirit and even before the birth of her son, as “the Mother of my Lord” (Lk 1:43; Jn 2:1; 19:25; cf. Mt 13:55; et al.). In fact, the One whom she conceived as man by the Holy Spirit, who truly became her Son according to the flesh, was none other than the Father's eternal Son, the second person of the Holy Trinity. Hence the Church confesses that Mary is truly Mother of God (Theotokos). 
Catechism of the Catholic Church 495, quoting the Council of Ephesus (431): DS 251.
“The Blessed Virgin was eternally predestined, in conjunction with the incarnation of the divine Word, to be the Mother of God. By decree of divine Providence, she served on earth as the loving mother of the divine Redeemer, an associate of unique nobility, and the Lord's humble handmaid. She conceived, brought forth, and nourished Christ.”
The voice of the Father is heard, the Son enters the water, and the Holy Spirit appears in the form of a dove.
   THE spirit and example of the world imperceptibly instil the error into the minds of many that there is a kind of middle way of going to Heaven; and so, because the world does not live up to the gospel, they bring the gospel down to the level of the world. It is not by this example that we are to measure the Christian rule, but words and life of Christ. All His followers are commanded to labour to become perfect even as our heavenly Father is perfect, and to bear His image in our hearts that we may be His children. We are obliged by the gospel to die to ourselves by fighting self-love in our hearts, by the mastery of our passions, by taking on the spirit of our Lord.
   These are the conditions under which Christ makes His promises and numbers us among His children, as is manifest from His words which the apostles have left us in their inspired writings. Here is no distinction made or foreseen between the apostles or clergy or religious and secular persons. The former, indeed, take upon themselves certain stricter obligations, as a means of accomplishing these ends more perfectly; but the law of holiness and of disengagement of the heart from the world is geeral and binds all the followers of Christ.

Join Mary of Nazareth Project help us build the International Marian Center of Nazareth
http://www.worldpriest.com/
THE EUCHARIST, A MYSTERY TO BE BELIEVED POST-SYNODAL APOSTOLIC EXHORTATION
SACRAMENTUM CARITATIS OF THE HOLY FATHER BENEDICT XVI
There are over 10,000 named saints beati  from history
 and Roman Martyology Orthodox sources

Miracles by Century 100   200   300   400   500   600   700    800   900   1000    1100   1200   1300   1400  1500  1600  1700  1800   1900  Miracles_BLay Saints
Morning Prayer and Hymn    Meditation of the Day    Prayer for Priests    Our Bartholomew Family Prayer List  Here
We are called upon with the whole Church militant on earth to join in praising and thanking God for the grace and glory he has bestowed on his saints. At the same time we earnestly implore Him to exert His almighty power and mercy in raising us from our miseries and sins, healing the disorders of our souls and leading us by the path of repentance to the company of His saints, to which He has called us.
   They were once what we are now, travellers on earth they had the same weaknesses, which we have. We have difficulties to encounter so had the saints, and many of them far greater than we can meet with; obstacles from kings and whole nations, sometimes from the prisons, racks and swords of persecutors. Yet they surmounted these difficulties, which they made the very means of their virtue and victories. It was by the strength they received from above, not by their own, that they triumphed. But the blood of Christ was shed for us as it was for them and the grace of our Redeemer is not wanting to us; if we fail, the failure is in ourselves.
   THE saints and just, from the beginning of time and throughout the world, who have been made perfect, everlasting monuments of God’s infinite power and clemency, praise His goodness without ceasing; casting their crowns before His throne they give to Him all the glory of their triumphs: “His gifts alone in us He crowns.”
“The saints must be honored as friends of Christ and children and heirs of God, as John the theologian and evangelist says: ‘But as many as received him, he gave them the power to be made the sons of God....’ Let us carefully observe the manner of life of all the apostles, martyrs, ascetics and just men who announced the coming of the Lord. And let us emulate their faith, charity, hope, zeal, life, patience under suffering, and perseverance unto death, so that we may also share their crowns of glory” Exposition of the Orthodox Faith

Called in the Gospel the Mother of Jesus, Mary is acclaimed by Elizabeth, at the prompting of the Spirit and even before the birth of her son, as the Mother of my Lord (Lk 1:43; Jn 2:1; 19:25; cf. Mt 13:55; et al.). In fact, the One whom she conceived as man by the Holy Spirit, who truly became her Son according to the flesh, was none other than the Father's eternal Son,  the second person of the Holy Trinity.
Hence the Church confesses that Mary is truly Mother of God (Theotokos).
Catechism of the Catholic Church 495, quoting the Council of Ephesus (431): DS 251.
Nine First Fridays Devotion to the Sacred Heart ... From the writings of St. Margaret Mary Alacoque
On Friday during Holy Communion, He said these words to me, His unworthy slave, if I mistake not:
I promise you in the excessive mercy of my Heart that its all-powerful love will grant to all those who receive Holy Communion on nine first Fridays of consecutive months the grace of final repentance; they will not die under my displeasure or without receiving their sacraments, my divine Heart making itself their assured refuge at the last moment.
Margaret Mary was inspired by Christ to establish the Holy Hour and to pray lying prostrate with her face to the ground from eleven till midnight on the eve of the first Friday of each month, to share in the mortal sadness.
He endured when abandoned by His Apostles in His Agony, and to receive holy Communion on the first Friday of every month. In the first great revelation, He made known to her His ardent desire to be loved by men and His design of manifesting His Heart with all Its treasures of love and mercy, of sanctification and salvation.
He appointed the Friday after the octave of the feast of Corpus Christi as the feast of the Sacred Heart; He called her the Beloved Disciple of the Sacred Heart, and the heiress of all Its treasures. The love of the Sacred Heart was the fire which consumed her, and devotion to the Sacred Heart is the refrain of all her writings. In her last illness she refused all alleviation, repeating frequently: What have I in heaven and what do I desire on earth, but Thee alone, O my God, and died pronouncing the Holy Name of Jesus.
With regard to this promise it may be remarked: (1) that our Lord required Communion to be received on a particular day chosen by Him; (2) that the nine Fridays must be consecutive; (3) that they must be made in honor of His Sacred Heart, which means that those who make the nine Fridays must practice the devotion and must have a great love for our Lord; (4) that our Lord does not say that those who make the nine Fridays will be dispensed from any of their obligations or from exercising the vigilance necessary to lead a good life and overcome temptation; rather He implicitly promises abundant graces to those who make the nine Fridays to help them to carry out these obligations and persevere to the end; (5) that perseverance in receiving Holy Communion for nine consecutive First Firdays helps the faithful to acquire the habit of frequent Communion, which our Lord eagerly desires; and (6) that the practice of the nine Fridays is very pleasing to our Lord He promises such great reward, and all Catholics should endeavor to make nine Fridays.
How do I start the Five First Saturdays? by Fr. Tom O'Mahony.
On July 13,1917, Our Lady appeared for the third time to the three children of Fatima an showed them the vision of hell and made the now - famous thirteen prophecies. In this vision Our Lady said that 'GOD WISHES TO ESTABLISH IN THE WORLD DEVOTION to Her Immaculate Heart and that She would come TO ASK FOR THE COMMUNION OF REPARATION ON THE FIRST SATURDAYS...'  Eight years later, on December 10, 1925, Our Lady did indeed come back. She appeared (with the Child Jesus) to Lucia in the convent of the Dorothean Sisters in Pontevedra.
The Child Jesus spoke first:
'HAVE COMPASSION ON THE HEART OF YOUR MOST HOLY MOTHER WHICH IS COVERED WITH THORNS WITH WHICH UNGRATEFUL MEN PIERCE IT AT EVERY MOMENT, WHILE THERE IS NO ONE TO REMOVE THEM WITH AN ACT OF REPARATION.'

THE GREAT PROMISE
Our Lady then said: 'MY DAUGHTER LOOK AT MY HEART SURROUNDED WITH THORNS WITH WHICH UNGRATEFUL MEN PIERCE IT AT EVERY MOMENT BY THEIR BLASPHEMIES AND INGRATITUDE. YOU, AT LEAST, TRY TO CONSOLE ME, AND SAY THAT I PROMISE TO ASSIST AT THE HOUR OF DEATH WITH ALL THE GRACES NECESSARY FOR SALVATION, ALL THOSE WHO, ON THE FIRST SATURDAY OF FIVE CONSECUTIVE MONTHS GO TO CONFESSION AND RECEIVE HOLY COMMUNION, RECITE FIVE DECADES OF THE ROSARY AND KEEP ME COMPANY FOR A QUARTER OF AN HOUR WHILE MEDITATING ON MYSTERIES OF THE ROSARY, WITH THE INTENTION OF MAKING REPARATION TO ME.'

The Five Reasons
Lucia once asked this question of Our Lord and received as an answer: 'MY DAUGHTER, THE MOTIVE IS SIMPLE, THERE ARE FIVE KINDS OF OFFENCES AND BLASPHEMIES UTTERED AGAINST THE IMMACULATE HEART OF MARY: (1) BLASPHEMIES AGAINST THE IMMACULATE CONCEPTION: (2) BLASPHEMIES AGAINST HER VIRGINITY: (3) BLASPHEMIES AGAINST HER DIVINE MATERNITY: (4) BLASPHEMIES OF THOSE WHO OPENLY SEEK TO FOSTER IN THE HEARTS OF CHILDREN INDIFFERENCE OR EVEN HATRED FOR THIS IMMACULATE MOTHER: (5) THE OFFENCES OF THOSE WHO DIRECTLY OUTRAGE HER IN HOLY IMAGES.'
From the above, it is easy to see that each of the Five Saturdays can correspond to a specific offence. By offering the graces received during each First Saturday as reparation for the offence being prayed for, the participant can hope to help remove the thorns from Our Lady's Heart.
What Do I Have To Do?
The devotion of First Saturdays, as requested by Our Lady of Fatima, carries with it the assurance of salvation. However, to derive profit from such a great promise of Our Lady, the devotion must be properly understood and duly performed.
The requirements as stipulated by Our Lady are as follows:
(1) CONFESSION, (2) COMMUNION, (3) FIVE DECADES OF THE ROSARY, (4) MEDITATION ON ONE OR MORE OF THE ROSARY MYSTERIES FOR FIFTEEN MINUTES, (5) TO DO ALL THESE THINGS IN THE SPIRIT OF REPARATION TO THE IMMACULATE HEART OF MARY, and (6) TO OBSERVE ALL THESE PRACTICES ON THE FIRST SATURDAY OF FIVE CONSECUTIVE MONTHS.
(1) CONFESSION: A reparative confession means that the confession should not only be good (valid and licit), but also be offered in the spirit of reparation, in this case, to Mary's Immaculate Heart. This confession may be made on the First Saturday itself or some days before or after the First Saturday within the preceding octave would suffice.
(2) COMMUNION: The communion of reparation must be sacramental duly received with the intention of making reparation. This offering, like the confession, is an interior act and so no external action to express the intention is needed.
(3) THE ROSARY: The Rosary mentioned here was indicated by the Portuguese word 'terco' which is commonly employed to denote a Rosary of five decades, since it forms a fourth of the full Rosary of 20 decades. This too must recited in a spirit of reparation.
(4) MEDITATION FOR FIFTEEN MINUTES: Here the meditation on one mystery or more is to be made without simultaneous recitation of the Rosary decade. As indicated, the meditation may be either on one mystery alone for 15 minutes, or on all 20 mysteries, spending about one minute on each mystery,